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FLOWATCH

Doc.: MT-155
Rev. F

MULTIPHASE FLOW METER

HMI Software Manual

Sh. 1 of 62

MULTIPHASE FLOW METER


HUMAN MACHINE INTERFACE (HMI)
SOFTWARE MANUAL

Prepared for HMI version 3.002 and FlowCalc version 3001

Added new functionality and changes for


version upgrade

18/06/09

F. Lucchini

S. Bernardi

Added new HMI functionality

10/06/08

F. Lucchini

S. Bernardi

Major Revision of software

03/03/08

M. Capiluppi

S. Bernardi

Add parameter description / HMI rel. 1.020

27/11/07

M. Capiluppi

P. Calciolari

New HMI interface

16/11/07

S. Bernardi

P. Calciolari

First issued

16/05/06

S. Bernardi

P. Calciolari

REV.

DESCRIPTION

DATA

PREPARED

APPROVED

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INDEX
1.

2.

3.

INTRODUCTION ................................................................................................................... 4
1.1

FlowCalc....................................................................................................................... 4

1.2

HMI............................................................................................................................... 5

FLOWCALC .......................................................................................................................... 6
2.1

REAL TIME CONTROLER ........................................................................................... 6

2.2

FTP access................................................................................................................... 7

2.3

FLOW COMPUTER File Overview................................................................................ 8

2.4

FLOW COMPUTER Web-Server Function.................................................................... 9

HMI...................................................................................................................................... 10
3.1

HMI Operation ............................................................................................................ 10

3.2

Main Screen ............................................................................................................... 10

3.2.1 The standard Main Screen................................................................................10


3.2.2 User Parameters...............................................................................................11
3.2.3 Language ..........................................................................................................12
3.2.4 Alarms 13
3.3

HMI File Overview ...................................................................................................... 14

3.4

Menu .......................................................................................................................... 15

3.4.1 F1 Input Parameters ......................................................................................15


3.4.1.1

Parameter Groups and Files ..............................................................16

3.4.1.2

Synchronization of Parameters .........................................................17

3.4.1.3

Offline Parameter Editing ...................................................................18

3.4.1.4

F1 Parameter File Editor ..................................................................19

3.4.1.5

F2 Transmitter Settings ...................................................................20

3.4.1.6

F3 Fluids ...........................................................................................22

3.4.1.7

F5 PVT 25

3.4.1.8

F6 FEB Certificate ............................................................................28

3.4.1.9

F7 Sensor Certificate .......................................................................29

3.4.1.10

F9 Meter Factors...............................................................................30

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3.4.2 F2 Well Files Utility ........................................................................................31


3.4.3 F3 Well Profiles..............................................................................................32
3.4.4 F4 Database ..................................................................................................35
3.4.4.1

F1 DB Files........................................................................................35

3.4.4.2

F2 Report Setup................................................................................39

3.4.4.3

F3 Generate Report ..........................................................................40

3.4.4.4

F4 Units .............................................................................................42

3.4.5 F5 FLOW COMPUTER Setup........................................................................43


3.4.5.1

FLOW COMPUTER - MODBUS Settings ............................................45

3.4.5.2

LOCAL DISPLAY UNITS......................................................................49

3.4.5.3

EXTERNAL GAS METER SETTING ....................................................50

3.4.5.4

CONTROL VALVE SETTING ...............................................................50

3.4.5.5

ANALOG OUTPUTS SETTING ............................................................51

3.4.5.6

FLOW COMPUTER TIME AND DATE SETTING.................................52

3.4.6 F6 Meter Selection (TCP/IP) ..........................................................................53


3.4.7 F7 Units..........................................................................................................55
3.4.8 F8 Service Mode............................................................................................56
3.4.9 F9 Exit............................................................................................................57
4.

LOCAL DISPLAY (OPTIONAL) .......................................................................................... 58

5.

LOCAL DISPLAY TOUCH-SCREEN................................................................................ 60

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1. INTRODUCTION
This is the User Manual for the HMI (Human Machine Interface) used for the FloWatch
Multiphase flow meter.
The software required for running the FloWatch multiphase meter consists of two
programs run on two different computers.

1.1

The FlowCalc software is run on a dedicated Real Time Controller, FLOW


COMPUTER (described below)

The HMI software run on any Windows based PC in the same network as the
FLOW COMPUTER
FlowCalc.

The FlowCalc software run on a FLOW COMPUTER computer developed by National


Instrument. The FLOW COMPUTER consists of the main computer module with various
input modules attached running on an FPGA module.
The software is run on a real-time operating system and the computer does not have any
keyboard or monitor attached.
The communication with the outside worlds will normally be through TCP/IP.
The FlowCalc software on the Flow Computer performs the following tasks:

Data Acquisition from Analogue inputs (Transmitters)

Data Acquisition from Serial port (FEB)

Data Processing (from input data to calculated results)

Logging to local Database and Service Database

Storing of all Setup and Parameter files

Communication with HMI software and wireless PDA (through TCP/IP).

Communication with External Data Acquisitions systems through either serial


communication or TCP/IP. Also analogue output modules can be installed upon
request.

Web Server function for communication with Local Display or external Computers
without using the HMI software

In addition to this the FLOW COMPUTER can be accessed by regular FTP for new
program versions or quick download of database files.
The HMI software is not required for the FloWatch multiphase meter during regular
operation.

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HMI.

The HMI software can be run on a dedicated Windows PC or on any other computers
running Windows on the same network that the FLOW COMPUTER is on.
The HMI has the following functionalities:

Display of live inputs and results

Setup and synchronizing of parameter setup files

Setup of FLOW COMPUTER settings, Modbus, time and date etc.

