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# DESIGN OF STEEL PLATE GIRDER BRIDGE

1.0

DATA
Effective span of girder

FLL

calculation

Wm

calculation

Ws

TRL

Foundation level

FL

## Embankment side slope

ES

Width of abutment

Wa

## Permissible bending stress

bc

Average shear stress for mild steel having yield stress of 236
N/sq.mm

T_V

flange

Lf

tt

PBS

Rail Gauge

2.0

Pw

Cw

pl

Llb

st

Dw

## Thickness of web plate

tw

Permanent load of open floor track

Self weight

=
=

Wf

3.0

4.0

Total moving load per girder for B.M.

Wl1

## Total moving load per girder for S.F.

Wl2

IMPACT FACTOR
The impact factor for steel rail bridge is given by Coefficient
of Dynamic Augment

5.0

BENDING MOMENTS

=
=

=
=

## B.M. by Impact on Moving Load

Total Design Bending Moment

6.0

=
M

SHEAR FORCE

=
=

=
=

## S.F. by Impact on Moving Load

Total Design Shear Force

7.0

=
V

D1

## TRIAL SECTION OF WEB PLATE

Tentative depth of girder

=
Economical depth of girder

D2

=
=

## Web depth of girder based on Shear Force consideration

assuming 12 mm thick plate is calculated as:

D3

=
=

Aw

Dw

8.0

tw

Af

## TRIAL SECTION OF FLANGE PLATE

Tentative flange area

Flange width

B1

=
=

Let us try

B2

Bf

=
=
=

9.0

Af

Bf

tf

## CHECK FOR MAXIMUM STRESSES

Distance from centre of flange plate to x-x axis located at
mid section

=
Moment of inertia about x-x axis

Ixx

=
=

## Moment of inertia about y-y axis, which vertical passing

through the web

Iyy

=
=

=
=

ry

=
=

The critical compressive stress for I-sections having equal Moment of Inertia about y-y axis is give
Le

=
=

D0

=
=

Cs

=
=

The permissible working stress bc for different values of critical stress Cs is given in Table 2
From the Table 2 corresponding to Cs

and

sy

bc

=
=

bc

=
=

## Hence actual flexural stresses are within SAFE permissible limits.

Permissible Average Shear Stress depends on

=
=

## With stiffner spacing

=
=

From Table 3, the permissible average shear stress for steel for sy = 236 N/sq.mm is obtained as 8
N/sq.mm
Average shear stress

=
=

10.0

## JOINT OF FLANGE AND WEB

Maximum shear force at the joint of web and flange is given by
T

Af

=
=

=
=

T
Providing continuous fillet weld on either side,

=
=

## Adopt, 6 mm fillet weld on either side continuously.

11.0

INTERMEDIATE STIFFENERS
Dw/tw

Spacing

=
=
to

=
=

=
~

Requirement

=
=

I

=
=

h

=
=

=
=
I

12.0

## CONNECTIONS OF VERTICAL STIFFENERS TO WEB

Shear on welds joining stiffeners to web

=
=

=
=

## Effective minimum length of weld

=
Adopt Lc = 160 mm long, 5 mm minimum size intermittent fillet welds
on either side.

13.0

## END BEARING STIFFENER

Maximum shear force

he

he/tw

=
=

## Using two plates of size 300mm x 25 mm provided.

=
=
>
tb

Db

The length of web plates which acts along with the stiffener plates to bear
the end reaction

Wb

=
=

## Moment of Inertia of end bearing two stiffeners plates

I

=
Area

=
=

=
=

Slenderness ratio

=
=

ac
Area required

=
=

14.0

## CONNECTIONS BETWEEN BEARING STIFFENERS AND WEB

Length available for welding using alternate intermittent welds
=
=
Required strength of weld

=
=

Size of weld

## Adopt 6 mm fillet welds of length Lc = 160 mm intermittently on either side.

15.0

LATERAL BRACING
To resist the structure against wind, racking and centrifugal forces, lateral
bracing is provided End cross frames and intermediate cross frames are
provided for spans more than 20 m.

Pw

Coeff

Cw

Depth of girder

=
Span

=
=
=

=
=

=
=

=
=

=
=

Area required

## Adopt angle section 100mm x 100mm with 10mm thickness

Maximum compressive force in horizontal member of each frame
=
Length of Members

Effective Length

=
=
=

## For angle section 100 mm x 75 mm with 10 mm thickness

Area

Slenderness ratio
From Table 4, Permissible Stress

=
ac

=
=
=
>

16.0

## DESIGN OF CROSS FRAMES

Lateral load to be resisted by one frame

=
=

Area required

## Provide angle section 90mm x 60mm with 10mm thickness

Area provided
Adopt interval of cross frames at 6m.

