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IU

Comp Strength of Concrete f'c

Yielding Strength of Steel

fy

3000

psi

60000

psi

10

in

2.5

Load (p)

200

kip

0.65

0.7

Steel ratio

8

0

WSD g

0.025

Amount of St. in WSD Method:

Clear Cover

CC

2.5

in

Capacity Finder

7

4.7

15

7.2

20

in2

2.5

in

1.86

in2

Area of steel for Circular Column As

612.893 Kip USD

338.13 Kip WSD

103.545 Kip WSD

Rect. Col: USD:

We know,

P=.85Ag(.25f'c+fsg)

Where,

f,c =

fs

3000

=.40*fy

24000 psi

Let, g

0.025

Here, P

200 kip

200000 lb.

Ag:

174.29194 in2

175 in2

Breath:

13.201967 in

14 in

Dim. of Column:

14

Area of Column:

14

196 in2

0.01877 in2

So, g

0.019 in2

So, Ast

3.724

Tie Design:

Spacing

S1

S2

S3

3

0.31

4.96 in

5.28 in

14 in

4.96 in

Breath:

17.5 in

18 in

0.11

180 in2

10

So, g

So, Ast :

18

180 in2

0.0232162

0.024

4.32 in2

Spiral Column:

P= Ag [0.25f'c + fsg

Ag

148.14815 in2

so, r is

6.8868035 in

Final Ag

g

Ast

153.9384 in2

0.0228626

3.542 in2

( WSD )

Civil Engineering

Result

10 in WSD

10 in USD

in

18 in WSD

10 in USD

2.5

Rectangular Column

No. of #

bar

0.31

2.48 in2

No. of #

bar

0.11

0 in2

2.48

in

USD Method:

2.26 in Required

2

in WSD

in USD

Use:

Use:

in

ect. Col: USD:

Tie Design

use:

use:

#

#

3

3

bar @

bar @

10 in C/C

10 in C/C

Calculations

200

Factored Load: P

Kip

f'c

3 ksi

fy

60 ksi

We Know,

Pu=.80[0.85f'c(Ag-Ast)+fyAst]

9.17

Ag

90.00009 in2

91 in2

Width:

9.539392 in

10 in

Ast

100 in2

2.2561425 in2

2.26 in2

(USD)

Breath:

9.1 in

So Dim. Of Column:

Area of Column A

10 in

10

10

100 in2

Ast

2.2561425 in2

100 in2

2.26 in2

We know,

For Spiral Column,

Pu= 0.85Ag[.85f'c(1-g)+fyg]

mn:

Ag

66.85721 in2

67 in2

Area of Column = r2

Radius : r

4.6180854 in

Ag

69.397944 in2

4.7 in

70 in2

3.1095362 in2

( WSD )

78.54

149 in

7 in

154 in2

0.023

0.023

0.0228626

103545 lb

103.545 Kip

0.0236822

E-mail: humayoun6035@gmail.com

Last update: 27-08-2013

14 in WSD

10 in USD

14 in WSD

10 in USD

in

Square Column

No. of #

bar

0.31

2.48 in2

No. of #

bar

0.11

0 in2

2.48 in2

USD Method:

Circular Column

No. of #

bar

0.6

3.6 in2

No. of #

bar

0.11

0 in2

3.6 in2

USD Method:

e Design

Square. Col: WSD:

Square. Col: USD :

use:

use:

#

#

3

3

bar @

bar @

10 in C/C

10 in C/C

Capacity Finder:

Area of Steel:

7.2

Load Capacity of the Column is:

in2

19.635

78.54 in2(Cir.)

612.8928 Kip (Rec.)

169.69154 Kip ( Cir.)

0.0675

circu rat

6.75

338130.00

338.13 kip

300

7.2

Tie Design

0.024

3

10 in

18 in

10 in

10

10

18

10

10

USD g

3

10 in

18 in

14 in

10 in

18 in

10 in

0.03

10 in

10 in

Ultimately if it becomes Main sheet, that means " Column Desi

Check

f "Column Design" same as the given values of the pictures bellow then you will find all other content and va

that means " Column Design" = Check (1, 2) Then this sheet should work properly.

Check 01

Check 02

find all other content and values same as the main sheet.

