Anda di halaman 1dari 2

TABLE B-1

INTERMOLECULAR FORCE PARAMETERS AND CRITICAL PROPERTIES

Substance

...

:t

Light elements:
Hz
He
Noble gases:
Ne
Ar
Kr
Xe
Simple polyatomic
substances:
Air
N,
O.
O.
CO
CO,
NO
N"O
SO,
F.
CI.
Br,
I,

Hydrocarbons:
CH4
C,H.
C,H,
C.H.
C.H.
C.H.
n-C,H ,o
i-C4 H lo
n-CsH 12
n-C.H H
n-C,H,.
n-CaH ls
n-C,.H.o
Cyclohexane
C.H.
Other organic
..... compounds:
In
CH,
CH.CI
CH,Cl,
CHCI.
CCI.
C.N.
COS
CS.

Molecular
Weight
M

Lennard-Jones
Parameters'
(]

ElK

(A)

("K)

2.016
4.003

2.915
2.576

38.0
10.2

20.183
39.944
83.80
131.3

2.789
3.418
3.498
4.055

35.7
124.
225.
229.

28.97 e
28.02
32.00
48.00
28.01
44.01
30.01
44.02
64.07
38.00
70.91
159.83
253.82

3.617
3.681
3.433

97.0
91.5
113.

3.590
3.996
3.470
3.879
4.290
3.653
4.115
4.268
4.982

1l0.
190.
119.
220.
252.
112.
357.
520.
550.

Critical Constants b c d
T,
("K)

p.
(atm)

V.
(em" g-mole ' )

11,
(g cm- I sec-I) (cal sec- I cm- 1 K-I)
x 10
x 10
0

34.7
25.4

12.80
2.26

65.0
57.8

44.5
151.
209.4
289.8

26.9
48.0
54.3
58.0

41.7
75.2
92.2
118.8

156.
264.
396.
490.

79.2
71.0
49.4
40.2

132."
126.2
154.4
268.
133.
304.2
180.
309.7
430.7

36.4 e
33.5
49.7
67.
34.5
72.9

86.6"
90.1
74.4
89.4
93.1
94.0
57.
96.3
122.

193.
180.
250.

90.8
86.8
105.3

190.
343.
258.
332.
411.

86.5
122.
118.2
131.
98.6

417.
584.
800.

76.1
102.

124.
144.

420.

97.0

33.3
5.26

64.
71.7
77.8

324.
440.

190.7
309.5
282.4
305.4
365.0
370.0
425.2
408.1
469.8
507.9
540.2
569.4
595.0
553.
562.6

45.8
61.6
50.0
48.2
45.5
42.0
37.5
36.0
33.3
29.9
27.0
24.6
22.5
40.0
48.6

99.3
113.
124.
148.
181.
200.
255.
263.
311.
368.
426.
485.
543.
308.
260.

159.
237.
215.
210.
233.
228.
239.
239.
238.
248.
254.
259.
265.
284.
312.

137.
855.
406.
327.
327.
339.
335.
488.

190.7
416.3
510.
536.6
556.4
400.
378.
552.

45.8
65.9
60.
54.
45.0
59.
61.
78.

99.3
143.

159.
338.

240.
276.

410.
413.

170.

404.

16.04
26.04
28.05
30.07
42.08
44.09
58.12
58.12
72.15
86.17
100.20
114.22
128.25
84.16
78.11

3.822
4.221
4.232
4.418

137.
185.
205.
230.

5.061

254.

5.341
5.769
5.909

313.
345.
413.

7.451

320.

6.093
5.270

16.04
50.49
84.94
119.39
153.84
52.04
60.08
76.14

3.822
3.375
4.759
5.430
5.881
4.38
4.13
4.438

158.0
203.0

...

158.0

Values of (] and ElK are from J. O. Hirschfelder, C. F. Curtiss, and R. B. Bird, Molecular Theory of Gases and Liquids, Wiley, New York
(1954), pp. 1110-1112; also Addenda and Corrigenda, p. 1 I. The above values are comp'uted from viscosity data and are applicable for
temperatures above 100 K. Values for Kr are due to E. A. Mason, J. Chem. Phys., 32, 1832-1836 (1960).
b Values of T" p" and V. are from K. A. Kobe and R. E. Lynn, Jr., Chern. Rev., 52, 117 -236 (1952), and Amer. Petroleum Inst. Research Proj.
44, edited by F. D. Rossini, Carnegie Inst. of Technology (1952), with the exceptions noted.
C Values of 11, are from O. A. Hougen and K. M. Watson, Chemical Process Principles, Volume III, Wiley, New York (1947), p. 873.
d Values of k. are from E. J. Owens and G. Thodos, A.I.Ch.E. Journal, 3, 454-461 (1957).
e For air, the molecular weight M and the pseudocritical properties T" p" and V, have been calculated from the average composition of dry
air, as given in International Critical Tables, Vol. I, p. 393 (1926).

