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Technical catalogue TK 503/02 en

ZX0.2
Gas-insulated
medium voltage switchgear

Contents
Page

1 Introduction
5
2
Applications
6
3
Characteristics
7
4
Your benefit
8
5
Technical data
9
5.1 Technical data of the panel
9
5.2 Technical data of the circuit-breaker 12
5.3 Technical data of the three position disconnector 13

5.4

Technical data of the three position switch disconnector with HV HRC fuses

13

5.5 HV HRC fuses 14


6
Fundamental structure of the panels 18
7 Components 24
7.1 Vacuum circuit-breaker 26
7.2 Three position disconnector 29
7.3 Three position switch disconnector with fuses 31
7.4 Busbar 33
7.5 Outer cone termination system 34
7.5.1 Outer cone connectors ABB type CSE-A 35
7.5.2
Further outer cone connector systems 36
7.6 Surge arresters 46
7.7 Main earthing bar 46
78 Capacitive voltage indicator systems 46
7.9 Current and voltage detection devices 48
7.91 Ring core current transformers 48
7.9.2
Dimensioning of current transformers 49
7.9.3 Voltage transformers 50
7.10 Protection and control units 51
7.11 Sulphur hexafluoride 52
7.12 Gas system in the panels 52
7.13 SF6 density sensors 53
7.14 Pressure relief systems 54
7.15 Surfaces 54

2 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

Page

8
Range of panels 56
8.1 Feeder panels 56
8.1.1 Incoming and outgoing feeder panels with circuit-breaker 56
8.1.2 Feeder panels with three position switch disconnector and fuses 59
8.1.3 Cable termination panels 60
8.2 Busbar sectionaliser and riser panels 62
8.2.1
Couplings within a switchgear block 62
8.2.2
Transfer panel 64
8.2.3
Coupling (connection of two system blocks via cable) 65
9
Busbar earthing 66
9.1 Earthing the busbar by means of an earthing set 66

9.2

Earthing the busbar by means of a sectionaliser and riser or bus coupler

66

10
Building planning 67
10.1 Site requirements 67
10.2
Space required 68
10.2.1
Space required when busbar covers are fitted 68
10.2.2
Space required when a pressure relief duct is fitted 70

10.3 Minimum aisle widths and emergency exits

72

10.4 Minimum room heights 72


10.5 Concrete floor 73
10.5.1
Floor openings 73
10.5.2
Foundation frames 74
10.6 False floor 76
10.7 Earthing of the switchgear 76

10.7.1 Design of earthing systems with regard to touch voltage and thermal stress

76

10.7.2
EMC-compliant earthing of the switchgear 76
10.7.3
Recommendations on configuration of the switchgear earthing 77
10.8 Panel weights 88
11 Non-standard operating conditions 79

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 3

1 Introduction
Switchgear systems and their components rank among the most important facilities for electrical power transmission and distribution.
Their versatile functions and the opportunities they provide contribute on the one hand to safety in general, and on the other hand they
secure the availability of electrical energy.
Our ZX product family, consisting of panel types

ZX0:

... 24 kV ... 1250 A ... 25 kA

ZX0.2:

... 36 kV ... 2500 A ... 31.5 kA

ZX1.2:

... 40.5 kV ... 2500 A ... 31.5 kA

ZX2:

... 42 kV ... 2500 A ... 40 kA

covers the entire spectrum of primary distribution applications.


Flexible combination, reliability, availability and economy are the attributes that make it easy for our clients in industry and utilities to decide in favor of products from the ZX series. Together with complete conventional solutions, the use of digital protection and control
technology, sensor systems and plug-in connections makes ZX systems unrestrictedly fit for the future, and the primary function of reliable power distribution is fulfilled with no ifs and buts. This is ensured by ABBs uncompromising approach to quality, which leaves no
customers wishes unfulfilled. Aligned to each need, the panel types of the ZX family offer a solution for each requirement. In over 70
countries the customers rely on gas-insulated switchgears from ABB.
The ZX series leave our works as tested panels and, as SF6 switchgear, are exemplary in terms of safety, economy and availability. Their
compact design permits installation in even the most constricted spaces. The hermetically sealed enclosures make the systems shockproof and protect the high voltage components from all environmental influences.
ABB AGs Calor Emag Medium Voltage Products division develops, manufactures and installs switchgear systems and components for
electrical power distribution in the medium voltage range. Based in Ratingen, Germany, we have the know-how, global project experience and local partners for the supply of panels and turnkey medium voltage switchgear systems.

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 5

2 Applications
Power supply companies

Marine

Power stations
Transformer substations
Switching substations

Industry

Steel works
Paper manufacture
Cement industry
Textiles industry
Chemicals industry
Foodstuffs industry
Automobile industry
Petrochemicals
Raw materials industry
Pipeline systems
Foundries
Rolling mills
Mining

Platforms
Drilling rigs
Offshore facilities
Supply vessels
Ocean liners
Container vessels
Tankers
Cable laying ships
Ferries

Transport

Airports
Harbours
Railways
Underground railways

Services
Supermarkets
Shopping centres
Hospitals

6 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

3 Characteristics
Basic characteristics

Terminals

SF6 gas-insulated with hermetically


sealed pressure system
Solid insulated busbar
Rated voltages up to 36 kV
Up to 2500 A and 31.5 kA
Single busbar design
Stainless steel encapsulation, manufactured
from laser cut sheet material
Modular structure
Switchgear with a leakage rate of less
than 0.1 % per annum
Integrated leakage testing of the panels
Indoor installation
Wall mounting installation and free-standing installation
Operator controls separate from low voltage compartment
Operator controls on the panel accessible from the outside
6 00 mm grid dimension of panelwidth

Outer cone terminal system to EN 50181, type A for panels


with switch disconnector, type C for all other panels with cable
terminations
Connection facility for surge arresters on the cable
connector and on the busbar
Current and voltage metering
Current and voltage transformers outside the gas
compartments
Protection and control
Mechanical operation on site
Combined protection and control devices
Discrete protection devices with conventional control
Protection against maloperation

Panel variants
Incoming and outgoing feeder panels as panels with circuit
breaker and three position disconnector
Outgoing feeder panels with three position switch disconnector and fuses
Bussectionaliser panels
Busriser panels
Transfer panels
Switching devices
Vacuum circuit-breakers with series
three position disconnectors
Three position switch disconnectors
with fuses

Mechanical switch interlocking with manual mechanisms


between the circuit-breaker and the three position
disconnector
Additional electrical switch interlocks for motor-operated
mechanisms
Various interlocks for manual circuit-breaker operation
Pressure relief
Pressure relief into the switchroom or
Pressure relief via ducts to the outside
Installation
No gas work at site

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 7

4 Your benefit
Maximum operator safety
All live components are enclosed to prevent accidental
contact.
As the high voltage compartments are independent of
external influences (degree of protection IP65), the probability of a fault during operation is extremely low.
As evidenced by arc fault testing, our switchgear systems
are notable for maximum operator safety.
Minimum overall costs
The compact design of the panels reduces the space
required and therefore the size of the station. The result is
a lower investment requirement.
Freedom from maintenance is achieved by constant conditions in the high voltage compartments in conjunction
with the selection of suitable materials. The injurious influences of dust, vermin, moisture, oxidation and contaminated air in the high voltage compartments are precluded,
as the gas-tight compartments are filled with inert gas.
As a rule, therefore, isolation of the switchgear to perform
maintenance work is not required.
The panels are designed for an expected service life of
over 40 years.
The systematic selection during the development process
of the materials used provides for complete recycling or
reuse of those materials at the end of the service life.

8 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

The panels only leave our production facilities after documented routine testing. Thanks to the plug-in technology
applied in the areas of the busbars, cables and secondary
systems, extremely short installation times are possible.
No gas work is required as a rule at site. There is thus no
need to evacuate and fill the high voltage compartments,
test them for leakage and measure the dewpoint of the
insulating gas at site.
Maximum availability
The busbar technology permits simple and therefore safe
assembly.
In spite of the extremely low failure probability of the ZX
switchgear systems, replacement of components in the
gas compartments and therefore a rapid return to service
after repairs is possible.
In gas-insulated switchgear, earthing of switchgear sections is performed by a high quality vacuum circuit-breaker.
The circuit-breaker can close onto a short-circuit significantly more frequently and reliably than a positively making
earthing switch.

5 Technical data
5.1 Technical data of the panel
Table 5.1.1: Technical data of the panel
Rated voltage / maximum operating voltage

Ur

kV

12

24

36

1)
1)

Rated power frequency withstand voltage

Ud

kV

28

50

70

Rated lightning impulse withstand voltage

Up

kV

75

125

170

Rated frequency

1)

fr

Hz

50

Rated normal current of busbars

Ir

...1250, ... 2500

Rated normal current

Ir

... 1600, ... 2000, ...2500 (panel width

Rated peak withstand current

Ik

kA

...31.5

Rated peak withstand current

Ip

kA

...80

Rated duration of short-circuit

tk

...3

2)

... 630, ...1250 (panel width 600 mm)


3)

900 mm and 1200 mm)

Insulating gas system, 4) 5)


kPa

120

7)

140

130

8)

150

Alarm level for insulation

pae

Rated filling level for insulation

pre

kPa

pmm

kPa

140

psw

kPa

150

Minimum functional level for operation


Rated filling level for switch

9)

9)

Degree of protection for parts under high voltage

IP65

Degree of protection of the low voltage compartment and the mechanism bay
Ambient air temperature, maximum
Ambient air temperature, maximum 24 hour averages

11)

Ambient air temperature, minimum


Site altitude

6)

12)

IP3X

10)

+40

+35

-5

...1000

Except for panels with switch-disconnector and tranfer panels


Rated current for 60 Hz on request
Panels with switch disconnector and fuses: Dependend on fuses
Insulating gas: SF6 (sulphur hexafluoride)
All pressures stated are absolute pressures at 20 C
100 kPa = 1 bar
7)
Switch disconnector panels: 140 kPa
8)
Switch disconnector panels: 150 kPa
9)
Only relevant for three position switch disconnector panels
10)
Higher degrees of protection on request
11)
Higher ambient air temperature on request
12)
Higher site altitude on request
1)



4)

5)

6)

2)

3)

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 9

Classifications according to VDE 0671-200 / IEC 62271-200


- Internal arc classification
The panels are arc fault tested in accordance with IEC 62271-200.

Table 5.1.2: Internal arc classification of the switchgear

Wall mounting installation

Classification IAC
Internal arc

AFL
31.5 kA 1 s

Internal arc classification


Free-standing installation

Classification IAC

AFLR

Internal arc

31.5 kA 1 s

Key to table 5.1.2:


IAC
AFLR



Internal arc classification


Accessibility from the rear (R - rear)
Accessibility from the sides (L - lateral)
Accessibility from the front (F - front)
Switchgear installed in closed rooms with access
restricted to authorised personnel only

The IAC qualification relies on a system consisting of at least three


panels.
- Loss of Service Continuity
The various LSC categories of the standard define the possibility
to keep other compartments and/or panels energized when opening a main circuit compartment.
Gas-filled compartments cannot be opened, as they would then
lose their functionality. Nevertheless, gas-insulated switchgear
systems also receive a classification.

Table 5.1.3: Loss of Service Continuity of the switchgear


Systems with at least one switch-disconnector panel with fuses

LSC2A

Systems without a switch-disconnector panel with fuses

LSC2B

Key to table 5.1.3:


LSC2A




Loss of Service Continuity


A: On access to parts of a panel, the other panels in the
system may remain energized
B: Other panels and all cable compartments may
remain energized.

10 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

- Partition class
The partition class to IEC 62271-200 defines the nature of the partition between live parts and an opened, accessible compartment.

Table 5.1.4: Partition class


Partition class

PM

Key to table 5.1.4:


PM:

partition of metal

Panels of partition class PM provide continuous metallic and


earthed partitions between opened accessible compartments and
live parts of the main circuit.

