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19/2/2015

[Washington Has Three Birthdays and Other Presidential Fun Facts] - [VOA - Voice of America English News]

02/15/2015

Washington Has Three Birthdays and Other


Presidential Fun Facts
The United States honors the countrys first president on the third Monday in February. The U.S. government
gives federal workers a holiday a paid day off. This year, the federal holiday the government calls George
Washingtons Birthday falls on February 16.
But George Washington was not born on February 16. He was born on February 11, 1731 in the British colony of
Virginia. Later, Britain and its colonies changed the kind of calendar they used. The new record-keeping system
moved Washingtons birthday to February 22.
So, for many years, Americans informally celebrated Washingtons birthday on February 22. In the late 1800s,
Congress made the day a legal holiday.
Then, about 50 years ago, Congress passed a law to give Americans more 3-day weekends. Lawmakers decided
to celebrate George Washingtons birthday on the third Monday in February. That way, workers could extend
their traditional two-day weekend to Monday.
But neither of Washingtons birth dates February 11 nor February 22 will ever fall on the third Monday in
February. So George Washingtons Birthday is never really George Washingtons birthday.
Other fun facts
Some Americans consider the third Monday in February a day to honor not only Washington, but other past
presidents. Here are some things you might not know about the countrys leaders. By the way, Barack Obama is
the 44th U.S. president, but only 43 people have served in the office. The reason: Grover Cleveland was the only
president to leave the White House and return for a second term.
Abraham Lincoln was the tallest president, at 193 centimeters. He was 30 centimeters taller than James
Madison, the shortest president.
Speaking of short, William Henry Harrison served as president for the shortest time. He died after only 32 days in
office. But in a way, he continued to serve: his grandson, Benjamin Harrison, become president 48 years later.
Franklin Roosevelt had the longest time in office: 12 years. He was the only president elected to a third and
fourth term. After Franklin Roosevelt died, Congress made a law that presidents could serve only two terms.
James Buchanan was the only president who never married. John Tyler was the first president to be married while
he held office. Grover Cleveland was actually married in the White House and, he was the first president to have
a child born there.
At 43, John Kennedy was the youngest person elected president. The oldest was Ronald Reagan. He was 69 at
his inauguration ceremony.
Four former presidents are still alive. George H.W. Bush and Jimmy Carter were born in the same year. George

W. Bush and Bill Clinton were also born in the same year.
And some presidents are still alive in our language. The childrens toy animal known as a teddy bear is named
after Theodore or, Teddy Roosevelt.
The official name of the highest mountain in North America honors William McKinley. But the president never
visited Mount McKinley, or even Alaska, the state where it is found. Today, some call the mountain by its native
name, Denali.
Finally, many English speakers wonder about the term okay, which is sometimes spelled with the two letters O
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19/2/2015

[Washington Has Three Birthdays and Other Presidential Fun Facts] - [VOA - Voice of America English News]

and K. Okay is an informal way of saying yes. But where did it come from?
Some say the answer is President Martin Van Buren. Van Buren was from a town in New York called
Kinderhook. Supporters affectionately called the politician Old Kinderhook or, OK.
Im Kelly Jean Kelly.
Kelly Jean Kelly wrote this story. George Grow was the editor.
______________________________________________________________

Words in This Story


day off n. a day when work is not performed
affectionately adv. with love
Do you k now any other fun facts about U.S. presidents? Please share them in the comments below. We will
respond when we return from our Monday holiday!

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