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Formats for Living

Contemporary living in Amsterdam exhibits


an unusual and fascmatlllg dynamIc.
The collective lifetyle is changing as a result of
thc economIc prosperity, the shortage of urban space,
the general necd for mobility, the firmly entrenched
ind!vidualism and phenomena such as
working from homc anti flexlhle working.
Against this turhulent background,
Formats (or J.itmg presems a concise picture of
comemporary living ln Amsterdam,

,I.

with a provocatJve selection of almosr


one hundred floor plans designed m the final
decade of the t\ventieth century. The unIform method
of drawing has resulted in a lucid collection of plans,
which for all their apparenr sunplicity contain
an encrypted cultural code - a format for lIving.

Contemporary floor plans


in Amsterdam

Amsterdam Centre for A n.:h Itl'(.:ru rl'

\"

ARcAM POCKET

. .

Formats for Living


Contemporary {1oorplans in Amsterdam

Cover: :iocial rented hOll,in", Vrolibtraar

Edired by Maarten Klaos


and Oave Wcndt

[nl!i!1kr, Van di:TT(lrr, ' 9921

. I

ARCAM/Architecrura & Natura Press

CO:XTENTS

F.di/MS

.\Iflurten Kloos. DJvC" Wcndr


!'rodllc:/ivl!

Da,'cWcnt

1-/oor piali drau'ings


RuuJj()n!;din).;

\'(/;I/; theilHistancc o(

Kent' Bongt'r, evdinc Keiza

J i:u1T1ah 1.'ld",i);, n;rg;t1 J Ma",

.\-\anijnrjc van Sdl()()tcn,l)eni,(' Vroliik


Trllnslatr1 by
Jane Zuyl-MO<"lr.:s
Cop), ('diting

r LJ. 5.checpm:lkcr
Drsigll

Typoraphy Inlt"riority & Other Serious Matters


Prinling

i)rl,lkkl'ril Rob folk. Amstndam


A RCAM,

Publisher

in conjunction with

;\ro.:hitt"(:tur.l & Natura l'cess. Amst...rdam


ISBK

90 7 ' ; 70 9 9 I

First pllblih..J z.ooo

SCi:ond jmrrc,ion .1.00 I

::'(Xond rc\';scd edition 20o_,

O Th", :tuthors and A R eA M, !OOO, 1003

/"lrod",;:li(JII,.\t1aarrcn Kloos

II

Hoor plans /ielU'en! c<lIwl'Ilfion alld innOImtion,

.1.7

Neu' dir('("tions j/, (loor plans for Amsterdam.

-47

Sl'ieded Hoor pluns

65

Sdec:t,:d (I()(}r p/,ms 199). inuoduu:d by Vr:l Yall(wllfChinsky

\,I

Se/ec/ed floorpl.IIIS 1995196. imroducd by FT FdJer

49
ll.

'1.J

139
16 I

1 86
196

1 \,17

t\'nud dc Vrcczc

Marinus Qu,{cnhrink

Sc/('ct/.'d floor I,/mIs '991, introd uced by Dick '"an GameTen


S ele,;ted floor p/alis 1 <,194. intrnduccd ll)' Han .\Iichd

Selected flnorplans J9<,16197, introduced hy Gerard Andcricst"Tl

Selected floorp/:ms '<,I9719H, introduced by Liesbcth vali <kr Pol


Se/erlnl(loorp/alis J99HI99.Stateo(A((llirs

l ,i1 of Icctoo floor plans

Soun;",!>

fl.ookmark

INTRODU CTION

i/

an infinite variety of ways in which people can


is also an infinite v ariety of floor pla ns - at
least 111 theory, bec ause 1Il pra ctice there i s always a lim
ited number of models on \\'hich variations are made.
The wishes of the dient (and sometimes the future
occupant), the location, the available budget the regu
lations \\'hich have to be co mpl ied with and the ideas of
the architect determine which basic floor plan is used
and which vari a tion on the chosen rheme. And with the
occupant at the bcgin11lng and the architeet ar the end
of this chain it is obviolls why the flo or plan occupies
a s peC1 al place in architecture. Yet it appears that the
criteria on the basis of which a dwelling is Judged to be
good arc not so complex. When, at the end of T999, a
new award was launched for the best housingsCheme
in Amsterdam, it was stated that a Tood dwelling has
:1 large t oor area, w ic 1 pro du ce s an added value with
arout, as well as a gene rous storev height and a
.1 goa
large cxtcr ior space. In addition it should be suitahle

There is

l i ve There

1"I'IKODUCIIO"l

1'<"i"KODUCIION

\f

for more than one type of household and provide space

ILfor work functions.

l
)
(

_the dwelling and th3t for e3ch dwelling emphasis is

the Netherlands, which in turn are a consequence of

on the annual surveys of housing schemes published

new social and economic circumstances. The Dutch

-have become more prosperolIs in recent decades; they

by

Amsterdam's

Housing

Department

(Stedelijke

also live longer, marry less and later, have fewer chil

WoningdieT1st Amsterdam).

number of single- and two-person households has in

market-sector housing has also been included. And so

changed as a result and continues to change. It is signifi-

cach represented in the hanchvriting of their respective

dren and divorce rates are higher. In particular the

Up until 1992, these sur

veys \vere limited [O social housing; since that ye3r,

creased over the last thirty years:,. th c market has

SIX volum1110LlS books with hundreds of floor plans,

cant in this tespect that we are heading for a siru ation

designers, were available at the start of the process.

\Vorld War, there wiii be no real housing need in the

select the floor plans. Three of them, namely the archi

(Ill 2003)

Six' experts 111 the field of housing were 111vired TO

111 which, for the first time since the Second

even
JSeth erlands'. From that moment, the market
more than is the case at present - \ViII direet its efforts to

tects Dick van Gameren of Dc Architectengroep and

Liesbeth van der Pol, as well as Han .Vlichel, director of

the property developer De Principaal, wcre at that time

meeting the reqll1rements of consumers regarding their

members of A I{C A .\OI'S advisory committee. The others

living situation.

It seemed a good idea in these circumstances to rake

a close look ar the housing production in Amsterdam in

p.Jaced on irs specific spatial an organizational prin


es.
.-f!cl

'the selection of floor plans presented herc lS based

These criteria tie in with IIlnovarions in dwe1ling in

recent years, especially ar the organization of the indi

vidual dweiiing. The form of a floor plan is of course,

certainlv in the city, often imposed by the context, and

"":0 0f!may say that the..sig nificance of 3 floor plan can

not rea!!v bc ex plained withQut looking at that context.

ln afinost all the publications on the subject, attention

is therefore righr!y given to the setting in which the j1uh


lici;.-.ed dwellings arc situated. In this book, by contrast,
3U of the floorplans have been isolated and 111 each case

the image answers the question as to what exacdy the

individual occupant has when hc or she is at home. This

ITlcans that the focus of the discussion is the interior of

are external experts: Ger3rd Anderiesen, director of

the Amstcrdamse Federaric van Woningcorporaties (a

federation of housing corporations), architect Vera

Yanovshtchinsky and Fer Felder, at the time of this pro

ject employed by the housing corporation Het Oosten.

rf

They were each 3sked to choose a ) )roximatel fifteen

..ilQor plans from one of the yearbooks and then explain

their chOice 111 <ln 111terview with Dave \Vendr. 1t should

be noted that Vera Yanovshtchinsky in particular halL

serious reservations about the fact rhat the context of


the dwellings was

1;;;( taken into consideration. Finally,

the six experts were 3sked to select three projects from

the 1998/99 yearbook in order to give a state of play at


the start of the year

2000.

}J

INTRODUCTION

A II of the tloO[ plans 1II this book arc draW11 to 3 scale of

.1:200 and so they can easily he comp3red. Together

with Dick van Gameren, Han Michel, Liesbeth van der

Pol and Rumi .Jongeling, a cle;n and international

method of drawing was chosen, and Rumi Jongeling


then drew all of the floor plans as agreed. In the inrro

FLoon PLANS

ductions by Noud dc Vreeze, director of Stichting

BETWEEN CONVEl\""TTO

\Velstandszorg Noord-Holland, and Marinus Oosren

A N D INNOVATION

hrink of Amsterdam's Housing Department, attention

;;Tt

is focused respectively on the development


he floor
plan in leral and a better understanding of the COll
ce t of the city, of \cyhicb in Ihe final analysis all floor
lans arc art.

Because the floor plans ill this book have heen

arranged by year and are in the order in which they

appear ln the Housing Department's annual surveys,

the visual account is a reflection of the developmenr

over the last seven years. If the impression is given that


the floor

lans have become more com )lex, more

,advenrurous and more baroq.u.q, hur t lat, at the sam5:..


time. d\vel1ings are stil! being buih with extreme1y
'
simple floor plans, this could point to dltferences or
opinion within trle group of experts, ami also to the

growing contrasts in the housing production. The_


_

essence of the social relevance, however, alwa 's lies in

thc floor plans themse ves.


Each floor plan is a co lcction of guidelines, bur a
good floor

lan

ives the OCCU )<lnt the o

ortunit 'to

ecl free and is (hus the representation of a paradox

format for freedom.

MA ARTEN KLOOS

Publications about floor plans occup>, an Imponanr

place in the history of architecture and housing.


Cha

cs in thc dcmography of household s are reflected

in floor plans, an

\'

t lev arc t e result o fundarnenta

onceptions about lifesryles ;1Ild cohabitation. For


architects and c1icnrs, thc floor plan is a special design

aspect in which practice, conventions and prevailing

social conceptions compete with the striving for mod

ernizat10n and ml1ovat'ion, for adaptation to new

-socio-cu1rural conditions anJindividual architectural


and socia-cultural aspirations. ln the Durch housing

--rradlt1on, the government has always concerned itself

with the floor plan, via strict and often detailed norms
for subsidized housing and via initiatives for research

and development, in which government agenC1es ser


different socia I priotities in different periods.

.lQualityThere is now a whole set of concepts and

notions

\vir which the quality of floor plans can be

LOOII.

H.OOR PI.AI\S

described. Thus.l a loor

optimurl1 possibilities as regards layOut and LIse for


dwellings with ;] limited floor area by inc luding
achievements from the past in the design and produc

lan mUSt bc a taut lucid com

_position of wal ls ;'Ind rooms.,Wide dwellings are usua -

:"wowsJ!!usr ill:functional an dwcllin s musthave ad

Ir rated ahave narrow ones. The rel ationships between

tion processes for new dwellings. Moreover, govern

mem interventiom. in the realization of housing were


alwa)'s premised on the view tha r the free market
would not automatically produce a correct differentia
tion according to dwclling types and price ranges
The extent of the government's infl uence on floor
plan features in some peri ods in the past is :lImost in
cOl1ccivablc today. Not only was thc siLe of the various
rooms and the narure of the technical facili ties pre
sctihed, the p lans were also examined W loec whether a
dwellingcould be fitted out amI used in a practical and
functio nal way. This government control could in

cquate space: small room dimensions are rate below


large room d ime mionli.. Thc pasiti o n i n of windows
and doors must bc s uch that there aregoodpossi!'i iries
..and seE
for the layout of the usual domestic functions
arate standards c n be Ser for thc various rooms in
-dw.Cllins, such as bathrooms , storage space, bedroolTIs
and living areas - r instance with re 'ard to minimum
.width and floor arca. A floor plan must not pro lice

\\

:-

:1

a ,"

unnecessary obstacles Ja r wheelchair llsers and the

l) f\ .. gr
li

f ty walking. And

elderly who ha ve d i f

dc

finally,

ce of flcxibility is valucd highly: a dwe


suitab lefor diffe rent modes oflivin 'ai1a it m ll stbc

us-

si ) e to ada t dwe llin 's to chan ,in needs over time.


l

All of these concepts feature in the many andbooks

and guidelines which have been devised in order tO

saf eguard the qU::lliry of floor pl:U1S in accordance with


prevailing conceptions a d CO ma ke this quality less

dependent on the all too individ u::l 1 preferences of


designers In partic ular in the sector of inexpensive and
thus compact dwe llings in a complex urban conrext,
designers often have tO perform a iuggling act; thi s calls
for c on siderabl e skill and experience. The smaller
the dweIling as a consequence of the aim of holding

down rents and building costs, the more attention the

designer m ust pay tO the dimensions of rooms and thc


positioning of doors and windows. Many detailed

norms from the past regarding the dimensions and

com pmition of rooms were thus aimed at guaranteeing

PI.AN"

e "

effect always depend on a broad base of support


because on the one hand, many people were of thc
opinion that architects lacked the knowhow to pro
dLU.-e a sound housing desilln and, on the other hand,
the apparatus of government was flexible enough to bc
a ble to integrate swiftly [he la [est ideas and techniques
policy and so give a pl ace to new priorit es .

ima

Examples Knowle dge abour floor pb ns devel0plo


priman y t rough the publication of examples; that is
( he case today and ir was a lways the case in the pa st.
od c x amples have alwa's had a sti ll ula ting effect,
[ shall pass in revie w several publications a out ous
ing desig n in the rwentieth century, starting with the
book on workers' dwellings in the Netherlands by Van
Hasseh and Verschoor, which was publilohcd in [890
by lhe Maatschappij (O(:\fur van 't Algcmeen.

,J

FLUOt< 1'1

A:<

FI.OOR PL\N

Thi book com a ins a fascimuing collection of com

plexes of workers' dwellings built in that period. The

building initiative for t hese complexes was taken by

..,!.lon-profil organizations!coopera tive institutions and

.This was a new and promising


savings fun(h

Iype oL

cli ent, which could per haps guarantee better qu ality

and hen er operation and management than [hc com

mercial clienrs with their srand;ud hOllsing .,Th e collec

oo

tion certainly became an argument in the pica for a

housing act, which would make it possible to f in ance

and subsidize housing corporations as a basis for good

and affordable dwellings for low-inwmc households,

(r 90 I), local authorities


central government became key players in th c

As a result of rhe HOl1sing Act

and

debate about hou sing qua l ity.

Thc book by Van l- I;lssel r and Verschoor shows that


in the nineteenr h centuryone-room dwelli ngs were stil l
common, After thc First World War, such dwellings
-were proh i bited via nlllllicipal building regulations and
central govl'rnmcnt subsidy conditions, because they
were deemed un desirabls. Oil moral and hygienic

grounds . Ir i s 3lmost inconceivable today, but in

r9 r9

the Illini:.tcr re:.ponsible for th e implementation of the

Housing Act wrme a letter ro :llIlo<:al a uthorities ask

ing them to b uild only dwell ings with:lt least three bed

'"
,

'"
"

rooms {onc for p:Hcnts oneforbo s andone for irls ,

This was consi e r ed ro be a legitimate political inter

vention on moral grounds, and in a situation in which

even 1:1rgc families were living in small dwellings with


bed recesses, it was of course highly d esirable.

On,oom dw.llmgs m AmSld,m rl 761

15

:;

FtOOK I'LA".s

FLOOK 1'1 AN

Another well-known pub l ication, which many archi

consequence it also became an argument in the piea

the book Arbeiderswollinf:eIl ill Nederlalld on Dutch

is that after 1922 there was a drastic reduction in the

tects dep1uyed in the debate about housing quality, is

that curbacks could be made. \X7hat many do not know


fi nanci ng and subsidizing of housing . F rom the second

workers' d\vellings, published in 1921 byH.P. Berlage...

half of the t\vcntics there was a prol onged slump i n

the,urbanistic significance of housing in large coherent

porations and in local city development policy. The

ocial housing, i n the management o f hOLlsing cor

atory note the authors p aced particular emphasis on .

A. Keppkr, W. Kromhout and j. Wils. In their e x plan

complexes and they.-fQresaw the need for a greater

clIphoria of the Amsterdam School and the enthusiasm

down production costs and to bc able to maintain hi h

:ln:.:hitects had embraced the garden city concept carne

the Housing Act: a fe\v dozen splendid garden villages

[Ccts went 111 search of radical means of making house

degree o f industrial standardization in order to keep

ty. The book gn'es an i

'

with which many new housing corporations and young

[o an end. And so a climate developed in which archi

ea of the initial results of

and social housing compl exes in more compact urban

building more efficient in order to reduce building

plot layours, all with picturesque architecture in a care

\ I\leu) solutions ). ln the

costs.

fully designed urbanistic context. Keppier proud ly

writes that 'urbanists come from all over lhe world to

look at the products of om young architects '. By now,

all dwellin s had a separate s ace for the kitchen

a most all dwe 111 's lad three bedrooms and there was

often a second living room. Within the space o a few

years the ' programme' ofthe middle-class dwelllng had

thircies, the Inte rn ational

Srylt' and the studies by international congresses of the


Nieuwe Bouwen in the Netherlands kept the idea alive

[hat housi ngj s a socio cultural task for which nc w


so l utions had to be devised:...T he evidence for this can

hc fOllnd i n several leading Dutch building journals of

also become the norm for accommodation for lo\\,

lhc period. Study and research were to focus on large

had become a mani fest political problem. Within a

()f new production technology, which-\vuuld make it

income households. However, the other side of the coin

short space of time, central government supporr for


hous11lg prOjects in the social rental sector had risen

dramatically and many people were of the opinion that


<1

far more restrained policy on financial support for

\'::l1e c itv devopment processes a-n d the development

P( l'sibk to const

uct ood and inex ensive hous i n .

le conrroversiai publication

Coedkoope mbct
dl'fSIV(millgell at the occaSlOn of the competition for
Il in pcnsive workers' dwell ings in T93 (j reflects the cli-

housing for the \vorking class was urgently needed .

1l1.11C of the penod, and the Ideas presented in lt con

examples of what had been achieved in the first two

[Ile (Oll ) pcririoTl was edited by W. van TiJ en, B. Merkel

The book by B erlage

et al. contai ns some superb

decades after the passing of the Housi ng Act, bur as a

[11\11Cd tO have an impact lon g after 1945. The report of


h.lch, M. Stam andJ.B. van Loghem. The design themes

FLOOR PLANS

Pl.OOK

addressed by the designers have become representative

of modern residenrial architecture of the period after


the Second World War.

Vtually all of th e designs are based on a few prin


appeared to be a consensus. They
all have a se rial organization in sim e strai ht and
identical blocks in open ayou. The dwellings are
identical; different types were kept to a minimum by
ciples on which there

nor building specific corner dwellings or gateways.

This scheme was desi ned to enable housin J to be con


struere according to the rules of industrial mass roduetion. Further an em unc distinction was rna e
.

\'lA
"'-'

een the loadbcarin' struc[Ure of divid 1

\va s

and floors on t 1e one ha , and no n bearing fa,;;ades on


the other. And finalIv
was the principle of the flex
ible layou l A form of sp atiality and i n dividuality waL
propagated which was to remain at the centre of the
debate on housin' uality for man' ea s. Flexibilitv
e conce ts in e mod
and adaptabilitx,.became t
-;;-rnization of the floor pial"!:, The dwelling was no longer

__

..:-

to be a coercive scheme for a predetermined mode of

living; from nm\, on the focus was to be on i ndividual:

,Jillfability and adaptabiliry to the llnp.u:dicrahJc,


changing preferences and needs of individual hOl\se
iLglds.

ln the th irties , of course, few of these obj ectives were

realized, but immediatel y after the Second World War


the aims of the international Modern Movemenr were

deployed for a universally ack nowledgcd social and

political priority: the solution o f the enorll1ous housing

\"i'",hr", dwlli!lg hy :,,1.l.ud'.w1Hp'ririu]l entry I, ,61

,R

19

I'I.AN\

OOI{ 1'1

1'1.00K I'LA.'lS

A'lJS

sh()rrge_ ivlass prodm:tioll nd indusrrialization were

Ir becausl' the principles of these dwdling designs werc

thc guidingprinciples in housing,policy upumil thc Ic

.11,,0 used in the popubr and highly influenrial Voor

schriften en \Vel/kell voor de bOl/l/! VO/I IVollingell met

sixries. tn that period, the publications hy thc Rouw

N ijksstelll/ (R ules a nd Suggestions for the construcrion


(If dwellings with (;overnment support).

cenrrlllll on the modernization of production methods


ill house-building scr the toll(.'

in thc rask of solving the housing problem. Voorbeeld

plmwclI eli Keuzeplal11lell

(Exemplary Plans and

Selected Plans), published by the BouwcenrrulTI in the

sixties. was a highly pr:lctical :lnd influential series. Ir

serc model for the cOuntless -doorzon' dwcl!:

idwcllings witha through room for uOlntrru )led


$Ilerr:uion of sunlighr), porch-:lccess dwellmgs and
.
gallery flats but1t benveen 19 o and '970. These three

(WC Ing t):pes were gradually per eere

in studies and

publications by the Bouwcentr1l111 in the fifties and

sixties, and together they form :15 it were thc basis for

the typological development of social housingjn the


etherlands in the twenrieth century.