Downloading and converting of Database files

Preparing well test report

Diagnostic tools (Service Level only)

There are three log-on levels to the HMI. This manual describes the USER log-on level.
The VIEWER level is a very restricted subset of the USER functionality.

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2. FLOWCALC
2.1

REAL TIME CONTROLER

The default FlowCalc software will normally run on a cRIO-9012. There are however
several other versions available depending on the actual use.
The c_RIO has been chosen as the FloWatch REAL TIME CONTROLLER due to the wide
temperature range and the very practical physical size and robustness featured.
The information below has been gathered from the Internet site of National Instrument who
manufactures the computer. More information can be found at www.ni.com/compactrio/.

Embedded controller runs LabVIEW Real-Time for deterministic control, data


logging, and analysis

400 MHz processor, 128 MB non-volatile storage, 64 MB DRAM memory

10/100BaseT Ethernet port with embedded Web and file servers with remotepanel user interface

Full-speed USB host port for connection to USB flash and memory devices

RS232 serial port for connection to peripherals; dual 9 to 35 VDC supply inputs

-40 to 70 C operating temperature range

The National Instruments cRIO-9012 embedded real-time controller features an industrial


400 MHz Freescale MPC5200 real-time processor for deterministic and reliable real-time

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applications. The NI cRIO-9012 contains 64 MB of DRAM memory and 128 MB of non


volatile storage. The embedded controller is designed for extreme ruggedness, reliability,
and low power consumption with dual 9 to 35 VDC supply inputs that deliver isolated
power to the Compact RIO chassis/modules and a -40 to 70 C operating temperature
range. The cRIO-9012 accepts 9 to 35 VDC power supply inputs on power-up and 6 to 35
VDC power supply inputs during operation, so it can function for long periods of time in
remote
applications
using
a
battery
or
solar
power.
With the 10/100 Mb/s Ethernet port, you can conduct programmatic communication over
the network and built-in Web (HTTP) and file (FTP) servers. For additional storage
capability, the cRIO-9012 has a full-speed USB host port to which you can connect
external USB-based storage media (flash drives and hard drives) for embedded logging
applications requiring additional storage. Also, there is a fault-tolerant file system
embedded in the cRIO-9012 that provides increased reliability for data-logging
applications.
The cRIO-9012 runs the National Instruments LabVIEW Real-Time Module on the
VxWorks real-time operating system (RTOS) for extreme reliability and determinism. With
the cRIO-9012 real-time controller, you can use the leading VxWorks RTOS technology to
quickly design, prototype, and deploy a customizable COTS embedded system using
LabVIEW graphical programming tools.
2.2

FTP access

The FLOW COMPUTER can be accessed using Internet Explorer by FTP to update
program files or download setup/log files. This is normally not necessary as the HMI
software has the function for changing and downloading of these files as well.
By using the FTP access the directory structure of the FLOW COMPUTER can be found.

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FLOW COMPUTER File Overview

The table below shows the files in use by the FlowCalc software.
File

Directory

Comments

FlowCalc.rtexe

C:\ni-rt\startup

Main real-time executable

FlowCalc.aliases

Support File

FlowCalc Setup.txt

C:\

General Setup (i.e. modbus,


modbus units)

Calculation File.clc

C:\Parameters

General Calculation Setup

Meter File.mtr

Meter File

Well File.wll

Default Well File

Well Profile File.pro

Well Profile File (only if well


profile is set up on
computer)
Various Well Files

*.wll
Calibration Tables.tbl

PF
DataBase
yyyymmdd.dat
PF
Service
DB
20070624.dat
PF
yyyymmdd
hh00.bin
PF
yyyymmdd
hhmm.bix

Lookup
tables
for
calibration, properties and
PVT(only if tables are set up
on computer)
C:\Data\DataBase

C:\Data\Bin\yyyy\mm\dd

Customer database (binary


file format)
Service database (binary file
format)
Hourly BIN Files

C:\Data\Bix\yyyy\mm\dd

1 Minute BIX files

C:\Data\Service DB

The content of all the setup files are available and will normally be changed from the HMI
program.

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FLOW COMPUTER Web-Server Function

The FLOW COMPUTER has a built in Web-Server function and the calculated results can
be seen directly by using Internet Explorer.
The Flow Computer Web-Server is being used one version of Local Display explained at
the end of this document.
This section will be updated as the web-server function is still under development.

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3. HMI
3.1

HMI Operation

The HMI can be started by opening PF HMI.exe from any computer in the same network
as the FLOW COMPUTER where the FlowCalc software is running.
3.2
3.2.1

Main Screen
The standard Main Screen

The standard main screen for the HMI is shown below.

Results and parameter selection

This screen will show live results values both by numbers and by graphical presentation
and transmitter values only by numbers presentation.

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It also shows to which FLOW COMPUTER (well) the software is connected to.
The menu is to the right and is grouped similar to the F1 to F12 buttons on a regular
keyboard. The F1-12 buttons can therefore be used as shortcuts to the menus.
3.2.2 User Parameters
From the main screen is possible to select which are the results and parameters that will
be shown by clicking on the top of the title of the results columns. There are two columns
available, is than possible to see at the same time for example the same results at
ACTUAL condition (ACT) and at STANDARD condition (STD). Volumetric flow rates, mass
flow rates and accumulated values are available.

Selection is available also for the Process Values by clicking on the title, the selection
window will appear.

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3.2.3 Language
The HMI is multi-language software and can be set to various different languages.
The language strings are controlled from the txt file FloWatch - Language Overview ver 002.txt which needs to be located under the HMI root directory.

