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U-Series

Automatic Circuit Recloser


with Advanced Controller
Installation and Maintenance Manual

Notices
Scope of this
Manual

This document describes the installation and


maintenance procedures for the U-Series

Automatic Circuit Recloser with Advanced


Controller.

Limitations

This document is copyright and is provided solely


for the use of the purchaser. It is not to be copied
in any way, nor its contents divulged to any third

party, nor to be used as the basis of a tender or


specification without the express written
permission of the manufacturer.

Disclaimer

The advisory procedures and information


contained within this Technical Manual have been
compiled as a guide to the safe and effective
operation of products supplied by Nu-Lec
Industries Pty Ltd.

Consequently, this Technical Manual is offered as


a guide only. It should be used in conjunction with
the customers own safety procedures,
maintenance program, engineering judgement
and training qualifications.

It has been prepared in conjunction with


references from sub-assembly suppliers and the
collective experience of the manufacturer.

No responsibility, either direct or consequential, for


injury or equipment failure can be accepted by NuLec Industries Pty Ltd resulting from the use of this
Technical Manual.

In-service conditions for use of the products may


vary between customers and end-users.

Copyright

2005 by Nu-Lec Industries Pty Ltd.


All rights reserved. No part of the contents of this
document may be reproduced or transmitted in
any form or by any means without the written
permission of the manufacturer.

iii

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser

iv

Installation and Maintanance Manual

CONTENTS
1 Scope of this Manual....................................... 1-1
General ......................................................................... 1-1
Equipment Versions Covered by this Manual ............... 1-1
Software Identification................................................... 1-1
Abbreviations ................................................................ 1-1
Symbols ........................................................................ 1-1

2 Introduction...................................................... 2-1
Terminology .................................................................. 2-3

3 Installation........................................................ 3-1
Contents of Crate .......................................................... 3-1
Unpacking Procedure.................................................... 3-1
Control Cable Connection ............................................. 3-1
Testing & Configuring.................................................... 3-1
Transport to Site............................................................ 3-2
Site Installation.............................................................. 3-2
Tools Required............................................................ 3-2
Parts Required (Not supplied by the manufacturer).... 3-2
Site Procedure ............................................................ 3-3
Surge Arrester Mounting and Terminating .................. 3-4
Earthing....................................................................... 3-4
LV Auxiliary Power from Mains ................................... 3-4
LV Auxiliary Power from Dedicated Utility Trans......... 3-5
Auxiliary Power from Integrated Transformer ............. 3-5

4 Comms and Accessories Installation ............ 4-1


Radio Antenna .............................................................. 4-1
Protection of Radio Equipment ................................... 4-1
The Customer Compartment......................................... 4-2
Connecting to the Terminal Block ............................... 4-2
Radio/Modem Power................................................... 4-2
IOEX2 Installation ......................................................... 4-3
Communication Ports.................................................... 4-3
RS232 ......................................................................... 4-4
RS485 ......................................................................... 4-4
V23 FSK...................................................................... 4-5
Ethernet....................................................................... 4-5
Windows Switchgear Operating System (WSOS)......... 4-5
SCADA Protocols.......................................................... 4-6

5 Testing Your Installation .............................. 5-1


Powering Up the ADVC................................................. 5-1
Battery........................................................................... 5-1
Connection between the ADVC and the ACR............... 5-2
Auxiliary Supply............................................................. 5-2
Work Tag....................................................................... 5-2
Terminal Designation and Phase Rotation.................... 5-3
Setting Power Flow Direction ........................................ 5-3
Tripping and Closing ..................................................... 5-3
Enable/Disable Switches............................................... 5-3
Mechanical Trip............................................................. 5-4
Secondary Injection Testing.......................................... 5-4
Primary Injection Testing............................................... 5-4
Power Flow Direction Testing ....................................... 5-4
On Load Checks ........................................................... 5-5

Description .....................................................................7-1
Display Groups ..............................................................7-2
Custom Menu.................................................................7-3
Changing Settings........................................................7-3
Operator Settings.........................................................7-3
Password Protected Settings.......................................7-3
Protection Settings .......................................................7-3
Navigating Within Display Groups .................................7-3
Page Layout...................................................................7-3
Quick Keys.....................................................................7-4
Quick Key Configuration ..............................................7-4
Using a Quick Key .......................................................7-5

8 Event Log.......................................................... 8-1


Display Updating............................................................8-1
Event Log Format ..........................................................8-1
Using the ALT Key .......................................................8-1
Typical Event Log Displays............................................8-1

9 Power System Measurements ........................ 9-1


Power System Frequency..............................................9-1
Real Time Displays ........................................................9-1
Maximum Demand Indicator ........................................9-2

10 Maintenance .................................................. 10-1


ACR Maintenance........................................................10-1
ADVC Maintenance .....................................................10-1
Cleaning.....................................................................10-1
Battery Replacement .................................................10-1
Battery Heater Accessory ..........................................10-1
Door Seal ...................................................................10-2
Battery Care.................................................................10-2
Abnormal Operating Conditions...................................10-2
Low Power Mode .......................................................10-2
Excess Close Operations...........................................10-3
Fault Finding ................................................................10-3
ADVC Check ..............................................................10-3
Replacement of Electronic Modules and Upgrades.....10-3

11 Ratings and Specifications .......................... 11-1


Equipment and Crating Dimensions ............................11-1
ACR .............................................................................11-1
Breaking Duty ............................................................11-2
Duty Cycle..................................................................11-2
Terminal Clearance/Creepage ...................................11-2
Current Tranformers ..................................................11-2
Environmental ............................................................11-3
ADVC ...........................................................................11-3
General Specifications ...............................................11-3
Power System measurements .....................................11-4

App A Replaceable Parts & Tools................A-1


App B Dimensions ........................................B-1

6 Control Electronics Operation........................ 6-1


Sealing & Condensation................................................ 6-1
Auxiliary Power Source ................................................. 6-1
Controller....................................................................... 6-1
PSU Module ................................................................ 6-1
CAPE Module.............................................................. 6-1
Operator Interface/ Door Assembly............................... 6-2
WSOS Interface .......................................................... 6-2
Customer Compartment................................................ 6-2

7 Operator Control Panel ................................... 7-1


i

U-Series Advanced Controller

ii

Scope of this Manual

1 Scope of this Manual


General

This manual describes the installation and


maintenance of the U-Series Automatic Circuit
Recloser and the Advanced Controller.
Whilst every care has been taken in the
preparation of this manual, no responsibility is
taken for loss or damage incurred by the
purchaser or user due to any error or omission
in the document.

Equipment
Versions
Covered by
this Manual

This manual applies to the following equipment:


U-Series Automatic Circuit U27-12/15 U27-12/27
Recloser
Advanced Controller

Software
Identification

ADVC

The software loaded into the ADVC is identified


by its version number which has the form:

Inevitably, not all details of equipment are


provided nor are instructions for every variation
or contingency during installation, operation or
maintenance.
For additional information on specific problems
or requirements, please contact the
manufacturer or your distributor.

The model number is shown on the equipment


rating plate. If your equipment does not show
one of these model numbers, this manual is not
applicable. Please contact the manufacturer or
your local distributor.

The software version is shown on the Operator


Control Panel Switchgear Wear/General Details
page, in the field App.Ver:

AXX-XX.XX.
This precisely identifies the software loaded into
the microprocessor on the controller.
In order to obtain effective technical support
from the manufacturer or your distributor it is
vital to record the software version and to quote
these when making your inquiry. Without this
information it is impossible for our customer
service department to identify the software and
provide correct support.

Abbreviations

See Section 7 (page 7-1) to find out how to use


the Operator Control Panel (OCP).

The following abbreviations are used in this


document:
ACR

Symbols

- - - - - Switchgear Wear/General Details - - - - S


I Contact 100.0%
Cubicle S/N 1234
II Contact 100.0%
App.Ver A41-01.01
III Contact 100.0%

Automatic Circuit Recloser

OCP

Operator Control Panel

ADVC Advanced Controller

PCOM Protection and communications module

BDU

PSU

Basic Display Unit

Power supply unit

CAPE Control and protection enclosure

PTCC Pole top control cubicle

CT

Current Transformer

SCEM Switch cable entry module

CVT

Capacitive Voltage Transducer

SWGM Switchgear module

MCB

Miniature Circuit Breaker

WSOS Windows Switchgear Operating System

The navigation symbol indicates that


the adjacent text contains OCP
navigation information.

The warning symbol indicates that the


adjacent text contains a warning.

The note symbol indicates that the


adjacent text contains information for
your particular attention.

The caution symbol indicates that the


adjacent text details a situation in
which care should be taken.

1-1

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser

1-2

Introduction

2 Introduction
The U-Series remotely controlled and monitored
automatic circuit recloser (ACR) consists of a
U-Series automatic circuit recloser (ACR)
combined with an Advanced Controller (ADVC).
The U-Series ACR

consists of ganged vacuum interrupters


insulated with cyclo-aliphatic epoxy resin
mouldings,
operated by a single magnetic actuator for
both tripping and closing.
The mechanism is enclosed in a 316 grade
stainless steel tank and lid, onto which is
bolted to the cyclo-aliphatic epoxy resin
casting.
Surge arresters can be directly fitted to the
ACR (depending on mounting method) and
should be fitted at installation.
Voltages are measured on each of the I Side Bushings and can be measured on the
X - side Bushings if external VTs are fitted.
Current is measured on each phase.
The ACR itself retains information such as
serial number, switchgear type, operations
and contact wear, independently of the
ADVC.
The ACR can be tripped and locked out
mechanically from the ground by a hookstick
and then be locked out electronically by
opening the isolating switches located on the
ADVC.
A clearly visible, external pointer shows
whether the ACR is tripped or closed.

The ACR is connected to the Advanced


Controller (ADVC) via a control cable
through the base of the ADVC.
The ACR can be connected into a bare
conductor system.
The ADVC reads and displays the information
which is stored in the ACR and provides
protection and communication properties for the
ACR.
The ADVC

consists of:
an operator control panel mounted in the
door,
an electronic switchgear controller that
monitors the ACR, and provides
communication and protection functions,
a power supply which also supplies power
for customer equipment,
an accessories and customer equipment
compartment.
is powered by an auxiliary voltage supply of
110, 220, or 240 volts AC.
is connected to the ACR via a detachable
control cable.
The customer compartment provides ample
room for equipment. Standard communications
cables can be used for connection to the
communications ports on the ADVC and power
is readily accessible from the programmable
power terminal block. (Please refer to
Communications and Accessories Installation
on page 4-1.)

2-1

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser


.

Figure 1: U-Series ACR Construction

2-2

Introduction

Customer
Equipment and
Accessories
Compartment

Control and
Protection
Enclosure
(CAPE)
Operator
Control
Panel (OCP)

Batteries

Power
Supply
Unit (PSU)
Figure 2: ADVC Components

Terminology

X
The U-Series recloser bushings are identified as
l, ll, and lll on the same side as the CTs and
CVTs, which is, by default, the source side. The
bushings on the other (default load side) are
identified as X, XX, and XXX.

XX
XXX

l
ll
lll

Figure 3: ACR Bushings

2-3

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser

2-4

Installation

3 Installation
Contents of
Crate

Unpacking
Procedure

Each crate includes:

ACR.

Pole mounting bracket with clamps if


ordered. If a substation mounting bracket
was ordered it will be attached to the outside
of the crate.

Six connectors if ordered (15TP or 30TP).

caulking gun.

The appropriate mounting kit.

ADVC (which will normally contain two


batteries unless arrangements have been
made to ship batteries separately).
Control cable.
On receipt, the contents should be checked for
shipping damage and the manufacturer
informed immediately if any is found.
Ensure that the ADVC is stored
indoors until installation on site. If
storage outdoors is unavoidable,
ensure that the ADVC is kept in an
upright position.

