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EDEXCEL 6679 MECHANICS M3 JANUARY 2004 PROVISIONAL MARK SCHEME

(a)

1.

T cos60 = mg T = 2mg *

(b)

( ) T sin60 = mr 2
[Omission of m is M0]

(b)

B1

(1)

M1A1

T
P

Attempt at r = Lsin60
mg

M1

(T sin60 = m Lsin60 2)
2g
=
L

(c) Applying Hookes Law: 2mg =

(L

( L)

2
5

L) ;

A1

= 3m g

(4)

M1;A1 (2)

[L in denominator is M0]
[7]
2.

(a) Integration of 4e 2t w.r.t. t to give v = 2e 2t (+c)


Using initial conditions to find c (1) or v 1 = [ f (t )] t0
v = 2e 2t 1 ms1
(b) Integrating v w.r.t t ;

x = e 2t t (+c)

B1
M1
A1

(3)

M1;A1

Using t =0, x = 0 and finding value for c ( c = 1)

M1

Finding t when v = 0;

M1;A1

t = ln 2 or equiv., 0.347

[both f.t. marks dependent on v of form ae 2t b]


x = (1 ln 2) m or 0.153 m(awrt)

A1

(6)
[9]

[For A1, exact form must be two termed answer]

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EDEXCEL 6679 MECHANICS M3 JANUARY 2004 PROVISIONAL MARK SCHEME

3.

(a)

F=

k
x2

[k may be seen as Gm1m2 , for example]

Equating F to mg at x = R ,

[mg =

M1

k
]
R2

M1

Convincing completion [k = mgR2 ] to give F =

mgR 2
x2

A1 (3)

[Note: r may be used instead of x throughout, then r x at end.]


(b)

Equation of motion: ( m)a = ()

(m) gR 2
;
x2

( m )v

dv
( m) gR 2
=
dx
x2

gR 2
( + c) or equivalent
x
[S.C: Allow A1 if A0 earlier due to + only]

v2 =

Integrating:

3gR
, x = R to find c [ c = gR] or use in def. int.
2
gR
2 gR 2
[ v2 =
]
[Using x = 0 is M0]

x
2
gR
Substituting x = 3R and finding V ; V =
6
[Using x = 2R is M0]
Alternative in (b)
a
mgR 2
Work/energy ()
dx ; = mv2 m u 2
2
x
R

Use of v 2 =

mgR 2 mgR 2
3gR

] = mv2 m
2
x
R
Final 2 marks as scheme

Integrating:

M1;M1
M1A1

M1

M1;A1 (7)
[10]

M1;M1
M1A1M1
M1A1

[Conservation of energy scores 0]

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EDEXCEL 6679 MECHANICS M3 JANUARY 2004 PROVISIONAL MARK SCHEME

(a) Length of string =

4.

10

B1

( L a) 2

M1

A
1

2a

EPE =

mg

2a

49

mga

A1 (3)

mga )C

M1A1

36

mg
1

(b)

Energy equation: mv

mg

a2 = (

2a

v =

2
3

49
36

5 ga or equivalent

(c) When string at angle to horizontal, length of string =

A1 (3)

2a
sin

mg 2a
a) sin
(
2a sin
mg
(2 sin )
=
2

Vert. Comp. of T, TV, = T sin =

M1A1

(b) R + T V = mg and find R = .

M1

R = mg

mg
mg
(2 sin ) =
sin
2
2

R > 0 (as sin > 0), so stays on table


[Alternative final 3 marks: As increases so TV decreases
Initial TV (string at to hor.) =
TV

7
10

7
10

A1 (5)

M1

mg A1

mg < mg, so stays on table A1]

A1

[11]

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EDEXCEL 6679 MECHANICS M3 JANUARY 2004 PROVISIONAL MARK SCHEME

5.

(a)

= 48N

A
0.2g

0.6m

Applying Hookes Law correctly : e.g. T =

A0

BA0 = 0.9 m

48 x
0.6

M1

Equation of motion: () T = 0.2 &x&


48 x
Correct equation of motion: e.g.
= 0.2 &x&
0.6

M1

Writing in form &x& = 2 x, and stating motion is SHM


2

2
=
*
(no incorrect working seen)
Period =
=

20 10

A1

A1

A1

(5)

[If measure x from B or A, final 2 marks only available if equation


of motion is reduced to X&& = 2 X]
(b) max v = aw with values substituted; = 0.3 x 20 = 6 ms1

M1A1(2)

(c) Using x = 0.3 cos 20t or x = 0.3 sin 20T

M1

Using x = 0.15 to give either cos 20t = or sin 20T =


Either t =

60

5
60

or

T=

A1

120

Complete method for time:

t2 t1 ,
Time =

15

or

10

M1

2t1 , or 2(

40

s ( must be in terms of )

+ T)

M1
A1 (5)
[12]

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EDEXCEL 6679 MECHANICS M3 JANUARY 2004 PROVISIONAL MARK SCHEME

6.

(a)
Masses

Cylinder

Hemisphere

( ) (2a ) 2 ( 3 a )

( ) a 3

[6 a 3 ] [18]

( )( 16 a 3 )
3

[2]
3

Distance of

M1A1

[16]

B1B1

CM from O
Moments equation: 6 a 3 ( a)

2
3

a 3 (

a) =

x =

51
64

16
3

a 3 x

M1
A1 (6)

(b)

G above A seen or implied


or mg sin (GX) = mg cos (AX)

M1

X
tan =

AX
=
XG

2a
3
2

ax

M1

[GX =

3
2

51
64

a=

45
64

a , tan =

128
]
45

= 70.6

(c) Finding F and R : R = mg cos , F = mg sin


Using F = R and finding tan [= 0.8]

= 38.7

A1 (3)
M1
M1
A1

(3)
[12]

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EDEXCEL 6679 MECHANICS M3 JANUARY 2004 PROVISIONAL MARK SCHEME

7.

(a) Energy: mv2 mu2 = mga sin


v2 =

3
2

ga + 2 ga sin

(b) Radial equation: T mg sin = m

T=

v2
a

3mg
(1 + 2sin) any form
2

M1
A1

(2)

M1A1

A1 (3)

(c) Setting T = 0 and solving trig. equation; (sin = ) = 210 *

M1;A1(2)

(d) Setting v = 0 in (a) and solving for

M1

sin = so not complete circle

A1

(2)

(e) No change in PE no change in KE (Cof E) so v = u

B1

(1)

(f) When string becomes slack, V 2 = ga [sin = in (a)]

B1

OR Substituting = 270 in (a); v 2 < 0 so not possible to complete

Using fact that horizontal component of velocity is unchanged

ga
cos 60 o =
2
cos

M1

3ga
cos
2
1
= 73.2
12

M1A1 (4)
[14]

Science Exam Papers