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# PERANCANGAN IRIGASI BANGUNAN AIR

BAB III
ANALISA STABILITAS BENDUNG
Gaya-gaya yang bekerja pada tubuh bendung, akibat:
1. Tekanan air
2. Tekanan lumpur
3. Tekanan berat sendiri bendung
4. Gaya gempa
5. Gaya angkat (uplift pressure)

3.1.

Tekanan Air
3.1.1 Tekanan Air Normal

air = 1 ton/m3

Pa1 =

1
.air.h 2 .
2

1
2
.1
. 3,85 .
2

= 7,411 ton

45

## PERANCANGAN IRIGASI BANGUNAN AIR

Tabel 3.1 Perhitungan Tekanan Akibat Air Normal
Gaya (t)

Bagian
Pa1

Momen (tm)

Mr

M0

7,411

5,905

43,763

JUMLAH

3.1.2

Lengan (m)

7,411

43,763

## Gambar 3.2 Diagram tekanan akibat air banjir

Pf1 =

1
. air . h 2
2

Pf2 = b . h . air

1
2
.1
. 3,85
2

= 7,411 ton

= 1,851.(3,85).(1)

= 7,126 ton

1
1
2
. 2,634
Pf3 = . air . h 2 = .1
2
2

Pf4 =

1
. air . h 2
2

1
2
.1
. 2,634
2

= - 3,469 ton
= 3,469 ton

46

## PERANCANGAN IRIGASI BANGUNAN AIR

Tabel 3.2 Perhitungan Tekanan Akibat Air Banjir
Bagian

Berat (ton)
V

Lengan (m)
x

Momen
Mr

Mo

Pf1

7,411

5,663

41,972

Pf2

7,411

6,305

46,728

Pf3

-3,469

4,756

-16,498

Pf4

3,469

JUMLAH

3,469

0,892
11,354

3,094
3,904

72,202

lumpur

= 0,6 ton/m3

= 300

Ka

## = tan2 (450 /2)

= tan2 (450 30o/2)
= 0,333

Keterangan :
lumpur = berat volume lumpur (t/m3)

Ka

47

## PERANCANGAN IRIGASI BANGUNAN AIR

PL1 =
=

1
. Ka . lumpur . h2
2
1
.(0,333).(0,6).(3,85)2
2

= 1,481 ton

Gaya (t)
Bagian
PL1

Lengan (m)

Momen (tm)

Mr

M0

0,888

5,663

5,031

0,888

JUMLAH

5,301

## 3.3. Tekanan Berat Sendiri Bendung

Berat volume pasangan batu pas batu = 2,2 t/m2
Ditinjau 1 m lebar bendung

## Gambar 3.4 Diagram tekanan berat sendiri bendung

W1

= b . h . pasangan

## = 2,0 . 2,0 . 2,2

W2

= b . h . pasangan

## = 1,649 . 3,848 . 2,2 = 13,960 ton

W3

= b . h . pasangan

## = 1,0 . 4,0 . 2,2

= 8,800 ton

W4

= b . h . pasangan

= 11,550 ton

= 8,800 ton

48

## PERANCANGAN IRIGASI BANGUNAN AIR

W5

= b . h . pasangan

W6

W7

= 16,500 ton

Bagian

Lengan (m)

Gaya (ton)

Momen (tm)

Vertikal

Mr

M0

W1

8,800

6,000

3,000

52,800

26,400

W2

13,960

5,825

5,924

81,311

82,701

W3

8,800

4,500

5,000

39,600

44,000

W4

11,550

3,250

3,750

37,538

43,313

W5

16,500

1,250

1,500

20,625

24,750

W6

3,300

3,500

6,000

11,550

19,800

W7

8,250

1,667

3,833

13,750

31,625

71,160

257,174

272,588

A = 2/3 . L . H

Didapat: W

= 71,160 ton

Mo

= 272,588 tm

Mr

= 257,174 tm

## 3.4. Gaya Gempa

3.4.1 Gempa Horisontal
Gaya Gempa Horisontal (H)

= Kh. W
= 0,10. 71,160
= 7,116 ton

= 0,10. 272,588
= 27,259 tm

49

## PERANCANGAN IRIGASI BANGUNAN AIR

Keterangan:
Kh = Koefisien gempa horisontal (diambil: Kh = 0,10)
W = Total berat sendiri bendung (t)
Mo = Momen guling akibat berat sendiri bendung (tm)