Tools required:

Lift the complete mounting bracket out of the


crate.
Take great care not to drop the
bracket, which weighs nearly 30kg
(66lb), onto the ACR.

Wrecking bar to remove nails.


Four D shackles, two slings and crane with a
safe working load of 200kg to lift the ACR.
Screw Driver or Battery Drill with 8mm
socket.
16mm Spanner or Socket.

Procedure:
1
2

Control Cable
Connection

Remove top of crate and lift out the control


cable. Store carefully in a clean dry place.
Unscrew and remove the four (4) screws
located on the wall of the crate. The
mounting bracket, mounting kit and the two
pieces of wood that the screws have just
been removed from are all secured together.

When installing or testing the ACR it is


necessary to connect and disconnect the control
cable either from the ACR, the ADVC or both.
The control cable is plugged into the base of the
ACR and the other end into the ADVC at the
bottom, right-most socket on the Control and
Protection Enclosure (CAPE).

4
5

Fit D-shackles to the lifting points on the


ACR and lift it out of the crate and on to the
ground using the crane.
Tip the crate on to its side.
Remove the bolts securing the ADVC and
slide the unit from the crate.
The control cubicle weighs
approximately 40 kg (88lb).

the plug (not visible). (2) Wriggle the plug to


allow the clips to release. (3) Then pull the plug
out.

To do this successfully requires the correct


technique:
Power down the control cubicle by switching

off all MCBs. This should be done whenever


connecting or disconnecting the control cable.
To connect: hold the plug by the long sides,

check orientation, gently locate it on the socket


and push firmly home. Check it has locked by
wriggling the plug. If the plug cannot be
pushed on with moderate force then it has not
been located properly. Heavy force is never
required.
To disconnect: (1) Hold the plug by the short

Figure 4: Handling the control cable plug

Never pull the plug out by the


cable.

sides and grip hard to release the clips inside

Testing &
Configuring

The tests can be carried out on site or in the


workshop as preferred.
Unpack the crate as above and put the HV
cables, boots and the control cable in a clean

safe place where they will not be damaged or


soiled. Make a temporary earth connection
between the ADVC and the ACR. 1mm copper
wire is adequate for the purpose.

3-1

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser


Raise the ACR using a crane or forklift in order
to safely gain access to the bottom of the ACR.
Unbolt the cover plate over the switch cable
entry module (SCEM) on the bottom of the ACR
and connect the ACR end of the control cable to
the SCEM.
Lower the ACR on to props so that the control
cable is not damaged by being caught between
the base of the ACR and the floor.
Then connect the ADVC end of the cable to the
socket at the lower right-hand corner of the
CAPE located inside the ADVC cubicle. (See
Site Procedure, Step 14. on page 3-3.)
The LV auxiliary supply (if applicable) should be
connected as shown in Figure 5 (page 3-5).
Turn on the battery and auxiliary supply circuit
breakers at the bottom of the control cubicle and
carry out the following tests:
1. Manual trip and close of the ACR.

Transport to
Site

2. Insulation test the high voltage connections


to earth to check for shipping damage on the
high voltage side of the ACR.
3. Configure the protection settings.
4. Perform primary current injection as
required.
5. Perform secondary current injection (if
required by your Authority) using a Test and
Training Set (TTS).
6. Fit and test a radio or modem if required.
7. Attend to the battery using the care
instructions given in Battery Care on
page 10-2.
Connecting the batteries with
reverse polarity will cause damage
to the electronic systems.
An application note detailing workshop and field
test procedures is available. Contact your agent
or distributor.

If the unpacking and testing was carried out in


the workshop then the ACR and ADVC must be
transported safely to site. It is important the
following steps are carried out:
Turn off all ADVC MCBs and disconnect all

control cable from both ACR and ADVC and


put back the cover plate on the bottom of the
ACR.
Transport the ACR, ADVC and all parts in a

safe and secure manner to site.

auxiliary power supplies. Disconnect the

Site
Installation

If you are replacing a pole-top control


cubicle (PTCC) with an ADVC, the
following should be considered:

The ADVC mounting points will be different1.


The connection to the auxiliary supply enters
the cubicle at a different point.
The earth stud is in a different position.
Accessory cables may need extending.
Unlike the PTCC which required an
auxiliary power supply rating of 50VA, the
ADVC requires 100VA.

If the auxiliary supply is provided by an


external VT connected through the ACR,
there are limitations to the supply ratings of
equipment that customers may fit. In ADVC,
General Specifications See Radio/Modem
Power Supply Continuous Current on
page 11-4.
Unlike the PTCC, the ADVC has locking
hinges on the door which prevent the door
from swinging or blowing shut. When you
open the door to 180, it locks into that
position. To close the door, disengage the
hinge locks by raising the door slightly
before rotating it.

Tools Required

Torque wrench and metric socket set,


normal engineers tools.
Tools to prepare pole as required.

Crane or other lift for ACR and ADVC, four D


shackles and slings.

Parts Required
(Not supplied by
the
manufacturer)

Fixing hardware for the control cable. This is


a 27mm (1 1/16) diameter sheathed conduit
and can be fixed to the pole with ties, straps,
P-clips or saddles.

Earth wire and lugs for the earthing scheme


and parts for LV mains auxiliary power
connection. See Figure 5 (page 3-5),
Figure 10 (page 3-10) and Figure 11
(page 3-11).

Two 20mm galvanised or stainless steel


bolts with washers and nuts etc. to bolt the
ACR mounting bracket to power pole. See
Figure 6 (page 3-6). If the optional pole
clamps have been purchased this is not
required.
Mounting parts for the ADVC. Either 20mm
steel strapping or 10mm galvanised or
stainless steel bolts, nuts, etc.

1.

3-2

An accessory mounting bracket can be purchased to allow the use of the same mounting holes as were used with the
manufacturers PTCC. (Part No. 99800125)

Installation

Site Procedure

20mm sealing cable entry glands to suit


auxiliary supply mains cables, 16mm sealing
cable entry glands to suit antenna or
communications cable as required.

To erect and test the ACR and ADVC, carry out


the following steps. Mounting details are given in
Figure 6 (page 3-6):
1. Transport to site and carry out testing prior to
erection as required.
2. Connect cable tails and surge arresters
before raising the ACR. See "Surge Arrester
Mounting and Terminating" - page 3-4 .
3. Ensure that the pole is of sufficient strength
to support the ACR. A structural engineer
may be needed to calculate the stresses
involved.
4. Securely mount the ACR mounting bracket
on the power pole.
5. Lift the ACR into position and lower it onto
the mounting bracket so that it sits on the
mounting bracket. See Figure 6 (page 3-6)
and Figure 8 (page 3-8).
6. Bolt the ACR to the mounting bracket with
the four 12mm nuts and bolts provided.
Tighten to 50 Nm.
7. Complete the high voltage connections.
8. Unbolt the SCEM compartment cover plate
from the bottom of the ACR. Connect the
control cable to plug P1 1 on the SCEM
located inside the ACR. Then bolt up the

Antenna, antenna feeder cable, and surge


arrester as required if a radio is fitted (unless
supplied by the manufacturer).

When mounting the ADVC to a


wooden pole, use a spirit level to
ensure correct alignment, and
minimise torque on the mounting
brackets.
12. Attach the control cable to the power pole
maintaining maximum available separation
from the main earth bond (at 200mm for
wood and concrete poles and 150mm for
steel poles). Ensure that there is enough
cable available at each end to permit
connection to the equipment.
13. Run the earth connections as described in
Earthing on page 3-4.
It is vital that the earthing scheme
is carried out as described.
14. Push the control cable from the ACR through
the base of the ADVC 1

and then connect it to the switchgear socket


2
on the CAPE.
1
2

cover.
See Figure 4 (page 3-1) for the correct way
to connect/disconnect the control cable.
9. Run the control cable from the ACR down to
the ADVC.
10. If the ADVC is to be bolted to the pole, drill
the top hole and fit the bolt. If it is to be
strapped, feed the straps through the slots
on the upper and lower mounting brackets.
11. Lift the ADVC into position and bolt or strap it
to the power pole.
Note that the
ADVC mounts
have key holes as
shown here, so
that you can lift
the ADVC on to
the mounting bolt
and slide it into position.

15. For LV mains supply run auxiliary wiring as


shown in Figure 10 (page 3-10). Make the
connection inside the ADVC as shown in
Figure 5 (page 3-5).
16. For LV supply from a dedicated transformer
supplied by the utility, connect as shown in
Figure 11 (page 3-11).
17. For Integrated supply from an external
transformer, connect as shown in Figure 11
(page 3-11). (See also Auxiliary Power from
Integrated Transformer on page 3-5.)
18. Power down the ADVC by switching off all
MCBs. Note that this should be done
whenever connecting or disconnecting the
control cable from the ADVC.
19. Fit the batteries if they are not already in
place.
Fitting the batteries with reverse
polarity will cause damage to the
electronic systems.

3-3

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser

Surge Arrester
Mounting and
Terminating

20. If communications equipment is to be


installed,next read Communications and
Accessories Installation on page 4-1.

21. Otherwise, next read Testing Your


Installation on page 5-1.

The ACR is type tested for Impulse Withstand


Voltages up to 125kV depending on the model.
See "Ratings and Specifications" - page 11-1

The surge arresters can be mounted on top of


the brackets or clamped to the side of the
brackets using the holes provided. Top holes are
12mm diameter, side holes are 16mm diameter.
In this way most types of surge arrester can be
accommodated.

When there is a possibility that lightning or


network switching conditions may produce peak
voltages in excess of 70% of the Impulse
Withstand Voltage, the manufacturer
recommends the use of suitably rated surge
arresters connected to each terminal of the
ACR.
The arresters should be mounted on the
mounting brackets supplied by the manufacturer
and earthed as described in Figure 7 (page 3-7)
and Figure 9 (page 3-9).
If the arresters are not mounted
close to the ACR the protection they
provide is significantly reduced.
Lightning induced damage to the ACR or ADVC
voids the warranty if surge arresters are not
fitted.
Mounting brackets are provided for surge
arresters on the ACR. This is illustrated in
Figure 6 (page 3-6) and Figure 8 (page 3-8).

Earthing

Figure 10 (page 3-10) shows the earthing


common to all installations.
This arrangement earths the ACR frame and the
surge arresters directly to earth through a main
earth bond consisting of a copper conductor of
70 sq. mm. Any surges will flow down this path.
Do not earth surge arresters by a
different path, doing this may
cause damage to the control
electronics or ACR. Also, any
antenna should be bonded to the
ACR or the main earth bond.
The control cubicle is connected to this main
earth bond by a tee-off. The control cubicle

LV Auxiliary
Power from
Mains

Where LV mains are connected to the control


cubicle to provide auxiliary power, the
connection must connect the neutral of the LV
system to a tee-off from the main earth bond as
shown in Figure 10 (page 3-10). A low voltage
surge arrester must also be fitted from the LV
phase connection to this tee-off.
This connection scheme bonds the LV and HV
earths and so protects the primary insulation of
the auxiliary supply transformer in the control

3-4

The user should check that phase/phase and


phase/earth clearance will be sufficient for their
particular surge arresters and line voltages. For
some types of side clamping surge arresters,
the phase/earth clearance may be insufficient at
the centre phase on the pole side at higher
voltages. In this case the surge arrester can be
mounted on the side of the power pole or an
increased clearance ACR mounting bracket
fitted.
Connections from the surge arresters to the
cable tails can be made by stripping off the
cable tail insulation and using a parallel or T
type clamp to make the connection to the cable
tail. The connection should be made far enough
up the tail so that phase/phase and phase/earth
clearances are maintained. It is good practice to
tape the joint using a bitumen or mastic tape, to
maintain the cabling system insulation.

electronics are internally protected from


potential differences which may occur between
the ACR frame and control cubicle frame whilst
surge currents are flowing down the main earth
bond. No other connections to earth from the
control cubicle are allowed since surge currents
will also flow in those paths. Follow this
arrangement on both conducting and insulating
power poles.
Keep the main earth bond physically separated
from the control cable, as they run down the
power pole, by the maximum spacing available
and at least 150mm.

cubicle when surge currents are flowing. Fit


additional LV surge arresters to all the other LV
phases (if they exist), to balance the supply for
other users connected to the LV system.
If local conditions or wiring rules prohibit
bonding the HV and LV systems in this way,
providing the auxiliary supply to the control
cubicle from the LV mains system is not
possible. Instead, use one of the alternative
arrangements detailed below.

