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CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

PROCEEDINGS
MAY

919

(VOLUME

XVI)

WITH

RULES AND
LISTS OF MEMBERS

1^

LONDON
JOHN MURRAY, ALBEMARLE STREET, W.
1919

All Riqhts Reserved

II

Cfo

CONTENTS
ROLL OF HONOUR
PROCEEDLNGS OF THE SIXTEENTH GENERAL
MEETING, Friday and Saturday, May 16th
AND

17th, 1919

INDEX TO THE PROCEEDINGS

69

STATEMENT OF ACCX)UNTS, DECEMBER


TO DECEMBER 21st, 1918

16th, 1917,

70

APPENDIX
Former Presidents of the Association
Officers and Councel
Rules
Names and Addresses of Members
Topographical List of Members
Manchester and District Branch
Birmingham and Midlands Branch
Liverpool and District Branch
Nottingham and District Branch
London Branch
Bristol Branch
Northumberland and Durham Branch
Cardiff and District Branch
Leeds and District Branch
Bombay Branch

......
.

....
....

....

74
75
78
81

129
146

U8
149
150
151

152
153
154
155
157

Classical Association of South Australia

158

Classical Association of Victoria

159

IRoll Of

fbonour

" Their names who dared

For

(hat sweet mother land which gave

Nobly

to do,

nobly to

BROADBENT, M.A.
DURNFORD, B.A.
R. M. HEATH, B.A.
A. E. G. HULTON, M.A.
W. HARDING LEWIS
C.

H.

R.

S.

C.

E.

STUART, M.A.

birth

W. LORING, M.A.
W. L. PAINE, M.A.
C. E. FRY, B.A.
J.

B.

F.

C.

J.

F.
HUNTER, M.A.
REV. PROFESSOR J. H. MOULTON,

L. W.

them

die.''

K. PREEDY, M.A.
THOMPSON, M.A.

MURRAY
E. G.

BELL,

B.A.

SOUTHWELL,

B.A.

D.D., Lrrr.D., D.Thboi,.

" Nobis meminisac reliotum "

REPORT OF GENERAL MEETING, HELD


AT OXFORD^ ON FRIDAY AND
SATURDAY, MAY 16th AND 17th, 1919.
Friday,

May

16th

MORNING SESSION
The Rev. Dr. Blakiston (President of Trinity College), wlia
welcomed the Association, said that their visit to Oxford at
a time when the minds of many people were agitated about a
psssible conflict between classical and scientific studies was a
good omen, and particularly so because the Address on a classical
subject was to be delivered by a distinguished Professor of
Medicine.

THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS.


I

Early

in the sixteenth century a literary joke sent

inextinguishable laughter through the learned circles


of Europe. The Epistolae Obscurorum Virorum is great

which I
an exact gauge of

two reasons its standard


is
my scholarship, and had Magisier
Nostrandu^ Ortuinus Graiius of Cologne, to whom most
literature, to

refer for

of the letters are addressed, been asked to join that


wicked Erfurt Circle, he could not have been more surprised than I

was to receive a gracious invitation to

preside over this gathering of British scholars.

I felt

to have been sailing under false colours to have ever,


^

Except where otherwise stated, the meetings were held

Divinity Sehool.

iu

th

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

by pen

or tongue, suggested the possession of even the

and less Greek. Reheved by


the assurance that in alternate years the quahfication
of your President was an interest in education and
traditional small Latin

literature, I gladly^accepted, not,

anticipatory qualms as

afflict

however, without such


an amateur at the thought

of addressing a body of experts.

Not an educated man

in the Oxford sense, yet faint memories of the classics


linger

the result of ten years of such study as lads of

my generation pursued,
Tom Hood's lines

memories best expressed

in

The weary tasks I used to con


The hopeless leaves I wept upon
Most fruitless leaves to me
!

In a

of teaching and practice, a mere picker-up of

life

learning's

crumbs

is

made

humanities in science not

To have a Professor

to reahze the value of the

less

than in general culture.

of Medicine in this Chair gives

to the Oxford meeting an appropriate renaissance shall


we say mediaeval ? flavour, and one may be pardoned

the regret that the meeting

is

not being held in

May

1519, to have had the pleasure of listening to an address


from a real Oxford scholar-physician, an early teacher
of Greek in this University, and the founder of the
Royal College of Physicians, whose Rudimenta Grammatices and de Emendaia Structura Laiini Sermonis
upheld for a generation, on the Continent at least, the
reputation of English scholarship.
These noble walls,
themselves an audience indeed, most appreciative of
audiences have storied memories of Linacre's voice,
and the basis of the keen judgment of Erasmus may
have been formed by intercourse with him in this very
school.
In those happy days, to know Hippocrates
and Galen was to know disease and to be qualified to
practise
and my profession looks back in grateful
admiration to such great medical humanists as Linacre

THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS.

and Caius and Rabelais. Nor can I claim to speak for


pure science, some salt of which remains from early
association, and from a lifelong attempt to correlate
with art a science which makes medicine, I was going
to say the only but it is more civil to say the most

progressive of the learned professions.

To have lived right through an epoch, matched only


by two in the story of the race, to have shared in its long
have witnessed

struggle, to

own

its significance)

privilege.

victory (and in my
with wit enough to realize

its final

case, to be left, I trust,

to have done this has been a wonderful

To have outgrown age-old

theories of

Man

and of Nature, to have seen west separated from east


in the tangled skein of human thought, to have hved in
a world re-making these are among the thrills and
triumphs of the Victorian of my generation. To a childhood and youth came echoes of the controversy that
Aristarchus began, Copernicus continued, and Darwin
ended, that put the microcosm into Hne with the
macrocosm, and for the golden age of Eden substituted
the telliis dura of Lucretius. Think of the Cimmerian
darkness out of which our generation has, at any rate,
blazed a path Picture the mental state of a community
which could produce Omphalos an attempt to untie
the geological knot !
I heard warm clerical discussions on
its main thesis, that the fossils were put into the earth's

strata to test men's faith in the Mosaic account of the

and our Professor of Natural Theology lectured


upon it
The intellectual unrest of those days
wrapped many in that " dyvine cloude of unknowynge,"
by which happy phrase Brother Herp designates mediaeval mysticism
and not a bad thing for a young man to
Creation,

seriously

live through, as sufficient infection usually

him

enable

to understand,

mental states alien or even


*

By

if

remains to
not to sympathize with,

hostile.

the distinguiahed naturalist Philip

Henry Gosse.

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

An Age
Nature.

of Force followed the final subjugation of

The dynamo replaced the steam-engine, radiant

energy revealed the hidden secrets of matter, to the


conquest of the earth was added the control of the air
of the deep.
Nor was it only an age of
Never before had man done so much for his
brother, the victory over the powers of Nature meant

and the mastery


Force.

also glorious victories of peace

pestilences were cheeked,

the cry of the poor became articulate, and to help the


life

of the

other.

submerged half became a sacred duty of the

How

full

we were

of the pride of

at Edinburgh, I ended an address on

life

In 1910,

Man's Redem'ption

Man with the well-known hnes of Shelley beginning


" Happiness and Science dawn though late upon the

of

And now

having survived the greatest war


and a great victory, with the wreckage of
mediaeval autonomy to clear up, our fears are lest we may
fail to control the fretful forces of Caliban, and our hopes
are to rebuild Jerusalem in this green and pleasant land.
Never before in its long evolution has the race realized
Our fathers have told us, and we
its full capacity.
of glorious sacrifices; but the
known,
ourselves have
earth."

in history,

past four years have exhausted in every direction the


And, as usual, among
possibilities of human effort.
the nations the chief burden has fallen on that weary
Titan, the Motherland,
Bearing on shoulders immense,
Atlantean, the load
Well nigh not to be borne
Of the too vast orb of her fate.

Not alone did she furnish the sinews of war, but she
developed a

spirit

No wonder war

that

made

defeat impossible.

has advocates, to plead the heroic

clash of ideals, the purging of a nation's dross in the


fire

of suffering

and

sacrifice,

and the welding in one


Even Montaigne,

great purpose of a scattered people.

THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS.


sanest of men, called

it

" the greatest and most magnifi-

actions "

human
and the glamours of its pride,
pomp, and circumstance still captivate. But there are
other sides which we should face without shrinking.
Why dwell on the horrors such as we doctors and nurses
have had to see ? Enough to say that war blasts the soul,
and in this great conflict the finer sense of humanity
has been shocked to paralysis by the helplessness of our
civilization and the futility of our rehgion to stem a
wave of primitive barbarism. Black as are the written
and unwritten pages of history, the concentrated and
prolonged martyrdom surpasses anything man has yet
had to endure. What a shock to the proud and mealymouthed Victorian who had begun to trust that Love
was Creation's final law, forgetting that Egypt and
Babylon are our contemporaries and of yesterday in
comparison with the hundreds of thousands of years
since the Cave-dwellers left their records on walls and
In the mystic shadow of the Golden Bough, and
bones
swayed by the emotions of our savage ancestors, we stand
aghast at the revelation of the depth and ferocity of
primal passions which reveal the unchangcableness of
cent of

human

nature.

When
waking

dream becomes a
and a herd-emotion of hate sweeps a

the wild beast of Plato's


reality,

nation off its feet, the desolation that follows is wider


than that in France and Belgium, wider even than the
desolation of grief, and something worse the hardened

so grapliically described in
Book II of the Republic, that forces us to do accursed
heart, the

things,

lie

in the soul,

and even to defend them

I refer to it because, as

we have been accused of sinning against the


Of course we have. Over us, too, the wave

professors,
light.

swept, but I protest against the selection of us for


The other day, in an address on " The
special blame.
Comradeship of Letters " at Turin, President Wilson is
2

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

10

reported to have said

" It

is

one of the great griefs of

war that the Universities of the Central Empires


it
used the thoughts of science to destroy mankind
of
States
to
redeem
these
Universities
the
of
the
is
duty
science from this disgrace and to show that the pulse of
humanity beats in the classroom, and that there are
this

sought out not the secrets of death but the secrets of


life."
A pious and worthy wish but once in war a
nation mobilizes every energy, and to say that science
has been prostituted in discovering means of butchery
!

is

Slaughter, wholesale

to misunderstand the situation.

and unrestricted,
this

is

the discoveries

what

is

sought, and to accomplish

sainted Faraday and of

of the

the gentle Dalton are utilized to the full, and to their


several nations scientific men render this service freely,

That the mental attitude engendered by


science is apt to lead to a gross materiahsm is a vulgar
Scientific men, in mufti or in uniform, are
error.
not more brutal than their fellows, and the utilization
if

not gladly.

of their discoveries in warfare should not be a greater


reproach to them than is our joyous acceptance of their
success.

What

a change of heart after the appalling experience


Nothing more piteously
of the first gassing in 1915
horrible than the sufferings of the victims has ever been
seen in warfare.' Surely we could not sink to such
!

But martial expedithy servant a dog


ency soon compelled the Allies to enlist the resources of
the instruction of our enemies was soon
chemistry
before the Armistice there were developand
bettered,
barbarity

Is

ments

in technique

and destructive force that would

have delighted Nisroeh, who first invented aerial


" machinations to plague the sons of men." A group of
medical

am

Academy.

men

representing the chief Universities and

eorry to have seen Sargent's picture " Gassed " in this year's
It haunts the mind like a nightmare.

THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS.

11

medical bodies of the United Kingdom was innocent


enough to suggest that such an unclean weapon the use
of lethal gases, " condemning its victims to death by
long-drawn-out torture," and with infinite possibilities

for its further

development

" Steeped in folly

bj'-

should be for ever abolished.


and prepossessions,"

theories

read the " lessons of war which should have


sufficed to convince a beetle "
such were among the
failure to

newspaper comments and in other ways we were given


to understand that our interference in such matters was
most untimely. All the same, it is gratifying to see that
the suggestion has been adopted at the Peace Congress.
With what a howl of righteous indignation the
;

women and children by the


bombing of open towns was received. It was a dirty
and bloody business, worthy of the Oxydracians by
means of Levin-bolts and Thunders and more horrible,
more frightful, more diabolical, maiming, breaking,
tearing and slaying more folk and confounding men's
senses and throwing down more walls than would a
hundred thunderbolts (Rabelais, Book IV, ch. Ixi).
Against reprisals there was at first a strong feeling.
Early in 1916 1 wrote to the Times " The cry for reprisals
illustrates the exquisitely hellish state of mind into which
war plunges even sensible men. Not a pacifist, but a

slaughter of our innocent

'

last ditcher,' yet I refuse to believe that as

how

bitter soever the provocation,

hands

in the blood of the innocent.

we

a nation,

shall stain

In this matter

our
let

us be free from bloodguiltiness, and let not the undying


reproach of humanity rest on us as on the Germans."

Two

an ordinary barbarian. A
by our airmen has not,
I believe, been published, but the total figures quoted
are not far behind the German.
Could a poll have been taken a week before the
Armistice as to the moral justification of the bombing of
years changed

me

into

detailed tally of civilians killed

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

12

Berlin for which we were ready how we should have


howled at the proposer of any doubt
And many
Jonahs were displeased that a city greater than Nineveh,
with more than the three score and ten thousand who
knew not the right hand from the left, had been spared.
We may deplore the necessity and lament, as did a
!

certain great personage


.

yet public reason just

Honour and empire with revenge enlarged


.

compels

To do what

me now
though damned,

else,

I should abhor.

we considered ourselves " Christians of


the best edition, all picked and culled," and the churches
remained open, prayers rose to Jehovah, many of Whose
priests
even His bishops
were in khaki, and quit
themselves like men yes, and scores died the death of
heroes
Into such hells of inconsistency does war
All tlie same,

plunge the best of us


Learning new or old
!

seems

a vain thing to save a

nation, but possibly as a set-off, science as represented


cellulose

and sulphuric

acid,

may

by

yet prove the best

bulwark of civilization
In his History of the Origin of
Medicine (1778, p. 30) Lettsom maintains that the
invention of firearms has done more to prevent the
destruction of the human species than any other dis" Invention and discernment of mind
covery he says
have made it possible to reverse the ancient maxim that
strength has ahvuys prevailed over wisdom." Science
alone may prevent a repetition of the story of Egypt,
of Babylonia, of Greece, and of Rome.
The suggestion
seems brazen effrontery when wc have not even given
Ah
the world the equivalent of the Pax Romana
what a picture of self-satisfied happiness in Plutarch
One envies that placid life in the midst of the only great
peace the world has known, spanning a period of more
than 200 years. And he could say, '' No tumults, no civil
!

THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS

13

no tyrannies, no pestilences nor calamities


Greece, no epidemic disease needing
powerful and choice drugs and medicines "
though
as a Delphic priest there is a pathetic lament that the
Pythian priestess has now only commonplace questions
sedition,

depopulating

Surely those cultivated

to deal with. ^

men

of his circle

must have felt that their house could never be removed.


Has Science reached such control over Nature that
she will enable our civihzation to escape the law of the

Ephesian, written on

known

all

records

panta rhei

Perhaps so, now that material civilization is worldwide


cataclysmic forces, powerful enough in centres
of origin, may weaken as they pass out in circles. Let
this be our hope in the present crisis.
At any rate, in
the free democracies in which Demos with safety says
" L'Etat c'est moi," it has yet to be determined whether
Science, as the embodiment of a mechanical force, can
rule without invoking ruin.
Two things are clear
there must be a very diiferent civilization or there will
be no civilization at all
and the other is that neither
;

the old religion combined with the old learning, nor both

with the new science,

suffice to

save a nation bent on

The suicide of Germany, the outstanding fact of the war, followed an outburst of national
megalomania. For she had religion it may shock some
of you to hear
I mean the people, not the writers or
self-destruction.

whom Luther lived and


Of the two devotional ceremonies which
stand supreme in my memory, one was a service in the
Dom, Berhn, in which " not the great nor well bespoke,
but the mere uncounted folk " sang Luther's great
hymn Ein'' feste Burg ist timer Gott.^
With the
the thinkers, but the people for

Huss

died.

Why the

Goodwin's
*

And

Pythian

priestess, etc.

(Plutarch's

Morah,

vol.

iii,

p. 100,

edition).

the other,

and the crowded

how

different

streets with

The crowded Blue Mosque

of Cairo,

the thousands of kneeling ^loslems


awaiting the cry of the Muezzin from the tower.

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

14

Humanities Germany never broke, and the proportion


and Universities who studied
Greek and Latin has been higher than in any other country.
You know better than I the innumerable classical

of students in her Schools

studies of her scholars.

In classical learning relating

and medicine she simply had the field, for


one scholar in other countries she had a dozen, and the
monopoly of journals relating to the history of these
subjects.
And she had science, and led the world in

to science

the application of the products of the laboratory to the

in

and in
and did
What a
ever such pride go before such destruction
and
Traube
tragedy that the successors of Virchow
and Hclmholtz and Billroth should have made her a
" Lilies that fester smell
byword among the nations
"
far worse than weeds
uses of everyday

War.

life

Commerce,

Withal, like Jeshurun, she

in the Arts,

waxed

fat

II

So much preliminary to the business before us, to


meet changed conditions as practical men, with the
reinforcement born of hope or with the strong resolution of despair.

For what does

this

Association stand

these classical interests that you represent


familiar simile.

By

What
?

are

Take a

a very simple trick, you remember,

did Empcdocles give Mcnippus in the moou-halt the


first stage of his memorable trip such long and clear

saw the tribes of men like a nest of ants,


a seething mass going to and fro at their different tasks.
Of the function of the classical members in this mwmecic
community there can be no question. Neither warriors,
nor slaves, nor neuters, you live in a well-protected
social environment, heretofore free from enemies, and
have been well taken care of. I hate to speak of you
vision that he

THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS

15

as larvae, but as such, you perform a duty of the greatest

import

me

trophidium stage of your existence. Let


From earliest days much attention has

in this

explain.

been paid by naturalists to the incredible affection


" incredible aropyij,'^ Swammerdam
which
calls it

ants display in feeding, licking, and attending the larvae.


Disturb a nest, and the chief care is to take them to a
place of safety.

This attention

is

what our symphilic

community to use a biological term bestows on you.


So intensely altruistic, apparently, is this behaviour, that
expresses the
for the very word " aropyTj,'" which
tenderest of all feelings, there is a difficulty in finding an
indeed, Gilbert White used it ahnost as an
equivalent
English word. The truth is really very different. It
;

has been shown that the nursing function or instinct


In the case of the ant the nurse
really trophallactic.

is

places the larva on

its

back, and the broad ventral

service serves as a trough for the food, often predigested.

The

skill

among

and devotion with which

the wonders in the

life

this is

done are

of the insect to which

moraUsts have never tired of urging a visit. But listen


The larva is provided with a pair of rich
to the sequel
honey-bags in the shape of salivary glands, big exudatoria from which is discharged an ambrosia greedily
lapped up by the nurse, who with this considers herself
In the same manner, when the
well paid for her care.
assiduous V.A.D. wasp distributes food to the larvae,
the heads of which eagerly protrude from their cells,
she must be paid by a draught of nectar from their
exudatoria, while if it is not forthcoming the wasp seizes
the head of the larva in her mandibles and jams it back
The lazy males
into its cell and compels it to pay up.
will play the same game and even steal the much sought
liquid without any compensatory gift of nourishment.*
!

Professor Wheeler in Proceedings of Amer. Phil. Soc. vol.

1918.

Ivii,

no. 4,

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

16

docs the community at large, so careful of your


comforts, expect from you ? Surely the honey-dew and
the milk of paradise secreted from your classical exuda-

What

which we lap up greedily in recensions, monocommentaries, histories, translations, and


graphs,
Among academic larvae you have for
brochures.
centuries absorbed the almost undivided interest of the
nest, and not without reason, for the very life of the
workers depends on the hormones you secrete. Though
small in number, your group has an enormous kinetic
For man's body, too,
value, like our endocrine organs.
toria,

is

humming liive

of working

cells,

each with

its specific

function, all under central control of the brain and


heart, and all dependent on materials called hormones
(secreted

by

small, even insignificant-looking structures),

which lubricate the wheels of life. For example, remove


the thyroid gland just below the Adam's apple, and
you deprive man of the lubricants which enable his
thought-engines to work it is as if you cut off the oil-

motor and

gradually the stored acquisitions


of his mind cease to be available, and within a year
he sinks into dementia. The normal processes of the

supply of a

skin cease, the hair

falls,

the features bloat, and the

paragon of animals is transformed into a shapeless


These essential lubricators,
caricature of humanity.
known, are called hormones
now
are
imnibcr
a
which
of

you
is

will rccognJEC

from

its

derivation

how

appropriate

the term.

Now, the men

of your guild secrete materials which

for society at largo

individual.

what the th>Toid gland does

The Humanities

friend Mr. P. S.

Allen read

most suggestive paper on the

are the hormones.

before this

do

for the

Our

Association a

historical evolution of the

word Humanism. I like to think of the plcasanttlavourcd word as embracing all the knowledge of the
ancient classical world what man knew of nature as

THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS

17

what he knew of himself. Let us sec what this


University means by the Literae Humaniores. The

well as

Greats " papers for the past decade make interesting


With singular uniformity there is diversity
study.
enough to bear high tribute to the ingenuity of the
*'

examiners.

But comparing the subjects

those in the

first

in

1918 with

printed papers of the School in 1831,

one is surprised to find them the same practically no


Compare them,
change in the eighty-seven years
again, with the subjects given in John Napleton's
and with the help of
Considerations, 1773 no change
!

Rashdall we

may

trace the story of the studies in Arts,

only to find that as far back as 1267, with different


names sometimes, they have been through all the
centuries essentially the same Greek and Latin authors,
logic, rhetoric, grammar, and the philosophies, natural,
moral, and metaphysical practically the seven hberal
Arts for which, as you may see by the name over the

provided accommodation.
ever-turning world ? One
an
Why
of the marvels, so commonplace that it has ceased to be
marvellous, is the deep rooting of our civilization in the
much of our dogmatic rehgion,
soil of Greece and Rome
the models of our
philosophies,
the
all
practically

doors,

building

Bodley's

this invariableness in

the ideals of our democratic freedom, the


fine and the technical arts, the fundamentals of science,
and the basis of our law. The Humanities bring the
student into contact with the master minds who gave
us these things with the dead who never die, with those
immortal lives " not of now or of yesterday but which

literature,

always were."
B.C.

the

name

As true to-day

as in the fifth century

of Hellas stands no longer for the

name

of

more

a race, but as the name of knowledge


tersely put by Maine, " Except the blind forces of
Nature, nothing moves [intellectually, he means] in this
world that is not Greek in origin." Man's Anabasis
;

or,

as

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

18

from the old priest-ridden civilizations of the East


began when " the light of reason lighted up all things,'*
with which saying Anaxagoras expressed our modern
outlook on life.
The Humanities have been a subject of criticism in
two directions. Their overwhelming prominence, it is
claimed, prevents the development of learning in other
and more useful directions and the method of teaching
is said to be antiquated and out of touch with the present
They control the academic life of Oxford.
needs.
An analysis of the Register for 1919 shows that of the
257 men comprising the Heads and Fellows of the
;

twenty-three colleges (including St. Edmund's Hall),


only fifty-one are scientific, including the mathematicians.
It

is

mitters

not very polite perhaps to suggest that as transand interpreters they should not bulk quite so

large in a

modern University.
...
And

in

Twas

all

very well

days when wits were fresh and clear

Hfe ran gaily as the sparkling

Thames

happy days when it was felt that all knowledge


had been garnered by those divine men of old time,
that there was nothing left but to enjoy the good things
harvested by such universal providers as Isidore,
Rabanus Maurus, and Vincent of Beauvais, and those
stronger dishes served by such artists as Albertus Magnus
and St. Thomas Aquinas delicious blends of such skill
that only the palate of an Apieius could separate Greek,
Patristic, and Arabian savours.
It is not tiic dominance, but the unequal dominance
As to methods of
that is a cause of just complaint.
in those

teaching

by

their

fruits

ye shall

know them.

product of " Greats " needs no description in

tliis

The
place.

Many deny the art to find the mind's construction irk


the face, but surely not the possibility of diagnosing at
Only in him is seen that
a glance a " fu-st in Greats "
!

THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS

19

altogether superior expression, that self-consciousness


of having reached life's goal, of having, in that pickled
sentence of Dean Gaisford's Christmas sermon, done
something " that not only elevates above the common
herd, but leads not unfrequently to positions of considerable emolument."

"Many

are the wand-bearers,

few are the mystics," and a system should not be judged


by the exceptions. As a discipline of the mind for the
few, the system should not be touched, and we should
be ready to sacrifice a holocaust of undergraduates
every year to produce in each generation a scholar of
the type of, say, Ingram Bywater. 'Tis Nature's
methoddoes it not cost some thousands of eggs and
fry to produce one salmon ?
But the average man, not of scholar timber, may bring
one railing accusation against his school and college.
Apart from mental discipline, the value of the ancient
languages is to give a key to their literatures. Yet we
make boys and young men spend ten or more years on
the study of Greek and Latin, at the end of which time
the beauties of the languages are still hidden because
of the pernicious method in which they are taught.
It passes my understanding how the more excellent way
of Montaigne, of Milton, and of Locke should have been
neglected until recently. Make the language an instrument to play with and to play with thoroughly, and
recognize that except for the few in " Mods." and
" Greats "
is

it is

superfluous to

constructed,

or

mechanism by which

to
it is

know how

dissect

played.

It

the instrument

neuro-muscular

the
is

satisfactory to

read that the Greek Curriculum Committee thinks " it


is possible in a comparatively short time to acquire a
really valuable knowledge of Greek, and to learn with

accuracy and

fair fluency some of the most important


Greek literature." I am sure of it, if the
teacher will go to school to Montaigne and feed fat

works

in

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

20

against that old scoundrel Protagoras a well-earned

grudge for inventing grammar pace Mr. Livingstone,


every chapter in whose two books appeals to me, except
those on grammar, against which I have a medullary
prejudice.
I speak of course as a fool among the wise,
and I am not pleading for the " Greats " men, but for
the average

man whom

to infect with the spirit of the

To
the greatest single gift in education.
you of the elect this is pure camouflage the amateur
but there is another side upon
talking to the experts
be said by one whose best
may
something
which I feel
Humanities

is

and whose breviary


is Plutarch, or rather Plutarch gallicizcd by Montaigne.
Paraphrasing Mark Twain's comment upon Christian
Science, the so-called Humanists have not enough

friends have been the old Humanists,

and Science sadly lacks the Humanities. This


unhappy divorce, which should never have taken place,
has been officially recognized in the two reports edited
by Sir Frederic Kenyon,* which have stirred the pool,
and cannot but be helpful. To have got constructive,

science,

anabolic action from


diverse

is

representatives

most encouraging.

While

of
all

interests

so

agiTC that

neither in the Public Schools nor in the older Universities


arc the conditions at present in keeping with the urgent

needs of the nation, the specific is not to bo


endowments alone, but in the leaven which
work a much needed change in both branches of

scientific

sought

may

in

knowledge.
Ill

The School of Literac Humaniores excites wonder in


the extent and variety of the knowledge demanded,
and there is everywhere evidence of the value placed
upon the ancient models but this wonder pales before
;

and

Education, Scientific and


University, 1919.

Humane,

1917,

and Education, Secondary

THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS

21

the gasping astonishment at what is not there. Now


and again a hint, a reference, a recognition, but the
moving forces which have made the modern world are

simply ignored. Yet they are all Hellenic, all part and
parcel of the Humanities in the true sense, and all of
prime importance in modern education. Twin berries
on one stem, grievous damage has been done to both in
regarding the Humanities and Science in any other

complemental. Perhaps the anomalous


position of science in our philosophical school is due to
the necessary filtration, indeed the preservation, of our

than

light

classical

knowledge,

through

ecclesiastical

channels.

Of this the persistence of the Augustinian questions until


late in the eighteenth century is an interesting indicaThe moulder of Western Christianity had not
tion.
much use for science, and the Greek spirit was stifled
in the

atmosphere of the Middle Ages.

deceived, to live in a twilight of fiction,

" Content to be
under clouds of

false witnesses, inventing according to convenience, and


" such, as
glad to welcome the forger and the cheat
Lord Acton somewhere says, were the Middle Ages.

is it not that one man alone, Roger Bacon,


mastered his environment and had a modern outlook.^
The practical point for us here is that in the only

Strange

school dealing with the philosophy of


the sources of the

new

science that

human thought,
has made a new

One gets even an


world are practically ignored.
impression of neglect in the Schools, or at any rate of
scant treatment, of the Ionian philosophers, the very
Few " Greats " men, I fear,
fathers of your fathers.
could

why

tell

why

Hippocrates

is

a living

fci'ce

a modern scientific physician would

to-day, or

feel

more

at

1 How modem Bacon's outlook was may be judged from the following
sentence: " Experimental science has three great prerogatives over all
other sciences it verifies conclusions by direct experiment, it discovers
truths which they could never reach, and it investigates the secrets of
nature and opens to us a knowledge of the past and of the future."

CLASSICAL ASSOCLiTION

22

home with

or with Galen at

story up

and Herophikis at Alexandria,


Pergamos, than at any period in our
Harvey. Except as a delineator of

Erasistratus

to, say,

what does the Oxford scholar know of


Theophrastus, the founder of modern botany, and a
hving force to-day in one of the two departments of
biology, and made accessible recently to English readers,
perhaps indeed to Greek readers
by Sir Arthur Hort.
is meted out
indifference
Beggarly recognition or base
to the men whose minds have fertihzed science in every
department. The pulse of every student should beat
character,

faster as he reads the story of Archimedes, of Hero, of

"
names not even mentioned in the " Greats
papers in the past decade. Yet the methods of these
men exorcised vagaries and superstitions from the
human mind and pointed to a clear knowledge of the laws
It is surprising that some wag among the
of nature.
Examiners has never reheved the grave monotony of
the papers by such peripatetic questions as " How long
a gnat hves," " To how many fathoms' depth the sunhght penetrates the sea," and " What an oyster's soul is
" questions which indicate whence the modern
like
Aristarchus,

Lucian got

his inspiration to chaff so successfully

Boyle

and the Professors of Gresham


May I dwell upon two instances of shocking neglect ?
" the
It really is amusing in Oxford to assert neglect of
measurer of all Art and Science, whose is all that is
College.

best in the passing sublunary world," as Richard de


Bury calls " the Prince of the Schooles." In Gulhver's

voyage to Laputa he paid a visit to the little island of


Glubbdubdrii), whose Governor, you remember, had an
Endorian command over the spirits, such as Sir Oliver
Lodge or Sir Arthur Conan Doyle might envy. When
Ai'istotle and his conmientators were summoned, to
Gulhver's surprise they were strangers, for the reason
1

Loeb

Series,

THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS


that

having

so

horribly

misrepresented

2a
Aristotle's

and shame
the lower world.
Such

meaning to

posterity, a consciousness of guilt

kept them far away from him in


shame, I fear, will make the shades of many classical dons
of this University seek shelter with the commentators
when they realize their neglect of one of the most fruitful
In biology Aristotle

of all the activities of the Master.

time the language of modern science,


and indeed he seems to have been first and foremost a

speaks for the


biologist,

and

first

his natural history studies influenced pro-

foundly his sociology, his psychology, and his philosophy

The beginner may be sent now to Professor


Thompson's Herbert Spencer
Lecture, 1913, and he must be indeed a dull and muddymettled rascal whose imagination is not fired by the
enthusiastic yet true picture of the founder of modern
biology, whose language is our language, whose methods
and problems are our own, the man who knew a thousand
varied forms of life, of plant, of bird, and animal, their
outward structure, their metamorphosis, their early
in general.

D'Arcy

VVentworth

development

who

studied the problems of heredity,

of sex, of nutrition, of growth, of adaptation, and of the


struggle

for

existence.^

And

the

senior

student,

if

capable of appreciating a biological discovery, I advise


to study the account

by Johannes

Miiller

(himself a

pioneer in anatomy) of his rediscovery of Aristotle's

remarkable discovery of a special mode of reproduction


in one of the species of sharks.
For 2,000 years the
founder of the science of embryology had neither rival
nor worthy follower. There is no reference, I believe,
to the

biological

works

in

the

Literae

Humaniores

papers for the past ten years, yet they form the very
foundations of discoveries that have turned our philosophies topsy-turvy.
^
2

Summarized from D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson.


Ueber den Qlatten Hai des Aristotlea. (Berlin, 1842.)

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

24

Nothing reveals the unfortunate break in Humanities


clearly than the treatment of the greatest Naturepoet in literature, a man who had " gazed on Nature's
naked loveliness " unabashed, the man who united,
as no one else has ever done, the " functions and temper
and achievement of science and poetry" (Herford).
The golden work of Lucretius is indeed recognized, and
III and V are set as
in Honour Mo:lerations, Books I
and scattered
one of seven alternatives in section D
through the " Greats " papers are set translations and
but anything like adequate
snippets here and there
consideration from the scientific side is to be sought in
vain.
Unmatched among the ancients or moderns is
the vision by Lucretius of continuity in the workings of

more

Nature not less oiLe silence Sternel de ces espaces infinis


which so affrighted Pascal, than of " the long limitless
age of days, the age of all time that has gone by "
.

longa diei

infinita aetas anteacti

And

temporis omnis.

a Latin poet that we find up-to-date


views of the origin of the world and of the origin of man.
The description of the wild discordant storm of atoms
(Book V) which led to the birth of the world might be
it

is

in

transferred verbatim to the accounts of Poincare or of

Arrhcnius of the growth of new celestial bodies in the

man and
might have been a
contemporary and friend, and doubtless was a tutor, of
Tylor. Book II, a manual of atomic physics with its
What an

Milky Way.

insight into primitive

the beginnings of civilization

He

marvellous conception of
.

the flaring atom streams


of her myriad viniverse,

and torrents

can only be read appreciatively by pupils of Roentgen


or of J. J. Thompson. The ring theory of magnetism
advanced in Book VI has been reproduced of late by

THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS

25

Parsons, whose magnetons rotating as rings at high

speed have the form and effect with which this disciple
of Democritus clothes his magnetic physics.
And may I here enter a protest ? Of love-philtres that
produce insanity we may read the truth in a chapter of
that most pleasant manual of erotology, the Anatomy
Of insanity of any type that leaves a
of Melancholy.
mind capable in lucid intervals of writing such verses as
De Rerum Naiura we know nothing. The sole value of
the

myth

is

its

causal association with the

poem

of

Tennyson. Only exsuccous dons who have never known


the wiles and ways of the younger Aphrodite would
take the intensity of the feeling in Book IV as witness
to anything but an accident which may happen to the
wisest of the wise, when enthralled by Vivien or some
dark lady of the Sonnets
!

In the School of Literae Humaniores the studies are


based on classical literature and on history, " but a

number

large

of students approach philosophical study

Students of such subjects as mathematics, natural science, history, psychology, anthro-

from other

sides.

economy become naturally interested


philosophy, and their needs are at present very

pology, or political
in

imperfectly provided for in this University." This I


quote from a Report to the Board of the Faculty of Arts
just before the war on a proposed new Honour
School, the subject of which should be the Principles of
Philosophy considered in their relation to the Sciences.

made

That joint action of this kind should have been taken


by the Boards of Arts and of Science indicates a widespread conviction that no man is cultivated up to the
standard of his generation who has not an appreciation
of how the greatest achievements of the human mind
and the practical question is how
have been reached
;

to introduce such studies into the course of liberal


education, how to give the science school the leaven of
4

26

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

an old philosophy, how to leaven the old philosophical


school with the thoughts of science.^
It is important to recognize that there is nothing
mysterious in the method of science, or apart from the
ordinary routine of life. Science has been defined as the

habit or faculty of observation.


in knowledge,

and moves.
observation

By such the child grows

and in its daily exercise an adult lives


Only a quantitative diflerence makes

scientific

accuracy in

do we discover things as they

that

way

alone

the
This
"
the discovery
essence of Plato's definition of science as
really are.

is

of things as they really are," whether in the heavens

above, in the earth beneath, or in the observer himself.


As a mental operation, the scientific method is equally
applicable to deciphering a bit of Beneventan script,
to the analysis of the evidence of the Commission on
Coal-mines, a study of the mechanism of the nose-dive,
or of the colour-scheme in tiger-beetles.

To

observation

and reasoned thought, the Greek added experiment, but


never fully used it in biology, an instrument which has
made science productive, and to which the modern world
owes its civilization. Our everyday" existence depends
on the practical application of discoveries in pure science
by men who had no other motives than a search tor
knowledge of Nature's laws, a disinterestedness which
Burnet claims to be the distinctive gift of Hellas to
humanity. With the discovery of induced currents
Faraday had no thought of the dynamo. Crookes'
tubes were a plaything until Roentgen turned them into
Perkin had no thought
practical use with the X-rays.
of transforming chemical industry when he discovered
*
Since writing tliis lecture. Professor J. A. Stewart has sent me his
just-published essay on Oxjord after the War and a Liberal Education,
in which he urges with all the weight of his learning and experience that
the foundations of a liberal education in Oxford should be " No Humane

Letters without Natural

Hiimano Letters."

Science and no Natural

Science without

THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS

27

would have cursed the observahad


he foreseen that it would enable Germany to prolong the
war, but he would have blessed the thought that it may
Priestley

aniline dyes.

tion that an electrical charge produced nitrous acid

make us independent of all outside sources for fertilizers.


The extraordinary development of modern science
may be her undoing. Specialism, now a necessity, has
fragmented the specialities themselves in a way that
makes the outlook hazardous. The workers lose all
sense of proportion in a maze of minutiae. Every^vhere
men are in small coteries intensely absorbed in subjects
of deep interest, but of very limited scope. Chemistry,
a century ago an appanage of the Chair of Medicine or
even of Divinity, has now a dozen departments, each
with its laboratory and literature, sometimes its own
Applying themselves early to research, young
society.
men get into backwaters far from the main stream.
They quickly lose the sense of proportion, become
hypercritical, and the smaller the field, the greater the
tendency to megalocephaly. The study for fourteen

years of the variations in the colour-scheme of the 1,300


species of tiger-beetles scattered over the earth

stcrihze a
labels

man

into a sticker of pins

on the other hand, he

whose

interest

types,

and

is

may be

may

and a paster of

a modern biologist

in the experimental modification of

in the mysterious insulation of hereditary

characters from the environment.

Only in one direcacknowledge his debt to


the dead languages. Men of science pay homage, as
do no others, to the god of words whose magic power is
nowhere so manifest as in the plastic language of Greece.
The only visit many students pay to Parnassus is to get
an intelligible label for a fact or form newly discovered.
Turn the pages of such a dictionary of chemical terms as
Morley and Muir, and you meet in close-set columns
countless names unknown a decade ago, and unin-

tion does the

modern

specialist

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

28
telligible to

the specialist in another department unless

and

familiar with Greek,

as meaningless as the Arabic

jargon in such mediaeval collections as the

Synonyma

of Simon Januensis or the Pandects of Matheas Sylvaticus.

As Punch put

it

the other day in a delightful poetical

review of Professor West's


Botany

relies

volume

^
:

on Latin over since Linnaeus' days

ways
you can never take your oath
What an ailment means exactly if you haven't studied both.
Biologic nomenclature draws on Greek in countless

While

in Medicine it is obvious

(17.

iv.

19.)

Let me give a couple of examples.


Within the narrow compass of the primitive

which
riot.

all

living beings originate,

The process

cell from
onomatomania runs

of mitosis has developed a special

and language. Dealing not alone with the


problems of heredity and of sex, but M'ith the very
dynamics of life, the mitotic complex is much more
than a simple physiological process, and in the action
and interaction of physical forces the cytologist hopes
to find the key to the secret of life itself. And what a
Listen to this account which
Grecian he has become
Aristotle would understand much better than most of us.
literature

The karyogranulomes, not the idiogranulomes or


protoplasm of the spermatogonia, unite into the idiosphacrosome, acrosoma of
Lenhossek, a protean phase, as the idiosphacrosome
differentiates into an idiocrytosome and an idiocalyptosome, both surrounded by the idiospliacrotheca, the

microsomcnstratum

but the idioectosome disappears


metamorphosis of the spermatid into a sphere,

archoplasmic vesicle
in the

in the

the idiophtharosome.

The separation

of the calypto-

some from the cryptosome antedates the transformation


of the idiospliacrotheca into the spermiocalyptrotheca.*
The Value of the Clasaica, Princeton L^niversity Press, 1917.
Of course I have made this up out of a recent number of the
American Journal of Anatomy, 2 t. 1.
'

THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS

29

Or take a more practical if less Cratylean example.


In our precious cabbage patches the holometabolous
insecta are the hosts of parasitic poly embryonic hymenoptera, upon the prevalence of which rests the psychic and
for the
somatic stamina of our fellow-countrymen
butterfly,
cabbage
vulgarly
hrassicae,
Pieris
larvae of
;

are parasitiased

by the ApaniaJes

glomeratus, which in

turn has a hyperparasite, the Mesochorus pallidus. It


is tragic to think that the fate of a plant, the dietetic
and pharmaceutical virtues of which have been so

by Cato, and upon which two of my Plinean


colleagues of uncertain date, Chrysippus and Dieuches,

extolled

wrote monographs it fills one with terror to think that


a crop so dear to Hodge {et veris cymata ! the Brussels
sprouts of Columella) should depend on the deposition
in the ovum of the Pieris of another polyembryonic egg.

The cytoplasm or ooplasm of this forms a trophoamnion


and develops into a polygerminal mass, a spherical
morula, from which in turn develop a hundred or more
larvae, which immediately proceed to eat up everything
Only in this way does
in and of the body of their host.
Nature preserve the Selenas, the Leas, and the Crambes,
so dear to Cato and so necessary for the sustenance of
our hard-working, brawny-armed Brasserii.

From

over-specialization scientific

men

are in a

more

parlous state than are the Humanists from neglect of


classical tradition.

recognition of a

The salvation
new philosophy

tiarum, of which Plato speaks.

of science lies in

the

"

scientia

Now when

studies reach the point of intercommunion

all

scien-

these

and connec-

come to be considered in their


then I think, and not till then, will the
Upon this synthetic
pursuit of them have a value."
process I hesitate to dwell; since, like Dr. Johnson's
friend, Oliver Edwards, I have never succeeded in mastering philosophy cheerfulness was always breaking in.

tion with one another and

mutual

affinities,

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

80

In the proposed Honour School the principles of


philosophy are to be dealt with in relation to the sciences,

and by the introduction of literary and historical studies,


which George Sarton advocates so warmly as the new
Humanism,^ the student will gain a knowledge of the
But to limit
evolution of modern scientific thought.
the present
Kepler
to
period
modern
the
to
history
the
error.
The sciengrave
be
a
time is suggested would
tific student should go to the sources and in some way

be taught the connection of Dcmocritus with Dalton,


of Archimedes with Kelvin, of Aristarchus with Newton,
of Galen with John Hunter, and of Plato and Aristotle
with them all. And the glories of Greek science should
be opened in a sympathetic way to " Greats " men.
Under new regulations at the Pubhc Schools, a boy of
sixteen or seventeen should have enough science to

appreciate the position of Theophrastus in Botany, and


perhaps himself construct Hero's fountain. Science
will take a totally different position in this

country when

its advances is the possession of all


educated men. The time too is ripe for the Bodleian
to become a studium generale, with ten or more depart-

the knowledge of

ments, each in charge of a special sub-librarian. When


the beautiful rooms, over the portals of which are the
mocking blue and gold inscriptions, are once more alive

with students, the task of teaching subjects on historical


What has been done
lines will be greatly lightened.
with the Music-room, and with the Science-room through
the liberality of Dr. and Mrs. S*ingcr, should be done for
classics, history, literature, theology, etc., each section
in charge of a sub-librarian who will be Doctor perplexorum ahke to professor, don, and undergraduate.
I wish time had permitted me to sketch even briefly
the story of the evolution of science in this old seat of
A fortunate opportunity enables you to see
learning.
1

Popular Science Monthly, September 1918, and Scientm,

vol. xxiii. 3.

THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS


two phases

31

Through the kind

in its evolution.

mission of several of the Colleges, particularly

Church, Merton,

and

St. John's,

Oriel,

per-

Clirist

and with the co-

Bodleian and Dr.


Cowley, Mr. R. T. Gunther, of Magdalen College, has

operation of the

of the

Curators

arranged a loan exhibition of the early scientific instruments and MSS. A series of quadrants and astrolabes
show how Arabian instruments, themselves retaining

much

have translated
Some
Alexandrian science into the Western world.
were constructed for the latitude of Oxford, and one
was associated with our astronomer-poet Chaucer.
For the first time the instruments and works of the
early members of the Merton School of astronomerThey belong
physicians have been brought together.
to a group of men of the fourteenth century Reed,
Aschenden, Simon Bredon, Merle, Richard of Wallingford,
and others whose labours made Oxford the leading
the

of

older

Greek

models,

University of the world.

scientific

Little remains of the scientific apparatus of the early

period of the Roj^al Society, but through the kindness

Dean and Governing Body

of the

of Christ Church, the

entire contents of the cabinet of philosophical apparatus

of the Earl of Orrery,

who

flourished

some thirty yeprs

after the foundation of the Society, is on exhibit, and the


actual astronomical model, the " Orrery," made for him

and
1

1.

called after his name.'

Among

other notable exhibits there are

series of

astronomical volvelles in manuscripts and printed

books.
2. The printed evidence that Leonard Digges of XJniversity College
was the inventor of the telescope many years before Galileo.
3. The mathematical work of Robert Recorde of All Souls' College,
in which he suggested the St. Andrew's Cross as the sign of multiplication, and uses symbols +, =.
4. The earliest known slide-rule in a circular form, recently dis,

covered in

St.

John's CoUege.

5.

The

early vellum

6.

An

original Marshall microscope.

7.

Early surveying instruments, including the great quadrate or

Schissler.

and wooden telescopes

of the Orrery Collection,

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

32

The story of the free cities of Greece shows how a love


of the higher and brighter things in hfe may thrive in a
democracy.
Whether such love may develop in a
based on a philosophy of force is the present
problem of the Western world. To-day there arc
doubts, even thoughts of despair, but neither man nor
nation is to be judged by the behaviour in a paroxysm
Lavoisier perished in the Revolution, and
of delirium.
the Archbishop of Paris was butchered at the altar by
the Commune, yet France was not wrecked and Russia
civilization

may survive the starvation of such scholars as Danielevski


and Smirnov, and the massacre of Botkin. To have
freemen of the Greek type with a stake in the
State (not mere chattels from whose daily life the
shadow of the workhouse never lifts), to have the men
and women who could love the light put in surroundings
in which the light may reach them, to encourage in all
a sense of brotherhood reaching the standard of the Good
Samaritan surely the realization in a democracy of
intelligent

such reasonable ambitions should be compatible with


the control by science of the forces of nature for the

common
in art,

Amid
city,
*'

the

good, and a love of

and

all

that

is

smoke and squalor

of a

modern

best in religion,

in literature.

the

industrial

after the bread-and-butter struggle of the day,

has

Discobolus

culture has been

no gospel."

known

Our puritanized

to call the Antinous vulgar.

