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TECHNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF THE PHILIPPINES

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

EE552D1

EE51FA1

1ST SEMESTER

S.Y. 2014-2015

COMPILATION
OF
ELECTRICAL WIRING SYSTEM DESIGN

SUBMITTED BY:

October 11, 2014

Bulaong, Richard Renz

Date Submitted

Dela Rosa, Rhom Justin


Espinas, John Matthew
Javier, Mark Jervis
Toy, Leonel M.

ENGR.EDGARDO O. DOMINGO, PEE


INDUSTRY LECTURER

LETTER OF TRANSMITTAL

ENGR. Edgardo O. Domingo (PEE)


Technological Institute of the Philippines
1338 Arlegui St. Quiapo, Manila

Dear Sir,
In Partial Fulfillment of the requirements in EE552D1 (Electrical Wiring
System Design) we hereby submit to you our Electrical Wiring System Design,
Compilation of Basic Information of Preparing Electrical Plan, Electrical Design of
Multi-Family Dwelling Unit, Commercial Building and Industrial Building.
We hope that this report will merit your approval.

Respectfully Yours,

Bulaong, Richard Renz


Dela Rosa, Rhom Justin
Espinas, John Matthew
Javier, Mark Jervis
Toy, Leonel M.

Acknowledgement

First and Foremost we offer our sincerest gratitude to our God Almighty, who
remains our constant guide and counselor in our whole life. And of course, for our
Family who continuously give their love and support, morally and financially.

We would like to request profound gratitude also to our mentor, Engr.


Edgardo O. Domingo (PEE) for his supervision and useful suggestions throughout
this Electrical Wiring System Design. His support and continuous guidance enable
us to complete our work successful.

Recognition also goes to all of our Colleagues in TIP-MANILA.

To all of you, we extend our endless acknowledgement for helping us to


arrive at the final completion of this report.

APPROVAL SHEET

Date: October 10, 2013


To:

ENGR. Edgardo O. Domingo (PEE)


Technological Institute of the Philippines
1338 Arlegui St. Quiapo, Manila

Sir,
In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Bachelor of
Science in Electrical Engineering, this requirements in EE552D1 (Electrical Wiring
System Design) we hereby submit to you our Electrical Wiring System Design,
Compilation of Basic information of preparing Electrical Plan, Electrical Design of
Multi-Family Dwelling Unit, Commercial Building and Industrial Building.

Submitted By:

Bulaong, Richard Renz


Dela Rosa, Rhom Justin
Espinas, John Matthew
Javier, Mark Jervis
Toy, Leonel M.

Design
1

Title

Grade

Multi-Family Dwelling Unit

Commercial Building

Industrial Building

Approved By:
ENGR.EDGARDO O. DOMINGO, PEE
4

INDUSTRY LECTURER
Design Problem
1 Prepare a complete technical report and electrical system design of a
Multi-Family Dwelling unit, commercial and industrial building based on
your approved model.
2 Prepare a complete electrical plan, technical specification and budgetary
cost estimate of each structure.
Design/ Technical Report Requirements
a Prepare and submit a report concerning the following topic:
1 Principle of Electrical System Design
a Concept of Electrical Wiring and design provision
b Code, standards and General Specification
c Electrical Plan
d Electrical wiring permit and Final Certificate of Electrical Inspection
e Electrical estimating/ Budgetary Cost Estimate
f Other design constraints
b Prepare and submit a complete electrical plan of the following:
1 Multi-family Dwelling Unit At least 4-2 level dwelling unit with at least
150m2 floor area/ unit . Use 230V, 1 or 3, 60Hz power supply.
2 Commercial Structure At least 5 level 800m 2 /floor, commercial building.
Use 230V, 3, 60Hz power supply.
3 Industrial Plant At least 1500m2 , one level industrial plant. Use (any
voltage of your choice, 480V, 460V, 400V, 380V, 230V, 3, 60Hz power
supply.