BRIDGE
30 m
7.50 kN/m
1.676 m
2727 kN
2927 kN
108 m
100.50 m
01:01.5
4m
141 N/sq.mm
85 N/sq.mm
6m
102 N/sq.mm
0.7
189 N/sq.mm
1.5 kN/sq.m
0.25
6 kN/m
2m
250 N/sq.mm
1500 mm
12 mm

7.50 kN/m
0.2 * L + 1
7.00 kN/m
14.50 kN/m

1363.50 kN
1463.50 kN

0.372

Wf*L2/8
1631.25 kN-m
Wl*L/8
5488.13 kN-m
2041.58 kN-m
9160.96 kN-m

Wf*L/2
217.50 kN
Wl2/2
731.75 kN
272.21 kN
1221.46 kN

L*1000/10
3000.00 mm
5*((M/bc)*(2/3))
2165.71 mm
V/(T_V*12)
1197.51 mm
Dw * tw
1600 mm

12 mm

[(M/bc*Dw)-(Aw/6)]
40114.22 sq.mm

L*1000/40
750 mm
L*1000/45
666.67 mm
700 mm
tf
Af/Bf
57.31 mm
Bf*tf
700 mm
53 mm

(Dw/2) + (tf/2)
827 mm
(tw*Dw3/12)+(2*Af*r2)
54782186950 mm4
(2*tf*Bf3/12)+(2*Aw/12)
3029836533.3 mm4
2*tf*Bf + Dw*tw
93400 sq.mm
sqrt(Iyy/A)
180.11 mm

Lf*1000
6000 mm

Dw + 2*tf
1706 mm
1.1609194002
2473 N/sq.mm

2473 N/sq.mm
236 N/sq.mm
158 N/sq.mm
(Dw/2) + tf
853 mm
M*y/Ixx
142.64 N/sq.mm

Dw/tw
133.33
0.9 * Dw
1440 mm
1500 mm

V*103/(Dw*tw)
63.62 N/sq.mm

V * Af * y/Ixx
1221.46 kN
Bf * tf
37100 sq.mm
(Dw/2) + (tf/2)
826.50 mm
683.69 N/mm

2 * K * S * tt
142.8 S N/mm
4.79 mm

## 133 > T_V

0.33*Dw
528 mm
1.5*Dw
2400 mm
1464 mm
1500 mm
1500 mm
270*tw
3240 mm
> 1500 mm

1.5*Dw3*Tw3/C2
4718592 mm4

12*t
120 mm
10 mm
120 mm
5760000 mm4

125*tw*tw/h
150 N/mm
150/(K*tt)
2.10 mm
10 * tw

120 mm

1221.46 kN

300 mm
25 > 12
V / PBS
6463 sq.mm

2*300*25
15000 sq.mm
6463 sq.mm
25 mm
300 mm

ates to bear
20*tw
240 mm

((tb*((Db*2+tw)3)/12)+
((2*Wb*tw3)/12)
477612720 mm4
(Db*2+tw)*tb + 2*Wb*tw
21060 sq.mm
1120 mm
sqrt(I/A)
151 mm
L/r
7.44

138 N/sq.mm
V/ac

8851.17 sq.mm

2*(Dw-40)
3120 mm
V/L
391.49 N/mm
5.48 mm

n either side.

ces, lateral

1.5 kN/sq.mm
0.25
(Dw+2*tw)/1000
1.624 m
30 m
Pw*D*L
73.08 kN
Cw*73.08
18.27 kN
91.35 kN
pl
6 kN/m
6*L
180 kN
271.35 kN
135.68 kN
L/b
2m
211.24 kN

1408.24 sq.mm

135.68 kN
1.676 m
0.65 * G
1.089 m

1650 sq.mm
21.6 mm
50.4
124 N/sq.mm
(Dw+tw/2)*ac/1000
199 kN
271/2

kN

135.68 kN
136*sec
177 kN
1183 sq.mm

1401 sq.mm

IMPACT FACTOR

BENDING MOMENTS

SHEAR FORCE

## JOINT OF FLANGE AND WEB

10

INTERMEDIATE STIFFENERS

11

12

13

14

LATERAL BRACING

15