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Name: ______________________________________

Homework Assignment #3
Instructions: This assignment is due Monday, April 7, 2014 at the beginning of class. Late
homework assignments will not be accepted. You may complete the assignment on this document.
Display the formula(s) used, and show each step of your calculations. Round all calculations to two
decimal places.
I. The following questions refer to the following data:
A random sample of 100 students produced the following statistics:
X

= 30.00

s^

= 11.00

1a. Construct a 95% confidence interval about the mean and write a sentence of interpretation.

1b. Construct a 99% confidence interval about the mean and write a sentence of interpretation.

1c. What is the probability of obtaining such a sample mean (or one larger) from a population
with a mean of 29.75 and a standard deviation of 4?

II. The following questions refer to the following experimental scenario:


The Personal Control (PC) Questionnaire measures peoples sense of the control they have over the
events in their lives. The mean score for college students on the PC Questionnaire is 51. Suppose you
gave the PC Questionnaire to 12 college students who were experiencing academic difficulty (difficulty
in their coursework). You obtain the following data, with higher scores indicating a greater sense of
control.
48

44

53

35

58

42

55

37

50

46

40

32

2a. State the Null Hypothesis and the Alternative Hypothesis.

2b. Perform a one-sample t-test.

2c. Using an alpha level of .01, do you reject or retain the null hypothesis?

2d. Calculate the effect size index.

2e. Write a substantive conclusion about your results.

III. The following questions refer to the following experimental scenario:


A researcher was interested in different techniques that may be used to help alleviate pain. She predicted
that breathing meditation would be associated with less pain, relative to an imagination exercise.
Participants in this study were randomly assigned to one of two groups. One group was taught how to
concentrate on their breathing (a breathing meditation). A second group was told to imagine that the day
was very hot and that they would be allowed to place their hand in cool water. Both groups placed their
right hand in buckets of ice water for three minutes. Afterward, they rated their pain on a scale of one to
seven (with seven meaning intense pain). Analyze the data with a t test, calculate the effect size index,
and write a substantive conclusion. Use an alpha level of .05.
Breathing Meditation
3
2
4
3
2

Imagination
4
5
7
6
6

3a. What is the independent variable? How many levels are there of the independent variable?

3b. What is the dependent variable?

3c. State the Null Hypothesis and the Alternative Hypothesis.

3d. Perform an independent samples t-test.

3e. Using an alpha level of .05, do you reject or retain the null hypothesis?

3f. Calculate the effect size index.

3g. Write a substantive conclusion about your results.

IV. The following questions refer to the following experimental scenario:


A college teacher was assigned four freshmen advisees. He administered an attitude scale which
measured liberalism-conservatism. Four years later, just before graduation, the same four students
completed the scale again. High scores indicate conservative attitudes, and low scores indicate liberal
attitudes. The following scores were obtained. Analyze the data with a t test, calculate the effect size
index, and write a substantive conclusion. Use an alpha level of .01.
2008
26
22
17
15

2012
15
23
14
10

4a. What is the independent variable? How many levels are there of the independent variable?

4b. What is the dependent variable?

4c. State the Null Hypothesis and the Alternative Hypothesis.

4d. Perform a paired samples t-test.

4e. Using an alpha level of .01, do you reject or retain the null hypothesis?

4f. Calculate the effect size index.

4g. Write a substantive conclusion about your results.