## 3.4.2 Gempa Vertikal

Gaya Gempa Vertikal (V) = Kv. W
= 0,05. 71,160
= 3,558 ton
Momen akibat V = Kv. Mr
= 0,05. 257,174
= 12,859 tm
Keterangan :
Kv = Koefisien gempa vertikal (diambil: Kv = 0,005)
Mr = Momen tahanan akibat berat sendiri

## 3.5. Gaya Angkat (Uplift Pressure)

3.5.1 Tekanan Air Normal
L

= Lh + Lv
= 19,15 + 10,62
= 29,77 m

## H (air normal) = elev. MAN elev. Dasar sungai

= 168,85 165,00
= 3,85 m

=
. 3,2
29,77
=

= 0,107
Keterangan :
Hx = tinggi muka air dari titik yang dicari (m)
Lx

50

## PERANCANGAN IRIGASI BANGUNAN AIR

H = tinggi muka air normal dari lantai dasar bendung (m)
Ux = uplift pressure di titik x (t/m2)

Titik

Hx (m)

Lx (m)

Ux (t/m2)

5.23

29..77

1.380

8.23

26.77

4.768

8.23

24.27

5.091

6.23

22.27

3.350

6.23

20.77

3.544

5.23

19.77

2.673

5.23

18.77

2.803

6.23

17.77

3.932

6.23

15.77

4.191

4.23

13.77

2.449

51

U1

= (1 + 2)
2

(21 + 2)
3(1 + 2)

