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City Development Plan (CDP)

Of
PACHORE
District: Rajgarh State: Madhya Pradesh

Final CDP Report


February 2014
SUBMITTED TO:
Urban Administration & Development Department (UADD),
Government of Madhya Pradesh
Contact: Palika Bhawan, Shivaji Nagar, Nr 6th No Bus Stop, Bhopal
462011. MP
Telephone: + 91 755 2555006, Facsimile: + 91 755 2555005, E-mail:
info@mpusp.org

PROJECT CO-ORDINATION BY:


City Managers Association, Madhya Pradesh

PROJECT PREPARED BY:


PLANNING & RESOURCES ON URBAN DEVELOPMENT
AFFAIRS (PRUDA)
R & D Wing of
ALL INDIA INSTITUTE OF LOCAL SELF GOVERNMENT
(AIILSG)
Contact: Barfiwala Bhavan, Near Bhavans College, Khanpur,
Ahmedabad-380 001.Gujarat
Telephone:+ 91-79-25602770 (direct). 25601296 Tele fax : 25601835.
E-mail : go2pruda@gmail.com, pruda@aiilsg.org

Acknowledgement
This Report on City Development Plan (CDP) is a result of over two
years collective hard work of several individuals. Firstly we wish to express
our sincere thanks to Urban Administration and Development Department
(UADD), Government of Madhya Pradesh for supporting the study at such a
right time when Madhya Pradesh is Urbanising at a fast rate and the Urban
Local Bodies of the State are facing the challenge of meeting the requirements
of the growing population with limited technical and financial resources.
Special thanks are due to Shri S.N. Mishra (Principal Secretary, UADD,
GoMP) and Shri Sanjay Kumar Shukla (Commissioner, UADD, GoMP) for
leading this massive exercise for the Urban Local bodies of Madhya Pradesh.
I would like to record a special word of thanks to Mr. M.K Shrivastava (Chief Engineer,
UADD, GoMP) who provided very valuable professional and intellectual inputs and contributed
ground level knowledge to the team working on CDP for small Urban local Body (ULB) like Rajgarh,
Khilchipur, Khujner, Khujner, Talen, Boda and Zeerapur of Rajgarh District.
Output like preparing City Development Plans for all the small ULBs in a state cannot be
generated without an excellent professional coordination support given by City Managers Association
of Madhya Pradesh (CMAMP). I would like to take this opportunity on behalf of AIILSG to all the
persons working at CMAMP specially Mr. Pravin Bhagwat (Senior Urban Planner and State
Coordinator of the exercise), Moonis Ahmed Ansari (Web Content Manager), Pushkar Pansari
(Associate (Finance), Chandan Kushwah (Office Manager) who showed a constant and tiring efforts
during the entire exercise.
We are grateful to all the Urban Local Bodies for providing excellent hospitality during our
visit to the cities; Officers and the concerned staff of ULB Department in the towns who have
cooperated and provided their valuable time (during detailed discussions in the field visits) as well as
data and information for the project (when ever required).
AIILSG would like to put on record its thanks to Shri N.B Lohani (IAS (Retd.) and Advisor
to AIILSG), Shri S.K Sharma (Regional Director, AIILSG-Bhopal), Shri K.R Sharma (Deputy
Director, AIILSG-Bhopal) and all the persons working at AIILSG Regional Centre at Bhopal who
have cooperated and provided their valuable time and research inputs to the team when ever required
for the Project.
The CDP would not get completed without the immense hard work put in by the core team
members of PRUDA Unit of AIILSG. I would like to thank and congratulate Mr. Ajay R. Agrawal
(Executive Director, PRUDA), Mr. Jay N. Padalia (Associate Project Director, PRUDA) as well as all
other team members for their tiring efforts towards completion of project.
I take this opportunity on behalf of AIILSG to express gratitude to all the people who have
been instrumental in the successful completion of the project. We have all been enriched by the
experiences gained and shared during this endeavor. We hope the report will contribute in some way
towards implementation of strategies and projects in the cities in the near future.

Ranjit S. Chavan
Director General
All India Institute of Local Self-Government (AIILSG)
Mumbai

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


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Abbreviation
ADB
ADP
AIILSG

LS
M
M&E

Lump Sum
Municipality
Monitoring & Evaluation

M3
MIC
MIS
MLD
MoRTH

APL
ASI
ATR
BOT
BPL

Asian Development Bank


Annual Development Plan
All India Institute of Local
Government
Above Poverty Line
Archaeological Survey of India
Action taken Report
Built Operate Transfer
Below Poverty Line

CAA
CBO
CDP
CDS

Constitutional Amendment Act


Community Based Organizations
City Development Plan
Community Development Society

MP
MPEB
MPHB
MPPCB

CII
CMAMP

Confederation of Indian Industries


City Managers association of Madhya
Pradesh
Chief Municipal Officer
Central Public Health and Environment
Engineering Organization
District Census Handbook
Draft Development Plan
Department of International Development

MSW
NGO

Cubic Meter
Mayor in Council
Municipal Information System
Million Liters per Day
Ministry of Road Transport and
Highways
Madhya Pradesh
Madhya Pradesh Electricity Board
Madhya Pradesh Housing Board
Madhya Pradesh Pollution Control
Board
Municipal solid Waste
Non Government Organization

NH
NP

National Highway
Nagar Panchayat

NSDP
O&M
OG

National Slum Development Policy


Operation & Maintenance
Outer Growth

OHT
OSD
PHED
PPH

Over Head Tank


Open Sewerage Disposal
Public health Engineering Department
Persons per Hectare

PPP

Public Private Partnership

EWS
GIS

Directorate of Local Bodies


District Magistrate
Department of Environment
Department of Health and Family
Welfare
Environmental
Planning
and
Coordination Organization
Economically Weaker Sections
Geographical Information System

PRA
PRUDA

GoI

Government of India

PWD

Participatory Rapid Assessment


Planning & Resources on Urban
Development Affairs
Public Work Department

GoMP
GSR
H&ED

SADA
SC
SH

Special Area Development Authority


Scheduled Caste
State Highway

ST

Scheduled Tribe

SWM

Solid Waste Management

TCPD

KL

Government of Madhya Pradesh


Ground Structure Reservoir
Housing and Environment Department
(GoMP)
Housing and Urban Development
Corporation Ltd
Indian National Trust for Art and
Cultural Heritage
Jawahar Lal Nehru National Urban
Renewal Mission
Kilo liter

KM

Kilo Meter

UADD

LCA

Lake Conservation Authority

UDA

Town
and
Country
Planning
Department, GoMP
Town
and
Country
Planning
Organization
Urban Administration and Development
Department
Ujjain Development Authority

LIC

Life Insurance Corporation

ULB

Urban Local Body

LPCD

Liters per capita per day

WRD

Water Resource Department (GoMP)

CMO
CPHEEO
DCHB
DDP
DFID
DLB
DM
DoE
DoHFW
EPCO

HUDCO
INTACH
JNNURM

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Self

TCPO

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


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PRUDA-AIILSG TEAM
Name

Degree / Experience

Position Held in AIILSG

Mr. Ajay R. Agrawal

B.Arch, M.Plan (Urban Planning)

Mr. Jay N. Padalia

B.Arch, M.Tech
Regional Planning)

Mr. Ashish Deosthali

B.E Civil, M.E in Environment


Engineer

Executive
Zone)

CA Trushar Shah

Chartered Accountant

Municipal Finance Specialist,


PRUDA

Mr. Sanat Shah

B.E Civil (Retd. Engineer Gujarat Sr. Project Engineer, PRUDA


Water Supply & Sewerage Board)

Mr. Vijay Mane

Master of Social Work (MSW), Social Development Expert


Post Graduation Diploma In
Human Rights

Mr. Vijay Kulkarni

M.A
(Sociology),
M.P.S Social
development
and
(Population
Science),
PhD communications specialists
(Sociology, Biometry & Nutrition),
M. Phil (Medical Sociology),
D.L.W (Labour Welfare)

Ms. Dhara Patel

B.E CSE

Software Developer, PRUDA

Mr. Punit Patel

B.Com, M.B.A

Project Coordinator, PRUDA

Mr. Jay Patel

B.E Civil, M.Tech Infrastructure Junior Project Officer, PRUDA


Engineering & Management

Ms. Neha Gupta

B. Plan (Environment)

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

(Urban

& Associate
PRUDA

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

Executive Director, PRUDA


project
Director

Director,
(South

Project Researcher, PRUDA

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


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Project Introduction
Background
The Need of Planning Interventions in MP
Madhya Pradesh is Urbanising at a fast rate and the Urban Local Bodies of the State are facing the
challenge of meeting the requirements of the growing population with limited technical and financial
resources. GoI as well as GoMP have initiated a number of programmes to meet the growing demands
of infrastructure and service delivery. These are the GoI schemes : Urban Infrastructure Development
Scheme for Small and Medium Towns (UIDSSMT) and Integrated Housing and Slum Development
Programme (IHSDP),the GoMP initiated DFID funded MPUSP, which links reform with investment
in infrastructure for the poor etc. Other than this there are several programmes that have been initiated
by the GoI and GOMP.
A City Development Plan (CDP) is an action plan for equitable growth in a city, developed and
sustained through public participation to improve the quality of life for all citizens. It provides a
framework and vision within which projects need to be identified and implemented. It establishes a
logical and consistent framework for evaluation of investment decisions.

City development plan is envisaged to accommodate the constantly increasing infrastructure


demand and other services.

CDP is a process by which stakeholders define their aspiration and vision for their cities with
clear priorities for actions.

CDP is a perspective urban planning exercise with institutional reforms and investment plan.

Roots of CDP emerge out of globally recommended participatory urban planning processes
like city development strategies

After the assessment of the performance of the ULBs and their capacity for exploiting the above said
resources it was felt that such a plan is essential, not only for accessing GoI / GoMP funding but also
for providing a strategic framework for converging and co-ordinating various development inputs
towards positioning the city on a development path.

Issues to be addressed in CDP


CDP will draw on the basic structure and planning process from the toolkit with a focus on integrating
the current initiatives of various organisations and schemes and developing a strategic framework for
undertaking priority developmental actions in the medium term.
The following are some issues that the CDP is envisaged to address:

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

Preparation of groundwork for mobilizing funding beyond JNNURM and other existing
programmes.

Address the issue of revitalising local economic development by attracting private sector
funding.

Lack of planning culture at ULB level.

Linkage between the overall spatial planning and policy framework of Master Plan and more
importantly into the annual municipal budgeting.

Linking the investment plan of the CDP with the municipal budgets will be crucial in
ensuring the O&M and thus sustainability of the infrastructure assets created.

Outcomes of CDP
The aim of this exercise is to support various Cities/Urban Local Bodies of Madhya Pradesh in
preparing the City Development Plan (CDP) for their respective cities. Preparation of the CDP will
consist of city development strategies that come out of a structured consultative process. The process
will enable elected representatives, key staff of ULB departments, parastatal agencies and other
institutions, policy makers and the citizens to participate and plan for spatial, social and economic
development of the concern cities. A City Development Plan (CDP) will present both a vision of a
desired future perspective for the city and the ULBs strategic framework of sectoral plans translated
into actions that define on how the ULB, together with other stakeholders, intends to work towards
achieving their long-term vision in the next five years.
The CDP should provide a comprehensive medium term strategy (Vision 2035) as well as a City
Investment Plan (CIP), based on which the concerned ULB will be able to access funds under
GoI/GoMP schemes as well as from own and other sources based on priority actions and projects
identified in the CDP .The document should also provide Financial Operating Plan (FOP) to direct the
ULBs for mobilising various financial resources to implement the identified projects.

Purpose and Objectives of the Assignment


The City development Plan must adhere with the JNNURMs CDP preparation toolkit. The
inadmissible components under JNNURM should also be included in the task. The CDP should also
include Broad Master planning of the town (using GIS) and should be prepared keeping in view the
Master Plan (wherever exists) provisions as prepared by Town and Country Planning Department . It
is also expected that the CDP would provide Urban Reform Action Plan for the ULBs as envisaged
under JNNURM.

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

Specific Objectives

The CDP will scale up existing urban development and poverty alleviation schemes within a
comprehensive and coherent strategic planning framework in order to ensure optimal benefit
from available resources for the citizens of the ULBs.

The CDP should aim to catalyse new thinking and provoke debate through a consultative
stakeholder driven process. The vision and strategic thrusts of the CDP will be built around
the lessons and findings of a comprehensive and rigorous stakeholder consultation and
documentation process.

It is expected that the CDP will serve the requirements of the UIDSSMT and IHSDP
programmes as well as JNNURM and other development schemes.

The CDP will generate specific priority actions and projects that can be the basis for
mobilizing funding from diverse sources.

Methodology Adopted
AIILSGs Approach and Methodology
In respect to the Terms of Reference, as specified by UADD, GoMP; AIILSG,s project team broadly
sub-divided the entire activities into specific tasks forces as mentioned below. The task forces
involved a mix of experts and other supporting staff. The division and the allotment of work also
accommodated all the specifications and requirement mentioned in the toolkit provided by the
CMAMP. AIILSG will carry out a multi-task exercise to formulate the CDP in close collaboration
with the ULB. The main tasks in the exercise are as under:
TASK 1: INCEPTION STAGE
The purpose of this task is to review and analyse the current status and unique features of the city with
regard to the state of its development, systems and procedures, as equally its institutional and financial
context. This stage is meant to identify the strengths and weaknesses in the citys development and to
provide an understanding of what impedes service delivery and management within the existing setup and what contributes to better service provision. This task will consist of meeting with ULB /
District officials & stakeholders, Undertaking Reconnaissance Survey, Collecting of Secondary Data
regarding Demographic, geographic and economic profile of the city and Conducting a Kick off
Workshop.
TASK 2: PREPARING CITY PROFILE
The major activities for the task is to undertake a situation analysis, Demand Gap Analysis and
SWOT Analysis:

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

City Assessment / Situation Analysis

Indepth analysis of the existing situation

Present issues in city

Available Infrastructure and level of services

Level of satisfaction

Expectations of citizens from ULB Officials and meetings.

DemandSupply Gap Analysis


Considering the existing rate of growth, and expectation about the prioritized sector services, it is
proposed to assess the future needs, which will be helpful to work out project details in later stage.
The findings from the sector analysis would be used to prepare the City Profile consisting of the
assessment of the existing situation in all the sectors identified, emerging issues, SWOT analysis and
projection of the present gaps and future requirements. This will be done within the framework of
parameters relating to demography, economic base, finance, physical and environmental issues,
infrastructure, institutions and universalisation of services especially for the poor.
TASK 3: DEVELOPMENT OF CITY VISION, SECTOR GOALS AND STRATEGIES
The major activities for the task are to formulate a City Vision, Sector Prioritization and Formulation
of Development Strategy and conducting 2nd Workshop at ULB Level and 1st presentation at District
Level. The details are as under:
Development of Perspective and Vision of the City
Using the results of the first stage of analysis, combined with consultations with key stakeholders and
civil society, this stage is meant to prioritize service sectors that require immediate attention while
simultaneously developing a vision for the future development.
Prioritization of Sector
The purpose of this stage is to review and analyze the status of various services and prioritize these
sectors in consultation with the various stakeholders of the city. Past trend of infrastructure
developments activities in the town is also assessed for devising the priorities of the town.
Formulating of Development Strategy
The selection of strategy needs to be done with wideranging consultations among and with key
stakeholders. It is in this stage that strategies and interventions are identified for attaining the vision
and future development perspectives for specific sector/sectors. This stage is used to first identify the

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

options and strategies and second, to evaluate the strategies from the perspective of their contribution
to the goals and objectives.
TASK 4: PROJECT IDENTIFICATION
Based on the sector specific priorities and strategies, details of projects for various sectors are to be
worked out. Details like physical aspects and financial aspects should be detailed out elaborately. This
will supported by a Workshop at ULB and District Level & a discussion at state level.
TASK 5: PREPARING A CITY INVESTMENT PLAN (CIP)
AIILSG Team will undertake meetings with different stakeholders to determine types and sources of
financing for priority projects from internal resources, state and central governments, local financial
institutions, donors, and through public-private partnerships. The implications of each of these will be
considered.
Based on the availability of resources, logical sequencing of actions and potential for immediate
implementation, the AIILSG will prepare a City Investment Plan (CIP) in consultation with ULB that
lays out the cost and revenue estimates of all priority projects in the next five years. The preparation
of the CIP is a reiterative process requiring adjustments to individual projects as well as changes in
scheduling to make the whole package work financially.
TASK 6: PREPARING A FINANCIAL OPERATION PLAN
The City Investment plan would be supported with a Financial Operating Plan (FOP). An investment
plan and a financing strategy are an integral part of the proposal. There is a need to analyze
applicability of different model of financing through PublicPrivate Partnerships for Urban
Infrastructure Development to the proposed strategy. It should focus on need for PublicPrivate
Partnerships, publicPrivate Partnership Options and other details required for PublicPrivate
Partnership Projects.

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

FLOWCHART OF ACTIVITIES FOR THE PROJECT:

-Meeting with ULB / District officials &


stakeholders
-Reconnaissance Survey
-Collection of Secondary Data

Preparing City profile &


Situation Analysis Report &
Development of strategies
and priority actions

Conduct 2nd Workshop at ULB


Level
on Development of city
vision, sector goals and
Development of strategies and
priority actions

Submission 3
Draft CDP

Conduct 3rd Level


Workshop at ULB Level
on Draft CDP

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Conduct Kick
off Workshop
at ULB Level

Submission 1
Inception
Report

-Validation of secondary Data & Datagaps


Identification
-Field survey and Primary Data Collection
-Making a sectoral SWOT Analysis
-Making a Demand Supply Gap Analysis

1st Stage
presentation at
the District
Level
1st Stage
discussion at
the State Level

Submission 2
City Profile, Sector
Analysis, city
vision, strategy and
priority projects Report
(report on 2nd workshop)

-Preparing a City Investment Plan (CIP) and a


Financial Operating Plan
-Project costing and determination of funding sources
-Scheduling of priority actions and developing a City
Investment Plan (CIP)

2ndd Stage presentation


at the District Level
2nd Stage discussion at
the State Level

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

Submission 4
FINAL CDP

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

Description of Deliverables As per ToR


In respect to the Terms of Reference, as specified by UADD, GoMP; the main task in the exercise are
as under:
Deliverable 1. Inception Stage
Deliverable 2. City Profile, Sector Analysis, city vision, strategy and priority projects Report (report
on 2nd workshop)
Deliverable 3. Draft CDP and city level workshop report
Deliverable 4. Final CDP report

Description of Tasks
The consultant has to carry out a multi-stage exercise to formulate the CDP in close collaboration
with the ULB. The main stages in the exercise are:
01.
02.
03.
04.
05.
06.

Inception
Assessment of existing situation (opportunities, strengths, risks and weaknesses and gaps)
Development of city vision and sector goals and strategies
Second Workshop to develop city vision and sector goals
Development of strategies and priority actions
Draft CDP: Preparing a City Investment Plan (CIP) and a financing strategy (Financial
Operating Plan)

07. Final CDP


As per Terms of Reference
Project costing and determination of funding sources
The Consultants will undertake consultations with different stakeholders to determine types and
sources of financing for priority projects from internal resources, state and central governments, local
financial institutions, donors, and through public-private partnerships. The implications of each of
these will be considered.
Scheduling of priority actions and developing a City Investment Plan (CIP)
Based on the availability of resources, logical sequencing of actions and potential for immediate
implementation, the Consultants will prepare a City Investment Plan (CIP) in consultation with ULB
that lays out the cost and revenue estimates of all priority projects in the next five years. The
preparation of the CIP is a reiterative process requiring adjustments to individual projects as well as
changes in scheduling to make the whole package work financially. The City Investment plan would
be supported with a Financial Operating Plan (FOP).

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

10

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

Structure Of The Report


The structure of the report generally follows the CDP toolkit prepared by the government of Madhya
Pradesh. The report was arranged in such a way that would provide readers a realistic picture of the
town under study. In a nutshell, the report is composed of 15 Chapters.
Chapter 1 provides a rich historical background of the town, information on the district, location,
regional linkages and connectivity. Moreover the chapter describes physiographic and landform of the
town which includes its topography, climate and geology giving an understanding of the influence of
nature in the commercial activities of the town.
Chapter 2 provides an understanding of the Demographic Profile of the Town. The projected
population is also covered in the same chapter.
Chapter 3 looks into the Socio-Economic Profile of the Town. The workforce participation data give
readers information on the workforce population, proportion of main and marginal workers, work
classifications and unemployment rate of the town.
Chapter 4 investigates into the Physical Planning & Growth Management of PACHORE. The
chapter also presents a broad master planning which are crucial to infrastructure planning and
development.
Chapter 5 deals with the assessment of all basic infrastructure of PACHORE, which includes gaps
assessment, goals of improvement for horizon years. The same chapter depicts the identified projects
and strategies for future actions. This chapter covers water supply, sewerage, sanitation, solid waste
management, transport, street lighting, and heritage (if any).
Chapter 6 presents a basic slum profile of the town which depicts issues pertain to Poverty in the
Town, BPL Population and Slum Population, General Characteristics of Slums, Status of Slums,
Social Security Schemes and Beneficiaries etc. As in chapter 5, this chapter also envisages, goals,
analysis, priority projects and implementation strategies.
Chapter 7 deals with giving information on Social Infrastructure like Institutional Facility, Health
Facility, and Education Facility & Recreational & Cultural Facilities.
Chapter 8 discusses the importance of conserving urban environment and also discusses the future
actions.
Chapter 9 looks into the existing institutional framework of the local government.
Chapter 10 shows the financial performance of PACHORE with reference to its revenue and
expenditures. The analysis of such is crucial to seeking alternative sources of income for the town.
Chapter 11 discusses and presents a road map for implementing Urban Reforms in PACHORE
Chapter 12 wraps the whole report by presenting a investment prioritization plan for the development
of PACHORE.
Chapter 13 describes a City Vision for future of PACHORE.

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

11

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

Table of Contents
Abbreviation....................................................................................................................................... 2
PRUDA-AIILSG TEAM .................................................................................................................... 3

Project Introduction ................................................................................................................ 4


Background ........................................................................................................................................ 4
The Need of Planning Interventions in MP ...................................................................................... 4
Issues to be addressed in CDP ......................................................................................................... 4
Outcomes of CDP ............................................................................................................................ 5
Purpose and Objectives of the Assignment ........................................................................................ 5
Specific Objectives .......................................................................................................................... 6

Methodology Adopted ............................................................................................................. 6


AIILSGs Approach and Methodology .............................................................................................. 6
FLOWCHART OF ACTIVITIES FOR THE PROJECT: .................................................................. 9
Description of Deliverables As per ToR ...........................................................................................10
Description of Tasks..........................................................................................................................10

Structure Of The Report ....................................................................................................... 11


Table of Contents ................................................................................................................... 12
List of Table ............................................................................................................................ 19
Chapter 1: Physical Features Of The District ..................................................................... 24
1.1 Historic Background ...................................................................................................................24
1.1.1 District ...................................................................................................................................24
1.1.2 Town......................................................................................................................................24
1.2 District Information .....................................................................................................................25
1.3 Town Location (Linkages and Connectivity) ..............................................................................26
1.4 Physiographic and Landform.......................................................................................................27
1.4.1 Topography............................................................................................................................27
1.4.2 Soil ........................................................................................................................................27
1.4.3 Hydrology & Drainage ..........................................................................................................27
1.4.4 Groundwater ..........................................................................................................................28
1.4.5 Surface water .........................................................................................................................28
1.4.6 Seismicity ..............................................................................................................................28
1.4.7 Climate ..................................................................................................................................29
1.4.8 Rainfall ..................................................................................................................................29
1.4.9 Temperature ...........................................................................................................................30
1.4.10 Humidity ..............................................................................................................................30
1.4.11 Winds...................................................................................................................................30
Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

12

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

1.5 Municipal area and Planning area................................................................................................30

Chapter 2: Demographic Profile Of The Town .................................................................. 31


2.1. Population Growth Trend ...........................................................................................................31
2.2 Population Projection ..................................................................................................................32
2.3. Population Density .....................................................................................................................34
2.4. Other Demographic Indicators ...................................................................................................35
2.4.1. Population (0-6 age group) ...................................................................................................35
2.4.2. Scheduled caste (SC) & Scheduled Tribe (ST) Population ...................................................35
2.4.3. Infant Mortality and Fertility Rate ........................................................................................35
2.5. Issues ..........................................................................................................................................36

Chapter 3: Socio-Economic Profile of the Town................................................................. 37


3.1. Sex Ratio ....................................................................................................................................37
3.2. Literacy Rate ..............................................................................................................................37
3.3. Average Household Size ............................................................................................................38
3.4. Workforce Participation .............................................................................................................38
3.5. Industrial Activities ....................................................................................................................41
3.6. Trade And Commerce ................................................................................................................41
3.6.1. General .................................................................................................................................41
3.6.2. Agriculture ............................................................................................................................42
3.7. Tourism ......................................................................................................................................43
3.8. Issues ..........................................................................................................................................43

Chapter 4: Physical Planning ............................................................................................... 45


4.1. Spatial Growth Trends................................................................................................................45
4.2. Spatial Distribution Of Population .............................................................................................46
4.3. Municipal Level Mapping ..........................................................................................................47
4.4. Ward Delineation Map ...............................................................................................................47
4.5. Land Use Analysis .....................................................................................................................47
4.5.1. Residential Density ...............................................................................................................49
4.6. Master Plan Provisions ...............................................................................................................49
4.7. Housing Scenario .......................................................................................................................50
4.7.1 Present And Future Housing Demand ....................................................................................50
4.7.2 Illegal Colonies ......................................................................................................................51
4.7.3 Future Growth Possibilities....................................................................................................52
4.8. City Specific Strategies And Action Plan ...................................................................................52
4.9 Proposed Strategies & Action Plans For Horizon Years In Pachore ............................................53

Chapter 5: City Infrastructure Of Pachore......................................................................... 55


5.1. Water Supply Of Pachore ...........................................................................................................55
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5.1.1. Quality and Quantity of Water at Source ..............................................................................56


5.1.2. Quality and Quantity of Water in Distribution System .........................................................57
5.1.3. Others Sources ......................................................................................................................57
5.1.4. Water Distribution Arrangements In Pachore .......................................................................59
5.1.5. Internal Distribution Networks .............................................................................................60
5.1.6. Water Treatment Facilities ....................................................................................................62
5.1.7. Comparative Analysis with the Udpfi, Cpheeo Guidelines ...................................................62
5.1.8. Existing Water Supply Projects ............................................................................................62
5.1.9. Demand And Supply Gaps (Present And Future) .................................................................62
5.1.10. SWOT Analysis ..................................................................................................................63
5.1.11. Issues ..................................................................................................................................64
5.1.12. City Specific Strategies and Action Plan ............................................................................65
5.2. Sewerage And Sanitation In Pachore..........................................................................................67
5.2.1. Existing Sewerage System ....................................................................................................68
5.2.2. Means of Sewerage Disposal ................................................................................................68
5.2.3. Toilet Infrastructure In Pachore ............................................................................................68
5.2.4. Wardwise Sanitation Status In Pachore.................................................................................69
5.2.5. Demand and Supply Gaps (Present and Future) ....................................................................70
5.2.6. Ongoing Sanitation Projects..................................................................................................72
5.2.7. Comparative Analysis with the UDPFI, CPHEEO Guidelines..............................................72
5.2.8. SWOT Analysis ....................................................................................................................72
5.2.9. Issues ....................................................................................................................................73
5.2.10. City Specific Strategies and Action Plan ............................................................................73
5.3. Solid Waste Management In Pachore .........................................................................................80
5.3.1. Quantity Of Waste Generated ...............................................................................................80
5.3.2. Constituents of Municipal Waste ..........................................................................................80
5.3.3. Current Practices of Solid Waste Management .....................................................................81
5.3.4. Vehicles for Solid Waste Collection and Transportation ......................................................84
5.3.5. Demand and Supply Gaps (Present and Future) ....................................................................84
5.3.6. Comparative Analysis with the UDPFI, CPHEEO Guidelines..............................................86
5.3.7. SWOT Analysis ....................................................................................................................86
5.3.8. Issues ....................................................................................................................................86
5.3.9 City Specific Strategies and Action Plan ...............................................................................87
5.4. Existing Drainage Condition In Pachore ....................................................................................91
5.4.1. Existing Drainage System .....................................................................................................91
5.4.2. Major Water Bodies ..............................................................................................................91
5.4.3. Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Drains ...............................................................................91
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5.4.4. Flood Prone Areas .............................................................................................................92


5.4.5. Flooding In Catchment Area Of Major Nallah ......................................................................92
5.4.6. Demand and Supply Gaps (Present and Future) ....................................................................92
5.4.7. Comparative Analysis With The UDPFI, CPHEEO guidelines ............................................93
5.4.8. SWOT Analysis ....................................................................................................................93
5.4.9. Issues ....................................................................................................................................93
5.4.10. City Specific Strategies and Action Plan ............................................................................94
5.5. Existing Traffic And Transportation In Pachore .........................................................................97
5.5.1. Existing Traffic & Transportation Scenario ..........................................................................97
5.5.2. Vehicle Population................................................................................................................97
5.5.3. Agencies in Traffic & Transportation ...................................................................................97
5.5.4. Travel Characteristics ...........................................................................................................97
5.5.5. Public Transport....................................................................................................................98
5.5.6. Traffic Management and Circulation ....................................................................................98
5.5.7. Inter City Bus Transportation...........................................................................................100
5.5.8. Intermediate Public Transport .............................................................................................100
5.5.9. Parking Requirements .........................................................................................................100
5.5.10. Traffic and Transportation Projects...................................................................................100
5.5.11. Demand and Supply Gaps (Present and Future) ................................................................100
5.5.12. Comparative analysis with the UDPFI, other guidelines ...................................................101
5.5.14. Issues ................................................................................................................................102
5.5.15. City Specific Strategies and Action Plan ..........................................................................103
5.6. STREET LIGHTING & FIRE FIGHTING ..............................................................................104
5.6.1. Existing Situation of Street Lights ......................................................................................104
5.6.2. Fire Service .........................................................................................................................105
5.6.3. Vehicles and Equipment for Fire Fighting and Rescue Operations .....................................106
5.6.4. Operational Systems ...........................................................................................................106
5.6.5. Power generation and Distribution......................................................................................106
5.6.6. Demand and Supply Gaps (Present and Future) ..................................................................106
5.6.7. Comparative Analysis With The UDPFI, Other Guidelines ................................................107
5.6.8. SWOT Analysis ..................................................................................................................107
5.6.9. Issues ..................................................................................................................................107
5.6.10. City Specific Strategies and Action Plan ..........................................................................108

Chapter 6: Urban Poor & Their Accessibility To Basic Services .................................... 111
6.1. Urban Poverty In Pachore ........................................................................................................111
6.2. Information On BPL Population And Slum Population Of Pachore .........................................112
6.3. SLUMS IN THE TOWN ..........................................................................................................113
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Ahmedabad

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Madhya Pradesh

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6.4. Location Of Slums On Town Map ...........................................................................................113


6.5. General Characteristics Of Slums In Pachore ...........................................................................113
6.6. Status Of Slums In Pachore ......................................................................................................114
6.7. Land Ownership & Tenure Status ............................................................................................114
6.8. Unidentified Slums And Homeless Population / Pavement Dwellers Of Pachore ....................114
6.9. Urban Basic Services In Slums Of Pachore ..............................................................................115
6.10. Social Security Schemes And Beneficiaries In Pachore .........................................................118
6.11. Demand And Supply Gaps (Present And Future) ...................................................................119
6.12. SWOT Analysis......................................................................................................................120
6.13. Key Issues ..............................................................................................................................120
6.14. Identified Goals Of Improvement For Horizon Years For Pachore ........................................121
6.15. Identified Projects For Horizon Years For Pachore ................................................................121
6.16. Proposed Strategies & Action Plans For Horizon Years For Pachore .....................................121

Chapter 7: Social Infrastructure In Pachore .................................................................... 124


7.1 Existing Health Facility In Pachore ...........................................................................................124
7.1.1 Overall Health Facilities And Medical Practitioners In Pachore ..........................................124
7.1.2 Basic Health Indicators Of Pachore .....................................................................................125
7.1.3 Medical Facilities Provided By Municipal Body In Pachore ...............................................125
7.1.4 Role Of Municipal Body In The Health Programs ...............................................................125
7.2 Existing Educational Facility In Pachore ...................................................................................126
7.2.1. Overall Education Facilities In Pachore ..............................................................................126
7.2.2. Basic Education / Literacy Indicators Of Pachore ...............................................................127
7.2.3. Education Facilities Provided By Municipal Body .............................................................127
7.3 Other Infrastructures & Facilities In Pachore ............................................................................128
7.3.1. Existing Recreational & Cultural Facilities In Pachore .......................................................128
7.3.2. Existing Public Amenities And Services In Pachore ...........................................................128
7.3.3. Existing Sports Facilities In Pachore ..................................................................................129
7.4 Comparative Analysis With The Udpfi Guidelines ...................................................................129
7.4.1 Demand & Gap Assessment For Health Infrastructure In Pachore ......................................129
7.4.2 Demand & Gap Assessment For Educational Infrastructure In Pachore ..............................130
7.4.3 Demand & Gap Assessment For Other Infrastructures & Facilities In Pachore ...................130
7.5 SWOT Analysis Of Social Infrastructure In Pachore ................................................................132
7.6 Summary Of Key Issues ............................................................................................................133
7.7 Identified Goals Of Improvement For Horizon Years In Pachore .............................................134
7.8 Identified Projects For Horizon Years In Pachore .....................................................................134
7.9 Proposed Strategies & Action Plans For Horizon Years In Pachore ..........................................136

Chapter 8: Environment ..................................................................................................... 138


Prepared by:
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Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
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City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


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8.1. Flora and Fauna ........................................................................................................................138


8.2. Pollution Levels .......................................................................................................................138
8.3. City Green Spaces ....................................................................................................................139
8.4. Water Front Development and Conservation............................................................................139
8.5. Existing Environmental Regulations ........................................................................................140
8.5.1 Existing Environment Legislations In India .........................................................................141
8.6. SWOT Analysis .......................................................................................................................143
8.7. Issues ........................................................................................................................................143
8.8. City Specific Strategies And Action Plan .................................................................................144
8.9 Identified Projects For Horizon Years In Pachore .....................................................................144
8.10 Proposed Strategies & Action Plans For Horizon Years In Pachore ........................................145

Chapter 9: Existing Institutional Framework for Development ..................................... 149


9.1 Background ...............................................................................................................................149
9.2. Urban Local Body Structure .....................................................................................................150
9.2.1 Executive Wing ...................................................................................................................150
9.2.2 Administrative Wing............................................................................................................151
9.2.3 Institutions and Capacity of the Urban Local Body .............................................................153
9.3 Department of Housing & Environment, GoMP .......................................................................153
9.4 Town and Country Planning Department ..................................................................................154
9.5. Development Authority ............................................................................................................155
9.6. Public Health Engineering Department ....................................................................................155
9.7. Madhya Pradesh Housing Board ..............................................................................................156
9.8. Madhya Pradesh Pollution Control Board ................................................................................156
9.9. Other Departments ...................................................................................................................157
9.10. Inter - Agency Issues ..............................................................................................................160
9.11. City Specific Strategies And Action Plan ...............................................................................160

Chapter 10: Overview Of Municipal Finance Of Pachore............................................... 170


10.1 Overview Of Municipal Finance In Pachore ...........................................................................171
10.2 Revenue Account Of Pachore..................................................................................................173
10.2.1 Revenue Income ................................................................................................................173
10.2.2 Revenue Expenditure .........................................................................................................175
10.3 Capital Account Of Pachore ....................................................................................................178
10.3.1 Capital Income ...................................................................................................................178
10.3.2 Capital Expenditure ...........................................................................................................179
10.4 Key Financial Indicators & Analysis Of Finance In Watsan Context ......................................181
10.5 Summary Of Key Financial Issues In Pachore ........................................................................182

Chapter 11: Urban Reforms ............................................................................................... 185


Prepared by:
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Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
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City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


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11.1. Status of Mandatory & optional Reforms ...............................................................................185


11.2. Reform Identification .............................................................................................................186
11.3 City Specific Strategies And Action Plan ................................................................................188

Chapter 12: Project Prioritization, CIP & FOP for Pachore .......................................... 191
12.1. Sector Wise Project Identification And Prioritisation For Pachore .........................................191
12.1.1. Water Supply ....................................................................................................................191
12.1.2. Sewerage OR Waste Water Management .........................................................................193
12.1.3. Sanitation ..........................................................................................................................194
12.1.4. Solid Waste Management .................................................................................................196
12.1.5. Storm Water Drainage ......................................................................................................197
12.1.6. Traffic and Transportation ................................................................................................198
12.1.7. Street Lighting & Fire Fighting System ............................................................................200
12.1.8. Basic Services For Urban Poor .........................................................................................201
12.1.9. Environment .....................................................................................................................202
12.1.10. Urban Governance ..........................................................................................................204
12.1.11. Social Infrastructure & Other Projects ............................................................................205
12.2. Capital Investment Plan For Pachore......................................................................................207
12.2.1. Water Supply ....................................................................................................................207
12.2.2. Sewerage...........................................................................................................................207
12.2.3. Sanitation ..........................................................................................................................208
12.2.4. Solid Waste Management .................................................................................................208
12.2.5. Storm Water Drainage ......................................................................................................209
12.2.6. Traffic and Transportation ................................................................................................209
12.2.7. Street Lighting & Fire Fighting.........................................................................................210
12.2.8. Basic Services to the Urban Poor ......................................................................................210
12.2.9. Environment .....................................................................................................................211
12.2.10. Social Infrastructure & Other Projects ............................................................................212
12.2.11. Urban Governance ..........................................................................................................212
12.2.12. Summary of Investment & Phasing ................................................................................213
12.3. Financial Operating Plan For Pachore ....................................................................................214
12.3.1 Overview ...........................................................................................................................214
12.3.2 Methodology Adopted For Preparing FOP ........................................................................214
12.3.3 Projection Of Municipal Fund With No Reform Scenario .................................................215
12.3.4. Projection of Municipal Fund with Proposed Investments ................................................218
12.3.5. Assumed Funding Pattern for CIP ....................................................................................220
12.3.6. Additional Revenue Account due to Proposed Investments ..............................................220
12.3.7. FOP Results with Proposed Investments...........................................................................224
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Ahmedabad

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City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

Chapter 13: City Vision ....................................................................................................... 226


13.1. Summary of Sectoral Strategies..............................................................................................226
13.2. City Vision .............................................................................................................................229

List of Table
Table 1.1: General Information (Rajgarh District) ................................................................................. 25
Table 1.2: Division of Rajgarh District .................................................................................................. 26
Table 1.3: Location and Regional Linkages ........................................................................................... 27
Table 1.4: Monthly Rainfall data (mm) in Rajgarh districts for the last six years .................................. 29
Table 2.1: Population Growth Pachore .................................................................................................. 31
Table 2.2: Composition of growth Pachore ............................................................................................ 32
Table 2.3: Population Projections, Pachore (M)................................................................................... 33
Table 2.4: Sex Ratio in the age group of 0-6, Pachore (M) .................................................................... 35
Table 2.5: SC & ST Population Pachore ............................................................................................... 35
Table 3.1: Sex Ratio, Pachore (M) ........................................................................................................ 37
Table 3.2: Literacy Rate Pachore ........................................................................................................... 37
Table 3.3: Household Size Pachore........................................................................................................ 38
Table 3.4: Workforce Classification of 2001 Pachore............................................................................ 38
Table 3.5: Ward wise Workforce Classification of Main Wokers 2001 ................................................. 40
Table 3.6: Ward wise Workforce Classification of Marginal Workers 2001 ......................................... 40
Table 3.7: Trade, Commerce, Industry & Banking Pachore.................................................................. 42
Table 3.8: Mandi Information of Rajgarh District ................................................................................. 43
Table 4.1: Ward wise Details, Pachore (M) ........................................................................................... 46
Table 4.2: Land availability in PACHORE Town .................................................................................. 48
Table 4.3: Existing Land use Break up, PACHORE (M) ................................................................... 48
Table 4.4: Existing Land use Breakup of the Developed Area, Pachore (M) .................................... 49
Table 4.5: Residential Density Distribution, PACHORE (M) ............................................................ 49
Table 4.6: Land Use as per UDPFI Guideline ........................................................................................ 49
Table 4.7: Inappropriate Land Use / Places, Pachore (M) .................................................................. 50
Table 4.8: Housing Gaps, Pachore (M) .................................................................................................. 51
Table 4.9: Identified Projects For Horizon Years In PACHORE ........................................................... 53
Table 4.10: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans For Horizon Years in Pachore.................................... 53
Table 5.1: Overview of Water Supply in Pachore .................................................................................. 55
Table 5.2: Water Quality of Nevaj River ............................................................................................... 57
Table 5.3: Water Storage Facilities in Pachore ...................................................................................... 59
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Ahmedabad

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Madhya Pradesh

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Table 5.4: Ward wise Source of water in Pachore ................................................................................. 59


Table 5.5: Water Connections in Pachore ............................................................................................. 60
Table 5.6: Ward Wise Water Connection in Pachore ............................................................................. 61
Table 5.7: Applicable Water Charges in Pachore.................................................................................. 61
Table 5.8: Recommended per capita water supply levels ....................................................................... 62
Table 5.9: Present and future demand and supply gaps (Water Supply) for Pachore ........................... 63
Table 5.10: SWOT Analysis (Water Supply) for Pachore ..................................................................... 63
Table 5.11: Goals for Horizon Years (Water Supply) ............................................................................ 65
Table 5.12: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans for Pachore ................................................................ 66
Table 5.13: Overview of the state of Infrastructure: Sewerage & Sanitation ......................................... 67
Table 5.14: Number of Toilets and Bathrooms in Pachore ................................................................... 68
Table 5.15: Type and number of Sanitation Facilities ............................................................................ 69
Table 5.16: Number of Public Toilets and Urinals ................................................................................. 69
Table 5.17: Ward Wise Sanitation level in Pachore ............................................................................... 69
Table 5.18: Ward Wise Availability Of Individual Toilets .................................................................... 70
Table 5.19: Present and future demand and supply gaps (Sewerage) ..................................................... 71
Table 5.20: Present and future demand and supply gaps (Sanitation) .................................................... 71
Table 5.21: SWOT Analysis (Sewerage and Sanitation) ........................................................................ 72
Table 5.22: Goals For Horizon Years (Sewerage) ................................................................................. 73
Table 5.23: Goals for Horizon Years (Sanitation) ................................................................................. 74
Table 5.24: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans for Pachore ................................................................ 75
Table 5.25: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans for Pachore ................................................................ 76
Table 5.26: Quantity of Solid Waste Generated ..................................................................................... 80
Table 5.27: Constituents of Municipal Waste ........................................................................................ 81
Table 5.28: Wardwise Generation of Solid waste IN Pachore ............................................................... 81
Table 5.29: Collection of Solid Waste Management .............................................................................. 82
Table 5.30: Ward wise Solid Waste Management facility ..................................................................... 83
Table 5.31: Vehicles for SWM, Pachore (M)......................................................................................... 84
Table 5.32: Present and future demand and supply gaps (Solid Waste Management) ........................... 85
Table 5.33: SWOT analysis (Solid Waste Management) ....................................................................... 86
Table 5.34: Goals for Horizon Years (Solid Waste Management) ......................................................... 87
Table 5.35: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans for Pachore ................................................................ 88
Table 5.36: Number of Household provided with drainage facility, PACHORE Tehsil *, (Urban)
2001 ........................................................................................................................................................ 91
Table 5.37: Drainage Network ............................................................................................................... 91
Table 5.38: Existing nallahs ................................................................................................................... 92
Table 5.39: Present and future demand and supply gaps (Drainage) ...................................................... 92
Table 5.40: SWOT Analysis (Drainage) ................................................................................................ 93
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Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


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Table 5.41: Goals for Horizon Years (Drainage) ................................................................................... 94


Table 5.42: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans for Pachore ................................................................ 95
Table 5.43: Details Of Vehicles In Pachore ........................................................................................... 97
Table 5.44: Improper Junction Designs ................................................................................................. 99
Table 5.45: Major Roads........................................................................................................................ 99
Table 5.46: Existing Road Condition ..................................................................................................... 100
Table 5.47: Present and future demand and supply gaps (Traffic and Transportation) .......................... 101
Table 5.48: SWOT Analysis (Traffic and Transportation) ..................................................................... 101
Table 5.49: Goals for Horizon Years (Traffic & Transportation)........................................................... 103
Table 5.50: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans for Pachore ................................................................ 103
Table 5.51: Street Lighting .................................................................................................................... 105
Table 5.52: Details of ward wise electricity connection in Pachore ....................................................... 105
Table 5.53: Number of Electric Connections ......................................................................................... 106
Table 5.54: Present and future demand and supply gaps (Street Lighting) ............................................ 106
Table 5.55: SWOT Analysis (Street Lighting) ....................................................................................... 107
Table 5.56: Goals for Horizon Years (Street Lighting) .......................................................................... 108
Table 5.57: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans For Pachore................................................................ 108
Table 6.1: Urban Poverty in Pachore ..................................................................................................... 112
Table 6.2: Information of BPL and Slum Population in Pachore ........................................................... 112
Table 6.3: Housing Conditions of slums in Pachore .............................................................................. 115
Table 6.4: Water Supply Conditions of slums in Pachore ...................................................................... 116
Table 6.5: Sanitation Conditions of slums in Pachore............................................................................ 117
Table 6.6: Present and future demand and supply gaps (Slum infrastructure) for Pachore .................... 119
Table 6.7: SWOT Analysis (Basic Service to the Urban Poor) .............................................................. 120
Table 6.8: Identified Goals Of Improvement of Basic Service to the Urban Poor For Horizon Years in
Pachore ................................................................................................................................................... 121
Table 6.9: Identified Projects Of Basic Service To The Urban Poor For Horizon Years In Pachore ..... 121
Table 6.10: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans of Basic Service to the Urban Poor for Horizon
Years in Pachore ..................................................................................................................................... 121
Table 7.1: Existing Health Facilities in Pachore .................................................................................... 125
Table 7.2: Basic health indicators in Madhya Pradesh and Ratlam ........................................................ 125
Table 7.3: Existing Educational Infrastructure in Pachore ..................................................................... 126
Table 7.4: Literacy Indicator in Pachore ................................................................................................ 127
Table 7.5: Schools / Colleges per 10000 Population, Pachore ............................................................... 127
Table 7.6: Recreational and Cultural Facilities, Pachore........................................................................ 128
Table 7.7: Public Amenities and Service Availability, Pachore ............................................................. 129
Table 7.8: Demand and Gaps for Health Infrastructure, Pachore (M) .................................................. 129
Table 7.9: Demand & Gap Assessment for Health Infrastructure, Pachore............................................ 130
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CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


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Table 7.10: Demand & Gap Assessment for Other Infrastructure & Facilities, Pachore........................ 131
Table 7.11: SWOT Analysis Of Social Infrastructure For Pachore ........................................................ 133
Table 7.12: Identified Goals Of Improvement For Horizon Years in Pachore ....................................... 134
Table 7.13: Identified Projects For Horizon Years In Pachore ............................................................... 134
Table 7.14: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans For Horizon Years in Pachore.................................... 136
Table 8.1: Important policies, legal provisions and authorities related to water pollution ..................... 141
Table 8.2: SWOT Analysis (Environment) for Pachore (M) ................................................................ 143
Table 8.3: Identified Goals Of Improvement For Horizon Years in Pachore ......................................... 144
Table 8.4: Identified Projects For Horizon Years In Pachore ................................................................. 145
Table 8.5: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans For Horizon Years in Pachore ..................................... 145
Table 9.1: Reservation Of Post In Pachore Nagar Parishad .................................................................. 151
Table 9.2: Chart Of Post In Pachore Nagar Parishad .......................................................................... 151
Table 9.3: Institutional responsibility Matrix, Pachore(M) .................................................................... 153
Table 9.4: Goals for Horizon Years ....................................................................................................... 161
Table 9.5: Status of DPR for Urban Services ......................................................................................... 169
Table 10.1: Overview of Municipal Finance of Pachore ....................................................................... 171
Table 10.2: Composition of Revenue Income of Pachore ..................................................................... 173
Table 10.3: Composition of Revenue Expenditure of Pachore ............................................................... 176
Table 10.4: Composition of Capital Income of Pachore ........................................................................ 178
Table 10.5: Composition of Capital Expenditure of Pachore ................................................................. 180
Table 10.6: Key Financial Indicators for Pachore .................................................................................. 181
Table 11.1: Status of Urban Reforms, Pachore ...................................................................................... 185
Table 11.2: Suggested Group 1 Urban Reforms, Pachore (M) ............................................................... 186
Table 11.3: Suggested Group 2 Urban Reforms, Pachore (M) ............................................................... 187
Table 11.4: Suggested Group 3 Urban Reforms, Pachore (M) .............................................................. 187
Table 11.5: Suggested Group 4 Urban Reforms, Pachore (M) ............................................................... 187
Table 11.6: Goals for Horizon Years (Municipal Reforms) ................................................................... 188
Table 11.7: City Specific Strategies & Action Plan, Urban Reforms, Pachore (M) ............................... 190
Table 12.1: Proposed Projects for Water Supply for Pachore ................................................................ 192
Table 12.2: Proposed Projects for Sewerage for Pachore ....................................................................... 194
Table 12.3: Proposed Projects for Sanitation for Pachore ...................................................................... 195
Table 12.4: Proposed Projects for Solid Waste Management for Pachore ............................................. 197
Table 12.5: Proposed Projects for Storm Water Drainage for Pachore .................................................. 198
Table 12.6: Proposed Projects for Traffic & Transportation for Pachore ............................................... 200
Table 12.7: Proposed Projects for Street Lighting & Fire Fighting System for Pachore ........................ 201
Table 12.8: Proposed Projects for Basic Services to the Urban Poor Pachore ...................................... 202
Table 12.9: Proposed Projects for Urban Environment for Pachore....................................................... 203
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Table 12.10: Proposed Projects for Urban Governance for Pachore ...................................................... 205
Table 12.11: Proposed Projects for Social Infrastructure & Other Projects for Pachore ........................ 206
Table 12.12: Investment Phasing (Water Supply), Pachore ................................................................... 207
Table 12.13: Investment Phasing (Sewerage), Pachore.......................................................................... 208
Table 12.14: Investment Phasing (Sanitation), Pachore ......................................................................... 208
Table 12.15: Investment Phasing (Solid Waste Management), Pachore ................................................ 208
Table 12.16: Investment Phasing (Drainage), Pachore........................................................................... 209
Table 12.17: Investment Phasing (Traffic and Transportation), Pachore ............................................... 209
Table 12.18: Investment Phasing (Street Lighting), Pachore ................................................................. 210
Table 12.19: Investment Phasing (Basic Services to the Urban Poor), Pachore ..................................... 211
Table 12.20: Investment Phasing (Environment), Pachore .................................................................... 211
Table 12.21: Investment Phasing (Social Infrastructure & Other Projects), Pachore ............................. 212
Table 12.22: Investment Phasing (Urban Governance & Municipal Reforms), Pachore ....................... 212
Table 12.23: Summary of Investments, Pachore .................................................................................... 213
Table 12.24: Assumptions in Projecting Revenue Income, Pachore ...................................................... 216
Table 12.25: Adopted Growth Rates for Projecting Revenue Income, Pachore ..................................... 217
Table 12.26: Assumptions in Projecting Revenue Expenditure, Pachore ............................................... 217
Table 12.27: Adopted Growth Rates for Projecting Revenue Expenditure, Pachore.............................. 218
Table 12.28: Suggested Project Cost to be developed Through PPP, Pachore ....................................... 219
Table 12.29: Additional Revenues as a result of Proposed Investments ................................................ 220
Table 12.30: Assumptions for Additional O&M expenditure due to Proposed Investments, Pachore ... 223
Table 12.31: FOP Results, Pachore........................................................................................................ 224
Table 13.1: Sectoral Strategies for Pachore .......................................................................................... 226

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Chapter 1: Physical Features Of The District


1.1 Historic Background
1.1.1 District
Rajgarh district was created May 1948, and includes the territory of the former princely states of
Rajgarh, Narsinghgarh, Khilchipur, and parts of the states of Dewas Junior and Senior (Sarangpur
tehsil) and Indore (Jarapur tehsil, now part of Khilchipur tehsil). Rajgarh was the headquarters of a
mediatised State, ruled by the Umat Rajputs and branch of the great paramara clan, they enjoyed a
Sanad Estate under the Sultans of Delhi and Mughal emperors in succession. The first capital was
Duparia, now in Shajapur District. Later on it was shifted to Dungarpur (19 Km from Rajgarh) and
then to Ratanpur (19 Km. west of Narsinghgarh) and back. Inorder to avoid disturbance by the
frequently passing Mughal armies, the Ruler of the Estate, Mohan Singh, acquired the present side,
originally known as Jhanjhanipur from the Bhils in A.D. 1640. Finally he shifted the headquarters in
the year 1645, giving the place its present name.
During the reign of Akbar (A.D. 1556-1605) a Khilat and a Sanad were granted to Udaji of Tatanpur.
At that time, Sarangpur was a Sarkar in the Subah of Malwa. Its jurisdiction extended from the
western part of present Sehore District to the eastern part of Ujjain District. Among its twentyfour
mahals many have retained their original names and are identified as Ashtah, Talain (Talen), Agra
(Agar), Bajilpur (Bijilpur), Bhorsah, Khiljipur, Jirapur, Sarangpur, Sondarsi (Sundarsi), Sosner
(Sunner) Sajapur, Kayath and Navgam (Tarana).
In 1908, Rajgarh State was divided in to seven Parganas, namely Newalganj, Biaora, Kalipith,
Karanwas, Kotra, Seogarh and Talen. Narsinghgarh State was divided into four Parganas, namely
Huzur (Narsinghgarh), Pachor, Khujner and Chhapera. The Parganas were place in the charge of a
Tahsildar each for revenue matters and magisterial work. Khilchipur State was divided into three
Paraganas. Sarangpur was as now, the tahsil headquarters of Dewas (Senior) and Dewas (Junior)
States. Jarapur was a tahsil of Mahidpur District of former Indore State. It has now been abolished and
merged in Khilchipur tahsil.
In 1645 with the permission of Rajmata, Deewan Ajab Singh defeated the Bhils in the hilly region of
Rajgarh and he constructed a Palace in 1745 which was having five main gates namely, Itwaria,
Bhudwaria, Surajpol, Panradia and Naya Darwaja. And it constitutes three very ancient temple
namely Raj Rajeshwar Temple, Chatubhujnathji Temple and Narsingh Temple, and in which Rajmata
and his 15 year old son Rawat Mohan singh was living safely. In Jhanjherpur which was capital and it
is having a palace due to which this place is known as Rajgarh and it had become famous.

1.1.2 Town

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PACHORE is a town and Nagr Parishad of Rajgarh district in the State of Madhya Pradesh, India.
The size of the town is very small. The total area of the town is 25.79 sq km having a population of
27405 (census 2011). The Nagar Parishad is of rural in nature as it does depend on agriculture. The
town has agricultural based economy. One of the main attraction in the town is its Mandi facility and
its located on the Mumbai Agra National Highway no. 3.

1.2 District Information


Rajgarh district lies on the northern edge of the Malwa plateau, and the Parbati River forms the
eastern boundary of the district, while the Kali Sindh River forms the western boundary. The district
Rajgarh is part of the Bhopal division and the district is bounded by Rajasthan state to the north and
by the districts of Guna to the northeast, Bhopal to the east, Sehore to the southeast, and Shajapur to
the south and west. Rajgarh District extends between the parallels of latitude 2327' 12" North and
2417' 20" North and between the meridians of longitude 7611' 15" and 7714' East. Rajgarh is the
headquarter town of the district which is 140 km away from Bhopal towards east and on National
Highway No. 12 connecting Jaipur and Jabalpur. It is also connected to Railway from the nearest
town of Biaora which is about 20 Kms away.
The district covers 6,154 sq. km with a population of 1, 546,54 according to the 2011 census. This
gives it a ranking of 322nd in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 251
inhabitants per square kilometre (650 /sq mi) .Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011
was 23.32 %. Rajgarh has a sex ratio of 955 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 62.68
%. In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Rajgarh one of the country's 250 most backward
districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the 24 districts in Madhya Pradesh currently receiving
funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
T ABLE 1.1: G ENERAL I NFORMATION (R AJGARH D ISTRICT )
Geographical Area

6,154 sq. km

Major Rivers

River Kalisindh (Near Sarangpur), River Newaj (Near Rajgarh &


Pachore), River Parwati (Near Narsinghgarh), River Ajnaar (Near
Biaora), River Gadganga (Near Khilchipur)

Major Lakes

Parasram talab
(Near Narsinghgarh), Chidikho (Near
Narsinghgarh), Napanera (Near Biaora), Chhapidam (Near
Zirapur)

No. of Urban (Towns)

13 (Nagar palika-3 & Nagar Panchayat 10)

No. of Rural (Villages)

1,729

District Population 2011

1,546,54 (Census 2011)

Sex Ratio

955 (Census 2011)

Literacy Rate

62.68 % (Census 2011)

WPR

49.88 % (Census 2001)

Urbanization Ratio

17.33 % (Census 2001)

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T ABLE 1.1: G ENERAL I NFORMATION (R AJGARH D ISTRICT )


Household Size

5.8 (Census 2001)

Source: Census of India


At present the District is divided into five Subdivisions and seven tehsils. The following table shows
the details of area and population of each unit.
Table 1.2: Division of Rajgarh District
Sno

Sub-Division

Tehsil

Area in Sq
Km

Population 2001

No. of
Villages

Rajgarh

Rajgarh

1081.87

192182

387

Khilchipur

Khilchipur

0779.14

149053

335

Khilchipur

Zirapur

0845.36

161070

220

Biaora

Biaora

1155.52

227421

287

Narsinghgarh

Narsinghgarh

1326.41

295189

306

Sarangpur

Sarangpur

0902.93

229170

192

Source: www.rajgarh.nic.in

1.3 Town Location (Linkages and Connectivity)


Geographically, the town is lies between 23.39 32N and 76.48 42E with an average elevation of
439 metres (1443 feet). Contiguous to the town is the District Headquarter Rajgarh (60 kms).
The town of PACHORE lies on the Major District Road (MDR) and on Mumbai Agra national
Highway no.3. There is direct railway linkage to PACHORE. The nearest railway stations are in Biaora,
Sujhalpur and Sarangpur. PACHORE can only be reached by road and rail. In fact, the town is wellconnected to other places of significant importance in thestate.

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Table 1.3: Location and Regional Linkages


Latitude and Longitude

23.39 32N and 76.48 42E

Nearest City with Population of more than 5 lakhs (Less


than 200 Kms)

Bhopal, Indore & Ujjain

Nearest City with Population of more than 1 lakh (Less


than 150 Kms)

Dewas, Guna

Other Important District Towns (Less than 100 Kms)

Rajgarh, Biaora, Narsingarh, Sarangpur,


& Pachore

Nearest Railway Station

Pachore, Biaora, Sujhalpur

Nearest Bus Facility

PACHORE, Biaora

Source: Census of India, 2001

1.4 Physiographic and Landform


1.4.1 Topography
The Rajgarh district lies on the northern edge of the Malwa plateau, and the Parbati River forms the
eastern boundary of the district, while the Kali Sindh River forms the western boundary. The
physiology of the town in this region is basically.

Denudatiional Landforms

Fluvial Landforms

Malwa Plateau

Kali Sindh Basin

1.4.2 Soil
The Soil type of Rajgarh district is mainly the medium to deep Black soil and mixed red and black
soil. In some portion of the district River alluvial soil is also found. The alluvium consists of clay, silt,
sand, gravels and pebbles.

1.4.3 Hydrology & Drainage


The Town in the Rajgarh district falls in the Ganga Basin and Chambal sub basin. The whole Rajgarh
districts fall in the Ganga Basin. The watershed areas of the Rajgarh district are Upper-Kali sind,
Lower Kali sind, Newaz, Chapi-Ghani, Upper Parbati, Ajnar Ghoraphachar and Lower Parbati . The
district is drained by few rivers Kalisindh, Newaj, Parwati, Ajnaar and Gadganga. Some important
water bodies of Rajgarh district are Parasram talab (Narsinghgarh), Chidikho (Narsinghgarh),
Napanera (Biaora) and Chhapidam (Zirapur).
The District is draining by few rivers like Kali sindh, Newaj and Kadal River and other small streams
cross the Roads. The Kali Sindh river and Kadal river is found to be perennial on observation. Other
tributaries are non perennial in nature.

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1.4.4 Groundwater
The ground water availability along the town is poor. The depth of water table varies from 48.0 mbgl
-290.41 mbgl Most of the wells become dry except in monsoon season.

1.4.5 Surface water


The entire Rajgarh district falls in the Ganga Basin. Most of the towns are drained by few rivers like
Kali sindh and Kadal and other small streams cross the project road. The Kali sindh river and Kadal
river is found to be perennial in ground observation. Other tributaries are non perennial in nature.

1.4.6 Seismicity
The seismo-tectonic units which probably lend seismicity to the region are the Narmada rift and the
Aravalli fault system. The Narmada rift is situated about 200 km south of the Rajgarh district on the
Aravalli fault system about the same distance to the North West. The Narmada rift includes a fault
system with ENE-WSW strike. Two strong earthquakes of magnitude 6.50 and 6.25 occurred in this
belt in 1927 and 1938 respectively. The main seismo tectonic feature along with the seismic activity
in the Aravalli range is noticed on strike about NE-SW on the reverse fault, separating the Aravalli
system of rocks from the Vindhyas on the east. It is also envisaged that the eastern Aravalis take a
bend towards the south in the vicinity of Panchmahals. And then further join the E-W Satpura strike.

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The trend of the eruptive centers indicating crustal weakness is close to this postulated bend of
Aravalli strike. Movements involving frequent uplift have affected this region.

1.4.7 Climate
The climate of Rajgarh District is characterized by hot summer and general dryness except during the
south west monsoon season. The year may be divided into four seasons. The cold season, December
to February is followed by the hot season from March to about the middle of June. The period from
the middle of June to September is the south west monsoon season. October and November form the
post monsoon or transition period.

1.4.8 Rainfall
The average annual rainfall in the district for the last 6 Years is about 905.08 mm. About 95% of the
annual rainfall is received during the monsoon months, June to September, July being the rainiest
month.

2007
2008

103.4 370

38.5 52.9

0.3

12.7

0.8

14.4 108.8 433

7.4

0.8

0.7

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15.2 5

85.1

1014.9

717.3

337.6 4.6

1207.2

142.9 129.4 0

842.3

189

743.7

116.6 5

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138.6 0

277.6 496

230.2 187

55.3 4.5

Total

2006

138.6 270.3 516.3 19.9

Dec.

1.1

Nov.

Oct.

2005

Sept.

Aug.

ar.

Jun.

Feb.

8.9

May

Jan.

2004

Apr.

Year

Table 1.4: Monthly Rainfall data (mm) in Rajgarh districts for the last six years

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Total

Dec.

Nov.

Oct.

Sept.

Aug.

Jul.

Jun.

May

Apr.

ar.

Feb.

Jan.

Year

Table 1.4: Monthly Rainfall data (mm) in Rajgarh districts for the last six years

Source: India Meteorological Department, Delhi

1.4.9 Temperature
The normal maximum temperature during the month of May is 42.4C with minimum during the
month of January 11.3 C in Rajgarh respectively. The wind velocity is higher during the pre
monsoon period as compared to post monsoon period.

1.4.10 Humidity
During the south- west monsoon season the relative humidity generally exceeds 88% (July / August
month). The rest of the year is drier. April is the driest month of the year.

