Anda di halaman 1dari 24

[Issued with Army Circulars, October 1872.

II E 0 U L A Tf 10 N S
FOR

GUNPO WDE R MAGAZINES


IN CIIARGI~

iNCLU1)1~(,

RULES
FOR TIIR

IIECEITION, CONVEYANCE, SIOIL\CE, CLASSIFICATION. ANI)


EX~MINAIlONOF CUNPO\VI)EIi ANI) AMMUNiTION.

/
V

LONDON:
PRiNTED FOR HER MAJESTYS SIATrONEIIV
By hA I~
BISON AND SONS,
J>rifl((rc in Oithnary to

1872.

JIrr ~1TQ)(S/!/.

OFFICE,

LIST OF CONTENTS.

PAGZ

I.

Charge of Magazines

XL Precautions against Fire

III.

Ventilation of Magazines

IV.

Care and Stowage of Gunpowder

Cooperage

V.
VI.

Examination and Classification of Gunpowder

VII. Laboratory
VIII.

IX.
X.

Operations

10
15

Conveyance of Ammunition and Gunpowder by Land

17

Conveyance of Ammunition and Gunpowder by Departmental


Vessels

19

Gunpowder Vessels at Woolwich

21

~UNPO~1DER MAGAZINE REGULATIONS.


1~kNTROLDEPARTMENT.
CHARGE OF MAGAZINES.

1. AtJIO~I~~~rations
the premises in ~vhich G unpowder is stored
will be watched by a warder and guard by day, aii(I by a military
guard with civil watchmen din jug the night. At li)reign stations
the civilian warders and watelinien arc not usually icquil,e(l, the
watching being performed by military sentries.
2. rIllie guard will be visited by au Officer by day, mmd also,
when practicable, by night. A copy of time guard report will 1)0
furnished every morning to the Control Officer in charge by the
Officer commanding the troops.
3. The Control Oluicer in charge at home stations will occasionally inspect time Police, \Varders, or Watchmen, to see that they
are on the alert and doing their duty.
4. The Police, Warders, Watchmen, and Sentries will not permit any 1)e1sOulS but such as are employed in the service of the
Dcpartiiment to cuter the magazines or enclosures. All the outer
gates will be kept shut, and 110 artificer, labourer, or other person
will be allowed to I)ilSs during the working hours without leave
from the Control Ollicem in charge.

5. The Police, Warders, Watchmen, and Sentries will not


allow any smoking or fire near the magazine, laboratory, or shifting
rJOun, nor will they suffer any l)C1~011 to come within the outer
gates who has the least appearance of iuitoxicatiOll. They wilL
ilmmImlcdiatCI% secure ammvonc gufl tv of any of these oflences, and
TCI)ort the circumstance to time Control Oflicer iii charge.
6. Any pers~ii in the employ of the 1)cpartinent who may l)C
deteete(l sumiokimig in any part of time gulullowuler works, uumagazilles,
or laboratories, or l)riumging tobacco p pes, or lucifer matches, into
tIme prcmnises, will be iunniediatelv dismissed.
7. ~fl night sentinels will strike on their respective bells
1~
every quarter of au hour; and every sentinel who does not hear
time bell next to him struck will re )ort the fiuct to his Non-Coni
1
missioned Officer, on being relieved.
S. No shrubs or cultivation wlma~ever will he allowed in or near
magazine yards, nor arc any animals to have access to them.
9. The Control Officer in charge will not absent himself for a
night from time Magazines without authority.
10. The Control Oflicer will superintend all operations ~vhmiehi
are
being carried on by time flireumiemi, labourers, amid others under his
orders, and see that the whole of the (lutics arc properly conducted.

4
11. On no oeeasioui will strangers imave access to a lmmagaziumc
without time attendance of a Control Ollicer, or foremnaum, whose
(inty it will be to take care tlmat all persoums entering have attended
to time necessary precautions, and that they have no articles of a
combustible nature jim their l)0~c~iofl.
12. Time foreman ~vjhIl)e prcseumt when time labourers arrive in
time morning, lie will unlock time (loom of time magazine, opemi time
shutters, aimd, wlmemm time weather pemnmits, opcmi time wimmdows aimd
airholes for time purpose of ventilation.
13. TIme foreman will keep a regular daily entry of all receipts
and issumes, amid make the nceessamv alteratiomms in time tallyboards

attacimed to time bays jul time magazine.


11. Time foreman will remain at time magazine duriuug time work
imig Imours, and on no account leave it, unless ordered to do so by
superior authority.
15. The foreman and labourers will always wear during time
working hours, in iilace of timeir ordinary clothing, time dress p~e
scriber! and fuinisimed by tme War .Department, viz., Jacket of
Lasting Cloth, r1~rouse1.s of Oxford Cloth, mmd Plain Blue Glen
garry, to be supplied by time Director of Clothing on application.
They will change their shoes in time shoehouse, mid never appear at
time magazine 1mm amiy otimer than those prescribed by timese rcgu
httiomis. LSee
is.]
~.

16. Particular care will lie takemm timat time shutters to time
or air-holes to time 1)o\m(leI magazilieS and storehouses iie
opened every fine day ; and, wimen tlmey are open, a person will
always be in charge omm the spot. All tlme wiumdows amid doors of time
magazines will be well secured every evening bcfcre the iiight
guard is set.
windows

17. The forermian will cl6se amid bar time slmuttcrs amid airholes;
and on lcavimmg work he will see that everything is secure, lock time
doors, and make his report to time Control Officer ill charge, with
whom lie is to deposit tlme keys.
18. The several persons whose duty obliges them to go into time
mumagazines, will ilivariably cxcimaimge their shoes for magazimme
slippers before they enter, or else enter without shoes. Care will
be taken to provide a sufficicmmt supply of either golosimes or SiiI)pers
of suitable sizes, fitted with straps amid brass buckles to fasten over
time instep, so as to prevent sliding or simuflling along time floors or
platforms.
19. Wlmen there is an outer wall to time magazine, time door in
it, on any person entering, will be shut before that of the magazine
is opened; and time inner door of time magazine simut before the
outer one is opened on his going out.

20. The floors of time magazines, shifting rooms, and passages,


will be well swept, arid kept free from mmli gravel, sand, or grit;
mmd prcviolmsiy to time rcnmoval of powder, time roilingways 811(1
stages will also be carefully watered.

S
21. ~litefollow 11mg regulmmtioim eontaiumed in paragraph 4 of time
enclosure to War 0111cc Circular No. 198, dated 7tii November,
1859, imas been extemmded to Ilommme Statioums :

Iii order to secure time best mmmutual intelhigeumee between


departments wimieh in somne respects are depcmudemmt on omme
aumotimcr, and a kumowiedge of each otimers wants and resources, it
is desirable thuat time Olhicer Comnnmmumding time liovah Artillery,

time Comnmmmandiumg itoyal Emugiuecr, auud time Coimtrohlcr simould,


Omm(C a year, or oltemmem if lmecessarv, make a conjoint inspectioim
of time works, ummgaziumcs, stores, workshops, &e., of mull timeir
departmnemmts, not as it board 01 with any view to a joiumt rcI)ort,
but timat iieitlmem should imave any excuse Im imot imeimig memsommahly
1
acquaimmtcd with amuytlmimmg that time immtercst of tIme Service mcqmmiles
hmini to know jim time 1)epamtmemit of time mthuer. mmn(l for time
oppomtimmmitv that WO~ml thins 1)C afforded to each of c:mhhi umg
attcmitiomm oim time spot to requirements whicim it may be time
dcpartmemital duty of time others to kumow.