R
L
U2

Keterangan: R

U1

U2

Bagian

Gambar

## Gaya angkat per 1 m panjang (t)

H=

1.3800

U1 U 2
xH
2

=-

1,380 4,768
x3
2

= - 9,222 t
A-B

h 2a b
3 a b

y =

3.0000

4.7680

3 (2 x1,380 ) 4,768

3 1,380 4,768

= 1,224 m
Ytotal = 1,224 m

52

V=
C

2.5000

U1 U 2
xH
2

V =-

4,768 5.091
x 2,5
2

= -12,324 t
B-C

h 2b c
3 bc

x =

4.7680

5.0910

## 2,5 (2 x 4,768) 5,091

3 4,768 5,091

= 1,236 m
X total = 3 1,236 = 1,764 m
H=

U1 U 2
xH
2

H=

5,091 3,350
x 2,0
2

3.3500

= 8,441 t
CD

2.0000

h 2c d
3 cd

y=

C
5.0910

3 5,091 3,350

= 1,069 m
Ytotal = 1,069 m
V=
E

1.5000

U1 U 2
xH
2

V =DE

3.5440

3.3500

3,350 3,544
x1,5 = - 5,170 t
2

h 2d e
3 d e

x =

= 0,743 m
3 3,350 3,544

53

## PERANCANGAN IRIGASI BANGUNAN AIR

2.6730

EF

1.0000

H =

U1 U 2
xH
2

H =

3,544 2,673
x1
2

= 3,109 t

h 2e f
3 e f

y =

3.5440

1 (2 x3,544 ) 2,673

3 3,544 2,673

= 0,523 m
Ytotal = 0,523 + 1,0 = 1,523 m
V =

1.0000

U1 U 2
xH
2

V =-

2,673 2,803
x1
2

= - 2,738 t
FG

2.6730

2.8030

h2f g
3 f g

x =

1 (2 x 2,673) 2,803

= 0,496 m
3 2,673 2,803

## X total = (1 - 0,496) + 2,5 + 1,5 = 4,504 m

U1 U 2
xH
2
2,803 3,932
x1,0
H =2
= - 3,367 t

H=

G-H

2.8030

h 2g h
3 g h
1,0 (2 x 2,803) 3,932

=
3 2,803 3,932

y =

1.0000

3.9320

= 0,472 m
Ytotal = 0,472 + 1,0 = 1,472 m

54

## PERANCANGAN IRIGASI BANGUNAN AIR

U1 U 2
xH
2
3,932 4,191
V =x2
2
= - 8,122 t

V=

2.0000

H-I

h 2g h
3 g h
2 (2 x3,932 ) 4,191

=
3 3,932 4,191

x =

3.9320

4.1910

= 0,989 m
Xtotal = (2 0,989) + 2,5 + 1,5 + 1
= 6,011 m
U1 U 2
H =
xH
2
H =
2.4490

4,191 2,449
x2
2

= 6,640 t
I-J

2.0000

h 2g h
3 g h

y =

4.1910

2 (2 x 4,191) 2,449

3 4,191 2,449

= 1,087 m
Ytotal = 1,087 + 1 = 2,087 m

Titik

Hx
(m)

Lx
(m)

Ux
(t/m2)

5.23

29.77

1.380

V

Lengan (m)
x

-9.222
B

8.23

26.77

8.23

24.27

1.224
1.236

6.23

22.27

6.23

20.77

Mo

11.292

1.764

21.740

1.069

1.069

9.022

3.350
-5.170

Mr

5.091
8.441

1.224

Momen

4.768
-12.324

Lengan (m)
x
y
(total) (total)

0.743

3.257

16.840

3.544

55

3.109
F

5.23

19.77

5.23

18.77

0.496

6.23

17.77

6.23

15.77

0.472
0.989

4.23 13.77
(JUMLAH)

12.332
1.472

4.957

6.011

48.824

4.191
6.640

4.504

3.932
-8.122

4.734

2.803
-3.367

1.523

2.673
-2.738

0.523

1.087

2.087

13.857

2.449
- 28.355

5.600

30.106

113.491

## Catatan : Searah jarum jam (+)

Berlawanan arah jarum jam (-)

## Gaya Angkat Akibat Air Normal :

1. Tekanan Vertikal
V = fu x V = 0,5 x (- 28,355) = - 14,178 ton
2. Tekanan Horizontal
H = fu x H = 0,5 x 5,600

= 2,800 ton

3. Momen
Mr = 0.5 x Mr = 0,5 x (30,106) = 15,053 t.m
Mo = 0.5 x Mo = 0,5 x (113,491) = 56,746 t.m
Dimana :

L

= 29,77 m

## H (air banjir) = elev. M.A.B elev. Dasar sungai

= 170,701 165,000
= 5,701 m
=

. =
. 5,701 = 0,192

29,77

Keterangan:
Hx = tinggi muka air dari titik yang dicari (m)
Lx = panjang rayapan (m)
L = total rayapan (m)

56

## PERANCANGAN IRIGASI BANGUNAN AIR

H = tinggi muka air banjir dari lantai dasar bendung (m)
Ux = uplift pressure di titik x (t/m2)

Titik

Hx (m)

Lx (m)

Ux (tm)