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 11

5.2 Technical data of the circuit-breaker


Table 5.2.1: Technical Data of the circuit-breaker
Rated voltage / maximum operating voltage

Ur

kV

Rated power frequency withstand voltage

Ud

kV

28

50

70

Rated lightning impulse withstand voltage

Up

kV

75

125

170

fr

Hz

50

Ir

...1250, ...2500
...25, ...31.5

Rated frequency

1)

Rated normal current

2)

12

24

Rated short-circuit breaking current

Isc

kA

Rated short-circuit making current

I ma

kA

...63, ...80

Rated short-time withstand current

Ik

kA

...25, ...31.5

Rated duration of short-circuit

tk

...3

Operating sequence

36

O - 0,3 s - CO - 3 min - CO

Closing time

t cl

ms

ca. 60

Rated opening time

t3

ms

60

Rated break time

tb

ms

75

Rated auxiliary voltage

V DC

48, 60, 110, 220

4)

Power consumption of charging motor

200 (500 at start-up)

Power consumption of opening coil

max. 250

Power consumption of closing coil

max. 250

Power consumption of blocking magnet

10

Power consumption of undervoltage release

Permissible numbers of operating cycles of the vacuum interrupters


30000 x Ir
50 x ISC

(Ir = Rated normal current)


(ISC = Rated short-circuit breaking current)

Classification according to IEC 62271-100


Rated voltage / kV

Classification

up to 36
up to 24

All circuit-breakers
Application: Switching of back-to-back
capacitor banks, Special circuit-breaker

up to 36




4)

1)

2)

3)

Rated current for 60 Hz on request


Higher operating currents on request
Different operating sequences on request
Different auxiliary voltages on request

12 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

Application: Switching of a
single capacitor bank

M2, E2, C2
C2
C1

3)

5.3 Technical data of the three position disconnector


Table 5.3.1: Technical data of the three position disconnector
Rated voltage / maximum rated voltage

Ur

kV

12

24

36

Rated power frequency withstand voltage across the isolating distance

kV

32

60

80

Rated lightning impulse withstand voltage across the isolating distance

kV

85

145

195

Rated normal current

Ik

Rated short-time withstand current

Ik

kA

...31.5

Rated peak withstand current

Ip

kA

...80

Rated duration of short-circuit

tk

Rated auxiliary voltage

Ua

V DC

1)

Power consumption of mechanism motor


Motor running time on opening or closing the disconnector

3)

Motor running time on opening or closing the earthing switch

3)

... 1250, ... 2500

...3
48, 60, 110, 220

2)

210 (maximum), 35 (average)

6-8

6-8

Classification according to IEC 62271-102


E0, M1 (2000 mechanical operations)

5.4 Technical data of the three position switch disconnector


with HV HRC fuses
Table 5.4.1: Technical data of the three position switch disconnector with HV HRC fuses
Rated voltage

Ur

Rated power frequency withstand voltage across the isolating distance


Rated lightning impulse withstand voltage across the isolating distance

kV

12

24

kV

32

60

kV

85

145

Ir

... 80

...63

Rated short-time withstand current of the cable side earthing switch

Ik

kA

Rated peak withstand current of the cable side earthing switch

Ip

kA

Rated auxiliary voltage for the release coil

Ua

V DC

Rated normal current

2 kA / 1s
5 kA / 1s
48, 60, 110, 220

2)

Classification according to IEC 62271-102


E2 (5 x earthingswitch ON)
Classification according to IEC 62271-103
M1 (2000 mechanical operations)

1)

2)

When a motor-operated mechanism is used


Different auxiliary voltages on request

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 13

5.5 HV HRC fuses


Fuses from ABB, type CEF-TCU and type CEF-S-TCU and from
Siba (44534 Lnen. Germany) of 442 mm in length and a maximum diameter of 67 mm are used. Shorter fuses have to be fitted
with a length adapter. The fuses have thermal protection. Tables
5.5.1 to 5.5.4 below show the assignment of transformer ratings
to possible HV HRC fuse links. As the fuses are installed in a fuse
box inside the panel, the operating current is limited to 60 % of
the rated current of the fuse.

Table 5.5.1: Selection table for HV HRC fuses, (U r up to 12kV), ABB type
Relative impedance

Rated transformer

voltage uK

current

[kVA]

[%]

[A]

50

4.8

Operating Voltage

Transformer Rating

[kV]

Type

Rated current of the HV-fuse


min.

6 ... 7.2

10 ... 12

max.

[A]

[A]

CEF-TCU

16

16
16

75

7.2

CEF-TCU

16

100

9.6

CEF-TCU

20

20

125

12.0

CEF-TCU

20

20

160

15.4

CEF-TCU

25

31.5

200

19.2

CEF-TCU

31.5

40

250

24.1

CEF-TCU

40

40

315

30.3

CEF-TCU

50

63

400

38.5

CEF-TCU

63

63

50

2.9

CEF-TCU

10

10
10

75

4.3

CEF-TCU

10

100

5.8

CEF-TCU

16

16

125

7.2

CEF-TCU

16

16

160

9.2

CEF-TCU

20

20

200

11.5

CEF-TCU

20

25

250

14.4

CEF-TCU

25

31.5

315

18.2

CEF-TCU

31.5

40

400

23.1

CEF-TCU

40

40

400

23.1

CEF-S-TCU

50

50

500

28.9

CEF-TCU

50

50

630

36.4

CEF-TCU

63

63

14 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

Table 5.5.2: Selection table for HV HRC fuses. (U r 13.8.up to 24kV). ABB type
Relative impedance

Rated transformer

voltage u K

current

[kVA]

[%]

[A]

75

3.1

100

125

160
200

Operating Voltage

Transformer Rating

[kV]

Type

Rated current of the HV-fuse


min.

13.8

15 ... 17.5

24

max.

[A]

[A]

CEF-TCU

10

10

4.2

CEF-TCU

10

10

5.2

CEF-TCU

16

16

6.7

CEF-TCU

16

16

8.4

CEF-TCU

16

16

250

10.5

CEF-TCU

20

20

315

13.2

CEF-TCU

25

31.5

400

16.7

CEF-TCU

31.5

40

400

16.7

CEF-S-TCU

40

40

500

20.9

CEF-TCU

40

40

75

2.9

CEF-TCU

10

10

100

3.8

CEF-TCU

10

10

125

4.8

CEF-TCU

16

16

160

6.2

CEF-TCU

16

16

200

7.7

CEF-TCU

16

16

250

9.6

CEF-TCU

20

20

315

12.1

CEF-TCU

20

25

400

15.4

CEF-TCU

31.5

31.5

500

19.2

CEF-TCU

31.5

40

500

19.2

CEF-TCU

31.5

31.5

630

24.2

CEF-TCU

40

40

630

24.2

CEF-TCU

40

40

100

2.9

CEF-TCU

10

10

125

3.6

CEF-TCU

10

10

160

4.6

CEF-TCU

10

10

200

5.8

CEF-TCU

16

16

250

7.2

CEF-TCU

16

20

315

9.1

CEF-TCU

20

20

400

11.5

CEF-TCU

20

25

500

14.4

CEF-TCU

25

25

630

18.2

CEF-TCU

40

40

630

18.2

CEF-S-TCU

40

40

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 15

Table 5.5.3: Selection table for HV HRC fuses, (U r up to 13.8kV), Siba type
Operating Voltage

Transformer Rating

[kV]

[kVA]

6 ... 7.2

10 ... 12

13.8

Relative impedance

Rated transformer

voltage uK

current

[%]

[A]

Type

Rated current of the HV-fuse


min.

max.

[A]

[A]

50

4.8

HHD-B

16

16

75

7.2

HHD-B

16

20

100

9.6

HHD-B

20

25

125

12.0

HHD-B

20

31.5

160

15.4

HHD-B

31.5

40

200

19.2

HHD-B

40

50

250

24.1

HHD-B

40

50

315

30.3

HHD-B

50

63
63

400

38.5

HHD-B

63

400

38.5

HHD-B

63

63

500

48.1

HHD-B

80

80

500

48.1

HHD-BSSK

100

100

50

2.9

HHD-B

10

10

75

4.3

HHD-B

10

10

100

5.8

HHD-B

16

16

125

7.2

HHD-B

16

16

160

9.2

HHD-B

20

25

200

11.5

HHD-B

20

31.5

250

14.4

HHD-B

25

40

315

18.2

HHD-B

31.5

50

400

23.1

HHD-B

40

50

400

23.1

HHD-B

40

40

500

28.9

HHD-B

50

63

500

28.9

HHD-B

50

50

630

36.4

HHD-B

63

63

630

36.4

HHD-BSSK

80

80

800

46.2

HHD-BSSK

80

80

1000

57.7

HHD-BSSK

100

100

75

3.1

HHD-B

10

10

100

4.2

HHD-B

10

10

125

5.2

HHD-B

16

16

160

6.7

HHD-B

16

16

200

8.4

HHD-B

20

20

250

10.5

HHD-B

20

25

315

13.2

HHD-B

25

31.5

400

16.7

HHD-B

31.5

40

400

16.7

HHD-B

31.5

31.5

500

20.9

HHD-B

40

50

630

26.4

HHD-B

50

63

800

33.5

HHD-BSSK

63

63

16 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

Table 5.5.4: Selection table for HV HRC fuses, (U r 15 up to 24kV), Siba type
Operating Voltage

Transformer Rating

[kV]

[kVA]

15 ... 17.5

20 ... 24

Relative impedance

Rated transformer

voltage uK

current

[%]

[A]

Type

Rated current of the HV-fuse


min.

max.

[A]

[A]

75

2.9

HHD-B

10

10

100

3.8

HHD-B

10

10

125

4.8

HHD-B

16

16

160

6.2

HHD-B

16

16

200

7.7

HHD-B

20

20

250

9.6

HHD-B

20

25

315

12.1

HHD-B

20

31.5

400

15.4

HHD-B

31.5

40

500

19.2

HHD-B

40

50

630

24.2

HHD-B

40

63

630

24.2

HHD-B

40

40

800

30.8

HHD-BSSK

63

63

1000

38.5

HHD-BSSK

80

80

100

2.9

HHD-B

10

10

125

3.6

HHD-B

10

10

160

4.6

HHD-B

10

16

200

5.8

HHD-B

16

16

250

7.2

HHD-B

16

16

315

9.1

HHD-B

20

25

400

11.5

HHD-B

20

31.5

400

11.5

HHD-B

20

20

500

14.4

HHD-B

25

40

500

14.4

HHD-B

25

25

630

18.2

HHD-B

31.5

50

630

18.2

HHD-B

31.5

31.5

800

23.1

HHD-B

40

40

1000

28.9

HHD-B

50

50

1250

36.1

HHD-BSSK

63

63

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 17

6 Fundamental structure of the panels


The switchgear system is suitable for both free-standing installation (fig. 6.1) and wall mounting installation (fig. 6.2).

Modular structure
Each cable feeder panel consists of the gas-filled panel module
(A), the solid insulated busbars (B), the cable termination compartment(C), the low voltage compartment(D) and the mechanism
bay (E). There are no gas connections between the two compartments in adjacent panels.

Fig.6.1: Outgoing cable panel 1250A (free-standing installation)

Fig.6.2: Incoming cable panel 1600A with voltage transformers on the


busbar and on the outgoing feeder (wall mounting installation)

1330

1310

Fig6.3: Outgoing cable panel 1250A with optional pressure relief duct to the outsidel (free standing installation
or wall mounting installation)

1310

18 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

2650

2400

2400

Panel module (A)

Panel module with circuit-breaker and three position disconnector (figs. 6.4 and 6.5)

The panel module essentially contains all the live high voltage
parts, i.e. the switching devices, bushings for connection of the
busbar and outer cones for connection of the high voltage cables.
Current and voltage transformers are located outside the panel
modules.
The pressure relief disk for the panel module is located in the rear
wall of the enclosure.

The circuit-breaker operating mechanism, the gas density sensor and the filler valve are located on the circuit-breaker mounting
plate, which is bolted to the front wall of the panel module. The
operating mechanism of the three position disconnector is positioned above the circuit-breaker operating mechanism on the front
wall of the panel module. The live high voltage parts of the switches are located inside the panel module, and the operating mechanisms are easily accessible outside the gas compartment.

The seals of the components are o-ring seals which are not exposed to any UV radiation.
The gas systems of panel modules in a switchgear system consisting of several panels are not connected together.
Three position disconnectors, circuit-breakers with three position
disconnectors and switch disconnectors with HV HRC fuses can
be used.

Fig. 6.4: Panel module with circuit-breaker, 1250 A, panel width 600mm

Fig. 6.5: Panel module with circuit-breaker, 2000 A, panel width 1200mm

1.12

1.12

1.0

1.0

2.3
2.4
1.10
1.11
1.1

2.3

2.4
1.10
1.11
1.1

1.2

1.13

1.2

1.3

1.7

1.3

1.9

1.13

1.9

3.5

3.5
1.8

1.0
Panel module (enclosure)
1.1
Circuit-breaker pole
1.2
Circuit-breaker mechanism
1.3
Outer cone
1.7
Isolating system for voltage
transformer
1.8
Voltage transformer
1.9
Current transformer
1.10
Gas density sensor
1.11
Gas filling valve

1.12
1.13
2.3
2.4

3.5

Cast resin bushing to busbar


Pressure relief disk
Three position disconnector
Three position disconnector
operating mechanism
Main earthing bar
Insulating gas SF6

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 19

Panel module with three position switch disconnector and


fuses (fig. 6.6)
The live parts of the switch are inside the panel module and the
operating mechanism is located in an easily accessible position
outside the gas compartment. The optional fuses can be replaced
without any gas work

Fig. 6.6: Panel module with switch disconnector and fuses

1.0
1.10
1.11

1.15

1.16

1.17
1.3
1.18
1.13

1.0
1.3
1.10
1.11
1.13
1.15

Panel module (enclosure)


Outer cone
Gas density sensor
Gas filling valve
Pressure relief disk
Three position switch disconnector

20 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

1.16

1.17
1.18

Three position switch disconnector


operating mechanism
Fuse box
Earthing switch
Insulating gas SF6

The busbar (B)


The solid insulated busbar is located on the roof plates of the panel modules. The insulating silicone parts of the busbar (end adapters, cross adapters and conductor insulation) have a metallised,
earthed coating on the outside. The busbar is thus shockproof in
normal operation. The busbar can be fitted with voltage and current transformers.

Fig. 6.7: Busbar with optional current and voltage transformers on a four-panel ZX0.2 switchgear system (viewed from the rear), shown without cover
plates on the busbar.

1.8

1.12
2.1
1.0
1.9

1.0
Panel module (enclosure)
1.8
Voltage transformer
1.9
Current transformer
1.12
Cast resin bushing to busbar
2.1 Busbar

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 21

The cable termination compartment (C)


The cable termination compartment (figs. 6.8 and 6.9) represents
a supporting frame for the panel, manufactured from aluminium
sections and galvanised steel sheets. The cable termination compartments of adjacent panels are segregated from each other by
sheet steel walls.

