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Siemens AG 2009

AC Motors Direct Drives


Ultimative Performance with Direct Drives
Brochure October 2009

Motors
Answers for industry.

Siemens AG 2009

The right drive solution for each and every task

Winding application with 1FW3 motors

Rotary swivel head positioning


with 1FW6 motors

The function, performance and accuracy of the electrical


components used as well as mechanical design are decisive in
determining the productivity and quality of the output from
machines and systems.
What's more, the drive concept also has a significant influence
on the life cycle costs of a machine.
When it comes to power density, direct drives are unsurpassed. They are therefore the ideal solution when maximum
dynamics and accuracy are required. In contrast to conventional motors, direct drives are integrated in the machine and
transmission elements such as gearing, leadscrews or toothed
belts, which are standard features of other drive types, can be
omitted. This arrangement ensures a high degree of control
stiffness and thus a good dynamic response and excellent
precision.
A further advantage is that direct drives take up far less space
in the machine.
Siemens offers two series of torque motors for high-precision
rotary axis applications. 1FW3 complete torque motors for
direct mounting on the machine, and 1FW6 built-in torque
motors for integration in the machine design.

The right drive solution for each and every task

Horizontal feed axis with 1FN3

When highly dynamic, highly precise linear axes are required,


our 1FN3 and 1FN6 linear motors are the obvious choice.
Built-in motors in the 1PH2 and 1FE1 series are specially
designed for application in machine tool spindles.
Due to the high level of integration of direct drives in the
machine, special attention must be paid to certain aspects, for
example, to storage and cooling, that are less important when
using conventional rotary servo motors.
Siemens offers not only the right direct drive for every task,
but also the necessary experience and advisory expertise for
supporting the user in planning integration of the drive in his
particular machine.
In addition to the standard motors described here, application-specific solutions can also be implemented on request.

Siemens AG 2009

Direct drives
for linear/rotary axes and spindles
Component

Type

Design

Rated power

Rated speed

Rated
torque/force

Page

Catalog

Max. velocity at
150 ... 10,375 N
rated force
105 ... 836 m/min.

NC 60
NC 61

66.3... 3,000 N

NC 61

150 ... 750 rpm

100 ... 7,000 Nm

12

PM 21

Linear motors Direct drives for linear axes


1FN3

Synchronous
linear motor
Degree of
protection IP65

3.1 ... 81.9 kW1)

1FN6

Synchronous
linear motor
Degree of
protection IP65

1.29 ... 24.5 kW1) 2) Max. velocity at


rated force
57.5 ...
1,280 m/min.

Torque motors Direct drives for rotary axes


1FW3

Synchronous
3.1 ... 177 kW
complete motor
with hollow
shaft
Degree of
protection IP54

1FW6
jacket
cooling

Synchronous
built-in motor
Degree of
protection IP23

1.7 ... 20.8 kW 2)

Up to 650 rpm

109 ... 1,050 Nm

12

NC 60,
NC 61

1FW6
integrated
cooling

Synchronous
built-in motor
Degree of
protection IP23

5.7 ... 54.1 kW 2)

Up to 610 rpm

404 ... 5,760 Nm

12

NC 60,
NC 61

1PH2

Asynchronous
built-in motor
Degree of
protection IP00

7.5 ... 31 kW

1,500 rpm

48 ... 197 Nm

16

NC 60,
NC 61

1FE1

Synchronous
built-in motor
High Speed
IP00

6 ... 94 kW

2,000 ...
25,000 rpm

up to 300 Nm

16

NC 60
NC 61

1FE1

Synchronous
built-in motor
High Torque
Degree of
protection IP00

6 ... 103 kW

750 ...
15,800 rpm

up to 820 Nm

16

NC 60
NC 61

Direct drives for spindles

NC 60: Catalog "Automation Systems for Machine Tools SINUMERIK with SIMODRIVE"
NC 61: Catalog "Automation Systems for Machine Tools SINUMERIK with SINAMICS S120"
PM 21: Catalog "SIMOTION, SINAMICS S120 and Motors for Production Machines"
1)
2)

Calculated power
Mechanical power at rated torque

Direct drives for linear/rotary axes and spindles

Siemens AG 2009

Linear motors
Direct drives for linear axes

1FN3 linear motor synchronous linear motor with magnetic


secondary section track

1FN6 linear motor synchronous linear motor with nonmagnetic


secondary section track

Overview
Linear motors are highly dynamic, high-precision motors for
linear traversing motions. Accordingly, linear motors are the
preferred motor type for use in applications with stringent
requirements in terms of productivity and accuracy. By virtue
of their design, however, linear motors are also extremely
robust, wear-resistant motors which are easy to maintain.
Siemens offers two different linear motor designs for different
application classes.