Simply press the small LNG button on the status bar on the main screen and the various
language options will come up as showed below. Select the desired language than click
OK.

New language translations can easily be made upon requests and no reprogramming of
the HMI is necessary to add new languages.

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3.2.4 Alarms
By pressing the Red or Green status button on the main screen the following dialog box
will appear.

The screen will default to Current Alarms and show the status of the active alarms only.
By changing from Current Alarms to Alarm Status all alarm parameters and their
status, readings and limits will be shown. You have to select Alarm Status to be able to
update the alarm limits.

The alarms have only the scope, at least for the moment, to advise the operator if present
that some readings or measurements are wrong. No action from the system will be taken.
The last 10 alarms are also transmitted through modbus.

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HMI File Overview

The following files and directories are used:

Directory

File

Comments

C:\root\

PF HMI.exe

Main executable

C:\root\

HMI Setup.txt

General Setup

FloWatch - Language
Overview Ver 002.txt

Contains all TXT strings for


language control

Calculation File.clc

General Calculation Setup

Meter File.mtr

Meter File

Well File.wll

Default Well File

Well Profile File.pro

Well Profile File

*.wll

Various Well Files

C:\root\Parameters

C:\root\Meters\Tag No
\Parameters

All Flow Computer Files

C:\root\Meters\Tag No
\Database

Flow
files

C:\root\Templates

Well Test Report.xls

Computer

These are the synchronized


setup and parameter files copied
from each TCP/IP connection to
a Flow Computer (each Flow
Computer will have its own Tag
No)
Database Directory for downloading of
database files from the Flow
Computer
Excel Template used for reports.

There is no file logging from the HMI software except for Calibration Log.txt which is a
manual log under Service Level.
The previous Table file is no longer in use.

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Menu

3.4.1 F1 Input Parameters


By pressing the Input Parameters button from the main screen or F1, the menu
buttons will change names as shown below.

Any multiphase meter will use a number of input parameters for the flow calculations to
work properly. It is of course sufficient that one of the parameters is wrong for the final
outcome to be incorrect.
Great care should therefore be taken to understand this chapter about input parameters so
no accidental update of wrong parameters takes place.

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3.4.1.1 Parameter Groups and Files


The table below shows where the different parameter groups are stored.
Parameter Group

Parameter File

Comments

Transmitters

Meter

Fluids

Well

PVT

Well

FEB Certificate

Meter

Sensor Certificate

Meter

Dimensions (Mech.)

Meter

Meter Factors

Well

4-20 mA analog input


readings from transmitters
(P, DP, T +++)
Oil
Density
Oil
Permittivity
Water
Density
Water
Conductivity
Gas Specific Gravity
Oil
Shrinkage
Gas
Compressibility
Gas
in
Solution
Reference Conditions (P&T)
Capacitance
and
Conductance conversions
for the FEB
Permittivity and Conductivity
conversions for the Sensor
Mechanical Dimensions of
the sensor
Optional User Meter Factors
for results

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3.4.1.2 Synchronization of Parameters


The principle for the synchronization of the Parameters goes like this:
1 During the initialization of the HMI software, the last parameters that were stored in
the Parameter File Editor will be reloaded.
2 Upon connection with a FLOW COMPUTER all parameters will be read from the
FLOW COMPUTER files, updated in the Editor and stored in a C:/root/Meters/
Tag No/Parameters directory. This way the HMI will always have the last settings
from the FLOW COMPUTER also after disconnecting from the FLOW COMPUTER.
3 By changing any of the parameters in the dialog boxes while a connection is up and
running, the values will automatically be sent to the FLOW COMPUTER and stored
in the FLOW COMPUTER parameter files. For synchronization purposes also the
file under the HMI Tag No directory will be updated.
4 By changing from one well to the other, a new synchronization will take place, this
time the files will be stored in another Tag No directory.
The following five files will be stored during the synchronization:
1 CRIO Well File.wll (One or more well files)
2 CRIO Meter File.mtr
3 CRIO Calculation File.clc
4 CRIO Profile.pro
5 CRIO Setup.txt
The files will be available in the HMI also after the connection to the FLOW COMPUTER
has been made and can manually be loaded from the Parameter File Editor described
later in this manual.
The files will be overwritten the next time the HMI connects to a FLOW COMPUTER with
the same Tag No.
If the FLOW COMPUTER files are to be used for offline editing they have to be copied or
moved to a different directory prior to the next connection to the same Tag No.

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3.4.1.3 Offline Parameter Editing


NB! Great care should be taken to understand this chapter about input parameters
so no accidental update of the wrong parameters take place.
The offline editing can take place after a connection with a FLOW COMPUTER has been
closed or by manually loading other files in the Parameter File Directory.
If an offline editing takes place, the automatic synchronization with the FLOW COMPUTER
will be disabled so the parameters will no longer be sent automatically to the FLOW
COMPUTER, just stored in the local file in the HMI. This file cannot be located in any Tag
No directory as they are reserved for exact copies of the setup and parameter files in the
FLOW COMPUTERs.
In case of offline editing and modification of the setup files, it is recommended to copy
those files to a separate folder, or alternatively it is possible to make a copy of those files
and rename them.

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3.4.1.4 F1 Parameter File Editor


The file editor below is used to transfer parameter files between FLOW COMPUTER and
the HMI computer.

If connection is established with a FLOW COMPUTER the Files in Editor will be the same
as the ones used by the FLOW COMPUTER.
To upload a new parameter file that has been edited in Offline condition, simply select
Load button, than select the desired file from the list and then Exit.
This operation will lead to the following three actions:
1 The file will be sent to the FLOW COMPUTER global and stored in the FLOW
COMPUTER parameter file in the FLOW COMPUTER.

