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No

Standart
Kompetensi

Kompeten
si Dasar

Materi

Indikator
Soal

Soal

Jawaban Panjang
Data
: h1 = 60 m g= 10 m/s2 I= 2/5 mR2
Problem : Vb ?
Answer :
EpA + Ektrans A + Ekrot A = EpB + Ektrans B + Ekrot B
m ghA +

1.

8. Momentum
Sudut dan
Keseimbanga
n Benda Tegar

8.7
Dinamika
Gerak
Rotasi

Kecepatan
gerak
menggelind
ing benda
pada bidang
miring

Siswa dapat
menentukan
kecepatan
gerak
menggelindi
ng benda
pada bidang
miring jika
diketahui h1

1
2
A solid cylinder rolls from rest down the incline
is 60 meters high. Determine the speed of the
cylinder when it arrived at the foot of the
incline.
a. 28,29 m/s2
b. 27,28 m/s2
c. 29,28 m/s2
d. 27,29 m/s2
e. 26,27 m/s2

1
2
2 m vA +

m vB2 +

1
2

1
2

2
A

= m g hB +

2
B

m ghA+ 0 + 0

=0+

1
2

m v B2 +

1
2

I
vB == 29,28 m/s2
(C)

2
B

ghA

=
vB =

5+ 2
2
10 vB

600 10
7

vB == 29,28 m/s2
Jadi jawabannya (C) vB == 29,28 m/s2
= 29,28 m/s2
2.

10. Fluida
Dinamis

10.9
Penerapa
n hukum
Bernoulli

Kecepata
n pada
tabung
venturi

Siswa
dapat
menentuk
an
kecepatan
pada
salah satu
pipa
tabung
venture.

This is in addition to the venture meter is Data


: h = 30 A1 = 5 cm2 A2= 3 cm2.
used to determine the fluid flow velocity. If
Problem : V1 ?
h = 30 cm and a density of 1000 kg/m3 Answer :
fluid, cross sectional areas A1 = 5 cm2 and
A2= 3 cm2. What is the velocity of fluid
flow in cross section A
a. 1,83 m/s
b. 2 m/s

V1 = A2

2 gh
A1 A 2

V1

3,375 =
1,83 m/s
(A)

= 3 x 10
Jika
diketahui
luas area
A1, A2
dan

-4

= 3 x 10

-4

c. 2,34 m/s
d. 3,14 m/s
e. 5,6 m/s

2 3
25 1089 108
6
8
16 10

-8

(V1) =9 x 10 x
V1

2 10 30 102
(5 104 )2(3 104 )2

3,375 = 1,83 m/s

Jadi jawabannya (A) V1

3,375 = 1,83 m/s

23

Data

3.

4.

11. Teori
Kinetik Gas

11. Teori
Kinetik Gas

11.5
Energi
Dalam
dan
Derajat
Kebebasa
n

11.6
Kecepata
n efektif
gas

Rata-rata
energy
kinetic
pada
benda
yang
memiliki
3 gerak.

Kecepata
n efektif
gas

Siswa
dapat
menentuk
an ratarata
energy
kinetic
pada
benda
yang
memiliki 3
gerak.

Each molecule of a particular


polyatomic gas at 1,200 K has three
translational, three rotational, and
vibrational degrees of freedom is four
contributes to mechanical energy. The
average kinetic energy per molecule
is.
a. 8,8 x 10-23 J
b. 8,9 x 10-20 J
c. 8,3 x 10-20 J
d. 8,0 x 10-24 J
e. 8,6 x 10-23 J

Siswa
dapat
menentuk
an
kecepatan

Calculate the effective speed of


oxygen gas (M = 32 kg / kmol)
situated in the container temperature
27 C. (K = 1.38 10-23 J / K)
a. 488 m/s

: T = 1200 k

1,38 10

K=

J
K

f= 10

Problem : EK ?

E k

Answer :

8,3 10

1
E k =f k T
2

( )

(C)

1
J
E k =10
1,38 1023
( 1.200 K )=8,3 1020 J
2
K

( )(

Jadi jawabannya (C)

E k

Data : M = 32 kg/kmol

J/K

20

8,3 10

T= 27 oC K=1.38 10-23

20

Problem :

v RMS

Answer :

kg
M
kmol
m 0=
=
NA
molekul
6,02 1026
kmol
32

efektif gas
jika
diketahui
M dan T.

b.
c.
d.
e.

