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Quiz

1. The elements of a corrosion cell include which of the following?


I. Anode
II. Cathode
III. Electrolyte
IV. Electronic path
A.
B.
C.

D.
2.

Faraday's Law calculates the


A.
B.
C.
D.

3.

I & II only
I, II & Ill only
I, Ill & IV only
I, II, 1,11 & IV .

potential of a metal in seawater.


potential of a metal in the metal ion solution.
metal lost based on the resistance.
metal lost due to current over time.
..

Reference electrodes include which of the following?


I. Copper-copper sulfate
II. Hydrogen
III. Calomel
IV. Silver-silver chloride

A.
B.
C.
D.
only
4.

I only
I & II only
I, II, Ill & IV
I, II & IV

The stability of a copper-copper sulfate reference electrode does not vary with
A.
B.
C.

D.

temperature.
exposure to sunlight.
an unsaturated solution of copper ions.
a saturated solution of the copper ions.

:> NACE International, 2005


06120/05

_., .._.

5. If a potential of -484 mV is measured with respect to a hydrogen electrode, what


is the potential to copper-copper sulfate?
A.

C.

-168 VCSE B.
-316 mVCSE
-800 mVcsE

D.

-1116
mVcsE
6.

If a potentialof -900 mV is measured with respect to a copper-copper


sulfate reference, what is the potential to a zinc electrode?
A.
B.

C.
D.

+216 mVzN
+1116 mVzN
-216 mVzN
-2016 mVzN

7. If a digital meter displays a negative valuewhile measuring a voltage across


a resistor, it indicates that the

A.
current is from the positive to th.e negative meter
connection, B.
current is from the
negative to the positive meter connectton C. meter is reading
incorrectly.

D. meter scale should be changed.


8.

Polarization occurs

A.
B.
C.
D.

at the anode surface only.


at the cathode surface only.
at the anode and cathode surfaces. ,
in the metallic path.

9. Which of the following are depolarizers?


I. Dissolved oxygen
II. Increased electrolyte velocity
Ill. Bacteria action
IV. Current pickup on the metal
A.
B.

I only
I & II only

J.

C.
D.

I, II & Ill only


I, II, Ill & IV

10. Which of the following factors affect polarization?


I. Current
II. lon concentration
Ill. Anode/cathode ratio
IV. Temperature
A.
B.
C.
D.

I only
I & II only
II & Ill only
I, II, Ill & IV

11. Which of the following are types of polarization?

I. Concentration
II. Activation
Ill. Temperature
IV. Velocity
A.
B.
C.
D.

I only
I & II only
II & Ill only
I, II,. Ill .& IV

12. The measure of the electrochemical difference between two metals In an


electrolyte is which of the following?
A.
B.

C.
D.

Amperes
. Volts
Ohms
Siemans

13. The relationship between current and polarization is described by which of the
following?

I. Current decreases with increased polarization


II. Polarization increases with increased current.
Ill. Current increases with increased poJarization
IV. Polarization decreases with increased curren
A.
B.
C.
D.

I only
II only
I & II only
Ill & IV only

14. A passivating material will exhibit which of the following properties?


I. Does not corrode at all.
p. Corrosion increases as. current increases initially.
Ill. Corrosion current decreases after a certain point.
IV. Corrosion current increases beyond the passive region.
A.
B.
C.
D.

1 only

I & II only
II, Ill & IV only
Ill & IV only

15. Given E1= 20 V, R1 =10 0, R2


the current in R1? (show work)

= 30 n, R3 = 30 0, and R4- 30 0 what is

A.
. 0.29
A B.
0,67
A C. 1.0 A
D.
2.0A
16. Given E1 = 60 V, R1'=1'0 0, R2 = 30
the current in R:c? (show work}

A,
B.
C.
D.

n, R3 = 30 0, and R4 - 30 n what is

0.86 A
1.0A
2.0A
3.0A

17. In a standard emf series of metals, which of thfollowing is represented?


A.
B.
C.

D.

The potential oi a metal is measured in a saturated


solution of copper-sulfate.
Current is measured between the most noble and most
active metals.
The potenttal is measured with respect to a
standard hydrogen electr()de.
The total number of electrons is determined.