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2 The file will overwrite the FLOW COMPUTER file in the HMI directory
3 The parameters will be loaded in the Parameter Editor so they are available from
all menus.
As long a connection to a FLOW COMPUTER is established the green led will be
activated, light green colour, which means that the FLOW COMPUTER parameter files
are synchronized.
It is now possible to stop the Synchronization by pressing the Stop Synchronization or to
resynchronize which will override the synchronized parameter files again.
3.4.1.5 F2 Transmitter Settings
There are two Transmitter Settings dialog boxes. A simple dialog box will come up is the
HMI is not connected to any FLOW COMPUTER, (OFF LINE MODE). A more advanced
dialog box will show up if the HMI is connected where more settings can be entered.
This dialog box gives access to the parameters controlling the analogue input settings of
the transmitters. Analogue input from 0 to 2 are the basic inputs in use on the system,
starting from Differential pressure, then Pressure and final Flow Temperature.
Inputs from 3 to 7 are spare and available for different and others application, for example
external gas meter or similar. The intrinsically safe barriers for the spare inputs are not
provided on the standard configuration.
Units can be changed directly from this window by selecting the UNITS green button. For
more detailed explanation regarding the Units menu see section 3.4.7 of this manual.

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This is the advanced transmitter dialog box where the Channel names, types and units can
be set in addition to the minimum and maximum values. These values are stored in the
FLOW COMPUTER setup file and is therefore not available when offline.

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3.4.1.6 F3 Fluids
This dialog box gives access to the Fluid parameters.

The following parameters are available here:

Oil Density
The oil density at a given pressure and temperature as well as pressure and
temperature gradients are entered through this menu.
The oil density at the pressure (P) and temperature (T) measured by the Flowatch
meter is used as an input in the calculations of flow rates. The oil density entered
through this menu should therefore be given at P and T conditions as close as

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possible to the operating P and T conditions of the Flowatch meter. Linear pressure
and temperature gradients can also be entered through this menu. The pressure
gradient gives the change in the oil density if the pressure is increased by 1 bar (or 1
psi if psi is selected as units). Likewise the temperature gradient gives the change in
the oil density if the temperature is increased by 1degC (or 1degF if degF is selected
as units). TG-Ref Temperature and PG-Ref Pressure are the temperature and
pressure associated with the Oil Density given in the top of the list above.

Oil Permittivity
The oil permittivity at a given pressure and temperature as well as pressure and
temperature gradients are entered through this menu (A different name used in the
industry permittivity is the term dielectric constant).
The oil permittivity at the pressure (P) and temperature (T) measured by the Flowatch
meter is used as an input in the calculations of flow rates. The oil permittivity entered
through this menu should therefore be given at P and T conditions as close as
possible to the operating P and T conditions of the Flowatch meter. Linear pressure
and temperature gradients can also be entered through this menu. The pressure
gradient gives the change in the oil permittivity if the pressure is increased by 1 bar (or
1psi if psi is selected as units). Likewise the temperature gradient gives the change in
the oil permittivity if the temperature is increased by 1degC (or 1degF if degF is
selected as units). TG-Ref Temperature and PG-Ref Pressure are the temperature
and pressure associated with the Oil Permittivity given in the top of the list above.

Water Density
The water density at a given pressure and temperature as well as pressure and
temperature gradients are entered through this menu.
The water density at the pressure (P) and temperature (T) measured by the Flowatch
meter is used as an input in the calculations of flow rates. The water density entered
through this menu should therefore be given at P and T conditions as close as
possible to the operating P and T conditions of the FloWatch meter. Linear pressure
and temperature gradients can also be entered through this menu. The pressure
gradient gives the change in the water density if the pressure is increased by 1 bar (or
1psi if psi is selected as units). Likewise the temperature gradient gives the change in
the water density if the temperature is increased by 1degC (or 1degF if degF is
selected as units). TG-Ref Temperature and PG-Ref Pressure are the temperature
and pressure associated with the Water Density given in the top of the list above.

Water Conductivity
The water conductivity at a given pressure and temperature is entered through this
menu.

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The water conductivity at the pressure (P) and temperature (T) measured by the
Flowatch meter is used as an input in the calculations of flow rates. Ref Temperature
and Ref Pressure are the temperature and pressure associated with the Water
Conductivity given in the top of the list above.
There is a known relationship for the change in conductivity due to changes in
temperature and pressure and therefore temperature and pressure gradients are not
required in this menu.

Gas Specific Gravity


The specific gas gravity is entered through this menu. The gas density at a given
pressure and temperature is derived by the Flowatch meter using the specific gas
gravity as input.
Also the Gas Isentropic Coefficient can be entered here. Leave this value at 0 if it is
not known. A default value will then be used.

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3.4.1.7 F5 PVT
This dialog box gives access to the PVT parameters.

The following parameters are available here:

Oil Shrinkage factor


The oil shrinkage factor gives the reduction in volume as the pressure and
temperature of the oil phase is reduced to atmospheric pressure and standard
temperature.

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The oil shrinkage factor at a given pressure and temperature as well as pressure and
temperature gradients are entered through this menu.
The oil shrinkage factor measured at the pressure (P) and temperature (T) is used as
an input in the calculation of oil flow rate at stock tank conditions. Oil shrinkage factor
entered through this menu should therefore be given at P and T conditions as close as
possible to the operating P and T conditions of the Flowatch meter. Linear pressure
and temperature gradients can also be entered through this menu. The pressure
gradient gives the change in the oil shrinkage factor if the pressure is increased by
1bar (or 1psi if psi is selected as units). Likewise the temperature gradient gives the
change in the oil shrinkage factor if the temperature is increased by 1degC (or 1degF if
degF is selected as units). TG-Ref Temperature and PG-Ref Pressure are the
temperature and pressure associated with the oil shrinkage factor given in the top of
the list above.

