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physics

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physics

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1) The vertical limbs of a U shaped tube are filled with a liquid of density

upto a height h on each side. The horizontal portion of the U tube having

length 2h contains a liquid of density 2. The U tube is moved horizontally

with an accelerator g/2 parallel to the horizontal arm. The difference in

heights in liquid levels in the two vertical limbs, at steady state will be

2) A bucket contains water filled upto a height = 15 cm. The bucket is tied

to a rope which is passed over a frictionless light pulley and the other end

of the rope is tied to a weight of mass which is half of that of the (bucket

+ water). The water pressure above atmosphere pressure at the bottom is

(A) 0.5 kPa

(B) 1 kPa

(C) 5 kPa

of density by means of a string as shown in the figure. The

force, due to the liquid acting on the slant surface of the coin

is

in figure is 800 cm2. If a mass of 12 kg is placed on

the massless piston, the difference in heights h in the

level of water in the two tubes is :

(A) 10 cm

(B) 6 cm

(C) 15 cm

(D) 2 cm

accelerating upward with acceleration a along the

inclined place of inclination as shown. Then the angle

of inclination of free surface is

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filled upto levels of height l. It is now rotated at an

angular frequency about an axis passing through arm

B. The angular frequency at which level of liquid in

arm

B

becomes zero

7) An open cubical tank was initially fully filled with water. When the tank

was accelerated on a horizontal plane along one of its side it was found

that one third of volume of water spilled out. The acceleration was

(A) g/3

(B) 2g/3

(C) 3g/2

(D) None

figure. The force exerted by the flask on the liquid is (g =

10 m/s2)[Neglect atmospheric pressure]:

(A) 10 N

(B) greater than 10N

(C) less than 10N (D) zero

9) In the figure shown, the heavy cylinder (radius R)

resting on a smooth surface separates two liquids of

densities 2and 3. The height h for the equilibrium

of cylinder must be

atmospheric pressure . If the water is drawn out till the level of water is

lowered by one fifth., the pressure at the bottom of the tank will now be

(A) 2P

(B) (13/5) P

(C) (8/5) P

(D) (4/5)P

11) An open-ended U-tube of uniform cross-sectional

area contains water (density 1.0 gram/centimeter 3)

standing initially 20 centimeters from the bottom in each

arm. An immiscible liquid of density 4.0 grams/

centimeter3 is added to one arm until a layer 5

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centimeters high forms, as shown in the figure above. What is the ratio

h2/h1 of the heights of the liquid in the two arms?

(A) 3/1

(B) 5/2

(C) 2/1

(D) 3/2

12) Two cubes of size 1.0 m sides, one of relative density 0.60 and another

of relative density = 1.15 are connected by weightless wire and placed in

a large tank of water. Under equilibrium the lighter cube will project above

the water surface to a height of

(A) 50 cm

(B) 25 cm

(C) 10 cm

(D) zero

13) A cubical piece of wood has dimensions a, b and c. Its relative density

is d. It is floating in a large body of water such that side a is vertical. It is

pushed down a bit and released. The time period of SHM executed by it is

immersed in water, being supported by a string fastened to

one of its ends, as shown. The specific gravity of the rod is

0.75. The length of rod that extends out of water is

cubical block of side edge a and mass M is floating in it with four-fifth of its

volume submerged. If a coin of mass m is placed gently on the top surface

of the block is just submerged. M is

(A) 4m/5

(B) m/5

(C) 4m

(D) 5m

16) Two cyllinders of same cross-section and length L but made of two

material of densities d1 and d2 are cemented together to form a cylinder of

length 2L. The combination floats in a liquid of density d with a length L/2

above the surface of the liquid. If d1 > d2 then:

in water and W2 when completely immersed in an unknown liquid. The

relative density (specific gravity)of liquid is:

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depth h and then released. The height H above the surface of water up to

which the ball will jump out of water is

19) A cylindrical tank of height 1 m and cross section area A = 4000 cm 2 is

initially empty when it is kept under a tap of cross sectional area 1 cm2.