Operating principle
The diagram on the right shows the typical design of a traversing axis driven by a linear motor.

1FN3 motors are synchronous linear motors with an energized


primary section equipped with coils and a secondary section
equipped with permanent magnets. The high power density
of 1FN3 linear motors makes them particularly dynamic, precise and compact. The motors are generally liquid-cooled, but
can also operate with natural cooling when derating factors
are applied and design measures taken to ensure effective
heat dissipation.
1FN6 linear motors are also synchronous linear motors, but
have a nonmagnetic secondary section. They are available as
both naturally cooled and water-cooled variants. Due to their
inexpensive secondary section, 1FN6 linear motors are especially recommended for long traversing paths or for applications where a magnetic secondary section track would not be
desirable.

The secondary section is fixed (bolted) in the machine.


By mounting a number of secondary sections side by side, it is
in principle possible to create an optional length of secondary
section track. The primary section is mounted on a traversing
slide which moves on guide rails above the secondary section
track.
The current through the coils of the primary section is controlled in such a way as to produce a traveling magnetic field.
This interacts with the secondary section to generate a feedrate force which sets the traversing slide with the primary
section in a linear motion.
A linear position measuring system is installed on the machine
side alongside the secondary section track for sensing the current velocity and position.
In addition to this classic constellation, there is a wide variety
of possible combinations of primary and secondary sections,
for example, arrangements with fixed primary section and
moving secondary section, configurations with multiple
primary sections on one secondary section track as well as
gantry configurations.
Our mechatronics specialists will be pleased to give advice
on the best motor configuration for a specific application.
For standard applications in production machines, our partner
SKF Linear Motion stocks a fully assembled linear slide which
is equipped with a naturally cooled model of our 1FN3 linear
motor.

Linear motors Direct drives for linear axes

Siemens AG 2009

Benefits, characteristics
and applications
$ Linear motor primary section
% Linear motor secondary section
& Linear position measuring system
( Guide system
)
) Power drag

&

%
(

Design of a linear axis with linear motor

Fully assembled linear axis (type LTS) supplied by SKF, with built-in
naturally cooled 1FN3 motor helps machine builders get started in the
field of highly dynamic, highly precise linear technology.

Benefits and characteristics


Since mechanical power transmission elements and the
associated backlash and frictional losses are dispensed with,
linear motors boast the following characteristics:
Outstanding dynamic response
Very high traversing velocities
Extremely precise
Simple installation
Wear-free drive components
Enable a simple, compact machine design
High electrical efficiency

Thus, typical applications for linear motors are:


Machining centers
Turning machines
Grinding machines
Punching/cutting machines
Laser/water jet cutters
Machines for processing wood/glass/plastics
Interlinking, handling, robotics
Measuring machines
Printing
Electronics production (pick&place, bonders)

When suitable measuring systems and cooling methods are


employed, linear motors achieve a positioning accuracy in the
nanometer range.

With its inexpensive, nonmagnetic secondary section track,


the 1FN6 motor is also ideal for use in applications with long
traversing paths:
Chain conveyors, assembly and transfer lines
Handling gantries and robotics applications

Applications
1FN3 and 1FN6 linear motors are therefore ideally suited to all
applications that require high acceleration rates and velocities
for highly productive handling or machining of parts.

Benefits, characteristics and applications

Siemens AG 2009

1FN3 and 1FN6 linear motors

Versions and options of 1FN3 linear motors


Different versions of the 1FN3 linear motor are available,
depending on the application you have in mind.
The primary section version for continuous load is recommended for machine axes with constant acceleration changes
(oscillating), with high process/weight forces or for operation
without water cooling.
For application profiles requiring high forces and acceleration
rates for brief periods, the peak load version of the primary
section is the perfect option.
The primary sections are designed as standard for water cooling. However, with the appropriate system design, natural
cooling is also possible in certain cases.
In order to keep heat transfer to a minimum in precision
applications, as an option both the primary and the secondary
sections can additionally be equipped with a precision cooler.
An optional cover for the secondary section makes the motors
extremely robust against mechanical influences.