Introduction
Electrical system design is a design of group of electrical components
connected to each other to carry out its operation whether it is through lighting,
5

convenience outlet, and/or motors. It is important to provide design prior to


construction of building in order to give customers a summary of the process of
each of its electrical equipment. Also, it is important in order to provide the cost
estimate for the electrical services in designing the whole electrical system of his
establishments.
It is a must that each design engineers should follow or go beyond the
minimum requirements as stated in newest edition of the Philippine Electrical Code
(PEC). PEC serves as the basis of each design engineers for justification of his
design in order to ensure that the design is safe from harm, has the capability to
handle each electrical load, reliable, and values money.
Before designing, design engineers shall consider different factors such as
nature of building, whether it is a dwelling unit, commercial or industrial, the
equipments to be used, and the source supply to be used whether it is single phase
or three phase system.
A hard copy of the design shall be made, also known as the electrical plan.
The electrical plan shall be concise and accurate in a manner that it would be
understood not only by the engineer but also the people/electrician who are going to
do the electrical system of the establishment. It must consist of the following parts;
General Notes and Specification, which states the specification that could not be
written in the load schedule and the guidelines that the design engineer follow in
creating the plan; Location Plan and site development plan, shows the location of
the site and the portion that the work would be done; Riser Diagram, it is a one-line
diagram that shows the location and inter-connection of the integral parts of the
system such as panel boards, CATV, telephone system, etc; Load Schedule and
computation, a table that shows the electrical load that would be used in the system
along with its volt-ampere rating, breaker to be used, and the sub-feeder wire to be
used. It is important to consult the PEC in creating the load schedule since it
provides a recommendation ampere rating for some of the load. Also, in the load
schedule, the design engineer computes the total connected load, in ampere. With
that, the engineer will recommend the main feeder wire to be used in the system;
next would be the electric layout, this will show the power layout, or the connection
of each branch circuit of convenience outlet, the lighting layout, which shows the
reflected ceiling plan of the system and the connection of each lighting per branch
6

circuit, and the auxiliary layout, which shows additional devices that would be used
in the system such as cable TV, telephone system, or CCTV. Also, title block must
be provided in order to properly label the design along with the proper scaling for
the electrical layout.
Once the electrical plan is completed, Professional Electrical Engineers will
sign and seal the plan ensuring that every detail in the plan is compliant with the
Philippine Electrical Code.

COMPILATION
OF
ELECETRICAL SYSTEM
DESIGN 1

TECHNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF THE PHILIPPINES


1338 ARLEGUI ST. QUIAPO, MANILA

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

EE552D1

EE51FA1

1ST SEMESTER

S.Y. 2014-2015

DESIGN NO. 1

DESIGN OF A 4-3 STOREY MULTI-FAMILY DWELLING UNIT

SUBMITTED BY:

GRADE

Bulaong, Richard Renz


Dela Rosa, Rhom Justin
Espinas, John Matthew
Javier, Mark Jervis
Toy, Leonel M.

ENGR.EDGARDO O. DOMINGO, PEE


INDUSTRY LECTURER
Objectives
1 To provide the students basic knowledge, understanding and skills in
designing electrical wiring system for residential, commercial and small
industrial and infrastructure facilities through the existing provision of
electrical system design and its specifications and standard mandated by
Philippine Electrical Code (PEC) and provision provided by Local
Government and utility companies of electrical wiring installation
2 To provide the students knowledge and skills in estimating/ preparing
budgetary cost estimate analysis on feeder load circuit and selection of
feeder protection based on manufacturers standards.
Design Problem
3 Prepare a complete technical report and electrical system design of a
Multi-Family Dwelling unit, commercial and industrial building based on
your approved model.
4 Prepare a complete electrical plan, technical specification and budgetary
cost estimate of each structure.
Design/ Technical Report Requirements

Prepare and submit a report concerning the following topic:


2 Principle of Electrical System Design
a Concept of Electrical Wiring and design provision
b Code, standards and General Specification
c Electrical Plan
d Electrical wiring permit and Final Certificate of Electrical Inspection
e Electrical estimating/ Budgetary Cost Estimate
f Other design constraints
d Prepare and submit a complete electrical plan of the following:
4 Multi-family Dwelling Unit At least 4-2 level dwelling unit with at least
150m2 floor area/ unit . Use 230V, 1 or 3, 60Hz power supply.
5 Commercial Structure At least 5 level 800m 2 /floor, commercial building.
Use 230V, 3, 60Hz power supply.
6 Industrial Plant At least 1500m2 , one level industrial plant. Use (any
voltage of your choice, 480V, 460V, 400V, 380V, 230V, 3, 60Hz power
supply.