Copies of these two statues, you

may remember, Samuel

Butler found stored away in the lumber-room of the


Natural History Museum, Montreal, with skins, plants,
snakes, and insects, and in their midst, stuffing an owl,
sat " the brother-in-law of the haberdasher of Mr.
Spurgcon." Against the old man who thus blasphemed
beauty, Butler broke into those memorable verses with
the refrain "

O God

Let us not

\)c

Montreal

discouraged.

"
!

The

direction of our

THE PRESIDENT'S ADDRESS


vision

18

everything, and after weltering four years in

is

nurses the uncon"


whose citizens are
querable hope of an ideal state
absolutely wise, all of them brave, just,
happy

chaos poor stricken humanity

still

and self-controlled ... all at peace and unity and in the


enjoyment of legality, equality, liberty, and all other
good things." Lucian's winning picture of this " Universal Happiness " might have been sketched by a
Round Table pen or some youthful secretary to the
League of Nations. That such hope persists is a witness
and the
to the power of ideals to captivate the mind
reahty may be nearer than any of us dare dream. If
;

survived, a terrible infection, such as confluent smallpox,

seems to benefit the general health. Perhaps such an


attack through which we have passed may benefit
the body cosmic. After discussing the various forms of
Government, Plato concludes that " States are as the
men are, they grow out of human characters " {Rep.
VIII), and then, as the dream-repubhc approached
completion, he realized that after all the true State is
within, of which each one of us is the founder, and pat-

terned on an ideal the existence of which matters not a


Is not the need of this individual reconstruction
whit.
the Greek message to

modern democracy

and v/ith it is
community

blended the note of individual service to the

on which Professor Gilbert Murray has so wisely dwelt.


With the hot blasts of hate still on our cheeks, it may
seem a mockery to speak of this as the saving asset in
our future but is it not the very marrow of the teaching
in which we have been brought up ? At last the gospel
of the right to hve, and the right to live healthy, happy
and
lives, has sunk deep into the hearts of the people
in
science
of
work
the
was
before the war, so great
seemed
Isaiah
preventing untimely death that the day of
at hand " when a man's life should be more precious
;

than

fine gold,

even a

man than

the gold of Ophir."

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

34

There

is

a sentence in the writings of the Father of

Medicine upon which all commentators have lingered,


" 't)v yap TTaprj (j)i\avdp(07rlr}, Trdpeari kcu (f)i\oTe)(^i>Lr]
'

the love of humanity associated with the love of his


craft

philanthropia

and

philotcchnia

the

joy

of

working joined in each one to a true love of his brother.


Memorable sentence indeed in which for the first time
was coined the magic word philanthropy, and conveying
the subtle suggestion that perhaps in this combination
!

the longings of humanity

^Visdom

philosophia

at

may
last

find their solution,

and

be justified of her children.

vote of thanks to the President for his Address, having been

proposed by the President of Magdalen and seconded by Sir John


Barran, was carried with applause. Sir William Osier acknowledged the vote, and the meeting adjourned.

Friday,

May

16th

AFTERNOON SESSION
The afternoon meeting was devoted
Some months
in schools.

curricula

to a discussion of Greek
earlier

Council had

the

appointed a committee to consider this question.

The time

proved too short for the committee to produce anything more than

an interim report, which was


basis of this discussion.

two sub-committees, one


the question of

tlie

laid before the

meeting to form the

The report embodied the suggestions


of

of

which (A) had considered specially

public schools, where the object

the Greek curriculum in order to

make room

is

to lighten

for other subjects,

while providing a course in Greek that shoidd be of real value

even to the boys who

will

not specialise in

classics,

the other (B)

that of schools of the municipal type, more particularly


schools, where little Greek

frame a course that

is

will give

now

taught, and the object

girls'
is

to

the pupil some real grasp of the

subject without making undue demands on an already crowded

curriculum.

The former sub-committee presented a


*

(Euvres compUtea d' Hippocrates,

Par E.

proposals of

set of
Littre,

t,

ix,

258.

DEBATE ON CxREEK CURRICULUM


whicli tlie gist

35

was tliat Greek should be begun in tlie public scliools

at the age of about tliirteen with a three-year course

which should

be open to any boy with linguistic leanings, and should be suited

both for boys who would continue classics after the age of sixteen
and for boys who would drop them at that age. The sub-committee advocated the simplification of the teaching of grammar,
the restriction of composition to what

is

necessary for purposes

and the limitation of the range of reading to a few


of the best authors, and primarily to Homer and Herodotus,
with some episodes from Thucydides and some easy Plato.
The other sub-committee presented a scheme for a two-year
course of Greek that should begin at the age of about sixteen
and a half and extend over the last two years of the pupil's
of translation

The main object of the course was to teach the


The members of the sub-committee
quote personal experience to show that able pupils,
Greek at sixteen and a half, are able in a course of

career at school.

pupils to read Greek authors.

were able to
if

they start

two years to read considerably in a fair selection from such authors


as Xenophon, Thucydides, Demosthenes, Plato, Herodotus, the
Greek dramatists, and Homer. Parallel with this course, one
lesson a

and to

week should be given to Greek history in the


and archaeology in the second.

first

year

literature

Arthur Hort

"

You have in your hands the report of


two sub-committees appointed to consider the question of Greek
curricula in schools. In the report of Sub-committee A it was
our object to put what we thought ought to be said as shartly
as possible, and perhaps it may be necessary this afternoon to
Sir

give a little further explanation.

I feel that this matter

is

a very

urgent one from the point of view of schoolmasters, and perhaps


the best

way

or reform
It

is

to begin will be to indicate

why any

sort of

change

considered necessary.

seemed to us on the sub-committee that the position

in

regard to Greek in the majority of public schools has not only

changed a great deal in the course of the last few years, but is
likely in the immediate future to change very rapidly, perhaps
even violently. It is not only that the position of Greek in the
curriculum has been considerably altered by the trend of public
opinion, but that the abolition of compulsory Greek already
carried into effect at Cambridge, and likely to be carried into

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

36

effect here before long,

although anticipated for some time,

will,

we arc prepared to meet it, lead to a great falling-ofi in the


number of boys who will take up Greek at all. I am anxious that
we should start by facing facts as they stand, and at the present
time practically the only motive why many boys take up Greek
at all is that they have to pass in Greek to enter Oxford or Cambridge. That motive now being removed, some other must be
We have to prove to a boy who is not compelled to
supplied.
unless

take Greek that

it

Secondly, the

may

nevertheless be worth his while to do so.

number

any case certain now to become

in

is

considerably smaller, and whether we like it or not we must accept


the position. Putting aside exceptional schools, such as Winchester, the ordinary public schools will in future have only a

small minority of boys taking Greek and a

Most of these boys

on their study of Greek

will carry

more than four years, and


while those

number

smaller

still

to carry on their study after their school course.

who intend

many

who intend to become

will

drop

for

not

after three years,

it

classical specialists will carry it

and another three to four at the


on
must be taught together, for no
classes
two
These
Univer.sity.
for the ordinary boy and the
separately
provide
school can
of Greek study is provided
course
whatever
Therefore
specialist.

two years

for

for the

boy who

at school

will

drop

it

boy who

foundation for the

at sixteen

will

must

not drop

it.

also serve as the

That

is

the crux

worth while giving five or six periods a


years ? I was at first doubtful, but when
three
for
week to Greek
this small sub-committee, composed of
before
question
I put the
of the problem.

men

Is it

of public-school experience

Dr.

Fletcher of Charterhouse,

Dr. Norwood of Marlborough, Dr. Rouse of the Perse School,


Cambridge, Mr. Ramsay of Eton, and myself these masters

it worth while.
had
years after we
three
Greek
dropped
had
Supposing we ourselves
read and
have
we
should
literature
began it, how much Greek
?
outlook
spiritual
our
on
it
have
had
how much effect would
plays
of
mangled
two
or
imagine,
one
We should have read, I

not the slightest hesitation in pronouncing

Euripides,

Thucydidcs

Greek

a
:

amount

fair

wf

literature.

Xenophon. a few snippets

of

should, in fact,
I

think

it is

have made a

of

series of dips into

one of the worst heresies that we


first authors put

have inherited that Euripides should be one of the

DEBATE ON GREEK CURRICULUM

87

On the surface his Greek is easy but when


you get below the surface, he is an exceedingly mature writer.
For this reason the study of Euripides is one of the last things for
a boy.
We must get away from this tradition. The question
before young boys.

is

we provide a course of reading, adequately prepared


by the requisite knowledge of grammar, which would enable
boy to feel after three years that though he has not made a long
then, can

for

journey into the realms of gold, he has seen something of them.

There

is

also of course a

gymnastic side to the study of Greek, the

training of the linguistic faculty, but our prime object

We

provide a moral and aesthetic training.

is

to

can only aim at

covering a small part of what Sir William Osier called

'

Hellas,'

but we can provide boys with something worth doing.

With regard
is

that

to method, the central point of the suggestion

Homer and Herodotus

(especially the former) should be

the staple authors, on the ground that

have read eight to ten books of

than a bit here and a bit there of

boy

better for a

it is

Homer and

to

three of Herodotus
It

all sorts of writers.

would

not be impossible to take such authors after a year's preparatory


course.

The question
staple authors

grammar

of

will

be raised

Homer and Herodotus, who

if

we choose

for our

did not write Attic

The sub-committee felt that we must begin with Attic


grammar, both accidence and syntax, on account of those who
Greek.

will continue their

of teaching

two

Greek studies.

Therefore there

or three dialects at once,

is

the difficulty

but I think

it is

easy

by matters

Boys
and grammar than we are. They do not notice them
imless their attention is drawn to them. If we take the Attic
grammar as the standard and adopt a different plan of doing
to exaggerate this difficulty.

are far less troubled

of spellmg

translation lessons,

it will

be possible without muddling-the boy's

manage the different dialects. You can concentrate on


essential forms by marking the book in use or adopt a simplified
grammar. We do not wish the boy who takes up Greek for only
grammar
a short time to work in a literary or sloppy manner
learn
Greek
should
can be made interestmg. Moreover, no boy
unless he has some linguistic ability.
With regard to composition, we thought it worth while to
recommend that viva-voce methods might be used more largely

mind

to

'

'

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

38

than at present, though perhaps not so

far as to teach

Greek

like

modern language, as Dr. Rouse would no doubt prefer. Writing


exercises must not take up too much time, though there must be
AVTitten work so that the boy can recognise a word by eye as well
a

by

as

ear.

We are keen that the teacher should in


procedure, and give his form
instead of letting
it

has been too

a sense invert the usual

help with the lesson beforehand

them puzzle it out, and then showing them that


for them
but he must not do the work for

much

them and take all the stuffing out of the lesson. This plan
would do away with the enormous and cumbrous mass of books
overladen with commentaries, introductions, etc., and make way
for plain texts with the necessary explanations supplied by the
teachers.

Those who

criticise

make a

the old classical studies always

great point of saying that even

if

Greek and Latin as languages

were no longer taught, Greek and Latin traditions would be preserved

by reading about the Greeks and

We

reading what they actually wrote.

their ideas, instead of

ought to obtain the sup-

port of these critics for our suggestion that Greek history should

be taught to

all

boys, whether they learn Greek or not, as part of

the necessary general introduction to history, and not as an

appendage to the Greek language.


In the words of our report

'
:

We

believe that

it

will

be found

quite possible to use the course indicated as a foundation for those

boys who

will

or longer.'

keep up their Greek to the end of their school couise

Unless we are right

m believing this, the subject drops,

because no school

will organise itself to

boys separately.

Compromise

teach the two classes of

absolutely necessary."

Holding " The report of Sub- committee B differs in


method from that of Sub-committee A. At the first meeting

Miss
its

is

discussion circled entirely round the question of the introduction


of

Greek teaching into schools

of the

newer type, and by way, I

think, of providing a basis for discussion, one or two of us

who

have had experience of teaching Greek quickly to more advanced


pupils were asked to

draw up a scheme showing the kind of course


At the second meeting the

which we had found practicable.

two men members were unable to attend therefore this report


work of representatives of the girls' schools.
;

represents the

DEBATE ON CxREEK CURRICULUM


One must

39

face tlie question whether a two-years' course in

Greek has a practical value, apart from the moral and aesthetic
value which everyone would admit

it

The most im-

possesses.

portant loss for schools which do not provide Greek teaching at


all is
all

In my own school
who learn Greek begin with a post-matriculation
very much on the lines indicated here. Many of them have

the loss of potential classical students.

the pupils

course

been able to do this with distinction and have proceeded to a


University honours course in classics

but

if

there had been no

Greek teaching available, they would have been turned on to


another language, possibly English.

If

you have only one or two

experts in each school, these will form a steady stream of classical


scholars,

who

in

time will strengthen the position of

classics in

Once embarked on Greek they wish to


continue. I have never heard of anyone who began Greek and
regretted it or wanted to stop. But it is not only the future
classical scholar whom such a course would benefit.
In view of
the new Advanced Courses which the Board of Education has
sanctioned, it seems to me that a course in Greek of four periods
a week might serve as the humanistic element in the Advanced
Science Course, and would have greater continuity and coherence
than the isolated modern language lessons so frequently offered.
To the English specialist, also, a short course in Greek would be
invaluable. One wants people to do Greek for its own sake,
but everyone looks forward to qualifying for a career, and this
must not be forgotten. The school curriculum up to matriculation is so crowded that it is a question of post-matriculation
Greek or no Greek at all. We want people to introduce a course
these secondary schools.

like this in the

Miss PuRDiE
this

missionary spirit."
" I represent the municipal type of school, where

problem of whether Greek

one.

is

to survive at all

is

a very urgent

Listening to the spokesmen of the two sub-committees, I

was struck by the great difference in the problems of the two


groups, which I think ought to be discussed separately. Girls
especially offer a different type of material and come to the study
of

Greek with a different basis of culture."


Sharwood Smith '*I should regret the separate

Mr.

ment

of these

sixteen

and a

two problems.
half

is

too

late,

treat-

consider beginning Greek at

though I do not think you

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

40

ought to begin

and

all schools,

out a

in three years

first-rate scholar.

and a

half

is

Start Greek at fifteen in

earlier tlian fifteen.

you can teach enough

to turn

reason for choosing the age of sixteen

the difficulty of examinations, but

allow examinations to dominate oui curriculum.

we must never
With regard to

grammar, on which I feel very strongly, I have


if we did not insist on meticulous accuracy
at once, the result would be sloppy.
Those of us who do not
believe in this teaching of grammar, grammar, grammar, do not
want boys to have no grammar. We want them to learn it as they
go along, and we do not believe that it should be completely learnt
before Greek is read. It is possible to teach a boy to be a firstrate Greek scholar in three years practically without teaching
grammar at all, except incidentally, and I hope the grammar
question may be laid altogether. We want the boys to recognise
this question of

always been told that

forms rather than to know

all

about them.

am

sorry there has

been no recommendation as to reading Greek aloud without


translating. It is not necessary for a pupil to understand every

word

as he goes along

the Greek

is

taken in subconsciously.

and indeed advocate


want to inculcate the

I favour the use of translations to start with,

much more extended use of them.


Greek spirit, which we certainly did

We

find that

boys

schools, just as well as


is

any

not get in the old days.

boys take to Greek quite readily

in the smaller

secondary

in the big non-local schools.

If there

no

difficulty

of the Hellenic spirit iu the teaching, there

is

Greek will continue.


about getting pupils to take up Greek.
Fewer boys will take it, but it will be a more living subject than
it was in the old days.
With regard to the authors selected, while thoroughly agreeing
with what the Chairman said, I am sorry that Euripides is not
included. He is the most modern of authors and, thanks to
Prof,

Gilbert Murray, can be

made

intensely interesting.

certainly ought to be in the second year's course.


BO-called difficulty about dialect in dealing with

Herodotus, there
Professor

is

none

Murray

unless the teachers make

"1

think the good teacher

matters and that the method

is

is

quite secondary.

As

He

to the

Homer and
it."

what
want to

really
I

speak of the proposal of Sub-committee A as to beginning by


Homer and Herodotus, It is an exceedingly important

reading

DEBATE ON GREEK CURRICULUM


matter, and I shoukl like to

know why

41

the other sub- committee

When

I first went to Glasgow


found a habit in the biggest class (180 men) of beginning Greek
by reading Homer and Herodotus. I abolished Homer and

has not considered the question.

Herodotus and introduced pure Attic as the beginning, and there


was a good deal of trouble about it. I remember being hurt at
hearing that I preferred the spite of Aeschines to the wrath of

My

Achilles.

reason was that I had to teach Greek, including

Greek prose, in a limited time, and thought

it

necessary to begin

with an Attic author and never to use any non-Attic author

had got some way. Now conditions are changed.


For the boys and girls considered here, Greek prose has gone by
the board. In some ways this is regrettable, but in another way it
leaves us more free, and if we jettison the question of composition
until the class

we

are free to read those authors out of

get

more

of the

Greek

whom

the class will get

From Homer and Herodotus you

the largest amount of interest.


spirit to

the square inch than from any

other author, and they have this further advantage that they
are the kind of literature that appeals to the young, not like

Thucydides, who

is

a middle-aged author.

As to the question of grammar, if you begin with Herodotus


and Thucydides you must go back to old-fashioned grammars.
In Australia where I was at school we learnt the contracted and
uncontracted forms together, and I think it is just as easy to learn
your forms under that method, with a Homeric leading to an
Attic form, as to learn the Attic form alone. I agree very strongly
with the general

spirit of the report of

Sub-committee

it is

through reading authors that you can expect to give people

some

sort of

voyage into the realms of gold

That leads to the question,


say

it is

in the shortest time.

How to read an author

a pity to waste time

Many people

on the very careful reading

of small

and point out that there is something to be said for


reading the Greek aloud without translating I think the solution
is to be found in combining the two methods, reading a large
quantities,

amount

cursorily

and a small amount over and over again and

trying to extract the last inch."


" I was brought to Oxford to-day
Mr. B. O'Connor
:

ing this report.


tion

is,

The proper end

to

aim

by

read-

at for early general educa-

I consider, a familiarity with a large

number

of subjects,

CLASSICAL ASS0CL4TI0N

42

history and

including even Greek, Greek

concentration xipon one or two subjects.


efficiency over a large area

in one subject, that

Even

tion.

to those

is

geography;

preferable to superlative excellence

for the purposes of general early educa-

is,

who do not intend

up Greek

to take

length of time I advocate familiarity with

Xenoph on,

Euripides, not for the purpose of the literatiu'e

the literature

then,

In other words, general

through translations

but

more

for

Plato,

you

any
and

can get

peg upon

as a

which to hang the acquisition of the language as a language.


The teacher goes a very long way, but the method of study is
important.
In this country Latin and Greek are studied by

way which seems to mc very unfortunate, in much


way as they do arithmetic and algebra. They do not

students in a

the same
talk

them

they do not talk Latin as

it is

nor Greek as pronounced in Greece.


should be laid upon grammar in

all

pronounced in Italy

I consider

in such a hurry to get at the literature,

and

great stress

People are always

languages.

after studying Italian

Grammar ought
made more intelligible, not only by concentrating on forms
but by bringing it into touch with grammars already known."
" There has been a considerable amount of diverDr. Crees

for three

weeks they want to get at Dante.

to be

sity of opinion and, it

seems to me, a lack of definiteness on a

at what age should a boy begin Greek,


and how many periods a week should he have ? My first difficulty
is met by the statement that three years should be given to Greek

very important point

before matriculation, but as regards the second point nothing

though

said,

Greek

is

it is

the most important of

not going to be expelled from the curriculum in so

words, but

how

is

questions to settle.

all

are the competing claims of Greek

many

and other

studies to be met ? How are we to get the number of hours


needed per week for our own study ? If the Committee were

able to

make some

of time required

that
in

it

definite suggestion as to the

would be

we may be reduced

to

of great value.

something

which time nothing can be done.

tion of the teaching of

grammar

the bearing of that simplification


as Captain Cuttle would say.

Greek

in a

sloppy way, nor

is

minimum amount

The

great danger

like three periods a

is

week,

agree that the simplifica-

desirable

lies in

I feel

that

what

is

and necessary, but

the application thereof,

we do not want
called

'

literary

to study
'

Greek.

DEBATE ON GREEK CURRICULUM


It

is

interesting to notice tlie different loyalties

of the Association have for different authors

13

which the members


the unsatisfactory

when we express them we at once begin to compile


an Index Expur gator ins, and on this Index I find, to my dismay,
Euripides, with less dismay, but with a considerable amount of
regret, Xenophon. I was surprised to hear that Homer and
thing

is

that

Herodotus could be taken so


very

to switch

him

early,

boy on

difficult to start a

and

should say

it

would be

grammar and then


Herodotus. May we

Attic forms of

straight off to

Homer

or

not be teaching Herodotus for his anecdotage rather than his


I think a

other qualities

and the word

episodes

'

With regard

'

boy wants some Thucydides

as well,

suggests something in the snippet line.

by the teacher beforeIf we are to get


more boys to read Greek and to read it more quickly, there must
be more editions with vocabularies at the end. A boy spends
hand,

so

many

to the assistance to be given

of us

do give assistance already.

much time turning over the pages of the lexicon. I acknowledge


much discipline is gained from studying the meanings of a

that

word

in the lexicon, but

or giving

up Greek,

With regard

if it is

a choice

between giving that up

should prefer the former alternative.

to the

suggested two-year

post-matriculation

course, I should not myself like to have to get through the

tremendous programme suggested

for the first term,

and

think

too

much

in the reports of both sub-committees there

is

optimism as to what can be done.

it

would be helpful
which give

if

think

we could add the opinion that the number

a course of Greek, such as

Sub-committee (A)

is

of schools

suggested in the report of the

far too small,

is

little

and

tion to reaffirm its resolution passed in

first

should like this Associa-

January 1917, that in

every considerable area there should be at least one school in which


facilities

were offered for advanced work in

classics.

We know

that there has been a Departmental Committee to consider the


position of Science in English education, another on Modern
Languages, and one to consider the position of English, but the
position of the classics has not been considered by any authorita-

throw out the suggestion that the Association


it would be useful to approach the Board
on
Education
this
matter."
of
" Though no Government Committee has
Professor Slater

tive body.

should consider whether

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

44

been appointed to consider the position of the


question has been put in an

that

classics,

pamphlet published by the

official

Ministry of Keconstruction, to be obtained from the Stationery

No. 21 of the

Office,

price 2d.

official series,

some

fourteen points with

under

It deals

burning questions just now,

of the

including the value of the classics and a great

many

the

of

questions which have concerned us this afternoon."

Ure

Professor

"It has been objected

year post-matriculation course that

That

to our proposed two-

not possible in the time.

it is

For some years past

criticism is very easily refuted.

have had students beginning Greek from the alphabet, and within

two years taking

a pass degree at

London University with Greek

as one of four sabjects of equal importance.

books read by one

Homer
books

five plays

of

five short

done the same, some

of

in primary education.

two years on

much

list

of

speeches of

the Ajwlogy, Crito, and Gorgias of Plato and two

and a few

idylls of Theocritus,

within two years of learning the alphabet.

of

books of the Befiiblic

course

is

Thucydides and part of a third

Demosthenes

Here

them during her course seven books of


two
parts of two books of Herodotus

of

them with the


If students

classics,

wider.

all this

Other students have

extra burden of a course

can spend the greater part

the ground that can be covered

Here

is

the

list of

is

of

books read in two years

and three months by a student with no previous knowledge of


of this period took 2nd Class Honours in
Classics in the London B. A. examination eight books of Homer;
fourteen plays
a few odes of Pindar and idylls of Theocritus
six of Thucydides
three speeches
three books of Herodotus
the Apology, Phaedo and
of Demosthenes and parts of others
Greek who at the end

Phaedrus of Plato, and four books of the Republic. These students

came up

to college

knowing no Greek

learned any Greek at school

the newer Universities.

when they
course as

get there.

is

suggested

is

That

at

all.

is

why

for a short course that docs not

all

would provide such a

make

Let our demand be

too great claims upon the

and docs not begin too soon. It often takes boys


some time to find out what they really want. The later

pupil's time
girls

who has

Miss Holding, we should have no lack

of students reading Greek for their degree.

and

student

so few students take Greek

If only the schools

by

an exceptional phenomenon at

DEBATE ON GREEK CURRICULUM

45

we

are to

we put the time

more

for beginning Greek, the

have the right people reading it."


"I should be very sorry
Mr, Stuart Jones
:

dealing with

the sub-committee

likely

if

the report of

Greek in the public schools

were adopted as representing the opinion of the Classical AssociaI do not agree with their recommendations either as

tion.

relating to the authors to be read or as regards the teaching of

grammar. It is surprising that more stress has not been made


on the fact that the educational value of Greek is twofold
material and formal. We teach Greek for two reasons. We

must make our pupils acquainted with the substance of the best
and we must make them acquainted with those

literature,

formal qualities which put Greek above


teaching of
I should

the

grammar

is

be particularly sorry

sub- committee's

from

tragedians

if

languages, and the

the Classical Association endorsed

recommendation

excluding

proposed curriculum.

their

thought that the right

all

the means of brmging out the one side.

way

to

make the

the

should

Greek
have

pupil really interested

Greek and Greek tragedy was to cover a large amount


ground in English translations, which should include plays of

for life in

of

Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides, while at the same time you

could study minutely certain portions of various authors, including the tragedians.

There are no two writers who, taken alone,

can give pupils an acquaintance with the best Greek poetry,

As regards grammar, I am surprised


Conis regarded as accidence and nothing more.
grammar
of
as
forms."
part
as essential a

philosophy, and history.


to find that

it

structions are

Captain K, N, Colvile

"I

disagree with the proposal of

Sub-committee A to concentrate on Homer and Herodotus. My


point of view is that of a teacher of English, This matter must
be considered not only from a classical standpoint, and it seems
to

me

that Greek does not contribute

its

best to the whole of

you throw all the stress on those two authors. I


should have imagined that it was Greece in the age of Pericles
of which we wanted our pupils to have knowledge. We do not
wish them to think that England is beyond question the most
advanced and highly intellectual country that has ever existed.
They must understand that there have been civilisations as great
as ours. We ought to lead them to a comparative study of
education

if

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

46

and Homer and Herodotus

civilisation,

fashioned people to students

Greek literature

charm

authors.

appear very old-

in

terms of modern

me

Plato and the tragedians seem to

democracy.
or the

Avill

who think

put them forward as champions of their race,

all

Homer

of all

Greek

surprised that the Classical Association should

spoke as a teacher of English.

but

the essence of

greatness of

most entertaining

of Herodotus, the

am

without disparagmg the


You want

I said that I

to teach right doctrine,

the doctrine in the world will not go

home

unless written

decently, and hardly any one, from the writers of newspapers

upwards, writes good English.

If

you can only teach Greek

in

small quantities you should at least teach translation from Greek


into English, and, as a teacher of English, I should always vote
for

Greek to be taught in every school as an aid to

But Homer

teaching.
is

is

my own

untranslatable, and even Herodotus

not very suitable for translation into modern English prose.

The

great value of Greek depends on the fact that

finest vehicle that ever existed for expressing ideas

and

it is

not in the words of

it

was the

with precision,

Homer and Herodotus

that the

peculiar qualities of the Greek language or of Hellenic culture are

most clearly

Greek is only one cog in the machinery


and must not be considered except in relation to

set forth,

of education,

the other wheels."


Sir

John Barran

many grammar

"I speak

as one of the Governors of one of

up and down the country, where


the life of Greek hangs on a thin and precarious tliread. The
life of Latin is somewhat more assured, but both are surrounded
by a sea of materialism. I came here to-da}^ hoping to find out
the

how

these

(whose case

We

want

schools

grammar

reports could help the particular


is, I

think, a typical one) in

to increase in

numbers and

to preserve classical teaching.

two categories referred to


Into neither.

It is

which

am

in efficiency,

ask myself,

in the reports does

school

interested.

and we want

Into which of the

my

school

fall ?

not the older type of public school in which

the great majority of boys go on to seventeen, eighteen, and even


longer,

and can look forward to extended studies

municipal type.

We

nor

is it

the

have endowments, and can send boys to the

Universities and promote classical studies as a municipal school

cannot do.

But only 25 per

cent, of our

boys stay beyond the age

DEBATE ON GREEK CURRICULUiM

47

farmers and tradesmen take their sons away then.


Scheme B therefore would not help us, and where should we be
under Scheme A ? I ask you to bear in mind the type of school
of which I speak, and to give us a working model upon which we
of sixteen

can proceed.

With regard to the ultimate decision, we are not given the


names of the members of the two comfttittees responsible for the
reports.
I have heard a criticism from those who can speak with
authority in the scholastic work that this Association would
carry more weight if it were careful to associate itself more
intimately with the teaching profession.
I

am

told, are willing to co-operate

and to

The public

schools,

but they

learn,

will

not have their policy dictated to them by merely academic persons.


I hope the final recommendations will be drawn up in such a
form, and will have such a backing from those
that they will

command

Ure

are teachers,

and the boys themselves."

public, the parents,

Professor

who

the fullest measure of support from the

" Everyone on either sub-committee

is

en-

gaged in teaching."
Mr. H.

Lang Jones

" I think the teaching profession should

have its say in this matter also I do not think this Association
should undertake to specify what might well be regarded as fads.
;

The duty of the Association is to express itself on general principles


as to the lines on which the teaching of Greek should proceed.
Everyone is conscious that Greek is at the cross-roads, particularly
mentioned by the last speaker. Eighteen
months ago I was reading Mr. Livingstone's book on Classical
Education, and for the first time realised what we ought to stand
for in Greek.
So at the beginning of the next term I told the
Fourth Form, which I was then taking in Latin, that I would
take Greek, but it must be done out of school hours. In spite of

in such schools as were

boy put his name down. I started.


handled twenty Readers, and none was what I wanted Greek
written by Greeks, arranged in logical sequence. It came to

this latter proviso, evei~y single

laborious copying from the board

rather fizzled out.

now

collected (for

from the very best to some


all

and

after a struggle the class

then browsed on Greek literature, and have


a start) some 450 extracts from Greek authors,
I

of the

most doubtful

complete in themselves, and there

is

but they are

a thread running through.

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

48
It

is

Athens and Socrates that we want to aim at in our teaching,


I have now resumed with a
it will not exclude Homer.

though

I do not mind what age


good grounding in Latin, three years if

dozen boys, and do the copying myself.


a

boy is

as long as he has a

In Greek as in Latin

possible.

it

in

an author.

With regard to composition,

must be the handmaid of literature.


that depends on the teacher

but I should say, keep

as possible in connection with the reading.


all dialects

but

all

the time I

know a
Grammar

never expect a boy to

grammatical point unless he has met

am

My

it

as closely

extracts include

careful that Attic

is

regarded

as the standard."

Frederic Kenyon

"

I wish to make a statement as to


how the Association oould deal with these two reports. They were

Sir

produced at short notice, and


before us

if

they went out in the form put

now they might mislead

people outside.

suggest

that this meeting should ask the Committee, in the light of the
explanations and discussions of to-day, to draft a report on a
more extended scale which will be less likely to arouse ill-informed
criticism."

Arthur Hort " Speaking entirely on my own responsibility, two points made in the discussion seem to call for an
Sir

Dr. Crees said we ought to state the age for beginning


The subGreek and the number of periods assigned to it.
committees were conscious of the importance of these two points,

answer.

but they tltought

it

best to

make the report

as simple

and short

and to confine themselves to fundamentals; and it is


not possible for such an Association as this to lay down definite
regulations on these points. The age to begin Greek is deteras possible,

mined by the age at which boys come to and leave public schools.
As to the number of periods, we felt that five should be the irreducible minimum a week, but that again is a point each school
must settle for itself. With regard to vocabulary versus lexicon,

my own

opinion

is

Icxicun or nothing.

able, its place should be supplied

teacher beforehand.
demoralising.

The

special

If a lexicon is

not desir-

by information given by the


vocabulary for each text

is

was made that we excluded tragedy.


to provide a modest programme for a

criticism

But the whole question is


boy who will learn Greek possibly for three years only. It
certainly desirable for him to learn about tragedy if he can do

is
it

DEBATE ON GREEK CURRICULUM

49

Our recommendation concerns solely what lie should


The same speaker suggested that no authors should be
at all.
Surely that would have been to produce the

in the time.

do

first.

specified

He

play of Hamlet without Hamlet.

hit

on a

real omission,

however, when he said the scheme did not mention the teaching
of syntax.

We

agreed that syntax should be learnt from the

actual reading, but

it

was impossible to lay

going into a great deal of detail.

If this

this dov/n

syntax

is

without

elementary,

must be learnt at the first, and the minutiae of syntax should


come from reading. Our idea was that in the first year the boy
would learn as much accidence as was absolutely essential without being a slave to too much grammar, that he should practise
it in sentences chiefly done viva voce, and as soon as possible be
plunged into some kind of Reader, getting into a real author
soon.
Then I come to the interesting point about the Age of
The question is whether we can get the boy there in
Pericles.
time. We were considering the class of boy who can only survey
a limited amount of the field. The interesting remarks on the
interaction of Greek and English have my fullest sympathy.
This is a matter which we ought to consider more fully. In the
general curriculum each subject must be correlated to the others.
The claims of Socrates were also urged, but we must remember
that the scheme deals with boys who drop Greek at fifteen to
sixteen, the age at which Socrates appears a very grotesque
it

person.

Miss

Holding

"

We

must not

forget that

we

are referring

not only to different classes of schools, but to schools in which


the age
It

is

is

different.

In one

it is

thirteen, in the other seventeen.

possible for a girl to read original authors after half a term's

All the pupils

rapid training.

who begin Greek have taken

Latin, and are interested in the parallels afforded in the declensions, conjugations,

and constructions.

I did

mean

sub-committee was not attempting to

to explain

any
was simply drawing up a tentative scheme,
which it hoped would be criticised and amended, for schools in
It was a statement
which Greek was seldom or never taught.
of the kind of course which has been proved to be workable,
and has met with sonle measure of success, and it only represents

that the

existing system

criticise

it

the point of view of three teachers in

girls' schools.

should

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

50
like Plato to

but

be added in

the question of age

tlie

second term in addition to Homer,

must be the determining

factor in deciding

which author the pupils are to read."


" I move that this meeting thanks
Frederic Kenyon
for the reports submitted for
Committee
the Greek Curriculum
and requests it to submit
occasion,
present
consideration on the
line
of the discussion which
on
the
a full report for public issue
Sir

has taken place

and the meeting authorises the Council to

consider and issue such a report."

lady who was present suggested that, in view of the small


attendance, particularly of the teaching profession, the publica-

tion of the report should be deferred in order that

discussed

at

the next January

usually a larger

number

meeting, at

it

might be

which there was

The Chairman, however,

of teachers.

thought this would leave the matter rather too late.

The motion was then put to the vote and carried.


Later in the afternoon members were entertained at tea by
the President and Lady Osier at 13, Norham Gardens.
From 8.15 to 11 p.m. a Reception was held in the Ashmolean
Museum. The guests were welcomed on behalf of the University

by

the Vice-Chancellor (the Rev. Dr. Blakiston, President of

Trinity College) and

tlie

lectures were delivered

President of the Association.

by

Lantern

Professor Percy Gardner on " Recent

Acquisitions of the Ashmolean Museum," ^ and


Cook on " Some Pillar Cults of Greece and Italy." ^
of the evening Professor Grenfell exhibited

by Mr.

A. B.

In the course

and explained some

recently found papyri.

Saturday,

May

17th

Morning Session

At 10 a.m. Professor
stone on Homer.

J. L. I\Iyres

read a paper entitled Glad-

Gladstone's interest in

Homer illustrates uses

classical studies as intellectual recreation,

been

common among

British public

men.

of

which have fortunately


It

presumes intimate

1 These
acquisitions are dealt with by Professor Gardner in the
Journal of Hellenic Studies for 1918 and 1919.
a The substance of this paper will be incorporated in the second

volume

of Zcua.

REPORT OF COUNCIL

51

acquaintance with the texts, but only a general acquaintance with


subsidiary studies and research. It was the " classical" training

unreformed Oxford which determined Gladstone's handling of

of

the Homeric problem and his cultivation of Homeric study, in spite


of his early

immersal

in public life,

in scholarship abroad

and

and

in face of fresh

in education at

home.

movements
His Studies

on Homer, published in 1858, were in fact his reasoned contribution to reformed teaching in the reformed University.
dentally they led to a turning-point in his
his

appointment as Commissioner

first real

own

Inci-

career through

for the Ionian Islands, his

opportunity for recreation and reflection since his entry

into public

life.

underwent

little

Though the main

lines of his

view of

Homer

change, Gladstone kept himself sufficiently in

touch with cognate enquiries, and by his championship of a


realist

view of the Homeric Age contributed to prepare a

field for

Schliemann and

fair

later pioneers of pre-Hellenic archseology.

Professor J. S. Phillimore followed with a paper on The


Revival of Criticism.'^

At the end

of the

morning session the members present were

photographed outside the Divinity School by Messrs. Hills


Sanders."

Immediately afterwards a

visit

was paid to the

&

office

.New English Dictionary, where the processes involved


and arranging the material were most courteously
explained to members by Dr. Bradley.

of the

in collecting

Afternoon Session
Professor Slater read the Report of the Council, with which
was incorporated the Report of the Journals Board, as follows
:

Membership

of the Association

The Council, while noting a

slight shrinkage in the

member-

ship, trusts that with the return of peace the balance will soon

be redressed, and appeals to members to impress upon their


friends the claims of the Association, with a view to raising the

numbers

to

something

To be published by

Copies

like

representative

strength

in

the

B. H. Blackwell, Oxford.
be had, 6s. mounted, 4. 6d. unmounted, of the photo
graphers, Cornraarket Street, Oxford.

may

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

52

there never was a time when the classics, as a


" pivotal " subject, more urgently needed or more thoroughly

belief that

deserved the vigorous and alert support of

all

good

citizens

and

scholars.

The

birth of the Association

brated by the

hoped that

first

may

be said to have been

Oxford meeting of 1904,

this second

Oxford meeting of 1919

cele-

is

confidently

will

inaugurate

It

a prosperous rebirth.

Conference with the Board of Education

On

the motion of the Liverpool Branch, Council was led to

seek a conference between

and representatives

of its

members

own with

of the Board's " Regulations for

to " Latin
p. 20, par.

48

(3)

of Education

(c)

" (1917,

Circular 8541,

1918, Circular 9076, p. 20, par. 48

to the Liverpool authorities

and damaging

Board

Secondary Schools," in regard

Advanced Courses

in

of the

reference to the latest form

(&)).

which,

and to others, seemed dangerous

to the prospects of Latin.

The Conference was arranged and held on October 25th, 1918,


the President of the Board in the chair. Explanations, which
were not altogether discouraging, were offered, and it was intimated that the present dispositions were more or less tentative
and subject to

revision, should occasion require,

Assurances

were given that the policy of the Board was not intended to be
hostile to classics.

The Greek Curriculum

At the instance

of Sir Arthur Hort, Council appointed a repre-

sentative committee of fourteen (with power to add to its numbers)

pressing question of the Greek curriculum in


Labouring under the difficulties incidental to the time,
the Committee has nevertheless produced a succinct report in

to consider the
schools.

two sections

the work of two sub-committees which has been

duly circulated to

all

members

of the Association, to serve as a

basis of discussion at this General Meeting.

The Council hopes that

it

may

be possible to deal with the

subject more fully in the light of the discussion which


place.

may

take

REPORT OF COUNCIL

53

Joint Activities

In January

last tlie Association

Humanistic Associations,

took part, with the four other

in a joint session, at

which an address
Educa-

" Co-operation in

was delivered by Sir Frederic Kenyon on


Through its representatives on the Council
for Humanistic Studies the Association has also conferred, from
tional Progress."

time to time during the year, with the Conjoint Board of Scientific
Societies (Education Committee) towards a solution of sundry

A report of these joint conferproblems of Reconstruction.


ences has been issued under the title Education : Secondary
The
all members.
by the Chairman of Council
and the Hon. Treasurer at the League of Empire meeting for
by Professor Conway in negotiations still
oversea teachers

and

Universitij,

which has been sent to

Association has been represented

continumg with the four other Humanistic Associations, the


Conjoint Board of Scientific Societies, and other bodies, with a
view to the foundation of a new monthly popular journal to
and by
record " The Progress of Knowledge " in all subjects
;

Emeritus Professor Sonnenschein in the broadening activities


of the Standing Committee on Grammatical Terminology.

The Ruined Libraries

of Serbia

Council has received and would bring to the notice of all


members of the Association an appeal from the " Committee
(of the

Royal Society

entente

among

of Literature) for

promoting an intellectual

the allied and friendly countries " (Hon. Secretary,

Mr. Arthur Maquarie, R.S.L.) to join in a

movement which that

is inaugurating for the restoration of the ruined libraries

body
and printing-presses

of Serbia.

Subsidy from Leeds Branch


Council has received, and recorded

its

gratitude on behalf

of the Association, a special subsidy of 10

District

Branch towards the maintenance

of the Society under present-day difficulties.

from the Leeds and


of the

publications

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

54

Proposed International Meeting of Philologists and Archaeologists


Council has received and
the American

is

considering a communication from

Philological Society inviting the Classical Associa-

Cambridge an

tion to take steps to convene at either Oxford or

international meeting of

classical philologists

and archaeologists,

It is
fortnight of September 1920.
report
to
appointed
be
should
committee
suggested that a small

preferably within the

on

first

this proposal.

Reconstruction Pamphlet

Council invites the careful attention of all members to a


pamphlet which it has received from the Ministry of Reconstruction entitled The Classics in British Education.^
Roll of

Two more names have


J.

Murray

Bell, B.A.,

to be

and

Honour
added to the Roll

of

Honour

F. E. G. Southwell, B.A. (killed

on

active service in France).

Obituary
death-roll includes an ex-President of the Association, the

The
late

Master of Trinity College, Cambridge

Lincoln College, Oxford

Leigh

Miss Gavin

the late

Dean

of

the late Rector of

Norwich

Mr. Austen-

and the Rev. E. D. Stone.


Balance Sheet

The Balance Sheet will be laid before this meeting.


Journals Board

The

circulation of the journals has been fairly well maintained

during the year, especially in the case of the Quarterly.

There

have, however, been causes for grave anxiety, owing to rises in


the cost of paper and printing.
the chief trouble

this,

however,

The
is

price of paper

now

falling,

and

was

at first

is li^cely

to

the other hand, the cost of printing has recently


been increased by no less than 75 per cent., and prospects of a
The Board has adopted
fall in the future are very problematical.
fall further.

On

This pamphlet

Procttdinga.

in

being circulated to

members with

thig issue of

JOURNAL'S BOARD REPORT


various methods of economy, sucli as reducing the

55

number

of

sheets allotted to the journals and publishing double numbers.


In spite, however, of all economies the result has been a serious
deficit, which, it is pleasant to record, has been met by generous

contributions from the Philological Societies

Cambridge, and from

The great

at

Oxford and

the Council of the Classical Association.

rise in the cost of printing will

be fully

felt

during

the current year. The Board has considered and approved


It proposes to curtail further the number
of various economies.
of sheets,

and to issue more double numbers

also to increase

the price of copies sold over the counter to non-subscribers.

Various other plans for effecting small economies have also been
considered.

The
odicals

diflEiculty is

one which

now

is

which appeal to a limited

felt in

circle

the case of

all peri-

of readers, and there seems

permanent cure except an increase in the subscriptions.


The Board has been most anxious to avoid this as long as possible,
but a point must come when a further reduction in size would be
to be no

injurious to the circulation of the journals, and this solution

may

become necessary.
Mr. W. E. P. Pantin laid down in July the heavy duties of
Treasurer which he had discharged since the beginning of 1913.

The Board accepted

his resignation

with deep regret and recorded

which he had rendered to it


and to classical study. Professor J. F. Dobson was elected
Treasurer in his place, and Professor A. C. Clark Secretary. The

their sense of tlie great services

vacant place on the Board was


C)Til Bailey,

on the nomination

filled

by the appointmeiit

of Mr.

of the Oxford Philological Society,

which Professor Clark ceased to represent on being appointed


one of the representatives of the Classical Association in order

up the office of Secretary.


The four Editors of the journals in 1917 continued in office
through the past year, and have been reappointed for 1919.
The Board desires to thank them for carrying on the work under
to take

difficult

circumstances.

Board have been oft'ered to Mr. Gaselee


The Yearns Work in 1918, and on his
retirement Mr. W. H. S.- Jones, of St. Catherine's College, CamThis volume was in
bridge, was appointed Editor for 1919.

The thanks

of the

for his services in editing

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

56

preparation, but the Board received instructions from the Council

(which they handed on with regret to the Editor and contributors)

when

to defer publication until 1920,

volume covering the


The Board

period October 1917 to September 1919 will appear.

do not question the financial grounds for the Council's decision,


and they have expressed to the Editor and contributors their
regret for

Sir

any inconvenience which the change

Frederic Kenyon

which

is

have caused.

the adoption of the Eeport,

a rendering of account from your Council to the Associa-

To speak

tion.

"I move

may

generally, the Council during the past year has

been continuing the policy started by the Leeds meeting, not


only looking after the special interests of the

aiming at co-operation with other subjects.

classics,

but also

The future up-

holding of the classics depends not on fighting other subjects for


a share in the curriculum, but on co-operating with

them on

behalf of education in general, and convincing everj'^one that

the classics arc a substantial element of civilisation and culture,

we recognise other subjects to be. This policy has led


and the joint meeting with the
Humanistic Associations. The pamphlet ^ circulated sums up
what has been done in this direction. Some substantial progress
has been made in establishing a spirit of harmony with those who
represent History, Modern Languages, Science, and Mathematics.
just as

to the conferences referred to

duty

It is the

of the Classical Association to

attempt to convince

the public that the Classics stand for a vital element in civilisation.

This

is

our permanent work.

It

is

a hopeful sign that the working

classes are beginning to realise that the Classics


in general are a
will lead to

and Humanities

form of culture to which they are

entitled.

This

an active spread of the claim for humanistic education

which

will at last, it is

hoped, reach the last persons to be afiected

the

politicians.

ask the Association for confirmation of

this line of action,

which has been carried out during the past

year."

Professor

Report,

Rhys Koberts

wish to touch on

membership.
difTiculties,
*

We

are

all,

" In seconding the adoption of the

its first
I

item only, the need of increased

hope, agreed that, in our financial

our guiding rule should be

Education

DonH, unless

as a last

Secondary and University (John Murray, 1919).

JOURNAL'S BOARD REPORT


resort, raise the

57

annual subscription, hut do multiply the annual

one case, we may lose members in the other,


we shall gain both in money and, what is far better, in numbers.
The present membership of the Classical Association is small,
lamentably small j no more than 1,480, all told. Yet, if one
member in every three or four, out of this rough total of 1,500,
were to bring in a single new member, our able and rightly
In

subscribers.

tlie

anxious Treasurer would find a hundred pounds

any entrance
it

fees)

added

The

another way.

in

correspondents

its

don't include

(I

Or look

annual income.

to his

Association

recruiting officers

has some

dotted here

Let each local correspondent

about the kingdom.

new members, and again

there

is

one hundred

year to gladden the Treasurer's heart.