The publications a out these dwclling types wer/,

based Oil studies and research carried out under the

Urball re1lewal

From T970 onwards, the picntre

I 1110re comp ex and more difficult to SLllTIlll:lrizc. In

!ht: initi:ll moves towards urban renewal, aher 1974,

:.with uture resI'

\1\

lot the first time housi., J desi'n fearmed in diSClIssions


e/Hs.

Fur special groups o 1OIlle-seek-

cr, such as the elderly, single people, students and C0111-

IllLInes, variolIS new t

oto ica! models were created

ousiJ1gone or twOpersons) - w lic 1


therthin's inrhc formo

- alllon

so-ca

C(

III\Tllnirs

or

v;1rying

of thc housing production. Slowly but sUfcly, central


!40ycrnment abandoned a host of detailed norms for

floor plans and in their place guidelines. which werc

"011lctllnes very specific, sometimes veq' general. were

.I)!.reed among the ke)' pbyers in the field ar a lucal 1cvcl:

housing sector at that time rook part. This included

v.lte developers.

architects, representatives of construction companies,

l1
l unicipal

servantS from the ministry. The floor plan became a

I11l1nicipal departments, housing corporations and pri

ln this process of diversification and deregulation

IItere werc, though, moments when central govern

Il\ltll gave the parties at a local level a finu push in rhe

sophisticared system of dimensionsJ construction and


technical facilities, in which :l11 of the then current

dlrcction it (ke1ncd desirable. IncreasIngi)" however,

por'lIed. There arc prohahly few municipaliries in the

hOIlil1g which was operatiYe between 196H ,md 1'97H

nktngbased on research and assessment was incor

Netherlands with no dwellings derived from the floor

pia 11S in the Voorbeeldplml1lell eli KellZeplallllen, ma in20

tl

kl1).:ths of time accoullted for a sigJ1lficanr proportion

supervision of (he Bouwccnrrum, in which all of the

influenri:ll individuals :lnd institutions in the public

[\1

t hi" involved a

strateg}' of inducement rather than rigid

Iq.;lllarions. Thus the

W.I" .1

rO'Tammc for ex crimenral

serious altempt hy the Minister ofHousing,

W.I. ..:hur, tO integrate new themcs in thc hOlIsing

!'LUUIt I'L,\N

fLOOR I'LA:-;

production, not by bying down norms and imposing


regulations our by r.:hallcngi ngdcsigncrs and clienrs to
expcri m c n t with new idcasi. for example, with regar4
. .
_;O flc x ih i :lI\d adaptability of [he dwellin& mix of
...
fU l lc t ion s in t he immediate vir.:iniry of housing, the
invol\'of future occupanrs and dwelli ng trpes for

change i n pol icy was of course opportlme. TypoJogical


standard formular.: f or hOlIsing design and plot layom
[ypology ar c nOt real ly suitable for building i n the exist
ing city, characrerized as ir is by a IllLllriplicity of plots

000

!!!y

..

r=)

EJ

non-traditional hOlIscholds.
'
ln view ofthc ('normous rask of urban renewal, this

and social "nd pro<:cdural circumstances. Fr o m [975


onwards, :ln evcr larger proportion of th e annual hous
ing p rod ucti on ended lip on sites witl1nl e x i sti n g urhan
s

[J

C=J
o I

Pfl1
:
,-_J

I,
r

r::t

'Om,-

o
O

tructures and as ;l resu lt the design task in hOllsing


was now more varied (han ever before. Ar the S;lme
rim e, (he perce tion that hOllscho ld s arc ver' d ifferent
have dif erent pre efences and needs and develop i
ferently gained wide currency. Consequently, roo m
shoulJbc gi v en rodiversity in hOlIsingproduction and
ro ossibilities of livin in dwellin 's i n different ways
or eyen o ada tin them tO c lan ing preferences.
g reat d eal has been wrinen and is still bein g writ
ten hom these developments, and so wi t h regard to
recent decades, roo, many publications, which have
probabl' influenced the work of arc hitects can bc
mentioned ; for example, the ann ual survey Architec
ture ill tIJe NetherlmIds published hy the Netherlands
Architecture Institute, the Europan competitions, t hc

o
O

[J

..

lhrO"l,(h d",'"", h, i.l_ ""iJ-I\. "inten" , Europan } [, 9941


2'
,

-+

FLOOR

1'1 A N !'>

I' L A S

fLOOR

i f trpological tailor-made schemcs arc produced per

publit'Mions a bout e"per i rnemal residentiai estatt:s for

the \V n-nOllW-RAI in Almere and the studious hous

location. Ih I S is, in Ill)' view, tlaitl reason for the

i ng market surveys by dcp:1ftTllCIltS of the city of


Amsterdam. And perhaps the countiess publications
ahoUT recem h ousing designs in other countries should
be ;tddcd tO the list. ,\1 ore thall ever before, dCt:1i1cd

div ersity of dwclling types and floor plan organization

p
resented i n thISbook.

Tradition \nyone who visll a l i zes the floor plans in


oo as a tbrce-dimensional dweJJing and then
rcalizes what the building form of which they ,1re part is

infof!lution is availa ble, via magazines and in-depth

t hI S

studies, about architectural high poims and develop

like and where this h u ild i ng form i s situated in Ihe city,

ments in modes of living elsewhere i n the world, in

wh ich designers in the Nerlll,rlands tnke:l keen lllterest.

will see a dizzying diversity of ambiences and qualities.

And the modern hOlIsing consumer, too, is well sup

The dwellings being huilt in Amsterdam lOda}' are as

programmes ahout l i festylcs and via the popu1ar maga


zines on sale in the local rlCWslgenr's and the Sl1pef
m:Hkel. The amOLlnt of in for mat i on about the seduc
tions of living i n Tuscan sty l c. in i'v1c"ican coloUTs or in
a Proven,a 1 ambience is indeed ()verwhelming.
\'I?ith Ihe remova l of the rigid control frameworks

t hc

plied with information via the almust daily television

for housing t)'pology and floor-plan features, the


imponance of puh lications oll floor plans has increased

st il l further. ln rhe pasI, floor plans werc published with

thc aim of disseminating knowledge, but it was also thc

inrcntion to poim the war forward) tO draw attention

to

trend, to establish

,l

norIll for qua1iwtive am6i

Tions. Jn The fifries and sixties, the

poli rical objective of

'large quaTHities' in housing production had yeT to be

stnu.:tured in coercive norms :llld e"amples for 'a lot

of thc same'. It was assumed that a rational building


production necessitated such standardization. How

ever, modern building technology in fact allows

infinitc variation, and designing within a given urban

-1>rructuTe ofbu il ding lin;s and plot is only po ssi ble

'4

diversc as rhe 'through-room' dwellings of the si xt ies,


gallery flars and porch-access a parrme nts were uni

form. 'A lot of thc same' has made wav


' for an infinire

v a riet of fo rms and nmbiences.


- Even more srriking rhan this diversit " however,

I th e affirmation of an o

Amsterdam tradition: r ere

I scant room i n this cit , for the t

graun

aceesse

tcrrnce

Dutch
dweIling, the single- a mil )'
ieaU

- dwelling, whichhasbeen so successful everrwherc else.

O
)

I I I Amsterdam, \YC mainly housing blocks with

- high and low, long and short. brge and


a l i, deep and shnl low, round ' ld stTn i ht ho u s i ng
hlocks.
(' swc e
a partment with a wide V;lfiety of.
l1 cction s . access systems and floor lans: rjlnt is th

,lparrments

no.:ncc

()

mstcr nm s

ousmg traditioq_ And the

11otion that a dwcllin comprises a !ivin room several

hl'drooms. a kitchen,.a ha , a )arhroo!lJ and storage

':.p:u,:e is evidcnrlyfirmlv embedded i n this tradition. For


_lli Ihe diversity there is also, thus, a lot of the same;
l k-.lrl\' t here is nor much discussion ahout what dwcll111 i which rooms are essential and how these rooms

<

25

.,

F L O O R PLANS

hould he organized in relation to each other in a floor

..J2.13n

Today, designers can take their own predilections

and references as a starting-point when designing hous

ing, unhindered by the strict regulatory norms and pre

scribed typology schemes of the past. In consultation

with dients they can present their arguments in support


of

the floor

plans they

propose,

and

the

N EW O I RECTlO:-JS I N l'LOOR I' L A N S

F O il. A ,vl S T E R D A M

type

of household the dwelling is intended for is less and

less relevant, as long as the design bas a sort of broad

appeal. At the present moment in Amstcrdam's housing

production this results in a great diversity of building

forms in many different locations, \vith many different

Housing in Amsterdam has always been unique, partly

floor-plan 1ayouts and ambiences. However, the tradI

because of the active role played by the government.

tional programme of different types of rooms, room

sizes and functions is stili discernible. It would appear

And it is srill tempring to summarize the caplta!'s hous

ing production in one s\veeping statement as the result

that [he greater design freedom, which is undeniably

of political policy resolutions. Against the background

the result of deregulation in public housing policy dur

of a long public housing tradition, Amsterdam's views

ing recent decndes, is nor or only marginally impacting

with regard to the blanket term 'housingguality' were

on the modernization of the traditional structure of

laid down in .1- 9 9 5 in formal guidelines (the so-called

rooms and the households and functions assumed

to

go with it. ThiS standard structure is evidently still

adcquate and desirable on a large scale, because only a


few general rules, regarding accessibility for the eiderl}'

and the disabled and possibilities for fitting out the


dweliing, still apply to the composition of the floor

plan, bur even these are no longer very specific or

detailed. When designing floor plans, designers and di

ents are increasingly able to determine their own posi


tion between convention and innovation.
N O U O O F V R F E 7. E

liciJlfiil1efl

KlValiteit

\'(1o lllngbulfw

Amsterdam)"

' l "hese are still essen[ia lly based on a Vision of the func
tional floor plan and the concomitant need to steer

C ost-qUality ratios. Furthermore, in fhe definition of


-qllrditv em hasis is laced on flexibilit , and ada ta il
11 order to

e able to provide adequate hOllsing tor

.various target groups and to meet the changing needs of


IH )lIscholds. Other issues ofconcerninclude the afford

ahilii)' of new social rental dwellings, the promotion of


1 .lrct-group-oriented architectural and environmental

t j 11;11 i ties, a nd the prevention of segregation.


'7

rl

\\

N I W O I R (CTIOKS

N E W l l I R E C T I O S <;

If we look at the diversity o f hOlIsing chemes submir


ted in Amsterdam over the past ten }'ears, however, it i s
clear thar i t is an oversimplification to assert that the
housing production is the result of municipal policy

fronlS and periphcral zones are being developed and


urban recycling and compaction are [aking pbce. Thi"
multiplicity of huilding operations is giving shape to a
wide variety of living environmeTlts, each of which.
with its plll points and drawbacks, has an impact on
the quality of life. Traditional urban renewal in thc
nine[ccnth-ccmury ring wirh irs high housing density
benefits from the proxllniry of high-quality facilities,
but is often <;ril l encumbcred by the limited quality of
the puhlic space and the imbalance i n the compoitiOIl
of the population. However, because more and more
dwellings arc being builr in the inexpensive and middle
segment of thc owner-occupicd market, th is sitll:1tion is
gradually changing. Contcmporary urban renewal, in
parricular in the Bijlmcnneer in Arnsrt'rclarn-Zuidoost,

decisions alone. The qualit}, of Amsrerdam's housing i s


also dependent on a complex o f influences which,

because of its inrricacy. eludes municipal control. The


quality of a dwelling is conne..::red with the qualir
y of
_
the living environment and of the public space in the

1nullediare neighbourhood. Accesslbl!lty, parking tacil


- .
.!.Ucs and all manner of amenities, not forgetting
employment opportunities in city di strict, city region
and the Randstad, all determine the verdict of con
sumers regarding the qualit)' oflife on offer. This means
that the housingproduction must constanrly respond
to a com [ex context of variable factors. Together these
actors point a ca( to L1r lan iving in the future, and so
the quality comours for the twenty-first century arc
already taking hape in the currenr hall sing production
and the preparations for it. New 3ccents arc visible
in recent developments and studies in the field of in
tensive use of space, optimiz3tion of land use and living
i n Iloise-ridden areas. Furthermore, the individual
demand for floor space and spatiality withjn the dwelI
ing lsgrowin$ and there is an increasing emphasis on
architectural quality in combination with the cultiva
tion of fhe public realm as a collective value.
Livillg ellvirnl/mellts
Amsterdam's urbanistic
eve opmcnt ovcr recent decades shows an assortment
of grands ensembles. l n addition, traditional and con
temporary urban renewal is being carried out, water-

has a very di fferent character. Here, parciaI dcmolitioll


,lIld new-build are resulting in a resolute transforTna
lion of the one-sided living environment and a new and
compact model of che 'radiant garden city'. There arc
fe\V comparable situations in other European cities

where spacial and social renewal is resulting in such a


drastic transformation as here. The redevelopment of
bOlh infrastructure and blocks of flats in the
Bijlmermeer is quite unique, certainly in combination
with the striving for forms of social renewal and new
employment.

ln the former docklands arca Oostclijk Havcn*


gcbied, a catalogue of living environments and dwelI

ing programmes is becoming visible. The development


K N <; I\\-eiland is almost a classICal composition in
which the urban volumes arc arranged as :1utonomou
<,culptural objects along a monumental cemral axis.

(Ill

'9

NEW

The devciopmcnt on Java-ciland, however,

is

D I R[r:Tl O N

charac

terized hy a hiemrchy of faade fronrages, canal houses


and inner gardens, with emphasis on differentiatioll
according to dwcl1ing programme, dwclling type and
architecture in sll1al1 units. On the islands Iorneo and
Sporenburg this series of living environment differenti
atioIl has been taken a step further. Here, the 'sea of
houses' consists of a closciy-woven carpet of individual

low-risc and as such represents an extreme form of sus

tainable high-density urhan development, with streets


and a l l c)'ways of waTer and Stone. Suburban living in

the ciry is represented primarily b r extensive residentia I

areas like Niellw Slmen and De Aker: large, continuous


low-risc areaS, aniculated by medi u m- n sc and high
rise in co nce nrrHed units.
Rcd c vcl opment areas within thc eXisting city form a
special c:ltegorr. For eX:lI11ple, the G W I. site (a former
site for drinking-water distrihution which has been
given ..l resi den ri a l function) has beeTl devel oped as an
urban enclave with its own characteristics and ground

based dwelling types anu is related to a p:lrriclliar


interpretation of susrainable urbanity: a high housing

density with a grcen character. The Oos[Oever hOlIsing

project, 011 the sire of a former sewage treatment plant,

is similar in a way: a combination of low-rise and

sracked dcvclopmcl1f o n tht, shores of SImerplas. There


are, thus, many types of living environment, combined

with as many dwelling types and b uilding

types. This

qualitari vc di fferentiation ar various lcvels of scale is of


great impo rtan ce.
0"" 1I111!.t' <>,, X \. ' .\1 ,,1.",,1 ll)' 1 1.,", K"lIh"fi and Chmtian Rapp

JO

I , Y I
3'

Kl1W D I Rr.C: T I O N

N E W D I HI:C: T I O N S

" [urban
dwelli1lgs;}x
ma io
...-

reason for the changes in

Amsterdam'5 hOli sing production within each of (hc

wl rh of rhe dwellings, :l Jl of these desi gn variables for

the economic hcarrland of the Ncthcrbnds, the Rand

d I I i ons of rhe chosen parking sol uri on. The parking


l I ll l ti oll S 011 th e isla nds Homeo :l nd Sporell burg a rc less

stad is also a Europe;1I1 urban region with a concentra

tion of employment, transpOrt and services. Central

government is proposing ln 'offensive spatial strategy'


for [hc R:mdsrad, with, alllong other things, new high

of the housil1 blocks on the north qua y. Thc

I 1 1cd position, the dimension ing of the carcass and the

Cl1 vironmenrs described above lies ;n thc position of

Amsterdam as part of the R n ndsrad. As well as being

qualit, residc-mial and , nmercial Cllvironmems and


r lC preservation and strengthening of the vitality and
competitive position of the major cities within the
Ran dsrad necessitates an u r ba11 rcna issa nec' . This is to

.r-

I ypology

'

find expression in, among other rhings, a growing pro

essential

Iht: dwellings arc in effecr dictated by thc limiting COIl

l i m i l i ng bur just as striking. They have a Illore slllall

,".,Ic character and in many cases they are connected to

Ihe individual dwelling.

IJIli/ding height

X'ith regard ro building height, :l

llIft is ta ing p ace III two directions; a shift which is


h.lving an impact Oil the floor plan. F irsrly, although the

IHnli rrT11-risc b u i lding with fl:ns still forms an import

portion of spacioll s, comforta hIc tj rba II dwellings.

III II p :l rt of the housing production, the number of high-

rhar )arkings ace s are ava l a

c in rhe vicinityof thcsc

tllt.tl llLllllber of new dwe ll i ngs were buih in complexes

....-,eing
..,
created, in which there is a combination of dwc1l

wllh six to eight store,rs, then the proponion of high

ln view of the incrcasing mobiJit , it is <l Isa

d we ll ings T lis is why a new generation ot p ans is


.

in ' t' e, bu i ldin

t ' e and

b uih

:ukin facilities_ AI

thc Same time, there is also an increase in the num er of


projects and dwellings in which parking garages have

becn incorporated. l n almoS[ tWO thirds of thehOllsi np


production, parking galJ!gcs arc being bllilr witb a

\ dwclling.

capacity for a proximate1y one parking space per

Builr

arking volume thus forms an important part

of the ,ro uctlon o

auslIl vo umeo
'

K N S _"-l-CI

an

1 1\l'

with nin or

l l t l \ 1 t ril' as a dwelling type i s prolifcrating and i n thc


Hrw pl"Od uCfiOI1 wil1 predarninarc over the traditional
Illt'dllll1l-rise. However, low-rise and grollnd-acccssed

h\ d li l l).!,' arc a Iso illcreasing.

b u il d i n

I 11 1 1

'

volume as an urban

linth. On .Java eiland,

include the category

d wellings was 52. per celt. Secondl)', Ihe propor


_
I h i n of dwellings in g rou nd based low-risc with onc or
I \ II torevs has risen to I H percent. In this connection i r
, .. I I l lpOrtanr to point our thar the number o f l1laiSOIl1 1 I l" I1:IS i ncre ased, as h:1S the number of stackcd, bm
I ' fl l l ld-accessed, ground-floor-u psta irs dwell i ngs.

these parking basements arc resu ting in an explicit

more sroreys)f we

H\C

<lnd Java-eiland, this par mg vo utne is in the form of

large garages, which have been in<:orporated in the

dwellings is increasing. In 1 997: per cent of the

, Ill, Icndelle}' towards 011 the OI2$:. hand l;round-

l l1 I I ..:d and Oil the otherhand sky orientacd livin&,.


l ! l l l l k , .1 Ilew developnint in dwe l!ing preferences
.

3J

N I' W ! l I f< I' C I' I O N S

which is rprcse nta tive of the new n iches in the housing


ma rker. Therc is a ma r ked prcd i lection for di stinctive
d wt:lling types which stOlnd out from the main bulk oi
medium-risc developmcnt. This distinctiveness is rein
forced hy other urbanistic and architectural expres
sions, which discngage themselves from the existing

city.