18. If two different metals are connected together ih ail electrolyte, the metal with
the

A.
B.

C.
D.

most negative potential is the cathode.


most positive potential is the cathode.
positive.potentialwillcorrode.
highest valence is the anode.

19. In a practical galvanic series -of metals,which of the following is represented?


A..

The potential between two different metals in the series is


measured..
B.
The current is measured between two of the metals in the
serie'!).
C.
The electrolyte contains metal ions of that
metal. D.
The potential of metals in a common
electrolyte.

20. The Ne?st equation


A.
B.
C.
0.

calculates the change in resistance of the el ctrolyte due to


temperature.
.
calculates the potential of metal in solutions of different
metal ion concentrations.
shows the potential .is proportional to Faraday's Constant.
shows the potenti'al is inversely proportional to the universal
gas constant

21. A corrosion cell can fotm under which of the following conditions?
A.
B.
C.
D.

A difference in temperature where the higher temperature is


the cathode.
A diffe ence in oxygen where the highest concentration of
oxygen is at the anode.
A difference in metals where the anode is at the most noble .
metal.
A difference in salt concentration where the anode is at the
highest ion concentration.

22. When bare metal passes under a paved road s.urtace,


A.
B.
C
D.

an oxygen concentration corrosion cell can develop with the


metal under the pavement being the anode..

an oxygen concentration cell. can deverop with themetal


outside the pavement being the anode.
a temp.erature corrosion.cell can develop with the
metal outside the pavemen"t being the anode.
A high salt concentration at the .edge of the pavement with
the metal under the pavement being the anode.

23. An unprotected metalstructure moving through an e.lectrolyte will experience


A.
B.
C.

0.

Jess corrosion beGause it stays deah.


less corrosion because lt helps polarization.
more corrosion due to decreased polarization.
more corrosion due to stray current.

1.

An environment where cathodic protection is NOT effective is

A.
B.
C.
D.
2.

liquid.'
soil.
atmospherically exposed surface:
steel in concrete.

The cathodic protection criteria for steel includes whichof the following?

I. A potential of -850 mVcsE or more negative with current applied after IR drop
is considered.

II. A polarized potential of -850 mVcsE or'morenegative.


Ill. Polarization of 100 mV or greater
IV. A polarized potential of -790 111V Ag.AgC! or '?re negat,Jve.

A.

B.
c.
D.

3.

,.

When cathodic protection is applied to a corroding steel surface;it sh\fts the corrosion qell
potential as follows:

A.

B.

c.

D.
4.

1 only
I & II only
II & Ill only
I, II, Ill & IV

No change in potential

cC!tltqq,rrqre f'l at y.e

cathode hlore positive


anode more positive

:.

Cathodic protection polarizes

A.

the open circuit potential of the structure anode to the structure


cathode potential.
the open circuit potential of the structure cathode to the structure anode
potential.
C.
the open circuit potential of the structure cathode to the CP
anode potential.
D.
the open circuit CP anode potentialto lt)e structure cathode
potential.
.
.

a.

5.

V'Vhat is the current required to protect an underground bare steel tanthat is 3m (9.8 ft) in

diameter and 5 m {16.4 ft) long in resistivity of 10,000 0-cm assuming.10.76/rnAtm (1 mAift )
will provide protection?

A.
B.

C.
D.

471

mA

S43 rnA

656 rnA
754 rnA

6.

The current requirement for cathodic protection of a structure will increase with a
A.
pH.

B.

C.

D.

decrease in
decrease in temperature.
decrease in oxygen.
decrease in velocity.

7. If lead, copper, steeland aluminum are connected together in water, whi9h will corrode the
most?
A.
B.

c.

D.
8.

Lead
Copper:
Steel
Alumihu.m

In a galvanic anode system, the driving voltage is due to the .

A.
B.

eiectrolyte itself.,
.
: .
anode to structu'recouple in the
electr'olyte. C.
connection to the structure.
D.
anode backfill.
9.

Which is NOT a primary reaction at the anode?


A
B.
C.
D.

M tL9xiq,at.i?,n
Oxygen evolution.
Chloride evolution
Hydrogen volution,

:..

10. Which of the following will. decrease cathodic protectlo'ffcmrerit . requireMents?


. . .
.

A.

B.
C.
D.

Increased pH
Increased oxygen
Increased temperature
Increased agitatlpn