A
B
C
D
E
F
G
H
I
J

7.08
10.08
10.08
8.08
8.08
7.08
7.08
8.08
8.08
6.08

29.77
26.77
24.27
22.27
20.27
19.77
18.77
17.77
15.77
13.77

1.380
4.995
5.433
3.816
4.104
3.295
3.487
4.678
5.061
3.444

57

## PERANCANGAN IRIGASI BANGUNAN AIR

Tabel 3.9 Perhitungan Uplift Pressure Akibat Air Banjir
Bagian

Gambar

U1 U 2
xH
2

H=
A

1.3800

=-

1,380 4,955
x3,0
2

= - 9,502 t

3.0000

h 2a b
3 a b

A-B

y =
B
4.9550

3 1,380 4,955

= 1,218 m
Ytotal = 1,218 m
U1 U 2
xH
2

V=
2.5000

V =-

4,955 5,433
x 2,5
2

= - 12,985 t
B-C

h 2b c
3 bc

4.9550

x =

5.4330

## 2,5 (2 x 4,955) 5,433

3 4,955 5,433

= 1,231 m
X total = 2,5 1,231 = 1,269 m
H=

U1 U 2
xH
2

H =

5,433 3,816
x 2,0 = 9,250 t
2

3.8160

2.0000

C-D

h 2c d
3 cd

y=
C
5.4330

= 1,058 m
3 5,433 3,816

Ytotal = 1,058 m

58

## PERANCANGAN IRIGASI BANGUNAN AIR

D-E

1.5000

U1 U 2
xH
2
3,816 4,104
V =x1,5
2
= - 5,940 t

V=
D

h 2d e
3 d e
1,5 (2 x3,816 ) 4,104

=
3 3,816 4,104

x =

3.8160

4.1040

= 0,741 m
X total = (1,5 - 0,741) + 2,5 = 3,259 m

3.2950

F
1.0000

E-F

H=

U1 U 2
xH
2

H =

4,104 3,295
x1
2

= 3,699 t

h 2e f
3 e f

y =

4.1040

1 (2 x 4,104 ) 3,295

3 4,104 3,295

= 0,518 m
Ytotal = 0,518 + 1,0 = 1,518 m
V=

1.0000

U1 U 2
xH
2

V =-

3,295 3,487
x1,0
2

= - 3,391 t

h2f g
3 f g

x =

F-G
3.4870

3.2950

## 1,0 (2 x3,295) 3,487

3 3,295 3,487

= 0,495 m
X total = (1,0-0,495)+2,5+1,5 = 4,505 m

59

H=

U1 U 2
xH
2

H =3.4870

G-H

3,487 4,678
x1,0
2

= - 4,082 t

h 2g h
3 g h

y =

1.0000

4.6780

## 1,0 (2 x3,487 ) 4,678

3 3,487 4,678

= 0,476 m
Ytotal = 0,476 + 1,0 = 1,476 m
V=
I

2.0000

U1 U 2
xH
2

V =-

4,678 5,061
x 2,0
2

= - 9,739 t
H-I

h 2g h
3 g h

x =

4.6780

5.0610

## 2,0 (2 x 4,678) 5,061

3 4,678 5,061

= 0,987 m
Xtotal = (2 0,987) + 2,5 + 1,5 + 1,0
= 6,013 m

3.4440

2.0000

I-J
5.0610

H=

U1 U 2
xH
2

H=

5,061 3,444
x 2,0
2

= 8,505 t

h 2g h
3 g h

y =

= 1,063 m
3 5,061 3,444

60

## PERANCANGAN IRIGASI BANGUNAN AIR

Tabel 3.10 Gaya Angkat Akibat Air Banjir
Titik

Hx
(m)

Lx
(m)

Ux
(t/m2)

7.08

29.77

1.380

V

Lengan (m)
x

-9.502
B

10.08

26.77

10.08

24.27

1.214
1.231

8.08

22.27

8.08

20.77

7.08

19.77

0.741

7.08

18.77

8.08

17.77

8.08

15.77

6.08 13.77
(JUMLAH)

3.259

0.495

19.358
1.518

5.615

4.505

15.275

3.487
0.476

1.476

6.025

4.678
0.987

6.031

58.736

5.061
8.505

9.789

3.295

-9.739
I

1.058

0.518

-4.082
H

16.478

4.104

-3.391
G

11.572

1.269
1.058

3.699
F

Mo

3.816
-5.940

Mr

5.433
9.250

1.218

Momen

4.955
-12.985

Lengan (m)
x
y
(total) (total)

1.063

3.063

26.051

3.444
- 32.054

7.870

43.648

125.251

## Catatan : Searah jarum jam (+)

Berlawanan arah jarum jam (-)

## Gaya Angkat Akibat Air Banjir :

1. Tekanan Vertikal
V = fu x V = 0,5 x (-32.054) = - 16.027 ton
2. Tekanan Horizontal
H = fu x H = 0,5 x (7.870) = 3.935 ton
3. Momen
Mr = 0.5 x Mr = 0,5 x (43.648) = 21.824 t.m
Mo = 0.5 x Mo = 0,5 x (125.251) = 62.626 t.m
Dimana :