Installation

Figure 5: LV Auxiliary Supply Connection

LV Auxiliary
Power from
Dedicated
Utility
Transformer

Figure 11 (page 3-11) shows wiring and earthing


if a dedicated transformer is supplied by the
utility. Note that this should not be used to
supply any other equipment without consulting
the manufacturer to ensure that no hazard is
caused to the control cubicle electronics.

Figure 11 (page 3-11) shows that the


transformer and any steelwork is earthed to the
switchgear tank and that one side of the
transformer secondary is earthed to the earth
stud on the equipment panel inside the control
cubicle.

Auxiliary Power
from Integrated
Transformer

The manufacturer can provide a dedicated


voltage transformer outside the ACR tank which
connects directly into the control electronics.
This is called an Integrated Auxiliary Supply.

which is pre-fitted with a cable gland through the


hole, secure the gland, connect the auxiliary
supply to the screw terminal block on the SCEM
and replace the compartment cover.

An external transformer is mounted on the pole


as shown in Figure 11 (page 3-11) which also
shows suggested HV connections. The
secondary of the external transformer connects
into the SCEM on the underside of the ACR. To
connect the transformer secondary, remove the
SCEM compartment cover plate, pass the cable

No additional earthing for Integrated Auxiliary


Supply is required in addition to the common
earthing shown in Figure 10 (page 3-10).
If the secondary of the VT is
earthed, electronics damage will
occur.

3-5

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser

Figure 6: ACR End Mounting and Dimensions

3-6

Installation

Figure 7: End Mounting Example

3-7

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser

Figure 8: Centre Mounting and Dimensions

3-8

Installation

Figure 9: Centre Mounting Example

3-9

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser

Figure 10: Common Earthing and LV Supply

3-10

Installation

Figure 11: Utility Auxiliary Transformer

3-11

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser

3-12

Communications and Accessories Installation

4 Communications and Accessories Installation


Ensure that the ADVC is switched
off before proceeding with the
installation of any accessory.

Radio Antenna

Mount the antenna and run the antenna feed to


the ADVC or run external communications cable
to the ADVC. The communication cable/radio

antenna, enters the cubicle via the 16mm hole


provided on the underside of the cubicle.

Comms cable/
Radio Antenna
Entry

Underside of
cubicle

Figure 12: Cable Entry

Protection of
Radio
Equipment

It is highly advisable to connect a gas discharge


type of surge arrester in the antenna feed to the
radio. Failure to do so will result in loss of radio
and control electronics protection which could
lead to complete electronic failure due to
lightning activity.
A failure of this nature is not covered
by the products general warranty
arrangements.

A feed-through or bulkhead type arrester fitted


to the bottom of the control cubicle is ideal. If
fitted internally the surge arrester should be
earthed to an equipment panel mounting stud by
the shortest possible wire. Holes are provided
for a bulkhead surge arrester.
If a surge arrester is not fitted then the co-axial
earth screen should be earthed to the
equipment panel by the shortest possible wire.

4-1

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser


The Customer
Compartment

At the top of the customer equipment


compartment is an accessory mounting rail for
installing customer equipment and accessories.

Equipment installed in this compartment can be


powered from the terminal block also mounted
on the rail.

Radio
Supply
(+)Terminals
IOEX
Supply
(+)Terminals

Heater
Supply
(+)Terminal
(-)Terminal Earth
(-)Terminals

Figure 13: Accessory Mounting Rail

Connecting to
the Terminal
Block

Insert a 4 mm screwdriver or similar tool into the


square hole above the appropriate wiring point
on the terminal block. Angle the head of the
screwdriver slightly upwards and push it in, then
lever it downwards.

Figure 14: Ins


erting a screwdriver into the wiring clamp

be inserted. Release and remove the


screwdriver then gently tug the inserted cable to
ensure that it is firmly gripped.

Figure 15: Inserting stripped cable end


into wiring point

This action will correctly position the wiring


clamp so that the stripped end of the cable can

Radio/Modem
Power

The battery-backed power supply for a radio/


modem is provided on the terminal block as
described above1. See Figure 13 (page 4-2) for
the correct radio connection point.
The radio/modem power supply voltage is set by
the user in System Status
RADIO - S: Radio Supply 12 Volts page. This is
a password protected parameter.
1.

4-2

The power supply is not isolated.

If the auxiliary power fails, battery power can be


conserved by automatically shutting down the
radio/modem power supply. The shutdown takes
place after the radio holdup time, set in System
Status RADIO - S: Radio Hold 60 min. page by
the user, has elapsed. If the Radio Hold time is
set to zero then the radio supply will not
shutdown, except under special circumstances

Communications and Accessories Installation


or until the unit powers down. The radio/modem
power supply is restored when the auxiliary
supply returns to normal.
The radio/modem power supply can be turned
on and off by the operator for radio maintenance

IOEX2
Installation

The Input Output Expander (IOEX2) module


provides optically isolated inputs and voltage
free outputs to allow connection to external
devices. It is installed in a die cast, sealed

without passwords in System Status


RADIO - S: Radio Supply ON page. If the radio
supply has shutdown it will be indicated on
System Status: RADIO - S.

enclosure which is mounted on, and earthed via,


the DIN rail in the customer enclosure as shown
in the following picture: (See Appendix B for
IOEX2 dimensions.)

Earth
(-)Terminals
IOEX2 Power Supply
RS232 Controller Port
Figure 16: IOEX 2 Module

The IOEX2 is suspended from the DIN rail by


two fittings on its rear surface:

To fit the IOEX2:


1

Holding the IOEX2 perpendicular, place the


upper hooks of the hanging fittings over the
top edge of the DIN rail.

Push the IOEX2 firmly against the back


surface of the Customer compartment until
the lower end of the hanging fittings engage
with the bottom edge of the DIN rail.

Push the green/yellow earth terminal firmly


on to the DIN rail until it is engaged at both
the top and bottom.

Connect the IOEX2 supply using the cable


provided to the terminal block connection
point

5
Figure 17: Rear of IOEX 2 Module

Communication
Ports

The ADVC has numerous communications ports


available to the user:

as shown in Figure 13 (page 4-2).

Connect the communications cable to Port B


on the CAPE. This RS 232 port is assigned
by default to the IOEX2. Excess cable
should be run through the cable duct.

Not all ports are available for use at the same


time. The ports can be enabled/disabled via
WSOS.
Permanently available ports are:

RS232 Port D
Serial Port E (dedicated to the OCP)
10 base T Ethernet

Any 3 of the 5 following ports are available:


4-3

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser

RS 232 Port A (enabled by default)


RS232 Port B (enabled by default)
RS 232 Port C (enabled by default)
RS485 (disabled by default)
V23 FSK (disabled by default)

RS232

Four RS232 ports (A to D) are provided to


connect to conventional modems that provide
the correct signalling for the communications
network used, e.g. optical fibre modem, or

The ports typically have three uses:

WSOS communications

SCADA communications

IOEX communications

telephone dial up modem, or RS232 radio


modem. All four ports have standard 9 pin D
male connectors and have the following pin
connections:
Port

RS232
Pin No

Direction

To ADVC

Data Carrier Detect (DCD)

To ADVC

Rx Data (RxD)

Yes

From
ADVC

Tx Data (TxD)

Yes

From
ADVC

Data Terminal ready


(DTR)

Use
A

0V (ground/earth)

Not connected

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

From
ADVC

Request to Send (RTS)

Yes

Yes

To ADVC

Clear to Send (CTS)

Yes

Yes

Resered

Yes
Table 1: RS232 Pin Connections

RS485

All RS-232 ports are not isolated from one


another or from the controller electronics. They
therefore can only be connected to devices
inside the controller that are powered by the
controller radio supply, including modems,
optical isolators, and radios.

Use of serial ports to connect


directly to other devices outside
the controller can cause damage
and void warranty. If connections
to other devices are required then isolation
interfaces MUST be used.

An RS485 port has been provided to enable


higher speed multi-drop connections that often
occur within substations. The RS-485 port is a
female RJ45 connector.

Pin Direction
1

Not connected

To ADVC

Not connected

To ADVC

Not connected

From ADVC

Not connected

From ADVC

Shield

Use

Rx Data (Rx +)

Rx Data (Rx -)

Tx Data (Tx +)

Tx Data (Tx -)

Table 2: RS485 Pin Connections

4-4

Communications and Accessories Installation


V23 FSK

An in-built FSK modem provides half-duplex


V23 signalling at 1200 bits per second. This
interface is primarily designed for use with voice
frequency radio systems and provides additional
signals for this purpose.
The V23 connector is RJ45:

The Push to Talk (PTT) signal is used to key up


a radio transmitter. PTT is implemented using a
Field Effect Transistor (FET) with an on
resistance of 3.3 ohm. When PTT is asserted
the transistor is turned on and connects the PTT
signal to 0V.
A busy signal can be provided by the radio to
indicate receive channel busy. High level is
+2.0V to +3.3V, and low level is 0V to +0.5V.
The busy signal should be driven by an open
collector output or current limited to 10 mA.

Pin

Direction

Use

To ADVC

Receive, 10 kOhm impedance


Sensitivity 0.1 2V pk-pk

0 Volts (ground/earth)

Not connected

4
5
6

7
8
9

To ADVC

Busy, 5 kOhm impedance


Not connected

Levels in excess of 13V should


not be applied. The FET is rated for
a maximum of +32V and negative
voltages are not permitted.
Transmit and receive are unbalanced signals
relative to 0 volts and are not isolated. If a
DC level is imposed by the radio on the
transmit line then this should be less than
2.5 VDC.
If multiple ACRs are in use in a substation
application they can be connected to a single
radio using the 600ohm line isolator accessory
available from the manufacturer.

From ADVC Transmit, 600 Ohm impedance


Level 2.5V pk-pk
Not connected
From ADVC Push to talk (PTT)
Shield
Table 3: V23 Pin Connections

Ethernet

The controller has a 10 base T Ethernet port.


The port is a RJ45 female connector.
If the controller is connected to a
LAN or WAN then it is strongly
recommended that:
1.Firewalls be used to limit user
access to the controller
2.Ethernet switches be used to
limit the volume of Ethernet data
reaching the controller's 10Base-T
port. (Use of Ethernet hubs is not
recommended.)

Pin Direction

Use

From ADVC

Tx Data (Tx -)

From ADVC

Tx Data (Tx +)

To ADVC

Rx Data (Rx +)

Not connected

Not connected

To ADVC

Not connected

Not connected

Rx Data (Rx -)

Table 4: Ethernet Pin Connections

Windows
Switchgear
Operating
System
(WSOS)

Windows Switchgear Operating System


(WSOS) is a software package available on a
PC that enables configuration, control and
monitoring of the controller.

The controller has its hatch port physically


connected to Port A via an interconnecting
cable. The default WSOS communications via
the port are 57600 baud, 8 bit, no parity, and 1
stop bit. WSOS communication set up
parameters are user configurable.

4-5

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser


SCADA
Protocols

SCADA communications are available on the


controller and supported protocols can be
assigned to any of the RS232 ports as well as
the V23 port.
All currently supported protocols can be viewed
on SYSTEM STATUS - OPTIONS 4. Protocols
must be available before they will appear in the
communications menu.

4-6

- - - - - - - - - - - - - OPTION 4 - - - - - - - - - - - - S
DNP Available
RDI Available
Trace Available

Once you make a SCADA protocol available,


the communication parameters can be
configured. Refer to the Operator Manual and
protocol technical information for more detail.

