Anda di halaman 1dari 9

.

,WR,4

EE I41

?ND

I,ONG EXAM

l"Trvo(2) lrl). l00kVAtransformersareconnectedinV(opendelta)banksupplying abaianced


Ifthe balanced 3 o Ioad is 140kW at 0.85 pflagging and 0.85 efficiency, deterrnine the
overload kVA on each transfonner, pf of each secondary transfonner and the minimum size in
kVAr ofa capacitor bank to be connected across the load so that each transformer is Ioad 97% of
3q) load.

its rated capacity. (20pts)


2. The primaries of two transfonrers are connected to a 2300V 2-O source. The secondaries are
connected in scott and deliver 460V, l30kw 3 O 0.866 lagging power factor load. Calculate a)

in each transformer winding on the primary side; b) the current in each transformer
winding on the secondary side; c) rating of each transforrer. (10pts)

tl're current

I <D translormefs are connected in parallel at no load. One has voltage ratio of 5000/440
and rating of 200kVA, the other has a ratio of 5000/480 and rating of 350kVA, the leakage
reactance ofeach is 3.5%. What is the circulating current? (l0pts)

3. Two

4. Transformer

is in parallel with Transfonner B.

T-A
t50kvA, I

T.B

6600/240V

Z"t=

0.02425<62.9 ohms

l0okvA.

1 (D

66001240\
Z..z= 0.0 1067<62.9 ohms

Determine the maximum kVA load the bank can carry without overloadlng any of the two
transfonners, assurning that the two transformers operate at the same power factors. (10pts)

5. The following data were obtained when a short circuit test was performed on a l20kVA,
24001240Y distributron transformer: Esc= 70V, Isc= 42A, Psc:1150W. All instruments were
placed on the high side and the low side was short circuited. Calculate the %VR at 0.9 lagging
power factor. (l0pts)
6. Compare and contrast the two-winding transformer and autotransformer in terms of operation,
construction, power transformation/conversion. (l0pts)

7, When 120V, 60Hz is applied to the primary winding of a translonner, the iron loss is 240W.
When 50V, 25Hz is applied the core loss is 50W. Determine the iron loss when 230V, 5OHz is
applied to the primary winding. (10pts)

A 1000kVA, 1101220Y,50H2, single phase transformer has an efficiency of96.5% at halflull


load and 0.8 laggrng power factor, and a maxiinum efficiency of 98.670/o at 0.866 power factor,
8.

Find the al)-day efficiency of the transfonner when supplying a purely resistive Ioad for the
lollowing loading: no load for 5 hrs,75To for4 hrs,25okfor7hrs, halfload for 5hrs and full Ioad
for 3hours. (20pts)

d#p:q/u,qilWM
EHI
hdffiatl

r) ,- lf

tta*v*

wbrrcc-fl

4-,'qrL,luh'to{

td:

coqncMn

kolr,V

V4

to.6f ll:oas

4M*d
q

4^@rd'xild
f+ d*c^
Qntt ,oW.d'trmdur*er ,'fr,oF

q'

rdclfu

rrt

or= }].+O@uAL q x,

srlr.thur

n" Po

g:n

llL

F x,r
-6ab

ho -o.W

Fh---Q -

ln

, zgcO\

L-#)

na

YYkatwr=

eryr,h

+tr:u/

ll . a&1o1652"

C)Mt()=

Flt

V-e/

vry'Yw
= ltl-tr1td?

rywlo,d: lu

ft

1+11rVse LVA

A,*,a\g= [z4*argP

VvA
,,dY
=

zP aa

=f

(AnDt- u^q

bO

q/f+4!0q EV,

o.6

i+ fuba og+Q as

,yd. +

,^-t(t--, "#

6-*

btltW-too-@

W "i+1^ o-Tl
tac (o

@lt+s

fr)6

- ry\F YvA

tqled

&=

ca [O;+n)

-P

47z7oo4

os (u>-o) = lo qqqsfu+,|'

cAaBLd',lMAyi/

DOFADD

wllt
Y

0)l

--7
1-'1r

,L

J-@

,, j

-- -'v

'".1:i:,i-r

'qY
Jbc= luo.lugqq zq A

w_

-+
', :Bo
-rl-i-t

ZecD

i,,

t /

\-.atd

tv =\ .lbo.