The cover of the cable termination compartment may optionally be


interlocked so that the cable termination compartment is only accessible when the cables are earthed.
In the unlikely event of an internal arc fault in the cable termination
compartment, the pressure is discharged to the rear.

The cable termination compartment contains the main earthing bar


(3.5), the high voltage cables (3.2) with cable connectors (3.1) and
cable fasteners (3.3), optional surge arresters, current transformers and optional voltage transformers (1.8) and the mechanism for
the isolating device for voltage transformers (3.8).

Partitioning of the cable termination compartment from the cable


basement is effected by split floor plates in the area of the cables.
The cable termination compartment is safe to touch when appropriate cable connectors are used.

Fig. 6.8: Cable termination compartment (C), example configuration with


one cable per phase

Fig. 6.9: Cable termination compartment (C), example configuration with


fixed mounted voltage transformers and two cables per phase

1.9
3.5

3.0

1.9

3.0

3.1

3.5

3.8
3.1

3.2

1.8

3.7

3.7
3.2

3.3
3.6

1.8
Voltage transformers, in this case fixed mounted
1.9
Current transformers
3.0
Cable termination compartment (C)
3.1
Cable connector
3.2
High voltage cable
3.3
Cable fastener
3.5
Main earthing bar
3.6
Floor plate
3.7 Cover
3.8
Mechanism for the voltage transformer

isolating device (optional)

22 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

3.3
3.6

The low voltage compartment (D) and the mechanism bay


(E)
The low voltage compartment and the mechanism bay are two
independent metal enclosures. The low voltage compartment has
a door (door stop alternatively right- or left-hand side), and the
mechanism bay a screw-fastened cover.
The low voltage compartment accommodates the protection devices and further secondary equipment with wiring. The mechanism bay houses the operating mechanism for the circuit-breaker
(1.2), the operating mechanism for the three position disconnector
(2.5) or operating mechanism for the three position switch disconnector, and the sensors for gas density monitoring (1.10) and the
filler valve (1.11) of the gas compartment.

The controls and indicators of the operating mechanisms are accessible from the outside.
The entry for external secondary cables (6.5) is located in the roof
plate of the low voltage compartment. Optionally, the entries for
secondary cables can be provided in the floor plate of the cable
termination compartment. In that case, the secondary cables are
led in through the floor plate of the cable termination compartment
at the left and laid through the cable termination compartment
and through the mechanism bay towards the low voltage compartment in a cable duct at the side.

The sockets for the capacitive indicator system (1.5) are located in
the cover of the mechanism bay.

Fig. 6.10: Low voltage compartment and mechanism bay

6.5
6.0
6.6

2.5
1.10
1.11
6.10

1.2
Circuit-breaker operating mechanism
1.5
Measuring sockets for capacitive voltage

indicator system
1.10
Gas density sensor
1.11
Gas filling valve
2.5
Three position disconnector operating
mechanism
6.0
Low voltage compartment
6.6
Low voltage compartment door
6.5
Secondary cable entry
6.10
Mechanism bay

1.2
1.5

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 23

7 Components
Fig. 7.1: Circuit-breaker panel, 1250 A, example configuration

7.1

6.5
6.0
6.6
2.1
1.12
2.3

1.3
1.13

1.0
2.4
6.10
1.10, 1.11
1.1
1.2
1.5
1.9
3.1
3.5

3.2
3.0

3.3
3.6

Fig. 7.2: Circuit-breaker panel, 1600 A, example configuration

7.0

1.8a

1.12
2.3
1.18

1.7
1.3
1.13

6.5
6.0
6.6
2.1
1.0
2.4
6.10
1.10, 1.11
1.1
1.2
1.5
1.9
3.1
3.8
3.5

1.8b
3.0

3.2
3.3
3.6

24 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

Fig. 7.3: Panel with switch disconnector and fuses, example configuration

7.0
6.5
6.0
6.6
2.1
1.0

1.12
2.3

6.10
1.10, 1.11
1.16

1.15

1.17
1.5
1.3

3.1
3.5

1.13

3.2
3.0

1.0
Panel module
1.1
Circuit-breaker pole
1.2
Circuit-breaker operating mechanism
1.3
Outer cone
1.5
Measuring sockets for capacitive voltage indicator
system
1.7
Isolating system for voltage transformer
1.8a
Voltage transformer for busbar measurement
(optional)
1.8b
Voltage transformer for feeder measurement (optional)
1.9
Current transformer
1.10
Gas density sensor
1.11
Filling valve
1.12
Cast resin bushing to busbar
1.13
Pressure relief disk
1.15
Three position switch disconnector
1.16
Three position switch disconnector mechanism
1.17
Fuse box
1.18
Heat sink

3.3
3.6

2.1 Busbar
2.3
Three position disconnector
2.4
Three position disconnector mechanism
3.0
Cable compartment
3.1
Cable connector
3.2
High voltage cable
3.3
Cable fastener
3.5
Main earthing bar
3.6
Floor plate
3.8
Mechanism for the voltage transformer

isolating device (optional)
6.0
Low voltage compartment
6.5
Secondary cable entry
6.6
Low voltage compartment door
6.10
Mechanism bay
7.0
Busbar cover (pressure relief into the

switchgear room)
7.1
Pressure relief duct (optional, for pressure

relief to the outside)

Insulating Gas SF6

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 25

7.1 Vacuum circuit-breaker


The fixed mounted vacuum circuit-breakers are three phase
switching devices and fundamentally consist of the operating
mechanism and the three pole parts. The pole parts contain the
switching elements proper, the vacuum interrupters.
The pole parts are installed on a common mounting plate. The
operating mechanism is on the opposite side from the mounting
plate. In this way, the pole parts, mounting plate and operating
mechanism form a single assembly. The mounting plate for this
assembly is screwed to the front wall of the circuit-breaker compartment in a gas-tight manner at the works.

For earthing, the three position disconnector prepares the connection to earth while in the de-energized condition. Earthing
proper is performed by the circuit-breaker. A circuit-breaker functioning as an earthing switch is of higher quality than any other
earthing switch.
The circuit-breaker operating mechanism is located in the mechanism bay of the panel. The indicators and controls for the circuitbreaker are located in the operator control area of the panel (fig.
7.1.1) and are accessible from the outside.

The pole parts are located in the circuit-breaker compartment


which is filled with SF6, and are therefore protected from external
influences. The operating mechanism is located in the mechanism
bay and is therefore easily accessible.
Functions of the vacuum circuit-breaker
- Switching operating current on and off
- Short-circuit breaking operations
- Earthing function in conjunction with the three position
disconnector
Fig. 7.1.1: Operator control area, controls and indicators for the circuit-breaker

1
2
4
6
(3)

26 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

1
Mechanical ON pushbutton circuit-breaker
2
Mechanical OFF pushbutton circuit-breaker
3
Receptacle for manual charging of the

stored-energy spring (behind the cover)
4
Mechanical indicator for Circuit-breaker

ON Circuit-breaker OFF
5
Mechanical indicator Stored-energy

spring charged Stored-energy spring dis-
charged
6
Operating cycle counter

Secondary equipment for the circuit-breaker operating


mechanism
The secondary equipment options for the circuit-breaker operating
mechanism can be found in table 7.1.1.

VDE designation

IEC designation

Table 7.1.1: Secondary equipment options for the circuit-breaker operating mechanism

Equipment

Standard

-MS

-M0

Charging motor for spring mechanism

-BS2

-S1

Auxiliary switch Spring charged

-MO1

-Y2

Shunt release OFF

-MC1

-Y3

Shunt release ON

-BB1

-S3

Auxiliary switch CB ON/OFF

-BB2

-S4

Auxiliary switch CB ON/OFF

-BB3

-S5

Auxiliary switch CB ON/OFF

-KN

-K0

-RL1

-Y1

Blocking magnet CB ON

-BL1

-S2

Auxiliary switch for blocking magnet

-BB4

-S7

Auxiliary switch for fault signal (impulse time 35 ms)

-MU

-Y4

2)

Undervoltage release

-MO3

-Y7

2)

Indirect overcurrent release

-MO2

-Y9

2 nd shunt release OFF

1)

2)

Anti-pumping device

Option

With control by RE_


Combination of -MU with -MO3 is not possible

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 27

Locking of the mechanical pushbuttons

Fig. 7.1.2: Securing to prevent operation of the OFF button


and securing to prevent cancellation of earthing

The following methods of locking the mechanical pushbuttons for the circuitbreaker are available.
Securing to prevent operation of the OFF button (fig. 7.1.2)
The standard version of the OFF button is fitted with a swivel flap.
The padlocked flap prevents operation of the OFF button.
Interlocking of the OFF button in the earthed condition (fig. 7.1.2)
(securing to prevent cancellation of earthing)
In addition to the lock to prevent operation of the OFF button, the
mechanical OFF button for the circuit-breaker can only be locked
in this version when the earthing switch and the circuit-breaker are
closed (feeder earthing).
Locking to prevent inadvertent operation of the OFF and/or ON buttons (fig. 7.1.3)

The devices permit locking of the ON and/or OFF buttons with
padlocks.

Fig. 7.1.3: Securing by lock switch (locking of both buttons shown here)

Locking by lock switch (fig. 7.1.4)


The ON and/or OFF buttons can be designed as lock switches.
In this option, the ON button can only be operated with a key. The
button does not engage when pressed.
The OFF button can be operated without a key. The switch remains
in the OFF position, as the button engages when pressed. Electrical
closing of the circuit-breaker is not then possible. The pressed OFF
button can be released locally with the key.

28 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

Fig. 7.1.4: Locking by lock switch: locking of the OFF


button

7.2 Three position disconnector


The three position disconnectors are combined disconnectors and
earthing switches. The three switch positions, connecting, disconnecting and earthing, are clearly defined by the mechanical
structure of the switch. Simultaneous connection and earthing is
therefore impossible.

The mechanical controls and indicators for the operating mechanism are located in the cover of the mechanism bay and are accessible from the outside.

Knife-switch three position disconnectors are used. The switching


components of the three position disconnector are located in the
SF6-filled panel module, while the operating mechanism block is
easily accessible in the low voltage compartment.

For manual operation of the switch with a lever (1), the relevant
opening for the lever (5 and 3, for the disconnector or earthing switch) is to be uncovered by turning the selector lever. The
switch position is indicated mechanically (2 and 4). In order to
avoid maloperation, manual mechanisms are interlocked mechanically with the relevant circuit-breaker within the panel.

The three position disconnectors can be manually or motor-operated operated. Emergency manual operation is always possible.

Manual operating mechanism

Motorised operating mechanism


Motorised mechanisms are preferably to be operated using the
control unit. Manual operation as with a manual mechanism is
also possible. The motorised mechanism is mechanically and
electrically interlocked with the circuit-breaker.

Fig. 7.2.1: Operator control area, mechanical controls and indicators for the three position disconnector

4
5
2
1
3

1
2
3
4
5

Selector lever
Switch position indicator earthing switch
Opening for operation of the earthing switch
Switch position indicator disconnector
Opening for operation of the disconnector

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 29

Mechanism variants and secondary equipment


The secondary equipment options for the three position disconnector
mechanism variants can be found in table 7.2.2.

Table 7.2.2: Secondary equipment options for the three position disconnector operating mechanism variants in a feeder panel

VDE designation

IEC designation

Three position disconnector operating mechanism

Equipment

Manual mechanism

Standard

-MI

-M1

-BI1

-S15

-BI2

-S16

-BE1

-S57

-BE2

-S58

-BI1

-S11

Option

Motor-operated mechanism

Standard

Drive motor
Microswitch to detect switch position

Disconnector OFF
Microswitch to detect switch position

Disconnector ON
Microswitch to detect switch position

Earthing switch OFF


Microswitch to detect switch position

Earthing switch ON

Auxiliary switch Disconnector OFF

-BI2

-S12

Auxiliary switch Disconnector ON

-BE1

-S51

Auxiliary switch Earthing switch OFF

Auxiliary switch Earthing switch ON

-BE2

-S52

-BL1

-S151

-BL2

-S152

Microswitch on the selector lever

Option

-RL4

-Y1

Blocking magnet disconnector

-RL3

-Y5

Blocking magnet earthing switch

1) When shunt release ON MC1 is used in the circuit-breaker operating mechanism

30 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

7.3 Three position switch disconnector with fuse


The three position switch disconnectors with fuses are a combination of a switch disconnector, an earthing switch, an HV HRC fuse
and an cable earthing switch .
Knife-type three position switch disconnectors are used. The
switching elements (1) of the three position switch disconnectors are located in the SF6-filled panel module. The disconnector
contact of the three position switch disconnector is fitted with a
quenching plate system. This consists of cooling plates which
split the arc into short partial arcs connected in series. The reestablishment of the contact gap after extinction of the arc at the
current zero is supported by the cooling of the arc.
The HV HRC fuses are located in the fuse box below the switch
disconnector, in air at atmospheric pressure. A fuse flap (1.19)
located in front of the insulated handles on the HV HRC fuse is
blocked when the outgoing feeder is not earthed. Blown fuses
can therefore only be replaced when the feeder is earthed.
The additional cable earthing switch ensures that blown HV HRC
fuses are also earthed on the cable side. Operation of the cable
earthing switch is effected positively when the earthing switch in

the three position switch disconnector is operated.


