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Copper moulds

for billet and slab continuous casting


machines
The engineering company ENCE GmbH ( ) offers a wide range of
associated equipment necessary for steady operation of metal production plants.
Especially, in order to increase the efficiency of the continuous casting machines (CC
machines) along with reducing of involved maintenance efforts the engineering
company ENCE GmbH ( ) has to offer a wide program of caster moulds
already proven at metal production plants in Russia and conform to the customers
requirements in their quality and price.
One of the continuous casting machine components relevant for high quality of semifinished metal casting products is a mould. The CC machine mould includes the
mould tube / plate that contacts directly with liquid metal, steel body fixing the
mould and cooling jacket for effective cooling of molten metal.
Copper mold tube / plate is the most critical and high wearing part of the mould. In
contact with liquid metal the copper mould forms an ingot by cooling a thin shell of
metal and forming a solid crust. By extracting of the still-solidifying ingot and
continuous feeding of molten metal to the mould a continuous strand is formed, that
format is determined by the mould shape.

The mould quality, especially its wear resistance and service life of contacting
surfaces, determines the efficiency and shutdown times of continuous casting
machine. The mould service life can be of 20 25 tsd. tons of steel.
The billet and slab casting moulds can vary as follows:
Length (from 500 mm to 1200 mm):
Straight
Parabolic
Two, three and four cone shaped straight
Multi-cone shaped parabolic

Cross section:
Round
Rectangular or square (up to 200 260 mm)
Mould plates for slab casting machines
The engineering company ENCE GmbH ( ) can also supply special copper
mould tubes / plates of special length and geometry based on individual drawings
made in accordance with provided customers specifications.
According to physical and chemical characteristics of casted metal the mould tubes
for casting machines can differ in materials that are used in their construction:
Refined copper (99,90 % and more pure),
CuAg alloy,
CuCrZr alloy,
Beryllium bronze
In order to increase the erosion resistance and service life the casting machine
mould tubes are special coated. The mould tubes can be provided with different
types of internal surface coating:
One-layer chromium coating. Thickness from 0,12 to 0,22 mm, hardness 900
HV.
One-layer nickel coating. Hardness up to 1200 HV (for different steel grades
with high crack susceptibility)
Three-layer nickel-cobalt-chromium coating.

Mould tubes for billet continuous casting machines

Mould plates for slab continuous casting machines


side

frontal

Chemical composition for copper casting mould construction materials:


Designation

Analysis (mas%)

Indication

Element

Cu-ETP

Cu

Ag

Bi

min
max

99,90
-

(1)

0,0005 0,040(2)

Cu-FRHC

min
max

99,90(1)
-

0,040(2)

Cu-OF

min
max

99,95(1)
-

0,0005

-(3)

CuAg 0,04

min
max

rest
-

0,03
0,05 0,0005 0,040

Pb

Other elements*
Total

Excl.

0,005

0,03

Ag. O

0,04

Ag. O

0,005

0,03

Ag.

0,03

Ag. O

CuAg 0,07

min
max

rest
-

0,06
0,08 0,0005 0,040

0,03

Ag. O

CuAg 0,10

min
max

rest
-

0,08
0,12 0,0005 0,040

0,03

Ag. O

CuAg 0,04P

min
max

rest
-

0,03
0,05 0,0005

-(3)

0,001
0,007

0,03

Ag. P

CuAg 0,07P

min
max

rest
-

0,06
0,08 0,0005

-(3)

0,001
0,007

0,03

Ag. P

CuAg 0,10P

min
max

rest
-

0,08
0,12 0,0005

-(3)

0,001
0,007

0,03

Ag. P

CuAg 0,04(OF)

min
max

rest
-

0,03
0,05 0,0005

-(3)

0,0065

Ag. O

CuAg 0,07(OF)

min
max

rest
-

0,06
0,08 0,0005

-(3)

0,0065

Ag. O

CuAg 0,10(OF)

min
max

rest
-

0,08
0,12 0,0005

-(3)

0,0065

Ag. O

Cu-PHC

min
max

99,95(1)
-

0,0005

-(3)

0,001
0,006 0,005

0,03

Ag. P

Cu-HCP

min
max

99,95(1)
-

0,0005

-(3)

0,002
0,007 0,005

0,03

Ag. P

REMARKS:
The sum of the rest elements is defined as the sum of Ag, As, Bi, Cd, Co, Cr, Fe, Mn,
Ni, 0, P, Pb, S, Sb, Se, Si, Sn, Te and Zn, excluding the elements that are explicit
mentioned above.
(1) Including Ag, but not more than 0.015%
(2) Oxygen concentration up to 0.060% is acceptable when agreed between the
Manufacturer and the Purchaser.
(3) Oxygen concentration should allow the material hydrogen embrittlement testing
according to EN 1976.

Some illustrative examples of copper mould tubes for


continuous casting machines already handled by the
company ENCE GmbH ( ).
Copper mould tube for continuous casting machines, square section 130
mm.

Material:
Material
CuAg0,1

Element
min
max

Cu
Basis

Ag

Bi

0,08
0,12

0,0005

0,040

Other elements
Total

Excl.

0,03

Ag

Internal coating chromium coating, 0,1-0,13 mm thick.


Dimensions, mm 130X130X1000 - R9000
Weight - 67,3 kg

Copper mould tube for continuous casting machine, square section 125 mm.
Material:
Material
CuAg0,1

Element
min
max

Cu
Basis

Ag

Bi

0,08
0,12

0,0005

0,040

Other elements
Total

Excl.

0,03

Ag

Internal coating chromium coating, 0,1-0,13 mm thick


Dimensions, mm 125X125X900 R5250
Weight - 53,5 kg
Copper mould tube for continuous casting machine as per individual
drawing.

click to enlarge

Material:
Material
CuAg0,1

Element
min
max

Cu
Basis

Ag

Bi

0,08
0,12

0,0005

0,040

Internal coating chromium coating 0,1-0,13 mm thick


Weight - 91 kg

Other elements
Total

Excl.

0,03

Ag