Design of 1FN6 linear motors


The 1FN6 linear motors comprise a primary section that is
equipped with coils and permanent magnets and a nonmagnetic, toothed secondary section in which the intermediate
spaces are filled.
Sliding blocks are located on the top which are used to fix the
primary section to a moving slide fitted onto a guide rail. The
secondary section has sliding blocks underneath with threaded holes which are used to bolt it onto the machine.
By mounting individual secondary sections side by side, it is
possible to create an optional length of traversing path. The
only restrictions that apply are due to the maximum permissible cable lengths or the maximum lengths of the measuring
systems to be selected by the customer. A linear position
measuring system is installed on the machine side alongside
the secondary section track for sensing the position and
velocity.

Sliding blocks with fixing threads

Plug for connecting


the signal cable (for temperature sensor)
Plug for connecting
the power cable
Secondary section track
consisting of secondary sections

Components and options of 1FN3 linear motors

Sliding blocks with threaded holes for


fixing the secondary section track

1FN6 primary and secondary sections

1FN3 and 1FN6 linear motors

Siemens AG 2009

Possible configurations of linear motors


The motors demonstrate extreme flexibility in terms of their
possible configurations: The classic single-sided arrangement
is used most frequently. Alternative options include the twotrack configuration or the arrangement of several primary
sections on one secondary section track. This increases the
force density or relieves the load on the linear guide.

Two primary sections on one secondary section track

Single-sided arrangement

If several primary sections are mounted in a machine, they can


be controlled by a variety of methods such as:
By operating multiple primary sections on one converter
using one position measuring signal
By splitting the position measuring signal among several
converters with one primary section each
By a separate position measuring signal for each converter with one primary section each.
The first two variants are the preferred options in cases where
there is a rigid mechanical coupling between the primary
sections. The last control variant allows the primary sections
to move completely independently of one another.

Two-track arrangement (gantry)

System integration
Linear motors of the 1FN3 and 1FN6 series merge perfectly
into the system landscape of the SINAMICS S120 drive system.
Thanks to the plug connector mounted on the front, the preassembled power and signal cables mean that the drive is
ready to use in the shortest time possible.

System integration of linear motors

1FN3 and 1FN6 linear motors

Siemens AG 2009

Technical data

Technical data

1FN3 linear motor

1FN6 linear motor

1FN3

1FN6

Motor series

Peak load

Version

Continuous load
IP65

Degree of protection
Cooling method

IP23

Water cooling

Natural cooling

Modular type of construction


Delivered as components

Type of construction

Water cooling

Individual components
400 ... 480 V

Line voltage
Calculated power

3.1 ... 81.9 kW

1.8 ... 43.8 kW

1.29... 24.5 kW

1.29... 10.7 kW

Rated force Frated

200 ... 8,100 N

150 ... 10,375 N

66.3... 3,000 N

119... 1,430 N

490 ... 20,700 N

260 ... 17,610 N

157... 8,080 N

157... 1,890 N

up to 1,280 m/min

up to 852 m/min

Maximum force FMAX

0.7 x Frated

Static force F0
Traversing velocity at Frated

up to 836 m/min

up to 435 m/min

Traversing velocity at FMAX

up to 383 m/min

up to 242 m/min

Overload capability

max. 2.75 x Frated

1.7 x Frated

Connection system

Power connection via terminal box


or via permanently connected power cables

2.5 x Frated

1.32 x Frated

Permanently connected signal and power cables or


connection via two separate mounting boxes

Temperature class 155 (F)

Insulation of primary section


winding
Encoder system

External encoder, depending on machine design


SINAMICS S120, SIMODRIVE 611

Siemens drive system


Typical applications

up to 572 m/min

Applications with brief,


high acceleration rates

Applications with high


continuous forces

SINAMICS S120
Applications with stringent demands on
precision for a high level of dynamic response

Tools
SINAMICS configuration
SIMODRIVE configuration

SIZER

SIZER, SIDIM_LM

SIDIM_LM, NCSD

Comparison: 1FN3 1FN6 asynchronous linear motor

1FN3

1FN6

Asynchronous linear motors

Second. section equipped with perm. magnets

Nonmagnetic secondary section

Nonmagnetic secondary section

Extr. high force density, approx. 200 % of 1FN6

High force density

Low force density (approx. 30 to 60 % of 1FN6)

