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Andover Continuum

UL 864 BACnet Smoke Control System


Design Guide

2011, Schneider Electric.


All Rights Reserved.
No part of this publication may be reproduced, read or stored in a retrieval system, or
transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic, mechanical, photocopying,
recording, or otherwise, without prior written permission of Schneider Electric.
This document is produced in the United States of America.
Product Names are trademarks of Schneider Electric. All other trademarks are the
property of their respective owners.
Title: UL 864 BACnet Smoke Control System Design Guide
Revision: A.1
Date: January, 2011
Schneider Electric Part Number: 30-3001-1007
The information in this document is furnished for informational purposes only, is subject
to change without notice, and should not be construed as a commitment by Schneider
Electric. Schneider Electric assumes no liability for any errors or inaccuracies that may
appear in this document.
Schneider Electric
One High Street
North Andover, MA 01845
Phone: (978) 975-9600
Fax: (978) 975-9782
www.schneider-electric.com

UL 864 BACnet Smoke Control System Design Guide


30-3001-1007
Revision A.1

January, 2011

Contents

UL 864 BACnet Smoke Control System Design Guide

Chapter 1

Contents ................................................................................

Standard Regulatory Notices ..............................................

Federal Communications Commission ......................................


Industry Canada .........................................................................
CE - Compliance to European Union (EU) ................................
Australian Communications Authority (ACA) ..........................
WEEE - Directive of the European Union (EU) ........................
RoHS - Restriction of Hazardous Materials ..............................
UL Underwriters Laboratories ...................................................

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Preface ...................................................................................

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Introduction to this Manual .......................................................


What is the UL 864 Listing? .......................................................
Abbreviations ..............................................................................
Definitions ...................................................................................
Symbols ........................................................................................
Manual Summary .......................................................................

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Introduction ...........................................................................

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Introduction .................................................................................
Explanation of Smoke-Control Systems ....................................
Fundamentals of Smoke Control ................................................
Building Pressurization .....................................................
Dedicated and Non-Dedicated Systems ............................
Fire Control Systems .........................................................
Basic System Types .....................................................................

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Andover Continuum UL 864 BACnet Smoke Control System Design Guide

Shaft Protection .................................................................


Stairwell Pressurization Systems ...............................
Elevator Smoke Control ..............................................
Floor Protection ..................................................................
Zoned Smoke Control ..................................................
Smoke Control System Activation .............................................
Response Time ...................................................................
Automatic Response to Multiple Signals ..........................

Chapter 2

BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements


................................................................................................. 31
Introduction .................................................................................
Smoke Control System Diagram ................................................
Smoke Control Components .......................................................
bCX1-S ................................................................................
Transformers ......................................................................
xP-S Expansion I/O Modules .............................................
Equipment Enclosures .......................................................
UL-ENCL Enclosure ...................................................
MNA-FLO-1 .................................................................
VAV-ENCL-S ...............................................................
MS/TP BACnet b3 Controllers ..........................................
b3920-S Controller .......................................................
b3850-S Series Controllers ..........................................
b3867-S Controller .......................................................
b3865-S and b3866-S Controllers ...............................
b3866-V-S Controller ...................................................
b3800-S Series Controllers ..........................................
b3600-S Series Controllers ..........................................
Firefighters Smoke Control System .................................
Features .......................................................................
Fire Panel ...........................................................................
CyberStation ......................................................................
Repeaters ............................................................................
Ethernet Hub or Switch .....................................................
Requirements for Smoke Control Installation ..........................
bCX1-S Controller Requirements .....................................
Cable Limitations ........................................................
Communication Port Assignments .............................
Isolating the bCX1-S ...................................................

2 Schneider Electric

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Chapter 3

b3 Controllers Requirements .............................................


b-Link Repeaters Requirements .......................................
b-Link MS/TP Repeater ...............................................
b-Link-F MS/TP Fiber Optic Repeater .......................
b-Link & b-Link-F DC Power Sources ........................
I/O Module Wiring Requirements .....................................
General Wiring Concerns for all Modules ..................
Important Grounding Information .............................
Suggested Wiring Layouts ..........................................................

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Smoke Control System Operation ......................................