22. Minutes recordiumg these immspectiomms, and mum~depart nm(mmtal


actiomm takeim in commsequemmee tiiemcof, will be entered ill books to
be ke )t for that Puml)oSe by time Officer Counumuamuding Royal
1
Amtillcmv, time Commammdimmg Jtovai Emmgimmecr, and tIme Controller
respectively. Time Seumior Inspeetimig Olhiecr will report to time
G encrmml Olhicer Comm.mmnanding, previous to lmis mmmkimig his Auminm~ml
Inspection Report, that sueim immspections hmave i)ecii ummade, stmmtilmg
time dates thereof, and also time names of time Oflieers mmttemmdiumg.
II. PRECAUTIONS AGAINST FIRE.

23. Time Police, \Varders, \V atelminemm , amid Scumtrics, will he


particularly attentive to time least :mppe;miaim(e of a st ormmm, amid 0mm
hmcari ng time first clap of thmumumder or seeing a Ilasim of light mmimmg,
thmommgim time stormmi may be at a great distance, they will immmmmme
diatelv give aim alarm by rimmgimmg time bells at tlmeir imosts mummi time
Coumtrol Oflicer, or lumagaziume keeper, as time case mmm:mv i)e, Oh
imeariuug such aharm, will imme(iimmtel cause all time magazine doors
amid ~viimdo~vsto be slmuit, amid rise every lmrccautiolm necessary for
the safety of the mmmmmgaziume.
2-1. When sumcim mmlarmmm hmas becmm given, it will he time duty of
every peisouu in time e mum Imloy of time I) ci mart mmmcm it, wi m (timer 011 01, tulI
duty, immediately to repaim to the ofliec to rendcu sumehu services
as may be mequiierh of imimmm by time Coumt mol Ohlicer iii clmamgc.
25. Time same preeammtioums will he adopted

iii

time cvcmmt of mummy

fire breaking out in time neigimbourimood ol time ummmmgmmzimies.


26. All time lights on time premises occupied by the forenmen,
artifleers, and labourers attacimed to time statiouu will be cxtinguisimeml
at half-past teim P.M. ; except iii cases of sickness, winch arc to
be reported to time Commtrol Officer in charge.
27. No percussion caps will be kejmt iii auiy magazimme, shmiltimig
house, or other bimildimmg where aim) ummmumi inml~mtiomm (if gllmmlmow(i(r
takes place ; but all sumphms caps, either loose ot in zinc cylinders,
will be place(l in a secume store by tlmcmmsclves.

6
28. The fire-engines, engine hose, ladders, fimc-hmooks, &e.,
will be kept jim perfect repair, and so lodged that they may at all
times be ready and fit for use.

29. Time persorm in charge of time magazine shmoul(h knowperfectly time arrangement amid whereabouts at each article so as to
he able to fimmd it at ommec in time darkest imight.
30. The Comitrol Officer in charge will hue imel(l reS )onSible timat
1
time cisterns are kept commstantly full of water, for time security of
the magazine, and thmat time several pumps amid higimtning conductoms
are kept in proper repair and time wells full. Should any of these
timings become defective, a requisition will immediately be made
on time Royal Emmgimmeer Dcpartmeimt for time repairs to be performed.
III. VENTILATION OF MAGAZINES.

31. Filled cannon cartridges hmavirug been destroyed by mildew


a Imiagazimme whiich had been reported fmce from damp, time
Secretary of State for War directs that particular attemition may
invariably be paid to time ventilation of all magazimmes.
in

32, A memorandum explanatory of time principics Oil wimicim


time ventilation of magazines is to i)e regulated is printed in
time Appendix (see page 23). Local instructions based on timese
primmeiples, will l)e prepared for the guidance of time subordinates
in immediate cimarge of time huildimmgs.
Copies of any suchm
instructions will, in eaeim case, be forwarded to time War Office.
33. Eaeim magazine used for time permanent storage of loose gunpowder to time extent of 100 barrels and over, will be provided with a
common thermometer to indicate time temperature of time internal
walls.
31. At each station time Control Officer in cimarge will be
supplied with a pair of wet-and-dry-bulb thermometers, for time
pumpose of ohiservimug time dew-points. Timese thermometers should
be placed, wlmemm used for observations, in some spot in time open air
protected from time sun and wind, and not exposed to an exceptional influences. The scale attached to time dry bulb will indicate
time temperature of time external air. Time scale attacimed to time wet
bulb will indicate a temperature more or less below thmat of time air,
in proportion to time quamitity of moisture whicim the air contains;
except in time case of its being completely saturated, when both
scales will give simnihar meadimmgs. It is necessary for time wet bulb
to be always Suppiie(l with water, ami its capillary timreads and
mimslimm covermmmg kept in order.
35. By means of time annexed table time dew-point may be ascertained for various degrees of temperature, arid when time air is
in different conditions withi regard to dampness.
36. Whenever, notwithstanding a careful attention to ventilation, magazines are found to be damp, their condition may be
improved by time muse of quick_lime, whmiehi has time property of absorbing from time air about one-third of its own weight of water.

7
37. ~
proper time for usimmg lime is wlmen time condition o ftimc
nimmgmmzimme would not ime improved by ventilation, and w-hieiu, comm
scqumemmtly, time ventilatoms are closed. JjiflIC would be of very
little service wimile mm iapid curremmt of muir was passimmg through time
buiiding.
38. LInme will be used mlmmrimug hue seasoims of time year least
favourable for vemmtilation in all immagazines tiuat show signs oi
daimipiiesS.
39. The lime shouhh be fresim from the kiln, broken into lumps
not larger timaim ai)out time size of a pigeomus egg, amid exposed to
time air of time immterior of time magazimme in simallow vessels. It
shommid be kept in airtight casks ummtih spie:md omit fom use.
~10. Time best limes for absorbing moisture are fat limes (wimielm
are least vahumable for bmuiimliimg pimmposcs), such as tlmosc prodimeemi
from ~vhmitecimaik amid time umonlmydrammiic hiuuestoumes.

Ii. TArn~r showing time Dewpoint of time Air mit thilleieimt degrees of
teimmperaturc~~s Imeim time n-:mdimmg of time ~Vct Bmihi ol time llmermmmonmeter
is fmonm 1 to 30 degrees below that of tIme 1)my Bulb.
.
.~ ~

~~s
~

DLS~-point,vlmen time \Vct 13,mlb sI nuis from


Dr~Bulb.

314

3(3

333

31

353

394
I1~
41
4(3
-IS
50
52
51
53)
58
(30
69
613
6(33

334
353
373
393
414
433
-154
-iS
50
52
513
5(33
583
603
62.3
613

683

6133

613

704
723
7-I
7(33

683
703
72
711

783
803

7(33

(33)3
694
71
7:1

783

77.

821
8l~
8(33
883

803
823
81-4
862

79
Si
8:33
854

10
12
41
46
18

so

52
5.1
5(3

58
60

62
61
66
68
70
72
74
7(3
78
SO
82
81
86
88
00

( a 10 10 wt.r (lit time

1
2
3
1
8
9
1O~
5
(;~
7
Lower. Lower, Low-er. Ever. I ,00-er, Low-cr. 1.,w,r. Lower, Low-er. I.ower.