Testing Your Installation

5 Testing Your Installation


The following sections give details of how the
ACR and ADVC, installed as described in
Installation on page 3-1, should be prepared
for operation.
Check that the installation and
external connections have been
carried out as described in this
manual and in accordance with
local regulations.

Powering Up
the ADVC

Turn on the battery circuit breaker,

Ensure that earthing has been carried


out as described in Earthing on
page 3-4.
Check that no visible damage has occurred
during the installation.
Carry out any visual and electrical tests, such as
insulation and contact resistance, considered
necessary to prove that the installation is sound.

5
The batteries are capable of
supplying very high currents.
Always turn off the battery circuit
breaker before connecting or
disconnecting the batteries in the cubicle.
Never leave flying leads connected to the
battery.
2 Turn on the auxiliary supply circuit breaker if
the auxiliary supply is being provided by
either an LV mains or dedicated auxiliary
transformer.

Battery

For this and all subsequent tests you


will need to check settings on display
group pages (See Display Groups on
page 7-2.) You may also have to
check the Event Log (See Event Log on
page 8-1.)
1 In the System Status group, go to page

SWITCHGEAR STATUS - S
2

Check the Battery status.

Turn on the VT supply to cubicle circuit


breaker if the auxiliary supply is being
provided by an integrated transformer.
Powering up the ADVC with the ACR
connected will cause the ADVC to read data
from the ACR. This will take up to 60
seconds during which the message:
READING - Do NOT disconnect
Switchgear will flash at the top of the
display. The System OK LED on the OCP
should flash to indicate that the ADVC is
powered and functioning.
If the configuration file containing the
settings to be used in operation has not
previously been loaded, it should be loaded
now using WSOS, or the settings should be
entered via the OCP.

The ACR and ADVC are now ready for


operation. Prior to energising the ACR, you
should perform the checks detailed below, to
confirm that the equipment is fully operational
and properly configured.
If you are familiar with navigating
Operator Control Panel display
groups, proceed with the checks
described below. Otherwise, please
read the chapter, Operator Control Panel on
page 7-1 before continuing.

- - - - - - - - - - SWITCHGEAR STATUS - - - - - - - - - S
Work Tag OFF
Aux Supply Normal
Battery Normal 27.5V
Switch Connected
Switch Data Valid
The battery may be in any one of four states:
Normal; OFF; Low; High. At this point, the
battery state should be Normal with a
voltage within the range 23 to 29.5V.

5-1

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser


Ensure the Aux Supply status is Normal. If
not, you cannot perform the remaining
battery checks at this stage.

Connection
between the
ADVC and the
ACR

Switch the battery circuit breaker off and


check that the battery status changes to
OFF. (Allow 3 - 5 seconds.)

Go to page EVENT LOG and check that


the bottom line of the display (the most

In the System Status group, go to page

Check the Switch status.

It may be in either of two states: Connected


or Disconnected. Connected is the normal
state. If Switch is Disconnected, check the
control cable at both ends. If the status
remains Disconnected, the cable may be
faulty.
Check that the Switch Data status is Valid.
In normal operation, if Switch status is
Connected, Switch Data will be Valid.
If the control cable has been unplugged
(Switch Disconnected, Switch Data

In the System Status group, go to page

SWITCHGEAR STATUS - S
2

Check the Aux Supply status.

- - - - - - - - - SWITCHGEAR STATUS - - - - - - - - - S
Work Tag OFF
Aux Supply Normal
Battery Normal 27.5V
Switch Connected
Switch Data Valid

Work Tag

The auxiliary supply may be in either of two


states: Normal or Fail.
Ensure the battery status is Normal.
If using LV auxiliary supply, switch the
auxiliary supply off, OR if using integrated
auxiliary supply and the VT is energised,

In the System Status group, go to page


OPERATOR SETTINGS 1 - S. Check that
LOCAL CONTROL is ON.
In the System Status group, go to page

SWITCHGEAR STATUS - S
3

If Switch Data remains Invalid, check the


following:

Examine each end of the control cable,


checking for bent or broken pins and rectify if
found. Also check the socket at both the
SCEM and P1 in the ADVC for damage.

If the pins are OK, the cable itself may be


faulty1, therefore test the control cable for
continuity.

If Switch Data remains Invalid, check the


power supply to the SCEM by checking the
voltage on Pins 2 and 5 of the control cable.
The voltage should be approximately 36VDC
if the auxiliary supply is present or
approximately 26VDC if running on
batteries.

switch off the VT supply to cubicle circuit


breaker. Check that the Aux Supply status
changes to Fail. (Allow 3 - 5 seconds.)
4 Check that the battery voltage has dropped
by approximately 2V, and that the battery
remains in Normal state.
If the battery voltage continues
dropping, and the battery state is
LOW, the batteries may be flat. If
the batteries are flat, replace
them.
5

Go to page EVENT LOG and check that


the bottom line of the display (the most
recent event) contains the Aux Supply Off
event.
Switch the auxiliary supply back on.

- - - - - - - - - - SWITCHGEAR STATUS - - - - - - - - - S
Work Tag OFF
Aux Supply Normal
Battery Normal 27.5V
Switch Connected
Switch Data Valid

Check the Work Tag status.


1.

5-2

Invalid) then re-plugged (Switch status


Connected), the Switch Data status will
remain Invalid during the time taken to read
switch data from the SCEM, and a message
to that effect is displayed.

SWITCHGEAR STATUS - S

- - - - - - - - - - SWITCHGEAR STATUS - - - - - - - - - S
Work Tag OFF
SF6 Normal 37kPag
Aux Supply Normal
Battery Normal 27.5V
Switch Connected
Switch Data Valid

Auxiliary
Supply

recent event) contains the Battery OFF


event.
When the battery status is Low Volts,
but the voltage is close to the normal
range lower limit, the battery will
charge up when the auxiliary supply is
turned on. If the voltage is very low, replace the
battery.
5 Switch the battery back on.

It is possible for the Switch status to be showing Connected though thecontrol cablet core is faulty, causing the Switch
Data to show Invalid.

Testing Your Installation

4
5

Terminal
Designation
and Phase
Rotation

The tag has two possible settings: Applied or


OFF. OFF is the default.
Press the SELECT key to select the work tag
field.
Press to change the setting to Applied
and then press ENTER to activate the setting.
The message: WORK TAG APPLIED will
flash at the top of the display.

The power system phase assigned to each set


of bushings on the ACR must be correctly
indicated at the time of installation of the ADVC.
This process is called setting the phasing.
Setting the phasing affects all the displays,
events, etc., concerned with recloser terminals,
for example: voltage measurements, live/dead
terminal displays and maximum current events.

setting back to OFF.

- - - - - TERMINAL DESIGNATION/ROTATION - - - - - S
A Phase = Bushings I + X
Phasing ABC
B Phase = Bushings II + XX
C Phase = Bushings III+XXX
3

4
5

Phasing is set from the System Status page

TERMINAL DESIGNATION/ROTATION - S

Power Flow
Direction
Setting

Press the SELECT key to select the Phasing


field.

Press to change the setting.

The ACR is a symmetrical device meaning that


either side can be connected to the power
source. However, the power source would
normally be connected to the side with the
CVTs. The bushings on that side are labelled l,
ll, and lll.
Consequently, after installation, the controller
must be configured to designate the source
side.
The power flow direction is configured on page

SYSTEM STATUS - PHASE VOLTAGE and POWER


FLOW:
and may be either
Source I, Load X or Source X, Load I.

Tripping and
Closing

If system conditions allow, tripping or closing


can be carried out at this point.
1

Enable/
Disable
Switches

Trip and close the ACR from the ADVC. See


Operator Control Panel on page 7-1. for
information on the Trip and Close controls.

Return to page

SWITCHGEAR STATUS - S and change the

Normal/default phasing is A, B and C for


bushings I + X, II + XX and III + XXX. Normal/
default phase rotation is ABC.
If the phasing at the ACR and/or phase rotation
of the network are different from the default, you
must set the phasing and/or the phase rotation.

Go to page EVENT LOG and check that


the bottom line of the display (the most
recent event) contains the Work Tag Applied
event.

Press the ENTER key when you have the


required phase combination. The controller
then orientates the currents and voltages to
match the selection.
In the Phasing field, select the phase
rotation - either ABC or ACB.
Go to page EVENT LOG and check that
the bottom line of the display (the most
recent event) contains the Phasing order
event.
After the phasing has been set, you should
record the details on the label on the rear of
the control cubicle door (above the operator
panel) to indicate the relationship between
the bushings and phases.

When changed, this reverses the power flow


direction but not the phasing.
Power flow direction setting is used to
determine:

Whether the source or load corresponds to


(I) or (X) on the voltage measurement
displays.
Which direction is positive power flow for use
on the kWh totals in the Maximum Weekly
Demand display and APGS.
Which is the source or load for Live Load
Blocking.
Which is the source or load for Directional
Blocking/Protection.

Tripping and closing should cause the LED


on the appropriate TRIP/CLOSE button to
illuminate which should agree with the
position of the pointer on the ACR.

For each of the CLOSE and TRIP keys in turn, test


ENABLE and DISABLE by:

When the CLOSE or TRIP mechanism


is disabled, the message

The TRIP or CLOSE circuit is isolated

Disable either mechanism e.g. CLOSE.

5-3

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser


will flash in every display page title, alternately
with the actual title of the page.
2

Go to page EVENT LOG and check that


the bottom line of the display (the most
recent event) contains the Close Coil Isolate
event. (For the same test of the TRIP

Mechanical
Trip

Secondary
Injection
Testing

If secondary injection testing is required to test


protection settings but operation of the ACR is
not possible, secondary injection can be
performed with a suitable current injection set
with the Test and Training Set (TTS) in
standalone mode connected to the ADVC, and
the ACR disconnected.

Use a hook stick to manually trip the ACR


via the manual trip lever.

Primary
Injection
Testing

If the ACR can be isolated from the network,


primary injection testing can be performed if
required.

Power Flow
Direction
Testing

This test is to ensure that the source and load


designations are correct.
This test is valid only if the ACR is
being supplied from a single source
and can be energised before closing.

Any secondary injection must use a


frequency which corresponds to the
frequency set in the controller.

Display the page and check the Source,


Load configuration.

- - - - - - PHASE VOLTAGE and POWER FLOW - - - - - S


LIVE if > 2000V
Supply Timeout 4.0s
Power Signed
Source I, Load X
1
Display Ph/Earth Volt
The correct power flow setting can be confirmed
by energising the ACR while it is open.

5-4

With the recloser energized but still open, in


System Measurement, go to SOURCE
SIDE VOLTAGES - M

Check the source side voltages - either


phase to earth (ground) or phase to phase
e.g.

SOURCE - - - - - - - - VOLTAGE - - - - - - - - - LOAD M


< 2000
A-G
<2000
< 2000
B-G
<2000
< 2000
C-G
<2000

The power flow direction is configured in System


Status on the PHASE VOLTAGE and POWER
FLOW - S page.

Go to page EVENT LOG and check that


the bottom line of the display (the most
recent event) contains the Mechanical Trip
event.

If tripping and closing of the ACR is possible and


preferred, perform secondary injection testing
with the TTS in parallel mode.

Since either side of the recloser can be


connected to the power source, the controller
must be configured to designate the source
side.

If the I -side bushings are connected to the


source, the setting 1 should be Source I,
Load X.

mechanism the Event Log should display


Trip Coil Isolate.)
With both mechanisms disabled, check that
pressing each of the CLOSE and TRIP keys
is ineffective.
Enable both CLOSE and TRIP mechanisms.

In the System Status group, go to page

LIVE/DEAD INDICATION - S
- - - - - - BUSHING LIVE/DEAD INDICATION - - - - - S
AI Live
AX Dead
BI Live
BX Dead
CI Live
CX Dead

If Steps 3 and 4 indicate an incorrect power


flow setting, return to Step 1, change the
setting and repeat Steps 2-4.