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Introduction .................................................................................
57
Firefighters Smoke Control Station ..........................................
58
Location and Access ...........................................................
58
Physical Arrangement .......................................................
59
Firefighters Smoke Control Station Operation ...............
59
The MASTER KEY ......................................................
59
Status Indicator Requirements ...................................
59
Control Capability .......................................................
60
Fan Overrides and Indicators .....................................
61
Damper Overrides and Indicators ..............................
62
Zone Alarm Indicators .................................................
63
Controller Status Indicators .......................................
64
Other FSCS Controls ...................................................
65
Audible Annunciation ..................................................
65
Additional Control Requirements .....................................
65
The FSCS Operating Instructions Sheet ..........................
66
Firefighters Smoke Control Station Operating Instructions
67
Weekly Self Tests ........................................................................
69
Controller Status Indicators .......................................................
70
bCX1 Module ......................................................................
70
Comm Port LEDs .........................................................
70

Chapter 4

Restrictions and General Comments .................................

73

Introduction .................................................................................
Restrictions ..................................................................................
System Overrides ...............................................................
Overrides that Require Removal ................................

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Chapter 5

Chapter 6

4 Schneider Electric

Overrides that Do Not Require Removal ...................


Approved Fire Alarm Panels .............................................
Approved FSCS ..................................................................
Approved Ethernet/IP Infrastructure Devices .................
Dedicated Supply Air Dampers .........................................
Transformers ......................................................................
Wiring .................................................................................
General Comments .....................................................................
FSCS Requirement ............................................................
Pressure Guidelines ...........................................................
Pressure Differential Guidelines ................................

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Main Controller .....................................................................

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Introduction .................................................................................
bCX1-S .........................................................................................
Overview .............................................................................
Feature List ........................................................................
Embedded Web Server Pages for Commissioning ............
Communication Ports ........................................................
Ethernet Port .....................................................................
xP Modules .........................................................................

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BACnet b3 Series Controllers .............................................

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Introduction .................................................................................
b3920-S ........................................................................................
Electrical .............................................................................
Communications ................................................................
Inputs ..................................................................................
Digital Outputs ..................................................................
Analog Outputs ..................................................................
User LEDs/Switches ..........................................................
Status Indicator LEDs ................................................
Switches .......................................................................
b3850-S Series .............................................................................
Electrical .............................................................................
Communications ................................................................
Inputs ..................................................................................
Airflow Input ......................................................................
Outputs ...............................................................................

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User LEDs/Switches ..........................................................


Status Indicator LEDs .................................................
Switches .......................................................................
b3867-S Series .............................................................................
Electrical .............................................................................
Communications .................................................................
Inputs ..................................................................................
Outputs ...............................................................................
Output Rating ..............................................................
Output Accuracy ..........................................................
User LEDs/ Switches .........................................................
Status Indicator LEDs .................................................
Switches .......................................................................
b3865-S and b3866-S Controllers ...............................................
Electrical .............................................................................
Communications .................................................................
Inputs ..................................................................................
Airflow Input ................................................................
Outputs ...............................................................................
Output Rating ..............................................................
Output Accuracy ..........................................................
User LEDs/Switches ..........................................................
Status Indicator LEDs .................................................
Switches .......................................................................
b3866-V-S Controller ..................................................................
Electrical .............................................................................
Communications .................................................................
Inputs ..................................................................................
Airflow Input ................................................................
Digital Outputs ..................................................................
Analog Outputs ..................................................................
User LEDs ..........................................................................
b3800-S Series .............................................................................
Electrical .............................................................................
Communications .................................................................
Inputs ..................................................................................
Digital Outputs ..................................................................
Analog Outputs ..................................................................
User LEDs/Switches ..........................................................
Status Indicator LEDs: ................................................
Switches .......................................................................
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Chapter 7

Chapter 8

Chapter 9

6 Schneider Electric

b3600-S Series .............................................................................


Electrical .............................................................................
Communications ................................................................
Inputs ..................................................................................
User LEDs/Switches ..........................................................
Status Indicator LEDs ................................................
Switches .......................................................................

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Transformers ........................................................................

103

Introduction .................................................................................
Transformers ...............................................................................
EMSC-541 ..........................................................................
EMSC-542 ..........................................................................
EMSC-543 ..........................................................................
EMSC-583 ..........................................................................
EMSC-616 ..........................................................................
EMSC-618 ..........................................................................
024-024-040-TF ..................................................................
01-2100-323 ........................................................................

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Expansion Modules ..............................................................

