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1.

The sun is a star that provides light to the planets, which sustains life on Earth
2. The Milky Way is the spiral galaxy and there are 4 major spiral arms. Our sun is in the Orion arm.
3. The big bang is how the universe came into existence and it means the universe is about 14 billion
years old
4. When you look into space, you see stars and planets and other objects as they were at the point
light travels and hits it. We do not see how they currently are, but how they looked in the past.
5. Earth is 3rd closest planet to the sun.
6. Proxima Centauri is the closest star to the sun around 4.3 light years away. The distance between
the Earth and Sun would be about 8 light minutes in comparison.
7. About 100,000 light years across
8. Over 200 billion stars
9. The Earth is about 4.5 billion years old, and the universe is about 14 billion years old
10. 66,600 mph. It would be like going 1000 times faster on a highway.
11. The sun is orbiting the center of the Milky Way galaxy at about 500 thousand miles an hour .
12. Galaxies seem to be moving away from earth.
13. Latitude and longitude, horizon, meridian, and azimuth
14. Different levels of brightness are due to different distances and different luminosity.
15. Constellations are groups of stars.
16. Polaris is the North Star and its the brightest star in the sky.
17. Lunar Phase and cause of an Eclipse
The alignment of the Moon and Sun determines the moon phase as the Moon orbits Earth.
Eclipse happens when the Sun, Earth, and Moon fall in a straight line. Lunar eclipse-when Earth
blocks the Sunlight causing the Earths shadow to fall on the Moon. A solar eclipse occurs when the
moon blocks the sunlight causing the Moons shadow to fall on Earth.
18. The science of astronomy is the study of planets, stars, galaxies etc.
19. Scientific method is making an observation, asking questions, suggesting a hypothesis, making a
prediction and experimenting. Many discoveries relating to astronomy were found using the
scientific method
20.
Aristotle is known as the grandfather of science, but was wrong about astronomy because he
thought the geocentric model was correct.
21. In 1543 Nicolas Copernicus published The Revolution of Celestial Spheres where he introduced
the heliocentric model.
22.
Galileo was the first to use a telescope to show that the heliocentric model was correct. He
saw that Venus went around the sun and not around the Earth.
23. Keplers laws of planetary motions.
24. Earth rotates on a rotational axis. It takes 24 hours to rotate, which gives us night and day. The tilt
of the Earth and orbital motion give us the seasons.
25. Earth's tilted axis as it revolves gives us seasons and explains why its summer in the Northern
Hemisphere and winter in the Southern Hemisphere and vice versa. Day and night are related to
the rotation.
26. The tilt of the Earth's axis.
27. Gravity is a force that pulls matter together. Gravity is spread thinner in way as you get further from
the center of a body just like light gets dimmer if you move further away from it.
28. Yes, gravity is what keeps our moon and other things in orbit around the Earth.
29. Falling rocks and orbital planets are examples of kinetic energy (energy in motion)