The operating mechanism block is located in the low voltage
compartment and is therefore easily accessible. The mechanism for the switch is designed as a snap action spring mechanism, and the switching velocity is therefore independent of the
speed at which the mechanism is operated.
The switch disconnector is always manually operated.
The mechanical ON button of the operating mechanism can
optionally be secured with a padlock.
The controls and indicators of the operating mechanism are
shown in fig. 7.3.1.
Options for secondary equipment on the mechanism can be
found in table 7.3.1.

Fig. 7.3.1: Controls and indicators of a panel with switch disconnector and fuses

1
2

5
3
5
7
4
6
1
2
3

4
5

6
7

Mechanical OFF pushbutton switch disconnector


Mechanical ON pushbutton switch disconnector
Opening for manual charging of the switch-disconnectors
stored-energy spring
Opening for operation of the earthing switch
Mechanical indicator for Switch disconnector ON
Switch disconnector OFF
fuse blown indicator
Mechanical indicator Stored-energy
spring charged Stored-energy spring discharged

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 31

VDE designation

IEC designation

Table 7.3.1: Secondary equipment options for the three position switch disconnector operating mechanism with fuse

Equipment

Standard

Option

-BI1

-Q0S3

Auxiliary switch switch disconnector ON/OFF

-BI2

-Q0S4

Auxiliary switch switch disconnector ON/OFF

-BI3

-Q0S13

Auxiliary switch switch disconnector ON/OFF

-BI4

-Q0S14

Auxiliary switch switch disconnector ON/OFF

-BE1

-Q8S1

Auxiliary switch earthing switch ON/OFF

-BE2

-Q8S2

Auxiliary switch earthing switch ON/OFF

-MO1

-Q0Y2

Shunt release OFF

-FF1

-F1S1

Auxiliary Switch HV HRC fuse blown

-RLI15

-Q0S151

Auxiliary switch selector slide position disconnector

-RLE15

-Q8S151

Auxiliary switch selector slide position earthing switch

32 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

7.4 Busbar
The busbars are located outside the gas compartment.
The insulation of the busbar is of silicone. The surfaces of the busbar components are metallised and are connected to earth potential after assembly. The busbars are thus shockproof in normal
operation.

Bushing-type current transformers can be mounted between two


panels in the busbar run. Voltage transformers can be installed
above the cross and end adapters for detection of the busbar
voltage (see also fig. 6.7).

The conductive connections between the busbars and from the


busbars to the relevant cast resin bushing in the panel module are
made by the cross and end adapters.

Fig. 7.4.1: Busbar with cross and end adapters

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 33

7.5 Outer cone termination system


Outer cone device termination components to EN 50180 and EN
50181, fitted gas-tight in the wall between the panel module and
the cable termination compartment, facilitate connection of cables
and surge arresters (figs. 7.5.1 to 7.5.3). The termination height
of 700 mm provides for good accessibility when installing cables.
When the shutter on the cable termination compartment has been
removed, the cables are accessible from the front of the system.
In panels of 1200 mm width, the two outer cones per phase are
to be fitted with the same number of plug connectors.

Fig. 7.5.1: View into the cable termination area with outer cones in air,
without cable connectors (during assembly at the works, without the cable
termination compartment)

Fig. 7.5.3: View into the cable termination compartment in


air with shockproof cable connectors (ABB type CSE-A) and
cables

34 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

Furthermore, at operating voltages of up to 12 kV, operating currents of up to 630 A and short-time withstand currents of up to
25 kA, connection of plastic-insulated cables (35mm2 - 400 mm2)
and paper-insulated cables (50mm2- 400mm2) is possible using
an insulated cable termination (type RCAB 12 kV) from manufacturer Tyco. This cable termination (fig. 7.5.4) is not shockproof.
When this termination system is used, the cover on the cable termination compartment should be lockable.
Apart from this, always use shockproof termination systems where
possible.

Fig. 7.5.2: Outer cones in a panel with three position disconnector and
fuses

Fig. 7.5.4: Cable termination RCAB 12 kV from Tyco, 630 A, 25 kA

7.5.1 Outer cone connectors ABB type CSE-A


In the form of the product CSE-A, ABB offers outercone connectors for polymeric cables of all current cable cross-sections and
cable diameters.

All connector sleeves are routinely tested with regards to partial


discharge and AC, to ensure that supplied accessories are of
highest quality.

The connectors are made of rubber and they are cold mountable.
The outer conductive layer of the conductor ensures a touch proof
system is approximate 2 mm thick and vulcanized together in one
process with the insulation and inner deflector. This method gives
a robust product with highest mechanical withstand.

The kits are supplied with adaptor, cable lug and connector hood
with pre-installed earth conductor. Extra material such as earthing
kits, crutch seals for 3-core cables and screen potential material for cable armouring is also within the ABB range of products.
Kindly contact ABB Sales Representative for more information.

Fig. 7.5.1.2: Connector ABB type Kabeldon CSE-A-36630-02

Fig. 7.5.1.1: Connector ABB type CSE-A-36630-01

Table 7.5.1.1: Technical data of the connector ABB Kabeldon type CSE-A
Voltage level

Designation

Diameter over insulation


[mm]

[mm2]

CSE-A 12630-01

17 -24

25 - 70

CSE-A 12630-02

22.5 - 35

95 - 300

CSE-A 12630-03

30.5 - 45

400 - 630

[kV]
12

24

36

Conductor cross section

CSE-A 24630-01

17 -24

25 - 70

CSE-A 24630-02

22.5 - 35

95 - 300

CSE-A 24630-03

30.5 - 45

400 - 630

CSE-A 36630-01

24.5 - 34

50 - 70

CSE-A 36630-02

27.5 - 42

95 - 300

CSE-A 36630-03

38 - 55

400 - 630

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 35

7.5.2 Further outer cone connector systems


A selection of various shockproof connector systems which can
be installed depending on the space available is presented in
tables 7.5.2.1 to 7.5.2.8. When making your selection, please
observe the current and short-circuit ratings of the cables and

connector systems. Please consult the manufacturers latest catalogues for the precise ordering data and information on any couplings required.

Table 7.5.2.1: Selection of cable connectors, panels with three position switch disconnector and fuses, 12 kV

12

16 - 150

25 - 95

25 - 120

25 - 150

Tyco

Sdkabel GmbH

nkt cables GmbH

EUROMOLD

[mm2]

Cable connector manufacturer / connector type

ABB Kabeldon

Cable cross-section

[kV]

One cable

Maximum operating
voltage

Cables fitted

158LR
CSE-A 12250-02

36 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

EASW 10/250

RSES-52..
SEW12

Table 7.5.2.2a: Selection of cable connectors, panel width 600 mm, 12 kV

400TB/G

430TBM-P2

430TBM-P3

25 - 300

RSTI-58xx

CB12-630

RSTI-58xx

CC12-630

RSTI-CC-58xx

CB12-630

RSTI-58xx

2 x CC12-630

2 x RSTI-CC-58xx

430TB

CB12-630

RSTI-58xx

300SA

CSA12-...

RSTI-CC-58SA

400TB/G

400PB
430TBM-P2

300SA

CB12-630

RSTI-58xx

CC12-630

RSTI-CC-58xx

CSA12-...

RSTI-CC-58SA

CB12-630

RSTI-58xx

2 x CC12-630

2 x RSTI-CC-58xx
RSTI-CC-58SA

CSA12-...

SET12
SET12

12

Tyco

CB12-630

Sdkabel GmbH

430TB

CSE-A 12630-01

nkt cables GmbH

ABB Kabeldon

One cable +
surge arrester
Two cables +
surge arrester
Three cables +
surge arrester

Cable connector manufacturer / connector type

EUROMOLD

25 - 70

Three cables

[mm2]

Two cables

Cable cross-section

[kV]

One cable

Maximum operating
voltage

Cables fitted

SEHDK13.1
SET12

50- 300

MUT13
SET12

SEHDK13.1
MUT13

484TB/G

484TB/M-P2

484TB/M-P3
484TB/G

70 - 630

800SA
484TB/M-P2

800SA
484TB/M-P3

95 - 300

300 - 500

SEHDT13
SEHDT13

MUT33
CSE-A 12630-03

400 - 630

800SA
CSE-A 12630-02

440TB/G

440TB/G-P2

440TB/G
400PB

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 37

Table 7.5.2.2b: Selection of cable connectors, panel width 600 mm, 12 kV

Tyco

Sdkabel GmbH

nkt cables GmbH

EUROMOLD

ABB Kabeldon

Cable connector manufacturer / connector type

One cable +
surge arrester
Two cables +
surge arrester
Three cables +
surge arrester

Three cables

[mm2]

Two cables

Cable cross-section

[kV]

One cable

Maximum operating
voltage

Cables fitted

CB36-630(1250)
CB36-630(1250)

CC36-630(1250)
CB36-630(1250)

400

2 x CC36-630(1250)
CB36-630(1250)

500

CSA12-..

630

CB36-630(1250)

CC36-630(1250)
CSA12-..
CB36-630(1250)

2 x CC36-630(1250)
CSA12-..

12

RSTI-x95x
RSTI-x95x

RSTI-CC-x95x
RSTI-x95x

400 - 800

2 x RSTI-CC-x95x
RSTI-x95x

RSTI-CC-68SA
RSTI-x95x

RSTI-CC-x95x
RSTI-CC-68SA
RSTI-x95x

2 x RSTI-CC-x95x
RSTI-CC-68SA

38 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

4 x 400TB/G

2 x 430TB/M-P2

2 x 430TB/M-P3

25 - 300

2 x 430TB/M-P2

300SA

Tyco

Sdkabel GmbH

2 x RSTI-58xx
2 x RSTI-CC-58xx

2 x CB12-630

2 x RSTI-58xx

4 x CC12-630

4 x RSTI-CC-58xx

2 x CB12-630

2 x RSTI-58xx

2 x CC12-630

2 x RSTI-CC-58xx

CSA12-...

RSTI-CC-58SA

2 x CB12-630

2 x RSTI-58xx

4 x CC12-630

4 x RSTI-CC-58xx

CSA12-...

RSTI-CC-58SA

2 x 484TB/M-P3
2 x 484TB/M-P2

70 - 630

800 SA
2 x 484TB/M-P3

12

2 x CB12-630
2 x CC12-630

2 x 484TB/M-P2

300 - 500

nkt cables GmbH

EUROMOLD

ABB Kabeldon

Cable connector manufacturer / connector type

Four cables +
surge arrester
Six cables +
surge arrester

[mm2]

Six cables

Cable cross-section

[kV]

Cables fitted

Four cables

Maximum operating
voltage

Table 7.5.2.3: Selection of cable connectors, panel width 1200 mm, 12 kV

800 SA

4 x SEHDT13
2 x CB36-630(1250)

2 x CC36-630(1250)
2 x CB36-630(1250)

4 x CC36-630(1250)

400
500
630

2 x CB36-630(1250)

2 x CC36-630(1250)
CSA12-...
2 x CB36-630(1250)

4 x CC36-630(1250)
CSA12-...

400 - 630

4 x CSE-A 12630-03

2 x 440TB/G-P2
2 x RSTI-x95x

400 - 800

2 x RSTI-CC-x95x
2 x RSTI-x95x

4 x RSTI-CC-x95x
2 x RSTI-x95x

4 x RSTI-CC-x95x
RSTI-CC-68SA

Table 7.5.2.4: Selection of cable connectors, panels with three position switch disconnector and fuses, 24 kV

24

16 - 120

16 - 150

25 - 95

25-120

Tyco

Sdkabel GmbH

nkt cables GmbH

EUROMOLD

[mm2]

Cable connector manufacturer / connector type

ABB Kabeldon

Cable cross-section

[kV]

One cable

Maximum operating
voltage

Cables fitted

RSES-52xx
K158LR
CSE-A 24250-02

SEW24
CE24-250

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 39

Table 7.5.2.5a: Selection of cable connectors, panel width 600 mm, 24 kV

25 - 70

Tyco

Sdkabel GmbH

nkt cables GmbH

EUROMOLD

ABB Kabeldon

Cable connector manufacturer / connector type

One cable +
surge arrester
Two cables +
surge arrester
Three cables +
surge arrester

Three cables

[mm2]

Two cables

Cable cross-section

[kV]

One cable

Maximum operating
voltage

Cables fitted

CSE-A 24630-01

SET24
SET24

SEHDK23.1
SET24

25- 240

MUT23
SET24

SEHDK23.1
MUT23

CB24-630

25 - 300

24

RSTI-CC-58xx

CB24-630

RSTI-58xx

2 x CC24-630

2 x RSTI-CC-58xx

CB24-630

RSTI-58xx

CSA24-...

RSTI-CC-58SA

CB24-630

RSTI-58xx

CC24-630

RSTI-CC-58xx

CSA24-...

RSTI-CC-58SA

CB24-630

RSTI-58xx

2 x CC24-630

2 x RSTI-CC-58xx

CSA24-...

