Anda di halaman 1dari 338

ABOUT THE I\UTHORS G.utrellU, Ph.D., and WiUiam

S.~'in, Ph.D., are ProfcsSOl'1l of Physics 31 New Jer.;ey

Institute of T(,'Chnology. GaUlreau has n,'Ccived several "ExcclleIK'C in Teaching awards and has
authored several universiry handbooks and study guides tor physics. Savin has 100.'cived numerous
grants for "technology in education" projects since 1911L

Schllums Outline of Theory and Problems of

MODERN PHYSICS. second edition
Copyright it' 1999 by The McGf'dw-Hili Companies, Inc. 1\11 right~ rescf"l/ed. Printed in the United
Stal:l:5 of America. E~cept: as pennilled under the United StalCS Copyright Aci of 1976. no part of
this publication may be reprodUl"Cd or disml>tued in any form or by any lTlI:ans. or stored in II data
ba<>e or retrieval sysl<:m, wilhollt the prior wrillen pcrmis.,ion of the publisher.

1 23456789 10 11121314151617 III 1920PRSPRSQ09876S432 109

ISBN 0-07-024830-3

Sponsoring Editor: Baman! Gilson

Production Supervis<r. Elizabdh Suange
Ediling Supervisor: Pllfricill V. I\moroso
Project Supervision: Techsct Composit ion L.imitcd

'" Division o{ThcAfcGnlw.fflll~