The most visible and srriking phenomenon in the


recent houslIlg produ<:rion is that o 'rowers'. One look
at . Illster( am's s y Ille IS su ticienf to see that new
iorms arc appearing; forms which rise above the tradi
tioll31 height of foprto five srotCYS witha roof. The roof..
r "ul( of the need for
landsc3pe is c han fj i ng as a
volu111c a nahOlls ing eap:1 city. The [<lUer bu i l dings with
between nine and twellly-one sloreys have, moreover,
an u rba ni s ic
t
reasun fur c x is te nct;; for'ex a mple, as a
1anm:Jrk or ;1 bOlJud'lrx marker. Jt is noteworthy that
, lInlIsllal dwdling types are being dev eloped for the
'h igher srorcys: wide. sp aci olI s d we l li ngs with a lar
exterior space or wiIb an en1arged, extreme storey
..hei ght. and also sru d ius, ruwer dwellings and loft5 .
..
The trend towards ground-based and ground
:lccessed dwellings is derived from traditional low-ri se.
Because only a small proportion of Amsrcrdal1l's hous
ing is low-rise whereas there is a growmg demand
for this typc, rhc cifY is seeking to offer consumers all
alterna tive in the various varianrs of the ground-floor
upstairs dwc1ling. Hitorically. this dwelling type can
he rraced hack ro rhe tOwn house, which reached a h i gh
level of develop ment in the cicy centre and the ring of

lt
l

tl

L\

urban

-I

l'
,

l I'
,

J.i

lS

.. !

II

I IIIH'''' "p.," ""'"'' 1!i N;",,,, I,,,,,,, by Md;", PW I' \I',", I

34

,
,

I'o: E W I J ! K E C T I O N

" H. W

I.:anab. 111 it original state, i t cOIl(;lins;ln ingcnious spa


tial inregration of work funcrions, living fUl1criolls and

service rooms. Th ese functions ;tnd rooms arc separ


ared from each other in various ways in upstairs,

ground-floor, front and re;H sections, ;Ind they are also

inrcrconnected via stairways and ;lccess systems. The

nineteenrh-century house is cssentially a simplified

derivative of it, divided imo upst:1irs and ground-floor

dwellings, hut more often rhan not split inro self-con


tained fbts.

The

current generation of ground-floor-upstairs

dwellings also fits i n with Ihis line of development. This


dwelling type IS being huilt in urban locations and in

h igh-density dev elopm ents . Extreme vari..mts of th e


type h:lvC a l so been realized. In various projects on the
G W I . site, for example. they have been built i n free
standing pavilions, up ro a height of five sroreys. A
more convenrional approac.h C:ln bc

seen

in the plans

for the lowered Bijlmerdreef. !-Iere, stacked maIson


enes an: individually accessed in accordance with a

tried and [{'Sled principle. Thcground-floor dwellings

are nor only large (up to 1 30 rn>1 Ihcr.also have a llil!


rialll raised ground floor and a garden. The II sta i rs
dwgs /.:iQ....s.p' aciolls and have a roof t erra ce

measuring at least fifteen sq uare metres.


The projecrs on Borneo a n d $porenburg arc again

less convemionaL They also have a far higher building

(knsit)' and are in a completdy different urhanistic con


rexl. Most of these schemes are ground-accessed lo\\'
rise housing with three to four storeys, but there i::.

an unusual sparial organization within the dwellings.


mos t part small and dis-

Thc sLlb-schemes arc for rhe

l l I K I.CTl O N \

pl,IY strong rypological affinities with one another.

I hc)' arc often grouped around a central light court and


dIl most i m porta nt exrerior spaces are a covered car
pl lI t between the light court and the street, and :l roof
C t 'l"f;lce. The character of these dwelll1lgs is in keeping
w i t h the tradl tion of thc historical town hOtlse :lnd as
lIch the )' arc good examples of low-rise in an urban
tll'nsi,y as an alternative ro suburhan living.
AlllbigllollS devclopmellls . The developments t n

t ll'

average

oor arca a n

t e number of rooms per

dwc11ing - developmcnts Ihus within floor plans - arc


ilttlhiguous. If we look first ar floor area, wc sec rhat in

t lll' \o":lal rental sector as a whole there was an increase


:'
N r dwelling from 73 111" in T9S9 to 88 ml in (997, an
'l b
I l Ilrcasc ot 20 per cent in cigin ycars. In the other Sl

H l izcd rental and owner-occupica sectors, however,


,lll'rc was a decrease :Ind this was greatesr in rhc middle

IllIcl r;lngc in rhc oWller-occupied sector: from 90 np

74 111 in 1 997. an average decrease of 1 8 per cent


I 't'l' dwelling. A reverse development thus. \'(IhaI is
'I r j ki
most of a I I is th a t th(' a vcrage size of a dwel1ing
.. r l h c market .ector has remained roughly thc samC :lr
1 0,", !lll, apart from a slighr dip in 1 994 ro J O I np pe r
tn

ng

lhwlling.

W ilh regard tn the t()ral housing producrion there is

t h l l 110 u ll equ i v ocal development i n the floor area pe r

d\\ t'lIln!.:. There was an increase in the social remal scc

hlll :l decrease and stagnation in rhe market secror.


lt hl lt l ld bc Iloted, howevcr, rh at market prices :Ire now

trH,

1 1"I, "O th:u more money has ul hepaid for a smaller

dwdlll 1).!.. The price-quality ratio has not improved.


37

", . w

N I:.W D I K I: <..:' I I U N

I f we look at rhe number o f rooms per dwelling, we see

that in the most recent rud m:tion dwellings with three

rooms

redominare in ;111 cate ones. n the me ium

priced rental sector, three-room dwellings comprised

spaCIO us

Il1lrC

1!li Ire rooms

Ilot meeting.

ponion of dwell ings with three rooms \Vas 57 per cent

jlld

in 1997. comp:lred to 44 per C(,IH in 19H9. By conrrast,

tioTl of dwellings with lour rooms: in the social rental

a need which the marker is

"le ree market is buildin , mainly sma ll dwellings

with a rclari\'c1

there has been a considerable decrease in the propor

dwellin 's with more floor arca and

s ITIcreascd

84 per CCIlI of the production in 1 997, compared rc


34 per cent in 1 992. In thc social rental sector, the pro

I) I K I' CJ' I O I'<

en tloor

I'I'IU:". In the subidize

eCtQr

"

lan

\v

ICl se

tor 1 1&1

rncdium-priced owner-occu

roo, more and more sma ll dwel lings are

h'II.).!. hIIih. These trends arc evident i n the floor pb ns:

iii i hc Inarker sector there arc often few rooms but there
I

,I

l.lr)..:e floor area, whereas in the other sectors there

sector there was a decrease from 3 4 per cent to 2. 5 per

i l l l ntlCIl the same number of rooms, but the floor arca

the middle price range in rhe owner-occupied sector.

\ UII1.lin :l rebrively br ' e amount of s ace and s atial

ccm, and a decn:ase from 48 per ccm to .l8 pcr ccm in

l n the case of the more extreme dwclling types,

devciopments arc lllore irregular: in the social rental

secror rhere was a decrease in the proportion of small


one- and rwo-rOOI11 dwel lings from 20 pn cent to 4 per

cern, whereas, by Con[ra St , rhere was an

rn crease in the

proportion of large five- and six-room dwellings from


2.

per ccm ro 1 4 per cent. In the market rental and

owner-occupied secror the trend is exactly the reverse:

I \" o l lidcrably small er. The market-sector floor plans


i t }: I I I : 1 1 1 open l'liUI11. In thc other sectors, the floor
1'1,111" :lre Illorc closed and composed of a strict hierar-

hy ot I l IOS t1y sma

rooms.

Andera/ion al/d (raze

Between 1 9 8 8 and 1.998,

I W \,illllllleO t e ann ua ousing production decreased


lIorll , 4 ') 6 tO J , J 1 2 dwellings: a decrease of 43 p er

! I

lit. \
I Iofcover, it should be noted that market-secror

an increase in rhc malle M dwellings from 4 per cent to

Ih\lI' I I I Il)..: were nor included until r 992. If we limit rhe

1 6 pef(_t'1l( to 6 per cerl(.

plit " Illllt:h greater: a decrease of 83 per cent, from


' , 1 ' 1 (' I I ) 59 dwellings, in T997. This leads to the con

r 3 per cerlf ;md a decrease in the largest dwellings from

To slll1lmari:t.c, it can bc said that the proportion of

'II Vt')'

lo s uhsidized housing then

[he decrease in our

dwellings with three roOI1lS has increased suhstamially

I 111lrlll I h,lt the pn)porrion of market-sector dwellings

the other sectors, roo, (here is a sh arp increase in the

!twldul)..: rlans and projects has not decreased propor

i n reccllt years, pa rt ic u la rly i n thc social rentaI sector. In

o f small dwellings with one or two rooms.

I h lll,nd), wi th the decrease in the 11111 nber of dwellings.

sma!T househo]us. Ar the same time, thc nced for

I lIlph , I'I" \lrl dwelling differentiation and investment


h l l t l l lg I i I I hl.' market sector, housing prod uction is also

proportion

Thc ..emphasis is thus increasingl)' on dwellings with


_
.
few rooms, resulting in a greater diversity in hOlIsing

tor

\',I III\. n:,I"cd substantially. Incidemall}', the numher of

WIt h i l l ,I "hrinking housing production, not only is the

3')

" ' 1 \\ O I K I (

I 1 0 :-.1 S

j"o; E W D I I O.CI" 1 0 N \

becoming m arc comple x du .: to thc dccre:lsing average

)i nce thc archi tecr ure of residemi a i development and

project si ze. The la uer decreased from 47 dwellings per

scheme in

public housing determines the appearance of the city

1996 to :1.7 in 1997. Fewer and fewer dwell

there is an interdepcndcnce and symbiosis between

hOll!-lC <lI1d city. Hamma/eria}, according to art histar

ings 011 more and more si tes in the city is generating


more and more site-speci fic factors; faerors which play

I.m A.E. Brin ckm ann, is the raw material of thc city and

.IS

on the increase: there arc more mc 'a-projects with over


100 dwell ings, but also more min i-projects wit tewcr.

centre even, is therefore !-Irill seen by many as rhe ulti

role in rhc design of thc bui ldi ng type, dwelling type


and floor plan . .
Ioreover, extremes in project size are

matc form of hospirable urbanic;m, with emphasis on

'than telldwelHngs. These cha rac teristics are represent

Ihe long lines of 1l1ol1umenwlity and Oil reiined arch i

The increasing differentiation in dwellings and liv


ing environmen't1s III Itselfa
development. A
posi
h1cdownside , however is rhe fra Illentarion of the
archirectu ralimagco the ci t a s a w ole w 1ic
aS,on

urdinate role in this, as a fixed constitucnr element

ative o t 1e growing contrasts i n the production.

Il'ctu ral

pnve

detail. The floor plan plays a relatively su b

whose dimen Sions, bm not typology, arc subject tn

.l lrcration.

lt is nor surpri!>ing therefore that in AI11 !-1rerdam

een termc, Ihe 'acceleration' of the city and

I.uid ;lnd the Riviercnbuurt in pa rticula r, the mOl1lwr

p!etdy new areas is [Q be expected, because it is here

\!cppec! up. As a res ult, the arch i tectural image is fixed

as is the case, for eX:l mp le, in Oostelijk Havengebied

Viola ble

occasion,

of architecrure. Thai this acceleration

occurs in

I1Ig and steering of architectural ch anges has been

com-

thar rhe new face of the city is becoming fully manifest,


and Dc Aker. Here, d iversity is in many res pectS visible

and mcasum ble: in respect of spatial model, pricc

range, living environ m nt, dwe lling type and architec

ture. But on a lower level of scale, 100, in existing neigh


bourhoods and districrs, there is increasing diversity,

which does nOt always appear ro be supervi sed or sub

ject to city- i nugc comroI. In the coming years, an area

targeted approach and rescrtlcturing as ;) new form of

such also forms the basi s of thc collective house of

the city plan. 'Plan Zuid', mate than the historic city

urban renewal must go hand in hand with a res()l ute

str:ltcgy for city image and public realm.

ln the implemenration of such a strategy ir is import

ant to guard against freezing' rhc nrchitecrural image.

------
---'

40

.md in a cenain sense 'irozen' as a normative and in

qu ality.

A s im ila r development is taking p!ace

III the nineretnrh-century disrricrs, in the ciry centre and


111

th c posrwar g:lrden suburbs in :lccordance wirh the

Cl'nera J Extension Pian for AmsrerdtUll ( I }lJ 5 ) . All

proposals for new ho us in develo meni are examined


ror compafJ i ity with the u r banistic and arc l itecru r:l
lOmeX[. This does indeed increase the unity of the

a n landsl:a e, hUT it also accenruates the contrast

u rb

rhe 011l' hand thc publ ici ty of thc urban


dom.lin and on the other hand the !-Iecrecy of privare
dwelling. This gives risc to a pi1enornel1on wh ich could
Iw ch.n:l.cterized as rhe ):Hadux of the invisi ble ua

Il'lwcen on

The sometimes

'

unique e;'J!lIrcs of the ind i Vi dual

4'

t\ EW D I H E C r l O N S

N E W D I J\ E C T I O N

dwclling are subordinated t o the pursuit of coherence

and unity, giving rise to a dichotomy between the


increasing rcfinement and differentiation of interior

dwelling and the more universal quality of the exterior


architecture.

This paradox is illustrated by the recent new devel

opment in Oosterparkbuurt in Amsterdam-Oost. The

severe and wilful architecture here has been strongly

influenced by the city-image plan, which is prernised

on the cultivation of nineteenth-century features. Th

dwellings behind the ut1lform screen of the fac;ade,


howev't':'r, are characterized by a greatdiverSIty whichIS

sca""f"CelV(rn
Jice lble in the fai\ades.Something similar is

true in many of thc plans for Borneo and Sporenburg,

where the restrained front clevariol1S revcal little of

the complex spatial dwelling structure behind. Both

examples show a division bet\veen the quality of the

exterior as the boundary of the public living room of

the street and the quality of the interior as the laby


rimhine cocoon of the individual household.

H bridizatlOl/

here is a marked tendency in many

o the plans towards mixing different dwclling types

within small complexes and buildings. Narrow and


wide dwellin s malsonettes and flats, corridor and 'al

II

,'l
,

lj ,

\ .- ,

.C
.1 2

'::i

lery dwellings occur ln al! manner o combi nations.

Herc too, differentiation, in order to be able to offer

the consumer a wide range of choice within a single

project, plays a decisive ro\e. There are schemes with

I1llxed access systems and every conceivable building

43

,,

"

LJ
,

type, with a compicx sracking of dwelling types, ftats,


rnaisonetres, ground-f[oor-upswirs dwellings, studio
dwellings and split-b' cl houses. The plans for ground
acc('ssed dwellings ;llso havc this Illix of typologies,
panicubr1y when rhey arc interw()vcn with a complex

sl;l.cking of maisonenes and flato;; . Thc typolog)' of

types results in am biguity regarding the identity of the


building and dwelling t)'pe. One could conclude that in

man)' schcmes[here is no longer a cn tegoricalcla rir\',

-;;either urhanisricallv and archirccrurallv, nor typo

sumer, who is willing to pay a high pricc for ir. The

tbc <:ultivation of sparial dwellings whose practical


value is underdeveloped.

floor area within the dwellings...!h c

and

!S.l1
dimensions of th c main living room, and this is of
combined with a rcbrivelv small open kitchen. In only
a fcw of the projccts is th e living room articulared in
slIch a wa}' thar there is a clearly defined din m ' arca.

Only then can t lC (rawback () t IC lIndivided hybrid


space becompcnS;lted for to some extent.

44

ivi ual ization.

eneral!}

'111',lkm ' -functional neutrality'is an im orram 1re


t IIldtl i(\ll for the durability ot t e uture housing stock.

toO fa r, because the ' I i beracion of rhe floor plan' from


rhe strait-jackct of the cost-qu:lliry test has resulted in

greater the emphasis in the floor phln on the sizc

h y brid floor plan COll-

Ih .1 w h ole ; for ex am ple, because the traditional kitchen


araredfrom the

ft
'U p:!", l '> l n mcay's increaslngln

emphasis on spatiality has perhaps been taken a little

Thc grs.;!.tcr the

is at the e x pense of rhe militr value ofthe dweIling

short hybrid. The insouciant Tll ixing of principles and

itself. The dwclling with 'unique' spatial qualities is


rii:ed highly by the market-orienrHcd housing con

most cases, h owever, such

\'\;pr

h V 1 1 1g room, las been abandonc , whereas the eXI I


I I ) of thc;;uhi le-use dwellin-: for different types of
hUII"cholds is an important, c assic qua lry ea t lIfe o
Atnr crdam's pubite hOllsing tradition. _With the
IlIcreaSIn cm ,h;lsis on s ) ar ialitv other aspects of the
)11 /11- liera rchi<:a ( wdling ,!occm to be losing favour
w l l h clicnrs and archirects. Such as, for e x am p le, the
' \ 1I,IIit, of rooms' that is to Sav. the realization of
'1111'( rooms o e ual size with a floor area of bttween
.1, ,m, 1 4 n1'-. Suc a qualir}' affords nOt only more
rl l't'l lo l l l ofchoice for the c u rre nt occupantsj bur also
t rio n ' )()ssibilirics as to use for future hous('holds.
I I 11,1 Ir)' o rooms a so guarantees e ua lt
o ()Ccu-

building and dwelling i n such cases i,!o no longer unam

A comparable rendenev towards h bridizatioll is


. dwellin '
sca e o
becoming al' )arCI11 on h

tn

D J lU' CI I U I\ '>

With dmiil l Mea, wh ich is s )ati:dlv sc

biguous, bur r;:nher Ill ultifariuus :1nd enigm:1tic, in

logically.

NEW

I;/'('I/! ,-first CCf/tllry . As has been pointed out


,hoH'. tlli!e is increasmg tension berween traditional ,
1\111\ lIoll:llist, measurable hOlIsingqualities and the
\11111\'111 )O r ! r
reworkin
of dwellin
t')010 'ies.
I h n hcrrnorc, greater cm lasis is being placed on a
I l l Ior ;lrC;l, hei h(ened store s, VOI an vo ume

t'

'-j!hl l u l

o lhe rless (

u anri fia

ualities snch aS s atiaI-

">1 IiI I f.; l n mcs and iglu el1erration. There is often a


t lllfl, .t,tll lier;,;1fc
ical relations lp
elween a large
room,:1
small,
o
pcn
ki
t
chen
and
relatively small
Ih.hlij
1 " l i f t lllll". rV l o reover, man)' dwdlings arc developed
4 .\

/'\
.t
lr'

M 't'
'7

:\! r: W !) I H I. C T I O N S

venica lly over twO, t


hree or even fou r or fi Vl' storeys, in
r to ma ke possible rt direct connection with (he

or d

round level and rt front door for each dw elling


b comin s atially and funetiona
more ami more specific, whic l ill ma nv cases is demon+
strably at [he expense of multiple use. In staeked COI1+
struction in pa rticula r, the generic and all-purpose
[Own house is in danger of disapPlaring. This could in
the long run he to the detriment of th e quality of the
housing stock: in add i tion to
t h ere is
Dwe llin ii lre

ro

yeUing will become an important programma!ic

I\

COIl

for dw('llill ' in thc [wem -first century: a spacjous


ane neutral carcass with extr:l width, depth and height
and rt flexi ble Iayout !!!. also Wich a ceream hyh0..d
.,l
character for use as a work, pla\.:c, stu dio or office apart
l n the desig.n, em phasi will be on new incerprera
tura t' )()
tions of ftlll1iliar urban isti\.: and a
I OB eS, partlctI ar y III t lC context of the existin city. In
ad ition , or speCla , peripheral and noise-ridden loca
tions, new ensembles will be developed, with a clear
formal expression, deri ved from the programme of a
mix of fun ctions acccssibiliry and mobilitv, rang
mg
from noise ba rriers and parkin facilities ro currmn
walls, billboar< an an marks. The image of urhan
Tving can then becorn norC":1;
r O en, expres
sive an( specific, while the dwelling itself will become
increasillg1y neu tra l, generic and cycle-proof
cc t

l\'I A I( l N U O O S T [ N B R I N K

D I C K VAN G A fo, IF.REN

II}

,i

nd

large, housing in Amsterdam is, in my view,

11HIh of a muchncss. I havc sclctcd a number of fluor


I'hlll from 1 992, but I dldn't find a n y really new r 'po
[:Jn ar [ rec-room we ings pre
setors. This cannot hur result in a very

IU1\ *' ,: ' in t lat Yl:nr.


all

JuWj nnrc in

IlIp' I ded housing stock with virrually only three- and


[tIlIr room dwellings and fluor l an s 'ou ciln't alrer
.H

,dl. If

this met thc

ausing need it wouldn't really

11I.IIII :r, although you a lways

run

i nto problems bter

II ),011 can'r :lIfer dwellings. Th ere are plenty of very

ttH:ic livepro ects, bUI

lS a

..

rule everythingin lhe floor

11[.111' has been fi x ed and therc is a lack of neutralir and


1 11'1( 1 II il y. Some of (hc floor plan I have chosen rhere

ItiH' heca use rhc architects and dients have, by

tl.II,

COI1-

tried (o do something different. l have also in-

ld
I Il I d

:l

couplc of floor plans as eX:lmples of

houhl nOI bc donc.