RSTI-CC-58SA

K400TB/G
K430TB/M-P2

K430TB/M-P3
K430TB

35 - 300

300SA
K400TB/G

400PB
K430TB/M-P2

300SA

K484TB/G

K484TB/M-P2

K484TB/M-P3
K484TB/G

70 - 630

800SA
K484TB/M-P2

800SA
K484TB/M-P3

300 - 500

RSTI-58xx

CC24-630

K430TB

95 - 300

RSTI-58xx

CB24-630

800SA
CSE-A 24630-02
SEHDT23

40 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

SEHDT23
MUT33

Table 7.5.2.5b: Selection of cable connectors, panel width 600 mm, 24 kV

Tyco

Sdkabel GmbH

nkt cables GmbH

EUROMOLD

CSE-A 24630-03

K440TB/G

400 - 630

ABB Kabeldon

Cable connector manufacturer / connector type

One cable +
surge arrester
Two cables +
surge arrester
Three cables +
surge arrester

Three cables

[mm2]

Two cables

Cable cross-section

[kV]

One cable

Maximum operating
voltage

Cables fitted

K440TB/G-P2
K440TB/G

400PB

CB36-630(1250)
CB36-630(1250)

CC36-630(1250)
CB36-630(1250)

400

2 x CC36-630(1250)
CB36-630(1250)

500

CSA24-..

630

CB36-630(1250)

CC36-630(1250)
CSA24-..

24

CB36-630(1250)

2 x CC36-630(1250)
CSA24-..

RSTI-x95x
RSTI-x95x

RSTI-CC-x95x
RSTI-x95x

400 - 800

2 x RSTI-CC-x95x
RSTI-x95x

RSTI-CC-68SA
RSTI-x95x

RSTI-CC-x95x
RSTI-CC-68SA
RSTI-x95x

2 x RSTI-CC-x95x
RSTI-CC-68SA

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 41

4 x K400TB/G

2 x K430TB/M-P2

2 x K430TB/M-P3

25 - 300

2 x K430TB/M-P2

300SA

Tyco

Sdkabel GmbH

2 x CB24-630

2 x RSTI-58xx

4 x CC24-630

4 x RSTI-CC-58xx

2 x CB24-630

2 x RSTI-58xx

2 x CC24-630

2 x RSTI-CC-58xx

CSA24-...

RSTI-CC-58SA

2 x CB24-630

2 x RSTI-58xx

4 x CC24-630

4 x RSTI-CC-58xx

CSA24-...

RSTI-CC-58SA

2 x K484TB/M-P2
800 SA
2 x K484TB/M-P3

400 - 630

2 x RSTI-58xx
2 x RSTI-CC-58xx

2 x K484TB/M-P3

70 - 630

24

2 x CB24-630
2 x CC24-630

2 x K484TB/M-P2

300 - 500

nkt cables GmbH

EUROMOLD

ABB Kabeldon

Cable connector manufacturer / connector type

Four cables +
surge arrester
Six cables +
surge arrester

[mm2]

Six cables

Cable cross-section

[kV]

Cables fitted

Four cables

Maximum operating
voltage

Table 7.5.2.6: Selection of cable connectors, panel width 1200 mm, 24 kV

800 SA

4 x SEHDT23

4 x CSE-A 24630-03

2 x K440TB/G-P2
2 x CB36-630(1250)

2 x CC36-630(1250)
2 x CB36-630(1250)

400
500
630

4 x CC36-630(1250)
2 x CB36-630(1250)

2 x CC36-630(1250)
CSA24-...
2 x CB36-630(1250)

4 x CC36-630(1250)
CSA24-...
2 x RSTI-x95x

400 - 800

2 x RSTI-CC-x95x
2 x RSTI-x95x

4 x RSTI-CC-x95x
2 x RSTI-x95x

4 x RSTI-CC-x95x
RSTI-CC-68SA

42 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

Table 7.5.2.7a: Selection of cable connectors, panel width 600 mm, 36 kV

Tyco

Sdkabel GmbH

nkt cables GmbH

EUROMOLD

ABB Kabeldon

Cable connector manufacturer / connector type

One cable +
surge arrester
Two cables +
surge arrester
Three cables +
surge arrester

Three cables

[mm2]

Two cables

Cable cross-section

[kV]

One cable

Maximum operating
voltage

Cables fitted

CB36-630
CB36-630

CC36-630
CB36-630

2 x CC36-630
CB36-630

25 - 300

CSA36-...
CB36-630

CC36-630
CSA36-...
CB36-630

2 x CC36-630
CSA36-...

M484TB/G

M484TB/M-P2

M484TB/M-P3
M484TB/G

35 - 630

800SA
M484TB/M-P2

800SA
M484TB/M-P3

50 - 70
36

M430TB

M400TB/G

M430TB/M-P2

M400TB/G-P2

50 - 240

M430TB/M-P3
M430TB

300SA
M400TB/G

400PB
M430TB/M-P2

300SA

RSTI-68xx
RSTI-68xx

RSTI-CC-68xx
RSTI-68xx

50 - 300

800SA
CSE-A 36630-01

2 x RSTI-CC-68xx
RSTI-68xx

RSTI-CC-68SA
RSTI-68xx

RSTI-CC-68xx
RSTI-CC-68SA
RSTI-68xx

2 x RSTI-CC-68xx
RSTI-CC-68SA

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 43

Table 7.5.2.7b: Selection of cable connectors, panel width 600 mm, 36 kV

70 - 300
95 - 300

SET36

MUT33
CSE-A 36630-02
SEHDT33

300 - 500

SEHDT33

MUT33

M440TB/G

M440TB/G-P2
M440TB/G

400 - 630

400PB

CSE-A 36630-03

CB36-630(1250)
CB36-630(1250)

CC36-630(1250)
CB36-630(1250)

400
36

Tyco

SET36

300 - 630

Sdkabel GmbH

nkt cables GmbH

ABB Kabeldon

EUROMOLD

Cable connector manufacturer / connector type

One cable +
surge arrester
Two cables +
surge arrester
Three cables +
surge arrester

Three cables

[mm2]

Two cables

Cable cross-section

[kV]

One cable

Maximum operating
voltage

Cables fitted

2 x CC36-630(1250)
CB36-630(1250)

500

CSA36-..

630

CB36-630(1250)

CC36-630(1250)
CSA36-..
CB36-630(1250)

2 x CC36-630(1250)
CSA36-..

RSTI-x95x
RSTI-x95x

RSTI-CC-x95x
RSTI-x95x

400 - 800

2 x RSTI-CC-x95x
RSTI-x95x

RSTI-CC-68SA
RSTI-x95x

RSTI-CC-x95x
RSTI-CC-68SA
RSTI-x95x

2 x RSTI-CC-x95x
RSTI-CC-68SA

44 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

Tyco

Sdkabel GmbH

nkt cables GmbH

EUROMOLD

ABB Kabeldon

Six cables

[mm2]

Cable connector manufacturer / connector type

Four cables +
surge arrester
Six cables +
surge arrester

Cable cross-section

[kV]

Cables fitted

Four cables

Maximum operating
voltage

Table 7.5.2.8: Selection of cable connectors, panel width 1200 mm, 36 kV

2 x CB36-630

2 x CC36-630
2 x CB36-630

4 x CC36-630
2 x CB36-630

25 - 300

2 x CC36-630
CSA36-...
2 x CB36-630

4 x CC36-630
CSA36-...

2 x M484TB/M-P2

2 x M484TB/M-P3
2 x M484TB/M-P2

35 - 630

800 SA
2 x M484TB/M-P3

800 SA

2 x M400TB/G

2 x M430TB/M-P2

50 - 240

2 x M430TB/M-P3
2 x M430TB/M-P2

300SA
2 x RSTI-68xx

2 x RSTI-CC-68xx
2 x RSTI-68xx

36

4 x RSTI-CC-68xx
2 x RSTI-68xx

50 - 300

2 x RSTI-CC-68xx
RSTI-CC-68SA
2 x RSTI-68xx

4 x RSTI-CC-68xx
RSTI-CC-68SA

300 - 500

300 - 630

400 - 630

4 x SEHDT33
2 x M440TB/G-P2
4 x CSE-A 36630-03
2 x CB36-630(1250)

2 x CC36-630(1250)
2 x CB36-630(1250)

400
500
630

4 x CC36-630(1250)
2 x CB36-630(1250)

2 x CC36-630(1250)
CSA36-...
2 x CB36-630(1250)

4 x CC36-630(1250)
CSA36-...
2 x RSTI-x95x

400 - 800

2 x RSTI-CC-x95x
2 x RSTI-x95x

4 x RSTI-CC-x95x
2 x RSTI-x95x

2 x RSTI-CC-x95x
RSTI-CC-68SA

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 45

7.6 Surge arresters

LRM-system (Fig. 7.8.1)


Additional indicator unit (Fig. 7.8.2) required
Repeat testing necessary

Surge arresters are fitted directly with cable connectors. Fitting of


several cables plus a surge arrester per phase is possible (see tables 7.5.2.1 to 7.5.2.6). The terminals of the surge arresters must
be suitable for the type of cable connector used. Further information on surge arresters can be obtained from the relevant cable
connector manufacturer.

KVDS-system (Fig. 7.8.3)

In addition, surge arresters can be directly connected to the busbar. We will be pleased to provide information on these surge arresters on request.

7.7 Main earthing bar

LC-Display
Three phase
No additional indicator unit required
Maintenance-free with integrated self-test:
No symbol visible:
De-energized
Half lightning arrow displayed: Voltage applied
Full lightning arrow displayed: Voltage applied and selftest passed

Fig. 7.8.1: Three phase LRM-system

The main earthing bar of the switchgear system runs through the
cable termination compartments of the panels. The earthing bars
in the individual panels are connected together during installation
at site.
The cross-section of the main earthing bar is 300 mm2
(ECuF3030mmx10mm).

7.8 Capacitive voltage


indicator systems
Fig. 7.8.2: Indicator unit for LRM-systems

Various capacitive, low impedance voltage indicator systems are


available for checking of the off-circuit condition of a feeder. The
coupling electrode is integrated in the outer cone device termination components. The capacitive voltage indicator system is located in the low voltage compartment door.
Coupling electrodes can be installed on cross or end adapters in
the solid insulated busbars to detect the off-circuit condition of the
busbars. The capacitive voltage indicator system can be integrated in the cover of the operator control area of incoming or outgoing feeder panels and in sectionaliser and riser panels.
All systems used are voltage dectection systems (VDS) according
to IEC 61243-5.
All the systems used permit phase comparison with the aid of an
additional, compatible phase comparator.

46 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

Fig. 7.8.3: KVDS-system

CAVIN-system (Fig. 7.8.4)

Fig. 7.8.4: CAVIN-system

As the KVDS-system, but:


Two integrated relay contacts
for signals/interlocks
LED display of relay status:
No Error: Relay 1 closed (All three
conductors have the same voltage
state and auxiliary voltage is available.)
Error: Relay 1 open (The three conductors are carrying
different voltages, or the auxiliary voltage has failed.)
HV OFF: Relay 2 closed (UL1 = UL2 = UL3 < phase to earth
voltage when the response voltage is reached.)
HV ON: Relay 2 open (In at least one phase,
U / 3 > phase to earth voltage when
the response voltage is reached, or
auxiliary voltage has failed.)
Auxiliary voltage required for the relays

relays

Auxiliary voltage required for

Two relay contacts

Integrated self-test

CAVIN

LRM
KVDS

LC-display

System

Technical characteristics

Additional indicator unit required

Table 7.8.1: Scope of function of the capacitive voltage indicator systems

Three phase

Low impedance

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 47

7.9 Current and voltage detection devices


The areas of application for current and voltage detection devices
are

Abb. 7.9.1.1: Ring core current transformer up to 1250 A

Protection applications,
Measurement,
Billing metering.

7.9.1 Ring core current


transformers
Ring core current transformers are used for feeder metering in
termination panels. They are located on the outer cone outside
the gas compartment. Two cones per phase are used in panels for
currents > 1250 A. In these cases, a ring core current transformer
as shown in fig. 7.9.1.2 is to be used.
The winding of the ring core current transformer is enclosed in
cast resin. The cross-section of the connecting wiring is 2.5 mm
(larger cross-sections on request). Current transformers as shown
in fig. 7.9.1.2 are optionally available with terminal boxes.
The possible technical data can be found in the following table.

Abb. 7.9.1.2: Ring core current transformer up to 2500 A

Panels with one cable per phase can also be fitted with straightthrough current transformers on request.

Table 7.9.1.1: Technical data of the ring core current transformers


Current transformer type

kV

0,72

0,72

Ud

kV

fr

Hz

Rated voltage

Ur

Rated short duration power-frequency withstand voltage


Rated frequency
Rated thermal short-time current

31,5 kA - 3 s

Itherm

Rated impulse current

Ip

Panel width
Rated primary current

Ir

Rated secondary current

kA
600

1200

...1250

...2500

Capacity

VA

Class
Protection cores

1 or 5
1

...20

...20

0,2 / 0,5 / 1

0,2 / 0,5 / 1

1)

Measuring cores

1)

80

mm

Max number of cores


Core data

3
50 / 60

Dependent on rated primary current.