61

## PERANCANGAN IRIGASI BANGUNAN AIR

Tabel 3.11 Akumulasi Beban Beban Pada Bendung
Gaya (ton)
Momen (ton.meter)
Keterangan
Vertikal Horizontal
Mr
Mo
2
3
4
5
6

No.
1

Tekanan Air
a
Air Normal
b
Air Banjir
c
Tekanan Lumpur
Berat Sendiri
d
Bendung
Gaya Gempa
e
Gempa Horisontal
f
Gempa Vertikal
Gaya Angkat
g
Air Normal
h
Air Banjir
3.6.

0.000
3.469
0.000

7.411
11.354
0.888

0.000
3.094
0.000

43.763
72.202
5.031

71.160

257.174

3.558

7.116
-

27.259
12.859

27.259
12.859

-14.177
-16.027

2.800
3.935

15.053
21.824

56.746
62.626

## Kontrol Stabilitas Bendung

Ketentuan :
1. Tegangan tanah dasar yang diijinkan ()

= 1,5 kg/cm2

= 1,2 kg/cm2

## Kombinasi gaya gaya yang bekerja pada bendung :

3.6.1 Tanpa Pengaruh Gempa
1. Keadaan Normal dengan Uplift Pressure

## H = a(4) + c(4) + g(4)

= 7,411 + 0,888 + 2,800 = 11,100 t

## V = a(3) + c(3) + d(3) + g(3)

= 0,000 + 0,000 + 71,160 14,177 = 56,983 t

## Mr = a(5) + c(5) + d(5) + g(5)

= 0,000 + 0,000 + 257,174 + 15,053 = 272,226 tm

## M0 = a(6) + c(6) + g(6)

= 43,763 + 5,031 + 56,746 = 105,540 tm

Kontrol:
=

272,226
=
= 2,579 1,5 ()
105,540

62

=

f . 0,7 . 56,983
=
= 3,594 1,2 ()

11,100

## Dimana, f = koefisien geser (diambil f= 0,7)

c. Terhadap Daya Dukung Tanah (Over Stressing)
Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak a dari titik O
=

272,226 105,540
=
= 2,925

56,983

=

7
= 2,925 = 0,575
2
2

<

7
0,575 <
6
6
0,575 < 1,167

.. (OK!)

## Gambar 3.7 Jarak e Dalam Bidang Kern

=
=

V M . x

A
Iy
V
V . e . 0,5 . b x

1
3
bx . by
. bx . by
12

63

V
6.V.e

2
bx . by
bx . by

V
bx . b y

6.e
1

b x

## Tegangan tanah dikontrol per 1 meter panjang bendung :

=

min =

max =

V
bx . b y

6.e
1

b x

56,983 6 . 0,575
1
= 4,130 t/m2
7,0 1
7,0

> 0

56,983 6 . 0,575
1
= 12,151 t/m2 < = 20 t/m2
7,0. 1
7,0

(OK!)

(OK!)

## H = b(4) + c(4) + h(4)

= 11,354 + 0,888 + 3,935 = 16,177 t

## V = b(3) + c(3) + d(3) + h(3)

= 0,000 + 0,000 + 71,160 16,027 = 58,602 t

## Mr = b(5) + c(5) + d(5) + h(5)

= 0,000 + 0,000 + 257,174 + 21,824 = 282,091 tm

## M0 = b(6) + c(6) + h(6)

= 72,202 + 5,031 + 62,626 = 139,858 tm

Kontrol:
=

282,091
=
= 2,017 1,5 ()
139,858

=
f

f . 0,7 . 58,602
=
= 2,536 1,2 ()

16,177
= koefisien geser (diambil f= 0,7)

## c. Terhadap Daya Dukung Tanah (Over Stressing)

Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak a dari titik O

282,091139,858
58,602

= 2,427 m

64

## PERANCANGAN IRIGASI BANGUNAN AIR

Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak e dari pusat berat bendung