Better

fifty

at

local

and there
enlist eight

pounds a

still

let

us

double the number of our local correspondents and thus open


up new recruiting-grom^ds. Till I looked closely into our topographical

lists

the other day, I did not

know how many

counties,

and colleges (among others, Oxford and Cambridge colleges) have no local correspondent. I lay special stress
on schools and colleges because, speaking for myself I would have
cities,

schools,

our

classical tutors

and senior boys.


then, they

may

and

Why

classical

not

masters enrol undergraduates

Caught young (and

never be caught), they will have

if

not caught

many

years in

which to spread abroad a knowledge of those classics which only


ignorance can decry. In The Year's Work and in the Proceedings, reduced in bulk though one or both of these volumes must
at present be,

they will also find ample proof that

studies not only have a long history, but are

and movement.
So I would ask any member

classical

still full

of the Association

of life

whom my

words can reach to send to the Treasurer names of new members


and new correspondents, and the correspondents, old and new,
to gather in fresh members the younger the better. The place
and the moment are propitious. Oxford, where we held our
In peace
first General Meeting fifteen years ago, is Oxford still.

as in'war, in

war as

in peace, she

is

ever ready to uphold, and to

help others to uphold, the faiths that have long been hers.

would be sheer ingratitude


support which

many

in

me not to recall to-day the

of her best speakers

It

generous

and writers have,

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

58
during

all

the turmoil and agony of the last five years, lent to a

new Branch

of the Association set

Yorkshire.

warmest thanks

here and now, shall

our membership
Miss PuRDiE
Association a

among the crowded towns

tender to them, here in their great home,

of

my

and where, we may well ask, rather than


we begin a long and steady efEort to enlarge

"

little

Would

more

it

be possible to democratise the

There

is

a feeling

among many school-

masters and schoolmistresses that everything

is

done over their

common remark

that the Classical Association

needs fresh blood.

As an instance

would mention the drawingThe most vital question


a day when very few teachers

heads, and

up

it is

of the time-table of this meeting.

regarding CTreek was put

down

for

could be present, whilst the academic discussions were arranged

when

for Saturday,

teachers could be present.

May

ask that

such things should be taken into account when fixing the date of
future meetings
ship, for

if

the

This would do

much

to increase the

members cannot take any vital part

member-

in the doings

Might not the Associhumble men and women,


who want to work for the classics

of a society, interest naturally dwindles.

ation be brought into touch with the


especially in municipal schools,
in their schools

"

Baynes asked if the Council had any knowledge of the


new projected journal to be published month by
month by the five Humanistic Associations, giving a record of a
Mr.

character of a

month's work in a popular


discoveries in

any branch.

style,

and with an account of any

This journal might appeal to a wider

The Classical Journal


was an interesting attempt to help practical schoolmasters and mistresses with accounts of what was being done,
and giving classical plays with stage directions, etc. It might be
public through continuation schools, etc.

of Chicago

useful to get that journal circulated in England.

Professor
interested

Clark
in the

said that Professor Conway was particularly


scheme of bringing up-to-date information

The
had considered the matter, and were ready
within the reach of educated artisans.

Classical Journals
to suggest various

authors to write such articles.


Sir

Frederic Kenyon stated that the teachers

in

elementary

schools and the lower grades of secondary schools were also aimed

TREASURER'S STATEMENT
by which

at in this project,

it

59

was hoped to provide a more

popular presentation of knowledge than was supplied by existing


journals.

Could not the local associations make suggestions on

this point

DoBsox

Mrs.

pointed out that the Historical Association had

already undertaken work


articles

of this

nature, pixblishing popular

and encouraging correspondence from

She also

schools.

advocated that the Association should elect the Council by ballot,

She was
as 80 few members could attend the annual meeting.
sorry that Council had decided to cut out The Yearns Worky and
asked that a bulletin might be published containing a list of
books chronologically arranged with names of authors, pagination,
Sir

and price.
Frederic

Kenyon

Work was

explained that The Year's

not cut out, but that the reports for two years would be incorporated in one volume.

Mr.

Baynes

said he only wished to urge that the classical side

should be popularised, as was being done with the historical.

The adoption

Report was then put to the vote and

of the

carried.

Mr. E,

NoRMAX Gardiner

read the Treasurer's Statement as

follows

The Balance Sheet


is

a deficit of 173

shows that the financial position


most careful consideration. There

for 1918

of the Association requires


6s. 5d.

against a balance in 1917 of 97

5^. 10c?.

This deficit may, however, be reduced by 100 which were


invested in

War Bonds

before

was

it

the expenses of the Association.

73

6s, bd.

On

realised

how heavy would be

The actual

deficit

is,

therefore,

the other hand, in accordance with the previous

practice of the Association, the Balance Sheet does not include

the cost of Vol.

which the
137

XV

of the

Association

13s. lOd.,

and

this

has

Proceedings issued
incurred

in

further

must be remembered

1918, for

liability of

in dealing with the

financial position.

The income
406

of the Association for 1918

Os. id. in

1917 and 332

3s.

Ud.

was 354

in 1916.

9s. Id.,

It

is

against

about 50

than the average income before the war. The falling-ofi is


due principally to the decrease in subscriptions: 1,133 in 1918

less

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

60

against 1,262 in 1917

The cause of this is largely


members who have
Compositions for life members

1,072 in 1916.

the difficulty of obtaining the addresses of

been engaged

amount

war

in

service.

to 34 105. against 45 7s. ed. in 1917

Entrance fees show

little

15

16s. in 1916.

change, though considerably below

The branches have again proved their value


by introducing many new members. Actual resignations are
the pre-war level.

few, but
is

many

subscriptions have lapsed during the war, and

impossible to say

it

how many members have been permanently

from this cause.

lost

we omit tlie purchase


as compared with
381 Os. Ad. in 1917 and 330 12s. U. in 1916. The increase is
chiefly due to the increased cost of publications, The Yearns
Work and Vol. XIV of the Proceedings costing 329 12s. 8rf.
The

total expenditure for the year,

of 100 of

War Bonds, amounts

as against 144 14s.

sum

of

10s. 5d.

3(/.

to 525

if

Is. id.,

Extraordinary expenses are a

in 1917.

repaid to the Journals Board for expenses

wrongly charged to them in the past, grants of 10 to the Council


Humanistic Studies and of 5 to the Committee on Grammar.

of

Thanks

to great

economy, there has been some reduction under

the heads of Printing, Postage and Clerical Work, but had not the

General Meeting been postponed, these items too would have

shown an
less

than

Travelling expenses are

increase.

in 1917,

62

19s. Id. as

still

net loss to the Association on the year's working

170

high, but are

compared with 83

12s. 3d., leaving a deficit of

73

9s. id.
is,

The

therefore,

In addition to this

6s. bd.

by the journals for which the


ultimately responsible. The Council has decided

a heavy loss has been incurred


Association
to pay
sell

is

off this

debt,

and

in order to

do so

it will

be necessary to

out the whole or a part of 100 invested in "War Bonds.

As

an immediate measure of

relief

the Council proposes to postpone

the issue of The Yearns

Work

for 1918,

volume

for the

two years

in 1920.

Owing

and to

issue a double

to the late date of the

General Meeting, the next volume of the Proceedings cannot

be issued until the autumn, and

Balance Sheet of 1920.


deficit

in

By

the current year.

measures, and there


financial crisis

is

is

too

its

cost will

means it
But these

this

much

not temporary.

come

into the

hoped to avoid a
are only temporary
is

reason to believe that the


It

is

necessary, therefore,

FINANCIAL DISCUSSION
examine

to

the

general

position

the

of

finances

the

of

61

Association.

The general expenses

the Association are likely rather to

of

increase than to decrease.

No

reduction can be expected in

the cost of printing, postage, travelling, and clerical labour.


Even with our present curtailed activities the general expenses

amount

to 160, without counting extraordinary expenses

which

We

cannot possibly estimate this general


expenditure at less than 175 it is more likely to be 200 a year.
The income for the present year is about 350. Supposing that
it rises to 400 a year, there would remain 200 or 225 for
constantly occur.

The last volume of The Year's Work cost 167


publications.
Proceedings, Vol. XV, a very thin volume without the list
The cost of the two volumes is 304. The
of members, 137.
in
rise in price is due to increased cost of paper and printing
;

the

practically no reduction

latter

former we

may

is

to be expected

in the

in time expect a reduction of perhaps 60.

cannot, then, hope to produce the

two volumes

for less

We

than 240.

Thus even under the most favourable circumstances there will be


a yearly deficit, and there will not be a penny to spare for occasional publications or other developments.

Three courses are open

The invest1. The Association may draw on its capital.


ments, apart from war securities which must be realised
this year, amount nominally to 722 18s. 5(7. but their
,

present value

be set the

is little

more than 520.

Against these must

liability of the Association for life

number more than


Association

is

200.

Further,

members, whp

stated above,

as

the

always in arrear for one volume of the Pro-

ceedings, say 130. Hence the capital of the Association


Moreover, reduction of
cannot be reduced with safety.

means reduction of income.


The Association may raise its

capital
2.

subscription.

At

pre-

sent the actual cost of publications amounts to 4s. Id. per

member, leaving
3.

5d. for expenses

Failing this, the

only course

left

is

to reduce the

publications permanently.

Professor

Clark seconded the adoption

of

the Treasurer's

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

62

Report and said

" As a

Journals Board, I

am

member

of the peccant

body, the

largely responsible for the difficulties in

which the Association finds itself. A meeting of the Board took


place this morning, at which the Treasurer and two Editors were

The loss on the journals apart from The Year's Work


Proceedings was about 68, w^hich was met by
donations from the Oxford and Cambridge Philological Societies
and a grant from the funds of the Classical Association. The
present.

and the

however, could hold out no further hope

Classical Association,

and the Oxford Philological Society has no further


For the current year the estimated loss on the two

of assistance,

balance.

journals amounts to 164

2s. 3d.

Various minor economies were

considered, but they were palliatives only.

While the cost of

printing, espenially wages, remains at present figures, the prices

charged for the journals do not pay for the cost of production.
This can only be met by an increase in the subscription to the
Professor

journals.

this increase,

scribers

will

but

Rhys Roberts pleaded eloquently


if an increase in the number

doubt

meet the

difficulty.

against
of sub-

suggestion which was

regarded with considerable favour by the Board, including two


representatives of the journals, was to revert to the position as

it

and to concentrate on one periodical.


was up
Members might then look forward to numbers pro\'ided at
regular periods in place of curtailed numbers which appeared
to the end of 1906

infrequently.

Also four Editors would no longer be necessary,

and there would be a saving in stipends, wrappers, postage, and

The Editors present did not think there would be


combining in one volume the contributions for
any
and
the review. There are practical difficulties
quarterly
the
grievance with the publishers and the Board
may
be
a
e.g. there
stationery.

difficulty in

suggests that they should be given provisional power to amalga-

mate

if

possible

and

desirable.

The

will require the opinion of experts

publishing.

new journal
must cover the cost of

price of the
it

Should the Association decide to carry out

recommendation, there

is

hope of financial equilibrium

this

in future.

There remains the grave and present problem of the current year
The Classical
in which we are confronted with a loss of 164.
Association has already sold stock to help us.
rqents of the Journals Board bring in 7

The only

15. dd. a year,

invest-

which

ELECTION OF OFFICERS

63

represents a value of about 150, which could only be realised at

The

a loss.

difficulties

permanent cause

in question are apparently

increased maintenance and

due to a

also to the pro-

The suggestion has been made of


who receive the periodicals at
a reduced rate to contribute sums of not less than 55.
Such subscriptions will be thankfully received by the Treasurer."
The Report of the Treasurer was then carried nem. con.
tracted effect of the war.

sending an appeal to subscribers

ELECTION OF OFFICERS AND MEMBERS OF COUNCIL


Dr.

Macan

" It

my

is

privilege to

our President for the ensuing year, and


distinguished scholar

whom we

Association for that

name to be

move
I

the nomination of

have only to name the

propose to call to the Chair of this

Yet

received with acclamation.

Council would consider that I was discharging

I feel that the

the commission laid upon

me

in a perfunctory

way if

contented

myself with naming their candidate only without commending

him by such poor observations


doors of the Temple of Janus
technically at war, and

it is

as I

may

The

be able to oSer.

are not yet closed,

we

are

possible that in a time of peace

still

which

we hope

is approaching (to which I look with more confidence


and cheerfulness than has radiated from the Treasurer's Report)

the Council will be able to put forward a distinguished politician,


or an illustrious soldier, or a gallant admiral to

Presidential Chair.

nominations

is

occupy the

think that the policy of suggesting such

a sound one

and that the Association does well to


and the public services of the

link itself with the external world

country.

But on

led to suggest a

Oxford scholars

this occasion the Council has

been happily

name of one of our most distinguished living


Mr. Warde Fowler. Lend me your ears for a

few moments while

I delight

myself with a slight expatiation on

the merits of this proposal.

Mr.

Warde Fowler

is

an eminent scholar, and one who repre-

sents to Oxford generally a distinct tradition.

Tutor, and Fellow, and at the present day,

As Undergraduate,

productive though
adorned the College of Mark Pattison,
the friend and adviser of Bywater. Warde Fowler is very much
still

in retirement, he has

associated with the Pattison tradition

a tradition of accurate and

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

64

Many good scholars make mistakes,


have never detected any mistakes in Warde Fowler's
he is not merely a great classical scholar and his-

almost f nultless scholarsliip.

but

I at least

And

work.
torian,

old

who has

Roman

especially devoted himself to the exposition of the

religion,

but he

Osier will be succeeded


birds,

is

a genuine naturalist.

by an accurate observer

a naturalist of considerable

artist,

and

his literary composition

No man

tradition.

presenting in

experience,

himself the union of science and scholarship.


is

William

Sir

of the habits of

He

is

also a

born

the flower of an artistic

could better recommend classical study to

There

the less educated world.

is

an expression of his belief from

the preface to his volume on Social Life in the time of Cicero

which
hope

should like to quote

for classical learning

the unlearned public


thought.'

The

God's creatures

may

'
:

I firmly believe

and education

lies in

be brought to

that the one gi-eat


the interest which

feel in

ancient

unleiirned are not all Philistines


;

life

and

they too are

and Mr. Warde Fowler has a mission

for

them

too."

" I regard it as a great privilege to be able to


Mr. Pearson
second this proposal as a member of Cambridge University. I
:

am

glad to have an opportunity of expressing publicly what I

personally, as a student of classics,

Fowler on the subject of

charm

his wiitings are

Roman

owe

to the writings of

religion.

By

Warde

their lucidity

and

not only good scholarship but good

literature."

The proposal was then carried unanimously.


" I have to move {a) that the Vice-Presidents
Mr. Mackail
of the Association be re-elected for the coming year, and (6) that
Sir William Osier, who has just ceased to be President, shall be
:

added to tlie list of Vice-Presidents (Applause). This is not


merely the fulfilment of a customary form, for no one who listened to the address yesterday, with its wealth of knowledge,
insight, and wit, could fail to feel that Sir William had done the
good service by giving it such wholesome
what we thought of one another, and we knew
what the public thought of us, but we now know what is thought of
ua by educated opinion. The verdict was on the whole favourable, though in some points he hinted, not without justice, that
we might amend our ways, and that we must be on our guar^^

Classical Association

counsel.

Wc knew

ELECTION OF OFFICERS

65

against that Classicism

wMch is the negation of Humanism. That

address was delivered

by

and of Rabelais,
fession

and

all

all

a successor of Hippocrates, of Galen,

three of

whom

the professions will be humanistic


that ideal be kept in view,
It

is

now

may

it

belonged to the medical pro-

To

were humanists.

anticipate a time

is

be in great measure

by humanists and by men

recognised, both

when

perhaps optimistic

all

but

if

realised.

of science,

that the two fields of study are complementary, and that both are

commonwealth
shared by us

necessary for the service of the

which

like to express the sense

we owe
is

One

of the great advantages of

the stimulus

people say,

must come

is

all of

growth of mutual understanding to

in this

Kenyon.

and

is

it

provides to teachers.

We

should

the debt

Sir Frederic

meeting in this way


Teaching, whatever

No work

not inspiring work.

is

the inspiration

from

this

meeting with a quickened sense of the real help towards

life

to

the work, not from

it.

shall go out

by the classics, and a renewed desire to communicate it to


others.
The question is not how we can save Latin and Greek,
but how Latin and Greek can save the nation. The classics
have been, we know of our own experience, a strengthening and
given

uplifting force during the

war

they will continue to exercise that

influence in years of peace to come."

Miss Hirst, of Columbia University, N.Y,, having seconded


the election of the Vice-Presidents, the motion was carried.

Murray "I have to propose the addition


new names to the Council, based on the principle of trying
to get new blood and receiving help from the representatives of
the newer municipal and grammar schools, so that we may get
out of a purely University atmosphere and bring in people who
Professor Gilbert

of five

represent the militant side of the Classical Association, those

who spread

the light in 'partihus externorum.

those of Miss E. M. Edgehill,

School for Girls, Warwick


of the

Grammar

School,

Head

The names are


High

Mistress of the King's

Mr. Sharwood-Smith,

Newbury;

Dobson, of Bristol University

Head Master

Dr. Storr-Best; Professor

and the Rev. G.

C. Richards, of

Oriel College, Oxford.

Miss

Holding seconded

Professor Gilbert
to the point put

by

this motion,

Murray

"

How

Professor Clark,

which was

carried.

do we stand with regard

who asked

that the Council

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

66

miglit be authorised to take certain steps

We passed the General

Treasurer's Report, but I do not think any particular notice was

taken of his request."

Frederic Kenyon

Sir

act on

all

expressed
it as

"

The Council have the power

questions involving a change of rules.

by

If

no opinion

to
is

the Council, the Committee will feel free to deal with

they think best."

Professor

Sonnenschein moved

" That the steps taken by the Standing Committee on


Grammatical Reform to extend the principle of uniform
grammatical terminology to Sanscrit and the vernaculars
'

of

Modern India be approved.'

" I do not wish to magnify the

"

office of

grammar, which is merely

The object of the Committee on Grammatical


Reform was to make grammar simple, and so to play into the
hands of those who wished the classics maintained. The movement began with the Government Committee on Modern Lana means to an end.

guages, and has developed rapidly.

The Standing Committee

have taken steps to extend its operations to other languages


Spanish, Italian, Dutch, and Russian and hope shortly to be
able to issue an Appendix to the Report of 1911 in which the

application to these languages will be shown.

It is

now

pro-

posed to go outside Europe, and to take cognisance of Sanscrit


and the Sanscritic vernaculars of Modern India, and so include
in the

movement the non-European languages belonging

to the

Indo-European family, a kind of grammatical entente of all the


It is only an experiment, but it is one
British Commonwealth.
The fundamental terms of grammar
which is worth making.
of morphology, and so it is hoped
not
and
syntax,
of
are terms

A
over the difficulties between the languages.
nomenclature denotes the adoption of a single point

to bridge

common
of view."

Professor

Murray

" In seconding this resolution I should

like to say that the Association realises that Professor Sonnen-

schein

is

carrying on a very important task which was put in hia

hands by the Association originally, but which has grown beyond


the bounds at first contemplated."
" In introducing this motion Professor SonnenDr. Macan
:

ARRANGEMENTS FOR NEXT MEETING


schein inserted

word

tlie

cluded in the resolution


Professor

motion was

May

Sanscritic'
"

'

this

67

word be

in-

itself ?

Sonnenschein having accepted

this alteration, the

carried.

DATE AND PLACE OF NEXT MEETING


Sir Frederic Ken yon
"An invitation has been received
from the Northumberland and Durham Branch to hold our
meeting at Newcastle next year. It is suggested that it should
:

be held in April or July, probably July."


After some discussion, in which various dates in September
were suggested as more likely to suit school teachers, it was
decided to accept the invitation to Newcastle, and Sir Frederic

Kenyon promised

that the Committee would do

best to fix

its

a date that would allow teachers to be present."


Sir

Frederic Kenyon moved a vote

of

contributed to the success of the meeting

and the University

for their

thanks to

mittee and especially to Mr. Richards

who had

who had

reception and the facilities given,

particularly for the use of the Divinity School

Sir

all

to the Vice-Chancellor

Com-

to the Local

to the various persons

assisted in the entertainment of the visitors, particularly

William and Lady Osier, Sir Arthur Evans, those who arranged

the exhibitions, Mr. Gunther, Professor Grenfell, and the


of the Association

who had prepared papers

and

members

lastly to the

Clarendon Press for the trouble they had taken in arranging an


exhibition of books, as also to the Cambridge University Press.

Miss C. E.

Parker seconded and

said the Association

everybody

feel at

home.

All the arrangements

had

make

experienced the perfection of hospitality, which was to

had worked so

naturally and smoothly that no effort could be suspected

this

meant a great deal of preparation."


The vote of thanks was carried by acclamation.
At the end of this session a visit was paid to the Bodleian
Library,

by

the kind invitation of Dr. A. E. Cowley.

During the period


special

of the

Book Exhibit

meeting the Clarendon Press held a


Convocation House adjoining the

in the

Divinity School, which one of

its

representatives,

who

is

member

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

68

most kindly attended and explained. Members


had also the privilege of examining a remarkof early scientific instruments that had been

of the Association,

of the Association

able collection

brought together by the President and other members

of the

University.

On Sunday afternoon
hospitably entertained

examined

his

unique

a large gathering of

by

Sir

members

Avas

most

Arthur Evans at Youlbury, and

collec-tion of

Cretan and other antiquities.

A. INDEX TO THE PROCEEDINGS


PAQH

Board

Conferences with

of

Education and other

Bodies
Election of Officers and Members of Council
Exhibition of Papyri by Prof. Grenfell
Grammatical Terminology, Resolution on
Greek Curriculum in Schools, Debate on
.

52,53
63
50
66
34
54

Journals Board
Lectures and Papers by A. B. Cook, Prof. P. Gakdnek
50,51
Prof. J. L. Myres, Prof, J. S. Phillimore
67
Meeting, Next General
51
Photograph of Members
5
President's Address
50
Reception in Ashmolean Museum
51
Report of Council
53
Serbia, Ruined Libraries of
59
Treasurer's Statement
34,67
Votes of Thanks

....
....
.

B. NAMES OF THOSE WHO TOOK PART


IN THE PROCEEDINGS
Barran, Sir J.
Baynes, N. H.
Blakiston, Bev. Dr.

Clark, Prof. A.

C.

CoLviLE, Cajyt. K. N.
Crees, Dr. J. H. E.
Dobson, Mrs. J. F.

Gardiner, E. N.
Hirst, Jliss G. M.
Holding, Miss G. E.
HoRT, Sir A.
.

Jones, H. Lang
Jones, H. Stuart
Kenyon, Sir F. 48,
.

Macan, Dr.

R..

70

CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION

STATEMENT OF ACCOUNTS,
Receipts.

STATEMENT OF ACCOUNTS

DECEMBER

16th, 1917, to

DECEMBER

218t,

71

1918.

Expenditure.

Postage
Clerical

g.

d.

331 18

119 16

19

...

Advertisement in Classical Journals


Repayment to Journals Board
Council of Humanistic Studies
Committee on Grammar

Payment to Contributors
Purchase of 100 War Bonds

7
6 10
8 5 5
10 10
8 10 6
<52

Railway Fares

Year's TrorAr

d.

716

Bank Charges and Cheques


Accommodation of Council
General Meeting and Reporting same

s.

22 4 11
15 16 11
42 13

Printing and Stationery

10

500

...

Balance, December 21 St, 1918

36 10
100

451 14 11

accounts for Publications were not received in time to be


included in the Audit. The Balance Sheet requires correction

N.B.The

as shown.

Expenditure to Dec. 20th, 1918


Expenditure incurred but not included
Audit
Year's Work, vol. xii
Proceedings, vol, xW.

Deficit

(Signed) E.

Norman Gardixer.
Hon. Treasurer.

33118

130 19
162 3

626
173

in

451 14

11

APPENDIX

10

73

FORMER PRESIDENTS OF THE


ASSOCIATION
1904.

The Right Hon.

Sir R. H. Collins, M.A., LL.D., D.C.L.,

Master of the Rolls.


1905.

The Right Hon. the Earl of Halsbury,

D.C.L.,

F.R.S., Lord Chancellor.


1906.

The Right Hon. Lord Curzon op Kedleston,

G.C.S.L,

G.C.LE., D.C.L., F.R.S.

H. Butcher,

Esq., M.P., Litt.D., D.Litt., LL.D.

1907.

S.

1908.

The Right Hon. H. H. Asquith,

M.P., K.C., D.C.L.,

Prime Minister.
1909.

The Right Hon. the Earl of Cromer,

G.C.B., O.M.,

K.C.S.L, LL.D.
1910.

Sir Archibald Geikie, K.C.B., D.C.L,, LL.D., Ph.D.,

1911.

The Right Reverend Edward Lee Hicks,

President of the Royal Society.

Lord Bishop
1912.

D.D.,

of Lincoln.

The Very Reverend Henry Montagu Butler,

D.D.,

D.C.L., LL.D., Master of Trinity College, Cambridge.


1913.

Sir

Frederic G. Kenyon, K.C.B.,

D.Litt.,

F.B.A.,

Director of the British Museum.


1914.

Professor William Ridqeway,

Litt.D., LL.D., Sc.D.,

F.B.A., Disney Professor of Archaeology, Cambridge.

191G.

Sir W. B. Richmond, K.C.B., R.A., D.C.L.


The Right Hon. Viscount Bryce, O.M., D.C.L., LL.D.,

1917.

Professor Gilbert Murray, LL.D.,

1915.

P.B.A., F.R.S.
D.Litt.,

F.B.A,,

F.R.S.L., Christ Church, Oxford.


1918.

William Osler, Bart., M.D., F.R.S., F.R.C.P.,


Regius Professor of Medicine, Oxford.

Sir

74

OFFICERS OF THE ASSOCIATION FOR


1919

PRESIDENT
W. Warde Fowler, Esq.,M.A.,

D.Litt., LL.D., Lincoln College,

Oxford.

VICE-PRESIDENTS
The Right Hon. H. H. Asquith, D.C.L., K.C., M.P.
The Right Hon. Viscount Bryce, O.M., D.C.L., LL.D., F.B.A.,
F.R.S.

Professor R. S. Conway, Litt.D., Manchester.


The Hon. Sir W. P. Cullen, M.A., LL.D., Chief Justice of New
South Wales.

The Right Hon. Earl Curzon op Kedleston,

K.G., G.C.S.I.,

G.C.I.E., D.C.L., F.R.S., F.B.A.

The Right Hon. Lord Finlay, LL.D.


Sir Archibald Geikie, O.M., K.C.B., D.C.L., LL.D., Ph.D.,
F.R.S.

The Right Rev. Bishop Gore, D.D., D.O.L.


Professor W. Gardner Hale, LL.D., The University,
The Right Hon. the Earl of Halsbury, D.C.L.,
Professor Henry Jackson, O.M., Litt>D., LL.D.,

Chicago.

F.R.S.
F.B.A.,

Cambridge.
Sir Frederic G.

Kenyon, K.C.B.,

D.Litt.,

Litt.D.,

LL.D.,

P.B.A., Director of the British Museum.

The Right Hon. and Most Rev. Cosmo Gordon Lang, D.D.,
D.C.L., LL.D., Lord Archbishop of York.
Alex. Leeper, Esq., LL.D., Warden of Trinity College, Melbourne University.
76

APPENDIX

76

The Right Hon. Earl Loreburn, G.C.M.G., D.C.L.


J. W. Mackail, Esq., LL.D., F.B.A.
The Right Hon. Viscount Morley of Blackburn, O.M.,
LL.D., D.C.L., F.R.S.

rofessor Gilbert Murray, LL.D., D.Litt., F.B.A. F.R.S.L,,


,

Oxford.

Professor H. Darnley Naylor, MA., The University, Adelaide.


Sir William Osler, Bart., M.D.,

F.R.S.

F.R.C.P.,

Regius

Professor of Medicine, Oxford.

Baron Phillimore of Shiplake,


Professor

J. P.

D.C.L., LL.D.

Postgate, Litt.D., F.B.A., Liverpool.

Sir W. B. Richmond, K.C.B., R.A., D.C.L.


Professor Sir W. Ridgeway, Litt.D., LL.D., Sc.D., F.B.A.,
Canabridge.

Professor W. Rhys Roberts, Litt.D., Leeds.


Professor E. A. Sonnenschein, D.Litt., Birmingham.
Sir E. Maunde Thompson, G.C.B., D.C.L., LL.D., F.B.A.
Professor Sir Herbert Warren, K.C.V.O., D.C.L., LL.D.,
President of Magdalen College, Oxford.

COUNCIL
Professor A.

C.

Clark, Litt.D., F.B.A., Corpus Christi College,


Oxford.

The Reverend Canon

A. H. Cruickshank, M.A., The College,

Durham.
Professor J. F. Dobson, M.A., The University, Bristol.
Miss E. M. Edgehill. King's High School for Girls, Warwick.
W. Edwards, Esq., M.A., The Grammar School, Bradford,
Yorkshire.

Kenneth Forbes,
Miss M.

S.

Esq., M.A.,

The University, Liverpool.


Women, The

Lilley, M.A., Training College for


University, Birmingham.

MissD. E. Limebeer, M.A., Pendleton High School, Manchester.


Cyril Norwood, Esq., D.Litt., Marlborough College, Wilts.

W.

E. P. Pantix, Esq., M.A., St. Paul's School, London,

W.

Pearson, Esq., M.A., Tlie University, Liverpool.


Reverend
G. C. Richards, M.A., Oriel College, Oxford.
The
M.A., The Grammar School, Newbury.
Sharwood-Smith.Esq.,
E.
A. C.

OFFICERS
L. Storr-Best, Esq., D.Litt.,

77

The Grammar School,

Coalville,

Leicester.

Miss M. H. Wood, M.A., Training School for Women, Wollaston

Road, Cambridge.
Eepresenting the Classical Association of South Australia

Professor

J. P.

Postgate, Litt.D., F.B.A., Liverpool.

Eepresenting the Classical Association of

New

South Wales

E. R. Garnsey, Esq., B.A.


Representing the Classical Association of Victoria

Miss F. M. Stawell.

HON. TREASURER
E.

Norman Gardiner,

Esq., M.A.,

2,

The

College,

Epsom.

HON. SECRETARIES
Professor

D.

A.

Slater,

M.A.,

London, N.W.

Professor

P. N.

4,

Chalcot

Gardens,

Ure, M.A., University

College, Reading.

RULES
first General Meeting of the Association, May 2^th, 1904.
at the General Meetings of January 5th, 1906, October lOtk,

Adopted at the

Amended

1908, January Uth,


January Gth, 1917.

1.

The name

of

1910,

the

January

9th, 1912,

Association shall

January

be

13th, 1914,

"The

and

Classical

Association."
2. The objects of the Association are to promote the development and maintain the well-being of classical studies, and in

particular
(a)

To

upon public opinion the

impress

studies to

claim of

such

an eminent place in the national scheme

of

education
(b)

To improve the

(c)

and methods;
To encourage investigation and call attention

practice of

classical

teaching by free

discussion of its scope

disco veries
(d)

To

to new-

create opportunities

co-operation

among

for

friendly intercourse

all lovers of classical

and

learning in

this country.

The Association shall consist of a President, Vice-Presidents,


a Treasurer, two Secretaries, a Council of fifteen members besides
The officers of the Associathe Officers, and ordinary Members.
tion shall be members thereof, and shall be ex-officio members of
3.

the Council.
4.

The Council

with the general administra-

shall be entrusted

tion of the affairs of the Association, and, subject to

any

special

direction of a General Meeting, shall have control of the funds


of the Association.
5.

The Council

upon due

at every meeting of
6.

meet as often as it may deem necessary


by the Secretaries to each member, and
the Council five shall form a quorum.

shall

notice issued

It shall be within the

competence of the Council


78

to

make

RULES
rules for its

own

7'9

procedure, provided always that questions before

the Council shall be determined by a

majority of votes, the

Chairman to have a casting vote,


7. The General Meeting of the Association shall be held
annually in some city or town of England or Wales which is
the seat of a University, or at any place within the limits- of
the British Empire which has been recommended by a special
resolution of the Council

the place to be selected at the previous

General Meeting.

The

8.

President, Vice-Presidents, Treasurer, Secretaries, and

Council shall be elected at the General Meeting, but vacancies


occurring in the course of the year

may

be

filled

up temporarily

by the Council.

The President

9.

shall be elected for

one year, and shall not

be eligible for re-election until after the lapse of five

yeai^s.

The Vice-Presidents, the Treasurer, and the

10.

shall by elected for

Members

11.

on retirement

one year, but shall be

Secretaries

eligible for re-election.

of the Council shall be elected for three years,

and

shall not be eligible for re-election until after the

lapse of one year.

For the purpose

of establishing a rotation the

Council shall, notwithstanding, provide that one-third of

its

original

members shall retire in the year 1905 and one-third in 1906.


12. The Election of the Ofiicers and Council at the General
Meeting shall be by a majority of the votes of those present, the
Chairman to have a casting vote.
13. The Council shall make all necessary arrangements for the
conduct of the General Meeting, and in particular shall prepare
the list of agenda and determine what papers shall be read.
It
shall also

have power to bring before the General Meeting without

previous notice all business which


13a.

Any member who may

it

considers urgent.

desire to propose

a resolution or

to read a paper at the General Meeting shall give notice accoz'd-

ingly to one of the Secretaries at least six weeks before the

date of the Meeting.

Rule

Notice of resolutions sent in under this

shall be circulated to

Members together with the names

of the respective proposers.


14.

Membership

of either sex
15.
16.

who

of the Association shall be

are in sympathy with

open

to all persons

its objects.

Ordinary members shall be elected by the Council.


There shall be an entrance fee of 5*. The annual aub-

APPENDIX

80
scription shall be

5s.,

The
three months

payable and due on the 1st of January in

each year.

subscriptions of

last

of

any year

may

IGa. Libraries

without entrance

members

elected during the

shall count for the ensuing year.

subscribe by

an annual payment

of

5.

fee.

17. Members who have paid the entrance fee of 5s. may
compound for all future subscriptions by the payment in a single

sum of fifteen annual subscriptions. This composition fee for


new members will be reduced, in the case of old members wishing
to

compound, by

2s. Gd.

for every annual

payment already made.

Thirty years' payment shall carry membership for


18.

The Council

shall

member's name from the


19. Alterations in the

life.

have power to remove by vote any


list

of the Association.

Rules of the Association shall be made

by vote at a General Meeting, upon notice given by a Secretary

member

to each

at least a fortnight before the date of

such

meeting.
20.

The

have power to enter into


its own,

Classical Association shall

relations with

other bodies having like objects with

upon their application to the Council and by vote of the same.


The Council shall in each case determine the contribution
payable by any such body and the privileges to be enjoyed
by its members. The President of any body so associated shall
during his term of office be a Vice-Pi'esident of the Classical
But the members of the associated body shall
A.ssociation.
not be deemed to b members of the Classical

Association,

nor shall they have any of the rights or privileges of members

beyond such as they shall enjoy through the operation

of this

rule.

The

provisions of Rules 8, 10, 12, and 10 shall not apply to

the Vice-Presidents created under this rule. If the President


of any body so associated is unable to attend the meetings of
Council, the Council shall have power to invite that body to

a limited period (not

nominate a representative to serve

for

exceeding one year) as an additional

member

the

number 15 mentioned

in

Rule

3.

of Council

beyond

NAMES AND ADDUESSES OE MEMBERS


^*

Iht is compiled from information furnished by Members of


Association, and Members are requested to be so kind as to
send immediate notice of any Permanent Change in their addresses
to E. Norman Gardiner, Esq., M.A., 2, The College, Epsom, with
a view to corrections in the next published list, llie Mambers to
whose names an asterisk is 2fi'eji.red are Life Members.

Tliis

the

Abbott, E., M.A., Jesns College, Cambridge.


Abbott, Miss H. V., Clapham High School, S.W.
Abel, H. G., M.A., Central Foundation Boys' School, CoAvper
Street, E.C.2.

Aberdare, Rt. Hon. Lord, DufFryn, Mountain Ash, Glamorgan.


Abernethv, Miss A. S., B.A., Bishopshall West, St. Andrews,
Fife.

Abrahams, Sir Lionel, K.C.B., India Office, S.W. 1.


Adam, Mrs. A. M., 21, Barton Road, Cambridge.
Adam-Fox, Rev. A, F., M.A., Warden of Radley College, Abingdon.

Adams, Miss E. M., 180, Aldersgate Street, E.C. 1.


Adams, T. D,, M.A., Brigade Education Officer, Headquarters,
4th N.Z. Infantry (Eeservo) Brigade, Sling Camp, Salisbury
Plain.

Adcock, F. E., M.A., King's College, Cambridge.


Affleck, E., B.A., 13, Inglis Road, Ealing Common, W. 5.
Agar, T. L., M.A., 11, Clyde Road, West Didsbury, Manchester.

AiLiNGER, Rev. A., S.J. (No address.)


AiNSLiE, Miss G., Sedber, Sherborne, Dorset.
*Alder, Miss M. B., St. Werstan's, Malvern.
*Alford, Miss M., 51, Gloucester Gardens, Bishop's Road, W. 2.
Alinqton, Rev. C. A., M.A., Head Master, Eton Colltge,
Windsor.
11

81

APPENDIX

82
Allbutt, Prof.

Sir T.

Clifford,

K.C.B.,

:^LD.,

F.R.S.,

St.

Radegund's, Cambridge.

Allen, Miss D. Bell, B.A., c/o H. C. Hammans, Esq., M.A.,


Mount House, 23, Mil way Road, Andover.
*Allen, p. S., M.A., Merton College, Oxford.
Allen, T. W., M.A., Queen's College, Oxford.
Allen, Ven. Archdeacon W. C, The Rectory, Chorley, Lancashire.
Allison, Sir R., Scaleby Hall, Carlisle.

Allwood, Miss M., 7, College Street, Sheffield.


Almond, Miss E. M., B.A., Westfield College, Hampstead,

N.W.

3.

Althau8,T. F.,M.A., 2, Strathray Gardens, S. Hampstead, N.W. 3.


Alton, E. H., M.A., F.T.C.D., 37, Trinity College, Dublin.
Anderson, G., M.A., I.C.S., Education Department, Bombay.
Anderson, J. G. C, M.A., Christ Church, Oxford.
Anderson, R. H., 95, Alexandra Road, N.W. 8.
Anderson, Prof. W. B., M.A., The University, Manchester.
Anderson, W. C. F., M.A., Hermit's Hill, Burghfield Common,
Mortimer, Berks.

Anderton, B., M.A., Public Library, Newcastle-upon-Tyne.


Angus, C. F., M.A., Trinity Hall, Cambridge.
Angus, J. M., M.A., Bryndedwydd, Heath Park Avenue, Cardiff.
Antrobus, G. L. N., M.A., Cranleigh School, Surrey.
Antrobus, Sir R. L., K.C.M.G., 19, Cranley Gardens, S.W. 7.
Apperson, Miss D., Liverpool College, Huyton, Lancashire.
Applebaum, J. D., Mayville Ko:\d, Mossley Hill, Liverpool.
Appleton, R. B., B.A., Per.se School, Cambridge.
Archibald, Miss E., The High School, St. Albans.
Argles, Miss E. M., Vice-Principal, Lady ^largaret Hall, Oxford.
Armitage, N. C, M.A., Hertslets, Cluygate, Surrey.
Armstead, Miss 11., 18, Clifton Hill, is\W. 8.
Armson, G. Wright, M.A., Royal Grammar School, High

Wycombe,
Arnold, A.

Arnold,

Buck.s.

J.,

B.A., Pupil 'I'eachers' Centre, ShelTield.

Prof.

E. V., Litt.D.,

Bryn

Seiriol,

Bangor, North

W^ales.

AsiiBEE, J. Neville, B.A., Rose Valley House, Brentwood, Essex.

*AsnuY, T., Junr., M.A., D.Litt., British School, Rome.


AsHFOHD, Miss D., Myton, Warwick
Ashley, Miss A. M., 3, Yateley R(ad, Edgbastou, Birmingham.

AsHTON,
AsHWiN,

Mrs., Heyscroft,
liev.

R.

F.,

West

Did.->bury,

Manchester.

M.A., Magdalen College School, Brackley.

NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS

83

AsQUiTH, Rt Hon. II. 11., D.C.L., F.R.S., K.C., M.P.,


20, Cavendish Square, W. 1.
*Atkinson, Miss A. L., 13, Hopton Road, Streatham, S.W. 16.
Atkinson, D., B.A., The University, Manchester.
M., 19, Elvetham Eoad, Edgbaston, Birmingham,
AuDEN, Prof. H. W., M.A., Principal, Upper Canada College,
Toronto, Canada.
Austin, E. H., 24-, Bourne Avenue, Windsor.

Attlee, Oh.

Badlet, J. H., M.A., Bedales School, Petersfield, Hants.


Bagge, Miss L. M., Stradsett Hall, Downham Market,
Norfolk.

Bailey, Cyril, M.A., Balliol College, Oxford.


Bailey, J. C, M.A., 34, Queen's Gate Gardens, S.W. 7.
Baillie, a. W. M., BA., ll,Chantrey House, Eccleston Street,

S.W.

1.

Miss K. M., M.A., 60, York Mansions, Battersea,


S.W. 11.
Baker, A. B. Lloyd, B.A., Hardwicke Court, Gloucester.
Baker, Rt. Hon. H. Trevor, M.P., 42, Queen Anne's Gate, S.W. 1.
Baker-Penoyre, J. ff., M.A., Hellenic Society, 19, Bloomsbury Square, W.O. 1.
Bakewell, Miss D. L., Wycombe Abbey School, High Wycombe.
Baldwin, S., M.A., M.P., Astley Hall, Stourport.
Balfour, Rt. Hon. Gerald, Athenajum Club, Pall Mall, S.W. 1.
Ball, G. H., M.A., King Edward VI. Grammar School, Camp
Hill, Birmingham.
Balmforth, II., M.A., Repton, Derbyshire.
Bampfylde, F. G., M.A., Merchant Taylors' School, London, E.C.
Barber, E. A., B.A., Exeter College, Oxford.
Barkby, E. M., B.A., Guyscliffe, Hanworth Road, Hounslow.
Barke, Miss E. M., M.A., 15, Oakfield Street, Cardiflf.
Barker, Prof. A. F., M.Sc, The University, Leeds.
Barker, C. J., Avenue View, Garstang Road, Preston.
Barker, E. J. P. Ross, M.A., Loretto, Musselbiu-gh, Scotland.
Barker, E. P., M.A., 426, Woodborough Road, Nottijigham.
Barker, Rev. Canon P., M.A., St. John's Vicarage, Bromley,

Baines,

Kent.

Barlee, K. W., B.A.,

Bombay.
*Barlow, T. D.,

I.C.S.,

c/o

Messrs.

Grindlay

&

Co.,

164, Eccles Old Road, Pendleton, Manchester.

APPENDIX

84
Barlow, Mrs. T.

D., B.A., 164, Eccles Old Road, Pendleton,

Manchester.

Barnard, 3/r.s.s Effie, Bredcruft, Stamford, Lincolnshire.


*Barnard, Miss H. M., Bredcroft, Stamford, Lincolnshire.
Barnby, Rev. F. H., M.A., St. Peter's School, York.
Barnes, J. H., M.A., King William's College, Isle of Man.
*Barnes, Rev. Prof. W. E., D.D., Peterhouse, Cambridge.
Barnett, p. a., M.A., Athenaeum Club, S.W. 1.
Barr, p. W., M.A., c/o Calder, 6, Kenmure Avenue, Edinburgh.
Sir J. N., Bart., B.A., M.P., Sawley Hall, Ripon.
Barrett, Miss H. M., M.A., 22, Wheatsheaf Road, Edgbaston,
Birmingham.
Barrow, R. 11., B.A., Ivy Garth, Sedbergh.
Barrows, Miss M. M., Hampton School, Malvern P.O., Jamaica.

Barran,

Barry, Rev. F. R., B.A., Principal, Ordination Test Schools,


Knutsford, Cheshire.
J. E., M.A., The Grammar School, Bristol,
J. H. Randall, M.A., Northcote Place, Newcastle,

Barton,
Barton,

Staffs.

Baskerville,

II.

D., B.A., I.C.S., Larkana, Sind, India.

*Batchelor, The Hon. Sir

S.

L.,

B.A., I.C.S.,

High Court,

Bombay.
S., M.A., 46, Lansdowne Road, Bromley, Kent.
Battiscombe, E. M., Eastwood, Weston-super-Mare.
Battle, Prof. W. J., University of Cincinnati, Ohio.
Baugh, Miss E. M., King Edward YI.'s High School for Girls,

Bate, R.

New

Street,

Birmingham.

Baxter, Rev. H., King's School, Peterborough.


Bayley, K. C, M.A., The College, Durham.
Bayneb, N. H., M.A., FitzWalters, Northwood, Middlesex.
Beare, ProJ. J. I., M.A., Trinity College, Dublin.
Beasley, T. E., Douai School, Woolhampton, Reading.
*Beaumont, Miss F. C, M.A., The Grammar School, Bolton.
Beaven, Rev. A. B., M.A., Birch Lawn, Leamington.
Beazley, J. D., M.A., Christ Church College, Oxford.
Beck, Rev. Canon E, J., M.A., 4, Scroope Terrace, Cambridge.
Beckwith, E. G. a., M.A., Imperial Sor\'ice College, Windsor.
Beggs, Miss J. W., Hazeldene, 4, King's Road, Wimbledon,

S.W.

19.

Behrens, H., M.A., Thornfield, Bradford, Yorks.


Belcher, Rv. A. Hayes, M.A., The College, Brighton

NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS

85

Belcher, Miss E. M., B.A., High School, Crediton.


Belcher, Eev. T. Hayes, M.A., Biamley Kectory, Basingstoke.
Bell, Edward, M.A., York House, Portugal Street, W.C. 2.
Bell, H. W., 1737, Cambridge Street, Cambridge, Mass., U.S.A.
Bell, W. S. (War Service.)
*Benecke, p. V. M., M.A., Magdalen College, Oxford.
Benn, Mrs. A. W., II Ciliegio, San Gervasio, Florence.
Bennett, 3Irs. A. H., 53, Vanbrugh Park, Blackheath, S.E. 8.
Bennett, G. B., B.A., Steyne School, Worthing.
*Bensly, Prof. E. von B., M.A., The University, Aberystwyth.
Benson, A. C, M.A., Magdalene College, Cambridge.

Benton, Miss

S.,

c/o Messrs.

Henry King &

Co., 9, Pall Mall,

S.W. 1.
Bernard, Eev. Canon E. E., M.A., High Hall, Wimborne, Dorset.
Bernays, a. E., M.A., 3, Priory Road, Kew.
Berryman, W, J., M.A., 12, Lingard Street, Barnsley.
Bethune-Baker, Rev. J. F., B.D., 23, Cranmer Road, Cambridge.
Bevan, Rev. C. 0., M.A., Eton College, Windsor.
Bevan, Miss F. E., County High School for Girls, Lismore
Place, Carlisle.

Bhabha, H. J., c/o S. T. Sheppard, Esq., Times of India,


Hornby Road, Bombay.
BiBBY, E. E., M.A., The University, Leeds.
Bill, E. R., M.S. A., Royal Engineers'

Office,

Grangethorpe

Hospital, Rusholme, Manchester.