1.4.11 Winds
The maximum wind velocity is 27.0 km / hr. observed during the month of June and minimum 7.1
km/hr during the month of November.

1.5 Municipal area and Planning area


The town and country planning department of Madhya Pradesh under Sec. 13 (1), 1973 has not
undertaken / prepare Master Plan for the Town.

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Chapter 2: Demographic Profile Of The Town


2.1. Population Growth Trend
Census records revealed a negative population growth rate in PACHORE from 1991 to 2001. Since
1981 the town has recorded a growth rate of only 1 percent. But it shows a drastic change in the next
decadal year. It records a growth of 14.82 percent which indicates higher level of income opportunity
in the town. It resulted in the attraction of people from nearby area.
Table 2.1: Population Growth Pachore
Year

Population

Population (Lakh)

Average Annual
Growth Rate (%)

1901

1911

1921

1931

1941

1951

1961

1971

1981

9,287

0.09

1991

14,205

0.14

5.30%

2001

20,939

0.21

4.74%

2011*

27,405

0.52

14.82%

2035 (Projected)

**

**

Source: Census of India;


'*' as per Census Provisional Figures Provided by ULB
As per 2011 census data, natural increase or the growth in the population brought about by more
births and less mortality accounted for more than a quarter (34.62%) of the total population from
1981-1991. Furthermore, it also accounted for 34.62% and 32.16% of the total population from
periods 1981-1991 and 1991-2001 respectively. During the next decadal year the town records a
population growth of 59.71 percent from 32.16 percent.

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Population Growth
2011*

27405

2001

20,939

1991

14,205

1981

9,287

1971

1961

1951

1941

1931

1921

1911

1901

0
0

Population

5,000

10,000

15,000

20,000

25,000

30,000

Table 2.2: Composition of growth Pachore

Year
Natural Increase
In-Migration
Jurisdictional Change*
Total Increase

Population increase

Population increase

Population increase

during

during

during

1981-91

% of total

1991-2001

% of
total

2001-2011

% of
total

4918

34.62%

6734

32.16%

6466

31.05%

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

Nil

No
Change

No
Change

No Change

4918

6734

6466

*- the Area of Town has remained unchanged.

2.2 Population Projection


Analyzing the population trend has been instrumental in systematically predicting the future which
shall be the base for major planning decisions. In the language of urban planning, assumptions about
the future population are fundamental in calculating demand for basic services (design population).
There are a variety of ways in which a design population can be drawn. In this report, six (6) methods
were carefully prepared viz. Geometric Increase Method, Straight Line Method, Incremental Increase
Method, Arithmetic Increase Method, Decadal Growth Rate Method and Exponential Growth
Method. Because these projections have different assumptions, their results also vary.
In making the population projections, a five-decade period from 1961-2001 has been used for demand
calculation. The periods from 1991-1951 have not been considered in drawing the projections.
Referring to the figures in table of population growth trend, the average annual growth rate from

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periods 1981 to 2011 is around 8.29 percent and the town is expected to grow in relatively same trend
in the future.
The usefulness of population projections depend upon how realistic their assumptions are as forecasts
are utilized in both demand calculation and cost estimation for various projects. Both project
implementers and recipients may suffer tremendously from erroneous forecasts as they might lead to
unfeasible budgeting which can influence the execution of the projects. Out of six (6) methods
identified, four (4) methods (i.e. Straight Line, Arithmetic, Geometric and Incremental Increase) were
considered to realistically calculate the demand for future sector projects based on the annual growth
rate (8.29%) of the town. Particularly, Straight Line and Arithmetic Increase methods provides
slightly lower side of the population while Geometric and Incremental Increase methods have given
slightly higher population projection figures.
The average of these four methods (2 with slightly lower and 2 with slightly higher figures) was taken
for the final population projection at various periods for PACHORE with the assumption that like any
developing town, PACHORE is expected to grow in the next years (at relatively the same rate) yet its
current condition does not present a great potential for an extremely significant increase in the future.
Below shows the population projections including the results of each method identified and the
average of the results given by the four considered methods.

Existing

1
2

Average 1,2,3,5

CAGR

Decadal Growth Rate


Method

Incremental Increase
Method4

Exponential Growth
Method3

Straight Line Method

Arithmetic Increase
Method 2

Geometric Increase
Method1

Year

Table 2.3: Population Projections, Pachore (M)

1961

1971

1981

9287

9287

9287

9287

9287

9287

9287

1991

14205

14205

14205

14205

14205

14205

14205

GEOMETRIC INCREASE METHOD: Formula: P' = P(1 + R/100)^n; Where: P' = Final population; P = Present population; R = Rate of Percentage Growth; n = No. of Decade
ARITHMETICAL INCREASE METHOD: Formula: P' = P + n.C ; C = dP/dt ; dP = P2 - P1; Where: P' = Final population; P = Present population, n = No. of Decade & C = Rate of

Change of Population

3
4

EXPONENTIAL GROWTH METHOD: Formula: P' = P.e^(R*n) Where: P' = Final population; P = Present population; R = Rate of Percentage Growth; n = No. of Decade
INCREMENTAL INCREASE METHOD: Formula: P' = P + (C + I)*n ; Where: P' = Final population; P = Present population; C = Average increase in population; I = Average

incremental increase in population; n = No. of Decade

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Exponential Growth
Method3

Incremental Increase
Method4

Decadal Growth Rate


Method

20939

20939

20939

20939

20939

2011

27405

27405

27405

27405

27405

27405

27405

27405

2015

32224

30146

28938

31880

30954

33494

30565

31661

Projected 2020

37890

32886

31864

37572

34503

40936

34286

37923

2025

44553

35627

34789

44280

38051

50031

38255

45423

2030

52388

38367

37714

52186

41600

61147

42517

54406

2035

61600

41108

40639

61504

45149

74733

47124

65166

CAGR

Arithmetic Increase
Method 2

20939

Average 1,2,3,5

Geometric Increase
Method1

2001

Straight Line Method

Year

Table 2.3: Population Projections, Pachore (M)

20939

Source: Projections by PRUDA - AIILSG


A line graph below was drawn for the purpose of providing a clearer picture of the results from above
table. The average (7) of the results of methods 1, 2, 3 and 5 provided a more realistic picture of
future population growth in PACHORE by considering its annual growth rate (4.5%) and at the same
time allowing possibilities for extreme growth due to unexpected factors. Realistic projections are
especially essential not only in drawing design populations but also in making appropriate cost
estimation for various projects. As resources are limited, it is important that demand calculation is
realistic enough to avoid indiscriminate spending of funds.
80000

Population Projection PACHORE

70000

65166

60000

Series1
Series2

50000

Series3

40000

Series4
Series5

30000

Series6

20000

Series7

10000

Series8

0
2011

2015

2020

2025

2030

2035

2.3. Population Density


The total area of the town is 25.79 sq. km or 2579 hectares. The population density of the town is
1096 persons per sq. km.
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2.4. Other Demographic Indicators


2.4.1. Population (0-6 age group)
According to the 2001 census, the 0-6 age group accounted for 17.05% of the total town population
(20,939) which is same than that of the state level (17.87%). Out of the total 0-6 age group
population, 53.75% consists of males while 46.25 % consists of females. The sex ratio for 0-6 age
group is 860 which is considerably lower than that of the sex ratio of the entire town (886).
Table 2.4: Sex Ratio in the age group of 0-6, Pachore (M)
Total Population

27405

14.43%

Male Population

3928

52.37%

Female Population

3573

47.63%

Sex Ratio for 0-6 age Group

910

Source: Census of India, 2001

2.4.2. Scheduled caste (SC) & Scheduled Tribe (ST) Population


Owing it to the long colonial history of India, the constitution explicitly recognizes Scheduled Castes
(SC) and Scheduled Tribes (ST) as part of the population of India and as such these groups also
possess the same rights and obligations like other citizens in the country.

After the Indian

independence in 1947, the proportion of SCs and STs in the population of India has also increased.
According to the Census report of 2001, SCs (13.86%) and STs (6.27%) together comprise of around
20.13% of the total population (20939) of PACHORE town.
Table 2.5: SC & ST Population Pachore
Details

2001

2011*

Growth Rate
(%)

SC Population*

2903

13.86%

NA

ST Population*

1312

6.27%

NA

Total Population**

20939

27405

Source:CensusofIndia;
'*'asperCensusProvisionalFiguresProvidedbyULB
*- of the total Population

2.4.3. Infant Mortality and Fertility Rate


Planning for population stabilization activities at local levels requires information about demographic
situation particularly on the levels of fertility, infant and child mortality etc at local level. At present
in Madhya Pradesh information on fertility and mortality rate are available at District Level only.
Rajgarh district showed a higher infant mortality rate (146) in 1981 which reduced to about 125 in
1991 as per the census of India. While an estimate of IMR for 2001 is around 57 which shows a
higher influx of health programmes in the district.

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Department of public health and family welfare conducted a survey in 1996 at development block
level (Tehsil). For PACHORE Tehsil the General Marital fertility rate (163), implied total marital
fertility rate (5.13).

2.5. Issues

Lack of opportunities for gainful employment in villages and the ecological stresses is leading
to an ever-increasing movement of poor families to town of PACHORE.

Though the population increase during the past decades is not high, but still, it leads to the increase in
the socio-economic problems like landlessness, poverty resulting in unemployment and low wages,
illiteracy, malnutrition which results in increase in the IMR ratio, low standards of living which
results in development of slums etc.

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Chapter 3: Socio-Economic Profile of the Town


3.1. Sex Ratio
Sex ratio is one of the instruments to indicate gender balance in city. In case of PACHORE Town, it
has good balanced sex ratio as compared to the District and State ratios. And from the table below it is
evident that the town has shown considerable progress over the decades as far as the sex ratio is
concerned.
Table 3.1: Sex Ratio, Pachore (M)
Year

Sex Ratio

1981

893

1991

885

2001

886

2011

941

Source: Census of India,


'*' as per Census Provisional Figures Provided by ULB

3.2. Literacy Rate


PACHORE has a literacy rate of 58.20 % against the District average of 51.06 %, which is higher
than average Districts literacy level. The Ratio of Male to female literacy rate is around 57:42, which
is slightly an unbalanced situation. The growth of male literacy during next decade has decreased
from 61.13 % to 57.37%, a decrease of 4.2 %. On the other hand there is an increase in female literacy
which accounts 3.76 %.
Table 3.2: Literacy Rate Pachore
Population
(2001)

In %

Population
(2011)*

In %

Growth Rate

Male Literate Population**

7450

61.13%

57.37%

-0.62%

Female Literate Population**

4737

38.87%

42.63%

0.97%

Total Literate Population*

12187

58.20%

66.26%

1.38%

Male Illiterate Population**

3592

41.04%

40.01%

-0.25%

Female Illiterate Population**

5160

58.96%

59.99%

0.18%

Total Illiterate Population*

8752

41.80%

33.74%

-1.93%

Total Population

20939

(%)

27405

Source: Census of India;


'*' as per Census Provisional Figures Provided by ULB
*- of the total Population
**- of the total Literate / Illiterate Population

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3.3. Average Household Size


A 'household' is usually a group of persons who normally live together and take their meals from a
common kitchen unless the exigencies of work prevent any of them from doing so. (From Census of
India). The total number of household of the town is 10208 as per 2011 provisional census figure. So
the average household size of PACHORE town is 5.06 which is a little lower than that of the average
state (5.2) and district (5.5) household size.
Table 3.3: Household Size Pachore
Total Population

Total Household

Size

2001

20,939

3589

5.83

2011*

27435

5418

5.06

Source:CensusofIndia;
'*' as per Census Provisional Figures Provided by ULB

3.4. Workforce Participation


According to census reports, around 28% of the total population (20,939) entered the workforce in
20011. Workforce participation generally falls under three-fold classifications namely the primary
sector (involved in agriculture-related activities), the secondary sector (involved in industry-related
work) and the tertiary sector (involved in household industry and services type of employment).
Around 82.20% of the total work force consider as main worker which accounts 5392 of the total
population or those who are employed for 180 days. Among main worker the percentage share of
other worker constitutes about 80.03% which indicates the diversification of economic activity in the
town. It has been followed by main cultivator and agricultural labourers. On the other hand the
percentage share of marginal worker is 17.80% which is on the lower side. It indicates that the
percentage share of daily wage labourers is less in the town. The percentage share of non worker
constitutes about 31.33% which is quite high for the town. It shows that dependency of the non
worker or unemployed population is more on worker population.
Table 3.4: Workforce Classification of 2001 Pachore
No.

Occupation category

Population

% of total Working
Population

Main Workers (i+ii+iii+iv)

5392

82.20%

Main Cultivators

538

9.98%

ii

Main Agriculture Labourers

361

6.70%

iii

Main Household industry Worker

178

3.30%

iv

Main Other

4315

80.03%

Marginal Workers (v+vi+vii+viii)

1168

17.80%

Marginal Cultivators

55

4.71%

vi

Marginal Agriculture Labourers

497

42.55%

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Table 3.4: Workforce Classification of 2001 Pachore


No.

Occupation category

Population

% of total Working
Population

vii

Marginal Household industry Worker

52

4.45%

viii

Marginal Other

564

48.29%

Total Working Population *

6560

31.33%

Non-Workers (primary sector +


Secondary Sector + Tertiary Sector)

14379

68.67%

Source: Census of India, 2001

% of total Working Population


Non-Workers (primary sector +
Secondary Sector + Tertiary Sector)

68.67%
31.33%

Total Working Population *

48.29%

Marginal Other
Marginal Household industry
Worker

4.45%
42.55%

Marginal Agriculture Labourers

4.71%

Marginal Cultivators

17.80%

Marginal Workers (v+vi+vii+viii)

80.03%

Main Other

3.30%

Main Household industry Worker

6.70%

Main Agriculture Labourers

9.98%

Main Cultivators

82.20%

Main Workers (i+ii+iii+iv)

0.00%

20.00%

40.00%

60.00%

80.00%

100.00%

Contrary to 1991 records, census data of 2001gives distribution of workers by four-fold industrial
category, viz., cultivators, agricultural laborers, household industries and other workers for each state.
Based on the same data, 82.20% of the total workforce (6560) was registered as main workers or
those who are employed for 180 days or more while the rest (17.80) was enlisted as marginal workers
or those employed less than the former.

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Table 3.5: Ward wise Workforce Classification of Main Wokers 2001


Ward
No.

Total
Population
of Main
Worker

% of Main
Worker to
the Total
Working
Population

Total
Population of
Main
Cultivators in
%

Total
Population
of Main
Agriculture
Labourers
in %

Total Population
of Household

Others
%

ii

iii

iv

Industry Main
Workers in %

Total

5392

82.20%

9.98%

6.70%

3.30%

80.03%

310

98.73%

38.39%

20.32%

0.00%

41.29%

430

84.98%

1.40%

1.86%

2.09%

94.65%

781

75.90%

3.71%

2.94%

2.69%

90.65%

358

91.33%

2.51%

1.40%

2.79%

93.30%

402

64.94%

8.21%

12.69%

1.74%

77.36%

484

83.02%

9.50%

5.99%

9.09%

75.41%

269

87.34%

18.96%

10.04%

5.58%

65.43%

387

82.69%

22.48%

30.23%

1.55%

45.74%

193

76.89%

32.12%

1.04%

0.00%

66.84%

10

261

72.10%

3.45%

3.83%

9.58%

83.14%

11

139

74.73%

11.51%

3.60%

0.00%

84.89%

12

270

86.26%

22.96%

3.33%

1.85%

71.85%

13

260

95.24%

1.15%

0.00%

2.69%

96.15%

14

426

85.54%

0.23%

2.82%

0.00%

96.95%

15

422

92.14%

1.18%

0.00%

6.87%

91.94%

Source: Census of India, 2001


Table 3.6: Ward wise Workforce Classification of Marginal Workers 2001

Ward
No.

Total Population
of Marginal
Worker

Total
Population of
Marginal
Cultivators in
%

Total
Population
of
Marginal
Agriculture
Labourers
in %

Total
Population
of
Household
Industry
Marginal
Workers in
%

Others %

ii

iii

iv

% of
Marginal
Worker to
the Total
Working
Population

Total

1168

17.80%

4.71%

42.55%

4.45%

48.29%

1.27%

0.00%

25.00%

0.00%

75.00%

76

15.02%

0.00%

82.89%

1.32%

15.79%

248

24.10%

2.02%

28.63%

0.81%

68.55%

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Table 3.6: Ward wise Workforce Classification of Marginal Workers 2001

Ward
No.

Total Population
of Marginal
Worker

% of
Marginal
Worker to
the Total
Working
Population

Total
Population of
Marginal
Cultivators in
%

Total
Population
of
Marginal
Agriculture
Labourers
in %

Total
Population
of
Household
Industry
Marginal
Workers in
%

Others %

34

8.67%

0.00%

41.18%

8.82%

50.00%

217

35.06%

0.92%

60.37%

0.00%

38.71%

99

16.98%

7.07%

48.48%

4.04%

40.40%

39

12.66%

20.51%

66.67%

0.00%

12.82%

81

17.31%

8.64%

14.81%

1.23%

75.31%

58

23.11%

6.90%

79.31%

0.00%

13.79%

10

101

27.90%

0.00%

37.62%

14.85%

47.52%

11

47

25.27%

0.00%

57.45%

0.00%

42.55%

12

43

13.74%

51.16%

13.95%

11.63%

23.26%

13

13

4.76%

0.00%

7.69%

53.85%

38.46%

14

72

14.46%

0.00%

18.06%

1.39%

80.56%

15

36

7.86%

0.00%

0.00%

36.11%

63.89%

Source: Census of India, 2001

3.5. Industrial Activities


An industry is a broad term which refers to manufacturing of raw materials into goods and products.
The town has no major industrial construction activities except for paper, pluses manufacturing and
oil mill (soya bean) factories located in the town.

3.6. Trade And Commerce


3.6.1. General
The major forms of economy of the town are agriculture production, industry and Nagar Parishad
administrations. Majority of the population is engaged in agriculture production, business-commercial
and manufacturing related work. Not surprisingly, the trade and commerce of the town are linked with
their major economic sources.
Below table reflects the trade and commerce as well as the banking status of PACHORE. As per
census 2001 records, the top three most important commodities exported by PACHORE (M) were
Pulses, soyabean and paper. The large export of pulses simply exhibits the agricultural nature of the
town. The same data show that top three most important commodities in PACHORE were cloth,
pluses paper soyabean and industrial equipment. Looking at the top three major exports and products

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of PACHORE, the town is mostly involved in agriculture, textile and manufacturing of paper and
pulses.
As can be seen from the table, the town also has 1 agricultural credit society and the town does not
have any non-agriculture credit societies (Census, 2001). As a important Nagar Parishad, a number of
commercial shops are located in the town. The town enjoys a number of bazaars, clothing, mutton and
vegetable markets.
Table 3.7: Trade, Commerce, Industry & Banking Pachore
2nd

1st

3rd

Name of three most important commodities Cloth


imported

Kirana

Industrial equip.

Name of three most important commodities Pulses


exported

Soyabean oil

Paper

Name of three most important commodity Pulses


Manufactured

Oil

Paper

Number of Banks

Number of Agriculture Credit Societies

Number of Non-Agricultural Credit Society

Source: District Census Handbook


Above all, the town is home to 3 important institutions which include 2 state government offices, 3
semi government centers and 5 banks. Due to the existence of these important institutions,
establishments and facilities in the town, people from nearby areas and district often come to the place
to get a wide range of services available (e.g. banking). Consequently, this has paved way for the
increased concentration of economic activities in the town.

3.6.2. Agriculture
Agriculture continues to be the backbone of Indian economy contributing to about 28 per cent of
national income. The source of livelihood of about 70 per cent of population is still agriculture. The
major soybean growing states in India are Madhya Pradesh (3.41 million ha), Maharashtra (60,000
ha), Rajasthan (35,000 ha), Uttar Pradesh (25,000 ha), Gujarat (20,000 ha) and other states (55,000
ha). The area and production of soybean in different states and the country show a rising trend in the
recent years. Being a new crop in Madhya Pradesh, marketing facilities have not yet been developed.
Moreover, support price declared by Government of India is based only on the cost of cultivation and
in view of lack of organized marketing the cultivators do not get remunerative prices. Thus, the
development of infrastructure in the marketing of soybean in the state of Madhya Pradesh is of great
significant.

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Agriculture plays an important role in the development of the town. The main agriculture production
includes wheat, pulses and, soyabean, sugar and oil etc. Agriculture mandi is spread across 3.84 ha.
land area. Currently the agriculture production of PACHORE belongs to the Class A category. The
town PACHORE has 1 sub mandi named Udankhedi which is regularized in the year 1995.
Table 3.8: Mandi Information of Rajgarh District
Category /
Class

Date of
Regulation

Area Yard
(Hectare)

Sub Mandi

Total Sub
Mandi

Date of
Regulation

Biaora

01-Jan-1956

7.612

Lakhanvas

05-Jun-1991

Pachour

09-Jun-1956

3.84

Udankhedi

21-Jan-1995

Jirapur

23-Jun-1956

0.728

Kurawar

10-Dec-1968

2.832

Jhadla

16-Sep-1988

Narsingarh

02-Jan-1956

9.242

Bodda

29-Mar-2000

Talen

22-Nov-2001

Ikalera

07-Jan-2001

Sarangpur

Chapiheda

18-Nov-1974

6.07

Khujner

17-Mar-1958

3.03

Kalipeeth

10-Jul-2001

Rajgarh

22-Nov-2001

Khilchipur

24-Jan-1955

5.897

Suthaliya

11-Jul-1959

3.874

Machalpur

12-May-1995

5.726

Mandi Name

03-May-1955

5.7

Padhana

Sandavata
Karedi

Semlikalan

22-Jun-1994
22-Jan-2011

31-May-1991

10-Sep-2004

Source: Madhya Pradesh State Agriculture Marketting Board (Mandi Board)

3.7. Tourism
Festivals and religious events are of special interest to domestic and foreign tourists. PACHORE is
most famous for the Dasheramela festival which rejoices the triumph of Lord Rama over Rawan. The
festival is celebrated in Dashera Maidan and lasts the whole day. The town is also known for Anant
Chaturdashi Chal Samaroha, which is the last day of the Hindu festival of Ganeshotsav. People
celebrate this day by making a processional walk in whole town. The potential for a tourism project in
PACHORE can also be triggered by its excellent highway location as with good connectivity to the
other towns in Rajgarh.

3.8. Issues
Madhya Pradesh has insufficient infrastructure to support and sustain increasing development effort.
The infrastructure in the state tends to be more capital intensive, partly because of its topography and
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partly because of the nature of its settlement hierarchy. Almost in respect of all indicators of physical
infrastructure - per capita consumption of power, net irrigated area, length of roads and railways per
unit of area, number of banking offices per lakh of population, per capita bank deposit and credit, the
state fairs poorly. It is because of inadequate development of infrastructure, both physical and social
that the state has missed opportunities for achieving high rates of growth. PACHORE is no exception
in this case.

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Chapter 4: Physical Planning


4.1. Spatial Growth Trends
Town planning and management have consistently been linked with the analysis of land distribution,
utilization and spatial distribution of population, among others, which provides understanding of the
current issues and future challenges of town housing and infrastructure. Moreover, these insights
would allow urban planning experts to carry out necessary interventions most appropriate for the town
under study.
The town of PACHORE is divided into two parts by the Mumbai-Agra National Highway. Western
part of the town is considerably more developed than the other. PACHORE is located on the national
highway no. 3 between two major towns. The Mumbai-Agra National Highway traversing
PACHORE paved way for development of the town and its outskirts which meant population growth
and increased concentration of economic activities in the area. Since the construction of the State
highway in PACHORE to Sujalpur the town has attracted more people which consequently led to the
setting up of commercial and service-oriented establishments. The central part PACHORE on the
more developed part accommodates the ward units of the town of which parts of which have been
declared as slums. Moreover, banks, commercial establishments such as markets and shops and other
facilities are located on main city Road on the Western part of the more developed area. Conversely,
there are not many activities taking place on the Eastern part of the Mumbai-Agra National Highway
except for Vegetable oil mill and the railway Station pertaining in the area.

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4.2. Spatial Distribution Of Population


The PACHORE Nagar Palika Parishad was established on 4th July, 1979. In 1999, the town was
divided into 15 wards. At present, the town has 15 wards spreading an area of 25.79 sq km.
The below table shows the ward wise details of PACHORE. Of the total number of ward units, 10
wards have been declared as slums. Ward wise population analysis reveals that wards no. 3 and 2 are
the most populated accounting for 17.51% and 12.13% of the total population respectively. This is
followed by wards 6 and 5 which account for 9.28% and 7.52% of the total population
correspondingly. The rest of the population of PACHORE appears to be well scattered among the
wards.
Table 4.1: Ward wise Details, Pachore (M)
Ward
No.

Name*

Devnarayan

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Population

1461

% share of
Population

5.33

Residential
Area
(in Ha)

% Share of
Residential
Area

No. of
Households

Households

933

36.19%

295

5.44

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Table 4.1: Ward wise Details, Pachore (M)


Ward
No.

Name*

Population

% share of
Population

Residential
Area
(in Ha)

% Share of
Residential
Area

No. of
Households

Households

% Share of

Ward
2

Shankar Mandir
Ward

3323

12.13

344

13.34%

669

12.35

Khodapati Ward

4798

17.51

290

11.23%

1000

18.46

Chandershekhar
Ward

2057

7.51

359

13.92%

405

7.48

Vishvanath Ward

2062

7.52

24

0.93%

359

6.63

Lokmanya Tilak
Ward

2542

9.28

223

8.65%

512

9.45

Sardar
Ward

1082

3.95

20

0.78%

207

3.82

Mahatma Gandhi
Ward

1509

5.51

166

6.43%

324

5.98

Sheetla
Ward

850

3.10

0.30%

181

3.34

10

Kala Jee Ward

1287

4.70

49

1.91%

242

4.47

11

Sanjay
Ward

822

3.00

14

0.54%

174

3.21

12

Shubash
Chander
Ward

1116

4.07

62

2.42%

217

4.01

13

Indira
Ward

1010

3.69

27

1.04%

185

3.41

14

Ramkrishan
Mandir Ward

1406

5.13

28

1.10%

266

4.91

15

Rajeev
Ward

2080

7.59

31

1.21%

382

7.05

27405

100.00

2579

100%

5418

100.00

Patel

Mata

Gandhi

Bose
Gandhi

Gandhi

Total

Source: Census 2011 and Information given by ULB

4.3. Municipal Level Mapping


For Details Refer Maps section

4.4. Ward Delineation Map


For Details Refer Maps section

4.5. Land Use Analysis


The below table depicts the broad picture of the land use break up PACHORE. The same table shows
that PACHORE covers a total area of 2579 ha (25.79 sq km). Owing it to the fact that agriculture is a
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major economy of the town, the largest proportion (69.00%) of the total town area is used in
agriculture, agriculture-related activities and other purposes. The data also reveals that only 26% of
the entire town area is developed. Moreover, Water Bodies comprise the smallest proportion (5%) of
the total town area.
Table 4.2: Land availability in PACHORE Town
Type of Land

Area (in Hectares)

Developed Area

670.54

26%

Undevelopable Land (Rivers & Waterbodies)

128.95

5%

Agriculture / others

1779.51

69%

2579

100%

Total
Source: CONSULTANT

As explained earlier, land use analysis is crucial to the understanding of the current status of a town
under investigation. Particularly, below table depicts the land use distribution of municipal area of
PACHORE. The same table shows that the municipality covers a total area of 2579 ha. Not
surprisingly, almost half (50.00%) of the municipal area is used for agricultural activities.
Moreover, Commercial land and Water Bodies account for 9.00% and 5.00% of the land respectively.
The remaining area is used for Public Use and Services, Recreational and Industrial purposes.
Table 4.3: Existing Land use Break up, PACHORE (M)
Category

Area (in Hectares)

Residential

412.64

16%

Commercial

232.11

9%

0%

541.59

21%

Public Use / Services

0%

Recreational

Transportation

Agricultural

1237.92

48%

Rivers & Water bodies

128.95

5%

2579

100%

Industrial
Public semi-public

Special area*
Total Area
Source: GIS mapping by PRUDA AIILSG, 2011

* Specify detail of which areas have been defined as special areas viz. urban villages, slum etc.
The developed area of the town is of special interest to urban planning primarily because many of the
economic activities are concentrated in this area. The below table provides us a more detailed picture
of the land use distribution of the towns developed area. The table shows that the total developed
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area of PACHORE is 670.54 ha. The same data reveal that more than half (34.57%) of the developed
area is of residential use. Lands used for Transportation, public/semi-public and commercial purposes
accounted for other half of the total developed area respectively. Land allocation for transportation
(e.g. widening of roads, etc.) is particularly important in attracting investments for the town.
Moreover, land for public use and services and recreational use account for a small part of the total
developed area correspondingly.
Table 4.4: Existing Land use Breakup of the Developed Area, Pachore (M)
Category

Area (in Hectares)

Residential

232

34.57%

Commercial

134

19.92%

300

44.80%

Public Use / Services

0.70%

Recreational

Transportation

670.54

100.00%

Industrial
Public semi-public

Total Area
Source: GIS mapping by PRUDA AIILSG, 2011

4.5.1. Residential Density


Residential density provides a picture of how populated an area is. Below table presents the
residential density distribution of PACHORE. Overall, there are 181 households residing in high
density area (more than 501 PPH). Additionally, 1388 households live in medium density areas (201
to 500 PPH). Finally, only 3849 households dwell in low density area. Analysis of these figures
suggests that apparently, there has been a decreased concentration of people in particular areas of the
town which can be explained by its developing character.
Table 4.5: Residential Density Distribution, PACHORE (M)
Category
High Density
Medium Density
Low Density

Details

No. of Households

more than 501 PPH

181 HH

201 to 500 PPH

1388 HH

less than 200 PPH

3849 HH

Source: CONSULTANT

4.6. Master Plan Provisions


No master planning has been prepared by the Town and Country Planning department.
Table 4.6: Land Use as per UDPFI Guideline
Land use
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Table 4.6: Land Use as per UDPFI Guideline


Land use

Area In Ha

Residential

223.99

Commercial

13.02

Industrial

46.88

Public & Semi-Public

36.46

Recreational

67.72

Transport & Communication

57.30

Agriculture & Water Bodies

75.53

Source: UDPFI Guideline


The following landuse were identified as inappropriate during the field survey. The proposed new
location of activity has been conceptualised during the consultation workshops.
Table 4.7: Inappropriate Land Use / Places, Pachore (M)
Land Use /
Place

Present Location

Reason for Relocation/


Problems

Krishi mandi

Near Busstand

Traffic Congession

Haat Bazaar

Near primary school & Hospital


Hospital
area

&

Proposed
New
Location
of Activity

New
Land Use
after
Relocatio
n of the
Activity

MumbaiAgra
Highway

institutional Dussehra
Maidan

Source: GIS mapping by PRUDA AIILSG, 2011

4.7. Housing Scenario


4.7.1 Present And Future Housing Demand
One of the biggest challenges of cities and growing towns is the provision of proper housing to all
families, with special emphasis on the need fulfill the shelter demands of the underprivileged groups.
As per Census records of 2011, PACHORE has reached a population of 27405 consisting of 5418
households. As explained in the earlier chapters, a household is defined as a group of people living
together and taking their meals from a common kitchen (Census of India 2001).
A household may contain more than a family. In an ideal setup, each family should be provided a
house with (at least) one cooking facility. This apparent sharing of kitchen and other home facilities
creates the housing gap for the town. Below table reveals the housing gap in PACHORE. Overall, the
town has a shortage of 2124 houses as per 2001 records of Town & Country Planning Department.
As mentioned earlier, PACHORE is home to 15 ward units and a large part of it or 55.00% of which
have been declared as slums. Many of the families from the slums do not have proper shelters. They
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build temporary houses with partitions made of poor and unsuitable materials (e.g. old plastics).
Looking at the below table, the planning department reported that there are 2420 houses which need
to be reconstructed for families from the slums. Appallingly, only 20% of the total number of houses
which should be provided to slum families has actually been reconstructed. This leads to a shortage of
about 909 houses for the slum community.
Meanwhile, about 140 dilapidated houses still need to be reconstructed by the local government.
These houses have proper structure although their poor condition makes them unsuitable for dwelling.
Substandard materials used in construction of the house, faulty wiring and other structural flaws,
among others, are the major reasons why these houses have been abandoned. Unfortunately, only 20%
of the total number of dilapidated houses has been reconstructed leading to shortage of another 28
houses for PACHORE.
The housing scenario in PACHORE appears to be very problematic. Addressing the housing gap in
PACHORE is crucial to resolving a host of key problems in the town. As three-fourths of the town
population resides in slum, provision of proper housing to families in slum can resolve the longstanding problem of open defecation which leads to rampant spread of diseases. A proper approach to
the housing issues in slums has also been positively linked with increased sanitation awareness and
enhanced community and family bonds.
Table 4.8: Housing Gaps, Pachore (M)
Details

No. of Houses

Rate of
Reconstruction

Housing Shortage

(In %)
Housing shortage till 2001

2124

20%

425

Reconstruction of Slum Houses

2420

20%

484

Reconstruction of Dilapidated Houses

140

20%

28

Total

4684

937

Source: GIS mapping by PRUDA AIILSG, 2011


Note: Entire Wards are been declared as slums.

4.7.2 Illegal Colonies


The formation of illegal colonies in India has been a critical urban planning issue as it concerns not
only the physical planning issues of the town but more importantly, it touches the issue of institutional
corruption in the system.
In an ideal setup, land developers need to create a working layout of the land intended for sale. This
means creation of appropriate spacing and efficient roads for the property in order to secure a permit
from the government. Securing permits are of paramount importance as this will serve as basis for the

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government to make developments in that area which include, among others, delivery of basic
services such as electricity and water supply.
Moreover, illegal colonies are formed when deceitful developers buy an agriculture land and create a
flawed layout with minimal roads, improper spacing and lack of firewalls among other procedural
violations. Developers commit these violations with the intention to sell more lots or houses within a
given area. After the construction of houses, they are sold and registered to the buyers.
Redtapism and bribery are crucial to the flourishing of illegal colonies because they allow the
registration of plots or houses which have major legal and procedural violations. In order to have them
registered, developers bribe the government and politicians a huge sum of money enough for them to
seal their lips and give in to the demands of the perpetrators (e.g. delivery of electricity to houses).
Another round of bribery comes into the picture during the imposition of property tax on the colonies.
Owners bribe the government officials in order to acquire property tax requirements for their
properties. Simply put, colonies subsist as they create an illusion of legitimacy with their registration
and property tax through bribery.
After the developments due construction of the bypass bridge in PACHORE, the town has been
infested by illegal colonies especially in the central part of the more developed bank of the town. This
has made the town denser and highly congested over time.
The flourishing of colonies is of serious concern to any city as they thwart urban planning experts
from creating desired flow of roads, spaces and other important procedural requirements for the town.
Additionally, appropriate spacing between houses is important in order to prevent rapid spread of fire
and easy access of fire officials to the place. Preventing illegal colonies from thriving is a question of
political will. Colonies need to be properly identified and appropriate sanctions need to be carried out.
A strong internal bureaucratic control is required to discourage further colonies from flourishing.
[The above views are extracted from the stakeholders consultation meetings]

4.7.3 Future Growth Possibilities


The town of PACHORE is a gateway from Mumbai-Agra National Highway which has primarily
brought development to the city. The construction of the highway catalyzed the rapid growth of
PACHORE which meant increase in population and investments for the town. As explained earlier,
the western part of the bank is less developed than the other, although vegetable oil mills are located
in this part of PACHORE. Future growth is expected in this part of PACHORE because of the high
congestion on the Eastern part.

4.8. City Specific Strategies And Action Plan


The projects identified for the sector for the period till 2035 are presented in the Table below.

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Table 4.9: Identified Projects For Horizon Years In PACHORE


Horizon

Priority

Detail of project

Year
2015

HIGH

Preparation of Master Plan for PACHORE

2025

MEDIUM

Development of Model Housing Project


Development of Incremental Housing Scheme

2035

LOW

Development of Incremental Housing Scheme

2015: (Period: Current to 2015); 2025: (Period: 2015 to 2025); 2035: (Period: 2025 to 2035)
Source: Consultants of the project

4.9 Proposed Strategies & Action Plans For Horizon Years In


Pachore
The strategies / policies / actions to be undertaken for achieving the Goals and implanting the projects
presented in the Table below.
Table 4.10: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans For Horizon Years in Pachore
No
01

Strategies & Action Plan


Creation of Shelter Fund

2015

2025

2035

YES

A Shelter Fund is a dedicated fund earmarked for providing housing


to the poor. Through legislative amendments private builders may
either contribute a proportion of their land for social housing or
equivalent land cost to the shelter fund. This has been quite
successfully implemented in Madhya Pradesh. The recent report on
Affordable Housing for All by the Ministry of Urban Development
has also recommended a 0.5 per cent cess on all central government
taxes, to be credited to a dedicated shelter fund 5 at the national
level. The proposed fund will be managed by the National Housing
Bank with an equivalent budgetary support so as to make a longterm impact. Similar efforts can be planned at the state/city level.
The concept of Shelter Fund has been in practice in Madhya
Pradesh since eighties. In this Private builders have the obligation
to contribute a portion of the land developed by them or cash
proportionate to the land value to the Ashraya Nidhi (Shelter Fund)
for pro-poor housing. This fund that is collected at the state level is
redistributed to provide social housing The Municipal laws in the
state has been appropriately amended to create this fund. In Madhya
Pradesh most builders prefer to contribute land value as against
land; this is creating shortage of land and the state government is
deliberating if they should make it mandatory for the builders to
contribute land only.
02

Ensuring that no building plans are sanctioned without the


earmarked land

03

Township Development through Public Private Partnership

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

5 - Report of the High Level Task Force , MoH&PA , .AFFORDABLE HOUSING FOR ALL December 2008
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Table 4.10: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans For Horizon Years in Pachore
No

Strategies & Action Plan

2015

2025

2035

Development of land and allied infrastructure forms an integrated


part of township development. In recent times, Public Private
Partnerships have proved to be a sustainable way to promote
housing for the poor. To attract investors incentives are provided by
offering additional FARs, exemption from stamp duty fees and other
such benefits. A betterment tax on properties whose value may have
improved as a result of town planning scheme undertaken by the
Council can be imposed for encouraging PPP.
04

Linking with other urban reforms

YES

YES

State Level: A large number of reforms have been initiated in India.


These include: simplification of land registration processes and
rationalisation of stamp duty fees, land titling and property tax
reforms. These have led to an increase in number of legal property
owners paying taxes, increasing revenues. So far incentives offered
under these reforms have been availed by middle and high income
groups only. State may approve innovations incentives such as
stamp duty exemptions, tax holidays, fast track building plan
approvals and registration processes to builders who agree to
earmark land for the citys poor.
ULB Level: The following reforms are mandatory for accessing
grants under the newly envisaged schemes of Rajiv Awas Yojana by
MoHUPA, GoI:
Internal earmarking within local body budgets for basic services to
the urban poor;
Provision of basic services to urban poor including security of
tenure at affordable prices, improved housing, water supply,
sanitation and ensuring delivery of other already existing universal
services of the government for education, health and social security;
and
Earmarking at least 20-25% of developed land in all housing
projects (both public and private agencies) for EWS/LIG category
with a system of cross-subsidization.
2015: (Period: Current to 2015); 2025: (Period: 2015 to 2025); 2035: (Period: 2025 to 2035)
Source: Consultant of the Project

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Chapter 5: City Infrastructure Of Pachore


5.1. Water Supply Of Pachore
Water has constantly been deemed as a basic resource necessary to sustain life and as such should be
made accessible to all. Appallingly, water supply and access remain to be a major problem in many
developing towns in India. In particular, the level and quality of water supply has been one of the key
issues in urban planning as water fuels a host of activities necessary for the proper functioning and
future growth of the town.
Below table provides an overview of the status of water supply infrastructure for PACHORE. At
present, the town has an available water supply reservoir of 0.9 MLD installed capacity while the
actual level supplied to the entire town is around 0.9 MLD. PACHORE is sustained primarily by the
impounding reservoir on Nevaj River followed by Tube wells (20), Hand pumps (25) and finally by
Dug wells (2). Out of the twenty (20) Tube wells, only eight (8) are in working condition and out of
Hand pumps (25) only 20 are in working condition. There are about 2 wells in the town yet only (1) of
which are of communal use. As water desiccates after December, PACHORE obtains water from
Nevaj dam. Overall, the total water storage capacity installed in the town is about 6 Lakh liters.
In terms of water coverage, 15 wards are currently covered yet only 60 % of which is supplied
through public piped water supply and rest of the city is dependent upon the hand pumps and dug
wells. However still parts of Ward 1, 2, 5 and 14 are still supplied water through tankers. The per
capita supply released is about 65 LCPD yet actual supply after transmission and distribution losses
comes only to 52 LCPD. Apparently, 20% of the total water supply is lost during transmission and
distribution losses due to faulty pipelines and other infrastructure failures which have built up over
time. This loss is considerable given that water is supplied for only 30 minutes once in two days.
Table 5.1: Overview of Water Supply in Pachore
Water

Installed capacity (MLD)

0.9 MLD

availability

Released / Daily (MLD)

0.9 MLD

Source of water

Within city limits

-Impounding Reservoir on
River Nevaj and Tube wells

supply

-Dug wells (1Nos.)****


-Hand Pumps (25 Nos)
-Tube Wells (20 Nos.)*****
10-50 sq.km.

NA

50-100 sq.km.

NA

Water Storage Capacity

Total Water Storage Capacity Installed in 9 Lakh Liters


the Town

Water

No. of Wards Covered

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Table 5.1: Overview of Water Supply in Pachore


coverage

Population covered by public water supply 60%**


%
Area Covered

70%***

Per capita supply (LPCD)

65 LPCD
52 LPCD*

Water Losses

Supply duration (hrs.)

30 minutes every second day

Transmission and Distribution Losses %

10%

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad

5.1.1. Quality and Quantity of Water at Source


Quantity
At present, the town has an available water supply reservoir of 0.9 MLD 7 installed capacity while the
actual level supplied to the entire town is around 1 MLD. PACHORE is sustained primarily by the
impounding reservoir on River Nevaj followed by twenty (20) Tube wells and twenty five (25) Hand
Pumps and finally by 2 Dug wells.
The river Nevaj is a non-perennial river flowing through the center of the city. An impounding
reservoir of 25 mcft (708ML8) on the river has been constructed.
Apart from the river, there are (20) Tube wells (4 of which are not working) are present in
PACHORE. There are about 20 Tube wells which have been drilled by the Public Health Engineering
Department in the town. The yield one good tube well has been reported to be at around 10,000 liters
per hour (LPH) and six (6) Tube wells having the said average yield have been drilled in the town.
However, question of sustainability arises as it has been observed the yield of the said tube wells is
reduced by about 60% in the summer and even worse during drought period. Based on the available
Geological and Hydrological data of PACHORE region, Tube wells cannot be considered as a
dependable & feasible source of Water Supply for the town as they are highly unreliable and prone to
contamination. Moreover, there are about 2 existing Dug Wells in the town.
Quality
In terms of quality standards, the quality of water in PACHORE is satisfactory as they are in
acceptable ranges with reference to the parameters given by the Public Health Engineering
Department (PHED), see below table.

- Liters per capita per day

- Million Liters per Day

- Million Liters
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Table 5.2: Water Quality of Nevaj River


Parameters

Acceptable

Sample Results

7 to 8.5

200

30

200 as CaCO3

160

Iron (Mg/L)

0.1

0.2

Fluorides

10

0.225

Manganese

0.05

Nil

Sulphates

200

08

pH
Chlorides (Mg/L)
Total Hardness

Source: PHED, Rajgarh, MP.

5.1.2. Quality and Quantity of Water in Distribution System


At the present time, the water is supplied in 15 wards for only thirty (30) minutes in two days. The per
capita supply released of water in PACHORE is about 65 LCPD9 yet actual supply after transmission
and distribution losses comes only to 52 LCPD. A part of the total water supply (10%) is lost during
transmission and distribution due to faulty pipelines and other infrastructure failures which have built
up over time.
The quality of water after the treatment and distribution is considered Potable as per World Health
Organization (WHO) standards. However, more sophisticated means of water treatment is necessary
since common chlorination is the only method utilized.
Needless to say, improvements need to be done to reduce and accounted water as they have serious
implications on water services revenue.

5.1.3. Others Sources


Some areas like ward number 1 ward 5 and parts of ward number 14 and 2 are supplied water through
tankers. And rest of the population is dependent upon the hand pumps installed in PACHORE

- Liters per capita


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5.1.4. Water Distribution Arrangements In Pachore


Service Reservoir
Two Over Head Tanks (OHT) of 4.5 Lakh liters are located in PACHORE. Below table summarizes
the water storage facilities for PACHORE (M).
Table 5.3: Water Storage Facilities in Pachore
Type

Capacity (in Liters)

OHT10

4.5 Lakh (2 nos.)

GSR11

0 Lakh

Total

Location
Near Government School

9.0 Lakh

Source: Nagar Parishad, PACHORE


Tube wells & Infiltration wells
There are twenty (20) tube wells fitted with power pumps at various locations in the city. Five pumps
are located adjoining the overhead tanks from where the water is directly pumped into the (OHTs).
From these tube wells and infiltration well, the water is pumped to the over head tanks (OHTs) and
then water is distributed to the adjoining areas.
Table 5.4: Ward wise Source of water in Pachore
Ward
No.

Ward Name

Nos. of

Nos. of

Nos. of

Nos. of

Tube wells

Hand Pumps

Wells

OHT

Devnarayan

Shankar Mandir

Khedapati

Chandrashekhar

Vishvanath

Lokmanya Tilak

Sardar Patel

Mahatma Gandhi

Seetla Mata

10

Kalaji

11

Sanjay Gandhi

12

Subhash

13

Indira Gandhi

14

Radhakrishna

10

- Over Head Tank

11

- Ground Structure Reservoir


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Table 5.4: Ward wise Source of water in Pachore


Ward
No.
15

Ward Name

Nos. of

Nos. of

Nos. of

Nos. of

Tube wells

Hand Pumps

Wells

OHT

Rajiv Gandhi

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad, 2011

5.1.5. Internal Distribution Networks


A distribution line of 12 km length covers approximately 65% of the total developed area of
PACHORE. There are different diameters and material of the distribution networks and most them
vary between 1 to 3 diameter.
The condition of distribution network is important in understanding how water is lost and how water
lines can be improved to reduce unaccounted for water and increase revenue for water services. This
existing network is already more than 15 years old and has not been successful in meeting the
requirements for the proper water distribution system. Failures in the existing pipeline network system
have led to water loss of 20%.
Water Connections
Below table shows the water connection in PACHORE. There are about 2840 water connections. The
town also has 10 public connections, 25 hand pumps (of which only 20 are in usable condition and
others are not in operation due to the low water level obtained from them) and 130 commercial
connections.
Table 5.5: Water Connections in Pachore
Type of Connection

No.

Domestic

2650

Commercial

130

Industrial

Stand Post

10

Public Taps

25

Hand pump

2840

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad


About 30% of the city areas still without water supply network. Indeed, there is a need to develop a
new and well-planned distribution system for the developed areas and for one third of the city in
newly developing areas. Undoubtedly, the sustainability of water supply and sustenance of daily town
needs are contingent upon the quality and maintenance of internal distribution arrangements.

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Table 5.6: Ward Wise Water Connection in Pachore


Ward
No.

Ward Name

Nos. of Individual

Nos. of Commercial

Nos. of Public

Connection

Connection

Connection

Devnarayan

39

Shankar Mandir

209

Khedapati

408

Chandrashekhar

187

Vishvanath

267

Lokmanya Tilak

203

Sardar Patel

118

Mahatma Gandhi

116

Seetla Mata

94

10

Kalaji

93

11

Sanjay Gandhi

101

12

Subhash

143

13

Indira Gandhi

135

14

Radhakrishna

190

15

Rajiv Gandhi

347

Total

2650

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad, 2011


Water Charges
Water charges contribute to the bulk of revenue income of the town which explains the need for
reducing unaccounted for water through improvement of the distribution network system. In the case
of PACHORE Nagar Parishad, water charges are collected from three (3) different users per month
i.e. Domestic, Commercial and Industrial users. Domestic consumption being in PACHORE is the
major source of urban services revenue for PACHORE Town. Below table depicts the tariff and the
number of existing water supply connections in PACHORE. Overall, there are about 2650 Domestic,
130 Commercial and 0 Industrial connections with each unit charged Rs. 50/- and Rs. 100/- per month
respectively.
Table 5.7: Applicable Water Charges in Pachore
Type of Connection

No.

Water Charges Collected Per Month

2650

Rs. 50 /-

Commercial

Rs. 100 /-

Industrial

NA

Domestic

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad

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5.1.6. Water Treatment Facilities


There is a Water Treatment plant facility available to the residents of PACHORE.

5.1.7. Comparative Analysis with the Udpfi, Cpheeo Guidelines


Below table shows the recommended per capita water supply quantity according to UDPFI and
CPHEEO guidelines. For one small town as PACHORE (27405 population), the desirable supply
level is 100 LPCD and 70 LPCD is the acceptable minimum. The actual level of water supply is only
65 LPCD which means that town is not receiving standard recommended water supply.
PACHORE will be considered a medium town in 2035 due its growth population, so the future per
capita demand estimated is 135 LPCD.
Table 5.8: Recommended per capita water supply levels
UDPFI
Classification of
towns
- Small Town
(<50.000 people)
- Medium Town
(>50.000 people)

CPHEEO
Supply levels

Classification of towns

Supply levels

i) Absolute minimum 70 - Towns provided with piped - 70 LPCD


LPCD
water supply but without
sewerage system
ii) Desirable: 100 LPCD
i) 70-100 LPCD (Upper Cities provided with piped - 135 LPCD
limit
above
100.000 water supply where sewerage
people)
system
is
existing/
contemplated
ii) 135-150 LPCD

Source: Table 2.1 CPHEEO guidelines, 1999


Page 149, UDPFI guidelines, 1996

5.1.8. Existing Water Supply Projects


Presently no water supply project has been proposed by the Nagar Parishad.

5.1.9. Demand And Supply Gaps (Present And Future)


The huge infrastructure investments for a town require meticulous analysis of the existing gap and
future demand. The said analyses warrant insight as to the scale of the infrastructure which needs to
be constructed for long-term use. As cities are expected to receive greater pressure in the future due
to growth population, an accurate analysis of the existing gaps and future demand is necessary for
planning, prioritization of infrastructure and meeting costs of the particular demand.
Considering the projected population the demand & supply gaps are calculated until 2035 which is
shown in below table.

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Table 5.9: Present and future demand and supply gaps (Water Supply) for Pachore
Details

2011

2015

2025

2035

Projected Population

27405

31661

45423

65166

Number of Households @ 5.06 HH size

5418

6259

8980

12883

Demand of Water Supply


i

Demand of Water Supply (MLD)


@ 135 LPCD

3.70

4.27

6.13

8.80

ii

Present Water Supply (MLD)

1.25

1.25

1.25

1.25

iii

Gap in Water Supply (MLD)

2.45

3.02

4.88

7.55

iv

Additional Requirement (MLD)

2.45

0.57

1.86

2.67

Treatment Facility
i

Demand (in MLD)

3.70

4.27

6.13

8.80

ii

Present Status (MLD)

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

iii

Gap (MLD)

3.70

4.27

6.13

8.80

iv

Additional Requirement (MLD)

3.70

0.57

1.86

2.67

Distribution Network
i

Demand Network (Km)

20.55

23.75

34.07

48.87

ii

Present Network (Km)

12

12

12

12

iii

Gap in Distribution Network


(Km)

8.55

11.75

22.07

36.87

iv

Additional
Requirement
Distribution Network (Km)

--

3.19

10.32

14.81

of

Other
i

Additional Requirement of meters


(Nos)

5418

6259

8980

12883

ii

Additional Requirement of Public


Taps (1 for 60 HH)

90

104

150

215

Source: Projections by PRUDA-AIILSG

5.1.10. SWOT Analysis


Based on the primary survey and stakeholders consultations, sectors strengths, weaknesses,
opportunities and threats have been assessed. Below table presents the SWOT analysis done of Water
Supply sector.
Table 5.10: SWOT Analysis (Water Supply) for Pachore
Sector
Water Supply

Strengths

Weaknesses

Opportunities

Water quality at Actual water source Water Resources


satisfactory level is Insufficient.
Department
Projects
are
Water
supply No adequate storage
ongoing for towns
Charge is an facility.
drinking water
important source

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Threats
Dependency on
Ground Water
sources.
Tampering with
the sanctioned

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Table 5.10: SWOT Analysis (Water Supply) for Pachore


Sector

Strengths

Weaknesses

of income for the Inefficient


ULB.
distribution system.
Low Per Capita
Water Supply.

Opportunities

Threats

Willingness
of connection
by
people to pay more some consumers.
for better services

5.1.11. Issues

PACHORE town is mainly depending on Surface water sources.

The scarcity of water is evident from the fact that water is supplied for only 30 minutes every
second day.

There is currently uneven distribution of water which requires the extension and
strengthening of distribution lines.

There is an urgent need to divert the entire Nallas meeting to the river before the annicut.

The water supply in the town is 57 LPCD after the T & D losses.

About 37% of the area (of the Developed area) is not covered under conventional water
supply system.

Out 36.87 km length of Distribution network required, only 12 km are constructed and needs
to be replaced. The entire pipe lines are required to be installed for total coverage of city
under water supply.

The town is devoid of scientific or sophisticated treatment of water before supply.


Chlorination is the only process which is being applied to water before supply to the citizens.
More scientific approach has to be adopted for improvement of this aspect.

There is absence of mapping and monitoring of present water supply system

There are no inspections on delivery pressure. The town is also devoid of service level
assessment which is important to look into the overall situation of the town water supply.

There is an urgent need to review of the DPR prepared by the ULB in a thorough and
systematic manner so that revisions essential for the implementation of the project can be
done.

Replacement of the old and faulty distribution networks should be immediately water loss
alone accounts for about a quarter of the total water released daily. This scenario both has
repercussions on municipal income as water charges are a main source of revenue income for
the town.

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5.1.12. City Specific Strategies and Action Plan


A)

Goals for Horizon Years

The goals and service outcomes for the horizon period 2010-2035 are presented in the below table.
Table 5.11: Goals for Horizon Years (Water Supply)
Water Supply

2012/2013
(Current)

2015

2025

100%
Piped 100% Water Metering 100% O & M
Water Supply
Cost Recovery
Revision in Water
Tariff
Training
&
Capacity
Draft Revision in Bye
Building of staff
Laws for Rain Water
Harvesting
Compulsory

2035
100% Water
Supply
in
newly
developed
areas
Performance
Management
System

Network cover for


general
households

70%

100%

100%

100%

Water supply liters


per capita per day

57 LPCD

135 LPCD

135 LPCD

135 LPCD

No. of hours of
supply

30 min every
second day

6 hr.

12 hr.

24 hr.

Quality of Water

Safe & Good

Safe & Good

Safe & Good

Safe & Good

Water

--

50%

100%

100%

Meters for house


connections

--

89%

100%

100%

25%

15%

15%

15%

9.5%

20%

100%

100%

Drinking
Treatment

Non
Water

Revenue

O & M
recovery
mechanism
B)

cost

Strategies and Action Plan

The section into divided into subgroup i.e. Strategies for Infrastructure Augmentation /
Refurbishments, Strategies for Mobilizing Financial resources and recovery of O & M cost of the
Proposed and existing Infrastructure, Strategies for Resource or Environment Conservation and
strategies for improving urban governance highlighted as Instituting Responsive & Responsible Urban
Governance. The following are outline of the strategies and action plan that are envisaged to be
undertaken for PACHORE Town in order to achieve the Vision and Goals.

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Table 5.12: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans for Pachore


Infrastructure
Augmentation of existing supply network at source and at distribution end.
Augmentation /
Water treatment Facility
Refurbishment
Upgradation and replacement of existing distribution system by 2015
Extension of distribution network within town by 2035,
Provision of Community Taps and Group Connections.
Establishing Customer Connections Water Meters
Decrease non revenue water up 15% by 2015.
Mobilization of
Financial
Resources and
O & M Cost
Recovery
Mechanism

- Public Private Partnership (PPP)


The O&M of pumping stations and WTPs through a service or management
contract with the private sector who would be solely responsible for the O & M of
the system, based on an agreed annual fee, with built-in incentives for improved
performance.
The water supply system should be implemented through innovative financial
structuring, involving public, private and consumer participation.
- Operation & Maintenance Plan
The O & M Plan shall include both system maintenance, on a regular basis, and
an emergency maintenance plan. System maintenance shall include routine
maintenance, corrective maintenance & preventive maintenance. In addition to
preventive maintenance with the existing staff, unbundling of O&M operations
shall be adopted to ensure private sector participation.
- Compulsory Water Meter
Make the water meters compulsory in order to bring every service seekers into
Tax Network.
- Cost recovery through adopting differential pricing system
Differential pricing system can be adopted for various building use such as
commercial units. Charging them for what they consume creates the potential to
cost recovery and also to avoid both waste and under used.
- Tariff Revision
At present there is no tariff for the underground sewerage connection. It is
necessary to collect the connection charges and monthly tariff from the
beneficiaries. This however needs an effective Political Will.
- Bringing System Efficiency
Maximize the use of existing and future infrastructure to the fullest for sustaining
the system.

Resource
Environment
Conservation

/ - Water Auditing
Water auditing is the best practice to reduce the system losses and make the entire
supply of water accountable and reduce non revenue water. This involves leak
detection studies apart from studies on the quality and quantity of water drawl at
the consumer end and explores ways and means for effective water supply systems.
- Awareness Campaign on Water Conservation
Involve CBOs / NGOs for creating Awareness amongst the People for per capita
Water Conservation.

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Table 5.12: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans for Pachore


Instituting
Responsive
Responsible
Urban
Governance

&

- Water Supply Inventory


Carrying out a detailed inventorization and mapping of the water supply network
including details of pipe and pipe appurtenances, maintenance of service registers
etc.
- Streamlining Institutional Responsibilities
- Customer satisfaction through providing regular information service
performance
Keep the customer satisfied by responding to queries and complaints in a timely
manner and providing them with regular information on service performance.
- Rain Water harvesting in bye laws (Optional Reform)
It is an optional reform envisaged under the CDP as per the JNNURM toolkit. The
details can be referred in the Chapter on Urban Governance and Municipal
Reform.

[The above strategies and action plan are co-related various chapters and sections on the City
Investment Plan, Financial Operating Plan, Institutional Frameworks and Summary of Strategies
mentioned in the report]

5.2. Sewerage And Sanitation In Pa chore


Sanitation refers to the safe management and disposal of human excreta and it is a basic component
for city development. Proper sanitation facilities for citizens are a major challenge for civic
authorities. It is not only the problem of keeping city clean; it is also an economic and social problem
of raising production and promoting a good life.
The outcome of sanitation is not only the number of toilets built or kilometers of sewer laid but also
include proper use and maintenance of those facilities.
Disregard to sewerage and sanitation needs of PACHORE can result to a host of serious problems
related to environmental degradation and health repercussions. Proper planning based on the special
needs of the town is crucial to the success of any Sewerage and Sanitation infrastructure investment.
The table below depicts the current state of Sewerage and Sanitation Infrastructure in PACHORE.
Table 5.13: Overview of the state of Infrastructure: Sewerage & Sanitation
Wastewater Disposal

Type of Sewerage System

OSD12

Wastewater generated daily (MLD)

0.75

Disposal (underground sewerage) capacity (MLD)

NA

Present operating capacity (MLD)

NA

Households connected to underground sewerage %

NA

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad

12

- Open Sewerage Disposal


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5.2.1. Existing Sewerage System


Apparently, there is no separate sewerage and storm water system in PACHORE. Onsite Sewerage
Disposal (OSD) system exists in the town. Disposal of wastewater is being disposed off through soak
pits and septic tank. There are only open roadside gutters for wastewater drainage. The absence of
sewerage system creates conducive environment for the water-borne diseases exacerbated by
excessive heat during summers. In most cases, solid waste collected on the roadsides goes into open
drains.
Length of such open drainage is almost 20 km, which covers almost 5 sq km i.e. 45% of the city. Due
to the lack of proper sewerage system, water clogging is reported to be commonplace during monsoon
in the slum pockets and old city areas increasing the development of various forms of diseases.
PACHORE does not have a good natural slope and therefore most of the rainwater flows into the
nallah. However, many areas in PACHORE have been reported to suffer from flooding conditions
especially during the rainy season. Analyzing the above mentioned facts, it is urgent need to look into
matter to avoid any further delay in commissioning underground sewerage system.

5.2.2. Means of Sewerage Disposal


The town has an Onsite Sewerage Disposal (OSD) sewerage disposal system. The wastewater is
usually being disposed off through soak pits and septic tank.
There is no provision or wastewater or excreta treatment system for the town. As such, wastewater
and excreta flow through local drains which may simply relocate waste to another part of town
leading to increased water and air pollution as well as breeding of rats, flies, mosquitoes and other
disease-carrying organisms. Not surprisingly, households are primarily concerned only about the
cleanliness of their immediate surroundings yet they are much less worried on environmental impacts
on a broader scale. Appallingly, the absence of treatment plant puts extreme strain on the River Nevaj
as it uninhibitedly absorbs most of wastewater of the town.

5.2.3. Toilet Infrastructure In Pachore


Good sanitation habits begin at home as behaviors at the household could largely influence peoples
sanitation practices outside. As such, it is crucial that sanitation facilities be installed at the household
level. In PACHORE Tehsil (Urban) having 85% sharing of population by PACHORE Town has only
75% households having bathroom facility within premises and 65% households having toilet facility.
HOUSEHOLD LEVEL
Table 5.14: Number of Toilets and Bathrooms in Pachore
Type

No. of Households

Total Households

5418

Bathroom

4063

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% of total Households
75%

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Table 5.14: Number of Toilets and Bathrooms in Pachore


Type
Toilet

No. of Households

% of total Households

3521

65%

Source: ULB
The below table gives details of sanitation facilities available in PACHORE.
Table 5.15: Type and number of Sanitation Facilities
Type of Latrines

No. of Households

% of total Households

1201

99.5%

Service

0.49%

Others

0.00%

Total

1207

100%

Total Number of HH

5418

Water Borne

Source: Census of India, 2001


PUBLIC LEVEL
Provision of proper sanitation facilities and maintenance of the same for the citizens are critical issues
faced by town civic authorities. Currently, there is only one (1) Pay-and-Use toilets planned by NGO
(Bhopal) till date. This public unit has a capacity of 5 toilet seats. Other than the abovementioned,
there are only 5 public urinals, majority of which are non- usable conditions.
Table 5.16: Number of Public Toilets and Urinals
Type

No. of Households

Public Pay & Use Toilets*

1 Nos.

Public Urinals

5 Nos.

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad


*- run by ULB

5.2.4. Wardwise Sanitation Status In Pachore


Table given below indicate ward wise sanitation facility in the town.
Table 5.17: Ward Wise Sanitation level in Pachore
Ward
No

Ward Name

Nos. of Individual

Open

Nos. of

toilets

Defecation

Public Toilets

01

Devnarayan

30

70%

02

Shankar Mandir

150

10%

03

Khedapati

250

10%

04

Chandrashekhar

40

25%

05

Vishvanath

70

30%

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Table 5.17: Ward Wise Sanitation level in Pachore


Ward
No

Ward Name

Nos. of Individual

Open

Nos. of

toilets

Defecation

Public Toilets

06

Lokmanya Tilak

50

30%

07

Sardar Patel

45

15%

08

Mahatma Gandhi

25

40%

09

Seetla Mata

55

10%

10

Kalaji

60

20%

11

Sanjay Gandhi

105

5%

12

Subhash

130

5%

13

Indira Gandhi

75

12%

14

Radhakrishna

220

15%

15

Rajiv Gandhi

350

3%

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad, 2011


The below shows the availability of individual toilet facility in each ward:
Table 5.18: Ward Wise Availability Of Individual Toilets
Ward

Ward Name

Individual toilets available (%)

Devnarayan

4%

Shankar Mandir

66%

Khedapati

97%

Chandrashekhar

73%

Vishvanath

86%

Lokmanya Tilak

95%

Sardar Patel

46%

Mahatma Gandhi

9%

Seetla Mata

29%

10

Kalaji

17%

11

Sanjay Gandhi

45%

12

Subhash

58%

13

Indira Gandhi

43%

14

Radhakrishna

93%

15

Rajiv Gandhi

100%

Source: Sanitation Survey

5.2.5. Demand and Supply Gaps (Present and Future)


For Sewerage

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The demand and gaps of Sewerage sector of Current and future is presented in the Table below
considering 80% of supplied water as sewage.
As per below table the current (2010) sewage generation is 2.96 MLD which will increase to about
7.04 MLD by 2035. The requirement of sewerage treatment plant (STP) is calculated considering that
100% of wastewater should be treated. Construction of sewer line periodically is also calculated in
order to achieve 100% coverage for all the horizon years.
Table 5.19: Present and future demand and supply gaps (Sewerage)
Projected Population

2011

2015

2025

2035

27405

31661

45423

65166

Demand of Sewerage Treatment


i

Demand of Water Supply (MLD)

3.70

4.27

6.13

8.80

ii

Sewage generation - 80% of supplied water


(MLD)

2.96

3.42

4.91

7.04

iii

Existing Sewerage treatment (MLD)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

iv

Required treatment plant capacity (MLD)

2.96

3.42

4.91

7.04

Additional
Requirement
Sewerage treatment

2.96

0.46

1.49

2.13

(MLD)

For

Demand for Sewer network on Main Road


i

Demand for Sewer network (in KM) On


Main Road

ii

20.55

23.75

34.07

48.87

Existing Sewer network (km)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

iii

Gap in Sewer network (km)

20.55

23.75

34.07

48.87

iv.