Testing Your Installation


On Load
Checks

Once the ACR is closed and taking load, the


following on-load checks can be carried out. To
confirm correct operation, check the current
against a known reading.
1

SOURCE - - - - - - - - VOLTAGE - - - - - - - - - LOAD M


11000 Volt
A-P
11000 volt
11000 Volt
B-P
11000 volt
11000 Volt
C-P
11000 volt

Go to the System Measurement page


CURRENT e.g.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - CURRENT - - - - - - - - - - - - - M
A Phase
123 A0
Earth 0 A
0
B Phase
123 A240
Ipps 123 A 240
C Phase
123 A120
Inps 0 A
120

External CVTs must be fitted in order


to obtain load side voltages.
This page displays the system voltage either as
phase to ground or phase to phase values as
configured on the System Status, Phase Voltage
and Power Flow page.

Then to SYSTEM MEASUREMENTS e.g.

- - - - - - - - - SYSTEM MEASUREMENTS - - - - - - - - M
Current
100 Amp
Power P
1829 kW
Voltage 6350 Volt
Power Q
533 kVAR
Frequency 50.0Hz
PF 0.96

Source and load side voltages should be the


same when the ACR is closed.
4
U

se this page to confirm that system


measurements and power flow signs are as
expected.

Go to the System Measurement page


SOURCE VOLTAGE LOAD e.g.

Go to MAXIMUM DEMAND INDICATOR.


Press SELECT to display RESET
MAXIMUM DEMAND INDICATOR -M.

Press SELECT again to reset the flags.

5-5

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser

5-6

Control Electronics Operation

6 Control Electronics Operation

Sealing &
Condensation

The ADVC is purposely designed for outdoor


pole mounted operation. The cubicle is vented
and insulated to minimise internal temperature
variation and maximise battery life.

Figure 24 (page B-2) shows the cubicles


dimensions.

All cubicle vents are screened against vermin


entry and the cubicle door is sealed with
replaceable foam tape.

Condensation can be expected to form under


some atmospheric conditions such as tropical
storms. However, condensation will be on metal
surfaces where it is of no consequence. The
water runs out in the same way as any other
water entering the cubicle. Condensation will
run out of the bottom or be dried by ventilation
and self heating.

Complete sealing against water entry under all


conditions is not expected e.g. during operation
in the rain. Instead, the design is such that if any
water does enter, it will run out of the bottom
without affecting the electrical or electronic
parts. The extensive use of stainless steel and
other corrosion proof materials ensures that the
presence of moisture has no detrimental effects.

All electronic modules are fully sealed and have


self heating.

Auxiliary
Power Source

The auxiliary supply is used to maintain charge


on the sealed lead-acid batteries that provide
standby power when auxiliary power is lost. The
controller monitors the status of both the
auxiliary and battery supplies.

A low power mode is activated when the


batteries are nearly exhausted due to loss of the
auxiliary supply. This mode minimises power
consumption while still maintaining basic
functionality.

Controller

The controller comprises 3 modules (See


Figure 18 (page 6-3):

Power supply unit (PSU)


Control and protection enclosure (CAPE)

PSU Module

The PSU module supplies power to the CAPE,


and to the customer compartment. The PSU
module:

connects to the batteries


controls the supply from external auxiliary
sources
filters these supplies and manages the
battery power level.

It also performs battery testing and has a nonvolatile, real time clock. A general purpose
power outlet is available as an optional extra

CAPE Module

The CAPE Module comprises two printed circuit


board assemblies and the trip and close
capacitors housed in a die-cast aluminium
enclosure. The two printed circuit board
assemblies are:

PCOM: Protection and Communication


Module

SWGM: Switchgear Module

The CAPE enclosure is manufactured from


pressure die-cast aluminium. The front surface
with the user and switchgear connectors, and
the rear surface, are gasketed to provide an
IP65 Degree of Protection. The enclosure also

Basic Display Unit (BDU).

The ADVC block diagram is given in Figure 19


(page 6-4).

(country customizable). The incoming power is


protected and isolated by a circuit breaker. The
supply from the batteries is protected and
isolated by a circuit breaker.
The electronic components are contained inside
a housing that provides environmental
protection, sealing and EMI shielding. The
power outlet, circuit breakers and switches are
easily accessible when the ADVC door is
opened. The batteries are located and retained
on the exterior top of the PSU module.

provides EMC shielding for the CAPE


electronics.
The PCOM is the heart of the ADVC and
includes the data acquisition hardware
(including a powerful Digital Signal Processor)
and communications hardware (Ethernet,
RS232, RS485 and V23). All user-interface,
measurement, protection, communication and
control functionality is provided by software
running on the PCOM.
The SWGM contains the switchgear interface
hardware, SCEM interface hardware, EMC
protection and filtering devices and high voltage
inverters for the trip and close capacitors.
6-1

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser


Operator
Interface/ Door
Assembly

The operator interface is provided by a separate


module - the basic display unit (BDU) with its
own processor. The BDU comprises the
electronics compartment cover, an operator
control panel (OCP) with LCD display, a
membrane keyboard and its controlling
microprocessor and the WSOS communications
port.
The BDU is attached to the door of the cubicle
and the operator control panel (OCP) can be
accessed through a hatch in the front door.
Under normal circumstances the hatch, which

can be latched open, is the usual access point


to the OCP.
When you are commissioning the ADVC, you
can lock the door open and swivel the OCP
open 90 degrees to the door. See Figure 18
(page 6-3). This allows you to gain access to the
OCP at the same time as commissioning the
equipment in the customer compartment.
The BDU plugs into Port E of the CAPE and
uses this port for its power and communications
Additionally, there is a Trip/Isolate connection to
the CAPE and the WSOS2 interface is
connected to an RS232 port.

WSOS Interface

Connect your PC serial port to the maintenance


port provided below the OCP. Use an RS232,

DB9 male to DB9 female, straight-through


cable.

Customer
Compartment

The compartment is fitted with a panel tray that


facilitates the mounting of your equipment e.g. a
radio or modem including any special interfaces.
See Figure 18 (page 6-3). The compartment has

a terminal block for the radio supply and power


for accessories such as an IOEX2. An
accessory heater can also be fitted which is
controlled by the PSU.

6-2

Control Electronics Operation

Operator Control Panel

CAPE

Customer Equipment Compartment

Batteries

PSU

Figure 18: Advanced Controller

6-3

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser

Figure 19: ADVC Block Diagram

6-4

Operator Control Panel

7 Operator Control Panel


Description

The operator control panel (OCP) is the user


interface to the basic display unit (BDU) which is
mounted on the door of the ADVC.The OCP
consists of a four-line liquid crystal display
(LCD) and keypad with switches and light
emitting diodes (LEDs), which are used to select
and monitor the functionality of the ACR. The

OCP turns ON automatically when the hatch is


opened, or if the door is opened and the panel is
repositioned, and OFF when it is closed. The
OCP also turns OFF automatically if no keys are
pressed for 10 minutes. Pressing any key for 1
second will reactivate it.

14

16

17

6
5

13

15

11

12

10

Figure 20: Operator Control Panel

Number Item

Description

Display

Back-lit LCD, 4 line with 40 characters per line.

Close key

Generates a Close request to the CAPE when the OCP is active. A red LED is
embedded in the key.

Enable/
Disables the Close key. When the switch is in the Isolate position the close coil in the
Disable Close ACR is electrically disconnected from the control electronics. Thus the switch provides
switch
a physical isolation point for the control circuitry. The ACR cannot be closed and an
audible alarm in the OCP will sound. The Close key operates normally when the switch
is in the Enable position.

Trip key

Generates a Trip request to the CAPE when the OCP is active. A green LED is
embedded in the key.

Enable/
Disable Trip
switch

Disables the Trip key. When the switch is in the Isolate position the trip coil in the ACR
is electrically disconnected from the control electronics. Thus the switch provides a
physical isolation point for the control circuitry. The ACR cannot be opened and an
audible alarm in the panel will sound. The Trip key operates normally when the switch is
in the Enable position.

7
8
9

Custom Menu Gives access to the custom menu which was configured using WSOS5. The custom
key
menu is configured to provide a regular, updated data display by allowing a cycle of up
to 12 screens. See Custom Menu on page 14-7.
System OK

The red System OK LED flashes while the BDU is ON.

Enter key

Press this key in order to commit a setting change that has been made. (Unlike the
adjacent Quick Keys, the ENTER key is not configurable.)

Configurable
Quick Key

Default linkage is to AUTO ON/OFF. See Quick Keys on page 7-4.


Table 5: Operator Control Panel Keys

7-1

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser


Number Item

11

Description

10

Configurable
Quick Key

Default linkage is to PROT GROUP. See Quick Keys on page 7-4.

11

Configurable
Quick Key

Default linkage is to EARTH PROT. See Quick Keys on page 7-4.

12

Configurable
Quick Key

Default linkage is to LOCAL/REMOTE. See Quick Keys on page 7-4.

13

RIGHT scroll
key

Select the next screen in a display group or, if a setting is selected, increase its
value.

SELECT key

Press to SELECT a setting.

15

LEFT scroll
key

Select the previous screen in a display group or, if a setting is selected, decrease
its value.

16

MENU scroll
key

Displays the first page of the next group. Pressing the MENU key after changing a
setting causes the setting change to take effect.

ALT

The alternative function key gives access to an alternative Event Log display.

14

17

Table 5: Operator Control Panel Keys

As well as each isolate/enable


switch affecting its associated
button, isolating the TRIP button
while the ACR is tripped will prevent

Display
Groups

The OCP displays are organized into logical


groups called Display Groups. Within each
group is a menu of pages and some pages have
sub-pages.
(There are labels similar to that shown below
affixed to the door of the ADVC.)

7-2

the operation of the CLOSE button thus


preventing a manual close on to a fault.

Each page consists of fields. A field may contain


either:

a setting, which can be changed - ON/OFF


is the most common; or

a status..

Operator Control Panel


Custom Menu

It is possible to configure a custom menu


comprising those display group pages which are
particularly required, or those used most
frequently. Please see the Operation Manual for

more information. Where a custom menu has


been configured, you access it by pressing the
Custom Menu button on the OCP.

Changing
Settings

Three types of settings can be changed:

A separate procedure is used to change each of


the setting types.

Operator
Settings

Find the display page containing the setting to


be changed:
1

Password
Protected
Settings

Operator settings
Password protected settings

Press the MENU key to display the group


you require.

Press to display the page you require.

Press SELECT to highlight the setting. A


highlighted setting blinks.

Some settings are password protected. You will


be prompted for a password before you can
change the setting. To enter the password:
1. Press either of the keys until the
first character of the password is displayed.
2. Press the SELECT key.
3. Repeat Steps 1 and 2 until the password is
complete.
4. Press Enter.

Protection
Settings

Protection settings are password protected. To


change a protection setting, follow the steps
detailed in the Operator Settings section above
but, in addition, enter the password when
prompted. When you have completed the
setting change by pressing ENTER, the
following message will flash at the top of the
screen:
Active Protection Setting has changed.
At this point, the changed setting will be
displayed but not in service. If further setting
changes are required, they can be made now.

Navigating
Within Display
Groups

Refer to the diagram inside the OCP hatch, the


ADVC door or to the Operations Manual for
details of navigation within groups.

Page Layout

The display area consists of four lines, each


forty characters long.The top line of the display
is the page title. To the right of the title is a letter,

Protection settings

Alternatively, if a QUICK KEY is linked to the


setting, you can use it to go directly to relevant
display page where you will find the highlighted
setting. (See Quick Keys on page 7-4.)
4

Once you have selected the setting to be


changed, use or to change its
setting.
Press ENTER or MENU to activate the new
setting.