TABLE B-2

APPENDIX

FUNCTIONS FOR PREDICTION OF TRANSPORT PROPERTIES OF GASES AT

LOW DENSITIEsa

KT/
, or

KTkm

nk

(For" viscosity
and thermal
conductivity)

!2 9 ,AB

KT/

(For mass
diffusivity)

or

~----------~ --~~~--

n 5l ,AB
(For mass
diffusivity)

-------------

0.30
0.35
0.40
0.45

2.785
2.628
2.492
2.368

2.662
2.476
2.318
2.184

2,50
2.60
2.70
2.80
2.90

1.093
1.081
1.069
1.058
1.048

0.9996
0.9878
0,9770
0.9672
0.9576

0.50
0,55
0.60
0.65
0.70

2.257
2.156
2.065
1.982
1.908

2.066
1.966
1.877
1.798
1.729

3.00
3.10
3.20
3.30
3.40

1.039
1.030
1.022
1.014
1.007

0.9490
0.9406
0.9328
0.9256
0.9186

0.75
0.80
0.85
0.90
0.95

1.841
1.780
1.725
1.675
1.629

1.667
1.612
1.562
1.517
1.476

3.50
3.60
3.70
3.80
3.90

0.9999
0.9932
0.9870
0,9811
0.9755

0.9120
0,9058
0.8998
0.8942
0.8888

1.00
1.05
1.10
1.15
1.20

1.587
1.549
1.514
1.482
1.452

1.439
1.406
1.375
1.346
1.320

4.00
4.10
4.20
4.30
4.40

0.9700
0.9649
0.9600
0,9553
0.9507

0.8836
0.8788
0.8740
0.8694
0.8652

1.25
1.30
1.35
1.40
1.45

1.424
1.399
1.375
1.353
1.333

1.296
1.273
.253
1.233
1.215

4.50
4.60
4.70
4.80
4.90

0.9464
0.9422
0.9382
0.9343
0.9305

0.8610
0.8568
0.8530
0.8492
0.8456

1.50
1.55
1.60
1.65
1.70

1.314
.296
1.279
1.264
1.248

1.198
.182
1.167
1.153
1.140

5.0
6.0

0.9269
0.8963
0.8727
0,8538
0.8379

0.8422
0.8124
0.7896
0.7712
0.7556

1.75

1.234
1.221
1.209
1.197
1.186

0.7424
0.6640

0.5596
0.5464
0.5352
0.5256
0.5170

USO
1.85
1.90
.95
2.00

17~

10

I ~"(\

~,

.. 28

0.0
20.0
30.0
40.0
50~O

0.8242
07432
0.7005
0671
0.6504

1.07;;:,

60.a

OAB5

057

70.0

()(>l94

il.' /j

'.'ii I)

O.c07()
fl .'en]

012

10

-(j.+
i

;d,c'lI

H.O
9.0

1.105
1 ~ Oll1
.084

id

( I (Jl'l)

7.0

1.116

; '0

'::1"

KT/.w

(For viscosity
and thermal
conductivity)

!',

J () i!

,~<:,

II

;;

(j

Constants
and Conversion Factors

C.I

e = 2.71828 . , .
In 10 = 2.30259. , ,
7T = 3,14159. "
~C.2

Standard acceleration
of gravity

0.5960
0.5756

, ('/:(1N.

/{,'! '''.

PHYSICAL CONSTANTS

Gas law constant

0.6232

"':8:

MATHEMATICAL CONSTANTS

1. 987 2 cal g-moJc-l K~l


82,05 7 cm 3 atm g-molc 1 Kl
= 8.314 4 X I(), g crn 2 sec~ g-mole- 1 K-l
= 8.3141 X JO:l
m" scc 2 kg-mole 1 0 K-l
x I04Ib", ft~ scc' 2 Ib-mole 1 0 Rl
= 1.544;1 X 10 3 ft Ib, Ib-molc 1 0 R-l

go = 980.665 cm sec 2
= 32.1740 ft 'cc "

Joule's constant
.Ie = 4.1~40

77l).16

10 7 erg cal
lb. Btu 1

747

"'4,