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Introduction .................................................................................
Expansion Modules .....................................................................
Expansion Limitation ........................................................
Module Expansion .......................................................................
Basic Expansion .................................................................
Module Specifications .................................................................
xPDI8-S ..............................................................................
xPUI4-S/xPbD4-S ...............................................................
xPDO2-S/xPDO4-S .............................................................
xPbA4-S ..............................................................................

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Applicable Documentation ..................................................

117

Introduction .................................................................................
Installation Documents ..............................................................

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118

Standard Regulatory Notices

Federal Communications Commission


FCC Rules and Regulations CFR 47, Part 15, Class A
This device complies with part 15 of the FCC Rules. Operation is
subject to the following two conditions: (1) This device may not cause
harmful interference, and (2) this device must accept any interference
received, including interference that may cause undesired operation.
Caution: the user that changes or makes modifications not expressly
approved by TAC, Inc. for compliance could void the user's authority to
operate the equipment.

Industry Canada
ICES-003
This is a Class A digital device that meets all requirements of the
Canadian Interference Causing Equipment Regulations.

Andover Continuum BACnet UL 864 Smoke Control System Design Guide

Regulatory Notices

CE - Compliance to European Union (EU)


2004/108/EEC - EMC Directive
This equipment complies with the rules of the Official Journal
of the European Communities specified in the EMC directive
2004/108/EEC governing the Self Declaration of the CE
Marking for the European Union..

Australian Communications Authority (ACA)


AS/NZS 3548
This equipment carries the C-Tick label and complies with
EMC and radio communications regulations of the
Australian Communications Authority (ACA), governing
the Australian and New Zealand communities.

WEEE - Directive of the European Union (EU)


2002/96/EC
This equipment and its packaging carry the waste electrical
and electronic equipment (WEEE) label, in compliance with
European Union (EU) Directive 2002/96/EC, governing the
disposal and recycling of electrical and electronic equipment in
the European community.

RoHS - Restriction of Hazardous Materials


2002/95/EC
This product complies with the restriction of the use
of certain hazardous substances in the European
Union electrical and electronic equipment directive.

8 Schneider Electric

Regulatory Notices

UL Underwriters Laboratories
UL 864
UL Listed product for the United States: UL 864, 9th
Edition Smoke Control System
The product described herein has been investigated to,
and found to be in compliance with the UL 864 Ninth
Edition - Standard for Control Units and Accessories for
Fire Alarm Systems.

Schneider Electric

Regulatory Notices

10 Schneider Electric

Preface

Preface

Introduction to this Manual


This manual is intended for use by qualified, authorized engineers and
technicians who are responsible for meeting a UL 864 project
specification. The specification, created by the smoke control system
designer, should have already considered the selected mechanical
equipment design. Proper duct sizing and layout, motor/blower
selection, and damper selection must be completed by the smoke
control system designer to provide the planned smoke control
pressurization under all possible expected environmental (wind,
weather, etc.) and building (door, elevator hoistway, leakage, system
response, stairwell, occupied mode, etc.) conditions.
This manuals purpose is to provide the fundamentals for the controls
engineer and technicians to meet properly designed UL 864 smoke
control specifications.
This manual does not provide guidelines for mechanical system
selection and design. Recognized smoke pressurization program models
are available for this purpose.
This manual also does not cover all installation and wiring
requirements for Continuum BACnet controllers. It must be used along
with applicable Continuum BACnet controller installation instructions.

What is the UL 864 Listing?


According to Underwriters Laboratories, UL 864 is a category that has
been established for Smoke Control System Equipment. Additionally,
according to Underwriters Laboratories (UL), smoke control equipment
is assigned one or more of the following attributes:
Andover Continuum UL 864 BACnet Smoke Control System Design Guide