Introduction
Electrical system design is a design of group of electrical components
connected to each other to carry out its operation whether it is through lighting,
convenience outlet, and/or motors. It is important to provide design prior to
construction of building in order to give customers a summary of the process of
each of its electrical equipment. Also, it is important in order to provide the cost
estimate for the electrical services in designing the whole electrical system of his
establishments.
It is a must that each design engineers should follow or go beyond the
minimum requirements as stated in newest edition of the Philippine Electrical Code
(PEC). PEC serves as the basis of each design engineers for justification of his
design in order to ensure that the design is safe from harm, has the capability to
handle each electrical load, reliable, and values money.
Before designing, design engineers shall consider different factors such as
nature of building, whether it is a dwelling unit, commercial or industrial, the
equipments to be used, and the source supply to be used whether it is single phase
or three phase system.
A hard copy of the design shall be made, also known as the electrical plan.
The electrical plan shall be concise and accurate in a manner that it would be
understood not only by the engineer but also the people/electrician who are going to
do the electrical system of the establishment. It must consist of the following parts;
10

General Notes and Specification, which states the specification that could not be
written in the load schedule and the guidelines that the design engineer follow in
creating the plan; Location Plan and site development plan, shows the location of
the site and the portion that the work would be done; Riser Diagram, it is a one-line
diagram that shows the location and inter-connection of the integral parts of the
system such as panel boards, CATV, telephone system, etc; Load Schedule and
computation, a table that shows the electrical load that would be used in the system
along with its volt-ampere rating, breaker to be used, and the sub-feeder wire to be
used. It is important to consult the PEC in creating the load schedule since it
provides a recommendation ampere rating for some of the load. Also, in the load
schedule, the design engineer computes the total connected load, in ampere. With
that, the engineer will recommend the main feeder wire to be used in the system;
next would be the electric layout, this will show the power layout, or the connection
of each branch circuit of convenience outlet, the lighting layout, which shows the
reflected ceiling plan of the system and the connection of each lighting per branch
circuit, and the auxiliary layout, which shows additional devices that would be used
in the system such as cable TV, telephone system, or CCTV. Also, title block must
be provided in order to properly label the design along with the proper scaling for
the electrical layout.
Once the electrical plan is completed, Professional Electrical Engineers will
sign and seal the plan ensuring that every detail in the plan is compliant with the
Philippine Electrical Code.

11

Architectural Plan
Floor Plan
Equipment Layout
Reflected Ceiling Plan
Power Layout

Power and Lighting Layout with Branch Circuit


Connection
12

Technical Specification
PART 1 GENERAL
1.1

Description
A The work under this Division specification consists of Electrical Systems
and other related works, such as but not limited to fabrication, supply,
delivery, coordination and installation, shall be complete in all aspects for a
proper completion and turnover of the project except to those portion
clearly stated to be done by others.
B All works to be done shall be in accordance with the latest edition of
Philippine Electrical Code (PEC), National Building Code, Regulation of
locality, Utility provider, Manufacturer standard, other Governing applicable
codes and this Specification.
C This Specification provide a broad outline, understanding of the required
system and other associated equipment requirements for the project, but
not includes all detail in the design and construction.
13

1.2

Work Included
A. Under this Division of specification and as shown in plans, provide all
materials, equipment including all necessary accessories and perform all
the work needed to complete execution of electrical system but not limited
to the following main items:
1 Supply and installation of APPROVED, COORDINATED
COMPLETE power services as shown in the plans.

and

2 Supply and installation of APPROVED, COORDINATED


COMPLETE electrical system as shown in the plans.

and

3 Supply and installation of APPROVED, COORDINATED


COMPLETE grounding system as shown in the plans.

and

4 Supply and installation of APPROVED,


COMPLETE wiring devices and accessories.