48 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

Capacity

VA

1 to 10

2,5 to 15

Class

5P

Overcurrent factor

20

7.9.2 Dimensioning of current transformers


The stipulations and recommendations of IEC 61936, section
6.2.4.1 Current transformers, lEC / EN 60044-1 and lEC 600446 are to be observed in the design of current transformers. The
rated overcurrent factor and rated burden of current transformer
cores are to be selected in such a way that protection devices can
function correctly and measuring systems are not damaged in the
event of a short-circuit.
Protection purposes
Protection cores are, logically, operated at above rated current.
The function of the selected protection system is essentially determined by the connected current transformer. The requirements to
be fulfilled by the current transformers for the selected protection
or combination device can be found in the documentation from
the protection equipment supplier. For an accurate switchgear
proposal, these current transformer data are to be provided with
the product enquiry and then finally agreed by the operator and
manufacturer in the order.
The direct path to the right current transformers is via the technical documentation of the selected protection device. The current
transformer requirements of the relay can be found there.
Measuring purposes
In order to protect measuring and metering devices from damage
in the case of a fault, they should go into saturation as early as
possible. The rated burden of the current transformer should be
approximately the same as the operating burden consisting of the
measuring instrument and cable. Further details and designations
can be found in EN 60044-1.
Recommendations
In principle, we recommend a rated secondary current of 1 A. The
current transformer ratings for ABB protection devices are known.
The transformer data can be selected to suit the protection application and the network parameters. If, however, third party devices
are to be connected, we recommend a review by our engineers
at an early stage. Taking account of the burdens and overload
capacities, our experts can examine the entire current transformer
requirements of the third party protection devices on request.
Further information for different protection systems
If the current transformers to be used in the network concerned
(e.g. on the opposite side of the network) have already been specified, early coordination of the switchgear configuration is advisable.
This requires, but is not limited to, the provision of data on the ratio,
rated capacity, accuracy class, and the resistance of the secondary winding and secondary wiring. Further configurations for the
particular application can then be requested.

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 49

7.9.3 Voltage transformers


The voltage transformers are always located outside the gas compartments. They can be permanently mounted or of the plug-in
type (plug size 2 to DIN 47637 and EN 50181). Feeder voltage
transformers are equipped with a series isolating system. After
operation of the isolating system, the voltage transformers are
earthed. Busbar voltage transformers are of the plug-in type.
The possible electrical data can be found in the table below.

Fig. 7.9.3.1: Voltage transformer for fixed mounting



- up to 24 kV

Fig. 7.9.3.2: Voltage transformer, plug-in type

Table 7.9.3.1 Technical data of voltage transformers

Type of
voltage

Rated voltage

transformer

Max.
capacity

Class

[kV]
fixed
mounted

plug-in type

up to 24

up to 36

[V]
20

0,2

50

0,5

100

30

0,2

75

0,5

150

Rated thermal current

Rated thermal long

limit of the metering

duration current of the

Rated secondary

Rated secondary

voltage of the

voltage of the earth

winding

earth fault winding with

metering winding

fault winding

with rated voltage factor

rated voltage factor 1.9

1.2 / continuous

/8h

[A]

[A]

[V]

[A]

100 / 3

100 / 3

110 / 3

110 / 3

100 / 3

100 / 3

110 / 3

110 / 3

Table 7.9.3.2: Rated power frequency withstand voltage of voltage transformers


Rated voltage

Rated power frequency withstand voltage (1 min)

[kV]

[kV]

<6

5 x Ur

6 - 12

28

> 12 - 17.5

38

> 17.5 - 24

50

> 24 - 33

70

50 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

7.10 Protection and control units


ABB provides the right protection and automation solution for
every application.
Table 7.10.1 below provides an overview of the most important
protection devices with notes on their range of applications. Further information can be obtained in the Internet (http://www.abb.
de/mediumvoltage) or from the responsible ABB contact for you.

Basic
Range

Middle
Range

High
Range

1)

SPAM 150 C
SPAJ 160 C
REU 610
REM 610
REF 610
REF 615
RED 615
RET 615
REM 615
REU 615
Motor
REM 543
Generator
Motor
REM 545
Generator
Control
RET 541
Basic
RET 543
Multi
RET 545
Control
REF 541
Basic
REF 543
Multi
REF 545
Basic low
Basic
Multi low
REF 542plus
Multi
Differential
Distance
REF 630
RET 630
REM 630

1)
1)

1)

1)

protection

Cable differential

1)

Feeder automation

Back-up protection

Voltage

regulation

protection

Transformer

protection

Generator

Motor

protection

protection

Capacitor bank

measurement

Bay control and

Metering panel

Feeder

Incomer

Device designation

Table 7.10.1: Range of application of protection and control units

Control of a circuit-breaker is possible

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 51

7.11 Sulphur hexafluoride


SF6 is a non-toxic, inert insulating gas with high dielectric strength
and thermal stability.
Its unique electrical and thermal properties have made the design
of new, more efficient switchgear possible. The change from conventional insulation to the non-flammable, chemically inactive and
non-toxic heavy gas sulphur hexafluoride has led to significant
savings in space and materials, and to greater safety of the installations. Switchgear systems insulated with sulphur hexafluoride
have become highly successful especially in applications where
space is constricted and compact design is required. On account
of their insensitivity to air pollution, enclosed SF6 systems are also
used in the chemicals industry, in desert areas and at coastal locations. Thanks to SF6 technology, new substations can also be
erected at load centres in densely populated areas where high
land prices prohibit other solutions.
SF6 has been used in HV-switchgear since 1960.

7.12 Gas system in the


panels
SF6 is used as the insulation medium. Furthermore, SF6 is used as
the quenching gas in panels with switch disconnector and fuses
for interruption of operating currents.
The gas compartments are designed as hermetically sealed pressure systems. As they are filled with SF6, constant ambient conditions are permanently ensured for the entire high voltage area of
the panel. It is not necessary to top up the insulating gas during

Fig. 7.12.1: Gas filling connector (1) and density sensor (2)

the expected service life of the system. Under normal operating


conditions, no checks on the insulating gas are necessary. The
insulating gas is maintenance-free.
Each panel module has a gas filling connector (fig. 7.12.1 - see
also section 6), through which the panel modules can be filled
with gas, for instance in the case of repairs.
The service pressure of the individual gas compartments is monitored by separate density sensors (temperature-compensated
pressure sensors, fig. 7.12.1). A shortfall below the alarm signal
level for insulation (120 kPa) or below the minimum filling pressure
for switching (140 kPa) in a panel with three position switch disconnector and fuses is indicated on the protection and control unit
or by signal lamp (fig. 7.12.2). Temporary operation of the panel at
atmospheric pressure (> 100 kPa) is in principle possible if the SF6
content of the insulating gas is at least 95 %. (Caution: A panel
with three position switch disconnector and fuses may not be operated at less than the minimum filling pressure for switching (140
kPa), as the blowing of fuses leads to the tripping of the three position switch disconnector).
Leakage testing of the gas compartments during manufacturing process
The leakage rate of the gas compartments is determined by integral leakage testing:
The block is placed in a test cabin. The block and the test cabin
are evacuated. The gas compartment at the block are filled with
helium. In this condition, the leakage rate is determined by measurement of the helium content in the test chamber. The helium is
recovered after measurement, and the gas compartment is simultaneously evacuated. Finally, the panel module is automatically
filled with SF6 to the rated filling pressure for insulation (= 130 kPa
at 20 C) or to the rated filling pressure for switching (= 150 kPa at
20 C) in the case of the panel with three position switch disconnector and fuses.This means that systems can only be filled with
SF6 when they have passed the leakage test.

Fig. 7.12.2: Signal lamp for gas density (used when the signal is not integrated in the protection device)

52 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

7.13 SF6 density sensor


Fig. 7.13.1 shows the function of the SF6 density sensor. Between
the measuring chamber and a reference chamber there is a moving mounting plate which operates electrical contacts.
Temperature compensation
The pressure in the monitored gas compartment rises with increasing temperature. As, however, the temperature in the reference chamber and thus the pressure of the reference volume
increases to the same extent, this does not lead to any movement
of the mounting plate.
Self-supervision
A drop in pressure of the reference volume results in a movement
of the mounting plate (to the right in fig. 7.13.1). The self-supervision contact is operated. As the system is designed as a closed
circuit, both wire breakages and defective plug and terminal connections are signalled as faults.

Gas losses
A loss of gas in the monitored gas compartment results in a drop
in pressure in the measuring volume and thus a movement of the
mounting plate (to the left in fig. 7.13.1). The contact for the pressure loss signal is operated.
Two versions of SF 6 density sensors
Two versions of the density sensors (figs. 7.13.2 and 7.13.3) are
used.
1. A common indication for gas loss, wire breakage, defective plug
connection and defective pressure sensor for the reference volume.
2. Separate indications for a) gas loss, wire breakage and defective plug connection, and b) defective pressure sensor for the reference volume, wire breakage and defective plug connection.
-

Fig. 7.13.1: Schematic diagram of the function of the SF6 density sensor

5
1
2
3
4

5
6

Monitored gas compartment


Measuring volume
Enclosed volume for temperature compensation (reference volume)
Mounting plate moved by interaction of forces (pressure of measuring volume
against pressure of reference volume)
Contact for self-supervision (p > 150 kPa 1) )
Contact for gas loss (p < 120 kPa 2) )

Fig. 7.13.3: Version 2 of the SF6 density sensor

Fig. 7.13.2: Version 1 of the SF6 density sensor

> 150 kPa 1)


a)
< 120 kPa 2)
> 120 kPa 2)
Gas loss

1)

2)

Self-supervision

< 150 kPa 1)

> 150 kPa 1)

< 120 kPa 2)


< 150 kPa

1)

Self-supervision

b)

Gas loss
> 120 kPa 2)

170 kPa at a rated voltage of 36 kV and for panels with three position switch disconnector and fuses
140 kPa at a rated voltage of 36 kV and for panels with three position switch disconnector and fuses

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 53

7.14 Pressure relief systems


In the unlikely event of an internal arc fault in a gas compartment,
the relevant pressure relief disk opens. The pressure is then relieved as described below.
Use of busbar covers
In the case of wall mounting, the pressure from a fault in the panel
module or in the cable termination compartment is discharged
upwards behind the switchgear, and in the case of free-standing
installation upwards through the pressure relief duct at the rear
(figure 7.14.1).

The building wall through which the pressure relief duct is led
to the outside must not contain any combustible materials. The
area outside below the pressure relief discharge opening is to be
fenced off and marked with warning signs. There must not be any
accessible areas such as stairs or walkways above the pressure
relief opening. Storage of combustible materials in the areas mentioned is prohibited. The dimensions of these safety areas are to
be clarified for the individual system supplied.

7.15 Surfaces

Use of a pressure relief duct for pressure relief to the outside


It is possible to fit a pressure relief duct when panels with a width
of 600 mm are used (maximum busbar current: 2000 A).
The pressure is discharged upwards in a duct behind the switchgear and to the outside through the pressure relief duct at the top
of the switchgear (figure 7.14.2).

Fig. 7.14.1: Pressure relief of the switchgear

The gas-tight enclosures of the panel modules consist of stainless


steel sheets. The cable termination compartments and low voltage compartments mechanism bays and busbar covers are manufactured from galvanised sheet steel. The low voltage compartment doors, the covers on the operator control areas, the cable
termination compartment covers and end covers are coated with
a powder stove enamel in RAL 7035 (light grey). Other colours for
the painted parts are available on request.

Fig. 7.14.2: Pressure relief to the outside

2650

54 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

8. Range of panels
The following panel variants are available:
Feeder panels
Panels with circuit-breaker and three position
disconnector
Panels with three position switch disconnector
and fuses
Cable termination panels
Sectionaliser
Riser
All the panels shown in section 8 are available as versions
for free-standing and wall mounting installation. All the illustrations show the free-standing versions.
The assignment of the panel variants to the relevant panel
widths can be found in table 8.1.

Table 8.1: Panel widths


Panel variants
Feeder panel with three position
switch disconnector and fuses

Rated normal current

Panel width

[A]

[mm]

Dependent on the fuses

600
600

Feeder panel

... 1250

Sectionaliser panel

... 1250

600

Riser panel

... 1250

600

Transfer panel

... 1250

600

Incomer panel

... 2500

1200

Sectionaliser panel

... 2500

900

Riser panel

... 2500

900

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 55

8.1 Feeder panels


8.1.1 Incoming and outgoing feeder panels with
circuit-breaker
Fig. 8.1.1.1: Feeder panel with circuit-breaker 1250 A, voltage transformers (isolatable in the off-circuit condition) on the cables and plug-in voltage transformers on the busbars

1330

2400

2400

Fig. 8.1.1.1: Feeder panel with circuit-breaker 630 A

1330

2400

Fig. 8.1.1.3: Feeder panel with circuit-breaker 2500 A, voltage transformers


(isolatable in the off-circuit condition) on the cables and plug-in voltage
transformers on the busbars

1330

56 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

or

Current transformer 1)

Voltage
Coupling electrodes
transformer,
for capacitive
plug-in type 1) voltage indicator
system
or

Voltage transformer,
plug-in type
and isolatable

Voltage
transformer,
isolatable,
up to 24 kV
Max. 3 cables
per phase

Max. 2 cables
per phase
+ surge arrester

Table 8.1.1.1: Overview of variants for incoming and outgoing feeder panels with circuit-breaker, I r up to 1250 A

Panel width: 600 mm

U r:

... 36 kV

I r:

... 630 A, ... 1250 A

I p:

... 25 kA, ... 31.5 kA

Explanatory note on footnote 1) Either current or voltage transformer


If current transformer, then no voltage transformer on the left or right.

If voltage transformer, then no current transformer on the left or right.