485 m/s
486 m/s
483,6 m/s
484,9 m/s

5,31 1026 kg /molekul

v RMS=

3 kT
=
m0

J
( 300 K )
(
K)
kg
( 5,31 10 molekul
)

3 1,38 10

23

26

483,6 m/s
Jadi jawabannya (D)

5.

11. Teori
Kinetik Gas

11. Teori
Kinetik Gas

11.1
Tingkat
Keadaan
gas

11.5
Energi
dalam
dan
Derajat

Tekanan
akhir gas

Energi
Kinetik
Rata-rata

Siswa
dapat
mentukan
tekanan
akhir gas
jika
diketahui
T1, P1, V
dan T2.
Siswa
dapat
menentuk
an Energi
kinetic

The two liters of gas at a temperature


of 27 C and a pressure of 1 atm is
compressed up to 1 liter at
atmospheric and heated up to the
temperature to 127 C. The final
pressure of the gas is
a. 2,87 atm
b. 1 atm
c. 4,2 atm
d. 3 atm
e. 2,67 atm
Determine the average kinetic energy and
energy in 5 mol ideal gas at a temperature of
127oC if the gas is:
a.gas monatomic; b.gas diatomic (k = 1.38 x1023
J / K; NA = 6.02 x1026 molecules / mol ).

483,6 m/s

Data : T1= 27oC P= 1 atm V = 2l T2 = 127oC


Problem : P2 ?
Answer :

P1 .V 1 P2 .V 2
=
T1
T2

P2

P V T ( 1atm )( 2 L )( 400 K )
P 2= 1 1 2 =
=2,67 atm
V 2 T1
( 1 L ) ( 300 K )
Jadi jawabannya (E)

2,67 atm

2,67 atm

Data : n = 5 mol; T= 127oC k = 1.38 x10-23 J / K; NA = 6.02


x1026 molecules / mol
Problem : a) EK gas monoatomik
b) EK gas diatomic
Answer :

(d) 2.49 x 103 J


and 4.15 x 103 J

1
E k =f Nk T
2

a.Gas monoatomic

rata-rata
jika
diketahui
T, K, NA,
dan n

Kebebasa
n

a.2.49 x 103 J and 3 x 103 J


b. 2.49 x 103 J and 3 x 104 J
c.1.3 x 103 J and 2 x 10-2 J
d.2.49 x 103 J and 4.15 x 103 J
e.2 x 102 J and 4 x 104 J

1
E k =3
( 30,1 x 1023) 1,38 1023 J ( 400 K )=2.49 x 103 J
2
K

()

b. Gas diatomic
1
E k =f Nk T
2

1
E k =5
( 30,1 x 1023) 1,38 1023 J ( 400 K )=4.15 x 103 J
2
K

()

11. Teori
Kinetik Gas

11. 6
Kecepata
n efektif
gas

Kecepata
n efektif
gas

Siswa
dapat
menentuk
an nilai
kecepatan
efektif gas
jika
diketahui
T, Ar, m
dan K

The relative atomic mass of oxygen


16, the mass of a hydrogen atom is
1.66 10-27 kg; and k = 1.38 1023 J / K. If the gas temperature of 27
C, what is the average speed of the
gas molecules of oxygen?
a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

484,16 m/s
487 m/s
418,16 m/s
440 m/s
340 m/s

Data :
T
Ar
Mr (O2)
m

= 27C = 273 + 27C = 300 K


= 16
= 2 16 = 32
= 32 1,66 10-27 kg
= 53,12 1,66 10-27 kg
k
= 1,38 10-23 J/K
Problem: v = ......?
Answer :

