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Cloud RAN Introduction

Huawei
The 4th CJK International Workshop Technology Evolution and Spectrum
September 6th, 2011, Bundang, Korea
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

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Outlines

Background

Network Architecture Evolution

Cloud RAN Key Challenges Studies

Scenarios of Cloud BB Deployment

Summary

The 4th CJK International Workshop


September 6th, 2011, Bundang, Korea

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Page 2

Background

Email

Video TV

Video
Personal

Gaming

The 4th CJK International Workshop


September 6th, 2011, Bundang, Korea

GPS

Cloud Computing has become a hot topic on the Internet


for IT industrial magnates such as Microsoft and Google.
As a result, they are boosting their data services and
tailored applications.

Wireless networks today need to supply not only voice


services, email, Video, Gaming and GPS, but also future
oriented service extensions. The number of voice users
and mobile broadband users will significantly increase
due to the HSPA Evolution and LTE/-A technologies. To
meet this trend, mobile operators must pay full attention
to future development strategies and ways to save on
Total Cost of Ownership (TCO).
Can Cloud Concept be used in Wireless network?
How to use?

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Page 3

Outlines

Background

Network Architecture Evolution

Cloud RAN Key Challenges Studies

Scenarios of Cloud BB Deployment

Summary

The 4th CJK International Workshop


September 6th, 2011, Bundang, Korea

All Rights Reserved by HUAWEI

Page 4

Network Architecture: MBB Evolution Concept Direction

EPC

Now

Next

Internet

Internet

GGSN
SGSN

Expansion
Internet

P-SGW

MME

EPC

P-S GW/GSN

MME/SGSN

BSC/RNC

P-S GW/GGSN

MME/SGSN

BSC/RNC

Cloud BB

BSC/RNC

IP + Fiber

IP

Femto

Femto

Femto

Macro

Macro

Micro

SingleRAN, 5 band 3 mode in 1 site

The 4th CJK International Workshop


September 6th, 2011, Bundang, Korea

Macro
Micro RRU

Pico

HetNet: Pico/Micro + Macro


Small cell offload

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Flat architecture
Cloud BB

Page 5

Pico RRU

Outlines

Background

Network Architecture Evolution

Cloud RAN Key Challenges Studies

Scenarios of Cloud BB Deployment

Summary

The 4th CJK International Workshop


September 6th, 2011, Bundang, Korea

All Rights Reserved by HUAWEI

Page 6

TCO Analysis required


BBU location

Transport Resource requirement


Network

Configuration

CPRI Data
BW(Mbps)

UMTS

S1/1/1

614.4

UMTS

S2/2/2

1167.36

S1/1/1 20MHz

7372.8

LTE

Application scenario
Legacy network change to BBU integrated
installation
New build network (eg. LTE)
Assumption:500m cell radius

Cost expenditure

4 Types of BBU :

Fiber leasing cost


Fiber civil work cost

Site rental saving


Site rental saving
7BBU

19BBU

37BBU

The 4th CJK International Workshop


September 6th, 2011, Bundang, Korea

91BBU

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Site visit cost saving

Page 7

Current limitation and suggestion


Macro BTS w/
equipment room
One access loop, ten BTS

Aggregation Lab

New site

One Backbone Ring, six


Aggregation Rings

One Aggregation Ring,


fifteen Access Rings

Core Lab

Backbone Lab

Short distance, no loop


protection

R
R
U

Site with Legacy


Macro BTS equipment
room

RNC

Traditional mode
R
R
U

R
R
U

R
R
U

R
R
U

Aggregation Lab

R
R
U

One Backbone Ring, six


Aggregation Rings

One Aggregation Ring,


fifteen Access Rings

BBU

New site
long distance, loop
protection needed

Core Lab

Backbone Lab
R
R
U

R
R
U

R
R
U

R
R
U

RNC

BBU center in Aggregation Lab /RRU

For operators with abundant optical fibers, BBU center solution can be deployed, otherwise the cost will be high
The 4th CJK International Workshop
September 6th, 2011, Bundang, Korea

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Page 8

Outlines

Background

Network Architecture Evolution

Cloud RAN Key Challenges Studies

Scenarios of Cloud BB Deployment

Summary

The 4th CJK International Workshop


September 6th, 2011, Bundang, Korea

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Page 9

Scenario of Cloud BB Deployment


Scenario 2

BB Cloud
~10 Site, 5~10km2

Access Ring

Aggregation Ring

WDM

More

The 4th CJK International Workshop


September 6th, 2011, Bundang, Korea

BB Cloud
>10 Sites, >10 Km2

Scenario 1
20%~50% capacity Increase by coordination
Scenario 2
~90% Equipment room saved
51% TCO decrease
Scenario 3
Scalable to 200 BBUs

Scenario 1
Fiber request

BB Cloud
Macro + SmallCell

Scenario 3

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Page 10

Cloud BB Improve HetNet Capacity by Interference Mitigation


Interference analysis

eICIC
Macro
Micro
Protected Subframe

CoMP (CBF/CS, JP)


Cloud BB

Signal

Interference

More Cell-Edge UEs, More Intereference, More block

Interference control by Mother-Child Sites


Adaptive ICIC, eICIC, CoMP

The 4th CJK International Workshop


September 6th, 2011, Bundang, Korea

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Page 11

Outlines

Background

Network Architecture Evolution

Cloud RAN Key Challenges Studies

Scenarios of Cloud BB Deployment

Summary

The 4th CJK International Workshop


September 6th, 2011, Bundang, Korea

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Page 12

Summary

Because the wireless network performance benefit will come from BB pool
solution for LTE-A, and cloud computing BB pool is far from commercial

application, the proper time for ultimate Cloud-RAN may be LTE volume
construction

From the current Technology and Application limitation, the Mother-Child Sites
deployment is the best one of Cloud RAN scenarios for improving capacity

based on interference control

The 4th CJK International Workshop


September 6th, 2011, Bundang, Korea

All Rights Reserved by HUAWEI

Page 13

Thank you
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