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SAMPLE QUESTION PAPER

PHYSICS
CLASS XII
S.No

Type of Question

1.
2.
3.
4.

Long Answers (LA)


Short Answer (I) -SA I
Short Answer (II)-SA II
Very Short Answer
Total

Marks for Each


Question
5
3
2
1

No. of Questions

Total Marks

03
09
10
08
30

15
27
20
08
70

Time Allowed: 3hr

Maximum Marks: 70

General Instructions
a) All the questions are compulsory.
b) There are 26 questions in total.
c) Questions 1 to 8 are very short answer type questions and carry one mark each.
d) Questions 9 to 18 carry two marks each.
e) Questions 19 to 27 carry three marks each.
f) Questions 28 to 30 carry five marks each.
g) There is no overall choice. However, an internal choice has been provided in one question
of two marks, one question of three marks and all three questions in five marks each. You
have to attempt only one of the choices in such questions.
h) Use of calculators is not permitted. However, you may use log tables if necessary.
i)

You may use the following physical constants wherever necessary :


c = 3 x 108
ms-1
h = 6.6 x 10-34Js
e = 1.6 x 10-19 C
o = 7 1 4 x10 T m A
Boltzmann constant k = 1.38 x 1023 JK-1
Avogadros number NA = 6.023 x 1023/mole
Mass of neutron mn
= 1.6 x 10-27 kg

1. Why sky waves are not used in the transmission of television signals?
2. Give an example of decay.
3. Why does a metallic piece become very hot when it is surrounded by a coil carrying high
frequency alternating current?
4. What is the basic use of capacitor?
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5. What is the SI unit of magnetic flux?


6. Explain the significance of direction of electric current in a circuit?
7. Why only one end of metal rod cannot be charged?
8. How is a sample of an n-type semiconductor electrically neutral though it has an excess of
negative charge carriers?
9. Explain how the average velocity of free electrons in a metal at constant temperature, in an
electric field, remain constant even though the electrons are being constantly accelerated by
this electric field?
10. Calculate current drawn by the primary of a transformer which steps down 300V to 30V to
operate a device of resistance 30 . Assume the efficiency of transformer to be 90%.
11. Distinguish between paramagnetic, diamagnetic and ferromagnetic material.
12. What is the function of (i) transducer and (ii) antenna?
13. What would be the number of photons emitted per second by transmitter of 20 KW power,
and radio wave frequency of 6 x 105Hz.
14. State two reason, Why FM signal is less susceptible to noise than an AM signal?
15. Write down the two properties of electric field lines and sketch them for an isolated positive
point charge.
16. Prove that the instantaneous rate of change of the activity of a radioactive substance is
inversely proportional to the square of its half life.
17. Draw the block diagram of basic element of communication system.
18. State three differences between inference and diffraction.
19. Why is electrostatic potential constant throughout the volume of the conductor and has the
same value (as inside) on its surface?
20. (a) Define current density and conductance.
(b) Derive the relation between current density, conductance and electric field.
21. State the principle of potentiometer. Draw a circuit diagram used to compare the emf of two
primary cells. Write the formula used?
22. (a) Define decay constant.
(b) The sequence of decay of radioactive nucleus is D-- -->D1-- --> D2-- --> D3-- --> D4
If nucleon number and atomic number of D2 are 176 and 71 respectively, what are their values
for D and D4?
23. Distinguish between space wave and sky wave propagation. With the help of suitable
diagram, explain the propagation of these.
24. Define coefficient of mutual inductance of two cells. A secondary coil of n2 turns is wound
on a long solenoid of area of cross section A having a primary coil of n1 turns per unit length.

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What will be the mutual inductance of the two cells?


25. Define the word LOS communication. Name the types of waves that are used for this
communication. Which of the two-height of transmitting antenna and height of receiving
antenna - can affect the range over which this mode of communication remains effective?

26. Two circular coils X and Y having radii R and R/2 respectively are placed in horizontal plane
with their centres coinciding with each other. Coil X has a current I flowing through it in the
clockwise sense. What must be the current in coil Y to make the total magnetic field at the
common centre of the two coils, zero? With the same currents flowing in the two coils, if the
coil Y is now lifted vertically upwards through a distance R, what would be the net magnetic
field at the centre of coil Y?
27. (a) Deduce an expression for the capacitance of a parallel plate capacitor when a conducting
slab is inserted between the plates. Assume that the slab thickness to be less than the plate
separation.
(b) A capacitor of 20 F and charged to 500 V is connected in parallel to another capacitor of
10 F charged to 200 V. Find the common potential.
28. Calculate the value of current I1, I2 and I3 in the circuit given below using Kirchhoffs law.

Or
Answer the following:
a) A virtual image, we always say cannot be caught on a screen. Yet, when we see a
virtual image we are obviously, bringing it on the screen of our eye. Is there a
contradiction?
b) Why must both objective and eye piece of a compound microscope have short focal
lens?
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c) When viewing through a compound microscope, our eye should be positioned not on
the eye piece but a short distance away from it for best viewing. Why?
29. State the principle which helps us to determine the shape of the wavefront at a later time from
its given shape at any time. Apply this principle to
(i) Show that a spherical/ plane wave front continues to propagate forward as a spherical/plane
wave front.
(ii) Derive Snells law of refraction by drawing the refracted wave front corresponding to a plane
wave front incident on the boundary separating a rarer medium from a denser medium.

30. If a Person has to study the input and output characteristics of a n-p-n silicon transistor in the
Common Emitter configuration. What kind of a circuit arrangement should he/she must use
for this purpose?
Draw the typical shape of input characteristics likely to be obtained by him/her. Also Explain
What do we understand by the cut off, active and saturation states of the transistor? and In which
of these states does the transistor not remain when being used as a switch?

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