and

COORDINATED

5 Termination of all electrical system including all electrical equipment


and devices.
6 Painting of all exposed electrical conduits, enclosures and other
equipment as required by the Architect.
7 Perform complete testing and commissioning of all electrical power and
lighting systems.
8 Payment for Electrical Permit and Securing Certificate of Electrical
Inspection.
9 If anything has been omitted for any items of materials or work that are
necessary for the completion of this project, such item is deemed
included in this division of work.
1.3 Abbreviations and Definitions
A Abbreviations:
PEC
Philippine Electrical Code
PD 1096 National Building Code
RA9514 Fire Code of the Philippines
ANSI
American National Standards Institute
ASTM American Society for Testing and Materials
NETA
International Electrical Testing Association
(Formerly National Electrical Testing
Association)
NEC
National Electrical Code
NFPA
National Fire Protection Association
NEMA National
Electrical
Manufacturers
Association
IEEE
Institute of Electrical and Electronic
Engineer
UL
Underwriters Laboratories
IEC
International Electro-Technical Committee
CE
Council of Europe
IPCEA Insulated
Power
Cable
Engineers
Association
CBM
Certified Ballast Manufacturers Association
IES
Illuminating Engineering Society
B Definitions:
Approved meaning materials, shop drawings, layout, etc. Which shall be
checked, review and acceptable to the standard of Authority having

14

jurisdiction. (Design Engineer, Architect, Owner, and Building or local


Officials)
Recommended meaning preferred but not mandatory
Shall meaning mandatory
Should meaning desirable, dissimilarity to mandatory
1.4

Guarantees
A. The Contractors shall guarantee that the entire electrical systems are
free from all kinds of defect (workmanship and materials) with a minimum
covered period of two (2) years from the final date of acceptance of the
owner. Except for those guarantees or warranties for longer terms are
provided or specified herein, the longer term shall apply.

PART 2 PRODUCT
2.1

Material Standards
A All Materials to be use shall be brand new, in good conditions, free from
any defects, damage and corrosion.
B All Materials shall conform and certified or listed to a reputable 3 rd party
certifying body, such as UL, IEEE, NEMA, IPCEA and ASTM, on where
such standard has been established for particular types of materials.
C Sample of any materials shall be submitted to Design Engineer and
Architect for approval.
D All Materials shall be approved from both location and purposed intended.

2.2 Approvals, Substitutions, Samples and Submittals


A All materials prior to installation, fabrication or order contractor shall
secure approval from Design Engineer and Architect based on Material
standard specification. All materials shall be brand new and delivered to
site with their original packaging.
B Contractor shall submit material catalogue, brochures, product
specification, product certificate from reputable 3 rd party certifying bodies,
shop drawings, samples, test report etc to Engineer and Architect for
review and approval.
C Contractor shall prepare and submit to the Engineer shop drawings and
cuts of all equipment, appliances and fixture to be furnished for review,
comments and approval.
D The reviews of submittals are intended for general compliance to the
design concept and contact documents. Contractor shall be fully
responsible for details and accuracy for confirming and correlating all
quantities and dimensions and for coordinating the work with other trade,

15

contractor shall prepare and submit shop drawings for Engineer and
Architect review and approval.

2.3

Wires, Cables and Busbars


A All wires and cables shall comply with the requirements of applicable
standards and 3rd party certifying body such as UL, ASTM, and IPCEA.
B All wires shall be copper with 99.9% conductivity, soft-drawn and
annealed.
C All wires shall be 230V rated THHN/THWN, unless otherwise indicated.
D Minimum size for Lighting and power system shall be 3.5mm 2
THHN/THWN.

2.4 Conduit, Fittings, Hanger and Supports


A The use of Metallic and Non-Metallic conduit depends on the area where it
will be installed, as indicated on plans.
B No Conduit smaller than 15mm.dia. Electrical trade size shall be used and
conduit shall not be bend more than 3 times with the radius of 90degree.
C The interior and exterior of metallic conduits shall be standard weight, mid
steel, hot-dip galvanized and interior coating.
D Conduit shall be provided with guy-wires for wire pulling.
E Conduit shall be properly sealed to avoid entry of foreign object, dust,
moisture, water etc.
F 1.5 Meter should be the spacing from one conduit support to another
support. By means of C channels clamps, or by U-bolt.
2.5 Outlets, Boxes, Pull Box and Fittings
A Outlet boxes shall be galvanized deep-type pressed-steel of standard
gauge #16.
B All outlets, boxes and pull box shall be provided with suitable fittings.
C Boxes without wiring device shall be provided with suitable metal cover
plate as manufactured standard.
D Pull boxes shall be powder coated, hinge type and minimum of gauge #16
depending on the size. Contractor shall submit shop drawing and secure
approval from the Engineer and the Architect of pull boxes size and
location before fabrication and installation.