31

as

30

37h

283

2Si
304
333
353
37(

283

303

2S3
am
33

-16
48
50
523
5 if
5(33

~l31
3Sf
371
:393
113
41
.1(3
-18
503
521
513

553

5(33

513

603
62-h

584
603
62~
6(4
674

57
59
(31

693

713

(191
71 .m~

394
413

-J~3

73

733
7.53

77.3

791
t113
831

282

351
:373
393
42
11
-0~

304
333
3S1
:173
-10
(2
-ii

uS
-10
-(2

-1s3

163

ul~

503
523

-~S3-~(33
52

502

551

533

573
593
613
6:14

553

~
433
-163
l~
511
5:13

573

5s3

593
62

~5I
673

64
6(3

573
601
623

694
714
7:14
75i

(38
70
72
71-

783

7~i

SOl

783

63
(351

7:m3
753
77.1
80
82

2S3
313
:13.1

:ms~

so~ 4s4

291

:mi4
:333
3m;
38

rn

29
31
31
36

29
32
31-

as

:o;

-13
-15
-1-7
-191
511
5:1~
551
583

41

-n

~ui

603
(.23

umu

-13
-(5
4-8
50
52
5-i
57

59

~6i

6(1

(II
63

(381

(,i;4

(15

703
7.21
753
77~

(.84
7.04
733

67
69
72
71

7~d

8
IV. CARE AND STOWAGE OF GUNPOWDER.

42. 0mm time arrival of powder time Control Officer will hook to
time distimmguishmiimg marks omi time heads of time l)arrels, and wiil
arrange tlmemn in time magazines so as to keep time barrels of time
sevemah lots together as far as praeticabie.
43. Every barrel, box, or case will be carefully examined, iii
order to discover wimetimer it he jmerfeetlv closed, so that mmo I)ow~lem
can escape, amid whether any of time hoops he fastened ivitim iron
nails, or timere be amuy iroim or anything objectionable on aimv part
of time barrel, &e. Should any barrel, box, or case be discovered
so circumstanced, it will not l)e received into time magaziimcs, but
time powdcm will be immediately simifted into ammotimer barrel or case,
and a report made to time Commtrolier. These pmeeammtions must
never i)C mlispeimsed witim, as fatal aecidemmts have imappeimed fmommm
their bcimmg mmegleeted. A meeord of time examination will be made
on every arrival of powder.
44. No barrel, l)oX, or case will omm any accouimt be opened in
time magazine, but, wimen required, will be taken to a simifting moonu,
which ougimt alw-ays to be pmovided for timat ~ pOse.
43. No barrels coimtainimmg powder or ammmmumuition will be
suffered to lie open in time magazine, and no powder will be shifted
fmom omme bay to another, or otimeruvise, witimout a sufficieimt nunuber
of taimne(l hides or wadumiltilts being J)laeC(i umider time barrels, imm
order to keep the imow(lei as much as possible from time floors;
ammv ioose powder will be carefuhiv swept lmj), aum(i not suflemcd to
remaimm. Care mmmst also i)e takemm tlmat all 1)0W(ler barrels are
properly mmd securc1~ stacked in time several bays; and, in case
ammy of time heads of time bamrcls start, time) will immediately be
removed, amid time powder simifted into serviceable barmels.
46. Iii time event of time issue of a less quantity thuamm a whole
barrel, time paekmmge commt:mimiimmg it will be marked like time hamrel
from whiehi it is taken. In time journal of issue, time marks,
dates, &c., will he imoted as a matter of record.
47. iii stackimmg bamrels or cases of powder amid ammunitioim, a
space will he left between them and time wail of time magazimme,
to allow of a free circulation of air amid prevent injury from damp.
48. Oceasioimmml opportuiiities will i)e taken at all stations,
(especially where time magazines are liable to damp,) of shifting
powder from one bay to ammothmer, amud opening and ie-Coopcring a
few hamrels, imi order to aseertaimm if time powdem is free from lumps,
amid to keep time barrels in a serviceable and good state. If iii
perfornmimug this work time powder should he found in any way
lumpy or seE, it will be shifted from omue barrel to anotimer, time
lunmims hieing broken down with time lmammd as time powder is passed
from time barrel to whmiehm it belongs, t~ time new one.

49. The practice of periodically rolling about barrels must Imot


be resorted to, as it breaks time grains of powder into dust.
50. Ammunition for breech-loading smahl-arms, which contains
its own means of ignition must not be stowed within time same
masonry compartments of magazines as gunpowder, whether time
hatter is loose or in time shmape of filled gum cartridges.

9
51. Commtrol Ollmccms xviii mmeeordiuuglv take time necessary steps
for piacimm~mimmmmmmummmtmomi of this class iii separate mmmasommmv comnhmart
mneimts.

3~4. Powder, time pmoiiumce of brokcimup i)iCeelmioadimmg small


minim ammmmmmummitiomu, will hot be stomcd jim mmmag:mzimmes om umseml for :mimy
l)nmhmos~, on mmeemmmmmt of time (ia.igem ~vlmielmnmigimt arise fmommm a
umuixtlmre of time detommatimmg eomiupositiomm witlm it.
53. Such powmler will be camm.fimlly kept sep:mrate, wetted amid
reserved for extraetioim of time saltpetre.
5 1. Brceeimioadi mug sniahiammmu :immmumnmit ion shmommld mmot imowever
he i)rokdn up witimout time speei:mi order of tIme SummvvvorG cmicmmml,
Oi)taimme(l thmmommgh time Commtmohler, Royal A msemial.
53. Powder fmommm Pmilliser shells will lie tueatcml
manmier to thm:mt ohitaiimed fmomn B.L. :mmmmmmmummitiomm.

iii

a similar

~G. Pomidem fmommm simehis, immmhes.s it c:mmu he sold on time spot, will
be stored iii a imm:mgazimme sepam:mte fmomuu ot lien pomvdem, or ~vetted
amid meseivemi Ior cxi uactjomm. Pomumlem, :mitimouigim t:mihed ~hmmiI
iii
time ieturmms, is umot to be (ommdenmmied immmless it :tetmmahlv cammme omit of
shmeiis. A great portion of time powmher iii lt.A. chm:mmgc for liiliimg
shells was imever iii shmehls at all, wluihe tIme iemmmaimmder was issued
in fiammnci b:mgs as bmu~teis.
57. rfl (~ )o\mdem wlmicim Imas beemm loimgest imm stoic will alw:mys
1 1
be issued first, (Xcept by sp~eiaiom(iei to time eommtiamy. All new
po~vlerbarrels, wimeim propemiv seasommcd, mviii he romrccthy tare(i,
amid time weiglmt. of time tame umu:mmked oum time b:mimei.
58. \Vhmemm aim) (if iTem Majestys shmi ms are metmmnmmimmg hmommme
1
from foreign statiomms, Commt iol Ohhicems will :m~)plvto time Semmior
Naval Officer for iwmImiissiomm to humid suieb scivieeablc momrder ammd
1
aimummmmmitiomm as imuav he remjuimed at time st:mt ion, mumd to scud Imommue
any uimmsemviecable pomvdem amid aiummmmummmitiomu iii CxClm:mmmg(.
59. Ilpouu no mmccommmmt wimatevem are fmietiomu tiuhmes, pei(ulssiomL
fuzec, om fmmzes of mmmiv himmd that coumtain tlmcim omvmm immeamms of
ignitiomi, witlmimm timemmmselvcs, to i)e I)lmmc(ml immside mmii) immag:mzilme.
V. COOPERAGE.

GO. All tools, immstmmmmumeuits, or othuem mmltieh(s used jim (lie uum:uguu
xi mm es ame to be mum mmdc of wooml om copper, am m 1 mm (;t iiiumg comm t muiiilm g
imomu, om liable to cause igmmitiomu, will lie mmdmmmitted.
(II. Time use of iroim rivets to colupem 1100115 (mf tlme descmiimt ion
used for mowdem barrels, wimethmem loose 01 othmemwise, is forhidmlimu,
1
eveuu if those lmoojms should be iuiteimde(l to be mmJ piied iii time iimst
immstammce to hiaireis imot eommtaiiminmg powmicm, ;ms timmy ;mme liable to
be afterwards tmamusfemred to sumehm as mummy cmmmtmuiim it.

