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Physical chemistry

General topics: The concept of atoms and molecules; Dalton's atomic theory; Mole concept; Chemical

formulae; Balanced chemical equations; Calculations (based on mole concept) involving common oxidationreduction, neutralisation, and displacement reactions; Concentration in terms of mole fraction, molarity, molality

and normality.

Gaseous and liquid states: Absolute scale of temperature, ideal gas equation; Deviation from ideality, van der

Waals equation; Kinetic theory of gases, average, root mean square and most probable velocities and their

relation with temperature; Law of partial pressures; Vapour pressure; Diffusion of gases.

Atomic structure and chemical bonding: Bohr model, spectrum of hydrogen atom, quantum numbers; Waveparticle duality, de Broglie hypothesis; Uncertainty principle; Quantum mechanical picture of hydrogen atom

(qualitative treatment), shapes of s, p and d orbitals; Electronic configurations of elements (up to atomic

number 36); Aufbau principle; Pauli's exclusion principle and Hund's rule; Orbital overlap and covalent bond;

Hybridisation involving s, p and d orbitals only; Orbital energy diagrams for homonuclear diatomic species;

Hydrogen bond; Polarity in molecules, dipole moment (qualitative aspects only); VSEPR model and shapes of

molecules (linear, angular, triangular, square planar, pyramidal, square pyramidal, trigonal bipyramidal,

tetrahedral and octahedral).

Energetics: First law of thermodynamics; Internal energy, work and heat, pressure-volume work; Enthalpy,

Hess's law; Heat of reaction, fusion and vapourization; Second law of thermodynamics; Entropy; Free energy;

Criterion of spontaneity.

Chemical equilibrium: Law of mass action; Equilibrium constant, Le Chatelier's principle (effect of

concentration, temperature and pressure); Significance of DG and DGo in chemical equilibrium; Solubility

product, common ion effect, pH and buffer solutions; Acids and bases (Bronsted and Lewis concepts);

Hydrolysis of salts.

Electrochemistry: Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Electrode potentials; Nernst equation and its

relation to DG; Electrochemical series, emf of galvanic cells; Faraday's laws of electrolysis; Electrolytic

conductance, specific, equivalent and molar conductance, Kohlrausch's law; Concentration cells.

Chemical kinetics: Rates of chemical reactions; Order of reactions; Rate constant; First order reactions;

Temperature dependence of rate constant (Arrhenius equation).

Solid state: Classification of solids, crystalline state, seven crystal systems (cell parameters a, b, c, a, b, g),

close packed structure of solids (cubic), packing in fcc, bcc and hcp lattices; Nearest neighbours, ionic radii,

simple ionic compounds, point defects.

Solutions: Raoult's law; Molecular weight determination from lowering of vapor pressure, elevation of boiling

point and depression of freezing point.

Surface chemistry: Elementary concepts of adsorption (excluding adsorption isotherms); Colloids: types,

methods of preparation and general properties; Elementary ideas of emulsions, surfactants and micelles (only

definitions and examples).

Nuclear chemistry: Radioactivity: isotopes and isobars; Properties of a, b and g rays; Kinetics of radioactive

decay (decay series excluded), carbon dating; Stability of nuclei with respect to proton-neutron ratio; Brief

discussion on fission and fusion reactions.

Inorganic Chemistry

Isolation/preparation and properties of the following non-metals: Boron, silicon, nitrogen, phosphorus,

oxygen, sulphur and halogens; Properties of allotropes of carbon (only diamond and graphite), phosphorus and

sulphur.

Preparation and properties of the following compounds: Oxides, peroxides, hydroxides, carbonates,

bicarbonates, chlorides and sulphates of sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium; Boron:

diborane, boric acid and borax; Aluminium: alumina, aluminium chloride and alums; Carbon: oxides and oxyacid

(carbonic acid); Silicon: silicones, silicates and silicon carbide; Nitrogen: oxides, oxyacids and ammonia;

Phosphorus: oxides, oxyacids (phosphorus acid, phosphoric acid) and phosphine; Oxygen: ozone and hydrogen

peroxide; Sulphur: hydrogen sulphide, oxides, sulphurous acid, sulphuric acid and sodium thiosulphate;

Halogens: hydrohalic acids, oxides and oxyacids of chlorine, bleaching powder; Xenon fluorides; Fertilizers:

commercially available (common) NPK type.

