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EE I41

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I,ONG EXAM

## l"Trvo(2) lrl). l00kVAtransformersareconnectedinV(opendelta)banksupplying abaianced

Ifthe balanced 3 o Ioad is 140kW at 0.85 pflagging and 0.85 efficiency, deterrnine the
overload kVA on each transfonner, pf of each secondary transfonner and the minimum size in
kVAr ofa capacitor bank to be connected across the load so that each transformer is Ioad 97% of

## its rated capacity. (20pts)

2. The primaries of two transfonrers are connected to a 2300V 2-O source. The secondaries are
connected in scott and deliver 460V, l30kw 3 O 0.866 lagging power factor load. Calculate a)

in each transformer winding on the primary side; b) the current in each transformer
winding on the secondary side; c) rating of each transforrer. (10pts)

tl're current

I <D translormefs are connected in parallel at no load. One has voltage ratio of 5000/440
and rating of 200kVA, the other has a ratio of 5000/480 and rating of 350kVA, the leakage
reactance ofeach is 3.5%. What is the circulating current? (l0pts)

3. Two

4. Transformer

## is in parallel with Transfonner B.

T-A
t50kvA, I

T.B

6600/240V

Z"t=

0.02425<62.9 ohms

l0okvA.

1 (D

66001240\
Z..z= 0.0 1067<62.9 ohms

Determine the maximum kVA load the bank can carry without overloadlng any of the two
transfonners, assurning that the two transformers operate at the same power factors. (10pts)

5. The following data were obtained when a short circuit test was performed on a l20kVA,
24001240Y distributron transformer: Esc= 70V, Isc= 42A, Psc:1150W. All instruments were
placed on the high side and the low side was short circuited. Calculate the %VR at 0.9 lagging
power factor. (l0pts)
6. Compare and contrast the two-winding transformer and autotransformer in terms of operation,
construction, power transformation/conversion. (l0pts)

7, When 120V, 60Hz is applied to the primary winding of a translonner, the iron loss is 240W.
When 50V, 25Hz is applied the core loss is 50W. Determine the iron loss when 230V, 5OHz is
applied to the primary winding. (10pts)

## A 1000kVA, 1101220Y,50H2, single phase transformer has an efficiency of96.5% at halflull

load and 0.8 laggrng power factor, and a maxiinum efficiency of 98.670/o at 0.866 power factor,
8.

Find the al)-day efficiency of the transfonner when supplying a purely resistive Ioad for the
for 3hours. (20pts)

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