Billson, C.

J.,

M.A., The Priory, Martyrworthy, nr. Win-

chester.

Nalder Hill House, Newbury, Berks.


Binney, E. H., M.A., 21, Staverton Road, Oxford.
Blackett, B. p., B.A., 1, Hampstead Square, N.W. 3.
Blackett, J. P. M., B.A., The School, Durham.
Blagden, Rev. C. M., M.A., Rugby School, Rugby.
Blakiston, C. H., B.A., Eton College, Windsor.
Bland, Miss E. D., 88, Trinity Road, Bridlington.
Blomfield, H. G., I.C.S., Constantia, Kurseong, Bengal.

Bingham, H.

B., B.A.,

Blomfield, Rev. Principal,

W.

E., B.A., B.D.,

Rawdon

College,

near Leeds.

Bloxam, R. N., 2, Carlton Gardens, Ealing, W. 5.


Blunt, Rev. A. W. F., M.A., St. John's Vicarage, Carrington,
Nottingham.
Boas, F. S., M.A., LL.D., Cunmor, Shortlands, Kent.
BoDDiNGTON, J. E., B.A. (War Service.)

APPENDIX

86
Bolus, E.

J.,

B.A., I.C.S,, Collector's Office, Poona, India.

Bombay, Rt. Rev. the Lord Bishop of, Cumballa Hill, Bombay.
*BosAXQUET, Prof. R. C, M.A., 21, Devonshire Road, Liverpool.
BoTTiNG, 0. G., M.A., 22, Perham Road, West Kensington,

W.

14.

Bottomley-Smitii, Rt. Rev.

See Knaresborough, Bishoj)

BoTWOOD, C. A.,

84, Micklegate, York.

BousFiELD, F.

N.,

S.

Grammar

of.

School, Brisbane, Queensland.

*BowEX, II. C, M.A., St, Edmund's School, Canterbury,


BowLBY, Rev. H. T., M.A., Lancing College, Shoreham, Sussex.
BowRiXG, H. I., M.A., B.C.L., Blackwood, Moor Allerton.
Leeds.

Boycott, Prof A. E., 17, Loom Lane, Radlett, Herts.


Brackett, H. D., Clark College, Worcester, Mass., U.S.A.

Bradley, Prof A. C, F.B.A.,

W.

54, Scarsdale Villas,

Kensington,

8.

Bradley, Dr. Henry, 173, Woodstock Road, Oxford.


Bradney, J. A., C.B., F.S.A., M.A. (War Service.)
Braham, H. v., B.A., I.C.S., c/o Messrs. Grindlay & Co.,
Bombay,
Bramley, J., M.A., Hopelands, Stonehouse, Gloucester.
Bramley-Moore, Miss, May Bank, Aigburth, Liverpool.
Bramston, Rev. J. T., M.A, St. Nicholas, Winchester.
Branfoot, Rev. W. H.., M.A,, Enford Vicarage, Pewsey, Wilts.
Braukholtz, G. E. K., M.A., Dunwood House, Withington,
Manchester.

Brexnan, Joseph, M.A.,

80,

Highfield Road,

Rnthgow,

co.

Dublin.
Brice-Smitii, R., M.A., Cathfdral School, Llandaff.

Bridge, Admiral Sir C, G.C.B., c/o Messrs. Woodhead


44, Charing Cross, S.W. 1.

&,

Co.,

Bridge, J. R., B.A. (War Service.)


T., M.A., Charterhouse, Godalming.

Bridge, R.

J., M.A., LL.M., Kildwick Hall, Kcighley.


Brig HTM AN, Rev. F. E., ;M.A., Magdalen College, Oxford.
Brikton, H., M.A., Eton College, Windsor.
*Broad, ^fiss L., Rose Court, lleadingley, Leeds.
Broadbent, H., M.A., Wan-e House, Eton College, Windsor.
Brock, Miss M. D., D.Litt.,- Afton, Hammelton Road, Bromley,
Kent.

Brigg, J.

Brockman, Rev. R.
pool.

T., St.

John's Vicarage, Tue Brook, Liver-

NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS


Brodribb, C, W., M.A.,

5,

Stone Buildings, Lincoln's Inn,

W.C. 2.
Bromley, L. Courtney, M.A., Holly Terrace House, Holly
Hcampstead, N.VV.

87

Hill,

3.

Brook, Rev. V. I., M.A., Charterhouse, Godalming.


Brooke, Sir John A., Bart., M.A., Fenay Hall, Huddersfield.
*Brooks, Prof. F., M.A., 8, Paragon, Clifton, Bristol.
Brooks, G. D. F., M.A., Greenhurst, Pentyrch, Nr. Cardiff.
Broom, C. G. M., B.A., City of London School, E.G. 4.
Brown, A. C. B., M.A,, Marlborough College, Wilts.

*Brown, Capt. A. D. Burnett, Greenhurst, Beaconsfield, Bucks.


Brown, A. Theodore, Carfax, St. Michael's Hamlet, Liverpool.
Brown, Prof. J. Rankine, M.A., Victoria University College^
Wellington,

New

Zealand.

Browne, Rev. E. L., M.A., St. Andrew's School, Eastbourne.


Browne, Miss T. M., The University, Liverpool.
*Browne, Rev. Prof H., M.A., University College, Dublin.
Browning, Oscar, M.A., 31, Dorset Road, Bexhill-on-Sea.
Bruce, Hon. W. N., C.B., 14, Cranley Gardens, S.W^ 7.
Bryant, Rev. E. E., M.A,, Charterhouse, Godalming.
*Bryce, Rt. Hon. Viscount, O.M., Litt.D., D.C.L., P.B.A., F.R.S.,
3, Buckingham Gate, S.W. 1.
BucKLAND, C. E., B.A., 61, Cornwall Gardens, S. Kensington,
S.W\ 7.
Buckley, Miss M. L., B.A., 7, St. Alphege Lane, Canterbury.
Bull, Rev. R. A., St. Andrew's, Southborough, Tunbridge

Wells.

BuLLER, Rev. F. G., Oakford, Bampton, Devon.


BuNCE, Miss M., Merchant Taylors' School, Great Crosby, Lanes.
BuRGE, Rt. Rev. H. M., D.D. See Oxford, Bishop of
Burke, Miss M. E., B.A., 34, Dartmouth Park Hill, N.W. 5.
BURKITT, Prof F. C, M.A., 1 .i;.A. (War Service.)
Burn, Rev. Prebendary A. E., D.D., The Vicarage, Halifax.
Burnet, Prof J., Ph.D., LL.D., F.B.A., 19, Queen's Terrace,
St. Andrews, Fife.
Burnley, Rt. Rev. the Lord Bishop of, Reedley Lodge, Burnley.
Burns, Mrs. Cecil, School of Art, Bombay.
Burnside, Rev. W. F., M.A., St. Edmund's School, Canterbury.
Burroughs, Rev. E. A., M.A., Hertford College, Oxford.
Burrows, Principal R. M., D.Litt., Hon. Ph.D. (Athens),
King's College, Strand, W.C.

Burrows,

Rt. Rev.

W.

O.,

D.D.

2.

See Chichester, Bishop of

APPENDIX

88
BuRSTALL, Miss
Manchester.

S. A.,

*BuRTON, Miss A.

L.,

M.A., Manchester High School for


M.A.,

4,

Girls,

Palace Gi-ove, Upper Norwood,

S.E. 19.

*BunTON-BROWN, Miss B., Prior's Field, Godalming.


Bury, Prof. J. B., LL.D., Litt.D., F.B.A., King's

College,

Cambridge.

Bury, Fev. R. G., M.A., The Rectory, Gilling East, Malton.


BusHE, Brigadier-General F., Drumalla, RathmuUan, co. Donegal.
Butcher, Sir J. G., Bart., M. A., K.C., M.P., 32, Elvaston Place,
S.W. 7.
Butler, G. G., Ewart Park, Wooler, Northumberland,
Butler, Prof. H. E., M.A., University College, W.C. 1.
Butler, Mrs. Montagu, 16, Brookside, Cambi-idge.
BuTTERWORTH, Rev. G. W., Litt.D., St. Barnabas' Vicarage,
Sutton, Surrey.

Byrde, 0. R. A., M.A., Head Master, Heath Grammar School,


Halifax.

Caldecott, W., M.A., School House, Wolverhampton.


Calam, Miss E., 150, Woodside Road, Huddersfield.
Calder, Prof. W. M., M.A., 8, Derby Road, Withington, Manchester.

Campagnac, E. T., M.A., The University, Liverpool.


Campbell, A. Y., M.A., The West Cottage, Storey's Way,
Cambridge.
Campbell, J/m E. J., 84, Fitzjohn's Avenue, Hampstead, N.W. 3
Campbell, H. E., Siunington S.O., York.
Campbell, Mrs. L., 92, Iverna Court, Kensington, W. 8.
Campbell, S. G., M.A., Christ's Colli'ge, Cambridge.
Campion, Rev. C. T., 6, Auburn Road, Redland, Bristol.
Canney, Prof. M. A., M.A., Tlie University, ^Manchester.
Capps, Prof. E., PJi.TX, LL.D., Princeton University, Princeton,
New Jersey, U.S.A.
Carlisle, A. D., M.A., Northacrc, Godalming.
Carlisle, E., Duchy Chambers, Sir Thomas Street, Liverpool.
Carnoy, Prof. A. J., 9, Rue des Joyeuses Entries, Louvain,
Belgium.
Carrutiiers, G., M.A., Limelmrst, Lymm, Cheshii'e.
Carson, H. J., M.A., Belvedere School, Upper Drive, Hove,
Sussex.

Carter, Miss A., M.A.,

16,

The

Friars, Canterbury.

NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS

89

Carter, Rev. T, N., M.A., The Grammar School, Manchester.


Casartelli, Rt. Rev. L. C, M.A. See Salford, Bishop of.
Case, Miss A. J., 35, Elm Bank Mansions, Barnes, S.W, 13.
Case, Miss Esther, Chantry Mount School, Bishop's Stortford,
Case, Miss J. E., 5, Windmill Hill, Hampstead, N.W. 3.
*Caspari, M. 0. B., M.A., University College, London, W.C.
Caspari, Mrs., M. G., 82, Talbot Road, Highgate, N. 6.

Holly Lee,

Caton, R., M.D.,

3,

Livingstone

Drive,

1.

South

Liverpool.
p., M.A., Eton College, Windsor.
Cayley, Digby W., Hovingham Hall, Malton, Yorks.
Chadwick, Miss F. M., M.A., 34, Orchard Street, York.
Chadwick, T. L., M.A., 56, Billing Road, Northampton.
Chalmers, Rt. Hon. Lord, G.O.B., M.A., Hon. LL.D. (Glasgow),
3, Cornwall Mansions, Kensington Court, W^.8.
*Chambers, C. D., M.A., The University, Birmingham.
Chambers, E. K., M.A., Board of Education, Whitehall, S.W. 1.
Chandavarkar, Hon. Sir N. G., B.A., LL.B., c/o. G. Anderson,
Esq., Elphinstone College, Bombay.
Chapman, Miss D., University Hall, Fairfield, Liverpool,
Chapman, P, M., M.D., F.R.C.P., 1, St. John Street, Hereford.
Chapman, R. W., M.A., 5, Polstead Road, Oxford,
Chappel, Rev. Canon W. H., M.A., St. Michael's Rectory,

Cattley, T,

Coventry.

Charlesworth, G.
Northampton.

L.,

M.A.,

Masetti,

Church

Avenue,

Charnwood,

Lord, 108, Eaton Square, S.W, 1,


Chase, Rt. Rev. F, H., D.D. See Ely, Bishop of.
Chatfield, H. S., High Court, Bombay,

Chavasse, a,

S,,

M,A,, B,C.L., Lynch Rectory, near Midhiu'st,

Sussex.

Chichester, Rt. Rev. the Loi-d Bishop of, The Palace, Chichester.
Ohettle, H., M.A., 76, Ridge Road, Hornsey, N.
Chilton, Rev. A., D.D., City of London School, Victoria

Embankment, B.C.
Chitty, Rev. G.

J.,

Cholmeley, H.

4.

B.A., Eton College, Windsor.

p.,

M.A., D.M,, Forest Edge, Forest Row,

F.,

M.A.,

Sussex,

Cholmeley, R.

W.C,

Churchill, E.

L.,

Churchyard, O.
12

7,

Gray's

Inn

Square,

London,

1,

B.A., Eton College, Windsor,

P.,

M.A., School House, Tonbridge, Kent,

APPENDIX

90
Clapham,

Miss G.

E.,

B.A.,

Nortlileigh,

Seymour

Grove,

Manchester.

Clark, Prof. A. C, M.A., F.B.A., Corpus Chrlsti College, Oxford.


Clark, Lieut.-Col. E. Kitsou, M.A., F.S.A., Meanwoodside, Leeds.
M., M.A., Stanley Street, Tunstall, Stoke-onClark, Rev.

Trent.

*Clementi, C, M.A,, c/o Mrs. C. Clementi, c/o Mrs. C.


Denmark House, Rochester, Kent.

J.

Eyres,

Clendon, a., M.A., The Grammar School, Handsworth, StaflFs.


Clough, Miss H., M.A., 89, Eaikes Road, Blackpool.
CoGHiLL, Mrs., 2, Sunnyside, Princes' Park, Liverpool.
Cohen, H., 3, Elm Court, Temple, E.G. 4.
Cole, E. L. D., M.A., Troy House, Rugby.
Collins, A. J. F., M.A., Oxford and Cambridge Musical Club,
Bedford Square, W.C. \.
S. T., M.A., 5, Claremont Road, Bristol.
Collins, V. H., M.A., Oxford University Press, Amen Corner,
6,

Collins, Rev.
E.C.

4.

CoLLisoN-MoRLEY, L. C, B.A.,

W.

3,

Scarsdale Villas, Kensington,

8.

CoLMAN, Miss M. G., High School, Tunbridgo Wells.


CoLSON, F. H., M.A., 23, Grange Road, Cambridge.
CoLViLE, Prof. K. N., M.A., Park House, Copthorno, Sussex.
CoLviN, Sir S., M.A., 35, Palace Gardens Terrace, Kensington,
\V. 8.

CoLWELL, Misa V. K., B.A., Ormesby, Great North Road,


Finchley, N. 2.
CoMPTON, Miss D., Yew Tree Cottage, Godstone, Surrey.
CoMPTON, Rev. W. C, M.A., Sandhurst Rectory, Hawkhurst,
Kent.
CoNDER, Miss E. M., Lansdowne House, Swanage, Doi-set.

CoNNAL,

Prof. B. ISL, :M.A.,

The University, Leeds.

CoNNELL, Rev. A., 4, Alexandra Drive, Liverpool.


Conway, Misa A. E., Allington Castle, Maidstone.
Conway, E. H. W., 39, Greek Street, Stockport.
Conway, Rev. F., M.A., The Rfctory, Saxmundham.
Conway, Mrs. Margaret M., M.A., Draethen,

Didsbury,

Manchester.
Prof. R. S., Litt.D., The University, Manchester.
Cook, A. B., M.A., 19, Cranmcr Road, Cambridge.
Cook, Miss C, 4a, Parkfield Road, Liverpool.
Cooke, Miss A. M., M.A., Tlio University, Leeds.

Conway,

NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS

91

Cooke, H. P., M.A., Clevelands, Lyndewood Road, Cambridge.


Cooke, W. C. C, School House, 83, Billing Road, Northampton.
CooKSON, C, M.A., Magdalen College, Oxford.
Cooper, H. B., M.A., Keble College, Oxford.
Corbet, E. K., Rock Ifouse, Boughton Monchelsea, Maidstone.
CoRLEY, F. E., Torfels, Nungambakkam, Madras, S.W.
*CoRNFORD, F. M., M.A., Trinity College, Cambridge.
CosTLEY- White, Rev. H., M.A., Head Master, Westminster
School,

S.W.

1.

CoTTERELL, Miss M.

F., B.A., 29,

Thurlow Park Road, Dulwich,

S.E. 21.

*CouPLAND, R., M.A., Trinity College, Oxford.


CouRTAULD, G., Junr., M.A., The Waver Farm, Wethersfield,
Braintree, Essex.

CouzENS, Miss F. M., 13, Rutland Park, Sheffield.


Cowley, A., M.A., Magdalen College, Oxford.

CoxE, Mr. Justice H. H. R., High Court, Calcutta.


Crace, J. F,, B.A., Eton College, Windsor.

Cradock- Watson, H., M.A., Merchant Taylors' School, Crosby,


Liverpool.

Crammer, R. W.,

44,

Marlborough Road, Hightown, Man-

chester.

Cran, Miss

L.,

Crawford,

Rt.

London,

M.A., The County School, Uxbridge.


Hon. the Earl of, F.S.A., 7, Audley Square,

W.

Crawford, G.

R.,

M.A. (No

address).

Creed, Rev. J. M., B.A., St. John's College, Cambridge.


*Crees, J. H. E., D.Litt., Crypt Grammar School, Gloucester.
Crerar, J., M.A., I.C.S., Government House, Bombay.
Croft, 3IissA. M., B.A., 12, North Hill Road, Headingley, Leeds.
Crofts, T. R. N., M.A., Royal Masonic School, Bushey, Herts.
Cronin, Rev. H. S., M.A,, B.D., Willowbrook, Chaucer Road,
Cambridge.
*Crosby, Miss A. D., 56, Digby Mansions,Hammersmith Bridge, W.
Crossley, E. W., Broad Carr, Holywell, near Halifax.
Cruickshank, Rev. Canon A. H., M.A., The College, Durham.
Culley, Mrs., M.A., 56, Torrington Square, W.C. ].

Cunningham,

Jas.,

Argyll Lodge,

Curtis, 3fiss K. M.,

CuRZON

ISl.A., 2,

St.

Andrews,

Fife.

Anson Road, Tufnell Park, N.

19.

Hon. Earl, G.C.S.I., G.C.I.E., D.C.L.,


F.B.A., F.R.S., 1, Carlton House Terrace, S.W. 1.
Cuvelier, Maurice, Consulat de Belgique, Bombay.
of Kedleston, Rt.

APPENDIX

92

D'Arcy, Rev. M. C, S.J., B.A., Stoneyhurst, Blackburn.


Dakers, H. J., M.A., 71, Clyde Road, West Didsbury, Manchaster.

Dakyns, G. D., M.A., Grammar School, Morpeth.


Dale, Miss A, M., B.A., 24, Vicarage Road, Eastlx)urne.
Dale, Sir Alfred, 31. A., LL.D., The University, Liverpool.
Dale, F. H., M.A., Board of Education, Whitehall, S.W. 1.
Dale, F. R., B.A., 18, Cromer Terrace, Leeds.
Dalton, 7?ey. H. A., M.A., D.D., Harrison College, Barbados.

Daniel, Miss C. I., Wycombe Abbey School, Bucks.


Danson, F. C, 74, Bidston Road, Birkenhead, Cheshire.
*Darlinoton, W. S., B.A., The Hill, Lutterworth, Leicestershire.
Daubeny, Miss M. J., B.A., Hope Lodge, Parkstone, Dorset.
David, Rev. A. A., D.D., Head Master, The School, Rugby.
Davidson, D. D., B.A. (No address).
Davies, Miss C. H., M.A., Brighton and Hove High School,
Montpelier Road, Brighton.
Davies, Prof. G. A., M.A., The University, Glasgow.
Davies, Prof. G. A. T., M.A., University CoUege of

S.

Walea,

Cardiff.

Davies, Miss L. M., Thoresby High School, Leeds.


Davies, R., M.A., Dallas, Lowther Road, Bournemouth.
Davies, P. V., M.A., Lloyd's
Wales.

Davis, Mi^s M. (No address).


Dawes, Miss E. A. S., M.A.,

Bank House, Caermarthen, South

D.Litt.,

Heathlands, Weybridge,

Surrey.

Dawes, Rev.

J. S.,

D.D., Chapelville, Grove Road, Surbiton, S.W.

Dawes, Miss M.C., M. A., Chapelville, Grove Road, Surbiton, S.W.


Dawkins, .S7r. W. Boyd, M.A., D.Sc, F.R.S., The University,
Manchester.

Dawson, G. G., M.A., Langcliffe Hall, Settle, Yorks.


Dawson, M. W., Northcote Hou.'je, Apollo Bunder, Bombay.
Dawson, Rev. W. R., M.A., The College, Brighton.
Day, F. M., M.A., Springfield Cottage, Uppingham, Rutland.
Day, ^fiss K., Rowton, Chester.
Dedicot, Miss, Long Eaton, nr. Nottingham.
De Gruchy, W. L., 12, Highbury Mansions, N. 1.
Delany, Rev. W., S.J., LL.D., President, University College,
Dublin.

Demfsey, Rev.
Gal way.

T.,

M.A., B.D.,

St.

Joseph's,

Ballinasloe, Co.

NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS

93

Denjian, Rev. C, Farley Eetreat, Oakamoor, Stoke-on-Trent.

Derriman, Miss M. K.,

20,

Elm Grove Road,

Salisbury.

Devine, Alex., Clayesmore School, Northwood Park, Winchester.


De Winton, a. J., M.A., Pool House, Much Dewchurch,
Hereford.

De Witt, Prof. N. W., Victoria College, Toronto, Canada.


De Zouche, Miss D. E., No. 3 House, Roedean School, Brighton.
Dingwall, W. F., 32, Crescent Grove, Clapham Common,
S.W.

4.

Dix, C. M., M.A., Longbridge Place, Northfield, Worcestershire.


DoBBiE, Sir J. J., F.R.S., LL.D., 4, Vicarage Gate, Kensington,

W.

8.

DoBSON, Prof. J. F., M.A., The University, Bristol.


DoBSON, 3frs. J. F., 11, Cambridge Park, Redland, Bristol.
DoBSON, W. H., St. John's Hall, Durham.
*Dqdd, Per. C. H., M.A., Mansfield College, Oxford.
DoDD, E. E., B.A. (War Service.)
DoDD, Captain P. W., B.A., Jesus College, Oxford.
DoDDS, E. R., B.A., University College, Reading.
DoMAiLLE, Miss M., 1, West View, Caterham Valley, Surrey.
DoNCASTER, Mrs. J. H., Birchfield, Beauchamp, Sheffield.
DoNKiN, Prof E. H., M.A., Englefield Green, Surrey.
*DoNNER,*S'iVE., B.A. LL.D., Oak Mount, Fallowfield, Manchester.
Douglas, R. N., M.A., Giggleswick School, Settle, Yorks.
Dow, M. K., B.A., Mayfield, Shepherd's Hill, Highgate, N. 6.
Draper, Rev. W. H., M.A., Adel Rectory, Leeds.
*Drewitt, J. A. J., M.A., Wadham College, Oxford.
Droop, J. P., B.A., 11, Cleveland Garden.s, Hyde Park, W. 2.
*Dry8dale, Miss M., B.A., King's Lea, Kemerton, Tewkesbury.
Duckworth, F. R. G., Eton College, Windsor.
Dudley, L. C, B.A., 5, Carter Knowle Road, Sheffield.
Duff, J. D., M.A., Ti-inity College, Cambridge.
*DuFF, Prof. J. Wight, D.Litt., Armstrong College, Newcastleupon-Tyne.
DuFFEY, Miss M. B,, B.A., St. Joseph's College, Cunliffe Road,
Duke, W. H., M.A., Jesus College, Cambridge.
[Bradford.
DuNBABiN, Prof R. L., M.A., University of Tasmania, Hobart.
*DuNDAS, R. H., M.A., Christ Church, Oxford.
Dunham, Miss A. G., M.A., 15, Oxford Road, Worthing.
DuNLOP, Miss M. M., 23, St. James's Court, Buckingham Gate,
S.W. 1.
,

Du

Pontbt, C. a. a., M.A., Englefield, Harrow.

APPENDIX

94

DuRNTORD, W., M.A., Provost, King-s College, Cambridge.


*Dymond, Miss 0., High School for Girls, Bolton.

Earnshaw, Miss E. M., B.A.,

23, Massie St., Chcadle, Cheshire.

East, Miss E. K., 137, Kingsley Road, Liverpool.


Easterling, H. G., B.A., 37, Glasslyn Road, Crouch End, N.

8.

EcKERSLEY, J. C, M.A., Carlton Manor, Yeadon, Leeds.


Eddison, J. E., M.D., Adel, near Leeds.
*Eden, Rt. Rev. G. R., D.D. See Wakefield, Bishop of.
Edghill, Miss E. M., King's High School for Girls, Warwick.
Edmonds, J. M., M.A., Storey's Way, Cambridge.
Edwards, G. M., M.A., Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge.
Edwards, C'oloml H. J., C.B., M.A., Peterhouse, Cambridge.
Edwards, J. B., F.C.I.S., Hur-st Grove House, Bedford.

Edwards, W., M.A., Head Master, Grammar School, Bradford.


Effron, G. H., B.A., 2, Shaw Street, King's Cross, Halifax.

(War Service.)
Elgie, H., B.A.
Ellaby, C. S., Banister Court, Southampton.
Ellam, E., M.A., Dean Close School, Cheltenham.
Elliott, Miss E.

M.

L.,

M.A., High School for

Girls,

Park

Street, Hull.

Elliott, R. H., M.A., Rishworth

Grammar

School, Rishworth,

Halifax.
Elliott, R. T., M.A., D.Litt., 26, St. Michael's Street, Oxford.

Ellis, Ladi/ Lucy, Weetwood, Ecclesall, Sheffield.


Elliston, W. R., B.A., LL.B., The Ridge, Westerfield Road,

Ipswich.

Elmer, Prof. H. C, Cornell University, Ithacti, N.Y., U.S.A.


Elsee, Rev. C, M.A., St. Cuthl>ert's Vicarage, Hunslet, Leeds.
Ely, Rt. Rev. the Lord Bif^hop of, The Palace, Ely.

England, E. B., Litt.D., High Wray, Ambleside.


Enthoven, R. E., C.I.E., I.C.S., Simla, India.
(No address.)
Eppstein, Rev. W. C, D.D.
EsDAiLE, A. J. K., B.A., British Museum, W.C. 1.
Evans, D. E., M.A., University College of N. Wales, Bangor.
Evans, Lady, M.A., 34, Brook Street, London, W. 2.
Evans, Miss Dulcie, University College, Cardiff.
Evans, D. E., 2, Granville Place, Longton, Stoke-on-Trent.
Evans, Sir E. Vincent, F.S.A., G4, Chancery Lane, W.C. 2.
Evans, S. E., M.A., Grammar School, Doncaster.
Evans, W. H., M. A., Leigh de la Mere, near Chippenham, Wilts.
Evelyn-White, H. G., M.A., 12, King's Parade, Cambridge.

NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS

95

EwART, Miss E. J., B.A. (No address.)


ExoN, Frof. C, M.A., 35, Mount Merrion Avenue, Blackroc
CO.

Dublin.

ExTON, G.

F,,

M.A., The College, Cheltenham.

Facon, H. T., Hamilton Road, Shei'wood Rise, Nottingham.


Falding, Miss C. S., Girls' Grammar School, Bradford, Yorks.
Farnell, L. E., M.A., D.Litt., F.B.A., Sector 0/ Exeter College,
Oxford.

Faulds, H., L.R.C.P. and S., F.Roy.Anthrop.Inst., Regent


House, Regent Road, Hanley, Stoke-on-Trent.
Felkin, F. W., M.A., University College School, Frognal,N.W. 3.
Ferakd, R. H., M.A., The Academy, Edinburgh.
Ferguson, Miss J. S., Christ's Hospital, Hertford.
Ferrall, C. N., B.A., St. Helen's, Highfield Road, Dublin.
Field, G. C, Courtlands, Edgbaston, Birmingham.
Field, Rev.

Finch,

T.,

J. J.

D.D., St. Mary's Vicarage, Nottingham.

(No

address.)

FiNLAY, Et. Hon. Lord, LL.D., 31, Phillimore Gardens,


*FitzGerald, Miss K., B.A., Bedford College, N.W. 1.

W.

8.

*FiTZHUGH, Prof. T., University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va.,


U.S.A.
Flather, J. H., M.A., Lawden Cottage, Newton Road, Cambridge.

Fleming, Miss A., M.A., Girls' Secondary School, Brighouse,


Yorks.
Fletcher, F., M.A., Head Master, Charterhouse, Godalming.
Flood, Miss M. L., St. Elphins, Darley Dale, Matlock,
Forbes, H. T. S., B.A., Balholm, 17, Beverley Road, Barnes,

S.W.

13.

Forbes, K., The University, Liverpool.

Ford, Rev. Lionel G. B. J., M.A., ffead Master, The School,


Harrow.
FoRMAN, S. G., B.A., 3, Elra Bank Mansions, Barnes, S.W. 13.
Forrest, E. Bruce, M.A., King's School, Pontefract.
FoRSEY, G. F., M.A., Hartley College, Southampton.
Forster, E. S., M.A., The University, Sheffield.
FoTHERiNGHAM, J. K., M.A., D.Litt., 6, Blackball Road, Oxford.
*rowLER, Rev. J. Robinson, M.A., Curepipe Camp, Curepipe,
Mauritius.

Fowler, W. Warde, M.A.,


Chipping Norton.

II071.

LL.D.

Edin

Kingham,

APPENDIX

96

Fox, H. F., M.A., Brasenose College, Oxford.


Frampton, Rev. R. E, E., M.A., Halsted Rectory, Sevenoaks,
Kent.
France, Miss U. G., B.A., Clough House, Charlotte Road,
Sheffield.

*FRA^X'Is,

N.W.

Miss F. G., B.A., 71, Torbay Road, Brondesbury,


6.

Fraser, H. M., B.A., L.C.P., Head Mastei', Alleyne's

Grammar

School, Stone, Staffs.

Frazer, Sir J. G., M.A.,


Middle Temple, E.C. 4.

D.C.L.,

F.B.A.,

1,

Brick Court,

M.A., The Grammar School, Ilkley, Yorks.


M.A., Rossall, Fleetwood.
FuRNESs, E. H., B.A., The Old School-House, Bromsgrove.
FuRNESS, J. M., M.A., Khedivieh School, Cairo, Egypt.
Furkess, Miss S. M. M., Bedford College, Regent's Park, N.W.
Fyfe, W. Hamilton, M.A., Christ's Hospital, Horsham.
Frazer, N.
FuRNEAUx,

L.,

L. R.,

Garbutt, Miss

E.,

M.A., Head Mistress,

Girls'

Modern

1.

School,

Leeds.

Garbutt, Miss E., The University, Manchester.


Gardiner, E. Norman, M.A., 2, The College, Epsom.
Gardner, Afiss A., The University, Bristol.
Gardner, Prof. E. A., M.A., University College, London,

W.C.

1.

Gardner, Prof. P., Litt.D., 12, Canterbury Road, Oxford.


Gardner, R., M.A., Emmanuel College, Cambridge.
Garnsey, E. R., B.A., Authors' Club, 2, Whitehall Court,
S.W. 1.
Garrod, H. W., M.A., 39, Earl's Court Square, S.W. 5.
Gaselee, S., M.A., Magdalene College, Cambridge.
Geden, Pev. A. S., Royapellah, Harpenden, Herts.
Gedge, Miss E. C, B.A., The Rectory, Gravesend.
Geikie, Sir Archibald, CM., K.C.B., D.C.L., LL.D., F.R.S.,
Shepherd's Down, Haslemere, Surrey.

Geldart,

Prof.

W.

Martin, 'M.A., All Souls College, Oxford.

Genner, E. E., M.A., Jesus College, Oxford.


Genner, Miss G. B., M.A., Norfolk House, Winchester

Hill,

Rom.sey, Hants.

Oeurans, H.

T., 20, St.

John

Street, Oxford.

Mary's Hall, Kemp Town, Brighton.


Gibbons, W. M., :M.A., 26G, Fulwood Road, Sheffield.

Ghey, Miss F.

L.,

M.A.,

St.

NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS

97

Gibson, H. H., M.A., Rossall School, Fleetwood,


Gibson, Mrs. M. D., LL.D., D.D., Castlebrae, Cambridge.
GiDDEN, H. W., M.A., Hoathfield Lodge, 352, Shirley Road,
Southamptou.
Giles, P., M.A., Litt.D., Master of Emmanuel College, Cambridge.

Gillespie, Prof. C. M., M.A., The University, Leeds.

King Edward VI, School, Birmingham.


M.A., British Museum, W.C. 1.
GiLSON, R. C, M.A., King Edward VI.'s School, Birmingham.
GiLSON, Ivor,
GiLsoN,

J. P.,

Gladstone, R., Woolton Vale, near Liverpool.


Glass, Rev. Prof. D., M.A., Rawdon College, near Leeds.
Glazebrook, Rev, Canon M. G., D.D., The College, Ely.
Glennie, Rev. H. J., M.A., St. Margaret's Vicarage, llkley.
Glover, T. R., M.A., St. John's College, Cambridge.
Godfrey, C, M.A., Royal Naval College, Osborne.
GoDLEY, A. D., M.A., 27, Norham Road, Oxford.
Goode, a. G., B.A., Hillside, Bloomfield Road, Highgate, N. 6.
GooDELL, Prof. T. D., Ph.D., 35, Edgehill Road, New Haven,
Conn., U.S.A.
GooDHART, A. M., M.A., Mus. Bac, Eton College, Windsor.
Goodrich, W. J., M.A., The School, Sherborne, Dorset.

Goodwin, Miss U. M., 115, Iffley Road, Oxford.


Gordon, Prof G. S., M.A. (War Service.)
Gordon, W. M., M.A., School House, Tonbridge.
Gore, Rt. Rev. Bishop Charles, D.D., 6, Margaret
London, W. 1.
GoRSE, Rev. H., Magnus

Grammar

Street,

School, Newark-on-Trent.

GouGH, Rev. T., B.Sc, Grammar School, Retford, Notts.


Gould, T. W., M.A., 5, Kensington Crescent, W. H.
Gow, A. S. F., M.A., 45, High Street, Eton.
Gow, Rev. J., Litt.D., 19, Dean's Yard, Westminster, S.W. 1,
Grafton, Rev. F. W., S.J., c/o The Rev. W. Feran, 31, Farm
Street,

W.

1.

Graham, Miss L.
Granger, Prof

(War
S.,

Service.)

Ackworth

F.

S.,

School, Pontefract, Yorks.

M.A.,

Litt.D.,

University

College,

Nottingham.
Grant, Prof A. J., M.A., The University, Leeds.
Grant, B. C, B.A. (War Service.)
Graves, Rev. C. E., M. A., St. ^Martin's, Grange Road, Cambridge.
Gray, Miss F. R., St. Paul's Girla' School, Brook Green,

Hammersmith, W.
13

APPENDIX

98

Bev. J. H., M.A., Queens' College, Cambridge.


Gray, J/rs. R. M,, 13, Mariue Lines, Bombay.
Green, Miss E. M., B.A., 11, Gordon Street, W.C. 1.
*Green, G. Buckland, M.A., 21, Dean Terrace, Edinburgh.
Green, liev. J. H., M.A., Carrfiekl, Holmfirth, West Yorks.
Greene, C. H., M.A., School House, Berkhamsted, Herts.
*Greene, F. Carlton, Board of Education, Whitehall, S.W. 1.
Greene, H. W., M.A., 4, Stone Buildings, Lincoln's Inn, W.C.

Gray,

W.

Greene,

2.

A., All Souls College, Oxford.

Greenwood, L. H. G., M.A., Emmanuel College, Cambridge.


Gregory, Miss A. M., 57, Tettenhall Road, Wolverhampton.
Grenfell, Prof. B. P., D.Litt., Litt.D., Queen's College, Oxford.
Grensted, Bev. L. W., Egerton Hall, Victoria Park, Manchester.
Griffith, Miss C.

St.

H., 55, Sedlescombe

Road South,

St.

Leonards-on-Sea.

Grigg, E. W. M., B.A. (No address.)


Grundy, G. B., D.Litt., Corpus Christi College, Oxford.
*Grundy, W. W., B.A., Victoria University, Manchester.

GUPPY, IL, M.A., John Rylands Library, Deansgate, Manchaster.

Gordon, Bt. Bev. Francis, D.D. See Hull, Bishop of.


GuRNEY, Miss A., 69, EnnLsmore Gardens, S.W. 7.
Guy, Bev. R. C, M.A., Forest School, Walthaujstow.
GUYOMAR, Bev. A. 11., B.A., S. Patrick's College, Jaffna, Ceylon.
*GwATKiN, Miss E. R., M.A., 84, Anfield Road, Liverpool.
GwATKiN, Bee. T., M.A., 3, St. Paul's Road, Cambridge.
Hackfortii, R. H., Sidney Sussex College, Cambridge.
H., M.A., Mus.Doc., Principal of Armstrong
College, Newcastle-on-Tyne.
Haig-Buown, W. a., c/o Messrs. King, King Jb Co., Bombay.

Hadow, Sir W.

Haigii, p. B., M.A., I.C.S., Poona,

Haioh,

Bombay

Presidency, India.

Mrs. E. A. R., 53, Connaught Street,

Hyde Park,W.

2.

Hale, Prof. W. G., The University, Chicago, U.S.A.


Hall, F. W., M.A., St. John's College, Oxford.
Hall, Miss M. L., Baldock, Herts.
Hallam, G. H., M.A., Ortygia, Harrow-on-tho-llill.
Hallam, J. li., M.A., Education Offices, County Hall, Wakefi.ld.

Halliday, Prof. W.
Ualsbury, Bt. lion,
Gardens, S.W, 7.

R.,
the

The University,
Enrl

of.

Liverpool.

D.C.L., F.R.S.,

4,

Enniamore

NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS


Hamlet, Rev.

J. G.,

B.A., L.C.P.,

St.

James's Vicarage,

99

New-

chapel, Stoke-on-Trent, Staffs.


II. C, M.A., The Brewery, Andover.
*Ham.mond, H. M. F., B.A., Giggleswick School, Settle, Yorks.
Hampton, H, V., Gujerat College, Ahmedabad, India.
Hancock, Miss E., 91, Shakespeare Street, Manchester.
Hannam, W. S., B.Mus., 4, East Parade, Leeds.
Hardcastle, H., The Moor House, Oxted, Surrey.
Hardy, E. G., M.A., D.Litt., 1, Bardwell Road, Oxford.
Harley, T. R., M.A., King's College School, Wimbledon,
S.W. 19.
Harper, G. P., M.A., 19, Severn Street, Leicester.
Harries, T. G., M.A., King Edward's School, Sheffield.
Harris, J. Rendel, Litt.D., LL.D., 54, Wood Road, Whalley
Range, Manchester.
Harrison, B. C, B.A., Sedbergh, R.S.O., Yorks.
*Harrison, E., M.A., Trinity College, Cambridge.
*Harrison, Miss J. E., LL.D., D.Litt., Newnham College,
Cambridge.
Harroaver, Prof. J., LL.D., The Greek Manse, Aberdeen.
Haslam, Rev. A. B., M.A., Round Hill, Grasmere, Westmor-

*Hammans,

land.

Ha ward,

L., 11,

Oak Road, Withington, Manchester,

Hawkins, C. Y., York House School, 98, Broadhurst Gardens,


Hampstead, London, N.W.
Haydon, J. H., M.A., Mill Hill School, N.W. 7.
Hayes, B. J., M.A., 5, Queen Anne Terrace, Cambridge.
Haynes, E. S. p., 38, St. John's Wood Park, London, N.W. 8.
Headlam, Rev. A. C, D.D., Regius Professor, Christ Church,
Oxford.

Headlam, G. W., B.A., Eton College, Windsor.


Headlam, J. W., M.A., Board of Education, Whitehall,
S.W. 1.
Heard, Rev. W. A., M.A., LL.D., Fettes College, Edinburgh.
Heath, C. H., M.A., 224, Hagley Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham.
Heath, Sir T. L., K.C.B., F.R.S., 64, Bedford Gardens, Kensington,

W.

8.

Heathcote, a., B.A.,

9,

Lancaster Avenue, Didsbury, Man-

chester.

Heaton, The Hon. Sir

Heberden,

J< J., I.C.S.,

C. B., D.C.L., Principal,

High Court, Bombay.


Brasenose College, Oxford.

APPENDIX

100

Helena, Sister Mary, St. Anthony's, Oak Lea, Sunderland.


Henderson, H. L., M.A., New College, Oxford.
Hendy, F. J. R., M.A., The Lodge, The Training College,
Isleworth.

Henn, Hon. Mrs. Henry, Reedley Lodge, Barnley, Laucs.


Henn, lit. Rev. II., D.D. See Burnley, Bishop of.
Henninos, Miss C, Edgbaston High School, Hagley Road,
Birmingham.
Henry, Prof. R. M., M.A., Cross Hill, Windsor Avenue, N,
Belfast.

Heppel, Miss M. L., B.A., 3, Palace Grove, Bromley, Kent.


Hepple, Dr. R. B., 3, Meldon Terrace, S. Shields, Durham.
Herford, Miss M. A. B., 5, Parkfield Road, Didsbury, Manchester.

Herman, G.

L.,

Park,
Hett, W.

W.
S.,

(War

B.A.

Hetherington,

N.,

J.

Service.)

Lansdowue Crescent, Kensington

16,

11.

B.A., Brighton College, Brighton.

Heward, G. a. L., M.A., Parmiter's School, Approach Road,


Cambridge Heath, N.E.
Hewart, Sir Gordon, M.A., K.C., M.P., 26, Ken.sington Park
Gardens,

W.

11.

Hewetson, Miss R. E., M.A., Putney High School, Putney


Hill, S.W. 15.
Hicks, Miss A. M., M.A., 33, Downside Crescent, Hampstead,

N.W.

3.

Hicks, Mrs., Old Palace, Lincoln.


Hicks, R. D., M.A., Fos.sodene, Mount Pleawnt, Cambridge.
HiGGS, Miss M. K., M.A., Roan School for Giils, Devonshir*

Road, S.E. 10.


Hildesley, A., 3, Paper Building.*?, Temple, E.C. 4.
Hill, Sir C. H. A., CLE., I.C.S., c/o Secretariat, Bombay.
Hill, G. F., M.A., British Museum, London, W.C. 1.
Hillard, Rev. A. E., D.D., Ilead Master of St. Paul's School,

West Ken.sington, W.
HiRSCiiFELD, Miss 'M. G.,

14.
8, Addi.>^on

Crescent, Ken.<5ington,

Hirst, Miss G. M., Barnard College, Columbia Univer.sity,

W.
New

York, U.S.A.
*HinsT, Miss M. E.,
IloBitousE,

Ven.

5,

High

Street, SafTron

Ai'ch'leacon

W.,

M.A.,

Waldcn.
8,

College

Glouce.ster.

*Hodoe, IL,

St.

James' Mansion.^, 54, Piccadilly,

W.

Green,

NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS

101

*HoDGE, H. S. v., M.A,, Lansdowne House, Toubridge.


Hodges, A. L., A.B., A.M., The Wadleigh High School,

New

York

U.S.A.
F. C, Abbotsford Villa, Twickenham.
Rev. F. H., M.A., Clopton, Stratford-on-Avon.
R. F. a., B.Sc, 2, Shady Hill Square, Cambridge,
U.S.A.
Prof. J. H., M.A., S. African School of Mines, Johan-

City,

Hodgson,
H0DQ.SON,

Hoernle,
Mass.,

HoFMEYR,

nesburg,

Hogarth,

S. Africa.

D.

G.,

C.M.G.,

M.A.,

F.B.A.,

20,

St.

Giles',

Oxford.

Hogarth,

Miss

mundham,

M.

I.,

The Red House, Westleton, Sax-

Suffolk,

Holder, P. J., M.A., Prescote, St. Edmund's Road, Southsea.


Holding, Miss G. E., M.A., North Loudon Collegiate School,

N.W.

5.

Hole, B. B., 11, Laurie Park Road, Sydenham, S.E.


Holland, Miss J. I., B.A., 4-1, Roberts Road, High Wycombe.
Holland, Miss M. E., B.A., The High School, Boston Avenue,
Southend-on-Sea.

HoLLiDGE, D. H., M.A., The University, Adelaide, S. Australia.


HoLLOWELL, Rev. W., Calday Grange School, WestKirby, Cheshire.
*HoLLWAT, C. R., 59, Carlisle Mansions, Victoria Street, London,

S.W. 1.
Holme, A. E., M.A., Wheelwright Grammar School, Dewsbury.
Holmes, T. Rice, Litt.D., Avonmore, Umbria Street, Roehampton, S.W. 15.
Hooker, Miss M., Yardley Secondary School, Warwick Road,
Birmingham.
Hooper, Miss E. S., M.A., Heatherley, Chislehurst Road, Sidcup.
Hopkins, G. B, Innes, M.A., Oiley Farm School, Harrow.
Hopkins, T. H. C, M.A., Windmill Hill, Exning, Newmarket.
HoPKiNSON, Sir Alfred, M.A., LL.D., K.C., 14, Campden Hill
Square,

W.

8.

HoPKiNSON, Rev.

J.

H.,

M.A., Holy Trinity Vicarage, Colne,

Lanes.

Horner, Rev. B., M.A., College of the Resurrection, Mirfield.


HoRNSBY, W., B.A., Milton Street, Saltburn.
HoRSFALL, Rev, A., Ill, Church Lane, Harpurhey, Manchester.
*HoRSFALL, Miss K. M., B.A., East Hayes, Cheltenham.
HoRT, Sir A. F., Bart., M.A., The School, Harrow.
Hose, H. F., M.A., Dulwich College, S.E. 1.

APPENDIX

102
HoTHERSALL, Miss K.,

29, Bootli

Avenue, "Withington, Man-

chester.

*HoTSOx\, J. E. B., M.A., I.C.S., Byculla Clnb, Bombay,

HouGHTOx, A.
Road,

S.

v., B.A., Imperial College Union, Prince Consort


Kensington, S.W. 7.

House, H. H., M.A., The College, Great Malvern,


How, Rev. J. H., M,A., 20, North Bailey, Durham.
How, W, W., M.A,, 10, King Street, Oxford,
HowARTH, Miss A., 21, Bold Street, Moss Side, Manchester.
HoTLB, Miss S. F., B.A., Wingfield House, Sherborne, Dorset,
HoYLE, W. Evans, D,Sc,, Cardiff Road, Llaudaff.
HuBBACK, Miss C. J. M,, University Club for Ladies, 4, George
Street, Hanover Square, W. 1.
HuBBERSTY, J. P., M,A., Westcoto, Ilkley,
HiJGEL, Baron F, von, 13, Vicarage Gate, Kensington, W. 8.
Hughes, Miss J. G., 2, Belgiave Villas, Huddersfield,
Hughes, A. M, D,, Oxford University Press, Amen Corner, E.C,
Hughes, JRev. W. H., M.A., Jesus College, Oxford.
HuLBERT, H. L. P., M.D,, The Cottage, Brixworth, Northants,
Hull, Bt. JRev. the Lord Bishop of, The Vicarage, Hessle,
Yorks.