Transition elements (3d series): Definition, general characteristics, oxidation states and their stabilities,

colour (excluding the details of electronic transitions) and calculation of spin-only magnetic moment;

Ca2+. Reactions of benzene: Structure and aromaticity. square planar and octahedral). phosphorus halides. Preparation. Combustion and halogenation of alkanes. Aldehydes and Ketones: oxidation. Effect of o-. Keto-enol tautomerism.Practical organic chemistry: Detection of elements (N. Reactive intermediates produced during homolytic and heterolytic bond cleavage. boiling points and density). Zn2+. Oxides. properties and reactions of alkenes and alkynes: Physical properties of alkenes and alkynes (boiling points. Friedel-Crafts alkylation and acylation. Optical isomerism of compounds containing up to two asymmetric centers. zinc and silver. silver nitrate. oxime and hydrazone formation. Self reduction method (copper and lead). physical properties of alkanes (melting points. Al3+. IUPAC nomenclature of simple organic compounds (only hydrocarbons. magnesium. cis-trans and ionisation isomerisms. Hydrogen bonds: definition and their effects on physical properties of alcohols and carboxylic acids. Cyanide process (silver and gold). Cu2+ and Zn2+. Pb2+. Preparation of alkanes by Wurtz reaction and decarboxylation reactions. silver thiosulphate. Amino acids and peptides: General structure (only primary structure for peptides) and physical properties. Potassium permanganate. halides (excluding fluoride). Principles of qualitative analysis: Groups I to V (only Ag+. Structural and geometrical isomerism. Alcohols: esterification. Nitrate. silver oxide. Reduction of alkenes and alkynes. Preparation of alkenes and alkynes by elimination reactions. Formation. nylon. properties and reactions of alkanes: Homologous series. HX. reaction with sodium. S. preparation from nitro compounds. Carbon reduction method (iron and tin). Characteristic reactions of the following (including those mentioned above): Alkyl halides: rearrangement reactions of alkyl carbocation. Ores and minerals: Commonly occurring ores and minerals of iron. mono and di-saccharides (glucose and sucrose). monofunctional and bi-functional compounds). Sandmeyer and related reactions of diazonium salts. Ba2+. Extractive metallurgy: Chemical principles and reactions only (industrial details excluded). Amines: basicity of substituted anilines and aliphatic amines. acid chlorides and amides. Preparation and properties of the following compounds: Oxides and chlorides of tin and lead. Acidity of alkynes. sulphonation. aluminium. teflon and PVC. Cr3+. Inductive and resonance effects on acidity and basicity of organic acids and bases. tin. density and dipole moments). Grignard reactions. nitration. Reimer-Tieman reaction. Carboxylic acids: formation of esters.and p-directing groups in monosubstituted benzenes. Acid catalysed hydration of alkenes and alkynes (excluding the stereochemistry of addition and elimination). lead. chlorides and sulphates of Fe2+. Carbohydrates: Classification. (R. Resonance and hyperconjugation. nitration and sulphonation). Properties and uses of some important polymers: Natural rubber. Kolbe reaction. haloform reaction and nucleophilic addition reactions (Grignard addition). Preparation. hybridization and geometries of mononuclear coordination compounds (linear. Haloarenes: nucleophilic aromatic substitution in haloarenes and substituted haloarenes . cellulose. Electrolytic reduction method (magnesium and aluminium). Reactions of alkenes with KMnO4 and ozone. sulphide and sulphite. Detection and identification of the . dehydration and oxidation. ZnCl2/conc. Phenols: Acidity. structure and stability of carbocations. HOX and H2O (X=halogen). Bi3+. Cu2+. potassium dichromate. halogens). Metal acetylides. tetrahedral.(excluding Benzyne mechanism and Cine substitution). Electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation. nucleophilic substitution reactions.Z nomenclature excluded). carbylamine reaction. reaction with nitrous acid. Conformations of ethane and butane (Newman projections). Addition reactions of alkynes. Sigma and pi-bonds. azo coupling reaction of diazonium salts of aromatic amines. Determination of empirical and molecular formula of simple compounds (only combustion method). Mn2+ and Mg2+). reduction. glycoside formation and hydrolysis of sucrose. conversion of alcohols into aldehydes and ketones. m. Electrophilic addition reactions of alkenes with X2.S and E. Organic Chemistry Concepts: Hybridisation of carbon.-HCl. Perkin reaction. reduction. ester hydrolysis. Oxidation. Shapes of molecules. Polarity and inductive effects in alkyl halides. electrophilic substitution reactions (halogenation. Hg2+. sulphate. aldol condensation. carbanions and free radicals.Coordination compounds: nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. Fe3+. copper. Cannizzaro reaction.