Optimum precision in combination with


suitable measuring systems

Optimum precision in combination with suitable measuring systems

Lower precision due to poor controllability

Low energy losses

Low energy losses

High power losses

Larger air gap, therefore insensitive to thermal


effects

Larger air gap, therefore insensitive to thermal


effects

Minimal air gap, so extremely sensitive to thermal


effects

Technical data

Siemens AG 2009

Synchronous linear motors 1FN3


Variants of the 1FN3 at a glance

Our product range what we have to offer


Motor type

Feedrate force

Feedrate force

Maximum
velocity

Primary section
length

Lp

Mounting width
primary section
with/without
precision
cooling
bM

Mounting
height motor
with/without
precision
cooling
hM

Frated

FMAX

vmax at Frated

m/min

mm

mm

mm

Cooling
method

1FN3, version for peak load


1FN3050

200

550

373

255

76 / 67

63.4 / 48.5

1FN3100

200 ... 1,125

490 ... 2,750

255 ... 497

150 ... 570

105 / 96

63.4 / 48.5

1FN3150

340 ... 1,690

820 ... 4,120

282

150 ... 570

135 / 126

65.4 / 50.5

1FN3300

615 ... 2,450

1,720 ... 6,900

176 ... 836

221 ... 704

150 / 141

79.0 / 64.1

1FN3450

1,930 ... 3,860

5,180 ... 10,350

112 ... 519

221 ... 704

197 / 188

81.0 / 66.1

1FN3600

2,610 ... 5,220

6,900... 13,800

120 ... 254

221 ... 704

257 / 248

86.0 / 64.1

1FN3900

4,050 ... 8,100

10,350 ... 20,700

160 ... 253

221 ... 704

351 / 342

88.0 / 66.1

Water
cooling

1FN3, version for continuous load


1FN3050

150 ... 300

260 ... 510

202 ... 435

162 ... 267

76 / 67

74.3 / 59.4

1FN3100

300 ... 1,205

510 ... 2,040

211 ... 307

162 ... 477

105 / 96

74.3 / 59.4

1FN3150

455 ... 1,810

770 ... 3,060

200 ... 292

162 ... 477

135 / 126

76.3 / 61.4

1FN3300

865 ... 3,460

1,470 ... 5,870

196 ... 257

238 ... 721

150 / 141

92.9 / 78.0

1FN3450

2,595 ... 5,185

4,400 ... 8,810

190 ... 271

399 ... 721

197 / 188

94.9 / 80.0

1FN3600

3,460 ... 6,915

5,870 ... 11,740

199 ... 200

399 ... 721

257 / 248

99.9 / 78.0

1FN3900

5,185 ... 10,375 8,810 ... 17,610

129 ... 130

399 ... 721

351 / 342

101.9 / 90.0

Water
cooling

Dimension drawing

LS

bM

hM

LP

bM

bS

bS

LS

hM

LP

G_DA65_XX_00240

G_DA65_XX_00238

Secondary section

hS

hS
Primary section

1FN3050 to 1FN3450 without precision cooling

Secondary section

Primary section

1FN3600 to 1FN3900 without precision cooling

Synchronous linear motors 1FN3

Siemens AG 2009

Synchronous linear motors 1FN6

Our product range what we have to offer


Motor type

Feedrate force

Feedrate force
FMAX

Maximum
velocity
vmax at Frated

Primary
section length
Lp

Installation
width
Bp

Mounting
height
Hp + Hs

Frated

m/min

mm

mm

mm

1FN6 natural cooling


1FN6003

66.3 398

157 945

155 1.280

203 828

80

69.4

1FN6007

133 796

315 1,890

93.9 668

203 828

115

81.4

1F6N008

374 1,120

898 2,690

218 473

392 892

130

120.4

1FN6016

692 2,070

1,800 5,390

230 377

392 892

209

120.4

1FN6024

1,000 3,000

2,690 8,080

153 252

392 892

289

120.4

1FN6 water cooling


1FN6003

119 716

157 945

95.1 852

219 844

80

69.4

1FN6007

239 1,430

315 1,890

57.5 462

219 844

115

81.4

Dimension drawing

G_NC01_XX_00393

LP

Primary section

10

Synchronous linear motors 1FN3

BS

BP

G_NC01_XX_00394

LS

HP

Secondary section

HS

Siemens AG 2009

Torque motors
Direct drives for rotary axes

1FW3 complete torque motor

1FW6 built-in torque motor

Overview
Torque motors are direct drives for rotary axes with which precision and force are required at relatively low speeds. Because
their maintenance and space requirements are minimal, they
are often used as an alternative to geared motors.
Siemens offers two different motor types for these types of
application. The 1FW3 torque motor is a complete torque
motor which, mechanically speaking, needs only to be flangemounted to the machine and the rotor connected to the
machine shaft.
1FW6 torque motors are built-in motors. The stator and rotor
can be supplied as individual components and integrated
directly in the machine. They are available with jacket cooling
or an integrated cooling system.
Built-in torque motors must be precisely integrated into the
machine. Our mechatronics experts will be happy to advise
and support you in finding the right arrangement for your
application and with integration in the machine.
Both motor types feature a large hollow bore. The motor can
therefore be pushed onto the machine shaft. Alternatively,
media or mechanical components can be guided through the
cavity in the rotor.