16

2.6

Wiring Devices
A All plates (Appearance and color) for receptacle, switched and special
outlet shall be approved by Architect, Interior Designer and Owner.
B Receptacle outlet shall be grounding type 2 wires, rated at 10 Ampere,
240Volts. Termination shall be quick connect.
C Special outlet shall be grounding type rating as indicated in the plans.

2.7 Panels, Breakers and Disconnecting Means


A Panels shall be fabricated by a reputable fabricator. Only one brand of
circuit breaker will be allowed for the entire project. Using multiple or
combination of brand will be rejected.
B All Panel and cabinet shall be gauge # 16, with dead front construction
furnish, light gray enamel in color, powder coated.
C Standard Grounding busbars shall be provided in all panels, minimum size
of grounding busbars should be 50% of the line busbars.
D As Indicate in the plans, provide individual disconnect switch and circuit
breakers.
E Contractor must first secure approval from the Engineer prior to fabrication
and delivery. Contractor must submit shop drawings of panel boards, in
full details including location, cable entry and exit, dimension of panel
(Wire Gutter and Breaker Area), brand of breaker, and size of busbars
Line, Ground and Neutral if applicable.
F Individual circuit breaker sensitivity shall be always coordinated between
its circuit breaker.
G Disconnecting means shall be lockable type, push button station that can
be locked in the open position unless otherwise specified in plans.
2.8

Grounding System
A Grounding Busbars and wires shall be compliant with the latest PEC.
B All the electrical panel boards or cabinets disconnect and equipments
shall be properly grounded and bonded.
C Electrical contractor shall be responsible in insuring the continuity and
resistance to the ground having the maximum rating of 5 ohms for power
and 3 ohms for auxiliary. Contractor shall submit test result to the engineer

17

18

Complete Electrical
Plan

Conclusion
After doing the design, the group has learned a lot of ideas and concept
regarding electrical system design. From basic construction of electrical plan, power
layout, and lighting layout up to computation of load in the load schedule.
The group learned that designing is not as easy at looks like since as design
engineers, the group had the luxury to design where they believe the system would

19

be efficient without compromising the standards imposed by the PEC. PEC has
been a great help for the group from the start of the design up to the last detail of it.
References:
Philippine Electrical Code 2009. (2009).

20

DESIGN NO. 2
DESIGN OF A COMMERCIAL BUILDING

TECHNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF THE PHILIPPINES


1338 ARLEGUI ST. QUIAPO, MANILA

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

EE552D1

EE51FA1
21

1ST SEMESTER

S.Y. 2014-2015

DESIGN NO. 2
DESIGN OF A COMMERCIAL BUILDING

SUBMITTED BY:

GRADE

Bulaong, Richard Renz


Dela Rosa, Rhom Justin
Espinas, John Matthew
Javier, Mark Jervis
Toy, Leonel M.

ENGR.EDGARDO O. DOMINGO, PEE


INDUSTRY LECTURER

Objectives
3 To provide the students basic knowledge, understanding and skills in
designing electrical wiring system for residential, commercial and small
industrial and infrastructure facilities through the existing provision of
electrical system design and its specifications and standard mandated by
Philippine Electrical Code (PEC) and provision provided by Local
Government and utility companies of electrical wiring installation

22

4 To provide the students knowledge and skills in estimating/ preparing


budgetary cost estimate analysis on feeder load circuit and selection of
feeder protection based on manufacturers standards.
Design Problem
5 Prepare a complete technical report and electrical system design of a
Multi-Family Dwelling unit, commercial and industrial building based on
your approved model.
6 Prepare a complete electrical plan, technical specification and budgetary
cost estimate of each structure.
Design/ Technical Report Requirements
e Prepare and submit a report concerning the following topic:
3 Principle of Electrical System Design
a Concept of Electrical Wiring and design provision
b Code, standards and General Specification
c Electrical Plan
d Electrical wiring permit and Final Certificate of Electrical Inspection
e Electrical estimating/ Budgetary Cost Estimate
f Other design constraints
f Prepare and submit a complete electrical plan of the following:
7 Multi-family Dwelling Unit At least 4-2 level dwelling unit with at least
150m2 floor area/ unit . Use 230V, 1 or 3, 60Hz power supply.
8 Commercial Structure At least 5 level 800m 2 /floor, commercial building.
Use 230V, 3, 60Hz power supply.
9 Industrial Plant At least 1500m2 , one level industrial plant. Use (any
voltage of your choice, 480V, 460V, 400V, 380V, 230V, 3, 60Hz power
supply.