(32. To prc~cntammy iimeomivcnieumcc to time scmmiee (limit might


auisc from time ~mammt
of pmohmer rivets mmeeessmmmy to rcpl:mee those
wimicim ummmmv lmieak, Control Olhieems at mull stmitiomms mu iii keep a
small store of cop errivets so fiiuicuut fin I lm:mt P~~~~
mumud umumuke
1~
ti mumehy demumammds fin such as they ummay I cmlumilc.

10
63. Time pieces of wood formimig time hieads of powder bamrels
will he put togethuer witim woodcut mifls, ammd imm no case will iroum
1

be used.

6-1. In hmeading and uniucmiding powder barrels, time persons


employed will never misc time bare amhze agaiimst time copper imoops,
but will invariably apply a wooden setter.

65. Whemmever it nmav be necessary to shift gunpowder from


one barrel to ammotimer, time baircl immtemmded to receive suchm powder
will first hmave all time marks, except time tare on it, carefully
obliterated, amid will thmemm be remarked witim precisely the same
marks as time barrel from whence time powder is transferred, with
time exception of time tare marks.
66. Nails will oim no account be used to fastcn omm time hmeops
jIm re-heading powder

barrels.

67. Powder barrels, either for stowage or issue, will contain


100 lbs. each, except in time ease of P powder, of whmicim each
bairel contains 125 lbs. Time quantity of powder in cannon and

small-arm cartridges will be calculated accordingly.


VI.

EXAMINATION AND CLASSIFICATION OF GUNPOWDER.

68, Time examination of gunpowder imm store will be conducted


by Imuspcctoms of Warlike Stores and other Pioof Officers, in time
following manner
69. About onc-fiftim part of time wimole quantity in store will
be tested ammmmuahly ; of timis fifthm, omme in every 20 barreis, selected
immdisemimimmately, will be cxanuined. Iii the second year time same

course will be pursued withm refcremmce to another fifthm of time


store, and so on until time wimole shmall have been examined, wimemi
time process will be repeated.
70. Time barrels actually examined will in each case be marked,
and otimer barrels will be selected whemm time same lot again comes
under examination.
-

71. Time examination of powder will be conflimed to an inspection by sigimt and hmammd, for time purpose of testiimg its qualities
in time following points :1st. As respects the condition of time grain, wimicim should 1)0
firm, crisp, and biighmt in colour.
2nd. As regards freedom from dust and foreign matters.
This latter point will be ascertained by pouring time powder
from a bowl held 2 or

3 feet above the barrel.

72. The firing proof, by means of the Eprouvette Mortar, ivill

cease.
73. If time examimmation be in all respects satisfactory, and

there be no sign of deterioration, time powder may be placed in


Class I,
74. Any portion of Scrv~cepowder found on immspectiomm to be
unmistakeably dusty or broken in time grain, may at once 1)0

reduced to an inferior class.

ii
75. Exceptions to this mule will, Imoivevem, be made imm time case
of 11.. F.G. amid R.L.G. powders, wimiehm, if omuly dusty, will 1)0
medumiste(i amid xcstomed to time 1st Cimmss.

76. lii cases that admmmit of dommbt, time report of tIme ex anuimmatioum
4

~vihl lii tmammsmmmittc

thmroumgh time local Comitroilem, to tIme Supemimu_

temmdemut, Rovmul G umupowdem Factory, i)efOme time 1)0\1(ler is me(hmee(l


fmonu tIme Semvice Class ; hut if mmmgeuutlv requiied for service it
may lie

iSSUe(l.

77. Service po~vdcis include all descui1utiomis used for firimug


pmojcctihes, whether from camiuiomm or smnall armums.
powders immelmmde service, biammk, amid such po~dcrs.
78. After examumimmmmtion, Ummmmpomvdei will lie classified mud
marked mmecouding to time foliowimmg Imthhe ; ammd if repaired, time
liarmels will i)e specimmliy distiimguisiicd (see ~. 87), in oidcr to euusumre
their beimmg issued l)etOmC gumupowder mm a less tletcrioratcul
comudition. Reexaumuimmatioum will be noted iii like nuaummicr witim

(late.

Class,

I.
11.

Designation.
Service

Shell

IV.

Doubtful

i,.

1 All hew
2. All metimmmiett powder (including eannoum cartridges) wiiielm
on ex:liiiination mtmav be ftiwiii tuiimijiiietI.
1, Ptuitl vi fmtnmi iiriti -rimump lamimtOmi ia lt Fitigis, unless specially
1
placed in Cln~iI.
2. lowdem fromim broli in lii) S. A. ,kmnmniiimii ion.~
3, Strvie ~wdei found diittv or li1oI~t1mjim I lit grain imt-

l3lmnmk

111,

(ondenutd
fit ~iis

VI.

Coni,unntd

for

1)csemiptiomm.

extrm.it ion

ptiiodid ispirt ions, or on ret urn


except in time
Cises ot It, L. Ii, miii It }. 0. iowtiers, Which if only
1
(I 1151 V will it&~i~t~~(l
~l,d fum s,rv ice.
1. Powder found too iii I v for Chiss 11.
2. 1 oi,iivr tmu,pfcti front sh,ll.~.
All jioivti~i I it iviu (ti cviii ul&w tnvtier) nt urmicil into
suite, intl awlimiuig imunirit joim,
lowti,r fitinti iii ,~:iiijm:lt iii to In too nmucli deteijouitcl
to b pity! in univ ot tl~ihovi ellsns.
I&iwtlii 1I~tiiuttto Is (Ito nit-li daiiagttl timid unfit for tiny
tiling html txl rn-tiomm of sali~i(re,

79. Powders found Oh examimmatiomi to be repairable, ~siil at


once he marked with time class to wlmieli tlmey arc cmmjmmmhde of being
converted ; but will be crossed iii wlmite chalk, jim order to iii(h
cate that thmey ame ommly oquivahcmmt to a doubtful powder iii an
issuing poiumt of view.

* Powder obt mmcl by breaking imp breech ioi ding eunill-mrnm fluhlmi until ion ~liouhl
be at once t Itoroiiglily wetted, is il iiulmy ttut,iiuu snitil lilt hits if iictitmiiting Coil
11~sitiomm. 1mm this state it is use1cs~except for extract iou of silt petre, ill! will
therefore be placed 1mm Climsi VI,

12
80. At home stations all powder rcturmmcd immto store will, in
time first instance, be placed in Class IV. ; it will be removed
to omie of time other five classes on the result of time inspection
being determined. At stations wimeic conveniences for local
examimmatiou may exist, a requisition will be trade by time Controller to hmave thus inspeclicu made mvithmoumt delay. If ciicmuu
stances simould render such a comurse imumpractmcable, time gunpowder
will be retained as doubtful, amid a report of time circumstances
made to time Controller, Royal Arsenal, Woolwich, whmo mull convey
the orders of time Surveyor-General in the matter.
81. At foreign stations time cxamimmation of powder will be eontimieted by time Iroof Officer, on time requisitiomm of time Contmol Officer.
Time cxamiumatiomm will he made a~soon as possible after delivem into
store, in order to enable time Comnmiaissrmmy to assminme charge ot time
gunpowder in accordance with its existing state and coumdition.
82, At stations wimere no Ar~ilieryare located, time Commissary
will personally examine all powder eoimtaimmed in time origiumal
packages as soon as received into store. If no sign of detcriomation lmrescnt itself, lie may assume charge of the powder umider
its original classification, and may re-issue it aceordimmgly ;
siuould there be any reason for doubt, time powdem will be taken
in charge and marked as under Class j\T, and time circumstances
reported to time Controller, Royal Arsenal, ~Voolwmchi,
who wmll
communicate time orders of time Surveyor General.
83. Powder fromu broken up cartridges, and powder emptied from
shells, will iim all cases be sifted before being returned into stome,
so timat all extraneous articles may be detected. Barrels of
powder

emmiptied from shells arc to be distiumguished as sucim.

