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# JEE Chemistry Syllabus

Physical chemistry

General topics: The concept of atoms and molecules; Dalton's atomic theory; Mole concept; Chemical

formulae; Balanced chemical equations; Calculations (based on mole concept) involving common oxidationreduction, neutralisation, and displacement reactions; Concentration in terms of mole fraction, molarity, molality

and normality.

Gaseous and liquid states: Absolute scale of temperature, ideal gas equation; Deviation from ideality, van der

Waals equation; Kinetic theory of gases, average, root mean square and most probable velocities and their

relation with temperature; Law of partial pressures; Vapour pressure; Diffusion of gases.

Atomic structure and chemical bonding: Bohr model, spectrum of hydrogen atom, quantum numbers; Waveparticle duality, de Broglie hypothesis; Uncertainty principle; Quantum mechanical picture of hydrogen atom

(qualitative treatment), shapes of s, p and d orbitals; Electronic configurations of elements (up to atomic

number 36); Aufbau principle; Pauli's exclusion principle and Hund's rule; Orbital overlap and covalent bond;

Hybridisation involving s, p and d orbitals only; Orbital energy diagrams for homonuclear diatomic species;

Hydrogen bond; Polarity in molecules, dipole moment (qualitative aspects only); VSEPR model and shapes of

molecules (linear, angular, triangular, square planar, pyramidal, square pyramidal, trigonal bipyramidal,

tetrahedral and octahedral).

Energetics: First law of thermodynamics; Internal energy, work and heat, pressure-volume work; Enthalpy,

Hess's law; Heat of reaction, fusion and vapourization; Second law of thermodynamics; Entropy; Free energy;

Criterion of spontaneity.

Chemical equilibrium: Law of mass action; Equilibrium constant, Le Chatelier's principle (effect of

concentration, temperature and pressure); Significance of DG and DGo in chemical equilibrium; Solubility

product, common ion effect, pH and buffer solutions; Acids and bases (Bronsted and Lewis concepts);

Hydrolysis of salts.

Electrochemistry: Electrochemical cells and cell reactions; Electrode potentials; Nernst equation and its

relation to DG; Electrochemical series, emf of galvanic cells; Faraday's laws of electrolysis; Electrolytic

conductance, specific, equivalent and molar conductance, Kohlrausch's law; Concentration cells.

Chemical kinetics: Rates of chemical reactions; Order of reactions; Rate constant; First order reactions;

Temperature dependence of rate constant (Arrhenius equation).

Solid state: Classification of solids, crystalline state, seven crystal systems (cell parameters a, b, c, a, b, g),

close packed structure of solids (cubic), packing in fcc, bcc and hcp lattices; Nearest neighbours, ionic radii,

simple ionic compounds, point defects.

Solutions: Raoult's law; Molecular weight determination from lowering of vapor pressure, elevation of boiling

point and depression of freezing point.

Surface chemistry: Elementary concepts of adsorption (excluding adsorption isotherms); Colloids: types,

methods of preparation and general properties; Elementary ideas of emulsions, surfactants and micelles (only

definitions and examples).

Nuclear chemistry: Radioactivity: isotopes and isobars; Properties of a, b and g rays; Kinetics of radioactive

decay (decay series excluded), carbon dating; Stability of nuclei with respect to proton-neutron ratio; Brief

discussion on fission and fusion reactions.

Inorganic Chemistry

Isolation/preparation and properties of the following non-metals: Boron, silicon, nitrogen, phosphorus,

oxygen, sulphur and halogens; Properties of allotropes of carbon (only diamond and graphite), phosphorus and

sulphur.

Preparation and properties of the following compounds: Oxides, peroxides, hydroxides, carbonates,

bicarbonates, chlorides and sulphates of sodium, potassium, magnesium and calcium; Boron:

diborane, boric acid and borax; Aluminium: alumina, aluminium chloride and alums; Carbon: oxides and oxyacid

(carbonic acid); Silicon: silicones, silicates and silicon carbide; Nitrogen: oxides, oxyacids and ammonia;

Phosphorus: oxides, oxyacids (phosphorus acid, phosphoric acid) and phosphine; Oxygen: ozone and hydrogen

peroxide; Sulphur: hydrogen sulphide, oxides, sulphurous acid, sulphuric acid and sodium thiosulphate;

Halogens: hydrohalic acids, oxides and oxyacids of chlorine, bleaching powder; Xenon fluorides; Fertilizers:

commercially available (common) NPK type.