Additional Requirements Sewer network


(km)

--

3.20

10.32

14.80

Source: Projections by PRUDA-AIILSG


For Sanitation
To fulfill the future demand of Sanitation sector it is necessary to construct 14 Public Pay & Use
Toilets considering 1 for each ward. And about 25 Public urinals needs to be constructed with a
consideration of providing 2 for each ward along with the up gradation of the existing public urinals.
Refer the below table for details.
Table 5.20: Present and future demand and supply gaps (Sanitation)
Projected Population

2011

2015

2025

2035

27405

31661

45423

65166

Demand for Public Pay & Use Toilet @ Ward Level


1

Demand for Public Pay & Use Toilet @ Ward Level

15

15

15

15

Existing Public Pay & Use Toilets

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Table 5.20: Present and future demand and supply gaps (Sanitation)
Projected Population
ii

2011

2015

2025

2035

27405

31661

45423

65166

14

14

14

14

0.00

0.00

0.00

Gap for Public Pay & Use Toilet

iii Additional Public Pay & Use Toilets

Demand for Construction & Up gradation of Public Urinals


2

Demand for Construction & Up gradation of Public Urinals

30

30

30

30

Existing No. of Public Urinals

ii

Gap

25

25

25

25

iii Additional No. of Public Urinals


Source: Projections by PRUDA-AIILSG

5.2.6. Ongoing Sanitation Projects


At present, there is no sanitation project being implemented in PACHORE town.

5.2.7. Comparative Analysis with the UDPFI, CPHEEO Guidelines


The information of wastewater quantity generated daily is not available by ULB. But according to
UDPFI, 80% of supplied water becomes wastewater. Considering the actual quantity of supplied
water 1.25 MLD, the wastewater generation becomes 1.00 MLD. The same type of estimation has
taken into account in the calculation of future demand of sewerage generation.
UDPFI also recommend small and medium town adopt low-cost sanitation technologies with the
technical assistance by the local bodies and involvement of NGOs and plan the extension of regular
sewerage facility. In line with this, it is suggested in this CDP the construction of underground
sewerage system and adoption of low-cost sanitation technologies for sanitation sector.

5.2.8. SWOT Analysis


The table below presents the SWOT analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats
analysis) of Sewerage and Sanitation sector.
Table 5.21: SWOT Analysis (Sewerage and Sanitation)
Sector
Sewerage
&
Sanitation

Strengths

Weaknesses

Good
Slope

Natural Absence
of
underground
sewerage system.
Majority of the
households have Open
filed
individual toilets defecation.
either with septic
Environment
tank or soak pits
pollution
and
Further
degradation
of
River Nevaj.

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Opportunities

Tap
additional Dependence
on
resources and Grants External Grant /
from GoMP and GoI. Aid
Motivation
incentives

through Routine transfers


of officers and
staff and change
Re-use of treated
in local leadership
sewage and sludge for
hinder
in the
Urban agriculture
continuance of the
Introduction of user Campaign.
fee charges as an
Active

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Threats

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Table 5.21: SWOT Analysis (Sewerage and Sanitation)


Sector

Strengths

Weaknesses

Opportunities

Threats

Low maintenance addition to the income participation and


of Pay & Use of ULB
partnerships
toilet.
required at all
levels.
Lack of proper
sanitation
Groundwater
awareness among
contamination
citizens

5.2.9. Issues

The town has no sewerage treatment plants for the city which is required for its sustained
growth in the long term. Indiscriminate disposal coupled with non-treatment of waste has
resulted in degradation of the Nevaj River.

As 11 out of 15 wards have been declared as slums, there is a need to invest in sewerage and
sanitation infrastructure to safeguard the overall health of the people as most of them subsist
under filthy and unpleasant living arrangements.

There is an inadequate number of public sanitation facilities.

Poor management and maintenance is often a serious problem with community toilet blocks
making the toilets non-usable

Apparently, there is a lack of awareness about the health and hygiene among the people

There is currently no collection of Sanitation Tax being done by the ULB which can be used
to improve the overall sanitation scenario of the town

The ULBs do not have any concrete and reliable information on the sanitation condition to
calculate sanitation demands of the people

DPR which is supposed to address the sewerage and sanitation problem of the town should be
reviewed and revised accordingly.

5.2.10. City Specific Strategies and Action Plan


(A-1) Goals for Horizon Years (For Sewerage)
The goals and service outcomes for the horizon period 2010-2035 are presented in the below table.
Table 5.22: Goals For Horizon Years (Sewerage)
Sewerage

2011/2012
(Current)

2015

Preparation of 50% Coverage 100%


DPR for quick of House hold
HHs
implementation
35% Coverage 100%

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2035
of Review
and
Monitoring
system
with
of
appropriate

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Table 5.22: Goals For Horizon Years (Sewerage)


of Project

of Waste water
Treatment Plant

Waste
water benchmarks
Treatment Plant
and indicators.

100
%
Revision of ByeRecycling/Reuse
laws for use of
waste water
100 % O & M Cost
Recovery
Training & Capacity
Building of staff
Network cover for

--

100%

100%

100%

general households
Treatment
Disposal

and

--

35%

100%

100%

Recycling
Reuse

and

--

--

100%

100%

O & M
recovery
mechanism

cost

--

--

100%

100%

(A-2) Goals for Horizon Years (For Sanitation)


The goals and service outcomes for the horizon period 2010 -2035 are presented in the below table.
Table 5.23: Goals for Horizon Years (Sanitation)
Sanitation

2011/2012
(Current)

2015

Preparation of Implementation
City Sanitation of
City
Plan as per Sanitation Plan
National Urban
Sanitation
Policy 2008

2025

2035

100%
open 100% O & M cost
defecation free recovery
through
town
collecting the user
charges
100% O & M
Cost Recovery
Review
and
Monitoring
system
with
appropriate
benchmarks
and
indicators.

Public Pay & Use


Toilets

33%

33%

100%

100%

Public Urinals

70%

70%

100%

100%

--

--

50%

100%

O & M cost recovery

(B-1) Strategies and Action Plan (For Sewerage)


The section into divided into subgroup i.e. Strategies for Infrastructure Augmentation /
Refurbishments, Strategies for Mobilizing Financial resources and recovery of O & M cost of the
Proposed and existing Infrastructure, Strategies for Resource or Environment Conservation and
strategies for improving urban governance highlighted as Instituting Responsive & Responsible Urban
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Governance. The following are outline of the strategies and action plan that are envisaged to be
undertaken for PACHORE Town in order to achieve the Vision and Goals.
Table 5.24: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans for Pachore
Infrastructure
Augmentation/
Refurbishment

Provision of underground sewerage network

Mobilization of
Financial
Resources and O
&
M
Cost
Recovery
Mechanism

- Public Private Partnership (PPP)

Provision of sewerage treatment plant (STP)

The O&M of pumping stations and STPs through a service or management


contract with the private sector who would be solely responsible for the O & M of
the system, based on an agreed annual fee, with built-in incentives for improved
performance.
The sewerage system should be implemented through innovative financial
structuring, involving public, private and consumer participation.
- Operation & Maintenance Plan
The O & M Plan shall include both system maintenance, on a regular basis, and
an emergency maintenance plan. System maintenance shall include routine
maintenance, corrective maintenance & preventive maintenance. In addition to
preventive maintenance with the existing staff, unbundling of O&M operations
shall be adopted to ensure private sector participation.
- Tariff Revision
At present there is no tariff for the underground sewerage connection. It is
necessary to collect the connection charges and monthly tariff from the
beneficiaries. This however needs an effective Political Will.
- Bringing System Efficiency
Maximize the use of existing and future infrastructure to the fullest for sustaining
the system.

Resource
Environment
Conservation

/ - Waste Water Treatment and Reuse (Optional Reform proposed in CDP)


With systems available for treating the waste water on the economical basis and
recycling it, especially in private colonies, hotels, hospitals, commercial and
institutional establishments, this practice can pay dividends.
Where ever septic tank overflows are discharged into drains or sewer lines, the
same can be diverted for recycling since, septic tank overflows have low BOD and
suspended solids, recycling of waste water can be a very viable option in such
areas.
The recycled water can be used for parks, gardens, horticulture, floor washing,
toilet flushing, road and parking lot washing etc. In some of the areas, even the
treated waste water from municipal sewage treatment plants can be further
treated at economical cost safely to supply water for agriculture, parks, gardens,
road and floor washing, toilet flushing in big commercial and institutional
establishments etc. This will entail a direct saving to the consumer of water and a
direct saving to the municipality, which continuously struggles to find or locate
new sources of water to meet the growing demands of the city population.
- Segregation:
Segregation of sewers from the drains to avoid contamination of drains.
- Prevention:

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Table 5.24: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans for Pachore


Prevention of entering municipal solid waste and silt in the sewer line.
- Regular sewer cleaning:
Adopt suitable methodology depending location and condition of Nallahs and
drains.
- IEC activities
Awareness programs on health hygiene, environmental impacts, institutional
restructuring and capacity building measures should be adopted for creating
awareness among the people for environment Conservation.
Instituting
Responsive
Responsible
Urban
Governance

&

- Creation of Database of the existing sewerage


A detailed inventory of the system can be documented periodically by the
technical staff of the ULB to update the state of the system.
- Institutional Strengthening and Capacity Building
Recruitment of trained engineering personnel for management of sewer works is
an important issue confronting the Public Works Department. It is also important
to keep them technically updated. It is necessary that periodic training should be
imparted to the operations staff of the PWD.
- System Maintenance Plan
A system maintenance plan involving the components of routine, corrective and
preventive maintenance shall be prepared.
- Improve and ensure:
Access to sanitary services for the urban poor and slum dwellers.

[The above strategies and action plan are co-related various chapters and sections on the City
Investment Plan, Financial Operating Plan, Institutional Frameworks and Summary of Strategies
mentioned in the report]
(B-2) Strategies and Action Plan (For Sanitation)
The section into divided into subgroup i.e. Strategies for Infrastructure Augmentation /
Refurbishments, Strategies for Mobilizing Financial resources and recovery of O & M cost of the
Proposed and existing Infrastructure, Strategies for Resource or Environment Conservation and
strategies for improving urban governance highlighted as Instituting Responsive & Responsible Urban
Governance. The following are outline of the strategies and action plan that are envisaged to be
undertaken for PACHORE Town in order to achieve the Vision and Goals.
Table 5.25: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans for Pachore
Infrastructure
Provision of Public Pay and Use Toilets
Augmentation /
Provision and Upgradation of Public Urinals
Refurbishment
Preparation of City Sanitation Plan
Evaluation Study and Rapid Impact Assessment
Mobilization of This is covered vide preparation of City Sanitation Plan. Refer Box No. 1 for
Financial
information on the scheme and the expected coverage.
Resources and
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Table 5.25: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans for Pachore


O & M Cost
Recovery
Mechanism
Resource
Environment
Conservation

/ This is covered vide preparation of City Sanitation Plan. Refer Box No. 1 for
information on the scheme and the expected coverage.

Instituting
Responsive
Responsible
Urban
Governance

This is covered vide preparation of City Sanitation Plan. Refer Box No. 1 for
& information on the scheme and the expected coverage.

[The above strategies and action plan are co-related various chapters and sections on the City
Investment Plan, Financial Operating Plan, Institutional Frameworks and Summary of Strategies
mentioned in the report]
Box No. 1: Preparation of City Sanitation Plan
The institutional arrangements provided in the National Urban Sanitation Policy, MoUD-GoI
encourages the ULBs to come up with a City Sanitation Plan involving multiple stakeholders of the
city. The following are the expected benefits from preparation of CITY SANITATION PLAN, if
prepared. The outcomes of Preparation of CITY SANITATION PLAN is as under:
-Setting Up City Sanitation Task Force
Mobilize Stakeholders: The first step in making the cities 100% sanitized is to elevate the
consciousness about sanitation in the mind of municipal agencies, government agencies and most
importantly, amongst the people of the city.
Constitute a multi-stakeholder City Sanitation Task Force comprising representatives from
Agencies directly responsible for sanitation including on-site sanitation, sewerage, water supply,
solid waste, drainage, etc including the different divisions and departments of the ULB, PHED, etc;
Agencies indirectly involved in or impacted by sanitation conditions including representatives from
the civil society, colonies, slum areas, apartment buildings, etc,
Eminent persons and practitioners in civic affairs, health, urban poverty,
Representatives from shops and establishments,
Representatives of other large institutions in the city (e.g. Cantonment Boards, Govt. of India or State
Govt. Enterprise campuses, etc.),
NGOs working on water and sanitation, urban development and slums, health and environment,
Representatives of unions of safai karamcharis, sewerage sanitary workers, recycling agents /
kabaris, etc
Representatives from private firms/contractors formally or informally working in the sanitation sector
(e.g. garbage collectors, septic tank de-sludging firms etc.)
Representatives from educational and cultural institutions
Any other significant or interested stakeholders some of the elected Members of the ULB must be
members of the Task Force.
One of the things to be considered by the Task Force is to organize a multi-stakeholder, multi-party
meeting in the preparatory stage, and take a formal resolution to make the city 100% Sanitized, and
publicize the same, with all signatories.
The City Sanitation Task Force will be responsible for
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Launching the City 100% Sanitation Campaign


Generating awareness amongst the citys citizens and stakeholders
Approving materials and progress reports provided by the implementing agency, other public
agencies, as well as NGOs and private parties contracted by the Implementing Agency, for different
aspects of implementation (see below)
Approving the City Sanitation Plan for the city prepared by the Sanitation Implementation Agency
after consultations with citizens
Undertaking field visits from time to time to supervise progress
Issue briefings to the press / media and state government about progress
Providing overall guidance to the Implementation Agency
Recommend to the ULB fixing of responsibilities for city-wide sanitation on a permanent basis
- Assign Institutional Responsibilities
One of the key gaps in urban sanitation is Lakhk of clear and complementary institutional
responsibilities. This comprises two aspects: a) roles and responsibilities institutionalized on a
permanent basis; and b) roles and responsibilities for the immediate campaign, planning and
implementation of the Citys Sanitation Plan based on which the former can be outlined,
experimented with, and finally institutionalized. The Sanitation Task Force will recommend the
assigning of permanent responsibilities for city-wide sanitation to the ULB including the following
aspects:
The ULB to have final overall responsibility for city-wide sanitation, including devolving power,
functions, functionaries and funds to them
Planning and Financing including State Government and Govt. of India schemes
Asset creation including improvement, augmentation
Operations and Management (O&M) Arrangements for all network, on-site, individual, community
and public sanitation facilities and systems (including transportation up to final treatment and
disposal of wastes)
Fixing tariffs and revenue collections in order to make O&M sustainable
Improving access and instituting special O&M arrangements for the urban poor and un-served
populations in slum areas and in mixed areas
Adopting standards for
Environment Outcomes (e.g. State Pollution Control Board standards on effluent parameters),
Public Health Outcomes (e.g. State Health Departments),
Processes (e.g. safe disposal of on-site septage) and o Infrastructure (e.g. design standards) (PHEDs/
Parastatals ), and
Service Delivery standards (e.g. by Urban Development departments)
Adoption of Regulatory roles including environmental standards (e.g. State Pollution Control
Boards), health outcomes (e.g. Health Departments).
Measures in case specific stakeholders do not discharge their responsibilities properly
Training and Capacity Building of implementing agency and related personnel
Monitoring of 100% Sanitation involving multiple stakeholders
(Source: NATIONAL URBAN SANITATION POLICY-2008 Ministry of Urban Development
Government of India)
It is imperative for the town to prepare City Sanitation Plan as soon as possible

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5.3. Solid Waste Management In Pachore


Municipal Solid Waste Management is a part of public health and sanitation, and is entrusted to the
municipal government for execution. Presently, the systems are assuming larger importance due to
population explosion in municipal areas, legal intervention, emergence of newer technologies, and
rising public awareness towards cleanliness. Although SWM systems exist in PACHORE town since
few years back, SWM has remained a major environmental issue until now. Looking into the normal
institutional setup, SWM responsibility is devolved to a health officer who is assisted by the
engineering department in the transportation work. The activity is undeniably labor intensive and in
most instances daunting as there are only 2-3 workers assigned per 1000 residents whose needs are
ever growing and changing.

5.3.1. Quantity Of Waste Generated


The per capita of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) generated daily, in PACHORE is about 250 grams
per capita per day. Below table shows that a total of about 4.88 MT waste per day is generated in
PACHORE town but, the collection capacity is 2.44 MT. Residential (47.5%) and Commercial
Wastes (27.5%) (i.e. Shops and Hotels) accounted for 75% of the total solid waste generated in
PACHORE which constitutes major source of Solid Waste generation. Followed by Waste produced
by Vegetable Markets (12.5%) and Others (12.5%). However, there is no data regarding the details on
MSW generation, collection and disposal practices.
The level of vegetable waste is also very high in the town due to daily and weekly markets coming
from different regions surrounding the town.
Table 5.26: Quantity of Solid Waste Generated
Area

MT/ Day

% share of the total

Residential

2.32

47.5%

Shops and Hotels

1.34

27.5%

Vegetable Market

0.61

12.5%

Others

0.61

12.5%

Total

4.88

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad

5.3.2. Constituents of Municipal Waste


Characterization studies carried out by PACHORE Nagar Parishad in (2004) indicate that MSW
contains large organic fraction (52%) which includes mostly inert such as ash and fine earth, paper
(7%), along with plastic, glass and metal (7%). The percentage of unclassifiable constituents (ash,
wood, earth, etc.) in of the town was as high as 34%.

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Table 5.27: Constituents of Municipal Waste


Constituents

% Share

Organic Waste

52%

Paper

7%

Plastic /Rubber

4%

Glass

2%

Metal

1%

Others

34%

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad


Table 5.28: Wardwise Generation of Solid waste IN Pachore
Ward NO

Ward Name

Nos. of

Waste

Nos. of

HH

Generation (MT)

Dustbins

01

Devnarayan

295

0.37

02

Shankar Mandir

669

0.83

03

Khedapati

1000

1.20

04

Chandrashekhar

405

0.51

05

Vishvanath

359

0.52

06

Lokmanya Tilak

512

0.64

07

Sardar Patel

207

0.27

08

Mahatma Gandhi

324

0.38

09

Seetla Mata

181

0.21

10

Kalaji

242

0.32

11

Sanjay

174

0.21

12

Subhash

217

0.28

13

Indira Gandhi

185

0.25

14

Radha Krishna

266

0.35

15

Rajiv Gandhi

382

Total: 4.88 MT

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad, 2011

5.3.3. Current Practices of Solid Waste Management


A)

Waste Storage & Segregation

Containers used for household storage of solid wastes come in many forms and are fabricated from a
variety of materials. The type of the container generally reflects the economic status of its user (i.e.,
the waste generator). Generally at households the waste generated is accumulated in small containers
(often plastic buckets) until such time, that there is sufficient quantity to warrant disposal into
community bins.
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Waste segregation at source is not practiced in PACHORE. Waste segregation at source is crucial to
final treatment of waste, recycling and energy conversion considerations. Commercial sector like
restaurants, offices, hotels and the like all use the community waste bins and their wastes are also
collected along with the household wastes.
B)

Primary and Secondary Collection

The collection bins and other containers used in various cities are not properly designed. It has been
observed that community bins have not been installed at proper locations resulting in poor collection
efficiency. As most of the people in PACHORE live in slums and subsist under very poor conditions,
low level of public awareness on sanitation practices has exacerbated the situation.
Moreover, various types of vehicles are used for transportation of waste to the disposal sites.
However, sometimes these vehicles are not designed as per requirement and preventive maintenance
system is not adopted consequently reducing the lifetime of equipment for transportation. In many
urban centers, vehicles are not provided with proper garage that would protect them from heat and
rain. Inevitably, many of the vehicles used for transportation of waste have passed their life.
The below table shows the current collection practice in the town of PACHORE. It is dismaying to
know that waste collected from half of the wards is simply dumped on roads while the waste from the
other half of the wards is usually dumped near residence areas and big establishments like a school or
a hospital.
The presented reality is not very surprising since 10 out of the 15 wards are declared as slums.
Table 5.29: Collection of Solid Waste Management
No. of Bins

Road side

Road side

Road side

Road side

Road side

Road side

Road side

Road side

Road side

10

Road side

11

Road side

12

Road side

13

Road side

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Dumping location

Number of
Employees

Ward No.

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Table 5.29: Collection of Solid Waste Management


Dumping location

Number of
Employees

Ward No.

No. of Bins

14

Road side

15

Road side

Total

Road side

47

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad


The below table shows the availability of ward wise availability of solid waste collection facility:
Table 5.30: Ward wise Solid Waste Management facility

Ward

Ward Name

Households
who are
throwing
waste
outside (%)

Unavailability of a
place fixed by Nagar
Parishad to throw the
waste in ward (%)

Households who are throwing


waste (generated by animal
husbandry) outside (%)

Devnarayan

0%

0%

0%

Shankar Mandir

0%

100%

0%

Khedapati

0%

0%

0%

Chandrashekhar

0%

0%

0%

Vishvanath

0%

0%

0%

Lokmanya Tilak

0%

0%

19%

Sardar Patel

0%

1%

0%

Mahatma Gandhi

0%

0%

0%

Seetla Mata

0%

1%

0%

10

Kalaji

0%

0%

0%

11

Sanjay

0%

0%

22%

12

Subhash

0%

4%

22%

13

Indira Gandhi

0%

0%

0%

14

Radha Krishna

0%

1%

0%

15

Rajiv Gandhi

1%

0%

0%

Source: Sanitation Survey (2008)


C)

Processing and Disposal

The disposal sites in PACHORE are selected on the basis of their proximity to the collection areas and
new disposal sites are normally identified only when the existing ones are completely filled. The
waste is simply dumped at such sites and bulldozers are rarely used for compaction at the disposal
site. Due to the paucity of land, it is necessary for the civic authorities to install solid waste treatment
and processing systems and implement massive recycling wherever possible. Most of the disposal

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sites are unfenced and the waste picking is commonly in vogue, posing problems in the operation of
the sites.
Open firing of MSW at disposal sites is most common for reducing the volume of wastes and also for
easy rag-picking. However, open firing produces gases which may be harmful to the atmosphere
especially that these gases are not properly contained. As such, it is important that energy-efficient
technologies be installed to properly process solid waste and control release of harmful gases.
Details of Existing Trenching Ground of ULB
The town has a trenching ground for solid waste disposal with the area of 2 ha.
D)

Reuse and Recycling

There is no waste reusing or recycling technology being used in PACHORE.

5.3.4. Vehicles for Solid Waste Collection and Transportation


Different types of vehicles owned by the ULB are used for waste transportation as shown in below
table. At present, the total number of such vehicles is enough to collect and to transport the amount of
waste generated.
The solid waste is collected in two shifts, one in morning (from 5 to 9 AM) and another in the
afternoon (from 2 to 6 PM).
Table 5.31: Vehicles for SWM, Pachore (M)
Type of Vehicle

Nos.

Trips

Capacity (ton)

Trolley/Tractor

0.5

Hand carriage

20

Ongoing

0.05

Mini Truck

0.25

JCB

--

--

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad

5.3.5. Demand and Supply Gaps (Present and Future)


The below table depicts the demand and gaps for SWM Sector. The current generation of solid waste
per capita is 250 grams and which will remain same as 250 grams by 2035 considering the standard
norms prescribed by the Solid Waste Management Manual issued by Ministry of Urban Development,
Govt. of India.
As per the table, the solid waste generation per day is 4.88 MT which will reach 16.29 MT by 2035. It
means an increase of almost 600% in generation. The current practices require no installation of
additional collection capacity, but by 2035 additional resources need to be allocated for assuring the
100% collection Capacity.
One well-organized Door to Door Collection system requires to be implemented immediately for
covering 100% of households under the system. The household needs to be supplied with bins.
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Considering the existing modes of transportation of Solid waste, additional tricycles and tractors
needs to be purchased in order to achieve 100% collection efficiency. The town has a trenching
ground for solid waste disposal with the area of 2 ha.
50% of solid waste generated which is organic by nature is compostable and the rejects i.e. Noncompostable should be treated by providing a scientifically landfill site with a dumping capacity of
about 16.29 MT by 2035. This estimation is made considering that 35% of waste generated in the
period 2015-2035 goes to landfill disposal. The entire picture can be summarized in the table below:
Table 5.32: Present and future demand and supply gaps (Solid Waste Management)
2011

2015

2025

2035

Projected Population

27405

31661

45423

65166

Estimated number of HH - @ 5.06 size

5418

6259

8980

12883

Solid Waste Generation


i

Solid Waste Generation Per capita (grams)

250

250

250

250

ii

Solid Waste Generation per day (MT)

6.85

7.92

11.36

16.29

iii

Solid Waste Collection Capacity per day (MT)

2.44

2.44

2.44

2.44

iv

Gap Solid Waste Collection per day (MT)

4.41

5.48

8.92

13.85

Additional Requirement
Collection per day (MT)

1.06

3.44

4.94

5418

6,259

8,980

12,883

in

Solid

Waste

Solid Waste Collection


i

Gap for Door to Door Collection (Nos)

ii

Additional Requirement in Door to Door


Collection (Nos)

--

841

2,721

3,903

iii

Gap of tricycles (Nos)

10

10

10

10

iv

Additional Requirement in number of tricycle


(Nos)

--

--

--

--

Solid Waste Transportation


i

Gap of tractors (Nos)

--

ii

Additional Requirement in number of tractors


(Nos)

--

Solid Waste Treatment and Disposal


i

Compostable Waste -@ 50% waste generated per


day (MT)

3.43

3.96

5.68

8.15

ii

Additional Requirement in Compostable Waste


(MT)

--

0.53

1.72

2.47

iii

Scientifically reengineered landfill (MT)

1000

5778

24869

59464

iv

Additional
Requirement
reengineered landfill (MT)

--

4,778

19,091

34,595

in

Scientifically

Source: Projections by PRUDA-AIILSG


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5.3.6. Comparative Analysis with the UDPFI, CPHEEO Guidelines


As mentioned before, the per capita waste generated per day is 250 grams which is relatively low
compared to the UDPFI guideline reference, 200-250 grams for small towns. The manual for solid
waste management issued by Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India also recommends
the UDPFI guidelines. Both the guidelines are compared and realistic figures are taken for calculation.

5.3.7. SWOT Analysis


Below table presents the SWOT analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats analysis) of
Solid Waste Management sector.
Table 5.33: SWOT analysis (Solid Waste Management)
Sector

Strengths

Weaknesses

Solid
Waste Access number of Lack of solid waste
Management
vehicles
for management
collection
facilities
(for
treatment
and
Desire of citizens
disposal) in the city
for a clean city.
leading
to
Good
Political indiscriminate
Will
and dumping of garbage
Leadership
and land pollution.
Availability
workforce
managing
sector
abundant.

of
for
the
is

Opportunities

Threats

DPR has already Degradation of


been prepared for Urban
approval.
Environment
and quality of
Introduction
of
Life.
PPP

Vermi-composting
for Treatment of
SWM
for
generation
of
No
Practices
of
employment and
Waste segregation.
revenue
Existing
dumping opportunities.
sites are saturated
and no new ones
have been developed

Spatial pattern of
the town makes
No
reuse
and
possible
to
recycling mechanism
implement
and
adopted
work the system
efficiently.

5.3.8. Issues

One of the main issues in PACHORE is the indiscriminate disposal of waste near the tributary
of river Nevaj which has led to the contamination of the river over time.

The solid waste collection of waste in the town has been so poor and dismal as the dumping
of waste in low lying areas has become so rampant which pollutes the town as these areas get
filled.

SWM needs of the town require immediate and urgent attention since most of the people (10
out of 15 wards) live in slums where conditions are unimaginable.

Investments for proper waste collection system as well as disposal of solid waste into
scientifically designed landfill site coupled with sophisticated waste treatment is necessary to

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ensure the safety and wellbeing of the town and majority of its people. Waste should be
segregated at source so that waste can be disposed and treated accordingly.

The indiscriminate disposal of waste near the nallah has led to the contamination of the river.
Also the dumping of waste in low lying areas has become extensive.

Practicing of open firing of garbage in the dumping sites.

Lack of treatment technology (composting, vermiculture, etc.), reuse and recycling, and
scientific landfill.

5.3.9 City Specific Strategies and Action Plan


A) Goals for Horizon Years
The goals and service outcomes for the horizon period 2010-2035 are presented in the below table.
Table 5.34: Goals for Horizon Years (Solid Waste Management)
2011/2012
(Current)

2015

2025

2035

Solid
Waste
Management
- Reviewing and - Enforcement
restructuring of of
MSWM
DPR in line with Rules, 2000
CDP

- 100% Segregation - Enhancing PPP


at
Source,
Review and
Transportation,
Treatment
&
Disposal Facility
Monitoring
-100 % Door
system
with
to
Door
appropriate
Collection
- 100% O & M cost
benchmarks
and
recovery
indicators.

Total
Waste
generated
per
day

4.88 MT

7.92 MT

11.36 MT

16.29 MT

Door to Door
Collection

--

50%

100%

100%

Source
Segregation
Collection

--

50%

100%

100%

--

--

100%

100%

--

30%

100%

100%

Scientific
Disposal
Treatment

and

O & M Cost
Recovery
Mechanism

Source: Projections by PRUDA-AIILSG


B) Strategies and Action Plan
The section into divided into subgroup i.e. Strategies for Infrastructure Augmentation /
Refurbishments, Strategies for Mobilizing Financial resources and recovery of O & M cost of the
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Proposed and existing Infrastructure, Strategies for Resource or Environment Conservation and
strategies for improving urban governance highlighted as Instituting Responsive & Responsible Urban
Governance. The following are outline of the strategies and action plan that are envisaged to be
undertaken for PACHORE Town in order to achieve the Vision and Goals.
Table 5.35: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans for Pachore
Infrastructure
Implementation of Door to Door collection System.
Augmentation /
Provision of Two system Public Bins at ward Level at public places.
Refurbishment
Street sweeping on daily basis.
Introduction Multi-bin carts Tricycles.
Provision of tractor for increasing the transportation capacity.
Encouraging local level aerobic vermin composting.
Mobilization of
Financial
Resources and
O & M Cost
Recovery
Mechanism

- Private Sector Participation


Private sector participation may be considered in newly developed areas,
underserved areas and particularly in the areas where local bodies have not been
providing service through their own labour force. Some of the examples of the
areas where private sector participation can be considered are as under:
Door to door collection of domestic waste, door to door collection of commercial
waste, door to door collection of hospital waste, hotel waste, construction waste,
market waste, setting up and operation and maintenance of waste disposal facility,
setting up and operation and maintenance of waste treatment plants, supplying
vehicles on rent, supplying vehicles on lease, repairs and maintenance of vehicles
at a private garage, transportation of waste on contractual basis, etc.
- Levy of Sanitation Tax to Meet & Cost of SWM Services
The urban local body should impose adequate sanitation tax to cover the cost of
SWM services. Whereas efforts should be made to effect cost recovery from the
beneficiaries who get doorstep service, the shortfall of funds should be made good
from general sanitation tax, which should be adequately imposed, as a matter of
policy by the urban local bodies.

Resource
Environment
Conservation

/ - Promote "Reduce, Re-use and Re-cycle (R-R-R)" of Waste


- Mass Education
The communication material developed should be utilised in public awareness
programmes through variety of approaches as under.
Attractive posters with good photographs and messages with a very few words,
readable from a distance, should be prepared and displayed in various parts of the
city where awareness campaign is being taken up.
Pamphlets, hand bills can be printed giving instructions in very simple and
understandable language showing photographs in action and circulated in the
community requesting public participation.
Special hoarding may be put at strategic locations in the city carrying messages
seeking public participation. Alternatively, all Municipal-licensed hoarding
should have a space reserved at the bottom for civic messages. Such messages
should be developed and painted by professional agencies. These hoarding should
also carry the contact numbers etc.

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Table 5.35: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans for Pachore


- Community Participation
People's Participation is Essential in the Following Areas
Reduce, Reuse & Recycling (R R R) of waste.
Not to throw the waste/litter on the streets, drains, open spaces, water bodies, etc.
Storage of organic/bio-degradable and recyclable waste separately at source.
Primary collection of waste
Community storage/collection of waste in flats, multi-storied buildings, societies,
commercial complexes, etc.
Managing excreta of pet dogs and cats appropriately.
Waste processing/disposal at a community level (optional)
Pay adequately for the services provided.
- Encouragement to NGOs and Waste Collector Cooperatives
NGOs may fully involved in creating public awareness and encouraging public
participation in SWM planning and practice. The local body may also encourage
NGOs or co-operative of rag pickers to enter this field and organise rag pickers in
doorstep collection of waste and provide them an opportunity to improve their
working conditions and income. The local body can give incentives to NGOs in
their effort of organising rag pickers in primary collection of recyclable and/or
organic waste, and provide financial and logistic support to the extent possible.
Instituting
Responsive
Responsible
Urban
Governance

Implementation of Municipal Solid Waste (Management & Handling) Rules-2000


& of Government of India (Mandatory)
ULBs should increase the service levels to meet the norms recommended by Solid
Waste Handling Rules, 2000. For this it is advisable to carry out impact
assessment studies periodically.
- Decentralization of Administration
The ward level administration should be fully responsible for ensuring storage of
segregated waste at source, primary collection of waste, street sweeping and
taking the waste to waste storage depots, clearing debris and cleaning surface
drains and public spaces. The cleaning of each street, lane, by-lane, markets and
public space should be regularly supervised by the ward-level supervisors. The
presence of all SWM officers in the field during morning hours is most essential. A
grievance redressal system of the Ward should be put in place in each ward.

[The above strategies and action plan are co-related various chapters and sections on the City
Investment Plan, Financial Operating Plan, Institutional Frameworks and Summary of Strategies
mentioned in the report]

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5.4. Existing Drainage Condition In Pachore


5.4.1. Existing Drainage System
The town is primarily drained by the river Nevaj together with other bodies of water traversing the
area which consequently help in denuding the surface during rains. The length of river flowing in the
city area is about 3 km and it flows from southwest to northeast direction which actually cuts the
urban development in two parts.
The city of PACHORE was planned to follow the natural drainage pattern and interconnected lakes
were built to collect the water for ground water recharge and city water requirements, with the
overflow reaching River Nevaj. However, the modern development of towns has ignored this ancient
practice and as such has led to serious issues.
The existing drainage system is formed only with open drains and it was designed for a rainfall of 12
mm/hr whereas average intensity is 23 and peak is 52 mm/hr. The sewerage and storm water drainage
systems are connected and about 25% to 30% of the sewage is drained into storm water drains.
The below table illustrates the number of households which has been provided with drainage network.
The open drainage covers about 65% of the major roads although due to the poor capacity of the
drainage system, water clogging has been reported during monsoon in the slum pockets and near the
water bodies of the town. The situation contributes to increasing risks of flooding and development of
various forms of diseases.
Table 5.36: Number of Household provided with drainage facility, PACHORE Tehsil *, (Urban)
2001
No. of HH
Total Households

5418

Drainage Facility

3521 (65.00%)

Bathroom

3250 (60.00%)

Source: ULB PACHORE

5.4.2. Major Water Bodies


There is no major water body in the town, excluding the Tributary nallah of river Nevaj flowing
10kms away at Boda. Below table brings details about these water bodies.

5.4.3. Primary, Secondary and Tertiary Drains


At present, the existing length of primary drains is 3.2 km and of secondary drains is 6.5 km. As
mentioned before, the drainage system does not cover the entire town.
Table 5.37: Drainage Network
No.
i

Type of Drain

Existing length (in km)

Primary Drains

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Table 5.37: Drainage Network


No.
ii

Type of Drain

Existing length (in km)

Secondary Drains

6.5

Source: PACHORE Naga Parishad

5.4.4. Flood Prone Areas


The whole town lies in the flood prone areas but the problem becomes severe during rainy season in
the inner core part where the rainwater is not able to drain immediately. This problem results in
unhealthy environment and diseases for several days.

5.4.5. Flooding In Catchment Area Of Major Nallah


The total length of Nallahs is 0.6, being 0.4 km major Nallahs and 0.2 km other Nallahs. The
following table highlights the area covered by the Nallah.
Table 5.38: Existing nallahs
No.

Nallahs

Existing length

Catchment Area Covered (in %)

Major Nallahs

0.4 km

10%

ii

Other Nallahs

0.2 km

7%

Source: PACHORE Naga Parishad

5.4.6. Demand and Supply Gaps (Present and Future)


The below table presents the requirement for provision of additional drain as well as Upgradation of
existing drains. The present demand (2011) of constructing the drainage network is 20.55 km and for
2035 the estimated demand is 48.87 km. whereas the existing network is only 9 km.
Table 5.39: Present and future demand and supply gaps (Drainage)
Projected Population

2011

2015

2025

2035

27405

31661

45423

65166

Demand for Drainage on Main Road


i

Demand for Drainage on main road


(km)

ii

20.55

23.75

34.07

48.87

Existing Drainage Network (km)

iii

Gap in Drainage Network (km)

11.55

14.75

25.07

39.87

iv

Additional
Requirements
Drainage Network (km)

--

--

for
Up-gradation of Drainage

De-silting and Alignment of major


drains

--

Source: Projections by PRUDA-AIILSG

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5.4.7. Comparative Analysis With The UDPFI, CPHEEO guidelines


There are no guidelines for the sector, but the calculations are made on the basis of experience of
other cities of the same sizes.

5.4.8. SWOT Analysis


Below table presents the SWOT analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats analysis) of
Drainage sector.
Table 5.40: SWOT Analysis (Drainage)
Sector

Strengths

Weaknesses

Drainage

Adequate
natural
gradients available
for achieving self
cleansing velocities
for
open
and
underground
drainage

Opportunities

Threats

No
separated DPR has already been
sewage
and prepared
storm
water
Willingness
of
the
drains
stakeholders to bring
Poor
about positive change in
maintenance of the system and ready to
drains
bear
some
of
its
responsibility
Clogging
of
drains due to
indiscriminate
disposal of solid
waste

Reduction
in
groundwater
recharge
Disappearance
of lakes and
Nallahs.
Degradation of
River Nevaj
Water logging
on roads and
flash floods

Violation
of
natural drainage
patterns

5.4.9. Issues
The main concerns with storm water in the Towns are:

Infrastructure development has been irrespective of the natural drainage pattern

Land use planning and permissions have not been in tune with natural drainage patterns

Illegal encroachment of lakes has become rampant

The existing drainage system that covers only 10% of the town is designed for a rainfall of 12
mm/hr whereas average intensity is 23 and peak is 52 mm/hr.

Storm water drains are also used for sewage and solid waste disposal.

In addition to an already inadequate system, residents, commercial establishments and


institutions use storm water drains not just for sewage disposal but also to dispose solid waste.
In fact, 25 to 30% of the sewage is drained into storm water drains

Also, regular maintenance of the storm water drains that involves de-silting and de-clogging
is not effectively undertaken

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Consequently, this has resulted in

Immense reduction in ground water recharge

Disappearance of nalas which were part of an existing sustainable storm water management
system for the city

Clogging of drains due to indiscriminate disposal of solid waste

Untreated storm water and sewage drained into River Nevaj and similar water bodies has led
to very high pollution levels of not just these water bodies but also ground water
contaminating the resource and posing serious risks to human health

Water logging on roads and flash floods in low lying areas has become common in monsoon
season leading to rapid spread of diseases.

If the current practices in storm water management persist, there shall be an irreversible
damage to the various natural water bodies and other environmental hazards, besides
degrading the quality of life of the residents. Frequent flooding in the low lying areas shall
further aggravate bringing in valuable loss of working-man hours and economic losses
especially to the poor who often live in slums and squatters.

5.4.10. City Specific Strategies and Action Plan


(A) Goals for Horizon Years
The goals and service outcomes for the horizon period 2010-2035 are presented in the below table;
Table 5.41: Goals for Horizon Years (Drainage)
Drainage

2011/2012
(Current)
- Reviewing and
restructuring of
DPR in line with
CDP

Storm Water Drain


Coverage (% of road
length)

2015

2025

2035

- Construction 100%
and alignment Coverage
of
of
existing Area
Nallahs/
Drains
- Training and
capacity
building

Review
and
Monitoring system
with appropriate
benchmarks and
indicators.

65%

100%

100%

100%

of

--

100%

100%

100%

O & M cost recovery


mechanism

--

--

--

100%

Rehabilitation
Existing Drains

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(B) Strategies and Action Plan


The section into divided into subgroup i.e. Strategies for Infrastructure Augmentation /
Refurbishments, Strategies for Mobilizing Financial resources and recovery of O & M cost of the
Proposed and existing Infrastructure, Strategies for Resource or Environment Conservation and
strategies for improving urban governance highlighted as Instituting Responsive & Responsible Urban
Governance. The following are outline of the strategies and action plan that are envisaged to be
undertaken for PACHORE Town in order to achieve the Vision and Goals.
Table 5.42: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans for Pachore
Infrastructure
Preparation of Storm water Master Plan
Augmentation /
Storm Water Network Augmentation
Refurbishment
De-silting and Alignment of Existing Major Drains
Mobilization of
Financial
Resources and
O & M Cost
Recovery
Mechanism

Resource
Environment
Conservation

- Preparation of Storm water Master Plan


Detailed study of the existing city drainage system and preparation of drainage
master plan for upgrading should be carried out by the ULB.
- Operation & Maintenance Plan
Adoption of an O&M Schedule for works varying from Drain Cleaning to
Desilting, including options of using the private sector for O&M (e.g. management
contract).

/ - Interconnection between Drainage


The leading/connections between secondary and tertiary drains to primary drains
have to be improved and strengthened. The interrelation between water bodies
shall be established, at least for the existing ones, so as to treat them as a whole
system, which can be reconnected to the surface water drainage to form water
chains for rainwater harvesting.
- Conservation of Drains
The primary drains have to be conserved and shall be used as effective carriers of
storm water. The secondary and tertiary drains, mostly consisting of the road side
drains ought to be provided for all the major arterials and lined not only to drain
storm water but also to preserve the condition of the road surface.

Instituting
Responsive
Responsible
Urban
Governance

&

- Monitoring of water quality parameters


It shall be conducted on a regular basis. PWD shall take up the responsibility of
monitoring the parameters in the water bodies within its jurisdiction and shall
take preventive measures, if the results are above the permissible limits.
- Eviction and Rehabilitation of Encroachment
The canal is encroached in a number of places along its stretch. Removal of
encroachments and providing resettlement / rehabilitation as required,
maintaining the canal width.

[The above strategies and action plan are co-related various chapters and sections on the City
Investment Plan, Financial Operating Plan, Institutional Frameworks and Summary of Strategies
mentioned in the report]

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5.5. Existing Traffic And Transportation In Pachore


5.5.1. Existing Traffic & Transportation Scenario
Traffic on the roads has been one of the key transportation problems of any growing town or city. The
town of PACHORE is no exception to this. Investigation into the existing traffic scenario of the town
provides insights on how well the local government is coping with and managing the growing
population and increased economic activities.
The link between transportation and the development of PACHORE is strong and interesting. It
connects many important settlements such as Rajgarh, Guna etc to Bhopal and is at the center of many
upcoming towns such as Talen, PACHORE, Khujner, etc. Inevitably, this is also the same reason why
the town is facing heavy traffic and other transportation problems.
The town can be reached by road and by railway both. As such, the roads are important to the town as
provide service to a number of buses, trucks and other forms of land vehicles for domestic and
commercial purposes. Additionally, as agriculture is a major economy of PACHORE, a considerable
number of trucks pass the roads for transport of agricultural crops and goods. Naturally, the pressure
on roads is immense especially on the major roads of PACHORE, the Pachor-Narsinghgarh road.

5.5.2. Vehicle Population


Most of vehicles are buses, tractors, scooters, jeeps and cars. But there is no availability of data at city
level.
Table 5.43: Details Of Vehicles In Pachore
Types of Vehicles

Numbers

2 wheelers

3521

3 wheelers (Tanga)

85

4 wheelers

140

Truck

Bus

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad, 2011

5.5.3. Agencies in Traffic & Transportation


There are buses by the state government as well as private agencies.

5.5.4. Travel Characteristics


The predominant mode of travel (motorized) in town is two-wheelers and private transport. A major
working population uses private transport for their work place which is definitely not a good
indication for the future traffic management proposals. About 30 buses enter PACHORE per day.
There are also a large number of taxis passing by daily.

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5.5.5. Public Transport


State-transport as well as privately owned buses runs throughout Madhya Pradesh. Options, in the
form of local buses, semi-deluxe buses, deluxe buses etc, are available for commuting from one city
to the other. Most of these buses run on a daily basis. Mini buses also offer short distance services
within the city. But as such PACHORE does not have any public transport facility in the town.

5.5.6. Traffic Management and Circulation


The Narsinghgarh Road as a gateway to the Indore and Bhopal route which led to the eventual
development of the town. Additionally, there are many large and commercial vehicles on the road
making the traffic even greater.
Construction of bye-passes/ring roads in Madhya Pradesh is being taken up to ensure free
improvement of traffic in urban areas. However, with the increasing concentration of activities in the
town and in nearby areas, traffic is still evident and increasing even in other roads of the town.
Primarily, the traffic and congestion is greatest in the wide junction formed by the two roads at the
bus stop as a major entrance and exit points of the town.
Another major traffic generating center of the town is the market near Gandhi chowk. A huge number
of cultivators and middle men come on a regular basis to sell their harvested crops in this market.
Because of this, the traffic scenario becomes harsh as people travel and cluster in this particular area.
Moreover, the bus stops located in the city greatly adds up to the traffic. The Pachor-Narsinghgarh
Road is also a traffic point because of increased commercial activities in this old transport area.
Furthermore, important centers, major administrative and commercial activities take place in this area.
The traffic scenario is expected to worsen due to the activities related to the increased
commercialization in the town.
Core Area of the City
The core area of the city is predominately consisting of narrow roads and lanes with irregular vehicles
parked haphazardly. This leads to traffic congestions on regular basis.
Accident Zones
Accident zones are those areas where collisions, ramming and hit-and-run mishaps usually take place.
These accident zones are formed by improper junction designs, blind curves and other road plan flaws
In particular, blind curves are those curves or bends in the road which can hardly be recognized as a
person is driving. These are the same curves wherein when crossing, people can hardly see the
vehicles coming.
Most accidents come in form of collisions causing further traffic in the area. The Pachor junction
located in the middle of ward 15 is another accident zone in PACHORE due to the blind curve in the
area. As reported, people can hardly see the vehicles travelling causing hit-and-run mishaps and
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collision. Similarly, a blind curve on the The Pachore road around 300mts from Bus Stop towards
Pachore also causes major accidents in the town.
Improper Junction Designs
Accidents are considered unintended when events and other variables cannot be controlled or altered.
Most road accidents in PACHORE could have been prevented with the proper road planning and
design. Currently, there are four (4) inappropriately designed junctions in PACHORE. The improperly
designed junctions include (1) the wide junction at PACHORE Bus-stand, (2) the junction near OHT.
These junctions need to be rectified as they can cause further damage to property and injury to people.
Table 5.44: Improper Junction Designs
No.

Junction Location

PACHORE Bus stand

Junction near Gandhi Chowk

Mandi Cross road

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad


Important roads and present conditions
Proper road width and spacing are important in reducing road traffic. The only major road change for
traffic improvement in the town is the recent construction of the bypass highway. Unfortunately,
many of the important roads in the town are too narrow to facilitate the increasing flow of vehicles
crossing the town daily. The above table presented shows the important roads of the town and their
existing widths. There are 3 important roads in the town. Of the total, Pachore and Narsinghgarh road
is the only road of relatively considerable width of 7.5 m. In fact, this width is incomparable to other
major roads in other towns. The 2 other important are extremely narrow ranging from 2 to 3.5 meters
in width.
As most major economic and commercial activities take place in the core of the city, road traffic is
exacerbated by narrow roads and encroachment of commercial streets by illegal constructions (shops,
etc.).
Table 5.45: Major Roads
No.

Name of the Road

Existing Width (in Mt)

Proposed Width (in Mt)

Sujalpur Road

NH3

12

Nagar Parishad Road

7.5

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad


Road Conditions

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The below table shows the existing road condition and length in the town. The total road length in
PACHORE is 9 km. Of this total road length, 30% is Kaccha while the rest (70%) is Pucca.
Table 5.46: Existing Road Condition
Type of road

Length

Percentage

Kaccha Road

2.7 km

30%

Pucca Road

6.3 km

70%

Total Road Length

9.00 km

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad

5.5.7. Inter City Bus Transportation


The transit service to public for state capitals is no different than any other city transit, whether its a
metro or a small city. For smaller towns in Madhya Pradesh it differs in terms of the provider and the
type of facility or bus frequency available to the passengers.
The intercity bus facility covers almost all the important centers in PACHORE. This is provided
either by the state corporations buses or by private owners. Public state road transport corporation
bus services are also offered in town where there are no local municipal road transport authorities.
Madhya Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation provides transit services to the passengers. It runs
regular services, intercity services and interstate services connecting to the neighboring states.

5.5.8. Intermediate Public Transport


Intermediate Public Transport (IPTs) such as shared RTVs, auto-rickshaws, three-wheelers, tempos,
shared taxi or other such vehicles providing point-to-point services are often found in the town with
no definite hierarchy. These system struggles in getting mobility demands.

5.5.9. Parking Requirements


There are no organized on-street marked parking arrangements in any of the major commercial areas
of the town. Most of the core market areas of the town are characterized by narrow roads with a high
proportion of pedestrian and slow moving traffic.
Similarly unorganized parking and shops lead to the heterogeneous crowding of vehicles and people
in clusters. The capacity of the roads is further reduced by vehicles parked on the roadsides.

5.5.10. Traffic and Transportation Projects


Currently there are no transportation projects going on in and around the town.

5.5.11. Demand and Supply Gaps (Present and Future)


The present and future demand of roads (in mt) is calculated considering the per capita demand to be
0.75. The current total length road is 11 km which gives a total gap of 36.87 km by 2035.

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The consideration is also made of converting 28 km of Kaccha road into Pucca road until 2015. Also,
the widening of major important roads (total of 6 km) and improvement of junctions and accidents
areas (total of 8 nos) for a better traffic condition are also considered in the demand.
Regarding infrastructure augmentation, it is required the construction of one (1) bus terminal cum
Truck by 2025, provision of onstreet parking with pavements on major roads, total of 6 km to up
2015, and expansion of bridge over River Nevaj (1800 sq mt.) until 2025. This demand is also
incorporated in the draft master plan. The following table gives a highlight of the demand and gaps.
Table 5.47: Present and future demand and supply gaps (Traffic and Transportation)
2010

2015

2025

2035

27405

31661

45423

65166

20.55

23.75

34.07

48.87

11

11

11

11

Demand of roads
i

Demand of road (km) -@ 0.75 m per capita

ii

Present road (km)

iii

Gap (km)

9.55

12.75

23.07

37.87

iv

Additional Requirement (km)

9.55

3.19

10.32

14.81

Upgradation of roads
i

Upgradation of Kaccha roads (requirement


is km)

--

2.7

--

--

ii

Widening of important roads [Km]

--

--

----

iii

Improvement of junctions and accidents


areas (Nos)

--

--

--

Others
i

Development of bus cum Truck terminal


(nos)

--

--

--

ii

Onstreet Parking Provision with Pavements


on Major Roads (Km)

--

--

--

--

iii

Expansion of bridge over nalla

--

--

--

Source: Projections by PRUDA-AIILSG

5.5.12. Comparative analysis with the UDPFI, other guidelines


The above demand are calculated as per the manual of Indian Road congress, and Service level
benchmarking for Urban Transport issued by Ministry of Urban Development, Government of India.
5.5.13. Swot Analysis
Below table presents the SWOT analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats analysis) of
Traffic and Transportation sector.
Table 5.48: SWOT Analysis (Traffic and Transportation)
Sector

Strengths

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Table 5.48: SWOT Analysis (Traffic and Transportation)


Sector

Strengths

Traffic
and Strategic location
Transportation
provides easy to
important major
cities and towns in
the state.

Weaknesses

Opportunities

Threats

Narrow and poor Proposed


Unmanageable
condition of roads
construction of traffic situation
bus
terminals
Accident zones due to
Unsafe traffic
(master plan)
improper
designed
junctions
Lack of proper Traffic
Management in city
Pressure on roads in
core area due to
encroachment,
excessive
commercialization
and
vehicular
movement

5.5.14. Issues

Narrow streets in the core areas of the city need to be widened through proper planning and
addressing the encroachment problems

Segregation of traffic according to vehicles and giving them separate lanes is essential to
reduce traffic and congestion

To improve the road infrastructure in towns & cities so as to avoid congestion on urban roads.

Rampant encroachment of Bhopal-Indore High and in other major roads of the town

The town lacks transport utility systems such as bus depots, terminals and parking zones to
properly facilitate movement of vehicles in the town and improve the traffic situation.

The road condition for a growing town like PACHORE remains very poor as 70% of the
roads are made of Kuchcha materials.

On-street parking has led to the congestion in inner areas of the town which is usually too
narrow.

The town developed and developing areas of the town have not been properly planned which
leads to the Lack of infrastructure in these areas.

Lack of traffic lights and signals at junctions which are heavily loaded.

Developed and developing areas of the town have not been properly planned.

Narrow streets in the core areas of the city need to be widened through proper planning and
addressing the encroachment problems.

Current buses are heavily loaded causing slow movement of the people and vehicles.

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Paucity of space at the current bus stand.

5.5.15. City Specific Strategies and Action Plan


(A) Goals for Horizon Years
The goals and service outcomes for the horizon period 2010-2035 are presented in the Table.
Table 5.49: Goals for Horizon Years (Traffic & Transportation)
Traffic & Transportation

2011/2012
(Current)

2015

2025

2035

- Strengthen
urban public
transport,
create proper
parking
facilities

Removal
of
encroachments,
restoration
and
construction
of
major roads. (As
per master plan)

Implementation
of
traffic
management
plan

100%
Cost
recovery of
the assets
created
with O &
M.

- Beautification of
major junctions
Per capita road length

0.75 m

0.75 m

0.75 m

0.75 m

Paved road to Total road


length

30%

60%

90%

100%

On-street
Parking
with
Pavements on Major Roads

--

100%

100%

100%

Usage of Alternate fuels

--

--

40%

60%

Implementation of
Management Plan

Traffic

--

--

100%

100%

Recovery

--

10%

50%

100%

O & M Cost
Mechanism

(B) Strategies and Action Plan


The section into divided into subgroup i.e. Strategies for Infrastructure Augmentation /
Refurbishments, Strategies for Mobilizing Financial resources and recovery of O & M cost of the
Proposed and existing Infrastructure, Strategies for Resource or Environment Conservation and
strategies for improving urban governance highlighted as Instituting Responsive & Responsible Urban
Governance. The following are outline of the strategies and action plan that are envisaged to be
undertaken for PACHORE Town in order to achieve the Vision and Goals.
Table 5.50: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans for Pachore
Infrastructure
In order to meet the transportation needs of urban areas the existing roads are
Augmentation / planned to be upgraded as follows :
Refurbishment
Large number of roads converges in major cities for which ring roads with access
control and bye-passes will be constructed. Service roads shall be provided along
bye-passes wherever necessary with limited number of accesses to bye-passes.
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Table 5.50: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans for Pachore


An effort should be made to construct concrete roads in town with proper
drainage system.
Construction of Truck Terminals and Transport Nagars with adequate connection
to the bye-passes to out skirts of the cities.
Construction of bus bay within the right of way of existing roads on main arteries.
Widening of Important Roads in a phased manner
Development of Parking Lots with Pavements on Major Roads
Upgradation of Kaccha Roads
Construction of additional Roads in the newly developed areas.
Improvement of Junctions and Accident Prone areas
Preparation & Implementation of Traffic Management Plan
Mobilization of
Financial
Resources and
O & M Cost
Recovery
Mechanism

- Operation & Maintenance Plan


Adoption of an O & M Schedule, including options of using the private sector for
On-street Parking, Maintenance of Green Corridors, Advertisement and signages
for O&M (e.g. management contract).
- Increase Pedestrian Movement
Involve NGOs/ CBOs for promoting safe pedestrian movement and promote use of
Non-polluting battery operated vehicles and cycles in order to reduce pollution
levels and resource conservation.
- Creation of Urban Green Spaces
Creating Urban Green Spaces and green corridors along the major roads and
junctions in order to improve Urban Environment.

Resource
Environment
Conservation
Instituting
Responsive
Responsible
Urban
Governance

&

- Monitoring & Evaluation


Preparing a detailed road register and designing and implementing a system to
update the same on a regular basis, including details of construction and repair /
maintenance history.

[The above strategies and action plan are co-related various chapters and sections on the City
Investment Plan, Financial Operating Plan, Institutional Frameworks and Summary of Strategies
mentioned in the report]

5.6. STREET LIGHTING & FIRE FIGHTING


5.6.1. Existing Situation of Street Lights
Providing full coverage by street light is important in the development of the town as it facilitates
urban movement and safeguards life and property.
The town has nearly 630 street light poles. Almost 375 poles have Vapour Lamps and the rest are
covered by Tube lights. The major streets of PACHORE are covered by the street lights. However,
settlements in peripheral areas of town do not have facility of street lights. Moreover, the slum areas
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are not well-lighted and roads approaching holiday camp is not fully covered making the area prone to
accidents and crimes.
Table 5.51: Street Lighting
Poles with Vapour Lamp

375

Poles with Tube Light

255

Total Street Light Poles

630

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad


The table given below gives the detail of electricity connection; it indicates that town has 100%
household electricity connection. In case of street lights, there is an equal distribution of street light in
every ward.
Table 5.52: Details of ward wise electricity connection in Pachore
Ward No

Ward Name

Nos. of

Electricity

Street Lights

Connection

01

Devnarayan

50

02

Shankar Mandir

110

03

Khedapati

140

04

Chandrashekhar

60

05

Vishvanath

25

06

Lokmanya Tilak

85

07

Sardar Patel

15

08

Mahatma Gandhi

22

09

Seetla Mata

10

10

Kalaji

24

11

Sanjay Gandhi

15

12

Subhash

15

13

Indira Gandhi

10

14

Radhakrishna

21

15

Rajiv Gandhi

28

Total

630

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad, 2011

5.6.2. Fire Service


As has been explained earlier, the growth population and economic activities in PACHORE has led to
increase congestion, pollution, rampant encroachment and more importantly development of potential
fire-generating points all over the town. Fire fighting service is available in the town and this
responsibility has been devolved to the municipality, among other tasks.
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5.6.3. Vehicles and Equipment for Fire Fighting and Rescue Operations
At present, there is no firefighting service vehicle for the entire town of PACHORE.

5.6.4. Operational Systems


The fire fighting services is operated for the entire tehsil from Pachore.

5.6.5. Power generation and Distribution


Overall, the condition of electricity in the town is satisfactory. The main source of electricity in
PACHORE town is MPSEB which covers 80% of municipal area but it serves almost hundred percent
of the population. The connection of electricity is good in terms of service reach.
The town is provided almost 1216 hours of supply although during peak season time of power is cut
off for load shedding. The below table gives details about electric connections in the town, town has
good number of electricity connection as almost 80%.
Table 5.53: Number of Electric Connections
Type of connection

Number

Domestic

2971

Industrial

Commercial

1030

Road Lighting (Points)

630

Others

489

Source: ulb

5.6.6. Demand and Supply Gaps (Present and Future)


The demand of street lights is calculated according to length of roads. For PACHORE town, the
spacing recommended is 35 meter between street lights poles. For the final horizon period, the
demand of street lights poles is 1396 and the total gap is 766 poles considering the existing status (630
poles).
It is necessary to make Upgradation in the existing poles, converting Vapour Lamp poles into Tube
Light poles which have better light quality and very less power consumption in comparison with the
other lamp. The number of existing Vapour Lamp poles is 375 and they should be upgraded till 2015.
Table 5.54: Present and future demand and supply gaps (Street Lighting)
2010

2015

2025

2035

27405

31661

45423

65166

20.55

23.75

34.07

48.87

587

678

973

1396

Demand of Street Lights


i

Length of roads (km)

ii

Demand of new street lights poles @


35 meters spacing

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Table 5.54: Present and future demand and supply gaps (Street Lighting)
2010

2015

2025

2035

27405

31661

45423

65166

iii

Existing street lights (nos)

630

630

630

630

iv

Gap (nos)

-43

48

343

766

Additional requirement of new street


lights Poles (nos)

--

91

295

423

375

Upgradation of street light poles


Upgradation of street light poles with
Tube Lights (nos)

vi

Source: Projections by PRUDA-AIILSG

5.6.7. Comparative Analysis With The UDPFI, Other Guidelines


There are no guidelines for the sector, but the calculations are made on the basis of experience of
other cities of the same sizes.

5.6.8. SWOT Analysis


Below table presents the SWOT analysis (strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats analysis) of
Street Lighting sector.
Table 5.55: SWOT Analysis (Street Lighting)
Sector
Street Lighting

Strengths

Weaknesses

Strategic
Inadequate number
location on street lights.
Bhopal
Indore
highway

Opportunities
of Busy
roads.
Movement
vehicles
throughout
and night.

Threats

traffic Compromising
on safety
of
day

5.6.9. Issues

Inappropriate maintenance and functioning of the lights. Around one-third of the street lights
are not functioning.

Underground wiring system on the main stretch of the inner roads is necessary to reduce risks
of accidents

High mask lights should be utilized on the main road junctions.

It has been observed that there are some irregularities in the timings of streetlights.

There is an inadequate number of street lights in the town of PACHORE

Lakhk of firefighting service facilities and staff.

