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LAPORAN PRAKTIKUM

KIMIA DASAR
PERCOBAAN VI
LAJU REAKSI

NAMA

: FEBRIANTO PAAIS

NIM

: H21113015

HARI/TANGGAL PERCOBAAN : JUMAT, 15 NOVEMBER 2013


GOLONGAN / KELOMPOK

: H3 / II

ASISTEN

: ALFIAH ALIF

LABORATORIUM KIMIA DASAR


JURUSAN KIMIA
FAKULTAS MATEMATIKA DAN ILMU PENGETAHUAN ALAM
UNIVERSITAS HASANUDDIN
MAKASSAR
2013
BAB IV

HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN

4.1 Hasil Pengamatan


A.

B.

C.

Pengaruh Konsentrasi Na2S2O3


Reaksi berlangsung pada suhu 27

Konsentrasi
Na2S2O3 (M)
0,1

Konsentrasi
H2SO4 (M)
0,1

Waktu
(detik)
29

1/waktu
(detik)
0,0068

0,08

0,1

37

0,0123

0,06

0,1

44

0,0227

0,04

0,1

81

0,0270

0,02

0,1

147

0,0345

Pengaruh Konsentrasi H2SO4


Reaksi berlangsung pada suhu 27

Konsentrasi
H2SO4 (M)
0,1

Konsentrasi
Na2S2O3 (M)
0,1

Waktu
(detik)
29

1/waktu
(detik)
0,0345

0,08

0,1

30

0,0333

0,06

0,1

34

0,0294

0,04

0,1

37

0,0270

0,02

0,1

52

0,0192

Konsentrasi
H2SO4 (M)

Konsentrasi
Na2S2O3 (M)

Suhu
( )

Waktu
(detik)

0,1

0,1

12

52

0,1

0,1

27

28

0,1

0,1

74

13

Pengaruh Suhu

4.2 Reaksi
Na2S2O3 + H2SO4
4.2 Perhitungan
4.3.1 Pengenceran
A. Pengenceran Na2S2O3
Mn.Vn =Ml.Vl

Na2SO4 + H2S2O3

Mn =

1. M1 =
= 0,1 M

2. M2 =
= 0,08 M

3. M3 =
= 0,06 M

4. M4 =
= 0,04 M

5. M5 =
= 0,02 M
B. Pengenceran H2SO4

1. M1 =
= 0,1 M

2. M2 =
= 0,08 M

3. M3 =
= 0,06 M

4. M4 =
= 0,04 M

5. M5 =
= 0,02 M
4.3.2 Grafik
A. Pengaruh Konsentrasi Na2S2O3
Vn=
1.

-d [Na2S2O3]

[Na2S2O3]awal = 0.1 M

Vawal

[Na2S2O3]akhir = [Na2S2O3] x Vakhir


= 0,1 M x
D [Na2S2O3]

= 0,05 M
= [Na2S2O3]akhir - [Na2S2O3]awal
= 0,05 M 0,1 M
= -0,05 M

Vn=

-d [Na2S2O3]n

V1=

-d [Na2S2O3]n

=
= 1.7241 x 10-3 m/det
2.

[Na2S2O3]awal = 0.08 M
[Na2S2O3]akhir = [Na2S2O3] x
= 0,08 M x
d [Na2S2O3]

Vawal
V
akhir

= 0,04 M
= [Na2S2O3]akhir - [Na2S2O3]awal
= 0,04 M 0,08 M
= -0,04 M

V2=

-d [Na2S2O3]

=
= 1.0812 x 10-3 m/det
3.

[Na2S2O3]awal = 0.06 M
[Na2S2O3]akhir = [Na2S2O3] x
= 0,06 M x
d [Na2S2O3]

Vakhir
awal
V

= 0,03 M
= [Na2S2O3]akhir - [Na2S2O3]awal
= 0,03 M 0,06 M
= -0,03 M

V3=

-d [Na2S2O3]

=
= 6,8181 x 10-4 m/det
4.

[Na2S2O3]awal = 0.04 M
[Na2S2O3]akhir = [Na2S2O3] x
Vawal
V
akhir

= 0,04 M x
d [Na2S2O3]

= 0,02 M
= [Na2S2O3]akhir - [Na2S2O3]awal
= 0,02 M 0,04 M
= -0,02 M

V4=-d [Na2S2O3]
=
= 2,4691 x 10-4 m/det
5.

[Na2S2O3]awal = 0.02 M
[Na2S2O3]akhir = [Na2S2O3] x
= 0,02 M x
d [Na2S2O3]

Vawal
V
akhir

= 0,01 M
= [Na2S2O3]akhir - [Na2S2O3]awal
= 0,01 M 0,02 M
= -0,01 M

V5=

-d [Na2S2O3]

=
= 6,8027 x 10-5 m/det
No.