Benefits and characteristics


Thanks to the large number of poles, and because mechanical
transmission elements and the associated backlash and
frictional losses are dispensed with, torque motors boast the
following characteristics:
High torque
Excellent rotational accuracy
High acceleration capability
Space-saving design
Low maintenance
High efficiency

Operating principle
The 1FW3 and 1FW6 torque motors are synchronous motors,
which basically operate in a comparable manner to rotary synchronous servo motors. Consequently, the rotor is equipped
with permanent magnets, and the stator contains the motor
windings. The multi-pole design of the windings endows the
motor with maximum torques at low speeds. For speed and
position control, the 1FW3 motor has a built-in shaft encoder;
this must be fitted to the machine for 1FW6 motors.
The torque motors are water-cooled as standard in order to
achieve a high power density. This cooling method also reduces the amount of heat transferred into the machine.

Applications
Torque motors are ideally suited to the precise operation of
rotary axes when high torques are required.
1FW6 built-in torque motors are used, for example, in machine
tools for

rotary tables
swivel axes
fork heads
rotary indexing tables
tool turrets
lathe spindles

1FW3 complete torque motors are used, for example, in production machines for
main drives for extruders
worms for injection molding machines
roller drives for paper machines
winders for packaging and paper machines
handling and assembly systems

Torque motors Direct drives for rotary axes

11

Siemens AG 2009

Torque motors
Direct drives for rotary axes
Technical data

Synchronous motor with hollow


shaft (complete torque motor)

Built-in torque motor


(modular)

Motor series

1FW3

1FW6 jacket cooling

1FW6 integrated cooling

Cooling method

Water cooling

Water cooling,
Jacket cooling

Water cooling, integrated


dual-circuit cooling system

Shaft height (SH)

150 ... 280

230 ... 385


(stator outer diameter DA)

440 ... 730


(stator outer diameter DA)

Degree of protection

IP54

IP23 or as stated by machine manufacturer

Type of construction

IM B14 (SH 150, SH 200),


IM B35 (SH 280)

Modular type of construction, delivered as components

Line voltage

400 ... 480 V

400 ... 480 V

2)
3)

12

5.7 ... 54.1 kW 3)

Rated power Prated

3.1 ... 177 kW

1.7 ... 20.8

Rated speed nrated

150, 250, 300, 500, 750 rpm

Up to 650 rpm

Up to 610 rpm

Rated torque Mrated

100 ... 7,000 Nm

109 ... 1,050 Nm

404 ... 5,760 Nm

Static torque/force M0

105 ... 7,350 Nm

83 ... 756 Nm

327 ... 4,221 Nm

Overload capability

2 x M0 briefly

1,5 ... 2.0 x M0 briefly


1)

1)

Max. speed nmax

Up to 1700 rpm

Connection system

Signal connection via connectors or


DRIVE-CLiQ interface
Power connection via terminal box

Insulation
of stator winding

Temperature class 155 (F)


Temperature class 155 (F)
for a coolant inlet temperature of up to 25 C for a coolant inlet temperature of up to 35 C

Sound pressure level


(tolerance + 3 dB)

70 dB (A)/73 dB (A)
at 4 kHz/2 kHz rated pulse frequency

Depending on machine design

Built-in encoder systems,


with/without DRIVE-CLiQ
interface

8-pole resolver, incremental encoder sin/cos


2048 pulses/revolution,
absolute enc. EnDat 2048 pulses/revolution,
no encoder required in vector mode

External encoder,
depending on machine design

Siemens drive system

SINAMICS S120,
SIMOVERT MASTERDRIVES MC 2)

SINAMICS S120, SIMODRIVE 611

Typical applications

Direct drive applications, e.g. injection


molding machines, foil stretching machines,
rollers and winders, rotary tables, extruders,
paper machines, chopping machines

Direct drive applications,


e.g. rollers and winders, rotary tables,
rotary indexing machines, swivel axes,
spindle machines, machine tools

SINAMICS configuration

SIZER

SIZER

SIMODRIVE configuration

SIDIM/NCSD

MASTERDRIVES configuration

PFAD

CAD data

CAD Creator

Up to 1000 rpm

With field weakening


With Performance 2
Mechanical power at rated torque

Torque motors Direct drives for rotary axes

Up to 700 rpm

1)

Power and signal connection via fixed core ends,


open or with connector

Tools

1)

400 ... 480 V

kW 3)

Siemens AG 2009

Torque motors 1FW3


Variants of the 1FW3 at a glance.