3k T
v=
m

a. 484,16
m/s

J
(300 )
K
v=
53,121,66 1027 kg

3 1,38 1023

v =484, 16 m/s
8

11. Teori
Kinetik Gas

11.1
Tingkat
Keadaan
gas

Volume
akhir gas

Siswa
dapat
menentuk
an volume
akhir gas
jika
diketahui

Oxygen gas at a temperature of 27 C


has a volume of 40 dm3 and a
pressure of 1.01 105 N/m2. What is
its volume when the pressure is 14
104 N/m2 and the temperature to 100
C?
a. 0,1 m3
b. 3 m3

Data :
T1
= 27C = 273 + 27 = 300 K
T2
= 100C = 273+100 = 373 K
P1
= 1,01 105 N/m2
P2
= 14 104 N/m2
V1
= 40 dm3 = 0,04 m3
Problem : V2 = . . . ?

a. 0,036 m3

Answer :

P1 .V 1 P2 .V 2
=
T1
T2

T1, T2, P1,P2

c. 0,36 m3
d. 0,036 m3
e. 0,0036 m3

V 2=

P1 . V 1 . T 2
P2 . T 1

V 2=

( 1,01 105 )( 0,04 ) (373)


( 14 10 4 ) (300)

V 2=0,0358 m3

11. Teori
Kinetik Gas

11. 6
Kecepata
n efektif
gas

Kecepata
n efektif
gas

Siswa
dapat
menentuk
an nilai
kecepatan
efektif gas
jika
diketahui
T, P,

dan g

Calculate the average speed of the


molecules of nitrogen gas at a
temperature of 0 C at a pressure of
76 cmHg, if the density of nitrogen
1.251 kg/m3 and g = 9.8 m/s2.
a. 492,8 m/s
b. 488 m/s
c. 490 m/s
d. 470 m/s
e. 783,2 m/s

Data :
T
= 0C = 273 + 0C = 273 K
P
= 76 cmHg
g
= 9,8 m/s2
N
= 1,251 kg/m3
Problem : v = . . . . .?
Answer :
-raksa = 13.600 kg/m3
h-raksa = 76 cm = 0,76 m
P
=.g.h
= 13.600 9,8 0,76
= 101.292,8 N/m2

v=

v=

3P

3 101.292,8
1,251

N
2
m

492,8 m/s (a)

kg
3
m

v =492,8 m/s
10

11. Teori
Kinetik Gas

11.2
Persama
an
Umum

Tekanan
gas

Siswa
dapat
menentuk
an

How many moles of gas pressure of


10 who are in a tank that has a
volume
of
100
liters,
if
the
temperature is 87 C and g = 9.8

Data:
n
= 10 mol
V
= 100 Liter = 0,1 m3
T
= 87C = 360 K

2,96 atm (b)

Problem : P = . . . ?
Answer :

tekanan
gas jika
diketahui
n, V dan T

Tingkat
Keadaan
Gas

PV =n R T P=

m/s2?
a. 2,7 atm
b. 2,96 atm
c. 2 atm
d. 1,67 atm
e. 3,3 atm

P=

nRT
V

( 10 ) ( 8.314 ) (360)
0,1

P=299,304 N/m2

P=

299,304
13.600 ( 9,8 ) ( 0,76 )

P=2,96 atm

No.

Standart
Kompetensi

Materi

Indikator
Soal

1.

8.7 Dinamika
Gerak Rotasi

Kecepatan
gerak
menggelind
ing benda
pada bidang
miring

Siswa dapat
menentukan
kecepatan
gerak
menggelindi
ng benda
pada bidang
miring

Soal
A solid cylinder rolls from rest
down the incline is 60 meters high.
Determine the speed of the cylinder
when it arrived at the foot of the
incline.
f.
g.
h.
i.
j.

Jawaban Panjang
EpA + Ektrans A + Ekrot A = EpB + Ektrans B + Ekrot B
m ghA +

1
2

28,29 m/s
27,28 m/s2
29,28 m/s2
27,29 m/s2
26,27 m/s2

1
2
2 m vA +

m vB2 +

m ghA+ 0 + 0

1
2
ghA

1
2

1
2

2
A

= m g hB

2
B

= 0 +

1
2

2
B

5+ 2
2
10 vB

m vB2 +

Jawaban
Pendek

Aspek
Intelektual

Tingkat
Kesukaran

vB == 29,28 m/s2
(C)

C3

SEDANG

vB =

600 10
7

vB == 29,28 m/s2
Jadi jawabannya (C) vB == 29,28 m/s2
= 29,28 m/s2

V1 = A2
This is in addition to the venture
meter is used to determine the fluid

2.