I hl' floor

how it

pbn of fhe dwellings by Paul Wintermans

titi "' N ' M-eibnd

is inspired hy Lc Curbusier's Unite

49

ft
II

t/'l labitatioll in .,,1arsei1lc. Access is by means of a long


cemral corridor through the building. The dwellings
:HC situated p arr l y below and pani}' above this COT
fidor. Yuu see that quite ofren i n housing i n

Amsterdam, hut berc it has been cbborared within thc


housing norm. Thc living room i s empty from
thc front (o [he back; the view through the space has
been kept open bvp cing.thc k itchen against thc waiL
The orientation is good, with the terrace on the sunny
side :md the living room facing north. De Arch irccrcn

Dutch

Cic. has developed a similar type of floor plan in a lucid


way for a building on Oosrelijke HandcIskade. Herc,
thc spatial possibilities of an apartment on twO levels

hnor becn exploited ro the


Corbusier's prorotype.

Slme extent as in Lc

,.

l h:lvC chosen the 'trornmclwoningen' (drum dwell


ings) by l.icsbeth van der Pol because rhey are a (;0[1)
plcrly new typs.; \jove;;
em rh rough the dwellin
from one noor toanorher
,is spariaU}'superb.However,
arise because rhere arc other
a prIvaC 1ro
dwellings :l bove and below, which you

on'r

ave in a

sran(brd si ngle-family dwelling. However, in this case,

the experimental, the innovativc is, l thi nk, what is


most im portant. The 'hofwoningcn' {court dwellings}
the S;ltnC an:hirectural office arc intcreJ>.!.i!lg because
single- bmilx dwellings alternate with combineg

-by

:T<

,und- and II er-floor dwell in 's. Differentiation has


thus )een ingeniously inrro( l c ed
a row of dwellings.
Another inrerestin ' feature of the scheme is that this
floor p an las five rooms"
)rmat one se om sees
in Amsterdam, alas. Ihe floor pb. ns by Gert-Jan
I-iCli'(lilksof De An:hitectengroep for Schelvishoofd fir

in

'Illo

II

nn

unusual t'pological scheme of urban villas

o apartmems.
Auc"\ of the upsrairs weJlings as een Jn 'eniolls\v
ljulynl.J also like the way the bedrooms opcn di rectly
.....
OI l t I ) [ hc rerrace.
1'01' Bda;lnjachtpleill, Bosch Haslcrt designed a
t e of floor plan - a
dwdlill); wi th a rather
'I I IXt" dweIling, whi(:h is vcrydeep and narrow,
.!!.. !2P
l l lIlIld floor, an extremel), long structural wall h;1S
!Jn'.!.! kept completely <;kar so that vou can experienq.:..
liu,'
The void also providcs an
l" r l" l a rial effect. Even S 0 , the flour plan has those
t w o I r.l itional hedroo!1ls. Evidcntly, there's no getting
H ! l I I \ d rhar; ir's wh<1 t clicnrs want. For Bastcnakcn
_1 1 ,1 ,1 1 , Van Herkel & Bos have dcsigned a differenti
c-fall1il y dwelling. Inrcrcsting
lini. v C.!J::
_
Ir',. [ 1 J 1'C ofthisfloor plan Include the differencein level
"!eps on thegroundfloo r andthe comp
l;rr
lex void
I ll 'itchen and !he hall, aho\'{" which is a sky'
11" 1 1 . Tlu:: signali7re ofVanBerkl& Bos is alsodisccrn:
,Ill!- IlI lhe rorarions.
ln t he design by Claus & Kaan for BinIlen Wie
IItl:crtr:l:lt i n the city centre, old and new have bccn
Ir'crl}' combined. E;l Ch dwe1ling consists ot a Single
I I )Iywhichext
ends across two buildings: a ren()v<1tcd
hl!lll'k building and <1djoining new-build. The spatial
wh

ntam 1ll:lIS0nerres instca(

ut1llslI:d

i.kpuu)Lilic... dwcllj ng,

()
hOVt,

!lId .Ic\[hetic contrast between the variousparts of the


hUildiii"g is striking. You can thu s create very anractivc

,,

.h\'l" lIll1).:" in asecmingly impossible situation. The

h I I llI cr oi the fl oor plan by Dik Smeding for Hoogre


.! ! l l l k hows to best advantage if you see a lor of them
Ilfl.\lt llt'r. The project rurned into an infill exercise. The

5]

archltect seems to h<lve askeJ himself: 'How do l gct <lS


many floor pbns <lS possible into one volume?' Tlm has
resulted in a sort of mesh of floor plans in which spatial
qualitY is lack ing.",
- The l
t oor plans by Charil's Vandenhovc for the
Terrergar have indeed bccn cleverl), fitted rogether biII
this has not always worked Olit well for the dwellings
thell1selves; rhey ['Ire rather pok\' ;1I1d there is scarccly
allV sense of Sp<lCC. These a )artmen{s are occupied
llajn l)' by sin
co}Ie or-coli cs and so lt wou
a '
'bc-en berrer perhaps if spaccs, (or example the ki[(:hel1
and rhe livi n ' roOI11, had been ilHcrconnecred. The
design by De .long, I-Ioosveld, De Kar or rhe dwellings
in Marie Heinekenplcin consists of a laye r of maison
enes above a srr1ck of aparTmcllts. Curiously eTlough,
Ihis does nor result in diffcreTll'ial ion: a flat consists of
two narrow ha)'s set side by sidl'; rl maisonerre consists
of two bays 011 tOp of each orhcr. In the case o f the mais
onetres, a lot of the floor space is fa ken up by circula
look more artrnctivt' because they
tion space. The
are wide. Pcrhaps the architects opted for a maisoncrrc
,

,Ic

>

"

"

flars

floor plan in order to provide the building's far.,:ade with

n ,ro\\'n.

Thc f loor plan for a dwelling in Vroliksrraar by

Duinker. Van der Torre shows how i( rea l l y should hl'

done. The hall is lar 'C and various s aces cnn be i mc r

gIDtlt'cted
means Q..... s iding doors. This is quire
cxpensive, w i ch is parrly why yOlldOl;'t often see slIch
flexible floor plans. More dwellings of this type need to
bc buih, preferably with more rooms.

!>.)C'JI rellle".

III1\nn W;,r;"tl..(t3J"
CJ.m.& Ka1I

It --l'r l
I

.\Iukc! "",tor owner

HOOI:fC "'ad1Ik.

<xcup"x1.

rhk SmJm with Groot Pam"",,,

\4

.1 \

, ,

1;81

\IIIls,dIlN "'nte,I, 'Tc"r!(olr".


Da CostabJ,',

nude> V,nd(""ho.'c

55

I ').!

I
,=

\1arkHI<)r ,..,nlnJ,
.\1;or1l' H''''''''l'b".
r [ung. H"""I':,dJ, Dc Kar

'><><",lrl"nrnJ,
Vtolik",",,,,

l.Juonkn, v"" derI mr.

57

I
\brk.'I"'-tor "W".., ()I:CUPI<..J,

l\larl<I,nr""n,r ,-"CUP''''\.

IJ,'11.
\X'lmcrnWI>
f( , "

'l\\)S,lde:. Vunl.d,,
."" ArchLl.l<tcn (:ic.

59

"

.;J

<'\

;J;q.W
. .

'<-

;i--

"

\c.
\.

I I
, ,

f<

<;.oc,al,
.m.d' Hoiwon"'n'.
. oum
Zuidrmdr dm/ surr
l !mg"
Lwsbnh "an dn Po

(,0

I:

('---lb

/
..

...

Sul",Jw'd owner-,,,, LJI'."d,

ial rrnll'J.

I\.:"'a"j",htplr,n.
IIo<.:h 110"1.,,

S hd\" h,>f.l.

or ,\,dlll,-,,,,,)!,,...,,

., '

1 993
V E ft A Y A N O V S I-I T C H I N S KY

,1

...

hI":
---..
' '.,
)r...l """lc!i!l[7

tilj

First of all: the book by the ciry's h ousing deparrment

with thc floor p lans produced in T993 wgs very d i sap

poinri ng and [ found ir difficult to select a reasonable


number of p
lans I wouldalso ilke to make clear at the

outStt that I loaked at the qua li tyof the housing scheme

as a whole when making myselectiQP. All of thc floor


pT.1T1S in a building project must he of a high standard 111
Illy view;

1'01 nor interested in one h igh-quali ty floor

plan in an otherwise I1lferior scheme.

Sometimes the nature of an urban design scheme

c;:dl s for great cn:arivity on thc part of thc designer


when designing a dwelling within thar scheme. Many
architects on Java-eiland, for example, have not been

r..brkd ,wtnr ()WIl("" "'''1,,",1,


1l." "Il"kl1S(ra.n.
V.'" Ilnhl& j"

successful; every inch of space has been utilized, but


Ihis has not Geen articuIar l
roductive. Evidentl\', the

'

stl1nu us of a difficult site does not always guarantee

successful solutions. Furthermore, there arc fe\\' i f an)'

flexible floor plans i n the book. I suspect this has to do


with the brief, whICh usually limits itself to essential s

199 3

1 99 3

for ecol1ol11Y's sake. Consequenrly, there is seldoJ1l dut

overmeasure which can automatically result i n flexibil


ity. I did, however, sec some plans with interesting spa-

tial (onnections, su that the dwellings arc suitable for


different modes of living, nor just the traditional aver
- a ge fa m i l y.

..... What striking is the number of badl)' Jesigned


fluor plans where on emerin the dwcllin ' ou ractically falJ into the w_c, or you lave to sqllccze pa sr the
wash i ng to get to the washing machine) . Indeed , I was
more im ressed by the l:uge number of baJ floorotail
rhan by the fcw
nnes. T le (laz ) a rc.h itccrs them

<

gO(

selves are responsible for the lack ot q u a lity, because it


is noteworrhy that within the same hlock alle lrchitect
has found good solutions and rh e other has nOt. Ifs a
question of getting yo ur priorities right. A good archi

tect plUS personal enrhusia!>1l1 first nOI the building


tas' use .
The floor plan by Van Heerden for Dc Wi ne Keizer
works well sparially because uf the living room with
mczzaninc. This results in the sc aration of the living
:;;indrEe slcqllng arca and conseg.lJi;ntly there is a dis
tinction between public and p ri va te . S2.ltial ly, effective
l
use has bee n Jn
o f lhe hasemenr :lTld th(' rai
..}\fOun floal". The dwellings by Grocnendaal & Dc

Yl

Vries on Keizersgracht are " response to the difficult

rask of designing for an extremely narrow plor. Despite


thc limited width, the architects have succeeded in
crcil"ting circulation wilhin the dwclling. Quite a feat,
given the circumstances. In man)' respeCl<;, the archi
tects have responded well to [hc t:onslrainrs of t hc sire.
Access to the dwe l l i ng is via :\11 ;ldjllClll a l ley- w:1Y.
6(.

floors,

What I like about the floor plan by Cccs Nagelkerkc for

WOllen 2.ooQ..is thar rhere arc entrances on two

corl}'. This is unusual in such a relative


so rhat both floors can he used more

or

less inde end-

small dwelling;

ir creates flcxibil iry and increases liveabil i);..Sjoer


t

Soerers' floor plans for .Java;eiland arc a remarbblc


piece of jigsaw work, which has resulted in some
sllperb dwell ings . The separate >rorey<; within the
dwellin s are rotared in rel a tio n to cach other so thar
yu c n I . e use () the uli width and dc rh of the
dwelling at the same time. ere t le cntlre uilding has
- bc n well thoughr our,'and t ha t is quitc unusual. The
floor plan by Kees Christi:l:lllse for Java-eiland is, as
regards spatial organization, a beautiful studio dwcll
ing. Herc too, the fact that high-qu:llity fluor plans

h:lVe been prodllced i n difficult ci rcumstances is ilO


mean achievement. The shape of Ihe plot had already
been fixed when the architects began their wo rk .
ln 10;1 ' dee ) floor lans it is sometimes difficu)r to
1110ve from the front to (hc rear secIion, ut in t lC
a\
vellings hy Cruz & Orriz for Java -cilan"d. this pl"Oblcm
has been ingcl1l ous l y so)vcd. Moreo\ler having wa l kc
fro tle rotH to the rear ou then have a splendidVICW
back througl the wcllinp. Wirh i kin u rricks 'ou

(:an make a dwellin ' look bi 'er rhan it actually is .


Residence 't Wardcrschip by Jan Brol1wcr, on t le or cr
hand, is refreshingi\' simple . Perhaps little credit will bc
ga i n eJ for it, but the whol is neverrheless of a quality
one seldom sees. This quality is also due tu the lucid l a y
'

Olit of the hallsing block as a whole.


The free-standing villa hy Metropolis I r [ for Bl.Iik
i>lnrerbrcck is a splendid spa rial design with a sllrprising

1 ') 9'>

1')9J

roming. The connection between the living room and

rhe garage is interesting; the stajrway i s srunning and


not dominant. Thc programme is not complex; indecd,

therc is only one bedroom in rhe villa and, cmiollsl}"

rhere is no g:udcn. The entire programme is situared

inside (he building; rhe g:lragc is in [hc baserncnt. The

villa can he compared with the small dwclling designed


by Ferma Oorthuys.

I like this scheme because of the

ingeniolIs floor plan. The vertical circulation is clearly

visible because of rhe sraircase and the void connected

..!2 it, but it does !lQtdominarc the space. As in the villa

by Metropolis I l l, herc roo, the staircast" is a srructur

ing e]emem in the dwclling. Tht' d ifference in level

between the low and the high section of rhe dwelling is


i n teresting.

The dwellings by Geurst & Schulze for Dc Aker arc

four Single-family dwellings. The floor plans arc not


c
specracu1ar bur they h:lve been wcll l10ughr out, with

also a

as a resuh 1U\.:idJy orga nized dwellings. There i

,e
certain overmeasure JT1 the design; see, for CX.llllplc, t h

)argc

rerqc. Ir gIves a degree of fJcxl hrhty which,

"I

regrerrably, ont seldom sees in floor plan.!.. This qualiry


has been illlroduced on the designers' initiative,

because Ihere are ,>carcel}' :lny speci:ll circumstances

here which could have bcen used as a sf:lning-poinr in

,,

thc design.

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79

1 994
HAN .\H e I l E I.

./

In my selection of floor plans from the ear 1 9 9 4, l


lookcd priman y or II1t1Ovative typologics. J have a so

Chosen dsi 'ns which arc not new but whlch are still

innovativc in a sense, beC<1Use up untl now t ey were

1\
\l

scldom huilrin Amsterdam. When I look cd through the


housing production for 1 99 4, J was truck by the lack
of variety; the dwellings buih in that year are mostly
three-room aparrments of between 7j and 80 square
metres.

Thar'sJUSt what we dontr need. The bulk of the


housing production is very standard; everything is
or anized m ch the same way. More exciring, vMied
accents nec to le created in response to more and
morc divergenr speci fic circumstances. Ideally, the
bulk of housing should consist of man S aClOUS
---o..c_ ral dwellings, surroun e
a motle assortrnem
of unusual, eye-care ing types. In car terms; a combina
tion otRenaultF
.spaees andsnan spOrtS cars.
floor plan (Jf a dwcl!ing by Groenendaal &
De Vries Oil Korte I .cidsedwarsstraat ignores the entire

The

,,

hisrory of public hOlIsing. lt is a hotel-likepied-il-ferrei.


can have oni , one Arnuni SUif as oce I
h
because t ('rc is no SIora e s nec for
re clolhes. But
ir (here a
en morc sp;lce, ir would have been a t

:!ppcars ro he improving - the rem could he raised or


the dwcllings sold. Thar wa)', in ten or t\wntr years'
timc, you don'r h:1\'c thc problem },Oll have 1I0W, for
example, i n the Westclijke Tuinsteden in Amsterdam:
an enormolls stock of dwellings of a type and form:!t
which no longer meet current needs.
ln public-housing terms, the so-called ;W07,OCO'
complex, with apartments for the cIderl }'. by M V R O V_
is proDahlv not rhat successful, b"ut-it.is refreshing ro

rpGl

the e x ense o f thc livin '-mac line- i c :lura.


combined with work in is the (heme ln tlt' OO
l
1y Van ( er Waalsl cinsrra or t e dwc mgs on 05(
vcrlorcnvaart. This is a cOlHemporar ' [heme, a relativel)' new motif in l0using eS11ll1. It is a lo ( ike dwell
...
Il 'Q'H.:iousness and in
ing, in wh' . l thc ('Ill ha -j' '
..
\\' lieh good possi ilirics have been created for alterl)
alive use. Access is via a long corridor along which arc
SiTUated a number of small rooms. This :lppears to be
based 011 the model of the Wagons-Lirs hotels.
Liesbeth van der Pul :lnd Rowin PcrcrSn1<l made a
design for a floor plan for Gerard DOllstraat thatis perj,gwS ...Jlot inll()Vativc typologiGlllv; ,..t!p'errlldess it
v('ry arrractiv('p. ndJ...i n a sellse, witbollt preq;cT1t. The
doub -hei ht living rOOlll in particular is unusual. Its
valu(' cannot bc e inc in tfa itiollal utility criteria,
bur evcn so slJch a sparial enhancement is evidemly per

seeC'GoVi":;'"'

proll> t

ns (hrown
rboard. lhc
is very
ri 'ing :Ind mnsequend it falls outside the usual cat
egories () good or a . It is difficu I to pinpoint ex.lCrl '
-:-Whar 's wrons withlt; in :lny event, the ui in III its
..J.Utaliry is impressive. There2,.fe I rge storage spaces
and for the rcst everyone must judge for themselves. l n
the design by Roe1f Steenhuis for Roberr Fruinlaan on
thc eastern shore of Sloterplahc floor plans arc !lot
that unusual in themselves, but the ordinary works very
,
well here. It is a new t )(
: oTtown house; aingle-famil
j
ell "ng on three oors wit consl era e ext iliry ill

.ln Illy view, thc gund floorcouldhavebeen more

neutral btlt even so thisdwc l lin hasfutl1re valuc. And


lt is gellcroLlsly detailed; scc, or example, the ouble
door to the ba Icon),.
l n their design for housing i n Gulden Kruis, a neigh

mlating through ro the social rental sector.


o, this would hnvc been impossible. becausejn those_

da 's everyone Ihoughr thar a void would result in extra


heatin ' COStS, w lic
c I
I'tsaddlc I an wi
The oor pbn by Gerr-Jan l lendriks (De Archirec
tengroep) for 'De Branding' is also more of an incidem
th;)n thc start of I ncw trcnd. lis is a flexible floor plan
which provides a ran ';of ()ssibi ItlCS as re 'lr s use.

bourhood in the Bijlmermeer, Claus & Kaan 3how


themselves to bc masters of styling. This schellle has
:1 superb spatial organization. It really is a tinu'less.
-dwcHinp; Dore the overmeasure produced hy thcgcne!ous height and the la rg.e windows. The design forms
....
a benchmark for thc durable quality. The floor pbn by
Van Gamercn & Mastenbrock (De Architcctcngrocp)

BecauE suc a \. wd i ng. is su adaptable, it also ha


value. A housing corporation could lease ic
iniriarry-rm:-alow rent; brer - i f the neighbourhood

1994

1 994

enerou ly dcraikd . Toms are in a splendid


in the complex on
s

Oeverpad

i s spaciously organ i zed

way 1 l1tcrcQT!,!.lccred and thc whole

is

bea uti fu

lly

detailed. Norc the double doors between the living

superb
of extra possihilities as

f()om and th(' bed room . They create nor only a

spatial aXIS, bu t also a host

regards use.

And this is in connectio.!! with an internal

circujt via II spacious lOi;gia . Thc design is rclaxed


throughout with no wilful complieation.