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Preface

1. Operation
Manual - Activation of the smoke control system occurs as a result
of the intervention of an authorized person.
Automatic - Activation of the smoke control system occurs as a
result of an alarm condition from a fire detection device, such as a
smoke detector or a heat detector, or fire alarm control unit.
2. Type
Non-dedicated - A system which provides the building HVAC
function under normal conditions and provides a smoke control
objective during a fire alarm condition.
Dedicated - A system which is normally inactive and is used
exclusively for the purpose of smoke control.
3. Use
Stairwell - Configuration of equipment which provides pressurizing
of stairwells for the purpose of maintaining a tenable environment
for building egress.
Zoned Smoke Control - A configuration which provides the
exhausting of the smoke area and pressurization of all other
contiguous areas of the building.
The design of an overall smoke control system is a complete system
engineered to the particular installation. The interconnection of the
smoke control equipment to the HVAC equipment, and to other
equipment, is intended to be in accordance with a specific installation
diagram that is generated by either the smoke control equipment listee
or by another responsible party.
In practice, Schneider Electric, as a UL Smoke Control Equipment
Listee, and its associated field offices do not design the smoke control
system. Rather, the field office works closely with the smoke control
system designer to develop the interface between the controls and
equipment supplied by Schneider Electric and the mechanical
equipment that provides smoke control pressurization. The field office
then generates the control system installation diagrams based on the
total smoke control system design.
12 Schneider Electric

Preface

Abbreviations
This manual uses the following abbreviations:
Table 1 Abbreviations Used in this Manual
Abbreviation

Definition

ADA

Americans for Disabilities Act

ADI

Automation Displays, Inc.

AHJ

Authority Having Jurisdiction

AHU

Air Handling Unit

AI

Analog Input

CCN

Category Code Number (UL)

CFM

Cubic Feet per Minute

DI

Digital Input

DO

Digital Output

EOL

End of Line (Termination)

FAP

Fire Alarm Panel

FSCS

Firefighters Smoke Control


Station

HVAC

Heating-Ventilating-Air
Conditioning

I/O

Input/Output

IP

Internet Protocol

ITE

Information Technology
Equipment

JPR

Jumper

LAN

Local Area Network

Andover Continuum UL 864 BACnet Smoke Control System Design Guide

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Preface

Table 1 Abbreviations Used in this Manual


LED

Light Emitting Diode

NEC

National Electric Code

NFPA

National Fire Protection


Association

N.O.

Normally Open

NW

Network

O.A.

Outside Air

UI

Universal Input

UL

Underwriters Laboratories, Inc.

VAV

Variable Air Volume

Definitions
The following definitions of terms related to smoke control are found in
NFPA 92A, Recommended Practice for Smoke Control Systems.

Table 2 Smoke Control System Definitions

14 Schneider Electric

Term

Definition

Area of Refuge

An area of the building separated


from other spaces by fire-rated
smoke barriers in which a
tenable environment is
maintained for the period of time
that such areas may need to be
occupied at time of fire.

Preface

Table 2 Smoke Control System Definitions


Authority
Having
Jurisdiction

The organization, office, or


individual responsible for
approving equipment, materials,
an installation, or a procedure.

End Process
Verification

A method that provides positive


confirmation that the desired
result (i.e. airflow, damper
position, etc.) has been achieved
when a controlled device has
been activated, such as during
smoke control, testing, or manual
override operations, where
failure or cessation of such
positive confirmation results in
an off-normal indication.

Firefighters
Smoke Control
Station

A system that provides graphical


monitoring and manual
overriding capability over smoke
control systems and equipment at
designated location(s) within the
building for the use of the fire
department.

Positive/
Negative
Pressurization

The desired pressure difference


between the protected space and
an adjacent space measured at
the boundary of the protected
space under a specified set of
conditions with the smoke control
system operating.

Smoke Barrier

A continuous membrane, either


vertical or horizontal, such as a
wall, floor, or ceiling assembly,
that is designed and constructed
to restrict the movement of
smoke.

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Preface

Table 2 Smoke Control System Definitions

16 Schneider Electric

Smoke Control
Mode

A predefined operational
configuration of a system or
device for the purpose of smoke
control.

Smoke Control
System

An engineered system that uses


mechanical fans to produce
pressure differences across
smoke barriers to inhibit smoke
movement.

Smoke Control
Zone

A space within a building


enclosed by smoke barriers,
including the top and bottom,
that is part of a zoned smoke
control system.

Smoke Exhaust
System

A mechanical or gravity system


intended to move smoke from the
smoke zone to the exterior of the
building, including smoke
removal, purging, and ventilating
systems, as well as the function
of exhaust fans utilized to reduce
the pressure in a smoke zone.

Smoke Zone

The smoke control zone in which


the fire is located.

Stairwell
Pressurization
System

A type of smoke control system in


which stair shafts are
mechanically pressurized, with
respect to the fire area, with
outdoor air to keep smoke from
contaminating them during a fire
event.

