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SKELETAL SYSTEM

* FRAMEWORK system of the body


* Composed of different bines of the
body and cartilages forming the
framework of the body.
Bones
* Made up of calcium
* Hardest part of complesing the
skeleton of the vertebrae
* Resist tension
* Dense connective tissue that serves
as the storage of calcium of the body.
Main Functions of Skeletal system
1. Support
- serves as the framework of the entire
body system.
2. Protection
- protects the delicate organs of the
body.
3. Movement
- muscles are able to move because of
their attachment with bones by means
of tendons.
4. Mineral storage
- bones are considered as the
storchonse of calcium
5. Blood Cell Formation
- because of the presence of bone
marrow.
Four Classification of Bones
1. Long Bones
- Typically longer than wide
Ex. Femur, humerus, unlna, radius,
tibia, fibula
2. Short Bones
- Generally cube in shapes
Ex. Carpals, Tarcals
*bones are connected by joints*
*HYOID Bone the only bone in the
body that has no
connection/articulation with other
bone/joint/*
3. Flat bones
- thin flattened

- usually curved
Ex. Scapul, Sternum, Cranium, Ribs
4. Irregular bones
- Vary in shape
Ex. Vertebrae, hips
5. Sesamoid bones
- knee cap
- Patella

CRANIUM, FACIAL BONES


1. Frontal Forms the forehead, front
of the skull
2. Parietal forms the side walls of
your cranium
3. Temporal- contains your ear canal
4. Occipital- forms the back of your
cranium
*Fontanels assifies withing 2 years*
JOINTS OF THE SKULL SUTURES
*facial joints*
* Sutures Joints of the Skull
- there are immovable jointsof the
skull the connects the major cranium
Medical
term
Cranium
Vertebrae
Pectoral Girdle

Clavicle
Humerus
Thoracic Bone
Sternum
*Manubrium
*Gladiolus
*Xiphoid
Process

Ulna (The
Bigger bone)

Laymans
term
- Skull
-Spinal Cord
-Scapula
(Shoulder
blade)
-Collar bone
-Upper
arm/Brachium
-Ribs
-The center of
the ribs
- The uppermost
of the sternum
-The Blade of
Sternum
-The tip of
sternum

bones vary in shape.


1. Coronial connects the parietal
bone and frontal bone
2. Saggital connects the parietal
bones
3. Lamboid between the parietal
and occipital
4. Squamous Temporal between
parietal and temporal
JOINTS OF THE BODY
Joints the articulation/point of
attachment between 2 bones.
FUNCTION OF JOINTS
1. Holds the bone together
2. Gives the skeleton flexibility

3. Makes bones growth possible.

Radius (The
smaller bone)
Carpals
wrist
Meta Carpals
palm
Phalanges
fingers
Pelvic Girdle
Hip girdle
BASED
ON
Acetabulum BASE ON
Vinegar
socket
THE
BASED
TISSUEThigh bone
Femur ON
FREEDOM
MOVEMENT
PRESENT
Tibia
Shin bone
OF
Febula
tarsals
ankle MOVEMENT
1.
Meta tarsals1. Fibrous
foot 1.
Immovable
- Fibrous
joints

Syndemosis
Somphosis

Diarthrosis
- Freely
movable

2. Slightly
movable
cartilaginou
s joints

2.
Cartilagino
us Connected
entirely
connected
by cartilage
*Cartilage
strong,
avascular,
composed of
water*
3.Synovial/
Bony
-most
common,
most
movable
joint.

2.
Amphiart
h-rosis

3. Freely
movable
Synovia/Bo
ne Joints

- Slightly
movable

3.
Synarthro
sis
-Immovable
(Sutures)

*Classification of JOINTS

Vertebral column
- 24 individual bone
+ 2 bones (the sactum & coccyx)
1-7 Cervical Vertebrae (Smallest
vertebrae)
Neck- c1,c2,c3,c4,c5,c6,c7
c1- atlas- enables the head to nod.
c2- axis- enables the head to look left
to right.
T1-T12- Thoracic Vertebrae
-Articulate w/ ribs (Connected)
-Posterior
L1-L5- Lumbar Vertebrae
25&26- Sactum (it is connected to the
hips)
Coccyx- Tail Bone
*RIBS- (THORASIC BONE)
12- bones
*True Bone- 1-7
*False Bone- 8-10
*Floating Bone- 11-12
Hyaline Cartilage Connects the
sternum to ribs.
Manubrium- Connected to the Clavicle.
Body- 2-7 bone of ribs
Xiphoid Process- Terminal Process
*Upper Limbs
Clavicle- S shape bone articulated w/
manubrium and scapula.
Scapula- Flat Bone Articulates w/
humerus
Humerus- long bone in upper
extremities (Brachium)
AntiBrachium- (FOREARM)
Ulna- longest connected to humerus
Radius- shortest.
The Lines in the Phalanges
Distal- 1st line
Middle- 2nd line
Proximal- 3rd line
Pelvic Girdle
3 Ossacoxae (Fuse Bone)

1. Ilium- Biggest Bone


2. Pubis- Public Bone (FRONT)
3. Ischium- Back/Bottom
Femur- Longest bone of the body.

Patella- Knee Cap


Tibia & Fibula- Tibio Fibula
Calcaneus- heel bone