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5.6.10. City Specific Strategies and Action Plan


(A) Goals for Horizon Years
The goals and service outcomes for the horizon period 2010-2035 are presented in the Table below
Table 5.56: Goals for Horizon Years (Street Lighting)
Street Lighting

2011/2012
(Current)

2015

2025

2035

35%

60%

80%

100%

Upgradation of existing
street light poles

--

100%

100%

100%

O & M Cost Recovery


Mechanism

--

20%

50%

100%

Street light poles

(B) Strategies and Action Plan


The section into divided into subgroup i.e. Strategies for Infrastructure Augmentation /
Refurbishments, Strategies for Mobilizing Financial resources and recovery of O & M cost of the
Proposed and existing Infrastructure, Strategies for Resource or Environment Conservation and
strategies for improving urban governance highlighted as Instituting Responsive & Responsible Urban
Governance. The following are outline of the strategies and action plan that are envisaged to be
undertaken for PACHORE Town in order to achieve the Vision and Goals.
Table 5.57: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans For Pachore
Infrastructure
Provision of new street light poles
Augmentation /
Upgradation of existing street light poles.
Refurbishment
Mobilization of Refer the Case study on PPP in street lighting, Box 2 below.
Financial
Resources and
O & M Cost
Recovery
Mechanism
Resource
Environment
Conservation

Instituting
Responsive
Responsible
Urban
Governance

/ - Innovative ways for energy conservation


Introduce innovative ways of reducing energy costs by bringing together ULB and
manufacturers of Energy saving Gadgets.Initiate methods, which will minimize
investment to PACHORE Municipal Council and introduce the BOOT concept for
energy saving in Street Lighting, with sharing from Savings method. Running a
switch-off campaign. Involve Local Neighborhoods &Provide Feedback.
Introduction of solar lighting and other non-conventional sources of energy.
&

- IEC strategy
Educate staff &address misconceptions assign responsibility &remind staff to
switch lights off. Change Lighting Use Patterns. Provide incentives for
conservation. Label Switches &Move Switches. Introduce similar savings of
energy in Public Buildings

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Table 5.57: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans For Pachore


-Monitoring and evaluation
Keep up-to-date with street lighting technology and requirements, in view of
diminishing energy resources and increasing energy costs. Benchmarking and
monitoring of energy. Replacing inefficient lamps. Reducing the number of lamps
operating. Reducing operating hours. Replacing inefficient switching
equipment. Improving maintenance practices. Improving data management. To
undertake energy audit at regular intervals.
[The above strategies and action plan are co-related various chapters and sections on the City
Investment Plan, Financial Operating Plan, Institutional Frameworks and Summary of Strategies
mentioned in the report]
Box No. 2: Case Study on Privatisation Of Street Light Maintenance
Bangalore Mahanagara Palike (BMP) privatised the maintenance of streetlights. The contract has
been awarded to three reputed companies namely, Bajaj, Crompton and Philips. The initiative has
produced highly favourable results for the BMP as well as for the city.
Situation before the Initiative
One of the areas that was not functioning well in Bangalore was Street Lighting. Although this
facility came under the BMP it had delegated this responsibility to the KPTCL (Karnataka Power
Transmission Corporation Limited) for which it paid a maintenance cost to them.
However reports from the citizens were not encouraging.
One major cause of concern for the BMP was the unsatisfactory use of the maintenance cost being
paid by them to KPTCL. Complaints, which were numerous, were not being regularly and
systematically attended to; citizens were receiving an extremely indifferent response to their
complaints; efficiency had reached a discouraging low and the management was not functioning up to
standards.
Compounding this problem was the inclusion of 48 more wards in BMPs jurisdiction in 1998.
Providing street lights in the extended jurisdictional limits of was herculean task for BMP with staff
strength of 18 engineers. KPTCL refused to maintain streetlights in the newly acquired wards of BMP
Description of the Initiative
With the Lakhk of automatic switch on & off equipment it was realised that function could only be
handled manually. BMP employed workmen for fixing faulty lights, issued material, and assigned
duties to them for switching street lights on and off at designated timings. This seemed to work
satisfactorily but efficiency was still not reaching the optimum level.
Evaluating the situation, officials of the BMP contacted the manufacturing companies. It was agreed
that only the leading companies in the country would be able to effectively sustain such a programme.
Five reputed companies Crompton, Bajaj, Philips, Wipro, GE came forward with their proposals.
The advantages of working with manufacturers directly were many and risks manageable, compared
to the contractor system which was thought to be `one man show
The privatisation was planned to be implemented in two phases- initially in the newly acquired 48
wards since these areas were virtually without streetlights and were experiencing high incidence of
crime.
Implementation Strategy
The first step was to prepare a loop-hole free contract that would while protecting the interests of the
BMP, also be agreeable to the private companies involved. The contract would have to be one in
which both partners achieved their desired objectives. Eventually it was the citizen who would get the
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benefits.
A tender management committee consisting of engineer-in-chief, Joint Commissioner, Finance, legal
advisor, zonal Chief Engineers was set up. After the finalising groundwork the tender documents
(technical and financial) were prepared and discussions with reputed companies began. The objective
was to hand over complete maintenance to the private companies while
retaining the right to monitor their functioning.
The private companies would be paid a decided upon maintenance fee to enable them to perform
effectively. The response by the manufacturing companies was overwhelming. 5000 forms were sold
off within weeks. BMP earned Rs.0.75 million through the sale of tender applications forms alone,
thereby recovering its advertisements costs.
Five companies mentioned earlier bid for the maintenance contract of 100 wards consisting of 118
packages. 3 companies qualified in technical bids. Further meetings and negotiations during financial
bid process led to application of uniform rates across the various packages.
The contracts were awarded to Bajaj, Crompton and Philips who were in possession of valid license
from inspectorate of electricity.
BMP collected about Rs. 500 million by way of interest free security deposits from these companies.
The contract requires the companies to conduct regular inspections of street light functioning;
adherence to IERC Acts and KPTCL regulations; repairs and repLakhement of accessories; citizen
complaint redressal within 24 hours and other special conditions.
Results Achieved
All the objectives decided upon were realized as the results of the initiative were measured both
quantitatively and qualitatively.
Efficiency level reaching a 95 percent mark as compared to 45 percent
Citizen satisfaction
Reduced pilferage in material
Curtailment of large financial losses
Revenue earner
Minimum energy losses
Improved Time management of concerned staff
Ensured transparency in the system
Other states/cities studying the experiment for replication.
BMP Has Already Set An Exemplary Technical And Financial Norm In Karnataka
(Source: National Institute of Urban Affairs, New Delhi)

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Chapter 6: Urban Poor & Their Accessibility


To Basic Services
Poverty is indisputably one of the most pressing concerns confronting central and local governments
all over India. Poverty is generally defined as an austere condition wherein a person or a community
suffers from extremely indigent living situation exacerbated by the long-term lack of access to basic
goods and services necessary for acceptable minimum standards of life. In a nutshell, poverty relates
to the lack of or extremely limited access to physical infrastructure and more importantly to social
infrastructure such as quality education and proper healthcare services, among others.
In 2003, United Nations reported that almost half of the worlds urban population resides in slums.
The organization generally defines the slum population as people living in extremely dilapidated and
unhygienic housing areas and without security in tenure. Identification of slum population is crucial to
the proper allocation of resources and delivery of basic services by the local government.
As far as sanitation is concerned in slum areas, the status in respect of the urban poor is even worse.
As per Census 2001, the percentage of notified and non-notified slums in India without latrines is 17
percent and 51 percent respectively. In respect of septic latrines the availability is 66 percent and 35
percent. Most of the kutcha and semi pucca houses do not have toilet facilities. The SWM mechanism
is not satisfactory in slum areas of Urban Cities and Town primarily because containers are
inadequate for disposal of waste and there is garbage spill over. Moreover, the waste collection is also
irregular and there is lack of awareness amongst the slum dwellers.
It is important to examine the status of Urban Sanitation in slum Areas with reference to its various
dimensions of sanitation. Interventions need to be worked out to improve sanitation facilities in these
areas especially the vulnerability of the poor and to enhance their assets in terms of labour, human
capital, housing, social capital and so on.

6.1. Urban Poverty In Pachore


Poverty remains to be one of the biggest social plagues of enormous impact challenging growing town
and cities throughout the country. The causes of poverty in the country are varied, many of which are
historically, politically and culturally entrenched. Its eradication can be extensive and the task reveals
itself to be daunting and monumental. Poverty comes in different shapes and sizes but generally it is
the condition in which a person or community suffers from multiple forms of deprivation including
extreme hunger, lack of access to basic services and social infrastructure such as healthcare, quality
education and social welfare. The face of poverty varies from one town to another depending on the
character of that particular town.

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It is important to examine poverty with reference to its various dimensions. Interventions need to be
worked out to reduce urban poverty especially the vulnerability of the poor and to enhance their assets
in terms of- labour, human capital, housing, social capital and so on.
The town of PACHORE is composed of 15 wards, large part of which has been declared by the local
government as slums. The below table shows the number of slum population in PACHORE.
According to ULB the number of slum population, in 2011, is 15004 people which means that 55% of
the total population is considered slum population. This is much higher compare with the nation
average of 15.16%.
Table 6.1: Urban Poverty in Pachore
Year

Number

Slum Population

15004

55%

Total HH

27405

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad

6.2. Information On BPL Population And Slum Population Of


Pachore
The BPL and slum populations are considered to have special needs which need to be recognized and
addressed accordingly by the local government. Many of the people in the slums subsist below
poverty line making it difficult for them to move up the social ladder. Generally, they live in poor
housing areas and filthy environments devoid of residential security. It is with the commitment to
poverty alleviation that a town or a city can say that it is fully developing.
The identification of the BPL and slum population is one of the initial key steps in recognizing their
special needs. The table below gives details on the social composition of poverty in PACHORE.
Table 6.2: Information of BPL and Slum Population in Pachore
Ward
Nos

Name of the Ward

Total
Total
Household Population

BPL
HH

% to Total
Population
/ HH

Slum
HH

% to Total
Population
/ HH

Devnarayan

295

1461

245

83.05%

150

10%

Shankar Mandir

669

3323

307

45.89%

300

9%

Khedapati

1000

4798

466

46.60%

250

5%

Chandrashekhar

405

2057

272

67.16%

100

5%

Vishvanath

359

2062

368

102.51%

250

12%

Lokmanya Tilak

512

2542

351

68.55%

200

8%

Sardar Patel

207

1082

170

82.13%

0%

Mahatma Gandhi

324

1509

277

85.49%

600

40%

Seetla Mata

181

850

160

88.40%

0%

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Table 6.2: Information of BPL and Slum Population in Pachore


Ward
Nos

Name of the Ward

Total
Total
Household Population

BPL
HH

% to Total
Population
/ HH

Slum
HH

% to Total
Population
/ HH

10

Kalaji

242

1287

232

95.87%

200

16%

11

Sanjay Gandhi

174

822

133

76.44%

0%

12

Subhash

217

1116

158

72.81%

0%

13

Indira Gandhi

185

1010

166

89.73%

200

20%

14

Radhakrishna

266

1406

169

63.53%

170

12%

15

Rajiv Gandhi

382

2080

145

37.96%

0%

Total

5418

27405

3619

66.80%

2420

9%

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad

6.3. SLUMS IN THE TOWN


As mentioned earlier, out of 15 wards a large part of which has been declared by the local government
as slums. The slum population of the entire 15 wards has reached a total of 15004 composed of 2420
total households. The biggest number of slum households can be found in Dr. Ambedkar Ward no. 8
(600) and Maulana Azad Ward no. 2 (300).
As more than half of the total town population lives in the slums, it is clear that the town needs to
invest not only in physical infrastructure for the delivery of basic services but also on its social
infrastructure that will pave way for systemic changes in the town. However the number of slum
pockets and their details was not available at the ULB level.

6.4. Location Of Slums On Town Map


For Details Refer Map Section

6.5. General Characteristics Of Slums In Pachore


Slums are generally characterized by their depressing physical and social environments. Physically,
slums usually thrive in unhygienic and less developed areas usually lacking of basic services such as
quality water, electricity, proper sewerage and sanitation and other essential facilities and
infrastructure. Due to the poverty-stricken and unsanitary condition, people continue to suffer from
malnutrition and widespread of diseases. In social terms, slums are usually characterized by urban
decay linked with high crime rate and collapse of social values.
The following observations are derived from site visits of slums in PACHORE. There are no
sufficient secondary data on the slums. But the following things are derived on the site visits to all
wards which were declared as slums:
- SOCIAL SET-UP: The social composition of a majority of slums comprises Scheduled Castes,
Scheduled Tribes and other backward castes. However, in some of the slums, the original settlement
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housed a single caste or social group, but later, other social groups also started moving in, creating a
wider social mix.
- EMPLOYMENT: A majority of the slum population are engaged in primary activity i.e. agriculture
sector. Many also work as construction laborer, daily wage laborer. They also engaged in informal
activities such as vegetable vendor, street hawkers.
- AVERAGE HOUSEHOLD INCOME: On an average, slum households have a monthly income of
Rs. 1500 per month, the range being Rs. 600 to Rs.5,000.
- HOUSING TYPE: Housing type in slums is mostly characterized by permanent, semi -permanent
and temporary structure. As per the information given by the Nagar Parishad about 65 percent of the
houses are temporary in nature and 30 percent households are permanent to semi -permanent in
nature. They have pucca house or mud house with tiled roof or thatch roof. However, few housing
units have semi -permanent or temporary structure. They have small houses with one or two room.
Most of the houses have access to basic services and these slums are easily access by road.
- HEALTH: Most slum dwellers consult private doctors due to lack of proximity to government
hospitals and perceived delay in treatment. With medicines, the average expenditure works out to Rs
100. In the poorer slum the lack of awareness of family planning practices is evident. In the poorer
slums, the lack of awareness of family planning practices is evident.

6.6. Status Of Slums In Pachore


No studies are available about the extent of slums status in the town. There is also no formal
notification of Slums done by ULB.

6.7. Land Ownership & Tenure Status


Land availability is a major constraint in the slums. Most slums in PACHORE are located on
government and private lands. Government land includes land belonging to the central, state or
municipal government. Private land, on the other hand, belongs to individuals. Certain slums are
spread over adjacent government and private lands.
Though all the slum areas are on encroached public or private land, the Government has from time-totime issued the slum households (legal ownership/title of land), as part of its policy to ensure tenure
security to the poor and landless.

6.8. Unidentified Slums And Homeless Population / Pavement


Dwellers Of Pachore
People living either in unrecognized slum settlements or on pavement lives in absence of basic
services. While the identified slums have some security of tenure and fall under the purview of
municipal service provision, the unidentified or informal slums and peri-urban settlements fall outside

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the net of formal service provision. There is no available estimate of this population in the city, or the
coping strategies adopted by them.

6.9. Urban Basic Services In Slums Of Pachore


Information on access to services in slums within municipal limits in PACHORE has been collected
from a variety of sources. These include primary data as well as discussions with zonal officers,
councilors of each ward, local political leaders, and local people, corroborated by site visits to certain
slums (to ascertain the authenticity of information gathered). The ULB does not follow any specific,
laid down standards for service provision to the poor in the city. The following observations are
derived from site visits of slums in PACHORE. There are no sufficient secondary data on the slums.
- HOUSING
Due to rapid urbanization slums in city or even in towns areas are growing rapidly. Currently the
town has 10 slum pockets. In few slum pockets condition of houses is in livable condition.
Willingness to improve housing conditions is more in the slums. Though, majority of residents are not
willing to pay for services.

Harijan
Moholla

Notified

13

Balbatpura

Notified

117

Bhojpura

Notified

42

Near
Middle
school

Notified

40

Jatav
Moholla

Notified

Balbatpura

Notified

89

Harijan
Moholla

Notified

15

Khushwaha
Notified
Moholla

25

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Any interventions under


IHSDP (Y/N)

Beneficiaries under social


security schemes

No. of Primary Health


centres in the slum pocket

No. of Primary school in the


slum pocket

No. of Temporary pattas


distributed

No. of Permanent pattas


distributed

No. of Kuccha houses

No. of Semi pucca houses

No. of Pucca houses

Notified/ Un-notified

Name of Slum pocket/


reference name

Ward No

Table 6.3: Housing Conditions of slums in Pachore

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11

12

13

Behind
Nagar
Panchayat

Notified

14

Kumar
Moholla

Notified

10

15

Mandi
Road

Notified

366

Total

Any interventions under


IHSDP (Y/N)

Beneficiaries under social


security schemes

No. of Primary Health


centres in the slum pocket

No. of Primary school in the


slum pocket

No. of Temporary pattas


distributed

No. of Permanent pattas


distributed

No. of Kuccha houses

No. of Semi pucca houses

No. of Pucca houses

Notified/ Un-notified

10

Name of Slum pocket/


reference name

Ward No

Table 6.3: Housing Conditions of slums in Pachore

- WATER SUPPLY
Water is one of the most essential services for the slum population. Public stand post, wells and hand
pumps are located within easy accessible distance from slum settlements. Apart from this some of the
slum pockets have tap water connection from Nagar Parishad. They fetch water from the wells and
hand pumps. The majority of the slum people rate water quality as good. They judge the quality by its
taste and they consider the appearance for this. Most of the slum dwellers do not treat water before
consumption. Very less percentage of people boiled or filters water before consumption. It seems the
families are not aware of the chance of transmission of germs through water.
Table 6.4: Water Supply Conditions of slums in Pachore
Name of
Slum pocket/
reference
name

Notified/
Unnotified

Ward
population

Slum
Households

Individual
water
connections

Harijan
Moholla

Notified

1461

150

39

Balbatpura

Notified

3323

300

209

Bhojpura

Notified

4798

250

408

Near
Middle
school

Notified

2057

100

187

Jatav

Notified

2062

250

267

Ward
No

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No. of
Community
taps

No. of
Handpumps

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Table 6.4: Water Supply Conditions of slums in Pachore


Ward
No

Name of
Slum pocket/
reference
name

Notified/
Unnotified

Ward
population

Slum
Households

Individual
water
connections

No. of
Community
taps

No. of
Handpumps

Moholla
6

Balbatpura

Notified

2542

200

203

Harijan
Moholla

Notified

1082

118

Khushwaha
Moholla

Notified

1509

600

116

850

94

10

1287

200

93

11

822

101

12

1116

143

13

Behind
Nagar
Panchayat

Notified

1010

200

135

14

Kumar
Moholla

Notified

1406

170

190

15

Mandi
Road

Notified

2080

347

27405

2420

2650

Total

25

- SEWERAGE AND SANITATION


Currently, there is an absence of integrated underground sewerage network in the town. Generated
sewerage is discharged directly into nallas, resulting creating an insanitary condition. People have
septic and soak pit latrine with their latrine. As per the information given by the Nagar Parishad
officials the town has 31 percent coverage in terms of access to individual toilet facilities. Even in
slums, access to individual toilet facility is also around 45 percent. Besides this, public toilets are also
located in the town. Cleaning of and maintenance of individual toilets are done by the households.
Table 6.5: Sanitation Conditions of slums in Pachore
Ward
No

Name of
Slum pocket/
reference
name

Notified/
Unnotified

Ward
population

Slum
Households

No. of
Individual
toilets

No. of
Community
toilets

Harijan
Moholla

Notified

1461

150

30

Balbatpura

Notified

3323

300

150

Bhojpura

Notified

4798

250

250

Near Middle
Notified
school

2057

100

40

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Table 6.5: Sanitation Conditions of slums in Pachore


Ward
No

Name of
Slum pocket/
reference
name

Notified/
Unnotified

Ward
population

Slum
Households

No. of
Individual
toilets

No. of
Community
toilets

Jatav
Moholla

Notified

2062

250

70

Balbatpura

Notified

2542

200

50

Harijan
Moholla

Notified

1082

45

Khushwaha
Moholla

Notified

1509

600

25

850

55

10

1287

200

60

11

822

105

12

1116

130

13

Behind
Nagar
Panchayat

Notified

1010

200

75

14

Kumar
Moholla

Notified

1406

170

220

15

Mandi Road

Notified

2080

350

27405

2420

1655

Total
- SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT

Solid waste management and sweeping is done by the Nagar Parsihad. In slum pockets door to door
waste collection is not in practice. Waste collection is done twice a day. These wastes are collected by
tractor and small vehicles. Streets in the slums are also sweep every day by the Nagar Parishad.
- DRAINAGE
Storm water drainage system exists in the slum areas. Drains are mostly Pucca and open. Cleaning of
these drains is done on regular basis by the Nagar Parishad.
- ROADS
Most of the slum pockets have proper approach road. Majority of the roads approaching these slums
are made of cement concrete road. But the width of roads in few slums is narrow.
- STREET LIGHT
Street lights are inadequate in some slum pockets.

6.10. Social Security Schemes And Beneficiaries In Pachore


Given the complexity of the social, economic and physical environment in which a growing number
of urban poor eke out their livelihoods, it is clear that the formulation of anti-poverty measures and
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the design of slum improvement programs is a difficult issue. A review of slum improvement
programmes indicates that by improving basic infrastructure and access to municipal services, there is
a significant impact on the quality of slum residents, both poor and non-poor.
To alleviate the problems of slum dwellers and to reduce urban poverty, a number urban poverty have
been initiated and are being implemented by the ULB with assistance from the GoMP and the GoI
Some of the major slum improvement programs being implemented in PACHORE are in the given
below:
1) Swarna Jayanti Shehri Rojgar Yojna (SJSRY)
Swarna Jayanti Shehri Rojgar Yojna (SJSRY) consists of two special schemes, viz. Urban Self
Employment Programme (USEP) and Urban Wage Employment Programme (UWEP). It is funded in
a ratio of 75:25 between the Centre and the State. Under UWEP of SJSRY, socially and economically
useful public assets, i.e. roads, drains, culverts, community centers, community latrines are
constructed in slum areas, providing wage employment to the urban poor. Under UWEP activities,
roads, drains, culverts, community centers, community latrines, etc. have been constructed in many
slum areas. This scheme is functioning in PACHORE.

6.11. Demand And Supply Gaps (Present And Future)


For calculating the present and future housing demand for urban poor it is indispensable to figure out
the estimated BPL population, BPL household, Slum population and Slum household.
Table 6.6: Present and future demand and supply gaps (Slum infrastructure) for Pachore
Census Year

2011

2015

2025

2035

Projected Population

27405

31661

45423

65166

Estimated Household@5.06

5418

6259

8980

12883

Estimated BPL Population @67%

18361

21213

30433

43661

Estimated BPL Household @5.06

3630

4194

6017

8632

Slum Population @ 55%

15004

17334

24869

35678

Estimated Slum household @6.20 size

2420

2796

4011

5755

Estimate Urban Poor Household not having houses for basic


services

726

839

1203

1726

Provision of Housing and infrastructure to BPL Household


(Nos)

724

836

1200

1721

Provision of Housing and infrastructure to Slum Household


(Nos)

484

559

802

1151

Total Housing Demand

1208

1395

2002

2872

Housing demand

Source: by PRUDA- AIILSG

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6.12. SWOT Analysis


Table 6.7: SWOT Analysis (Basic Service to the Urban Poor)
Sector

Strengths

Weaknesses

Basic
Slum populations
Services to are integral part
Urban
of the city or town
Poor
developments
which can easily
be seen in the
town by provide
basic service to
them.

Opportunities

Threats

Growth of slums is Implementation


increasing day by day. of
various
schemes
by
Do not have 100%
Central and State
access
to
water
Govt.
connection
at
individual level.
Dilapidated
condition.

Slum population is
increasing with over
a period of time due
to
migration
of
people from nearby
villages.

housing

A survey of BPL
population
has
been done.
Source: by Consultant of the Project

6.13. Key Issues


Major issues in brief are given below which were evolved during the consultation workshop:

Increasing size of BPL and vulnerable population in the last years.

Analysis of current situation reveals that the slum population has limited access to basic
services and infrastructure.

Strong level of commitment to achieve zero open-defecation appears to be lacking at the local
level.

For toilet use, water source is mainly public with open source tank /pond/ nalla being the most
prevalent source of water for toilet.

Proper Notification of Slums is essential as it is inconceivable that about 50% of the


population lives in Slums.

Uncontrolled physical development.

Lack of planned interventions in the past has led to the growth of squatter settlements on
public lands. The present scenario shows increased inadequate serviced land for housing
within municipal limits

The major focus is on building toilets yet aspects of effective garbage disposal and
underground drainage system are being neglected, which simply upsets the benefits of
building toilets.

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There is an apparent lack of coordination among the stakeholders as evident in the number of
toilets in extremely poor condition. In some places, toilets are built but are not connected to
sewage pipes which make them non-usable after all.

6.14. Identified Goals Of Improvement For Horizon Years For


Pachore
The goals and service outcomes for the horizon period 2010-2035 are presented in the Table below:
Table 6.8: Identified Goals Of Improvement of Basic Service to the Urban Poor For Horizon Years
in Pachore
Vision Goals

(Current)

2015

2025

2035

BPL population

67%

50%

25%

0%

Slum Free City

--

--

100%

100%

2015: (Period: Current to 2015); 2025: (Period: 2015 to 2025); 2035: (Period: 2025 to 2035)
Source: Stakeholders consultation

6.15. Identified Projects For Horizon Years For Pachore


The projects identified for the sector for the period till 2035 are presented in the Table below.
Table 6.9: Identified Projects Of Basic Service To The Urban Poor For Horizon Years In Pachore
Horizon

Priority

Detail of project

Year
2015

HIGH

Conducting Slum Surveys in city


Preparation of Slum free City Plan under Rajiv Awas Yojana &
BSUP.

2025

MEDIUM

Provision of only Basic Services to the Urban Poor Households


(Phase I)
Provision of Housing with basic services to the Urban Poor
Households.

2035

LOW

Provision of only Basic Services to the Urban Poor New Households


(Phase II)

2015: (Period: Current to 2015); 2025: (Period: 2015 to 2025); 2035: (Period: 2025 to 2035)
Source: Consultants of the project

6.16. Proposed Strategies & Action Plans For Horizon Years For
Pachore
The strategies / policies / actions to be undertaken for achieving the Goals and implanting the projects
presented in the Table below.
Table 6.10: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans of Basic Service to the Urban Poor for Horizon
Years in Pachore
No
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Strategies & Action Plan


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2015

2025

2035

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Table 6.10: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans of Basic Service to the Urban Poor for Horizon
Years in Pachore
No
01

Strategies & Action Plan


Conducting Slum Surveys in city

2015

2025

2035

YES

Carrying out biometric identification survey of slum-dwellers and


hardware for the storage of bio-metric information
Entry of data from Slum Surveys into MIS database
Development of City and Slum Base Maps using GIS - including cost
of CARTOSAT
II/latest images, spatial total station slum surveys, integration of
Slum MIS with GIS Maps.
Engagement of consultants/technical agencies/institutions for the
preparation of detailed Slum-free City Plans
02

Development of Detailed Project Reports (DPRs)

YES

DPRs would need to be prepared for slum upgrading/housing


development and access the fund under BSUP and IHSDP schemes.
03

Incremental upgrading

YES

Norms for service provision will need to be developed on an


incremental plan. This will allow urban local bodies to improve
service delivery over time, moving from community connections for
water supply, sanitation, power, etc. to household connections, while
improving the level of services such as inner area roads, street
lights, water supply quality and quantity, etc.
04

Prioritization of slums for investment

YES

As there are large numbers of slums in city, there is a need to


prioritise slums for housing/services investment.
05

Notification of slums for upgrading and provision of services

YES

YES

Slums, not currently notified, must be enlisted by the local body


through a formal process so that these become eligible for provision
of basic services. Since the process of granting land tenure will take
time, notification can help to include currently excluded/non-notified
settlements for provision of services. Most often, such slums have the
poorest level of infrastructure and highest incidence of poverty.
06

De-notification of upgraded/tenured settlements and inclusion in


property tax system

YES

Once upgraded, slums and new housing colonies must be integrated


with the city property tax system. However, the residents of these
settlements must be supported to meet property tax payments/user
charges for household services. ULBs may consider affordable
lifeline taxes and tariffs, which are deferred to beyond the repayment
of loans.
07

Measuring outcomes and impacts

YES

BSUP will significantly improve the quality of lives of slum dwellers


by providing them access to improved housing and quality services.
It will also indirectly result in increased incomes and a reduction in
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Table 6.10: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans of Basic Service to the Urban Poor for Horizon
Years in Pachore
No

Strategies & Action Plan

2015

2025

2035

the disease burden of households. It will be important for local


governments to measure this improvement as a result of the
implementation of the BSUP reform. The household survey should
be conducted periodically as part of the data gathering exercise
which measures the impact of the reforms.
2015: (Period: Current to 2015); 2025: (Period: 2015 to 2025); 2035: (Period: 2025 to 2035)
Source: Consultant of the Project

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Chapter 7: Social Infrastructure In Pachore


7.1 Existing Health Facility In Pachore
The quality of life in any urban center depends upon the availability and accessibility of to quality
social infrastructure. Development of social infrastructure comprising education, health and medical
care, nutrition which is instrumental in contributing to substantial improvements in human resource
development which in turns, initiate and accelerate economic development. Physical quality of life
and human well-being are pivotal on the enhanced availability of these social services. These services
are keys to overall increased productivity. Investment in human development programmes, enable the
poor to help themselves and try to get fair chance of getting those rewards.
In many countries, social infrastructure is one of the fundamental requirement of making a knowledge
based citizenry and consequently a highly vigilant and dynamic society. In line with this, it is needless
to mention that proper functioning of a city is greatly depends on the quality of life and overall wellbeing of the people. The chapter describes the prominent features of the social infrastructure of
PACHORE which will provide into its capacity to cater to the constantly growing needs of the people.

7.1.1 Overall Health Facilities And Medical Practitioners In Pachore


The three-tier public health system is built on the Sub-Health Centres (SHCs), Primary Health Centres
(PHCs) and specific service focused Community Health Centres (CHCs), to the district/civil hospitals;
and in the final tier, the referral hospitals. Especially, the PHC is the most critical health facility. In
MP, in the last twelve years, the number of PHCs has actually gone down, mainly because of
conversion of many PHCs into CHCs. This change has brought down the population serviced by each
CHC from over 3.6 lakh in 1994 to 2.6 lakh in 2006, thus, improving quality of care.
The health infrastructure cannot be called adequate even by Government of India norms as the
population served per PHC is significantly higher than the prescribed norm of 30000. Similarly,
number of SHCs is also less compared to the norm of 5000 population in general and 3000 population
in tribal areas. The existing health centres also face an acute shortage of quality manpower meaning
thereby that the state needs to do something innovative to improve the access and quality of health
care.
Medical or health facility is, in general, any location at which medicine is practice regularly. Medical
facility ranges from small clinic and doctors office to urgent care centers and large hospitals with
elaborate emergency rooms and trauma center. The number and quality of medical facilities in a place
is one common determine of that area prosperity and quality of life.
At present, there is only one (1) primary government hospital in PACHORE town having only 25
beds. This means that in the town of PACHORE, the availability of number of beds per 10,000
population is only 9. In any case, the situation is extremely dire given that the town is an important
administrative centre where government offices are located. The entire health services needs of the

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people are fulfilled by these institutions with the help of private practitioners are also present in the
town.
Table 7.1: Existing Health Facilities in Pachore
Particulars

Government

Private

Hospitals

Dispensary

NA

Beds in Hospitals/Dispensary

25

14

Other specialized Medical institutions

NA

Ambulance services

NA

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad,2011

7.1.2 Basic Health Indicators Of Pachore


At present information on health indicators are available at District or State level only. According to
Department of public health and family welfare, Madhya Pradesh performs poorly relative to most
other states. A survey conducted by Department of public health and family welfare in 2010-2011
which reveals some basic health indicators showed table.
Table 7.2: Basic health indicators in Madhya Pradesh and Ratlam
Indicators

Details
Madhya Pradesh

Crude Birth Rate (CBR)13

25.0

Crude Death Rate (CDR)14

8.0

Infant Mortality Rate(IMR)15

67

Total Fertility Rate(TFR)16

3.1
Rajgarh District

Infant Mortality Rate(IMR)17

66

Total Fertility Rate(TFR)18

5.1 %

Source: Annual Health Survey 2010-2011

7.1.3 Medical Facilities Provided By Municipal Body In Pachore


No medical facilities are provided by the ULB except some basic services.

7.1.4 Role Of Municipal Body In The Health Programs

13

Number of Births per 1000 population in a given year.

14

Number of Deaths per 1000 population in a given year.

15

Number of infants dying under one year of age in a year per 1000 live births of the same year.

16 Average number of children that would be born to a women if she experiences the current fertility pattern through her reproductive span (15-49years)
17

Number of infants dying under one year of age in a year per 1000 live births of the same year.

18 Average number of children that would be born to a women if she experiences the current fertility pattern through her reproductive span (15-49years)

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One of the main tasks for the municipal body is to create a comprehensive health program responsive
to the needs of every citizen. However, given the limited resources and manpower shortage, it can be
extremely difficult for the municipal body to carry the burden by itself. Unfortunately, the ULB has
not involved themselves actively in the health programmes supported by the state and the central
government.

7.2 Existing Educational Facility In Pachore


Education is one specific area where there has been substantial improvement in MP. The last decade
saw a very high jump in literacy levels from 45 per cent in 1991 to 64 per cent in 2001. This was
managed by dedicated work to increase access to adult literacy and schools, especially primary
schools. From 78794 primary schools in 1996 in undivided MP, the number of primary schools rose
to 82219 in 2000, and stood at 95517 in 200506 in new MP. Similarly, the number of middle schools
was 19058 in 1996 in undivided MP, rose to 21043 in 2000, and was 24293 in 200506 in new MP.
There has been a phenomenal increase in primary schools, and within two years between 1998 and
2000, nearly 30000 access-less habitations were provided with a school. A similar initiative for
middle schools saw a phenomenal increase in these as well.
Now, the state claims that all habitations in the state have one primary education centre within one km
radius. There is one middle school within 3 km radius of every village in the state. Although, in terms
of schools, the number appears to be adequate now, the situation, as far as other amenities in the
schools, is not very clear. Are there enough rooms in the schools? Do girls have separate toilets? Are
there blackboards and other teaching aids available in schools? Data for these parameters are not
available for recent years as data from the latest educational survey have not been released. Other
evidence does show that there is a long way to go towards ensuring adequate rooms, proper school
buildings, proper toilets, drinking water facilities and so on.

7.2.1. Overall Education Facilities In Pachore


Quality education necessitates enhance access to educational facilities and availability of teachers.
Although the town has sufficient number of primary school but the town lacks sufficient of higher
education facility. Table given below depicts the current status of the educational infrastructure in
PACHORE. At present, the town has 9 Primary Schools, 12 Middle School, 12 Secondary Schools
and 9 Higher Secondary School in the town. The town has also 1 College for Higher Education and
one (1) polytechnic college available.
Table 7.3: Existing Educational Infrastructure in Pachore
Education Facility

Facility available

Nos

Remarks

SCHOOL
Primary School

Yes

Available

Middle School

Yes

Available

Secondary Schools

Yes

12

Available

Higher Secondary/ Intermediate/ Senior


secondary/ PUC (Pre university college)
Junior college level

Yes

Available

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Table 7.3: Existing Educational Infrastructure in Pachore


Education Facility

Facility available

Nos

Remarks

Adult literacy classes/ centers

No

Not Available

Working womens hostel with number of seats

No

Not Available

Commerce/Science Arts/ Law or other College


of Degree Level

No

Available

Middle College

No

Available

Engineering College

No

Not Available

Polytechnics

No

Available

No

Available

COLLEGE

Recognized Shorthand,
typewriting
vocational training institutions

&

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad, 2011

7.2.2. Basic Education / Literacy Indicators Of Pachore


According to the 2011 census, the literacy rate of PACHORE town is 66.26% which is relatively
LOWER compare to that of the District average literacy level of 68 percent. The ratio of male to
female literacy rate is around 57:43.
Table 7.4: Literacy Indicator in Pachore
Indictors

Figures in percentage

Literacy Rate

66.26%

Male Literacy

57.37%

Female Literacy

42.63%

Source: Census of India, 2011


The Table below reveals the ratio of the availability of education institution per 10000 populations in
PACHORE.
Table 7.5: Schools / Colleges per 10000 Population, Pachore
Type of Institution

Ratio per 10000 Population

Primary

3.28

Junior Secondary / Middle

4.38

Secondary/ Matriculations

4.38

Senior Secondary

3.28

College

0.36

Source: Census of India, 2001

7.2.3. Education Facilities Provided By Municipal Body


The ULB of PACHORE town is supporting one school and its related infrastructure. The school is
located within the premises of Nagar Parishad building. Nagar Parishad is responsible for the
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provision of infrastructure facilities like school buildings, sanitation facilities in the school. The
building and other infrastructure are the property of the municipality. All educational programmes of
government like Sarva Siksha Abhiyan (SSA), Mid-day Meals (MDM) programmes etc. are being
implemented in the school.

7.3 Other Infrastructures & Facilities In Pachore


Recreation is an activity of leisure, leisure being discretionary time. Its one of the essential elements
of human biology and psychology. Recreational activities are often done for enjoyment, amusement
or pleasure and are considered to be fun. Recreational activities can be communal or solitary, active
or passive, outdoors or indoors, healthy or harmful, and useful for society or detrimental. Public space
such as parks, playground, theater and garden are essential venues for many recreational activities. Its
one of the most important components in urban life style now a day.

7.3.1. Existing Recreational & Cultural Facilities In Pachore


As such, the need for accessible reaction opportunities and facilities in town and cities are now being
recognized. Parks and recreation can have a measurable impact on state and local economies; they can
have important non-economic benefits as well. Table given below indicates the number of
recreational and cultural facilities in PACHORE. Its apparent that the town is fully endowed with
recreational facilities. Apart from playground of schools, the town has one park, one cinema hall and
six community hall.
Table 7.6: Recreational and Cultural Facilities, Pachore
Particulars

Numbers

Stadium

Parks

Cinema Hall

Auditorium/Drama/Community hall

Public libraries including reading rooms

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad, 2011

7.3.2. Existing Public Amenities And Services In Pachore


Public amenities are resources, conveniences, facilities or benefits continuously offered to the general
public for their use and/ or enjoyment, with or without charges. Such public activities are expected to
function around the clock, in adverse conditions such as inclement weather, high noise environments
and in varying degree of light and heat. Consequently there are several key attributes that should be
integrated into all public amenities to ensure universal usability.
Public amenities include restrooms, information, public telephones and banks machines, waiting
sheds, drinking fountains and the like. Public amenities are especially important in delivering proper
service to people. Apart from the public amenities mentioned in the above table, the next table
summarizes the public amenities available in the town of PACHORE.
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Table 7.7: Public Amenities and Service Availability, Pachore


Particulars

Numbers

Graveyards

6 Smashan Ghat

Postal & Telegraph Services

1 Post office and 1 telegraph office

Dhobi Ghat

1 Near Nevaj River

Fire Fighting Services

Available and under the Municipal Administration

Electricity Broad office

Available

Festival Grounds

Not Available

Petrol Pump

(3) Available

Police Station

Available

Source: PACHORE Nagar Parishad, 2011

7.3.3. Existing Sports Facilities In Pachore


At present there is no sports facility available in the town.

7.4 Comparative Analysis With The Udpfi Guidelines


UDFPI (Urban Development Plan Formulations & Implementation) guidelines were created to assist
administrators, municipal town planners and consultants with essential details for urban development
plans formulation and implementation. The required number of infrastructure for the present
population (2011) and the projected population (2021 and 2035) were calculated based on the UDPFI
guidelines. The required number of sector infrastructure was then compared against the existing
infrastructure to determine the infrastructure gap.

7.4.1 Demand & Gap Assessment For Health Infrastructure In Pachore


Table given below gives an overview of the required health infrastructure.
Table 7.8: Demand and Gaps for Health Infrastructure, Pachore (M)
Projected Population

2011

2015

2025

2035

27405

31661

45423

65166

Dispensary
i

Required (1 / 15000 people as per UDPFI Guidelines)

ii

Existing

iii

Gap

iv

Additional gap

Maternity & Child Welfare


i

Required (1 / 45000 people as per UDPFI Guidelines)

ii

Existing

iii

Gap

iv

Additional gap

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Table 7.8: Demand and Gaps for Health Infrastructure, Pachore (M)
Projected Population

2011

2015

2025

2035

27405

31661

45423

65166

Hospital
i

Required (1 / 50000 people as per UDPFI Guidelines)

ii

Existing

iii

Gap

iv

Additional gap

Source: Projections by PRUDA-AIILSG

7.4.2 Demand & Gap Assessment For Educational Infrastructure In


Pachore
Table given below gives an overview of the required Educational infrastructure. But the existing
infrastructure in the schools and college need to be upgrade.
Table 7.9: Demand & Gap Assessment for Health Infrastructure, Pachore
Horizon Year

2011

2015

2025

2035

Projected Population

27405

31661

45423

65166

PRIMARY SCHOOL
Required (1/2500 people as per UDPFI Guideline)

11

13

19

27

Existing

Gaps

10

18

Additional Gap for Horizon Year

Required (1/7500 people as per UDPFI Guideline)

Existing

12

12

12

12

Gaps

-8

-7

-6

-3

SECONDARY SCHOOL

Additional Gap for Horizon Year


SENIOR SECONDARY SCHOOL
Required (1/10000 people as per UDPFI Guideline)

Existing

Gaps

-6

-6

-4

-2

Additional Gap for Horizon Year


Source: by Consultant of the Project

7.4.3 Demand & Gap Assessment For Other Infrastructures & Facilities In
Pachore
UDPFI guideline on infrastructure development is highly dependent on population size of the town.
However, it is also important to understand that a town needs to provide at least one of the essential
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social infrastructures such as medical and health infrastructure over time as these investments are
crucial to the growth and welfare of the town.
Table 7.10: Demand & Gap Assessment for Other Infrastructure & Facilities, Pachore
Horizon Year

2011

2015

2025

2035

Projected Population

27405

31661

45423

65166

Required (1/100000 people as per UDPFI Guideline)

Existing

Gaps

Additional Gap for Horizon Year

Required (1/20000 people as per UDPFI Guideline

Existing

Gaps

Additional Gap for Horizon Year

FIRE BRIGADE

POST OFFICE

TELEPHONE EXCHANGE
Required (1/40000 people as per UDPFI Guideline)

Existing

Gaps

Additional Gap for Horizon Year

Required (1/20000 people as per UDPFI Guideline)

Existing

Gaps

Additional Gap for Horizon Year

Required (1/15000 people as per UDPFI Guideline)

Existing

Gaps

-1

-1

Additional Gap for Horizon Year

Required (1/15000 people as per UDPFI Guideline)

Existing

Gaps

Additional Gap for Horizon Year

POLICE STATION

PETROL PUMP

LIBRARY

BUS STAND
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Table 7.10: Demand & Gap Assessment for Other Infrastructure & Facilities, Pachore
Horizon Year

2011

2015

2025

2035

Projected Population

27405

31661

45423

65166

Required (1/30000 people as per UDPFI Guideline)

Existing

Gaps

Additional Gap for Horizon Year

Required (1/15000 people as per UDPFI Guideline)

Existing

Gaps

Additional Gap for Horizon Year

Required (1/20000 people as per UDPFI Guideline)

Existing

Gaps

-7

-7

-6

-5

Additional Gap for Horizon Year

Required (1/30000 people as per UDPFI Guideline)

Existing

Gaps

Additional Gap for Horizon Year

Required (1/100000 people as per UDPFI Guideline)

Existing

Gaps

Additional Gap for Horizon Year

Required (1/10000 people as per UDPFI Guideline)

Existing

Gaps

-3

-2

-1

Additional Gap for Horizon Year

COMMUNITY HALL

BANKS

PARK

STADIUM

CREMATORIUM

Source: by Consultant of the Project

7.5 SWOT Analysis Of Social Infrastructure In Pachore

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Table 7.11: SWOT Analysis Of Social Infrastructure For Pachore


Sector
Health

Strength

Weakness

-Effort from both


the
State
and
National level in
order
to
give
priority in resource
allocation
in
health
and
education sector

-Low level of
infrastructure
facility in the
existing hospitals.
-Low level of
service delivery.
-Insufficient staff.
-People still need
to depend on
district
head
quarter for better
service.

Education

Other
infrastructure
facilities

Opportunities

Threats

-GoMP
is -Inadequate
committed
to implementation
improve the health capacity.
service
delivery
through improved
and
equitable
access to quality
health
care
especially targeted
at the poor which
is reflected in MP
Health
Sector
Strategy

-Emergence
of -The
right
of -Inadequate
large number of children to free implementation
private schools.
and
compulsory capacity.
education
act,
-Inadequate and
passed
by
inferior
Parliament
in
infrastructure
August
2009,
facility in the
provides free and
schools
compulsory
education as a
fundamental right.
-Community
Lack
of -Implementation of -Inadequate
participation and maintenance of Community
implementation
willingness among existing assets
participation fund capacity.
people
for
which is a optional
improved service
reform as per
delivery
JnNURM reforms.

Source: by Consultant of the Project

7.6 Summary Of Key Issues


HEALTH FACILITY

Better system need to be evolved for a graded user-free and addressing exclusion of the
poorest.

At present only one hospital is catering the entire town and nearby area. There is no other
medical facility such as dispensary and maternity and child care facility in the town.

Provision of assured and credible primary health services of acceptable quality is necessary.

EDUCATIONAL FACILITY

Increases in number of private schools indicate a clear shift to private schools.

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Overall, inadequate and inferior infrastructure, poor public service delivery, lack of quality
choices and high dependency on privately provide services.

Some of the schools are located along the State Highway which creates noise pollution which
is not conducive for learning.

Improper maintenance of infrastructure and basic services in schools.

7.7 Identified Goals Of Improvement For Horizon Years In


Pachore
The goals and service outcomes for the sector for the period till 2035 are presented in the Table
below.
Table 7.12: Identified Goals Of Improvement For Horizon Years in Pachore
Details

(Current)

2015

2025

2035

Doctor-patient ratio

--

1/1200

1/900

1/600

Bed-population ratio

1/1096

1/600

1/500

1/250

25%

50%

100%

100%

--

25%

50%

100%

66.26%

70%

80%

90%

Ensure 100% enrollment in primary


schools

--

50%

100%

100%

Teacher student ratio

--

1/40

1/35

1/25

Health

Implementation of health programmes


Regular
monitoring
resources

of

water

Education
Literacy rates

2015: (Period: Current to 2015); 2025: (Period: 2015 to 2025); 2035: (Period: 2025 to 2035)
Source: Stakeholders consultation

7.8 Identified Projects For Horizon Years In Pachore


The projects identified for the sector for the period till 2035 are presented in the Table below.
Table 7.13: Identified Projects For Horizon Years In Pachore
Horizon

Priority

Detail of project

Year
2015

HIGH

Health Infrastructure
Up gradation of Existing Hospital
Construction of Dispensary (1 Nos)
Construction of Maternity & Child Welfare Center (1 Nos)
Education Infrastructure

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Table 7.13: Identified Projects For Horizon Years In Pachore


Horizon

Priority

Detail of project

Year
Construction of Primary School (0 Nos)
Construction of Secondary School (1 Nos)
Construction of Senior Secondary School (1 Nos)
Construction of Public Library (2 Nos.)
Other Infrastructure
Construction of Community Hall (0 Nos)
Upgradation of Parks (1 Nos)
Construction of Crematorium (0 Nos)
Installation of Fire Fighting Services (0 Nos)
2025

MEDIUM

Health Infrastructure
Up gradation of Existing Hospital
Education Infrastructure
Construction of Primary School (10 Nos)
Construction of Secondary School (1 Nos)
Construction of Senior Secondary School (1 Nos)
Other Infrastructure
Construction of Crematorium (2 Nos)
Installation of Fire Fighting Services (1 Nos)

2035

LOW

Health Infrastructure
Construction of Dispensary (1 Nos)
Education Infrastructure
Construction of Primary School (18 Nos)
Construction of Secondary School (1 Nos)
Construction of Senior Secondary School (1 Nos)
Construction of Public Library (1 Nos.)
Other Infrastructure
Construction of Community Hall (1 Nos)
Upgradation of Parks (1 Nos)
Construction of Crematorium (1 Nos)
Installation of Fire Fighting Services (1 Nos)

2015: (Period: Current to 2015); 2025: (Period: 2015 to 2025); 2035: (Period: 2025 to 2035)
Source: Consultants of the project

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7.9 Proposed Strategies & Action Plans For Horizon Years In


Pachore
The strategies / policies / actions to be undertaken for achieving the Goals and implanting the projects
presented in the Table below.
Table 7.14: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans For Horizon Years in Pachore
No
01

Strategies & Action Plan


Improving
initiatives

hygiene

behavior

through

community

2015

2025

2035

sanitation YES

Participation of several stakeholders, such as ULBs, NGOs and


CBOs is needed for a sanitation project. Community ownership
should be built from the beginning, including involvement in the
technical design.
Efforts for promoting community and household level hygiene
practices should complement the investments in sanitation
infrastructure.
User payment for services relieves pressure on municipal financing
and ensures maintenance. However, affordability of services for the
communities should be kept in mind, and the charge should be
commensurate to the paying capacity of the poor.
02

Mobilizing communities

YES

Building individual and institutional capacities in the slums is


crucial for sustainability.
Demand enhancement is possible through pro-active awareness
generation and information dissemination matched with quality
service.
03

Policy level interventions For Education

YES

YES

The Education Department, which often remains outside the urban


development framework, needs to get integrated effectively into the
overall planning process.
Develop a common policy and regulatory framework among various
public and private sector providers of education in slum areas.
A clear policy of ear marking funds for education in municipalities
in general.
The emphasis of the Municipal Administration department to be laid
on service delivery by overseeing the quality aspects of planning,
providing and promoting education in urban areas with special
focus on the urban poor
A continuous dialogue between the municipal administered schools
and the education department would go a long way in improving the
condition of municipal school education in the state. Joint meetings
of Secretaries of Municipal Administration and Urban Development
and the Education Department to continuously review, monitor and
plan for the educational needs of urban poor.
04

Orientation of Teachers

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Table 7.14: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans For Horizon Years in Pachore
No

Strategies & Action Plan

2015

2025

2035

Extending academic and pedagogic support to teachers to improve


retention and learning by students in municipal schools
Sensitization programmes for teachers to bridge the social distance
between teachers and the slum dwellers
05

Funding of Municipal Schools

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

YES

Educational tax should be levied by all the municipalities.


The general principle of equalization to be laid down and the state
grants to increase progressively in inverse proportion to the wealth
of the municipality concerned.
The education tax should be a direct tax tacked on to the property
tax at so much per cent on the annual letting value or the capital
value as the case may be.
The rate of the tax in each municipality will have to depend upon the
circumstances of each case.
06

Literacy Campaigns and Operation Restoration


Encompasses the programmes of Total Literacy Campaign (TLC)
and Post Literacy Programme (PLP). Literacy Campaign is the
principal strategy of the National Literacy Mission for eradication of
illiteracy.

07

Community participation fund (Urban Reform)

YES

In order to address these issues, it is proposed that the ULB should


come out with a Community Participation Fund (CPF). The primary
objective of the fund is to catalyse community participation by
supporting the building of community assets. In the long run, this
should lead to increased community participation in the citys
functioning thus enabling them to develop a sense of ownership on
community assets and take on responsibilities for community-based
exercises. One of the central features of accessing the grant from
Centre or state government is to implement mandatory reform
conditions such as Community Participation Law, to enable
constitution of Area Sabhas within municipal wards and Public
Disclosure Law. Implementing this strategy will have a twofold
effects, one being the fulfillment of the reform and two creating
sustainable assets.
2015: (Period: Current to 2015); 2025: (Period: 2015 to 2025); 2035: (Period: 2025 to 2035)
Source: Consultants of the project

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Chapter 8: Environment
The rapid increase in industrial and economic development has led to severe environmental
degradation that undermines the environmental resource base upon which sustainable development
depends. The economics of environmental pollution, depletion and degradation of resources has in
fact been neglected as compared to the issues of growth and expansion.
Urban Environment includes both natural elements as well as built environment. Natural elements
include air, water, land, climate, flora and fauna. The built environment, physical surroundings
constructed or modified for human habitation and activity, encompasses buildings, infrastructure and
urban open spaces. A citys built environment also gives visible form to important historic or
contemporary cultural values. The intersection and overlap of natural environment, built and
socioeconomic environment constitute urban environment. The escalated urbanization, associated
with environmental degradation, has generated a debate on how much urban green space has been lost
due to the urbanization process. Integrated means of addressing the ecological and environmental,
economic and social concerns are still neglected in the framework of development. As a result, large
areas of urban green space are declining rapidly, and causing numerous environmental problems.
However, both environmental awareness and environmental legislation (setting of standards etc.) have
advanced considerably in recent years, but enforcement is lagging almost everywhere.
This chapter establishes the environment baseline situation of PACHORE. It describes the status of
urban environment, quality and services, identifies environmental issues and strategies to address
these issues through CDP.

8.1. Flora and Fauna


In the past, the district of Rajgarh had thick forests. However, during the last 50 years the
forests were degraded. The forest can be divided into four categories: Dry Deciduous Teak
Forests, Foot Hill Teak Forest, Mixed Forest and Bamboo Forest. Teak is the most important
and has the most valorous species of the district. The forests of Rajgarh district afford a large
species of wild animals as birds, panther, wild pigs, nilgai etc.

8.2. Pollution Levels


Air: No record is found about air pollution level in the municipal record because till date no study has
been done. Although data is not available, it is generally believed that there is deterioration of air
quality due to increased motorized vehicular traffic, burning of solid waste, use of coal and cow-dung
for cooking purposes, lack of green belt/buffer zones etc. In addition following factors also contribute
largely to the problem.

Increase in the number of vehicular traffic.

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Poor road condition.

Construction of buildings.

R E P O R T

Water: The quality of water was mentioned in chapter 5 (table 5.1). In terms of quality standards, the
quality of water is considered satisfactory by the Public Health Engineering Department (PHED).
Soil: There is no data available about soil pollution in the town. However, increasing saline land is
being reported in the last years. This kind of problem is caused mainly due widespread use of
fertilizers for agriculture purpose. Good quality of soil is extracted from earth in huge amount due to
brick manufacturing industries. It is inevitable to have an alternate to the economy of the town.

8.3. City Green Spaces


Good quality green space enhances the quality of urban life and contributes to improve health, more
sustainable neighborhood renewal and better community cohesion, especially in more deprived
communities. Green spaces introduce the natural into the urban environment. They offer, especially in
the form of parks and nature preserves, opportunities for recreation, reflection, and relaxation.
At present, PACHORE has no parks which provide space for recreation and relaxation for its citizens.
The actual cover ratio of green spaces is 15%, according to Master Plan. Preserve and enhance the
green areas, parks, gardens, lake-side plantation are mandatory practices for every city. It is important
integrating preservation of environment with the urban growth characteristics. [Please refer the map
section for getting details on open space network and green spaces]

8.4. Water Front Development and Conservation


Due to development and growth of the town, the water resources are facing anthropogenic pressure,
which adversely affects ecological condition. Hence it is necessary to conserve and upgrade water
bodies by adopting suitable environmental measures in the interest of human being as well as for the
proper development of the town. Conservation of water resources is an essential measure for
sustainability.
Moreover, a large area of the state has faced droughts and natural water shortage. The irregular rains
increased acute shortage of fresh water. It is making government and people more and more conscious
about water. And it is necessary to create further efforts towards conservation and management of
water resources.
In PACHORE, the water bodies are some very important water bodies which are deteriorating rapidly
due to increased urbanization.
A successful city cannot operate efficiently in isolation from its environment. It must balance social,
economic and environmental needs. It is therefore important to understand the linkages between urban
development and the natural resources / urban environment. While healthy urban ecosystems provide
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cities with a wide range of services essential for their economic, social and environmental
sustainability, damaged ecosystems have a very negative impact on urban residents, and in particular
on the urban poor. Most importantly, one needs to understand that the environment cuts across all
sectors, income, groups and management areas.

8.5. Existing Environmental Regulations


The main objective of M.P. Pollution Control Board is to maintain water, air and soil in healthy and
usable condition for various purposes. With considerable authority and responsibility under various
environment legislation to prevent the pollution M.P. Pollution Control Board presently looks after
the implementation of following Acts:

Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act,1974

Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977

Air (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Act, 1981

Environment Protection Act ,1986 (certain sections)

Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991

The potential scope of the Act is broad with environment which includes water, air and land and
interrelationship among water, air, land, human beings, other creatures, plants, micro organisms and
property. Section 3(1) of the Act empowers the Center to take all such measures as it seems necessary
or expedient for the purpose of protecting and improving the quality of the environment and
preventing, controlling and abating environmental pollution. Central Government is authorized to set
new national standards for ambient quality of the environment and standards for controlling emissions
and effluent discharges; to regulate industrial locations; to prescribe procedures for managing
hazardous substances; to establish safeguard for preventing accidents; and to collect and disseminate
information regarding environmental pollution.
The EPA was the first environmental statute to give the Central Government authority to issue direct
written orders including orders to close, prohibit or regulate any industry operation or process or to
stop or regulate the supply of electricity, water or any other services (Section 5). Other powers
granted to the Central Government to ensure compliance with the Act include the power of entry for
examination, testing of equipment and other purpose (Section 10) and power to take samples of air,
water, soil or any other substance from any place for analysis (Section 11). The Act explicitly
prohibits discharge of pollutants in excess of prescribed standards (Section 7). There is also a specific
prohibition against handling of hazardous substances except in compliance with regulatory procedures
and discharges (section 8). Persons responsible for discharges of pollutants in excess of prescribed
standards must prevent or mitigate the pollution and must report the discharge to government
authorities (Section 9.1).
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The Act provides for severe penalties. Any person who fails to comply with or contravenes any of the
provisions of the Act, or the rules or directions issued under the Act shall be punished for each failure
or contravention, with a prison term of up to 5 years or a fine up to 1 lakh or both. The Act imposes an
additional fine up to Rs. 5000 for every day of continuing violation (Section 15 (1)). If a failure or
contravention occurs for more than one year after the date of conviction an offender may be punished
with a prison term which may extend to seven years (Section 15 (2)).
The Act empowers the central government to establish standards for the quality of the environment in
its various aspects, including maximum allowable concentration of various environmental pollutants
(including noise) for different areas. These standards could be based on ambient levels of pollutants
which are sufficiently low to protect the public health and welfare. Emission or discharge standards
for particular industries could be adjusted to ensure that such ambient levels are achieved. The
Environment (Protection) Rules, 1986 allow the State or Central authorities to establish more
stringent standards based on recipient system.
The EPA includes a citizens suit provision (Section 19.6) and a provision authorizing the Central
Government to issue orders directly to protect the environment (Section 5). The Central Government
may delegate specified duties and powers under the EPA to any officer, state government or other
authority (Section 23). The Central Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF) is responsible for
making rules to implement the EPA. The Ministry has delegated the powers to carry out enforcement
to the Central and State Pollution Control Boards in the country.
The MoEF has so far enforced several rules and regulations. It has adopted industry specific standards
for effluent discharges and emissions from different categories of industries. The Ministry has also
designated certain state and Central Officials to carry out specified duties under the Act and has
designated specific laboratories for testing the samples of air water and soil obtained under the Act.

8.5.1 Existing Environment Legislations In India


There are several other pieces of legislation that impact on the control of water pollution. A more
complete list is presented in following table.
Table 8.1: Important policies, legal provisions and authorities related to water pollution
Central/State Legal
Provisions

Main Objectives

Constitutional Provisions on Statutory powers conferred on states to make law on water and
sanitation
and
water sanitation
pollution
Policy
Statement
Abatement of
Pollution, 1992

for Suggests developing relevant legislation and regulation, fiscal


incentives, voluntary agreements, educational programs, information
campaigns, need environmental considerations into decision making
at all levels, pollution prevention at source, application of best
practicable solution, ensure polluter pays for control of pollution,
focus on heavily polluted areas and river stretches and involve public

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Table 8.1: Important policies, legal provisions and authorities related to water pollution
Central/State Legal
Provisions

Main Objectives
in decision-making

The National Conservation Promotes judicious and sustainable use of natural resources,
Strategy
and
Policy preservation of biodiversity, land and water
Statement on Environment
and Development, 1992
The National Environment Promotes conservation national resources, protection of wild life and
Policy, 2006
ecosystems, prevention of pollution, reuse and recycling of
wastewater, adoption of clean technology, application of polluter pay
principle and amendment in the existing law from criminal to civil
suit provisions
National Sanitation Policy, Aimed at awareness generation, behaviour change, open defication
2008
free cities, safe disposal of wastes and propoer operation and
maintenance of sanitary installations. It requires different states and
cities to develop their sanitation policies, startegies and goals
The water (Prevention &
Control of Pollution) Cess
Act, 1977, as Amended in
1993 and 2003
Central
Ground
Authority

To charge cess on water consumption for polluting activities to


strengthen the pollution control boards by providing financial support
for equipment and technical personnel and to promote water
conservation by recycling

Water To regulate and control abstraction, development and management of


groundwater resources

The
Public
Liability To provide for public liability- insurance for the purpose of providing
Insurance Act, 1991
immediate relief to the persons affected by accident occurring while
handling any hazardous substance
Hazardous
waste Legislative framework for laws enactment related to storage
(Management and Handling) transport, handling and disposal of hazardous wastes
Rules, 1989
Manufacture, Storage and Rules for manufacture, storage and import of hazardous chemical
import
of
Hazardous
Chemical Rules, 1989
Municipal
Solid
waste Rules for Municipal Solid waste Management at urban cities
(Management and Handling)
Rules, 1999
The National Environment To provide for strict liability for damages arising out of any accident
Tribunal Act, 1995
occurring while handling any hazardous substance and for the
establishment of a National Environment Tribunal for effective and
expeditious disposal of related cases.
Environment
Assessment
1994

Impact To impose restrictions and prohibitions on the expansion and


Notification, modernization of any activity or new projects being undertaken in any
part of India unless environmental clearance has been accorded by
the Central Government or the State Government.

73rd and 74th Constitutional Obliging state governments to constitute Urban Local Bodies (ULBs)
Amendments - Role of Local and transfer responsibility for water supply and sanitation services to
Self Government
them
Municipalities Act, District Complete authority and jurisdiction over all urban amenities,
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Table 8.1: Important policies, legal provisions and authorities related to water pollution
Central/State Legal
Provisions

Main Objectives

Municipalities Act or the including water supply and sanitation with municipality
Nagar Palika Act
Town Planning Act/Urban To establish development and planning authorities, having powers
Development authorities Act over any development activity in the area under their jurisdiction
Source: MoUD, GoI
All the current legal provisions deal with diverse water, wastewater and sanitation services and have
resulted in multiple bodies and jurisdictions in India. However, the sanitation is not covered in a
holistic manner except prohibition of its discharge into water bodies. This section will be dealt in
detail in the next stage of the Report.

8.6. SWOT Analysis


The Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats have been assessed based on the existing
situation analysis and participatory consultation with stakeholders and citizens, see below table:
Table 8.2: SWOT Analysis (Environment) for Pachore (M)
Sector
Environment

Strengths

Weaknesses

Opportunities

Threats

-Good water -No concrete data on


quality
the
urban
environment at ULB
-A river side
city
-No Environmental
development Management Plan

-Infrastructure
-Uncontrolled mining of
projects under marbles and minerals
state
-Uncontrolled movement
government
of heavy vehicles through
-Initiatives
by town.
State
-Infrastructure
-Sewage directly mixing
Government
deficiency
causing
into the water bodies
and Local Body
pollution of major
water bodies

8.7. Issues
Water

Intensive agricultural land use and high dependency on river water for irrigation.

Disposal of sewerage directly into surface drains or surface water bodies pollutes water
resources.

Ground water contamination due to absence of septic tanks in the city, leakages and
overflowing of sewerage pipelines.

Mixing of water and sewerage due to faulty lines.

Increasing number of per capita vehicles.

Air

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Traffic Congestion in the core area creates high level of noise and emissions results in chaotic
environment.

Air pollution has increased in last few years due to increased traffic, cutting of trees, burning
of wood and charcoal in low income areas in urban fringes of the city.