Preface

Table 2 Smoke Control System Definitions


Tenable
Environment

An environment in which smoke


and heat is limited or otherwise
restricted to maintain the impact
on occupants to a level that is not
life threatening.

Zoned Smoke
Control System

A smoke control system that


includes smoke exhaust for the
smoke zone and pressurization
for all contiguous smoke control
zones.

Symbols
This manual uses the following symbols:
CAUTION or WARNING
Type of hazard
How to avoid hazard.

Failure to observe this precaution can result in personal injury or


equipment damage.
DANGER
ELECTRIC SHOCK HAZARD
How to avoid hazard.

Failure to observe these instructions will result in electric shock or


death.

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Preface

Manual Summary
This manual includes the following chapters.
Chapter 1: Introduction
This chapter explains the UL 864 Listing and defines various terms
and concepts related to Smoke Control Systems.
Chapter 2: Smoke Control System Components and Installation
This chapter provides information on the various components in the
Continuum BACnet Smoke Control System. General information
regarding installation is also provided in Chapter 2.
Chapter 3: Smoke Control System Operation
This chapter provides information about general system operation of
the smoke control system.
Chapter 4: Restrictions and General Comments
This chapter provides application guidelines for using Continuum
BACnet controllers in UL 864 Smoke Control Systems. This chapter
also includes general comments that may provide additional insight or
flexibility during the engineering process.
Chapter 5: Main Controller
Chapter 5 provides additional information regarding the Main
Controller.
Chapter 6: BACnet Controllers
Chapter 6 provides additional information regarding BACnet
Controllers.
Chapter 7: UL Listed Enclosures
Chapter 7 provides additional information regarding the system
enclosures.

18 Schneider Electric

Preface

Chapter 8: Power Supply


Chapter 8 provides additional information regarding power supplies
and transformers.
Chapter 9: I/O Modules
Chapter 9 provides additional information regarding I/O modules.
Chapter 10: Approved Part Numbers
Chapter 10 provides additional information regarding UL 864 Listed
part numbers.
Chapter 11: Applicable Documentation
Chapter 11 provides additional information regarding applicable
documentation that is required to install, apply, engineer, operate, and
troubleshoot smoke control system products.

Andover Continuum UL 864 BACnet Smoke Control System Design Guide

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Preface

20 Schneider Electric

Chapter 1: Introduction

Chapter 1
Introduction

Introduction
This chapter describes the basic operations and general functions of a
smoke control system.
The chapter includes the following sections:
z

Explanation of Smoke-Control Systems

Fundamentals of Smoke Control

Basic System Types

Smoke Control System Activation

Explanation of Smoke-Control Systems


One of the most hazardous situations that can be faced in a building is
smoke. While fires themselves are often damaging, it is smoke that can
cause the most injuries.
In order to protect a buildings occupants, as well as furnishings and
equipment that may be damaged by smoke, a smoke-control system is
needed. A Smoke-Control System controls the flow of smoke in a
building in the event of a fire. It keeps smoke from spreading

Andover Continuum UL 864 BACnet Smoke Control System Design Guide

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Chapter 1: Introduction

throughout the building, giving the buildings occupants a clear


evacuation route, as well as preventing further damage to the
buildings interior.

Fundamentals of Smoke Control


Building Pressurization
The primary means of controlling smoke movement is by creating air
pressure differences between smoke-control zones. The basic concept of
building pressurization is to establish a higher pressure in adjacent
spaces than in the smoke zone. In this way, air moves into the smoke
zone from the adjacent areas and smoke is prevented from dispersing
throughout the building.

Dedicated and Non-Dedicated Systems


Smoke-control systems are either dedicated or non-dedicated. A
dedicated smoke-control system is installed in a building for the sole
purpose of controlling smoke. It is a separate system of air moving and
distribution equipment that does not function under normal building
operating conditions. Dedicated systems are used for special areas,
such as elevator shafts and stair towers, that require special smoke
control techniques.
Non-dedicated smoke-control systems are systems that share
components with some other systems such as the building automation
(HVAC) system. When activated, the system changes its mode of
operation to achieve the smoke-control objectives.