1,7241 x 10-3

Log
[Na2S2O3]
-1

-2,7634

0,08

1,0812 x 10-3

-1.1

-2,9661

0,06

6,8181 x 10-4

-1.2

-3,1663

0,04

2,4691 x 10-4

-1.4

-3,6074

0,02

6,8027 x 10-5

-1.7

-4,1673

[Na2S2O3] (M)

V (m/det)

0,1

Log v

[Na2S2O3]

Slope
Intercept
Log Ka
Ka

= 1.9954
= -0.7763
= Intercept
= Inv log (-0.7763)
= 0.1674

vA = Ka x [Na2S2O3]m
1,7241 x 10-3 = 0,1674 x (0,1)m
0,1m = 0,0102
m = 1,9913

=2,0056
= 63,4989O
1.
a)

Log V1
Log (1,7241 x 10-3)
Log Ka1
Ka1

b)

Log V2
Log (1,0812 x 10-3)
Log Ka2
Ka2

c)

Log V3
Log (6,8181 x 10-4)
Log Ka3
Ka3

d)

Log V4
Log (2,4691 x 10-4 )
Log Ka4

=
=
=
=
=

log Ka1 + m x log [Na2S2O3]1


log Ka1 + 2,0056 x log (0.1)
-2,7634 + 2,0056
-0,7578
0,1747

=
=
=
=
=

log Ka2 + m x log [Na2S2O3]2


log Ka2 + 2,0056 x log (0.08)
-2,9661 + 2.1999
-0,7662
0,1713

=
=
=
=
=

log Ka3 + m x log [Na2S2O3]3


log Ka3 + 2,0056 x log (0.06)
-3.1663 + 2,4505
-0,7158
0,1924

=
=
=
=

log Ka4 + m x log [Na2S2O3]4


log Ka4 + 2,0056 x log (0.04)
-3,6075 + 2,8037
-0.8038

e)

Ka4
Log V5
Log (7.0921 x 10-5)
Log Ka5
Ka5

=
=
=
=
=
=

0,1571
log Ka5 + m x log [Na2S2O3]5
log Ka5 + 2,0056 x log (0.02)
-4,1492 + 3,4074
-0,7418
0,1812

=
Ka1 x [Na2S2O3]1m
=
0,1747 x (0.1) 1,9797
=
1.8306 x 10-3 m/det
b. Va2
=
Ka2 x [Na2S2O3]2m
=
0,1713 x (0.08) 1,9797
=
1.1540 x 10-3 m/det
c. Va3
=
Ka3 x [Na2S2O3]3m
=
0,1924 x (0.06) 1,9797
=
7,3335 x 10-4 m/det
d. Va4
=
Ka4 x [Na2S2O3]4m
=
0,1571 x (0.04) 1,9797
=
2,6833 x 10-4 m/det
e. Va5
=
Ka5 x [Na2S2O3]5m
=
0,1812 x (0.02) 1,9797
=
7,8471 x 10-5 m/det
Pengaruh Konsentrasi H2SO4
B.
1. [H2SO4] awal = 0.1 M
[H2SO4]akhir = [H2SO4] x
2.a. Va1

= 0,1 M x

VVawal
akhir

= 0,05 M
d[H2SO4]

= [H2SO4]akhir-[H2SO4]awal
= (0.05 x
= -0,075 M

V1

=
=

d [H2SO4]

= 2,5862 x 10-3 m/det


2. [H2SO4]awal
[H2SO4]akhir

= 0.08 M
= [H2SO4] awal
= 0,08 M x

d [H2SO4]2

x
Vakhir
awal
V

= 0,04 M
= [H2SO4]akhir - [H2SO4]awal

= 0,04 M 0,08 M
= -0,04 M
V2=

-d [H2SO4]2

=
= 1.3333 x 10-3 m/det
3. [H2SO4]awal = 0.06 M
[H2SO4]akhir = [H2SO4] x
= 0,06 M x
d [H2SO4]

Vawal
V
akhir

= 0,03 M
= [H2SO4]akhir - [H2SO4]awal
= 0,03 M 0,06 M
= -0,03 M

V3=

-d [H2SO4]

=
= 8,8235 x 10-4 m/det
4. [H2SO4]awal = 0.04 M
[H2SO4]akhir = [H2SO4] x
= 0,04 M x
d [H2SO4]

Vawal
V
akhir

= 0,02 M
= [H2SO4]akhir - [H2SO4]awal
= 0,02 M 0,04 M
= -0,02 M

V4=-d [H2SO4]
=
= 5,4054 x 10-4 m/det
5. [H2SO4]awal = 0.02 M
[H2SO4]akhir = [H2SO4] x
= 0,02 M x
d [H2SO4]

-d [H2SO4]

Vakhir
awal
V

= 0,01 M
= [H2SO4]akhir - [H2SO4]awal
= 0,01 M 0,02 M
= -0,01 M

V5=
=
= 1.9231 x 10-4 m/det

No.