1)

(See explanatory note above) Either current or voltage transformer, for 36 kV also current and voltage transformers

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 57

or

Current transformer 1)

Coupling electrodes
Voltage
for capacitive
transformer,
voltage indicator
plug-in type 1)
system
or

Voltage
transformer,
isolatable,
up to 24 kV

Voltage transformer,
plug-in type
and isolatable

Max. 6 cables
per phase

Max. 4 cables
per phase
+ surge arrester

Table 8.1.1.2: Overview of variants for incoming and outgoing feeder panels with circuit-breaker, I r over 1250 A and up to 2500 A

Panel width: 1200 mm

1)

U r:

... 36 kV

I r:

... 1600 A, ... 2000 A, ...2500 A

I p:

... 25 kA, ... 31.5 kA

(See explanatory note on page 57) Either current or voltage transformer, for 36 kV also current and voltage transformers

58 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

8.1.2 Feeder panels with three position switch disconnector


and fuses
Fig. 8.1.2.1: Feeder panel with three position switch disconnector and fuses

2400

up to 24 kV

1330

Current transformer

Voltage
transformer,
plug-in type 1)

1)

1 cable
per phase

Table 8.1.2.1: Overview of variants for feeder panels with three position switch disconnector

Panel width: 600 mm

1)

U r:

...12 kV

I r:

...100 A

U r:

...24 kV

I r:

...63 A

(See explanatory note on page 57) Either current or voltage transformer

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 59

8.1.3 Cable termination panels

Fig. 8.1.3.1: Cable termination panel 1250 A

2400

2400

Fig. 8.1.3.2: Cable termination panel 2000 A

1330

1330

or

Current transformer

Voltage
transformer,
plug-in type 1)

1)

Max. 3 cables
per phase

Current transformer

Table 8.1.3.1: Overview of variants for cable termination panels, I r up to 1250 A

Panel width: 600 mm

1)

U r:

... 36 kV

I r:

... 1250 A

I p:

... 25 kA, ... 31.5 kA

(See explanatory note on page 57) Either current or voltage transformer, for 36 kV also current and voltage transformers

60 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

Coupling electrodes
for capacitive
voltage indicator
system

Max. 2 cables
per phase
+ surge arrester

or

Voltage
transformer,
plug-in type

Current transformer

Coupling electrodes
for capacitive
voltage indicator
system

Current transformer

Max. 6 cables
per phase

Max. 4 cables
per phase
+ surge arrester

Table 8.1.3.2: Overview of variants for cable termination panels, I r up to 2500 A

Panel width: 1200 mm

1)

U r:

... 36 kV

I r:

... 1600 A, ... 2000 A, ... 2500 A

I p:

... 31.5 kA

(See explanatory note on page 57) Either current or voltage transformer, for 36 kV also current and voltage transformers

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 61

8.2 Busbar sectionaliser


and riser panels

8.2.1 Couplings within a


switchgear block

A sectionaliser and a riser panel are required for the implementation of bus couplings. In addition, a transfer panel containing a
circuit-breaker and a three position disconnector is also available.

Sectionaliser panels are equipped with a combination of circuitbreaker and three position disconnector. Riser panels contain a
three position disconnector. The current transformer is located
on the solid insulated bar below the panel module. Sectionaliser
and riser panels can be fitted with voltage transformers for busbar
measurement.
The installation variants sectionaliser left riser right and vice
versa are possible.
A riser panel can be installed at the end of the switchgear system
for future extension without interruptions.

Bus couplings can be integrated in a switchgear block. The riser


and sectionaliser panels are connected by a solid insulated bar
below the panel module.
Couplings between two system blocks can be effected by means
of cables.

Fig. 8.2.1.2: Riser panel 1250 A

1330

2400

2400

Fig. 8.2.1.1: Sectionaliser panel 1250 A

1330

Fig. 8.2.1.4: Riser panel 1600 A

1330

62 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

2400

2400

Fig. 8.2.1.3: Sectionaliser panel 1600 A

1330

or

Voltage
Coupling electrodes
transformer,
for capacitive
plug-in type 1) voltage indicator
system

Current transformer 1)

Current transformer

Table 8.2.1.1: Overview of variants for sectionaliser and riser panels for installation within a switchgear block

Panel width: 2 x 600 mm

Panel width: 2 x 900 mm

1)

U r:

... 36 kV

I r:

... 1250 A

I p:

... 25 kA, ... 31.5 kA

U r:

... 36 kV

I r:

... 1600 A, ... 2500 A

I p:

... 25 kA, ... 31.5 kA

(See explanatory note on page 57) Either current or voltage transformer, for 36 kV also current and voltage transformers

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 63

8.2.2 Transfer panel

2400

The transfer panel contains a circuit-breaker and a three position


disconnector. In this panel variant, the three position disconnector
is located between the left-hand busbar section and the circuitbreaker. The bushings on the left-hand busbar section can be
fitted with voltage transformers. Voltage transformers for voltage
detection in the right-hand busbar section can be located on the
busbar of the adjacent panel on the right. Current transformers
can be positioned on the busbars of the adjacent panels.

1330

1)

Coupling electrodes
for capacitive
voltage indicator
system

Current transformer

Table 8.2.2.1: Transfer panel

Panel width: 600 mm

1)

U r:

... 17.5 kV

... 24 kV

I r:

... 1250 A

. .. 1250 A

I p:

... 31.5 kA

... 25 kA

No current transformers can be installed between the transfer panel and the adjacent panel on the right.

64 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

8.2.3 Couplings (Connection of two system blocks)

2400

Fig. 8.2.3.1: Couplings by cables, example configuration with circuit-breaker, three position disconnectors and integrated busbar voltage
measurement, 2500 A

1330

1330

The overview of variants can be found in section 8.1.

Table 8.2.3.1: Overview of variants for sectionaliser and riser panels (Connection of two system blocks)

Panel width: 600 mm

Panel width: 1200 mm

U r:

... 36 kV

I r:

... 1250 A

I p:

... 25 kA, ... 31.5 kA

U r:

... 36 kV

I r:

... 2000 A, ... 1600 A, ... 2500 A

I p:

... 25 kA, ... 31.5 kA

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 65

9 Busbar earthing

is earthed via the closed feeder disconnector and closed circuitbreaker downstream (see fig. 9.1.1). Earthing can also be effected
similarly via a switch disconnector panel with cable termination.

This section outlines the ways in which the busbar can be earthed.
The details of these operations can be found in the relevant instruction manuals.

9.2 Earthing the busbar by


means of a sectionaliser
and riser or bus coupler

9.1 Earthing the busbar by


means of an earthing set
With the feeder earthed, the cable connectors can be fitted with
an earthing set connected to the main earthing bar. The earthing sets considered suitable by the cable connector manufacturer
for the type of connector concerned are to be used. The busbar

Fig. 9.1.1: Busbar earthing by earthing set

Earthing set

Fig. 9.2.1: Busbar earthing by sectionaliser and riser

66 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

Earthing is effected by the three position disconnector and the


circuit-breaker in a bus sectionaliser (see fig. 9.2.1).

10. Building planning


10.1 Site requirements
The switchgear can be installed

Ventilation of the switchroom

on a concrete floor, or
on a raised false floor.

Lateral ventilation of the switchroom is recommended.


Service conditions

Concrete floor
If the switchgear installation consists of several panel blocks, a
foundation frame set into the floor topping is required. The foundation frame ensures that the necessary evenness and straightness tolerances at the base of the switchgear system are maintained. The foundation frame can be supplied by ABB. If the
switchgear installation consists of a single panel block (without
plug-in busbar connections), no foundation frame is required.
Floor openings for power cables can be configured as cutouts for
each panel, as continuous cutouts (one each for power and control cables) or as drill holes. The floor openings are to be free from
eddy currents (drill holes for power cables three phase without
ridges in between).
False floor
Below the switchgear, the supporting sections of the raised floor
serve as a base for the panels. A foundation frame is not as a rule
necessary. The floor panels must be fixed to the supporting frame
of the false floor.
Pressure stress on the switchroom

The service conditions according to IEC 62271-1 for indoor


switchgear are to be ensured.
The ambient air is not significantly polluted by dust, smoke, corrosive and/or flammable gases, vapours or salt.
The conditions of humidity are as follows:
the average value of the relative humidity, measures over a
period of 24 h, does not exceed 95 %:
the average value of the water vapour pressure, over a
period of 24 h, does not exceed 2.2 kPa;
the average value of the relative humidity, over a period of
one month, does not exceed 90 %;
the average value of the water vapour pressure, over a
period of one month , does not exceed 1,8 kPa.
Heaters are to be fitted in the low voltage compartments to preclude condensation phenomena (outside the gas-tight enclosures)
resulting from major rapid temperature fluctuations and corresponding humidity. The specified temperature conditions according to IEC 62271-1 (> -5 C) are also to be ensured by means of
room heating.

With pressure relief inside the switchroom or to the cable basement, a pressure rise in the room can be expected in the highly
unlikely event of an internal arc fault. This is to be taken into account when planning the building. The pressure rise can be calculated by ABB on request. Pressure relief openings in the switchroom may be necessary.

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 67

10.2 Space required


The space required for the switchgear system differs, depending
on whether busbar covers or a pressure relief duct are fitted. Some
example installations of ZX0.2 switchgear systems are presented
below.

10.2.1 Space required when busbar covers are fitted


Fig. 10.2.1.1: Wall mounting installation, example of a single row installation (Top view, dimensions in mm)

50 1)

> 800 3)

2)

5)

> 100

> 1500

1330

50 1)

> 800 6)

Fig. 10.2.1.2: Wall mounting installation, example of a double row installation (Top view, dimensions in mm)

50 1)

2)

> 1500

5)

1310

> 1200 4)

1310

50 1)

> 100
1)
2)
3)



4)




5)
6)

> 800 6)

End cover
Recommended minimum door height: 2550 mm
Conditions for a minimum clearance of 800 mm in front of the system: 1. The low voltage compartment doors close in the direction of the emergency exit. 2. No door holders
are used, (see also IEC 61936).
A minimum clearance of 1500 mm in front of the panel is required for installation of a panel in an existing row.
Conditions for a minimum clearance of 1200 mm between the system blocks: 1 The low voltage compartment doors close in the direction of the emergency exit. 2. No door
holders are used, (see also IEC 61936).
A minimum clearance of 1500 mm between the system blocks is required for installation of panels in an existing row.
If escape routes are provided at both ends of the system, we recommend a minimum clearance of 1700 mm between the system blocks.
Observe IEC 61936 with regard to the necessity to provide escape routes and emergency exits at both ends of the system when the system exceeds a certain length.
The width of the escape route can be reduced to 500 mm with a corresponding reduction in the IAC qualification as per table 10.3.1. IEC 62271-200 provides for a distance of
300 mm between the indicators and the panel for arc fault testing. According to the standard, the frame with the mountings for the indicators has a depth of 500 mm, resulting
in a minimum distance of 800 mm between the panels and the wall. With smaller distances, therefore, no statements can be made on accessibility
at the
side of the switchgear system. A minimum escape route width of 500 mm is recommended in IEC 61936.

68 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

Fig. 10.2.1.3: Free-standing installation, example of a single row installation (Top view, dimensions in mm)

50 1)

> 800 3)

2)
5)

Operator side

> 1500

1330

> 800 6)

50 1)

> 800 6)

> 100 5)

Fig. 10.2.1.4: Free-standing installation, example of a double row installation (Top view, dimensions in mm)

50 1)

2)

> 1500

Operator side

5)

> 800 6)

1330

> 1200 4)

1330

> 800 6)

50 1)

> 100

1)
2)
3)



4)




5)
6)

> 800 6)

End cover
Recommended minimum door height: 2550 mm
Conditions for a minimum clearance of 800 mm in front of the system: 1. The low voltage compartment doors close in the direction of the emergency exit. 2. No door holders
are used, (see also IEC 61936).
A minimum clearance of 1500 mm in front of the panel is required for installation of a panel in an existing row.
Conditions for a minimum clearance of 1200 mm between the system blocks: 1 The low voltage compartment doors close in the direction of the emergency exit. 2. No door
holders are used, (see also IEC 61936).
A minimum clearance of 1500 mm between the system blocks is required for installation of panels in an existing row.
If escape routes are provided at both ends of the system, we recommend a minimum clearance of 1700 mm between the system blocks.
Observe IEC 61936 with regard to the necessity to provide escape routes and emergency exits at both ends of the system when the system exceeds a certain length.
The width of the escape route can be reduced to 500 mm with a corresponding reduction in the IAC qualification as per table 10.3.1. IEC 62271-200) provides for a distance of
300 mm between the indicators and the panel for arc fault testing. According to the standard, the frame with the mountings for the indicators has a
depth
of 500 mm, resulting in a minimum distance of 800 mm between the panels and the wall. With smaller distances, therefore, no statements can be made on accessibility
at the side of the switchgear system. A minimum escape route width of 500 mm is recommended in IEC 61936.

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 69

10.2.2 Space required when a pressure relief duct is fitted


Abb. 10.2.2.1: Wall mounting installation, example of a single row installation (Top view, dimensions in mm)

50 1)

2)

5)

> 100

> 900

1310

> 800 3)

1400

50 1)

> 800

Abb. 10.2.2.2: Wall mounting installation, example of a double row installation (Top view, dimensions in mm)

5)

2)

> 900

1310

50 1)

1400

> 1200 4)

1400

50 1)

> 100



3)



4)




5)

1)

2)

> 800

End cover
Recommended minimum door height: 2550 mm
Conditions for a minimum clearance of 800 mm in front of the system: 1. The low voltage compartment doors close in the direction of the emergency exit. 2. No door holders
are used, (see also IEC 61936).
A minimum clearance of 1500 mm in front of the panel is required for installation of a panel in an existing row.
Conditions for a minimum clearance of 1200 mm between the system blocks: 1 The low voltage compartment doors close in the direction of the emergency exit. 2. No door
holders are used, (see also IEC 61936).
A minimum clearance of 1500 mm between the system blocks is required for installation of panels in an existing row.
If escape routes are provided at both ends of the system, we recommend a minimum clearance of 1700 mm between the system blocks.
Observe IEC 61936 with regard to the necessity to provide escape routes and emergency exits at both ends of the system when the system exceeds a certain length.