Low Per capital green and open space in the core area.

Increasing saline land.

Erosion of soil from the banks of the water body.

Large-scale and uncontrolled mining of marbles and other minerals leads to deforestation.

Increasing use of Plastic.

Soil

Others

Lack of data on the environment in ULB.

No awareness about the kind of health hazards the pollution brings to the citizens.

No monitoring and evaluation carried out at ULB or State Level.

8.8. City Specific Strategies And Action Plan


The goals and service outcomes for the sector for the period till 2035 are presented in the Table
below.
Table 8.3: Identified Goals Of Improvement For Horizon Years in Pachore
Vision Goals

(Current)

Mandatory
Rainwater
Harvesting in all buildings

2015

Increase Urban Green Cover


Access to recreational and
Green Spaces

Reuse of Recycled Water

2025

2035

50%

100%

15%

25%

35%

25%

50%

100%

50%

100%

2015: (Period: Current to 2015); 2025: (Period: 2015 to 2025); 2035: (Period: 2025 to 2035)
Source: Stakeholders consultation

8.9 Identified Projects For Horizon Years In Pachore


The projects identified for the sector for the period till 2035 are presented in the Table below.

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Table 8.4: Identified Projects For Horizon Years In Pachore


Horizon

Priority

Detail of project

Year
2015

HIGH

Constructing a model project of Decentralised systems19 of Waste


Water Treatment.
Constructing a model project of Rain Water harvesting system.
Conservation of Existing Water Bodies
Construction of Parks and Gardens

2025

MEDIUM

Undertaking a Road Side plantation programme

2035

LOW

Undertaking an Environment Mapping of the town


Undertake training Programmes to sensitize and train officials in
ULB and towards the need for Rain Water Harvesting.

2015: (Period: Current to 2015); 2025: (Period: 2015 to 2025); 2035: (Period: 2025 to 2035)
Source: Consultants of the project

8.10 Proposed Strategies & Action Plans For Horizon Years In


Pachore
The strategies / policies / actions to be undertaken for achieving the Goals and implanting the projects
presented in the Table below.
Table 8.5: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans For Horizon Years in Pachore
No
01

Strategies & Action Plan


-Preservation and Rejuvenation of Water Bodies

2015

2025

2035

YES

Under this programme a study needs to be taken up to identify lakes


and ponds which are polluted in the city. The next step will be to reroute the domestic sewage outfalls, nallahs and chemicals wastes
which are directly discharging into the water bodies. Desilting of
ponds and lakes may be taken up to increase the holding capacity.
Proper catchment treatment is also required to maintain the quality
of water. The following intervention will help in preserving &
Rejuvenation of Water Bodies:
Desiltation project for Major Watder Bodies
Conservation & Preservation of River Nevaj
02

-Urban Greening Plan

YES

YES

YES

A comprehensive plan may be prepared for Protecting the green


cover through changes in land use zoning and creating and
developing parks for that purpose can be considered. This also
indirectly helps in preventing soil erosion mostly near river banks. It

19

It refer to localized applications where uncontaminated wastewater from bath, washbasins, clothes washing etc. is used for non-potable purposes such as for

watering landscape. It can also refer to secondary and tertiary treatment facilities that serve individual homes, apartments and small communities by treating the
wastewater from these areas and allowing them to be reused in the same locality for non-potable purposes such as toilet flushing, washing of floors, watering of
gardens or recharging groundwater supplies through water recharge structures.

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Table 8.5: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans For Horizon Years in Pachore
No

Strategies & Action Plan

2015

2025

2035

Group

Group

Introduce Byelaws on Reuse of Recycled Water20 (Urban Reform)

Group

Group

Group 1: Legal and institutional

is suggested to undertake the following interventions:


Tree Plantation: It is suggested to increase the per capita green
spaces through increasing plantation of trees along major roads and
increase the amount of densification in identified areas.
03

Introduce Mandatory Rainwater Harvesting in all buildings (Urban


Reform)
Group 1:
The Groundwater Zones in the City based on existing knowledge of
Geology, depth to Ground Water Table and existing Groundwater
monitoring data.
Implement Pilot projects in Government and Institutional buildings
to finalize design of Rainwater Harvesting structures (based on
existing knowledge) most suited to the topography and geological
conditions of the City
Identify critical areas and land uses where RWH should be taken up
on immediate basis
Extend implementation of RWH to all land uses including industries,
green areas and transportation (like footpaths)
Group 2:
Prepare draft building byelaws to reflect the mandatory clause of
Rainwater Harvesting.
Widely disseminate the new set of Building Byelaws through a
website that also provides links to other key resources and via
Public Interest advertisements in the mass media.
City Level Workshops to address the queries of general public
Start of Approval as per the new building byelaws
Offer rebate on property tax has been offered as an incentive for
implementing rainwater harvesting systems.
Maintain a digital database of information regarding Ground Water
Scenario and Tube wells in the city.
Provide Separate budgetary allocation for Rain Water Harvesting in
the Municipal Budget.

04

Prepare legal and institutional framework to allow for water reuse


Define roles and responsibilities of agencies/departments
Prepare water reuse byelaws making dual piping; dual plumbing etc
20

Water reuse refers to the practice of capturing and using water discharged or lost by a previous user. Water reuse reforms allow ULBs to ensure dependable

and cost-effective water supply to communities in an environmentally sustainable manner.

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Table 8.5: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans For Horizon Years in Pachore
No

Strategies & Action Plan

2015

2025

2035

mandatory in new property developments


Adopt water reuse byelaws through an ordinance or change in
regulations
Group 2: Operational
Conduct feasibility studies for identifying reuse technologies and
applications
Make water reuse mandatory in new developments all large
buildings with more than 2000 sq.m. area and new layouts shall
implement water reuse
Approval of plans by ULB or planning authority for new
developments shall conform to water reuse regulations
Lead by example ULBs should adopt water recycling in municipal
and other government buildings
Implement monitoring requirements
Conduct public education campaigns and awareness programs in
schools, offices, community spaces
05

Improve Environment Management System

06

Introducing Public
Conservation

Private

Yes

Partnership

in

Environment

Yes

Public-Community Partnerships, by which public agencies and local


communities cooperate in the management of a given environmental
resource, each partner bringing agreed resources, assuming
specified responsibilities, and with defined entitlements, e.g. Joint
Forestry Management.
Public-Private-Voluntary Organization Partnerships, in which the
provision of specified public responsibilities is accomplished on
competitive basis by the private sector, and the provision is
monitored by competitively selected voluntary organizations, e.g.
Build, Own, Operate DEWATS.
07

Air pollution: A city level air pollution management plan can be


formulated to take care of point sources as well as non point sources
of air pollution within the city. In case of stationary and point
sources of pollution like industrial units, enforcement agencies like
State Pollution Control Board may be alerted. In case of small
industries that function under municipal license, the industries may
be asked to switch to cleaner fuel as a condition of renewal of
license. In case of moving and line sources like automobile traffic, if
the cause of pollution is congestion at certain stretches of roads and
intersection, measures like traffic diversion, banning of heavy
vehicle traffic during peak hours, building by passes etc may be
identified in conjunction with roads and traffic component of intramunicipal infrastructure. In case of serious and persistently high
levels of pollution, a proposal for establishing air quality monitoring
station may also be considered.

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YES

YES

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Table 8.5: Proposed Strategies & Action Plans For Horizon Years in Pachore
No

Strategies & Action Plan

2015

2025

2035

08

Noise Pollution: An action plan may be developed based on the


analysis of sources of noise. In case the source of noise pollution is
public loud speakers, applications may be made at the appropriate
levels to enforce restrictions on use during specific hours such as
between 10.00 p.m. and 06.00 a.m. supported by strict enforcement.
Where traffic, particularly hourns, is the source, no horn zone may
be declared and the restriction strictly enforced. Where high speed
traffic on highways is the source, noise barriers may be proposed
particularly near sensitive uses like schools and hospitals.

YES

YES

09

-Water quality: To ensure good quality drinking water supply the


ULBs can have a programme of water quality monitoring at the
main sources, online and at the user end of water supply system,
with help of State Government Agencies. It can also carry out
periodic testing of water quality by procuring low cost kits for field
testing. The major thrust however, should be in the field of
maintenance of the existing infrastructure.

YES

YES

010 Promotion of community awareness and education: Community


awareness with respect to causes and sources of air, water, soil and
noise pollution is important. It is also important that the effects of
environmental pollution and its long term impact be understood by
the community.

YES

011 Soil Pollution: Compliance of the MSW (Management & Handling) YES
Rules, 2000 including identification and selection of landfill sites
and safe disposal of solid waste of the city. Solid Waste Management
to be further improved by segregating the waste and reusing and
recycling the same. For further details please refer to the section on
Solid Waste Management Sector Plan.
012 Undertake a Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)

YES

An ad hoc approach to environmental issues is fragmentary,


expensive and inefficient. Therefore, it is essential to undertake a
Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA).
2015: (Period: Current to 2015); 2025: (Period: 2015 to 2025); 2035: (Period: 2025 to 2035)
Source: Consultant of the Project

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Chapter 9: Existing Institutional Framework for


Development
9.1 Background
Madhya Pradesh is no exception to the general trend obtainable in the country as a whole in the field
of local self-government in the post-independence period, though the state had to face some peculiar
problems arising out of 2 the re-organisation of states in India in 1956 and then in 2000. The new state
of Madhya Pradesh, inherited a diverse legislation and administrative system, varying from the
provincial autonomy of the former Madhya Pradesh, to the central control and direction of Bhopal and
Vindhya Pradesh states which were part C states, prior to their merger in the new state. The
developments in the field of local self-government in different regions comprising the new state did
not manifest a uniform pattern.
The Mahakoshal region which formed a part of the British India had long and well-established
traditions in the field of municipal government, whereas developments in the former states of Bhopal,
Vindhya Pradesh and Madhyabharat which were constituted consequent upon the amalgamation of
princely states, had not taken place on a well-conceived basis. The following Acts were in operation
earlier to the formation of new state of Madhya Pradesh and were also continued in operation till their
replacement by new legislations.
1

The Central Provinces and Berar Municipalities Act, 1922, as amended between 1927 and
1956, applicable to Mahakoshal region

The Jabalpur Municipal Corporation Act, 1948

The Madhyabharat Municipalities Act, 1954

The Vindhya Pradesh State Municipal Act, 1954

The Madhyabharat Municipal Corporation Act, 1954

The Bhopal State Municipal Act, 1955

In July, 1957, the M.P. Government appointed the Local Self-government (Urban) Committee, to
suggest modifications in existing legislations, with a view to bringing about uniformity in the
structure and working of municipalities in the state. The Committee submitted its report in 1959 and
in the light of the recommendations of this committee, the State Government, enacted the following
legislation, replacing the diverse legislations in operation in different parts of the state:
1

The Madhya Pradesh Municipalities Act, 1961

The Madhya Pradesh Municipal Corporation Act, 1956

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The Constitutional amendment Act, 1992, gives local bodies a constitutional status, assigns them a
large number of functions, ensures them stability, provides a suitable framework to function with
greater freedom and also makes institutional arrangements for devolution of larger financial resources.
To meet the constitutional requirements and aspirations, the Madhya Pradesh government made
necessary amendments in the existing legislations relating to local bodies in the state. Under the new
dispensation, three types of urban local bodies have been set up in the state:
1. Municipal corporations to be constituted in large urban areas.
2. Municipal councils for smaller towns.
3. Nagar Panchayats for urban areas (less than 20,000 people). These are transitional areas from rural
to urban.

9.2. Urban Local Body Structure


In India a Nagar Palika or municipality is an urban local body that administers a city of population
200,000 or less. Under the Panchayati Raj system, it interacts directly with the state government,
though it is administratively part of the district it is located in. Generally smaller district cities and
bigger towns have a Nagar Palika. The members of the Nagar Parishad are elected representatives for
a term of five years.
The figure gives a brief outline of PACHORE Nagar Parishad and its administration.
The structure of the ULBs consists of two Wings i.e., the Deliberative Wing and the Executive Wing.

9.2.1 Executive Wing


An elected council comprising of a directly elected President and Ward councilors represents the
Elected Wing. The town is divided into wards according to its population and representatives are
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elected from each ward. One elected councilor represents each Ward. As per the 74th Constitutional
Amendment Act (CAA), A Vice President assists the President and is elected from amongst the
councilors.The term of both, the President and his Deputy, is for a period of 5 years. The
residents/citizens have a key role in defining the development of the city as they identify and elect the
representative for the local body in the city. The citizens have a major role in designing the system.
There is a provision for the reservation in the election process for the councilor. The reservation
details in PACHORE are given in the below table. The Functions and powers of the Elected Wing are
attached in the annexure.
Table 9.1: Reservation Of Post In Pachore Nagar Parishad
Gender

Nos

SC

OBC

6-7

ST

Ladies

General

11 (8M & 3F).

Reservation

7 (5 SC, 2 Ladies)

Source: PACHORE Nagar Palika

9.2.2 Administrative Wing


The Chief Municipal Officer, who is also the executive head of the ULB, heads the administrative
Wing. A chief officer, along with officers like an engineer, sanitary inspector, health officer and
education officer who come from the state public service are appointed by the state government to
control the administrative affairs of the Nagar Parishad. There are about 47 sanctioned post in
PACHORE (M) in which about 36 are been filled and remaining 9 are vacant. There are about 11
Employees engaged on daily basis. The Functions and powers of the Administrative wing are attached
in the annexure.
Table 9.2: Chart Of Post In Pachore Nagar Parishad
Status of post

Nos

Posts filled

36

Posts remaining

Sanctioned post

47

Engaged on daily basis

11

Source: PACHORE Nagar Palika


Various departments under the ULB share the responsibility of service delivery within the ULB. The
functions of various officials/departments, under the Administrative wing, are elucidated hereunder:

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(i) Chief Municipal Officer. The CMO is at the apex of this structure and is responsible for all
activities carried out by the ULB. The CMO is responsible for preparation and certification of all
periodical records, returns and furnishes all information as may from time to time be required by the
Municipal Council or the Standing committees. He is also responsible for preparation of accounts. At
each general meeting, the Commissioner along with some other key officials, discuss various issues
with the elected representatives.
(ii) General Administration Department. This department is responsible for establishment, other
essential matters relating to office, officers, staff and their welfare like preparation of staff pay bills,
registration of birth and death certificates, etc.
(iii) Engineering Department. Engineer heads the Engineering Section and is assisted by assistant
engineers, junior engineers and other staff. This department looks after all the works relating to
execution and maintenance of basic amenities like water supply, storm water drains, internal roads,
street lights, etc. The Engineering department is also responsible for ensuring the quality of works and
their execution within the time frame.
(iv) Revenue and Accounts Department. The department is headed by the CMO and assisted by
Accounts officers, Revenue Officers, and other officers. The Accounts Section is responsible for
supervising all financial transactions related to the ULB, advising the Commissioner on all internal
financial matters, updating financial receipts and expenditure details in accordance with the utilization
of funds, reporting deviations in expenditure of funds in any of the allocated schemes, assisting
preparation of the budget, maintenance of accounts regarding stamp duty, SFC Grants, MP Grants,
maintenance of petty cash book and general cash book and attending to audit requirements and other
such accounts-related duties. Revenue Officer, heading the Revenue Section, is responsible for
collecting taxes such as, trade tax, house tax, advertisement tax, and entertainment tax; collection of
duty; issuing notices for recovery of tax; and monitoring revenue collections of the ULB.
(v) Public Health Engineering Department. The department is headed by Municipal Health Officer,
and is responsible for ULB services such as solid waste management, public health related works like
malaria control, family planning, mother and child health care, etc, and other government assisted
programs related to health and poverty reduction and awareness programs. The Municipal Health
Officer assisted by the Sanitary Inspectors, is responsible for services of solid waste management and
Malaria Control activities. Junior officers are in-charge of works execution at the field level, which
includes monitoring and supervising the work of sanitary labourers in the wards under their charge
and attending to specific local complaints. Besides, this department is responsible for the enforcement
of the Public Health Act. The department is also involved in promotion of health awareness programs
and implements various State and Central assisted schemes like pulse polio project, SJSRY etc.

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9.2.3 Institutions and Capacity of the Urban Local Body


The governance of urban local bodies assumes importance with the adoption of 74 th Constitutional
Amendment Act. The Act proposes mandatory elections and greater devolution of functions to the
urban local bodies. In light of these developments, it is appropriate to review the system of
governance of the project in PACHORE urban area. This element outlines the present structure of the
elected and administration wings of the ULB and deals with issues related to management functions,
operations and reforms.
The functional jurisdictions of these agencies vis--vis the ULB in respect of the main civic services
are shown in the below table.
Table 9.3: Institutional responsibility Matrix, Pachore(M)
Within ULB jurisdiction
Urban infrastructure

Planning
and

Construction

design

Outside ULB
jurisdiction

Operation
and
maintenance

Water Supply

ULB

ULB

ULB

PHED

Sewerage

ULB

ULB

ULB

PHED

Drainage

ULB

ULB

ULB

PHED

Storm Water Drainage

ULB

ULB

ULB

PHED

Solid waste Disposal

ULB

ULB

ULB

NA

Municipal Roads (including flyovers) ULB

ULB

ULB

GoI/
GoMP
(PWD) / HB

Street Lighting

ULB

ULB

ULB

NA

Environment

MPPCB/
EPCO

MPPCB/
EPCO

MPPCB/
ULB

MPPCB/ EPCO

Source: PACHORE (M)

9.3 Department of Housing & Environment, GoMP


The Department of Housing and Environment, Government of Madhya Pradesh has two branches.
The main objectives of the department are as under:
Housing: Under this the works related to housing construction projects, housing projects for
government employees and National Housing Policy, M.P.SthanNiyantranAdhiniyam and
M.P.Prakosthetc are carried out.

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Environment: The main works carried out under the Environment Department mainly relates to land
management, development planning and management, Development of Biological Resources, Control
of Pollution, Environmental Upgradation, Capital Project and works related to capital area.
Development authority: The main works carried out under the department relates to the development
of Urban and special notified areas. The principle department under this is Town & country Planning
Department, Madhya Pradesh VikasPradhikaranSangh, Capital Project Administration.

9.4 Town and Country Planning Department


The Town & Country planning department is governed under M.P. Nagar Thata Gram Nivesh
Adhiniyam 1973 and rules prepared there under e.g. M.P.NagarTatha Gram Nivesh Niyam 1975 and
M.P.Bhumi Vikas Niyam 1984.
The main functions are, preparation of Town Development Plan, Review Evaluation and Modification
of existing Development Plan, Preparation of Regional Development Plan, Monitoring and
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Enforcement of various schemes such as Integrated Development Plan of Small and Medium Towns
(IDSMT) and Urban Infrastructure Development scheme for Small & Medium Towns (UIDSSMT),
Control on unauthorized development in towns and functions of State Nodal Agency for National
Urban Information System Scheme.
T&C P Act 1973 Ammendment, Bhoomi Vikas Niyam, TCP Niyam 1975, TCP - Vyyan- Niyam etc.
are the acts and rules applicable under the department:

9.5. Development Authority


Development Authorities in Madhya Pradesh are incorporated by the Government of the State of
Madhya Pradesh in 1973 in the place of city Improvement Trust (formed in 1924 under the British
Rule) under the Madhya Pradesh Town and Country Planning Act of 1973. The major task of
Development Authority is construction of residential / housing societies but along with that it has
undertaken several development projects like construction of roadways, traffic square areas and also
Lakes & Gardens, etc. Development Authority (DA) is to implement the master plan made by Town
and Country Planning Office, Bhopal. Besides this many other functions are performed by DA, which
includes construction as well as extension of roads, developing gardens, constructing railway over
bridges, building swimming pool, parks, clubs, petrol pump and it also undertakes plantation work to
fulfill its social responsibilities. In this way, DA works towards improving infrastructure facilities in
the city upon which the pace of real estate development depends much.
However in smaller towns like PACHORE such development authority does not exist. ULB is the
only implementing authority of the master plan and development works.

9.6. Public Health Engineering Department


The Public Health Engineering Department performs this essential function. Immunisation and
provision of a hygienic environment are complementary measures towards the prevention of diseases
and promotion of health. The Public Health Engineering Department is an independent department
under Government of Madhya Pradesh. The major activities of the department are enumerated
below:01 Survey, investigation, preparation and execution of water supply schemes for towns &
villages;
02 Survey, investigation, preparation and execution of sewerage and sewage disposal schemes
for towns;
03 Execution of rural sanitation schemes;
04 Supply of safe drinking water at places of Fair;
05 Coordination in prevention of pollution of water bodies due to discharge of industrial wastes;
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06 Giving technical advice to various Government departments and local bodies on Public
Health engineering topics.
PHED has been given the responsibility of planning, design and construction of the water supply,
sewerage and drainage projects since 1995. Under this arrangement, the financial and administrative
sanction for a project comes from the PHED. The assets, however, have to be transferred to the ULB
on completion for operation and maintenance. Though, the PHED staffs works under tile functional
control of the MC, their administrative control remains with the PHED. There is therefore duality here
and accountability is blurred.

9.7. Madhya Pradesh Housing Board


The Madhya Pradesh Housing Board was established as a body corporate under the Madhya Pradesh
Griha Nirman Mandal Adhiniyam, 1972 which replaced the earlier similar Act of 1950. The objective
of Madhya Pradesh Housing Board is to deal with and satisfying the need of housing accommodation
and for matters connected there-with. The principal activity of the Housing Board is to create houses
and housing sites for the people, along with related facilities such as office complexes and
commercial areas and other provision for health, education and cultural amenities.
Madhya Pradesh GrihaNirmanMandalAdhiniyam, 1972, Madhya Pradesh GrihaNirmanMandal
Regulation, 1998, Allotment Rules, State Housing & Habitat Policy 2007 are major acts and policies
which govern the department.

9.8. Madhya Pradesh Pollution Control Board


Madhya Pradesh Pollution Control Board was established on 23rd September, 1974 under the
provisions of Madhya Pradesh State Prevention and Control of Water Pollution Act,1974. Madhya
Pradesh Pollution Control Board was formed under the provisions of section 4 of Water (Prevention
and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974. The Board is also functioning as the State Board under section 5
of the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981.
Apart from the above said Acts, the Board is also enforcing the following Acts &Rules:
1

The Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Cess Act, 1977, and as amended in 1991.

The Water (Prevention & Control of Pollution) Cess Rules, 1978.

The following Rules framed under Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 :


a. Hazardous Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules, 1989, and Amendment Rules 2000.
b. Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemical Rules, 1989.
c. Environmental Impact Assessment Notification, 1994 and 1997.

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d. Bio-Medical Waste (Management & Handling) Rules, 1998, and Amendment Rules
2000.
e. Recycled Plastics Manufacture & Usage Rules, 1999.
f.

The Noise Pollution (Regulation & Control) Rules, 2000.

g. Municipal Solid Wastes (Management & Handling) Rules, 2000.


h. Ozone Depleting Substances (Regulation & Control) Rules, 2000.
i.
4

Batteries (Management and Handling) Rules, 2001

The Public Liability Insurance Act, 1991.

Functions of the Board


The Important functions of the Board under Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974,
and Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981, (Section 17) are:

To plan comprehensive program for the prevention, control or abatement of pollution and
secure executions thereof,

To collect and disseminate information relating to pollution and the prevention, control or
abatement thereof,

To inspect sewage or trade effluent treatment and disposal facilities, and air pollution control
systems and to review plans, specification or any other data relating to the treatment plants,
disposal systems and air pollution control systems in connection with the consent granted,

Supporting and encouraging the developments in the fields of pollution control, waste recycle
reuse, eco-friendly practices etc.

Creation of public awareness about the clean and healthy environment and attending the
public complaints regarding pollution.

To advise the State Government on any matter concerning the prevention, control or
abatement of water pollution and air pollution.

To encourage, conduct and participate in investigations and research relating to problems of


water pollution and prevention, control or abatement of water pollution;

Laydown, modify or annul effluent standards for the sewage and trade effluents

9.9. Other Departments


- Environmental Planning and Coordination Organization (EPCO)

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The Environmental Planning and Coordination Organization (EPCO) was established by the Housing
and. Environment Department of the Government of Madhya Pradesh.
EPCOs responsibility is to assist and advise the State Government on environmental policy and
planning through

The preparation of a comprehensive data-based report on the status of the State's


environment, with regular updating

The appraisal of particular development projects and industrial projects

The study of particular environment problems and the formulation of feasible solutions

The facilitation of expert external inputs, including consultation services, in addition to its
own capacities

Undertaking environmental research and promote it through academic institutions

Undertaking environment sensitive planning by providing comprehensive design services in


architecture, urban and landscape design and environmental graphics.

Coordinating environment related activities and policies of the different agencies of


government and its different levies; to also co-ordinate activities of NGOs and other groups
among themselves and public agencies.

- Lake Conservation Authority


Lake Conservation Authority (LCA) is a successor organization of Bhoj Wetland Project. After
successful implementation of multidisciplinary and mega Bhoj Wetland Project for integrated
conservation and management of picturesque and ecologically important Upper and Lower lakes of
Bhopal funded by Japan Bank for International Cooperation (JBIC), it was realized that water
resources conservation programmes are not an one time activity. To sustain the conservation gains,
efforts have to be continued. Consequently, the State Government has constituted the Lake
Conservation Authority of M.P (MPLCA) as registered society on 20th May 2004 under M.P.
Societies Registration Act 1973 to execute post project conservation and management works of Bhoj
Wetland Project and also to facilitate conservation and management of other water resources of the
entire state in an environmentally sustainable manner with emphasis on public and stakeholders
participation.
The primary objective of LCA is to manage, maintain and conserve lakes, ponds, reservoirs, tanks and
other surface & sub surface water resources such as watercourses, rivers, ground water etc in an
environmentally sustainable manner and promote participation of public and various stakeholders for
sustainable management of water resources. The LCA also provides consultancy services to
institutions on water related issues. LCA has an advisory role to the State Government regarding
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integrated water resource management and for regulation and control of all types of activities, which
are detrimental to the lakes and water bodies.

- Madhya Pradesh VikasPradhikaranSangh


The objective behind the formation of the MPVPS was to provide a forum for the Urban Local bodies
and other developmental agencies to provide technical expertise, technical guidance in project
management, study and research backup through consultancy services. Since it was a body formed
under the aegis of the Government of Madhya Pradesh, it is also ordained to implement the works and
the tasks assigned to it by the Government.
The Govt. of Madhya Pradesh, Housing & Environment Department declared Madhya Pradesh
VikasPradhikaranSangh as Nodal Agency for the IDSMT schemes in the State as per the provisions of
revised guidelines of IDSMT schemes issued by Govt. of India in 1995. VikasPradhikaranSangh is
providing Architectural and Engineering Consultancy to the towns selected under IDSMT scheme and
also monitoring the financial and financial progress of the schemes.

- Capital Administration Project, GoMP


The responsibility of comprehensive development of a city rests with the Housing & Environment
department of the State Government. Under the Housing & Environment department, master plan is
prepared for rural and urban development. According to this the task of city development is taken up.
The CPA headed by the Principal Secretary as the administrator has been set up under the Housing &
Environment department for overall planned and speedy development worthy of capital's splendor.
For proper coordination of various works, a separate forest division has been established under the
Capital Project Administration, besides the engineering departments and in addition one separate
Nazul Officer has also been posted. In accordance with the master plan prepared and land reserved by
the Housing & Environment Department, the CPA undertakes the Construction, development and
maintenance of roads, parks, buildings and further it safeguards and develops the land marked by the
Nazul Officer. Quick decisions and actions are possible as the Principal Secretary being the sole
administrator effectively coordinates and controls all these activities.
In accordance with the master plan prepared and land reserved by the Housing & Environment
Department, the CPA undertakes the Construction, development and maintenance of roads, parks,
buildings and further it safeguards and develops the land marked by the Nazul Officer. Quick
decisions and actions are possible as the Principal Secretary being the sole administrator effectively
coordinates and controls all these activities.

-Disaster Management Institute

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Disaster Management Institute (DMI), Bhopal is one of the leading organizations in the country,
which has attained substantial credibility in imparting professional training and conducting
consultancy services on natural and man-made disasters management. Established in 1987 in the
backdrop of the world's worst-ever industrial disaster (1984) in Bhopal, DMI is an autonomous
organization under the Housing and Environment Department, Government of Madhya Pradesh. This
is the only institute of its kind in the whole country, which is dealing both natural and industrial
disasters.

9.10. Inter - Agency Issues


At present, together with the ULB, there are state agencies also operating in the same urban space,
independently of the ULB. These are the State Housing Board, the Town and Country Planning
Department, etc. Similarly there are central government agencies. The activities of all these agencies
impact on the same or the peripheral urban space, which affect the spatial pattern and future growth
direction.
- ULB and TCPD/ Housing Board: There is a proper co-ordination between ULB / TCPD/ Housing
Board. More importantly, the T&CP makes planning decisions and recommendations, which are
mostly accepted by the MC and only those recommendations are discussed which the MC feels is
inimical to the future growth / development of the city. A similar relationship exists between ULB and
HB. Sometimes there emerge issues relating to Handing,over-taking of assets between the ULB and
the HB.
- ULB and PHED: PHED has been given the responsibility of planning, design and construction of
the water supply, sewerage and drainage projects of the municipal corporations (MC) since 1995.
Under this arrangement, the financial and administrative sanction for a project comes from the PHED.
The assets, however, have to be transferred to the MC on completion for operation and maintenance.
Though, the PHED staffs works under tile functional control of the MC, their administrative control
remains with the PHED. There is therefore duality here which can be sorted out.The current
arrangement between the ULB and PHED is working and it is likely to improve in a better way in the
coming years.
There is therefore a need for (i) clearly defined delegation of authority and responsibilities; (ii)
intensive assistance to ULBs (Urban Local Bodies) / implementing agencies in project planning and
management; (iii) advance action for preparing detailed engineering design (where one is
unavailable); (iv) faster completion of land acquisition and resettlement.

9.11. City Specific Strategies And Action Plan


(A) Goals for Horizon Years
The goals and service outcomes for the horizon period 2010-2035 are presented in the below table
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Table 9.4: Goals for Horizon Years


2011/2012 (Current)

2015

2020

-Computerization of Records.

-Training
and
skill
building initiatives
needs
assessment,
delivery of skill building
activities, other capacity
building initiatives.

2025
-EGovernance
Initiative

-Performance Management at all levels Administrative


linking individual goals and objectives Reforms
to
departmental,
and ultimately
organization goals.
-Management information and decision
support, Managing performance of
organizational sub-units (departments
or zones / wards).
-Tendering, Procurement, Contract
management, materials management.
-Citizen
Interface
Processes

Systems

and

-Realigning
internal -Decentralization
of
municipal Structural
organization structures administration, and synchronization of Reforms
and processes
internal jurisdictions
-Introduce Staffing review
(B) Strategies and Action Plan
The strategies are in alignment of the optional reforms envisaged to be achieved. The reforms
principally include administrative, Structural and E-Governance initiative. The
(I) Administrative Reforms
-Personnel Management Systems, comprising - staff deployment, leave, payroll, personnel
administration, hiring and contracting, transfers, grievance management (Administrative
Reforms)
The objective of the strategy is to achieve Efficient deployment of available staff, Satisfied personnel,
higher productivity, Transparency and fairness in dealing on personnel matters, Effective and efficient
administration of personnel Function etc.

Computerize payroll management, timely and direct transfer of salaries and wages, including
contract staff payments

Review and simplify all employment and service rules related to all cadre and staff levels of
municipal employees. Make amendments to reflect current realities of managing municipal
staff.

Aligned to the employment service rules (modified), prepare and disseminate a HR policy for
all municipal staff.

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Bring transparency in all systems related to transfers, promotions and wage increments. Share
widely the processes that are adopted.

-Training and skill building initiatives needs assessment, delivery of skill building activities,
other capacity building initiatives (Administrative Reforms)
The objective of the strategy is to enhance capacity of municipal staff to deal with increasing scale
and changing complexities of municipal functions. This can be achieved through following actions:

Undertake training needs assessment for all staff. This need assessment should be integrated
with annual departmental review, and individual performance review (for mid & senior
officers).

Tie-up with State-level and other institutions for periodic delivery of training, related to job
skills, hands-on training, etc. Build certain level of in-house training delivery capacity.

Organize other capacity building initiatives, such as: exposure visits / study tours to other
ULBs within India / abroad (for large cities); dissemination of literature and multi-media
material; visits and close working with experts, counter-parts from other ULBs, technical
consultants, etc.

Within ULBs, build team working through team projects; sharing of experiences across
departments / zones / wards; problem-solving workshops anchored by senior officers; etc.

Incentivize

training

participation,

self-learning

initiatives

of

accredited

courses,

documentation and sharing of experiences.


Performance Management at all levels linking individual goals and objectives to
departmental, and ultimately organization goals (Administrative Reforms)
The objective of the strategy is to Generate desired service delivery outcomes through individual and
department level performance. This is achieved through the following measures:

Aligned to the overall development plans of the ULB, specific targets of performance are set
for each department. Similarly service delivery targets are set for each zone / ward.
Performance measurement of senior officers heading the departments / zones / wards is
directly linked to these targets.

The system of Annual Confidential Report (ACR) should be improvised within the
framework of rules. The method of assessment should be made very objective, laying down
performance areas and sub-areas. Expectations of performance should be discussed at
periodic intervals.

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Citizen feedback is inbuilt into performance review of all departments / functions that have
citizen interface.

Performance targets, and accomplishment of performance at departmental level / geographic


jurisdiction level (zone / ward), is widely communicated within the ULB. This should instill a
sense of healthy competition and pride in achieving the set targets.

Within the framework provided by the service rules, a system of incentives / rewards for good
performance should be instituted.

-Management information and decision support, Managing performance of organisational subunits (departments or zones / wards) (Administrative Reforms)
The objective of the strategy is to Enable transparent and efficient allocation of scarce resources to
those functions / areas (physical spaces within the city) which are more deserving, Ability to isolate
poor performance to infrastructure deficiency, poor O&M, poor management, etc., and thereby take
appropriate decisions. This is achieved through the following measures:

The Council of the ULB should pass a resolution to adopt Standardised Service Level
Benchmarks (SSLBs), defined by the Ministry of Urban Development. Adoption of SSLBs by
the ULB implies, setting up systems to periodically measure and report service level
performance indicators. The reliability, independence and therefore credibility of the
measurement systems are improved over period of time.

Additional indicators that reveal operating performance of the ULB should be defined,
measured and reported.

Systems to periodically place the performance indicators before decision makers. For e.g.
CMO / President and print in local media, etc.

Periodic review systems take stock of performance, remedial action and operational decisions
are initiated on that basis. Decisions related to budget allocation, prioritisation of projects,
staff deployment, etc. are guided by intra-city disparity in service levels.

-Tendering, Procurement, Contract management, materials management (Administrative


Reforms)
The objective of the strategy is to Reduce time and cost in implementing projects, Balanced contracts,
leading to more credible suppliers and improved quality in delivery. This is achieved through the
following measures:

Systems for periodic review of contracts, third party inspection and monitoring of project
implementation, quality control during construction. Maintenance of records and project
documents a site.

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Institutionalise systems for empanelment, pre-qualification and other methods to cut-down


procurement cycle time.

Institutionalise systems for wider dissemination of all tenders (including e-tenders), foster
competition and provide level playing field for all competent vendors.

Introduce measures to ensure all tenders for procurement of goods / services have clear
technically specifications, quality and delivery standards laid down. Commercial terms and
conditions are balanced, unambigous and incentivises speedy implementation.

-Citizen Interface Systems and Processes (Administrative Reforms)


Citizen has ease and convenience of single point contact, irrespective of multiple institutions and
backend processes. This may include the following:

Provide point of citizen interface at vantage locations across city, a minimum of one in each
ward. Interface should be direct contact with trained personnel, and through IT interfaces such
as touch screens, kiosks, signages and instruction boards, etc.

Leverage technology to provide multiple services (tax returns, paying user charges, birth &
deaths registration, building plan permissions, citizen complaints, etc.), through single
terminal, and citizen database integrated at back end.

Rope in other citizen services and utilities (electricity utility, Telecom Company, post office,
courier services, etc.) to enhance economies of scale, and higher level of convergence for
citizens.

Define and maintain standards of services rendered through such centres. Involve private
sector and sustain through revenue model built on transaction fee concept.

Accessibility should include accessibility of elected representatives to their citizens (at both
area sabha and ward levels), and accessibility of officials to citizen representatives.

(II) Structural Reforms


-Decentralisation of municipal administration, and synchronisation of internal jurisdictions
(Structural Reforms)
This will include the following activities:

All sub-ULB jurisdictions (electoral wards, zones, engineering circles, etc.) should be
represented spatially on the city map. Examine the extent of incongruity.

Identify bottlenecks to merging boundaries. For network services (water supply, sewerage,
SWM) the network design, and logistics may pose peculiar problems in some places. Resolve
these problems one by one (introduce intermediate metering in case of water supply, or club
more than one ward to constitute a zone, etc.).

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Transfer adequate powers to zonal administrative and engineering heads, to take decisions for
uninterrupted operations.

Strengthening of Ward offices for effective monitoring of Municipal administration.

Formulation of Ward Committees to strengthen the ground level management.

-Realigning internal organisation structures and processes (Structural Reforms)


This will include the following activities:

Review deployment of operations staff, and realign with new jurisdictions. Alter reporting
relationships where necessary.

Review flow of information regarding operations from field to Zonal office / Head of Dept.
Make appropriate changes.

Provide information swiftly to municipal staff, citizens and all other stakeholders about the
change in boundaries. Communicate widely through maps and charts, with adequate level of
detail (scale not more than 1:1000).

Provide training to all municipal staff about the revised structures, reporting lines.

-Introduce Staffing review (Structural Reforms)


This will include the following activities:

Undertake indepth review of staffing patterns in the ULB, covering staff in position,
vacancies, sanctioned posts, etc. Examine skill and experience profile. Compare with norms.
Examine ageing profile and examine superannuation rate (by department, level and skill
base).

Conduct interviews, time and motion studies, and undertake other measures to identify
number of personnel required for the job. Also project increase / decrease in requirement if
any. Focus on field level service delivery functions, citizen interface points and administrative
support roles.

Analyse skill availability Vs requirement, to lead to identification of gaps and redundancies.


Prepare redeployment plan to bridge gaps and eliminate redundancies.

Examine span of control, reporting hierarchy and adequacy of decision-making staff at all
levels. Many a times, the Commissioner has a large span of control, with some minor
departments such as Nursery / Urban Forestry directly reporting to the CMO. These
departments never get adequate attention, and consequently performance and effectiveness of
the department suffers.

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Abolish redundant posts, many of which would have lost relevance.

If gaps still remain, explore options of outsourcing staff on contract basis, or outsourcing the
activity itself. Many functions can be taken up under PPP, reducing the staffing burden of the
ULB.

Prepare a detailed and timebound transition plan, with small incremental steps being taken up
every day.

Communicate the plan, and hold detailed dialogue with staff unions, counsel them and all
staff being redeployment on individual basis.

Take up measures for people to take pride in new role, improve hygiene factors and work
conditions such as providing proper working spaces, uniforms, tools and devices,
communication devices, etc. Often these minor issues are neglected, which snowball into
larger issues, making transition difficult.

As structural changes are very fundamental and often face resistance, the President and CMO
should take lead responsibility in implementation at ULB level. The leader of opposition should
also be engaged in implementing the changes.
Responsibilities will include:

Preparing detailed implementation plan

Designing the revised organisation structures, processes/ procedures / reporting formats and
forms, etc.

Providing orientation training to concerned staff

Liason with DLB / State Government for appropriate approvals

Seeking internal approvals for budgets to implement these administrative reforms, and
monitoring related spending

Periodic monitoring of tasks, identifying constraints / problems and resolving them

Playing role of counterpart staff to external experts / consultants deployed to advise and guide
the structural reforms.

(III) Others
-Citizen Charter
A Citizens Charter is the expression of an understanding between the citizen and the public service
providers about the quantity and quality of services citizens receive in exchange for their taxes. It is
essentially about the rights of the public and the obligations of the public servants. As public services
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are funded by citizens, either directly or indirectly through taxes, they have the right to expect a
particular quality of service that is responsive to their needs and is provided efficiently at a reasonable
cost. The Citizens Charter is a written, voluntary declaration by service providers about their service
standards, choice, accessibility, non-discrimination, transparency and accountability. It should be in
accord with the expectations of citizens. Therefore, it is a useful way of defining with users and others
what service should be and what standards to expect. A further rationale for the Charters is to help
change the mindset of the public official from someone with power over the public to someone with a
care of duty in spending the publics taxes and in providing them with necessary services. This goal
should be immediately setup.
-E-Governance
With increased emphasis on e-governance, information technology is playing an important role in
reforming the cumbersome government processes. On-line transaction processing facilities are
available to citizens including payment of utility bills such as electricity bills, water and sewerage
charges, property tax, trade licensing fee, telephone bills, issue of certificates such as birth and death,
issue of permits and licenses such as learners license, driving license, etc. These services, available
on 24X7 basis at Citizen Service Centres, banks and web portal, include birth and death certificates,
trade license, property tax, advertisement fee and market rent payment, civic works information,
house numbering, suppliers and contractors payments, etc. These projects are instrumental in creating
a new municipal culture of citizen-friendly service provision. It is essential to build e-capabilities of
municipal governments to simplify corruption-prone municipal processes and improve their
functioning. This goal should be achieved by 2035.
-Community Participation
It is being increasingly realized that communities have little capacity to participate. Providing the
platform for participation is only one aspect of enabling community participation; the other is to
ensure that communities have capacity to fully utilize these spaces, and participate meaningfully. In
order to address these issues, ULB should:

Come out with a Community Participation Fund (CPF) in similar lines with JNNURM. The
primary objective of the fund is to catalyse community participation by supporting the
building of community assets.

Identify and implement a number of pilot projects to take forward agreed approaches to
increase effective Community participation through formulation of CBO and Capital projects.
This provision should be thought immediately. Further by 2015 the state should ensure
enforcement of community participation law.

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Identify means to develop and improve participatory approaches in policy making, planning,
resource allocation and monitoring;

Develop Community projects after achieving financial sustainability.

-Effective service provision


For effective service provision, the following activities shall apply (i) asset ownership; (ii) asset
planning, design and creation; (iii) asset maintenance; (iv) cost recovery and tariff structures; (v) cost
recovery (billing and collection); (vi) legislative support; and (vii) resource provision. Stakeholder
institutions will play a critical and constructive role in supporting Project ULBs in undertaking the
aforesaid activities. Provision of adequate technical assistance and implementing capacity-building
measures will constitute important responsibilities considering the capacity of the agency with regard
to implementing large and integrated urban infrastructure development projects.
- Preparation of Detailed Project Report
A Detailed Project Report (DPR) is integral to the creation of quality infrastructure essential for
sustained urban growth and enhanced access to basic services. A Detailed Project Report involves
generation of a comprehensive document regarding a sector project (i.e. Water Supply Augmentation)
which shall serve as a basis for investment decision-making, approval of plans and designs, project
planning, and implementation scheduling for all types of infrastructure projects.
Undoubtedly, a DPR entails a meticulous process of preparing information such as overall assessment
of a particular infrastructure, baseline information of the beneficiaries (user categories and urban poor
accessibility), list of capital expenditure support for a particular sector from other schemes, cost
recovery mechanisms, existing relationship and collaboration with private sector and full information
on capital spending and other pertinent details.
Above and beyond the mentioned criteria, the quality and strength of a DPR comes from its
relationship with the City Development Plan (CDP). Essentially, a DPR should take into account the
various development plans proposed for sector infrastructure in the CDP and must also rationalize
how the project supports the priorities identified hereto. Needless to mention, the preparation of a City
Development Plan is a milestone reform made under the JNNURM as it supports a participatory and
sound decision-making process based on a consultation-driven and research-supported process in
addressing city issues on a priority basis.
Box 9.1
In the case of PACHORE, DPRs for sector projects have already been prepared prior to the
completion of the CDP
The table presented shows the Status of the DPRs for Urban Services in PACHORE Except for
Housing, DPRs for almost all sectors have already been made

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However, upon careful analysis and review reports, various areas for revision and preparation have
been identified including the population projections and demand calculation as they have not been
worked against the CDP. Moreover, the DPRs should be amended in line with the proposed sector
developments made in the CDP to ensure cost-effectiveness and sustainability of the projects

Table 9.5: Status of DPR for Urban Services


Status of DPR
Urban infrastructure

Remarks

Preparation

Sanctioning

Present

(Y/N)

(Y/N)

Status

Water Supply

Sewerage

Storm Water Drainage

Solid waste Disposal

No

Roads

Housing

Under
Preparation

No

Environment /

Water Conservation
Source: PACHORE (M)

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Chapter 10: Overview Of Municipal Finance


Of Pachore
In line with the recognition of the role of local governments in a participatory process of decisionmaking, a number of responsibilities concerning delivery of basic services as well as the provision,
maintenance and improvement of physical and social infrastructure have been devolved to Urban
Local Bodies. In order to fulfill their roles at satisfactory levels, the ULBs have been empowered to
levy certain taxes and fees with the introduction of 74th Constitutional Amendment Act, in an attempt
to make the ULBs financially strong to perform certain additional functions listed in the Twelfth
Schedule. The state governments have brought in these taxation provisions for the ULBs either
through introduction of new Municipal Acts or amendment of the existing ones.
Moreover, the fiscal domain of municipal governments in India includes a wide array of tax and nontax revenue sources. Specifically, the sources of income for the ULB are tax revenues on water,
houses, markets, entertainment and vehicles paid by residents of the town, among others. In case of
PACHORE , the ULB receive funds from the State Government in the form of grants-in-aid for
various long-term and special projects and events.
However, due to the unprecedented demand for existing services and infrastructure, municipal bodies
are at constant pressure to increase revenues to cover capital investments, revenue expenditure and at
the same time maintain surplus for creating assets in the future. Particularly, the ULB is responsible
for a range of sector functions which include, among others, Water Supply, Sanitation, Storm Water
& Solid Waste Management, Hospitals, Roads, Street lighting, Drainage, Fire Brigade, Market Places,
etc.
Moreover, the fiscal domain of municipal governments in India includes a wide array of tax and nontax revenue sources. Specifically, the sources of income for the ULB are tax revenues on water,
houses, markets, entertainment and vehicles paid by residents of the town, among others. In case of
PACHORE, the ULB receive funds from the State Government in the form of grants-in-aid for
various long-term and special projects and events.
Furthermore, even with the vested liberty to introduce taxation and fees on various services,
municipal bodies are still confronted by a difficult situation as local resources and mechanisms for
revenue generation are not commensurate to the increasing requirements for sustaining urban growth.
The roots of depletion of financial resources are varied and embedded in larger political, social and
cultural contexts. Poor planning and inefficient management practices, lack of coordination and
evaluation processes, weak and even non-existent internal and public information system, poor staff
and unclear responsibility designation, corruption and other undesirable institutional practices are
some of the factors which weaken and hamper the financial performance of the ULBs.
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With the aforementioned concerns, it is needless to emphasize that an evaluation of the municipal
finance of a town is indispensable to analyzing the relationship of its financial performance and
quality of services delivery. The analysis of the same is essential in identifying areas which need to be
improved and alternative sources of revenue for the town.

10.1 Overview Of Municipal Finance In Pachore


In analyzing the financial condition of PACHORE, all the three to five-year budget copies were made
available but still the figures of the income and expenditure are extracted. In what follows, an analysis
of the existing financial situation of PACHORE involved in the execution and maintenance of
municipal infrastructure works shall be presented. The analysis has been undertaken with respect to
the trends in the revenue and expenditure of the ULB. Data collected from the annual accounts of the
ULB have been compiled and analyzed under 2 categories: Revenue Account and Capital Account.
Table 10.1: Overview of Municipal Finance of Pachore
FINANCIAL YEAR
No
.

Major
Account Head

2005-2006
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2006-2007
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2007-2008
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2008-2009
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2009-2010
(Rs. In
Lacs)

Average
(Rs. In
Lacs)

A. Revenue Account
93.09
(SC)59.9%

132.98
(GR)42.9
%
(SC)59.9%

166.23
(GR)25.0
%
(SC)59.9%

216.10
(GR)30.0
%
(SC)59.9%

259.31
(GR)20.0
%
(SC)59.9%

173.5
(GR)29.5
%
(SC)59.9%

180.73
(GR)20.0
%
(SC)70.3%

234.94
(GR)30.0
%
(SC)70.3%

281.93
(GR)20.0
%
(SC)70.3%

190.7
(GR)28.2
%
(SC)70.3%

-14.50

-18.85

-22.62

-17.2

REVENUE
INCOME

REVENUE
EXPENDITU
RE

105.42
(SC)70.3%

150.60
(GR)42.9
%
(SC)70.3%

STATUS OF
REVENUE
ACCOUNT

-12.34

-17.62

B. Capital Account
4

CAPITAL
RECEIPTS

62.19
(SC)40.1%

88.84
(GR)42.9
%
(SC)40.1%

111.05
(GR)25.0
%
(SC)40.1%

144.36
(GR)30.0
%
(SC)40.1%

173.24
(GR)20.0
%
(SC)40.1%

115.9
(GR)29.5
%
(SC)40.1%

CAPITAL
EXPENDITU
RE

44.46
(SC)29.7%

63.51
(GR)42.9
%
(SC)29.7%

76.21
(GR)20.0
%
(SC)29.7%

99.07
(GR)30.0
%
(SC)29.7%

118.89
(GR)20.0
%
(SC)29.7%

80.4
(GR)28.2
%
(SC)29.7%

STATUS OF
CAPITAL
ACCOUNT

17.73

25.33

34.84

45.29

54.35

35.5

360.46

432.55

289.5

C. Overall Account
7

Total Income

155.28

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221.82

277.28

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Table 10.1: Overview of Municipal Finance of Pachore


FINANCIAL YEAR
No
.

Major
Account Head

2005-2006
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2006-2007
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2007-2008
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2008-2009
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2009-2010
(Rs. In
Lacs)

Average
(Rs. In
Lacs)

(Revenue plus
Capital)

(SC)100.0
%

(GR)42.9
%
(SC)100.0
%

(GR)25.0
%
(SC)100.0
%

(GR)30.0
%
(SC)100.0
%

(GR)20.0
%
(SC)100.0
%

(GR)29.5
%
(SC)100.0
%

Total
Expenditure
(Revenue plus
Capital)

149.88
(SC)100.0
%

214.11
(GR)42.9
%
(SC)100.0
%

256.94
(GR)20.0
%
(SC)100.0
%

334.01
(GR)30.0
%
(SC)100.0
%

400.82
(GR)20.0
%
(SC)100.0
%

271.2
(GR)28.2
%
(SC)100.0
%

Overall Status
Surplus
/
Deficit

5.39

7.71

20.34

26.44

31.73

18.3

Source: Analysis of the Consultant


GR-Growth Rate;
SC-Sectoral Share;
The following key analysis can be summarized from the table above for the overall income and
expenditure patterns
Total
(Revenue
Capital)

Income Total annual Income has increased from Rs.155.28 Lacs in 2005-2006 to
and Rs.432.55 Lacs in 2009-2010 with a CAGR of 29.19%.
The ratio of Revenue Income to the Capital Income has over the years from
2005-2006 to 2009-2010 It was 1.5 in 2005-2006 which moved up to 1.5 in
2009-2010.
Out of the 5 years, Revenue Income was higher than capital Income in 5
Years, no year showed higher capital Income.

Total Expenditure Total annual Expenditure has increased from Rs.149.88 Lacs in 2005-2006 to
(Revenue
and Rs.400.82 Lacs in 2009-2010 with a CAGR of 27.88%.
Capital)
The ratio of Revenue Expenditure to the Capital Expenditure has over the
years from 2005-2006 to 2009-2010 It was 2.4 in 2005-2006 which moved up
to 2.4 in 2009-2010.
Out of the 5 years, Revenue Expenditure was higher than capital Expenditure
in 5 Years, no year showed higher cpital Expenditure.
Revenue
Account Total annual Revenue Income has increased from Rs.93.09 Lacs in 2005-2006
(Revenue
Income to Rs.259.31 Lacs in 2009-2010 with a CAGR of 29.19%.
and
Revenue
Revenue Expenditure has increased from Rs.105.42 Lacs in 2005-2006 to
Expenditure)
Rs.281.93 Lacs in 2009-2010 with a CAGR of 27.88%.
Ratio of Revenue income to the Revenue expenditure was higher in the year
,2009-2010 (0.9) ,2008-2009 (0.9) ,2007-2008 (0.9).
Capital
Account Total annual Capital Income has increased from Rs.62.19 Lacs in 2005-2006
(Capital Income and
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Capital
Expenditure)

R E P O R T

to Rs.173.24 Lacs in 2009-2010 with a CAGR of 29.19%.


Capital Expenditure has increased from Rs.44.46 Lacs in 2005-2006 to
Rs.118.89 Lacs in 2009-2010 with a CAGR of 27.88%.
Ratio of Capital income to the Capital expenditure was higher in the year
,2009-2010 (1.5) ,2008-2009 (1.5) ,2007-2008 (1.5).

Surplus / Deficit

Overall Account: Out of the 5 years, 5 years showed a surplus


account.(Average: 18.3 Lacs). No year showed a deficit account.
Revenue Account: Out of the 5 years, 0 years showed a surplus
account.(Average: 0.0 Lacs). Year 2005-2006(Deficit:-12.34), 20062007(Deficit:-17.62), 2007-2008(Deficit:-14.50), 2008-2009(Deficit:-18.85),
2009-2010(Deficit:-22.62) showed a deficit account.
Capital Account: Out of the 5 years, 5 years showed a surplus
account.(Average: 35.5 Lacs). No year showed a deficit account.

However, an analysis of the Revenue and Capital Account of the town is imperative in properly
assessing the financial performance of the town in terms of the soundness of their income generation
activities and allocation system for various sector projects. An assessment of the Municipal Fiscal
Status on Revenue and Capital Accounts is crucial to understanding surplus and deficits created in a
more systematic manner.

10.2 Revenue Account Of Pachore


10.2.1 Revenue Income
The Revenue Account for the municipal finance consists of operating Revenue Income and Revenue
Expenditure items of the town. They refer to financial transactions for recurring items or those related
to daily operations of the town. The following Table gives a highlight of the overall compositional
share of various revenue income heads of the town.
Table 10.2: Composition of Revenue Income of Pachore
No
.

Major
Account
Head

FINANCIAL YEAR
2005-2006
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2006-2007
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2007-2008
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2008-2009
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2009-2010
(Rs. In
Lacs)

Average
(Rs. In
Lacs)

A1

Rates
and
Tax Revenue

13.48
(SC)14.5
%

19.25
(GR)42.9
%
(SC)14.5%

24.07
(GR)25.0
%
(SC)14.5%

31.28
(GR)30.0
%
(SC)14.5%

37.54
(GR)20.0
%
(SC)14.5%

25.1
(GR)29.5
%
(SC)14.5%

A2

Assigned
Revenues &
Compensatio
n

47.01
(SC)50.5
%

67.16
(GR)42.9
%
(SC)50.5%

83.95
(GR)25.0
%
(SC)50.5%

109.13
(GR)30.0
%
(SC)50.5%

130.96
(GR)20.0
%
(SC)50.5%

87.6
(GR)29.5
%
(SC)50.5%

A3

Rental
Income from
Municipal
Properties

18.85
(SC)20.2
%

26.92
(GR)42.9
%
(SC)20.2%

33.65
(GR)25.0
%
(SC)20.2%

43.75
(GR)30.0
%
(SC)20.2%

52.50
(GR)20.0
%
(SC)20.2%

35.1
(GR)29.5
%
(SC)20.2%

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Table 10.2: Composition of Revenue Income of Pachore


No
.

Major
Account
Head

FINANCIAL YEAR
2005-2006
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2006-2007
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2007-2008
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2008-2009
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2009-2010
(Rs. In
Lacs)

Average
(Rs. In
Lacs)

A4

Fees & User


Charges

13.39
(SC)14.4
%

19.13
(GR)42.9
%
(SC)14.4%

23.92
(GR)25.0
%
(SC)14.4%

31.09
(GR)30.0
%
(SC)14.4%

37.31
(GR)20.0
%
(SC)14.4%

25.0
(GR)29.5
%
(SC)14.4%

A5

Income from
Investment

0.00
(SC)0.0%

0.01
(GR)42.9
%
(SC)0.0%

0.01
(GR)25.0
%
(SC)0.0%

0.01
(GR)30.0
%
(SC)0.0%

0.01
(GR)20.0
%
(SC)0.0%

0.0
(GR)29.5
%
(SC)0.0%

A6

Interest
Earned

0.36
(SC)0.4%

0.51
(GR)42.9
%
(SC)0.4%

0.64
(GR)25.0
%
(SC)0.4%

0.83
(GR)30.0
%
(SC)0.4%

0.99
(GR)20.0
%
(SC)0.4%

0.7
(GR)29.5
%
(SC)0.4%

Source: Analysis of the Consultant


GR-Growth Rate; SC-Sectoral Share; SC w.r.t to Revenue Income
The following Analysis can be drawn from the above table:Rates and Tax Revenue

Revenue Income has increased from Rs.13.48 Lacs in 2005-2006 to


Rs.37.54 Lacs in 2009-2010 with a CAGR of 29.18%.
The average Sectoral Share is around 14.5%.

Assigned
Revenues
Compensation

& Revenue Income has increased from Rs.47.01 Lacs in 2005-2006 to


Rs.130.96 Lacs in 2009-2010 with a CAGR of 29.19%.
The average Sectoral Share is around 50.5%.

Rental
Income
Municipal Properties

from Revenue Income has increased from Rs.18.85 Lacs in 2005-2006 to


Rs.52.50 Lacs in 2009-2010 with a CAGR of 29.18%.
The average Sectoral Share is around 20.2%.

Fees & User Charges

Revenue Income has increased from Rs.13.39 Lacs in 2005-2006 to


Rs.37.31 Lacs in 2009-2010 with a CAGR of 29.20%.
The average Sectoral Share is around 14.4%.

Income from Investment

Revenue Income has increased from Rs.0.00 Lacs in 2005-2006 to


Rs.0.01 Lacs in 2009-2010 with a CAGR of -100.00%.
The average Sectoral Share is around 0.0%.

Interest Earned

Revenue Income has increased from Rs.0.36 Lacs in 2005-2006 to


Rs.0.99 Lacs in 2009-2010 with a CAGR of 28.78%.
The average Sectoral Share is around 0.4%.

With respect to different components of Revenue Income, the following classifications of various
income sources can be adjudged.

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Details

Average
Sectoral
share
w.r.t

100%

R E P O R T

75%
to
100%

50% to 75%

25% to
50%

Less than
25%

Revenue
Income
Rates and Tax (CAGR)
Revenue
29.18%
Average
(SC)
14.5%

Other
Taxes
(58.0%),

Property
(20.1%),
Water
(18.5%),
Vehicle
(2.9%),
Sewerage
(0.3%),
Lighting
(0.1%),

tax
Tax
Tax
Tax
Tax

Assigned
(CAGR)
Revenues
& 29.19%
Compensation
Average
(SC)
50.5%

Compensation
in lieu of Taxes
&
Duties
(72.1%),

Rental
Income (CAGR)
from Municipal 29.18%
Properties
Average
(SC)
20.2%

Other
Rents Rent from Rent
from
(66.1%),
Civic
lease of lands
Amenities
(2.2%),
(31.6%),

Fees &
Charges

User (CAGR)
29.20%
Average
(SC)
14.4%

Taxes
&
Duites
Collected
by Others
(27.9%),

User
Charges
(40.6%),

Regularisation
Fees (23.2%),
Penalties and
Fines
(20.1%),
Other
Fees
(10.0%),
Development
Charges
(4.6%),
Other
Charges
(1.4%),

Income
from (CAGR) - Interest
Investment
100.00%
(100.0%),
Average
(SC) 0.0%
Interest Earned

(CAGR)
28.78%
Average
(SC) 0.4%

Interest
from Bank
Accounts
(100.0%),

10.2.2 Revenue Expenditure

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R E P O R T

Revenue Expenditure of ULB mainly comprises of Establishment Expenses/ Administrative


Expenses, Operations and Maintenance Expenses and Miscellaneous Expenses. The Revenue
Expenditure for the last 3 to 5 years in various sectors are summarized in the following Picture.
Table 10.3: Composition of Revenue Expenditure of Pachore
No
.

Major
Account
Head

B1

FINANCIAL YEAR
2005-2006
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2006-2007
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2007-2008
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2008-2009
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2009-2010
(Rs. In
Lacs)

Average
(Rs. In
Lacs)

Establishment
Expenses

18.89
(SC)17.9
%

26.99
(GR)42.9
%
(SC)17.9%

32.39
(GR)20.0
%
(SC)17.9%

42.10
(GR)30.0
%
(SC)17.9%

50.52
(GR)20.0
%
(SC)17.9%

34.2
(GR)28.2
%
(SC)17.9%

B2

Administrativ
e Expenses

11.84
(SC)11.2
%

16.92
(GR)42.9
%
(SC)11.2%

20.30
(GR)20.0
%
(SC)11.2%

26.39
(GR)30.0
%
(SC)11.2%

31.67
(GR)20.0
%
(SC)11.2%

21.4
(GR)28.2
%
(SC)11.2%

B3

Operations &
Maintenance

69.54
(SC)66.0
%

99.34
(GR)42.9
%
(SC)66.0%

119.20
(GR)20.0
%
(SC)66.0%

154.96
(GR)30.0
%
(SC)66.0%

185.96
(GR)20.0
%
(SC)66.0%

125.8
(GR)28.2
%
(SC)66.0%

B4

Interest
Finance
Charges

5.15
(SC)4.9%

7.36
(GR)42.9
%
(SC)4.9%

8.83
(GR)20.0
%
(SC)4.9%

11.48
(GR)30.0
%
(SC)4.9%

13.78
(GR)20.0
%
(SC)4.9%

9.3
(GR)28.2
%
(SC)4.9%

&

Source: Analysis of the Consultant


GR-Growth Rate; SC-Sectoral Share; SC w.r.t to Revenue Income
The following Analysis can be drawn from the above table:Establishment
Expenses

Revenue Expenditure has increased from Rs.18.89 Lacs in 2005-2006 to


Rs.50.52 Lacs in 2009-2010 with a CAGR of 27.88%.
The average Sectoral Share is around 17.9%.

Administrative
Expenses

Revenue Expenditure has increased from Rs.11.84 Lacs in 2005-2006 to


Rs.31.67 Lacs in 2009-2010 with a CAGR of 27.89%.
The average Sectoral Share is around 11.2%.

Operations
Maintenance

& Revenue Expenditure has increased from Rs.69.54 Lacs in 2005-2006 to


Rs.185.96 Lacs in 2009-2010 with a CAGR of 27.88%.
The average Sectoral Share is around 66.0%.

Interest & Finance


Charges

Revenue Expenditure has increased from Rs.5.15 Lacs in 2005-2006 to


Rs.13.78 Lacs in 2009-2010 with a CAGR of 27.90%.
The average Sectoral Share is around 4.9%.