Gas Compressibility
The gas compressibility gives a coefficient used when calculating the increase in gas
volume as the pressure and temperature of the gas is reduced to atmospheric
pressure and standard temperature.
The gas compressibility coefficient at a given pressure and temperature as well as
pressure and temperature gradients are entered through this menu.
The gas compressibility measured at the pressure (P) and temperature (T) is used as
an input in the calculation of gas flow rate at standard conditions. Gas compressibility
entered through this menu should therefore be given at P and T conditions as close as
possible to the operating P and T conditions of the Flowatch meter. Linear pressure
and temperature gradients can also be entered through this menu. The pressure
gradient gives the change in the gas compressibility coefficient if the pressure is
increased by 1bar (or 1psi if psi is selected as units). Likewise the temperature
gradient gives the change in gas compressibility coefficient if the temperature is
increased by 1degC (or 1degF if degF is selected as units). TG-Ref Temperature and
PG-Ref Pressure are the temperature and pressure associated with the gas
compressibility coefficient given in the top of the list above.

Gas in Solution
The GOR (Gas-oil-ratio) in solution gives a factor used when calculating the amount of
gas released/flashed from the oil phase as the pressure and temperature is reduced to
atmospheric pressure and standard temperature.
The Gas in solution at a given pressure and temperature as well as pressure and
temperature gradients are entered through this menu.
The Gas in solution measured at the pressure (P) and temperature (T) is used as an
input in the calculation of gas flow rate at standard conditions. GOR in solution entered
through this menu should therefore be given at P and T conditions as close as

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possible to the operating P and T conditions of the Flowatch meter. Linear pressure
and temperature gradients can also be entered through this menu. The pressure
gradient gives the change in the Gas in solution if the pressure is increased by 1bar
(or 1psi if psi is selected as units). Likewise the temperature gradient gives the change
in GOR in solution if the temperature is increased by 1degC (or 1degF if degF is
selected as units). TG-Ref Temperature and PG-Ref Pressure are the temperature
and pressure associated with the GOR in solution given in the top of the list above.

Reference Conditions (P&T)


The pressure and temperature to be represented as standard conditions can be set in
the Sub-group Conversion Reference (P&T).
The reference standard pressure is normally atmospheric conditions (1.01325BarA).
The temperature defined as standard conditions may vary from one oil company to the
other and it is therefore possible to set the temperature from this menu.

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3.4.1.8 F6 FEB Certificate


This menu gives access to the calibration constants in the FEB certificate which controls
the conversion from binary values to capacitance/current/voltage.
New FEB Certificate (text file version) can be read by selecting Read FEB Certificate
from File. The new values will be sent when OK is pressed to leave the menu.
The TEXT CALIBRATION FILE txt format is made in the Pietro Fiorentini Factory.
The previous temperature coefficients for current and voltage measurements have been
moved from the old table file no longer in use and are now hard-coded in the FlowCalc
software. Simply select FEB 2008 Table for both Current TC and Voltage TC.
Values can also be manually entered from hard copy of the Calibration Certificate.

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3.4.1.9 F7 Sensor Certificate


This menu gives access to the calibration constants in the Sensor certificate which
controls the conversion from capacitance to permittivity and from current/voltage to
conductivity.
New Sensor Certificate (text file version) can be read from here selecting the Read
Sensor Certificate from File button then the parameters will be uploaded to the
FLOWCOMPUTER by simply pressing OK.
The TEXT CALIBRATION FILE txt format is made in the Pietro Fiorentini Factory.
Values can also be entered manually from a HW copy of the Calibration Certificate.

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F9 Meter Factors

This menu gives access to a set of meter factors that can be used in case the results
should match a certain reference reading.

The meter factor will NOT influence the results if all 1order factors are equal 1.0, while the
0.order and 2.order factors are zero.
The 1.order is the best one to use for correcting flow rates. If only the 1.order is used the
flow rates will be 10% higher if a value of 1.1 is used, while they will be 10% lower if a
value of 0.9 is used.
Metering Factors
The oil, water and gas flow rate is converted according to the following formula:
Qoil = 2.order * Qoil^2 + 1.order * Qoil + 0.order

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F2 Well Files Utility

The Well File is a utility where the well files containing the Fluid, PVT and Meter Factor
information, can be organized.
The Well Files Utility can be used to transfer, copy and delete both well file located on
the FLOW COMPUTER (if logged on), and well files stored on the HMI computer.
It is not sufficient to send a new well file to the FLOW COMPUTER. The file will just be
stored there but NOT used. See next chapter for storing/transferring parameters.

Transfering button

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F3 Well Profiles

The Well Profile utility is now required to be set up with at least one profile with a
corresponding well file. In addition to changing the profile in use through this dialog box,
the well profiles can be selected through Modbus command. This makes the profiles a
very useful tool where the FloWatch meter can be controlled remotely.
The Well Profile is a utility that can be used where a FloWatch multiphase meter is used
for sequential well testing of several oil wells where individual wells require individual fluid
and/or PVT inputs.
If a meter is used for 15 wells there might still only be 3 different profiles necessary. Each
profile will then normally have a separate Well File associated to the profile. The active
profile can be changed from the menu below or through values sent through a Modbus link
directly to the FLOW COMPUTER.