Fire Control Systems


The fire control systems goal is to contain and extinguish the fire as
fast as possible. Fire control systems halt the fire, but not the smoke,
and are often triggered automatically, relying on the heat of the fire to

22 Schneider Electric

Chapter 1: Introduction

activate the system. These systems also rely on a water supply, such as
sprinklers, whereas smoke control systems usually rely on electricity to
run fans and dampers.
The smoke-control system is usually separate from the fire control
system since they have different goals. However, the smoke-control
system should be designed to work with the fire control system and not
interfere with its operation. For example, if the building has a
sprinkler system, then the smoke-control system does not need to
control a large quantity of smoke, since the size of any fire should be
smaller.
Moreover, if a smoke-control system is working with a gas-based fire
extinguisher, certain actions must be taken. If the smoke-control
system tried to vent a room with a gas-based fire extinguishing system,
it would probably vent the smoke along with the fire suppressing gas.
Removing the gas lets the fire continue burning. Therefore, gas-based
fire extinguishers and smoke-control systems should not be active at
the same time in the same area.
Smoke-control systems receive the location of the fire from the fire
panel. The fire panel uses a combination of smoke and heat sensors to
determine where the fire is located. In the event that signals are
received from more than one smoke zone, the smoke-control system
should continue automatic operation in the mode determined by the
first signal received.

Basic System Types


Building smoke-control systems can generally be divided into two basic
types: shaft protection and floor protection. Shaft protection consists of
stairwell pressurization systems and elevator hoistway systems. Floor
protection involves several variations of zoned smoke control. Use of a
particular system or combination of systems is dependent on building
and fire code requirements as well as specific occupancy and life safety
requirements of the situation being considered.

Andover Continuum UL 864 BACnet Smoke Control System Design Guide

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Chapter 1: Introduction

Note: Recent trends have indicated areas of refuge are being designed
into many buildings as dictated by the Americans for
Disabilities Act (ADA). Specifications may refer to these areas of
refuge which are typically located adjacent to stairwells or
elevator hoistways. These refuge zones may require special
pressure compensated systems in order to maintain a tenable
environment. The requirements for these systems must be
dictated by the buildings smoke-control system designer based
on the smoke-control system design and its associated sequence
of operation. When these types of zones are encountered,
additional time and resources may be required to establish and
verify compliance to the specifications.

Shaft Protection
Stairwell Pressurization Systems
Stair towers are stairwells with a ventilation system and are isolated
from the main building. Stair towers are the most common type of
dedicated smoke control system. The only connection between the
building and the stair tower is the fire-rated doors on each floor. Since

24 Schneider Electric

Chapter 1: Introduction

the buildings occupants should use the stair tower to leave during an
evacuation, keeping the stair tower smoke free is vital. The following
image depicts the various parts of a stair tower system.

The goal of pressurized stairwells is to maintain a tenable


environment within exit stairwells for the time necessary to allow
occupants to exit the building. A tenable environment is defined as
An environment in which the products of combustion, including toxic
gases, particulates, and heat, are limited or otherwise restricted to
maintain the impact on occupants to a level that is not life
threatening. A secondary objective of stairwell pressurization is to
provide a staging area for firefighters. This is achieved when stair
shafts are mechanically pressurized, with respect to the fire area, with
outdoor air to keep smoke from contaminating them during a fire
incident.

Andover Continuum UL 864 BACnet Smoke Control System Design Guide

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Chapter 1: Introduction

There are two types of stairwell systems: noncompensated and


compensated. In a noncompensated system, supply air is provided to
the stairwell by starting a fan. This provides two or more positive
pressure differentials: one differential with all of the doors closed, a
second differential with one door open, and so on. In a compensated
system, supply air is also provided to the stairwell by starting a fan,
but the fan system adjusts the positive differential based on the various
combinations of opened and closed doors. This adjustment may be
accomplished by either modulating supply airflows or by relieving
excess pressure from the stairwell. Typically, over-pressure relief may
utilize barometric dampers, motor-operated dampers, an automatically
opening stairwell door to the outside at ground level, or an exhaust fan.
It is important to pressurize a stair tower enough to keep smoke out.
However, if the pressure in the stair tower is too great, then opening
the door leading into the stair tower can be difficult.