Ben Tellge's floo r pbn fo r the same Oeverpad i s a


[ like beca LIS it a!lows for different inter reta

plan

n',u"",:::

tions . It 's of thc 'al


tv e wi th a ten
tionalism blJt .lt the 5;111
lm
{eri n ' ossi bil iti

flexible use. The spacious hall can be use


,
ways .
-

In

th e contrihution by Kees

or

in vario.us

Ch ri sti a anse to the

development on the G W I. si le I hcrs: is a floorplan that is


ighl}' ingenious but [hat, in my vi ew, is not effective.

The aim of pro vid in g access from the street for all

dwel l ings has resulted in solutions which look con


trivcd. Tl}!.scheme is srriking but ir does not pOllU the

or\Vard.
genera l use,

Because therc is insufficient

ace for

rc, ' n sareprisullt;rs of[hc floor pl an .


This is not (he way to do ir.

P,i\'alhou>('.

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1 994

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93

1 994

F E R F E L I) E R

T o

lt was

110r easy to

1-

looked nt in isolation from the t '


-

) ac' as

10 e, rom t

..
/
-

010

of a buildin '

Hlsen access system, the

location inti1"CCity or the type of cItem. It is, howcver,

"""challenging
'
ro

focus exclusively o n the floor plans

whcn m:lking my selcttion. A floor plan can't really bc

louk

ar a single

component

For mc, there arc several criteria.

of housing.

The project by Tjaarda Mces in Spinozastraat has

:1!l.inrcrcsting floor plan, partly because an unusual


.)ro mmmchasbeen realized in cooperation with a pri
v:1te c icnr. t ls a stll io (\Vcl ingon a slig t y morespa
eiolls Pi at, with an apartment above and a roof terrace.
with a penthouse. By Contra st,

have chosen the noor

planby HenkRTunder in the housing block in Osdorp

pkin in order to show that high-rise housing is being


developed in

S"bs"I>,,,J rc",J,
Cb",& Ka.",

v
94

Amsterdam

and how this is done. The

floor plan ' itself is pcrhaps not really unusual, but

J).jl",,rdrc-d.

I didn't think that W<1S of overriding importance in this

case.

95

saddJed with in their design for Sporenhurg. I think

As a result, a considerable depth could be created and a

there. In the scheme for Dc Mirandalaan by Bruno

1'ion dwellings

Albert :1 similar angle has been used to,reatc a dL1matie ba!cony!which is of great v;tfue 10 borh thl!QE!.r
Ian and the exteri&." The corner dwellings designed by

Salman are partly determined by thc existing situation.

toggia wirh extra height. That is realJy stunning. In the

Adame Melier d'Architecrure et d'Urbanisme for the

tl

Noordcrhof project in Slotcrmeer are also unusual and


..i
llIc resri ng because of rhe anglt.S. The li\'ing room with
court of the bl oc ks. There

lS also a crazy a n"gle i n the

floor plan for Noordkaap ty Van Sambeck & Van

Vecno Fantasti.: i t

retreat to, awav

i.:fcatcs imi1l1;lCY;

rom the hard wor

the kitchen andYOllrCllp ofcoffcc.

'm

lace

can

outside, dose tO

The deep dwellings on Borneo are stunning. Sec, for

eX:lInple, the deSign by Tupker & Van der Neur with ils

long living room-cum-kitchen/dining area. Here, you

ex erience the enormous de'rh of the plot. Such a

dwellin ' is ver

xcitin ' because '

a most cave-like.

However, it IS im ortant tha t the oecu };mt

as

ati

.and ;l arge roof terrace. On Sporenburg, Christi,Hl

designed a ground:'acccsscd dwel1ing. To reach


the roof rerr:1ce:you h,we tO c1amber over an exterlQf
Rapp

stalrcase, past a small balcol1Y. Quitc a blzarre dwclllng


in fact. The dwelling

il), '\iJii on

Sporenhurg is a reat

..sin 'cperson dwelJin ' a one-room dwcllin

..own exterior
unusual t

SIP'2S I

cs arc bein

Ihe housing smck.

with its

rhin' il's fanlastic that such


.
t. The' "rin ' variation into

hy Claus &

Kaan in Amsterdam

Zutdoost, rhc architects have pul1ed our all the STOpS for .

lhe sake of effect These are small blocks of f1ats with

..

only two dwellings pcr SfOrey,

\ybich are also a

sort of

rracc flat. The pear-shaped perimerer takes a bil of


racrivel '
getting used to perhaps, bm the s aces arc
arranged around rhe ccmral access. The floor plan is

m mcd wilh exciting rhings which make for pleasalll

open kirchen is angled and orientaled towards the inner

K()rher &

The floor plans in thc l .iglu racmry

a "e, or exampk., Ihe aeute ang e D J( V were

the}' de:llt with it very successfully by creating a void

hr

(n m), view,crazy an les alwa s make a floor plan inter

esung.

\
)

living.

I atso think it is im )orrant that people are ins ired fO


give t leir home an in d i vi ua I, i iosyncrntic touch. A
"
fl oor lan shou ld have a SOrt of recalcitrancc, a Je 'fee
of diHicll!t whic l proll1pts t e oecu ants t 100 for
.
persona I soIUflons, SO I at t e thmk ahour how the

. live

..

in t lC dwelling, when' t e

ivin

area

v.. - , I
7 ..'

should be and where the)'want to sleep. A really good

floor plan nOt Qnly slimula(es you lO ask sm:h qucs;

tions, it alsoprov ides room for differem answers.


I

The floor pbn for KromboornssloO[ has heen de

s ign ed by De Binnenst<ld. Desi 'Iling a rcnsoTl3ble

dwelling for this extrcmcly srnal

p ot

s ua

metres) was almost a mission impos. ible Nevertheless,


.
thc archItects ha ve su ceeded i n creating a dwelling

with a double door ar the entrance, a small [(lOfrerracc

and

even a small \'Qidh gives risc ro a certain I

spatia1ity_ l n (he IJ-tort11 on Oostelijke Handelskade hy

Neutelings Riedijk, Ihe mOSt interesting floor plans arc

those situated where

pieces
97

of the tower have been

gouged out in order tO give ir ex pression . These dwell

Van Sam beek & Van Veen bt.:f.'Hlse of thc space that
continues :llI the way rO\1l1d. The bed rQoJl l has been
.
rhe1i n g room such that the
n{)n('d i!}:I.e:k

us

i ngs <Irc

\l..1111s11al, for example, beca e of the terrace


,:..vhich is (WO ston:ys h igh , so [hJf thc living room a n d
the hedrooms look Out omu ir. Gcnera.rly speaking, I
think thar an 3 rchitecr who has to do something ou t of
the ordinary because of th c external cin:umsr:lIlces
s hou ld scize the opportu n i y with both hands, so that
extra q u a l iti es c.:1I1 ar i se our of sccm ingl y limiting (.:011-

Tbc floor plan by H:lns Wagner for a l u xu ry apart

ment' 011 De Lairessestraat is al most in a catcgory of irs


own. Thc programme for thi s dwcllin is rcally ch iC'
[his is \Vita lar 'e d we III
should 100 I e. Cees

ditions.

With regard to thc rcdevelopment uf the CraansiJo,

a former grain warehouse, by Van Srigr, l

Dam s

Jltyeen.!.l.!QJcsQllm

's

..--

Hoogveld, Dc Kat are rather thin on the ground, which

is why the project caught my eye. Ir is a semi-detachcd


d ri ve-in d we I l i ng. The floor lan is sur )ris ing for

exarn le, because of the kitchen on the 'round floor


aroun a voi(, wb ic esta ) ishes a direct relationship
.. with [he living room on [he firST floor. The orientation
ro th c

side is also exci ti n

results

a dwelI
i ng i n W ICh the a og.le is sp a r i"lh' important. I have
also ch o en thc floor plan of a dwelJingon E;kellweg hy

because it

De

(:,

oor pl an for the lUXUf}' we mgs 011


Omv:ll
is hasel.! on a less hlxllrious progr:lmme.
l xury
deriv(:s from the form . I per' a l lv \ HJid h :lVC liked to
metres in tbe circular layout. I
t un . il i s a shame that there is so much quibbling3l';our
mi l li merres. such quibbling is, howevl'r, ch ara ctt.:ri sri c
of the floor plans produced i n the period 1 995-96.
Tod.lY, bv contrast )eople :lre prepared lO pay more for
we mgs W le are eXC1tlng and ave an clement of
drama.

(
II

"'iiOn,..

can bc brief.
I t h i n k ir's absolmelv brillianr how the architects have
mal;;eato crea t ar:lctjve dwellin '5 in the 4 x 4 mod
u e Imposed by thc sha ts o t e ori ill;1[ huj ( mg. lC
VDi( in some nf t hem was T1 CeSSa[)' beca u se t e store}'
"<"height i s rather low. 1 emphasi ze this because VOIds arc
s: i m prneti cal ; the do n
ot eOUll as s nare m etres when
to se ling the...propeny. However, in reHlrn
you do get a li vi ng expencnce. which in my view is
I
cxtremely import IH. T ey are communication zones
tli'7iTen :r h oc(;u a n ts 11 ff cnt floors (o lave vlsua 1
.
.
C()nt
ro.re!11<lIT1 wlthm e:lrs lOt.....
oor pl ans su(;h as that for .Icllgdland by De .long,

need

partition ) \Veen them


not )e perma nen t . I have a
"
's t e o n u tra floor
pre 1 ection for
whie
t e Ol'C llpa nrS can org:.mizt: themselves as regards

in

99
-

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t.:mll1l-oo.,ms.lo<x.

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Vali dtr Ile")I;eI1ral.


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owncr "",cup,,I,
'LIpuraCIO') , Slmerbdt.
KOlhf& Salman

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G E H A R D A N I ) E R I E I; N

ln the housing production for T996/97. (he cm hasis

Jln fortun atcl y, IS on rather cramped three-room dwell

in gs.

I t h i nk it is important to build more spacious

cll ings.

ln the ei 'hties, ma ny new dwclling types

wc rcdesigned with smaller floor plans, organize , or

""example, a rou ndthe sanitar co . And there are also


larger OllSC o ds wah children who would l i ke to sta y
in the city. There arc nOt enough dwellings available for
these groups.
Leafing through the hook by the city's housing
department, I gradually sh ifred the emphasis from spa
ciousness to s atiality in III st::Icction of floo r )Ians.
Peo le need a sli ' t ' i 'er p lace to li ve, bur thcy also
nee the experience of space. II yet many dwel lings
<tre c ramm e WIC
Itt e rooms and hallways which
destroy any sense of space.,So the price rise of recent
-years is scareely reflected in the qU;lliry of housing.

Developments get hogged down in

now ourmoded

genre, namely thar of social housing. In the ni11<..'(i(s, i n


l

L3

The floor pian by Boparai for Krijn l\reursrraat is


spacious. hur it would have been berter i f there had
been more doors to thc baleony and if part of the wall

thc field of archilc(.'wrc and urban planning there was

enormOll$ progress in many respects a n d budgetary

1{

freedom increased, lI1d yet thc quality. of floor plans


hasdiminishcd.
I'her(' a rc ofcourse exceptions. S1,!fh a superhex
[
er
lor space as in ( l .
or bu b ' Mecanoofor Brouwcrs
gracII can rc lace rt ga rd en. Ir is pa rtic ul arl y a n advant
age if, :lS lere, rlete IS a dose con n ecti on with tbc
dwelling. The floor bil is moreover very flexible, very
. anrawvc i n dee . 't Mag-cr-zijn, a rc eve opment pro
ject hy C A S A ArchilccrCI1 , is full Qf surprising spa ces.
Some of them acc very high and have a nlCZZ:ll lne. Ihe
inte r ior

COnt7l1!lS

between the living room and the ad j acent room had

b("cn

rt

f::a'J(le.

The hOllsing produttion for T99 61':J 7 includes many


plans for 13orneo-Sporenburg, t\\-"o peninsulas in
Oosrcl iik I-Iavcngebied. Hcrc, new dwelling types \Vcrc

an assortment of spaces and yet ir is

paSS:lgcW;lY which leads directly to rhe public

are:l outside.
ln Bob van

Rccrh's

expcrimcnrcd with, which is very cxciting because the

rcsulrs arc ofren of a high quality. The floor plan h>,


.\1 irallcs for housing on Borneo-eiland is very dif
trom what wc are L1sed to and so will nor ::appeal
ro cver 'onc. Thc layout is not only very spa cio us - scc
t e ang e which creates a surprising visual effccr

floor plan for the Vinkhoek,

lS

of oors ,md sl iding wa s. _


hc spaces, including a sun

oo m, imerpenclrarc in aple asi n g way. ln the floor pl an

al so r('suhs in a grea t many "Mied "residual s aces ',


whic l can eput to a sorts of uses. Thc roof lerraC(' in
the floor plan by Cbus & Kaan for housing 011
S poren burg is of course very pleasanr, because despite
the hi ,h hOLI sing dens i ty, the occupanr here has private
extcrior space.
e we mg IS rea )' a 1'::atIO unga ow
ln the IllIddle of the city. The adjoining roOIllS de::arly
acqu rc extra quality because of rhe patio.
The design b)' Meyer & Van Scho()[en for De Vlag

by Reinder Nw.1 for Knooppunt. V.UiOllS spaces are


intcn:onnectcd by means of vo ids
the front and rcar
of Ihe dwelling. 1..his is a relaxed floor pbn whichca
o l ind a loh d wcll in g. The o ccll ant h as
I slderable
freedom of choice in l"C iding ow to use the space. Dc
Vrolikebk by M 3 1 1 works very well spatially. The fIoor
plan is pleasingly simple and convenienrly organized ,

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the halls are reasonably spacious. The sliding doors to

-it

Bnrie
frcl1I

hOllsing for the elderly in thc social rental sector, there

are man sXKCS which C;ln bc in terconnected by mea

sl iding wall. This floor plan is quirc good, hur ::a

a vcry large space can be crcated. The inblli1r loggia,


morcover, ;-tdds a lot more qualit}' than a halcony on the

clearly orgnnized. ln thc dwellings on the ground floor


the rc is

few itHcrvenrions wou ld make ir more pleasant lO live


in. A pl us poinr of the floor plan by Bui js & Pcterse for
De Ivi::a mmoet is that it is so flexible. If so desired, by
removing rlle wal1 6erween the two aajacent bed rooms

the balcony on thc upper floor are a pleasant luxury

gen has a very long loggia onro which fOlJr rooms open

and another plus point is that you enter as it were from

Olit. Unforrunan:ly, however, herc too therc arc not

the buck, via the kirchen.

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enough doors so that you can't make good use of the


loggia from all the rooms. Thar i s a pity because the
dwclling itself is very simple: ir's the loggia rhal makes ir
exciting. In the noor plan by Marlies Rohmer for Dl'
Vlaggen, by COnfraSI, you can circulate frecly. Herc,
there i s a good relationship with rhe exrerior space,

,.

The unusual choice of forms is nor only i mport:l1lr for


the archirecrural expression, but il also makes the
dwellings spatially more inreresting. Baneke, Van der
Hocvcn designed a floor plan for Koningin \X/ilhel
minaplein with a lor of more or less open space which
can he subdivided as required, a sizeable loggia and a
large hall. Unfonunatcly however, this, too, is a three
room dwclling.
An importani poim is that there are not enough
exciting six-room dwellings. The urban family with
children WlS neglccted for many years; everyone
assumed rhar th i s group would find accommodation
outside the ciry. Duni income families with children
also need a lot of space, because as well as bedrooms for
the children, thcy usually need one or two srudies.
Funhermore, individualiznrion may well result in an
increase in singlepcrson households, hUl il will never
he [he case that this group will not wam relationships
.
l '
inlc is not a ermanenr Sla[uS'
with others.
there is conswnr change, wlieh is also why we need

sjx1Ciolls and nexihle dwellings. Four rooms instead o[


threc; rhat would bc a considerable i mprovement.

" thirries dwellings, with lots of movable com


ponents, are ideal.

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, 37

L 1 E S B E T I I V,\N D L R I' O L

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important aspect i n my view is the way the user

1 l 10VHO\lgh a d\Vclling. Thc dwelling should be air}'

,1I\ds aCIDUS sofliii t YOLl can move afound freely in it.


:lny o t lC

oor p a!lS

lave c losen s ow a strong

ordering a bi l ity. l rhink it is a very fine collection from


which l can draw itlspirarionj these are fOf the most

P,lrt good solutions, which I find fascinating and srimu

I.l ting . Generally speaking, though, all of thc spaces arc


100

small. t\'loreover, there is not a single, really spa

Cl()US carcass dwclling.

The design by Herder & Van der Neut for Nieuwe

k.erksrraat is really a tyrant dwelling, but herc ir has

hccn superbly worked oU(. It is a real architects' design;

)tou ean scaredy fir a ClIpboard or a three-piece suite in

CD

without spoiling the dweIling. The sem!aliryis limited_


"larel"'Xlor o,",rlc.-<>:upied,
I\Orl"'i:'" \x ,lhdm",aple,n.

i;Jnckc. Van dcr Hot'-en

IlIId fragile, hciDgdependent on the long wal l. Thar is

y I Jill an oppol1(::nr of dwellings with a core in the


1 1 1 1ddle. Is it nor based on an idc fixe and isn't it often

lIluch better to pl ace thc core against one of thc walls?


, )9

tl

I he (Joor plan hy 1\'13 1 1 for De Vrolike Eik flaps abom,


.1' II were. A corcdw('lling is often an ubstacle dwclling,
hill I hi, one i<; :tIl right because of the large dimensions.
I (111 1 1(,1\ floor plan for Bella mystraar hasn'rgor a core.

hUl r.uha an op('n space in th(' middle. And you sel


,lr.lIghtaw:ty that Ihis princi pl e is far more pleasing.
"' "ddel l iy there is a hOM of di:tgonal connections, and a,
("'-Cllp.1ll1 here YOLl c:tn fit your cupboards in. That'.,
IlllPI)rf:tnt, hur architects give br too little thoughr to ir.
I ll.:)' often overlook the pr.tetical and experiential

\ . 1 Ille and forget how important ir is for members of rhc

11IHI,ehold to have contrH.:r with cach other i n the dwcll

Illg. The tloor plan of the dwellings in Willemsstraat b}

l{einJer :'-Just is an example of how ir should be donc.


I kre the corc has bccn left o en, whi
.
tll len ( an optical conn ction Wlt 1 the space.
h,
, mze
JagoIla s.
ht';lLI \ }

There arc o cour


Ille spacious floor plans. The
de,ign for Tweede Leliedwarsstraaf b}' Kerssen Lijber
i' .1 complete house and nice and wide. And who is nOI
'l1rprised when they see the floor plan of the villa b

OIJ

in an inner court on Plantage Muidcrgrachr? Thl'


vili., io; superbly orga nized . It is no eas}' task to produce
.\ o()d design when there are ample resources avail
l

l hle. rv1an}, architects gCt it wrong then. The design Ln

Cl.ws & Ka;lIl for the Kalenderpanden is really bi.


Evcrything has been taurly organized around tilt"
entrancc. Ir is a pity that this large dwclling is a renova
tion project, not a trend-setting new-build project.
Rob Krier's design for thc Meander i s md
P:llladian, al tho ugh the li vi ng room is really a hall. Thh
IIlt('rpretatiotl is superb. Ir is an interesting floor plan.
' 40

parrly because of the queer angles. It is clearly the work


of a foreigncr, because wc Dutch don 't have the nerve tO
position a wall obliquel}'. The de.!.ign b}'
for
the water dwellings in De Aker is fl very old-fa sl ' e
's ver}' com forr
-1hrouh-[Ilom' dw

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r
its pla. Ict. it IS rl n.ine.
teenth-cemurv floor bn, s i mplified well orgamzed

a e, sve y'!"
hin

a n anractive; it radiat
ui.ility.
e oor p an o the dwellings hy Jianho Kwa for
[he WG site has to be scen wgether with (he double
height. We ought ro do OUf best to produce more of this
type, bur ir is made difficult for us, partly because of the

regulations. This design is a cU[ above many other


dwellings 'lS n:g;1rds spatiality and sltnpliClty. Hats off!
I also like the"'pro ect b
nbeek & Van Veen
i n Tweede Oostcrparkstraat. This, too, is organized
around an opell space, giving rise to a host..Df diagonal
s ariai ;1nd functional connections. And what's more, il
is fitte into fl strict 'arclItecturai' order. This floor

plan is a delight for architects and occupants.