Transition elements (3d series): Definition, general characteristics, oxidation states and their stabilities,

colour (excluding the details of electronic transitions) and calculation of spin-only magnetic moment;

Characteristic reactions of the following (including those mentioned above): Alkyl halides: rearrangement reactions of alkyl carbocation. Preparation of alkenes and alkynes by elimination reactions. copper. Preparation and properties of the following compounds: Oxides and chlorides of tin and lead. Determination of empirical and molecular formula of simple compounds (only combustion method). Keto-enol tautomerism. glycoside formation and hydrolysis of sucrose. Cyanide process (silver and gold). Resonance and hyperconjugation. Ba2+. cis-trans and ionisation isomerisms. ZnCl2/conc. sulphide and sulphite. Cu2+ and Zn2+.Z nomenclature excluded). S. reduction.Practical organic chemistry: Detection of elements (N. Reactive intermediates produced during homolytic and heterolytic bond cleavage. Extractive metallurgy: Chemical principles and reactions only (industrial details excluded). Cu2+. Fe3+. chlorides and sulphates of Fe2+. sulphonation. acid chlorides and amides. carbylamine reaction. ester hydrolysis. Ca2+. Nitrate. haloform reaction and nucleophilic addition reactions (Grignard addition). Organic Chemistry Concepts: Hybridisation of carbon. teflon and PVC. Preparation of alkanes by Wurtz reaction and decarboxylation reactions. Alcohols: esterification. silver thiosulphate. aluminium. physical properties of alkanes (melting points. Cannizzaro reaction. tin. carbanions and free radicals. electrophilic substitution reactions (halogenation. Phenols: Acidity. Amino acids and peptides: General structure (only primary structure for peptides) and physical properties. magnesium. Metal acetylides. Acidity of alkynes. Carboxylic acids: formation of esters.and p-directing groups in monosubstituted benzenes. Kolbe reaction. lead. Preparation. zinc and silver. Sigma and pi-bonds. Oxidation. Electrophilic addition reactions of alkenes with X2. Acid catalysed hydration of alkenes and alkynes (excluding the stereochemistry of addition and elimination). nylon. density and dipole moments). nucleophilic substitution reactions. Sandmeyer and related reactions of diazonium salts. Effect of o-. reaction with sodium. Reimer-Tieman reaction. dehydration and oxidation. tetrahedral. Perkin reaction. square planar and octahedral). m. IUPAC nomenclature of simple organic compounds (only hydrocarbons. Reactions of benzene: Structure and aromaticity. mono and di-saccharides (glucose and sucrose). Amines: basicity of substituted anilines and aliphatic amines. Friedel-Crafts alkylation and acylation. halides (excluding fluoride). Preparation. Combustion and halogenation of alkanes. Reactions of alkenes with KMnO4 and ozone.(excluding Benzyne mechanism and Cine substitution). Carbohydrates: Classification. Electrophilic substitution reactions: halogenation. preparation from nitro compounds. silver nitrate. reaction with nitrous acid. Ores and minerals: Commonly occurring ores and minerals of iron. properties and reactions of alkanes: Homologous series. Carbon reduction method (iron and tin). Bi3+. silver oxide. Oxides.-HCl. hybridization and geometries of mononuclear coordination compounds (linear. (R. Hydrogen bonds: definition and their effects on physical properties of alcohols and carboxylic acids. Formation. reduction. Aldehydes and Ketones: oxidation. HX. Al3+. Addition reactions of alkynes. oxime and hydrazone formation. aldol condensation. structure and stability of carbocations. Grignard reactions. Conformations of ethane and butane (Newman projections). Inductive and resonance effects on acidity and basicity of organic acids and bases. potassium dichromate. Principles of qualitative analysis: Groups I to V (only Ag+. Mn2+ and Mg2+). monofunctional and bi-functional compounds). Detection and identification of the . Optical isomerism of compounds containing up to two asymmetric centers. Properties and uses of some important polymers: Natural rubber. Hg2+. Shapes of molecules. conversion of alcohols into aldehydes and ketones. nitration. Cr3+. nitration and sulphonation). Electrolytic reduction method (magnesium and aluminium). Haloarenes: nucleophilic aromatic substitution in haloarenes and substituted haloarenes . phosphorus halides. Polarity and inductive effects in alkyl halides.S and E. properties and reactions of alkenes and alkynes: Physical properties of alkenes and alkynes (boiling points.Coordination compounds: nomenclature of mononuclear coordination compounds. HOX and H2O (X=halogen). boiling points and density). halogens). Potassium permanganate. cellulose. Structural and geometrical isomerism. sulphate. Reduction of alkenes and alkynes. Zn2+. Pb2+. azo coupling reaction of diazonium salts of aromatic amines. Self reduction method (copper and lead).