84. Time sizes of sieves used in sifting powder before returning

it into store, will be as follows :

For It. L. (3. powder, a sieve of 3 meshes to time iimclm.


L. G.
,,
,,
6 ,,
It. F. G.
,,
,,
8 ,,
1?. (3.
,,
,,
12 ,,
Pistol

,,

,,

16

,,

85. On receiving powder, Commissaries will look to time thistinguisiming marks, slmowiimg the description of powder, makers
namoc, and dates of stoving; and will arrange tiu~barrels in time
magazimme accordingly, carefully keeping time powder of each (late
of stoving together as far as practicable.
86. In issuing service powder, care will be taken to issue as far as
possible, the powder of time same maker, and of the same date of
stoving.

87. The annexed examples will show time manner in whmiclm time
heads of barrels will be mamked in futuue.

13
No. 1.
POWDER
125 hbs.

No. 33

5621.

APRIL, 1871,
LOT 1-183,
VII. 28.

No. 2.

POWDEIt
100 11)5.

L. G:~Examined

5.

20.

6~,

VII. 27.

No. 3.

PO\~J)Eit
100 lbs.

R. L. G.*
TIe-duistedf 17. 10, 69,

TR. 26i.

-~

Tltrac letters n iii be in red paint.

Or

Rrputiiei!,

is the ease mnny

lie,

14
No. 4.

POWDER

100 lbs.

L.G.
BLANK,
Til. 23.

POWDER

100 lbs.

L.G.
Sil ELL,
TB, 28,

88. No. 1 applies to new powder.


No. 2 applies to returned powder, whiehm, after examination,
Imas been classed for service.
No. 3 applies to returned powder, mvhiehm, after examimuation,
hmas been re-dusted or otherwise rcpaiued for service,
No. 4 applies to blank or exercise powder.
No. 5 applies to simeil powder.
Time 5th line in No. 1 commtains
1. TIme brand of powder (No. 33).
2. Time number of barrels in time i)riuul (56).
3. Time number of time barrel itself in time brand (24).
89, Gunpowder is thvidccl iimto lots for convenience of storing;
each of time 100 barrels comnposimmg a lot is marked witim the sanme
number, and the mmumnbems of time lots mmmli commseemmtively for cachm

mammufitctmuer, as powder is sum pphmcd.

15
90. Time fohlowiimg list simons time immmrposes for whicim powders of
time se~claldcscmi~mtmomms arc to be mused ; and demaumds and issues
will be ucgumlatcd iii aceordumncc timerewith,
p. For time but/eriny charges of all rifled gums of 7-inch calibre

amm(l umpwards, amid for all semvice clmnrges of ~10lb. amid lul)
wards. Whmen no P imomvdem is available, R. L. G. will be
use(l.
Seiuice R. L. G.

For service chmaiges, up to ~10 lb., of all

M. L. It. gimums above time 6-1-pr.; amid likewise for batterimug


charges of all gumms whmen 1. powlem is not available.
&rtice L. G. For all S. B. ordmm~ueeand B. L. It. guns, for
M. L. II. gmmns up to time 6-Ipr. immelmmsivc (except time
7pr. with which F. 0. is used), amid immay he used iii
cases of necessity witim M. L, II. guns imp to time 9immeim
of 12 tomis immclmmsive.
Seruicc I?. F. U. For rifled smnrtllarmus of every description
except Mamtimmillcimrv mmmskct and pistols.
Sc,.rice F. G. For 7-pr. M. L. B. guns, fom all smmmoothm-borc

smmmailamms, amid ibr time l)lirstimmg charges of shmapimel


simells.
Scrviee !is(ol. For Colts, amid l)eamm and Adams camtridgcs,
ammd for burstiuig chmarges of all shmapumel shells.
Blank, or Eaercise B. L. U. awl L, G. For lmlaimk cimarges of
all descriptions of rifleul amid smooth-bored orthmmammce.
Blank, or Ereietse B. F. G. Oflhl F. G. For blaimk smallarm
cartmidgcs of every description. flmcsc powdeus may, if it
be commsidercd advisable, be mused jo~~blank charges for

ordnance when theme is a surphims store.


L. (l. for time bursting ehmamges of all slmchls,
rifled, or smmmootlmbore, exeelmt simrapmmel (see above), aimd
6, 9, 12, amid 20pr. segnmemmt shmehls, (or which F. G. is to
be mused. F. U. or L. (I. imm Class II. may be taken if no
F. (3, om L. (I. in Class 111. be available, amid s(rvice F. 0.
or I~.(3, mt~ no blammk F. (3. or L. U. be available.
91. Sermiie powder mviii never be issued for blank ci emerczce
cartridges, wimemi ammy powder classed ummmdeu time latter head is mmmaii
able. This rule is immtemmmicd to .mimidv stmietlv to time umommissue of
Service It. L. (3. amid It. F. 0. powders for blank charges. 1~xtrcisc
lmOn(ler will not be issimcd for lilhimmg slmells, wimeum shielh lmowdcr is
avaihable.
92. The Proof Officer will be eaicfmml to imote at his issuing and
reccivimmg exuuumiimatioims, time imummibers of time hots, as also time immarks
mmd dates tlmat Imave been place(1 0mm time various barrels ~f powder
smmbmittcd for his immshmcctmoum, befbrc being issmmcd to, or oim being
received from 11cr Najestys Land or Naval Forces. All thmcse
particulars will be cmmtercd in time report uumade to time Couummissamy,
in order thmat tlmev mimumy be available for fmmtimic refememice imm case of
S/ic/i Powder.

necessity.

VII. LABORATORY OPERATIONS.

93. The fohlowimmg instmuctiouis will ime. stricthv olmseived by all


persomis eumgmIgc(l imm work commmmcctcd with Combustible Stomcs.

16
~\~mm1any laboratory operation, such as makiug imp animunition,
rcnmovmumg fuzes and filling or emptying shuells, is required
to be perfornied, time Commissamy in charge will iumform time Controller. Time Comutrohier mviii tlmcmm report time same to time General
Officer Commanding, mmimo will direct time Commanding Officer of
t1m~Royal Artillery to take steps for time performance of this duty.

93. Timese opematioums wifl be camrie(l on in accordance witim the


following extract from time Queens Regulations 1868 (Pama. 661).
The detailed applicatiou of thme~eiimstrmtctions mmimmst depend ujmomm
time means available at each statiomm.

(it.) No laboratomy operatioum wimiehm involves risk of an cx


plosiomi is to be carried on withmin a distance of 400 yards fmom a
magazine in whmiehm large quantities of gummpowder arc stomed.
(b.) No accumulation of gmmmipowdem or othmer explosive
material is to be allowed 0mm mummy aceoummt in time womkslmops, or iii
close proximity to time laboratory buildings. A small expemuse
magazine in a safe position is to be provided, time stores arc to

be drawn from timis mmmagmmzine in small qmmantities as required, and

time fiumisimeci work is to be metmmimmed to time niagaziule in time samue


way. This is a most important poiumt, for umotwithstrmumdimig every
precaution an accident may occur.
(c.) All the arrangememmts slmommld timerefore be made with a
~ view to reduce as far as practicable time amoummt of explosive or

combustible material imm a building at aumy one time, wimcre


laboratory operations arc being camricd 0mm.