Rudy Uytenhaak's work is remarkahI}' inconsislenr.
ln Ihe floor plan for Servaes Nourstraat, the spaciou.!.
hall provides a digl1ified reception; this is a dwelling

yOIl rea ll}' can rerurn to proudl}'. The man}' doors make
cxeiting sp'Hial connections possible. However, when
1 look at Uytenhaak 's floor plan for Feike de Boerlaan,
l rea lly think he should go on holiday. The rouring
t hroligh the dwelling is a toftUOUS Circuit i n rhe dark.

Vou h:lVe to pass through a ort of broom cupboard if


) 011 wam to go upstairs. And ar (he top of [he stair }'OU
walk straight into a blind wall. Everything is mall ;lIld
l'nt1osed; this is si !ll pl}' no good.
'4 '

Pcrhaps it is p a rd y due to the urban design scl1l"1I1<


Jkc:wse i f tha t forces }'ou to design floor pJans i n wb" J I
peopl e have to enter their horne v i a a space meaSlII I l i j',
one metre square, then something s wrong. Ho\\ n < I.
other architects have made a belfer job of ir. The II. , , ' I
p lan by..b;1 VR !) for Borneo is unusual because II I'
'

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exrremcly l ong and Ilarraw. J think this is rl good dt'''I:11


in pranice, because the narrowness is repeatedl), 11111'1
rll ted by rotrusions alon ' the wid h of thc dw 1 1 l !J'"
wlt 1 a voi and a roof terrace, lt works really \\t l l ,
precisel y because of the extreme dimensions. l ili"

design by Heren 5 for Borneo is a coredwc11ing, but , I m


one i s extremcly long and therefore fascmalllll:
Bc<:aL1se there arc angles in the floor plan you call t i t
your c upboards in withol1t spoiling th e intended "1', 1
tia l effect. Thc dimcnsions of thc section where ) U I I
enter the dwelling arc again far toO small, bur hen' \hl\
is compensated for by (he enormous space elsewhcH' III
the dwelling.
The floor p lan by Hohne & Rapp for Borneo h,1\
cxtreme dimensions ;:md yet is has considerable tr,111

quiI1it}'. The staircase i s large, and a tre:l( a waits rOli I I


you go ups(:lirs. This i s really superb, a classic, a fir1
class design. It has a marvcUol1s sense of spaciol1m'
together with a strict and ordcrl)I layout. It revcal .1
cenain fascination, an obsession, a n d yt.r ir must hl' ,I

'I

del i ght to li ve in. This i how it shou ld bc donc!

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1 61

STATE OF A F F A I H S

Schulze & Van Dijk have joined together three existing


buildings on Prinscngrachr in an unusual rocct that
shows creariyiry. [n particular the wide dwcl l i ng o n the
floor, in which the rooms are inrercollnecred
and d raped around a spacious enrrance hall, is yer )'
exciting. This i s als o because there are.-nyo focal pojn!;
in the dwcllh.sliving room and rhc Jarge d i n i ng
rOOlll. In this floor plan, members of the household
neet but rhcy can also avoid each other if need bc!
IGerard A n deri esenl
ln [he Narwal proj ect by F A R O , spatially superb

m ini units have been combined with a balanced maxi

versi on These dwelliare exuemcly fle i ble a.!ld


)'et y [henit This scheme shows thar
:..
-

m a k.illg tllCio
il"i)S[ f the ava
ilable space can resuh in
very e ffecti ve solutions. Ir i s good to see a H A T un i t (for
one or two persons) again; students and other young
people wa nt tO have an aHracrive place to li ve too.
ILieberh van der Poll
, 6J

plan by M V it lJV for the Silodam proj ect i


ry unusual for :l loft orliving/work ::lu.:ommodatioTl

The floor
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10

he realized in new-build. A stri ki n g feature is the


hrea dthways orientation in which the heavy srabilizing
l'On<;lrUClion forms as it were a screen bl'twccn thc opcn
living/work Sp:lCC and the glazed b\ade. I Dick van

C ;;lnlCren!

The floor pl a n by Dicner & Diener for th e I- Ioogwer !


project ' in n ava tive bcc<1use chere is no hieran.:h ; thl'
design is who lly 'earec! to cxibility in use. There arl'
(Inc ou te Iy super visual e eC(s an spatial relarion., h ips in this dwclling. rt-Ian Michel] This floor plan i.,
q u ite strikin : the traditiona I la your w ith a hierarchy in
the size of th e rOOI11S has heen a la n once ; t e s pacn
for l i ving, working and s leep ing arc the same size and
are completely interchangeable. l D G J
- Rudy Uytenhaak's Hoop Liefde Fortllin project is an
ingenious stack ing of four large dwellings in which
cach dwelling has a from door at ground level. A
thc vertical connections add nothing tO the dwellings
sp::lti::llly, one wonders whether a porch access might

notbcmoreeffcctivc I D Gl

dwelling type with central corridor in thl'


Cie. h::ls a simple lay
out but provides considerable flcxibiliry as regards use.
If the short section 011 thc corridor is used as a bedroom,
The

B::lravia project by de Architekten

the long srorey is then completely free for othcr func

tinns. rH!.!1

by de A rch i rekten Cic. is :1


va rian ! on {he corridor type. Thc diversity of floor
pbns within the building is greater than is usual wi th
this ::lccess s),stem and attenrion has ::lIl>o been given ro
The project Baravia

orientation. In order ro chll"idare this, I have chosen


two floor plans from the project. The corridor dwel li ng
i s reinterpreted in this project. IVer::l YanovshtchinskY I
The corner dwelling ill thc Rotonde pro ject by archi
rect Franz Demblin is more or less a combination of the
Tropenpum and the Water"l.uiveringsrrommel. You live
in these floor plans, as in a doniQ
!l
...

u:.o.r.
ding to the
mono ' m y home is 111 ca
' Pcople quite often live
accor mg to this motto in dct:Iched IlOlIses. You can do
so herc tOO, because happily something unusual has
been permi tted at the corner of a bloc:k. IFer FcldcrJ
l n the renovation project for Lederambadltstraat by
Van Sch::lgcn Architecren, dwellings have been joined
together in an exempbry m::lnner. Given rhe situation
in the block in Osdorp, r his is an optimu m result which
has produced a very comfort::lble large dwelling. IGAJ
ln the project for Dc Aker hy Wing<.'nder Hovcnier
an i ngeniau s solution has been found for a familiar
problem, namely how ro accommodate a complete
dwelling programme and storage spaccs within a lim
ited module. Because the storage spaces here have been
placed ::llrernateiy at thc front and the rear of thc block,
thc dIstinction between front and back has been down
played in conformity with rhc programme. j v v ]
The floor plan by Van Gameren & Mastcnbroek for
the Watcrzuiveringstrommci, designed for the interior
of a former sewage pu r ificati on pbm, isquite ::l mazing!
lt 'is the mOSt bizarre floor plan of the en t ire f 998 9 9 I
d
forms
curvcd
an
ovcrV1CW.
I
ho
se7,T,
qmr
k
y ",,
ro
und
ed
----r
T.1

r;
nrl
e,r

arc
h. Thdt:sign {ircs the imaginarion.] I" l l
The floor plan for Ganzenhocf Centre, tO:l design by
Kees Christiaanse, will bc a delight to li\'e in. Note the
.

rl

65

"unkcT1 ki tchcn "nJ thc indirect re lations hi p between

(hc living room and the rear section. The interreimion


"hips within thc dwellingare spatially superb. lL!')
Ouinkcr. Van der Torrc's floor pbns for the Groene
\'et'n,>cherlll are balanced, flexible and - partly because
o{the vo jd -cly anractive. [. 1')
IheTropenpunthyErickV:ln Egeraat contains floor
pbm. wirh markcdly long fa,adc surfaces and a magni
(iccm view of a bC(l l1tiful section of the starcly Maurits
kade. Large qu:ltuities of glass have been used Ul rhl"
tH;ades, affording a good view of the SHeet below. ll" lJ
The project by Lafour & \XIijk for Park De Meer is
one of the few examples from '998-99 i n which differ
entiation has been sought in an open location. Small
i nterventi ons, such as the inward-juning balconies and
s pa ces which respond (o each other, neate a sense of
spaciousness. This is a commendable .mem pt to avoid
predicrab le pokiness. Ic. A 1
The scheme by Ze i nstra Van der Pol for Meerhuizen
p lei n is a superb varianr of an access gallery. The floor
lallS look sim le hm the are flexible as regards byout
an use. Thc owncr-occupic
wc mgs arc spacious,
which is a good thing with a view ro their huure valuc.
Rcgrcrtably, thc social rCllwl dwellings are smaller.

111 ,\\ ]

8
1 66

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1.\lloArcllllc-.:;l<"1'

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ownn-<'><''''I',ed, ")Mrn"""
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..k Arch!tt'n Ci.,

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,

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Social ,rnted anJ m",l<:I""tor

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<.Iwnr "",upled, l\arra" ra,J.{.

!::\,rilkdred.

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1."1(,,,,& \X';i

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KONel\'''''rhui",rrdl.

uJn",a Van dr 1'01

S E L I : C T I : D (, L O O R P L A N S

Ik""o ,\ I he" . 'Dt

I i,OI nd,,.
",I"idi,,..! m'kJ hou<in):,
D,'\!i"",J"!',,,n,!,., 14
I-i<x.,are,,: ,oi nl', ):,ll,,)"; com
m;,,i(meJ

by: HomiLl)!(orpor..non

He! ()o<1en; de;;,,, 1994' rC.J/'rd

bv: Slokh, b,'. I I"",n. , '1'J7

Ue ArchileC!engroer Rljnboun

KUII''''''J.", Hendrik> Von G,l m'-n'n

:\-\as<enbro...k n,n"""lin.

markt"{ ",,'Uo' ,,'nrcd h",,>m,

IIl,ik>l"tnmn" pkill, p_
flo", Mea: , '7 Hl'. );"llc,) ; ,'''''
"",-s"'''cld

"ilh DdtJ OnrwikkeliJ1g'gfoep.

,k Arhil,lt<'1' (:i,. II",i" "an l)",*e ni


'n",,,,i,,'. "",i,,1 ,c",ed "nd ",,,,ke[

Dordrecht: dcstgn, 1'iO; ,cIi::


.("d

l)" llouwt>tdrijiW",,,,b. Z"OSI. I 'i'

,,:c" or , 'w"'" .cc!] pied I",u,""g.

lI"rnenbanJDi,k Vrehns".la,. p. [75


I'l(K,r.Jf<", i7 m'. corrido" <'Om
"';55;Oll,d by; [k Principa.. 1 with
....erb..,,,."h iX V..n NJm,''''
de"!:,,, [8; ,("ali,e.} Iry: n",,,
Bou,," Am,wf(iom hv. IOOO

J,. An:it..lt,n Ci". II",i" " olT ' Dnn)!enl .


'Ib[a,ia', ".ciJI "",ed ,
. nd mMker
<ectnr nwne,-occurLed hOlL"")!,
p"'''''''JiaJnJlJ.orneolaJ Ll. p, l _l
Hnor.Jfe.>: 84 m'.comJor; cum
",i,,;olle.! by: Dl' Prln{'ipa,,1 with
Kerbo...h & V,,,, N"nKn;
'!"si!;n, I X; "",/up,}

hy: D"m
no"w ;\1",Il'rd,,,,, I", '-000

.\lhl,IlI",,,,k . \l"tke,-"""

nrowner

' '''CLJpld I"'LJ'i", ()e,'errad, 1'. 90


rino' ari''', I o !ll'. corridor: com
"""<i(),,J

by: \\'ooJ1,rich,ingUe Kr)";

dc;'g": ' 9')4' reJ/;,rd i),:

\:\olLwbedriJf 1\1.J. de Nij, iX 7n,

N.lda reit",all ' Noorderhof.

"""ht "."ctorowner ()("lLp,ed


b"""ng. A.J_ KropnoI1ersrf.l..t. p. 1 17
rt"or'("il' 1 3 6 m'. rO\lnd
Jc-""""d: am",,,,,,,,,,e,J i,.y: II, ""illg
"orpomtio" Het On""I!;
dcsig": '995: realized by: Hille" &;
I\o<)senb.-.A",,,,,d,,,,, [99X

fk Archm'<"I("1'g")<'P ){ijlll)ull

R",j"!"I""'" I !cIlJ,ik, Von (;cltneren


\t"'cnl\f(,,,1; . "uh,idited owner

,,<'cupied hOLJ,in)!, '>chh ish()fd. p, 2


F/"orarC(l: 7J "" .po"d-"..n,,,'d;
wm"u";o,,ed l"y:GH uTl\wikh

Imp

rtl ,":xploitJti(",""t",h"ppii

A,,,'nddlt; d">J!jn, I , : ,a/i,,,d

il;"'ck,.Van der Hoeven Ar(huek,,"


\\." ht-"x,mownn--o:"p,e,1
1"""iH)I, K'lIliHgiH W'i1il("l!TliHplcin.
l' ' l

H'" "rI" 9 \ "" , I""" "<',,.S';

(,,,,,,,,;,;;(med /)1': Dc Princip""I;

d<,s;W" j 9')4; ,""kcd I,y: VC",""""


11""w b,"- Hoofddorp. '98

War!llrnh"i"'ll, I

b,

I",:fk,,,w!,,,d,iii V"" Jcr (;,al\! h,',

'"!"'IJ'. ",,,hHt"Clornwner

de Archirek"n Ci. (Frit, ",ln Dongrn)


MyS,de. 1lldrhr ",('{o,own",
,,,",cupied ho"''''g. Vl'cmbd('. p_ 5Y
f/oo'Mca: l 08 m'. wrrido'; w"'
mimo",J bl': A,mtdhn.r V"'lg"".!;
design: 1 'i_1 ; rNlio"d I,},_ T,"r",,",,'
bv.l lcih" 'j

,rUr"ni,",e with Marc &

Ik.",h 1 1,,,k,, ",i"1 n'nt",1 hOI"ing.


&',''''ikhtl'lil', 1'. ("
i-/(){)r,,'cJ: ' Z "" , !,,h "Cl:'"
wm",;;s;one.! hy: I lo",;nl\
corporation Om I\d"n;
desis": [994: reaked

',"O(),d-W'"'t.194

by: Imer'Jm

!Illii' & PCI<'''"i''''''e<,tiy John nuii

Architecten! . 'De M,"m11""'.

Illrket-,eclor ow"..t-neupicJ

D, Ardltl,n...ng'ocp RiilllJLJtt
R",j,,,,,n.I.,,, 1 1en d,i k, VII Ca,",{',"",

Je ,\,cililekten Lie. I Fm, ,.n Uon"en I .

occupied housing, I'anmal.ian. p. T '4


FI{){},r,",,' 107 T1l'.wrridor:wm
"""10,,,,<1/,),, [)(' Pri""ip,,,,1 wi,h
Kcroo"h &: V"" N"",",,;
"""ig'" ,M; ,"lizl'll li)': Du,"
!\U"" """,,,,d,,,,, b", 2000

by: .-\Ilmels"oo", cv

,\llame Auher di\r.:h"t"Clure rl

A"""ddil, ''i4
De Archilecte")!fOep IDick '-an

\ .11' I\<',k,-I & flo. Marke! s<"Ctor


" w"cr-''''"''picd ol1sin!;,
1'" ","'11,, k ""''''''11. 1'. 64

1 1'#Jfa,,,a: I I j !Tl'. grnUlld-,c'''''d;

, "",,,,i,,';,,ned /'-'"

Il,i,', J>.", w1"" I'l1 lh.-, I\e,'erwljk:de,ig", '99 t ;


,,.lized by: Smit's lJ.ouwhedriif b, .
IIncrwljk. l93

i\()USln)!,Sum.llra","", \ I-"

p. , ) 2

N()(" "re, I , m'. gall,,}; "'''''

m;" wnedb,': Wonmgbedrili


Am'tc,,"'m; de'i": 1995;
r("ahud by: H.-dde, Ilo"w b,-,
I k",r. r 7

fCA ' A ard,it",..n "'t 1\1.'g-.-r-,ijTl,


Ilurk"",,,!or ownr-occupie,j
housi". W'a[er!nrenpleill. p. L '-X

/-loor.Jr".: I I I 1TI'."rnund

.K"s",d, (()mmi;s;(med
i>}';Snchting 't -,jdg er'liin:

'/"";1[": I 7' ml/,,_eti iiy: Coen

I 1""cd""", I"",' 1;". I hli,." ", ''i

Kee, cr",,,iaan<e Ar"i>ile" 1\

Plann", '(;anlenhoelcrm,u,n',
II"", I)" Ilinn,",r,d {N.J. K"'pcr) '

,,),:lal rented hnusing, El<rijkdred.

I" "1'lIl);. Krom"",)"",I')1 11 . p_ ,oo

p, [ 8 1

\ \,' '"'''-,,:ctur Ow"cr-oceup",d

U. ""art"" 107 "!". ):rnu"d-ac"",,,,d;

i)y, lk lli" n"""d b,,

(,.,meren. I\prn< .\b,rmbrU<'k. with


PJddy j'omrsn. Leo dt W,ntnl

, " "",,,<;i,,,,,'d

'Ue Water7.lIlwflng>r,ommd'.

Vrrtt'lman bv, 1996

d"Sll'.'I: 1994; re.J!;:ed1>)': I'i"

rioor r'" , H.8 !Tl',p<lr<-hac,,,,,;

'"''''''''>$''''''''' by: H RG Vh!u<'d b,-.


Rii'wiil; dli!;,,: I 9.\, tok

reali::ed iJ)': >< Hf: \X',,,,illg-l>,,uw hv.

"I",er

",arke, "'<"Torow'l(''-K"pi!"d

ho,,>,,,!;, T"'lj"kM1",,,,, PI'_ jiS-l7?


fl,"-" ,,'a: I 44 m', l"cI, access:
(ommis,m,,,,d l)': lJ.ouwhednlf
,\1.J. de Nij, &: Ln. WarmenhulLen;
Jc,';W" 1 999; rc.lliud IJy: Ilouw
h"d,ijf I\.I.J, de Niis & Zn.

Warmenhlllun, '-coo

d l ('

,\r,h""k",,b"r"" llop",,,
hUo>sing.
""I" llreLJ''''''"I,p_ ' > 5
i " Jm",cJ: 1 "l', 1 ,,h '''"'';
" ,,,,,,,iss;(mcd ,,),: DLml !I<)"w
I\","erd.!nl bv wili> lIuild ing Sneiel)'
1(, ... hJ_,le; de<ig", '99: mi/hed
I"" Dil"" Ilouw Amsterdam bv. 1999

.,,'",i.!lc, \< ",i" I '("I"cd

K..." ChmtlJnse Architect, &

PIJnne" . .\hrhr-""ctnr owner


occupied ho"" ng. Van H" Il,trJ'. p, 86
FIt.x>r.Jra: 101 m". [ofrIdar;
wm,,,,ss;mwd ln': SrKhtiTlg

r""pl:m; ,!""!jn; I Y-!' r/"llil",d

ity: ll;,uw-I",.J,iif 1"w, ,'''Tl

(;"lll hv. "mcr'('"t.

I 'N

E l.r.C:TED

FLOOR PLANS

1':..,5 Ch",,,,,.,,,,,, ,\"h" ",-1< &


f'1"nc..,, SI"d,,,. ,uh<,d"ed remeti
huu,,"g. Sum.llra.1d.p.

