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2. (3 words) controls movement in and out of cell, has recognition sites, contains 1. carry out photosynthesis, 2-10um in diameter and 1um thick, contains
receptors, may have microvilli to increase surface area thylakoid membranes
7. allow movement of materials or of cells, threads that extend from the cell 3. (2 words) there are about 3000 of these in each nucleus, about 40-100nm in
surface diameter, allow the passage of large molecules (e.g. RNA) out of the nucleus
8. retains the cells hereditary material and controls the cells activities, between 4. hollow cylinders 0.5um in length and 0.2um in diameter, 2 in a cell, lie at right
10-20um in diameter angles to each other near the nucleus, form spindle fibres during cell division
10. type of endoplasmic reticulum which has ribosomes present on the surface 5. occur freely in the cytoplasm or associated with the endoplasmic reticulum,
11. (2 words) system of membranes, continuous with the nuclear membrane, two made of 2 subunits, 80S found in eukaryotic cells and 70S found in prokaryotic
types of it cells
13. stack of membranes and associated vesicles, like a packing and sorting 6. manufactures ribosomal RNA and assembles ribosomes, stains dark
office 7. composed of DNA and proteins, found in the nucleoplasm
14. (2 words) double membrane which surrounds the nucleus, continuous with 9. jelly like, makes up the bulk of the nucleus
the endoplasmic reticulum, allows entry and exit of materials into the nucleus 12. vesicles which contain degrading and destructive enzymes, up to 1um in
15. rod shaped, 1-10um in diameter, surrounded by a double membrane, carry diameter, destroy foreign material in the cell
out respiration 16. found in mitochondria, extensions of the inner membrane, increase surface
17. type of endoplasmic reticulum which lack ribosomes on its surface area
ANSWERS

• nucleus retains the cells hereditary material and controls the cells activities, between 10-20um in diameter
• nuclearenvelope (2 words) double membrane which surrounds the nucleus, continuous with the endoplasmic reticulum, allows entry and exit of materials into the
nucleus
• nuclearpores (2 words) there are about 3000 of these in each nucleus, about 40-100nm in diameter, allow the passage of large molecules (e.g. RNA) out of the
nucleus
• nucleoplasm jelly like, makes up the bulk of the nucleus
• chromatin composed of DNA and proteins, found in the nucleoplasm
• nucleolus manufactures ribosomal RNA and assembles ribosomes, stains dark
• chloroplast carry out photosynthesis, 2-10um in diameter and 1um thick, contains thylakoid membranes
• mitochondria rod shaped, 1-10um in diameter, surrounded by a double membrane, carry out respiration
• cristae found in mitochondria, extensions of the inner membrane, increase surface area
• endoplasmicreticulum (2 words) system of membranes, continuous with the nuclear membrane, two types of it
• ribosomes occur freely in the cytoplasm or associated with the endoplasmic reticulum, made of 2 subunits, 80S found in eukaryotic cells and 70S found in
prokaryotic cells
• golgiapparatus stack of membranes and associated vesicles, like a packing and sorting office
• lysosomes vesicles which contain degrading and destructive enzymes, up to 1um in diameter, destroy foreign material in the cell
• rough type of endoplasmic reticulum which has ribosomes present on the surface
• smooth type of endoplasmic reticulum which lack ribosomes on its surface
• cellsurfacemembrane (3 words) controls movement in and out of cell, has recognition sites, contains receptors, may have microvilli to increase surface area
• cilia allow movement of materials or of cells, threads that extend from the cell surface
• centrioles hollow cylinders 0.5um in length and 0.2um in diameter, 2 in a cell, lie at right angles to each other near the nucleus, form spindle fibres during cell
division