(d.) Time destrmmctiomi of combiustihic stores by fire, or by

breaking up, is on no account to be effected witimin time precincts

of a laboratory.
(e.) All persons engaged in work conumected with combustible
stores are to ehmaumge thmeir outer clothes, viz., coat, waistcoat,
trousers, cap, and shoes, amid to wear suits specially provided for
thus ~
(f.) Time chmaumge of clotimes to be cflccted in a simifting imouse,
whmerc time omdimmary chothiiuig is to be deposited.
0
(g.) niy steady amid intelligent men arc to be employed on
laboratory work, amid time preference is to be given to timose mslmo
imave passed tbronglm a comurse at Woolwieh.

96. In removing fuzes from shells only suchm toolsas arc piovided
for this purpose mviii be used, and with respect to time pillar fmmze
especial care will be takemm not to press unduly upon the head out
account of its very close proximity to time detoumating composition.
97. To reduce time risk iii extracting pillar fuzes as far as
possible, a special extractor will he supplied.
98. In cases in which time fuac will not yield to time authorized
means of extraction, time shell, if not provided witim an unloading
hole, will be placed under water, and in 1/mis condition, namely under
water, a small hole mviii be bored through time side for time admission
of water. TIme powdem will be timomouuglmiv sat umrated before any
further steps arc taken to remove time fmuze.

17
99. Wlmemm t1mi~ operation caumnot be coni-cimiemitly performed,
time site11 will be thimowmm into time sea, or otherwise safely
(hiSposed of,

100. If time shell has an ummloadimmg hole, time ummmloading hmole


pimig mviii be unscrewed, thm~ pa~)ier mn~1elit~waml forced immto the
immtemior, aumd water pommmed itm ummtil time powder is tlmorougimly
saturated.
101. Time opeiatiomm of removing time fmmze from time shell will be
merfommmued in a Se )ammmte bmmildiimg, amid jim time abscmmce of s meciud
1
1
1 at a
mcasomms
to time commtrary,
ommly omme shell will be o1memmmted upomi
titmie.
102. Whmeum flue fumze is renuoved a service metal fuize hole plug
mviii be semewed in to secure time imoiviher, ammd time simell thiemi coum
veycd to aumotimer bmmildimmg to be emmiptied.
103. To empty time simehl a wooden fuammuc or cradle will he mused
to iest time such upoum, amid time greatest care will be takemm that
evemy portloim of time bmmrstiimg chmamge is rcmmmoved before time simehl
is retmmmimed immto stome as enupty, water beimig used to washm out ammy
trace of powder whmielm it may be dithicimit to meniove witim the
copper scraper.
10 1. Shells timmis cmi1 )ticd will be ummmmrkecl on time imead witlm an

1
E imm wlmite paiumt at Woolwichm,
ammd red paimmt at otlmer statiomms, also
witlm a letter to (lemmote time stations. Time powder obtained will
be tmcate(l as (himeCt(d iii ~)aiimgrm1~)ii
56, amid in general any 1)omvchcr
mvlmiclm, duiimmg laboratory opcmatiomm, lmas beemi spilt Oh time floor, or
otimemwisc expose~ito a(limiixtmmme witim iron filings, grit, or dirt of
aumy desemiptioum, will be mit oumec swept up, wetted amid reserved for
extraction.
VIII.

CONVEYANCE OF AMMUNITION AND GUNPOWDER BY


LAND.

105. No ammumuitiomm or gummpomvder will lie scmmt to any station


at imommme, ummtii time officer wimo lm:ms to receive it imas been commmnnuui
cmmtid mvitlm by time ofhiecr wimo huts to immakc time supply, amid time
commsigimee hums rc mlied timat lie is lmeimarmd to receive it.

1
106. At time timmme time issue is made mm Jmropcm iimvoice wuli be
sent to time comisigmlce.
107. When smnahlamm ammmmmmition or gunpowder hmas to be

removed by time troops, in their own wagons, or in time wagons


bciongiumg to time War Dcpartnuent, a requuisitioim will he made on
time General or othmcr Officer Commnandiimg time 1)istriet om (i:mrzison,
by time Officer jim clmauge of time 1)ep~t, statimmg lime uumimber of
mvagoums meqtmircd, amuh time day oum whmiclm time ammmunmmimition or powder
will be ready fou reimmoval. it will be left to time Officer Cnmmmimmand
mug time Troops to lix time day amid Imour out whmieh time muimmmmmumitiou
or gmmmipowder shall be rcmnovcd.
108. At time time amid place appoummtcl, a Control Officer or a
Serjemmumt Coumductor will be iii attendance to hmaumd time packages
ov-r to tIme Officer Comnummaummhimmg time party, Simomml(h wad,mij It iii s be
required foi time sccmmiitv of time mmmummummtitioim time. w mIt Ime lent to
time nmilitarv pamty, amid time Commtiol Olhicer will tal~.ecare timcy are

18
duly retm.mined wimen time service lies I)cefl completed. 1mm order,
imowevcr, that there may be mmo (iividcml responsibility, it is to be
cleauly understood timat time Officer in Comumammd will be respoumSih)Ie
for time due dehveuy of time packages, as well as for time wagons
being in cli respects suitable, 1)mopexly stowed, amid not Oveuha(heim.
.100. When large quantities imavc to be fomwardcd, otimerwise
than by nujhjtau~eouuvcvamicc, time Commtmol Ofiiecr makimig time issue
wmhl take care that time commtractor by wimommi time packages are
forwarded, provides ~ropcr convevammee for time sanme; that tIme
carts or wagomus arc not overiademm ; aum(h that timey are ~uo~emly
scemucd botim froumm damuger and damp, amid for this object wadmuuil
tilts and luiuies may be but to time commtraetou on time terms humid
down in ~ 108.
110. As all amnmuuuitioum mmd gmumpowmier sent by railway is
imIacc~iium properly couistmuctcd powder 1,amms (except when secured

in imoum safety eases, as alluded to in

113), no fmuthmer precautioums

umgaimist danger are imeecssarv, time mailway aiutiuomities amid commtmaet

carrier being

responsible ;

but time coumtmact camriems will have to

see thmat time packages are hmaumded over to time railway officials

iii

proper order amid commditiomm. Thuey ~viil Imave also to make all
aurangemnents with each railway compaumy for time due forwarding
of time animnumuitiomi or gmmmmpowder, without delay, after receipt at
time statiomu, amid will, tbmeuctoie, have to give (hue mmotice to suclm
compmmmmy of time (lay amid lmommr cmi mvlmieim it is to be forwarded.
Time contract carriers will further be iCsl)oumsml)ie, that, wimen the
ammunition reaeimcs time railway statioum, puoper convcyamiccs are at

hmand to convey it to its fimmai destination.


111. ~
amid other corps may draw timeir own amnmuui
tioum amid convey it to thmeir own magmmzimues, time Officer iii charge
of time Dep~ttakiiig care that time couvcyaumccs are iim all respects
suitable, amid ame miot overiademm. Wacluniltilts may also be iciut on
time terms lund dowmi imu 108.
112. In time absemmec of special orders from time War Office,
escorts mviii not be required to accourmpany ammmnmmmition ou guuu.
powder, unless time General or other Officer comniamudimig the
District or Garrison considers it necessary, amid imi time evemmt of
such being time case, lie uuill duly immformn time Commtrol Officer, wimo
will in such a case, invariably apply to such officer for time proper

escort, stating in hit application time quummutities of animumnition or


gunpowder to be forwarded, by whiat commvcvauee to he seumt, as also
time day and hour fixed for its departure. It will be for time Officer
Commanding time troops to determine the strength and description
of time escort required.
113. In time conveyance of small qimantitics of small-arm
ammtmnitioum by railways in time United Kingdom, jim order to
expedite issues to regiments au(l also to reduce time expense of time
emploYment of powder vaums, metal cylinders adapted for containimmg
Imahl and qmuarter barrels mviii be used.
I 14. These cyhindcus will be conspicuously marked with time
name of time statioum to whielm they belong, mmd .vitlm time lettcrs
\\ .4~ 1), ami will be lucid oum chuaige as articles iii use, mmotwith
standing timeir beimmg sent umwav from time to time witim ammunition.