2,5862 x 10-3

Log
[H2SO4]
-1

-2,5873

0,08

1.3333 x 10-3

-1.1

-2,8751

0,06

8,8235 x 10-4

-1.2

-3,0543

0,04

5,4054 x 10-4

-1.4

-3,2672

0,02

1.9231 x 10-4

-1.7

-3,7160

[H2SO4] (M)

v (m/det)

0,1

Log v

[Na2S2O3]

Slope

1,5145

Intercept

-1,1614

Log Ka

= Intercept
Ka = Inv log (-1,1614)
= 0.0689

vA = Ka x [H2SO4]m
2,5862 x 10-3 = 0.0689 x (0,1)m
0,1m = 0,0375
m = 1,4256

= 1,6124
= 58,1908O
1.
a.

Log V1

log Ka1 + m x log [H2SO4]1

-2,5873
Log Ka1

Ka1

log Ka1 + 1,6124 x (-1)

-2,5873 + 1,6124

-0,9749

0,1059

=
log Ka2 + m x log [H2SO4]2
=
log Ka2 + 1,6124 x (-1.1)
=
-2,8751 + 1,7736
=
-1,1015
Ka2
=
0,0792
Log
V
=
log Ka3 + m x log [H2SO4]3
c.
3
-3,0543
=
log Ka3 + 1,6124 x (-1.2)
Log Ka3
=
-3,0543 + 1,9349
=
-1,1195
Ka3
=
0,0760
Log V4
=
log Ka4 + m x log [H2SO4]4
d.
-3,2672
=
log Ka4 + 1,6124 x (-1.4)
Log Ka4
=
-3,2672 + 2,2574
=
-1,0098
Ka4
=
0,0977
Log V5
=
log Ka5 + m x log [H2SO4]5
e.
-3,7160
=
log Ka5 + 1,6124 x (-1.7)
Log Ka5
=
-3,7160 + 2,7411
=
-0,9749
Ka5
=
0,1059
2.a. Va1
=
Ka1 x [H2SO4]1m
=
0,1059 x (0.1) 1,6124
=
2,5852 x 10-3 m/det
b. Va2
=
Ka2 x [H2SO4]2m
=
0,0792 x (0.08) 1,6124
=
1.3492 x 10-3 m/det
c. Va3
=
Ka3 x [H2SO4]3m
=
0,0760 x (0.06) 1,6124
=
8,1415 x 10-4 m/det
d. Va4
=
Ka4 x [H2SO4]4m
=
0,0977 x (0.04) 1,6124
=
5,4432 x 10-4 m/det
e. Va5
=
Ka5 x [H2SO4]5m
=
0,1059 x (0.02) 1,6124
=
1,9296 x 10-4 m/det
Pengaruh Konsentrasi Suhu
C.
[H2SO4]awal
=
0,1 M
b.

Log V2
-2,8751
Log Ka2

[H2SO4]akhir

0,1 M x

=
d[H2SO4]

0,05 M

= [H2SO4]akhir-[H2SO4]awal
= 0,05 0,1
= -0,05 M

Vn

V1

=
=

V2

=
=

V3

9,6154 x 10-4 m/det

1,7857 x 10-3 m/det

=
=

3,8461 x 10-3 m/det

No.

v (m/det)

t (C)

ln v

1/t

9,6154 x 10-4

12

-6,9470

0,8333

1,7857 x 10-3

27

-6,3279

0,0370

3,8461 x 10-3

74

-5,5607

0,0135

Slope

-0,5693

Intercept

-3,2800

Log Ka

Intercept

Ka

Inv log (-3,2800)

5,2481 x 10-4

tg

=
=

-0,5913

-30.5958

1.a. tg =

= 0,5913
Ea = tg x R
= -0,5913 x (0,7178)1/2
= -0,5010

2.a. ln A1 = ln V1 +

= -6,9470 +

= -7,0077
A1 = 9,0489 x 10-4

b. ln A2 = ln V2+

= -6,3279+

= -6,3836
A2 = 1.6890 x 10-4
c. ln A3 = ln V3+

= -5,5607+

= -5,5126
A3 = 4,0356 x 10-3
4.4 Pembahasan
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Daftar Pustaka
Sastrohamidjojo, Hardjono, 2010, Kimia Dasar, Penerbit GMUP : Jakarta.
Sunarya, Yayan, 2011, Kimia Dasar 1, Penerbit Yrama Widya : Jakarta.
Petrucci, 1999, Kimia Dasar Jilid 2 Terjemahan Dari : 1st General Chemistry,
Penerbit Erlangga : Jakarta.
Utami, 2009, Kimia 2 : Untuk SMA/MA Kelas XI, Program Ilmu Alam,
Pusat Perbukuan Departemen Pendidikan Nasional : Jakarta
Chang, Raymond. 2008. Kimia Dasar Jilid 1 Edisi Kedelapan. Jakarta :
Penerbit Erlangga