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ENGLISH PHRASAL VERBS AND HOW TO STUDY


THEM EFFECTIVELLY

Abstract
In studying a foreign language, learners could not pay attention to only its
pronunciation, vocabulary but also its grammar. The learners, in fact, have to
meet grammatical problem very much such as: tense, adjective, adverb
especially phrasal verbs. The correct use of phrasal verbs is complex and
difficult problem in English grammar. It requires learners to have a very
good knowledge of verbs and how to use them effectively. Therefore, in my
study, I describe research to phrasal verbs in English and how to study them
effectively. I present definition, some ways to use phrasal verbs better.

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Outline of the report


I.

Introduction

II.

Aims

III.

Procedure

IV.

Findings
1. Definitions of phrasal verbs
2. Classification of phrasal verbs
3. How to study English phrasal verbs effectively

V.

Analysis and Interpretation


1.

Definitions of phrasal verbs

1.1. According to Tom McArthur


1.2. According to Dictionary.com Unabridged
2. Classification of phrasal verbs
2.1. Intransitive phrasal verbs
2.2. Transitive phrasal verbs
3.

How to study English phrasal verbs effectively

3.1. Studying phrasal verbs through combination of the verbs


with particles/ prepositions
3.2. Studying phrasal verbs through pairs of antonym
3.3. Studying phrasal verbs through topic
VI.

Conclusion

VII. Recommendation
Reference

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I. INTRODUCTION
Together with the development of information industry, English, nowadays,
has become more and more dominant in every continent. In Vietnam,
English has an important position in many fields such as information and
technology, science, economy and even political system. In English as well
as in other languages, Grammar plays an important role, it will help learners
listen, speak, read, write English correctly. However, Grammar is not always
simple.
During the time studying English at university, I personally realize that
Phrasal verbs are one of the most difficult parts in English grammar. A
Phrasal verbs is a phrase consisting of a verb and either or both a preposition
or adverb, that has idiomatic meaning. Moreover, the complex structure of
phrasal verbs sometimes also makes learners confused. Thus, though this
study I will help learners understand more about phrasal verbs and use it
more effective.
II. Aims of the study
The use of phrasal verbs is so popular in English. However, it is not quite
easy for learners to master. Therefore, English learner always meet
difficulties even misunderstand and use wrongly. I will give some
background information about the Phrasal verbs .For this reason, I have
choose this subject for my study.
III. Procedure
From the above aims, the following methods have been used:
_ Collecting all data and information

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_ Studying many grammar books


_ Searching on internet and other sources
_ Asking for advice from teacher and friends
IV. Findings
1. Definitions of phrasal verbs
_ According to Tom McArthur
_ According to Dictionary.com Unabridged
2 . How to study English phrasal verbs effectively
_ Studying phrasal verbs through combination of the verbs with particles/
prepositions
_ Studying phrasal verbs through pairs of synonym
_ Studying phrasal verbs through topic
V. Analysis and Interpretation
1. Definitions of phrasal verbs
There are a variety of definitions of phrasal verbs
1.1. According to Tom McArthur
A phrasal verb is a combination of a verb and a preposition, a verb and an
adverb, or a verb with both an adverb and a preposition, any of which are
part of the syntax of the sentence, and so are complete semantic units.
Sentences, however, may contain direct and indirect objects in addition to
the phrasal verbs. Phrasal verbs are particularly frequent in the English
language. A phrasal verb often has a meaning which is different from the
original verb.
1.2. According to Dictionary.com Unabridged

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A phrasal verb is a combination of verb and one or more adverbial or


prepositional particles, as catch on, take off, bring up, or put up with,
functioning as a single semantic unit and often having an idiomatic meaning
that could not be predicted from the meanings of the individual parts.
A Phrasal Verb is an English verb which is composed of two or three
words. One verb is combined with a preposition (like on, in, under) or an
adverb (like up, down, away). Sometimes a phrasal verb can have a meaning
that is very different to the meaning of at least one of those two or three
words separately. Phrasal verbs are used more frequently in everyday speech
than in formal, official writing or speaking.
2.

How to study English phrasal verbs effectively

2.1. Studying phrasal verbs through combination of the verbs with


particles/ prepositions
In English, the verbs can combine with many particles/ preposition and
each combination form a different meaning. Thus, I will give a list of verbs
and the particles/ preposition; they can combine with to remember easily.
Here are some common verbs with particles:

Phrasal verbs with take

_ Take up _To begin or start a new hobby.


He took up jogging after his doctor advised him to get some
exercise.
_ Take out To remove something to outside
Take out the rubbish when you leave.
_ Take in To understand or comprehend something.
Sarah couldnt take in all the information at the meeting.
_ Take after To have a similar character or personality to a family
member.
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In my family, I take after my mother. We have the same eyes and nose.