Energy stored in a capacitor. Force on a moving charge and on a current-carrying wire in a uniform magnetic field. magnetic field near a current-carrying straight wire. Centre of mass and its motion. Circular motion (uniform and non-uniform). Verification of Ohm's law using voltmeter and ammeter. progressive and stationary waves. Work and power. Specific heats (Cv and Cp for monatomic and diatomic gases). Specific heat of a liquid using calorimeter. Motion of planets and satellites in circular orbits. Capacitance. moment of inertia. Wave motion (plane waves only). Kirchhoff's law. Thin lenses. Pascal's law. to find field due to infinitely long straight wire. Heating effect of current. Kinetic and potential energy. dimensional analysis. Beats. amino and nitro. liquids and gases. . Static and dynamic friction. Combinations of mirrors and thin lenses. Self and mutual inductance. Wave nature of light: Huygen's principle. Hooke's law. such as. Law of gravitation. Viscosity (Poiseuille's equation excluded). Newton's laws of motion. Equivalence of heat and work. Parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectrics. Inertial and uniformly accelerated frames of reference. Collision of point masses with rigid bodies. Rigid body. Mechanics: Kinematics in one and two dimensions (Cartesian coordinates only). Elementary concepts of convection and radiation. ammeter and their conversions. Buoyancy. interference limited to Young's double-slit experiment. Capacitors in series and parallel. Kirchhoff's laws and simple applications. Acceleration due to gravity. and specific resistance of the material of a wire using meter bridge and post office box. Relative velocity. Pressure in a fluid. latent heat. Superposition of waves. bulk modulus of gases. Streamline flow. Magnification. sources. Rolling without slipping of rings. Electric current: Ohm's law. Speed of sound using resonance column. Effect of a uniform magnetic field on a current loop. Torque. Stoke's law. Isothermal and adiabatic processes. Optics: Rectilinear propagation of light. Blackbody radiation: absorptive and emissive powers. Surface energy and surface tension. RC. Moving coil galvanometer. Determination of g using simple pendulum. Calorimetry. Heat conduction in one dimension. Conservation of angular momentum. Total internal reflection. Biot-Savart law and Ampere's law. least count. Vibration of strings and air columns. Methods of measurement and error analysis for physical quantities pertaining to the following experiments: Experiments based on using vernier calipers and screw gauge (micrometer). along the axis of a circular coil and inside a long straight solenoid. moment of inertia of uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes. longitudinal and transverse waves. Gauss's law and its application in simple cases. Speed of sound in gases. Thermal physics: Thermal expansion of solids.c. and a. Linear and angular simple harmonic motions. Conservation of linear momentum and mechanical energy. Doppler effect (in sound). Angular momentum. significant figures. Impulse. parallel and perpendicular axes theorems. Lenz's law. voltmeter. Flux of electric field. Equation of continuity. Gravitational potential and field. Dynamics of rigid bodies with fixed axis of rotation. Wien's displacement law. Electric field and potential. carboxyl. Chemical methods of separation of mono-functional organic compounds from binary mixtures. Electromagnetic induction: Faraday's law. Systems of particles. uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. Young's modulus. capillary rise. Young's modulus by Searle's method. Newton's law of cooling. First law of thermodynamics and its applications (only for ideal gases). JEE Physics Syllabus General: Units and dimensions. Ideal gas laws. Deviation and dispersion of light by a prism. Equilibrium of rigid bodies. cylinders and spheres. Bernoulli's theorem and its applications. Elastic and inelastic collisions. Electrical Potential energy of a system of point charges and of electrical dipoles in a uniform electrostatic field.following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic).c. Resonance. projectiles. focal length of a concave mirror and a convex lens using u-v method. Series and parallel arrangements of resistances and cells. carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone). Reflection and refraction at plane and spherical surfaces. Stefan's law. Terminal velocity. Electricity and magnetism: Coulomb's law. Electric field lines. LR and LC circuits with d. Magnetic moment of a current loop.