Water starts flowing from the tap at t = 0, with a speed = 2 m/s. There is a

small hole in the base of the tank of cross-sectional area 0.5 cm 2. The

variation of height of water in tank (in meters) with time t is best depicted

by

500 kg/m flows in a variable cross-sectional

tube. The area of cross-section of the tube at

two points P and Q at heights of 3 m and 6

m are 2 x 10-3 m3 and 4 x 10-3 m3

respectively. The work done per unit volume

by the forces of gravity as the fluid flows from point P to Q, is

(a) 29.4 J/m3

(b) - 1.47 x 104 J/m3

(d) none of these

immersed in another liquid, it weighs 13 N, then the relative density of the

block is

(a) 5

(b) 6

(c) 10

(d) 2

(5) 4

hanging from spring balance S) and immersed in a liquid L which is

contained in a beaker B. The mass of a beaker B is 1 kg and mass of liquid

L is 1.5 kg. The S1 and S2 balances read 2.5 kg and 7.5 kg respectively.

What will be the readings of S1 and S2 when block A is pulled up out of the

liquid?

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(b) S1 will read 7.5 kg and S2 will read 2.5 kg

(c) S1 will read 2.5 kg and S2 will read 7.5 kg

(d) S1 will read 10 kg and S2 will read 2.5 kg

bottom of a container as shown. Density of the liquid is d(>). Container

has a constant upward acceleration a. Tension in the

string is

there are two holes in the side walls at heights of h 1 and

h2 respectively such that the range of efflux at the bottom

of the vessel is same. The height of a hole, for which the

range of efflux would be maximum, will be

and 2are filled in a vessel as shown in figure. Two

small holes are punched at depth h/ 2 and 3h/2 from the

surface of lighter liquid. If v 1 and v2 are the velocities of a

flux at these two holes, then v1/v2 is :

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(26) The three water filled tanks shown have the same volume and height.

If small identical holes are punched near this bottom, which one will be

the first to get empty.

(A) (i)

(B) (ii)

(C) (iii)

is partially filled with mercury. Water is then poured into both arms. If the

equilibrium configuration of the tube is as shown in Figure P15.19, with h2

= 1.00 cm, determine the value of h1 .

28) A Styrofoam slab has a thickness of 10.0 cm and a density of 300

kg/m3. When a 75.0-kg swimmer is resting on it, the slab floats in fresh

water with its top at the same level as the waters surface. Find the area

of the slab.

29) A Styrofoam slab has thickness h and density S . What is the area of

the slab if it floats with its upper surface just awash in fresh water, when a

swimmer of mass m is on top

30) Mercury is poured into a U-tube,

as shown in FigureP15.18a. The left

arm of the tube has a cross-sectional

area A1 of 10.0 cm2, and the right arm

has a cross-sectional area A2 of 5.00

cm2. One-hundred grams of water are

then poured into the right arm, as

shown

in

Figure

P15.18b.

(a)

determines the length of the water

column and find h.

floats without sinking into a sea of blue-green ooze

having a density of 1.35 g/cm3 (Fig. P15.28). If the

pod has a radius of 6.00 cm and a negligible mass,

what is the mass of the frog?

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and a mass of 1.20 * 10 4 kg. To dive, this submarine takes on mass in the

form of seawater. Determine the amount of mass that the submarine must

take on if it is to descend at a constant speed of 1.20 m/s, when the

resistive force on it is 1 100 N in the upward direction. Take 1.0*10 3 kg/m3

as the density of seawater

33) A water hose 2.00 cm in diameter is used to fill a 20.0-L bucket. If it

takes 1.00 min to fill the bucket, what is the speed v at which water

moves through the hose? (Note: 1 L =1 000 cm3.) (b) If the hose has a

nozzle 1.00 cm in diameter, find the speed of the water at the nozzle.

34) A horizontal pipe 10.0 cm in diameter has a smooth reduction to a

pipe 5.00 cm in diameter. If the pressure of the water in the larger pipe is

8.00 *104 Pa and the pressure in the smaller pipe is 6.00 *104 Pa, at what

rate does water flow through the pipes?

35) A large storage tank, open at the top and filled with water, develops a

small hole in its side at a point 16.0 m below the water level. If the rate of

flow from the leak is 2.50 * 10 -3 m3/min, determine (a) the speed at which

the water leaves the hole and (b) the

diameter of the hole.