Ideal gas laws. latent heat. Total internal reflection. to find field due to infinitely long straight wire. longitudinal and transverse waves. Pressure in a fluid. Linear and angular simple harmonic motions. least count. Blackbody radiation: absorptive and emissive powers. Thin lenses. Kirchhoff's law. parallel and perpendicular axes theorems. Young's modulus by Searle's method. Newton's laws of motion. Resonance. Stefan's law. Buoyancy. moment of inertia. significant figures. Gauss's law and its application in simple cases. along the axis of a circular coil and inside a long straight solenoid. Kirchhoff's laws and simple applications. Electric current: Ohm's law. Biot-Savart law and Ampere's law. Angular momentum. and a. bulk modulus of gases. Heat conduction in one dimension. Wave motion (plane waves only).c. Chemical methods of separation of mono-functional organic compounds from binary mixtures. focal length of a concave mirror and a convex lens using u-v method. Optics: Rectilinear propagation of light. RC. Superposition of waves. Deviation and dispersion of light by a prism. . Systems of particles. Conservation of angular momentum. Collision of point masses with rigid bodies. Elastic and inelastic collisions. Beats. Flux of electric field. amino and nitro. Thermal physics: Thermal expansion of solids. Circular motion (uniform and non-uniform). Viscosity (Poiseuille's equation excluded). Methods of measurement and error analysis for physical quantities pertaining to the following experiments: Experiments based on using vernier calipers and screw gauge (micrometer). Inertial and uniformly accelerated frames of reference. Bernoulli's theorem and its applications. Hooke's law. Electric field and potential. Vibration of strings and air columns. Capacitors in series and parallel. sources. Mechanics: Kinematics in one and two dimensions (Cartesian coordinates only). capillary rise. Motion of planets and satellites in circular orbits. Combinations of mirrors and thin lenses. Surface energy and surface tension. Streamline flow. uniformly charged infinite plane sheet and uniformly charged thin spherical shell. JEE Physics Syllabus General: Units and dimensions. Isothermal and adiabatic processes. Electromagnetic induction: Faraday's law. Rolling without slipping of rings. Impulse. Lenz's law. Equation of continuity. LR and LC circuits with d. Elementary concepts of convection and radiation. Speed of sound in gases.c. First law of thermodynamics and its applications (only for ideal gases). Stoke's law. Work and power. Law of gravitation. Speed of sound using resonance column. Reflection and refraction at plane and spherical surfaces. Capacitance. Gravitational potential and field. ammeter and their conversions. Wien's displacement law. Magnetic moment of a current loop. Torque. Electric field lines. Effect of a uniform magnetic field on a current loop. Relative velocity. Equilibrium of rigid bodies. carbonyl (aldehyde and ketone). Terminal velocity. Wave nature of light: Huygen's principle. Equivalence of heat and work. Specific heats (Cv and Cp for monatomic and diatomic gases). Conservation of linear momentum and mechanical energy. Centre of mass and its motion. carboxyl. Verification of Ohm's law using voltmeter and ammeter. Dynamics of rigid bodies with fixed axis of rotation. Newton's law of cooling. Young's modulus. Kinetic and potential energy. Static and dynamic friction. Parallel plate capacitor with and without dielectrics. Heating effect of current. Doppler effect (in sound). Determination of g using simple pendulum. voltmeter. and specific resistance of the material of a wire using meter bridge and post office box. Specific heat of a liquid using calorimeter. Calorimetry. liquids and gases. Series and parallel arrangements of resistances and cells. such as. dimensional analysis. projectiles. Pascal's law. Self and mutual inductance. Energy stored in a capacitor. Moving coil galvanometer. Electricity and magnetism: Coulomb's law. Rigid body. cylinders and spheres. interference limited to Young's double-slit experiment. Magnification. progressive and stationary waves. moment of inertia of uniform bodies with simple geometrical shapes. Acceleration due to gravity. magnetic field near a current-carrying straight wire.following functional groups: hydroxyl (alcoholic and phenolic). Force on a moving charge and on a current-carrying wire in a uniform magnetic field. Electrical Potential energy of a system of point charges and of electrical dipoles in a uniform electrostatic field.