Energy calculation in these processes. Integral calculus Integration as the inverse process of differentiation. product and quotient of two functions. sums of squares and cubes of the first n natural numbers. increasing and decreasing functions. addition and subtraction formulae. onto and one-to-one functions. incentre and circumcentre of a triangle. equation of a plane.concurrency of lines. l'Hospital rule of evaluation of limits of functions. continuity of composite functions. distance betw. Binding energy and its calculation. inverse trigonometric functions (principal value only).Derivative of a function. inverse trigonometric. diagonal.Three dimensions: Direction cosines and direction ratios. exponentialand logarithmic functions. formation of quadratic equations with given roots. formulae involving multiple and sub-multiple angles. properties of these matrix operations.Logarithms and their properties.Parametric equations of a circle.Derivatives of implicit functions. scalar triple products and their geometrical interpretations. distance of a point from a plane. Fission and fusion processes. equality of matrices. shift of origin. Relations between sides and angles of a triangle. symmetric functions of roots. infinite geometric series.Matrices as a rectangular array of real numbers. independence of events. computation of probability of events using permutations and combinations.Locus Problems. indefinite integrals of standard functions.Addition and multiplication rules of probability. geometric interpretations. arithmetic. properties of binomial coefficients. Bohr's theory of hydrogen-like atoms.een two points. addition. sine rule. equations of tangent. distance of a point from a line. applications of Rolle's Theorem and Lagrange's Mean Value Theorem. general solution of trigonometric equations. Photoelectric effect. Binomial theorem for a positive integral index. parametric equations.Quadratic equations with real coefficients. relations between roots and coefficients. equation of a straight line in space. absolute value.Integration by parts. cube roots of unity. equations of tangent and normal. Lines through the point of intersection of two given lines. chain rule. integration by the methods of substitution and partial fractions. orthocentre. Vectors Addition of vectors. polynomial. half-angle formula and the area of a triangle.Equations of a parabola. their foci. variables separable method. multiplication by a scalar and product of matrices. geometric and harmonic progressions. centroid. tangents and normals. scalar products. normal and chord. rational. Trigonometry Trigonometric functions. inverse of a square matrix of order up to three.Formation of ordinary differential equations. derivative of the sum. Differential calculus Real valued functions of a real variable. product and quotient of two functions. solutions of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables.Modern physics: Atomic nucleus. dot and cross products. rational. beta and gamma radiations. difference. difference. exponential and logarithmic functions. angle between two lines. into. conjugation. JEE Mathematics Syllabus Algebra Algebra of complex numbers. de Broglie wavelength of matter waves. geometrical interpretation of the derivative. sums of finite arithmetic and geometric progressions. intermediate value property of continuous functions. properties of modulus and principal argument. application of the Fundamental Theorem of Integral Calculus. cosine rule. sum. geometric and harmonic means.Even and odd functions. directrices and eccentricity. inverse of a function. addition. limit and continuity of the sum. transpose of a matrix. Characteristic and continuous X-rays. section formulae. definite integrals and their properties. derivatives up to order two. linear first order differential equations. equation of the bisector of the angle between two lines. solution of homogeneous differential equations. Half-life and mean life. Equation of a straight line in various forms. maximum and minimum values of a function. application of definite integrals to the determination of areas involving simple curves. product and quotient of two functions. symmetric and skew-symmetric matrices and their properties.Arithmetic. conditional probability. intersection of a circle with a straight line or a circle. Moseley's law. equation of a circle through the points of intersection of two circles and those of a circle and a straight line.Determinant of a square matrix of order up to three. Alpha. triangle inequality. trigonometric. . ellipse and hyperbola in standard form. Analytical geometry Two dimensions: Cartesian coordinates. their periodicity and graphs. derivatives of polynomial. Law of radioactive decay. scalar multiplication.Equation of a circle in various forms. Decay constant. composite functions. trigonometric.Limit and continuity of a function. difference. multiplication. Permutations and combinations. polar representation.

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