10.9
Penerapan
hukum
Bernoulli

Kecepatan
pada tabung
venturi

Siswa dapat
menentukan
kecepatan
pada salah
satu pipa
tabung
venture.

flow velocity. If

h = 30 cm

and a density of 1000 kg/m3 fluid,


cross sectional areas A1 = 5 cm2 and
A2= 3 cm2. What is the velocity of
fluid flow in cross section A
f. 1,83 m/s
g. 2 m/s
h. 2,34 m/s
i. 3,14 m/s
j. 5,6 m/s

2 gh
A1 A 2

= 3 x 10-4

= 3 x 10-4

(V1)2=9 x 10-8 x

3,375

V1 =

2 10 30 102
(5 104 )2(3 104 )2

2 3
25 1089 108

11.5 Energi
Dalam dan
Derajat
Kebebasan

Rata-rata
energy
kinetic pada
benda yang
memiliki 3
gerak.

Siswa dapat
menentukan
rata-rata
energy
kinetic pada
benda yang
memiliki 3
gerak.

Each molecule of a particular


polyatomic gas at 1,200 K has three
translational, three rotational, and
vibrational degrees of freedom is
four contributes to mechanical
energy. The average kinetic energy
per molecule is.
f. 8,8 x 10-23 J
g. 8,9 x 10-20 J
h. 8,3 x 10-20 J
i. 8,0 x 10-24 J

3,375

3,375

C3

SEDANG

= 1,83 m/s

E k

( )

8,3 1020 J

1
J
E k =10
1,38 1023
( 1.200 K )=8,3 1020
(C)J
2
K

( )(

E k

SEDANG

= 1,83 m/s

1
E k =f k T
2

Jadi jawabannya (C)

C3

1,83 m/s
(A)

6
8
16 10

Jadi jawabannya (A) V1 =


3.

V1 =

8,3 1020 J

j.

8,6 x 10-23 J

M
m 0=
=
NA

4.

11.6
Kecepatan
efektif gas

Kecepatan
efektif gas

Siswa dapat
menentukan
kecepatan
efektif gas

Calculate the effective speed of


oxygen gas (M = 32 kg / kmol)
situated in the container
temperature 27 C. (K = 1.38 1023 J / K)
f. 488 m/s
g. 485 m/s
h. 486 m/s
i. 483,6 m/s
j. 484,9 m/s

kg
kmol
molekul
6,02 1026
kmol
32

5,31 1026 kg /molekul

v RMS=

3 kT
=
m0

(
(

J
( 300 K )
K
kg
5,31 1026
molekul

3 1,38 1023

v RMS=483,6

m
s

C3

SEDANG

C3

SEDANG

(D)

483,6 m/s
Jadi jawabannya (D)

5.

6.

11.1 Tingkat
Keadaan gas

Rotation
Dynamics

Tekanan
akhir gas

Moment
inertia and
Torque

The two liters of gas at a


temperature of 27 C and a
pressure of 1 atm is compressed up
to 1 liter at atmospheric and heated
Siswa dapat
up to the temperature to 127 C.
mentukan
tekanan akhir The final pressure of the gas is
f. 2,87 atm
gas.
g. 1 atm
h. 4,2 atm
i. 3 atm
j. 2,67 atm
To analyze
A wheel which has moment inertia
the torque
5x10-3 kg m2 is rotating at a speed
from
20 rotation per second. The torque
moment
that required to stop the rotation of
inertia that
the wheel in 10 second is :
rotate
A. x 10-2 Nm
B. 2 x 10-2 Nm
C. 4 x 102 Nm
D. 6 x 10-2 Nm
E. 2 x 102 Nm

483,6 m/s

P1 .V 1 P2 .V 2
=
T1
T2
P V T ( 1atm )( 2 L )( 400 K )
P 2= 1 1 2 =
=2,67 atm
V 2 T1
( 1 L ) ( 300 K )
Jadi jawabannya (E)

P2
2,67 atm

2,67 atm

Data : I = 5x10-3 kg m2
0 = 20 rot/s 1 rot = 2 rad/s
= 20 . 2 = 40 rad/s
t = 0
t = 10 s
Problem : ?
Answer : t = 0 - .t
0 = 404 10
= 4
= I.
= 5x10-3 . 4

= 2 x
10-2 Nm (B)

DIFFICULT

= 20 x 10-3 = 2 x10-2 N.m


Data : Solid cylinder
v = 10 m/s
m = 4 kg
I=

7.

