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Factors That Affect Reading Development

Predictors of School Entry


1. Acquired Proficiency in Language - is the ability of an individual to speak or perform in an
acquired language. As theories among pedagogues as to what constitutes proficiency go, [1] there is
little consistency as to how different organizations classify it. Additionally, fluency and language
competence are generally recognized as being related, but separate controversial subjects. In
predominant frameworks in the United States, proficient speakers demonstrate both accuracy and
fluency, and use a variety of discourse strategies. [2] Thus, native speakers of a language can be
fluent without being considered proficient.
2. Verbal Mermory The ability to recall something penned or spoken which was already learned.
This is the term used in cognitive psychology that refers to memory of words and other abstract
involving language. Cathall phrase used to refer to memory for words and verbal items.
3. Lexical and Syntactic Skills Relating to the words of vocabulary of a language, especially as
distinguished from its grammatical.Syntactic, consisting of or nothing morphemes that are
combined words in corresponding constraction. Semantics is the study of meaning. It focuses on
the relation between signifiers, like words, phrases, signs, and symbols, and what they stand for,
their denotation. Linguistic semantics is the study of meaning that is used for understanding
human expression through language.
4. Overall Language- English language is the overall, universal and dominant language that is used
of most people in the world. English language may affect the pre- schools student who were
identified as language learning deleyed because of their inherited culture language. Inherited
language is all the knowledge and values shared by a society.
5. Phonological Awareness It is most related to our previous topic namely the fundamental skill
needed for phonologic processing, it is a factor that can affect reading development because it is a
skill necessary for proficient reading, it can affect reading development becase if young children
couldnt developed their phonemic awareness, knowledge of complete phonemic code,
directional tracking, blending and atterntion to detail. Phonemic awareness is a factor that we
should developed because it is the most basic skills needed for a good and proficient reading.
6. Oral Vocabulary Expert says children learn new words by hearing a word over and over.
Hearing words spoken by the important people in their lives. Hearing words in a meaningful
context during conversation at dinner, in the car, while playing and reading.