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F I N A L

R E P O R T

With respect to different components of Revenue Expenditure, the following classifications of various
income sources can be adjudged.
Details

Average
Sectoral
share w.r.t

100%

75%
to
100%

50% to 75%

25% to 50%

Less than 25%

Revenue
Expenditure
Establishment
Expenses

(CAGR)
27.88%
Average (SC)
17.9%

Administrative
Expenses

(CAGR)
27.89%
Average (SC)
11.2%

Operations & (CAGR)


Maintenance
27.88%
Average (SC)
66.0%

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Salaries,
Pension
Wages
and (28.6%),
Bonus
(71.4%),
Advertisment
and Publicity
(30.8%),
Rent,
Rates
and
Taxes
(25.4%),

Repairs
&
maintenance Infrastructure
(51.4%),

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177

Professional
and Other Fees
(14.2%),
Books
&
Periodicals
(12.1%),
Other
Adminstrative
Expenses
(8.4%),
Office
Maintenance
(4.2%),
Communication
Expenses
(2.6%),
Printing
and
Stationary
(1.3%),
Legal Expenses
(0.9%),
Water
Supply
(Power & Fuel)
(19.5%),
Consumption of
Stores (15.1%),
Hire Charges
(13.4%),
Other operating
& maintenance

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CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

Details

Average
Sectoral
share w.r.t

100%

R E P O R T

75%
to
100%

50% to 75%

25% to 50%

Less than 25%

Revenue
Expenditure
expenses
(0.6%),
Interest
Finance
Charges

& (CAGR)
27.90%
Average (SC)
4.9%

Other
Finance
Expenses
(52.2%),

Interest
on
Loans
from
Central
Government
(25.0%),

Interest
on
Loans
from
State
Government
(22.9%),

10.3 Capital Account Of Pachore


As reiterated earlier, Capital Account consists of Capital Income and Capital Expenditure, on and for,
construction of capital works which include creation of sector infrastructure assets (i.e. water supply,
sewerage and drainage development, conservancy schemes, purchase of machinery, plants, vehicles,
etc.).

10.3.1 Capital Income


Generally, the bulk of the Capital Income sources for the municipality comes from State/Central
government schemes, Grants, Loans, Sale of Municipal Capital Assets. In the case of PACHORE,
Capital Income sources come from Basic Services Grants, SFC & Road Repairs Grants, IDSMT/
UIDSSMT programme, Slum Improvement prgramme, Central/State/ District Grants for
Development Works or Singhstha 2004/MP/MLA Grants, etc.
The following Table gives a highlight of the overall compositional share of various capital income
heads of the town.
Table 10.4: Composition of Capital Income of Pachore
No.

Major
Account
Head

FINANCIAL YEAR
2005-2006
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2006-2007
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2007-2008
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2008-2009
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2009-2010
(Rs. In
Lacs)

Average
(Rs. In
Lacs)

C1

Grants,
64.69
80.86
105.12
126.14
84.4
Contribution
45.28
(GR)42.9% (GR)25.0% (GR)30.0% (GR)20.0% (GR)29.5%
for
Spefic (SC)72.8%
(SC)72.8% (SC)72.8% (SC)72.8% (SC)72.8% (SC)72.8%
purposes

C2

Secured
Loans

24.15
30.19
39.25
47.10
31.5
16.91
(GR)42.9% (GR)25.0% (GR)30.0% (GR)20.0% (GR)29.5%
(SC)27.2%
(SC)27.2% (SC)27.2% (SC)27.2% (SC)27.2% (SC)27.2%

Source: Analysis of the Consultant


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F I N A L

R E P O R T

Table 10.4: Composition of Capital Income of Pachore


No.

Major
Account
Head

FINANCIAL YEAR
2005-2006
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2006-2007
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2007-2008
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2008-2009
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2009-2010
(Rs. In
Lacs)

Average
(Rs. In
Lacs)

GR-Growth Rate; SC-Sectoral Share; SC w.r.t to Revenue Income


The following Analysis can be drawn from the above table:Grants,
Contribution
Spefic purposes

for Capital Income has increased from Rs.45.28 Lacs in 2005-2006 to


Rs.126.14 Lacs in 2009-2010 with a CAGR of 29.19%.
The average Sectoral Share is around 72.8%.

Secured Loans

Capital Income has increased from Rs.16.91 Lacs in 2005-2006 to


Rs.47.10 Lacs in 2009-2010 with a CAGR of 29.19%.
The average Sectoral Share is around 27.2%.

With respect to different components of Capital Income, the following classifications of various
income sources can be adjudged.
Details

Average
Sectoral share
w.r.t

100%

75% to
100%

50%
to
75%

25%
to
50%

Less
than
25%

Capital
Income
Grants, Contribution (CAGR)
for Spefic purposes
29.19%
Average
72.8%
Secured Loans

(CAGR)
29.19%
Average
27.2%

(SC)

State Government
(100.0%),

Loans from State


Government
(SC) (100.0%),

10.3.2 Capital Expenditure


There is currently a huge disparity between the Revenue Expenditure and the Capital Expenditure
which indicates that there have been nominal investments for infrastructure assets for the town.
Capital Expenditure comprises of spending on Street Lighting, Water Supply, Sewerage / Sanitation,
Solid Waste Management, Roads, Public Works, Leisure, Recreation & Entertainment Facilities,
Education, Central / State / District Grants for Development /Singhstha 2004/MP/MLA and IDSMT/
UIDSSMT . The major chunk of the Capital Expenditure is incurred largely on establishing basic
services like Water Supply, slum improvement, minor road constructions / upgradations, drainage
lines construction or upgradations.
The following Table gives a highlight of the overall compositional share of various Capital
Expenditure heads of the town.
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Table 10.5: Composition of Capital Expenditure of Pachore


FINANCIAL YEAR

No.

Major
Account
Head

D1

Fixed Assets

53.92
64.70
84.12
100.94
68.3
37.74
(GR)42.9% (GR)20.0% (GR)30.0% (GR)20.0% (GR)28.2%
(SC)84.9%
(SC)84.9% (SC)84.9% (SC)84.9% (SC)84.9% (SC)84.9%

D2

WATSAN
Capital
Expenditure

9.59
11.51
14.96
17.95
12.1
6.71
(GR)42.9% (GR)20.0% (GR)30.0% (GR)20.0% (GR)28.2%
(SC)15.1%
(SC)15.1% (SC)15.1% (SC)15.1% (SC)15.1% (SC)15.1%

2005-2006
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2006-2007
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2007-2008
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2008-2009
(Rs. In
Lacs)

2009-2010
(Rs. In
Lacs)

Average
(Rs. In
Lacs)

Source: Analysis of the Consultant


GR-Growth Rate; SC-Sectoral Share; SC w.r.t to Revenue Income
The following Analysis can be drawn from the above table:Fixed Assets

Capital Expenditure has increased from Rs.37.74 Lacs in 2005-2006 to


Rs.100.94 Lacs in 2009-2010 with a CAGR of 27.88%.
The average Sectoral Share is around 84.9%.

WATSAN
Expenditure

Capital Capital Expenditure has increased from Rs.6.71 Lacs in 2005-2006 to


Rs.17.95 Lacs in 2009-2010 with a CAGR of 27.89%.
The average Sectoral Share is around 15.1%.

With respect to different components of Capital Expenditure, the following classifications of various
income sources can be adjudged.
Details

Average
Sectoral share
w.r.t

100%

75% to
100%

50%
to
75%

25% to 50%

Less than 25%

Capital
Expenditure
Fixed Assets

WATSAN
Capital
Expenditure

(CAGR)
27.88%
Average
84.9%

(CAGR)
27.89%
Average
15.1%

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Ahmedabad

Roads
& Office
and
Bridges
Other
(39.3%),
Equipments
Waterways
(20.2%),
(36.0%),
Sewerage and
Drainage
(3.6%),
Other
Fixed
Assets (0.9%),

(SC)

Water
Supply
(SC) (100.0%),

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10.4 Key Financial Indicators & Analysis Of Finance In Watsan


Context
Financial sustainability of any institute can be judged by financial and performance ratio. Here some
ratio pertaining to income, expenditure and performance of PACHORE which are given below in Table.
Table 10.6: Key Financial Indicators for Pachore
FINANCIAL YEAR
No.

20052006
(Rs. In
Lacs)

Major Account Head

20062007
(Rs. In
Lacs)

20072008
(Rs. In
Lacs)

20082009
(Rs. In
Lacs)

20092010
(Rs. In
Lacs)

(I) INCOME RATIO


A

Assigned
Revenues
&
Compensation as % Of total
Income

As a % of total income

30.3%

30.3%

30.3%

30.3%

30.3%

As a % of revenue income

50.5%

50.5%

50.5%

50.5%

50.5%

Rates and Tax Revenue (Own


Sources)

As a % of total income

8.7%

8.7%

8.7%

8.7%

8.7%

As a % of revenue income

14.5%

14.5%

14.5%

14.5%

14.5%

Property tax

As a % of total income

1.7%

1.7%

1.7%

1.7%

1.7%

As a % of revenue income

2.9%

2.9%

2.9%

2.9%

2.9%

Revenue Grants,
and Subsidies

As a % of total income

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

As a % of revenue income

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

Rental Income from Municipal


Properties

As a % of total income

12.1%

12.1%

12.1%

12.1%

12.1%

As a % of revenue income

20.2%

20.2%

20.2%

20.2%

20.2%

Fee & User Charges

As a % of total income

8.6%

8.6%

8.6%

8.6%

8.6%

As a % of revenue income

14.4%

14.4%

14.4%

14.4%

14.4%

Contribution

(II) EXPENDITURE RATIO


A

Establishment Expenses

As a % of total expenditure

12.6%

12.6%

12.6%

12.6%

12.6%

As a % of revenue expenditure

17.9%

17.9%

17.9%

17.9%

17.9%

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Table 10.6: Key Financial Indicators for Pachore


FINANCIAL YEAR
20052006
(Rs. In
Lacs)

20062007
(Rs. In
Lacs)

20072008
(Rs. In
Lacs)

20082009
(Rs. In
Lacs)

20092010
(Rs. In
Lacs)

140.2%

140.2%

134.6%

134.6%

134.6%

As a % of total expenditure

46.4%

46.4%

46.4%

46.4%

46.4%

As a % of revenue expenditure

66.0%

66.0%

66.0%

66.0%

66.0%

No.

Major Account Head

As a % of income from Rates and


Tax Revenue (Own Sources)

Operations & Maintenance

1
2

(III) PERFORMANCE RATIO


A

Income per capita (In Rs.)

Revenue Income (in Rs.)

340

485

607

789

946

Capital Income (in Rs.)

227

324

405

527

632

Expenditure per capita (In Rs.)

Revenue Expenditure (in Rs.)

385

550

659

857

1029

Capital Expenditure(in Rs.)

162

232

278

362

434

(IV) OTHER INDICATOR


1

Operating ratio

1.13

1.13

1.09

1.09

1.09

Capital utilization Ratio

0.71

0.71

0.69

0.69

0.69

Total Income / Total Expenditure

1.04

1.04

1.08

1.08

1.08

(V) WATSAN Establishment Expenses


1

% of the Total Income

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

% of Total Expenditure

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

% of the Revenue Income

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

% of Capital Receipts

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

(V)WATSAN O & M Expenses


1

% of the Total Income

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

% of Total Expenditure

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

% of the Revenue Income

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

% of Capital Receipts

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

0.0%

Source: Analysis of the Consultant

10.5 Summary Of Key Financial Issues In Pachore


Revenue Generation
As reiterated earlier, deficits in Revenue Account are usually covered through net or surplus Capital
Income. Because of this, municipalities lose surplus to be carried out for future capital works leading
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to lack of funds for creation or maintenance of infrastructure assets and worse, accrual of larger
deficits in the future should the situation remains uncontrolled.
Taxes are a major source of revenue for the town. These revenue incomes being flexible in nature
possess great potential to increase municipal fund. In line with the bread and butter of the town, major
chunk of the Revenue Income for ULB comes from Passenger Tax, octroi compensations,
conservancy charges, water taxes, property taxes etc. However, other forms of taxes have not been
fully harnessed as observed in their nominal figures and minor growth rates. This can be explained by
minimal tax charges or non-establishment of tax demand (i.e. for Property Tax). Heavy dependence
on Grants has also been observed.
Revenue Account Deficits and Non-Creation of Municipal Assets
Based on the analysis of the Revenue and Capital Account of the ULB, the town has not poorly
performed as far as Revenue Account is concerned. The Revenue Expenditure of the town has
ballooned more than the Revenue Income resulting in huge and constant deficits for the town within
the same period. The bulk of the Revenue Expenditure on Operations & Maintenance under is largely
incurred on Lighting Services, generally pertaining to huge electricity incurred from overwhelming
lighting used during festivals. Coupled with limited resources, lack of management of the Operations
and Maintenance (O&M) expenditure has left the town with complete with nothing but huge deficits.
In an ideal setup, proper management of the Revenue Account should lead to surplus which is carried
out to the Capital Account for creation of municipal assets and infrastructure development necessary
for harnessed and sustainable growth of the town. These include, among others, Water Supply
Augmentation, Road Construction and Upgradation, Sewerage System Construction, Purchase of
Materials and Equipment for Solid Waste Management. Undoubtedly, these projects have long term
service to the people.
However when deficits as opposed to surplus are incurred, a dismal situation exists such that it has
been a widespread practice for municipalities to cover these deficits through funds from the Capital
Account and thereby reducing funds for infrastructure investments. As for PACHORE, huge disparity
between Revenue and Capital Account indicates weak capacity of the town to create assets and
investments for sustained urban growth. This weakness has been established in the infrastructure
development for Water Supply and SWM / Sanitation Sectors. Non-investment on these sectors has
led to environmental disintegration of the town.
Funding Capital and Operational Costs
Inadequate Public Funding and Over-reliance on External Aid
While allocating funds for water and sanitation projects at national levels, most of the funding is for
water and centralized wastewater treatment, and not for sanitation management. In addition, many of
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the target cities rely on central development assistance to fund sanitation and wastewater projects.
Dependence on external assistance can reflect a lack of long-term commitment and project ownership.
Low Wastewater Tariffs and Inadequate O&M Funding
Cities and utilities that have constructed centralized wastewater treatment and waste treatment
facilities often have difficulty generating funds to cover O&M cost. National regulations have either
reduced tariffs over time, or kept them the same, even while costs have inflated. In case of OSS the
household payments (if any) for desluidging cover only collection costs not treatment costs.
Financing Sanitation Management
Funding sanitation management through the exchequer places an unreasonable strain on the state's
finances. This is not only detrimental to the economy of the country - it also engenders a lack of
accountability and immediate responsibility among the ULBs to generate revenue for septage/sewage
management. Thus, it is important that the beneficiaries also share the responsibility of waste
management following the 'Polluters pay principle'. As per the present pace of economic growth in
Madhya Pradesh, the government's financial capacity would be strengthened due to higher collection
of taxes and private participation is also expected to increase. Therefore, it is necessary to draw up a
long term financing and investment plan for septage/sewage management based on expected
economic development.

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Chapter 11: Urban Reforms


11.1. Status of Mandatory & optional Reforms
The CDP should also be linked to the Reform Agenda. The Reform Agenda would include the
strategy to implement reforms, in a phased manner. The CDPs would facilitate identification of
projects and ULBs are required to prepare Detailed Project Reports (DPRs). The funds for identified
projects across cities would be disbursed to the ULB/ Parastatal agency through the designated SLNA
as soft loan or grant-cum-loan or grant. The SLNA / ULB in turn, would leverage additional resources
from other sources.
In the 74th Constitutional Act Amendment (CAA), the ULBs have been assigned key management
roles including provision and delivery of basic goods and services (i.e. infrastructure). However,
many of the ULBs fail to provide satisfactory service levels to its people due to its financial and
operational weaknesses. With the goal of making ULBs financially sustainable, the JNNURM has
launched mandatory and optional reforms aimed at increasing the efficiency and minimizing
opportunities for corruption among ULBs. Under the same initiative, special funds are granted to
ULBs upon fulfillment of these reforms. The optional and mandatory reforms which need to be
achieved for accessing funds from Central government have not been fulfilled in PACHORE at all. The
following is the current status of the reforms in PACHORE.
The CDP proposes to cover all the Optional and Mandatory reforms. The list of these reforms is as
follows.
Table 11.1: Status of Urban Reforms, Pachore
Achieved
Mandatory Reforms (ULB)
M1

Shift to Double Entry Accounting

No

M2

Property tax 85% coverage and Property tax 90% collection efficiency

No

M3

E-Governance Set-up

No

M4

Internal Earmarking of Funds for Services to Urban Poor

No

M5

Levy of User Charges: 100% Recovery of O & M for sewerage, Water Supply
and SWM

No

M6

Provision of Basic services to urban poor including security of tenure at


affordable prices, improved housing, water supply and sanitation

No

Optional Reforms (ULB / States)


O1

Introduction of Property Title Certification System in ULBs

No

O2

Revision of Building Bye Laws streamlining the Approval Process

No

O3

Simplification of legal and procedural framework for conversion of agricultural


land for non-agricultural purposes

No

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Table 11.1: Status of Urban Reforms, Pachore


Achieved
O4

Revision of Building Bye laws Mandatory Rainwater Harvesting in all


buildings

No

O5

Earmarking 25% developed land in all housing projects for EWS/LIG

No

O6

Byelaws on Reuse of Recycled Water

No

O7

Introduction of computerized process of Registration of land and property

No

O8

Administrative Reforms

No

O9

Structural Reforms

No

O 10

Encouraging PPP

No

Source: Urban Local Body

11.2. Reform Identification


It is suggested to implement reforms on the following ways and grouping:

Group 1 Reforms: Reforms which ULB can take up on its own initiative and where the
involvement of state government is marginal/ Low. Such reforms are suggested to be taken on
priority basis.

Group 2 Reforms: Reforms in which the involvement of State is low and the ULB can
manage in its own capacity.

Group 3 Reforms: Implementation of Reforms in which ULB and State holds a combined
responsibility

Group 4 Reforms:

Implementation of reforms which will be implemented after the

successful implementation of projects proposed in the CDP.

Group 2 and 3 Reforms envisaged with an assumption that all the process required from state
level to kick start the process will be implemented immediately.

Interlinked reforms can be undertaken simultaneously.

The following are the Group 1 Reforms:


Table 11.2: Suggested Group 1 Urban Reforms, Pachore (M)
No

Reforms

Involvement of
State

Implementation

M1

Shift to Double Entry Accounting

Low

ULB level

M2

Property tax
efficiency

Low

ULB level

M3

E-Governance Set-up

Low

ULB level

M6

Basic services for the urban poor

Low

YES

85% coverage & 90% collection

M-Mandatory Reforms
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Table 11.2: Suggested Group 1 Urban Reforms, Pachore (M)


No

Involvement of
State

Reforms

Implementation

O- Optional Reforms
The following are the Group 2 Reforms:
Table 11.3: Suggested Group 2 Urban Reforms, Pachore (M)
No

Reforms

Involvement

Implementation

of State
M 4 Internal Earmarking of Funds for Services to Urban Poor

Medium

ULB level

O8

Administrative Reforms

Medium

ULB level

O9

Structural Reforms

Medium

ULB level

O7

Introduction of computerized process of Registration of

Medium

ULB level

land and property


M-Mandatory Reforms
O- Optional Reforms
The following are the Group 3 Reforms:
Table 11.4: Suggested Group 3 Urban Reforms, Pachore (M)
No.

Reforms

Involvement of
State

Implementation

O1

Introduction of Property Title Certification System in High


ULBs

ULB level

O2

Revision of Building Bye Laws streamlining the High


Approval Process

ULB level

O5

Earmarking 25% developed land in all housing High


projects for EWS/LIG

ULB level

O3

Simplification of legal and procedural framework for High


conversion of agricultural land for non-agricultural
purposes

ULB level

M-Mandatory Reforms
O- Optional Reforms
The following are the Group 4 Reforms:
Table 11.5: Suggested Group 4 Urban Reforms, Pachore (M)
No.

Reforms

Involvement
of State

Implemen
tation

Rema
rks
Provis
ion
Made

M5

100 % cost recovery O&M for Water Supply & SWM

Not Required

ULB level

O4

Revision of Building Bye laws - Mandatory Rainwater Not Required


Harvesting in all buildings

ULB level

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Table 11.5: Suggested Group 4 Urban Reforms, Pachore (M)


No.
O6

Reforms
Byelaws on Reuse of Recycled Water

O 10 Encouraging PPP

Involvement
of State

Implemen
tation

Rema
rks

Not Required

ULB level

Not Required

ULB level

in the
CDP

M-Mandatory Reforms
O- Optional Reforms

11.3 City Specific Strategies And Action Plan


(A) Goals for Horizon Years
The previous section classified the reforms on the basis of the stakeholder involvements. These
reforms are then suggested to be undertaken on immediate, medium and long term basis which are
done on the following basis:
Basis for undertaking Immediate Reforms:

Reforms which will improve the Municipal finance like shifting to Double Entry Accounting
system and implementation of Property Tax reforms are envisaged on priority Basis.

Pro poor reforms like internal earmarking of funds and allocation 25% land to EWS / LIG, are
envisaged on priority basis in order to avail the benefits of the ongoing schemes of BSUP /
IHSDP and the recently announced scheme of Rajiv Awas Yojana of Slum Free City
Planning.

Basis for undertaking Medium Term Reforms:

Reforms which are linked after the successful implementation of Projects or services.

Reforms where the involvement of state is required to kick start the process.

Reforms which can be undertaken and which are linked with successful implementation of
Immediate Reforms.

Basis for undertaking Long Term Reforms:

Reform which requires a unified will at all level and involves multi stakeholders.

Reforms which are linked after the successful implementation of Projects or services.

The following table describes the horizon years for undertaking reforms in a systematic and
planned way.
Table 11.6: Goals for Horizon Years (Municipal Reforms)
Immediate
2012

2013

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2014

Medium Term

Long Term

2020

2025

2015

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Table 11.6: Goals for Horizon Years (Municipal Reforms)


Immediate
2012

2013

- Shift to
Double
Entry
Accounting
(M1)
Group 1

2014

2015

-Provision of
Basic
services for
the
urban
poor

- Property tax
85%
coverage &
90%
collection
efficiency

Medium Term

Long Term

2020

2025
- E-Governance
Set-up
(M3) Group 1

(M6) Group
1
(M2) Group 1
Internal
Earmarking
of Funds for
Services to
Urban Poor.
(M
Group 2

- Introduction of
computerized
Administrative
process
of
Reforms
Registration of
(O 8) Group 2
land
and
property

4)

Structural (O 7) Group 2
Reforms
(O 9) Group 2
- Earmarking
25%
developed
land in all
housing
projects for
EWS/LIG.

-Revision
of
Building Bye Laws
streamlining the
Approval Process
(O2) Group 3

(O 5) Group
3

- Simplification
of legal and
procedural
framework for
conversion
of
agricultural
land for nonagricultural
purposes
(O3) Group 3
-Introduction of
Property Title
Certification
System in ULBs
(O 1) Group 3

- Byelaws on
Reuse
of
- 100 % cost
Recycled Water
Encouraging recovery
O&M
PPP
(Water Supply & (O6) Group 4
Solid
waste
(O10) Group
- Revision of
management)(M5)
4
Building
Bye
Group 4
laws
Mandatory
Rainwater
Harvesting in
all buildings
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Table 11.6: Goals for Horizon Years (Municipal Reforms)


Immediate
2012

2013

2014

Medium Term

Long Term

2020

2025

2015

(O4) Group 4
The guidelines of all these reforms needs to be followed as per JNNURM Toolkit defined by Govt.
of India. The details on each of these reforms are not dealt in Detail in this report. Note: MMandatory Reforms, O- Optional Reforms
(B) Strategies and Action Plan
The strategies and action plan are mentioned in chapters relevant to particular section. The strategies
and action plan proposed in this report has a objective or goal to achieve the reforms envisaged, so it
is needless to mention the strategies again. Please refer to the strategies and action plan in individual
chapters. The following are the details of some key strategies mentioned in this report.
Table 11.7: City Specific Strategies & Action Plan, Urban Reforms, Pachore (M)
No.

Urban Reform

Details of
Strategies

M1

Shift to Double Entry Accounting

Refer Chapter 10

M2

Property tax 85% coverage and Property tax 90% collection Refer Chapter 10
efficiency

M3

E-Governance Set-up

Refer Chapter 9

M4

Internal Earmarking of Funds for Services to Urban Poor

Refer Chapter 7

M5

Levy of User Charges: 100% Recovery of O & M for sewerage, Water


Supply and SWM

Refer Chapter 5

M6

Provision of Basic services to urban poor including security of tenure at


affordable prices, improved housing, water supply and sanitation

Refer Chapter 7

O4

Revision of Building Bye laws Mandatory Rainwater Harvesting in all


buildings

Refer Chapter 5

O6

Byelaws on Reuse of Recycled Water

Refer Chapter 5

O8

Administrative Reforms

Refer Chapter 9

O9

Structural Reforms

Refer Chapter 9

O 10

Encouraging PPP

Refer
5,6,7

Chapter

M-Mandatory Reforms
O- Optional Reforms

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Chapter 12: Project Prioritization, CIP & FOP


for Pachore
The Project Prioritization Plan of Pachore have been prepared through: (i) a comprehensive process of
assessment of the status of physical and social infrastructure sectors, (ii) preliminary analysis of
demand and supply and (iii) stakeholder consultations.
The strategies adopted primarily have three dimensions: improving the service delivery by efficiency
measures, improving service delivery by creating infrastructure assets and improving the governance
aspects. BA
This chapter summarises the projects identified for each sector for creating infrastructure assets. It is
based on the analyses presented in the foregoing chapters.

12.1. Sector Wise Project Identification And Prioritisation For


Pachore
12.1.1. Water Supply
A) Basis for Project Identification
The CDP proposes to develop Pachores water supply system based on the following project
identification criteria:

Integrating the DPR prepared by the ULB and sectoral schemes of State / Central
Government.

Improving the coverage and serving the uncovered area on priority basis.

Improving the quality and quantity of water supplied at consumer-end through improvements
to water treatment facilities.

Monitoring of distribution system for technical losses, water theft, indiscriminate usage of
water at public stand posts and reducing the unaccounted for water (UFW) through Water
Auditing, Awareness Campaign on Water Conservation, Rain Water Harvesting.

100 % O & M Cost Recovering Mechanism through Compulsory Water Metering, Adopting
differential pricing system, Bringing System Efficiency, Tariff Revision.

Improving duration and frequency of water supply through effective water demand
management.

B) Project Identification
It is suggested to undertake water supply sub-projects as under:
I. Augmentation of Water Supply
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The current works shall focus on the existing supply augmentation at source and at
distribution end. This should be in-lines with the DPR prepared in a phased manner.
II. Water Treatment Plant
A scientific treatment plant of water to be installed. Measures should be taken to ensure water
quality not only relate to the treatment of the water, but to its conveyance and distribution
after treatment as well.
III. Water Supply Distribution Network & Upgradation
The existing water supply distribution being old with varying diameters, it is suggested to
upgrade and replace the existing Distribution system of approximately.
IV. Extension of distribution network within town
An extension of distribution network by 2035 is planned for new areas to keep a focus on
better network coverage and system delivery.
V. Establishing Customer Connections Water Meters
In order to achieve an effective O & M cost recovery it is suggested to provide Water meters
to every household.
VI. Providing Community Taps and Group Connections
Community taps can be provided based for the population that is to be served. This option
may not ensure full cost recovery, as there will be many social problems, thefts, lack of
accountability and maintenance.
C) Requirement & Phasing
The requirements involved in the mentioned projects for Water Supply is presented in the Table
below:
Table 12.1: Proposed Projects for Water Supply for Pachore
No

Components

Coverage
2015
[ FY: 2011
to FY 2015]

Water
(MLD)

Supply

II

Water Treatment
(MLD)

III

Water Supply Distribution


Network & Upgradation
(Km)

Prepared by:
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Ahmedabad

System

2025
[ FY: 2015 to FY
2025]

7.90

2035
[FY: 2025 to
FY 2035]

Total
Requirement
(by 2035)
7.90

Plant

7.55
12.00

7.55
12.00

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Table 12.1: Proposed Projects for Water Supply for Pachore


No

Components

Coverage
2015
[ FY: 2011
to FY 2015]

IV

Extension of distribution
network within town (Km)

Providing
(Nos)

VI

Establishing
Customer
Connections Water Meters
(Nos)

Public

2025
[ FY: 2015 to FY
2025]

2035
[FY: 2025 to
FY 2035]

Total
Requirement
(by 2035)

22

15

37

47

20

29

96

5418

3562

3903

12883

Taps

Source: Projections by CONSULTANT


Note: Refer Annexure for detail on each components & Phasing

12.1.2. Sewerage OR Waste Water Management


A) Basis for Project Identification
The CDP proposes to develop Pachores Underground Sewerage system based on the following
project identification criteria:

Integrating the sectoral schemes of State / Central Government.

Covering 100% areas of the Town in a phased Manner.

Developing a sewerage system based on sewage flow equivalent to 80 percent of net water
supply to a household;

Developing a safe disposal system of sewage by providing a Sewerage Treatment Plant.

100 % O & M Cost Recovering Mechanism through Bringing System Efficiency, Imposing
Tariff etc.

B) Project Identification
The CDP proposes to undertake Sewerage sub-projects. Component specific intervention comprises
the following:
I. Sewer Network
Works proposed include provision of collection and conveyance system in a phased manner
for 100% Coverage.
II. Sewerage Treatment Plant
It is proposed to install sewerage Treatment Plant in a phased manner taking into
consideration the projection made in this report.
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C) Requirement & Phasing


The requirements involved in the mentioned projects for Sewerage is presented in the Table below:
Table 12.2: Proposed Projects for Sewerage for Pachore
Coverage
No

Components

Sewer network (KM)

II

Decentralized Wastewater Treatment


Systems (DEWATS)

2015
[ FY: 2011
to FY
2015]

2025
[ FY: 2015
to FY 2025]

23.75

10.32

2035
Total
[FY: 2025 Requirement
to FY 2035]
(by 2035)

7.04

14.81

48.87
7.04

Source: Projections by CONSULTANT


Note: Refer Annexure for detail on each components & Phasing

12.1.3. Sanitation
A) Basis for Project Identification
The CDP proposes to develop Pachores Sanitation system based on the below mentioned project
identification criteria:

Integrating the Central Government Scheme of preparing City Sanitation Plan under National
Urban Sanitation Policy (2008) issued by Ministry of Urban Development, Govt. of India.

Achieving 100% open defecation free.

Upgrading and maintaining the existing infrastructure of Public Sanitation on PPP basis.

100 % Coverage of households under sanitation.

100 % O & M Cost Recovering mechanism through instituting PPP.

B) Project Identification
The CDP proposes to undertake Sewerage sub-projects. Component specific intervention comprises
the following:
I.

Preparation of City Sanitation Plan

Government of India has announced National Urban Sanitation Policy 2008. The vision for urban
sanitation in India as pronounced in the policy is all Indian cities and towns become totally sanitized,
healthy and liveable and ensure and sustain good public health and environmental outcomes for all
their citizens with a special focus on hygienic and affordable sanitation facilities for the urban poor
and women. The Government of India will provide assistance through state Government for the
following:
Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

194

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

Preparation model City Sanitation Plans

Providing assistance for the preparation of Detailed Project Report (DPR) as per city
sanitation plan.

Promote public-private partnership in respect of key projects/activities identified in the city


sanitation plan;

II.

Construction of Public Pay & Use Toilets

Construction of Public Pay & Use Toilets in each ward is envisaged on PPP basis.
III.

Construction & Upgradation of Public Urinals

The Public Urinals though sufficient in number needs an upgradation / expansion with water facilities
and maintenance. A total of about 36 Nos. are targeted by 2035 in a phased manner.
IV.

Evaluation Study & Rapid Impact Assessment

The purpose of such exercise is to assess the success rate of Status focused on sanitation and
cleanliness in the City. These can be specifically targeted on sanitation standards in slums, including
the effects of the drive on eradicating open defecation, level of cleanliness from the point of view of
citizens and impact of IEC (information education communication) and EE (entertainment education)
programmes. This needs to get elevated by 2025 from ULB side.
C) Requirement & Phasing
The requirements involved in the mentioned projects for Sanitation is presented in the Table below:
Table 12.3: Proposed Projects for Sanitation for Pachore
No

Components

Coverage
2015
[ FY:
2011 to
FY
2015]

Preparation of City Sanitation Plan

II

Construction of Public Pay & Use


Toilets

III

Construction of Individual HH Toilets

IV

Construction & Upgradation of Public


Urinals

Evaluation Study & Rapid Impact


Assessment

2025
[ FY: 2015 to
FY 2025]

2035
[FY:
2025 to
FY 2035]

1.00

Total
Requirement
(by 2035)

1.00
11.00

11.00

1250

938

2187.50

12

20
Lumsum

Lumsum

Source: Projections by CONSULTANT


Note: Refer Annexure for detail on each components & Phasing
Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

195

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

12.1.4. Solid Waste Management


A) Basis for Project Identification
The CDP proposes to develop Pachores Solid Waste Management system is based on the below
mentioned project identification criteria:

Achieving Segregation at Source mechanism for the entire city.

Achieving 100 % primary collection system.

100 % Waste treatment and disposal facility for developing environmentally safer town.

Strengthen the institutional capacity;

Promote public/Private partnership, self help groups and NGO support;

Educate the public and create awareness on various issues of solid waste management;

Support the informal recycling activities; and

B) Project Identification
The CDP proposes to undertake Solid Waste Management sub-projects as under:
I.

Primary Collection
Phased implementation of Door to Door collection System through community
organizations and ULBs by providing two bins for every household. This will induce a system
of segregation of waste at source.

Provision of Two system Publics Bins @ ward Level at public places like Markets, Hotels /
Restaurants, Religious places, Hospitals / Dispensaries and other Public Places. This will
induce a system of segregation of waste at source.

II.

Solid Waste Transportation

-Introduction Multi-bin carts Tricycles.

-Provision of Tractor for increasing the collection and transportation capacity on daily basis.

III.

IV.

Street sweeping on daily basis for efficient segregation at source mechanism.

Processing & Disposal

Encouraging local level aerobic vermi composting.

Sanitary land filling of inorganic fraction of waste and the compost rejects.
IEC Activity

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

196

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

This will include Preparation of detailed project report and implementation of IEC strategies
and awareness design campaigns.

C) Requirement & Phasing


The requirements involved in the mentioned projects for Solid Waste Management is presented in the
Table below:
Table 12.4: Proposed Projects for Solid Waste Management for Pachore
Coverage
2015
[ FY: 2011 to
FY 2015]

2025
[ FY: 2015 to
FY 2025]

2035
[FY: 2025 to
FY 2035]

Total
Requirement
(by 2035)

Provision of bins @ Household


Level (Green & White) for Door to
Door Collection

12519

5441

7807

25767

II

Provision of Tricycles For Door


To Door Collection

25

11

16

51.5

III

Provision of Publics Bins @ ward


Level

30

30

30

90

IV

Provision of Tractor

Construction of Vermi Compost


Plant

VI

Scientifically
reengineered
landfills Management [Green
Buffer
Development,
Environmental Monitoring]

VI
I

IEC Activity for SWM

No

Components

4.19

5056

14507

4.19

31219

50782

Lumsum

Lumsum

Source: Projections by CONSULTANT


Note: Refer Annexure for detail on each components & Phasing

12.1.5. Storm Water Drainage


A) Basis for Project Identification
The CDP proposes to develop Pachores Drainage based on the below mentioned project
identification criteria:

100 % Coverage in terms of areas.

Covering the lengths of major Roads.

Existing Drainage pattern and network.

Upgrading the existing state of infrastructure on priority basis.

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

197

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

B) Project Identification
The CDP proposes to undertake Drainage sub-projects. Component specific intervention comprises
the following:
I.

Drainage Network

The proposed network length is considered for entire drainage system of Pachore.
II.

De-silting & Alignments of Major Drains

It is proposed to de-silting and re aligning the existing major drains with proper and uniform width.
C) Requirement & Phasing
The requirements involved in the mentioned projects for Drainage is presented in the Table below:
Table 12.5: Proposed Projects for Storm Water Drainage for Pachore
Coverage
2015
[ FY: 2011
to FY 2015]

2025
[ FY: 2015
to FY 2025]

2035
[FY: 2025
to FY 2035]

Total
Requireme
nt
(by 2035)

Storm Water Drainage Network


(KM)

29.49

20.64

29.61

79.75

De-silting and Alignment of major


drains

18.00

No

Components

I
II

18.00

Source: Projections by CONSULTANT


Note: Refer Annexure for detail on each components & Phasing

12.1.6. Traffic and Transportation


A) Basis for Project Identification
The CDP proposes to develop Pachores Traffic & Transportation system is based on the below
mentioned project identification criteria:

Integrating the DPR prepared by the ULB and sectoral schemes of State / Central
Government.

100 % coverage for the entire city and with a prioritization of uncovered areas.

To reduce delays at the junctions and remove bottlenecks.

To improve the efficiency of road space.

Decongestion in the core part of the city.

Undertake effective measures for environmental protection.

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

198

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

B) Project Identification
The CDP proposes to undertake Traffic & Transportation sub-projects. Component specific
intervention comprises the following:
I.

Widening of Important Roads


Road-widening programme improves channel capacity by adding more area to the circulation
channels. It is proposed to widen major roads with installation of necessary amenities like
plantation, signage, advertisement, street furniture etc.

II.

Parking Provision with Pavements on Major Roads


On-street parking and regulation of on street parking at various locations has also been
proposed as a mitigation measure.

III.

Up gradation of Kuttcha Roads


Upgradation of of roads envisaged by ULB are considered in CDP. This needs to be taken in
phased manner.

IV.

Construction of additional Roads

V.

Construction of additional roads are proposed for new development and areas by 2035.
Development of Bus cum Truck Terminal

As derived from stake holders consultation relocation and construction of a new Bus terminal
is needed. This is also proposed in CDP.

VI.

Improvement of Junctions & Accident Prone areas

Major junctions and minor junctions are proposed to be taken up for improvements. Provision
of High mast lighting at all major junctions, Stop Signs and Place identification signs should
be done.

VII.

Construction of Model Roads

It has been observed that, in most of the major roads in the town pedestrians are forced to use
the carriageway due to the absence or poorly maintained footpaths. Footpaths of 1.5 m wide
are proposed along the major roads where heavy pedestrian movements are observed. For
traffic safety and convenience, appropriate signs, markings, lighting, guideposts are required
to be provided on curves, intersections, public utility places, etc. Proposals for road furniture
are made considering the importance of the road, safety and aesthetic. This developed
stretches will be known as Model Roads.

C) Requirement & Phasing


The requirements involved in the mentioned projects for Traffic and Transportation is presented in the
Table below:

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

199

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

Table 12.6: Proposed Projects for Traffic & Transportation for Pachore
Coverage
No

Components

2015
[ FY: 2011 to
FY 2015]

Widening of important roads [Km]

9.30

9.30

II

Onstreet Parking Provision with


Pavements on Major Roads [Km]

0.00

0.00

III

Upgradation of Kuttcha Road roads


[Km]

2.70

2.70

IV

Construction of Additional roads


[Km]

11.75

Development of bus cum Truck


terminal [Km]

1.00

VI

Improvement of junctions
accidents areas [Nos]

3.00

VII

Expansion of bridge over River


Chhapi

0.00

0.00

VII
I

Implementation
Management Plan

1.00

1.00

of

2025
[ FY: 2015 to
FY 2025]

and

Traffic

10.32

2035
[FY: 2025 to
FY 2035]

14.81

Total
Requirement
(by 2035)

36.87
1.00

0.00

3.00

Source: Projections by CONSULTANT


Note: Refer Annexure for detail on each components & Phasing

12.1.7. Street Lighting & Fire Fighting System


A) Basis for Project Identification
The CDP proposes to develop Pachores Street Lighting system is based on the below mentioned
project identification criteria:

100 % coverage for the entire city and with a prioritization of unlit areas

Average spacing between lamp posts in the town 25 Meters.

To introduce PPP for energy conservation.

B) Project Identification
It is suggested to undertake the following subprojects under this sector as follows:
I.

Construction of new street light poles


Construction of new street lights poles in non lit and emerging areas will be required by 2035.

II.

Upgradation of existing street light poles


The existing street light poles should be upgrades by using energy efficient lighting and
accessories.

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

200

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

III.

R E P O R T

Fire Fighting System


A well equipped Fire Fighting system should be installed with provision of yearly Operation
and Maintenance.

C) Requirement & Phasing


The requirements involved in the mentioned projects for Street Lighting & Fire Fighting System is
presented in the Table below:
Table 12.7: Proposed Projects for Street Lighting & Fire Fighting System for Pachore
Coverage
2015
[ FY: 2011
to FY 2015]

2025
[ FY: 2015
to FY 2025]

2035
[FY: 2025 to
FY 2035]

Total
Requirement
(by 2035)

Construction of new street


light poles

48

295

423

766

II

Upgradation of street light


poles

375.00

III

Fire
Fighting
System:
Equipments & Utilities) (For
Number of Years)

2.00

No

Components

375
1.00

1.00

5.00

Source: Projections by CONSULTANT


Note: Refer Annexure for detail on each components & Phasing

12.1.8. Basic Services For Urban Poor


A) Basis for Project Identification
The CDP proposes to develop services to the urban poor on the below mentioned project
identification criteria:

Integrating the Central Government Scheme of Slum Free City Planning under Rajiv Awas
Yojana (2009) issued by Ministry of Urban Development, Govt. of India.

Achieving 100 % Slum Free City Planning.

Provision of Housing to BPL population on Priority Basis

Demand for Housing is in line with the review of the master plan-2021 prepared for Pachore.

Provision of Housing and necessary basic services like water supply, sewerage, Drainage,
Electricity as internal development.

B) Project Identification
It is suggested to undertake the following subprojects under this sector as follows:
I.

Preparation of Slum free City Plan

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

201

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

It is imperative to prepare an action plan for slum free city plan for the town of Pachore. The
brief guidelines of the schemes are reiterated in this report.

II.

Construction of Housing
A construction of dwelling units are considered in CDP. This includes provision of Basic
Services. This is envisaged in a phased manner with BPL population on priority basis.

III.

Provision of Basic Services


The Urban Slum population having house but lacks basic services will be recorded on priority
Basis.

C) Requirement & Phasing


The requirements involved in the mentioned projects for Basic Services to the Urban Poor is
presented in the Table below:
Table 12.8: Proposed Projects for Basic Services to the Urban Poor Pachore
Coverage
2015
[ FY: 2011 to
FY 2015]

2025
[ FY: 2015 to
FY 2025]

2035
[FY: 2025 to
FY 2035]

Total
Requirement
(by 2035)

No

Components

Preparation of Slum
free City Plan

II

Construction
of
Dwelling
units
including services like
Water
Supply,Sewerage,
Drainage
and
electricity for (internal
Development)

1900

365

523

2788

III

Provision of Basic
Services
including
services like Water
Supply,Sewerage,
Drainage
and
electricity for (internal
Development)
to
Urban
Poor
Households

726

726

Source: Projections by CONSULTANT


Note: Refer Annexure for detail on each components & Phasing

12.1.9. Environment
A) Basis for Project Identification
The CDP proposes to develop Pachores Urban Environment is based on the below mentioned project
identification criteria:
Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

202

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

Conservation of Existing Water bodies

Improving Quality Urban environment

To introduce PPP for environment conservation

Other pollution like air, water, soil should be reduced.

B) Project Identification
The CDP proposes to undertake the following sub-projects under this sector. Component specific
intervention comprises the following:
I.

Development of modernized slaughter house


For the existing fish markets and animal market it is proposed to develop a modernized
slaughter house.

II.

Urban Greening Plan


Increasing the per capita urban green and open space it is proposed to take up the project for
greening major streets through urban plantation, beautification, landscaping and developing
Vans and gardens. This should be achieved through community participation.

III.

Construction or Parks & Gardens


Construction of Parks and Gardens to be developed are envisaged.

C) Requirement & Phasing


The requirements involved in the mentioned projects for Environment is presented in the Table
below:
Table 12.9: Proposed Projects for Urban Environment for Pachore
Coverage
No

2015
[ FY: 2011 to
FY 2015]

Components

Desiltation project
Major Water Bodies

for

II

Desiltation project
Major Water Bodies

for

III

Conservation of
River

IV

Development
modernized
house.

Implementation of Urban
Greening
Plan:

2025
[ FY: 2015
to FY 2025]

Total
Requirement
(by 2035)

1.00

1.00

Newaj
of
slaughter

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

2035
[FY: 2025 to
FY 2035]

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

203

3
Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

Table 12.9: Proposed Projects for Urban Environment for Pachore


Coverage
No

2015
[ FY: 2011 to
FY 2015]

Components

2025
[ FY: 2015
to FY 2025]

2035
[FY: 2025 to
FY 2035]

Total
Requirement
(by 2035)

Urban
Plantation,
Beautification
and
Landscaping,
Van/
Gardens
Development
Ghat

VI

of

Dhobi

Source: Projections by CONSULTANT


Note: Refer Annexure for detail on each components & Phasing

12.1.10. Urban Governance


A) Basis for Project Identification
Refer Action Plan in chapter No. 11.
B) Project Identification
It is suggested to undertake the following subprojects under this sector as follows:
I.

Implementation of Double Entry Accrual Based Accounting

II.

Implementation of Property Tax Reforms

III.

Preparation of Integrated GIS Base Map with Total Station Survey

IV.

Computerisation of Records

V.

Upgradation of Office Infrastructure

VI.

Complaint Redressal System

VII. Municipal Services Performance Measurement System


VIII. Training & Capacity Building Programme
IX.

EGovernance initiative large scale expansion

C) Requirement & Phasing


The requirements involved in the mentioned projects for Urban Governance and Municipal Reforms
is presented in the Table below:

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

204

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

Table 12.10: Proposed Projects for Urban Governance for Pachore


Coverage
2015
[ FY: 2011 to FY
2015]

2025
[ FY: 2015 to FY
2025]

No

Components

Implementation of Double
Entry
Accrual
Based
Accounting

Do

II

Implementation of Property
Tax Reforms

Do

III

Preparation of Integrated
GIS Base Map with Total
Station Survey

Do

IV

Computerisation of Records

Do

Upgradation
Infrastructure

VI

Complaint Redressal System

Do

VII

Municipal
Services
Performance
Measurement System

Do

VIII

Training
&
Capacity
Building Programme

Do

IX

EGovernance initiative
large scale expansion

of

Office

2035
[FY: 2025 to FY
2035]

Do
Do

Do
Do

Source: Projections by CONSULTANT


Note: Refer Annexure for detail on each components & Phasing

12.1.11. Social Infrastructure & Other Projects


A) Basis for Project Identification
This involves particularly Heritage, health and educational infrastructure. Refer Action Plan in
chapter No. 5, 7.
B) Project Identification
It is suggested to undertake the following subprojects under this sector as follows:
Health Infrastructure

Construction of Dispensary

Health Infrastructure

Construction of Maternity & Child Welfare

Health Infrastructure

Signage regulation Programme


-Regulation of signage is considered appropriate in tourist destination. For
this a street signage programme should be launched where street plaques
bearing the name of the area and municipal symbols should be displayed at
the important places. This will undertakes the following projects
-Provision of Electronic signages and information displays

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

205

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

-Conversion of Existing Shops Into A Gallery Heritage Street Scape


Creation of Living Heritage Streets
Such an initiative carried for the entire town will generate a heritage
character typically unique of its kind. Such an initiative proved successful
in many big cities like Orrisa, Delhi, Mumbai through PPP.
Decongestion in the inner core of the town
As there is only one approach road with a heavy pedestrian movement,
there are vehicular entry which created problems of traffic and congestion.
Pedestrianisation on all such important roads should be initiated through
introducing pick-up& drop up facilities with non-polluting battery
operated vehicles.
Education
Infrastructure

Construction of Primary Schools

Education
Infrastructure

Construction of Secondary Schools

Education
Infrastructure

Construction of Senior Secondary Schools

Heritage Conservation

Conservation and Heritage Programme

C) Requirement & Phasing


The requirements involved in the mentioned projects for Urban Governance and Municipal Reforms
is presented in the Table below:
Table 12.11: Proposed Projects for Social Infrastructure & Other Projects for Pachore
Coverage
No

2015
[ FY: 2011 to
FY 2015]

Components

Construction
Dispensary (In Nos.)

II

Construction of Maternity
& Child Welfare
(In
Nos.)

III

Construction of Hospital
(In Nos.)

IV

Construction of Primary
Schools (In Nos.)

Construction
Secondary Schools
Nos.)

VI

Construction of Senior
Secondary Schools (In
Nos.)

VII

Construction of Library

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

of

of
(In

2025
[ FY: 2015
to FY 2025]

2035
[FY: 2025 to
FY 2035]

Total
Requirement
(by 2035)

1.00

2.00

1.00
1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

1.00

2.00

3.00

5.00

1.00

1.00

2.00

1.00

1.00
1.00

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

206

1.00

2.00

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

Table 12.11: Proposed Projects for Social Infrastructure & Other Projects for Pachore
Coverage
No

2015
[ FY: 2011 to
FY 2015]

Components

2025
[ FY: 2015
to FY 2025]

2035
[FY: 2025 to
FY 2035]

Total
Requirement
(by 2035)

(In Nos.)
VIII

IX

Construction
Community Hall
Nos.)

of
(In

1.00

Conservation
and
Heritage Programme (In
Number of years)

1.00

Do

Do

Do

5.00

Source: Projections by CONSULTANT


Note: Refer Annexure for detail on each components & Phasing

12.2. Capital Investment Plan For Pachore


12.2.1. Water Supply
Under this sector, provision of source development, updagration and extension of existing network,
extension of treatment plants, public taps and connections water meters are proposed. The Capital
Investment Plan (CIP) for the Water Supply sector is based on the requirements and demand for the
year 2035. The investment phasing is presented in Table below:
Table 12.12: Investment Phasing (Water Supply), Pachore
No

2015

Components

2025

2035

Total
Cost

(in Rs Lacs)
I

Water Supply System

78.97

0.00

0.00

78.97

II

Water Treatment Plant

0.00

135.85

0.00

135.85

III

Water Supply Distribution


Network & Upgradation

222.00

0.00

0.00

222.00

IV

Extension of distribution
network within town

0.00

408.24

273.94

682.18

Establishing
Customer
Connections Water Meters

54.18

35.62

39.03

128.83

VI

Providing Public Taps

1.63

0.71

1.02

3.36

356.79

580.43

313.99

1251.20

Grand Total ( in Rs Lacs)

Source: Projections by PRUDA-AIILSG

12.2.2. Sewerage
An investment of is proposed for provision of sewer network and sewerage treatment plant by the
year 2035, as showed in Table below:

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

207

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

Table 12.13: Investment Phasing (Sewerage), Pachore


No

2015

Components

2025

2035

Total
Cost

(in Rs Lacs)
I

Sewer network

1424.76

619.28

888.45

2932.49

II

Decentralized
Wastewater
Treatment Systems (DEWATS)

119.68

52.02

74.63

246.33

Grand Total ( in Rs Lacs)

1544.44

671.30

963.08

3178.82

Source: Projections by PRUDA-AIILSG

12.2.3. Sanitation
The investments for Sanitation are in line with Preparation of City Sanitation Plan, Construction of
Public Pay & Use Toilets and Evaluation Study & Rapid Impact Assessment. The total estimated cost
proposed by 2035 summarized in Table below:
Table 12.14: Investment Phasing (Sanitation), Pachore
No

2015

Components

2025

2035

Total
Cost

(in Rs Lacs)
I

Preparation of City Sanitation Plan

II

Construction of Public Pay & Use


Toilets

III

Construction of Individual HH Toilets

IV

Construction & Upgradation of Public


Urinals

Evaluation Study & Rapid


Assessment

10

10.00

0.00

55.00

55.00

156.25

117.19

0.00

273.44

6.40

9.60

16.00

5.00

5.00

172.65

181.79

5.00

359.44

Impact

Grand Total ( in Rs Lacs)


Source: Projections by PRUDA-AIILSG

12.2.4. Solid Waste Management


The components of primary and secondary collection, including collection in festival days, and
scientifically landfill development are planned for the immediate requirement due to the poor
condition in this sector. The highest cost of SWM sector is for Landfill Site Development by 2035.
And the estimated cost for development of one compost plant is summarized below:
Table 12.15: Investment Phasing (Solid Waste Management), Pachore
No

Components

2015

2025

2035

Total
Cost

39.03

128.83

(in Rs Lacs)
I

Provision of bins @ Household Level


(Green & White) for Door to Door

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

62.59

27.21

Prepared For:
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Government of Madhya Pradesh

208

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F I N A L

R E P O R T

Table 12.15: Investment Phasing (Solid Waste Management), Pachore


No

2015

Components

2025

2035

Total
Cost

(in Rs Lacs)
Collection
II

Provision of Tricycles for Door to


Door Collection

2.50

1.09

1.56

5.15

III

Provision of Publics Bins @ ward


Level

0.45

0.45

0.45

1.35

IV

Provision of Tractor

24.00

24.00

12.00

60.00

Construction of Vermi Compost Plant

0.00

14.26

14.26

VI

Scientifically reengineered
Management

15.17

43.52

93.66

152.34

VII

SWM Training & Capacity Building


Workshops

3.5

3.5

7.00

3.5

3.5

7.00

111.72

117.53

146.70

375.95

landfills

VIII IEC Material


Grand Total ( in Rs Lacs)
Source: Projections by PRUDA-AIILSG

12.2.5. Storm Water Drainage


The only component of this sector is extension of drainage network and de-silting and realignment of
major drains which is proposed to be carried out in a phased manner as below:
Table 12.16: Investment Phasing (Drainage), Pachore
No

Components

2015

2025

2035

Total Cost

(in Rs Lacs)
I

Drainage Network

353.90

247.71

355.38

956.99

II

De-silting and Alignment of major drains

126.00

126.00

Grand Total ( in Rs Lacs)

479.90

247.71

355.38

1082.99

Note: Refer Annexure for detail on each components

12.2.6. Traffic and Transportation


Infrastructure are proposed for up-gradation and widening of important roads, development of parking
lots, construction of additional roads, improvement of junctions and accidents areas, among other
projects. The details of investment phasing for this is summarized in Table below:
Table 12.17: Investment Phasing (Traffic and Transportation), Pachore
No

Components

Widening of Major roads

II

On street Parking Provision with

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

2015

2025

2035

Total Cost

(in Rs Lacs)
279.00

0.00

0.00

279.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

209

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

Table 12.17: Investment Phasing (Traffic and Transportation), Pachore


No

2015

Components

2025

2035

Total Cost

(in Rs Lacs)

Pavements on Major Roads


III

Up-gradation of Kaccha roads

67.50

0.00

0.00

67.50

IV

Construction of Additional roads

352.38

309.64

444.22

1106.24

Development
terminal

0.00

50.00

0.00

50.00

VI

Improvement of
accidents areas

0.00

22.50

0.00

22.50

VII

Expansion of bridge
Chhapi

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

VIII

Implementation
Management Plan

0.00

10.00

0.00

10.00

698.88

392.14

444.22

1535.24

of

bus

cum

Truck

junctions

of

and

over

River
Traffic

Grand Total ( in Rs Lacs)


Source: Projections by PRUDA-AIILSG

12.2.7. Street Lighting & Fire Fighting


Provision of new street light poles, up-gradation of existing street light poles and Report for Energy
Planning are proposed for this sector. The details are presented in Table below
Table 12.18: Investment Phasing (Street Lighting), Pachore
2015

2025

2035

Total Cost

No

Components

Construction of new street light


poles

14.54

88.47

126.92

229.93

II

Upgradation of existing street


light poles

75.00

0.00

0.00

75.00

III

Fire
Fighting
System:
Equipments & Utilities) (For
Number of Years)

10

20

99.54

93.47

131.92

324.93

(in Rs Lacs)

Grand Total ( in Rs Lacs)


Source: Projections by PRUDA-AIILSG

12.2.8. Basic Services to the Urban Poor


Under the CIP it is proposed to improve the slum infrastructure. The component Preparation of Slum
Free City Plan has an estimated for Construction of Dwelling units including services cost and
Provision of Basic Services including services cost. The investment phasing is illustrated in Table
below:

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Ahmedabad

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Government of Madhya Pradesh

210

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F I N A L

R E P O R T

Table 12.19: Investment Phasing (Basic Services to the Urban Poor), Pachore
2015

2035

Total Cost

0.00

0.00

15.00

4750.21

911.44

1307.60

6969.24

Provision
of
Basic
Services
including
services like Water
Supply,
Sewerage,
Drainage and electricity
for
(internal
Development) to Urban
Poor Households

181.50

0.00

0.00

181.50

Grand Total ( in Rs
Lacs)

4,946.71

911.44

1,307.60

7165.75

No

Components

Preparation of Slum free


City Plan

15.00

II

Construction
of
Dwelling units including
services like Water
Supply,
Sewerage,
Drainage and electricity
for
(internal
Development)

III

2025
(in Rs Lacs)

Source: Projections by PRUDA-AIILSG

12.2.9. Environment
A total investment is identified for founding environmental projects. The phasing of investment for
identifies projects is presented in Table below:
Table 12.20: Investment Phasing (Environment), Pachore
2015

2025

2035

Total Cost

No

Components

Desiltation project for


Major Water Bodies

III

Conservation of Newaj
River

50.00

50.00

IV

Development
of
modernized
slaughter
house.

200.00

200.00

Implementation
of
Urban Greening Plan:
Urban
Plantation,
Beautification
and
Landscaping,
Van/
Gardens

40.00

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

(in Rs Lacs)
500.00

500.00

Prepared For:
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Government of Madhya Pradesh

211

20.00

60.00

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Madhya Pradesh

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Table 12.20: Investment Phasing (Environment), Pachore


No

Components

VI

Development of Dhobi
Ghat

2015

2025

2035

Total Cost

20.00

810.00

(in Rs Lacs)

Grand Total ( in Rs
Lacs)

500.00

270.00

Source: Projections by PRUDA-AIILSG

12.2.10. Social Infrastructure & Other Projects


The following investments are planned for social Infrastructure, Health Infrastructure, Education
Infrastructure and Heritage Infrastructure:
Table 12.21: Investment Phasing (Social Infrastructure & Other Projects), Pachore
No

2015

Components

Heritage

II

2025

2035

Total Cost

(in Rs Lacs)
75

75

75

225.00

SOCIAL
INFRASTRUCTURE &
OTHER PROJECTS

125.00

125.00

125.00

375.00

III

Health Infrastructure

125.00

125.00

125.00

375.00

IV

Education Infrastructure

125.00

125.00

125.00

375.00

Grand Total ( in Rs
Lacs)

450.00

450.00

450.00

1350.00

Source: Projections by PRUDA-AIILSG

12.2.11. Urban Governance


The projects in Urban Governance & Municipal Reforms, as shown in Table below:
Table 12.22: Investment Phasing (Urban Governance & Municipal Reforms), Pachore
2015

2025

2035

Total Cost

No

Components

Implementation
of
Double Entry Accrual
Based Accounting

15.00

15.00

II

Implementation
of
Property Tax Reforms

15.00

15.00

III

Preparation
of
Integrated
GIS Base
Map with Total Station

25.00

25.00

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

(in Rs Lacs)

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

212

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City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

Table 12.22: Investment Phasing (Urban Governance & Municipal Reforms), Pachore
No

2015

Components

2025

2035

Total Cost

(in Rs Lacs)

Survey
IV

Computerisation
Records

of

30.00

30.00

60.00

Upgradation of Office
Infrastructure

30.00

30.00

VI

Complaint
System

20.00

20.00

VII

Municipal
Services
Performance
Measurement System

35.00

35.00

VIII

Training & Capacity


Building Programme

40.00

IX

EGovernance initiative
large scale expansion

Redressal

Grand Total

85.00

( in Rs Lacs)

155.00

40.00

80.00

100.00

100.00

140.00

380.00

Source: Projections by PRUDA-AIILSG

12.2.12. Summary of Investment & Phasing


The total base cost of projects for all the sector is shown in the following Table:
Table 12.23: Summary of Investments, Pachore
Sectoral
Share of
the total
Investment

Summary of Investments (KHILCHIPUR)


No.

Components

2015

2025

2035

Total

(in %)

Water Supply

356.79

580.43

313.99

1251.20

6.91%

Sewerage

1544.44

671.30

963.08

3178.82

17.55%

Storm Water Drainage

479.90

247.71

355.38

1082.99

5.98%

Solid Waste Management

111.72

117.53

146.70

375.95

2.08%

Sanitation

172.65

181.79

5.00

359.44

1.98%

Traffic & Transportation

698.88

692.14

444.22

1835.24

10.13%

Street Lighting

89.54

88.47

126.92

304.93

1.68%

Fire Fighting

10

20.00

0.11%

Basic Services to Urban Poor

4,947

911

1,308

7165.75

39.56%

10

Urban Environment

500

290

20

810.00

4.47%

Prepared by:
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Ahmedabad

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Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


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R E P O R T

Table 12.23: Summary of Investments, Pachore


Sectoral
Share of
the total
Investment

Summary of Investments (KHILCHIPUR)


No.

Components

2015

2025

2035

Total

(in %)

85.00

145.00

150.00

380.00

2.10%

75

75

75

225.00

1.24%

11

Urban Governance

12

Heritage

13

Education Infrastructure

125.00

125.00

125.00

375.00

2.07%

14

Health Infrastructure

125.00

125.00

125.00

375.00

2.07%

15

SOCIAL
INFRASTRUCTURE
OTHER PROJECTS

125.00

125.00

125.00

375.00

2.07%

&

Total

9445.62 4380.80 4287.89 18114.32

% Share of the total Investment

52.14%

24.18%

100%

23.67%

12.3. Financial Operating Plan For Pachore


12.3.1 Overview
Financial sustainability of infrastructure investments is determined based on Pachore municipalities
ability to sustain investments (through debt servicing and operation and maintenance) from the
municipal fund. Most sub-projects undertaken in ULBs (in the State and across India) are financially
unviable if they are to take recourse to project revenue. Municipal taxes and non-taxes generally
supplement the shortfall in debt repayment and O&M. Financial sustainability analysis for project
ULBs is therefore based on the municipal funds ability to pay for sub-project costs. Reforms
initiatives are subsequently based on resource mobilization and expenditure management initiatives
required for CDP sustainability.
The Financial and Operating Plan (FOP) shall lay out the planned fiscal status of Pachore ULB over
the CDP period, taking cognizance of Multiyear Investment Plans for each sub-project, sources and
disposition of sub-project funds, and performance of Municipal Revenue Account. The FOP will be
reviewed annually to determine the extent to which targets are met and undertake
corrections/revisions accordingly. The FOP also helps in assessing the requirement of funds over the
short-term and identifying sources with potential for revenue enhancement. The main objective of the
FOP is to enable ULB to determine their own priority objectives in terms of goals, resources, service
and management aspects in the medium-term.

12.3.2 Methodology Adopted For Preparing FOP


The guiding criterion for project sizing is that in no year should the ULB have a Negative Opening/
Closing Balance. The FOP process involves the following steps:

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R E P O R T

Step 1. Projection of yearly Income (Revenue and Capital21) under various heads and alternative

assumptions without proposed infrastructure OR No Reform Scenario.


Step 2. Projection of Revenue Expenditure for existing levels of services without Proposed

Infrastructure OR No Reform Scenario.


Step 3. Calculating the overall closing balance without Proposed Investment OR No Reform

Scenario (Referred as Scenario 1)


Step 4. Estimation of Capital Account (Income with GoI-GoMP-ULB-Others 22 equity) and

(expenditure i.e. Identified in the Capital Investment Plan) for providing new Capital
Infrastructure at different service levels.
Step 5. Calculating the overall closing balance with Proposed Investment on the overall closing

balance without proposed investments OR No Reform Scenario (Referred as Scenario 2).


Step 6. Estimation of Additional Revenue Account (Revenue Income + O & M expenditure due

to the provision of New Infrastructure separately referred as Reform scenario.


Step 7. Estimation of annual debt servicing burden under alternative scenarios of loan / grant if

applicable.
Step 8. Calculating the overall closing balance with Additional O & M Expenditure loaded on

Scenario 2. (Referred as Scenario 3)


Step 9. Calculating the overall closing balance with Additional Revenue Account loaded on

Scenario 2. (Referred as Scenario 4)


The investment sustenance capacity of ULB is assessed based on projection of operating / revenue
surplus of the municipal fund prior to investments. The projection of the revenue account of the
municipal fund is carried out based on certain assumptions of revenue realization and expenditures.
These assumptions are generally trend based or on revenue base and basis, collection efficiencies and
revenue enhancement plans of the ULBs.
The investment sustenance is ascertained considering projected revenue surplus available to service
additional debt for capital investment, operate and maintain new assets created and revenue
realizations from the new investments.