= = 2,427 = 1,073
<

1,073 <

7
6

## 1,073 < 1,167

Tegangan tanah dikontrol per 1 m panjang bendung:
=

58,602
6 .1,073
(1 +
)
7 .1
7

58,602
6 . 1,073
(1
) = 0,673 2 > 0 ()
7.1
7

= 16,071 2 < 20 2 ()

## 3.6.2 Dengan Pengaruh Gempa Horizontal

1. Keadaan Normal dengan Uplift Pressure
Tegangan ijin tanah (dengan gempa) = 20 t/m2 x 1,3 = 26 t/m2

## H = a(4) + c(4) + e(4) + g(4)

= 7,411 + 0,888 + 7,116 + 2,800 = 18,216 t

## V = a(3) + c(3) + d(3) + g(3)

= 0,000 + 0,000 + 71,160 14,177 = 56,983 t

## Mr = a(5) + c(5) + d(5) + g(5)

= 0,000 + 0,000 + 257,174 + 15,053 = 272,226 tm

## M0 = a(6) + c(6) + e(6) + g(6)

= 43,763 + 5,031 + 27,259 + 56,746 = 132,799 tm
Kontrol:
a.

272,226

b.

=
f

c.

f .

0,7 . 56,983
18,216

= 2,190 1,2 ()

## Terhadap Daya Dukung Tanah (Over Stressing)

Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak a dari titik O
=

272,226132,799
56,983

= 2,447

## Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak e dari pusat berat bendung

= 2 = 2 2,447 = 1,053

65

<

1,053 <

7
6

## 1,053 < 1,167

Tegangan tanah dikontrol per 1 m panjang bendung:
=
=

56,983
7 .1

(1 +

6 .1,053

) = 15,489 2 < 26 2 ()

56,983
6 . 1,053
(1
) = 0,792 2 > 0 ()
7.1
7

## H = a(4) + c(4) + e(4)

= 7,411 + 0,888 + 7,116 = 15,416 t

## V = a(3) + c(3) + d(3)

= 0,000 + 0,000 + 71,160 = 71,160 t

## Mr = a(5) + c(5) + d(5)

= 0,000 + 0,000 + 257,174 = 257,174 tm

## M0 = a(6) + c(6) + e(6)

= 43,763 + 5,031 + 27,259 = 76,054 tm

Kontrol:
a.

= =
b.

257,174
76,054

= 3,381 1,5 ()

=

f .

0,7 . 71,160
15,416

= 3,231 1,2 ()

c.

## Terhadap Daya Dukung Tanah (Over Stressing)

Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak a dari titik O
=

257,17476,054
71,160

= 2,545

## Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak e dari pusat berat bendung

= 2 = 2 2,545 = 0,955
<

0,955 < 6
0,955 < 1,167

66

## PERANCANGAN IRIGASI BANGUNAN AIR

Tegangan tanah dikontrol per 1 m panjang bendung:
71,160
6 . 0,955
(1 +
) = 18,485 2 < 26 2 ()
7.1
7
71,160
6 . 0,955
=
(1
) = 1,846 2 > 0 ()
7 .1
7

## H = b(4) + c(4) + e(4) + h(4)

= 11,354 + 0,888 + 7,116 + 3,935 = 23,293 t

## V = b(3) + c(3) + d(3) + h(3)

= 3,469 + 0,000 + 71,160 16,027 = 58,602 t

## Mr = b(5) + c(5) + d(5) + h(5)

= 3,094 + 0,000 + 257,174 + 21,824 = 282,091 tm

## M0 = b(6) + c(6) + e(6) + h(6)

= 72,202 + 5,031 + 27,259 + 62,626 = 167,117 tm
Kontrol:
a.

282,091

b.

=

f .

f
c.