Hunt, A, S,, M,A,, D,Litt,, Queen's College, Oxford,


Hunt, Miss M. D., B.A., 24, Glebe Road, Barnes, S.W. 13.
Hunter, Mrs. M,, 68, Banbury Road, Oxford.
Hurst, W. T, (War Service.)
Husband, 3fiss J., !M.A., 19, Denison Road, Victoria Park,
Manchester.

HuTTON, Miss
S.W. 10.

C. A., 49,

Drayton Gardens, South Kensington,

Impey, R. Levitt, J.P., F.C.A., Woodlands, Alvechurch, Worcs.


Irvine, A. L., M.A,, Charterhouse, Godalming.

Irwin, Rev.

D.Litt,, Catholic College,

II., S,J.,

Winkley

Street,

Preston,

Jacobi, Miss W. F., B.A., Eothen, Caterham Valley, Surrey.


jAr-KSON, C, !M.A., Ballard's Shaw, LimpsHeld.

Jackson, Prof.
Cambridge.
James,

L.,

O.M.,

H.,

M.A., The

James, Miss

L., B.A.,

James, Canon

S. R.,

Litt.D.,

B.A.,

Trinity College,

Grammar School, Monmouth.


Wyss Wood, Kenley, Surrey.

M.A,, The College, Worcester.

NAMES AND ADDRESSES^OF MEMBERS

108

James, W. P., B.A., The Liudens, Romilly Orescent, Cardiff.


Jamieson, Prof. J. Kay, M.B., CM., School of Medicine, Leeds.
*Jasonidy, 0. J.

(No

address.)

Jeffreys, G. C, St. Cuthbert's Grammar School, Newcastle-onTyne.


Jelf, C. R., M.A., King's College School, Cambridge.
Jenkins, R. T. J., M.A., Head-Master, High School for Boys,
Cardiff.

F. J. H., M.A., D.Litt., Chaucer Road, Cambridge.


Jenkyns, Miss C, B.A., Pencoed, Pencisely Road, Llandaff.
*jVONs, F. B., M.A., Litt.D., Principal, Bishop Hatfield's Hall,

Jenkinson,

Durham.
Jex-Blake, Miss H., Principal, Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford.
*Jbx-Blake, Miss K., M.A., Principal, Girton College, Cambridge.

JoBSON, Rev. R. F., B.A., Hillside Cottage, Higher Kinnerton,


Chester.
L., M.A., Queenwood, Eastbourne.
*JoHNSON, Miss B., 36, Dunand Gardens, S.W. 9.
*JonNSON, C, M.A., 10, Well Road, Hampstead, N.W. 3.
Johnson, Rev. G. H., Feltham, 97, Park Lane, Croydon.
Johnson, Mrs. G. H., Feltham, 97, Park Lane, Croydon.
*JoHNSON, Miss L. A., Woodleigh, Altrincham, Cheshire.
Johnson, R., M.A., Lymwood, 7, Clarkhouse Road, SheflBeld.
Johnston, Rev. F. B., M.A., 10, Manor Road, Waltham Abbey,

Johns, Miss E.

Essex.

Johnston, W., Oakbank,

Redhill,

Jones, C. C. Lloyd, King's School, Canterbury.


Jones, Rev. D. J., B.A., St. John's College, Ystrad Meurig,
R.S.O., Cardigan.

Jones, Miss Ethel A.,

Dingwall

End,

Dingwall

Avenue,

Croydon.
Jones, Evan
Jones, F.,

J.,

M.A.,

16,

King Edward's

Craig Terrace, Ferndale, Cardiff.


School, Aston,

Birmingham.

M.A., Willaston School, Nantwich.


Jones, H. Stuart, M.A., F.B.A., Glan-y-Mor, Sandersfoot, PemJones, H.

L.,

broke.

Jones, Miss L. M., B.A., Girls' Municipal

High

School,

Don-

caster.

Jones, P. Thoresby.

(No

Jones, Tom, B.A.,

Coronation Terrace, Heolgerrig, Merthyr

Tydvil.

9,

address.)

APPENDIX

104

Jones, Mrs. Whitefield, M.A.,

7,

Winchester Avenue, Penylan,

Cardiff.

Jones,

W, H. S., M.A., St. Catharine's College, Cambridge.


W. B., M.A., New College, Oxford.

Joseph, H.

JuDSON, W., B.A., Dean Close School, Cheltenham.


Jukes, The Hon. Mr. J. E. C, B.A., I.C.S., Ahmedubad, India.

Keane, Rev. J., S.J., Milltcwn Park, Dublin.


Keatinge, M. W., 40, St. Margaret's Road, Oxford.
Keen, Miss E. A., Alexandra College, Dublin.
Kelsey, Prof. P. W., Ph.D., LL.D. University of Michigan,

Ann

Arbor, Michigan, U.S.A.

Kemp, Miss
E.

C. M., B.A., 5, Springfield Gardens,

Upper Clapton,

5.

Kemp, J., M.A., The Grammar School, Hipperholme, Yorks.


Kemptiiorne, Rt. Rev. C. See Lichfield, Bishop of.
Kendall, G., M.A., Head Master, University College School,
Frognal, Hampsteud, N.W. 3.
Kennedy, B. C. A. Calcraft, I.C.S., Ahmedabad,
Kennedy, W., B.A., Haileybury College, Herts.

Kensington, Miss

F., 145,

Gloucester Terrace,

India.

Hyde Park, W.

2.

Kenyon, Sir F. G., K.C.B., D.Litt., F.B.A., The British Museum,


W.C. 1.
Ker, W. C. a., M.A., 5, Vicarage Gardens, Kensington, W.
KiLNER, G. W., M.A., Ox-mefield, Long Lane, Church End,
Finchley, N. 3.
I.C.S., Poena, Bombay Presidency.
KiNDERSLEY, R. S., M.A., Eton College, Windsor.
King, Rev. H. R., M.A., Abbeylands, Sherborne.

KiNCAiD, C. A., C.V.O.,

King,

J.

E.,

M.A., D.Litt., Head Mastei; Clifton College,

Bristol.

Kingdom,

T., 13,

Valloy Road, Streatham, S.W. 16.

East Albert Road, Liverpool.


KiRBY, W. R., West Downs, Winchebter.
Kikkpatrick, Very Rev. A. F., D.D., The Deanery, Ely.
KiRTLAND, Rrof. J. C, The PhiUips Exeter Academy, Exeter,
New llauipshire, U.S.A.
KiRWAN, G. R., M.A., The Grammar School, South Shields.
Knaresborough, Rt. Rev. the Lord Bishop of, D.D., The Old
Kipling,

Mi's. P. F., 1,

Residence, Ripou.

Knight, Miss
Hampsteatl,

C.

M., M.A., D.Litt.,

N.W.

8.

4,

Christ Church Road,

NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS

103

Knox, Rt. Rev. E., D.D, See Manchester, Bishop of.


Krause, Mrs. J. M., Combertoii Hall, Kidderniinster.
Kyrke-Pemson, Miss E., St, Ives, Elmstead Eoad, Bexhillon-Sea.

La Motte, Digby, M.A., Oxford and Cambridge

Club, Pall

Mall, S.W.

Lake, E. D. C, M.A., Charterhouse, Godalming.


Lamb, Sir Richard, K.C.S.I., C.I.E., I.C.S., Tudor

House,

Broadwa}', Worcestershire.

Lamb, Miss W., Holly Lodge, Cami)den Hill, \V. 8.


Lamb, W. R. M., M.A., 5, Cambridge Terrace, Kew.
Lang, The Most Rnverend C. G. See York, Archbishop of.
Lang, Miss H. N., Wycombe Abbey School, Bucks.
Langford, Prof. A. L., M. A., Victoria College, Toronto, Canada.
Lanqley, J. E., M.A., Prince Alfred College, Kent Town, S.
Australia.

Last, H. Macilwain, B.A.,

St.

John's College, Oxford.

Latter, H., M.A., Head Master, Collegiate School, Wanganui,


New Zealand.

Lattimer, R. B., M.A., 50a, Albemarle Street, W. 1.


Laurie, G. E., B.A., Royal Academical Institution, Belfast.
Lawder, Miss E., 25, Halifax Road, Cambridge.
Lawson, J. C, M.A., Pembroke College, Cambridge.
Layman, Miss A. M., Northampton Girls' School, St. George's

Avenue, Northampton,
Layng, Rev. T., M.A., King's Stanley Rectory, Gloucestershire.
Lea, Rev. E. T., M.A., Steyning School, Sussex.
Leach, Frof. Abby, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, N.Y., U.S.A.
Leader, Miss E., Elm.shurst, East Finchley, N, 2.
Leaf, W., Litt.D., D.Litt., 6, Sussex Place, London, N.W. 1.
Leckenby, a. E., M.A., Grove Park, Wrexham.
Ledgard, W. H., B.A. (War Service.)
Lee, Edmund, Rydal Bank, Park Drive, Bradford.
Lee, Rev. R., M.A., Southcote, 7, Elm Grove Road, Ealing

Common, W.
Lee,

Sir

5.

Sidney, Litt.D.,

Kensington,

F.B.A.,

108a,

Lexham

Gardens,

W.

Leeper, Alex., LL.D., Warden o/Trinity College, The University,


Melbourne.
Leeper, A. W. A., 4, Palace Street, Westminster, S.W, 1.
Lees, 3fi8s E, M., B.A., The University, Manchester.

APPENDIX

106

Legaed, a. G., ma,, 3, Queen's Parade, Bath.


*Lego, L. G. Wickham, M.A., New College, Oxford.
Lego, Bev. Stanley C. E., M.A., King's College,

W.C.

London,

2.

Leigh, Miss M. M., University College, Reading.


Leman, If. M., M.A., LL.M., 29, Herbert Road, Sherwood
Rise, Nottingham.
Leverton, Jiev. E. S., M.A., Menheniot Vicarage, Liskeard,

Cornwall.

Miss A. K., S. Hampstead High School for Gii-ls.


London, N.W.
Lewis, Mrs. A. S., LL.D., D.D., Castlebrae, Cambridge.
Lewis, Miss D. A., 20-t, Monument Road, Birmingham.
Lewis, Miss E., 13, Rawlinson Road, Oxford.
Lewis, Hev. F., M.A., The Gale, Ambleside.
Lewis, J. G. R., Administrator's Office, ^^'indhllk, Protectorate
Lewis,

of South- West Africa.

Lewis, L,

W.

P.,

M.A., Solva, Hawksworth Avenue, Guiseley,

nr. Leeds.

Lewis, Miss M. E., St. Mary's Lodge, Prittlewell, Essex.


Lewis, O. R., M.D., 324, Birchfield Road, Perry Barr, near

Birmingham.
Leyton, Prof. A.

S.,

MA., M.D.,

Sc.D., St. Helen's, Adel, near

Leeds.

LiBBEY,

Iiei\ E. Jackson, M.A., Fulneck School, Pudsey, Leeds.


Liberty, Miss M., 29, Upper Park Fields, Putnc-y, London, S.W.
Lichfield, /it. Rev. the luord Bishop of. The Palace, Lichfield.

Liuderdalb, E. W., M.A.,

W.

2,

Old Burlington Street, London,

1.

LiGHTLEY, Rev.

J. SV.,

M.A., B.D., Headingley College, Leeds.

LiLLEY, J/iss M., M. A., Training College for Women, Birmingham.

LiMEBEER, iViVeD.E., M.A., Pendleton High School, Manchester.


Lindsay, A. U., Balliol College, Oxford.
LiNDSELL, Miss A. E., M.A., Newnham College, Cambridge.
Ling, Miss i). L., B.A., The High School, Stroud, Gloucestershire.

.VmB. M.B., 84, Fitzjohn's Avenue, Hampstead, N.W. 3.


Linton -Smith, Rev. Canon M., D.S.O., The Vicarage, BlundellLiNN'ELL,

sands, Liverpool.

Lipscomb,

W.

G.,

M.A., The

Grammar

School, Bolton,

Lister, Miss H., Oriel Street, Oxford.

Livingstone, R. W., BA., Corpus Christi College, Oxford.

NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS


Llewblltn, Miss G., Girls' Grammar School, Clitheroe.
Lloyd, D. J,, M.A. (No Address.)
*Lloyd, Miss M. E. H., c/o Messrs. Humphrey Lloyd
28, Church Street, Manchester.
Lloyd, R., B.A. (War Service.)
LoANE, G. G., M.A., Knockaverry, Linnoll Close,

<k

107

Sons,

Hendon,

N.W
Lock,
Lock,

3fiss E., B.A., University College,


liev.

Cathays Park, Cardiff.

Canon W., D.D., Wcu-den q/Keble

College, Oxford.

LocKiTT, C. H., M.A., B.Sc, Head-Master, The


" School, Bungay, Suffolk.

Grammar

Lodge, J., Junr., B.A. (War Service.)


LoEWB, H., M.A., St. Catharine's College, Cambridge.
Long, H. E., M.A., Secondary School, Sowerby Bridge, Yorks.
Longman, C. J., 27, Norfolk Square, W. 2.
LoNGSTAFF, Miss S. M., B.A., 39, Scarsdale Road, Victoria
Park, Manchester.

LoNGWORTH, F. D., M.A., Charterhou.se, Godalming.


LoREBURN, m. Ron. Earl, G.C.M.G., D.O.L., 8, Eaton
Square, S.W. L
LoRiMER, Miss H. L., Somer\alle College, Oxford.
LOYEGROVE, E. W., M.A., Ruthin School, Ruthin, N. Wales.
LowRY, C, M.A., School House, Tonbridge,
*LuBB0CK, S. G., M.A., Eton College, Windsor.
Lucas, F. W., Colfe Grammar School, Lewisham, London, S.E.
LuMD, J^ev. T. W., M.A., Merchant Taylors' School, E.G.
LuNHAM, W. M., B.A., Carnagh, Bowdon, Cheshire.
LuPTON, Miss A. M., 6, Lidgett Park Road, Roundhay, Leeds.
LuPTON, Miss E. G., Springwood, Roundhay, Leeds.
LuPTON, W. Arthur, B.A.,^Red Gables, Ilkley.
Lush, Miss C, St. Gabriel's College, Culhani, Oxon.
Lynam, a. E., M.A., Oxford Preparatory School, Oxford.
Lyon, Miss M., West Heath School, Ham Common, near
Richmond, Surrey.

M.A., Worcester College, Oxford.


the Hon. E., M.A., Albemarle Club, 37, Dover
Street, W. 1, and Grange Gorman, Overstrand, Cromer.
Lyttelton, Hon. G. W., B.A., The Old Christopher, Eton
College, Windsor.
Lys,

liev. F. J.,

Lyttelton, Rev.

*Macan, R. W., D.Litt., Master o/ University College, Oxford.


MacDonald, J., Armstrong College, Newcastle-on-Tyne.

APPENDIX

108

Macfarlane, W. a. (War Service.)


*Macfarlank-Grieve, R. W., M.A., Impington

Park, Cam-

bridge.

M., 15, Queen's Road, St. John's Wood, N.W. 8.


M.A., 181, Mere Road, Leicester.
Mackail, J. W., LL.D., F.B.A., 6, Pembroke Gardens,
Kensington, W. 8.
Mackenzie, Rev. H. W., Uppingham School, Rutland.
Macklin, Hk Honour Judge A. Romer, B.A., LL.B., 11,
Mount Pleasant, Ilkley, Yorks.

MacGregor,

MacInnes,

J.

J.,

Miss E., 7, St. Michael's Crescent, Ileadingley,


(Resigned temporarily.)
Macmillan, G. a., D.Litt., 27, Queen's Gate Gardens, S.W. 7.
Macnaghten, XL, M.A., Eton College, Windsor.

MACLEOD,

Leeds.

*Macnaghten, H. p. W., BA., Bombay Co. Ltd., Calcutta.


MACNAUcnTON, D. A., M.A., 40, South Grove, Highgate, N. 6.
Macurdy, Miss G. IL, Ph.D., Vassar College, Poughkeepsie,
N.Y., U.S.A.

MacVay, Miss A. P., A.B., A.M., D.Litt., Wadleigh High


School, New York City, U.S.A.
MacVey, T., Chief Censor's Office, Calais, B.E.F.
Madan, D. M., M.A., LL.B., Alice Building.!, Hornby Road,
Bombay.
Maghatii, Rev.

J, R.,

D.D., Provost c/ Queen's College, Oxford.

Mainwauing, C. L., BA., 12, Sydenham Road, Croydon.


Major, Rev. H. D. A., M.A., Copgrove Rectory, Burton Leonard,
Wakefield.
Rev. R. H., M.A., St. Michael's, Headingley, Leeds.
F. B., M.A., Head Master, llaileybury College, Herts.

Malden,

Malim,

Manchester,

Rt.

Rev.

the

Lord

Bishop

of,

Bishop's

Court,

Manchester.

Mann, Monsgr. H.

K., St. Beda's College, Rome.

Mansfield, E. D., M.A., Puck's Wood, Finchampstead, Berks.


Marchant, E. C, M.A., Lincoln College, Oxford.
Marriott, Rev. G. L., 57, Beaufort Road, Edgbaston.
Marrs, R., M.A., Elphinstone College, Bombay.
Marsh, W., M.A., 11, The Crescent, Bedford.
Marshall, Miss A. M. C, Oakhill, Sioke-on-Trent, Staft's.
Marshall, Rev. D. H., M.A., Ovingdean Hall, Brighton.
Marshall, Prof. J. W., M.A., University College of WaK-s,
Aberystwyth.

Marshall, Miss M.

E., 97,

Richmond Road,

Cardiff.

NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS

lOd

Marston, Mis8 F. (No address.)


Martin, Miss A. Pearce, M.A., 3, Miiswcll Aveuue, Muswell
Hill, N.
Martin, A. T., M.A., Canynge Square, Clifton, Bristol.
Martin, Miss G. E. G., B.A., Kendrick Girls' School, Reading.
Mason, Miss H. M., B.A., 66a, Salisbury Road, N.W. 6.
Masham, Rev. J. G., M.A., Merchant Taylors' School, E.G.
Mason, Rev. Canon A. J., D.D., The Precincts, Canterbury.
Mason, /?ey. W. A. P., M.A., Hulme Grammar School, Manchester.
Massey, Mrs., 2, Demesne Road, Wilbraham Road, Fallowfield,
Manchester.

Matheson, P. E., M.A., 1, Savile Road, Oxford.


*Mathew, Miss M. F., B.A,, Milton Mount College, Cirencester,
Gloucestershire.

Mathews, Prof. G. B., M.A., F.R.S., University College of


North Wales, Bangor.
Mathews, L. II. S., B.A., St. Paul's School, West Kensington, W.
Matthaei, Miss L. E., 113, Clifton Hill, Maida Yale, N.W.
Matthew, Miss M. W., B.A., 70, Belsize Park Gardens, South
Hampstead, N.W. 3.
Matthews, Rev. J. E., Ampleforth College, Malton, York.
Mattinqly, H., M.A., British Museum, W.C. 1.
Maufe, F. B., Warlbcck, Ilkley.
Mavrogordato, J. N., M.A., 5, Linnell Close, Hampstead Garden

N.W.

Suburb,

4.

May, T., F.E.I., F.S.A. (Scot.), Glenearn, Perth Eoad, Crieff,


N.B.
Matall, a., Gordon House, Bromsgrove School, Bromsgrove.
Mayor, H. B., M.A., 30, College Road, Clifton, Bristol.
Mayor, E. J. G., M.A., Board of Education, Whitehall, S.W. 1.
McAnally, H. W, W., B.A., The War Office, Whitehall,
S.W. 1.
McClure, Sir J. D., LL.D., B.Mus., Mill Hill School, N.W.
McCoMBiE, Miss G. C, M.A., Ladies' College, Cheltenham.
McCrea, Miss G. J., High School for Girls, Stafford.
McCroben, Miss G., M.A., Girls' High School, Wakefield.
McCuTCHEON, Miss K. H., B.A., Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford.

McDowALL, Miss J., B.A., 163, Stamford Road, Kettering.


McElderry, Prof. R. Knox, M.A., Ardgriana, Galway.

McKay, H.

G., B.A., St. Bede's School,

Measham, Major R.
Croydon.

J.

R.,

Eastbourne.

Surveyors'

Department,

G.P.O.,

APPENDIX

110

Measures, A. E,, M.A,, King Edward VI. School, Birmingham.


Meiklejohn, R. S., C.B., M.A., H.M. Treasury, Whitehall,
S.W.I.
Merrick, Rev. G. P., M.A., M.B., 110, Belgrave Road, S.W. 1.
Merrill, Prof. E. T., LL.D., University of Chicago, U.S.A.
MiALL./Vo/. L. C, D.Sc, F.R.S., Hydro, Ben Rhydding, Yorks.
Michael, Miss E. McL., B.A., 14, Compton Road, Canonbury,
N. 1.
MiCHELL, W. G., M.A., The Lawn, Rugby.
MiERS, Sir Henry A., M.A., D.Sc, F.R.S., Vice-Chaiicellor of
the University, Manchester.

Miles,

J.

C, M.A., Merton

College, Oxford.

Millard, Y. C. H., M.A., Shrow.sbury House, Surbiton.


*Millington, Miss M. Y., 47, Peak Hill, Sydenham, S.E. 26.
Mills, Miss B. T., Milverton, Somerset.
Milne, J. G., M.A., Bankside, Goldhill, Farnham, Surrey.
MiLNER, m. Hon. Viscount, G.C.B., G.C.M.G., D.C.L., Brooks's
Club, St. James's Street, S.W. 1,
MiTCHESON, R. E., M.A., B.C.L., 46, Ladbroke Square, W. 11.
MoNTEATH, J., B.A., I.C.S., Ahmednagar, India.
Moor, Mrs. E. N. P., The Laurels, Old Headington, Oxou.
Moor, Miss M. F., The Laurels, Old Headington, Oxon.
Moor, S. A., M.A., Head Master, Grammar School, Kendal.
MooRE, Miss E. A., Greenbank Cottage, Liverpool.
MooRE, E. W., M.A., Christ's Hospital, West Horsham.
MORAN, Bev. J. A., S.M., B.A., St. Mary's College, Middlesbrough.

Morc;an, Miss

V>. 41.,

County High

School,

Marsland Road,

Sale,

Cheshire.

MoRiARTY, G. P., M.A., 1, Mill Lane, Cambridge.


MoRisoN, L., M.A., Board of Education, Whitehall, S.W. 1.
IMoRLEY, G., B.C.L., Ranmore, Nowland, Hull.
MoRLEY of Blackburn, Rt. Hon. Viscount, O.M., LL.D., D.C.L.,
F.R.S., Flowermead, Wimbledon Park, S.^^.
MoRRELL, W. J., M.A., Otago High School, Duncdin, New
Zealand.

MoRUis, G. G., M.A., Old School House, Slierborne, Donset.


Morton, Miss M. E., M.A., 12, Grove Terrace, Withington,
Manchester.
Morton, W. C, M.A., M.D., 34, Headingly Lane, Leeds.

MoiNTFORU,
MoxoN, Rev.

J. T.,

T. A.,

Armstrong

College, Newcastle-on-Tyne.

M.A., Alfreton Yicarage, Derbyshire.

NMIES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS


Muir-Mackenzie, The Lord, M.A., G.C.B.,
Terrace, Regent's Park,

*MuLVANY,

N.W.

27,

111

Cumberland

1.

Prof. C, M., M.A., Queen's College, Benares,

L., ma., 4, Hyde Park Street, W. 2.


MuNRO, J. A. R., M.A., Lincoln College, Oxford,
Murdoch, Miss M. K., Girls' Secondary School, Blyth, North-

*Mltmm, a.

umberland,

*MuRFET, A. T. M., BA., Portora Royal School, Enniskillen,


Co. Fermanagh.
Murray, Prof. Gilbert, LL.D., D,Litt., F.BA., F.R.S.L., Christ
Church, Oxford.
Prof. Howard, LL.D., Dalhousie College, Halifax,
Canada,
*MuRRAY, John, M.A., 50a, Albemarle Street, W. 1.
Murray, John, M.A., Christ Church, Oxford.
urray, J. H. p. B. a. Govern ment House, Port Moresby, Papua.
Muspratt, E. K., LL.D., Seaforth Hall, Liverpool.
Myers, Ernest, M.A., Brackenside, Chislehurst.
*Myres, Prof. J. L., M.A., 101, Banbury Road, Oxford,

Murray,

Nairn, Rev. J. A., Litt.D., Merchant Taylors' School, E.C. 4.


Nairne, Reii. A., MA., D.D., 56, Jesus Lane, Cambridge.
*Naylor, Prof. H. Darnley, The University, Adelaide, South
Australia.

Needham,

Road, Didsbury, Manchester.


M.A., Pinehurst, Crowborough.
*Newbold, W., M.A., 7, Broadwater Down, Tunbridge Wells.
Newman, Miss M. L., The High School, Rutland Park, Sheffield.
Newman, W. L., Litt.D., F.B.A., 1, Pittville Lawn, Cheltenham.
Newton, Miss A., B.A., Downhills, Hailey, Witney, Oxford.
*Newton, C. W., M.A., Tenandry, Godalming.
Nicholson, E. B., B.A., British Museum, W.C. 1.
Nicholson, Miss J., The High School, Kidderminster.
Nicholson, Miss M., 25, Mount Park Crescent, Ealing, W, 5.
NiCKLiN, Rev. T., M.A., Hulme Hall, Manchester.
NicOL, J. C, M.A., Grammar School, Portsmouth.
Nightingale, A. D., M.A., Sidney House, Oundle, Northants,
Nightingale, Miss E. C, M.A., Bootham School, York.
Nolan, Rev. T. V., S.J., St. Francis Xavier's, Upper Gardiner
C. T., M.P., 4, Lancaster

Neild, Miss H.

T.,

Street, Dublin.

NoRRis, Miss M.

NoRTHBOURNR,

Barton Street, West Kensington, W.14.


Hon. Lord, Betteshanger, Eastry, Kent.

E., 15,

Rt.

APPENDIX

112
Norton, D.

E.,

M.A., The Old Cottage, Kiugsgate Street, Win-

chester.

Norton, H. F. J., Merton House, Cambridge.


Norwood, C, M.A., D. Litt., Head-Master, Marlborough

College,

Wilts.

Norwood,

Prof. G., M.A.,

Lea Wood, Watling Street Road,

Preston.

Norwood, ^[rs., Lea Wood, Watling Street Road, Preston.


Nowers, G. p., M.A., Kentons, Haskmere, Surrey.
Oakeley, Miss H. D., M.A., Passmore Edwards Settlement,
Tavistock Place, W.C.

O'Connor, Bernard, B.A., M.D., M.R.C.P., U, Old Square,


Lincoln's Inn,

W.C.

2.

Odqers, Rev. J. E., M.A., D.D., 9, Marston Ferry Road, Oxford.


*Oke, a. W., B.A., LL.M., 32, Denmark Villa3, Hove, Sussex.
Oliphant, Prof. S. Grant, A.M., Ph.D., Grove City College,
Grove City, Pennsylvania, U.S.A.

O'Malley, B. F. K., Liverpool College, Liverpool.


Orange, Miss B., University House, Birmingham.
Ormerod, H. a., B.A., M.C., The University, Liverpool.
*OsLER, Sir W., Bart., M.D., F.R.S., Regius Prof, of Medicine,

Norham

Gardens, Oxford.
B.A. (No address.)
Owen, A. S., M.A., Keble College, Oxford.
Owen, Rev. E. C. E., Steep Hill, Harrow-on-the Hill.
Owen, Rev. R. H., M.A., Head Master, Uppingham School,
Oxford, 13,

Osborne,

J. N.,

Rutland.

Owen, S. G., M.A., Christ Church, Oxford.


Oxford, Rt. Rev. the Lord Bishop of, Cuddesdon, Oxon.
OzANNE, R. T., M.A., 14, De Parys Avenue, Bedford.
Page, T. E,, M.A., Litt.D., Woodcote, Godulming.
Paget, R., M.A., 50, Old Bailey, E.C. 4.
Pallis, a., Tatoi, Aigburth Drive, Sefton Park, Liverpool.
Palmer, Rt. Rev. E. J., D.D. See Bombay, Bishop of
Pantin, W. E. p., M.A., 17, Dowhurst Road, W. Kensington,

W.

14.

Papamosco, Miss A., 78, lluskisson Street, Liverpool.


Papillon, Rev. Canon T. L., M.A., Acrise, Hall Place Gardens,
St.

Albans.

Parker, Miss

C. E., Westfield College,

Hampstead, N.W.

3.

NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS


Parker,

Col.

W.

J.

R,

C.B.,

F.S.A.,

113

Browsholme Hall,

Clitheroe.

Parker, Rev. W., M.A., B.D., King's School House, Rochester.


Parry, E. H., Stoke House, Seaford.
Parry, Nigel 0., The Johnston Schools, Durham.
Parry, Rev. Canon E, St. J., B.D., Trinity College, Cambridge.
Paterson, Prof. A. C, Transvaal University College, Pretoria.
Paterson, Graeme M., M.A., Nev/ick House, Cheltenham,
Paton, J. L., M.A., High Master, Grammar School, Manchester.

Patton, Miss E. R., B.A., Ruskin House, Laurel Crescent,


Keighley.

Paul, Miss A.

S.,

M.A., Wodeberia, Exton, Topsham, Devon.

Pavri, N. p., B.A., LL.B., Small Cause Court, Bombay.


Peacock, M. H., M.A., B.Mus., 21, Northmoor Road, Oxford.

Peake, Prof. A. S., M.A., Gairloch, Freshfield, nr. Liverpool.


Pbarce, J. W. E., M. A., Merton Court Preparatory School,
Footscray, Kent.
Pearson, A. C, M.A., The University, Liverpool.
Pearson, Miss E. R., M.A., St. Edith's School, Brackley,
Northants.

Pearson, Miss M.

E.,

M.A.,

University Registry, Cathays

Park, Cardiff.

Peaty, Miss M.

F., Clarence School, Weston-super-Mare.


Pember, F. W., M.A., Warden of AW Souls' College, Oxford.
Pendlebury, C, M.A., Aiiington House, 39, Bm-lington Road,
Gunnersbury, W. 4.
Penny, Miss D. A. A., Clifton High School, Bristol.
Penrose, Miss E., M.A., Principal, Somervillc College, Oxford.
Pereira, Rev. E., The Oratory School, Edgbaston, Birmingham.
Period, Miss G. B. A., IC, Lansdowne Street, Withington,

Manchester.

Perman, Miss Ida A., M.A,, County School, Pembroke Dock.


Peskett, a. G., M.A., Magdalene College, Cambridge.
Peskett, Miss S. M., St. Helen's, South wold.
Peterborough, The Rt. Rev. the Lord Bishop of, D.D., The
Palace, Peterborough.
Peterson, Rev. M. F., M.A., Grasmere Rectory, Westmorland.
Peterson, Sir W., K.C.M.G., LL.D,, c/o McGill University,
Montreal, Canada.

Phelps, Rev. L. R., M.A., Provost o/ Oriel College, Oxford.


Phelps, Wm., :M.A., Corpus Christi College, Oxford.
15

APPENDIX

lU

Phillimore, Baron, of Shiplake, D.C.L., LL.D., Cam House,


Campden Hill, Kensington, W. 8.
Phillips, Prof. W. P., LL.M., The University, Leeds.
Phillips, Rev. W. R, M.A., St. Mary's Rectory, Forncett,
Norfolk.

M.A., B.C.L., The Ousels, Crowthorne, Kent.


End well Road, Brockley, S.E.
*PiCKARD, Miss E. M., M.A., Overdale School, Settle, Yorks.
PiCKARD, Miss K., B.A., Bradford Commercial Institute,
Telegraph Chambers, Market Street, Bi'adford.
Pickard-Cambridge, a. W., M.A., Balliol College, Oxford.
Pickering, T. E., M.A., The Schools, Shrewsbury,
Pierce-Jones, Miss G., Queen Margaret's School, Scarborough.
PiLKiNGTON, Major E. S., Lanes. Hussars, The Barracks, Bandon,
Phillpotts, J.

S.,

PniPPS, Miss M. E. A., B.A., 64,

CO.

Cork.

PiLKiNGTON, Mrs., Biiar's Hey, Rainhill, Lanes.


Plaistowe, F. G., M. a., Queens' College, Cambridge.
Plaskitt,
wood,

W.

*Platnauer,

M.A., LL.B., Grendon,

L.,

N.W.

Walm

Lane, Crickle-

2.

Maurice,

B.A.,

B.Litt.,

7,

Kingsgate

Street,

Winchester.
ProJ. A., M.A., 5, Chester Terrace, Regent's Park,
Pollard, A. T., M.A., Powys, Sidmouth.
[N.W. \.
Pollock, Rt. Hon. Sir F., Bart., P.C., M.A., D.C.L., F.B.A.,
21, Hyde Park Place, W. 2.
Poole, Miss D. J. L., The Museum House, Oxford.
Pooler, Rev. C. K., D.Litt., B.D., M.A., Carnbiiin, Whitehouse,

Platt,

Belfast.

Pooley, H.

N.W.

F.,

M.A., Scotter, 48, Well Walk, Hampstead,

3.

Pope, G. H., M.A., B.C.L., GO, Banl)ury Road, Oxford.


Pope, Mrs., GO, Banbury Road, Oxford.
Porter, H. E. L., M.B., The Grange, Claughton, Birkenhead.

PosTOATE,

Prof.

Litt.D.,

F.B.A.,

Linnet I^ne,

J.

P.,

L.,

Principal, St. IMary's College, Lancaster

15,

Liverpool.

Powell, Miss H.
Gate,

W.

2.

Powell, J. U., M.A., 1, Wellington Place, Oxford.


Powell, Miss M., Orme Girls' School, Newcastle-undcr-Lyme,
Staffs.

Powell, Miss M. H., M.A.,


Lee, S.E. 12.

St. Micliael's Ho.stel,

Grove Park,

NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS


PoYNTER, A. M., The Athen^um, Pall Mall, S.W.

115

1.

Prestige, Rev. G. L., M.A., 11, Holywell, Oxford.


Price, A. C, M.A., 29, Wood Lane, Headingley, Leeds.
Price, J. G. T., B.A., Mount Pleasant, Bwlch, Brecon.
Prichard, H. A., M.A., 6, Linton Road, Oxford.
Prtckard, a. 0., M.A., Shotover, Fleet, P.S.O., Hants.
Prideaux, W. R., M.A., Liverpool Collegiate School, Liverpool.
Pringle, Rev. W. G., The Vicarage, Heddon-on-the-Wall,
Wylam, Northumberland.
Purdie, Miss E., Ph.D., Ladies' College, Cheltenham.
Purdie, Miss F. M., M.A., Head Mistress, Paddington and
Maida Vale High School, Elgin Avenue, W. 9.
Purser, L. C, Litt.D., F.T.C.D., 35, Trinity College, Dublin.
PuRTON, G. A., 5, Evelyn Road, Cheltenham.

QuBLCH, Miss K.,

Rackham,

21,

Parliament Hill, Hampstead,

N.W.

3.

H., M.A., Christ's College, Cambridge.

Rackham, Miss

J.

M., B.A., The Queen

Mary High

School,

Anfield, Liverpool.

Rackham, Miss M., 293, Brixton Road, Macclesfield.


Radcliffe, a. F., M.A., Charterhouse, Godalmiug.
*Radcliffe, W. W. 110, Inverness Terrace, W. 2.
*Radford, Miss,
Rains,

J. C. T.

St.

Anthony, Portscatto, Cornwall.

(War

Service.)

*Rainy, G., I.C.S., Champaran, Behar and Orissa, India.


*Raleigh, Miss K., 8, Park Road, Uxbridge.
Ralph, Miss 11. D. G., The Mount School, York.
Ramapillai, Prof. R.A., M.R.A.S., M.R.B.S., The Hindu
College, Jaffna, Ceylon.

Ramsay, A.

B., M.A., Eton College, Windsor.


Ramsay, Emeritus Prof. G. G., Litt.D., Drumore, Blairgowrie,
N.B.
Rapson, Prof. E. J., M.A., 8, Mortimer Road, Cambridge.
Rawlins, F. H., M.A., Eton College, Windsor.
Rawnsley, W. F., M.A., J.P., Shamley Green, Guildford.
Reade, B. C, c/o Messrs. Gill & Co., Wallace Street, Fort, Bombay.
Reade, H. B., C.B., 181, Queen's Gate, S.W. 7.
Reed, Miss W. M., M.A., Girls' High School, Headingley, Leeds.
Rees, Miss F., B.A., 6, Hazel Road, Uplands, Swansea.
Rees, Miss R. H., Ladybarn House School, Withington,

Manchester.

APPENDIX

116

Reeve, Miss J. J. (Membership temporarily suspended.)


Reid, Miss C, The Mount School, York.
Reid, Prof. J. S., Litt.D., Lysmore, West Road, Cambridge.
Rendall, Eev. G. H., M.A., Litt.D., Dedham House, Dedham,
Essex.

*Rendall, M. J., M.A., Head Master, The College, Winchester.


Rendall, v., M. A., 15, Wellesley Mansions, West Kensington, W.
Reynolds, K. W., King Edward VI. Grammar School, New
Street, Birmingham.
Rhoades, J., M.A., Kingsthorpe, Kelvedon, Essex.
Rhodes, Miss C. M., M.A., 30a Chalsey Road, Brockley, S.E.
Rhys, Miss M. {^''o Address.)
Richards, F., M.A., Kingswood School, Bath.
Richards, Miss F. G., Lingwood, Bryanston Road, Prenton,
Cheshire.

Richards, Bev. G. C, M.A., Oriel College, Oxford.


Richards, Hev. J. F., M.A., The Rectory, South Luffenham,
Stamford.
Richards, Miss S. E. S., M.A., Training College, Stockwell
Road, S.W. 9.
Richards, Miss Silvia M., 20, Norham Road, Oxford.
Richardson, Miss A. W., B.A., Westfield College, Hampstead,

N.W.

[Tyne.

3.

Richardson, G. II., The Gables, Elswick Road, Newcastle-uponRiCHARDSON, Miss H., Royal Holloway College, Englefield
Green, Surrey.

Richmond, B. L., M.A., 3, Sumner Place, S.W.


Richmond, Prof. 0. L., M.A., The University, Edinburgh.
Richmond, Sir W. B., K.C.B., R.A., D.C.L., Beavor Lodge,

Hammersmith, W.
RiCKARDS, F. T., 25, Corf ton Road, Ealing, W.
Ridding, Miss C. M., c/o The Librarian, University Library,
Cambridge.
RiDGEWAY, Prof. Sir W., LL.D., Litt.D., Sc.D., F.B.A.,
Flendyshe, Fen Ditton, Cambridge.
BiDLEY, Miss E. E. A., 24, Bartholomew Road, N.W. 5.
Ridley, M. R., M.A., 11, Percival Road, Clifton, Bristol.
RiOBY, Pev. A. D., M.A., B.D., Blacktoft Vicarage, Howden,
E. Yorks.
JiiGBY, Rev. B.,

M.A.,

St.

Edward's College, Everton, Liverpool.

Ritchie, Prof. W., M.A., 25, Belvedere Avenue, Orangezicht,

Cape Town.

NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS

117

E.OBEHTS, C. W., Well Close, Brighouse, Yorks.


Roberts, Miss Ethel, B.A., University College, Cardiff.
Roberts, 3Iiss M. E., Girls' Grammar School, Bradford, Yorks.
Roberts, T. F., M.A., LL.D., Princijyal of Univeri^ity College,

AberystAvyth,

Roberts, J. R., M.A., High School for Boys, Cardiff.


Roberts, W., M.A., 8, King Street, Wrexham, Denbighshire.
Roberts, Prof. W. Rhys, M.A., Litt.D., 13, St. Michael's
Crescent, Headingley, Leeds.
Robertson, Ainslie J., M.A., Inglehurst, Caldy, West Kirby.

Robertson, D. S., M.A., Trinity College, Cambridge.


Robertson, Ifiss H., B.A., The University, Leeds.
Robertson, G., M.A., Eltham College, London, S.E.
Robertson, Prof J. C, M.A., Victoria College, Toronto, Canada.
Robertson, M., B.A. (War Service.)
Robertson, Ifiss M. AV. U., M.A., King's College, Old
Aberdeen,
Robertson, Hev. W. L., M.A., 33, Crediton Hill,
6.
Robertson, W. S., B.A., The Grammar School, Bradford.
Robinson, G. G., Packer's Close, Donnington, Newbury.
Robinson, Miss M. E., Holmefield, Aigburth, Liverpool.
RoBY, A. G., M.A., High Bank, Didsbury, Manchester.
RoCKETT, F. Addison, Colston's School, Stapleton, Bristol.
Rogers, Miss A. M. A., 39, Museum Road, Oxford.
Rogers, Prof. L. J., M.A., Mus.Bac, The University, Leeds.
Rogers, Miss M. D., 199, Goldhurst Terrace, West Hampstead,

KW.

N.W.

6.

Rooke, Miss M., 7, Queen Anne's Gardens, Bedford Park, W. 4.


RoscoE, H. W. K., Ilsley Cottage, Streatley, Berks.
Rose, Miss S., B.A., 50, St. Charles's Square, N. Kensington,

W.

10.

Rossiter, Miss G. M., B.A., The High School, Beverley.


RoTHFELD, Otto, B.A., I.C.S., Jalgaon, East Khandesh, Bombay
Presidency.

RouGHTON, N.

J.,

B.A.,

I.C.S.,

Nagpur, Central Provinces,

India.

*RousB, W. H. D., M.A., Litt.D., Perse School, Cambridge.


RowELL, Miss R., 2, Bryn-y-don, Bangor, N. Wales.
Rowlands, Miss A., B.A., County School for Girls, Ruthin,
Denbigh.
RuBiE, Rev. A. E., M.A., D.D., The Rectory, Cottingham,

Market Harborough.

APPENDIX

118

*RuDD, G. E., M.A., Stoneygate Sc-hoor, Leicester.


EusHBROOKE, W. G., M.A., St. Olave's Grammar
Bridge, S.E.

W.

N., M.A.,

E., 15,

Gorman

Russell, B.

School,

Tower

1.

Swynford

Croft,

Knighton

Rise,

Leicester.

*Rtle, Miss

Place, Brighton.

Sadler, ^ir Michael, K.C.S.I.,C.B., LL.D., V{ce-ChanceUor,The


University, Leeds.

Sale, E. L., c/o Messrs. Grindlay


Sale, ProJ. G.

Park,

S.,

Denham

&

Hornby Road, Bombay.


Vanbrngh Road, Bedford

Co.,

Cottage,

W.

Salford, Rt. Rev.


Manchester.

Salmon, H.

G.

the

Lord Bishop

C, M.A., The

W.

of,

St.

Bede's

College,

College, Malvern.

Campden Hill Gardens, W. 8.


Sampson, Miss, The Training College, Mount Pleasant, Liverpool.
Sanders, Miss A. F. E., M.A., 70, Longton Grove, Sydenham,

*Salter, Mrs.

H., B.A.,

2,

S.E. 26.

Sanderson, F. W., M.A., The School, Oandle.


Sandford, Miss E. H., B.A., 5, Ivy Bank, Exmouth.
Sands, P. C, M.A., Pocklington Grammar School, E. Yorks.
Sandys,

.S'lV

J. E.,

Litt.D., LL.D., F.B.A., St. John's House,

Grange Road, Cambridge.


Sargbaunt J., M.A., Arnokls, Fairwarp, Uckfield.
Sarson, Arnold, M.A., King Edward YII. School, Lytham.
Saunders, J. V., M.A., College House, Hymers College, Hull.
Saunders, Miss M. B., M.A., Ortler, Prestbury, Gloucestershire.
Saunders, T. Bailey, M.A., Staveley Corner, Ea.stbourne.
ScATTERGOOD, Bernard P., M.A., The Grange Farm, Far
Headingley, Leed.s.
ScoLES, Rev.

I.

C,

S.J.,

M.A., Beaumont College, Old Windsor.

Grammar School, Bingley, Yorks.


Clarendon Villas, Parktown, Oxford.
Scott, Walter, M.A., 1, Keble Road, Oxford.
Seebohm, H. E., Ponders End, near Hitchin.
Seiavyn, Rev. E. G. (War Service.)
Scott, Miss A. T., B.A., Girls'

Scott, G. R., M.A.,

2,

Semple, Miss B., Fulham Secondary School, Munster Road,

Fulham, S.W. G.
Shannon, G. C I.C.S., Bijapur, India.
Sharp, Rev. D. S., M.A., B.D., The Turrets, Brereton Avenue,
,

New

Oleethorpes, Grimsby.

NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS

119

Sharp, 3f{ss F., B.A., 5, Selwyn Road, Upton Manor, E. 13.


*Sharpley, Miss E. M., Newnham College, Cambridge.
Sharplet, H., M.A., The Friary, Richmond, York.
Sharwood-Smith, E., M.A., School House, Newbury.
Sheepshanks, A. C, B.A., Eton College, Windsor.
Shepherd, W. C, B.A., Town Custom House, Bombay.
Sheppard, J, T., M.A., King's College, Cambridge.
Sheppard, S. T., c/o The Times of India, Hornby Road, Bombay.
Sherriff, Miss I., M.A., Surrey Hostel, 80, Lewisham High
Road, New Cross, S.E. U.
Shewan, A., M.A., LL.D., Seagate, Sfc. Andrews, Fife.
Shingles, Miss E. A., B.A., Thoresby High School, Leeds.
Shoppee, Mi's. L. C, c/o Rev. R. Gifibrd Wood, East Cowton
Vicarage, Northallerton.

Hon. LL.D. (Glasgow); Hon. D.Litt.


Woodstock Road, Oxford.
M.A., St. John's College, Cambridge.

SiDQWiCK, A.,

M.A.,

(Leeds), 64,

Sikes, E. E.,

*SiLC0X, Miss L., St. Felix School, Southwold.

Simmons, Missis.

J., 15,

Maresfield Gardens, Hampstead,

N.W. 3.
Man-

Simpson, H. Derwent, 71, Palatine Road, Withington,


chester.

*SiMPSON, P., M.A., 155, IffleyRoad, Oxford.

Skeel, Miss C. A.

J., D.Litt., Holly Hedge Cottage, Well


Road, Hampstead, N.W. 3.
Skerry, Miss D. F., B.A., Girls' Municipal School, York.
Slater, Prof. D. A., M.A., 4, Chalcot Gardens, N.W. 3.
Slater, E. V., M.A., Eton College, Windsor.
Slater, H., M.D., St. Budeaux, Devonport.
Sleeman, J. H., M.A., Royal Holloway College, Englefield

Green, Surrey.

Sloane, Miss E.

J., M.A.. 13, Welford Road, Leicester.


Sloman, Rev. Canon A., i\[.A., The Rectory, Sandy, Beds.
*Sloman, H. N. p., Grammar School, Sydney, New South Wales.
Smedley, I. F., M.A., 12, Newton Grove, Bedford Park, W. 4.
Smiley, M. T., M.A,, The University, Liverpool.
Smith, Prof. A. J., M.A., 18, Oakdene Avenue, Darlington.
Smith, A. P. Gordon, M.A., Hymers College, Hull.
Smith, D. Riicker, M.A., Craven Bank, Leigh Road, Southampton.
Smith, Miss E. M., St. Christopher's, Linnet Lane, Liverpool.
Smith, F. E. J., M.A., 4, Gloucester Place, Portman Square, W. I.