70 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

Abb. 10.2.2.3: Free-standing installation, example of a single row installation (Top view, dimensions in mm)

50 1)

2)

Operator side

5)

> 100 5)

> 900

> 800 3)

1330

> 500

50 1)

> 800

Abb. 10.2.2.4: Free-standing installation, example of a double row installation (Top view, dimensions in mm)

50 1)

Operator side

2)

> 900

5)

> 500

1310

> 1200 4)

1310

> 500

50 1)



3)



4)




5)

1)

2)

> 100 5)

> 800

End cover
Recommended minimum door height: 2550 mm
Conditions for a minimum clearance of 800 mm in front of the system: 1. The low voltage compartment doors close in the direction of the emergency exit. 2. No door holders
are used, (see also IEC 61936).
A minimum clearance of 1500 mm in front of the panel is required for installation of a panel in an existing row.
Conditions for a minimum clearance of 1200 mm between the system blocks: 1 The low voltage compartment doors close in the direction of the emergency exit. 2. No door
holders are used, (see also IEC 61936).
A minimum clearance of 1500 mm between the system blocks is required for installation of panels in an existing row.
If escape routes are provided at both ends of the system, we recommend a minimum clearance of 1700 mm between the system blocks.
Observe IEC 61936 with regard to the necessity to provide escape routes and emergency exits at both ends of the system when the system exceeds a certain length.

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 71

10.3 Minimum aisle widths and emergency exits


Table 10.3.1: IAC qualification on reduction of escape route widths to the minimum of 500 mm
Escape route width at the

Escape route width

side of the switchgear

behind the switchgear

system

system

IAC - classification

[mm]

[mm]

Wall mounting

> 800

installation

> 500

AF

> 800

> 800

AFLR

Busbar covers fitted


Free standing installation

Pressure relief duct fitted for discharge to


the outside

AFL

> 800

> 500

AFL

> 500

> 800

AFR

> 500

> 500

AF

> 500

> 500

AFLR

Table 10.3.2: Recommended aisle widths (in front of the system)


Aisle width in front of the switchgear system, single row installation

Aisle width between the system blocks, two row installation

[mm]

[mm]

> 800

> 1200

(without door holders, doors close in the direction of the emergency exit)

(without door holders, doors close in the direction of the emergency exit)

> 1100

> 1500

(escape route width 500 mm with doors open)

(for installation of panels in an existing row)

> 1500

> 1700

(for installation of panels in an existing row)

(escape route width 500 mm with doors open on both sides)

Aisles shall be at least 800 mm wide. ... Space for evacuation


shall always be at least 500 mm, even when removable parts or
open doors, which are blocked in the direction of escape, intrude
into the escape routes. ... Exits shall be arranged so that the
length of the escape route within the room ... does not exceed
20 m. ... If an operating aisle does not exceed 10 m, one exit
is enough. An exit or emergency possibilities shall be provided at
both ends of the escape route if its length exceeds 10 m. ... The
minimum height of an emergency door [possibly the 2nd door] shall
be 2 000 mm [clear height] and the minimum clear opening 750
mm. 1)

10.4 Minimum room heights


Busbar covers fitted
Fulfilment of the IAC qualification requires a clear ceiling height of
min. 3000 mm for the switchgear room.
Pressure relief duct fitted for discharge to the outside
A clear ceiling height of 2900 mm is required.
1)

IEC 61936

72 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

10.5 Concrete floor



10.5.1 Floor openings
Fig. 10.5.1.2: Opening for cables, panel width 1200 mm

Fig. 10.5.1.1: Opening for cables, panel width 600 mm

450
75

75

450

Opening for
power cables
and secondary
cables

1310 (1330)

1310 (1330)

Outlines of
the panel

50

50

500
600

1100
1200

Fig. 10.5.1.3: Floor openings for entry of secondary cables from below
(optional) in sectionaliser and riser panels (panel width 600 mm or 900 mm)
and in the transfer panel (panel width 600 mm)

30

200

180

Opening for
secondary
cables

75

90

75

90

50

900 (600)

Opening for
power cables

465

1310 (1330)

1)

985

1310 (1330)

140

510

Opening for
secondary
cables

1)

Abb. 10.5.1.4: Floor openings for power cables and secondyry cables,
panel with switch disconnector and fuses

50

180
500
600

The opening is only necessary for cooling in sectionaliser panels for currents > 1600 A to 2500 A (panel width 900 mm). No opening is to be provided for the
corresponding riser panel.

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 73

10.5.2 Foundation frames


Standard foundation frames of 600 mm width are available for all
panel types (panel widths 600 mm, 900 mm and 1200 mm).

When installing the foundation frame at site, observe the form and
position tolerances stated in the order documents.

Two frames are to be provided for panels of width 1200 mm, and
three frames for panel width 2 x 900 mm (sectionaliser and riser >
1250 A).
The foundation frames are fastened to the concrete floor and embedded in the floor topping.

1083

1310 (1330)

Fig. 10.5.2.2: Foundation frame for panel width 1200mm

50

500

450
50

600

1100
1200

Fig. 10.5.2.3: Foundation frame

74 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

75

27

75

27

450

1083

1310 (1330)

Fig. 10.5.2.1: Foundation frame for panel width 600mm

10.6 False floor


Fig. 10.6.1 is an aid to planning of the false floor.
The floor plates of the panels have L13 x 14 slots for fastening to the
frame sections. Provide M8 threads or bore holes for screws M8 in
the frame sections at the positions of the slots.

Fig. 10.6.1: False floor, planning aid

Panel width 1200 mm

max. 100

A
47

300
600

600

Outline of the panel

re

ho

le

13

Detail A
14

bo

300

or

150

max. 75

550

1330 (1310)

493

3 panels with a width of 600 mm


or 2 panels with a width of 900 mm

L13 x 14 slot in the floor plate of the panel


M8 thread or bore hole for screw M8 in the frame section
of the false floor

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 75

10.7 Earthing of the switchgear

Limitation of the interference level within the switchgear system is


10.7.1 Design of earthing supported
by suitable measures as listed below.
systems with regard
Separate laying of power, signal and control cables.
to touch voltage
Suitable screening and earthing of the equipment.
and thermal stress
Potential isolation: Galvanic isolation of the signal circuits
at the system boundary.
The earthing system for the station building and the earthing system for the switchgear are to be designed in accordance with
IEC61936.
The switchgear system is to be fitted with a continuous copper
earthing bar with a cross-section of 240 mm2 (ECuF30, 30 mm x
10 mm). The connection of this earthing bar to the station earthing
system is to be effected in accordance with the above standards.
The earthing system described in this section does not represent
EMC-compliant earthing of the switchgear (EMC = electromagnetic compatibility). EMC-compliant earthing is achieved by additional
measures which are explained in the following section.

10.7.2 EMC-compliant earth ing of the switchgear


Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) is to be planned from quantitative points of view. The interface requirements regarding emissions and immunity are to be stipulated for delimited areas (EMC
zones). In the best possible case, these requirements can be met
directly, i.e. with no additional action. If, however, the requirements
are not fulfilled, additional action is necessary, and is in principle to
be applied in the order of the interference source, coupling path
and interference sink. It is useful to assess the hierarchical elements of a system, such as the complete plant equipment, room,
cubicle assembly, rack assembly, circuit board, circuit section and
component, with respect to their electromagnetic environments
on the various levels.
The design of the earthing system for the switchgear is of decisive importance for the EMC of the secondary equipment in the
switchgear installation. Information on this can be found in IEC
61936 standard, section 9.5. According to IEC 62271-1, the
secondary equipment in the switchgear system must satisfy the
requirements of section 6.9. It is then ensured that interference
which is permissible under the terms of the standard does not
impair the immunity to noise of the secondary equipment (see also
Annex J of the standard IEC 62271-1). The measures are to be
implemented in addition to the earthing system described in section 10.7.1.

76 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

Equipotential bonding: For low-impedance connection of


system or circuit sections between which the potential difference should be as low as possible.
The earthing conductors of the cable screens should always be routed to the earthing bar in the shortest possible
distance.
The lengths of the external control cables should not
exceed 200 m. With greater lengths, use for example interposing relays or optical fibre cables.

10.7.3 Recommendations on configuration of the


switchgear earthing

We recommend that the switchgear be earthed as shown in figures 10.7.3.1 and 10.7.3.2.
A ring consisting of 80 mm x 5 mm copper strip is to be located
beneath the switchgear and connected at several points with a
maximum spacing of 5 m to the earthing system of the building.
The foundation frame, the main earthing bar in the panels and the

earthing bar in the low voltage compartments are to be connected at multiple points to the ring located beneath the switchgear.
Details on the use of materials and the number of connections
can be found in figure 10.7.3.1 and 10.7.3.2. When planning the
switchgear earthing, please observe the notes in sections 10.7.1
und 10.7.2.

Fig. 10.7.3.1: Earthing recommendation, schematic diagram showing the concrete floor

10
A

3
5
8

4
A

11

1
2

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 77

Fig. 10.7.3.2: Earthing recommendation, plan view (section A-A of figure 10.7.3.1)

11

9
8

4
10

2
7

Legend to figures 10.7.3.1 and 10.7.3.2

1

2

3


4


5


6


7
8
9
10
11

Ring below the switchgear, material ECuF30, cross-section


80 mm x 5 mm
Several connections from (1) to the building earth at distances
of max. 5 m, material ECuF30, cross-section 80 mm x 5 mm
Short-circuit proof earthing of the switchgear in both end panels and
at least every third panel, material: ECuF30, cross-section: 30 mm x
10 mm
Low impedance earthing of the earthing bar in each low voltage
compartment, material: tinned copper braid, cross-section:
20 mmx3 mm, cross section: 20 mm x 3 mm
Low impedance earthing of the switchgear in each panel, material:
tinned copper braid, cross-section: 20 mm x 3 mm,
cross section: 20 mm x 3 mm
Earthing of the foundation frame, at least every third foundation
frame, material: galvanised steel strip, cross-section:
30 mm x 3.5 mm
Outline of the panel
Foundation frame
Main earthing bar
Earthing bar in the low voltage compartment
Earthing point on the foundation frame

10.8 Panel weights


Table 10.8.1: Panel weights
Panel variants

Panel width

Rated normal current

Weight, max

[mm]

[A]

[kg]

600

Dependent on the fuses

600

Feeder panel with three position


switch disconnector and fuses
Feeder panel

600

... 1250

900

Sectionaliser panel

600

... 1250

900
700

Riser panel

600

... 1250

Transfer panel

600

... 1000 (...1250)

800

Incomer panel

1200

... 2500

2200

Sectionaliser panel

900

... 2500

1600

Riser panel

900

... 2500

1200

78 | Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 en - Revision 02

11 Non-standard operating conditions


Non-standard operating conditions may require special action.
Our design team will be pleased to submit and implement technical proposals to fulfil your requirements.
The non-standard operating conditions include in particular
Site altitudes > 1000 m above sea level (Higher site
altitude on request),
Higher ambient air temperature (maximum > 40 C and
maximum 24h average > 35 C) (see fig. 11.1),
Ambient air contaminated by dust, smoke, corrosive or
flammable gases or salt.

Seismic withstand capability


The panels are tested to IEEE Std. 693 1).
Climate
With high humidity and/or major rapid temperature fluctuations,
electrical heaters must be fitted in the low voltage compartments.

3500
3000
2500
2000

Current carrying capacity / A

Fig. 11.1: Relationship between ambient air temperature and current carrying capacity

1500
1000

Panels
Panels
Panels
Panels

with
with
with
with

Ir
Ir
Ir
Ir

=
=
=
=

2500 A at 40 C
2000 A at 40 C
1250 A at 40 C
630 A at 40 C

500
-5

10

15

20

25

30

35

40

45

50

55

Ambient air temperature / C

1)

Additional measures required (on request)

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 79

For your notes

Technical catalogue ZX0.2 TK 503 - en Revision 02 | 81

For more information please contact:


ABB AG
Calor Emag Medium Voltage Products
Oberhausener Strae 33
40472 Ratingen
GERMANY
Phone: +49(0)21 02/12-0
Fax: +49(0)21 02/12-17 77
E-mail: powertech@de.abb.com
Internet: http//www.abb.com/mediumvoltage
ABB AG
Calor Emag Medium Voltage Products
Petzower Strae 8
14542 Werder (Havel) OT Glindow
GERMANY
Phone: +49(0)21 02/12-0
Fax: +49(0)21 02/12-17 77
E-mail: powertech@de.abb.com
Internet: http//www.abb.com/mediumvoltage

Note:
We reserve the right to make technical changes
or modify the contents of this document without
prior notice. With regard to purchase orders, the
agreed particulars shall prevail. ABB AG does not
accept any responsibility whatsoever for potential errors or possible lack of information in this
document.
We reserve all rights in this document and in the
subject matter and illustrations contained therein. Any reproduction, disclosure to third parties or
utilization of its contents - in whole or in parts - is
forbidden without prior written consent of ABB
AG.
Copyright 2010 ABB
All rights reserved

DEABB/PTPM 1VBA 680 603 P0102 Printed in Germany (07.12-0)

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