Phrasal verbs with keep


_Keep around _ continue to possess or keep near you
I have know idea why they keep around this piece of junk. They'll
never use it.
_Keep at _ continue with something (usually difficult)
Jill kept at the puzzle until she put all the pieces together.
_Keep away _ prevent from gaining access; not allow near
The warehouse has a guard dog to keep away would be thieves.
_Keep back _ maintain a safe distance
The police kept back the crowd by blocking off the street.

Phrasal verbs with go


_Go away _ leave
I made the neighbor kids go away by yelling at them.
_Go around _ avoid contact, circumvent
We can't go in the back door we got to go around to the front.
_Go back _ return
When are you going back to school?
_Go back _ not keep a promise or ones word
It's hard doing business with them. They always go back on their
promises.

2.2. Studying phrasal verbs through pairs of synonym


This method will help you remember pairs of phrasal verbs of synonym. By
this way you can learn the meaning of two phrasal verbs at the same time. I
will give you some illustration.
_Carry on / Carry in with
I cant carry on alone any longer. Ill have to get help.
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The doctor told her to carry in with this treatment.


_Come across/ Come upon
When I was looking for my passport I came across these old photographs.
_ Call in/ look in/ drop in
Call in/ look in on your way home and tell me how the interview went.
_ Call for/ Ask for
The situation calls for tack.
Ask for a manage.
_ Break off / Call off
Ann has been broken off her engagement to Tom.
They had to call off the match as the ground was too wet to play in.
_ Back up / Be for
The headmaster never backed up his staff. If a parent complained about a
teacher he assumed that the teacher was in the wrong.
I am for not allowing children to watch TV too much!
_ Look forward to / Look up to / Long for
Im looking forward to her arrival.
Schoolboys usually look up to become great athletes.
_ Ask someone in / ask someone out
He didnt ask me in, he kept me standing at the door while he read the
message.
She had a lot of friends and was usually asked out in the evenings, so she
seldom spent an evening at home.
2.3 Studying phrasal verbs through topic
According to this method, you can note down phrasal verbs, which
release to the same topic together. It will help you use phrasal verbs more
flexibly. I will give you some topics in many fields of life.
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*Food
_Whip up _ to make food for a meal very quickly and easily
_Pig out _ to eat a lot of food
_Pick at _ to eat only a small amount of a meal because you are not
hungry or because you are feeling ill
_Knock back _ to quickly drink a lot of alcohol
_Eat up _ to eat all of the food you have been given
_Bolt down _ to eat food very quickly
*Health
_Get over _ to feel better after having an illness
_Come round _ to become conscious again
_Keep down _ to be able to eat or drink something without vomiting
_Pass away _ to die
_Look after _ to take care of someone
_Pick up _ to get an infectious disease from someone or something
_Fight off _ to try hard to get rid of an illness
*Money
_Dip into _ to spend part of a supply of money that you have been
keeping or saving
_Cough up _ to provide money for something, especially when you
are not very willing to do this
_Get by _ to have just enough money to pay for the things that you
need, but nothing more
_Pay back _ to give someone the money that you owe them
_Tide over _ to help someone, usually by giving them money for a
period of time when they have no money

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_Splash out to spend a lot of money on something, which is very


pleasant but which you do not need
*Travel
_Take off _ (aircraft) to move from the ground and begin to fly
_Touch down _ (aircraft) to land on the ground
_Set off _ to start a journey
_Check in _ to show your ticket at an airport so you can be told where
you are sitting and so that your bags can be put on the aircraft
_See off _ to go to the place that someone is leaving from in order to
say goodbye.

VI. Conclusion
I decided to do research on English phrasal verbs and how to study them
effectively because of I felt this topic was very interesting. I write this topic
with the purpose of improving my knowledge of phrasal verbs in English. I
want to share with you. All methods above help me a lot during my studying
process at university.

VII. Recommendation
In this paper, I have discusses the three ways to use phrasal verbs effectively
and easily. Besides, I can give you some other ways to learn better such as:
classification of phrasal verbs, comparison of phrasal verbs and non_phrasal
verbs.I hope you will improve common knowledge about phrasal verbs.

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References
1. Cowie, A.P.& Markin, R. (1993). Oxford Dictionary of Phrasal verbs.
London : Oxford University Press.
2. Alexander, L.G (1992). Longman English Grammar. New York:
Longman Publishing.
3. The American Heritage. Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth
Edition
4. McCarthy, M& O Dell, F. (2001). English Phrasal verbs in use.
Thnh ph H Ch Minh: Nh xut bn tr.
5. Collins Cobuild (2001). Dictionary of Phrasal verbs. Glasgow: Harper
Collins Publishers.

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