Rotation
Dynamics

Total
energy
kinetic in
rolling

To analyze
the total
energy
kinetic of
rolling object

A solid cylinder is rolling on a flat


floor with velocity 10 m/s. Mass of
the solid cylinder is 4 kg and the
diameter is 80 cm. Determine the
total kinetic energy of the solid
cylinder :
A. 300 J
B. 30 J
C. 3000 J
D. 3300 J
E. 3 J

1
2
2 mr

d = 80 cm r = 40 cm = 40x10-2 m
Problem : Ektot ?
Answer : Ektot = Ektrans + Ekrot
=

1
2

m v2 +

1
2

1
2

(m v2 +

1
2

mr2

1
2

(m v2 +

1
2

mv2 )

1
2

(1 +

3
4

mv2

3
4

4 102

1
2

I 2

v2
r2 )

Ektot = 300
J (A)

MEDIUM

Y0 =

MEDIUM

) mv2

= 3. 100
Ektot = 300 J
8.

Rigid Body
Balance

Point of the
center of
mass

To analyze
the distance
of the center
of gravity

Determine the distance of the center Data : = 60


arc
of gravity from a wire in the form
r=R
of arc which calculated from the
center of curvature, if the angle of Problem : Y0 (the distance of the center of gravity)?
the arc center is 60 and its radius is
The lenght of AB
R:
Answer : Y0 =
.R
Arc AB
A.

3R

3R

(A)

B.
C.

Liquid
lever rise in
capillary

9.

To analyze
the distance
of the center
of gravity

Fluid Statics
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

6R

D.

R
3

E.

4R

Fluid Statics

Pascals
Law

To analyze
the
application
of Pascals
law

R2

=
=

1
R
3
3R

Data : m = 13,6 g/cm3 = 13600 kg/m3


d = 5 mm = 5x10-3 m r = 2,5x10-3 m
h = 2 cm = 2x10-2 m
= 127
g = 10 m/s2
Problem: ?

Mercury has a density of 13,6


g/cm3. At the mercury placed the
small tube with diameter 5 mm. It
2 cos
turns out that the mercury in the Answer : h =
gr
tube 2 cm lower than the mercury
in the outer tube. If the contact
2 . cos 127
-2

2x10
=
angle is 127 , How much does
13600 .10 .2,5 x 103
surface tension of mercury?
2 . 0,6
56,7 N/m
2x10-2 . 13600 . 10 . 2,5x10-3 =
5,556 N/m
5,67 N/m
6,8 = -1,2
5,76 N/m
6,8
5,60 N/m
=
1,2

10.

1
2 R
3
6

A cylindrical hydraulic pump with


each diameter 8 cm and 20 cm. If
the small tube pressed with force
500 N, then the force that can be
produced by the big tube is :
A. 3,125 N
B. 3125 N
C. 3215 N

5,67 N/m
(C)

MEDIUM

= -5,67 N/m = 5,67 N/m

Data : d1 = 8 cm r = 4 cm = 0,04 m
d2 = 20 cm r = 10 cm = 0,1 m
F1 = 500 N
Problem : F2 ?
Answer :

F1
A1

F2
A2

F2= 3125 N
(B)

MEDIUM

F1
r2

D. 312,5 N
E. 32,15 N

500
0,04 2

500
0,0016

= 0,01

F2
r2

F2
0,12
F2

0,0016F2 = 5
5

F2 = 0,0016
F2= 3125 N
The
principle of
continuity

11.

To analyze
the diameter
of pipe basic
on principle
of continuity

Fluid
Dynamics
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

12.