Introduction:
Commercial unit is used for the whole system of an economy that
constitutes an environment for business. It may be office buildings,
warehouse or retail. In urban locations, a commercial building often combines
functions, such as an office on level 2-10, with retail on floor 1. Local
authorities commonly maintain strict regulations on commercial zoning, and
have the authority to designate any zoned area such as, a business must be
located in a commercial area or area zoned at least partially for commerce.
This project covers Electrical System Design for Commercial Units.It
also includes preparation of plans, technical and specifications, load analysis,
power and lighting design layouts, the load schedule and the location of
panel boards. We also define the major components of electrical plans and
conducted electrical load and analysis for the selection of feeder wires and
circuit breakers in this system design. We also prepared an electrical riser
23

diagram indicating the load circuit directory and selected a proper grounding
conductors for this kind of a three phase system unit.

24

DESIGN NO. 3
DESIGN OF A INDUSTRIAL BUILDING

TECHNOLOGICAL INSTITUTE OF THE PHILIPPINES


1338 ARLEGUI ST. QUIAPO, MANILA

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

EE552D1

EE51FA1

1ST SEMESTER

S.Y. 2014-2015

25

DESIGN NO. 3
DESIGN OF A INDUSTRIAL BUILDING

SUBMITTED BY:

GRADE

Bulaong, Richard Renz


Dela Rosa, Rhom Justin
Espinas, John Matthew
Javier, Mark Jervis
Toy, Leonel M.

ENGR.EDGARDO O. DOMINGO, PEE


INDUSTRY LECTURER

Objectives
5 To provide the students basic knowledge, understanding and skills in
designing electrical wiring system for residential, commercial and small
industrial and infrastructure facilities through the existing provision of
electrical system design and its specifications and standard mandated by
Philippine Electrical Code (PEC) and provision provided by Local
Government and utility companies of electrical wiring installation
6 To provide the students knowledge and skills in estimating/ preparing
budgetary cost estimate analysis on feeder load circuit and selection of
feeder protection based on manufacturers standards.
Design Problem

26

7 Prepare a complete technical report and electrical system design of a


Multi-Family Dwelling unit, commercial and industrial building based on
your approved model.
8 Prepare a complete electrical plan, technical specification and budgetary
cost estimate of each structure.
Design/ Technical Report Requirements
g Prepare and submit a report concerning the following topic:
4 Principle of Electrical System Design
a Concept of Electrical Wiring and design provision
b Code, standards and General Specification
c Electrical Plan
d Electrical wiring permit and Final Certificate of Electrical Inspection
e Electrical estimating/ Budgetary Cost Estimate
f Other design constraints
h Prepare and submit a complete electrical plan of the following:
10 Multi-family Dwelling Unit At least 4-2 level dwelling unit with at least
150m2 floor area/ unit . Use 230V, 1 or 3, 60Hz power supply.
11 Commercial Structure At least 5 level 800m 2 /floor, commercial building.
Use 230V, 3, 60Hz power supply.
12 Industrial Plant At least 1500m2 , one level industrial plant. Use (any
voltage of your choice, 480V, 460V, 400V, 380V, 230V, 3, 60Hz power
supply.

Introduction
A substation is

part

of

an

electrical generation, transmission,

and distribution system. Substations transform voltage from high to low, or the
reverse, or perform any of several other important functions. Between the
generating station and consumer, electric power may flow through several
substations at different voltage levels.
It is a must that each design engineers should follow or go beyond the
minimum requirements as stated in newest edition of the Philippine Electrical Code
(PEC). PEC serves as the basis of each design engineers for justification of his
design in order to ensure that the design is safe from harm, has the capability to
handle each electrical load, reliable, and values money.
Once the electrical plan is completed, Professional Electrical Engineers will
sign and seal the plan ensuring that every detail in the plan is compliant with the
Philippine Electrical Code.