9
115. Commanding Ollicems and others will, imummme(uiately 0mm
receiving these cvhimmdems, emnpty amid retummm thmenu, witlm time
spammmmers ammd bags, to time Commtrol Ollicer at time statiomi fmommi
wimichi they are scuit, by time same mode of commveyauicc by which
thuey arrived.
116. Every immstaumcc of umumlecessarv (lelay iii time return of time
cvhiumders, &c., will be immmmcdiateiy reported by time Commissary

in chamge to time Controller.


IX. CONVEYANCE OF AMMUNITION AND GUNPOWDER BY
DEPARTMENTAL VESSELS.

117. 0mm arrival at any Control Statioum, time Master of time


vessel will imummediately mcport iminmsclf to time Comitrol Officer, amid.
if any stores are on bound, deliver time bills of lading.
118. Time Master will keep a log book, inserting time daihy
occlmmrcumccs, and also time receipts amid deliveries. flue tally of all
stores passimmg immto or omit & the vessel will be taken by time Master
or Mate, wimo will be Imeki strictl accommntable for the delivery of
all time stoues accomdimmg to time receipt tally, and ami~ deficiency
must be immmmnc.liatcly ieported by thue Commtrol Officer to whmoiuu thue
stomes aue commsigumed.

119. rj~ Master will attemmd daily at tIme Contuoi Office at time
statiomm whmeie time vessel ama be hyimmg, to receive Mmcli orders a~thie Control Ofiiccr may finmI it mmecessary to give. r1~1ue Mastem
mviii receive his imistrmietiomus fiomn time Commtrol Olliccr omily.

120, Time Master will frequently cxaimuiuuc time hold, miami be


paiticulamiy careful that all iron bolts, nails, &c., are covered with
simect lead or taummucd hide, arid that any defects iii the vessel or
stores arc imunucdia~e1yreported, in wmitiumg, to time Control Officer
at time Station.

121. Pmeviommsly to receivimig mummy gunpowder, ammummuition, &c.,


time Master or Mate will tumkc especial care to examine time hold,
and see that it is clean swept, free from grit or dust, amid iii a fit
state to receive time stores, lie will report time fact to time Coumtrohier.
122. As a general rule no conibustible stores will be comiveved
iii tluc same boy witlm powder amid anmumuimuuition.
In spcciuml eases,
luowever, whmeme combustible stores of aim uunexeeptiommaiule dcscrip
tioum are fouwarled witim proper preeammtiomi as to tlmeim stowage and
security, thuis rcstuictioum may be ommuitted,

123. On receiving gnnpoader, amuumnuumition, &c., time Master


will see that time pimmtlomiu jim time vessels hmold, tite gauugwavs amid
comiumgs of time hatchmwavs are covered witim tanned hides, that
the bammcls or boxes are carefully stowed, time hmitcimes properly
secured and
possessiomm.

locked, ammul tim.t time key remmmaumms iim imis ouvum

12l. A. cushioum (stuffed mvithm mvhmitc oakutn) covered with


all poummlcm barrels om cases upon,
whuethmcr in time huoid of the vessel or on time vmhuumrf, mvlucn loading or
leatimcr, will be mused for landing

dischamgirug momvdei.
1

20

125. In stowing powder in time hold of time vessel the baruels


will be carried, armcl on umo aecoummt rolled over each otlmer, unless
tanned hmmdcs arc laid down for time pmmrpose of protection.
126. No leaky or badly coopered band will be received on
board, and shmould sumclm be ofleucd, time Master will refmuse to
receive it, and mviii report time ciucunistauice to the Control Officer
in charge at time station imnmediatcly.

127. After the vessel luas bccmm discharged, time bides, hair
cloths, &c., will be removed, and time hold carefully cleaned omit.
128. On delivery of time above mentioned stores time same eammtioum
will be mused as iii loading, amid if any barrels or boxes simould hmave
been unavoidably broken, mummy powder wluich may have become
loose will be carefully swept imp, and time cimcumstaumecs reported
by the Master to the Controller before dehivemy to time Magaziime,
129. No fires, other than time engine-room fire, will be lighted
on board auuy vessel, barge, or craft convevimug gummpowdcr, or
combmmstible stores, to any place iuu time River Timamimes within one
mile below Gravesend, or in citimer of time canals headmumg to
Aldershmot or Wreedon; nor betweeui time Noue mind Chmatluam in time
River ?~1edway; nor withmium two nmiies of time Spit, or outer Buoy,
leading to Ilarwichm Harbour.
130. When gunpowder or ammunition is shipped, and time
vessel is witlmin time limits of any port, uueitlmcr fimcs, highuts, nor
smoking will, under any circumstances, be permitted 0mm board.
131, Fires will be provided in flue cook houses at time several
stations when requisite, for cooking time provisions.
132. When at anchor at night, jum a roaclstcad, or jim time track
of shipping, a masthmead light will be showim, and, when under
weigh time side lighmts, according to Admiralty Regulation.
133. When time vessel, barge, or other craft is one mile below
Grauescnd, amid not nearer than half-a-mile of any iumhabited place
or magazine, a fmme may be ligImted on board for cooking purposes
only, amid time Master will see it carefully extinguished at sunset,
and one hour previously to going alommgside mummy shuip or magazine.
The engine-room fires in time steamers must also be put out one
hour previously to going alongside any ship or magazine.
134. Smoking below is strictly prohibited.
135. When a vessel has received gunpowder, ammunition, or
be hoisted at time masthead, and kept flying until time cargo is discharged. The master
or mate and all time crew will remain on board until all time stores
are discharged, uumiess it may be necessary to procure water or
provisions, in which case notice will be given to time Control Officer,
but the vessel is not to be heft without either time master or mate
and one seaman.
combustible stores on board, a red flag will

21
136. No lucifer nuatcimcs will at any time be used on board any
T)epaitmemit Vessels, and any person found to be in
possession of time samne, will i)e imummediatelv dismissed. Time usual
timl(ieri)OX, &c., uvihl be kept by time Master, mmd useul for time lmur
1)050 of strmkimmg a light whmeim actually umeeessary.
137. At Priddys IIamd, Pmmrfleet, amid Tipnci, when in conse
qucnee of waumt of water, a vessel lademm with I)oum(ler or conubmistible
stores is unable to be unloaded Oh time day of armivah, she will be
moored mum time safest position at time wimamf, amid time hatchmways
sccmmred amid covered witim tarpammlimis ; amid no other vessel mviii be
allowed alongside of her. At all other Stations time vessel riot
umnioaded will Imaul into time stieamn a distammee of 900 yards from time
Magazimme Wlmamf, but if cummlmty a distammce of 100 yards is sulhiciermt.
138, No vessel havimg powdem or aumimumumitiomi on board will be
heft without a responsible \Vatclmniaim in ebamge.
of time WTar