While the operator panel is ON you will not be


required to enter the password again.
The default factory password is AAAA but you
can change it using the Windows Switchgear
Operator System (WSOS) program. The factory
password does not have to be remembered the controller prompts you for it automatically.
Communications Group (only) is
divided into subgroups for different
protocols. Press SELECT to display
the subgroup you require.

When you have completed making all the


setting changes you require, press ENTER. The
following text will be displayed:
CHANGED ACTIVE PROTECTION SETTING
[A]
The changed active PROTECTION SETTINGS
are now in service. Select the MENU or
ENTER key to continue.
The changed settings are now in service. Press
MENU or ENTER to return to the normal menu
display.

indicating the display group to which the page


belongs:

7-3

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser

Quick Keys

System Status Display Group

Event Log

Measurement Display Group

Protection Display Group

Automation Display Group

Communications Setup

The next three lines are the data on display.


Most pages have six data fields.

The operator settings that you will frequently


change can each be linked to a Quick Key. You
use a Quick Key for instant display and selection
of the linked setting which, otherwise, you would
have to find by navigation.

Otherwise, any one of the following settings can


be linked to one of the four Quick Keys:
.

LOCAL/Remote / Hit & Run


Loop Auto ON/OFF

You can link operator settings to individual Quick


Keys using the operator control panel or WSOS.
For more detail, refer to the Operations manual.

Prot Group

A Quick Key can be set to Blank, if it is not


required.

Work Tag ON/OFF

Reset Flags

Auto ON/OFF
Protection OFF
Negative Phase Sequence
(NPS) ON/OFF/Alarm
Cold Load ON/OFF
Earth Prot
Live Block
Table 6: Quick Key Configurable Settings

Quick Key
Configuration

The Quick Keys default configuration is given in


Table 5: (page 7-1). The ability to re-configure
the Quick Keys must be made available from the
SYSTEM STATUS - OPTIONS 3 page:

- - - - - - - - - - - - - OPTIONS 3 - - - - - - - - - - - - S
Config QK Available
APGS Not Allowed
U/O Freq Available

- - - - - - - - - QUICK KEY SELECTION - - - - - - - - -S


LOCAL/Remote
Auto ON/OFF

Enter

Earth Prot
Prot Group

Pressor to scroll through the list of


settings that can be linked to Quick Keys.
Press MENU or ENTER when the required setting
is displayed.

If Config QK is Available, make changes on the

SYSTEM STATUS - QUICK KEY SELECTION


page:

- - - - - - - CHANGE QUICK KEY SELECTION - - - - - - S


LOCAL/Remote
Work Tag

Enter

Earth Prot
Loop Auto

To configure a Quick Key, press SELECT or


ENTER. The following screen is displayed with
the first setting selected (blinking)

7-4

To configure another Quick Key, press SELECT


and repeat the above procedure.
Each setting can only be assigned to one
Quick Key.
If the operator selects a function that has
been assigned to another Quick Key that
selection will revert to a blank setting.
When a Quick Key is changed an event is
generated in the Event Log.
Changing the quick keys
configuration requires updating of
the OCP quick keys using
adhesive labels supplied with the
ADVC. Failure to match software
and panel may cause incorrect
operation of controller.

Operator Control Panel

Using a Quick
Key

Press a Quick Key at any time to display the


relevant page, with the linked setting
selected:

Press the same Quick Key again to display


the next setting option for that setting.
Repeat until you have displayed the setting
you require.

1.

Press the ENTER or MENU key to activate the


displayed setting AND, after a short delay, to
return to the page that was displayed when
you first pressed the Quick Key.1

Whenever a Quick Key is in use the


and SELECT keys are disabled.

A particular option may not be available to the operator if it has been disabled on the SYSTEM STATUS-OPTIONS page

7-5

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser

7-6

Event Log

8 Event Log
When the status of the control electronics or
switchgear changes, events are generated
which are recorded in an Event Log for display
to the operator. Examples of such events are
Load Supply On or Lockout.
Events are viewed on the Event Log pages and
can also be up-loaded and viewed with the
Windows Switchgear Operating System.
The event log display looks like this:

Events are dated, time stamped, and displayed


in the order in which they occurred.
The key scrolls the display downward to
show older events, the key scrolls the
display upward to show more recent events.
Pressing the key removes the title of the
display to make more room for events. The title
will only be restored when the event log is
selected again from the top level menu.

- - - - - - - - - - - - -EVENT LOG - - - - - - - - - - - -E
10/01/01 12:09:02.06 Battery Normal
10/01/01 12:09:03.95 Panel close req
10/01/01 12:09:37.95 Load Supply ON

Display
Updating

The event log display will update automatically


with new events, provided the most recent event
is on the bottom line of the screen. When new

events occur they are entered at the bottom of


the screen and the older events are scrolled up.

Event Log
Format

Each event occupies one line of the event log.


The standard display contains (reading from the
left):

Using the ALT


Key

Typical Event
Log Displays

the date of the event,


the time of the event, and

If the Alt key is pressed whilst the event log is on


display, the date and time details may be
replaced with extra information that includes, at
far left, the event source and followed by, if
applicable, additional event details. Examples of
source codes are:
Identifier

Event (settings change) source

WSOS

Windows SOS change

OCP

Operator control panel change

PTCL

SCADA protocol change

IOEX

IOEX change

A typical sequence of events for a phase/phase


fault, which had instantaneous protection on the
first trip and inverse time protection on the
second trip, with two trips to lockout might be as
shown in Figure 21 (page 8-2).

the event description.

Additional information e.g. event source is


recorded and can be made visible if you press
the ALT key while the event is displayed.

Additional event details are available where the


combination of the source plus event description
alone will not precisely identify the event e.g.
protection events or events sourced to WSOS.
Examples of additional details are:

the protection group


curve
trip number
port identification
protocol.

Reset Time has expired, as shown in Figure 22


(page 8-2).

However, if the fault was cleared after the first


trip has occurred, the controller will generate a
Sequence Reset event once the Sequence

8-1

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser

- - - - - - - - - - EVENT LOG- - - - - - - - - - E
07/01/01 07:02:53.90 Pickup

Start of fault

07/01/01 07:02:53.92 Prot Group A Active

Protection Group A

07/01/01 07:02:53.92 Phase Prot Trip

Phase Element caused trip

07/01/01 07:02:53.92 Prot Trip 1

1st trip 20ms after pickup

07/01/01 07:02:53.92 A Max 543 AMP

Peak A phase current

07/01/01 07:02:53.92 B Max 527 AMP

Peak B phase current

07/01/01 07:02:54.76 Automatic Reclose

1st Reclose

07/01/01 07:02:54.77 Pickup

Pickup again

07/01/01 07:02:57.24 Prot Group A Active

Protection Group A

07/01/01 07:02:57.24 Phase Prot Trip

Phase Element caused trip

07/01/01 07:03:04.24 Prot Trip 2

2nd trip 2.47 sec later

07/01/01 07:03:04.24 A Max 453 AMP

Peak A phase current

Figure 21: Event Log example - Phase to Phase fault

- - - - - - - - - EVENT LOG- - - - - - - - - E
07/01/01 07:02:53.90 Pickup

Start of fault

07/01/01 07:02:53.92 Prot Group A Active

Protection Group A

07/01/01 07:02:53.92 Phase Prot Trip

Phase Element caused trip

07/01/01 07:02:53.92 Prot Trip 1

1st trip 20ms after Pickup

07/01/01 07:02:53.92 A Max 543 AMP

Peak A phase current

07/01/01 07:02:53.92 B Max 527 AMP

Peak B phase current

07/01/01 07:02:54.76 Automatic Reclose

1st Reclose

07/01/01 07:02:64.76 Sequence Reset

Reclose Successful

Figure 22: Sequence Reset example

8-2

Power System Measurements

9 Power System Measurements


The current transformer (CT) signals and
voltage screen (CVT) signals from the recloser
are digitised by the ADVC and used to provide a
variety of data for the operator.
The ADVC measures up to 10 power system
components:

A, B, C, phase and spill currents,


phase-earth voltage on all six terminals.

total and per phase power (kW, kVA, kVAR),

total and per phase power factor,

harmonics,

earth current, and

sequence components.

In addition the ADVC also measures several


internal values such as:

CAPE temperature,

switchgear temperature1

frequency,
phase to phase voltages,

auxiliary voltage,

battery voltage.

Power System
Frequency

The controller must be set for the correct power


system frequency either 50 or 60 Hz.

This is set on page

Real Time
Displays

The first five screens of the System


Measurements group contain real time displays.
They are:

The ADVC uses the above measurements to


derive many system measurements including:

1
2
3
4
5

System Measurements
Current (includes phase angles)
Voltage
Sequence Voltage
Power

The ninth screen, Maximum demand Indicator,


also contains some real time data.

SYSTEM STATUS - PHASE VOLTAGE and POWER


FLOW

The Positive Phase Sequence Current


(IPPS) and Negative Phase Sequence
Current (Inps).

- - - - - - - - - - - - - CURRENT - - - - - - - - - - - - - M
A Phase
123 Amp
Earth
6 Amp
B Phase
128 Amp
Ipps
120
C Phase
121 Amp
Inps
10

Data displayed is as follows:

System Measurements
This is a summary page. The current and
voltage values displayed are an average of
the three phases.
Frequency is measured on the first available
bushing. Frequency is Unavailable if all
bushings are dead.

- - - - - - - - - SYSTEM MEASUREMENTS - - - - - - - - M
Current
100 Amp
Power (P)
1638 kW
Voltage 6350 Volt
Power (Q)
476 kVAR
Frequency 50.0Hz
Power Factor
0.86

1.

Current
This screen displays, for each phase, the
current and phase angle.
The earth current.

Voltage
The voltages displayed can be either phase
to phase or phase to earth.
This is a selectable item from
page

SYSTEM STATUS - PHASE VOLTAGE and


POWER FLOW: Display Ph-Ph Vol

SOURCE- - - - - - - - - VOLTAGE - - - - - - - - - LOAD M


11000 Volt
A-P
11,000 Volt
11000 Volt
B-P
11,000 Volt
11000 Volt
C-P
11,000 Volt

Sequence Voltage
This screen displays the Zero, Positive and
Negative phase sequence voltages.

- - - - - - - - - - SEQUENCE VOLTAGE- - - - - - - - - - M
Uzps
100 Volt
Upps 11,000 Volt
Unps
200 Volt

The ADVC measures the temperature of the SCEM in the ACR and from that, calculates the switchgear temperature.

9-1

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser

Power
This screen displays real and reactive
power, as well as the power factor on a per
phase basis.

Real Power (kW), this is a signed quantity


unless Power Flow Unsigned has been
selected on page

SYSTEM STATUS - PHASE VOLTAGE and


POWER FLOW: Power Flow Signed/Unsigned

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - POWER- - - - - - - - - - - - - - M
A P
540 kW
Q
158 kVAR PF 0.86
B P
551 kW
Q
167 kVAR PF 0.86
C P
547 kW
Q
151 kVAR PF 0.86

Maximum
Demand
Indicator

9-2

As stated above, the first five System


Measurements screens are real time. The next
four screens contain historical data, except for
the ninth screen which contains a mixture of real
time and historical data.

Power Factor (PF), this is an unsigned


quantity.

- - - - - - - MAXIMUM DEMAND INDICATOR - - - - - - - M


A
0A
Max
0A
01/01 00:00:00
B
0A
Max
0A
01/01 00:00:00
C
0A
Max
0A
01/01 00:00:00

Maintenance

10 Maintenance

ACR
Maintenance

Maintenance can be carried out using standard


electricians and mechanics tools.

Be careful to ensure that if working


on the ADVC with the door open in
heavy rain, water does not enter
the circuit breakers or general
power outlet.

No user maintenance of the ACR mechanism is


required.

A warning is displayed in the event log


when the remaining contact life reaches
20%.