27

Architectural Plan

28

Technical Specification
PART 1 GENERAL
1.1

Description
D The work under this Division specification consists of Electrical Systems
and other related works, such as but not limited to fabrication, supply,
delivery, coordination and installation, shall be complete in all aspects for a
proper completion and turnover of the project except to those portion
clearly stated to be done by others.
E All works to be done shall be in accordance with the latest edition of
Philippine Electrical Code (PEC), National Building Code, Regulation of
locality, Utility provider, Manufacturer standard, other Governing applicable
codes and this Specification.
F This Specification provide a broad outline, understanding of the required
system and other associated equipment requirements for the project, but
not includes all detail in the design and construction.

1.2

Work Included
A. Under this Division of specification and as shown in plans, provide all
materials, equipment including all necessary accessories and perform all
the work needed to complete execution of electrical system but not limited
to the following main items:
10 Supply

and

installation

of

APPROVED,

COORDINATED

and

COMPLETE power services as shown in the plans.


11 Supply

and

installation

of

APPROVED,

COORDINATED

and

COMPLETE electrical system as shown in the plans.


12 Supply

and

installation

of

APPROVED,

COORDINATED

and

COMPLETE grounding system as shown in the plans.


13 Supply

and

installation

of

APPROVED,

COORDINATED

and

COMPLETE wiring devices and accessories.


14 Termination of all electrical system including all electrical equipment
and devices.

29

15 Painting of all exposed electrical conduits, enclosures and other


equipment as required by the Architect.
16 Perform complete testing and commissioning of all electrical power and
lighting systems.
17 Payment for Electrical Permit and Securing Certificate of Electrical
Inspection.
18 If anything has been omitted for any items of materials or work that are
necessary for the completion of this project, such item is deemed
included in this division of work.
1.3 Abbreviations and Definitions
C Abbreviations:
PEC
PD 1096 RA9514 ANSI
ASTM NETA
-

Philippine Electrical Code


National Building Code
Fire Code of the Philippines
American National Standards Institute
American Society for Testing and Materials
International Electrical Testing Association
(Formerly

National

Electrical

Testing

Association)
National Electrical Code
National Fire Protection Association
National
Electrical
Manufacturers

IEEE

Association
Institute of

UL
IEC
CE
IPCEA

Engineer
Underwriters Laboratories
International Electro-Technical Committee
Council of Europe
Insulated
Power
Cable
Engineers

NEC
NFPA
NEMA

CBM
IES
D Definitions:

Electrical

and

Electronic

Association
Certified Ballast Manufacturers Association
Illuminating Engineering Society

Approved meaning materials, shop drawings, layout, etc. Which shall be


checked, review and acceptable to the standard of Authority having
jurisdiction. (Design Engineer, Architect, Owner, and Building or local
Officials)
Recommended meaning preferred but not mandatory
Shall meaning mandatory
Should meaning desirable, dissimilarity to mandatory
1.4

Guarantees
A. The Contractors shall guarantee that the entire electrical systems are
free from all kinds of defect (workmanship and materials) with a minimum
30

covered period of two (2) years from the final date of acceptance of the
owner. Except for those guarantees or warranties for longer terms are
provided or specified herein, the longer term shall apply.
PART 2 PRODUCT
2.1

Material Standards
E All Materials to be use shall be brand new, in good conditions, free from
any defects, damage and corrosion.
F All Materials shall conform and certified or listed to a reputable 3 rd party
certifying body, such as UL, IEEE, NEMA, IPCEA and ASTM, on where
such standard has been established for particular types of materials.
G Sample of any materials shall be submitted to Design Engineer and
Architect for approval.
H All Materials shall be approved from both location and purposed intended.

2.2 Approvals, Substitutions, Samples and Submittals


E All materials prior to installation, fabrication or order contractor shall
secure approval from Design Engineer and Architect based on Material
standard specification. All materials shall be brand new and delivered to
site with their original packaging.
F Contractor

shall

submit

material

catalogue,

brochures,

product

specification, product certificate from reputable 3 rd party certifying bodies,


shop drawings, samples, test report etc to Engineer and Architect for
review and approval.
G Contractor shall prepare and submit to the Engineer shop drawings and
cuts of all equipment, appliances and fixture to be furnished for review,
comments and approval.
H The reviews of submittals are intended for general compliance to the
design concept and contact documents. Contractor shall be fully
responsible for details and accuracy for confirming and correlating all
quantities and dimensions and for coordinating the work with other trade,

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contractor shall prepare and submit shop drawings for Engineer and
Architect review and approval.