(/'"";J1I';J: , ' ! m'. J'Or.:h Ans:


UJ"""'"'<mdh.\" , 6 61'1 Bou,,";

CJa"$n Kaan Ar,hi,,,-,,.,, . -'brle,

<l('<ror ow"n"''''''- 'I';c.1 h,,,,.;,,jI.,

['dn.mabdc.p. , q

riOO'J'f'tl; , \ 11I',jl.ffiund"ccn...-d,
ronrrl1lrr",'/li)';N.. o<-al b,',
d..}:,,, ' 991: U.l/,M"': \"Oi Lk

'/eJlt": '??l: ,eall


udb)": Bou"

mmbmnfJJ,I,,<l H.I. ,??H


Cbu,,'" KH" \",hll."<.,cn. <,o,,:'AI

1"<"""-.1 h"u,,". Ih""tn \\:',cr'''r

"r"' II ' o. p. f '

1'1""',,.....1: f'" m',,l:round J'$!;('d:


",,,,,,,,,,,"',,.,/ h,, Ilons'''1l

Ruli..,,,c. 19?':I

Crut & Ornz lA. C"I7 ' u!'<;di,.eJ

rrnrcd hu,,'mg.J....
,bd. p. '"
Fioo':I'c,,: , ,- m'.porch""",,

rOll'.....s,,,""oIh): , '- H . H 1" . til",,,,:

ds,,,, ' '''94: .uli::edfo)": llou",

'<lnlhn,.l"j.,,.,,,land \"of. [\1':16

orporAuon l'fwn df Ke}':

do,X": 19':11: .,./lu"b)': G"'ld',

ik>u""maJI!><:luPP;I I,, . ' 9':1 1

CIJUH" KJ;O" Aro.hO!l'clell ' "b" d,-,.:J

r"n,d h,,,,"n. 1\'llmerdrcd.I). 9

r"H"","'." '17 III', !:rounJ \


. "fSleJ:
,.,,,,,,,,;wi,,,c" /)),1 Ikit.' "'..
"\,m[,dJm: d"s.;.:: l 4: 'MI.ud
"," 1l<)IIlo,jW bv. AmSterdam. ,

C. O.lm & I'"mers IRob

EInhrood! . 'Ot Om",,!". mark,,

<;10' owner ",,,,upi"d hUIl,ing.


Wrr'JW17l1d,. p. I ,

;-

rlV(,rar": t o.. nl'. I>o,ch acc,,:

nJIIlm"-s,,mrd by: ()mv.l h,-:

"r.,w" '99: re""l'd/')': Iokker bv.


1 1 ,,;I,on, '??7

Cb"' fn Kaan Ar.h..,,,,,, .

hanl CidUd,,,s Dembhn &

Kkndcrpand",,. " ,",rkcl';;ce,,,,

m..rkr,,,-,- lO' """""'r-f",c"l';d

OWn",,;> up.ed ho"'",,I:.

F"rr"l',d,, 1I"T<)M. pp_ '"'-17

Ho",,,,r.l: ,"'o m'. porch JeCf'S:

<rnnm,.smntJ1': Aqua,,', b,':


J'''Xn: '9';1j.'u W-r.Jlsu,<lby; \',nk
Bonwb

W3hrC<"Tm'k . 'Dc ROl<>"dc"

hon..o", Slorc",..,..,rIHn. ,... '7'"


fili'" "'.J: 9- m'. jl.fo"ndac"'led:
mmm,.,;onN ",.: Ho""ng
,,,,,,,,,.,;on HM Oo.'en,

ds'xn: 199-;rrJk
:.
..d/ry:
1\o"...btdn)fJ.I". n.."",.u,,k... h.,
WJrm<'TIhu"-,:,,. OOO

CI".c" Ka"" ,\",hnt-ucII ' P,on

"un'''II-"'''. ,ul",d,!"d o..ner,,"uplcd


huunll1-' (;ul<kllru'\p"d. ,... I 19
r/'''''';JtU' 'O! m'. por.:hans:
rommlUlOm'Jb)" l)eha rUA
Am"rdJm "'uh Bur Buu..

D,tner&D,cnc. Arch;Itkt" .
lloug",,rI. ma.lc,=lor
,m n,'.oc.:up,cd hous;,,&.

I" n Rur'plam"",,,. p. l l

Hoo':"',J: JO} m . gallry;w"'

m,uaucfb,. AlkmJr;d($'W'" ..9 1:


rr,u/zedb)':
1 .... 7

Iku Ro"" I",. AI"""".

,,,iS$i,,,,d b}': Am,dland \'a"g'I'--.i;


dsrK' l\19 j. /o hto r.."hR,!

/"': Koopm'" (Iou"-g"-",p

, HR

, . \. A...h"k!,,, ID...h Tl(>bbch,,,.

1 1,,nl.ll1 dc Ko'cI. p."IJ, VTOInnl


'u,..,.d,,,d "..'n'T""'''I,,d hnu\n,jI..
...."'.. "d"cr<J.,. PJI. 'U)" l '

H"",,,..J: , m.jl.fOundac......."'d,
..,""mt>wmeJ1': "''" 0<-31 h,':

'/"" 8'1: '99$:,..I/:dbv: "of D<.

IIJh'lIc. ''Iy-r

Ilmll" r Vdn ,k-.TOrTI'. ..,,,,,:r,.

''''r''"d,' "1'\.'1"10"10'" ( ,.(l(""\'ttn


... hcr,"

11,.,rtJ.<,t>,;.()(" "" 'ICr-<><XUp,J

h." "'"II. B.,Jmcrdr'fff. p. l S

'-/,.o'.!'M: 9 nl'. p"r(h Jns; co",


"um",...d b)': o<-h II,", Am".rda",.

!, .,:tlher w..h lkouwbt-d"lf ;\'I.J. Je

r-,'I > & Zn. Wrm<'nhu''''n;deSfg'':

'!: tl) Uf rr,1/iud /'y: llouwl"'d';I!


\I.J . Ic NlI, &. 711. W",n1("h";,,,,
I

I '" ,, , k,'r V" Je.TMr. '.1ml1

II'.-tl" tldr "rdHIIn . -.c'JI rmrd


". ''''''',.::. VrnlihJrJJI 'Ol" lb. p. 'j7
Uu.".!"..., JO m'. I",,,,h a"'":

, '!lIIIII'SS;Pltl"d h: Gcmmhlk
W'''''"gh.:dTl)fO:n!rumOosr:

.I'-" KIt: '\I3; ,,.llo:..,llr,., T..,r""'"

h l k,IJK" '1111\

I " , l 'JtI' ):tT"! ,\,,<"';JfM .

, "'P'"p"",. mJrkC',"-';lor o",,.r

'''' "1".-..1 housmg .\l3unTk.ad;IO' [

I', , H I

(,l'IH'" &. '>,.'I",I/x l k ....h"I/'

\brk...,,,,,,,, o..."r.."",u,..,td
ho,,<;njl..lt I ourmal,. p. 8

Hoo'JT": I JO m -. )l.fuunJ J,'cnJ:


WmmJHIOIICdb,-, \\',lma l\u,,.. b"
Je>lgll; 1'1':13: '''.Jhudi'; ,,',Im
lk",,,,' hl-o ,\m,,<...d.,m. '9,1

(;rrnnddal l'.. O \ flt ;\'Jrkt!

>101 "...nr"""up,ed hous,n!:.

Keiursl':rachl-10.I'. o

Hoo,,,,...J: 80m'. I"""h J"

wm"""iord b,'. Chprul':

<I"SJg, '9;1.

G ... . .:ncn.l.,, 1 & [),. Vr,,, _ Pm.n,


h,''' '':. Ko,.,,r,;J",d\\ " r", ,",'.n
p, 5

/"ln", ",,':1: 1 9 m', [>Oreh a<Xt":

comm;w(med ")', pm-JI. ind,'-JJ u.ti:


j,";gn, 1993

V.nI-Iefde,, .\Jarhl >l'" lU''''''''''


....-cu p,ed hOUM"!;. 'Dc W;n< K""T',
KrilCTS!;,,,h, 4HH. p. b.,.

F!.-.o, Jr:

' -I m',)trounda.:ct<''oCJ:

w",,,,,,,,,,,,cd by:'1 Hoofr

l...",, "of: dC';K'I: J\IH

Htrdrr" V.lIldtrNtUf Ar<hlf<'(t,n .


.\larkM sr"<:lorowner o..;'"p,,d

1 1 6. 1"
rl''''':lrM; ' ' \>II'.):dlle,):com

h...usmg. "WC.K"Tb,,",

I I'H""'r: " m'. p"" h a,:c:

ml>$1O""J/ry: Ilt P'''''''I>.1al;

.Ir.'" 'Y\l;rl".lloudlry: 1\0"",.

nIa,,,,hJ"'p., 8u"enhu, h".

"""'U15'Oll,,/bY: 0... P.m,,!"'."


1...d",' .\I.j.<k: "';I&Z",

,.

dgn; '9: 'C.JIIMh,, i!ou..,.


'---"nd",...,r. '999

\!,'.It"""h",,.n. lOUU

" " "h'!'-':I" . So.;ul ",mN


l.. ,u,ot'it. ( .r(" ll,cktrs,TraJt . p. I 6
, I"", ,"" 1
, ; nI'. p,,,,, h 3c,e,,:

, "''''''IH" ",,,d li)" De j'fI""'paal:


.I, ",,. ,: tn bnI;'r.1
/" , ,"" ""I,or W," .-I, A""Tnd.""

Hrtn .l Arch",:.,cn M..k.1 ",,,,...r

uwnr <Kcup"..1 hou,m!;. n.,."".bd,.

1' - ' .I

Hoor ".: , 6 n" . !(",u"J,'u,....d:


c<",,,,,,,,,,,,,r.J h", N,'w 1),.Li bl :
de"!!", "!'!: r" I," ,," I:r'/ ,,, " , f

I) k".,h',If'"

S E L E C T E D I ' L O L l K I ' I ..\ N \

S E L E C T E D F L O O R P L A :"l" S

"lund.. Ar"ili(ec(en (Ritn k


t Ru;,,'r) .
.
,\,jlrador',,b,idi7.ed ()w"r-occup;td

T'Hl 11,,1 ARhmktcnl>"w "!arket

><-""r(.r'.w''''r-",,''pit'd ho",m);,

hotmng, O,dQrpl'l;n_ p. J I

!kIL,m)'''r",,' l,,-t7,P_ ' 5 "

Noo, "''': N " m', l>r"h-,,"",,;

FI<X!r ",e,,: I 'o m'. porcn ae,,,,;

Jesi}!,'" 199'>; ,""liud lj}': ,\b",.,


'Y;I

Ih,h".. & R"pp ' r"",n,' hu",",.

\c1"'cp"""""rTTl"n,,,,,"r.rp t ,I 6 [ 5 i

fl,w, ar<'ol: '-c m', w\\"d-au;",,",d;

,",!I!lm,,-,'ioneJ ho' Pn ,'.t<- i"d,vid", I:

design: 1?9S: re"k..d by, hM,k Km

Hnnrr..", 198m',gf()l\flJ

ac,es<d: m,,,,;,,,,,"c.i by: SITllt,

I>ou" mep :-:cdctl:Htd 1",_ ll.",. 1 Y

'M

de.,iw" , yy; ""tlized b)" n""

'LIght beIor"-, m"ke(-'"'''t'''

'''' ner-occupied hOl",ng,

owner'""nlpied hou,ing,

<;iOt('rbde ,6t-168.p, t t r

r;h"-,,are;

[ :.:. nl', g:round "" -.,,,,d/

""rr;do" (()"","sslO,,,,d by: De


Pri",ip""I; "e,,!:n: ,6: "wlr,ed
I,),: I bId", B""", '\m"crdam b,'.

,. klmani ' 'Jeugdbnd. nurh(

, "";I

(;,J. \che,,,Ic"nHtdflLl i k,lotnmc,rd1Ik,

p. ' I

N()()r olTe,1: ' 47 "t'. !\")Lmd-""e",,,I;

cn",,,,i<sin,,edI,;,: IIL,,,,,,h,,,,d

Eurowo!linl\en h, ]t"'lcrd,,,,,;

KohKrlef &: Chri,(oph );;"hl


ArchitekIen 'Ue.\l.and..., n"'rk(
,,'<:tor owner ",--eupi,d nou,ing,
Va" I bll,(ra't, p. '48

rtO<Jr reJ; 7 m". poreh acc,,,,

d<"Sl}!,'" 1995; ,",'k


'ed I,),: Wil",.

CMP,",I1io" I Icl 0,"ten ",ith

De Lnci; de<i"n: , l: ",,,Irud

b}': Ilouwhedrijl ,\l.J, .Je Nij' & Z".


. fJ11enhui1..n, 2=0
W--l

OeJollg, l lO<Jgvdd. De Ka( "'arh(


,cet<" ",med no",illg. .\-br;e
111', "lkry; ({)1!!

Ilrouwer;l (erre,() ,v: design: J 99.\;

Teali,cd by: H,ll." & Kf>O<.t" hv,

I ,.,.,rd" \'k, :lrdHle"[ _ Studio,

.....r kt -"-",,,or O" ltr-<>crupled

h. ""i"),;, Splnoza''',lJ( 3 C. p. " I

l'loor ",e, '.\ 8 m'. p<J,,,h """";

,o"""i,;"",ed b: Marto",' M""-,,


de.,,!:n: [5: real",'" h': E,,,i,,,,
ly6

\h'I"'poli, I I I "reh;(",(en iEdw;n Smit,


I ''''!LJen [ijge"l . I'rivare nou,""
l\u,k<lmerdijk, pp, 7-7 3
l--hu"J,,"," 1 6 5 m", pound-J,u"",l:

'Y4

ace""",<!: I.'o""" i,;"",,,d l,),: J {ou,ing


corp.o,"li"" Ile, 0" ""',, ,J"_<lgn;

I(c",,'n Lijocrs Ar.h;te<"1en

.\'"rkI-"-,,,"'r ()wne,--;xwplcd

'993-'999' jobe ,eo1li,d li)':

ilnu,i"R with "'Mb1'''''', T"",",,,Ic

Bouwondf-nmin): .\leye"

Ld;.d" ar",,"", '-0-'-4, 1'. ' 4 4

I LO r\\', ):",,,,,J-"""",,,'<I:

k;-cr & VJ" S..:lIOO(en Arehneeten

' 1)0; VI"l'$e,,', marht-"""'fowner

",,\Jpid ilou,in);_ Ladogameerhol/


N;,St"mraaulnaus[[Ja,. p. '3r.
1'IO<Jr",e: "m'. gJllny; com

"""'lOm,dby:Woni"gJxdr;;t
I\r,,"ef(tnt with r..)LlWWTk;

C<J",,,,is<i(mcd by: ZOnItr, BLJilfl

rI"'f);'" I 'f6, T<:o1lio,,<I /'1" D"r:l

d"'dopmenrcompa,,)';d,'sixn: 'Y97;

1)\lW 1\""t""L011> 1",_ '999

realized by:Opaalnu" b,'.


,m'terd'm,2ooo

190

Fr,,,,, de \\';ae ' 'Womco'. so,:i,,1

Ookmt'"rw,-g, p- !

dfSlb"" I y6; r,,li,,,d hy:J. \chcurer

wml-p""c, T"'"",k Con't,mtlln


FI{J""lrt: ' j "" , round

Am,(aJJm. '995

,, \" IH' .-\rchi"cten, "",,h

Will"m Timm.., Ari.n .\juIJer,

&: Zn. "\,,,,,nd., ..., J99S

"tor owner-occupIed hou,mg "'nh


I ln;g""''''''''',r 1 4 'f

rh"", 1:dTijf I" , ]k'-e'" i l k. 19Y

rn!ed hou,ing tor th, ..Iderl)'.

f",,,,ly, Amm-rdam;d"si<:,,, ''f l ;


,,.,,1;0,,,1 ('J: Rij"d"",, ,'\n"'rdJm,

Ar<-h,te,-tnhur"u KW3 ' "brh(

"'i;sioned I,y: Omwikk1 i1\1\

I()()r,,,e,,:

11""Tare.,; " :' m'. pocch ,'''U',"

l\ol\wb<J"lih. f\t-,'erw;jk;

"" """'''SlO'''''' /'J" Dc Prutc'pa.ll;

,-""""issiollcd by: Oud,hO<Jm

Hc,,,,,h'''plci,,,p, 56
, 'L

IIr ',,'" e"graC'ht 280 .8:., p_ 1 :.

''{)rIJO''",slO''cd by.- H01t>lng

!Iouw b,', Amsterdam, 1998

/-I()N!),e..:

"","nkli;l" 8 A "-""'I'N v, Il"nnik,

,\lc,,',"" '" arcn,,c"n ' MarKet "'nor

. [,
p,. Jung, Hoog,-dd, lk KJt iK. de Kt

\chttl'<linHnrnum1ra.l1,p. [33

,hsig", lYYS; r"k('d /r..,

Ki)]her en Salman ;\rch;("" "" ,

b\", OOO

,,'.--c!Oruwncr ,,,:cupld nous\\lg,

/-IrJI"J"W: 1 14 m'. porh ""''''':

Anl \l;"',:k'''\''o,i.\lCS -'Llrket ,.",n\[


o\\'llcr-;"'cLljl,eci h()LL,jJlg.

ontw;Ht'!;ng:. P,
' n Hal:;

.1siX": , ;I; IN!J:d bvc ' " C

Jl.ouw en Aanne""ng,bedriif I""

It,,,,,,ng, l'rJ(erban, p. l S4

r. ],r."h', IX B, T.,liJhLle

" 'II/m,ssio',ed Ir
)': Park D" .'Ic"r",:

({)""'""IOned by: ! N G V."):",,d

cnmmi.;irmed I,),: '-<HJthfurk;

,\rc"i,i[cc,cnhurr> L. UfOUf &: k. \\!lIk

1."keHec1Orowner oc<:upoed

fI(;(;rrea: lj m', "Iln;', mm

m;;;,,,,,,,,,, I,y, I ICll,,;n oq",ltIO"


lin 00,1<'11: (k;i!!", 1 ;194; r"" lized

by: Jn1<'","'" N("dwe,(, 1 997

M \, " 1)v!lr"h",,en Pm,lIeh",,,,.

\ch""pwmmrrrn.ns(r.a( 6. p. ' j ,I

HOI'Ir,,,e: t77 m',g,ol\nd-,",\" ,,:d;

commi5Sio",d b, Pr;,o,, ;,,,Ii,,;d,,,,I;

d""!;'1: l $, n'alw,d h', TCTC""r"

b... l kil," ''1

,, \' R I)V I\rch;(",(en _ ",Iodam.

"""kct-'c'<.'lOr ()wner-occup;.d

]'o",inl\, W."..d()bdll k, p. J 70

FionrJ""" I7 m',comdor; mm

",issio,,d by: lJe Pn"ip,,,, 1 w;tlt

R,bo Va'tg:c:d; d,,,,;;,,, '9H:


mli,ed by: f\o",,,,,,,,,,h;nalie
Gra",,,;I,,', ""t. '-COD
"3H rch;"'<:(",,r (Han, Hamm;nk.

jad,id paa", -'hre kn;.",

Marco He",,,n} ' S.0<....1 reni"d

h()lI,;n),;, VJnderl'kng<I>(r",p. I l O
r/"<"MeJ: 3 m". rO\ll1d-ac"''''J:

COl1lmisslO"c.i by, N.,,,, Oe,,1 h"

drsigl1: I (,: "'" lronl ln-: ,'oi De


Re"Ii""".. ,y

SFLECTED

S E L E C T E D r L O O R I' L A :.J S

MJ H "rcl,itC1LLL" . 'fk \' ro);ke bk'

ilocJt;m, ,i, r""rk" ",ctur


owneroccupied ho",in);.

Vro!JkSlm.lt 11 J -11, p_ , I I

Floorarca: 87 m',g,,))"r)", cOm

",isslOned I>y: HouSJng nrp"""II)"


I le, Oo,t.node,;!;", '996: ,,,,,/ized
by, Vin k no"w lw, ,"

.\\lJ] archi,rctuUf 'Dc Vrol i h' E,k'

Ilo(,iorl !i, "" ,h" -"""tur

owner-occlJr'e.j hou>i", Derd,'


Oo'terparhtrJatJEikenw, p, ,60

Flo", arra: , to m', orch "ee,,:

Archj{&:,enl""",'LJ R"U1dcr Nm,

I le,Ix'rh "on d", ]l" I 'Trom","

l\-'larkeH&:'or "",ncr-''''c''picd,

woning""" ""i.d re",ed hommg.

Willemssrraa{ , - , l, p. ' 4 ,

/-Ioor red: S o 11>', po,ch ",,,,,:

Dt"!:',, 16; to be "",I;ud

-Slo[()', marke'-<ecl<lr "" nc'-ox:ctlp'cd


hou,;n!!, "ortrr ; k , p, 79

Ce<", N");dk,,rh 'W()n,'n '000',


hou",,)!. ROle"gra<ht " " 1'_ 7 '

FI()()rare: ' 0 9 nl', " .,rch ,,;:c,,:


wmnJt5sumed /J)': Huih I",kkr

nouw; drSl!;n: 1994' rali:"d l),:


Ih,ib B"kker lX",w, 1997
Neu,eli,,!,:' Ri"di;k A,,'hn":l<"n '

o l l l "rchil,""" (Jan rrl'dcnk Grom!