--tc.

a)

JL)

*Ve c,rmat
Dn+iE

fta-\'
l=- 1

f,Pc:

r;,i_-.1ti ,

.-4

J:-D{'+

,laL!

vtffih +nrK4ryer'^-fu

t-[ :

r..(Z:-)
\\- cz&

,Ft

32.dffio67 -ts

-.+-0

y,tw,yadc

$vuwof
n d'g

tt dch *'anr4amq
q)+ly, crruda,Sado

AdwoA

s mattl -

nhy *Wkarda,'tq-

En

e@ (rb,

tth -

?N CIa)
- 15t>sr' ?sirLtA

SbaK{ :

d,h^'

sap-- [E[r_I'L

{
JA= tbk
(tr)( lwt oWb)

gaadary

Sary

&- la$4lozqA

It-+ -- ry

"tneldo

T-a= Ei l4t4)xD Wb
r_wt

\
)

l:6

Ig -' 32. Qa2eABa -t *


16

:.}g"=g

s\nr.,

--4@(E) cn+)
? +@st-g[vz U+

o'P:tPb)

e+ea.d: ?soss

-z(

1uo ro.qxtt)
J-64\//W

+boI

Ux

lr3

* ( 4*^ q)\
\ al-o ,/
-l
= aT.7yfrq*

hhnndt,ay'

;1ofi
*

vrwrW

oVhtqdtu

Wt

;;"'* fl'n

hhdt

fd'

dadnisrrJaw

'U

$16le/ M*ytttWA@
EFTI

) z

'oo

rc?

Soco

a,ane4vncN

frW dnol,ad
o,rcf<m
e,rcLv*

l+D

2@lvl

'/ X=s.sy.

'[X - e.s/.

k,= l**
1w-<ao-k(X=r,+Kes-)
.J:c= 1W1P

soluh'ar

d"g

ReEr *os"or

XayX.sz

'

/x :

1"L_
VvaH
X"r4r4

/o= /x

(U",'*d \

lMtd/

O.(Xs

Y:t

\s\
'++ol

-/

o,f1-

,tDq)

-\L-

Ic =

1o2-14dlb*/-qo

clr*P->y r,U-lrl.W"W

et4t

4) Tandwrw,4s tn yU

al+,

.t^

'rB

f24o

vmxEV{

tud

Lcs2=

oOtW
J,

urfuo.# a,erlud,vg

kVA

/Q2-qq

\B

l+eLank

= zlaz

l"g )+
tzolau/

tuflr<o

7.)-- 6 e$as&e4
ft
Fa'd:

Sf: _%

up\tf

l.t*uylf
bw

+,q^htuB

-gz = aOk

c[cSe

Q)s< L"

Cl+Sz:zle2-kv*

n): faz Z lso -:

qnary

V4trq

ay*W 4,n

,.alrd

x = 4ez\u/+

l"q,,t*o^x
alMNe-'cPt#rW
carc

solLfi"on

cr:
, tr
Sz=

Cl

!:

chre4wrc'ftorrror4

.kilfl

fB=
r^t *l \*=rsh

.7 V=

n@

l*ot

oobn(fr&)

^-

t_ = -y:- = fu,
*t4 -ff"q#
a-

$--

df

/ zesl .,+:3(DK
( {;.,,"u)
r

catcL:

s-- (

chocrse s,

\e_v\
(=-d

slno. = lqoqtgAoq

*0a.1
Sg=

lSok

Gf--C,+

=443

:qroqq(no1'V qe-T:

s':
kuA-

0_
\{-e@ L ?*o
-^**,
r\-/ t\
J1\)' qOqGA
ll
ovqtnnaal

ftu419) sn

pa,pltd

cl,urr= ]r"rre1au*B

H)

q-J:
zr

v= E^'DTr"?n@t

- 43L/ Atg

J"-ft= Sr-sp
- - Vv&,rwxtud-

=la /l9o
+ttv4

Lv^

vald

Lv'+

CI4Pte/

tt4..l6ryfil)

trHl

d",t lzoLu,+, *talUcl


Erc=-oy Fc _tSo
A4d'avs,gq-.

nJ

-trsc=4e,A
tc+rd

+o

q'd :

f="qg

y*trm3

r'vR

,$ddut

[e.:

Pc

ftz=

L.- kc

kc

v
n<-=

h:
I

-7D -A

-4-;rt-

v572$lz05b
I

a'l. +

44

to(a<o) +-

("*,/-*r-,ol
It

+o5to)

( q15 a'11'soawJdo\
\.bszJ
/
Yp

24ttg o1cohx z t.tt&blub

cWEi

trl+l

a\

MAy

lU'W,w>

ry,- atndaWol affi.@ilrfu,,rv *d .]*ormfuq.haffiw4e4Auttdu{


*

1,,!