Our product range what we have to offer


Motor type

1)

Rated torque
range
Mrated

Rated speed

Stator
inner diameter
di

Housing length

nrated 1)

Stator
outer diameter
DA

Nm
1FW315.

Type of
construction

rpm

mm

mm

mm

100 ... 500

300 / 500 / 750

310

152

261 ... 472

IM B14

1FW320.

300 ... 2,000

150 / 300 / 500

398

152

236 ... 605

IM B14

1FW328.

2,500 ... 7,000

150 / 250

555

250

574 ... 953

IM B35

Rated speeds nrated for operation with SINAMICS S120

Dimension drawings

Torque motors 1FW3

13

Siemens AG 2009

Torque motors 1FW6


Variants of the 1FW6 at a glance.

Our product range what we have to offer


Motor type

Rated torque
range

Maximum
torque range

Rated speeds

Mrated

Mmax

Nm

Rotor
inner
diameter
di

Stator
length

nrated

Stator
outer
diameter
DA

rpm

mm

mm

mm

1FW6090

109 ... 338

179 ... 537

up to 430

230

140

90 ... 190

Cooling jacket

1FW6130

217 ... 744

439 ... 1,320

up to 310

310

220

90 ... 190

Cooling jacket

1FW6150

298 1,050

710 2,130

up to 650

385

265

110 ... 210

Cooling jacket

1FW6160

314 1,750

716 2,860

up to 610

440

280

110 ... 270

Integrated cooling

1FW6190

509 2,570

990 3,960

up to 450

502

342

110 ... 270

Integrated cooling

1FW6230

660 3,230

1,320 5,260

up to 290

576

416

110 ... 270

Integrated cooling

1FW6290

1,810 5,760

4,000 10,900

up to 270

730

520

140 280

Integrated cooling

Dimension drawings
1FW6090
1FW6130
1FW6150

1FW6160
1FW6190
1FW6230
1FW6290
L1

1FW6 with jacket cooling 1)

14

DA

di

DA

di

L1

1)

Cooling method

1FW6 with integrated cooling

The coolant is carried in special grooves between the machine frame and the outer surface of the 1FW6 stator.
Seals and coolant inlet and outlet in the machine frame must be provided by the machine builder.

Torque motors 1FW6

Siemens AG 2009

Built-in motors for spindles

1PH2 built-in asynchronous motor

1FE1 synchronous built-in motor

Overview
Users who produce their own motor spindles can obtain the
right built-in motor from Siemens. These motors are characterized by their compact design, ruggedness, superior precision and accuracy.

Benefits and characteristics


Because mechanical power transmission elements (belts,
gears) and the resulting backlash are dispensed with, built-in
motors boast the following characteristics:
Excellent quality of surface finish
High acceleration capability
High rigidity thanks to compact design
Free of wear
High efficiency

Siemens offers three different types of built-in motors for


motor spindles:
The 1PH2 built-in asynchronous motor is employed as
a compact, standard built-in motor for lathe and
grinding-wheel spindles with maximum speeds of up to
10,000 rpm.
The "High Torque" version of the 1FE1 motor is characterized by very high torques, and achieves peak speeds
of 18,000 rpm.
The "High Speed" version of the 1FE1 motor is characterized by very fast acceleration rates, and achieves peak
speeds of 40,000 rpm.

Applications
Our built-in motors are ideal for use in motor spindles for
machine tools:
1PH2 motors for grinding-wheel and lathe spindles
1FE1 motors for lathe, grinding-wheel and milling
spindles

Principle of operation, design


The 1PH2 motor is asynchronous. The rotor, which is the
squirrel-cage type, and the stator, which is equipped with
windings, are delivered as components, which the engineer
combines to form a motor spindle that he then installs in
the machine.
The same applies to 1FE1 motors. However, unlike the 1PH2
version, they are synchronous, with a rotor that is equipped
with permanent magnets.
With all these motors, water cooling is used to dissipate the
heat. The position is sensed by external encoders, and most
commonly with a SIMAG H2 hollow shaft measuring system in
the case of the 1PH2 motor.

