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Ludmila Hacina

What EU serves for


I.

Peace and stability

Before becoming a real political objective, the idea of Europes unification


was but a dream of philosophers and visionaries. Victor Hugo, for example
promoted the idea of United States of Europe, being inspired by the humanistic
ideals. This dream was killed by the horror wars which devastated the continent in
the first half of centuries XX-th.
Another dream raised out of the ruins of WW the second. Those who opposed
the totalitarianism during WW II-d were determined to put an end to antagonism
and rivalry in Europe and thus to create adequate conditions for a long-lasting
peace. Between 1945 and 1950 a few states men, such as Robert Schuman, Konrad
Adenauer, Alcide de Gasperi and Winston Churchill made a decision to persuade
the citizens about the necessity to built a new area of a structured organization of
Western Europe, based on common interests and founded under treats which would
guarantee a state of law and equality of members states.
On the 9 may 1950, Robert Schuman, the Foreign Minister of France, taking
over the Gean Monnets idea, suggested to establish the European Coal and Steel
Community. So, the states have recently been confronting the battle field, decided
to place the production of coal and steel under the liability of a common supreme
authority. This spectre of conflicts has been transformed into instrument of peace
and reconciliation.
II. Reunification European continent
In 1989, after the fall of Berlin Wall, the European Union was to encourage
the reunification of Germany. In 1991, as soon as the Soviet Empire collapse, the
communist countries from Central and Eastern Europe decided that their future is
tightly connected to the future of great family of European democratic nations,
after the decades of trusteeship.
The process of extension continues today. So, while Turkey and Croatia start
accession negotiations in October 2005, a number of other countries submitted

their application, which could once lead to their real joining to the great European
family.
III. Safety and security
In the XXI-st century, Europe is still facing with safety and security problems.
Therefore, the European Union shall take efficient measures to insure the safety
and security of its members. For that purpose, the European Union shall tangibly
cooperate with outside European states area, namely the Balkan countries,
Northern African countries, the Caucasus and Middle East countries. The European
Union shall also stand for its military and strategic interests by cooperating with its
allies, particularly with NATO and by developing a genuine common European
security and defence policy. The internal and external security are two sides one
and the same coin. Fighting terrorism and organised crime needs cooperation
among all police forces of the European member states. Creating a space of
freedom, security and justice in the hurt of European Union, there each citizen has
equal right to justice and is protected by law, is a new challenge on the European
level, requiring an increased coordination of actions undertaking by national
authority. International Bodies, such as European Police Office and European
Justice, which promote the cooperation among prosecutors, judges and police
officers from the members states of the European Union, are called upon to play a
more active and effective role.
IV. Economic and social solidarity
However, originally the European Union was founded to realise a political
peacekeeping objective, the economic aspect was the one which succeed to activise
and triumph that European establishment.
At the present day, the European Union demographic trends are not so
advantageous compared with other countries in the world. Therefore, the member
states must be closer to ensure economic growth and to remain world competitive.