Smith, Prof. G. 0., M.A., University College, Toronto, Canada.

APPENDIX

120
Smith,

TI.

N., B.A.,

The

Roj'al

Grammar

School, Newcastle-

\ipon-Tyne.

*Smith, Frqf. J. A., Magdalen College, Oxford.


Smith, Leigh, M.A., Frankfort, Horton Place, Colombo, Ceylon.
Smith, Miss M. L. S., Gu-ls' High School, Durham.
*Smith, Nowell C, M.A., Head Master, The School, Sherborne.
Smith, Miss W., St. Christopher's, Linnet Lane, Liverpool.

Smyth, Austin, M.A., 3, Temple Gardens, E.C. 4.


Smyth, J. W., B.A., I.C.S., Government House, Karachi, India.
Solomon, L., M.A., St. John's, Gregory's Eoad, Beaconsfield,
Somerset, E. J., B.A., Rossmore Hoiise, Cairo.
*Sonnenschein, Emeritus Prof. E. A., D.Litt., 4, Sion Hill
Place, Lansdowne, Bath.
SowELS, Miss G. R., St. David's, Berkhamsted, Herts.
SowEiiBY, Mrs., Pali Hill, Bombay.

Spalding, K.

Spilsbury,

J.,

a.

M.A., Stoneways, High Wycombe, Bucks.


M.A., Head Master, Grammar School,

J.,

Wakefield.

Spooner, Bev. Canon

W.

A., D.D.,

Warden of

New

College,

Oxford.
S. G., M.A., Oundle School, Northants.
Stanton, Rev. Prof. V. H., D.D., Trinity College, Cambridge.
*Sta\vell, Miss F. M., 33, Ladbroke Square, W. 11.
Steavenson, E. J., B.A., Monkton Combe School, Bath.

*Squire,

Steele, Miss A. T., M.A., Greycoat Hospital, V/estminster, S.W.


Steele, J. P., M.A., M.D., 35, Viale Milton, Florence, Italy.

Stenhouse, Miss S. E., B. A., 48, Wyggestou Girls' School, Leicester.


Stephanos, A. D., c/o Ralli Brothers, Apollo Street, Bombay.
Stephens, liev. E., Ushaw College, Durham.
Stephenson, Pev. F., M.A., The School House, Felsted, Essex.
Steuart, Miss E. M., University College, Cathays Park, Cardiff.
Stevenson, Miss E., 1, Roseburn Cliff, Edinburgh.
Stevenson, G. Hope, University College, Oxford.
Stevenson, W. E., M.A., Hayes, Trumpington, Cambridge.
Stewart, Lieut. -Col. (Prof), New Zealand Administrative Expeditionary Force, Bloomsbury Square,

W.C.

1.

Stewart, Pev. 11. ., B.D., The Malting House, Cambridge.


Stewart, Prof J. A., LL.D., 14, Bradmore Road, Oxford.
Stodart, J. C, M.A., c/o Board of Education, Whitehall, S.W.
Stocks, J. L., St. John's College, Oxford.
Stokes, J., M.A., M.D., 3 40, Glossop Road, SheHield.
Stokoe, H. R., M.A., Park House, Tonbridgc, Kent.

1.

NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS

121

*Stoke, E. W., M.A,, Eton College, Windsor.

Stonehouse, Miss M. Y., B.A., 98a, Steinhold Avenue, S.W. 2.


Stoneman, Miss A. M., M.A., The Park School, Preston.
Stork, F., B.A., 40, Mecklenburg Square, W.C. 1.
Storr-Best, L., D.Litt,, M.A., Grammar School, Coalville,
Leicester.

The Grammar School, Manchester.


Stranqeways, L. E., M.A., High School, Nottingham.
Strong, 2frs. S. Arthur, LL.D., L.H.D., Acting Director, British

Stoit, C. a., B.A.,

School, Valle Giulia,

Rome.

Strong, Very Rev. T. B., D.D., Dean o/ Christ Church, Oxford.


Strudwick, Miss E., M.A., City of London School for Girls,
Carmelite Street, E.C, 4.
J. J., 133, Queen's Gate, S.W. 7.
Summers, Prof. W. C, M.A., 15, Endcliffe Rise Road, Sheffield.
Sutherland, Miss N. St. Clair, B.A., Kildare, High Beech
Road, Loughton, Essex.
Sutton, Miss E. J., B.A., The High School, Carmarthen.
Swallow, Rev. Canon R. D., M.A., 3, Morpeth Mansions,
Ashley Place, S.W. 1.
Swatne, Rev. W. Shuckburgh, The Deanery, Manchester.
SwiNBURN, Miss D. H., B.A., Ashmead, Royston Park, Hatch
End, Middlesex.
Sydney-Turner, S., 37, Gt. Ormond Street, London, W.C. 1.
Sykes, Arthur, Lady wood Cottage, Roundhay, Leeds.
Sykes, a. a., 16, Edith Road, West Kensington, W. 14.
*Sykes, J. C. G., C.B., M.A., 38, Grosvenor Road, Westminster,
S.W. 1.
Symes, Miss E,, M.A., Redland High School, Bristol.
Syson, Miss M. r., Duumarklyn, Weston-super-Mare.

*Stuart, Miss

Tabor, A. S., M.A., The Manor House, Cheam, Surrey.


Talbot, J., M.A., B.Sc. (War Service.)
Talbot, J. E., M.A., 12, Stanhope Gardens, S.W. 7.
Tanner, Miss L. K., Koran ji Gakko, San Kocho, Shiba Ku,
Tokyo, Jai)an.
*Tarrant, Miss D., M.A., Bedford College, Regent's Park,

N.W.

1.

Tatham, M.

T., M.A., Northcourt, Abingdon.


Tatton, R. G., M.A., 2, Somers Place, S.W.
Tayler, Rev. C. B., B.A., Clibburn Rectory, Penrith.
Taylor, A. C, D.Litt., West Deyne, Uppingham.

16

APPENDIX

122
Taylor, Rev. A.

F.,

M.A., U.F.C. Manse,

St. Cyrus,

Montrose,

N.B.
Taylor, Cecil F., Clifton College, Bristol.
Taylor, Miss D., B.A., 4, Montague Gardens, Castle Avenue,
Dover.

Taylor, Miss
S.E.

E. M., Woodlands, Baring Road, Grove Park,

5.

Taylor, Misa G. M., Woodlands, Baring Road, Grove Park,


S.E.

5.

*Taylor, Rev. G. M., M.A., Broome Rectory, Bungay, Norfolk.


*Taylor, Misa M. A., B.A., Central High School, Newcastleupon-Tyne,
Taylor, Miss M. B., Stanford, Rusholme, Manchester.
Taylor, MisslA. E. J., M.A., Royal Holloway College, Englefield
Green, Surrey.

Terry, F.

J.,

Trevone, Northwood, Middlesex.

Thackeray, H.

St.

J.,

M.A.,

Marsham Lane House, Gerrards

Cross, Bucks.

Thallon, Misa I. C, M.A., Ph.D., Vassar College, Poughkeepsie,


New York, U.S.A.
Thomas, F. W., M.A., Hawk Hill, Chaldon, Caterham.
Thomas, H., D.Litt., British Museum, W.C. 1.
Thomas, Miss M. A., M.A., 16, Deronda Road, Heme Hill,
S.E. 24.

Thomas, Mrs. R. W., B.A., 15, Vergam Terrace, Fishguard.


Thomas, W. J., M.A., Hacknoy Downs School, Clapton, N.E.
Thompson, Sir E. Maundo, G.C.B., D.C.L., F.B.A., Woodlands, Wimbledon Common, S.W. 19.
Thompson, John, M.A., 40, Harcourt Street, Dublin.
Thompson, Joseph, M.A., 44, Whiteford Road, Mannamead,
Plymouth.
Thompson, J. Mackay, Fettes College, Edinburgh.
Thomson, Miss M. E., 03, Hamilton Place, Aberdeen.
Thornton, C, M.A., The College, Cheltenham.
Thoseby, a. E., M.A., Secondary School, Harrogate,
Thring, L. T,, M.A., Tho Wick, Hove, Sussex.
Tilley, a. a., M.A., 2, Schvyn Gardens, Cambridge.
Tn>LYARD, Mrs. E. M., 31, New Square, Cambridge.
Tod, M. N., M.A., Oriel College, Oxford.
Todd, Mias L., 1, Earlhara Grove, Forest Gate, E. 7.
Tombling, J. H., The School, Shrewsbury.
*TowEH, B. H., M.A., 16, King's Gardens, Hove, Sussex.

NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS

128

Towers, R. M., M.A., The College, Cheltenham.


TowNSEND, Miss F. H., letters to Welling Grove, Mailovv, Bucks.
TowsEY, A. Stanley, Naylor House, Strand-on-the-Green,
Chiswick.

ToYNE, S. M., M.A., St. Peter's School, York.


Trayes, F. E. a., M.A., The Gables, Dee Fords Avenue, Chester.
Tressler, a. W., M.A., Charterhouse, Godalming.
*Trollope, a. H., M.A., Tyttenhanger Lodge, Seaford.

Turner, Miss E., B.A., Sherbourne Lodge, Leamington.


Turner, Miss W., 174, Market Street, Hyde, Cheshire.
Tyler, C. H., M.A., Gresham Villa, Holt, Norfolk.

Underwood, E. G., B.A., B.Sc, Eton College, Windsor.


Unwin, Captain S. R., M.A., c/o Messrs. Barclay & Co., Princes
Square, Plj'^mouth.
IJpcoTT, Rev. A. W., M.A., Christ's Hospital,

West Horsham.

XJPCOTT, E. A., M.A., Wellington College, Berks.

Ure, Frof. P. N., M.A., University College, Reading.


Ure, 3Irs. P. N., B.A., University College, Reading.
Vaisey, H. B., M.A., 3, New Square, Lincoln's Inn, W.C. 2.
Vakil, F. A., B.A,, LL.B., 29, Esplanade Road, Bombay.
Varley, 3fiss E., B.A., Abbotsacre Lodge, Winchester.
Varley, R. S., B.A. (War Service.)
Vaughan, 3fis3 E., M.A., Beechcroft, Thetford Road, New
Maiden, Surrey.
*Vaughan, E. L., M.A., Eton College, Windsor.
Vaughan, M., M.A., Haileybury College, Hertford.
*Vaugkan, W. W., M.A., The Lodge, Wellington College, Berks.
Vernon-Jones, V. S., M.A., Magdalene College, Cambridge.
Veysey, W. B., M.A., Ovingdean Hall, Brighton.
ViLLY, F., B.A., M.D., 11, South Street, Keighley, Yorks.
ViNCE, C. A., M.A., 8, Lyttelton Road, Edgbaston, Birmingham.
ViNCE, J. H., M.A., Esp Hall, Ulpha, Cumberland.
Virgo, Miss E. M., B.A., Brentwood, 46, Roxborough Park,
Harrow-on-the-IIill.

Wace, a. J. B., M.A., Leslie Lodge, St. Albans.


Waddell, W. G., M.A., Armstrong College, Newcastle-onTyne.

Wade, W. M., M.A., LL.B., 5, Oaks, Ben Rhydding, Yorks


Wager, Harold, D.Sc, F.R.S., Hendre, West Park, Leeds.

APPENDIX

124

Wakefield,

Rev. the Lord Bishop

Rt.

of,

D.D., Bishopsgarth,

Wakefield.

Walde, E. II. S., M.A., Head Master, Chigwell School, Essex.


Walden, Allen F., M.A., New College, Oxford.
Walder, Rev. E., M.A., Fulneck School, near Leeds,
Walker, A. S., MA., King Edward's Grammar School, Fiveways, Birmingham.

Walker, Rev. D., M.A., D.D., 8, South Bailey, Durliam,


Walker, Miss D. L., M.A., Regent Lodge, Headingley, Leeds.
Walker, Rev. E. M., M.A., Queen's College, Oxford.
Walker, Miss M. E., 57, Grove Street, Leamington Spa.
Walker, Rev. T. C. Ilarley, M.A., B.Litt., Armstrong College,
Newcastle-on-Tyne.

Walker, W. G., M.A,, Cottesmore House, Oundle, Northants.


Walker, W. W., M.A., 10, Queen Anne Terrace, Cambridge.
Wallace, Miss

I.

M., A.B., 141, Crafts Street, Newtomalle,

Mass., U.S.A.

Walston, Sir C,

Walters,

Litt.D., King's College, Cambridge.

Prof. C. Flamstead,

M.A., King's College, Strand,

Walters, H. B., M.A., British Museum, W.C. 1.


[W.C. 2.
Walton, Rev. J. M., The Rectory, Langton-on-Swale, Northallerton.

Warburton,

Albert Avenue, Sedgeley Park, Prestwich,

F., 79,

Manchester,

Ward, 3fis8 L., Municipal Secondary School, Colne, Lanes.


Ward, Sir A. W., Litt.D., Master q/ Peterhouse, Cambridge.
Ward, C. IL, M.A., Technical College, Iluddersfield.
Ward, J. F., M.A., Prince Alfred College, Kent Town, South
Ward, W. W., B.A., Boaloe, near Falmouth.
[Australia.
Wardale,

J. R.,

Warman, a.

S.,

M.A., Clare College, Cambridge.

The Grammar School, Manchestei'.


The Yicarago, Bradford.
M.A., D.Litt., The Oaks, Beaconslield.

B.A.,

Warm AN,

Rev. F. S. Guy, D.D.,

Warner,
Warner,

Sir G. F.,

Warren,
Warren,

Rev. W., M.A.,

6,

Crick Road, Oxford.

E. P., Lewes House, Lewes.

Sir Herbert, K.C.V.O., M.A., D.C.L., LL.D., Presi-

Magdalen College, Oxford.


Waterfield, a. p., 16, Hallam Street, Portland Place, W.
Waterfield, Archdeacon R., M.A., c/o Cheltenham College.
Waterhouse, Miss G. M., B.A., 7, Wimpole Street, W. 1.
dent of

1,

Waterlow, Sydney, M.A., Parsonage House,Oare,Pew.sey, Wilts.


Waters, Miss E. A.,

St.

Paul's Vicarage, Ramsgate.

NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS


Waters, G.

I^t.A,,

T.,

125

(War

Haileybury College, Hertford.

Service.)

Watkins, H. B., M.A., 52, Wilson Eoad, Sheffield.


Watkins, Miss L. B,, Crich Common, Matlock Bath, Derbyshiie.
Watkins, Fev. P. M., The Rectory, Great Rollwright, Chipping
Norton, Oxon.

Watson, A. K., M.A., School House, Ipswich.


Watson, Miss E., M. A,, 44, Rutherton Road, Wallasey, Cheshire.
Watson, Miss E. M., St. Columba's School, Kilmacolm, Renfrew.
Watson, Miss J., 7, Upper ChejTie Row, S.W.
Watson-Taylor, Mrs., Dibleys, Blewbury, Berks.
Watts, A., M.A., 7a, Abercromby Square, Liverpool.
Weatheuhead, T. C, M.A., Harborne, Cheltenham.
Webb, C. C. J., M.A., Magdalen College, Oxford.
Weber, W. E., M.A. (War Service.)
Wedd, N., M.A., King's College, Cambridge.

Wedd, Mrs.
Weech, W.
Welldon,

N.,

Newnham

College, Cambridge.

N., M.A., School House, Sedbergh, Yorks.

Et. Rev. Bishop, D.D.,

The Deaneiy, Durham.

Wells, 0. M., B.A., Eton College, Windsor.


Wells, G. H., M.A., 8, Richmond Park Road, S.W. 14.
Wells, J., M.A., Warden of Wadham College, Oxford.
Wenley, Prof. R. M., M.A., Litt.D., LL.D., D.C.L., University
of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, U.S.A.
Went, Bev. J., M.A., The Wyggeston School, Leicester.
Westawat, F. W., B.A., 1, Pemberley Crescent, Bedford.
Westaway, Miss K. M., M.A., The Ladies' College, Cheltenham.

Wheeler, A. E., The University, Leeds.


Whibley, C, B.A., Great Brickhill, Bletchley.
Whibley, L., M.A., Pembroke College, Cambridge.
Whincup, H. H., B.A. (War Service.)
White, A. H., B.A., c/o Hampstead Tenants, Ltd., Temple
Fortune House, Hampstead Way, N.W. 4.
White, Miss E. L., M.A., The Training College, Portsmouth.

White, H. W., M.A., Rossall School, Fleetwood.


White, Prof. J. Williams, Harvard University,

Cambridge,

Mass., U.S.A.

Whitehead, Miss

F.

W., M.A., High School for

Girls, Barnsley,

Yorkshire.

Whitehead, Miss
* Whitehead,

Street,

J.,

The University,

Sheffield.

Miss T. G., University Club for Ladies,

Hanover Square, W.

4,

George

APPENDIX

126

Whitestone, R. a. W., M.A., 36, Castlebar Road, Ealing, W. 5.


Whiting, Rev. C. E., St. Chad's Hall, Duiham.
Whitley, Rt. Hon. J. H., B.A., M.P., Brautwood, Halifax.
Whitit, R. F. L., B.A., I.C.S., c/o Town Custom Hoxise,
Bombay.
Whitwell, R. J., B.Litt., 70, Banbury Road, Oxford.
*WniTWORTH, A. W,, M.A., Eton College, Windsor.

Whyte, Miss J., 46, Gray Street, Aberdeen.


WioGLESwoRTH, Miss E., 102, Greengate Street, Oldliam.
Wild, A. C, I.C.S., Hyderabad, Sind, India.
Wild, Miss Maud, 177, Fernsholme, Bury.
* Wilkinson, Prof. H. Spenser, M.A., All Souls' College, Oxford.
Wilkinson, MissO. E., Badminton House, Clifton Park, Bristol.
Wilkinson, Miss H., B.A., 9, St. John's Square, Wakefield.
Willey, J. G,, 53, Northern Grove, West Didsbury, Manchester.
Williams, A. F. B., Savile Club, 107, Piccadilly, W. 1.
Williams, A. JSL, B.A., Bedales School, Petersfield, Hants.
Williams, D. G., M.A., The Grammar School, Bradford.
Williams, Rev. F. S., M.A., The College, Eastbourne.
Williams, Rev. G. H., M.A., Remenham Rectory, Henley-onThames.
Williams, Rev. H. H., M.A., Principal's T^dge, St. Edmund's
Hall, Oxford.

Williams, R., BA., The School, Cowbridge.


Williams, Miss S. J., B.A., Trinity College, Parkville, Melbourne.

Williams, Prof. T.

Hudson, M.A., Plas Tirion, Bangor, N.

Wales,

Williams, W. Glynn, M.A., Friars' School, Bangor, N. Wales.


Williams, Prof. W. H., The University, Hobart, Tasmania.
Williams, W. N., M.A., LL.B., Selwyn College, Cambridge.
Williamson, H., M.A., 46, Park Road, Pendleton, Manchester.
Willis, J. A., M.A. (No address.)
Willis, Miss J. C. N., M.A., St. Mary's Hall, Cheltenham.
Willis, Miss M., M.A., The High School, Sligo.
Willis, R. A., B.A., Malabar Hill, Bombay.
Wilson, Rev. H. A., M.A., ISIagdalen College, Oxford.
Wilson, Mixs K. C, 135, Woodchurch Road, Birkenhead.

M.A., Grammar School, Leeds.


M.A., Christ's Hospital, We.st Horsham.
WiNFiELU, L., B A. (War Service.)
WiBHART, Miss J. R., M.A., Haldon, Leckhampton, Cheltenham.

Wilson,

R.,

WiNP.OLT,

S. E.,

NAMES AND ADDRESSES OF MEMBERS

127

WiTTON, W. R, M.A., St. Olave's School, London, S.E.


Wood, Hon. E. F. L., M.A., M.P., Temple Newsam, Leeds.

Wood, H., Eidgefield Ten-ace, Failsworth, Manchester.


Wood, H. McKinnon, B.A., 16, Portland Place, W. 1.
Wood, Miss M. H., M.A., L.H.D., Training College for Women,
Cambridge.

Wood,

Rev. E. Gifford, East

Cowton Vicarage, Northallerton,

Yorks.

Wood, R. S., B.A., 53, Southwood Lane, Highgate, N. 6.


Woodard, E. a. (War Service.)
Woods, The Rt. Rev. F. T., D. D. See Peterborough, Bishop of.
Woodward, Miss Avery, M.A., St. George's School for Girls,
Edinburgh.
WooDWAiiD, A. M,, M.A., The University, Leeds.
Worley, Miss M. L., M.A., High School for Girls, Oxford.
WofiRALL, A. H., M.A., Victoria College, Jersey.
Worsley, Sir William H. A., Bart, B.A., Hovingham Hall,
Malton, Yorks.

WoRTERS, Miss E. B., Rippingale, Bolsover Road, Eastbourne.


WoRTHBPOON, G., M.A., 10, Hurhngham Court, Fulham, S.W. 6.
Wren, p., M.A., Secondary Training College, Bombay.
Wright, A., M.A. (War Service.)
Wright, Miss E., B.A., 132, Raby Street, Moss-side, Manchester.
Wright, F. A., M.A., Katoombah, Thorpe Bay, Essex.

Wright,

Prof. J., LL.D., Ph.D., D.C.L., Litt.D, F.B.A.,


TuACKLEY, 119, Banbury Road, Oxford.
Wright, Miss J. T., Withington Girls' School, Manchester.
Wye, J. M., B.A. 86, Keslake Road, West Kilburn, N.W. 6.
Wye, Miss T. E., B.S., Columbia University, New York City,

U.S.A.

Wynne-Edwards, Rev J. R., M.A., Grammar


Wyse, W., M.A., Halford, Shipston-on-Stour.

School, Leeds.

Yate, Lieut.-Col. A. C, Beckbury Hall, Shifnal.


*Yates, Miss H,, Broomfield, Broadwater Road, Worthing.
York, r^e Most Rev. The Archbishop of, Bishopthorpe, York.

Young, Miss M.

S.,

Aske's Haberdashers' School for Girls,

New

Cross, S.E. 14.

Zachary, Miss K. T., B,A., Thoresby High School, Leeds.


Zi-MMERN, A. E., M.A., 14, Gt. Russell Mansions, Gt. Russell
Street,

W.C.

1.

APPENDIX

128

LIBRARIES
New Bridge Street, Newcastle-on-Tyne.
Literary and Philosophical Society, Newcastle-ou-Tyne.
Lake Forest College, Lake Forest, Illinois, U.S.A.

Public Library,

University of Texas, Austin, Texas, U.S.A.


Public Library, Copley Square, Boston,

Massachusetts,

U.S.A.
Mount Holyoke

Massachusetts,

College,

South

Iladley,

U.S.A.
University of California, Berkeley, California, U.S.A.
Princeton University, Princeton, New Jersey, O.S.A. c/o
Messrs. Sotheran k Co., 140, Strand, ^Y.C.
Library of Congress, Washington U.S.A., c/o Messrs. B. F.
Stevens & Brown, 4, Trafalgar Square, ^y.C.

North Street, Gla.sgow.


London Library, St. James's Square, S. W.
The John Rylands Library, Deansgate, Manchester.
Slon College, Victoria Embankment, E. C.
Mitchc-11 Library,

University of Chicago, c/o Messrs. B. F. Stevens

& Brown,

Trafalgar Square, \V. C.


T'uiversity of Kingston, Ontario.
4,

University of IMel bourne, Victoria.


University College of

South NVales and Monmouthshire,

Cardiff.

National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth.


Canterbury College, Christchurch, New Zealand.
Hamilton College, Clinton, New York, U.S.A.
University of Manitoba, Canada.

NOTICE
The Hon. Treasurer
addresses of the following

AiLiNGER,

Jiev.

A.

Crawford, G. R.
Davidson,

]>.

D.

Finch,

liev.

J. J.

bo

glad

Members

to

receive

W.

the

Guioo, E. W. M.
Jasonidy, O. J.
Jones, P. Thoresby

Murdoch,

Davis, Jliss M.

Eppstein,

will

Miss.

Rhts, Miss M.
Willis, J. A.

present

TOPOGRAPHICAL LIST OF MEMBERS


(77/is

index

be

For details the alphabetical list should


denotes the Local Correspondent for the place or

intended for reference only.

is

The mark

consulted.

district.)

ENGLAND
Bedfobdshirb
Bedford

Buckinghamshirecon^MtMe<i

Fton

Edwards,

Churchill, E. L.
Cornish, F. W.
Grace, J. F.

College

(continued)

J. B.

Marsh, W.

Goodhart, A. M.
Gow, A. S. F.
Headlam, G. W.

Ozanne, R. T.

Westaway, F. W.
Great Briekhill Wbibley, C.

Sandy

Kindersley, R. 8.
S. G.
Lyttelton, Hon. G.

Sloman,Rev.Canon A,

Lubbock,

Bebkshire
A bingdon

Blewbury

Crowthorne
Finchampstead
Mortimer
A'ewbury
.

Tatham, M.

Watson-Taylor, Mis.
PLillpotts, J. .
Manstield, E. D.
Anderson, W. C. .
Bingham, H. B.
Robinson, G. G.

Slater, E. V.

Stone, E.

Adam-Fox, Rev, A. F.
Beaslev, T. E.
Dodds," E. R.
Leigh, Miss M. M.
Martin, Miss G. E. G.

Qerrard's Cross Thackeray, H. St. J.


Wycombe Abbey Bakewell, Miss D. L.
Daniel, Miss C. I.
Lang, Miss H. M.
Arnison,
G. W.
High
,,
Holland, Miss J. I.
Spalding, W. J.

Ure, P. N.
Ure, Mrs. P. N.
Streatley
Roscoe, H. W. K.
Wellington Coll. Upcott, E. A.
.

Windsor

VaugLan, W. W.
Austin, E. H.
Beckwith, E.
Scoles, Rev.

Buckinghamshire
Beaconsfield

Eton

College

A.

Cambridgeshire

Cambridge

I.

Cahis College

'

AUbutt, Prof. Sir

T. C.

Reid, Prof. J. S.

Ridgeway, Prof. Sir W.


Campbell, S. G.
*Rackham, H.
Clare College .Wardale, J. R.
Emmanuel Coll. Gardner, F.

Brown, A. D. B.
Solomon, L.
Warner, Sir G. F.

Christ's College.

Alington, Rev. C. A.
Bevan, Rev. C. 0.
Blakiston, C. H.
Brintou, H.
Broad bent, H.
Cattlev, T, F,
Chitty, Rev. G. J.

17

W,

Vaugban, E. L.
Underwood, E. G.
Wells, C. M.
Whitworth, A. W.

Sharwood-Sniith, E.

Radley College
Reading

W.

Macnaghten, W.
*Ramsay, A. B.
Rawlins, F. H.
Sheepshanks, A. C.

T.

Giles, P.

Greenwood,

L.

H. G.

Oirton College .'Jox-Blake, Miss K,


.*Abbott, E.
Jesus Colleqe

Duke, W. H.

129

180
Cambeidgeshibe continued

APPENDIX

TOPOGRAPHICAL LIST OF MEMBERS


Durham continued

Cornwall

Burham

Ward, W. W,

Falmotdh
Liskcard

Portseatto

Levcrti'n, Rev. E. S.
Kadford, Miss.

Truro

Webster, Miss A.

Penrith
JJlpha

]\Iiss M. L. S.
Stejihens, Rev. E.

Walker, Rev. D.
Welldon, Rt.
Rev.

Sonth Shields
Allison, Sir R.
Bevan, Miss F. E.
Tayler, Rev. C, B.
Vince, J. H.

Smith,

{continued)

S.

ClTMBEELANDCarlUle

131

J. E. C.
Whiting-, Rev. C. E.
ITepple, Dr. R. B.
Kirwan, G. R.

Essex
Braintree

Courtauld. G., Junr.


Ashbee, J.
Chifjwell School Walde. E. H. S.
Bedhain
Rendall, Rev. G. H.
Fclsted
Stephenson, Rev. F.
Kelvcdon
Rhoades, J.
Lovghton
Sutherland, Miss N.

Brentwood

Debbyshire
Alfretoii

Moxon, Rev.

Barley Bale
Matlock Bath
Hepton
.

T. A.

Flood, Miss M. L.

Wat kins, Miss

L. B.

Balmforth, H.

St. C.

Lewis, Miss M. E.
Saffron Walden Hirst, Miss M. E.
Southend
Holland. Miss M, E.
Thorpe Bay
Wright, F. A.
Waif ham Abbey Johnston, F. B.
Walthamstorv
Guy, Rev. R, C.
Prittlewell

Devonshire
Bampton

Sal-

tertdti

Crediton

Buller, Rev, F. G.

Btidleigh

Bevonport

Slater,

Jt'xmonth

Exton
Plymouth
.

Gloucestershire
Bristol

Thompson, J.
Unwin, S. R.

Sidmouth

H.

Sandford, Miss.
Paul, Miss A. S.

Watkins. Rev, P. M.
Belcher, Miss E. M.

Pollard, A. T.

Dobson, Prof. J. F.
Dobson, Mrs. J. F.
Gardner, Mi*s A.
King, Dr. J. E.
Mayor, H. B.
Penny, Miss D. A. A.

Dorset
Parlistone

Daubeny, Miss M.

Sherhonie

Ainslie, Miss 6.
Goodrich, W. J.

J.

Hoyle, Miss S. F.
King, Rev. H. R.

Ridley, M. R,
Rockett, F. A.
Symes, Miss E.
Taylor, C. F.

Morris, G. G.

Svanaye

Smith, N. C.
Conder, Miss E, M.
Bernard, Rev. Canon

Whnioriie

E.

Wilkinson, Miss C. E.
Cheltenham,

The College

McCombie, Miss.
Thornton, C.
Towers, R. M.

Durham
Barnard
Bur ham

Barton, J. E,
Brooks, Prof. F.
Campion, Rev. C. T.
Collins, Rev. S. T.

Castle
.

Smith, A. J.
Bayley, K. C.
Blackett, J.

M.

P.

WaterfieldjRev. Canon
R.
Beaji Close Sch.Judaon, W.
Ladies' Coll. *Purdie, Miss E.

Cruickshank, Rev. A.

H.
Dobson, W. H.
How, Rev. J. H.
Jevons, Principal F. B.
Parrv, N. O.

Cheltenham

A\'estaway, Miss K. M.
Ellam, E.
Exton, G. F.
Horsfall, Miss

Newman, W.

L,

Paterson, G. M.

APPENDIX

182

EER'VF(mV)iinniEconti7i'i<ed

(ihOVCBHTEn&inVLEco'iiinnfd
Cfieltenh a VI continued

Haileyhmj

Coll.

Weatberhead, T. C.
Willis, Miss C. J. N.
Wishart, Miss J. K.
Mathcw, Miss M. F.
Raker, A. B. L.

Cirencester
Oloucester

Harpenden

Vaughan, M.
Geden, Rev. A.

S.

TTeriford

Ferguson, Miss

J. S.

Badlett

Boycott, Prof. A. E.
ArchiViald, Miss E.

St. Alba7is

Barley, T. R.
Papillon, Rev. Canoe

Crees, J. H. E.

Hobhnuse, Rev. W.
Drysdale, Miss M.
Layng, Rev. T.
Saunders, Miss M B.
Bramley, J
I-ing, Miss D. L.

Kemerton
King's Stanley

Presthury

StonehoHXf

Strond

Kennedj% W.
Malin, F. B.

Purton, G. A.

T. L.

Wace, A.

J. B.

Kext
Boughtoti-MouChelsea

HAMP9HIBF.
Andorer

Basingstoke

Bromley
.

Bell,

Miss D. B.

Hamraans, II. C.
Haves Belcher, Rev.

Fleet

Davies, R.
Prickard, A. 0.

Bate. R.

Canterbury

of Wight,
Godfrey, C.
Osborne
Badley, J. H.
Petersfield

Isle

Portsmouth

Ramsey
Southampton
.

M.

Williains, A.
Nicol, J. C.

White, Miss E. L.
Genner, Miss G. B.
Ellaby, C. 8.
Forsev, G. F.

Snvthsea
Winchester
,

CMslehurst
Eastry
Footscray
I/airkhurst

Maidstime

Gidden, IT. W.
Rmith, D. R.
Holder, P. J.

Riimsynte
Rochester

Billson. C. J.

Srvenoaks

Bramslon, Rev.
Dcvine, A. J.
Kirby, W. R.
Norton, D. A.
Platnaner, M.
Rcndall, M. J.
Varley, Miss E.

IlEBTFORD.'^mirE
Jfaldock
Jierkhainsted
.

P.

J. T.

ford

Nortbbourne, Lord
Pearce,

J.

W.

Sidoup
Tonbridge

E.

Compton, Rev. W. C.
Conway, Miss A. E.
Waters, Mi.s E. M.
Clomeuti, C,

W.

Frampton.Rev.R.E.E
Hooper, Miss E. S.
Clmrchyard, 0. P.
Gordon^W. M.
Hodge, H. S. V.
Lowry, C.

Stokoe, H. R.
Tunhridge Wells Bull, Rev. R. A.
Colman, Miss M. G.

A. J.

LANCASHIRE-

Miss M. L.
Evans, I.ady
Grtcne, C. H.
ITall,

Sowels,

Bishop's

Jones, C. C. L.
Mason, Rev. A. J.
Myers, Ernest.

M.

8.

Newbold, W.

Chapman,
Uereford
Mvrh-Dcnchurch De Wiuton,
.

Canor

Brock, Miss M. D.
Heppcl, Miss Mary L
P.owen, H. C.
Buckley, l\Iiss M. S.
Burnside, Rev. W. F.
Carter, Miss A.

Parker, Rev.

HEREFOnCSHlRE
.

Corbet, E. K.
Barker, Rev.
P.

t.

Bournemouth

Mi.-^s

Blachhurn
Blackpo.d
Bolton

Beaumont. Miss F.

Burnlry
Case, Miss Esther
Crofts, T. R. N.

Clough, Miss H.
Archer, F.
(

Dymond, Miss O.
Lipscomb, W. O.

G. R.

Start.

See Stonviu-Rst.

Rev. I
Rt.
(Bishop of Burnley
Henn, Hon. Mrs.

Henn,

TOPOGRAPHICAL LIST OF MEMBERS


hA.'mcx&iii'REeontinm'd
Wild, Miss M.
Bury

....

Cfiorlei/

Clitheroe

Colne

....

Firshjield

Hnyton
Liverjwol

Great Croshy
.

Allen, Yen.

W.

Llewellyn, Miss G.
Parker. Col. J. W. K.

Hopkinsnn, Ilev. J. H.
\\'ard, Miss A. M.
Peake, Prof. A. S.
Bonce, Miss M.
Apperson, Miss U.
Applebaum, J. D.
Beasley, H. C.
Bosanquet, Prof.

P.

Dawkins.

E.

SirW.

Donner, Sir E.
Garbutt, Miss

Carlisle, E.

Grensted, Rev. L.

Caton, Dr. Richard


Chapman, Miss D.
Coghill, Mrs.
CoUie, Miss F. A.
Connell, Rev. A.
Cook, Miss C.

Grundy, W. W.
Guppy, H.
Hall, Joseph
Hancock, Miss E.

Goodyear,

Ha ward,

C.

W.

L.

Heathcote, A.
*Herford, Miss M. A.
B.
Horsfall, Rev. A.
Hothersall, Miss K.
Howarth, Miss A.

Husband, Miss J.
Knox, Rt. Rev. E.
(Bishop of Manchester).
Lees, Miss E.

M.

Muspratt, E. K.
O'Malley, B. F. K.
Ormerod, H. A.

Limebeer, Miss D.
Lloyd, Miss M. E. H.
Longstaff, Miss S. M.

Alexander
Papamosco, Miss A.

Mason, Rev. W. A.

Pearson, Prof. A. C.
Postgate, Prof. J. P.
Prideaux, W. E.

Rackham,
M.

J.

Prof.

Brown, H. Theodore
Browne, Miss T. M.
Campagnac, Prof.

Pallis,

S.

Boyd

M.

Manchester

Conway, Prof. R.
Conway, Mrs.
Crammer, R. W.
Dakers, H.

Kev.

Dale, Sir A. ^Y. W.


East, Miss E. K.
*Forbes, Kenneth
Gladstone, Robert
Gwatkin, Miss E. R.
Halliday, Prof. VV. R,
Kipling, Mrs. P. F.
Linton - Smith, Rev.

Braunholtz, G. E. K
Burstall, Miss S. A.
Calder, Prof. W. M.

Bvockman,

Cradock-Watson, H.

Bill, E. R.

Bramley-Moore, Miss
T.

Canney, Prof., M.A.


Carter, Rev. T. N.
Clapham, Miss G. E.

C.

Lytham

JjA-iUCAsnimictrntinued
Atkinson, D
Manch'ster
Barlow, T. D.
(eontinyed)
Barlow, Mrs. T. D.
.

C.

133

Miss

J.

Rigby, Rev. E.
Robinson, Miss M. F.
Sampson, Miss
Smiley, M. T.
Smith, Miss E. M.
Smith, Miss W.
Watts, A.
Sarson, Arnold
Agar, T. L.
Anderson, Prof. W. B.
Ashton, Mrs.

P.

Massey, Mrs.
Miers, Sir H. A.
Morton, Miss M. E.

Needham,

C. T.
Nicklin, Rev. T.
Paton, J. L.
Perigo, Miss G.
Eees, Miss R. H.
Roby, A. G.

Sampson, Miss
Simpson, H. D.
Stott. C. A.

Swavne, Rev. W. S.
Taylor, Miss M. B.

Warman, A. S.
Willey, J. G.
Williamson H.

APPENDIX

134

London continued

LAKCASHIRE C()7l('W.W^<Z
Mancli ester

Wood, H.

(continued)

Wright, Miss E.
Wright. ]\Iiss J. T.

City of London
School
Broom, C. G. M.
Chilton, Rev. A.

Library

Jolin Ryland's.
Horsfall, A.

City of London
School for Gir/sStrndvi-ick, Miss B,

Newton Heath
Oldham
.

Preston

Wiggles worth, Miss E.


Barker. C. J.
Irwin, Rev. II.

Prextwich
Jiainhlll

Stonyhnrst

School

Clapham: County

Warburton, F.

Colfe Or. Sch.

Sec. Sch.

Colet Court

Bewsher,

J.

Lucas, J.

W.

Dulicich Coll.

P'Arcy, Rev. M. C.
Martindale, Rev. C. C.

WliaUey Range Harris,

Hose, H. F.

Semple, Miss B.

Forest Hill
Central

Foundation
Sch
Greycoat Hosjfital

J. R,

Sec.

Sch.

Casartclli,
Rt.
Rev.
L. C. (Bishop of
Ralford).

Jones, Miss E. A.

Fulham :

Abbott, Miss H. V.

Norwood, Prof. G,
Norwood, Mrs.
Stoneman, Miss A. M.

Furneaux, L. II.
Gibson, II. H.
White, H. W.
.

Clapham High

Pilkington, Mrs.

Itossall School

Sal/or d

Green, Miss E. M.

Steele, Miss A. T.

Thomas, W.

Hackney Don-n
School

Leicestershire
Coalville

Storr-Best, L.

Cottingham.
Leicester

Rubie, Rev. A. E.
Harper, G. P.

Hampstead

York House Sch. Hawkins, C. V.


King's College

Maclnnes, J.
Rudd, G. E.

Stenhouse, Miss

Lutterworth

Darlington,

Buitows, Principal R.

M.

Russell, B. W. N.
Sloane, Mi.ss E. J.

Went, Rev.

J.

Legg, Rev.

E.

Prof. A.

Spalding, K. J.
Turner, B.

8. E.

J.

W.

S. C.

Naime, Rev.

Walters,

S.

Prof.

W.C.F.

King's Coll. Sch. HarJey, T. R.

Hicks, Mrs.

Latyvier Upper
Forman,
School

Unwin,

Lewixham High

LlNCOLNSIIIRELincoln
Louth
Spalding
Stamford ,
.

S.

R.

Jones, Miss L. M.
Barnard, Miss E.
Barnard. Miss H. M.

I.ONDOX

School

Maida

Girh

Uigh
Merchant

Young, Miss M.

MacGrcgor,

J.

M.

Slater, J'rof. D. A.

M.

Bampfvlde, F. G.

Lumb.Rev. T. W.
Maaham, Rev. J. G.

S.

FitzGerald, Miss K.
Furness, Miss S M.M.
Hunt. Miss M. D.

E.

Purdie, Miss F. M.

Taylors' Sch.

G.

Adams, Miss

Vale
School

A nkc's Schoul.t for


Jicdford Coll.

S.

Nairn, Rev. J. A.
Mill Hill Sch.

Haydon,

J. H.
McClure, Sir J. D,

N. London ColArmstead, Miss H.


legiate Sch
Holding, Miss G. E.
.

Tarrant, Miss D.
Herinondxeij

L.(\(\ Sicondarg School


Johnson, Miss B.
Central Found-

Otven's School,

Islington

Cbolmeley, R. F.

atimi Sohonl

Abel,

II.

O.

Parniitcr's Sch.,

N.E.

H award,

G. A. L,

TOPOGRAPHICAL LIST OF MEMBERS


London continued

London coyitinued

Putney High
School

London

Roan

Sch.
Girls .

Hewetson, Miss R, E.

St. Pavl'.t Sch.

Affleck, R.

Barkby, E. M.

Mathews,

L. H. S.
*Pantin, W. E. P.

Stockwell Training Coll.


Richards, Miss
.

S. E. S.

Streatham High
School

H.

S.

Powell, Miss M. H.

Martin, Miss A. P.

University Coll. Butler, Prof. H. E.


Caspari, M. 0. B,
Gardner, Prof. E. A.
Piatt, Prof. A.
Vniv. Coll. Sch. Felkin, F. W.
Kendall, G.
Westjield Coll.
Alford, Miss M.
.

Almond, Miss

E.

M.

*Parker, Miss C. E.
Richardson, Miss

A.

W.

Wimbledon

Costley-White.Rev.H.
Smedley, I. F.

Iccltsbourne
School

Londo7i

Atkinson, Miss A. L.
Bailey, J. C.

Balfour,

Hon.

Rt.

Gerald
Barlee, K. W.
Barnett, P. A.

Beggs, Miss
Bell,

J.

W.

Edward.

Bennett, Mrs. A. H.
Benton, Miss S.
Blackett, B. P.
Bland, Miss E. D.
Bloxam, R. N.
Blundell, Miss A.

Bromley, L. C.
Bruce, Hon. W. N.
Brvce, Viscount
Buckland, C. E.
Burke, Miss M. E.
Burton, Miss A. L.
Butcher, Sir J. 6.
Campbell, Miss E. J.
Campbell, Mrs. L.
Case, Miss A. J.
Caspari, Mrs. M. Q.
Chalmers, Rt. Hon.

Lord
Chambers, E. J.
Charnwood. Lord
Cohen, H.
'

Collins, A. J. F.
Collins, V. H.

Collison

Morley,

Miss M. F.
Crawford, Earl of
Crosby, Miss A. D,
Cotterell,

Sir L.

Curzon, Earl

Althaus, T. F.

Dale, F. H.

Anderson, R. H.
Antrobus, Sir R. L.
Armstead, Miss H.

De Gruchv, W. L,
Dingwall,"W. F.
Debbie, Sir J. J.
Dow, M. K.
Droop, J. P,

Asquith,

H. H.

L,

Colvin, Sir S.
Colwell, Miss V. K.
Conway, Rev. P.

Culley, Mrs.
Curtis, Miss K. M.

Beasley, T. E.

Abrahams,

Baker-Penoyre, J, ff,
Baines, Miss K. M.

C.

Skeel, Miss C. A. J.

Westminster
School

Boas, F. S.
Bradley, Prof. A. C.
Bridge, Admiral Sir C.
Brodribb, C. W.

Rotting, C. G.

Gould, T. W.
Hillard, Rev. A. E.
La Motte, D,
Loane, G. G.

Tollington

A. W. M.
Baker, Rt. Hon. H, T.

Higgs, Miss M. K.

South Hampstrad :
High School Lewis, Miss A. K.
-S^. Mary's Coll*?oy,'Q\\, Miss U. L.
St.
Olave's Gr.
School
Kingdom, T.
Rushbrooke, W. G.
Witton, F. W.
St. PauVs Girh'
School
Gedge, Miss E. C.
Gray, Miss F.
Rogers, Miss M. D.
.

{continued)

Baillie,

for
.

185

Rt.

Hon

APPENDIX

186

London continued

London ooH^mwfd
London

(continued)

Dunlop, Miss M. M.
Easterling, H. G.
Elliott, R. A. E.

Esdaile, A. J. K.
Evans, tjir E. V.
Finlav, Lord
Forbes, IL J. S.
Francis, Miss F. G.
Frazer, Sir J. G.
Garnsey, E. R.

Garrod, H. W.
Gilson, J. P.
Goode, A. G.
Gore, Rt. Rev. Bp.

Greene, F. C.
Greene, H.
Gurnev, Jliss A.
Haigh", Mrs. E. A. R.
Halsbury, Earl of

Haydon,

J.

Haynes, E.

Headlam,

H.
S. P.

J.

W.

Heath, II. F.
Heath, Sir T. L.
Hetherington, J. N.
Hewart, Sir Gordon
Hicks, Miss A. M.
Uildesley, A.
Hill, G. F.

Hirschfeld.MissM.G.
Hodge, H.
Hole, B. B.

Hollway, C. R.
Holmes, T. Rice
Hopkinson, Sir A.
Hubback,MissC..J.M.
HUgel, Baron F. von
Hughes, A. M. 1).
Huttou, Miss C. A.
Johnson, C.
Kemp, Miss C. M.
Kensington, Miss F.
Kenyon, Sir F. G.
Kcr, W. C. A.
Kilner, G. W.

Knight, MissC. M.

Lamb,

Sliss \V.

London.

(co7itinud)

Longman,

C. J.

Loreburn, Earl
Lyttclton, Rev.
Hon. E.

MackaU,

J.

and

W.

Macmillan, G. A.

MacNaughton, D.

A.

Martin, Miss A. P.
Mason, Miss H. M.
Matthaei, Miss L. E.

Matthews, Miss M.W.


:\Iattingly, H.
Mavrogordato, J. N.
Mayor, R. J. G.
McAnally, H. W. W.
Meiklejohn, R. S.
Merrick, Rev. G. P.
Michael, Miss E. McL.
Millingtou, MissM.V.
Milner, Viscount
Mitcheson, R. E.
Morison, L.
Morley of Blackburn,

Viscount
Muir- Mackenzie, The

Lord

Mumm,

A. L.

Murray, John
Nicholson, E. B.
Nicholson, Miss M.
Norris, Miss
Oakley, Miss H. D.
O'Connor, B.
Paget, R.
Peniber, F. W.
Pendlebury, C.
Phillimore, Baron W.
G.
Phipps, Miss M. E.
Plaskitt,

W.

L.

Pollock, Sir F.
Poolcy, H. F.
Poynter, A. M.
Quelch, Miss K.
Radcliffe. W. ^\'.
Reade, H. B.
Rendall, V.

Langri<lgc, A.

Rhodes, Miss C. M.

Lattimer, J{. B.
Leader, Mi.ss E.