Built-in motors for spindles

15

Siemens AG 2009

Built-in motors for standard and


high-performance spindles
Technical data

Built-in asynchronous
motors for standard spindles

Motor series

1PH2

Version

Built-in synchronous motors


for high torque and high speed applications

1FE1

1FE1

High Torque

High Speed

Cooling method

Water cooling

Water cooling

Stator diameter DA

180 and 220

85 ... 280

Degree of protection

IP00 or
as stated by spindle manufacturer

IP00 or
as stated by spindle manufacturer

Type of construction

Delivered as components

Delivered as components

Line voltage

400 ... 480 V

400 ... 480 V

Rated power Prated

7.5 ... 31 kW

4 ... 104 kW

6 ... 94 kW

Rated speed nrated

1500 rpm

750 ... 15,800 rpm

2000 ... 25,000 rpm

Rated torque Mrated

48 ... 197 Nm

up to 820 Nm

up to 300 Nm

Overload capability

285 Nm (S6-25%)

1240 Nm (S6-25%)

465 Nm (S6-25%)

Max. speed nmax

Up to 10,000 rpm

up to 18,000 rpm
With field weakening

up to 40,000 rpm
With field weakening

Connection system

Free cable ends

Free cable ends

Insulation
of stator winding

Temperature class 155 (F)


for a coolant inlet temperature
of up to 25 C

Temperature class 155 (F) for a coolant inlet temperature


of up to 25 C

Sound pressure level


(tolerance + 3 dB)

Depending on spindle design

Depending on spindle design

Integrated encoder systems

Hollow shaft measuring system:


SIMAG H2 up to 800 pulses/revolution as an option

External encoder,
depending on machine design

Siemens drive system

SINAMICS S120, SIMODRIVE 611

Typical applications

Motor spindles in machine tools,


e.g. lathes and grinding machines

Motor spindles in machine tools


for high torque applications,
e.g. lathes and grinding machines

Motor spindles in machine tools


for high speed applications,
e.g. grinding and milling
machines

SINAMICS configuration

SIZER

SIZER

SIMODRIVE configuration

SIDIM/NCSD

SIDIM/NCSD

SIDIM/NCSD

CAD data

CAD Creator

CAD Creator

106 ... 240

Tools

16

Built-in motors for standard and high-performance spindles

Siemens AG 2009

Built-in motors for spindles 1PH2


Variants of the 1PH2 at a glance

Our product range what we have to offer


Motor type

Rated power
S1

Rated torque
range
S1

Rated power
S6-40%

Rated torque
range
S6-40%

Rated speeds
nrated

Maximum
speeds
nrated

kW

Nm

kW

Nm

DA

di

rpm

rpm

mm

mm

mm

mm

1PH209

7.5 ... 13

48 ... 83

9 ... 15.4

57 ... 98

1,500

up to
10,000

250 ...
300

205

180

67

1PH211

15.1 ... 31

95 ... 197

19 ... 38.6

119 ... 245

1,500

up to
10,000

290 ...
390

250

220

82

Dimension drawings

G
G_NC01_en_00018

GL

'