I
t-l

f dl

,;

+s

Vu q,

Fv,
(

L-

i'-. r,

t''- i

--'A
1

$qddy
rAAw

co*A4 ay

cW rI *d1 ,rrcr-

\ \r

\-\Y

'

--L+

\-

!/

vi+

l_

wa'd*qWl
cdtdcd
r.r4^,^d
"@'aag

anvvw,r)qd

Y"T

urg.s l@e

cryor,late

"rp*"

q=y-

Vu

\(s

ntff eaal

+'ansMa\
-uduX,"A
"
e" ANe,r- trll.-{arttr@

q= ))thcethtgl

4r,qr\ato@

nluor \oUaY q'4td1Dn

+b 2ddr1f

W*

ffi#^ffrruaf
votr<?,g,Won

&n

uhAMEf

k*PtEl u+J il-oq-\Oo


ETt4l

lz-oV, oo1t7

fr\t

lPaxe- 2+ovl

fcor-- Pvi

25wz

Pcue uhql

bv

5otr7

Lh

E'6

sdLt{ruq

Pr

: LeC

Ph- VV.v
h-rt;.0
T

F.r<2

fcSe

Fe e

Tr-O
T

{1o= ko(no)rl-t h(,.u)' n iD


6*0b
ED

= v. (uof + kt (rr'*

#,tO

*-

v --_l
?o
Lh= o.loosotool

-aoo,9)l{-

@c*r I Eh (r*)''

ffio

ch4el ilAl fi-mtsoo

d4l

?cre.*urryy:f

hdu,w'tl
l'*'cfu"nt*

Ww

l@L
n .d 55 =

4us7' ,o'elai
qV (fr'/

\,*^x=

, O'bab

hr

^1@V

d4.,r

WA-i 7uy*wned

1-s7. 4W
a1l. nM
shro

loJ't.

thw

s)"o 5* ?r'q

- o,4{fi(4@l t?ac+- ry)

Lwr =o4u"(4wt+ry#L?*4)
-l6;,k fq,l

lo|.

ro b) O

t@o*ffi.u)-*P*'+

lag

u1'4 \,^^l

tdng'
vnol*i,,

f*t

twFV* ,uofzzat,*kz f,Tdrw'

d
' ^

'

= o 4tt5(4ook?c,4

qE ?ol'*

uoou*'o'"

Y)t)o65oo'3b

-.1'
&olutrtYt

Y\s

l,wk

(o.o)1os)

van k1o o\o's)

{L,*x'

- O.4uG fl

tIaY' t ?c'10'o)'

Yt/rtrwy xa.0t(t

Vtr*,raf xo,Wb

c*c,t,.
-,

o.qb{fi'

,o

t-Pca<-

ffir+o(t rtt'! =J P*' Url'qdebfigt)'


i l+\sl-uaB4ql q ?cxz' w44'oustsvi

V,,.ty=

ch,nsc (A&

) iN '

'W ?*=
so ?cou = P$q4g(l$6 '

Pa,r rxs = Yat (r".ts';<f

LVA*ai Xa
O

-otza

yAU:

o q'?'AT( VVhnqx

(W*r,ux xo sbtr) -*

\a W(r+W

q$W

?O<7?r;'^
fl451'w1-17b+

pue. a"uft'k'+Wtr ttrS-hr

+@

YVar*,x= lanlr

aa<L: F*

"q)
fr

'b 4ls\*hanYal

(*t

=
?o

*^'+) + (oszxs)
{,

)'u

f+og lusttl W+

o'"sxq) * Qmfr)4 to
tul,1\(
I'

'sxs)

+a)

Lvfinax --

+D,

ftl-u&w)w

'= Pr{ok W-hn'

Parv

ftl,qgDffi: tapk

(I wrYvr
Pcoe
\- /- 52s713 1}-o'-\
*r^)
Q*)= [r*
Pq'aL=
W x
U

i
= YWW*rqot
-l:--'
LU rofpqs
-

fi^tt+-

1-

'