Elevator Smoke Control


Elevator shafts present a particular problem with regards to smoke
control. The elevator shafts form perfect chimneys to draw smoke into
the upper levels of a building. Since elevators usually have openings on
each floor, and the seals on elevator doors are often poor, the elevator
shaft can become a mechanism to spread smoke throughout a building.
In order to have a usable elevator during a smoke emergency, the
elevator shafts would have to be pressurized in the same manner as a
stair tower is pressurized. However, pressurizing the elevator shaft
presents a number of problems. While the elevator doors can be fitted
with improved seals and rubber sweeps, these systems will not
completely eliminate air leakage. Moreover, most elevator shafts are
not designed to be pressurized. There are also localized pressure
differences that the cars create as they travel up and down the shafts.
Shafts are often constructed of porous material that cannot contain the
air pressure. Since shafts are not designed for inspection after the
elevators are installed, finding and repairing cracks that would let
smoke infiltrate or pressure escape is difficult.
While several methods for correcting the problems of air pressurization
in elevators have been proposed and investigated, there are no firm
recommendations regarding elevator smoke control. Refer to the NFPA

26 Schneider Electric

Chapter 1: Introduction

92A and UL 864 standards for additional information. Remember the


local AHJ and project specifications may require control beyond that
specified in the above standards.

Floor Protection
Zoned Smoke Control
Pressurized stairwells, discussed above, are intended to control smoke
to the extent that they inhibit smoke infiltration into the stairwell.
However, in a building with just a pressurized stairwell, smoke can
flow through cracks in floors and partitions and through other shafts to
threaten life or damage property at locations remote from the fire. The
concept of zoned smoke control...is intended to limit this type of smoke
movement from within a building.
With zoned smoke control, smoke movement is inhibited by dividing
the building into smoke-control zones, with each zone separated from
the others by smoke barriers. These smoke barriers can be partitions,
floors, or doors that can be closed. When a fire occurs in one of these
smoke-control zones, it is called a smoke zone. In the event of a fire,
pressure differences and airflows produced by mechanical fans and
operating dampers can be used to limit the smoke to the zone in which
the fire originated. When a fire/smoke condition occurs, all of the
nonsmoke zones that are contiguous to the smoke zone are positively
pressurized and the smoke zone is negatively pressurized. Optionally,
all of the remaining smoke-control zones in the building may also be
positively pressurized. With the smoke contained to the smoke zone, it
can then be exhausted. Typically, the fire/smoke signals from a
protective signaling system (UOJZ, a UL 864 Listed Fire Alarm
Control Unit; i.e. fire alarm panel) are used to activate the zoned
smoke-control sequence.

Smoke Control System Activation


Operating controls of the HVAC system shall be designed or modified
to provide the smoke-control mode with the highest priority over all
other control modes. Normally the smoke-control sequences are
Andover Continuum UL 864 BACnet Smoke Control System Design Guide

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Chapter 1: Introduction

activated automatically, but in some cases, manual activation may be


more appropriate. In either case, the smoke-control system shall be
capable of being manually overridden and manually deactivated. The
automatic smoke-control system shall be automatically activated in
response to signals received from a specific fire detection device or a
combination of fire detection devices. Fire detection devices include
automatic devices such as smoke detectors, waterflow switches, and
heat detectors. Manual fire alarm pull stations should generally not be
used to activate automatic smoke-control systems, other than stairwell
pressurization systems, because of the likelihood of a person signaling
an alarm from a station outside of the smoke zone origin.

Response Time
Smoke control system activation should be started immediately after
receiving an activation command. A maximum of 10 seconds
transmission time is allowed, from the initiation of an activation signal
(i.e. fire alarm input), to the time it reaches the Continuum BACnet
smoke control system. The smoke-control sequence should activate
individual component starts from the moment the smoke-control
command is issued (whether automatic or manual) to the final action.
This time is 60 seconds for fan operation at the desired state and 75
seconds for the completion of the damper travel. Should an individual
component fail, the time lapse from the moment the component should
have reached its final state and the moment its associated trouble
signal annunciates, should not exceed 10 seconds. This means that the
annunciation of the trouble signal for a fan must occur within 70
seconds of the automatic or manual activation command. The
annunciation of the damper trouble signal must occur within 85
seconds of the automatic or manual activation command.
The table below outlines the progammable software features and the
settings permitted in UL 864. In order for the product to comply with
the requirements in the Standards for Control Units and Accessories

28 Schneider Electric

Chapter 1: Introduction

for Fire Alarm Systems, UL 864, certain programming features or


options must be limited to specific values or not used at all as indicated
below.
Table 3
Program
feature or
option

Permitted in UL 864? (Yes/No)