Prior to setting up the various well profiles, the associated well files have to be made. The
files can be made from the HMI program see chapter 3.4.2. or simply by adding copies of

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a well file using Windows Explorer. The new well files can then later be modified with the
new parameters.
After the necessary well files have been made in the HMI, the profiles can be prepared.
There are two ways to prepare the well profiles: OFF LINE mode and ON LINE mode,
when connected to a flow computer.
OFF LINE MODE:
Select a line in the box to the left and the Profile No and the Well Name can be typed
in the field below the table. The associated Well File can be selected from a drop down
list which will list all well files in the HMI/Parameters directory.
When adding a new profile a new profile number has to given as the system will not allow
new profiles with the same names.
As the example above shows, several profiles can have the same well file association. The
profile number is the number that will be used by Modbus to remotely change between
various well files.
After the well profile has been completed it needs to be saved with a different name in
order to avoid overwriting problem afterward during the connection to a flow computer.
This operation can be done by selecting the save profile as button. This well profile can
be loaded to a flow computer when connected by selecting the folder icon on the well
profile file in editor.

The profile will than be loaded to the flow computer memory, automatically the associated
well files will be transferred to the flow computer memory, if not already present.

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ON LINE MODE:
This mode is mainly used for modify an existing well profile which is already on the flow
computer memory, typically for update the fluid properties or for add a well number to the
profile.
For create a new profile file from zero
Prior to proceed to prepare the profile is requested to manually transfer the well files from
the HMI computer memory to the Flow computer memory. See paragraph 3.4.2.
The procedure to be followed is exactly the same as per the OFF LINE mode, any way
here below it is described again.
Select a line in the box to the left and the Profile No and the Well Name can be typed
in the field below the table. The associated Well File can be selected from a drop down
list which will list all well files in the FlowComputer Parameters directory.
When adding a new profile a new profile number has to given as the system will not allow
new profiles with the same names.
For modify an existing profile number
Select the desired profile number by click on top of it in the table list than if requested
select and change the associated well file on the drop down list. If it is requested to
change the fluids or the PVT properties, click on the Save button to make the desire
profile number active. The selected profile is now available on the Fluids and PVT
properties editor from where it will be possible to do the required changes.
See paragraph 3.4.1.7 and 3.4.1.7.
The well profile number is stored in the USER DATA BASE. Well profile number,
well profile name and well name are stored on the first three columns of the DATA
BASE, first two are DATA and TIME.
At any time it is possible to know which well is on test by looking at the well profile on use
from one of the following places:
1 From the well profile menu
2 From the local display on the MPM cabinet if present
3 By interrogate the flow computer trough modbus register n. 40244

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F4 Database

All the logs activity are performed from the FLOW COMPUTER and saved in the FLOW
COMPUTER memory. In order to save logging capacity and have smaller files, the data
base files are stored using a special binary format .dat, which needs to be converted to a
different format for regular programs to read them.
The FlowCalc software is automatically logging one record (an array of results) per minute
to the database file.
Pressing Database (F4) will make the menu buttons to the right change and the
following four options become available:

DB Files for transfer of database files from Flow Computer to the HMI.
Report Setup for some basic setup of the txt reports and the location of the
database files used for the reporting and historical data presentation
Generate Report which will generate an on-screen report that can later be
saved as a txt file or an Excel file (requires MS Excel on the machine!)
Units as a shortcut for change of units in the reports. Remember that the
Report units have to be chosen.

3.4.4.1 F1 DB Files
The Transfer DB Files is a utility for transferring and synchronizing the logged database
files from the Flow Computer to the HMI for storing of data and generating reports.

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When connected to a Flow Computer the table can show three different file list. To change
between the lists, simply press the yellow header of the table.

For Synchronization which already has compared the database files on the
Flow Computer with the database files already downloaded to the HMI. Partly
downloaded files will also be shown and overwritten if selected for transfer.
All files in the Flow Computer whether they have been downloaded previous or
not.
All files in the current database directory in the HMI whether they have been
downloaded previously or not.

There is also a filtering option that will filter old files. If only the last 14 days of database
files are of interest, simply tick off the filter and enter 14 days. Older files will be no longer
be shown.
Before any file operation takes place, the user will have to select one or more files. A
select ALL files button has been made available below the table.

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When Flow computer data base file or HMI data base file are selected, will be also
possible to delete the selected files from the respectively memory location.
Be careful to use this function specially when deleting files from the flow computer,
check for the availability of the file on the HMI before delete it. Data base deleted
can not be restored.
Remember also that, in order to keep the system working properly, delete data base
files from the flow computer memory is part of the regular maintenance that must be
executed on the system.
The Convert to TXT File(s) offer a convenient way to convert the database files from
the binary format to a txt-based tab-delimited format which can be read by Excel. This
option is available only if HMI data base file is selected as show bellow.
The system automatically will create a XLS folder under the same folder where the source
files are located, where the new converted files will be stored.

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Before data base conversion it is possible to personalize the output format of the columns
on the txt file and to decide the interval between the records (rows).
If the data for only a certain part of the day is of interest also the Generate Report
function below can be used.

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3.4.4.2 F2 Report Setup


The report setup gives the user the option to customize the results report from the HMI.
The DataBase Directory parameter will normally be automatically set depending on which
Flow Computer the HMI is connected to. For offline generation of reports, the correct
directory (meter) has to be selected.

A report will consist of two parts; a overview part and a table part (if selected). Both a txt
based report and an Excel type report can be generated from the HMI and some of these
settings will only have an effect on the txt report.