Column: Columns are defined as members that carry loads chiefly in compression. Colum

member because compression force or stress dominates their behavior. Compression mem

Arch ribs

Rigid frame member

Compression member in trusses

Shells

Portion that carry axial compression

Fig: Arch

1. Member reinforced with longitudinal bars and lateral ties.

2. Member reinforced with longitudinal bars and continuous spirals.

3. Composite compression member reinforced with structural steel.

Type-3

Long / Slender column fail by lateral bucking

For spirally reinforced column, with =0.70

According to this minimum steel ration in column is 1% of gross con

To avoid congestion most column are designed with a ratio below 0

A minimum six longitudinal bar is required when the bar s ar

At least #3 (10 mm) tie for longitudinal bars up to #10(32 m

Spacing should not exceed 16 diameters of longitudinal bars

Every corner and alternative longitudinal bar shall have later

No bar shall be farther than 6 in. ( 150 mm) clear on either s

Clear distance between longitudinal bars shall not be less than 1.5d

A beam failure would normally affect only a local region, where as a colu

The strength of axially loaded members depends strongly on the concret

Spiral Reinforcement ratio

ACI 7.10.4: Spacing may not be less than 1 and may not be larger tha

Example 1

Design a square tied column to support an axial dead load of 400 K and a live

Solution:

1.

Column side =

11

Use fourteen no #8 bars (

(1)

(2)

(3)

Use # 3 bar @ 15 in. c/c

Assignment:

Design a circular spiral column to support an axial dead load of 400 K and a liv

and a steel ratio of about 2.0%. Also, design the necessary spirals.

Columns loaded with axial load and uniaxial moment is designed based on fact

Mn Mu

Pn Pu

to eccentric compression.

(a) Loaded column;

(b) Strain distribution;

(c) Stresses and force at

nominal strength.

A column can be designed by solving the above two equations for a specific co

A better approach, providing the basis for practical design, is to construct a str

failure moment for a given column for the full range of eccentricities from zero

Pn

Figure: Interaction

diagram for nominal

column strength in

combined axial and

bending load.

e=

0

e small

given e

e=

Design Aid: With a representative column design chart column can be designed

1.

a) Select trial cross section dimensions b and h

b) Calculate the ratio based on required cover distances to the bar centro

c) Calculate

and

d) From the graph, for the values found in (c), read the required reinforceme

e) Calculate the total steel area

2.

a. Select the reinforcement ratio

b. Choose a trial value of

and calculate

d. Calculate

e. Revise the trial value of

load of 222 kips, maximum live load of 297 kips, dead load moment of 136 ftload compatible with the full live load moment is 166 kips, obtained when no li

the second floor. Architectural considerations require that a rectangular colum

(a) Find the required column reinforcement for the condition that full live load a

(b) Check to ensure that the column is adequate for the condition of no live loa

Material strengths are

and

Solution:

(a) The column will be designed initially for full load, then checked for adequa

According to the ACI safety provisions, the column must be designed for a fact

a factored moment

the column perimeter will be used. Bar cover is estimated to be 2.5 in. from th

(assuming bending about the strong axis) are

and

as before. From Graph A.7 it is found that a reinforcement

less than that required in part (a), so no modification is required.

Selecting No. 3 (No. 10) ties for trial, the maximum tie spacing must not exceed,

20 in. Spacing is controlled by the diameter of the ties, and No. 3 (No. 10) ties

12 no # 9

and factored moment

ft-kips. Material strengths

Cost studies for the particular location indicate that a reinforcement ratio

required dimensions b and h of the column. Bending will be about the strong a

concentrated in two layers, adjacent to the outer faces of the column and para

Solution:

It is convenient to select a trial column dimension h, perpendicular to the axis

and assuming a concrete cover of 2.5 in. to the bar centers, the parameter

the stated loads the eccentricity is

and

from the trial dimension

A column

will be used, for which the required steel area is

Eight No. 11 (No. 36) bars will be used, providing

8 no # 11

Approximate method:

2. Reciprocal Load Method

Reciprocal Load Method

Where,

approximate value of nominal load in biaxial bending with eccentricities

nominal load when only eccentricity

nominal load when only eccentricity

nominal load for concentrically loaded column

shown b

with eight No. 9 (No. 29) bars arranged around the column perimeter, providing

A factored load

of 255 kips is to be applied with eccentricities

as shown. Material strengths are

and

the trial design using the reciprocal load method.

