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Renewed Permanent Exhibition of


Georgian Archaeology
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The opening of the exhibition Georgian Archaeology
from the 8th Millennium BC till the 4th Century AD
took place in the end of 2013 at the Simon Janashia
Museum of Georgia of the Georgian National
Museum, and tens of thousands of people have
already visited it.
The public was waiting for the renewed archaeological
exhibition with a particular interest: because of
the rehabilitation works at the Georgian National
Museum, this exhibition, which was functioning in
1961-2005 paying tribute to the very ancient Georgian
culture revealed by archaeological eld works, had
to be temporarily dismantled. Apart from that, the
archaeological collection, which represents one of the
biggest collections in the museum, was permanently
enriched with new items.
Presenting the archaeological materials found in
Georgia during the last 50 years for the rst time, the
new exhibition, amid older exhibits, demonstrates
the continuous line of development of the Georgian
culture since the Neolithic Period until Late Antiquity.
Numerous archaeological nds from that lengthy
period, covering a stretch between the 8th millennium
BC and the 4th century AD, are not only displayed in
chronological order, but also arranged according to
several themes and the specic cultures that have
emerged during that period of time. In each section,
together with famed items, visitors will be able to see
the recently discovered artifacts. Among them, one
has to mention the discoveries made at the Sakdrisi
gold mine and its neighboring Balichi-Dzedzvebi site,
both located in Kvemo Kartli, South-East Georgia:
stone tools used to extract gold, as well as ceramics,
found in the mines dating back to the Early Bronze
Age and characteristic of the Kura-Araxes culture,

show that gold was actually mined there during the


end of the 4th millennium BC and the beginning of
the 3rd millennium BC, making Sakdrisi the oldest
gold mine in the world. There are also some golden
personal ornaments, a unique necklace made of
amber beads, and other precious items found in the
majestic barrows (tumuli) of the Tchabukiani village
in Kakheti in 2012, which are dated back to the 3rd
millennium BC. Other interesting discoveries can
be found among the miscellaneous archaeological
materials, dating from the 2nd1st millennia BC,
unearthed in Tsalka during the installation of an oil
pipeline by BP (British Petroleum), as well as the
temple inventory, found in the shape of a hoard in Vani
a religious centre of Colchis. The hoard contains
unique pieces of Hellenistic art.
The exhibition also displays the Bronze Torso of a
Youth discovered in Vani, acknowledged as one of
the masterpieces of the so-called classicistic sculpture
of the Hellenistic period.
Naturally, the exhibition ends with the archaeological
materials found on the territory of the modern capital,
which conrm the idea of uninterrupted life and activity
in the region from the Eneolithic Period until the Late
Antiquity. Because of its particular geographical
location, this territory represented cross roads
between Eurasian cultures, which has played an
important part in the formation of a unied Georgian
culture.
The exhibits, displayed in old show-cases restored
according to museum standards and presented in
a new arrangement and dcor, symbolize the link
between the new, the old, and the contemporary, an
idea which archaeology itself complies with.

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Torso of a youth. Bronze.


2nd century BC. Vani.

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Gold ornaments and necklaces made of amber,


carnelian and rock crystal beads from the
tumulus of Tchabukiani.3rd millennium BC.

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