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Indonesia sustainable environmental of BILOSAN

for waste water treatment in CSR


1,2

Dwi Darmawan, 1Opal Priya Wening &2 Fadhilatul Laela *


1

Angga Ismi Aziz, dokter.angga24@gmail.com

Abstract. Indonesia is a thrive country which have a lot of citizen in the world. Every human
activity in society must be filled with a good standaritation because this thing is should be give to every
citizen. One of the aspect of life society that should have a good standaritation is water. Clean water more
difficult to be found because of many problem in the city river. More than 50% river in the big city in
Indonesia is dirty because influanced by industry. The textile industry uses large amounts of water for
dying and washing. One of example dirty bay in Indonesia is Jakarta Bay in north Jakarta. Purpose from
BILOSAN product is slump area, field area, river area, factory area, goverrment and the other place.
Moringa oleiferas seed, chitosan, and Pilea triniverias leaf is very benefit to overcome the problem of
dirty water. Aspect from that materials, it can call BILOSAN. Moringa oleiferas seed can handle the
problem because it can collect sediment in the floor surface. Some sediments can be absorb by chitosan.
On the other hand, it can be coagulant to floor surface. Then, Pilea triniverias leaf can neutralize smell
from dirty water. Quality of the product is save for environtment, decrease seafood rubbish, and this
product is not dangerous. Standart of chitosan that can be tolerant of the body is 6,7 gram.
Keywords: BILOSAN, moringa, pilea and chitosan

NOMENCLATURE
CSR
BILOSAN
WHO
pH

: Corporate Social Responsibility


: Absorebent substances from Moringa seed, Chitosan
and Pilea leaf
: World Health Organization
: is a measure of the acidity or basicity of an aqueous
solution

A. INTRODUCTION
Water is a basic need of every living creature in this world.
The major of human life is water. The various activities of
human life can not separate from water, such as agricultural.
Ironically, problem about clean water in some countries can
not solve because related person in industry do not apply the
principle of sustainable development. In Africa, people spend
40 billion hours every year walking for water. Women and
children usually bear the burden of water collection, walking
miles to the nearest source, which is unprotected and likely
contaminated. Diseases from unsafe water and lack of basic
sanitation kill more people every year than all forms of
violence.
Children are especially vulnerable, as their bodies aren't
strong enough to fight diarrhea, dysentery and other illnesses,
90% of the 30,000 deaths that occur every week from unsafe
water and unhygienic living conditions are in children under
five years old. Time spent walking and resulting diseases keep
them from school, work and taking care of their families.
Along their long walk, they're subjected to a greater risk of
harassment and sexual assault. The WHO reports that over
3.6% of the global disease burden can be prevented simply by
improving water supply, sanitation, and hygiene. With safe
water nearby, women are free to pursue new opportunities and
improve their families lives. That problem is almost same with
Indonesia in NTT.
In 1956, the tragedy of Minamata in Japan because
mercury poison after eating the seafood in Minamata Bay,
Japan. Minamata disease is a disorder of the nerves that cause
death or well known as dancing cat. Harmful chemicals that

cannot be managed with an easy technique or just with the


end-of-pipe 'but also need a public wastewater treatment.
BILOSAN made from natural ingredients as well as safe
for water filtration. The previous solutions are using chemicals
such as chlorine, it is not sustainable to develop our
environment. The existence of these innovations are useful to
build green economy for industry, this product is very
economical because it can be alternative way or substitute
inexpensive things. So, the role as industry will become
competent to boost up CSR projects.

B. IMPORTANT REQUIREMENTS
Many contaminant in Jakarta Bay can influance
human healthy.
Table 1. Toxic substance in Jakarta Bay

Fig 1. Condition Jakarta Bay

Our innovation can prevent it. Using BILOSAN:

Fig 4. BILOSAN Ingredients

Fig 5. Chitosan structure

If use Chlorine can get negative effect in long term:

Fig 2. Scheme of product BILOSAN tool

Fig 6. Chlorine

Fig 7. Three samples of experiment

Fig 3. BILOSAN Filter prototype

Fig 11: UNY Penelitian Chitosan, Table 2: LIPI

Fig 8. Take a sample

Fig 11. Coagulant from sample water in with BILOSAN

Table 2. Benefit from kelor (Moringa)