'$

/

Hollow shaft

Rotor

Barrel

Air gap

Stator

Built-in motors for spindles 1PH2

17

Built-in motors for spindles 1FE1


Variants of the 1FE1 at a glance

Our product range what we have to offer


Motor type

Rated power
S1

Rated torque Rated power


range
S6-40%
S1

Rated torque
range
S6-40%

Rated speeds
nrated

Maximum
speeds
nrated

kW

Nm

kW

Nm

DA

di

rpm

rpm

mm

mm

mm

mm

High Speed series


1FE105

6.5 ... 31.4

5 ... 20

8 ...35

7 ... 27

7,900 ... 25,000 up to


40,000

130 ...
230

120

106

46

1FE107

14 ... 48

28 ... 60

16 ... 51

40 ... 86

3,200 ... 9,700

up to
24,000

185 ...
285

155

135

58

1FE108

8.8 ... 38

42 ... 105

8.8 ... 38

55 ... 140

2,000 ... 4,300

up to
20,000

190 ...
340

180

160

68

1FE109

10.5 ... 52

24 ... 150

10.5 ... 52

35 ... 206

1,800 ... 4,500

up to
18,000

200 ...
400

205

180

72/80

1FE110

25 ... 72.6

102 ... 204

30 ... 85

142 ... 270

1,200 ... 3,800

up to
16,000

265 ...
415

230

200

96

1FE112

63 ... 94

200 ... 300

75 ... 112

275 ... 410

2,000 ... 3,000

up to
14,000

315 ...
415

270

240

110

44/-

High Torque series


1FE104

7.4 ... 14.4

4.5 ... 11

10 ... 18

6 ... 14

10,000 ...
15,800

18.000

107 ...
157

95

85

1FE105

6.3 ... 23

10 ... 37

7.9 ... 29

12.6 ... 46

6,000 ... 8,000

up to
15,000

170 ...
320

115

103.5 42/33

1FE106

4 ... 25

13 ... 56

5.3 ... 36.5

17 ... 81

3,000 ... 8,500

up to
12,000

130 ...
280

130

118

58/48

1FE108

15 ... 34

65 ... 130

18.7 ... 42

81 ... 175

1,100 ... 5,000

up to
9,000

195 ...
295

190

170

93/67/
74/80

1FE109

6.3 ... 36.6

28 ... 100

7.5 ... 47

36 ... 128

1,600 ... 3,500

up to
7,000

150 ...
250

205

180

92/67/
80

1FE111

22 ... 41.9

150 ... 300

24 ... 53.6

190 ... 384

700 ... 2,100

up to
6,500

260 ...
410

250

220

120/82/
102/105

1FE114

63 ... 104

430 ... 820

80 ... 124

620 ... 1.110

750 ... 1,700

8,000

340 ...
490

310

280

166.7/
150.3

All the stated information is based on S1 operation

Dimension drawings

Rotor
Hollow shaft

18

Built-in motors for spindles 1FE1

Air gap
Rotor
barrel

Stator
Cooling
jacket

Siemens AG 2009

Mechatronic support for direct drives

Overview
Direct drives demand new solutions in the mechanical design
of motors and the selection of new system components.
Traditional complete motors have a clearly defined interface
to the machine. In contrast, direct drives in the form of builtin motors require the motor and encoder to be integrated
mechanically into the machine. Specially trained consultants
(mechatronic experts) are ready to provide you with the
support you need in designing a direct drive.
Our "Mechatronic Support" service offers an additional bonus.
Even while a machine is at the design stage, this service
models and optimizes all the mechanical, electronic and information technology systems included in the design for their
functionality within the overall drive before they are implemented for real. Mechatronic Support is thus the intelligent
alternative to "trial and error". Innovative machine concepts
are mutually compared, modified and optimized at the outset
a process which of course also takes account of your ideas
for new mechatronic components.

Scope of services
Support during machine development, from conception to
machine acceptance:
Comparison and analysis of machine concepts with
regard to static and dynamic precision, control loop
dynamics and rigidity
Mechatronic modeling and machine simulation
(Finite Element methods)
Computer-aided optimization of machine structures
Optimum dimensioning of all motor and control loop
components
Commissioning and control loop optimization
Analysis and optimization of existing tool and production machines on site
How you benefit from our Mechatronic Support:
Shorter development times quicker to market
Reliable achievement of development objectives
Risk-free testing of innovative machine concepts
Higher quality and productivity from the outset

During this phase, our Mechatronic Support specialists offer


you a comprehensive range of services to ensure that you can
achieve development objectives within specified requirements.

Conventional procedure, mechanical design

Mechanical
design

Selection of
electrical
components

Te s t p h a s e
Prototype

Modifications to prototype
Time and expense

Result:
finished
machine

Virtual prototyping with Mechatronic Support


Interdisciplinary
design

Simulation and
test phase

Result

Mechanical
Electrical
Information

Result:
virtual
machine

Prototype =
finished
machine

Potential savings:
time, resources,
reliable achievement
of objectives

Mechatronic support for direct drives

19

Siemens AG 2009

Siemens AG
Industry Sector
Drive Technologies
Motion Control
P.O. Box 31 80
91050 ERLANGEN
GERMANY
www.siemens.com/linearmotors

Subject to change
Order no.: 6ZB5411-0BV02-0BA1
3P.8122.52.09 / Dispo 18401
BR 1009 4.0 VOG 20 EN
Printed in Germany
Siemens AG 2009

The information provided in this brochure contains descriptions of


characteristics of performance which in case of actual use do
not always apply as described or which may change as a result
of further development of the products. An obligation to provide
the respective characteristics shall only exist if expressly agreed
in the terms of contract. Availability and technical specifications
are subject to change without notice.
All product designations may be trademarks or product names
of Siemens AG or supplier companies whose use by third
parties for their own purposes could violate the rights of
the owners.