equation of a straight line in space. inverse trigonometric functions (principal value only). JEE Mathematics Syllabus Algebra Algebra of complex numbers. solutions of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables. Binding energy and its calculation. sums of squares and cubes of the first n natural numbers. difference. integration by the methods of substitution and partial fractions. application of definite integrals to the determination of areas involving simple curves. derivatives of polynomial. Half-life and mean life. properties of these matrix operations. distance of a point from a plane. equality of matrices. equations of tangent and normal. cube roots of unity. multiplication by a scalar and product of matrices. difference. sums of finite arithmetic and geometric progressions. difference. half-angle formula and the area of a triangle. Law of radioactive decay. variables separable method. equation of a plane. sine rule. scalar multiplication. addition. increasing and decreasing functions. solution of homogeneous differential equations. shift of origin. exponential and logarithmic functions. properties of binomial coefficients. derivatives up to order two.Matrices as a rectangular array of real numbers. product and quotient of two functions. diagonal. Bohr's theory of hydrogen-like atoms. intermediate value property of continuous functions. exponentialand logarithmic functions. composite functions. equation of the bisector of the angle between two lines. normal and chord. Relations between sides and angles of a triangle. multiplication. applications of Rolle's Theorem and Lagrange's Mean Value Theorem. Fission and fusion processes.Equations of a parabola. general solution of trigonometric equations. maximum and minimum values of a function. Decay constant. section formulae. directrices and eccentricity. Equation of a straight line in various forms. Characteristic and continuous X-rays. trigonometric. onto and one-to-one functions. intersection of a circle with a straight line or a circle. Analytical geometry Two dimensions: Cartesian coordinates. equations of tangent.Quadratic equations with real coefficients. geometric and harmonic means. l'Hospital rule of evaluation of limits of functions. geometrical interpretation of the derivative.Equation of a circle in various forms. continuity of composite functions. centroid.een two points. inverse trigonometric. independence of events. Alpha. . formulae involving multiple and sub-multiple angles. inverse of a function. their foci.Even and odd functions. beta and gamma radiations. computation of probability of events using permutations and combinations. Integral calculus Integration as the inverse process of differentiation. orthocentre. into. tangents and normals. distance betw.Addition and multiplication rules of probability. scalar triple products and their geometrical interpretations.Integration by parts. cosine rule. conditional probability.Formation of ordinary differential equations. rational.Three dimensions: Direction cosines and direction ratios. Vectors Addition of vectors. equation of a circle through the points of intersection of two circles and those of a circle and a straight line. addition. trigonometric. linear first order differential equations. derivative of the sum. sum. geometric and harmonic progressions. indefinite integrals of standard functions. application of the Fundamental Theorem of Integral Calculus. Energy calculation in these processes. dot and cross products. Lines through the point of intersection of two given lines.Limit and continuity of a function.Derivatives of implicit functions. triangle inequality. product and quotient of two functions.Locus Problems. Differential calculus Real valued functions of a real variable.concurrency of lines.Arithmetic. their periodicity and graphs. Moseley's law.Modern physics: Atomic nucleus. relations between roots and coefficients. scalar products. parametric equations. chain rule. absolute value. angle between two lines. properties of modulus and principal argument.Derivative of a function. addition and subtraction formulae. Permutations and combinations. transpose of a matrix. arithmetic. infinite geometric series. polynomial. ellipse and hyperbola in standard form. conjugation. de Broglie wavelength of matter waves. Trigonometry Trigonometric functions. polar representation. Binomial theorem for a positive integral index. incentre and circumcentre of a triangle. rational.Parametric equations of a circle.Logarithms and their properties. definite integrals and their properties. inverse of a square matrix of order up to three. limit and continuity of the sum. formation of quadratic equations with given roots. product and quotient of two functions. symmetric and skew-symmetric matrices and their properties. Photoelectric effect.Determinant of a square matrix of order up to three. symmetric functions of roots. geometric interpretations. distance of a point from a line.