Fig 9. Measuring instrument (mg)

Fig 10. Acetic acid 1,5 %

Fig 12. Output of waste water sample (after using bilosan)

Table 3. Measurement pH water before (pH1) and after (pH2) treatment with
chitosan 0.1 grams for 100 mL water

Fig 10. Efficiency absorption By Chitosan

Fig 11: UNY Penelitian Chitosan, Table 2: LIPI

of deposition, the color values, values of turbidity, Total


Suspended Solid (TSS), Chemical Oxygen Demand (BOD),
and Oxygen Biologycal Demand (COD). The results showed
that bioflokulan kelor seeds on the concentration of 1500 ppm
is able to deposit the flok industrial liquid waste pulp and
paper within 8 minutes 20 seconds, the effectiveness of color
values 69,79%, a value 91,47% turbidity, TSS 18.45%, 75%,
COD and BOD 81,49% [7].

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
Fig 13. The result of pH 6-7 from three sample (First)

These event make this nation is not based on


prosperity. Now, mother earth will receive sadness and painful.
It's time for young generation as agent of change that brings
expectations brilliantly with the change through innovation
continuously and become a green warrior as an act against
the nation.
REFERENCES

Fig 14. Textile dye appearance with bilosan (before and after)

C. REFERENCES CITATIONS
Water conditions in Jakarta Bay, pH value are 6,66
8,50, water surface temperature 27,60 31,20 C, salinity 2,00
32,20 psu, and TSS 6,80 106,50 mg/l which indicates
within normal conditions for marine life, because the value
still in water quality standards of the marine organisms on
KMNLH No.51/2004. However, the TSS at the estuary of
14,25 106,60 mg/l indicated that this region
was not better for fisheries and little effect on mangrove,
seagrass, and coral. Dissolved Pb values 0,0010 0,0037 ppm
and Pb suspended ranged 7,64 301,58 ppm. Distribution of Pb
dissolved and suspended concentration decrease to the sea
ward. Dissolved Pb had a higher concentration in the central of
the bay, while Pb suspended in the east. Because Pb dissolved
under NAB then its existence has not been harmful to marine
life. Statistical analysis showed there were two station
groupings based on shared values of chemical parameters in
the region [1].
Shrimp shell and crab has reached 20-30% chitin content
[2]. Chitin can be acylated chitosan. Chitosan is obtained from
N-deacetylation of chitin. Both these poly saccharides are
copolymers of (1-4) linked N-acetyl-D-glucosamine and Dglucosamine units [3]. Then, Chitin the second - most
abundant biopolymer, and its deacetylated product, chitosan,
are high molecular - weigh biopolymers and are recognized as
versatile, environmentally friendly raw materials [4]. Due to its
biocompatibility, biodegradability and bioactivity, it is very
interesting substance for diverse applications as a biomaterial
[5].
Pohpohan leaves (Pilea trinervia) consumed as side dish
because compound the flavonoid, function in the human body
as an antioxidant so very good for cancer prevention [6]. The
research results of Hidayat (2003) the effectiveness of
bioflokulan seeds in processing kelor liquid waste pulp and
paper industry uses the observed parameters, namely the time

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Lingkungan Perairan Teluk Jakarta dan Sekitarnya. Hal: 3438. Pusat
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Chitin and chitosan. In: Chitin and Chitosan: The Versatile
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[5] Muzzarelli, R. A. A. 1977. Human enzymatic activities related to the
therapeutic administration of Chitin derivatives. Cell. Mol. Life Sci., 53:
131-140.
[6] Amalia . (2007). Kandungan Kimia Ekstrak Etil Asetat Daun Pohpohan
[Online]. Available: http://bahan-alam.fa.itb.ac.id/detail.php?id=42
[7] Hidayat, S. (2003). Efektifitas Bioflokulan Biji Moringa Oleifera Dalam
Proses Pengolahan Limbah Cair Industri Pulp Dan Kertas [Online].
Available: http://digilib.Ibitb.ac.ai/go.php

APPENDIX

Table 1 and fig 2: jurnal moluska Indonesia volume 2 edisi 1, Juni 2011 ISSN 2087 - 8532

Fig 11: UNY Penelitian Chitosan, Table 2: LIPI