The ACR should be returned to the


manufacturer for refurbishment if the
mechanical duty or breaking duty is exceeded.
This is checked by examining the remaining
contact life on the Operator Control Panel.
When the remaining contact life in any phase
approaches zero, the ACR has reached the end
of its life and must be replaced.

ADVC
Maintenance

Maintenance of the ADVC is required every five


years. The manufacturer recommends the work
described below.

Cleaning

Check for excessive dirt on the cubicle,


particularly the roof, and clean off.

Battery
Replacement

Battery replacement is recommended after a


period of five years. See "Battery Care" page 10-2 .
The procedure is:
1
2

Battery Heater
Accessory

Ensure that the mesh covering the air vents and


the water drainage holes in the base are clean.

Ensure that battery polarity is


correct.
3

Turn off the battery circuit breaker.


Unplug batteries and replace with new
batteries.

Where the battery heater accessory has been


fitted the following procedure should be
followed:
1
2
3

Every five years the bushing boots should be


checked, cleaned if necessary and the pointer
checked to ensure it is free from mechanical
obstructions. In areas of high atmospheric
pollution more frequent cleaning may be
appropriate.

Turn off the battery circuit breaker.


Disconnect batteries and heater.
Open straps and remove heater box.
The battery heater box is heavy
and should be removed with
caution. Do not tilt the heater box.
The cover may slide off and the
batteries may fall out.

Turn on the battery circuit breaker and


ensure that Battery Normal status, is
restored on the page

SYSTEM STATUS-SWITCHGEAR STATUS

Remove batteries and replace with new


batteries.
Ensure that battery polarity is
correct.

5
6
7

Replace the heater box, close straps.


Reconnect batteries and heater.
Turn on the battery circuit breaker and
ensure that Battery Normal status, is

10-1

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser


restored on the page

SYSTEM STATUS-SWITCHGEAR STATUS

Battery (+)

Battery (-)

Heater Connection

Battery heater failure will be reported in


the Event Log.

Door Seal

Check the door sealing rubber for perishing or


undue hardening. If necessary renew the seal.

Battery Care

The battery is predicted to provide good


performance for the recommended five year
service period. This is based on the battery
manufacturer's data. No battery warranty is
given by the manufacturer of the ADVC.
Once in service, batteries need little care.
Procedures for storage and other contingencies
are as follows:

they should be taken out, cycled and have


their capacity checked before being returned
to service.
To cycle a battery, discharge with a 10 Ohm 15
Watt resistor to a terminal voltage of 10V. Next,
recharge it with a voltage regulated DC supply
set to 13.8V. A 3A current limited supply is
appropriate.

Batteries should be stored at a temperature


of between 0C to 30C (32F to 86F) and
cycled every six months. Batteries should be
stored for a maximum of one year.
Batteries should be cycled prior to putting
into service if they have not been cycled
within three months. When shipped by the
manufacturer the batteries will have been
cycled within the previous 30 days.
If the batteries become exhausted in service
and are left for more than two weeks without
auxiliary supply being restored to the ADVC

Battery type, either standard or extended


temperature, is given in Appendix A (page A-1).
More information on the battery care is available
from the battery manufacturer.

Abnormal
Operating
Conditions

The operation of the capacitor charging inverter


can be affected under abnormal conditions such
as when the battery capacity is very low. The

following features are used to protect the ADVC


in this situation while still allowing the ACR to
keep operating.

Low Power
Mode

When the batteries are nearly exhausted, the


ADVC will change its capacitor charging mode
from normal to low power. In low power mode
the controller takes longer to charge the

capacitors and the radio supply is shut down. A


Low Power Mode event is logged whenever
this happens.

10-2

These batteries are capable of


supplying very high currents.
Always turn off the battery circuit
breaker before connecting or
disconnecting the batteries in the cubicle.
Never leave flying leads connected to the
battery.

Maintenance

Excess Close
Operations

When a trip occurs in low power mode, the


recloser will go to lockout if the capacitors
cannot be recharged quickly enough. Operator
close and trip operations can be performed, but
at a longer time interval than normal. If an

operator trip or close request is denied, a Cap


Chrg event will be logged.

During testing it is possible to carry out so many


trip/close operations that the capacitor charging
inverter shuts itself down before it overheats. It
takes more than 20 operations within a minute
to do this and is not going to happen while in

service (it only happens during excessive


testing).

Fault finding within the ADVC involves


determining whether the fault lies in the
electronic modules, the wiring or elsewhere. The
electronic modules are user replaceable items.
Other faults require the ADVC to be returned to
the factory.

If the System OK LED is not flashing, check


for loss of power. Check that the BDU is
plugged in to the CAPE. Check that the
battery circuit breaker is on and that full
battery voltage is present at the terminals.
Check the presence of aux supply on the
aux supply circuit breaker. Check that the
supply between the PSU and CAPE has not
been disconnected. Rectify if a problem is
discovered.

If power supply is present then attempt to go


on-line with WSOS to determine whether the
CAPE is functioning correctly. Replace the
CAPE or BDU as required.

If this does not rectify the problem then the


ADVC should be returned for factory repair.

To return to normal power mode, the auxiliary


supply must have been switched back on for a
minimum of 15 minutes, and the batteries may
have to be replaced.

When this happens the inverter shuts down for 5


minutes and a Cap Excess Closes event is
logged. During this time all trip/close requests
will be denied.

Fault Finding

ADVC Check

A suggested fault finding approach is as follows:

If the System OK LED on the OCP is


flashing then the CAPE microprocessor and
the BDU microprocessor are running. If the
OCP does not operate there is a problem
with the display itself and the BDU should be
replaced.
If the display is operating, check the

SYSTEM STATUS - SWITCHGEAR STATUS


page for an indication of any power supply
problems (Aux Supply Fail and/or Battery
OFF) which can be traced and rectified.

Replacement
of Electronic
Modules and
Upgrades

Electronic modules are user replaceable. Care


should be taken to avoid damage to the
modules while they are outside the cubicle and
replacement should only be carried out by
competent personnel.

PSU and CAPE firmware can be upgraded


through WSOS. Refer to the Operator Manual
for further details.
Removal of parts from modules will
void the warranty.

10-3

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser

10-4

Ratings and Specifications

11 Ratings and Specifications


Equipment
and Crating
Dimensions

Equipment Weights
Part

Weight kg (lbs)

Control cable

6 (13)

Control cubicle

37 (81) (without
accessories and with
7Ah batteries)

HV cables (185mm2 Al cables, qty 6, length as ordered) complete with bushing


boots.

26 (57)

Pole Mounted ACR

118 (261)

Pole mounting bracket

24 (53)

Surge Arrester Mounting Bracket

16 (36)

Sundry Mounting items

8 (18)

Gross weight of crate

297 (655)

Dimensions mm (ins)
Cubicle (See Appendix B)

1000mm x 375mm x
305mm (39.4 x 14.8 x
12.0)

Crate Dimensions
Width
Depth
Height

ACR
Rated maximum voltage (27kV Rating)

27kV

Rated maximum voltage (15.5kV Rating

15.5kV

Rated Continuous Current

630 Amp

Rated Frequency

50/60Hz

Rated Mainly Active (0.7pf) Breaking Capacity

630A

Rated Cable Charging Interrupting Current

25A

Rated Line Charging Interrupting Current

5A

Rated Transformer Magnetising Interrupting Current

22A

Rated Symmetrical Interrupting Current

12.5kA

Rated Asymmetrical Making Current (Peak)

32.5kA

Rated Symmetrical Making Current (RMS)

12.5kA

Short Time Current for 3 Seconds

12.5kA

Short Time Current Recovery Time

180 sec

Rated Impulse Withstand Voltage (27 kV Rating)

125kV

11-1

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser

Breaking Duty

Duty Cycle

Rated Impulse Withstand Voltage (15.5 kV Rating)

110kV

Power Frequency Withstand Phase/Earth and across interrupter

60kV

Opening/Closing Mechanism

Latching magnetic
actuator

D.C. Resistance Terminal/Terminal

<120 micro-ohm

Tank Construction

Stainless steel

Bushings/VI Housings

Outdoor Cyclo-Aliphatic
Epoxy Resin

Maintenance Interval

5 years

Earthing

12mm stud provided

Applicable standards

ANSI C37.60

The duty limits of the circuit breaker are shown in


the table below.
Mechanical operations

10000

Contact wear - 630A

10000

Contact wear - 2kA

1955

Contact wear - 6kA

217

Contact wear - 12.5kA

50

Circuit Breaker is rated for ANSI C37.60 duty


cycle.Contact wear is automatically calculated for
each interrupter by the control cubicle on the basis
of fault current and mechanical operations.
The remaining contact life is shown on the
operator control panel. See "Contact Life" page 4-16 for more detail.

Maximum allowable duty cycle at full short current


rating:

Open-2s-Close.

Open-0.5s-Close.

Open followed by 300 second recovery time.

Open-2s-Close.

Terminal
Clearance/
Creepage

Current
Tranformers

11-2

Insulator Material Type

Outdoor Cyclo-Aliphatic Epoxy


Resin

Phase/Phase Centres

375mm

Creepage distance

780mm

Taut String clearance phase/earth (centre mount bracket)

295mm

Taut String clearance phase/earth (end mount bracket)

295mm

Taut String clearance phase/phase

325mm

There is no access to current transformer


connections on the equipment.

This data is supplied for information only.

Ratio

2000:1

Accuracy 10 Amp - 630 Amp

0.5%

Accuracy 630 Amp - 12500 Amp

2.5%

Ratings and Specifications


Environmental

a.
b.

Operating Temperaturea

-30C to +50C

Operating Humidity

0 to 100%

Operating Solar Radiation

1.1kW/m max

Operating Altitudeb

3000m max

Temperature range depends on control cubicle versions.


Altitudes above 1000 meters must be de-rated per ANSI C37.60.

ADVC
General
Specifications
Cubicle material

316 stainless steel

Cubicle shell sealing

IP 44

Electronic enclosure sealing

IP 65

Wind loading resistance of structure

>160km/hr

Wind loading on door when latched in open position

>70km/hr

Angle of hatch opening

135

Angle of door opening

180

Operating temperature range

-10C to 50C

Extended operating temperature range (battery heater required)

-40C to 50C

Maximum radiation

1.1kW/m2

Humidity

0 to 100%

Standard control cable lengtha

7m (23)

Maximum vertical separation from ACR with standard control cable.

5m (16.4)

Maintenance intervalb

5 years

Auxiliary supply voltage (LV AC mains supply)

As Ordered +10 -20%

Required auxiliary supply rating

100 VA

Battery (With battery heater option, 12AH batteries are standard.)

2 x 12V 7.2Ah

Battery hold up time from fully charged at 25C

38 hours with 7Ah


52 hours with 12Ah

Capacity available for communications, hold up time (no heater, OCP or IOEX)
13.8V TX:2.1A, 15min, RX 320mA

20 hours

Battery recharge time (new battery to 80% nominal capacity)

10 hours

Battery replacement intervalb.

5 years

Battery Low Voltagec

23V

Battery High Voltagec.