Solution:

By the reciprocal load method, first considering bending about the Y axis,

With the reinforcement ratio

From which

can be applied safely.

[In general biaxial bending should be taken into account when the estim

eir behavior. Compression member includes

Fig: Column

and continuous spirals.

ed with structural steel.

Steel contribution

Concrete contribution

of column)

on in column is 1% of gross concrete area of column

e designed with a ratio below 0.04.

ar is required when the bar s are enclosed by spaced rectangular or circular ties.

r is required when the bar s are enclosed by a continuous spiral.

gitudinal bars up to #10(32 mm) and at least #4 (12 mm) tie for #11,14, and 18(36,43,57 mm) and bundled l

diameters of longitudinal bars, 48 diameters of tie bars, nor the least dimension of column.

ongitudinal bar shall have lateral support by ties having a included angle not more than 135.

n. ( 150 mm) clear on either side from laterally supported bar.

mber = 1.5

bars shall not be less than 1.5db nor less than 1.5.

a local region, where as a column failure could result in the collapse of entire structure.

epends strongly on the concrete compressive strength whose quality control is very difficult in site.

dead load of 400 K and a live lode of 210 K using fc = 5 Ksi, and fy = 60 Ksi, and a steel ratio of about 5%. D

15

st of following

14 no # 8

al dead load of 400 K and a live load of 250 K using fc = 4 Ksi, fy = 60 Ksi,

necessary spirals.

ment is designed based on factored load, which must not exceed the design strength, i.e.

ty of column load

cal design, is to construct a strength interaction diagram defining failure load and

nge of eccentricities from zero to infinity.

eb

e large

Mn

n chart column can be designed easily. And this can de done by two methods

ver distances to the bar centroid, and select the corresponding column design chart.

where

and

and calculate the required

, dead load moment of 136 ft-kips, and live load moment of 194 ft-kips. The minimum live

s 166 kips, obtained when no live load is placed on the roof but a full live load is placed on

quire that a rectangular column be used, with dimensions b = 20 in. and h = 25 in.

for the condition of no live load on the roof.

load, then checked for adequacy when live load is partially removed.

mn must be designed for a factored load

A column

is specified, and reinforcement distributed arou

estimated to be 2.5 in. from the column face to the steel centerline for each bar. The column parameters

ation is required.

or

he ties, and No. 3 (No. 10) ties will be used at 18 in. spacing.

20

# 3 Tie @ 18 in c/c

22.5

2.5

Material strengths

and

are specified.

hat a reinforcement ratio

of about 0.03 is optimum. Find the

ding will be about the strong axis, and an arrangement of steel with bars

r faces of the column and parallel to the axis of bending, will be used.

bar centers, the parameter

Graph A. 11 of Appendix A applies. For

and

From Graph A. 11 with

from the trial dimension

the required column width is

, arranged in two layers of four bars each, similar to the sketch shown in Graph A.1

15

# 4 Tie @ 15 in c/c

22.5

loaded column

2.5

and

is present (

is present (

n

shown below is reinforced

he column perimeter, providing an area

.

ed with eccentricities

in. and ,

and

. Check Ihe adequacy of

, and

, using the average of Graphs A.6 (

, and

) and A.7 (

lied safely.

into account when the estimated eccentricity ratio approaches or exceeds 0.2]

of column.

e than 135.

ry difficult in site.

n Section

# 3 Tie @ 15 in c/c

12.5

2.5

mum live

kips and

reinforcement distributed around

The column parameters

),

This three types of axially loaded short column can be d

the recent experience of the owner. If any one wants t

E-mail: humayoun6035@gmail.c

Cell: +88 01771123050

Watch the Tutorial of "Column De

Disclaimer

ad sheet will be able to Design rectangular, square and circular column both in USD and WSD method.

y loaded short column can be designed by this spread sheet. This sheet is following the ACI and BNBC code and

the owner. If any one wants to implement the result of this sheet in the practical field, it is their own liability.

mail: humayoun6035@gmail.com

ell: +88 01771123050

atch the Tutorial of "Column Design with Excel" at: http://youtu.be/Jh9uz1F-u3Q

IUBAT-International University of Business Agriculture and Technology.

ng the ACI and BNBC code and it's prepared by

l field, it is their own liability.

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