Richmond,
Richmond,

lycaf,

Walter

Lee, Rev. R.
Lee, Sir Sidney
Lceper, A. W. A.
Liberty, Miss M.
Lidderdale, E. W.
LiDDell, Mi8sB.

M.

B. L,
Sir W. B.
Rickards, F. T.
Ridley, Miss E. E. .\.

Rooke, Miss M.
Rose, Miss S.
Robertson, Rev. \V.
Sale, Prof. G. S.
Salter, Mrs.

W. H.

TOPOGRAPHICAL LIST OF MEMBERS


London continved
Loiidon

Middlesex cow^mM/-^

Sanders, Miss A. F. E.
Sharp, Miss F.

(^continued)

Sheriff, Miss I.
Simmons, Miss N.

Ideicprth

Xorthwood

Hendy, F.

Baynes, N. H.

Stobart. J. C.

Stonehouse, Miss M. V.
Storr, F.
Stuart, Miss J. J.

Swallow, Kev. Canon


R. D.
Sykes, A. A.
Sykes, J. C. G.
Talbot, J. E.
Taylor, Miss E. M.
Taylor, Miss G. M.

Thomas, H,
Thomas, Miss M. A.
Thompson, Sir E. M.
Todd, Miss L.
Townsend, Miss F. H.
Towsev, A. S.
Vaisey", H. B.
Walters, H. B.

Pondtr'n

End

Uxiridge

Cran, Miss L.
Raleigh, Miss K.

Norfolk
Downham
Market

Forncett

Holt

Bagge, Miss L. M.
Phillips, Rev.
Tyler, C. H.

S.

Watson, Miss J.
Wells, G. H.
White, A. H.
Whitehead, Miss T.G.
Whitestone, R. A. W.

Brackley

Brixworth
Kettering

Northampton

Oundle

Peterhoi'ovgh

Blyth

....

Morjyeth
Newcastle- on.

Tyne

Libraries

JIlDDLESEX

Harrow

Du

School

Harrow

Pontet, C. A. A.
Ford, Rev. L.
"Hort, Sir A. F.
.

Hallam, G. H.
Hopkins, G. B. Innes

Owen, Rev. E.

C. E.

Virgo, Miss E. M.

Hatch End

18

Bwinburn, Miss D. H.

Anderton, B.

Macdonald,
Mountford,

S.

Sion College.

Charles worth, G, N.
Cooke, W. C. G.
Layman, Miss A.
Nightingale, A. D.
Sanderson, F. W.
Squire, S. G.
Walker, W. G.
Baxter, Rev. H.
Woods, Rt. Rev. F. T,
(Bishop of Peterborough).

Duff, Prof. J. Wight.


Hadow, Sir W. H.
Jeffreys, G. C.

Wye, J. M.
Zimmern, A. E.
London Library.

Ashwin, Rev. R. F.
Pearson, Miss E. R.
Hulbert, H. L. P.
McDowall, Miss J.
Chadwick, T. L.

Murdoch, Miss M. H.
Dakyns, Q. D.

Wotherspoon, G.

R.

NOBTHUMBEELAND

Williams, A. F. B.
Williams, C. A.
Willis, J. A.
Wood, H. Mackinnon.

Libraries

W.

NORTHAMPTONSHIBE

Waterfield, A. P.

R.

R.

Seebohm, H. E.
Hodgson. F. C.

Twickenham

Waterhonse,Miss G.M.

Water low,

J.

Terry, F. J.
J.

Smith, F. E. J.
Smyth, A.
Stawell, Miss F. M.
Steavenson, E. J.
Stewart, Lt.-Col. H.

Wood,

137

Sunderland
Wooler
.

Wylam

J.
J. T.

Richardson, G. H.
Smith, H. N.
Tavlor, Miss M. A.
Waddell, W. G.
Walker, Rev. T. C. H.
Public Library.
Literary Society.
Sister Helena Mary
Butler, G. G.
Pringle, Rev. W. G.

Nottinghamshire
Long Eaton
Newark-pnTrent

Nottingham

Dedicot, Miss

Gorse, Rev. H.
Barker, E. P.
Blunt, Rev. A.

W.

F.

APPENDIX

138

OXFOEDSHIBB

NOTTINGHAMSHIKB C07t^(nKe<i
Nottingham

Facon,

II.

Oxford

T.

Granger, Prof.
Lemau, U. M.
Betford

Lady Margaret

Field, liev. T.

{_contlmed)

coiithiued

{continued)

F. S.

Strangeways, L. R.
Gough, Rev. T,

Hull

Jex-Blake, Miss H.
Argles, Miss E. M.
McCutcheon, Miss K.
H.
Lincoln College. Gardner, Prof. P.
.

Oxfordshire
CMpning Norton Fowler, W. W.

Magdaleyi, Coll.

Watkins, Rev. P. M.
Burge, Rt. Rev. H. M.
Cuddeidim
(Bishop of Oxford).
Lush, Miss C.
Culhatn
Newton, Miss A.
Hailey.
Williams, Rev. G. H.
JLnU'ij
Did llcadington Moor, Mrs. E. N. F.
O J'ford :
All Souls' Coll. *Pember, F. W.
.

Geldart,

Greene,

W. M.
W. A.

Webb, C. C. J.
WUson, Rev. H. A.
Mansfield Coll .*Dodd, Rev. C. H.

Meiion College .Allen,

Coll.

A. W.
Fox, H. F.

Joachim, H. H.
Miles, J. C.
Scott, G. R.
Scott, Walter.

New

College.

Heberden, C. B.
Strong, Very Rev. T.B.
Chriit Church
Anderson, J. G. C.
J.

D.

Dundas, R. H.
Hea<llam, Rev. A. C.
Murray, John
Murray, Prof. G. G. A.

Oriel College

Queen's College

Clirisii

College

Clark, Prof. A. C.
Grundy, G. B.
Livingstone, R. W.
Phelps, W.
Sidgwick, A.
Stewart, Prof. J. A.

Whitwell, R.
Ej-eter College

J.

St.

Hunt, A. S.
Paton, H. J.
Walker, Rev. E. M.
A'dmund Hall WiWiams, Rev. H. H.

St. John's

<:'.'//..

Hertford

Coll.

College

W.

.'Burroughs, Rev. E. A.
.

Dodd,

P.

Somervllle Coll.

Penrose, Miss E.
Lorimer, Miss H. L,

Trinity College

Coupland,

W.

(lenner, E. E.

A. ble College

*Ha]l, F. W.
Last, H. M.
I'owell, J. U.
Stocks, J. L.

Wriglil, Prof. J.
Jetii.i

Tod, M. N.
Magrath, Rev. J. R.
Allen, T. W.
Grenfell, Prof. B, P.

Karnell, L. R.
BarWr, E. A.
Binney, E. 11.

Keatinge, M.

Phelps, Rev. L. R.

Chapman, R. W.
Ricliards, Rev. G.

Owen, S. G.
Warner, Rev. W.
CorpMs

Spooner, Rev. W. A.
Legg, L. G. Wick-

ham.
Henderson, H. L.
Joseph, H. W. B.
Mathesou, P. E.
Waldeu, A. F.

Beazlev,

P. S.

How, W. W.

"Wilkinson, Prof. H. S.
Balliol College P.ailey, Cyril.
Lindsay, A. D.
I'ickard - Cambridge,

Brasenose

Marcbant, E. C.
Munro, J. A. R.
Warren, Kir Herbert
*Benecke, P. V. M.
Brightman, Rev. F. E.
Cookson, 0.
Cowley, A.
Fotheringham, J. K.
Godley, A. D.
Smith, Prof. J. A,

Hughes, Rev. W. H,
Cooper, U. B,
Lock, Rev. W.
Owen, A. S.

Wadham

R.

Prichard, H. A.
Macan, R. W.
Stevenson, G. H.
Coll .'Wells, J.
Drewitt, J. A.
Pope, G. H.

Univert'ity Coll.

TOPOGRAPHICAL LIST OF MEMBERS


Oxfordshire continued
Oxford

Staffobdshire- -continued
Handxworth
Clendon, A.

{continued)
Worcegter Coll. Elliott, R. T.
Gerrans, H. T.
I.ys, Rev. F. J.
Bradley, H.
Oxford

Lichjield

Longton

Lewis, Miss E.
Lister, Miss H.

Stolie

Stone

Evans, D. E.

I^eiccantle-

under -Lyme

Barton, J. H. R.
Powell, Miss M.
McCrea, Miss G. J.
Hamlet, Rev, J. G.
Marshall, Miss A. M,
C.

Stafford

E.

Moor, Mrs.
Moor, Miss M. F.
Myres, Prof. J. L.
Odgers, Rev. J. E.
!Sir

(Bishop of Lich-

field).

Goodwin, Miss N. M.
Hardy, E. G.
Hogarth, Com. D. G.
Hunter, Mrs. M.

Osier,

Kempthorne, Rt. Rev.

C.

Lvnam, A.

139

Fraser, H. M.
Clark, Rev. R. M.
Wolverhampton Caldecott, W,
Gregory, Miss A. M.
.

TunKtall

W.

Peacock, M. H.
Poole, Miss D. J. L.
Pope, Mrs.

Suffolk
Bungay

Ipswich

Lockitt, C. H,
Taylor, Rev. G.
Elliston, W. R.
Watson, A. R.

Prestige, Rev. G. L.

Rhys, Miss M.
Richards, Miss S. M.
*Rogers, Miss A. M. A.
Simpson, P.
Worley, Miss M. L.

JScwmarket

Hopkins,

Saxvtundham

Conwav, Rev.
Peskett, Miss

Southwold

M.

H. C.

T.

F.
S.

M,

Silcox, Miss L.

Westleton

RUTLAKD
S.

Lnffenhavi

Uppingham

Hogarth, Miss M.

Day, F. M.
Mackenzie, Rev. H. W,
Owen, Rev. R. H.

Surrey

CuterhaTn

Domaille, Miss M,
Jacobi, Miss

Taylor, A. C.

Charterhouse
School
.

Shropshire
Coalbroolidale

Shifnal

Shrewshury

Semple, Miss G.
Yate, Lt.-Col. A. C.

Longworth, F. D.

Radcliflfe,

Measham, Maj.

R. J.

T.

Bath

Legard, A. G.
Richards, F.
Sonnerischein, Prof. E.

Afilverton
We8to7i - si/pe)
.

Hanley

Mills,

Miss B. T.

Battiscombe, E. M.
Peaty, Miss M. E.
Syson, Miss M. F.

Staffords ire
Farley

Bridge, R. T.
Brook, Rev. V. J.
Bryant, Rev. E. E.
Fletcher, F.
*Irvine, A. L.
Lake, E. C.

Pickering, T. E.
Tombling, J. H.

Somerset
Aah Priors

Mare

I.

Richards, Rev. J. F.

Dcnman, Rev. C.
Faulds, H.

Chaldon

Cheain School
Claygate
Cranleigh Sch.
.

Croydon

A. F.

Tressler, A.
Tliomas, F.

W.
W.

Tabor, A. 8.
Armitage, N. C.
Antrobus, G. L. N.
Johnson, Rev. G. H.
Johnson, Mrs. G. H.
Mainwaring, C. L.

Measham, R. J. R.
Englefield Green Donkin, Prof. E. H.
lioyal Holloway College Richardson, Miss H.
Sleenmn, Prof. J. H,
Taylor, Miss M. E. J.
Epsom
.
.
Gardiner, E. N.
.

APPENDIX

140
SuBBEY

continued

Farnhani

TOPOGRAPHICAL LIST OF MEMBERS


W AUW

CKSUlRE continued

Warwick.

Yorkshire continued

Ashford, Miss D.
Edghill, Miss E. M.

Wbstmobland
Grasmere

England, E. B.
Lewis, Rev. F,
Haslam, Rev. A. B.

Kendal

Peterson, Rev. M. F.
Moor, S. A.

Ambleside

Darlington

Roberts, C. W.
Smith, Prof. A.

Bewsbury

Holme, A. E.

Doncaster

Evans, S. E.
Jones, Miss L. M.
Bnry, Rev. R. G.
Lewis, L. W. P.
Burn, Rev. Preb. A.
Byrde, 0. R. A.

Bj-ig house

Gilling, East

Guiseley

Halifax

Evans, W. H.

Marlboroiig h
College

Peicsey

Brown, A. C.
Norwood, C.

W.

II.

Waterlow, S.
Derriman, Miss M. K.

Broadicay

Broinsgrove

Kiddermimter
Malvern

Harrogate

HessU

(Lord

Shipiton - on
Stour
Stourbridge
Stourport
Worcester
.

Kemp,

Green, Rev. J. H.
Rigby, Rev. A. D.
Brooke, Sir John A.
Calam, Miss E,
Hughes, Miss J. G.

Howden

I.amb, Sir R. E.
Furness, E. H.
Mayall, A.
Krause, Mrs. J. M.
Nicholson, Jliss J.
Alder, Miss M. B.

Huddersjield

Wyse, W.
Wordsworth, MissE.C.

Hunslet.
Ilkley
.

J.

Elliott, Miss E. M. L.
Morley, G.
Saunders, J. V.
Smith, A. P. G.
Elsee, Rev. C.
Frazcr, N. L.
Glennic, Rev. H. J,
Hubbersty, J P.
Lupton, W. A.
Macklin, His Honour

R.

Judge

Ben Rhydding

Berryman, W. J.
Whitehead,MissF. W.

Maufe, F. B.
Keighley

Miall, Prof. L. C.

Wade, W. M.
Beverley
Bingley
Bradford.
.

M.

Rossiter, Miss G.
Scott, Miss A. T.

Behrens, H.
Duffev, M. B.

Edwards, W.
Falding, Miss C.
Lee, E.
Lloyd, R.

8.

Robertson, W. K.
Warman, Rev. F.

Bridlington

Leeds

Brigg, J. J.
Patton, Miss E. R.
Villev, F.
Barker, Prof. A. F.
Bibbv, E. E.
Blomfield, Rev. W. E.
Bowrinp, H. I,
Broad, Miss L.
Clark, E. Kitson

Connal, Prof. B. M.
Cooke, Miss A. M.

Malim. Miss C.
Pickard, Miss K.
Roberts, Miss M. E.

Briffhortte

S.

Yorkshire
Barnsley

Ward, C. H.
All wood. Miss

Hull

M.

Baldwin, S.
James, Rev.

of

Holmjirth

Impey, R. L,

Dix, C.

Bishop

Hipperholme

House, H. H.
Salmon, H. G. C.
Northfield

Hull).

WORCESTEESHIKEAlveoliurch

Hon.
Whitley,
Rt
J. H,
Thoseby, A. E.
Gurdon, Rt. Rev, F,

B.

Branfoot, Rev,

Salisbury
Salisbury Plain Adams, T.

J.

Crossley, E. W.
EfErou, G. H.
Elliott, R. H.

Wiltshire
Chijipenham.

141

Croft, Mi.ss A.
Dale, F. R.

Dodd,
S.

Williams, D. G.
Bland, Miss E. D.
Fleming, Mias A.

M.

Davies, Miss L. M.
G.

P.

W.

Draper, Rev. W. H.
Eddisou, J. E.
Garbutt, Miss E.
Gillespie, Prof.

CM.

APPENDIX

142

Yorkshire f(?;i<t/!K^<i

YoB.KSmZE continued
Leeds

....

Sedhergh

Glass, Eev. Prof. D.


Grant, Prof. A. J.

(continued)

Guest, Miss A.

Hannam, W.
Jamieson,

51.

Settle

S.

Prof.

....

J.

Hammond,

Kay
Leyton, Prof. A. S.
IJbbey, Kev. E. JackLightley, Rev. J. W.
Liipton, Miss A. M.
Lupton, Miss E. G.
Macleod, Miss E.
Maiden, Rev. E. H.

All wood. Miss M.


Arnold, A. J.
Couzens, Miss F. M.
Doncaster, Mrs. J. H.
Dudlev, L. C.
Elli-s Mrs.
Escott, Miss A. E.

Morton, W, C.

Forster, E. 8.

Phillips. Prof.

Sheffield

W.

France, Miss U. G.
Gibbons, W. M.

I!.

Price, A. C.
Radcliffe, J. A. H.

Harries, T. G.

Johnson, Robert
Newman, Miss M, L.

Reed, Miss W. M.
*l{oberts,

Prof.

W.

Rbys

Stokes, J.

Summers,

Robertson, Miss H.
Rogers, Prof. L. J.
Sadler, Sir Michael
Scattergood, B. P.
Shingles, Miss E. A.
Sykes, A.

Wager, H.
Walder, Rev. E,
Walker, Miss D. L.
Wheeler. A. E.

field).

Hallam, J. H.
Major. Rev. H. D. A.
McCroben, Miss G.
Moor. Miss N. F.
Spilsbury, A. J.

J. R.

Ytado7i

York

....

(Archbishop

of
York).
Nightingale, Miss E.

....
.

C.

Ralph, Miss H.
Reid, Miss C.
Skerry, Miss D. F.
Toync, S. M.

Wilkinson, Mi.ss J. 11.


Eckerslcv, J. C.
Burnby, Rev. F. H.
Botwood, C. A.

Chadwick, Miss F. M.
Lang, Most Rev. C. G.

W,

Watkius, H. B,
Whitehead, Miss J.
Campbell, H. E.
Slnnington
Sowerhy Bridge Long, H. E.
Eden, Rt. Rev. G. R.
Wakefield
(Bishop of Wake-

Wood, Hon. E.
Woodward, A. M.
Wynne-Edwards, Rev.
Zachary, Jliss K. T.
Cayley, D. W.
Maltvn
Mathews, Rev. J. E.
Wcrsley, Sir W.
Moran, Rev. J. A.
A/iddleshrovffJi
Homer, Rev. B.
Mirfield
Acm Cleeihorj>e Sharp, Rev. D. S.
Shoppce, Mrs.
Northallerton
Walton, Rev. J. M.
Wood, Rev R. G.
Sands, P. C.
Pocklington
Forrest, E. Bruce
Pontrfract
(irahiim. Miss L. S.
Sharpky, H.
liichvicmd
Barran, Sir J. N.
llijton
Boftomlcy-Smith, Rt.
Rev. L. F. M. (Bishop
of Knaresborough).
Saffhurn
Hornsby, W.
Hcarboroiigh
Pierce- Jones, Miss G.

Prof.

C.

Wilson, R.

H. M. F.

Pickard, Miss E. M.

son.

Barrow, R. H.
Harrison, B. C.
Weech, W. N.
Dawson, G. G.
Douglas, R. N.

ISLE OF

JERSEY

MAN
.

Barnes,

J.

H.

Worrall, A. H.

WALES
Brecon
Bwlch

Price, J. G. T.

TOPOGRAPHICAL LIST OF MEMBERS


Wales continued.
Cabdigan
Aberysticyth

Wales continned

Benslv, Prof. E. von B.

Marshall, Prof.

Ystrad Meurig

J.

W.

Eobcrts, T. F.
National Library
Wales.
Jones, Kev. J. T.

of

MONJIOUTHSHIBE
Monmouth
James,
.

Fishguard
Pembroke

Sandersfoot

Ballinasloc

Davies, P. V.
Sutton, Miss E. J.

Bando7i

Belfast
Arnold, Prof. E. V.
Evans, D. E.
Mathews, Prof. G.
Powell, Miss E.

Blackrock
Dervock
Dublin

Exon, Prof. C.
Allen, S.
.*Alton, E. H.
Beare, Prof. J.

Williams,

W.

G.

Denbigh
Lovegrove, E. W.
Piowlands, Miss A.
Leckenby, A. E.
Eoberts, W.

Muthin
Wrexhani.

Cardiff

Angus,

Purser, L. C.

Oalway

M.
Barke, Miss E. M.
J.

Evans, Miss D.
James, \V. P.
Jenkins, E. J, T.
Jones, Mrs. Whitefield
Levett, Miss F.
Lock, Miss E.
Marshall, Miss M. E.
Pearson, Miss M. E.
Eoberts, Miss E.
Eoberts, T. E.
Steuart, Miss E. M.

University College of
H. Wales and Mon.,
Library
.

Stvansea

McElderry, Prof. E. K.
Pye, Prof. J.

Pathmulhn
Sligo

....

Burke, Brig. -Gen. F.


Willis, Miss M.

SCOTLAND
Aberdeen

narrower, Prof. J.
Eobertson, Miss M.

W.

U.

Thompson,

Miss

Blairgowrie
Crieff
Fdi7ibtirgh
.

Whyte, Miss J.
Eamsay, Prof. G. Q.
May, T.
Barr, E.

W.

Ferard, E. H.
Green, G. Buckland.
Heard, Eev. W. A.

Eichmond,

Erice-Smith, E.

Stevenson, Miss E.

W. E.

Jones, T.

I'rof.

0.

Thomson, J. M.
Woodward, Miss A.
Glasgow

Davies, Prof. G. A.
Hig;js,

Lord Aberdare.
Brooks, G. D. F.
Eees, Miss F.

M.

E.

Jenkyns, Miss C.
.

Thompson, John.
Murfet, A. T. M.

Williams, E.
Jones, E. J.
Iloyle,

Merthyr
Mountain Ash
Pentyrch

1.

Nolan, Eev. T. V.
Pooler, Eev. Dr.

Enniskillen

Glamobganshibe

Llandaff

A.

Brennan, J.
Browne, Eev, Prof. H.
Delany, Eev. W.
Ferrall, C. N.
Keane, Eev. J.
Keen, Miss E. A.

Williams, Prof.
Hudson.

Dempsey, Eev. T.
Pilkington, E. S.
Henry, Prof. E. M.
Laurie, Geo. E.

Cabnaevon-

Corthri^ige

Thomas, Mrs.
Ferraan, Miss
Jones, H. S.

lEELAND

Carmarthen

Ferndale

L.

Pkmbeokeshire

Carmahthen-

Bangor

143

Miss M. K.

Mitchell Library.

Kihnacohn
Montrose

Watson, Miss E. M,
Taylor, Eev. A. F.

I,.

APPENDIX

144
ScOThAy Dcojitirmrd
Mvsselhurgh.
St.

Andrews

Barker, E. J. P. R.
Abernetby, Miss A.
Burnet, Prof. J.

Cunningham,
Shewan, A.

North America ^o^i?/<^


U.S.A. MassachusettsS.

Boston
Cambridge
.

Public Library.

J.

Mount Holyohe
Nen-tonville

EUROPE

Belgium
Lmiraine.

Worcester

Carnoy, Prof. A.

J.

Bell, H. W.
Hoernle, R. F. A.
White, Prof. J. W.
College Library.
Wallace, Miss I. M.
Brackett, H. D.

Michigan
Ann Arbor
Kelsey,

U.S.A.

France
Calais

MacVey,

Home

Benn, Mrs. A. W.

Steele, J. P.
Ashby, T.

Mann, Monsgr. U.K.


Strong, Mrs.

Prof. F.

W.

Wenley, Prof. R. M.

Italy
Horence

T.

S,

A.

U.S.A.

New Hampshire

Ereter

Kirtland, Prof. J. C.

U.S.A. New Jersey


Princeton
Capp.s, Prof. E.
University Library.
.

WEST INDIES
Barhadoes

Jamaica

Dalton, Rev. H. A.
Barrows, Miss M. M.

New York

U.S.A.
Clinton

KiugKfon
Najiiioha

Montreal
Toronto

University Library.
University Library.
Peterson, Sir W.

.*Aucien, Prof. H.

W.

De

Witt, Prof. N. W.
Langford, Prof. A. L.

Elmer, Prof. H. C.
.'Hirst, Miss G. M,
Hodges, A. L.
MacVay, Miss A. P.
Wye, Miss T. E.

U.S.A. Ohio
Cincinnati .
Poiighheepsic

Halifax

Munay,

U.S.A.
Prof.

Howard.

Battle, Prof.

W.

*Leach. Prof. Abby.


Macurdy, Miss G. H,
Thallon, Miss I. C.

Robert.ion, Prof. J. C.
Smith, Prof. G. O.

Nova Scotia

Hamilton College
Library.

Ithaca
Ken- Fork

NORTH AMERICA
Canada

Pennsylvania

Grove City

Oliphant, Prof.

S.

University of
Library.

Texas

O.

California

U.S.A.
JJerheley

U.S.A.

Columbia

Washington

University

of California Library.

Congress Library.

U.S.A. Virginia

Charlottesville

Texas-

Atuttin

Connecticut
New Haven
Goodell,

U.S.A.

U.S.A.

Fitzhugh, Prof. T.

Prof. T. D.

ASIA
U.S.A. IllinoisChicago
,

Ceylon
Hale, Prof. W. G.

Colombo

Merrill, Prof. E. T.

Lake For eft.

University Library.
College Library.

Jaffna

Martin, Rev. J. B.
Smith, Leigh.
Guyomar, Rev. A. H.

Rama

Pillai, Prof. R. A,

TOPOGRAPHICAL LIST OF MEMBERS


Abjx continued
India
Ahmedabad

Asia

Hampton, H. V.
Jukes,

Bombay

Bolus, E. J.

Haigh, P. B.
Kincaid, C. A.
Braham, H. V.
Enthoven, R. E.

Sliolapur

Simla

W.

Japan

Anderson, G.
Barlee, K. W.
Batchelor, Sir

Papua

Allison, F.

B. C. A. C.

Monteath, J.
Mulvany, Prof. C. M.

continued

Poo7ia

J. E. C.

Kennedy,
ATimednagar
Benares

contimied

India

Bhabha, H.
Braham, H.

Tokyo
S.

L.

Bangliok

Sydney

Marrs, R.
Palmer, Rt. Rev. E.

Christchurch

Dunedin

J.

Sale, E. L.

Sanderson, P. M. D.
Shepherd, W. C.
Sheppard, S. T.
Sowerby, Mrs.
Stephanos, A. D.

C.

Justice,

Wariganvi

Wellington

LarTiaiia

Brisbane

Adelaide
lLe?it

Toimi

Madras
j^agpur

19

Hollidge,D. H.
Naylor, Prof, H,
Langley, J. E,

Ward,

S ray til, J.
,

Ilobart

H.

Dunbabin, Prof, R. L.

Williams, Prof,

W. H,

ViCTOEIA
Melbourne

Leeper, A.
Williams, Miss S. J.
University Library.

AFRICA
Cape ColontCape Town

Richie, Prof.

Cairo

Cu repipe

W.

W.

Furness, J. M,
Somerset, E, J.

Fowler, Rev. J. K.

Protectorate of South-West

Blomfield, H. G.
Paskerville, H. D.
Brown, L. R.
Corley, F. E.

Roughton, N.

J.

Tasmania

Matritius

Wild, A. 0.
Rotbfeld, 0.

Bousfield, F. S. N,

Australia

Rainy, G.

Latter, H.
Brown, Prof. J. R.

Egypt

Macnaghten,H. P.W.

Karachi
Kurgeong

College Library,
Morrell, W, J,

Vakil, F.
Whitty, R. F. S.
Willis, R. A.

Jalgacni

M.

Queensland
S.

(Bisbopof Bombay),
Pavri, N. P.
Reade, B. C.

Champaran
Hyderabad

Sloman, H. N. P.
Tildesley, Miss E.

New Zealand

Heaton, Sir J. J.
Hill, Hon. Mr. C.H. A.
Hotson, J. E. B.
Madan, D. M.

J.

New South Walbs-

Dawson, M. W.
Gray, H.
Gray, Mrs. R. M.
Haig-Brown, W. A.

Calcutta

Martin, A. T,

AUSTRALASIA

G.
Chatfield, H. S.
Crerar, J.
Cuvelier, M. M.

Wren, P.
Shannon, G.
Coxe,
Mr.
H. H. R.

Murray,

J.

Chandavarkar, Sir

H.

SlAM-

Burns, Mrs. C.
Cameron, Rev.

Bijapur

Tanner, Miss L. K.

Port Moresby

J.

145

J.

Africa
Windhuk
Transvaal

Lewis.

J.

G. R.

Johannesburg

Pretoria

Hofmeyr,

Prof. J,

H.

Paterson, Prof. A. C.

THE CLASSICAL ASSOCLATION


MANCHESTER AND DISTRICT BRANCH
President

Professor A.

S.

Peake, M.A., D.D.

Vice-Presidents

The Right Rev. the Bishop of Manchester The Right


Rev. the Bishop of Salford
The Vice-Chancellor
OF the University of Manchester (Sir Henry A. Miers,
M.A.. D.Sc, F.R.S.)
The Very Rev. W. S. Swayne,
M.A., B.D. (Oxon.), Dean of Manchester
The Ven.
Willoughby C. Allen, M.A., Archdeacon of Manchester;
Professor W. Blair Anderson, D.Litt. A. J. Ashton,
Esq., K.C, Recorder of Manchester
Miss S. A. Burstall, M.A.
Professor W. M. Calder, M.A. Professor
W. Boyd Dawkins, F.R.S., D.Sc. Sir Edward Donner,
Bart., B.A., LL.D.
Miss D. Limebeer, M.A.
The Rev.
Sir Christopher Needham,
W. Parker Mason, M.A.
;

B.A.

J. L.

Paton, Esq., M.A.

H. Williamson, Esq., M.A.

Hon. Treasurer

Arnold Heathcote,
Hon.
G. E. K.

Secretaries

Braunholtz, M.A.

Hon. Secretary
Miss

S.

Esq., M.A.

Miss Hilda Livesey,

for School Lectures

]\I.A.

Scheme

M. Longstaff, B.A.
Committee

Chairman
Professor R. S. Conway, Litt.D., F.B.A.
Agar, Esq., M.A.
Professor M. A. Canney, M.A.
:

14G

T. L.

Miss

MANCHESTER AND DISTRICT BRANCH

147

G. Clapham, M.A.
Miss Elaine Garbutt, B.A.
H.
GuppY, Esq., M.A.
Miss M. A. B. Herford, M.A.
H. J. Dakers, Esq., M.A.
L. Haward, Esq., M.A.
Miss K. D. HoTHERSALL, M.A.
Miss J. Husband, B.A.
;

Miss M. E. Lloyd

Miss M. E. Morton, M.A.


The
Kev. T. Nicklin, M.A.
J. S. Blake Reed, Esq., B.A.
A. C. Stott, Esq., M.A.
A. S. Warman, Esq., B.A.
;

Miss E. Wiggles worth.

Excavation Committee

Chairman: Professor R. S. Conway, Litt.D., F.B.A.


Professor W. Blair Anderson, D.Litt.
Professor "W. M,
Calder, M.A.
Professor W. Boyd Dawkins, F.R.S.,
;

Miss M. A. B. Herford, M.A. E. G. W. Hewlett,


Esq., M.A.
The Rev. J. H. Hopkinson, M.A.
J. J.
Phelps, Esq. Professor James Tait, M.A. H. William-

D.So.

son,

Esq.,

Secretary);

M.A.
The Rev. T. Nicklin, M.A. {H(m.
Arnold Heathcote, Esq., M.A. {Hon. Treasurer).
;

At the Annual General Meeting on February


received with regret the resignation of Sir

1st the

Branch

Edward Donner from

the Presidency, which he had held since 1910.

Professor A. S.
Peake, D.D., Professor of Biblical Exegesis in the University of
Manchester, was elected President in his place.

The following
February

1st.

lectures were given in the course of the year

" Some

Gleanings from Latin Inscriptions,"


B. Anderson, D.Litt.

by Professor W.
March 1st. " Some Lines of Continuity between Ancient and
Modern Civilisation," by Professor G. Unwin, M.A. (joint meeting

with the Historical Association).

November

\st.

by Professor A.

" The
S.

Theologian and Classical Scholarship,"

Peake, D.D.

At the end of the year it was reported


Committee that the Ribchester Museum was
wholly free from debt and that the number of visitors during
the year had been over 1,000,
Excavation Committee.

on behalf

of this

School Lecture Scheme.

Some

working of the scheme, as

difficulty

was found

in

many who had been accuatomed

the
to

APPENDIX

148
support

were either too busy to offer lectures or absent.

it

hoped that

It is

now soon overcome.

be

this difficulty will

Requests were made from ten schools, and at eight of these

among those applying being schools as


away as Colne and Macclesfield.
At the close of 1918 the Branch numbered 128 members an

lectures were arranged,


far

increase of 19 on the

numbers

of the previous year.

BIRMINGHAM AND MIDLANDS BRANCH


President

The Right Honourable Lord Charnwood


Vice-Presidents

The Right
His Grace the Archbishop of Birmingham
Watson Caldecott, M.A. R. Gary
Rev. Bishop Gore
Principal Alfred Hayes, M.A.
GiLsoN, M.A.
G.
HooKHAM, M.A.
The Rev. S. R. James, M.A. ; Miss
;

McCrea, M.A,

Miss Major, M.A.

scHEiN, D.LiTT.

C. A. ViNCE, M.A.

Professor SonnenThe Rev. Canon


;

R. Waterfield, M.A.

Hon. Treasurer
Miss E. M. Baugh, M.A.,

Hon.

Secretaries

Rev. G. L. Marriott
Hon. Secretary

of

the.

Miss H. M. Barrett, M.A.,


Hon. Secretary

Valentine Road, King's Heath.

27,

Latin Reading Circle

22,

of the

Miss M. Hooker, M.A.


:

Wheatsheaf Road, Edgbastoo.

Greek Reading Circle

Rev. G. L. Marriott.
Committee

Chairman

Professor Sonnenschein, D.Litt. (whose resigna-

tion after years of great usefulness to the Association took

place in July 1918),

Miss A. M. Ashley

and subsequently, Mrs. R. Gary Gilson;


Miss H. M.
; Rev. A. B. Beaven, M.A.
;

BIRMINGHAM AND MIDLANDS BRANCH


Barrett, M.A.

Clendon, M.A.

A.

Miss Hooker, M.A.

Miss LiLLEY, M.A.

We much

Miss

Keen

Miss Drummond
Frank Jones, B.A,

to announce that in

regret

A. Robinson, M.A.

149

Miss de Zouche.

June 1918 Miss M.

Robertson, M. A., resigned the Secretaryship oE the Branch.


her resignation the office was filled temporarily

After

by Mrs. H.

C.

Bradshaw.

The following meetings

of the

Branch have been held since the

publication of the Proceedings, January 1918.

January

lltk,

1918 (Classical Association and Socratic

Philosophical Societies).

Richmond.
February 21st, 1918.

" Some Aspects of Aristophanes' Criticism

^^

1th,

May 9th,

and

Humanism," by Kenneth

by Miss M, Hooker, M.A.


by R. Cary Gilson, M.A.
1918.
"Andromache and some of Euripides' Women,"

of Euripides,

March

" Scientific

1918.'- Aeschylus,"

by Miss Orange.
October llth, 1918.

" Greek Literature, with special referenca

to the Anthology," Rev. G. L. Marriott.

November Ulh, 1918. " The Latin Lyric," by Dr. E. A.


Sonnenschein.

December

bth, 1918.

" Catullus,"

by Miss Janet Bacon.

February 20th, 1919." Virgil and Theocritus," by Rev. G. L.


Marriott.

March

Qth, 1919.

" The

Historical Basis of Greek Legends,

with special reference to Aias son of Oileus," by Dr. L. R. Farnell.

1919." The Later Lyi-ic," by Miss D. de Zouche.


1919."
May Ibth,
The Name of the Mother of Zeus in the
Minoan Script," by Professor Vacher Burch.

March

20th,

LIVERPOOL AND DISTRICT BRANCH


President

Sir

Alfred Dale

Vice-Presidents

The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Liverpool


Sir
Alfred Dale
S. E. Brown, Esq.
R. Caton, Esq.,
M.D., LL.D.
The Rev. Canon Gibson Smith; Robert
;

APPENDIX

150
Gladstone, Esq.
Legge, Esq.

Myres

L.

J.

The Rev.

Lancelot
J. G.
Professor

B.

J.

E. K. Muspratt, Esq., LL.D.

A.

Pallis,

Esq.

V. Paton, Esq.

A.

Professor J. P. Postgate, Litt.D., F.B.A.


Esq.
H. V. Whitehouse, Esq.

H. E. Vipon,

Eon. Treasurer

Montgomery,

J.

Esq., University Club, Liverpool.

Committee

Anthony
Professor Bosanquet
Professor Campagnac Miss Chapman H. Cradock Watson K. Forbes
Professor Halliday Miss Jenkins
A. Pallis Professor Postgate
W. R, Prideaux Miss Rackham
M. T. Smiley Miss K. C. Wilson, and ofiicers.

Miss

Hon.

Secretaries

Miss T. M. Browne, The University.


Miss E. K. East, Belvedere School.

The following

lectures were given to the Branch during the

year

February

by Miss

\st,

" Some Aspects of Mediaeval Hellenism,"

Alice Gardner.

October

Wth.

Tebtunis,"

by

November

down

1918.

"New

Greek Papyri from Oxyrhyncus and

Professor B. P. Grenfell.

5th.

" The Growth of


by the Rev. C.
1919." Roman

to Catullus,"

February 3rd,

the Soul in the Latin Poets


C. Martindale, S.J.

Africa,"

by

Professor R. C.

Bosanquet.

NOTTINGHAM AND DISTRICT BRANCH


President

Dr. Felix Oswald


Vice-Presidents

The Rev. Canon Thomas Field Dr. G.


Clark Miss E. C. Houston Mr.
;

Ij-

R. Strangkways;

S.

Turpin

E.

Mr. G. H. Wallis,

P.

Miss C.

Adam

Mr.

NOTTINGHAM AND DISTRICT BRANCH

151

Secretary

Mr. E.

Barker.*

p.

Treasurer and Chairman of Committee

Dr. F.

Granger.

S.

Committee

Mr. H. T. Facon Mr. H. M. Leman ;


with the Secretary and the
Mr. L. R. Strangeways

MiBS E. C. Houston

Treasurer.

The number of members was 35.


The following papers were read at meetings
during the year

February

7th.

of the

Branch

" Xenophon Up to Date,"

by the Rev. Canon

T. Field.

March 7th. The Orphic Tradition," by Professor

J.

'

F.

Dobson.
*

Absent on active service; the secretarial work was done temporarily

by the Treasurer.

LONDON BRANCH
President

The Very Reverend the Dean of Westminster


Vice-Presidents

Rt. Hon. H. H. Asquith

Principal R. M. Burrows

ProRev. J. Gow Miss F. R. Gray


Sir F. G. Kenyon
J. W. Mackail, Esq., LL.D., F.B.A.
Professor A. Platt;
T. E. Page, Esq., M.A., Litt.D.
Professor D. A. Slater
T. Rice Holmes, Esq., Litt.D.
Professor W. C. Flamstead Walters.
;

fessor E. A. Gardner

Committee

Miss

M. 0. B. Caspari W. F. Dingwall Miss


Hewetson J. M. Macqregor R. S. Meiklejohn
W. E. P. Pantin Miss C. E. Parker
C. G. Nelson
W. G. RrsHBROOKE E. H. Stewart Walde Miss M. E. S.
J.

E. Case

R. E.

Taylor.

APPENDIX

152

Secretary

MiS8 E. Strudwick, City of London School for

Girls,

Carmelite

Street, E.C.4.

Treasurer

Miss G. E. Holding, North London Collegiate School, Camden


Town, N.W.5.

The
March

fifth

Annual General Meeting

Branch was held on

of the

18th, 1918, at Bedford College, Regent's Park,

N.W.

During the year five meetings have been held in January


Mr. T. E. Page opened a discussion on "The Teaching of Classics";
in March, at the Annual General Meeting, Dr. R. W. Macan lec:

tured on " Pericles his Policy and Methods " in May Professor R. S. Conway lectured on " The Venetian Point of View in
;

in November Professor J. F. Dobson read a


History
and in December
paper on " Orphic Literature and Doctrine "

Roman

Mr. G. F. Hill gave a lecture, illustrated

by

lantern slides, on "

Sketch of Ancient Coinage."

To

all

these lecturers the cordial thanks of the Branch are due

for their kindness in

coming and

in lending their valuable support

to the work of the Branch.

There are 119 members, of

whom

74 are also members of the

Central Association.

BRISTOL BRANCH
President

Rev.

S.

T. Collins.

Vice-Presidents

Professor

J.

F.

DonsoN

Professor

F.

Brooks

J.

Barton, Esq.
Hon. Secretary
Miss

C.

S.

Wilkinson, Badminton House,


Committee

Mrs. DOP..SON-; Rev. C. T.

Clifton.

Campion;

('.

F.

Taylor.

E.

BRISTOL BRANCH

153

The following papers have been read


February Sth, 1918." The Relation between
:

ture and Classical Art,"

by Mr.

J.

March Sth.'' Dion the Deliverer," by Mr.


October

by

Classical Litera-

E. Barton.

25fA." Sculptured Portraits

of

J. H. Fowler.
Eminent Greeks,"

Professor P. Gardner,

November 29th.'' Old Lamps


of translation)

New

" (an address on the art

by Miss Stewart.

February lith, 1919.

opened by Miss

for

Discussion on

the Teaching of Classics,

C. S. Wilkinson.

March \Uh. " The Literary School


Empire," by Mr. E. S. Bouchier.

of

Gaza under the Late

NORTHUMBERLAND AND DURHAM BRANCH


President

The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Durham


Vice-Presidents

The Right Rev. the Lord Bishop of Newcastle Sir W.


H. Hadow, Mus.Doc. Canon A. H. Cruickshank, M.A.
Professor J. Wight Duff, D.Litt. Professor F. B.
Jevons, D.Litt. The Rev. J. H. How, M.A. The Rev.
;

R. D. Budworth, M.A.

Hon. Treasurer

The Rev. Professor

J.

H. How, M.A.,

20,

North Bailey,

Durham.
Hon. Secretary
Basil Anderton, M.A., Public Library, Newcastle-upon-Tyne.

Committee
J.

G. D.
J. J. R. Bridge, M.A.
M. P. Blackett, M.A.
The Rev. Professor H. Ellershaw,
Dakyns, M.A.
W. H. Knowles, F.S.A.;
M.A.
Miss D. F. P. Hiley
;

20

APPENDIX

154

Major W. D. Lowe, D.Litt


H. B. WiDDOws,

MA.

The Rev.

Miss M. L. Stafford Smith

E. P. Pestle, M.A.

Miss E. F. Stevenson, M.A.

with the Treasurer and Secretary.

The following meetings have been held since December 1917


February 9th, 1918. Canon A. H. Cruickshank, MA., read a
paper on " The Riddle of the Bacchae."
March 23rd. The General Meeting. Mr. R. Bousfield, M.A.,
:

read a paper on " Excavations at Binchester (Vinovia)."

Maij

llth.
Notes on the Direct Method of teaching Latin,
Wight Duff's summary of returns from schools in the Northeast
notes on books, read by Messrs. Widdows, Cruickshank,
Pestle, Hepple, Duff, and Miss Taylor.
November 9th. The Rev. Canon Dawson Walker, D.D., read
a paper on " Some Formative Influences on the Pauline Style and

Dr.

J.
;

Diction."

February 22nd, 1919. The General Meeting. Professor J.


Wight Duff, M.A., D.Litt., read a paper on Velleius Paterculus."
March loth. Miss C. M. Shipley read a paper on " Sophists and
'"

Sophistry."

May

2Uh.'MT.

" Greek Music

J.

Mountford,

F.

M.A.,

read

paper on

Methods of Study and Results."

CARDIFF AND DISTRICT BRANCH


President

The Rt. Hon. Lord Aberdare


Vice-Presidents
J.

Mortimer Angus, Esq., M.A. W. E. Hoyle, Esq., M.A.,


The Rev. W. Lewis Robertson, M.A. Professor
D.Sc.
Professor 0. L. Richmond, M.A.
G. Norwood, M.A.
Professor D. A. Slater, M.A.
;

lion. Treasurer

Rev. T. H. Robinson, M.A., D.D., University College.


Hon.
Miss Dulcie Evans, B.A.

Secretaries
;

Miss M. E. Pearson, M.A.

CARDIFF AND DISTRICT BRANCH

155

Committee

Professor 0. L. Richmond,
Professor Norwood, M.A.
Miss E.
Miss C. Jenkyns, B.A.
M.A.
Miss Steuart
Miss G. B. M. Whale,
Lock, B.A.
Miss K. Freeman
Mr. I. Bisgood.
B.A. Mr. G. D. Brooks, M.A.
;

The usual number

been held, the

of ordinary meetings has

A War-time Singer," by
papers read being the following
" The Roman and his Newspaper," by Mr. E. J.
Miss Steuart
Jones " The Feudal System under the Roman Empire," by Mr.
:

"

The Development and Decay of Roman


" Greek Studies and Modern Life,"
Religion," by Miss Pearson
"
Legends and Traditions," by Miss Burby Mr. W. G. Evans
" The
"
Aristotle's Theory of Comedy," by Mr. Michaels
stein
Muse of Tragedy at Rome," by Miss Francis. It has unfortunately proved impossible to arrange the usual open lecture by some
classical scholar from elsewhere.
The number of Associate and
the Associate
Full Members has remained about the same
Members have been almost entirely women, but it is hoped that
next session the effect of demobilisation will show itself by an
increased number of men students of the College becoming
members of the Branch.
R. T. Jenkins

"

LEEDS AND DISTRICT BRANCH


President

Major the Hon. Edward Wood,


Vice-Presidents

M.A., M.P.

Sir John
His Grace the Archbishop of York, D.D., LL.D.
The Rev. W. E. BlomN. Barran, Bart., B.A., M.P.
FiELD, B.A., B.D. Sir John Arthur Brooke, Bart., M.A.
LiEUT.-CoLONEL E. KiTSON Clark, M.A., F.S.A. ; Mr. W.
;

Professor F. Haverfield, M.A., Litt.D.,


Mr. A. G. Lupton, LL.D. Miss G. McCroben, M.A.
His Honour Judge A. Romer Macklin, B.A., LL.B.
Colonel J. AV. R. Parker,
Mr. J. R. MozLEY, M.A.
Miss M. E,
Mr. A. C. Price, M.A.
C.B., D.L., F.S.A.

Edwards, M.A,
LL.D.

APPENDIX

156

Roberts; Sir Michael E. Sadler, K.C.S.I.,Litt.D.,LL.D.,


Vice-Chancellor of Leeds University Mr. J. V. Saunders, M.A. The Right Hon. J. H. Whitley, B.A., M.P.
;

Chairman

of the Executive

Committee

Professor W. Rhys Roberts, Litt.D., LL.D., The University,


Leeds.

Hon. Treasurer

Professor B. M. Connal, M.A.,

7,

Claremont Drive, Headingley,

Leeds.

Hon.

Secretaries

Captain P. W. Dodd, B.A., The University, Leeda.


S. Faldino, The Girls' Grammar School, Bradford,

Miss C.

Hon. Secretary

Major

for

Reading Circles and School Lectures

F. R. Dale, B.A., M.C., D.S.O.,

The Grammar School,

Leeda.

Executive Committee

Miss
Miss L. Broad; Major F. R. Dale, B.A., M.C., D.S.O.
Mr. A. E. Holme, M.A. Mr. L. W. P.
A. Fleming, M.A.
Lewis, M.A,; The Rev. J. W. Lightley, M.A., B.D.
;

The Rev. R. H. Malden, M.A. Miss K. Pickard, B.A.