0,7 . 58,602

= 1,761 1,2 ()

23,293

## Terhadap Daya Dukung Tanah (Over Stressing)

Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak a dari titik O
=

282,091167,117
58,602

= 1,962

## Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak e dari pusat berat bendung

= 2 = 2 1,962 = 1,538
<

1,538 < 6
1,538 < 1,167

## Tegangan tanah dikontrol per 1 m panjang bendung:

=
=

58,602
7 .1
58,602
7 .1

(1 +

(1

6 .1,538

) = 19,408 2 < 26 2 ()

7
6 .1,538
7

) = 2,665 2 > 0 ()

67

## PERANCANGAN IRIGASI BANGUNAN AIR

4. Keadaan Banjir tanpa Uplift Pressure

## H = b(4) + c(4) + e(4)

= 11,354 + 0,888 + 7,116 = 19,358 t

## V = b(3) + c(3) + d(3)

= 3,469+ 0,000 + 71,160 = 74,629 t

## Mr = b(5) + c(5) + d(5) + e(5)

= 3,054 + 0,000 + 257,174 + 27,259 = 287,526 tm

## M0 = b(6) + c(6) + e(6)

= 72,202 + 5,031 + 27,259 = 104,492 tm
Kontrol:
a.

287,526

b.

f .

f
c.

0,7 .74,629
19,358

= 1,047 1,2 ()

## Terhadap Daya Dukung Tanah (Over Stressing)

Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak a dari titik O
=

287,526104,492
74,629

= 2,453

## Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak e dari pusat berat bendung

= 2 = 2 2,453 = 1,047
<

1,047 < 6
1,047 < 1,167

## Tegangan tanah dikontrol per 1 m panjang bendung:

74,629
6 . 1,047
(1 +
) = 20,233 2 < 20 2 ()
7.1
7
74,629
6 . 1,047
=
(1
) = 1,090 2 > 0 ()
7.1
7

## 3.7.3 Dengan Pengaruh Gempa Vertikal

Tegangan ijin tanah (dengan gempa) = 20 t/m2 x 1,3 = 26 t/m2

68

## PERANCANGAN IRIGASI BANGUNAN AIR

1. Keadaan Normal dengan Uplift Pressure

## H = a(4) + c(4) + g(4)

= 7,411 + 0,888 + 2,800= 11,100 t

## V = a(3) + c(3) + d(3) + f(3) + g(3)

= 0,000 + 0,000 + 71,160 + 3,558 14,177= 60,541 t

## Mr = a(5) + c(5) + d(5) + f(5) + g(5)

= 0,000 + 0,000 + 257,174 + 12,859 + 15,053= 285,085 tm

## M0 = a(6) + c(6) + f(6) + g(6)

= 43,763 + 5,031 + 12,859 + 56,746 = 118,399 tm
Kontrol:
a.

285,085

b.

=

f . 0,7 . 60,541
=
= 3,818 1,2 ()

11,100

f
c.

## Terhadap Daya Dukung Tanah (Over Stressing)

Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak a dari titik O
=

285,085118,399
60,541

= 2,753

## Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak e dari pusat berat bendung

= 2 = 2 2,753 = 0,747
<

0,747 < 6
0,747 < 1,167

## Tegangan tanah dikontrol per 1 m panjang bendung:

=
=

60,541
7 .1

(1 +

6 .0,747
7

) = 14,184 2 < 20 2 ()

60,541
6 . 0,747
(1
) = 3,113 2 > 0 ()
7.1
7

## 2. Keadaan Normal tanpa Uplift Pressure

H = a(4) + c(4)
= 7,411 + 0,888 = 8,300 t

69

## PERANCANGAN IRIGASI BANGUNAN AIR

= 0,000 + 0,000 + 71,160 + 3,558 = 74,718 t

## Mr = a(5) + c(5) + d(5) + f(5)

= 0,000 + 0,000 + 257,174 + 12,859 = 270,032 tm

M0 = a(6) + c(6)
= 43,763 + 5,031 = 48,795 tm
Kontrol:
a.

= =
b.

48,795

= 5,534 1,5 ()

f .

f
c.