36) A siphon is used to drain water from a

tank, as illustrated in Figure P15.43. The

siphon has a uniform diameter. Assume

steady flow without friction. (a) If the

distance h 1.0 m, find the speed of outflow

at the end of the siphon. (b) What is the

limitation on the height of the top of the

siphon above the water surface?(For the flow

of liquid to be continuous, the pressure must

not drop below the vapor pressure of the

liquid.)

(Fig. P15.44). The barrel of the syringe has a cross-sectional area A =2.50

* 10-5 m2, and the needle has a cross-sectional area a =1.00 * 10-8 m 2. In

the absence of a force on the plunger, the pressure everywhere is 1 atm.

A force F of magnitude 2.00 N acts on the plunger, making the medicine

squirt horizontally from the needle. Determine the speed of the medicine

as it leaves the needles tip.

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0.050 0-kg uniform string. The balloon is spherical with

a radius of 0.400 m. When released, the balloon lifts a

length h of string and then remains in equilibrium, as

shown in Figure P15.49. Determine the value of h. The

envelope of the balloon has a mass of 0.250 kg.

pressure, as shown in Figure P15.50. How much

gauge air pressure in the tank (above

atmospheric) is required for the water jet to have a

speed of 30.0 m/s when the water level is 0.500 m

below the nozzle?

a valve at the bottom. If this valve is opened,

what is the maximum height attained by the

water stream exiting the right side of the

tank? Assume that h=10 m L = 2 m , and =

300 , and that the cross-sectional area at

point A is very large compared with that at

point B.

(a) State the conditions under which the Bernoullis equation valid

(b)Show that the above equation dimensionally correct

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A U-tube open at both ends is partially filled with water (Fig. P15.69a). Oil

having a density of 750 kg/m3 is then poured into the right arm and forms

a column L =5.00 cm in height (Fig. P15.69b).

(a) Determine the difference h in the heights of the two liquid surfaces.

(b) The right arm is shielded from any air motion while air is blown across

the top of the left arm until the surfaces of the two liquids are at the same

height (Fig. P15.69c). Determine the speed of the air being blown across

the left arm. (Take the density of air as 1.29 kg/m3.)

water bottles. One end of a 0.25cm diameter plastic hose is

inserted into the bottle placed on a high stand, while the

other end an on/of valve is maintained 60cm below the

bottom of the bottle. If the water level in the bottle is 45cm

when it is full.

1) Determine how long will it take at the minimum to fill

an glass of volume 200cm-3

2) When the bottle almost empty

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43) Calculate static and dynamic pressures

State the conditions under which the Bernoullis equation valid

Show that the above equation dimensionally correct

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State the conditions under which the Bernoullis equation valid

Show that the above equation dimensionally correct

Air is drawn into a wind tunnel used for testing automobile as shown below Fig

P3.27 and density of the oil is 900 kgm-3 and height of the oil column is 2cm.

1) Determine the nanometer reading h when the velocity in the test section is

60kmh-1.

2) Determine the difference between the stagnation pressure on the front of the

automobile and the pressure in the test section

46)

Water

flows from a large tank through a large pipe that splits into two smaller pipes of

Harshana Perera(B.Sc(Phy),BIT,SCJP) 2014 T Kit

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diameter 0.02m and 0.03 respectively as shown below picture Fig P3.83. if

viscous effect are negligible, determine the flowrate from the tank and the

pressure at point (1)

State the conditions under which the Bernoullis equation valid

Show that the above equation dimensionally correct

During trip to the beach( P atm atm) a car runs out of

gasoline and it become necessary to siphon gas out of

the car of a good Samaritan. The siphon is small

diameter hose, and to start the siphon it is necessary to

insert one siphon end into the full gas tank, fill the hose

with gasoline via suction, and then place the other end

in a gas can below the level of the gas tank. The

pressure different between point 1 and point 2 will

cause the liquid to flow from the higher to the lower

elevation

a) The minimum time to withdraw 4Lof gasoline

from the tank to can end

b) The pressure at point 3 the density of gasoline is

750kgm-3

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