Mr. S. M. Toyne, M.A.
Mr. a. J. Spilsbury, M.A.
Lieut. A. M. Woodward, M.A. Miss K. T. Zachary, B.A.
together with the President, the Chairman of Committee,
;

the Treasurer, and the two Secretaries.

Meetings of the Branch, Octobw

1918 March

1919

Tuesdny, October Nh, 1918. Lecture by Professor B. P. Grenfell


on " New Papyri from Oxyrhynchua." After sketching the
various discoveries of Greek papyri in Egypt from 1778 to the
present day, the lecturer gave some striking extracts from the
long series of " Oxyrhynchus Papyri," and described the contents
of the forthcoming Part XIII in that series
in prepiration) of the " Tebtunis Papyri."

Tuesday, November

lOth,

and

of Part III

(now

1918. Address by Emeritus Pro-

LEEDS AND DISTRICT BRANCH


fessor C. E.

Vaughan on " The Debt

of

England

to Italy."

157
The

object of this literary, artistic, and historical svirvey was to quicken


interest in the proposed School of Italian Studies at the University

of Leeds.

Saturday, January 2bth, 1919.

Annual Meeting, with paper by

Professor Percy Gardner on "Recent Disco very in Classical Archae-

This paper has, with the kind permission of its author,


been printed and circulated free among all members of the Branch.
Together with Sir Frederic Kenyon's and Professor Grenfell's
ology."

recent papers on Greek Papyri,

work

lies

it

shows how vast a

before students of classical antiquity.

field of

new

Authoritative

statements such as these help incidentally towards the foundation,


new universities, of lectureships in Greek Archaeology,

in our

Roman

Archaeology, Palaeography, and Post- classical Greek.

Tuesday, March Wth, 1919.Paper by Mr. A. M. Woodward,


Lecturer on Classics and Ancient History in the University of
Leeds, and recently an Intelligence Officer with the British Salonica
Force, on " Marginalia Macedonica, or Notes from a Side-show."

The number

of

members continues

to increase.

BOMBAY BRANCH
Patron

His Excellency the Right Hon. Sir George Lloyd, D.S.O.,


Governor of Bombay
President

The Right Rev.

E. J. Palmer, M.A., D.D.,

Lord Bishop op

Bombay
Vice-Presidents

The Hon.

Sir Stanley L. Batchelor, B.A., I.C.S.

Sir C. H.
Sir J.

J.

A.

Hill, C.S.I., CLE., I.C.S.

Heaton,

I.C.S.

Hon.

The Hon.
The Hon.

Mr. A. L. Covernton, M.A,

Secretaries

Mrs. R. M. Gray, 13, Marine Lines, Bombay.


Professor Dawson, Northcote House, Apollo Bunder, Bombay.

APPENDIX

158

Hon. Treasurer

Mr.

S. T.

Sheppard, Times

Bombay.

of India,

Committee

Mr.

Crerar, M.A., I.C.S., Mr. N. P. Pavri, M.A., LL.B.


The Rev. R. Strachan, M.A. Captaix R. Marks, M.A.
Mr. H. V. Hampton, M.A.; Mr. H. MacNaughten, B.A.
J.

The Bombay Branch

of the Classical Association decided, in

1916, to suspend its activities

till the end of the war, but not


The membership has kept up well,

discontinue the Branch.


spite of the fact that

no report has lately been published.

to
in

An

Annual General Meeting was held in February 1918. A paper


was read by Mr. Otto Rothfeld, I.C.S., on "Indian Sidelights on
the Women of Euripides," to show that Indian social conditions
to-day offer some parallel to the conditions of Greek life in the
days of Euripides. The 1919 Annual Meeting was held in
January. It was decided to set the Branch going again, and to
try to find out whether residence in the East offered any facilities
for study of the classics which might possibly not offer themselves
At this meeting a paper was
to more learned Branches at home.
" Commerce and Finance
B.A.,
MacNaughten,
on
Mr,
H.
read by
"
illustrated
by
modern
methods of commerce
as
Classics
in the

among Eastern

THE

agricultural peoples.

ASSOCIATION

CLASSICAL

OF

SOUTH

AUSTRALIA
Patron

The Hon.

Sir

George

Murray, K.C.M.G.,

B.A.,

LL.M.,

Lieutenant-Governor and Chief Justice of South Australia,


Chancellor of the University of Adelaide.
President

Professor H. Darnley Naylor, M.A.


Vice-Presidents

Professor W. Mitchell, M.A., D.Sc, Vice-Chaucellor of the


Mr, W. R, Bayly, B.A., B.Sc.
University of Adelaide
;

Mr. T. Ainslie Caterer, B.A,

Mr. A,

J.

Perkins.

SOUTH AUSTRALIA

159

Hon. Treasurer

Mr.

J. F.

Ward,

Kent Town, South

M.A., Prince Alfred College,


Australia.

Hon. Secretary

Mr. D. H. Hollidge, M.A. The University, Adelaide,


South Australia.
Executive

The

Officers,

with Miss C. Clark, M.A., Mr. R.

B.A., Mr. G. A.

J.

M. Clucas,

McMillan, B.A.

Meetings are held at the University, at 8 p.m.

The following papers were contributed during the year 1918


" Horace, Odes,
"

The

Classics

I.

35,"

by

and the Acts

Professor Naylor.
of the Apostles,"

by Rev. W. H.

Winter.
" Numismatics,"
"

by Dr. A. Lendon.
The Races, Peoples, and Languages

of Europe,"

by Professor

Navlor.

THE CLASSICAL ASSOCIATION OF VICTORIA


Patrons

The Hon.

Sir William Irvine, M.A., LL.M.

Professor
Tucker, M.A., Litt.D. Camb., Hon. Litt.D. Dublin.
;

T. G.

President

Alex. Leeper, M.A., LL.D.


Vice-Presidents

Sir

Robert Garran, K.B.,

C.M.G., M.A.

Justice Higgins, M.A., LL.B.

W.

S.

His Honour Mr.


Littlejohn, M.A.

The Rev. Professor J. L. Rentoul, M.A., D.D. Helen


Sexton, M.B., B.S. The Rev. E. H. Suoden, Litt.D.
;

APPENDIX

160

Council

Mrs. Boyce-Gibson
M.A.

W,

F.

Mrs. Leeper

Miss Eveline Syme

Ingram, M.A.

B.A., M.D., B.S.

Miss Elizabeth Lothian,


R. L. Blackwood, M.A.

W. Kerry, M.A.

R. Lawson, M.A.

WYCKX, M.A., LiTT.D,

Latham,
Auqustin Lode;

L. S.

Felix Meyer, M.D., B.S.

A. T.

Strong, M.A.

Hon.

Secretaries

Miss Enid Derham, M.A., 21,


Melbourne, Victoria; Miss

Harcourt

S. J.

Street,

Hawthorn,

Williams, M.A., Talerddig,

Castlemaiue, Victoria.

Hon. Treasurer
J.

H. Thompson, M.A.

At the beginning of 1918 the Council decided to suspend operaon account of the absorption of members in
war activities. Nevertheless two numbers of Iris were published, the Reading Circle continued its study of Greek plays,
and on September 21st His Excellency Sir Walter E. Davidson,
K.C.M.G., Governor of New South Wales, lectured to the Association on " The Humanities in Education."
On November 27th the Annual General Meeting decided to
tions for the year

resume

full

work

in 1919.

Printed by BatttI, Watson

<t

Vin^v, Ld., London

and Aylttburv, England.

RECONSTRUCTION PROBLEMS
21

The

Classics

British

in

Education.

WHAT

is

citizen.

the object of education

What

To make

does a citizen need to

God,

know

a
?

good
His

to his fellow

man,

and his relations to the world in which he


Are these kinds of knowledge incompatible ?

lives.

relations to

his

relations

No.

This catechism forms, or should form, the basis of any


scheme for educational recon^rucfion. If the answers above
given are accepted, the bitterness which so often attends educational discussions would disappear, and the advocates of education, inslead of waging time and force in fighting one another,

would set themselves to work out a schem.e of co-operation, and


would unite in fighting the real enemy that delays educational
progress.

EDUCATION AND IDEALS.


The

enemy of education

is want of faith in its value


bottom, a want of faith in moral,
spiritual,
values.
It manife^s itself in a disrcsped for knowledge, except of the most obviously utilitarian
kind ; and it is rampant in all classes of societ}^, from the highe^
to the lowest.
The treatment of education by mo^t of our
statesmen in the pasf shows that they have no real faith or intere^
in it ; and their lack of intereft is due to the lack of intere^ in
it of the great mass of the pubhc whom they represent.

and

this

Now

real

want of faith is,


and intelledual

at

one thing more certain than another, it is


the war because their moral ideals were
higher than those of Germany. When the challenge came, the
people responded to it
and the faith which enabled them
to fight the long uphill battle rested upon the convidion (often
inarticulate) that the world would be no fit place to live in if
the material ideals of Germany prevailed
that the success of
the German ideal was incompatible with the belief in a righteous
God. But this faith was not so prompt and universal as one would
have wished to see it. Large sedlions of our population responded
to the appeal but slowly, and seemed blind to any but material
considerations.
And our national well-being after the war
if

there

that the Allies

is

won

RECONSTRUCTION PR013LEMS
trembles, ai the moment of writing these lines, on the narrow
a choice between the higher and the lower vision.

edge of

Hence one of the vital lessons of the war is the importance


of training all sections of the community to form and to hold
high ideals ; to realise that it profits a man nothing to gain the
whole world and to lose his own soul ; nay, more, that he cannot
that in peace, as
gain the whole world if he lose his own soul
Napoleon so often declared ii lo be in war, the moral is thnce
Further, we have seen in the war
as important as the material.
and its attendant circumstances the proof that a nation is that
which its education makes it. We have seen Germany materialised and brutalised by two generations of highly efficient, but
material education ; we have seen the devotion inspired by the
love of France which is inculcated into every French child
we have seen the fidelity of our own public school class to the
traditions of public service and corporate loyalty which our
we have seen also the perils which we
public schools teach
have incurred through the lack of belief in and resped for the
value of knowledge which our education failed to give us.
;

reconslrudion of our national life, we can keep


we have reached during the war, we shall
see to it that our national education is placed on a higher plane
than the merely material and utilitarian one. We shall try to
give our boys and girls a higher ideal than that which is measured
by salaries and wages. We shall teach patriotism and public
We shall teach respcd for knowledge. We shall show
spirit.
that we think it worth while to ca<ft our bread upon the waters in
If

now,

in the

at the beit level that

the form of non-utilitarian in<trudion, sure that we shall find


intellectual
it after many days in a higher moral standard, a wider
outlook, and an increased mental capacity.
Therefi>re, in forming our educational curriculum we shall
consider primarily what subjeds are mosl eflcdive in stimulating
and strengthening the mind. And we shall be careful not to
take too narrow a view. One mind responds bc^ to one Stimulus,
and one to another. The wider the range of intere^s which a
man possesses, the greater will be his sympathy with the interests
of tuhcrs and his comprehension of the value of their work.
to appreciate
It takes all sorts to make a world, and we want

and co-operate with the sorts which are not our own. We want
to resped knowledge which we do not possess, and to underhand
how to make use of the capacity and the experience of others.
Other pamphlets
science and of

in this scries set out the claims

modern languages

of natural

and others might be devoted

THE CLASSICS

IN

BRITISH EDUCATION

10 the claims of hi^ory, of English, of mathematics, or of


geography. Nothing thai will be said in this pamphlet is to be
All of those subjeds
taken as derogating "from those claims.
arc valuable and indeed indispensable elements in education,
elements which in greater or less degree ought to form parts
of any education which goes beyond the rudimentary Stage.
But the objcd of this pamphlet is to ^ate the no less important
claims of the Greek and Latin classics, and to show the detriment
which the mind of our people would suffer if ever they ceased to

hold a large place in our scheme of national education.

Two main points have to be discussed firsl, the educational


value of the classics ; secondly, the possibiUty of making a place
for them in the curriculum alongside of the other subjcds which
ought to form pan of it.
:

THE CLASSICAL TRADITION.


The Greek and Latin classics form a part, and hi^orically
the mosl important part, of what are commonly known as the
The Humanities comprise those subjeds which
Humanities.
deal with man in his relation to other human beings as a member
of society, as contra^ed with Natural Science, or the subjeds
wliich deal with the universe of nature and with man in his relation
it.
On the one side we have history, literature, language,
philosophy, law; on the other agronomy, geology, botany,

to

chemiflry, physics, mechanics, mathematics. It is wasile of time


to discuss which of these two main branches of education is the
What we
for both are obviously necessary.
more important
have to consider is how to got the besl out of both ; how to equip
the young mind with both portions of the armoury of hfe.
;

When
classics

the foundations of

Europcm

education were

and theology monopolised the whole

field.

laid,

the

There were

no other languages or literatures known that were worth sl;udy.


no histories comparable with those of the ancients, no philosophy
or law but those of Greece and Rome, and but little science or
mathematics. Modern education consequently was founded on
the Bible and the classics, and a great tradition of classical education was firmly established in all civilised countries. Only gradually and comparatively lately have modern languages produced
literatures in any sense comparable with those of Greece and

Rome

only

Slill

more lately has science come


3

to take a prominent,

RECOiNSTRUCTION PROBLEMS
perhaps a predominant, position in our daily life ; only within
the la^ generation or two has either subjed been organised as an

in^rument

Hence

for general education.

it

was through no

pcrversit}^ of

our anceilors, but by

the natural force of circumstances, that the classics have formed


the main feature of the curriculum of all secondary schools that
are m.ore than half a century old, and that classics have a tradition
in education which is matched by no other subject* This fadl,
however, though it entitles them to respc6l, does not entitle them
to continued exclusive possession now that other subjeds have,
so to speak, arrived at manhood. What we now have to seek is
fair play for all, and to see th^t in letting in the new we do not
lose valuable elements

which only the old can give

us.

THE CLAIMS OF OTHER SUBJECTS.


Let us grant fir^ ungrudgingly the claims of the other subNo reasonable person will deny that the ^udy of natural
is of vital practical importance for the life of the modern
that it is a stimulating and ennobling exercise of the
world
mind thai every child should be shown something of the forces
and the wonders of the world in which he lives, and should learn

jeds.
science
;

something of the rigorous methods employed in the pursuit ot


Equally true is it that modern history has
scientific knowledge.
pradical
and educational, which it had not attained
both
a value,
a couple of centuries ago, and that the citizen of a modern Slate
should know the outlines of the hiiloryofhis own country, and at
of the other great civilised nations
with which we are in conta'd. One might go funher, and say
thai one of the serious dangers which threaten our present
polity is the ignorance of hi^ory on the pan of the mass of the
cledorate, which deprives their political judgment of a much
needed balla^l. Modern languages, too, have educational possinot merely because we
bilities which they never had before
travel more and want to ask our way and order our dinner in
foreign countries, but becai-se there are great literiUure.v in French,
Italian, Spanish, German, Russian which it is good for us to read,
and because it is important for us to comprehend the thoughts

leasl the m.ore recent history

whom our own life is ever more and more


the purely utilitarian considerations are
Further,
woven.
closelv
For the condud of
wholly on the side of the modern subjeds.

of peoples with

Tliis is ciiipluilically stated

in

the

recent Report of the Prime


Modem Languages in the

Committee on the position of


Educational System ol Great Britain.
Mitiistir's

THE CLASSICS
daily

life,

IN BRITISH

of commerce, of indu^ry, of

EDUCATION

politics,

we want modern

languages, and modern (though not exclusively


modern) hi^ory. But here we touch on the great peril of modern
education, the danger le^ in our pursuit of the immediately
utilitarian we lose the vital spiritual element which is our ultimate
science,

modern

goal.

VALUE OF THE CLASSICS.


It

is

spiritual

where

because the classics contain elements of the highe^


and intelledual value wliich cannot be obtained else-

in equal force or equal intensity that the lover of education

to fight for their retention as one of the leading components of our national sy^lem. In the fir^l place, Greek and
Roman thought, Greek and Roman literature, Greek and Roman
language, Greek and Roman hi^lory, lie at the foundations and
enter inseparably into the slrudture of our own thought, literature,
language and hi^ory. It is a tragic mi^ake to think of them as
ancient or dead subjedts. The hi^ory and thought of Greece
is

bound

and Rome are far nearer to us, far more real to us, far more
modern, than the hi^ory and thought of tlic cenraries from the
second to the sixteenth of our era. They arc slill unexhau^ed
springs of thought and inspiration to-day. In the crisis of the
lasl four years, when men were forced back on the fundamentals
of their nature, how many found comfort, wisdom, strength in
the literature of Greece in the fifth and fourth centuries before
Chrisl, in jfEschylus, in Thucydides, in Plato ? And how often
in the problems of our world-wide Em.pire do we find parallels
and warnings in the hislory of the Roman Empire which we
could find nowhere else ?
It is difficult to bring homo to those who have not thought
about it the extent to which English language, literature, and
thought are based upon Greece and Rome, and are unintelligible
without them. Our philosophy is based upon Plato and Ari^otle,
and makes a leap thence to Hobbes and Locke ; and Plato and
Ariitotle remain unsuperseded by Kant or Hegel, or even by
Nietzsche or James. The whole modern system of law (though
less in England than in France) is based upon Roman law.
Our
imaginative literature is bleeped in the literature of Greece and
Rome ; its forms, its subjcdis, its thoughts come straight
thence as though no twenty or thirty centuries lay between Our
language is as much Latin as Saxon, and French, Italian and
Spanish are but Latin modernised. Merely as a means to understanding modern languages and literatures a widely diffused
knowledge of Greek and Latin is indispensable.

RECONSTRUCTION PROBLEMS
But, apart from the intimate association of classical culture
with our own, its positive value is so great that any system ol"
education which weakened our knowledge and appreciation ol"
it would lower the sT;andard and lessen the content of our own
culture.
It is the simple truth, unquesl:ioned by those whose
range of knowledge qualifies them to judge, that the literature of
Greece is the finest in the world, though our own may come next
to it.
If any competent critic were drawing up a lisl: of the great
writers of the world, he could hardly help naming four or five
Greeks before he named two of any other country. We should
have to combine the greater representatives of England, France,
Italy, Spain and Gcnnany to make a lisl which would match
that which could be produced from Greece alone, without calling
on the support which Rome could furnish. The imaginative
intelled of the human race produced its finest flower in the Greek
race, and the whole tone of our civilisation would be lowered if our
knowledge of it intimate only in the case of comparatively few
in each generation, but conveyed by them to the general educated
sense of the community in a way that v^^ould not be possible if
Greek and Latin were languages as little known as Arabic or
Persian were sensibly weakened or confined to a handful of

speciali^s.

which Greek and Latin are irreplaceable by


the purely linguistic one. It is not necessary
to depreciate French and Cierman in order to argue that Greek
and Latin, as subjedts of study, give certain elements of mental
It is not merely
training which no modern language can give.
that Greek is incomparably beautiful, and possesses delicacies
third

modern

asped

sludies

in

is

for it may
!>tyle vvhich are themselves a liberal education
reasonably be argued that only the eled will appreciate them.
More important is the fail that, while they convey thoughts which
are entirely akin to our own methods of thinking, they do so in
a form of expression so difiereni from our^ that our minds are
exercised to transmute the one into the other. Languages such
as French or Italian are at once more easy and more diflkuli.
They are more easy in that the forms of sentences and expressions

of

are similar to our own, so that an approximate translation from


while on the
one into the other involves little mental exertion
other hand the nuances which dilTercntiate wotds apparently
identical with ours, and on which idiomatic knowledge of the
language depends, are hardly to be comprehended by the young
indent, and almost necessitate a residence in the country.
Translation from and into Greek and Latin is an admirable
;

THE CLASSICS

IN BRITISH

EDUCATION

and accuracy of expression. It


comprehension of the sense of the
passage to be translated, and next a seledion of the corred words
by which to convey that sense in another tongue. For those who
have higher lingui^ic and ^yU^ic gifts there are other benefits
to be derived from the pradice of translation, and much of the
be^ and fine^ appreciation of language and literature is acquired
by exercise in prose and verse composition ; but this should be
reserved for the few and not thru^ upon all. But for all the
pradtice of simple prose translation to and from Greek and Latin
is at lea^ as valuable an intelledual exercise as the ^udy of
algebra or geometry is for those who are not going to be expert
training in precision of thought

requires fir^ of

all

a clear

mathematicians.

SOCIAL AND POLITICAL PROBLEMS.

A fourth consideration which mu^ be touched on is the training which Greek and Latin give in social and political problems.
Modern forms of law and government, are derived from those of
Greece and Rome. The problems of politics and of empire that
confront us confronted Greece and Rome, were discussed by
writers whose grasp of philosophic thought has never been
surpassed, or were dealt with by the admini^rators of the one
empire which in all hi^ory moft resembles our own in scope and
charader.
Moreover, these problems occurred then in more
simple and less complex forms, and are so far remoyed from us in
time that we can ^udy them more clearly and dispassionately than
those of our own country and time. Yet they are fundamentally
the same. Many a classical scholar during these laft four years
mu^f have thought again and again of historical parallels in
Thucydidcs and Demosthenes, and muSt have had recourse to the
political wisdom of Plato and Aristotle.
Many of our contemporary public men would deal none the less wisely with the
problems of to-day if their minds were beeped in the wisdom and
fortified by the knowledge which is to be found in the political
and hi^orical literature of Greece and Rome. There we find the
trials of democracy and of empire, and there we watch the example
of great men and acute thinkers dealing with the elements of the
same problems as ourselves. It is a Morehouse of experience from
which we should be extremely foolish to cut ourselves off, aijd
which, on the contrary, we should do our he^ to lay open to the
classes into whose hands the control of our national destinies is
now

passing.

RECONSTRUCTION PROBLEMS
USE OF TRANSLATIONS.
It is not possible within the limits of a short pamphlet to
dwell at length on the value of the classics, either as an inslrument
of intelledual training or as the depository of indispensable
No
information and moral inspiration. Nor is it necessary.
reasonable advocate of natural science or of modern subjeds
denies the value of the classics, any more than the value of those
subjeits is denied by reasonable advocates of the classics. The
question at issue between them is the possibility of finding room
for them all in the curriculum, and the extent to which one or
other must be sacrificed in order to make way for its competitors.
it may be as well to touch briefly on an argument
often used, namely, that the essence of classical culture
can be sufliciently imbibed through the medium of translations.
There is no need to deny the modicum of truth that resides in

But at
which

this point
is

Translations Vv'ill convey much of th^e a(5\ual


information contained in classical literature, and part at lea^ of
the benefits described under the fourth head of the above summary may be enjoyed by those who cannot read Greek or Latin.
But it is only a part, and even this part loses something of its
force and flavour. So far as it is true, h is true also of modern
One can learn the lessons of French and German
languages.
hi^ory without reading the authorities for it in their own tongue.
One can even make some acquaintance with the genius of Dante
or Cervantes through translations. Yet no advocate of modern
languages would accept this as an adequate training in modern

such a ^atement.

European

culture,

even

though

translations

from

modern

languages are usually more adequate, and approach nearer to


the tone and spirit oi their originals than is possible in translations
from Greek or Latin. And where Greek and Latin are ^rongc^l,
in ihe expression of ideas, in the conveyance of spiritual inspiration
and refreshment, in poctr\', in philosophy, in the art of literary
expression, translations are the lea^ effedive. The student who
reads Pluta? ch or even Li v>' in a translation does not lose much; but
that he will obtain from
it is only a poor and inadequate rcfledion
even the best translations of Homer and iEschylus, of Herodotus
and Thucydidcs, of Plato and Aristotle, of Virgil and Horace and
Tacitus. For all except the few, like Keats, whose kindred genius
inspires them to divine the spirit which underlies the di^ortcd
form, a very great part of the gift which the classics have to

be^ow

is

lo^.

the art of translation is really helpful is in accelerating


If a sludcnt has once ma^ered
of the weaker scholar.
progress
the

Where

THE CLASSICS

IN BRITISH

EDUCATION

the elements of Greek and J^atin, his comprehension of the greater


mailers will be much assisted by the use of a competent version.
Just as a beginner in Italian will make far more rapid and easy
progress ^^dth Dante if he already knows Gary's translation, so
there are many who could read Thucydides or Plato with profit
and comprehension if they had Jowett's version at hand to help
them over difficulties. Similarly, many a man who has learnt his
classics at school will find it easy to keep up his acquaintance with
them in later years if he is able to glance from time to time at
an English version. A great service to the classics has been
rendered by the production of the Loeb series of classical authors,
in wliich the original and the translation face one another on

opposite pages of volumes of convenient

size.

THE DISCIPLINE OF CHARACTER.


Before passing on to consider how the essential benefits of
can be^ be preserved for English education, one
further claim on their behalf cannot be passed over.
It is a
somewhat more contentious topic than those which have hitherto
been dealt with, but there is no reason why it should not be stated
Experience has shown in the pa^ that a
with moderation.
classical education is an excellent discipline of charafter.
It is
to be observed fir^ that a classical education does not mean, as
controversiali^s so often represent it to mean, an education
confined to the ^udy of Greek and Latin. A classical education,
in a good school, has indeed its main ^aple in the ^udy of these
languages, but it includes as important subsidiaries a considerable
amount of " divinity " (Bible study), of hi^ory (ancient and
modern), and of mathematics, and a modicum (possibly a small
one) of natural science and of modern languages.
The proper
proportions of these subjedls is a legitimate topic of discussion,
and will be referred to later but it may be claimed for the classical
education of the pasl: that it trained a boy to be a useful member
of society, to take an a6live part in the life of his school, and that
the leaders of school and university adlivities were usually to be
found among the classically trained boys. Tesliimony to this
effedt has been given by many men who had no parti pri's in the
matter, or whose prepossessions might have been expecfled to
lead them to an opposite conclusion
and quite recently some
intere^ing ^atiftics have been published, as the result of a comprehensive inquiry in America. Evidence from this source is
additionally valuable because it can be gleaned from a wider range
than in England, and because it comes from a country where the
classical culture

RECONSTRUCTION PROBLEMS
classics are less securely

entrenched in tradition, where prejudice

rather againsl the old waj's than for them, and where new
subjeds and new experiments get a feir field and ample favour.
is

This evidence is contained in a volume by Dr. A. F. We^.


of Princeton University.* The main bulk of it is occupied by the
testimony of seveial scores of leading men in American life
Presidents of the United States, men of business, scholars,
engineers,

dodtors,

law>'ers,

professors,

science

journalisls,

and writers of various sorts. At the end are a few pages


of slati^ics, which are ^riking even to those whose faith in the
The figures are based upon returns
classics is mosl; profound.
covering a very wide range of universities. These are some of
historians,

the results

"

The Secretary of the College Entrance Examination Board


has tabulated the comparative records of the classical and the
non-classical indents who took the examinations of the Board
There were 21,103
1914, 1915, and 1916.
candidates." In the non-classical subjects 295 per cent, of the
classical candidates obtained a rating of 90 to 100, and 2-05 per
I7'3i per cent, of the
cent, of the non-classical candidates
classical candidates obtained a rating of 75 to 89, and 12-31 per
cent, of the non-classical candidates.
in the three years

" In all but one of the subjedls taken by any large number
of candidates the classical Sludenis show a marked superiority
over the non-classical."

In reports from 19 high schools and academies and 17 colleges


and universities, " Students receiving High Honors at graduation
were 18 per cent, of all the classical students, but only 72 per

Students receiving
Debating, Speaking, or Essay-writing were
8-8 per cent, of all the classical Students, but only 35 per cent,
Students winnmg Prizes
of all the non-classical students.
or Honors for Scholarship in other than Classical Subjedis were
13-5 of all the classical Students, but only 93 of all the non-

cent, of

all

the non-classical sludenis.

Honors or Prizes

for

In the institutions from which these figures


non-classical Students outnumber the classical
by over ten per cent., yet on every basis of comparison (and only
a few have been quoted above) the classically trained men show

classical students."

are

drawn the

It is not necessar\- to decry other subjedts,


the better record.
which for many individuals arc preferable and have their essential

Value of

tlu-

Classics (Princeton University Press,

London, 1917).
10

and H.

Milford,

THE CLASSICS
place

ill

the

BRIflSH EDUCATION

IN

community and

in the educational curriculum

but

for the all-round training of the citizen the claim of the classics
to

hold the premier place has not yet been shaken.

RELATIONS WITH OTHER SUBJECTS.


If space permitted, it would be easy to colled much testimony
from men of science, of business, or of commerce to the value of
a broad humanistic training as a basis for work in quite other
fields than the classics or literature themselves.
But it is time to
pass on to the further question, how is room to be found for the
classics as well as for the other subjedls which are pressing for an
increased share in the curriculum
and what should be the relation of these subjects to one another ?
;

On these points satisfadory progress has been made during


the last few years towards a general basis of agreement. Two
reports have been issued, containing an account of a series of
conferences between representatives of all the. principal subjeds
of secondary education.* On the one side was the Education
Committee of the Conjoint Board of Scientific Societies, a federation of about sixty scientific organisations,

Society

on the other the Council

federation

similar

of

the

headed by the Royal


Humanistic Studies, a

for

Classical,

English,

Geographical,

and Modern Language Associations and other bodies,

Historical

headed by the British Academy. The results of the conferences


a singularly harmonious effort to fashion a scheme
of education which would give fair play to all subjeds, and
encourage the ^udcnt to make the be^ use of his faculties.

showed

A GENERAL CURRICULUM.
The nature of this scheme
following scries of resolutions

is

be^

indicated by quoting the

The
in

fir^

cbjed

in

education

mind and charader,

is

the training of human beings


of a free country, and

as citizens

any technical preparation of boys and


profession, occupation, or
this principle.
2.

girls for a particular

work muft be

consis'tent with

schools in which education is normally continued


beyond the age of sixteen, and in other schools
so far as circvmi^ances permit, the curriculum up to

In

up

all

to or

* Education. Scientific and Humane (Alurray, 1917, price


6rf.), and
Education. Secondary and University (Murray! 1919 price I5.)
both
prepared by Sir F. G. Kenyon on behalf of tiic soci'jtics conrernVd.
;

11

RECONSTRUCTION PROBLEMS
about the age of sixteen should be general and not specialand in this curriculum there should be integrally
;
represented English (language and literature'), Languages
and Literatures other than English, Hislory, Geography,
Mathematics, Natural Sciences, Art and Manual Training.
ised

3.

4.

5.

6.

In the opinion of this Conference both natural science


and literary subjeds should be taught to all pupils below
the age of sixteen.

In the case of sludents who Slay at school beyond the age


of sixteen specialisation should be gradual and not
complete.
In many schools of the older type more time is needed for
in^rudlion in natural science ; and this time can often
be obtained by economy in the time allotted to c'assics,
without detriment to the intere^s of classical education.
In

many

more lime is needed for initrudion


and it is essential,
and geography
the intere^s of sound education, that tliis time be
other schools

in lan;;;u3gcs, hislory
in

provided.
7.

it is probably impossible to provide in^rudion in


both Latin and Greek in all Secondary Schools, provision
should be made in every area for teaching in these subjeds,

While

so that every

boy and

girl

who

is

qualified to profit

from

have the opportunity of receiving adequate


in^lrudion in them.

them

shall

NO EARLY SPECIALISATION.
ihc root idea of these resolutions is obvious. It is that up to
about the age of sixteen education should be general, and that this
general education should introduce the pupil to all the principal
branches of knowledge to his own language, to other languages,

ancient and modem, to history, to geography, to mathematics,


to natural science, besides that manual training which i.s useful
to all and the one congenial mode of self-expression to some.
During this period the aptitudes of the pupil will be declaring
At the end of this slage his
themselves, and can be sl.udied.
progress will probably be tcSled by an examination (the " FirSl

School Examination " recognised by the Board of Education),


success in which should be accepted as a sufficient qualification
for entry into a university or to other courses of Siudy. After
The pupil will devote more
this 5.tagc specialisation may begin.

THE CLASSICS

IN BRITISH

EDUCATION

lime to the subjedl for which he has moft aptitude or which he


But other
intends to make his main pursuit at the university.
subjcds will not be wholly dropped, and some kind of a general
education will be maintained up to the end of school life. Only
at the university will specialisation become complete.
In this way every pupil has a chance of acquiring a broad
outlook upon life. He is given the keys of many doors, and knows
something of the treasures which he may expedl to find behind
them. Whatever line of life he may afterwards pursue, he has
the possibility of sympathising intelligently with the intere^s of
others, and understanding the importance of whole classes of
knowledge, even though his own knowledge of them is small.
His mind is not narrowed and his intere^s limited by a premature

and excessive

specialisation.

THE PROVISION OF OPPORTUNITY.


This matter of the provision of opportunity is of great imporIt is admirably expressed by a di^inguished man of
science. Prof. \X^ Bateson, in the following words, which show
a catholic sympathy with all branches of knowledge

tance.

"

We

recognise education in its two scientific aspeds, as a


seledive agency, but equally as a provision of opportunity. In
view, therefore, of the congenital diversity of the individual
types, that provision should be as diverse and manifold as possible,
and the very firil essential in an adequate scheme of education
is that to the minds of the young something of everything should
be offered, some part of all the kinds of intelledual sustenance

which the minds of men have grown and rejoiced. That


should be the ideal. Nothing of varied slimulus or attradlion
So only will the young
ihat can be offered should be withheld.
mind discover its aptitude and powers. This ideal education
should bring all into contadl with beamy as seen first in literature,
ancient and modern, with the great models of art and the patterns
of nobility of thought and of oondu(5l ; and no less should it show
to all the truth of the natural world, the changeless systems of the
universe, as revealed in astronomy or in chemistry, something
too of the truth about life, what we animals really are, what our
place and what our powers, a truth ungarbled whether by
prudery or my^icism." *

in

* Cambridge Jisaays on
1917), pp. 132-3.

lu(iicii't<':i

cil.

A.

Ihii.sou

(t

aiubridge,

RECONSTRUCTION PROBLEMS

MAKING ROOM FOR OTHER

SUBJECTS.

In order that a general education such as has been here outthat full provision of opportunity
may be accorded in all dircdlions, it is admitted that in mosl of
the older secondary schools the time allotted to classics must be
reduced. This is frankly accepted by many of the keenesl advoLatin and Greek are unqucSfionably more
cates of the classics.
difficult than mosT: other subjects, because they are more \vholl\
strange to the beginner ; and consequently a fairly generous
allotment of time must be given to them if any progress worth
making is to be made. But it is possible to reduce greatly the
details of grammar (especially the more exceptional details),
to restridt composition (except the con^lrudion of simple sentences) to those who specialise in classics, to stimulate the reading
of easy texts, and to assisl progress by the aid of translations.
In this way the pupils in general will have some of the intercsl and
some of the lingui^ic training of the classics put before them.
Those who show aptitude for the subjed will be able to pursue
while those who go no further will at lea^
it to its higher levels ;
have been introduced to intere^ing portions of such authors
as Homer, Herodotus, Caesar and Cicero, and will have some
comprehension of ancient languages and ancient history.

hned may be eslabhshed, and

No demand

is

now made

that classics should receive imique

demanded

that nothing should be done to


weight the scales against those who have an aptitude for a form
of education so effective, so wide-reaching, so rich in capacity
This
for forming the charader and training the intcllcdt.
demand is made not in the interests of the classics (whate\er
thai phrase may meanj, but in the interests of the nation, which
cannot afford to lose so valuable an element from its culture,
privileges

but

it is

A generous rivalry between the different subjcds is quite


another thing. Each should Strive to make good its claim to be
and as each makes good its
the bcnelador of the human species
claim, so will ii obtain its share in the curriculum. But to grant
at once all that eager advocates of the newer subjeds claim would
defeat their own objeds. As their wiser representatives admit,
they have to pcrfeit their methods, to train their teachers, to
establish the traditions which classics admittedly already possess.
The Minister of Education has himself recently laid ^ress on the
need for gradual expansion on the part of the newer subjeds
;

"

mu^t always be remembered that the newer Indies suffer


under an initial disadvantage which it takes some little time to
It

14

THE CLASSICS

EDUCATION

IN BRITISH

correct.
Teachers have to be trained, methods have to be
improved, text-books have to be written, a tradition has to be
built up before a new study can acquire the educational value
which belongs to any branch of discipline which has been
perfected and refined by improvements continued over many
generations. For this reason I doubt whether Science or Modern
Languages would be in a position at once to make good use of all
the school hours which their more extreme advocates demand for
them. We cannot, in other words, leave altogether out of sight
the exiting qualifications of the men and women who are teaching
in the schools, or beneficially corred: the balance of Studies in the
curriculum of our schools iniless we are prepared to give to every
study only so much time as it can profitably use." *

FAIR PLAY FOR CLASSICS.


What then is needed in order to bring about the result we
desire?
Fir^, such modifications in the examinations for
scholarships at the Universities as will remove the temptation
to excessive specialisation at schools.
Next, a willingness on
the part of the friends of classics to make economies of time in
order to allow room for other subjedls. Thirdly, a willingness
on the part of advocates of other subjeds to allow fair play to
classics.
So far as the making of economies is concerned, a
committee of the Classical Association is now sitting lo
consider how they can best be eftedted in the case of Greek.
But there is another side to this question, which has noi
yet been touched on, and raises in an acute form the claim
of fair play for classics.
In the controversies with regard
lo classics the disputants have almost invariably had in mind the
public schools in which classics are firmly and even predominantly
established. But there is a far larger class of secondary schools
in which classics lead a very precarious existence. In the municipal and other secondary schools throughout the country, in which
an increasing proportion of the population will in future be
educated, the proportions existing in the older schools are completely reversed.
Science is here entrenched and proieded by
compulsion and encouraged by public opinion.
Latin, and ^ill
more Greek, are regarded as ornamental and probably useless
excrescences.
In schools such as these the need is to claim for the pupils who
attend them an element of culture to which they are entitled and
*

I.fttcr

rem! .U

H Jan., 19h).

.;

imci

iirj

.f

tin-

|i\t

umaiii^tic

Assm

i.ilions

RECONSTRUCTION PROBLEMS
which they are

in

danger of losing.

Greek and Latin being whai

we have seen them to be, the foundation and inspiration of all our
modern culture, and possessing what we have seen them to possess,
good half of the finest literature of the world, they should not
remain the special preserve of one social class in the community.
The classics, and especially Greek, should be the possession, not
of the social ari^ocracy of the country but of the intelledual
ari^ocracy. There is no reason why this intelledlual aristocracy
should be confined to the comparatively wealthy. It is for the
working classes, now that they are rising to fuller power and more
articulate expression, to claim their right of access to this mine
a

of intclledual wealth.

THE CLAIM OF THE WORKING CLASSES.


Fortunately there are signs that they will do so. At a recent
deputation to the President of the Board of Education,* Mr.
A. Mansbridge, the founder and inspirer of that excellent movement, the Workers' Educational Association, used the following

words

" Working people are displaying an increasing interest in such

subjeds as Greek Democracy and Greek Moral and Political


Thought. ... It is not ton much to say that there are to-day
many working people in all parts of the country who associate
the name of prcecc with the cause of humanism, and who eagerly
seize every opportunity of extending their acquaintance with
Of proposals which would confine the
classical civilisation."
knowledge of Greek to the well-to-do he said, " That obvioisly
would be an injustice which working men and women, developing
as they arc in appreciation of education, would not tolerate for
one moment. ... I should like to sec a redi^lribution of the

opportunities for classical studies. ... I do not wish scholarship to be confined to those who are able to give their lives to it
opportunity
I want men enga<.',ed in all occupations to have the

of developing ii. I hope the day may come when a working mtn
may be able to enjoy Homer in the original, and excite no more
comment than his enjoyment of Shakespeare docs now. Why
"
should it ?

This is no fantaftic ideal, but one that comes well within the
range of such a reconilrudion of our national life as we are now
(In .^plil 27th. 1917.
Classical Assuciution, Vol.

Kcix.rled in

lull

XV., pp. 5-40.


16

in

Ihc-

Proceedings 0/ (ha
g

I
^

THE CLASSICS

IN

BRITISH EDUCATION

contemplating. What is required is that in every education'!


area there should be facilities for the learning of Latin and Greek,
and that boys and girls who show signs of lingui^ic capacity and
literary taSle should have these gifts encouraged. For those who
have them it is no very* great or hard matter to acquire such a
knowledge of Greek as may enable them to enjoy the easier authors
after a two years' course of ^udy, and even the harder ones with
the aid of a translation. A Committee of the Classical Association
has ju^ been engaged in drafting such a course

Modern

intellcdual civilisation owes its rise to the recovery


It would be tragic if, at
at the Renaissance.
the moment when the nation has risen to the height of its great
ordeal in virtue of its maintenance of those high spiritual ideals

of Greek literature

literature does so much to foster, it should put out


the source and mainspring of its intellcdual inspiration.
The classics are a heritage to be cherished, not to the exclusion
of other worthy and necessary subjeds, but as an essential
clement with them in the full culture on which a noble national

which ancient
of

its life

life

can he nurt\.^rcd and maintained.

LIST OF PUBLICATIONS.
folloaing is a list of th.c pithlicaiions ab'eady issued by
Ministry of Reconstruction and the Reconstruction Committees
which preceded it. Other reports of a more confidential nature
have been drencn up but not published.
'llic

(Itc

Adult Education

9,107, price 3d.

Army.

Report by Committee on. (Cd.


Second Interim Report Education in the

First Interim

(Cd. 9,225, price 2d.)

Advisory Bodies Appointed by the Minister of Reconstruction, State.mext as to. (Cd. 9,195, price 2d.)
Afforestation.

Final

(Cd. 8,881, price

Agriculture.
an increase

Report

of the

Foreslry

Committee.

is.)

Part I of the Report on the mcLhod3 of cffedling


(Cd. 8,506,
the home-grown food supplies.

in

price 3d.)

Report of the Agricultural Policy Sub-Committcc. Parts


I and II (Cd. 9,079, price is. 3d.)
Summary of Evidence. (Cd. 9,0.10, price is. 3d.)
Ditto
:

Materlals.

Building
position

oi'

Report of Committee to consider the

the Building Induslry aficr the \X'ar.

(Cd. 9,197,

price 3d.)

Civil

War Workers

Co.m.\uttle.

First Interim Report.

(Cd.

9,117, price 2d.)

Ditto

Second, Third, Fourth and Fifth Reports.

9,192; price 3d.)


Ditto: Final Report.

Subsiituic

Labour.

'Cd.

(Cd.
9,228,

price id.)

Coal Conservation Committee.

Fmal Report.

(Cd. 9,084,

price IS.)

Commercial and Industrial Policy afier the Wat^


(Cd. 9,035, price gd.)
Report.
Interi.m Report on Certain Essential Industries.
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Final

(Cd.

2d.'i

Report on the Importation 01 Goods fro.m


THE Present Enemy Countries after the War. (Cd.

Interi.m

9.033, price id.)

Interim Report on the Treatment of E.xports from the


United Kingdom and British Overseas Possessions and
THE Conservation of the Resources of the E.mpire
during the Transitional Period after the VX'ar.
iCd. 9,034, price 2d.)

DoMisTic Sfrvice Prorle.m. Report of Women's Advisory


Committee. (Cmd. 67, price 3d.)
IS

Electric Power Supply. Report of Committee of Chairmen


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of Advisory Couucil.

Employers and Employed, Relations between. Fir^ and


Second Reports on Joint Standing Industrial Councils. (Cd.
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Supplementary Report on Works Committees.

(Cd. 9,001,

price id.)

Memorandum by

the Mini^ler of Recon^rudlion and the


Miniver of Labour on Indu^rial Councils and Trade

(Cd. 9,085, price id.)

Boards.
Conciliation

and Arbitration

Report

of Employers and

Relations

of Commiiiee on
(Cd. 9,099,

Employed.

price id.)

Final Report.

(Cd. 9,153, price id.)

New

Engineering Trades

Industries.

Committee Report.

(Cd. 9,226, price 6d.)


Firfl Interim
Finance. Currency and Foreign Exchange
Report of Committee on. (Cd. 9,182, price 2d.)
:

Financial

Facilities

of

Report

Committee

(Cd.

on.

9,227, price 2d.)

Financial Risks Attaching to the Holding of Trading


(Cd. 9,224,
Report of Committee on.
Stocks.
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Housing. Memorandum by the Advisory Panel on the Emergency Problem. (Cd. 9,087, price 3d.)
Women's Housing Sub-Committee. Fir^ Interim Report
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price 3d.).
Financial

price

Final Report

id.).

(Cd.

9,232,

(Cd. 9,223,
Interim Report
Final Report (Cd. 9,238, price 3d.).

Assistance.

price 2d.).

Land, Acquisition and Valuation

of, for Public Purposes.


Report of Committee. (Cd. 8,998, price 6d.)
Second Report. (Cd. 9,229, price 4d.)
Firft

Machinery

of

Government

Report

of

Committee

on.

(Cd. 9,230, price 6d.)

Ministry of Health Bill, 1918

Memorandum

on.

(Cd.

9,211, price id.)

" Period of the War." Report of Committee on the legal


(Cd. 9,100, price 6d.)
interpretation of the term.

Poor Law.
of Poor

Report of Committee on the Transfer of fundtions


(Cd. 8,917,
Authorities in England and Wales.

Law

price 3d.)
19

Post-War Questions.

Lift of

Commissions and Commitrecs

dealing wiili questions that will aiisc at the close of the War.
(Cd. 8^196, price 4d.)

Powers, Acquisition of. Report of the Sub-Committee


Recon^lrudion Committee. (Cd. 8,982, price 2d.)

Railway

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Standardisation

of

ot the

Report.

(Cd.

9,193, price id.)

Reconstruction, Report on the Work of the Ministry


the period ending 31 13ecember, 1918.

Rent and Mortgage Interest, Increase of (Wir


Acts.

Report of Committee on.

of, for

(Cd. 9,231, price 6d.)


Restrictions^

(Cd. 9,235, price 3d.)

Interim Report of SubWo.men, Vocational Training of


Committee of Women's Advisory Committee. (Price 3d.)
:

Reconstruction Problems Pamphlets on. (2d. each.)


Aims of Reconftrudion.
(I
(2 Housing in England and Wales.
(Out of Print.)
(3 Demobilisation of the Army.
(4 Housing in Scotland.
:

(5

New

(6;

Raw

(7

Fields for British Engineering.


Materials and Employment.

to Work and Ecnefits for Soldiers and Civil


Workers. (Out of Print.)
Re-Setilement of Civil War Workers.
Naval Demobilisation.
Labour Conditions and Adult Edvcation.

Guide

War

(8
(9:

(10
(II

Commercial Forestry.

(12

The Re-Settlement

of Officers.

I.

Armv and

R.A.F.

II. Na\7.
(13

(14
(15
(16

Rural Industries.
Food Production.
Juvenile 1-jnployment.
Prices

During the War and After.

(17
(IS

Art and

(19
(20

State Regulation of Wages.


Land Settlement.
The Classics in British Education.

[21

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Indujiilrial

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[Note

The Whitley Scheme.

All prices are net.]

lini^ry of Reconare mn on sale at the


may be purchased through any Bookseller or
Stationery Office at Imperial House,
directly from H.M.
Kmgsway, London, W.C. 2 and the other addresses on

These publications

^rudii'tn,

but

page 4

vi'

cover.

20

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11

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