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Include Accumulated Values in Report will have an effect only on the results overview
page, not in the table part. There is a separate tick mark to include the accumulated values
in the table.
The Include Table in TXT report will only have an effect in the TXT reports as the XL
reports always come with two tables; one Average table where the values have been
averaged based on the Record Interval, and one Minute table where the average for
each minute is stored.
3.4.4.3 F3 Generate Report
To generate a report, the start and stop time for the report has to be selected prior to
entering the Generate Report menu.
From the main display select historical in stead of live in the upper left corner of the
graph as shown below.

The Start and Stop time will now be available at the bottom of the graph. The times can be
changed by pressing the symbols to the right or selecting the hours or minutes and using
the arrow buttons on the computer keyboard.
After the correct time period has been selected, go back to the Generate Report menu.
The screen below will be displayed.

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The user can here enter special events in the Comment field prior to saving the report.
For the Save XLS Report to work, the computer needs Excel installed and have the XL
template Well Test Report.xlt located in the C:/root/Templates directory on the
computer where the HMI program is running.

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3.4.4.4 F4 Units
This is just convenient shortcut to the Units setup.
Remember that the units from REPORTS are used.

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F5 FLOW COMPUTER Setup

This dialog box controls all the setting in the FLOW COMPUTER FlowCalc software.

File Versions.
On the left of the screen the various file version numbers are found:
1 HMI Program Version (always visible)
2 FLOW COMPUTER Program Version (if connected)
3 FPGA Program Version (if connected)
The FPGA program is a separate software program that is loaded on a separate FPGA on
the backplane of the FLOW COMPUTER and controls all modules connected to it. The

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FPGA Program cannot be changed but the version number may be read for diagnostics
purposes.
BIN/BIX Log
The Bin/BIX log functions are two functionalities that are normally not activated. If these
special functions are activated the system will start logging heavy loads of raw data to
special files. One file per hour/10minute will be produced and stored on the memory of the
FLOW COMPUTER. This logging activity requires big memory consumption, typically 4.5
Mbyte per hours for BIN files and even higher for BIX. The BIN file logging will fill up the
FLOW COMPUTER memory in about one day.
To monitor the memory situation the total and free memory of the Flow Computer are
displayed. Also the limit for Low Memory Limit can be set here. Default value is 10 Mb.
When the Low Memory Alarms has been set on all logging to hard disc will be terminated
to avoid system crash.
There is also an option to log these BIN files to a memory stick connected to the Flow
Computer.
This functionality is made for service purpose mainly and for that reason it should
only be kept on upon requests from service personnel.

Reset Accumulated Values


The Reset Accumulated Values will of course reset the results accumulators. The
date/time for the last reset is displayed here. Effect take place on the live data and on the
database.
Accumulated values can be reset also trough modbus. Register n. 40260

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3.4.5.1 FLOW COMPUTER - MODBUS Settings


This menu controls the Modbus Settings and Modbus Register settings including Units
only used for the Modbus registers.

Green activation LED

There are several hardware configuration available of the FLOW COMPUTER. Not all
have two serial ports and the settings for Slave 2 will have no effect. For the Modbus
communication to work, the Green activation light next to each port has to be turned
on.
On the left side of the window Baud Rate, Data Bit, etc. are configurable. On the right side
of the window, the Modbus version is selectable between Legacy and FloWatch.
Legacy should only be used in special cases as it has a different Modbus map.
All units used for the 30000 (input) registers can be changed and selected from this menu.
The Units settings will not take effect for the 40000 (holding) registers.
Two different groups of results can be also selected from the list, those will always be
located on the modbus map on the register 0 to 5 and 10 to 15, but only if the FloWatch
option is selected.

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In the Legacy mode only the 4X Legacy map will be used and the 30000 registers will
be inactive.
View Modbus Register
For diagnostics purposes the View Modbus Register screen has been made. The
screen will read the requested registers in the FLOW COMPUTER every second using
Modbus over TCP/IP. It will read the same registers available for the serial Modbus.

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For testing of Modbus Commands also the possibility of writing floating point numbers has
been made. As the button indicates, the command will execute only once the Write the
40000 Once button is pressed.
.
Modbus Commands
There are several commands that can be executed through Modbus.
The graph below is taken from the FloWatch - Modbus Registers document and shows the
available commands actually.

COM
COM
COM
COM

U16
U16
U16
U16
U16
U16
U16
U16

Well Profile No
BIN Log ON
Gas Control Valve - Auto
Gas Control Valve - Opening

OFF = 9999
0 = OFF, 1 = ON
0 = Manual, 1 = Auto
0 - 100%

40240
40241
40242
40243
40244
40245
40246
40247

U16
U16
COM U16

Flow Computer Time - Hours

0 - 23

40248
40249
40250

U16
U16
U16
U16
U16
COM U16

Flow Computer Time - Minutes


Flow Computer Time - Seconds
Flow Computer Time - Month
Flow Computer Time - Day
Flow Computer Time - Year
Flow Computer Time - Syncronize Tick

0 - 59
0 - 59
1 - 12
1 - 31
2000 - 2099
Set clock to top of the hour (+/- 30 minutes)

40251
40252
40253
40254
40255
40256

Write any number to this location

40257
40258
40259
40260

U16
U16
U16
COM U16
U16
U16
U16
U16
U16
U16
U16
U16

Reset Accumulated Values

40261
40262
40263
40264
40265
40266
40267
40268

The address has to be the start address of the modbus message. Both command 6 and
16 can be used.
When setting a new date/time, it is necessary to set all parameters in the same call.
Individual parameters cannot be changed.