2.3

Wires, Cables and Busbars


E All wires and cables shall comply with the requirements of applicable
standards and 3rd party certifying body such as UL, ASTM, and IPCEA.
F All wires shall be copper with 99.9% conductivity, soft-drawn and
annealed.
G All wires shall be 230V rated THHN/THWN and as manufactured by
Duraflex.
H Minimum size for Lighting and power system shall be 3.5mm 2
THHN/THWN.

2.4 Conduit, Fittings, Hanger and Supports


G The use of Metallic and Non-Metallic conduit depends on the area where it
will be installed, as indicated on plans.
H Metallic conduits to be used shall be Panasonic Intermediate Metallic
Conduit and Neltex Pipes and fittings for non-metallic conduits.
I

No Conduit smaller than 15mm.dia. Electrical trade size shall be used and
conduit shall not be bend more than 3 times with the radius of 90degree.

J The interior and exterior of metallic conduits shall be standard weight, mid
steel, hot-dip galvanized and interior coating.
K Conduit shall be provided with guy-wires for wire pulling.
L Conduit shall be properly sealed to avoid entry of foreign object, dust,
moisture, water etc.
M 1.5 Meter should be the spacing from one conduit support to another
support. By means of C channels clamps, or by U-bolt.

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2.5 Outlets, Boxes, Pull Box and Fittings


E Outlet boxes shall be galvanized deep-type pressed-steel of standard
gauge #16. As manufacture by FUMACO.
F All outlets, boxes and pull box shall be provided with suitable fittings.
G Boxes without wiring device shall be provided with suitable metal cover
plate as manufactured standard.
H Pull boxes shall be powder coated, hinge type and minimum of gauge #16
depending on the size. Contractor shall submit shop drawing and secure
approval from the Engineer and the Architect of pull boxes size and
location before fabrication and installation.
2.6

Wiring Devices
D All plates (Appearance and color) for receptacle, switched and special
outlet shall be approved by Architect, Interior Designer and Owner.
E Receptacle outlet shall be grounding type 2 wires, rated at 10 Ampere,
240Volts. Termination shall be quick connect. As manufactured by
Panasonic.
F Special outlet shall be grounding type rating as indicated in the plans.

2.7 Panels, Breakers and Disconnecting Means


H Panels shall be fabricated by a reputable fabricator. Only one brand of
circuit breaker will be allowed for the entire project. Disconnecting means
to be used shall be Chint, Bolt on type circuit breaker.
I

All Panel and cabinet shall be gauge # 16, with dead front construction
furnish, light gray enamel in color, powder coated.

J Standard Grounding busbars shall be provided in all panels, minimum size


of grounding busbars should be 50% of the line busbars.
K As Indicate in the plans, provide individual disconnect switch and circuit
breakers.

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L Contractor must first secure approval from the Engineer prior to fabrication
and delivery. Contractor must submit shop drawings of panel boards, in
full details including location, cable entry and exit, dimension of panel
(Wire Gutter and Breaker Area), brand of breaker, and size of busbars
Line, Ground and Neutral if applicable.
M Individual circuit breaker sensitivity shall be always coordinated between
its circuit breaker.
N Disconnecting means shall be lockable type, push button station that can
be locked in the open position unless otherwise specified in plans.
2.8

Grounding System
D Grounding Busbars and wires shall be compliant with the latest PEC.
E All the electrical panel boards or cabinets disconnect and equipments
shall be properly grounded and bonded.
F Electrical contractor shall be responsible in insuring the continuity and
resistance to the ground having the maximum rating of 5 ohms for power
and 3 ohms for auxiliary. Contractor shall submit test result to the
engineer.

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Complete Electrical
Plan

Conclusion
After doing the design, the group has learned a lot of ideas and concept
regarding electrical system design. From basic construction of electrical plan, power
layout, and lighting layout up to computation of load in the load schedule.
The group learned that designing is not as easy at looks like since as design
engineers, the group had the luxury to design where they believe the system would
be efficient without compromising the standards imposed by the PEC. PEC has
been a great help for the group from the start of the design up to the last detail of it.
References:
Philippine Electrical Code 2009. (2009).

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