32V

Earthingd

10mm earth stud

Battery heater power (where fitted)

10W

Battery heater element life

30,000hrse

11-3

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser


Radio/Modem
A radio or modem may be fitted by the manufacturer or by the utility, for remote communications. Space,
power and data panels are provided within the control cubicle.
Radio/Modem Power Supply Voltage (set by user)

5 - 15V DC

Radio/Modem Power Supply Continuous Currentf

3A

Radio/Modem Power Supply Max Current

8A for 30 sec with 10%


duty cycle

Radio/Modem Space on Radio Panel

300 x 250 x 150mm

Radio/Modem panel

V23, RS232, RS485

Radio/Modem Power Shutdown Time

1 - 1440 mins

Shutdown time increment

10 secs

Control Electronics
Continuous Primary current

1000A

Short time primary current

16kA for 3s

Short time current recovery time

60 sec

Required auxiliary supply rating

100VA

Real time clock hold time

20 days

Recloser Operations

20 in 1 minute, 1 per
minute thereafter

Controller EMC Ratings


EN55022 Conducted Disturbance Emissions

Complied Class A

EN55022 Radiated Disturbance Emissions

Complied Class A

EN61000-3-2 Quasi-Stationary Current Harmonics

Complied Class A

EN61000-3-2 Voltage Fluctuations and Flicker

Complied

EN61000-4-2 Immunity to Electrostatic Discharge

Complied Level 4

EN61000-4-3 Immunity to Radiated Electromagnetic Fields

Complied

EN61000-4-4 Immunity to Electrical Fast Transients

Complied Level 4

EN61000-4-5 Surge Immunity

Complied Level 4

EN61000-4-6 Immunity to Conducted Disturbances

Complied

EN61000-4-11 Immunity to Voltage Dips and Interruptions

Complied

a. Other control cable lengths available-4 , 11 and 20 meters.


b. Battery replacement interval is influenced by environmental temperature.
c. Temperature compensated at 48mV/C.
d. Earthing details in Earthing on page 3-4 must be strictly adhered to.
e. If the heater is required for 6 months at say an average of 10 hours per day, it would be required for appoximately 2,000
hours running time per year, thus giving 15 years life.
f. For an 11kV/27.8V transformer using the integrated supply, the maximum continuous current drawn from the radio
supply should be limited to 0.5 amps.

Power System measurements


HV line measurements on all three phases are
made as follows

11-4

Voltage Range (RMS Phase/Earth)

2 - 15kV

Voltage Resolution

1V

Voltage Accuracya

2.5% 25V

Ratings and Specifications

a.
b.
c.
d.
e.

Live Terminal Threshold Voltage rangeb

2 - 15kV

Live Terminal Threshold Voltage setting resolutionb.

1V

Live Terminal Threshold Voltage accuracya.b.

5% 250V

Live Terminal Threshold Hysteresis

-20%

Phase Current Range (True RMS)c

2.5 - 800 Amp

Earth Current Range (True RMS)c.

1 - 800 Amp

Current Resolution

1 Amp

Phase Current Accuracya.

2.5% 2 Amp over range


10 - 800 Amp

Earth Current Accuracya.

2.5% 2 Amp over range


1 - 800 Amp

Apparent Power Range

0 - 36 MVA

Apparent Power Resolution

1 kVA

Apparent Power Accuracya.

5% over range 20 - 800


Amp

Real Power Ranged e

-36 - 36 MW

Real Power Accuracya.e.

5% of apparent power

Real Power Resolution

1 kW

Reactive Power Ranged.

0 - 36 MVAR

Reactive Power Resolution

1 kVAR

Reactive Power Accuracya.

5% of apparent power

Unsigned Power Factor

0.5 - 1.0

Power Factor Resolution

0.01

Power Factor Accuracy

0.05

Measurement Filter Time Constant (Step Response)

2 sec

Measurement Update Rate

0.5 sec

Includes accuracy of switchgear current and voltage transformers.


Used for Live/Dead display, Live Load Blocking and Loss Of Supply detection.
Measurements are zeroed for currents less than lower value in range.
In database for transmission by a protocol.
Used to accumulate kWh reading for weekly maximum demand data.

11-5

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser

11-6

Appendix A Replaceable Parts & Tools


All replacement parts listed in the following table
are available from the manufacturer.
ACR Part

Stock or Part Number

Control Cable 7m

N03-602

Control Cable 11m

N03-633

Control Cable 20m

N03-635

ADVC Part

Stock or Part Number

Antenna Surge Arrester

ELCMIS0211

Basic Display Unit (BDU1 - NuLec English)

998000025

Basic Display Unit (BDU1 - Merlin Gerin English)

998000026

Basic Display Unit (BDU1 - NuLec USA)

998000028

Battery 12 V 7.2 Ah Sealed Lead Acid, set of 2

997000000

Battery 12 V 12 Ah Sealed Lead Acid, set of 2

998000055

Battery Heater

998000040

CAPE Housing Main Gasket

ADC-101

Control and Protection Enclosure (CAPE1 - for manufacturers switch)

998000015

Control Cubicle Body

998000045

Control Cubicle Door

998000050

Control Cubicle Door Seal (24 mm x 6 mm, Black)

NEO091008

Customer Tray 1

998000030

Customer Tray Terminal Block

998000035

Fiber optic modem

998000090

IOEX2

998000080

Pole mount adapter for PTCC retrofit

998000125

Power Supply Unit (PSU1 - English international)

998000020

Power Supply Unit (PSU1 - English USA)

998000020

PSU Main gasket

ADC-110

Tait radio accessory

99800085

Test and Training Set (TTS)

TTS1-02

WSOS cable

998000095

USB to serial converter

998000100

A-1

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser

A-2

Appendix B Dimensions
ACR
Dimensions

Figure 23: ACR Dimensions

B-1

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser


ADVC
Dimensions

Figure 24: ADVC Dimensions

B-2

IOEX2
Dimensions

Figure 25: IOEX 2 Dimensions

B-3

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser

B-4

Index

Index
A
Abnormal operating conditions .........................10-2
ACR .................................................................1-1
ADVC ..............................................................1-1
ALT ..................................................................7-2
atmospheric pollution ......................................10-1
Auxiliary power
From integral transformer ................................3-5
From mains ..................................................3-4
Source ........................................................6-1

Display Groups .................................................7-2


door sealing rubber .........................................10-2

E
Earthing ...........................................................3-4
Enable/Disable Close switch ..............................7-1
Enable/Disable Trip switch ................................7-1
Enter key .........................................................7-1
Equipment Versions Covered by this Manual ......1-1
Event
Log

.............................................................8-1
................................10-3

auxiliary supply .................................................6-1


auxiliary voltage ................................................2-1

Excess Close Operations

Fault

basic display unit ..............................................6-2


batteries ...........................................................6-1
Battery ...........................................................10-3
Care .........................................................10-2
Replacement ..............................................10-1

battery care ....................................................10-2


BDU ..........................................................1-1, 6-2
breaking duty ..................................................10-1
bushing boots .................................................10-1
bushings ..........................................................2-3

C
Capacitor charging inverter ..............................10-2
CAPE ........................................................1-1, 6-1
caution symbol .................................................1-1
Check

............................................10-3
checking battery status ...............................5-1, 5-2
checking the Aux Supply status .........................5-2
Control cubicle

Circuit breaker
Maintenance

...............................................10-1

Cleaning .........................................................10-1
Close key .........................................................7-1
Communications
Interfaces .....................................................4-1

condensation ....................................................6-1
Configurable Quick Key .....................................7-1
Configuration ....................................................5-1
contact life ......................................................10-1
Contents of crate ..............................................3-1
Control and protection enclosure .......................6-1
Control cable ....................................................3-1
Connection

...................................................3-1

Control cubicle
Check .......................................................10-3
Cleaning ....................................................10-1
Construction .................................................6-1
Maintenance ...............................................10-1

control cubicle mounting ....................................3-3


control cubicle weight ........................................3-1
cubicle storage .................................................3-1
cubicle vents ....................................................6-1
custom menu ....................................................7-3
Custom Menu key .............................................7-1

D
designating the source side ...............................5-4
Display .............................................................7-1

F
Finding

......................................................10-3
..............4-1

Feed-through or bulkhead type arrester

G
Gas discharge surge arrester

............................4-1

H
hookstick ..........................................................2-1
HOT LINE ........................................................7-1
Hot Line Tag ....................................................7-1

I
Installation
Integrated

........................................................3-1
.............................................3-5

Auxiliary supply

IOEX
Card

...........................................................4-3

K
keypad

.............................................................7-1

L
LEFT scroll key .................................................7-2
Live/Dead indication ..........................................9-1
LOCAL/REMOTE .............................................7-2
LOOP AUTO ....................................................7-2
Low Power mode ............................................10-2
low power mode ...............................................6-1
LV
Surge arrester

..............................................3-4

LV auxiliary supply
Connection ..................................................3-5
From dedicated utility transformer .....................3-5

M
Main earth bond ...............................................3-4
Maintenance ..................................................10-1
maintenance port ..............................................6-2
mechanical duty .............................................10-1
MENU scroll key ...............................................7-2
modem ............................................................4-2
Mounting brackets ............................................3-4

N
navigation symbol .............................................1-1
navigation within groups ....................................7-3
note symbol ......................................................1-1

O
OCI ..................................................................1-1
OCP .........................................................6-1, 7-1
Operator Control Panel .....................................6-1

Index-1

U-Series Automatic Circuit Recloser


operator control panel ....................................... 7-1
operator interface ............................................. 6-2

P
pages .............................................................. 7-2
Parts and tools ................................................ A-1
Parts required .................................................. 3-2
password ......................................................... 7-3
PCOM ............................................................. 1-1
pointer ........................................................... 10-1
Power Factor (PF) ............................................ 9-2
Power Flow direction ........................................ 5-3
Power supply unit ............................................. 6-1
Power System measurements ........................... 9-1
Press to Talk (PTT) .......................................... 4-5
Protection

........................................ 4-1
Protection settings ............................................ 7-3
PSU ..........................................................1-1, 6-1
PSU module ..................................................... 6-1
PTCC .............................................................. 1-1
Q
Quick Key ........................................................ 7-4
quick keys ........................................................ 7-4
R
radio ................................................................ 4-2
Radio Aerial ..................................................... 4-1
Radio holdup time ............................................. 4-2
radio/modem power supply voltage .................... 4-2
Real Power (kW) .............................................. 9-2
Real Time Displays ........................................... 9-1
recloser bushings ............................................. 2-3
Recloser earthing ............................................. 3-4
re-configuring the Quick Keys ............................ 7-4
Replacement of electronic modules ................. 10-3
replacement parts ............................................ A-1
reverse polarity ................................................. 3-3
RIGHT scroll key .............................................. 7-2
S
SCADA ............................................................ 4-6

SCEM .............................................................. 1-1


Sealing and condensation ................................. 6-1
SELECT key .................................................... 7-2
Select key ........................................................ 7-3
setting the phasing ........................................... 5-3
settings ............................................................ 7-2
Site installation ................................................. 3-2
Site procedure ...........................................3-3, 5-3
Software
Capability

LV .............................................................. 3-4
Mounting and terminating ............................... 3-4

Of radio equipment

Index-2

.................................................... 1-1

software version ............................................... 1-1


status .............................................................. 7-2
sub-pages ........................................................ 7-2
Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition ........... 4-6
Surge arresters ................................................ 3-4
SWGM ............................................................. 1-1

T
Test and Training Set ...................................... A-1
Testing & configuring ........................................ 3-1
Tools required .................................................. 3-2
Transport to site ............................................... 3-2
Trip key ........................................................... 7-1
TRIP or CLOSE LED ...................................... 10-3

U
Updating the Event Log .................................... 8-1
user interface ................................................... 7-1

V
vermin ............................................................. 6-1
Voltage free output contacts .............................. 4-3

W
warning symbol ................................................ 1-1
Windows Swirchgear Operating System ............. 4-5
Windows Switchgear Operating System (WSOS) 8-1
Windows Switchgear Operator System .............. 7-3
WSOS ............................................................. 7-4
WSOS Interface ............................................... 6-2

Corporate office &


factory

USA office

35-37 South Street


Lytton, 4178
Queensland
Australia

1252 Old Alpharetta Road


Alpharetta, Georgia
30005-3986
United States of America

Tel: +61 7 3249 5444


Fax: +61 7 3249 5888

Tel: +1770 521 2000


Fax: +1770 521 2100

e-mail: sales@nulec.com.au
http://www.nulec.com.au

e-mail: sales@nulec.com
http://www.nulec.com

As standards, specifications and designs change from time to


time, please ask for confirmation of the information given in this
publication.

ADC-1008-NI

Nu-Lec Industries

09/2005