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The analogue inputs and the well file parameters are available for writing on the 40000
registers. Any changes to the registers will lead to an update of the parameters used for
calculation, the values will be saved in the setup files and a command will be sent to the
HMI to resync the parameters.
Refer in case to the Flowatch modbus map document.
Command Lock
To avoid unintended updates of parameter through Modbus a special Command Lock
system has been implemented.
From the main Modbus Menu the user can select to block, to unblock or to unblock by
each command all incoming commands..

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3.4.5.2 LOCAL DISPLAY UNITS


These units only apply to the parameters displayed in the Local Display (see Local Display
chapter 4). They are NOT used for the Local Display Touchscreen version.

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3.4.5.3 EXTERNAL GAS METER SETTING


In very high GVF applications, a partly separator is supplied together with the FloWatch
meter. The settings below apply to the external gas meter inputs which measures the gas
flow rate in the gas line which will be added to the gas flow rate through the FloWatch
meter.
The type of gas meter and also the analogue input channel number can be selected.
For more accurate gas readings the equations also have inputs for the pressure and
temperature transmitters installed in the gas line of the separator. If these inputs are not
present, the standard pressure and temperature readings will be used.

The dialog box has changed shape but no changes has been performed to the
functionality.
3.4.5.4 CONTROL VALVE SETTING
The Control Valve settings will only be adjusted by PF personnel and is therefore not
explained here. Control valve is also a function under modifications, so further explanation
will be added in the future.

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The control valve opening can now be read from the main screen next to the alarm button.

3.4.5.5 ANALOG OUTPUTS SETTING


The analog output settings only apply for a special hardware configuration where two
analog output modules are used.
The FLOW COMPUTER will normally not be delivered with analog outputs available.

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3.4.5.6 FLOW COMPUTER TIME AND DATE SETTING


The possibility to set new FLOW COMPUTER Time/Date stamp is available from this
dialog box.

Type the right TIME AND DATE then send the new values to the FLOW COMPUTER.
As an option the HMI date/time can be sent down by pressing Send Local Computer
Time. That assumes that the Windows computer has the correct time zone selected.

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F6 Meter Selection (TCP/IP)

This dialog box gives the user the opportunity to select a Name/Tag No and a
corresponding TCP/IP address for various FLOW COMPUTERs.
The software allows for up to 100 meters to be connected
The meter will also log on the meter selected upon pressing OK. To avoid logging on to
any computers but still saving the Name and TCP/IP address, simply select OFFLINE
before pressing OK.

After having entered information and pressed OK, the Tag Nos will be available in the
indicator field in the middle of the main screen as shown below. Do not use in the well

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name special characters like -, ,, :, etc. because the system will be not able to create
the Folder on the HMI PC. Space and under-score _ are allowed.
By selecting a new well, the HMI software will close current connection (if connected) and
open a connection to the selected well.
If a successful connection can be made, there will be some confirmation messages
regarding the parameter files showing up on the screen and finally the connection status
indicator on the left bottom corner of the main screen will turn light green and show which
TCP/IP address the software is connected to.

If the connection attempt is unsuccessful, the meter selector will go back to OFFLINE
and the connection indicator will turn dark green

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3.4.7 F7 Units
This menu controls the units in the HMI software only. The settings have no effect on the
FlowCalc software running on the FLOW COMPUTER.
All calculations in the FlowCalc and the transfer of data between the FLOW COMPUTER
and the HMI computer are performed in SI units.
There are two types of units in use in the HMI software:
1. Presentation Controls the units for all displays.
2. Reports Controls the units in the converted TXT DataBase file

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F8 Service Mode

This menu gives the possibility to log onto the three different security level, VIEWER,
USER and SERVICE for PF personnel only.

Viewer and User can be protected by password, the password can be changed at any time
by clicking on the Change Password button the below window will appear. Will be
possible than change the password with a new one. If logged as USER will be possible to
change both USER and VIEWER password.

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F9 Exit

There is a confirm dialog box that comes up before the program stops to give the user the
opportunity to cancel the Exit command.

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4. LOCAL DISPLAY (OPTIONAL)


The Local Display is a solution offered for the EXD versions of the FloWatch computer
solution. A separate small computer will read the values from the Flow Computer using the
Web-Server and show them on a display.

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The ExD solution has two push buttons which is used for navigation.
1. The left button will tab between the buttons.

2. The right button will


(SCROLL in this example)

execute

the

command

of

the

active

button.

There are three main displays:


1. Results Displays the flow rates and transmitter results. (see picture on the
previous page)
2. Well Selection Gives the user the opportunity to change Well Profiles in use, for
example before to change well on test.
3. Alarms Shows current active alarms.

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5. LOCAL DISPLAY TOUCH-SCREEN


The regular HMI can be configured to work for touch-screen.
The functionality is the same as for the regular HMI but there are some differences in the
appearence:
There are several changes to the Main Display:
Screen Resolution for main display will only be 800 x 640 to fit the regular touch-screen
monitor delivered with the system. (The main display is shown below.)

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Many of the graph options have been moved to a Display Option dialog box shown
below.
The Display Option dialog box will appear if any of the two graph selectors (Results Group
or Duration) are pressed.

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If any values are pressed in the menus, a new Number Entering dialog box will show up
to allow the user to enter the value without starting up the on-screen keyboard. The oil
density has been used as an example below:

The New Value TXT also allows scientific notation (4.345E-5). The new value will be
entered into the field that was pressed to open this dialog box. If the number is not as
expected there was an error in the number text format.
Finally the Meter Selection dialog box is not available through the menu as the regular
HMI but can be shown by pressing the green connection light or the text field next to it.
This is the only way to connect to a different meter in the touch-panel mode.