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Rumus Passive Voice dan Contoh dalam Bahasa Inggris

Satu lagi ketika belajar bahasa Inggris khususnya grammar, asti tidak asing dengan pembahasan
rumus passive voice dan cara merubahnya dari kalimat aktive )active voice. Apakah kalimat passive
voice bahasa Inggris itu?
Passive voice adalah bentuk kalimat dalam bahasa Ingris yang lebih menekankan terlaksananya
kegiatan atau peristiwa. Dalam pelajaran grammar and structure passive voice dibentuk dengan cara
memindah posisi SUBJECT menempati OBJECT dan begitu sebaliknya. Namun pengertian
semantiknya, OBJECT yang awalnya adalah SUBJECT tetaplah pihak yang melaksanakan atau
melakukan kegiatan tersebut.
Pola Passive voice ini dipakai karena beberapa alasan dan yang paling umum adalah writer atau
speaker lebih ingin lebih menekankan pada kegiatanya dari pada siapa yag melakukan kegiatan
tersebut. Model kalimat passive voice ini lebih sering kita jumpai dalam penulisan news item text,
berita-berita dalam bahasa Inggris.
Pada screeshot diatas, jelas dinyatakan bahwa rumus passive voice itu terbentuk dengan keharusan
menggunakan verb 3. Style kalimat passive ini sering digunakan dalam interaksi dan penulisan
kalimat sehari-hari. Coba lihat beberapa contoh news item text, rata-rata sang wartawan menggunaka
kalimat passive.
Rumus Passive Voice Dasar
Passive voice dalam bahasa Inggris dibentuk dengan rumus dasar sebagai berikut
Peristiwa/benda + TO BE + VERB 3 + Pelaku
Rice is eaten by me = Nasi dimakan oleh saya
Book are read by students = Buku dibaca oleh murid-murid
I am asked by strangers = Saya ditanya oleh oleh beberapa orang asing
Rumus dasar passive voice seperti diatas akan selalu menyesuaikan dengan tenses yang dipakai.
Rumus Passive Voice Dalam 16 Tenses
Berikut adalah rumus passive voice dalam 16 tenses lengkap disertai dengan asal kalimat active
voice nya
N
o

Tenses

Active Voice

Passive Voice

S + V1 + O

S + to be (am, are, is) + V3 +


by + O

Many people speak English

English is spoken by many


people

S + to be (am, are, is) + V1ing + O

S + to be (am, are, is) + being


+ V3 + by + O

Present
Continuous Tense

Many people are speaking


English

English is being spoken by


many people

Present Perfect
Tense

S + to be (am, are, is) +


being + V3 + by + O

S + have/has + been + V3 +
by + O

Many people have spoken

English has been spoken by

Present Simple
Tense

10

11

12

13

14

15

English

many people

S + have/has + been + V1ing + O

S + have/has + been + being


+ V3 + by + O

Many people have been


speaking English

English has been being


spoken by many people

S + V2 + O

S + to be (was, were) + V3 +
by + O

Many people spoke English

English was spoken by many


people

S + to be (was, were) + V1ing + O

S + to be (was, were) + being


+ V3 + by + O

Many people were speaking


English

English was being spoken by


many people

S + had not + V3 + O

S + had + been + V3 + by + O

Many people had spoken


English

English had been spoken by


many people

S + had + been + V1-ing + O

S + had + been + being + V3


+ by + O

Many people had been


speaking English

English had been being


spoken by many people

S + will not + V1 + O

S + will be + V3 + by + O

Many people will speak


English

English will be spoken by


many people

S + will + be + V1-ing + O

S + will + be + being + V3 +
by + O

Many people will be


speaking English

English will be being spoken


by many people

S + will + have + V3 + O

S + will + have + been + V3 +


by + O

Many people will have


spoken English

English will have been


spoken by many people

S + will + have + been + V1ing + O

S + will + have + been + V1ing + O

Many people will have been


speaking English

English will have been being


spoken by Many people

S + would + V1 + O

S + would + be + V3 + by + O

Many people would speak


English

English would be spoken by


many people

S + would + be + V1-ing + O

S + would + be + being + V3
+ by + O

Past Future
Continuous Tense

Many people would be


speaking English

English would be being


spoken by many people

Past Future
Perfect Tense

S + would + have + V3 + O

S + would + have + been +


V3 + by + O

Present Perfect
Continuous Tense

Past Simple Tense

Past Continuous
Tense

Past Perfect Tense

Past Perfect
Continuous Tense

Future Simple
Tense

Future Continuous
Tense

Future Perfect
Tense

Future Perfect
Continuous Tense

Past Future
Simple Tense

16

Past Future
Perfect
Continuous Tense

Many people would have


spoken English

English would have been


spoken by many people

S + would + have + been +


V1-ing + O

S + would + have + been


+being + V3 + by + O

Many people would have


been speaking English

English would have been


being spoken by many people

Beberapa rumus passive voice yang dibentuk dari kalimat active memang terdengar aneh, gak umum
atau tekesan terlalu bertele-tele. Dan memang tidak semua 16 tense bahasa Inggris tersebut ditemui
dalam pemakaian sehari-hari. Namun begitu, dalam artikel ini tetap dituliskan rumus passive voice
untuk semua lengkap 16 tenses bahasa Inggris dalam rangkah mengantarkan pemahaman
bagaimana merubah active voice (kalimat aktif) menjadi passive voice.