12.3.3 Projection Of Municipal Fund With No Reform S cenario

21

-Capital Income/grants of regular schemes like SJSRY, State Finance

22

-Grants in the form of Loans, Local Sources, Stakeholders etc

Commission, etc.

Prepared by:
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Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
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Government of Madhya Pradesh

215

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Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

(I) REVENUE ACCOUNT


The projected municipal fund (2013-14 to 2034-35) and the underlying assumptions are presented in
Annexure Financial Operating Plan. Some of the key assumptions with regards items of income
and expenditure under the revenue account, and their basis are elucidated in the following tables.
(I.A) Assumptions in Projection of Revenue Income
The assumptions adopted are primarily based on past trends (5-year average growth trend or 5-year
compound annual growth rate - CAGR, whichever is lower), subject to minimum (5%) and maximum
annual growth rate (15%) ceilings. The assumptions and working sheets for forecasting municipal
income are presented in Table below:
Table 12.24: Assumptions in Projecting Revenue Income, Pachore
Details

Remark / Basis

Taxes / Fees & The sources of revenue income for the town comes from a variety of
Charges
Rates and Tax Revenue (includes Property tax, Water Tax, Sewerage Tax,
Conservancy Tax, Lighting Tax, Education Tax, Vehicle Tax, Tax on Animals,
Electricity Tax, Professional Tax, Advertisement Tax, Pilgimage Tax, Export
Tax, Other Taxes);
Rental Income from Municipal Properties (Includes Rent from Civic Amenities,
Rent from Office Buildings, Rent from Guest Houses, Rent from lease of lands
etc.);
Fees & User Charges (Includes Empanelment & Registration Charges,
Licensing Fees, Fees for Grants of Permit, Fees of Certificate or Extract,
Development Charges, Regularisation Fees, Penalties and Fines, Other Fees,
User Charges, Entry Fess, Service /Administrative Charges etc.);
Note: Other New taxes / Fees such as sewerage Tax/ Charges, User Charges for
parking, SWM etc are assumed separately in the additional revenue sections
subject to implementation of the proposed infrastructure or schemes.
Non Tax

The non-tax sources of revenue income, viz. municipal own sources,


compensation and assigned revenue are forecast based on past trends.
Assigned Revenues & Compensation ( includes Taxes & Duties Collected by
Others, Compensation in lieu of Taxes & Duties, Compensation in lieu of Octroi,
State Finance Commission, Compensation in lieu of Concession etc.);
Revenue Grants, Contribution and Subsidies (includes Revenue Grants, Reimbursement for expenses, Contribution towards schemes From State
Government/ Central Government / Other Organisations);
Income from Investment;
Interest Earned and Other Income (Includes Deposit Forfeited, Lapsed Deposit,
Insurance Clam Recovery, Profit on Disposal of Fixed assets, Recovery from
Employees, Unclaimed Refund Payable/Liabilities Written Back, Excess
Provision written back and Miscellaneous Income).

(I.B) Adopted Growth Rates in Projection of Revenue Income

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F I N A L

R E P O R T

The adopted Growth rates and working sheets for forecasting municipal income are presented in
Table below.
Table 12.25: Adopted Growth Rates for Projecting Revenue Income, Pachore
Past CAGR
(in %)

Sources of Revenue Income

[Previous 5
Years]

Adopted CAGR
(in %)

A1

Rates and Tax Revenue

29%

15.00%

A2

Assigned Revenues & Compensation

29%

7.50%

A3

Rental Income from Municipal Properties

29%

14.00%

A4

Fees & User Charges

29%

10.00%

A5

Sale & Hire Charges

0%

14.00%

A6

Revenue Grants, Contribution and Subsidies

0%

10.00%

A7

Income from Investment

5%

5.00%

A8

Interest Earned

0%

5.00%

A9

Other Income

0%

0.00%

Source: Projections by CONSULTANT


(I.C) Assumptions in Projection of Revenue Expenditure
The assumptions adopted are primarily based on past trends (5-year average growth trend or 5-year
compound annual growth rate - CAGR, whichever is lower), subject to minimum (5%) and maximum
annual growth rate (15%) ceilings.
Table 12.26: Assumptions in Projecting Revenue Expenditure, Pachore
Details

Remark / Basis

Establishment
The high growth is primarily due to inappropriate booking of salary
Expenditure / Salary of expenditure in terms of regular & casual work force. It is also possible that
Regular Staff
the picture is unclear as there is no detail breaks up of salary expenditure
of casual work force. The casual work force exists mainly in SWM,
sanitation, water supply etc. These expenditures are also non-recurring
items of revenue expenditure. A negative growth rate is adopted for some
sectors on the assumptions of implementation of double accounting system
reform in the ULB.
O&M / Contingencies

This high growth in Expenditure is primarily due to inappropriate booking


of expenses by ULB in terms of capital and revenue items. It is likely that
some capital expenditure items have been accounted under revenue
account. A nominal growth rate of 15 per cent per annum is assumed to
forecast operation and maintenance and contingency expenditure.

Source: CONSULTANT
(I.D) Adopted Growth Rates in Projection of Revenue Expenditure

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CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

The adopted Growth rates and working sheets for forecasting Revenue expenditure are presented in
Table below:
Table 12.27: Adopted Growth Rates for Projecting Revenue Expenditure, Pachore
Past CAGR
Sources of Revenue Expenditure

(in %)
[Previous 5 Years]

Adopted CAGR
(in %)

B1

Establishment Expenses

28%

15.00%

B2

Administrative Expenses

28%

15.00%

B3

Operations & Maintenance

28%

7.50%

B4

Interest & Finance Charges

0%

0.00%

B5

Programme Expenses

0%

0.00%

B6

Revenue Grants, Contribution and Subsidies

0%

-15.00%

B7

Miscellaneous Expenses

0%

0.00%

B8

Transfer of Fund

0%

10.00%

Source: Projections by CONSULTANT


(II) CAPITAL ACCOUNT
Assumptions in Projection of Capital Income

In case of capital Income, it is assumed that the Central Finance Commission Grant, and other
scheme-based capital grants will decrease gradually and divert into new capital infrastructure.

Special Grants Based Works like Basic service grants, Road Repair Grants from state
government are not excluded from the regular capital income. Instead these grants would be
utilized as part of the larger / city-wide capital investment plan, rather than on ad hoc small
projects in isolation.

12.3.4. Projection of Municipal Fund with Proposed Investments


(I) MODES OF FINANCE FOR CIP
Following section of the report focuses on various modes of finance for implementation of different
development projects envisaged in the City Investment Plan (CIP). Mainly, modes of finance can be
either through government grant/aid or through public private partnership (PPP) or through loan from
financial institutes.
Through Government Grant/Aid
- UIDSSMT- Urban infrastructure Development Scheme for Small & Medium Towns aims at
improvement in urban infrastructure in towns and cities in a planned manner. The components for
assistance under the scheme will include all urban infrastructure development projects including water
supply and sewerage. The sharing of funds would be in the ratio of 80:10 between Central
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CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


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Government & State Government and the balance 10% could be raised by the nodal/implementing
agencies from the financial institutions. Implementing agencies may substitute internal resources for
funds to be raised from financial institutions.
-IHSDP- The sharing of funds for IHSDP would be in the ratio of 80:20 between Central
Government & State Government/ULB/Parastatal. States/Implementing Agencies may raise their
contribution from their own resources or from beneficiary contribution/ financial institutions.
It is assumed that the sharing pattern will be as same as that of UIDSSMT i.e. 80:10 and the rest has
to be raised from Financial Institution.
Through PPP
As a response to an insufficient provision of basic urban services and a lack of access to finance and
other resources by ULBs that aim to increase access to these services, a number of PPP options have
emerged. These include: service contracts; performance based service contract; joint sector company
to implement and finance the project; a management contract for operations and maintenance (O&M);
and construction cum build-operate-transfer (BOT) contract.
In case of Pachore, the Following projects are suggested to be developed on PPP basis.

Construction of Public Pay & Use Toilets

Development of Parking sites and design of road junctions/traffic inlands to control and
manage traffic in an efficient manner.

Construction of Additional Road with onsite parking facilities

Transportation, Treatment and disposal of SWM

Street Lighting

Development of Bus cum transport terminal

Other than this, it is proposed to upgrade dwelling units of various slum areas and provide
basic services to the urban poor can be developed on PPP basis.

Following refers the project share on PPP basis.


Table 12.28: Suggested Project Cost to be developed Through PPP, Pachore
PPP
Share of
the
Sectoral
CIP

By 2015
Amount
(in Lac
Rs.)

By 2025
Amount
(in Lac
Rs.)

By 2035
Amount
(in Lac
Rs.)

Total
Amount
(in Lac
Rs.)

Solid Waste Management

15%

16.76

17.63

22.01

56.39

Sanitation

10%

17.27

18.18

0.50

35.94

Sector

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

219

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

Table 12.28: Suggested Project Cost to be developed Through PPP, Pachore


PPP
Share of
the
Sectoral
CIP

By 2015
Amount
(in Lac
Rs.)

By 2025
Amount
(in Lac
Rs.)

By 2035
Amount
(in Lac
Rs.)

Total
Amount
(in Lac
Rs.)

Traffic & Transportation

5%

34.94

34.61

22.21

91.76

Street Lighting

10%

8.95

8.85

12.69

30.49

Basic Services to the Urban Poor

10%

494.67

91.14

130.76

716.57

Urban Environment*

20%

100.00

58.00

4.00

162.00

Heritage*

30%

22.50

22.50

22.50

67.50

Education Infrastructure*

30%

37.50

37.50

37.50

112.50

Health Infrastructure*

30%

37.50

37.50

37.50

112.50

770.09

325.91

289.67

1385.67

Sector

Grand Total

12.3.5. Assumed Funding Pattern for CIP


Assumption for CIP: The sharing of funds required for CIP would be in the ratio of 80:10 between
Central Government & State Government and the balance 10% could be raised by the ULB from the
financial institutions or through PPP.
Assumption for ULB contribution: It is proposed that the ULB can undertake the CIP with 10%
share of the CIP. The amount required from the ULB can be through term loan from markets. This
means that additional Revenue up to Rs. 5.00 Cr. required by the ULB needs to be done through Term
Loan.

12.3.6. Additional Revenue Account due to Proposed Investments


The assumptions pertaining to funding sources, additional revenues, O&M expenses and debt
servicing are presented in the following tables.
The assumptions of natural increase in the development over a period of time are done as under:
(i) Assumptions for Additional Revenues as a result of Proposed Investments
The additional revenue as a result of proposed investments is assumed to get generated with the
delivery of the services. Apart from that the additional revenue generation of the taxes with the
increase in the population is also assumed under this head. This will match the base scenario growth
rates.
Table 12.29: Additional Revenues as a result of Proposed Investments
By
2011

By 2015

By 2025

By 2035

Population

27405

31661

31661

45423

45423

65166

Household

5418

6259

6259

8980

8980

12883

4256.300

13761.

19743.33

Projected

Population

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

220

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

Table 12.29: Additional Revenues as a result of Proposed Investments


By
2011

By 2015

By 2025

By 2035

Population

27405

31661

31661

45423

45423

65166

Household

5418

6259

6259

8980

8980

12883

Increase
Projected
Household

618
Increase

in

731

058

841.4755
245

2720.7
1

3903.279
148

Commercial Establishment

217

228

250

275

303

333

Institutional Establishment

54

57

63

69

76

83

Increase in Commercial
Establishment

11

23

25

28

30

Increase in Institutional
Establishment

Water Supply TAX


Proposed Tarrif

Base
Rate

By 2015

By
2020

By
2025

By
2030

By 2035

Residential

500

625

781

859

859

859

Commercial

750

938

1172

1289

1289

1289

Institutional

1125

1406

1758

1934

1934

1934

1000

1250

1563

1719

1719

1719

Additional Revenue with Population


Increase and Development

5274282

53379
94

129353
79

83133
40

1843608
1

Additional Revenue with Population


Increase and Development (In Lacs)

52.74

53.38

129.35

83.13

184.36

One time Connection


Registration Charges

Assumed
to
be
collected
from the
addition
al
projecte
d
Househo
lds. 1.1
times to
the base
rate

Sewerage TAX
Proposed Tarrif

Base
Rate

By 2015

By
2020

By
2025

By
2030

By 2035

Residential

500

625

781

859

859

859

Commercial

750

938

1172

1289

1289

1289

Institutional

1125

1406

1758

1934

1934

1934

3000

3750

4688

5156

5156

5156

Additional Revenue with Population


Increase and Development

7411833

54268
83

223953
76

84316
52

3198374
6

Additional Revenue with Population


Increase and Development (In Lacs)

74.12

54.27

223.95

84.32

319.84

By
2020

By
2025

By
2030

By 2035

One time Connection


Registration Charges

Assumed
to
be
collected
from
every
househol
d.
1.1
times to
the base
rate

SWM TAX
Proposed Tarrif
Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Base
Rate

By 2015

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

221

Assumed
to
be

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


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R E P O R T

Table 12.29: Additional Revenues as a result of Proposed Investments


By
2011

By 2015

By 2025

By 2035

Population

27405

31661

31661

45423

45423

65166

Household

5418

6259

6259

8980

8980

12883

Residential

400

500

625

688

688

688

Commercial

600

750

938

1031

1031

1031

Institutional

900

1125

1406

1547

1547

1547

250

313

391

430

430

430

Additional Revenue with Population


Increase and Development

3631599

42459
51

774680
5

66181
37

1102325
7

Additional Revenue with Population


Increase and Development (In Lacs)

36.32

42.46

77.47

66.18

110.23

One time Connection


Registration Charges

collected
from
every
househol
d.
1.1times
to
the
base
rate

PROPERTY TAX
Proposed Tarrif

Base
Rate

By 2015

By
2020

By
2025

By
2030

By 2035

Residential

500

625

781

859

859

859

Commercial

750

938

1172

1289

1289

1289

Institutional

1125

1406

1758

1934

1934

1934

150

188

234

258

258

258

Additional Revenue with Population


Increase and Development

4365822

53002
16

891488
1

82630
58

1267832
4

Additional Revenue with Population


Increase and Development (In Lacs)

43.66

53.00

89.15

82.63

126.78

One time Connection


Registration Charges

Assumed
to be
collected
from
every
househol
d.
1.1times
to the
base
rate

PARKING TAX
Proposed Tarrif

Base
Rate

By 2015

By
2020

By
2025

By
2030

By 2035

Residential

200

250

313

344

344

344

Commercial

300

375

469

516

516

516

Institutional

450

563

703

773

773

773

75

94

117

129

129

129

Additional Revenue with Population


Increase and Development

1762361

21207
53

363690
2

33061
11

5172937

Additional Revenue with Population


Increase and Development (In Lacs)

17.62

21.21

36.37

33.06

51.73

By
2025

By
2030

By 2035

One time Connection


Registration Charges

Assumed
to be
collected
from
every
househol
d.
1.1times
to the
base
rate

City Development Surcharge


Proposed Tarrif
Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Base
Rate

By 2015

By
2020

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

222

Assumed
to be

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

Table 12.29: Additional Revenues as a result of Proposed Investments


By
2011

By 2015

By 2025

By 2035

Population

27405

31661

31661

45423

45423

65166

Household

5418

6259

6259

8980

8980

12883

Residential

100

125

156

172

172

172

Commercial

150

188

234

258

258

258

Institutional

225

281

352

387

387

387

Additional Revenue with Population


Increase and Development

841101

10587
10

164107
6

16508
37

2332450

Additional Revenue with Population


Increase and Development (In Lacs)

8.41

10.59

16.41

16.51

23.32

232.87

234.9
1

572.70

365.8
3

816.27

60%

60%

55%

55%

55%

139.72

140.9
4

314.99

201.2
1

448.95

One time Connection


Registration Charges

GRAND TOTAL
COLLECTION EFFICIENCY
ACTUAL REVENUE COLLECTION
with Population Increase and
Development (In Lacs)

collected
from
every
househol
d.
1.1times
to the
base
rate

Additional Revenues as a result of Proposed Investments


(ii) Assumptions for Additional O&M expenditure due to Proposed Investments
For checking the sustenance of the proposed infrastructure, it is necessary estimate the Additional O
& M Cost due to the proposed infrastructure. The total investment is factored in order to get the O &
M cost, these are based on the following assumption:
Table 12.30: Assumptions for Additional O&M expenditure due to Proposed Investments, Pachore
S. No.

Sector of Investment

O&M Cost as %of Capital


Investment

Water Supply

4.00%

Sewerage

5.00%

Storm Water Drainage

4.00%

Solid Waste Management

10.00%

Sanitation

2.50%

Traffic & Transportation

4.00%

Electricity & Street Lighting

5.00%

Fire Fighting

2.50%

Basic Services for Urban Poor

0.00%

10

Environment

2.50%

Prepared by:
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Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

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Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


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R E P O R T

Table 12.30: Assumptions for Additional O&M expenditure due to Proposed Investments, Pachore
S. No.

O&M Cost as %of Capital


Investment

Sector of Investment

11

Urban Governance

0.00%

12

Heritage

2.50%

13

Education

2.50%

14

Health

2.50%

15

Social Infrastructure & Other Projects

2.50%

12.3.7. FOP Results with Proposed Investments


The parameters for ascertaining investment sustenance are:

Positive year-on-year closing balance of the municipal fund with the following scenarios
a) Without proposed investments
b) With Proposed investments loaded over Without Proposed investments
c) Additional Revenue Account loaded on the B
d) With Additional O & M Expenditure loaded on the B

Average DSCR of not less than 1.75; and

Minimum Cash DSCR of not less than 1.5

The following table presents the sustainable annual investment and the proposed funding plan for the
same.
Table 12.31:
Pachore

FOP

Results,

20142015

20192020

20242025

20292030

20342035

Scenario 1: NO REFORM
SCENARIO
(Closing
Balance)

(14.38)

(5.28)

59.03

173.83

252.94

II

Closing Balance
account
with
Investments only

770.09

385.51

298.95

(163.75)

125.92

III

Scenario 2: Overall Closing


account with closing balance
with proposed Investments
loaded on closing balance
account without proposed
investments I-II

755.71

380.23

357.98

10.08

378.85

IV

Additional Revenue & O&M


(Closing Balance)

457.11

201.01

(54.13)

415.11

1,422.98

Scenario 3: With Additional O


& M Expenditure loaded on
Scenario 2 (III)

573.10

15.01

(154.59)

(649.85)

(406.79)

of capital
Proposed

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

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Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

Table 12.31:
Pachore

FOP

20142015

20192020

20242025

20292030

20342035

VI

Scenario 4: With Closing


Balance
of
additional
Revenue Account loaded on
Scenario 2 (III)

1,212.82

581.24

303.86

425.19

1,801.84

VII

Overall Closing Balance


Closing Balance without
proposed investments only +
Closing Balance Additional
Revenue Account

442.73

195.73

4.90

588.94

1,675.92

VII
I

DSCR

0.05

0.18

0.25

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Results,

R E P O R T

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

225

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

Chapter 13: City Vision


13.1. Summary of Sectoral Strategies
Please refer Chapter 5, 6, 7, 8, 9 & 10 for Detailed Sectoral Strategies.
Table 13.1: Sectoral Strategies for Pachore
Sectors
Water Supply

Strategies
Augmentation of existing supply network at source and at distribution end
Water treatment augmentation
Up-gradation and replacement of existing distribution system
Extension of distribution network within town
Providing Community Taps and Group Connections
Establishing Customer Connections Water Meters
Operation and Maintenance Plan
Tariff Revision
Bringing System Efficiency
Compulsory Water Meter
Cost recovery through adopting differential pricing system
Water Supply Inventory
Water Auditing
Awareness Campaign on Water Conservation
Customer satisfaction through providing regular information service
performance
Rain Water Harvesting in bye-laws
Streamlining Institutional Responsibilities

Sewerage

Provision of sewerage network


Provision of sewerage treatment plant
Public Private Partnership participation in sewerage system
Operation and Maintenance Plan
Tariff Revision
Bringing System Efficiency
Waste Water Treatment and Reuse
Segregation of sewers from the drains
Prevention of solid waste and silt in the sewer line.
Regular sewer cleaning
IEC activities
Creation of Database of the existing sewerage
Institutional Strengthening and Capacity Building

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

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Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


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R E P O R T

Table 13.1: Sectoral Strategies for Pachore


Sectors

Strategies
System Maintenance Plan

Sanitation

Preparation of City Sanitation Plan


Provision of Public Pay and Use Toilets
Evaluation Study and Rapid Impact Assessment

Solid
Management

Waste Implementation of Door to Door collection System

d Waste Management

Provision of Two system Publics Bins at ward Level at public places


Street sweeping on daily basis
Introduction Multi-bin carts Tricycles
Provision of tractor for increasing the collection and transportation capacity
Encouraging local level aerobic vermi composting
Promote "Reduce, Re-use and Re-cycle (R-R-R)" of Waste
Promote Community Participation
Encouragement to NGOs and Waste Collector Cooperatives
Implementation of Municipal Solid Waste (Management & Handling) Rules2000 of Government of India
Promote public/Private partnership, self help groups and NGO support
Strengthen the institutional capacity
Educate the public and create awareness on various issues of solid waste
management
Explore cost recovery options
Decentralization of Administration

Drainage

Preparation of Storm water Master Plan


Provision of Storm Water Network
Operation and Maintenance Plan
Interconnection between Drainage
Conservation of Drains
Monitoring of water quality parameters
Eviction and Rehabilitation of Encroachment

Traffic
Transportation

and Upgradation / Widening of Important Roads


Development of Parking Lots
Construction of additional Roads
Development of Bus Terminal
Improvement of Junctions and Accident Prone areas
Operation and Maintenance Plan
Increase Pedestrian Movement

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

227

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City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

Table 13.1: Sectoral Strategies for Pachore


Sectors

Strategies
Creation of Urban Green Spaces
Preparing a detailed road register

Basic Services
Urban Poor

to Preparation of Slum free City Plan under Rajiv Awas Yojana & BSUP
Provision of Housing to BPL population on Priority Basis
Providing sufficient, timely and uniform supply of potable water.
Installing public stand post.
Laying of new sewer connection or connecting slum latrines to existing
sewer line.
Initiating solid waste management, especially segregation at source.
Construction of side drains.
Paving approach roads.
Maintenance of street lights.
Improvement and maintenance of basic services to the urban poor
Community Mobilisation
Training programmes in Slum
Capacity Building

Environment

Conservation of Newaj River


Beautification of Existing Ghat
Beautification of landscaping around important Heritage Structure
To conserve the edge of the Newaj river - Newaj Greening

Heritage

Conservation of Tangible and Intangible Heritage


Conservation of Intangible Heritage
Listing of Heritage Structures
Heritage Education
Development of Tourist Information and Display Centre
Development of new Ghats
On site infrastructure for Heritage Building
Signage regulation Programme
Creation of Living Heritage Streets
Provision of Tourist Accommodation
Decongestion in the inner core of the town
Basic Services to Tourist
Provision of Water sports and cruiser facilities
Provision of Camp Site
Adaptive Reuse of the existing place

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

228

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City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

Table 13.1: Sectoral Strategies for Pachore


Sectors
Street Lighting

Strategies
Provision of new street light poles
Upgradation of existing street light poles
To introduce PPP for energy conservation
Introduction of solar lighting and other non-conventional sources of energy
Involve Local Neighborhoods and Provide Feedback
Running a switch-off campaign
To undertake energy audit at regular intervals.
Provide incentives for conservation.
Improving maintenance practices.
Improving data management.

13.2. City Vision


As a milestone reform, the City Development Plan has considerably revolutionized the planning
process by laying emphasis on development of multi-perspective strategies based on collective vision
and goals expressed by the stakeholders. During the process of CDP formulation, stakeholders had
opportunity to collectively develop a Vision based on the most pressing issues of their town within
which future actions shall be made and assessed periodically.
The vision aspires PACHORE to become a fully-self sufficient town in all aspects of its existing
economical, environmental, institutional and social arrangements. Aiming at a socially-inclusive
society, a well-functioning local government (fiscal and management wise) that ensures the welfare of
its citizens, especially urban poor, by including them into the mainstream urban service delivery
systems.
It is recognized the importance of maintaining the integrity of its physical environment by way of a
comprehensive management plan and investment in infrastructure that would promote healthy habits
among its citizens. Attaining 100% coverage of sector services will undoubtedly contribute to the
economic vitality of the town.
The vision for PACHORE is to become:

An

economically sustainable, highly livable, safe, clean and peopleresponsive city embodying a transparent, efficient and financially strong local
government that offers its citizens equal opportunities for growth and
universal access to high-quality infrastructure and urban services

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

229

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

C ONTENTS
Annexure 1: Self Assessment Checklist for Inception Report .................................................................................... 231
Annexure 2: Town Information (Census 2001) .......................................................................................................... 232
Annexure 3: Ward Demographic Information (2001) ................................................................................................ 233
Annexure 4: Ward Population (2011) ........................................................................................................................ 236
Annexure 5: BPL Population ..................................................................................................................................... 237
Annexure 6: Proceedings of the Project ..................................................................................................................... 238
Progress Report ..................................................................................................................................................... 238
Annexure 7: Documentation of First Workshop ........................................................................................................ 240
Proceedings for the Workshop ............................................................................................................................... 240
Key Findings of the Workshop .............................................................................................................................. 240
List of Participants For The Kick-off Workshop .................................................................................................... 243
Annexure 8: Documentation of Second Workshop .................................................................................................... 245
Reform Agenda ..................................................................................................................................................... 250
Annexure 9 List Of Attendance For Second Workshop ............................................................................................. 256
Annexure 10: Documentation of Third Workshop ..................................................................................................... 258
Annexure 11: Details Of Third Workshop ................................................................................................................. 259

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

230
\*

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

A NNEXURE 1: S ELF
I NCEPTION R EPORT

R E P O R T

A SSESSMENT

C HECKLIST

The purpose of this stage is to review and analyse the current status and unique features of the city
with regard to the state of its development, systems and procedures, as equally its institutional and
financial context. This stage is meant to identify the strengths and weaknesses in the citys
development and to provide an understanding of what impedes service delivery and management
within the existing set-up and what contributes to better service provision.

RECONNAISSANCE

The Consultant will spend their first week with reconnaissance activities, including:
Introductory meetings with the Mayor/President, Municipal Commissioner/Chief Municipal
Officer, Heads of Departments, Councillors, representatives of ongoing urban programmes, etc.
Determine feasibility and composition of a city level Steering Group (comprising of Citizen
forum) for the CDP
Citizen forum shall be formed comprising of 15 eminent persons from different walks of life.
Obtain base maps, and available secondary data on the citys demographics, master plan,
reports prepared under past and current urban development programmes, ULBs annual budget
reports, other reports giving status of service delivery, and other relevant documents on heritage
listing, data on slums and urban poor, government policy documents, etc.
Identify the line departments and key stakeholders for urban service delivery and development
such as PHED, Town and Country Planning Department, Development Authority, SADA, local
chamber of commerce, NGOs, CBOs, religious organizations, financial institutions, commerce
and industry etc.
Field reconnaissance to determine growth patterns of the city, characteristics of slums and
environmentally sensitive areas etc. (Date)
Identify economic opportunities and blocks in tapping these (eg. Tourism, industry etc.)
Mapping : Preparation of City level base maps using Auto-CAD/GIS
(Minutes of meeting/ workshop/Photographs must be included in report)

KICK-OFF WORKSHOP

The Consultants will organise, with ULB support, a one day kick-off workshop[1] to familiarize
the stakeholders with the purpose, process, and expected outcomes of the CDP, and build
enthusiasm, understanding and commitment to the CDP. (Date)

Stakeholders for the kick off workshop may include:

Elected representatives, Mayor/President, Municipal Commissioner/Chief Municipal Officer


etc.
City level planning and service providing agencies viz., ULB, Town and Country Planning
Department, Development Authority, SADA etc.
Line Departments of the state government such as pollution control board, health department,
tourism department, PHED, PWD, Traffic and Transportation etc
Private sector agencies such as chambers of commerce and industry,
Non-governmental and community based organisations
Representatives of the poor communities
At the completion of this phase the consultants will present their preliminary analysis,
methodology in an Inception report. Based on their preliminary analysis, consultations and
workshop the consultants will propose special papers (maximum 2) on specific sectors or issues.
(Minutes of meeting/ workshop/Photographs and HINDI presentation and base maps must be
included in report)

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

231
\*

FOR

TOWN
Pachore
Insert

14/11/2011

23/11/2011

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

A NNEXURE 2: T OWN I NFORMATION (C ENSUS 2001)


No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9

Particular
TOWN_NAME
CLASS
C_STATUS
AREA
HOUSEHOLD
POP_1901
POP_1911
GR_01_11
POP_1921

Detail

10

GR_11_21

11

POP_1931

12

GR_21_31

13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32

POP_1941
GR_31_41
POP_1951
GR_41_51
POP_1961
GR_51_61
POP_1971
GR_61_71
POP_1981
GR_71_81
POP_1991
GR_81_91
POP_2001
GR_91_2001
DENSITY
SEX_1981
SEX_1991
SEX_2001
AVG_RAIN
MAX_TEMP

33

MIN_TEMP

34
35
36
37
38
39
40
41

STATE_H_NA
SH_DIST
DIST_H_NA
DH_DIST
HD_H_NA
SD_DIST
DIST_TH_HQ
TH_DIST

42

CITY_1LAKH

43

CITY_DIST

44

RAILWAY_ST

45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53

RAIL_DIST
98
TBC_BEDS
151
EXP_COMM3
BUS_ROUTE
99
TBC_NAME
152
MAN_COMM1
BR_DIST
100
NUR_HOMES
153
MAN_COMM2
0
NAV_R_C
101
NH_BEDS
154
MAN_COMM3
NAV_DIST
102
NHT_NAME
155
BANKS
0
REC_TAX
103
MED_OTH
156
A_C_SOC
421
0
REV_M_T
104
OTHMI_BEDS
157
N_A_C_SOC
97
0
GOVT_GRANT
105
ARTS
850
0
LOAN
106
SCIENCE
0
0
Source: Town Directory of Madhya Pradesh, District Census Handbook, Census of India, 2001

Pachore
III
NP
25.79
3,589
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
9,287
0.00
14,205
52.96
20,939
47.41
812
893
885
896
976.41
33.00
18.30
BHOPAL
126
rajgarh
45
sarangpur
30
sarangpur
30
DEWAS
120
Pachore
0
Pachore
0

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

No.
54
55
56
57
58
59
60
61
62

Particular
ADVANCE
OTH_SOUR
TOT_REC
GEN_ADM
PUB_SAF
PUB_H_C
PUB_WORKS
PUB_INST
OTH_EXP

Detail

No.
107
108
109
110
111
112
113
114
115

Particular
COMMERCE
ARTS_SCI
ARTS_COMM
ART_SC_CO
LAW
UNIV
OTH_COL
ASC_NEAR
MEDICAL

116

MEDI_NEAR

117

ENGG

118

ENGG_NEAR

119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126
127
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
135
136
137
138

POLYTECH
POLY_NEAR
VT_INST
SH_INST
TYPE_INST
SH_TYPE_IN
OTH_INST_S
S_SEC
SS_NEAR
SECONDARY
SEC_NEAR
MIDDLE
MID_NEAR
PRIMARY
PRIM_NEAR
ADULT_CNT
ALC_NEAR
OTH_CNTR
N_HOSTELS
N_SEATS

139

WWH_DIST

140
141
142
143
144
145
146
147

RC_FAC
STADIUM
CINEMA
AUDITORIUM
P_LIB
R_ROOMS
IMP_COM1
IMP_COM2

148

IMP_COM3

149

EXP_COMM1

150

EXP_COMM2

0
732
2100
490
507
800
200
0
81

63

TOT_EXP

64

POPULATION

65

SC_POP

66
67
68
69
70
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81
82
83
84
85

ST_POP
K_ROAD
P_ROAD
SEWER
WATER_BOR
SERVICE
LAT_OTH
METH_D_N_S
SOU_OF_SUP
SYS_STOR
STOR_CAP
FIRE_F_SER
F_F_NAME
DIST_F_SER
EL_DOM
EL_IND
EL_COM
EL_ROAD_L
EL_OTHERS
HOSPITALS

2,903
1,312
8
11
OSD
47
211
WB,ST
TW,T
OHT
900
2
SARANGPUR
30
1,252
72
593
700
1

86

HOS_BEDS

87
88
89
90
91
92
93
94

HT_NAME
DISP
DISP_BEDS
DT_NAME
HEALTH_CTR
HC_BEDS
HCT_NAME
F_W_CTR

95

FWC_BEDS

96

FWCT_NAME

97

TB_CLINIC

2078
20,939

0
0
0
0

0
0

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

232
\*

Detail
0
0
1
0
0
0
0
0
Bhopal
(126)
0
Bhopal
(126)
1
0
0
0
0
0
2
2
3
10
0
SERADI (4)
0
0
0
BHOPAL
(126)
1
0
1
0
0
0
CLOTH
KIRANA
Industrial
equip.
PULSES
SOYABEAN
OIL
PAPER
PULSES
OIL
PAPER
5
1
0

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

A NNEXURE 3: W ARD D EMOGRAPHIC I NFORMATION (2001)


WARD

Total
Households

Total
Population

Total Male
Population

Total
Female
Population

Pachore (NP)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

3589
173
279
596
271
282
324
168
223
141
160
132
152
133
255
300

20939
1130
1765
3157
1429
1973
1746
1021
1213
765
995
722
969
971
1422
1661

11042
580
950
1711
753
1021
940
499
620
402
517
375
514
513
747
900

9897
550
815
1446
676
952
806
522
593
363
478
347
455
458
675
761

WARD

Total
SC Population

Pachore (NP)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

2903
160
465
325
152
646
250
140
547
5
6
0
13
39
90
65

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Total
ST Population

1526
85
265
173
80
335
135
66
276
3
3
0
8
18
45
34

Total
Literate Population

1377
75
200
152
72
311
115
74
271
2
3
0
5
21
45
31

Total
Population
under 0-6
Age Group

Total Male
Population
under 0-6
Age
Group

Total
Female
Population
under 0-6
Age Group

3570
233
326
443
234
378
301
170
300
123
192
89
164
170
224
223

1919
118
176
245
119
178
172
92
153
67
100
48
103
94
130
124

1651
115
150
198
115
200
129
78
147
56
92
41
61
76
94
99

Total Male
Literate Population

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

233
\*

1312
0
106
125
37
109
267
95
0
4
0
21
4
471
21
52

Total Female
Literate Population

697
0
56
75
21
55
143
46
0
1
0
8
3
251
9
29

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

WARD

MAIN_HH_F

MAIN_OT_P

MAIN_OT_M

MAIN_OT_F

8608
510
718
1277
628
786
674
463
409
318
386
320
394
437
571
717

MAIN_HH_M

5771
306
541
851
409
568
489
250
336
196
247
216
262
261
353
486

MAIN_HH_P

14379
816
1259
2128
1037
1354
1163
713
745
514
633
536
656
698
924
1203

MAIN_AL_F

1289
40
97
169
48
166
132
59
184
45
92
27
61
21
104
44

MAIN_AL_M

5271
274
409
860
344
453
451
249
284
206
270
159
252
252
394
414

MAIN_AL_P

6560
314
506
1029
392
619
583
308
468
251
362
186
313
273
498
458

MAIN_CL_F

NON_WOR
K_F

MAIN_CL_M

NON_WORK
_M

MAIN_CL_P

NON_WOR
K_P

MAINWORK_F

TOT_WOR
K_F

MAINWORK_M

TOT_WORK
_M

MAINWORK_P

TOT_WOR
K_P

WARD

Pachore
(NP)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

R E P O R T

Pachore
(NP)

5392

4738

654

538

465

73

361

232

129

178

131

47

4315

3910

405

310

272

38

119

118

63

44

19

128

110

18

430

366

64

407

345

62

781

706

75

29

24

23

14

21

14

708

654

54

358

331

27

10

10

334

307

27

402

360

42

33

31

51

36

15

311

287

24

484

424

60

46

38

29

25

44

28

16

365

333

32

269

233

36

51

39

12

27

23

15

13

176

158

18

387

276

111

87

54

33

117

55

62

177

164

13

193

183

10

62

62

129

119

10

10

261

215

46

10

25

11

14

217

191

26

11

139

132

16

16

118

112

12

270

240

30

62

50

12

194

181

13

13

260

249

11

250

240

10

14

426

357

69

12

413

348

65

15

422

394

28

29

28

388

361

27

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

234
\*

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E

MARG_HH_F

MARG_OT_P

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

235
\*

MARG_OT_F

MARG_OT_M

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

MAIN_OT_F

MARG_HH_M

WARD

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

MAIN_OT_M

MARG_HH_P

564 353 211


3
1
2
12
7
5
170 125 45
17 10
7
84 69 15
40 22 18
5
3
2
61
3
58
8
5
3
48 34 14
20 20
0
10
5
5
5
2
3
58 31 27
23 16
7

MAIN_OT_P

MARG_AL_F

37
0
0
2
2
0
3
0
1
0
12
0
2
6
0
9

MAIN_HH_F

MARG_AL_M

15
0
1
0
1
0
1
0
0
0
3
0
3
1
1
4

MAIN_HH_M

MARG_AL_P

52
0
1
2
3
0
4
0
1
0
15
0
5
7
1
13

MAIN_HH_P

MAIN_CL_F
MARG_CL_F

157 340
1
0
35 28
27 44
2
12
22 109
3
45
13 13
5
7
17 29
18 20
7
20
2
4
0
1
5
8
0
0

MAIN_AL_F

MAIN_CL_M
MARG_CL_M

497
1
63
71
14
131
48
26
12
46
38
27
6
1
13
0

MAIN_AL_M

MAIN_CL_P
MARG_CL_P

47
0
0
3
0
0
6
8
7
3
0
0
20
0
0
0

MAIN_AL_P

MAINWORK_F

8
0
0
2
0
2
1
0
0
1
0
0
2
0
0
0

MARGWORK_M

55
0
0
5
0
2
7
8
7
4
0
0
22
0
0
0

MARGWORK_P

MARGWORK_F

MAINWORK_M

R E P O R T

Pachore
1168 533 635
(NP)
4
2
2
1
76
43 33
2
248 154 94
3
34
13 21
4
217 93 124
5
99
27 72
6
39
16 23
7
81
8
73
8
58
23 35
9
101 55 46
10
47
27 20
11
43
12 31
12
13
3
10
13
72
37 35
14
36
20 16
15

WARD

MAINWORK_P

F I N A L

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

98
209 111
490 257 233
627 314 313
298 144 154
283 164 119
383 208 175
85
67
152
307 152 155
49
76
125
233 132 101
47
32
79
91
78
169
80
58
138
93
86
179
236 121 115
3908 2048 1860

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

236
\*

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

Other
Population

Female
Population

Male
Population

Total
Population

Literate Population

Other
Population

Female
Population

Male
Population

Other
Population

Female
Population

Male
Population

Total
Population

731
730
1
295 1461
2
669 3353 1684 1639
3
1000 4798 2513 2285
997
4
405 2057 1060
987
5
359 2062 1075
6
512 2542 1337 1205
548
534
7
207 1082
759
750
8
324 1509
426
424
9
181
850
662
625
10
242 1287
429
393
11
174
822
577
539
12
217 1116
517
493
13
185 1010
716
690
14
266 1406
980
15
382 2080 1100
Total 5418 27435 14134 13271
Source: Urban Local Body (ULB)

Total
Population

Population Under
Age Group (0-6)

Population
Total
Households

Ward
Number

A NNEXURE 4: W ARD P OPULATION (2011)

477
333
810
2403 1315 1088
3474 2007 1467
765
543
1308
829
617
1446
953
641
1594
402
313
715
441
306
747
314
206
520
365
239
604
358
260
618
434
303
737
356
311
667
572
471
1043
914
727
1641
18327 10502 7825

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

A NNEXURE 5: BPL P OPULATION


Ward Number

Total Households

295
Ward No. 1
669
Ward No. 2
1000
Ward No. 3
405
Ward No. 4
359
Ward No. 5
512
Ward No. 6
207
Ward No. 7
324
Ward No. 8
181
Ward No. 9
242
Ward No. 10
174
Ward No. 11
217
Ward No. 12
185
Ward No. 13
266
Ward No. 14
382
Ward No. 15
Total
5418
Source: Urban Local Body (ULB)

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

BPL
Households

% of Total
Households

APL
Households

% of Total
Households

245
307
466
272
368
351
170
277
160
232
133
158
166
169
145
3619

83.05%
45.89%
46.60%
67.16%
102.51%
68.55%
82.13%
85.49%
88.40%
95.87%
76.44%
72.81%
89.73%
63.53%
37.96%
66.80%

68
424
800
265
204
225
138
52
80
106
87
140
121
253
453
3416

23.05%
63.38%
80.00%
65.43%
56.82%
43.95%
66.67%
16.05%
44.20%
43.80%
50.00%
64.52%
65.41%
95.11%
118.59%
63.05%

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

237
\*

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

A NNEXURE 6: P ROCEEDINGS OF THE P ROJECT


To start the process of formulation of CDP, PRUDA-All India Institute of Local Self Government has
followed the process of Participatory methods as follows:

P ROGRESS R EPORT
22 October 2011: Introduction of consultants organized by UADD, GoMP at Pallika Bhavan, Bhopal.
A one day workshop was organized in which an understanding of CDP was imparted to the consultant
present. The meeting gave a realistic picture of the nature of urbanization in MP and the expected outcome
from the exercise. A toolkit was distributed to the entire consultant in order to maintain uniform standard of
preparing the CDP and data Collections. It was also mentioned that the Municipal Officers and staff would
also be undergoing training in the next week. It was also discussed that the work should start by 1 October,
2011. PRUDA-AIILSG team members attended the workshop.
2 November 2011: Contact address of the ULBs and Officials was circulated amongst all the consultant.
5 November 2011: A letter was issued by UADD and Principal secretary addressing the preparation of CDP
to the concerned officials.
9 November 2011: Contract agreement dully signed by AIILSG-PRUDA as send UADD Bhopal
9 November 2011: A letter was issued to the ULB by AIILSG-PRUDA regarding the preparation of CDP
and conducting an introductory meeting for the same.
A Brain Storming session was kept for in-house team and they came out with a list of 27* probable list of
representative of residents so that all sections of citizens are being invited. This list was sent to ULB so that
participation of citizens cutting across different social and economic section can be insured. This list can be
broadly divided in to four categories, namely direct implementers of government and indirect implementers
of urban development, media and prominent persons of their respective field apart from other sphere of
public life and general citizens. This list was intimated to ULB for additional invitation, which they readily
agreed to.
14 November 2011: District level Meeting At Rajgarh Collectorate
The team paid an initial visit to the District Headquaters and identified its outstanding features and noted
overall impression and major issues seen. A meeting with all the ULB officials, engineers and interdepartment staff was organized in order to engage them in the development of the CDP. The team also
looked into the available data from each department and every personnel. Introductory meetings with the
ULB Chief Municipal Officers (CMO) were likewise organized in order to ensure that his presence in every
stage of the process which would also encourage line departments, SDM, Tehsil Dar and other officials to do
the same.
After the initial meetings, a letter was drafted which was sent to the different Towns to assure their presence
and participation in the consultation workshop and the overall preparation of the CDP. A meeting of ULB
officer of respective towns was called in the office premises of the respective ULBs where a presentation
was made in front of them so that they can understand the prime importance of CDP. In the meeting
situation of existing status in view of officers and what next best can be done was discussed in details. Their
understanding of challenges that a town can face and how to come out of this was looked upon.
A clear-cut understanding of role and responsibility was briefed to them and their role to support the
preparation was made clear. A date of organizing the Kickoff workshop was also finalized in the meeting. A
letter was sent to all the concerned officials regarding the kickoff workshop. The draft of the letter is
attached in the report. The details of the person present.

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

238
\*

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

No.
Name
Designation
Mobile Number
Shri O.B Jha
Project Officer, DUDA
09907282325
1.
Naresh
Mawar
CMO,
Talen
09977771718
2.
R.B Carpenter
CMO, Khujner
07697293345
3.
Mohammad Saleem Khan
CMO, Boda
09425445239
4.
K.D Dandotia
CMO, Khilchipur
09407558088
5.
Krishna Rau Shinde
CMO, Pachore
09407558088
6.
Jaykeerti Jain
Sub Engineer, Khujner
09425012900
7.
Vijay Singh Pawar
CMO, Zirapur
09424421430
8.
Brijesh Upadhyay
Sub Engineer, Zirapur
09425693043
9.
Project Officer
09879550337
10. Jay N. Padalia
Note: The Scanned Copy of the Attendance Sheet of District Level Meeting as Annexure 8.. And the
Copy of Presentation is attached as Annexure 9 in this Report.
18 November 2011: KICK OFF WORKSHOP
A meeting was called in the office premises of the ULBs with all elected councilors to brief them about
CDP. This meeting was organized at the initiative of Team of PRUDA to give momentum to the CDP. This
meeting was placed strategically to make councilors engines of motivation for residents to come up with
aspiration and expectations of citizens. The list of people present is attached in the report.
On the day of consultative workshop (Kick off Workshop) an informal meeting was arranged with all ULB
line department people so that feel of issues and constrains can be looked in to minute details which will
help in designing of future plans with accurate financial and administrative concerns of present
implementers.
In the meeting we came across galaxy of thoughts, some are achievable some are not. Just to make sure that
everybody share their dreams it was mentioned that in the beginning of the meeting that we are here for
future so let everybody share their vision.
At the initiation of meeting of consultative workshop it was made clear that prospects of city has to be
discussed so we should not limit our thoughts to only present day services or day today need but think of
future.

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

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Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

A NNEXURE 7: D OCUMENTATION OF F IRST W ORKSHOP


The development of City Development Plan entails an extensive and simultaneous coordination and
consultation among the key stakeholders for the smooth flow of each preparation stage. During the initial
stage, a meeting was set with the elected officers to inform them about their pivotal role in encouraging the
line departments and the general public in developing a vision for the town.
During the consultative workshop (Kick off Workshop), a meeting with the ULB line departments was
organized which mainly discussed the most pressing issues and concerns in the town and how they may be
addressed through a vision. The kick off workshop is a crucial stage for the preparation of the CDP primarily
because it supports a participatory decision-making process involving all the stakeholders concerned. At the
start of the said workshop, it was made clear that ideas and aspirations should not be limited on the present
needs of the town but should also extend to the future prospects of the same. Although some of the
articulated aspirations are unattainable for the moment, the exercise was especially important in engaging all
the concerned to work for the development of the town.

P ROCEEDINGS

FOR THE W ORKSHOP


As stated earlier, a letter of intimation was sent to 52 heads and officials of ULBs, line departments (state
and ULBs), concerned groups but only 37 people were able to successfully attend the event. The general
public was likewise invited to make the discussion richer and more meaningful. The meeting proper was led
by the president of the ULB. The AIILSG-PRUDA team was cordially introduced to the people. During the
workshop proper, no formal presentation was made on the facets of the CDP (rationale, contents, format,
etc) but handouts from the UAAD Madhya Pradesh toolkit in Hindi were distributed among the participants.
The first session was devoted to enlightening the participants about the CDP and its process. First, the
rationale and significance of the CDP was explained within the context of the current issues and challenges
faced by the town. Second, the processes involving the development of the CDP was likewise communicated
including the steps involved in the preparation of the CDP, the intricacies of data gathering, the wide range
of data needed and the expected outcome. Finally, the importance of stakeholder participation was pointed
giving emphasis on the importance of the preparation of data by the departments. The last point is especially
crucial in enlightening the participants about their role in the final outcome of the CDP.
The second session was focused on the detailed discussion of the issues and concerns surrounding each
sector. The session was highly informal and interactive in nature which was intended to encourage each
participant to engage in the discussion. During the discussion, opinions were laid out and key issues were
highlighted. The highlights of the discussion include the situation of the basic services delivery in the town;
the performance of each sector in providing basic services to people especially to the underprivileged;
physical condition of the town (environmental degradation and encroachment); the need for physical and
social infrastructure and major barriers to making the necessary provision.

K EY F INDINGS

OF THE W ORKSHOP
With the concerns on the basic services provision, the people expressed their overall dissatisfaction with the
performance of the ULBs. Some of them brought up the lack of proper sewerage system as the town is
devoid of underground sewerage system (open drains) which can potentially harm the citizens through rapid
and increased spread of diseases. The issue on the inappropriate water distribution was also given attention.
The quality of the water was also reported to be deteriorating as the town lacks facilities for proper filtration.
On the solid waste management part, people expressed disappointment with the untimely collection of solid
waste by the ULBs.
As regards the need for infrastructure development for the town, the people articulated on the lack of paved
roads and recreational facilities such as libraries and parks. The people pointed the importance of the said
infrastructure on the further development of the town and the citizens. In relation to the concerns on the
physical condition of the town, environmental degradation and land encroachment were highlighted.
Finally, some of the most common systemic problems were also brought up such as poverty and huge
unemployment rate in the town. The people expressed that the underprivileged and the marginalized should
be given priority. After the discussion, the participants were asked to provide feedbacks in the form of
Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

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Government of Madhya Pradesh

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City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

writing. These concerns also relate to basic services provision and maintenance. People expressed that a roof
water harvesting should be developed to conserve groundwater resources. This concern relates to the
increasing number of households indiscriminately extracting groundwater and thus depleting the natural
resources of the town. There were also complaints about the water supply distribution as water is supplied
for only 10-15 minutes which means that people need to collect and store as much water within the given
period. Finally, pay and use toilets were unhygienic and poorly maintained.
The kick off workshop lasted for 2 hours and 30 minutes. From the details elaborated above, it is evident
that the workshop was successful in gathering the opinions of participants coming from various sectors.
During the conclusion of the workshop, the next stages for the CDP preparation were laid out including its
broad schedules and working deadlines.
Apart from those discussed above, the following points also emerged from the consultative workshop:
Land/ Physical Issues:

No open space for citizens due to unplanned city


Traffic chaos due to encroachment on road by business men and vendors
in all parts of city
Parking problems in town especially during the festival days
Infrastructure and Facilities Issues
Roads and repair of the same
Paucity of street light and maintenance problems
Led lights and solar lights for power saving option for public place lighting
Toilets for men and women at public place like malls and shopping
complex, main market etc.
Drainage system non functional in old town
Need of sports complex in town
Need of picnic spot in town or in its outskirts
Tree plantation on side of road
Basic Services Issues
Water scarcity in summer and taps remain non functional
Lack of gutters and overall sewerage system
Solid waste management
Town Management and Sustainability
Institutional strengthening for local body
Tax evasion and no strict action
Internal traffic regulation
Overall pollution and unhygienic condition of the town
Water logging in low lying area
Some mechanism for revenue generation for Nagarpalika so that it can
become self sustainable

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PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

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City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

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Ahmedabad

R E P O R T

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Government of Madhya Pradesh

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City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

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F I N A L

L IST

OF P ARTICIPANTS
Date: 23 November, 2011.
No.
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48.

F OR T HE K ICK - OFF W ORKSHOP


Place: PACHORE

Name
Rambabu Saxena
Ashraf Kureshi
Santosh Agrawal
A.K.Sharma
Manohar Jamalwal
Bhagwansih Rajput
Radheshyam Jamalwal
Ramesh Parihar
Shri Raju Gupta
Sankesh Rajoor
Kailash Malviya
Ulmaan Shah
Dinesh Chandragupt
Rajendra Pachidiya
Rajjakbhai Centerwale
Purusottam Vaishnav Patrakar
Kailash Deshgati
Govind Chitat
Smt. Santosh Suryavansi
Smt. Kiran Saxena
Smt. Shakuntala Devi
Smt. Sangeeta Karodia
Smt. Radha Jamalwal
Smt. Savkul Solanki
Smt. Heeramani Sharma
Makhan Vijayvagiya
Ajay Sahoo
Raamesh Palikam
Raghvendra Vaishnav
Shri Ram Goyal
Ajay Bitaygam
Dinesh Goyal
Ramesh Parlana
Sunil Kuravah
Deepak Sharma
Umesh Sajilena
Ramanu
Ramchandra Dolia
Avtarsih Sisodiya
Hakam singh Sisodiya
Bhagvansih Jayswal
Vrajraj Singh
Sivjibhai Patidar
Brijmohan Varma
Durgaprasad Sharma
Vishnuprasad Viramat
Govind Goyal
Romal Nagar

Prepared by:
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Ahmedabad

R E P O R T

Designation
District President-BJP
Citizen, Pachore Town
Citizen, Pachore Town
Citizen, Pachore Town
District General Secretary, Yuva Morcha
Senior member- BJP
Divisional Vice President-BJP, Pachore
President, Pachore Nagar Panchayat
Citizen, Pachore Town
Councilor, Pachore Nagar Panchayat
Vice President, Pachore Nagar Panchayat
Ex President, Pachore Nagar Panchayat
Vice President, Yuva Morcha, Rajgarh
Vice President, Yuva Morcha, Rajgarh
Councilor, Pachore Nagar Panchayat
Councilor, Pachore Nagar Panchayat
Councilor, Pachore Nagar Panchayat
Ex President, Pachore Nagar Panchayat
Additional Warder
Councilor, Pachore Nagar Panchayat
Vice President, Pachore Nagar Panchayat
Councilor, Pachore Nagar Panchayat
Councilor, Pachore Nagar Panchayat
Citizen, Pachore Town
Journalist
Journalist
Journalist
Journalist
Pachore Nagar Panchayat
Citizen, Pachore Town
Citizen, Pachore Town
Journalist
Teacher
Patvari
Journalist
Farmer
Citizen, Pachore Town
Citizen, Pachore Town
Pracharya
Pracharya
Pradhana adhyapak
Citizen, Pachore Town
Ex. Councilor, Pachore Nagar Panchayat
Pradhana adhyapak
Pradhana adhyapak
Citizen, Pachore Town
Citizen, Pachore Town

Prepared For:
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Government of Madhya Pradesh

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Mobile Number
09300952757
09425038434
09753907888
09425444705
09893721489
091799-54333
09926726985
09925444545
09893902322
09926077766
08889059755
09893721487
09807519101
09406529518
09977097316
09425444684
09893001884
09575854873
09826961969
09926099457
09993756404
09993373861
09762757098
09300010003
09424466017
09425039241
09981330219
09926351091
09926351152
09425038483
09893730783
09826725165
09926351080
09425444818
08120138903
08103181420
099077984296
09893617707
09425444821
09407275726
09009513681
09425444532
09425021506

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

No.
Name
Designation
Mobile Number
Ashok Pandit
President, Pachore Nagar Panchayat
09425038762
49.
Manmohan
Gulela
Divisional
President,
BJP
09302172200
50.
Pradeepkumar Mishra
Tahsildar, Pachore
09977347771
51.
Ghanshayam Agrawal
Ex President, Pachore Nagar Panchayat
09822968056
52.
L.S. Gupta
Ex. Pracharya
07371-226185
53.
Mohhmad Raiz
Citizen, Pachore Town
09752088839
54.
Dindayal Vishvkarma
Citizen, Pachore Town
09424427431
55.
Ravi Sharma
Citizen, Pachore Town
09993366884
56.
Ram Thapad
Journalist
09977003262
57.
Pramod Dixit
Teacher, Pachore Town
09753732326
58.
Sanjay Soni
Citizen, Pachore Town
09300448409
59.
Bihari Dugariya
Citizen, Pachore Town
0947999641
60.
Vinod Vijayvargiya
Advocate, Citizen, Pachore Town
09926726507
61.
Manish Yadav
Councilor, Pachore Nagar Panchayat
09425038035
62.
Omprakash Karodia
Businessmen, Pachore Town
09926351030
63.
Bhagirath Sahoo
Citizen, Pachore Town
09893130727
64.
Kamala Prasad Sharma
Citizen, Pachore Town
09424466015
65.
Govind Goswami
Citizen, Pachore Town
09793285055
66.
Ashok Kumar
Citizen, Pachore Town
09425034088
67.
Mangilal Umaria
Citizen, Pachore Town
68.
Dhulji Thakur
Councilor, Pachore Nagar Panchayat
69.
Raish Kureshi
Councilor, Pachore Nagar Panchayat
9424582243
70.
Rajjakbhai
Councilor, Pachore Nagar Panchayat
71.
Jay N. Padalia
Project Officer-PRUDA-AIILSG
09879550337
72.
Note: The Scanned Copy of the Attendance Sheet of Kick off workshop is attached as Annexure 7 & And
the Copy of Presentation is attached as Annexure 9 in this Report.