X. GUNPOWDER VESSELS.

139. Time follomvimmg icgmilatiOmms fom ieceivimig Powder and Aiim

muumition, are for time gmmidauice of hmeisoums emmmplovcd oui boamd time
Store l)epartmnent Vessels amid in time Luiboiatomv Cmaft used for
the comiveyamice of time sauuie to mum(l frommu time Receiving Vessels, &c.
110. All pcusomus cnupioyed ium time mcceivimmg vessels, barges,
boats amid mmlagazimucs, will change thmeir outer clothmes, viz., coat,
waistcoat, trousers, cap amid shoes, mud mvcar time suits specially lro
vided for timem.
1-1.1. Time chmauige of clotimcs will be cflectcd iii a shmiftimug imouse,
wimere time ordinary chotiming will be deposited.
142. Smoking is stmictly proimibited, amid aumy mmmii found with
a lucifer match in imis ~~ossessioum
will be inmmncdiatehv dismissed.
1-13. No fire is on mummy aecomuiut to be allowed either iii time
receiving vessels, barges, or boats.
14-1. flue receiving vessels, barges, and boats, will be kept serum
iimmlommsiy cleaum, aii(l free frommm hoose gmmu1~mow(lcr.
1~15.In shmilmping or umnslmippimmg aimumnummitioum am giiimpouvder,

trimmed imides or wadnmiltilts will be hmud over timat portiomi of thme


vessel over which thue cases or humrmchs pass.
1-16. A red flag will be kept flvimmg u-lien tlmeme is aiu~gummpowdcr
.or aniimiuiition aim board time icccivimmg mcssci.
1-1-7. At Woolwichm time gUmupOw(lci will i)e received daily from
time receivimug vessel at time hower causeway, and trauisi)orte(l in
railway trmucks to time Royal Laboratory ; time immadeup amumimmunitioum
will be trammspomte(l iii railway trucks fuoni thuc East Laboratory, to
No. I Mmmgaziime, each truck being Jamicim by the Laboratory and
handed over to time Control Departnmcnt fom remnomah.
148. Gmmnpowder or animumnition required to be sent from time
Arsenal, by hand carriage, will he brought from No. 1 Magazine jim
trucks to within time walls of time Auscnah, or if immnc(liatehy
required, will be lmaumdcd over by time lioyal Laboratory to time
Coumtrol Dcpaitmimcnt aim the bank of time canal.

22
1,49. TIme suits of clotimimig provided for and icquiieul to be worn
by time peusons employed in time receiving vessel and laboratory
barges are as follows

In Summer.

1mm Winter.
Cap

Cap
Lasting jacket

Lasting jacket
Cloth trousers
Woohi cii simirts
WTooilen drawers

Cloth trousers
Woollen shirts
Shoes, Magaziime.

Great coat

Shoes, Magazine.
The persons employed must provide thmemselvcs with woollen
simirts and drawers,

The following Regulations and Instrmmctioes arc hereby can-

celled, viz.:
Clause 102, Army Circulars 1868.
,,

57

,,
,,

,,
,,
,,
,,

,,
,,

59
104
130
91
122
177

,,
,,

,,
,,
,,
,,
*

~,2031.

1869.
1869.
1870.
1870.

1870.
1871.
1871.
1871.

23

A P P E N 1)1 X.

~1I(nmoran(lunm
recpecthmg time Ventilation
1. lime dmmuimpmmess

of

JIaqa:iimes.

counplaimicd of in bumihdimmgs mviii frequently be

fomiumd to anise tioun condeumsation of time watery mmmpoimr of time air whichm
enters time bumildinug. liurildimmgs with thick walls anti vaulted roofs,
mind e~pcciahiytimose eovereh mvith cam-tim, are hmarmidumlarly liable to dammip.
nuess frommi this cause.
2. Air ahiv~iyscontains some piopOrtion of watery vumpour. Wimeim
time 1)noj)ortioum is smumahl time air is said to be dry, and when harge the
air is said to be danmp ; when time propoimioum is time greatest tiurit cmi be
ditflmsed thumoumghm air mit a giveim temperature, time air is said to be
saturated at thmtit temperature.
~h. Time proportion of watery vapour which saturated air coimtains
varies Witim time temmiperatumue, being greater for high timummi

for how

temmmpermitures, Air commtmuinimig a particular proportioim of moisture is


reui(ler(I less capable of depositing mumoisture by its teuimpcrature beimmg
iaiscti, and time reverse when it is lowemed.
1. Air may be bmoimghit to a state of saturatioum by reduciug its
eratuue. If time air contain but little moisture,
time mcdmiction
of teum)1)cratmmre mmmst bc considemmmblc ; but if it coumtaimm mucim a slight
reduction mviii brimug it to a state of satumatiomm.
tini

1~

5. If air be cooled below time degree of temperature at which it


will be in a state of s:mtimratioui, a portion of time watery vmmpouur commtained
therein will be (l0 )OSitCd 0mm mmmiv tOICI substmmnmce mvithm which it immay conic
1
in contact. Time degree of temmmpemmmtmmrc mit wmicim air ui-ill thins begin to
deposit moisture is called its thu-point.

6. \Viucn warm aim emiters a comparatively cold bumildirug time tempera


tumrc of time air is redmuced by coming iii contact witlm tho ulterior wails
amid othici cold suifaces ; miad if its temuipematiure be timmus iedmmced below
time mlemmpoiimf, comm(lenSatioim iiihl tuike ~iacc. In time latter case it is
obvious timat time adniissioum of fresim air will hot tend to dry a buildirug,
but to render it d:mmmuj).
7. If mu nimmgazimme 10 feet by 2-1 feet by 12 feet, time tcnmpermutmmmc
of whuose jntm-inmmi wails, &c. is 15 degrees, were to 1)0 filled witim

maturated air himi~inig a teumiperutune of 50 degrees, amid time nmmmmgazimme

sere thmemm closed, imeariy a pimmt ci immoistume would be deposited during


the cooiimmg of time fucslm air to time temperature of time walls. Time ~mimut
of umoisture wommid result f,-onn time qnmaumtity of air sulilcient merely to fill
mumagazimie ; limit if time vetitilatoms were epeul, time air might be
remiewed unmimmy timuics iii time course of mu day, amid mcry much more tluan a
pint of miuoistumrc be deposited.
time

8. Air cimlemilug a building whose temperature is higlmer than it~


omvum, i)ceomnes capable

of mmbsorbimmg mnoistuue froumm danup smmrIimces.

9. Time euiiciemmcy of time vcntiiatioim of a umuigrizumue will depend Ui)Oui


time degree of drymiess which time fmeslm air rmdmnitted into it posssscs, mmmd
time rapidity of lime emmirent of dry air passing through time bmmiidimmg.

10. Time dryumess of air is immdie:mted by time mmmmmmubcn of degrees by


uvlmich its tempcrmmtmmre e~tccedsits dewpoint.

24
Appendix--- conthmued.

11. Time ventilators of magazines should, in all cases, be constructed


so as to exclude or adnmmit the esteimmcmi aim at discretion, and 1/me
instructions for their use should ic framed with a u-mew to the exclusion of
the external air, mv/men time te~nperutule of its dewpoint is above i/mat
of/he inte,ior of the building, 0)1(1 time admission of 1/ic air ut/men its dewpoint is below time tempera/ui-c of time interior of time building.
12. For time foregoing reasons, time common practice by which, under

Art, 491, Ordnance ltegmmlations, 1855, magazines are open for purpose
of yentilation on every ,flne day, is couisiderably modified.
13. The interior of a bombproof magazine with thick walls rind a
maumlted roof, is comnmoumiy colder than the oumtsido air in summer and
warmer in winter. \Vimiter is therefore time more favomurable season for

ventilation ; but in time climate of En~1a 1r~~-exeeptionsto this rule


are numerous, owing to time prera
of warm dammmp
winds from the south amid west, and
dry wiuids
from the uiortim mind east.

LONDON
P~im~rza
TO~lisa Mi ~-rys

IIY

STATIONZ3! OFFICS,

iiARRiSO~AND SONS,
is OiDzNABy To 1J~&MAJ~iT!.

~r men

itO. ii 728404)