I'rJ"al nou"" PI.,nt"l\" I"id,t-

grcht '.l, rp J5-' \ 1

Floor "re,,: .l 3 6 Ill', grn"" J-a",",,",'d;


w""";,,umed /J)': ll. Vink, d,,'siXn:
, 6 197; rmliud

/'Y:(;"I,.nloout

r:'nhnhout bv.Amsterdm, '9'1X

IkHlW A,mr",,,.,n b,', 1995

Archit""",,,ilu,,',",, Rcmd," Nu,t

'He< Kn()()ppu!l" , m."k'-",ctor

fk n"gn",d; de,i?,,,: 1994; re"li,,,d


by, Viul r.ouw b,'. '997

Lie,llelh " '''' dcr Pol 'Holwonmgrn',

,,,,,iai rcollcd h,,,,,ing. ZuoJ"inde and

'urro"udi"',r_ 6 ,
fioor"re,,: ! J rrr', ""md-,,c,,,'d;

owner-occupied hou,i!lll.

(OI"mi;sio"cd /J)': Ho",u'g


wrporation Am""dJm-Zuid;

,,,,,',,,,,,,d; ",,,,,,,;ssioned /J}': (}w!l"r,


delJ!:n, ,y 6, re"[,;,,d by: .-\m"e) , l ie!
"'HJW

,,,,,I \1,hiel Sndd.. "hrket s'<C!o,

de5;g", 14+; """ hze,!!)},: COCJl


V,,,, ,",Ileek &. V.n V.en

,\"hud, ten . I<-larkN ,e,tor cm ""'

(""c"ri.d hous,",Twe.Je OO,h'r1"" ",ra.1I 1 .l4 ,68.p. l < 4

f/()()rar".-l: 86 m" l"orh " CC""

Nnor,lre, ,o m', g
r ound-ocee,,,,d:

cO""JSSI()""d ('F Dc Pn"cip.I:

,,,mmi<;io,,,,d /Iv: New D,,,,I bl':

de;'R'" '94' "",h",.I/)" J. ""heur"


&. Zn, Am,nrd..m, OCO

d";g", 1 97; r"lit,,d h': Coen


Hag"d()()r1O R""w Ill, H"ilen, '9

,\r"it"lC,,,,crkgroer IJ.obYJJl Rnh

"." S"",I:k l); V.,n V.n


.
.\,d,itek,en
. 'l) N()orJbap'.

1 1" 0;''''1 ,,,h i,,,,,, Ch,ist"'" d. Rmltn)

rrr:>rkeHN:[()rOWJler """up'"''

""h V,n, Nek. Hol,bg, nn H().cl .

'n" VinH""k', ,,:xl,ll rented "o",ing

h<lu,in!!. I'''ntJnu"'traat 1-5, p_ '()


'I()()r"m" S m'.g"II",),: ,,"'

mi";,,,,,,d by:n P,iuil'"I,

f,,, ,Ioe dded}'. Od C"'tab.kl

f.:,nker"raatlll.1 Cmtd'ttO.l, p. "

de,;g1l: '4; '''''/IZI,d h),: Coell


Ilat;Clk."" Bou,," Iw. HUJZn. 1':'"

r/oof",,,a: -:-$ m', galler), com

m;ss"-,,,,,d by: l l " ",ingcorrora[ion


Alg,.,ll,.,'" \vo"inKhouw Vereni

i"g; '!''''II''' ' 99(,' re"/i:,,d

h',Tc:rc",'ra hv, Hetloo, IY

'/oor"r,'''' 5 "" , !'f""h .,C"": com

IIIlS,;,,"ed by: Hou,jn mrl,r.,ic '"

G<J,-ert flmckstraal '93,1' - I )o


FI()()rarr.7: I 18,5 m', roLJ"J
",,,-,"'.tion 'He[ Knooppu,,,':

l h,i"iJ" Rapp " itII jonJlhan Penn<'

j(owin Pe'r"!,,, with I i,,,ocrn


"n der Pol ,)Ci,,1 "'",,,.1 hou,mg,

de;lgn, ' J; falhed by: Oma

W.um<nlnH/."". I 9'

I'

AI",,, Cu),!""aal I , , - , ,.,. p_ S

Eurowonongl'n bv, Rotterdam:

I {.,',hon' lIoU\\ ll\', Hm"n, l 7

",inW"nle"traa[, pp, 108!o

occupird hou,iHg, OO,lC!;I '"


H.ndd,kade, p. '07

<"0""",,,i'>'11'd by, llL1uwh""d

llouwbt'dn;t \\..1- ,k :\i;, &. Ln,

')WI,,t """upied nou,ing,

'Jj-to,en', .\brh,-""turown"r

Floor"",,: J 50 tn'. roteh "CU""

co",,,,,,,;o,,..d h: D,' PriH,ip" ,ll:

w""",ss;o1led b)': Wilma I\ouw h,',


/ry: \\;ril",,, r.ouw bv, Am,,,,d.m,

H()or""w; 'B m-, rO"' ac{''':

""l',,,,,,;on An,,,,,dam Zu,d:

FI()()rare,,: , 6 5 m', groLJ"d-,,e,',,<"d:

tl""!;,,, ,y6: re"li;r,j by: Vink

..\,(.hit.;kl,l l .\\.,rh'l->t('fUt
" wn<:r--.K:UI I""J nuusmg,
ri"eTl\" l-J J.p. IO.l

d<'sign, '91: f<'aliord h"

by: Vi"k )\0"'\ h,

hnn Oor{hu" ",i,h Y. "'ln den FI,,'n '

, II rn'. ground ,ln"",I,

l ' I ,\ r-"

V"11 " ", I,,,'k (',: V.n, \'<xn

('(!mmi" 'i;,,,d /1,': H"u"n

wrpo,atlol1 Zomr' Ilui{n

Am,t('rd"m; de5lgn: '99; '''dliud

market-,eclnr nwncr-""'''''picd

rtu,,,,
,,,,,..,

",,,,,"isr;;o,,ed b)': Hou,i,\)(

W''''!lJS5IO"ed /ry': Het ()osten,


Rouw b,', ,y,)S

I.LJI(ki11dc auJ "Jrroundin!!" p, 60

1' 1 0 0 1<

A !ch itN:tenhureau ; r. \t,,,lie< Rolo",."

'I:h' Vl agg<n'. m,,,hl-,,"uor

Vn 5d,,,I'''' .-\rchitrclen Soci.1


n'",cd hnu<ing, LederambJl'nN"'''li

i'.l ingc",{raal. p. t 77
Hoorare,,: ,(, m', gro,,,,d-"cc,,,eci:
comm;""",,,,,} /
)" 1I,,,,,j,,

,orJX'r.toon I Ico (l",,.n: de<i,":


I'NS; lo h, TI-" ,[ued /'>" Hrdde,

owne" (xc(lp,,,d o""ng,

fIo"w b,

l "J()gJme, hof 5,,-'N ' . p. J 17


I-Il!or",a: J 1"'. :6"11,,,),: mlll
"""io""" /ry: I I"LJ,ing <Mpor.nion
! kr O()",,, d,',-iX'" J996: realized

/'1" n" (;roOl l\ouwrnanJgment,

NiuwHen wi,h Van Omme, 0Q(l

S<;h ui/.c "U Van Oijk

-'brke, ,e<"lot

owner-occupied housing,

Prjn"'n'.lChr 77 A, pp, ,6-1 "'I

t-/()()rMC,l: 208 m', poed, "c.<>,

,,,,"mi,,io!led by: Wille V"" goed bl';

d"'i/," '9.l: m,l;udhy:

r.o(lwbo:dfllf .\Lj. de Nii' &. Lr\,

desig", ''1,,8; rckl'(ll"y, ",hui ;l


lX)Uw,llcnhuo",,,,,,J, J 999

W"rrnenhuizen, '996

b", I."",h"" "-'I, '997

' 93

,'; E L E C I . n r L O O I<

S E L E c n. D L O O H P L A N S

Dil; SmeJing WiIh (;rom p"","" ,

A,,:hIWC'l<'nbnreau Ikn 're,,)!e Social

l",k"f ",
no,own..-oc,up,ed
h'lL'>"'!:, ll<><>gte Kadll 108-, 'o, I' , H

"'"tnl housin!:, Of\'erpad, p. 9 l

Fi,,,,,arc: 18 m'. !:,llery: com-

ml" i!nd
h': woon'tleh!i,,!: De Ke,-:
,
dC;I
. '" ' 94'n'"u"by: Verwdlll'

1'1,,,,,"r,,; S m', porch a,.,,:

ct>mm,.,umnl by, T"rlin!:n

!\d"i"\)\",P l>\", dest"" 1992:

h" A"'<terd:"T1. '9S

realizeJ il)': P.A, ,'an dc Raod"

1b, Tllphr &: Ari. \'Jn der \:eu,

D"'-nfr. 199

\-!;,ckn-s,tof rented housin)!,

Sjond &"'t",, Sub"diud ,emed


"",,,ing, S"matr,bd, p. 7-\

rI"<Jr,,'a: 87 m', porch cc",


"m""S"')H,.,J by: S F h " j'lk>uw:

de;ig": " )94' ,,,aim,d I))" Smit",

Ik>uwbedrijfh,. &'cfwi;l. '9 9

RuJ)' Ly,enhaJk A rch" "",,,,,hur<,,,,,


'11001' Li.lde Fomll"'. 'ocu I renteJ

Vin""nf I'a"hu)""" . llh'iJi/.C<i


ownn ,,,,cup,d hou"n,
R"h("rt Fruon"',ln, p, 93

h",,,ing:, f\orTlt'Obn, p. '7

/-l"", 'e.J: , , 6 m-, ground

rI(I(""
' '': 'o m', groudac""ssd:

m"",,'-"")!"" 1-: WomngbeJfllf

"cce,,,,d; nJ>mlwcmed by:

HOIl';Tlg'!'p'-'r"tion l'at'lmOn]Um:

Am;tud.l",; d"'Jgn: '9g: mlin,d

d,'siRl" J \1014: r"/io<,d b),:Snm-,

/'-1': I.H.' B""w, 7,,tcrTl1('t:r, COO

l!ou,,-bedriifhv, lk;wTwilk. r y6
RU"'OlUJ. van S"p lA. ,'J" S,iK]) '
W,,,(ndobd'Jk, p.

]O

R()tlerdJm,1994

design, '990: rel,oed/ly, M"",

'y y , ; ,,'aiJud by: Van U>frcn,

w,,"i"e]\ lw. ito""dam:

oouwbedfljl, ZWI)II(", '994


xXa,,'hi!eacll, with Ibn " ' " der
"kukn " 1 W"rJ,,,,hjp'. "'Jfk.t

Wellerd,eck and Ank, 7"" ""r,'I '


'De S!,,,j.h "i"cn', T1I,kct-""!Or

",dm ownn-,><;el!pied hou,ing,

lIuihl,",crr"""'rlelll, p. 77

\lW",-""\lpicd ho",ing,

rh,,",.''': 90 Ill', galler}': com

f,:ost"c,lon: " \' '':lr,/l)o"k.,

mi>',i(","d lJ}" "har,,.,ns Il.ou",

Curti",,,,,,,,,, p. H7

I",driifb" Maarsn;d"5iKn, ''!'

1'I"",a,,,: m'. porch ,,'ce,s: cum

"'"liud lJ)':.\laar",'n, 1\011'" hdriif

ml,"inned hy: Lk P"n('ipa:11 with

Iw, .\lar"en, '9

lI<)uwhd"lf "'LJ. d Nii' & 7n,


WMmenhuiz<'n; dc"!:,,, 'Y9j:
re.J!il:,d /J)': Rouwb<:driif

Atel..., uimtr' V,,,, der Pol .\lJrkrt

'99S

KOrTC k-crh"if.(:n"r.la" p, ,8 S

I<I.J. d(' Niis &. 7n. Warrnenhu,ze",

...
('tor I)Wller-'",upjd housmg,

rt'),)r ,,,": 7S",', gall,,),: mm


,\t.rktt-""c{or owneNX'CU pi"d

F,ih d" llot


' rlan, p. '58

hn,,,ing. De bir.."" traat ' -4.

desijtn: ]996: /o be rI'ak".}

crm,m,,>uH1('d hv; :--:ew Deal hy:

de<rlf'" ,6, 'Milu'! /J)': "or De


Rali.,.1Iie. ;1.000

Li",,,] de Ke}, ."!;coh,,, wlth Dc

Il O M - \,grJin, d<" '(,,, '9j' ,,,,,",ed

RuJ)' Uy,enhaJk Arch" ed"n)'"r",," ,

by; I!ouwcom "i rlJlie (;"'",,,il,, "oi,

S<:x,ij rem.d hnu"ng for ,he eld",1 y,

5<..... ,", Nouts!raat. p. ] 5 '

'999

"">5I("".d /1)': lI13U" hoed EuIO

Rudy U)" enhJ,l Ard,i!ec{e!lhur,]LJ '

ml.>"'!n"d by; Ill)ll>lng('Orporlion


l'[]n"PJI, k,\ R" V'''to<,1 ,,,,,I

Fluur(lr('' '0< rrI'.co",dor: com

('orpvr:nil)T1 I let O",ten: de;igll:

"'JS;I(,,,d l))': Wonmgbedroll

Floor"r('' S 7 m'. grollnd-acc",,,,d:

F"""a,,'; .Ig m'. comdof: com

H
, <;M laal1/Suril1;lIl1('bde, p, I

A"'i\("'f<'"I,,,rc"u Han, Wagner

s..x,,1 rented hou>ll1g,

'Dc Graan"lo'..."" al rented hn"'irLg,

own", o,:cupot'd hOI"i",

I-I"",re.: '() rH', porh Je"e,;;,


",,,,,,,,>,w,,,,,} h': l l"u'in

(.\b,jn "dn Jer \X'a"I, ",i,h B""

com"i nalie Ja ",,-ei"',,<I \,1)1, '998


Rodf S"'enhulS 1\rchil<",,"''',

j) Cos!"bJe '- 1 6 ' 40. p. \ I

PP, I( }4-' 05
1'I''''r''rr,: 'r m', round
"C(",dlpord, a<:..,''': 'o>"",,,;io,,..d
B V"g<><'d, "\"'''c,darn:

\vinte'lllans)' \brb',-",,,,,,,

" 1 ettra[, Sllrn,J",'" "'I1tnJ I" lL"i",

VJn der \Vdals!Zl'In>trd ,\,,:hi,,ct"

by: "

'I\';ntcrman, ."'hn,'kt\'l' (P.lul

(:h"rl, Vandenho,,<, & A,,,,,,i"

StllllrmanbddR.J,H. orw\'nl'leiJl,

d,.sif(n: ' 9 9 , : ,,akedby: f\ou\\"

1 ' 1 " r--.

F/oor,,,e.J.- 80 m-, allr;-, com

Tang,.lm Archit.krn .\larkot-""cIM

oWnn-,,,,cupic<i hl)u,ing, S<__hIJhngdii,

p. ' h '

1-/,>", (lre, , 5 11]', sround a(','"ssed:

,'"",mJ'ioned by: S ,-,,, '-01:

"1J",(),,db)': Ho"sing
corl'oc",il)lI rk rhg"fa,d: d'ign:
'997' reailZed I,)" Vink f\ouwby,

Atmt..damwnh i)ou"""'crk;

I),: /;ouwbcd,iif A. Wit"''''1' l",

1'1'. J U-II]

Hnorarea; ]90 m',pof ace,,;

wm",,>swned/Jy; "oi Dc l.aire,,,,


stf,lJt: d(',ig'" 1 9j: ":,,lized

I,y: llotJ)\"crJ, &Mnmid, h, '98

Wing""d"r Hm'.n;.. Arhll""'!l'n


"'""i,,1 remed nd ,ubs,dizd own",
",-"c"pied hou"ng. Barrastraat!
ll.nrnholnl.>lra.ll/Sbetlandlaan, p. l o

1-10'" ""e: l 1

m-, w"""d-"e"".,,ed:

wmmi",w('(1 by, 1 [,,,,,ing


corp<JraHol1 rig,'" I JaMd "i,h
Ho",ing:O'p'"ati01' Het (h"'n,
d"'K'" ' 9

desif(n: ' 9 9 1 - 1 ; rhzed by:


' H , , , o L J99Y

'94

1 9 .'i

O U II. C L

BOOKMAK"

SrmrC"$ uf,fI"s(rations
All )l;'1l'rJ floor plans arc drawn hy H\lud Jongclmg. AlllSlcrd:lm, and

ba<;cJ 011 un;nal []Jnteriai supplied hy Ih.. ,lrhirens in\'ol;cd.

Olhcr "H,rle Jr!':

.J. van HasS<'h. L Vcrchuor. /)1' .lrbcidcrm'OIrmgell ill ,\''':dalalld,


\
' 'aJthappii lO! nut ,an', AI..rn..en, A[]JslnciJ[]J 1890: p. ' 5

bUrll Kl.Jr..n (eci.). I'irdclf;;. Aj U;ISC'<'I'l. Rmt"rdam


r
1997: p. j 1
'.Jl:br;,rt Koslrr, us/an dockl,,,,ds. Arlhllt"ClUrJ & N.Hura,
AIIIlerdam 199j:P.43

Aqrn Ooslcrman, Housing ill tilc Netberl.mds. JI. A i I}uhlih<'rs.


ROllcniJrn '996: p. 3 j

r, Oll<'" h"f {cd,). Goedkoopear/;ciderslII(JIIIIIKI'II. W.L. & J. Bruss.c.


IlOllcrciam 19j(,:P ' 9

Ikn Kebd, Jacqueline Tclli ng


:.. A i

(ed,), /.lIrO/1,1II

Publhh..r, RortcrciJ[]J '99": p. J

J -A thome ln the dl)"

1 97

1I () () K II1 A R K

' II ( A \I rtee/I'es (i1J.lllciai,,,ppMr {mm:

I'ubhshed " uh Ih.. finalKI.l.1 sUI"P<m


of At1Iurdam' l lousing Oel"anmCT1I

( ,j'lIIf!ellfr Amsterdam:

Jd i)ke WOllmgdienst

"",:

({cdcll,h' \'(IonlllgdlcnSI Aml..rdam).

,hnr Ruuntehikt: OrJen ;ng

HouSlllg Corporalion /Am'lt'rdalll5C

I )111<oI Welziin, afJ..!;ng Kml{ en Cubuur

Ihc AIlIHt'rdam Fcdcrti

F..u..r:mc van Woninl!corporali).

and A R C A \t'sgeneral ponsors

J.structuur t:n Beheer


.....:ror
.
RUIT11{dilke OntwikkdiT1g, Infr

,\mst,'rJam Fonds \<()()rdo: Kunl, Amsterdam


"llnlUlcTlngsfoml loor Architectuur, ROllerdallI
At 1)+1'

Ardl'tcctcn, Am.lerJ;un
AIgcl11CnC Woningbouw\'Crcnigin)!
t\mstdbnd Onlwi kkclin)! W'OI\O:I' BV
AMv

1.,'1

,\ R C A O I

i\rhiIO:CllIlIrccnrralt' ,[,hiis A,,,clhcrgs


Atdier Zcin)tr \';]n dcr Pol

lknthem r:.oLlwcI Archilt'ktt''' II l' bna

IIbuwhocd Vas\!(()t:J
Hoc. Hartog I [ooh

HOllwfonds On{\l'ikkt'ling II v
II l' I' Bouwin\'nt
Ci;:lIlS en Kaan An::hut'Ctt'n

lk Archl1cctcn!:rOt'p

rOR.MATS O K I

II'I 'l c,

I A R C A M ' I'OCKET 1::.1

1\ N A H \'

Woningoollw\erenismgdc Oager"d
I)uink..r Vali der Torre

Oun Bouw Amtc rJarn HV


Fi50 IkrKnm PIc:-:iglas

I R ... nOUW HI'

(jcrrd W, akkt'r Projccladviczen B\'


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UOlJwen Vastg()t:d BI'

on of

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