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

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City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

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A NNEXURE 8: D OCUMENTATION OF S ECOND W ORKSHOP


SECTOR GOALS
The achievement of a shared vision is undoubtedly a daunting task as it requires fulfillment of other goals
essential in ensuring the optimal growth of the town. There are two sets of goals which need to be fulfilled
by the town sector goals and reform agenda goals. The former primarily concerns itself with the planning,
construction and rehabilitation of the existing infrastructure according to calculated gaps brought about by
present and future population growth. Moreover, the latter aims at creating institutional changes through
mandatory and optional reforms.
Giving due emphasis to the importance of physical and social infrastructure in the development of the town,
the people conveyed their goals for each sector within the context of its level of investment, sector service
level and coverage issues. Sectors were also assessed in terms of the expected demand on that sector and the
likely consequences should the problem remain unresolved given the towns future growth. Furthermore, the
participants pinpointed the most important issues in each sector and made suggestion as to how they want
them to be improved.
WATER SUPPLY
Water is a basic resource and should be available to all. Yet for stakeholders in
, water supply remains to
be a hurdle for the town. One of the main concerns of the people relate to the insufficient capacity of water
supply and poor quality of drinking water due to the faulty distribution system of the town. According to
them, water supply level has become inadequate due to huge transmission losses (23% water lost) brought
about the imperfect water distribution system. They also added that due to the same system, rainwater along
with other substances gets mixed with the water being distributed making it unsuitable for drinking. Because
of the high level of unaccounted for water and desiccation of river at certain periods, stakeholders expressed
concerns on the groundwater depletion as many people still depend on tube wells. Moreover, they were also
dismayed with the fact that water is supplied for a very limited time per day and that some of the wards are
not covered by public water supply (80% coverage) and are supplied through inconvenient tankers.
Broadly speaking, workshop participants expressed their desire to primarily ensure sustainability of water
supply in terms of quantity and of quality and improve service levels for the same. In order to improve the
service levels for the particular sector, it was underscored that ULBs should be financially capable of
carrying out Operations & Maintenance (O&M) measures along with other necessary water services.
Moreover, their aspirations for water supply generally pertain to having reduced unaccounted for water and
reduced dependence on groundwater by minimizing transmission losses and increased coverage and hours of
public water supply.
In order to immediately address the concerns and fulfill the aspirations of the people for water supply, it was
felt that the Detailed Project Report (DPR) on water augmentation for
which is already at the
implementation stage needs to be aligned with the analysis, calculations and recommendations made in the
CDP with proper consultations with the stakeholders. By making amendments to the DPR at present, the
water supply project will be easily appraised and as such people will be able to reap the benefits of the
project in a short period of time. Moreover, proper restructuring of the document will ensure that the
proposed augmentation will be able to fulfill the required capacity and quality of water supply for the town
given its present and future growth.
With the proper restructuring of the DPR, water supply will be augmented and the problem of water supply
capacity will be alleviated. By 2015, the goal will be focused on laying additional piped water supply for
uncovered areas that will enable achievement of comprehensive (100%) public water supply coverage of the
wards. By pursuing this goal of laying a more efficient piped water supply (water distribution system),
unaccounted for water will extensively be controlled, quality of drinking water will improve considerably as
there will be minimal contamination of water and there will be continuous and uninterrupted water supply
for all. In the same period (2015), the goal of having Review and Monitoring system with appropriate
benchmarks and indicators shall be pursued which will ensure water quantity and quality level of water and
high level of service to the people.
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Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


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In order to make the ULB financially capable of performing O&M measures and providing quality service
level to its citizen in line with appropriate benchmarks and indicators, it is envisioned that by 2025, all
households will be covered by metered connections and recover 50% of O&M costs through user charges.
The metered connections will strengthen the water supply system as it will enable justified tax and charges
according to usage, early detection of leaks, conservation water resource as charges are based on usage and
punishment of non-paying users. Most importantly, the metered connections will increase tax and improve
tax collection. Through this efficient system, the ULB can undoubtedly strengthen the financial condition of
the town and by 2035 will be able to achieve not only 100% O&M costs incurred but also coverage of newly
developed areas. Moreover, by making amendments, changing of distribution system, installing metered
connections, placement of Review and Monitoring system will ensure water sustainability (quantity and
quality), improve coverage and service levels and will generate municipal funds for the towns future
growth.
SEWERAGE
A proper sewerage promotes a livable and healthy city. One of the main concerns which the stakeholders
have raised is the unsightly and unhygienic open roadside gutters. They added that the open gutters have
attracted animals and insects alike. This scenario makes the whole environment unpleasant due to its strong
stench especially in crowded areas. Aside from being open and unsightly, they complained that the gutters
are unreliable as there has been increased clogging and encroachment making it difficult to clean.
Therefore, stakeholders expressed their desire to have a scientific sewerage system that will allow proper
treatment, efficient transport and safe disposal of wastewater into a common sewer line that can perform
well over a long period of time. It was pointed that need to improve the sewerage of the town is not a choice
but rather as a requirement and as such implementation of the project for this sector should be implemented
without further delay. Needless to say, the goal is intricately linked with the protection of the River Parvati
and improvement of the health of the people and the urban environment as people are becoming alarmed
with the pollution of the water bodies. In line with these aspirations, the sector goals for the Sewerage of the
town are presented in the table below.
By 2015, it was strongly felt that a DPR should be prepared for quick implementation of the required
sewerage project for the town. After the preparation of the DPR, it is envisioned that by 2025, the town will
have an underground sewerage network for the entire city with 100% coverage characterized by an
integrated system allowing efficient transport and proper treatment before disposal. Certainly, the system
will help maintain the overall health of the river bodies especially that of the WATER BODIES. As it is an
underground system, strong odors and breeding of disease-carrying vectors will be eliminated. In order to
keep the performance of the sewerage system, the ULB should secure funds from user charges or tax to
carry out required inspection activities and for improving wastewater treatment coverage. By improved
collection of sewerage service charges, it is envisaged that by 2035, 100% O&M cost will be recovered and
100% wastewater treatment shall be achieved. Through a comprehensive wastewater treatment, pollution of
water bodies and development of diseases will be controlled. By 2035, a Review and Monitoring system
with appropriate benchmarks and indicators will be in place in line with the aspirations of the people to
maintain enhanced service levels.
SANITATION
Improved sanitation is essential in keeping overall health of the town and the people. As regards sanitation,
stakeholders of
expressed their dismay with the rampant open defecation and urination in the town which
has led to contamination of the River BODIES. As the dire habit open excreta disposal remains strong in the
town, they envisioned having improved coverage of sanitation services and facilities for all. Participants also
emphasized construction of additional public toilets and proper maintenance of the same (new and existing
ones) through public-private partnerships that will strengthen Pay & Use toilet scheme.
In order to immediately address the concerns and fulfill the aspirations of the people for sanitation, it was
strongly felt for the town to prepare a City Sanitation Plan as per National Urban Sanitation Policy (NUSP)
2008 at present. As a backgrounder, NUSP is a recently-launched and community-driven policy which aims
at making every city in India clean, healthy, sanitized and livable. As a policy that promotes public and
environmental health among welfare recipients, the plan is focused on providing low-cost hygienic
sanitation facilities and services for the urban poor.
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Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


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In line with this policy, cities and towns are required to prepare their City Sanitation Plan (CSP) and execute
as it aims to
it accordingly. The CSP preparation strongly supports the aspirations of the stakeholders of
discontinue open defecation, promote safe human excreta disposal, provision and maintenance of low-cost
hygiene facilities, encourage community participation and PPP, capacity building and full recovery of
capital and O&M costs for the same, among others.
The City Sanitation Plan being comprehensive in scope will help systematically solve sanitation problems of
the town. As the plan is to be implemented after preparation, it is envisioned that by 2015, the town will
enhance its PPP for designing, construction and maintenance of public toilets. As prescribed in the same
plan, 100% coverage of Hygienic sanitation facilities shall be achieved in 2025 which is line with the
stakeholders aspiration of discontinuing open defecation and urination and open excreta disposal. As
stakeholders are concerned with sustainability of the sanitation projects, user charges will be collected from
the people that will allow ULBs to sustain its O&M and sanitation rehabilitation activities, wherever
possible and necessary. To this end, it is envisaged that by 2035, full (100%) recovery of O&M costs and a
review and monitoring system with appropriate benchmarks shall be achieved. Both goals will ensure that
activities for sanitation upgradation and coverage of newly developed areas will be sustained.
STORM WATER DRAINAGE
With respect to Storm Water Drainage (SWD) the town, stakeholders pointed the current storm water
drainage is not properly performing according to the requirements of the city. They also reported rampant
illegal encroachment along the major drains which has affected their drain performance.
Given these concerns, the table below shows the main goals under the storm water drainage as identified by
the stakeholders. In order to promptly deal with the stakeholders range of concerns and aspirations, the
prepared DPR for storm water drainage needs to be restructured and realigned with the analysis and
recommendations made in the CDP done through proper stakeholder consultation. The DPR for storm water
drainage concerns itself with planning, rehabilitation of existing drains and construction of new drains. As
stakeholders identified drain rehabilitation and construction as their immediate priority, proper amendment
of the DPR should be done at present to pave way for rapid appraisal and implementation of the storm water
drainage within less time.
With the proper restructuring of the DPR, construction and alignment of existing Nallas and Drains is
envisaged by 2015 which will undoubtedly improve their performance. By 2025, the goal will be to
implement a comprehensive storm water drainage master plan that will include removal of encroachments
and development of recharging mechanisms according to the towns unique drainage pattern. As the
stakeholders also pointed the need for proper maintenance of the system, training and capacity building and
a review and monitoring system utilizing appropriate benchmarks and indicators will be operational by 2035
and will ensure the sustainability of the project and service level of SWD sector.
SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT
Solid Waste Management (SWM) is one of the key problems in growing cities and towns. One of the key
concerns voiced out by stakeholders is the non-practice of door-to-door collection, SWM segregation,
recycling and proper disposal. Participants also pointed the need for proper processing through SWM
treatment. They raised concerns with increased indiscriminate dumping at open grounds, roadside gutters,
streets, rivers and other water bodies in
which has greatly contributed to the unpleasant atmosphere of
the town. Moreover, they also noted the rampant open firing activities in the town.
Generally, it was felt that the town requires establishment of proper solid waste disposal arrangements where
segregation at source, improved collection, efficient transport, proper processing and safe disposal that will
be carried out in a comprehensive manner with satisfactory level at the least. Stakeholders are increasingly
alarmed with unsystematic and indiscriminate solid waste disposal which has led to the contamination of
major water bodies and clogging of drains in major congestion points in the town. Aspirations for the SWM
sector also extended to adoption of sophisticated mechanisms transforming waste to into energy resource. As
in sewerage & sanitation, stakeholders wanted to ensure sustainability of its environment (land and water
bodies).
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Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

Given these problems, the table below shows the main goals under the Solid Waste Management (SWM) as
identified by the stakeholders. Given the need to immediately deal with the stakeholders concerns and
pursue their aspirations, the DPR for SWM, which has been found to be incongruent with the analyses made
in CDP, needs to be restructured for speedy appraisal, implementation and ensured sustainability of the
project. The DPR for SWM includes recommendations for SWM arrangements and other sector
improvements.
Upon proper restructuring of the DPR, the goal by 2015 will be on fulfillment of 100% Door-to-Door
Collection and 100% Segregation at Source that will prevent people in
from dumping at anyplace and
implementation of comprehensive Segregated Collection Mechanism (100%) to stimulate recycling
activities in the town. By 2025, a shift of focus from improving collection to 100% segregation at source at
household level, efficient transportation, treatment & disposal will be in place that will minimize the
environmental degradation and will help fuel waste to energy activities. In line with the desire of the people
for project sustainability, another goal for 2025 is to recover 50% O&M costs through SWM charges that
will help ULB improve its services. With the same end, the goal for 2035 will be to have full (100%)
recovery of costs for O&M, enhancement of PPP and setting up of review and monitoring system with
appropriate benchmarks that will pave way for sustained SWM activities and coverage of newly developed
areas, if necessary to gradually minimize pollution levels in the town.
ROADS (URBAN TRANSPORT)
The issues under Traffic and Transport of the town are closely linked with its Indore-Bhopal route location
and its economy. Needless to say, the town heavily relies on urban transport for the transport and trade of its
agricultural goods. To sustain its agricultural activities and harness its growth potentials, stakeholders felt
distressed about the worsening traffic scenario and increased congestion brought about by unpaved and
poorly designed roads, illegal parking and encroachment on road. They also raised concerns about the
limited safety of roads as there are no proper signage, sidewalks and pedestrian lanes and streetlights
notwithstanding the fact that
roads are heavily used. They also desired to have an improve traffic and
transportation system that will be commensurate to the future growth of the town.
In order to immediately sanction the necessary amendments articulated by the stakeholders, the need to
carefully review and restructure the DPR according to the CDP at present surfaced during the workshop. The
DPR is a document which contains the necessary road and traffic amendments which should be prepared and
worked against the CDP. However, as the DPR was prepared before the CDP, present restructuring is
important for appraisal and implementation requirements of the project. After restructuring the DPR, road
amendments will ensue.
By 2015 the goal will be removal of encroachments and restoration and construction of major roads. As this
has also been addressed in the master plan, the implementation of the project will be smoother. Goals for
2015 will also be focused on strengthening urban public transport and creation of proper facilities that will
reduce peoples dependence on small and bulky private vehicles and will put an end to illegal parking. This
will significantly improve the travel time and reduce pressure on roads. Another goal for 2015 will be on
beautification of major junctions which include provision of proper traffic signage, sidewalks, pedestrians
and circles that will improve ensure safety of both vehicles and pedestrians.
As people wanted to ensure the sustainability of the project, the goal for 2025 will be the implementation of
a traffic management plan which means enhanced transformation of urban transportation in
through
provision of proper utilities, facilities and management controls. To the same end, 100% cost recovery with
the assets created with O&M by 2035 will be in place that will help in further enhance potentials from the
transportation of the town.
URBAN SLUM
The city development plan seeks to improve infrastructure, delivery of basic goods and services and enable
institutional change with the ultimate goal of uplifting the lives of the urban poor and the vulnerable groups.
Emphasizing the interest of the urban slum is crucial in enabling an equitable and socially-inclusive
development process. During the workshop, stakeholders all agreed to make the needs of the slum and the
rest of the urban population a priority. Participants also conveyed their desire to enhance accessibility to
both sides of the Shiv Puri area so that citizens in this area can benefit greatly from infrastructure and other
urban services of the town. Having enhanced access to basic goods and social services such as water,
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sanitation, among other; improved housing and increased opportunities for employment are some of the
most salient aspirations of the stakeholders.
To this end, it was felt that proper identification of the slum and BPL population is needed at present to
systematically recognize the bona fide slum members as per urban poor guidelines so as to reduce the slum
population in the town and facilitate proper distribution of fund for urban poor alleviation. Moreover, goals
by 2015 are focused on providing individual households in urban slum areas need to be connected with tap
water supply and improved sanitation facilities.
In line with the aspirations of the people to improve the overall condition of the slums and eliminate poverty
in the country, another important goal for 2015 is towards enhancing in-situ development schemes through
the Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAY) program under the JNNURM. The RAY program for the slum dwellers and
urban poor envisages a slum-free India by motivating state governments and union territories to address
slum issues through a systematic approach. The main goals of the program are to analyze slums based on
their unique contexts, bring slums to the formal system, enable them to have enhanced access to basic
services as others, remove them out of the slum environment while retaining their sources of livelihood and
employment. It would mobilize existing schemes of JNNURM which include BSUP, IHSDP, ISHUP and
other similar schemes to improve the projects. Moreover, by 2025, a slum-free city is expected and review
and monitoring system with appropriate benchmarks and indicators will be in place by 2035 to prevent new
slums from thriving.
ENVIRONMENT
Environment degradation has been a key concern for Indian cities especially that most of them are
characterized by high pollution levels due to non-adoption of sophisticated mechanisms to alleviate the
problem. One of the most important concerns that people have pointed are the contamination of water bodies
due to solid waste dumping, non-treatment of sewerage and lack of proper sanitation practices in place.
Moreover, they have observed that the town has increasingly become non-conducive and congested. They
also raised concerns as regards the depletion of groundwater resource. Moreover, they want to move towards
having an environmentally-sustainable city.
With this in mind, reviewing and restructuring of DPR in line with the CDP was deeply felt at present in
order to immediately address the concerns of the people. This action will allow smooth sanctioning of the
projects that is expected to slow down or impede the environmental degradation of the town. Upon appraisal
of DPR in consideration of the CDP recommendations, by 2015, the goal will be focused on conservation of
existing water bodies which fulfill the water supply requirements of the town.
Moreover, by 2025, it is felt that more stringent actions should be in place such as implementation of
Environment Management Plan which will pave way for systematic approach to environmental problems.
Moreover, another goal for 2025 is towards Revision of bylaws to make rain-water harvesting mandatory in
all buildings. This goal is very much in line with the aspirations of the people to conserve water bodies and
groundwater by reducing pressure and dependence on both. Mandatory rain-water harvesting is an efficient
process that places emphasis on sustainable use of water. In the same vein, another goal for 2025 is the
implementation of tax incentive schemes for energy-efficient buildings which encourages government and
private institutions and individuals to take part in creating an environmentally-sustainable community by
utilizing efficient systems.
In order to institutionalize the process and make the projects more sustainable, it is envisaged that by 2035,
Training & Capacity building on Adoption of Water & Energy Conservation Measures will be in place.
Moreover, all goals converge at the ultimate goal of the town, that is, to create a conducive and sustainable
environmental for all.
HERITAGE
For cultures as old as Indias, heritage conservation is imperative both in economical and social terms. In
economic terms, it brings revenue to the town by giving people employment and other opportunities of
livelihood through tourism. As regards heritage, the people expressed concerns with the lack of awareness
and esteem for its heritage and pointed that because of this the town has not benefited from its heritage.
They also feel that people should learn to appreciate the value of their culture and heritage.
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Given these heritage problems, the people envisaged that by 2015, there should be identification of
important historic buildings of architectural importance. By 2025, they also expressed desires to develop a
heritage walk to promote tourism. With the promotion of tourism, creation of museums, art centres and the
like to conserve heritage for posterity by 2035 is envisaged which will make people connected to their roots
and institutionalize the process of heritage conservation.

R EFORM A GENDA
SECTOR GOALS FOR MUNICIPAL REFORMS
The creation of Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) is a clear expression of the countrys support towards a
decentralized and participatory form of government. Since the 74th Constitutional Act Amendment (CAA),
the ULBs have been assigned key management roles including provision and delivery of basic goods and
services (i.e. infrastructure). However, many of the ULBs fail to provide satisfactory service levels to its
people due to its financial and operational weaknesses. With the goal of making ULBs financially
sustainable, the JNNURM has launched mandatory and optional reforms aimed at increasing the efficiency
and minimizing opportunities for corruption among ULBs. Under the same initiative, special funds are
granted to ULBs upon fulfillment of these reforms.
financially sustainable in the
During the workshop proper, the adoption of reforms necessary for making
future was discussed. In a broader approach, it has been pointed that the town needs to establish tax demand
for various forms of taxes through proper surveys. The introduction of user charges to fully recover costs for
future infrastructure projects has been deemed necessary for creating capital in the town. In order to reduce
occasions of inefficiency and under-the-table transactions, it was felt that there should enhanced
transparency and accountability through financial management systems and proper monitoring. Furthermore,
the participants discussed fulfillment of these reforms that would enable institutions to perform in an
integrated and unswerving manner.
Decentralization
Land and Housing Markets
Transparency and Accountability
Community Participation
Financial Management System
Municipal Finance
Budgetting for the Poor
DECENTRALISATION
Madhya Pradesh emerged as a leader in decentralized development in the mid-1990s. It was the first state in
India to hold elections after the 73rd amendment and to pass its own Decentralization Act. The GoMP
strategy to deepen decentralization reform is based on: (1) community empowerment by strengthening
village level institutions such as the Gram Sabha; (2) untied grants to the Gram Panchayat (GP) level; (3)
improved accountability mechanisms, namely by establishing the peoples right to recall local elected
officials; and (4) devolving state government powers to Zilla Sarkar (District Planning Committee).
Madhya Pradesh has incorporated provisions of Article 243 of the Constitution. Urban areas are addressed
through Madhya Pradesh Municipalities Act, 1961 and Municipal Corporation Act, 1956, the former for
Nagar Panchayats and Municipal Councils and the latter for Municipal Corporations. These acts together
with various rules cover various aspects of the functioning of local bodies including constitution, elections,
conduct of business, functions, and powers. However, some of the financial and administrative powers
earlier given to the DPC between 1998 to 2000 have been withdrawn and vested with the local bodies or the
departments.
Under the M.P. District Planning Committee Act, 1995 and Amendment Act 1999 (Zila Yojana Samiti
Adhiniyam), the government has created an institutional framework for district level planning and
implementation of all development works.The main objectives/functions of the DPC are to formulate a
consolidated development plan for the district prepared by the Panchayats and municipalities in the district,
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based on local problems/ issues which have been duly assessed by local bodies, as well as to identify local
needs and objectives through a district level mapping of resources. The main functions of the ULB include
preparation of Annual Development Plans, execution of schemes/works/projects routed through the GP by
Central or State government. In order to execute this role, it is provided with grants and a share of state
levied taxes and fees. In addition, the GP may levy user charges for services provided by it as well as levy
certain taxes.Madhya Pradesh has gradually been increasing the involvement of local governments in
implementing social sector programs. Decentralization over the years has become the overarching
policy framework in the states vision for development. The following are some concerns for urban
areas which needs to be made for achieve decentralization:
To provide agreed support to enable decisions on decentralisation to be embedded and to operate
effectively;
take forward decentralisation, supporting agreed action plans for implementing Government
decisions on decentralisation;
To ensure that the people have a strong voice in the governance, through embedding participatory
mechanisms into planning and monitoring of service delivery, enhancing decentralisation and
ensuring inclusiveness of the poor and disadvantaged;
The urban though much decentralized in Madhya Pradesh still lags behind an effective monitoring system
and planning interventions for Municipal administration. The real application of democratic local
governance can further be strengthen through an immediate action of preparation of annual development
plans in order to attain sustainability. Further there is a need to strengthen ward offices for effective
monitoring of municipal administration which needs to addressed by 2015. And finally the formation of
Ward Committees to strengthen the ground level management and decision making process. This is
envisioned as a major goal of 2025. The following table outlines the goals for attaining further
decentralization.
2011/2012
2015
2025
2035
of Review and
Decentralisation Preparation of Strengthening of Ward offices -Formulation
Annual
for effective monitoring of Ward Committees to monitoring
Development
Municipal administration
strengthen
the
Plans
ground
level
management.
LAND & HOUSING MARKETS
India is transforming into Urban, this transition to an urban society, however, has not been accompanied by
a corresponding increase in the supply of basic urban services like water supply, sewerage and drainage
network, garbage disposal facilities, citywide roads, and public safety systems like street lighting and
pedestrian pathways. Nor has the supply of land and housing kept pace with the increase in urban
population. The result of this unbalanced growth is a familiar one: large numbers of households without
access to basic services, poor housing and proliferation of slums, widespread poverty, road congestion, and
high pollution levels. Currently the cities in India follow a long planning process, concentrated mostly on
land use, zoning and detailing aspects. Often the meticulously prepared land use Master Plans lose their
sanctity due to ad hoc and discretionary changes in the land use, zoning and building restrictions. The entire
process of implementation of Master Plans needs to be reviewed and made transparent. Moreover, these land
use plans will have to be translated into Development Plans. The immediate concerns is to implement the
provisions made under the master plan prepared by TCP department of Madhya Pradesh. And also to divise
innovative ways to meet the housing and land shortage and up gradation of existing housing stocks.
Further either the state or the ULB should strive for earmarking at least 20 to 25 % of last in all housing
projects for EWS and LIG category this needs to be incorporated in the bylaws and necessary amendments
should be made accordingly. This goal should be benchmarked with the consideration of 2015. A long term
goal of introducing Property title certification system and computerized process of registration of land and
property and finally an online Building plan approval system should be managed by 2025 and 2035
respectively.

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Land
Housing
Markets

2011/2012
Building
& -Implementing
bylaws & regulations as per
the Master plan provisions
-Devise programmes to
meet housing shortages and
augment supply of land for
housing, particularly for the
vulnerable group

R E P O R T

2015
-Earmarking at least
20-25 per cent of
developed land in
all housing projects
(both public and
private agencies) for
EWS
and
LIG
category with a
system of cross
subsidization.

2025
-Introduction
of
Property
Title
Certification System
in
ULBs.
-Introduction
of
computerized process
of registration of land
and property.

2035
Online
Building
Plan
Approval
System

TRANSPARENCY & ACCOUNTABILITY


A key aspect in designing an efficient system of service delivery is to define a clear role for the
municipalities.
Citizen Charter
A Citizens Charter is the expression of an understanding between the citizen and the public service
providers about the quantity and quality of services citizens receive in exchange for their taxes. It is
essentially about the rights of the public and the obligations of the public servants. As public services are
funded by citizens, either directly or indirectly through taxes, they have the right to expect a particular
quality of service that is responsive to their needs and is provided efficiently at a reasonable cost. The
Citizens Charter is a written, voluntary declaration by service providers about their service standards,
choice, accessibility, non-discrimination, transparency and accountability. It should be in accord with the
expectations of citizens. Therefore, it is a useful way of defining with users and others what service should
be and what standards to expect. A further rationale for the Charters is to help change the mindset of the
public official from someone with power over the public to someone with a care of duty in spending the
publics taxes and in providing them with necessary services. This goal should be immediately setup.
E-Governance
With increased emphasis on e-governance, information technology is playing an important role in reforming
the cumbersome government processes. On-line transaction processing facilities are available to citizens
including payment of utility bills such as electricity bills, water and sewerage charges, property tax, trade
licensing fee, telephone bills, issue of certificates such as birth and death, issue of permits and licenses such
as learners license, driving license, etc. These services, available on 24X7 basis at Citizen Service Centres,
banks and web portal, include birth and death certificates, trade license, property tax, advertisement fee and
market rent payment, civic works information, house numbering, suppliers and contractors payments, etc.
These projects are instrumental in creating a new municipal culture of citizen-friendly service provision. It is
essential to build e-capabilities of municipal governments to simplify corruption-prone municipal processes
and improve their functioning. This goal should be achieved by 2015.
Performance Management System
Performance management is a key instrument for improving the delivery of services and infrastructure to the
people. It is a strategic approach, which equips leaders, managers, workers and stakeholders at different
levels with a set of tools and techniques to regularly plan, continuously monitor, periodically measure and
review performance of organisations, territorial jurisdictions and functionaries in terms of indicators and
targets for economy, efficiency, effectiveness and impact.
The system links development goals, policies, priorities, plans, programmes, projects, budgets, action plans
and performance towards achieving the desired objectives. The system involves performance indicators,
performance monitoring, performance measurement, performance-based evaluation, performance-based
review and evidence-based policy-making.
The aim of evaluation is to determine the relevance of objectives, economy (minimising cost of obtaining
resources), efficiency (using resources efficiently), effectiveness (achieving the desired socio-economic
impacts), and sustainability so as to incorporate lessons learnt into the decision-making process.
The strategic objectives behind performance management are:
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To create a performance culture and ethos across public service in terms of shared values,
outcome orientation and best practices;
To promote accountability of employees and organisations in using resources and ensuring that
implementation objectives are met;
To empower citizens to generate pressure for change and transformation;
To guide capacity building development for better governance;
To contribute to overall development agenda.

Improving Municipal Organisation


Financial management of a large public agency like a municipal organization deserves integrated direction
by managers with a professional training and commitment. Financial viability based on vigorous
exploitation of the local revenue base and sound financial management. The following are some key aspect
for improving Municipal Organisation
Improving human resources through training, process consultation, action research methods and role
workshops;
Improving responsiveness to the needs arising from urban growth, with the ability to plan the
development of the city and its services ahead of, or at least in pace with demand;
Sensitivity to the needs of the urban poor, and a weighting of public interventions to promote their
access to shelter, basic services and employment; and
Concern for environmental protection, through public service provision and regulation of the private
sector.
To identify institutional strengthening needs of financial functions in local bodies and undertake
capacity building and system development activities which will produce a demonstrated increase in
transparency and reduction of misallocations
To improve planning, resource allocation, monitoring, management and accounting systems and
access to information so that accountability is clear, spending is transparent and public expenditure
is more effectively controlled
2011/2012
2015
2025
2035
-Improving
Transparency -Creation of Effective -Use of E-Governance set Citizen
Charter up for strengthening of Implementation Municipal
&
of complaints
redressal of Performance Organsiation
Accountability -Formulation
effective man power system.
Management
utilization strategies. -Implementation
of System
-Formulation
of Public Disclosure Law
Institutional
-Disclosures of Quarterly
Responsibility Matrix Balance sheets for Public
Viewing and response.
COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION
It is being increasingly realized that communities have little capacity to participate. Providing the platform
for participation is only one aspect of enabling community participation; the other is to ensure that
communities have capacity to fully utilize these spaces, and participate meaningfully. In order to address
these issues, ULB should: Come out with a Community Participation Fund (CPF) in similar lines with JNNURM. The primary
objective of the fund is to catalyse community participation by supporting the building of
community assets.
Identify and implement a number of pilot projects to take forward agreed approaches to increase
effective Community participation through formulation of CBO and Capital projects. This provision
should be thought immediately. Further by 2015 the state should ensure enforcement of community
participation law.
Identify means to develop and improve participatory approaches in policy making, planning,
resource allocation and monitoring;
Develop Community projects after achieving financial sustainability.
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Community
Participation

2011/2012
-Formation of Community
Based
Organisations
(CBO)
-Formulation of Capital
Projects / Programme
through
community
participation

R E P O R T

2015
Implementation
of Community
Participation
Law
-Formation of
Community
Participation
Fund

2025
Advanced Locality
Management (ALM)
for Wards/ Zones for
effective Community
Participation
in
Projects
and
Activities

2035
-Development of
Traffic
Circles
-City
Beautification.
-Signage
regulations.

FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM


Introduction of Credit Enhancement of Mechanisms
Credit enhancement mechanisms enable the issuer of debt to obtain a higher credit quality than would have
been possible on a stand-alone basis. Superior credit rating in the case of a debt instrument benefits the
issuer in terms of lower interest rates and easier marketability due to high safety of the instruments.
The credit quality of municipal bonds can be enhanced by the following mechanisms:
Some clearly identified sources of revenues of a municipal body can be captured in an escrow
account. This account can act as collateral for bond-servicing and also meet the debt servicing
obligations directly at the direction of the trustees of the bonds.
The State Government can provide security by pledging to meet debt obligations in case of the
inability of the municipal borrower to meet them. State-municipal transfers in the form of shared
taxes and grants constitute a major source of municipal finance in many States. An agreement
between the State Government and the bond-issuing municipality which stipulates that the annual
transfers could be captured in an escrow account on a predetermined schedule for debt servicing and
act as a collateral to municipal bond issue may be worked out.
A portion of the funds raised through bond issue can be kept in an escrow account or invested in
marketable securities and provide credit-cum-liquidity support to the instrument. Similarly, the
amounts kept in the sinking fund could be invested in liquid securities and earn interest which could
cover part of the debt-servicing obligations.
The escrow accounts should be monitored by an independent trustee of the bonds and any shortfalls
should be compensated by the State Government.
Project revenues may be suitably earmarked for the purpose of bond-servicing in addition to general
obligation
2011/2012
2015
2025
2035
-Strategic
-Systematic repayment of -To utilize surplus Special
projects
Financial
revenue in developing identification
&
Management interventions debts.
for
debt -Cost Benefit analysis capital infrastructure preparation
of
System
recovery
-Credit Rating of ULB in for attaining financial implementation
order to access public sustainability
for mechanism for the
borrowings
capital
same
MUNICIPAL FINANCES
Property Tax
It is widely accepted that property taxes can provide the municipal governments an access to a broad and
expanding base while promoting efficiency through the linking of provision of municipal services closely to
their financing. They are indirect user charges for civic services whose benefits are collective and not
confined to identifiable individuals.
Experience with property tax reforms in India suggests that there are several problems that need to be
addressed simultaneously. These include: (1) simplification of tax laws, (2) coverage of tax net, (3)
valuation accuracy, (4) collection efficiency, (5) rate setting, (6) administrative incentives and (7) policy and
institutional reforms.

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Double Entry Accrual Based Accounting System


Most municipalities follow a system of cash-based accounting as against accrual based accounting used by
the private sector. Under cash-based accounting, receipts and payments are posted as and when cash is
received or paid. This often leads to serious offbudget/ book liabilities being incurred but not recorded. In
the case of accrual-based accounting, the financial effects of transactions are recognised in the period in
which they occur, irrespective of whether the cash is received or paid. This enables transactions to be
reported in the financial statements for the relevant period. Municipal accounts adopt the cash-based system
on the ground that the primary objective of accounting is to maintain budgetary control over activities.
However, it is being widely recognised that a combination of cash and accrual-based accounting may be
more appropriate for municipalities. Under this Modified Accrual basis, revenue is recorded only when cash
is received, while expenses and related liabilities are recorded when incurred.
2011/2012
2015
2025
2035
-Institutionalizing
& Strengthening -Review
and Review &
Municipal
Implementation of Double Entry the
internal Monitoring
system Monitoring
Finances
Accrual
Based
Accounting audit system
with
appropriate
System.
benchmarks
and
-Implementation of Property tax
indicators.
reforms
BUDGETING FOR THE POOR
Separate budget head for urban poor welfare and detailed budget items under this separate head and
other respective service heads for the urban poor in ULB
Well designed, structured, user-friendly budget document for general (non-urban poor) and urban
poor category population of the city.
Institutional framework at ULB level for implementing development works and service delivery for
urban poor of the city.
Number of budget heads, items segregated and appropriately provided with resources
% of resources allocated to urban poor (amount budgeted - both revenue and capital accounts)
% of resources actually utilized for urban poor against resources budgeted for urban poor (actual
amount spent both revenue and capital accounts; % of total budget)
% participation of citizens in various budgetary processes

The following are some vision goals for Budgeting for the Poor

2011/2012
Budgeting for -Adequate budgetary allocation for
effective implementation of SJSRY
the Poor
scheme.
-Provision of Basic services to urban
poor including security of tenure at
affordable prices, improved housing,
water supply and sanitation
-Internal Earmarking of Funds for
services to Urban Poor

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2015
-Earmarking 25 %
of
the
total
budgetary
allocation
for
Urban
Poor
-Conducting
Livelihood
support
programme
for
Urban Poor

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2025
2035
Implementation Review &
of
various Monitoring
schemes
of
Urban Poverty
/ slums through
PPP

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R E P O R T

A NNEXURE 9 L IST O F A TTENDANCE F OR S ECOND


W ORKSHOP
Place & Time

13/4/2012 11:00 AM

No.
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Name of Person
Nitin Sharma
Kailash Malviya
Oamprakash Karodiya
Radhesyam
Jagdish Sharma
Radhesyam Gurjar
Banvari Loni
Shiv Prasad Sharma

9
10
11
12

Kamla Prasad Sharma


Santosh Agrawal
Ramchandra Mihaniya
Kailash Narayan Sharma

13
14
15

Ramchandra Tivari
Mahesh Kushva
Nimash Karodiya

7566711015
9893617708
9425039111
9424039111

16
17
18
19
20
21

Ramesh Sharma
Dipak Dave
Govind Goswami
Usha Prasad Chakraboti
Lokesh B. Karodiya
Shrimati
Santosh
Suryavanshi
Kailash Narayan Sharma
Ashraf Kureshi
Navabbhai Nai
Jugal Kishore
Dinesh Kumar Ambeni
Murlidhar Sharma
Ramlal Malviya
Tikaram Balram
Ramakant Sharma
Ravi Sharma
Tahir Ali Kureshi
Suresh Vijay
Purshottam Malvekar
Ram Dayal
Arvind Vikhash
Mukaim Ali
Munvar Kureshi
Ashwin Jain

9617017977
9893653833
9713285055
9893187762
9893626340
9826961969

22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
33
34
35
36
37
38
39

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Designation
Project Officer
Parshad - 08

Mobile Number
9418353814
8889059755
9926351030

Pradesh Adhyaksh - Congress

9755448203
8305622333
9425050024
9981223266

Patrakar

9424466015
9753907888

Adhyaksh - Pensoner

9893294792

Adhyaksh - Pensoner
Jilla Adhyaksh
Nayab Adhyaksh

Pachore
Kushvad
Patrakar
Teacher
Businessman
Patrakar
Patrakar
Doctor
Dukandar
Businessman
Upadhyaksha Morch Mandal Pachore
Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

256
\*

Sign

9897294792
9425038434
9843147786
9327060401
9926351156
9425477117
8889751608
9893616034
9993366884
9425097829
8989443139
9425444684
9977003262
9893780886
9425443239
7509355789
Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

No.
40
41
42
43
44
45

Name of Person
Ramesh Dartani
Kamlesh Soham
Manoharlal Loni
Rajesh Palival
Ajay Sahu

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

R E P O R T

Designation
Adhyaksh Kirana Vyapari
Businessman
Businessman
Patrakar
Press Reporter

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

257
\*

Mobile Number
9425038483
9926726100
9039011018
9630488804
9424466017

Sign

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

A NNEXURE 10: D OCUMENTATION OF T HIRD W ORKSHOP


The City Development Plan follows a sound process starting out with a systematic analysis of the existing
status of cities and towns within which stakeholders can build their vision and goals upon to achieve holistic
growth. As an action-based planning approach, the CDP lays emphasis on bridging the gap between where
we are and where we want to be by identifying a range of strategies and priority projects most appropriate
to the citys distinct arrangements.
Identification of strategies and priority actions is a challenging endeavor as it has to be dealt with careful
analysis of the most salient urban problems, consideration of stakeholders interests and balancing of urban
needs and available resources. By way of consultative workshops, stakeholders and consultants should work
hand in hand to come out with the most suitable and effective means to manage the city towards its equitable
and sustainable growth.
In what follows, this section shall describe the steps involved in the identification of strategies and priority
projects for Pachore gained from the third consultative workshop and first state level discussion at Bhopal.
Moreover, this section also depicts how involvement at various government levels can create a more
meaningful development process.
Minutes of the workshop
October 13, 2012, Third Workshop on Strategy and Priority Actions & Projects
After the momentous state level discussion at Bhopal, the team gathered the key stakeholders for the third
workshop to discuss the strategy and priority actions and strategies that will achieve the goals expressed in
the second workshop. Prior to the third workshop, the team closely coordinated with the key stakeholders
and invitation letters were sent to 100 stakeholders (including ULB officials, staff, ward officers, concerned
groups and citizens) out of which 40 people successfully attended.
The third workshop was held in the ULB office premises with the aforementioned stakeholders. Led by
Municipal Council President, the CDP was given a new momentum by emphasizing its scale and importance
in providing a framework within which future development activities shall be developed and monitored.
Moreover, it was affirmed that ULB backlogs should be promptly addressed so that achievement of goals
and strategies will be facilitated in a smooth and orchestrated manner.
The raison d'tre for the third workshop was articulated to the participants through a quick examination of
the CDP process. The importance of formulating strategies and priority projects to fulfill the towns
aspirations was likewise discussed. During the workshop proper, the team presented the minutes of the
second workshop and the formulated vision, sector and reform agenda goals consistent with their present
concerns and future aspirations of the stakeholders to which the people readily gave their approval to.
Moreover, the possible strategies and priority projects to achieve the vision were also discussed and refined
by the stakeholders.
The kick off workshop lasted for 1 hour and 30 minutes. The workshop was concluded by giving
stakeholders an idea of the outcomes of the third workshop and the gravity of the next stages were made
clear to the people.

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

258
\*

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

R E P O R T

A NNEXURE 11: D ETAILS O F T HIRD W ORKSHOP

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

259
\*

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

R E P O R T

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

260
\*

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

CITY DEVELOPMENT PLAN (CDP) FOR P A C H O R E


F I N A L

Prepared by:
PRUDA-R & D Wing of AIILSG
Ahmedabad

R E P O R T

Prepared For:
Urban Administration & Development Department
Government of Madhya Pradesh

261
\*

Project Coordinator
City Managers Association
Madhya Pradesh

City Profile
PRUDA - AIILSG
Pachore Nagar Parishad

CompanyName
ULB Name
Whether the Sectoral Analysis report is as per UADD requisites

Town Brief

Geographical location (Town)


Average rainfall (annual)
Height above mean sea level
Municipal area (1991)
Municipal area (2001)
Municipal area (2011)
Date of Constitution of ULB

Population

Historic importance
Population Year 1981 (under Municipal
boundary only)
Population Year 1991 (under Municipal
boundary only)
Population Year 2001 (under Municipal
boundary only)
Population Year 2011 (under Municipal
boundary only)

25 sqkm

In one or two
sentences

9287
14205
20939
27405
Town level

Name of Population projection Method

CAGR

Projected population adopted Year 2015

31661

Projected population adopted Year 2025

45423

Projected population adopted Year 2035

65166

Land Use

Land Use

23.74681
76.71266

Latitude
Longitude
MM
Mts
Sq kms
Sq kms
Sq kms
Date

Residential
Commercial
Public - semi public
Agriculture
Industrial
Roads
Green area
Sensitive
Water bodies
Total

% Standard (as per Land use (Tentative Land use (Tentative


UDPFI)
in percentage)
in sq km)
35
6
12
na
20
12
15
na
na
na
100

25

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
100.00

City Profile (Ward Wise)


Ward #

Ward 1

Ward 2

Dev narayan
Ward

Shankar
Mandir Ward

Ward Population (2011)


Area (sq kms)
Density (PPSqkm)
Male
Female
SC
ST
BPL
Sex ratio
Literacy rate (%)
No. of Primary schools
No. of Primary Health
Centre
No. of Households
Primary occupation
(Majority)
Seconday occupation
Tertiary occupation
No. of SS/LS industrial
units
No. of Commercial
establishments
No. of Slum pockets
Slum population

1461
1
1461
731
730

3323
2.5
1329
1684
1639

4798
4.5
1066
2513
2285

2057
2.5
823
1060
997

2062
1
2062
1075
987

2542
1.5
1695
1337
1205

1082
0.9
1202
548
534

1509
3.8
397
759
750

Ward 9
Shitla mata
Mandir
ward
850
0.7
1214
426
424

160
85

465
265

325
173

152
80

646
335

250
135

140
66

547
276

245
999

307
973

466
909

272
941

368
918

351
901

170
974

No. of Slum Households

Name of ward

No. of Individual water


connections in the ward
No. of Commercial water
connections
No. of Community water
connections
No. of Tubewells
No. of Handpumps
No. of OHTs
% Coverage of piped
water supply
No. of Individual Toilets

Ward 3

Ward 4

Khedapati Chandrash
Ward
ekhar ward

Ward 5
Vishwanath
Ward

Ward 6

Ward 7

Lok manya
Sardar
Tilak ward patel ward

Ward 8

Ward 10

Ward 11

Kala Ji ward

Sanjay
Gandhi

1287
1
1287
662
625

822
0.8
1028
429
393

1116
1
1116
577
539

1010
0.8
1263
517
493

5
3

6
3

0
0

13
8

39
18

90
45

65
34

2903
1526

277
988

160
995

232
944

133
916

158
934

166
954

169
964

145
891

3619
939
66.26
7

Mahatma
Gandhi

Ward 12

Ward 13

Shubhash
Indira
chandra boze Gandhi ward

Ward 14
Ward 15
Radha
Rajiv Gandhi
Krishna
ward
Mandir ward
1406
2080
1.5
1.5
937
1387
716
1100
690
980

Total
15
27405
25
1096
14134
13271

295

669

1000

405

359

512

207

324

181

242

174

217

185

266

382

5418

120

100

250

50

40

30

18

60

145

180

1003

1
930

2
1860

2
1550

1
620

1
1550

2
1240

0
0

2
3720

0
0

1
1240

0
0

0
0

1
1240

1
1054

0
0

14
15004

150

300

250

100

250

200

600

200

200

170

2420

39

209

408

187

267

203

118

116

94

93

101

143

135

190

347

2650
130
25

2
3
0

3
3
0

2
8
1

3
2
0

1
1
0

1
0
1

3
0
0

1
2
0

0
1
0

0
2
0

1
1
0

1
0
0

0
0
0

1
1
0

1
1
0

20
25
2
65%

30

150

250

40

70

50

45

25

55

60

105

130

75

220

350

1655

70%

10%

10%

25%

30%

30%

15%

40%

10%

20%

5%

5%

12%

15%

3%

20%

No. of Individual Septic


tanks
No. of Community Septic
tanks
No. of Community toilets
% of population - Open
defecation
No. of Dust bins
Wardwise Waste
generated (Kgs)

365

831

1200

514

516

636

271

377

213

322

206

279

253

352

520

6851

City Profile (Ward Wise)


Ward #
Name of ward
Road sweeping (1 time or 2
times)
Total no. of sanitary
workers in the ward
Length of Pucca road
(Mts)
Length of Kuccha road
(Mts)
Length of State Highway
Length of National
Highway
Length of Road side drains
Pucca (Mts)
Length of Natural drains
(Nallah)
Pucca/Channelized (Mts)
Length of Natural drains
(Nallah) Kuttcha (Mts)
No. of Streetlights

Ward 1

Ward 2

Ward 3

Ward 4

Dev narayan
Ward

Shankar
Mandir Ward

Khedapati Chandrash
Ward
ekhar ward

Ward 5
Vishwanath
Ward

Ward 6

Ward 7

Lok manya
Sardar
Tilak ward patel ward

Ward 8
Mahatma
Gandhi

Ward 9
Shitla mata
Mandir
ward

Ward 10

Ward 11

Kala Ji ward

Sanjay
Gandhi

Ward 12

Ward 13

47

Shubhash
Indira
chandra boze Gandhi ward

Ward 14
Ward 15
Radha
Rajiv Gandhi
Krishna
ward
Mandir ward

Total
15

1.5 km
4 km
50

110

140

60

25

85

15

22

10

24

15

15

10

21

28

630

0
0

1
0

1
0

0
1

1
0

1
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

0
0

4
1

No. of Electricity
connections
Name of Tourist site if any
Name of Heritage site if
any
Bus stop (No.)
Bus stand(No.)
Parks (No.)
Playground(No.)
No. of Residential
properties
No. of Commercial
properties
Total Property tax
collection (in Rs.)
Property tax coverage(in
%)
Available Government
land (Sq kms)
Remarks

293

414

731

272

206

267

121

112

119

180

100

107

152

227

344

3645

16000

40000

50000

100000

61000

46000

26000

12000

9000

18000

17000

40000

100000

400000

500000

1435000
0.00%

Sectoral Analysis
Source

Sewerage
Drainage
SWM

Physical Infrastructure

Water Supply

No. of Tubewell / River / Well

Existing Source
Tubewell
Well
20

River/Lake
NEVAJ RIVER

Water Supplied by Tubewell /


River / Well in MLD
Total water supply in the town (MLD)
Existing Supply rate (LPCD) considering distribution
losses
Water Charges per household per month (Rs.)
Flat/Metered
% Coverage under paid water supply
Whether any treatment plant exists (Y/N),If yes
mention capacity (MLD)
Proposed source (Surface)
Total sewage generation (MLD)
Whether any treatment plant exists (Y/N),If yes
mention capacity
Total no. of individual septic tanks
Total no. of community septic tanks
Total no. of Sewage/Mud pumps available with the
Frequency of Cleaning Individual Septic tanks
Frequency of Cleaning Community Septic tanks
Name of natural nallah (Storm water drain)
Length of natural nallah (Storm water drain) Kms
Ultimate disposal point of nallah
Length of road side drain (Kms)
Coverage of road side drainage w.r.t roads (%)
Ultimate disposal point of Road side drains
Any treatment plant/procedure adopted
Per capita Solid waste generation (Considering
Standards) (in gms)
Total SW generation (in Tons)
Frequency of SW collection by the ULB (1 time per
day/2 times per day)
Collection efficiency of the ULB (%)
Any initiative for DTDC (Yes /No)
Any initiative for scientific disposal of waste
Name of dumping/ landfill site
Is the existing site Dumping site or allotted site for
Scientific disposal
Area of allotted landfill site for Scientific disposal
Distance of the Dumping site/landfill site from main
settlement area (Kms)
No. of Tractor trolleys/vehicles available with the ULB
for carrying Solid waste to the LF site
If site for Scientific disposal is not allotted then
whether formally requested by the ULB

52
30

YES
CHAIN SAGAR DAM
NO
1655
1

KUNJA KHALI
NEVAJ RIVER

NO
90
2.47+2.41
1
70
NO
NO
Ward 3 , Behind college road

0.47 Ha
3 km
3

Sectoral Analysis
Name of National Highway passing from or nearby
from the town (NH-XYZ)

AGRA - MUMBAI NH 3

Roads

Distance of National Highway if nearby from the town


(NH-XYZ) in Kms
Name of State Highway passing from or nearby from
the town (SH-XYZ)
Distance of State Highway if nearby from the town
(SH-XYZ) in Kms
CC
WBM

Total length of Pucca roads (Kms)

Traffic & transportation


Street lighting

Total length of Kuccha roads (kms)

(kms)

Gap w.r.t Standards

(kms)

17 km

Total no. of vehicles in the town


Bus stand (yes/No)
Any intracity mass transport mode (yes/no)
Name of locations facing major traffic
issues
Name of the street beautified as per the
instructions of UADD
Total no. of street lights

630

No. of Streetlights under working condition

590

No. of Streetlights having Tubes


No. of Streetlights having CFL
No. of Streetlights having Incandescent bulbs
No. of Streetlights having LED
No. of Streetlights having LPS
Location of Substation
http://www.mptransco.nic.in

Power

Physical Infrastructure

Total (kms)

400 KV
220KV
132KV

Total no. of residential connections


Total no. of Commercial connections
Any subsidy for BPL (Y/N)
Duration of Electricity supply per day (in Hrs)

14 to 16 hrs per day

Heritage & tourism


Environment

Heritage & tourism

Sectoral Analysis
Name of Heritage site/s
Ownership/agency
Prevailing Heritage Act/s
Name of Tourist site/s
Ownership/agency

NO

Total no. of Pilgrims/ Tourists visiting town per day

Name of River/Lake/Forest range/Any specific species

NEVAJ RIVER

Prevailing Environmental Act/s


Areas facing threats
No. of Primary Health centres/Dispensary
Government

Health

No. of Hospitals

Multispeciality hospital if any (Y/N)

Education

No. of Primary schools

Beds
Private
Beds
NO
Name of
town
Distance
(Kms)
5

No. of Secondary/High schools

No. of Colleges
No. of ITI

1
1

No. of Beneficiaries under SJSRY (Street Vendor)

Social security schemes

Social Infrastructure

Name of Nearby town reffered for


Treatment

No. of Beneficiaries under Haath thela/Rickshaw


chalak yojna
No. of Rain Basera/Night Shelter
Ownership of Rain Basera (with ULB/Rental)
No. of Beneficiaries under Gharelu Kamkaji Mahila
Yojana
Name of
Deendayal
antodaya
Name of other Social security
Widow
schemes
pension

INDORE & BHOPAL

Sectoral Analysis
Slums & Urban Poor

Ward Name of Slum pocket/


No
reference name

Notified/
Ward
Slum
UnSlum HH
population population
notified

Individual
water
connections

No. of
No. of
No. of
No. of
No. of
No. of
No. of
No. of
Semi
No. of
Permanent Temporary
Community
Individual Communit Pucca
Kuccha
pucca
Handpumps
pattas
pattas
taps
y toilets houses
toilets
houses
houses
distributed distributed

No. of
Primary
school in
the slum
pocket

No. of
Any
Beneficiari
Primary
es under interventio
Health
ns under
social
centres in
IHSDP
security
the slum
(Y/N)
schemes
pocket

Harijan Moholla

Notified

1461

930

150

39

30

13

Balbatpura

Notified

3323

1240

200

209

150

117

3
4
5
6
7

Bhojpura
Near Middle school
Jatav Moholla
Balbatpura
Harijan Moholla

Notified
Notified
Notified
Notified
Notified

4798
2057
2062
2542
1082

1550
620
1550
1240
992

250
100
250
200
160

408
187
267
203
118

8
2
1
0
0

250
40
70
50
45

0
1
0
0
1

42
40
5
89
15

1
0
0
1
1

0
0
0
0
0

Khushwaha Moholla Notified

1509

3100

500

116

25

25

850
1287
822
1116

0
1240
0
0

0
200
0
0

94
93
101
143

1
2
1
0

55
60
105
130

0
0
1
1

0
0
1
0

0
0
0
0

Notified

1010

1240

200

135

75

Notified
Notified

1406
2080
27405

1054
248
15004

170
40
2420

190
347
2650

1
1
25

220
350
1655

0
1
6

10
5
366

0
0
7

0
0
1

9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Total

Behind Nagar
Panchayat
Kumar Moholla
Mandi Road

Capital Expenditures

Revenue Expenditure

Capital
Receipts

Revenue Income

Municipal Finance (Should be filled carefully and it should be checked whether the capital income is factual or based on assumption
Year
Rates and Tax Revenue
Assigned Revenues & Compensation
Rental Income from Municipal Properties
Fees & User Charges
Sale & Hire Charges
Revenue Grants, Contribution and Subsidies
Income from Investments
Interest Earned
Other Income
Total - Revenue Income
Grants, Contribution for specific purposes
Secured Loans
Unsecured Loans
Deposits
Deposit works
Total Capital Receipts
Establishment Expenses
Administrative Expenses
Operations & Maintenance
Interest & Finance Charges
Programme Expenses
Revenue Grants, Contribution and Subsidies
Miscellaneous Expenses
Transfer to Fund
Total - Revenue Expenditure
Fixed Assets
Capital Work-in-Progress
Investments -General Fund
Investments-Other Funds
Stocks/Inventory
Loans, Advances and Deposits
Other Assets
Miscellaneous Expenditure
Total Capital Expenditure
Total Income
Total Expenditure

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

Note: Refer Madhya Pradesh Municipal Accounting Manual for further details. Can be downloaded from "Download" Section of www.mpurban.gov.in.

2009-10

2010-11

Reforms Action Plan


Reforms

Timeline to achieve reforms till 2015

Achieved (Y/N)

2012-13
Full migration of double accounting
System
Property tax reforms, 85% coverage
ratio and 90% collection ratio
Levy of user charges : full recovery of O
& M charges for sewerage, water supply
and SWM
Internal earmarking of basic services to
urban poor
E-governance
Provision of basic services to urban
poor including security of tenure at
affordable prices, improved housing,
water supply, sanitation

Preliminary
Any City specific
estimate (if any)
Strategies
for
adopted
implementation

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

Implementing
agency

Annexure 12: Financial Operating Plan for PACHORE


REVENUE PROJECTIONS
WITHOUT REFORMS

CAGR

CAGR
assumed

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

Major Revenue Income Heads

Rates and Tax Revenue

Assigned Revenues & Compensation

29%

7.50%

47.01

Rental Income from Municipal Properties

29%

14.00%

18.85

Fees & User Charges

29%

10.00%

13.39

Sale & Hire Charges

#DIV/0!

14.00%

Revenue Grants, Contribution and Subsidies

#DIV/0!

10.00%

Income from Investment

5%

5.00%

Interest Earned

0%

5.00%

5.00

5.00

5.00

Other Income

#DIV/0!

0.00%

0.00

0.00

0.00

102.73

142.47

175.58

225.26

268.31

62.19

88.84

111.05

144.36

173.24

62.19

88.84

111.05

144.36

173.24

29%

15.00%

Total Revenue Income

13.48

19.25

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

2014-15

2015-16

2016-2017

2017-2018

2018-2019

(6.10)

(10.94)

(14.38)

(16.27)

(16.45)

(14.77)

24.07

31.28

37.54

43.17

49.65

57.10

65.66

75.51

86.84

99.86

114.84

132.07

151.88

67.16

83.95

109.13

130.96

140.78

151.34

162.69

174.89

188.01

202.11

217.27

233.56

251.08

269.91

26.92

33.65

43.75

52.50

59.85

68.23

77.78

88.67

101.08

115.24

131.37

149.76

170.73

194.63

19.13

23.92

31.09

37.31

41.04

45.14

49.66

54.62

60.09

66.09

72.70

79.97

87.97

96.77

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.25

5.51

5.79

6.08

6.38

6.70

7.04

7.39

7.76

8.14

5.00

5.00

5.25

5.51

5.79

6.08

6.38

6.70

7.04

7.39

7.76

8.14

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

295.34

325.38

358.80

396.00

437.45

483.68

535.27

592.91

657.36

729.47

Major Capital Income Heads

Consolidated Capital Income for Development Works

Major Revenue Expenditure Heads

Establishment Expenses

28%

15.00%

18.89

26.99

32.39

42.10

50.52

58.10

66.82

76.84

88.37

101.62

116.86

134.39

154.55

177.74

204.40

Administrative Expenses

28%

15.00%

11.84

16.92

20.30

26.39

31.67

36.42

41.89

48.17

55.40

63.71

73.26

84.25

96.89

111.42

128.14

Operations & Maintenance

28%

7.50%

69.54

99.34

119.20

154.96

185.96

199.90

214.90

231.01

248.34

266.97

286.99

308.51

331.65

356.52

383.26

Interest & Finance Charges

0%

0.00%

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

Programme Expenses

#DIV/0!

0.00%

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Revenue Grants, Contribution and Subsidies

#DIV/0!

-15.00%

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Miscellaneous Expenses

0%

0.00%

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

Other Expenses

#DIV/0!

10.00%

29%

0.00%

Total Capital Income

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

110.27

153.24

181.89

233.46

278.15

44.46

63.51

76.21

99.07

118.89

Total Capital Expenditure

44.46

63.51

76.21

99.07

118.89

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

REVENUE ACCOUNT

(7.55)

(10.78)

(6.31)

(8.20)

(9.85)

(9.09)

(8.22)

(7.22)

(6.10)

(4.84)

(3.44)

(1.89)

(0.18)

1.68

3.68

Total Revenue Expenditure


D

Major Capital Expenditure Heads

Consolidated Capital Expenditure for Development


Works

CAPITAL ACCOUNT

28%

0.00%

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

304.43

333.60

366.02

402.10

442.29

487.11

537.16

593.09

655.68

725.79

17.73

25.33

34.84

45.29

54.35

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

TOTAL INCOME

164.91

231.31

286.63

369.62

441.55

295.34

325.38

358.80

396.00

437.45

483.68

535.27

592.91

657.36

729.47

TOTAL EXPENDITURE

154.73

216.75

258.10

332.53

397.04

304.43

333.60

366.02

402.10

442.29

487.11

537.16

593.09

655.68

725.79

Surplus/ Deficit

10.19

14.55

28.53

37.09

44.51

(9.09)

(8.22)

(7.22)

(6.10)

(4.84)

(3.44)

(1.89)

(0.18)

1.68

3.68

Annexure 12: Financial Operating Plan for PACHORE


REVENUE PROJECTIONS
WITHOUT REFORMS

2019-2020

2020-2021

2021-2022

2022-2023

2023-2024

2024-2025

2025-2026

2026-2027

2027-2028

2028-2029

2029-2030

2030-2031

2031-2032

2032-2033

2033-2034

2034-2035

(11.10)

(5.28)

2.80

13.23

26.09

41.37

59.03

78.94

100.84

124.37

148.95

173.83

197.96

219.97

238.09

250.03

Major Revenue Income Heads

Rates and Tax Revenue

174.66

200.86

230.99

265.64

305.48

351.30

404.00

464.60

534.29

614.43

706.60

812.59

Assigned Revenues & Compensation

290.15

311.91

335.31

360.45

387.49

416.55

447.79

481.37

517.48

556.29

598.01

642.86

691.08

742.91

798.62

858.52

Rental Income from Municipal Properties

221.88

252.94

288.35

328.72

374.74

427.21

487.01

555.20

632.92

721.53

822.55

937.70

1068.98

1218.64

1389.25

1583.75

Fees & User Charges

106.45

117.09

128.80

141.68

155.85

171.43

188.58

207.43

228.18

250.99

276.09

303.70

334.07

367.48

404.23

444.65

Sale & Hire Charges

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Revenue Grants, Contribution and Subsidies

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Income from Investment

8.55

8.98

9.43

9.90

10.39

10.91

11.46

12.03

12.63

13.27

13.93

14.63

15.36

16.13

16.93

17.78

Interest Earned

8.55

8.98

9.43

9.90

10.39

10.91

11.46

12.03

12.63

13.27

13.93

14.63

15.36

16.13

16.93

17.78

Other Income

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

810.24

900.76

1002.30

1116.29

1244.35

1388.32

1550.30

1732.67

1938.14

2169.78

2431.11

2726.11

3059.32

3435.92

3861.81

4343.69

Total Revenue Income


B

Major Capital Income Heads

Consolidated Capital Income for Development Works

0.00

Total Capital Income

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

934.47

0.00

1074.64

0.00

1235.84

0.00

1421.22

0.00

Major Revenue Expenditure Heads

Establishment Expenses

235.06

270.31

310.86

357.49

411.11

472.78

543.70

625.25

719.04

826.90

950.93

1093.57

1257.61

1446.25

1663.18

1912.66

Administrative Expenses

147.36

169.46

194.88

224.11

257.73

296.39

340.84

391.97

450.77

518.38

596.14

685.56

788.39

906.65

1042.65

1199.04

Operations & Maintenance

412.01

442.91

476.13

511.84

550.22

591.49

635.85

683.54

734.81

789.92

849.16

912.85

981.31

1054.91

1134.03

1219.08

Interest & Finance Charges

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

Programme Expenses

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Revenue Grants, Contribution and Subsidies

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Miscellaneous Expenses

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

5.00

Other Expenses

Total Revenue Expenditure


D

Major Capital Expenditure Heads

Consolidated Capital Expenditure for Development

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

804.42

892.68

991.87

1103.44

1229.06

1370.66

1530.39

1710.76

1914.61

2145.19

2406.23

2701.98

3037.31

3417.81

3849.86

4340.79

Works

Total Capital Expenditure

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

REVENUE ACCOUNT

5.82

8.08

10.43

12.85

15.28

17.66

19.91

21.90

23.52

24.59

24.88

24.13

22.01

18.12

11.95

2.90

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

TOTAL INCOME

810.24

900.76

1002.30

1116.29

1244.35

1388.32

1550.30

1732.67

1938.14

2169.78

2431.11

2726.11

3059.32

3435.92

3861.81

4343.69

TOTAL EXPENDITURE

804.42

892.68

991.87

1103.44

1229.06

1370.66

1530.39

1710.76

1914.61

2145.19

2406.23

2701.98

3037.31

3417.81

3849.86

4340.79

5.82

8.08

10.43

12.85

15.28

17.66

19.91

21.90

23.52

24.59

24.88

24.13

22.01

18.12

11.95

2.90

CAPITAL ACCOUNT

Surplus/ Deficit

Annexure 12: Financial Operating Plan for PACHORE


Additional Revenues as a result of Proposed
Investments (WITH REFORMS)

2014-15

2015-16

2016-2017

2017-2018

2018-2019

2019-2020

2020-2021

2021-2022

2022-2023

2023-2024

2024-2025

2025-2026

2026-2027

2027-2028

2028-2029

2029-2030

2030-2031

2031-2032

2032-2033

2033-2034

2034-2035

139.72

139.72

139.72

139.72

139.72

280.67

280.67

280.67

280.67

280.67

595.65

595.65

595.65

595.65

595.65

796.86

796.86

796.86

796.86

796.86

1245.81

182.61

182.61

182.61

182.61

182.61

365.22

365.22

365.22

365.22

365.22

512.58

512.58

512.58

512.58

512.58

659.93

659.93

659.93

659.93

659.93

785.65

(42.89)

(42.89)

(42.89)

(42.89)

(42.89)

(84.55)

(84.55)

(84.55)

(84.55)

(84.55)

457.11

414.23

371.34

328.45

285.56

201.01

116.46

31.90

(52.65)

(137.21)

(54.13)

28.95

112.03

195.10

278.18

415.11

552.04

688.97

825.89

962.82

414.23

371.34

328.45

285.56

201.01

116.46

31.90

(52.65)

(137.21)

(54.13)

28.95

112.03

195.10

278.18

415.11

552.04

688.97

825.89

962.82

1422.98

A Major Revenue Income Heads


1

Additional Revenues as a result of Proposed Investments


(WITH REFORMS)

B Major Capital Income Heads


1

Additional O&M as a result of Proposed Investments (WITH


REFORMS)
REVENUE ACCOUNT as a result of Proposed
Investments (WITH REFORMS)
Opening Balance
Closing Balance

500.00
457.11

83.08

83.08

83.08

83.08

83.08

136.93

136.93

136.93

136.93

136.93

460.16

CAPITAL ACCOUNT WITH PROPOSED

Annexure 12: Financial Operating Plan for PACHORE

INVESTMENTS

1.00
A
1

Opening Balance
(With Proposed Investment)
Capital Expenditure (CIP)
Total CIP INVESTMENTS

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

2014-15
0.00

2015-16 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021


770.09

694.71

618.65

9,445.62

541.83

464.15

385.51

2021-2022 2022-2023
305.78

224.83

Annual Loan Repayment @ interest Rate of


2

10 % annual (Moratorium Period 2 Years,

75.38

76.06

76.82

77.68

78.64

79.73

80.95

82.32

75.38

76.06

76.82

77.68

78.64

79.73

80.95

82.32

Construction Period 2 Years)


0.00

Total Capital Expenditure


B
1
2
3
4
5

2.00

Capital Income
GoI-Grant
GoMP-Grant
PPP Project Income
ULB Contribution
Loans from State Government or other
externally aided projects
Total Capital Income
Closing Balance of capital account with
Proposed Investments only

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

75%
15%

9445.62

7,084.22
1,416.84
770.09
944.56

10%

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

0.00
0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

2010

2011

2012

2013

2014

10215.71
770.09

0.00
0.00
694.71

0.00
618.65

0.00
541.83

0.00
464.15

0.00
385.51

0.00
305.78

0.00
224.83

0.00
142.51

FOP WITH VARIOUS SCENARIOS

II

Scenario 1: NO REFORM SCENARIO


(Closing Balance)
Closing Balance of capital account with
Proposed Investments only

2014-2015

2015-16 2016-2017 2017-2018 2018-2019 2019-2020 2020-2021

(14.38)

(16.27)

(16.45)

(14.77)

(11.10)

770.09

694.71

618.65

541.83

464.15

755.71

678.44

602.20

527.06

457.11

414.23

371.34

573.10

495.83

1,212.82

442.73

(5.28)

2021-2022 2022-2023

2.80

13.23

26.09

385.51

305.78

224.83

142.51

453.06

380.23

308.58

238.07

168.60

328.45

285.56

201.01

116.46

31.90

(52.65)

419.59

344.45

270.45

15.01

(56.64)

(127.15)

(196.62)

1,092.67

973.54

855.51

738.62

581.24

425.04

269.97

115.95

397.96

354.89

313.68

274.47

195.73

119.26

45.14

(26.56)

Scenario 2: Overall Closing account with


closing
III

balance

with

proposed

Investments loaded on closing balance


account without proposed investments

IV

I-II
Additional Revenue & O&M (Closing
Balance)
Scenario 3: With Additional O & M
Expenditure loaded on Scenario 2 (III)
Scenario 4: With Closing Balance of

VI

additional Revenue Account loaded on


Scenario 2 (III)
Overall Closing Balance
Closing

VII

Balance

without

proposed

investments only + Closing Balance


Additional Revenue Account

VIII DSCR

-0.05

-0.02

0.00

0.02

0.05

0.07

0.10

0.13

CAPITAL ACCOUNT WITH PROPOSED

Annexure 12: Financial Operating Plan for PACHORE

INVESTMENTS
2023-2024 2024-2025 2025-2026 2026-2027 2027-2028 2028-2029 2029-2030 2030-2031
1.00
A
1

Opening Balance

142.51

(With Proposed Investment)


Capital Expenditure (CIP)
Total CIP INVESTMENTS

384.55

298.95

211.39

121.64

4380.8013

29.41

(65.61)

(163.75)

2031-2032
(163.75)

2032-2033 2033-2034
125.92

125.92

2034-2035
125.92

4,287.89

Annual Loan Repayment @ interest Rate of


2

83.86

85.60

87.56

89.76

92.23

95.01

98.15

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

0.00

Total Capital Expenditure

4464.67

85.60

87.56

89.76

92.23

95.01

98.15

0.00

4287.89

0.00

0.00

0.00

Capital Income
GoI-Grant
GoMP-Grant
PPP Project Income
ULB Contribution
Loans from State Government or other

3,285.60
657.12
325.91
438.08

0.00

0.00

0.00

10 % annual (Moratorium Period 2 Years,


Construction Period 2 Years)

B
1
2
3
4
5

2.00

externally aided projects


Total Capital Income

Proposed Investments only

3,215.92
643.18
289.67
428.79
0.00

4706.71

Closing Balance of capital account with

0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00

384.55

0.00
298.95

0.00
211.39

0.00
121.64

0.00
29.41

0.00

0.00

0.00

(65.61)

(163.75)

(163.75)

4577.56
125.92

125.92

125.92

125.92

FOP WITH VARIOUS SCENARIOS


2023-2024 2024-2025 2025-2026 2026-2027 2027-2028 2028-2029 2029-2030 2030-2031
I

II

Scenario 1: NO REFORM SCENARIO


(Closing Balance)
Closing Balance of capital account with
Proposed Investments only

2031-2032

2032-2033 2033-2034

2034-2035

41.37

59.03

78.94

100.84

124.37

148.95

173.83

197.96

219.97

238.09

250.03

252.94

384.55

298.95

211.39

121.64

29.41

(65.61)

(163.75)

(163.75)

125.92

125.92

125.92

125.92

425.93

357.98

290.33

222.48

153.77

83.35

10.08

34.21

345.89

364.00

375.95

378.85

(137.21)

(54.13)

28.95

112.03

195.10

278.18

415.11

552.04

688.97

825.89

962.82

1,422.98

60.71

(154.59)

(222.24)

(290.09)

(358.80)

(429.23)

(649.85)

(625.72)

(314.04)

(295.93)

(283.98)

288.72

303.86

319.28

334.51

348.88

361.53

425.19

586.25

1,034.85

1,189.90

1,338.77

1,801.84

4.90

107.89

212.87

319.47

427.13

588.94

750.00

908.94

1,063.98

1,212.85

1,675.92

Scenario 2: Overall Closing account with


closing
III

balance

with

proposed

Investments loaded on closing balance


account without proposed investments

IV

I-II
Additional Revenue & O&M (Closing
Balance)
Scenario 3: With Additional O & M
Expenditure loaded on Scenario 2 (III)

(406.79)

Scenario 4: With Closing Balance of


VI

additional Revenue Account loaded on


Scenario 2 (III)
Overall Closing Balance
Closing

VII

Balance

without

proposed

investments only + Closing Balance

(95.83)

Additional Revenue Account


VIII DSCR

0.15

0.18

0.20

0.22

0.24

0.25

0.25