Fluid
Dynamics

Generator
eficiency

To calculate
average
power in
application
of fluid

The velocity of water in a pipe with


diameter 6 cm is 0,25 m/s. That the
water out with speed 4 m/s, the pipe
must be connected with another
pipe, which one end is a smaller
diameter. So, the diameter of that
pipe is?
15 cm
15x10-5 cm
15x10-3 cm
1,5 cm
150 cm

Data : d1 = 6 cm = 6x10-2 m r = 3x10-2 m


v1 = 0,25 m/s
v2 = 4 m/s
Problem : d2?
Answer : A1 . v1 = A2. v2

r2.v = r2.v
1
1
2
2
(3x10-2)2 . 0,25 = r2 . 4
2,25x10-4 = r2 . 4
4

r2 =

2,25 x 10
4

r2 =

5,625 x 105

r=

5,625 x 105

r = 7,5x10-3 m
d = 2 x 7,5x10-3 = 0,015 m = 1,5 cm
A waterfall with high 20 m is used Data : h = 20 m
for hydropower (PLTA). Every
= 1000 kg/m3
3
g = 10 m/s
second the water flowing at 10 m .

= 55%
If the generator efficiency 55% and
V
= 10 m3
2
acceleration of gravity g = 10 m/s ,

d = 1,5 cm
(D)

Plistrik =
1100 kW
(B)

MEDIUM

EASY

dynamics

Problem : Plistrik?
so the average power that can be
produced is : (in kW)
A. 110
B. 1100
C. 2200
D. 2500
E. 5500

Average of
kinetic
energy

13.

To analyze
the average
of kinetic
energy

Kinetic Gas
Theory

B.
C.
D.
E.

In a box, its contents 0,5 m3. There


are 105 gas particle. If the gas
pressure is 1 atm, how much the
average kinetic energy?
A. 0,75 kJ
75 J
75000 kJ
750 J
0,75 J

Answer : Q =

Kinetic Gas
Theory

Ideal gas
equation

To calculate
density in
ideal gas

10
1

= 10 m3/s

P=Qgh
= 55% 1000 10 10 20
= 0,55 1000 10 10 20
= 1100000 W
Plistrik = 1100 kW
Data : V = 0,5 m3
N = 105
P = 1 atm = 105 Nm2
Problem : Ek?
Answer : PV =

1
3

N m v2

1
3

1
2

PV =

2
3

Ek =

3 PV
2N

14.

V
t

m v2 N

Ek N

Ek = 0,75 J
(E)

MEDIUM

3 105 0,5
5
2 10

Ek = 0,75 J
An ideal gas has pressure 5x105 Pa Data : P = 5x105 Pa
T = 4x102 K
when the temperature 4x102 K.
Mr = 4 kg/kmol
How much its density if the gas is
R = 8,31 X 103 J/kmol K
Helium
(He)
with
relative
Problem : ?
molecular mass Mr = 4 kg/kmol?
P Mr
A. 0,06 kg/m3
Answer
:

=
RT
B. 0,6 kg/m3
C. 0,006 kg/m3
5 x 105 4
D. 6 kg/m3
= 8,31 x 10 3 4 x 1 o2
E. 0,060 kg/m3

= 0,6
kg/m3 (C)

EASY

=
In energy of
ideal gas

15.

Kinetic Gas
Theory

To calculate
the in energy
of ideal gas

2 x 106
33,24 x 105

= 0,6 kg/m3
Data : m = 2 gram = 2x10-3 kg
T = 50C = 323K
Mr = 10 kg/kmol?
R = 8,31 X 103 J/kmol K
Problem : U?

Neon (Ne) is monoatomic gas. How


much the in energy of 2 gram Ne
gas at temperature 50C if relative
m
2 x 103
= 2x10-4
molecular mass Mr = 10 kg/kmol? Answer : n = Mr =
10
A. 8052,4 J
3
B. 80,524 J
U= 2 nRT
C. 8,0524 J
D. 80524 J
3
E. 805,24 J
= 2 2x10-4 8,31 X 103 323
U = 805,24 J

Nama

: Evi Dwi Pratiwi (11)


Susmitha Canny (28)

U = 805,24 J
(E)

MEDIUM