270,032

0,7 . 74,718
8,300

= 6,3017 1,2 ()

## Terhadap Daya Dukung Tanah (Over Stressing)

Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak a dari titik O
=

270,03248,795
74,718

= 2,961

## Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak e dari pusat berat bendung

= 2 = 2 2,961 = 0,539
<

0,539 < 6
0,539 < 1,167

## Tegangan tanah dikontrol per 1 m panjang bendung:

74,718
6 . 0,539
(1 +
) = 15,606 2 < 20 2 ()
7.1
7
74,718
6 . 0,539
=
(1
) = 5,742 2 > 0 ()
7.1
7

## H = b(4) + c(4) + h(4)

= 11,354 + 0,888 + 3,935 = 16,177 t

## V = b(3) + c(3) + d(3) + f(3) + h(3)

= 3,469 + 0,000 + 71,160 + 3,558 16,027 = 62,160 t

## Mr = b(5) + c(5) + d(5) + h(5)

= 3,094 + 0,000 + 257,174 + 21,824 = 282,091 tm

70

## PERANCANGAN IRIGASI BANGUNAN AIR

= 72,202 + 5,031 + 12,859 + 62,626 = 152,717 tm
Kontrol:
a.

= =
b.

= 1,847 1,5 ()

152,717

=

f .

f
c.

282,091

0,7 . 62,160
16,177

= 2,690 1,2 ()

## Terhadap Daya Dukung Tanah (Over Stressing)

Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak a dari titik O
=

282,091152,717
62,160

= 2,081

## Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak e dari pusat berat bendung

= 2 = 2 2,081 = 1,419
<

1,419 < 6
1,419 < 1,167

## Tegangan tanah dikontrol per 1 m panjang bendung:

=
=

62,160
7 .1

(1 +

6 .1,419
7

) = 19,678 2 < 20 2 ()

62,160
6 . 1,419
(1
) = 1,918 2 > 0 ()
7.1
7

## 4. Keadaan Banjir tanpa Uplift Pressure

H = b(4) + c(4)
= 11,354 + 0,888 = 12,242 t

## V = b(3) + c(3) + d(3) + f(3)

= 3,469 + 0,000 + 71,160 + 3,558 = 78,187 t

## Mr = b(5) + c(5) + d(5) + f(5)

= 3,094 + 0,000 + 257,174 + 12,859 = 273,126 tm

M0 = b(6) + c(6)
= 72,202 + 5,031 = 77,233 tm

Kontrol:
a.

= =

273,126
77,233

= 3,536 1,5 ()

71

b.

=
f

c.

f .

0,7 .78,187
12,242

= 4,471 1,2 ()

## Terhadap Daya Dukung Tanah (Over Stressing)

Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak a dari titik O
=

273,126 77,233
=
= 2,505

78,187

## Resultante beban vertikal bekerja sejarak e dari pusat berat bendung

= 2 = 2 2,505 = 0,995
<

0,995 < 6
0,995 < 1,167

## Tegangan tanah dikontrol per 1 m panjang bendung:

78,187
6 . 0,995
(1 +
) = 20,691 2 < 20 2 ()
7.1
7
78,187
6 . 0,995
=
(1
) = 1,648 2 > 0 ()
7.1
7

Tabel 3.12 Akumulasi Kombinasi Gaya-Gaya Yang Bekerja Pada Tubuh Bendung

No.

## Kombinasi Gaya Gaya

Tanpa Gempa
a. Air Normal + Gaya Angkat
b. Air Banjir + Gaya Angkat
Dengan Gempa Horizontal
a. Air Normal + Gaya Angkat
b. Air Normal
c. Air Banjir + Gaya Angkat
d. Air Banjir
Dengan Gempa Vertikal
a. Air Normal + Gaya Angkat
b. Air Normal
c. Air Banjir + Gaya Angkat
d. Air Banjir

Tegangan Tanah

SF

Tanpa Gempa
Max
Min
2
< 20 t/m
>0

Dengan Gempa
Max
Min
2
< 26 t/m
>0

Guling
1,50

Geser
1,20

2,579
2,017

3,594
2,536

12,151
16,071

4,130
0,673

2,050
3,381
1,688
2,752

2,190
3,231
1,761
2,699

15,489
18,485
19,408
20,233

0,792
1,846
-2,665
1,090

2,408
5,534
1,847
3,536

3,818
6,302
2,690
4,471

14,184
15,606
19,678

3,113
5,742
-1,918
20,691

1,648

72

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