Possible
Settings

Setting
Permitted
in UL 864

Controller
Offline
Trouble
Limit

Yes

042949672
96 Hours

0 - 200
Seconds

Fan Proving Yes


Sensor
Time Limit

042949672
96 Hours

60
Seconds

Damper
End Switch
Time Limit

Yes

042949672
96 Hours

75
Seconds

Trouble
Signal
Resound

Yes

042949672
96 Hours

0 - 24
Hours

Automatic Response to Multiple Signals


Once an automatic activation has occurred, subsequent alarm signals
that would normally result in the automatic actuation of a smokecontrol sequence should be annunciated only. No fans or dampers
should be actuated in response to any subsequent automatic alarm
signal in order to avoid the possibility of defeating any smoke-control
sequence which is in progress.

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Chapter 1: Introduction

30 Schneider Electric

Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

Chapter 2
BACnet Smoke Control
System Components and
Requirements

Introduction
This chapter describes the main components in a BACnet Smoke
Control system. The chapter also describes requirements for installing
the bCX1-S controller, b3 controllers, and repeaters, and includes
suggested wiring layouts.
The following sections are included in the chapter:
z

Smoke Control Components

Requirements for Smoke Control Installation

Suggested Wiring Layouts

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Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

Smoke Control System Diagram


Smoke
Detectors/
Manual Pull

Fire
Panel

FSCS

RS-232

RS-232
RS-232 to
BACnet IP

WorkStation

Switch

NEMA approved
fire enclosure

RS-232

Ethernet

bCX1-S

bCX1-S

xPBD4/
xPUI4

xPDI8

xPDO4/
xPDO2

xPBA4

UL-ENCL

UL-ENCL

RS-485

Note: xP models are -S

b3920-S

b3850-S
Series

b3867-S
Series

b3866-V-S
Series

b3800-S
Series

b3600-S
Series

32 Schneider Electric

Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

Smoke Control Components


This section describes the components in a BACnet Smoke Control
system and includes the following topics:
z

bCX1-S

Transformers

xP-S Expansion I/O Modules

Equipment Enclosures

MS/TP BACnet b3 Controllers

Firefighters Smoke Control System

Fire Panel

CyberStation

Repeaters

Ethernet Hub or Switch

bCX1-S
The Continuum UL 864 Listed bCX1-S is the main controller in the
BACnet Smoke Control system and controls the communication
between the other system components within the smoke control
system. The bCX1-S can be used in dedicated or non-dedicated smoke
control applications and connects to the following components:
z

BACnet b3 controllers, such as the b3920-S

The Fire Panel using Ethernet

The FSCS using an RS-232 port

The bCX1-S performs the following functions in a smoke control


system:
z

Initializes the smoke control system

Receives fire alarms from the Fire Panel and instructs the BACnet
controllers to execute a smoke control strategy

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Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

Reads the manual override settings and updates the LEDs and
alarm on the FSCS panel

Performs weekly self-tests on all the dedicated components in the


smoke control system

Monitors the controllers in the smoke control system and signals


the FSCS when there is a communication fault or output override

The following table describes the bCX1-S connections to smoke control


system devices:
Table 4 bCX1-S Interconnections
Device

Description

BACnet controllers

The bCX1-S connects to BACnet


controllers that actuate fans and dampers
using an RS-485 network.

xP-S and xPb


Modules

The bCX1-S controller connects to the xPS and xPb-S Expansion modules using a
12C interface.

Fire Panel

The bCX1-S connects to the Fire Panel


using a BACnet/IP interface.

FSCS

The bCX1-S connects to the FSCS using


an RS-232 interface.

Transformers
The following transformers power the b3 controllers..

34 Schneider Electric

Transformer

Description

EMSC-541

50VA, 120V Pri., 24V Sec., 50/60


Hz, Fused (non-replaceable)
Primary

EMSC-542

100VA, 120V Pri., 24V Sec., 50/60


Hz, Fused (non-replaceable)
Primary

Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

EMSC-543

240VA, 120V Pri., 24V Sec., 60


Hz, Fused (non-replaceable)
Primary

EMSC-583

75VA, 120V Pri., 24V Sec., 50/60


Hz, Class 2

EMSC-616

75VA, 120V Pri., 24 V Sec., 50/60


Hz, Class 2, Foot Mount single
Hub UL-Listed with Circuit
Breaker, Mounting Plate included

EMSC-618

96VA, 120V Pri., 24V Sec., 50/60


Hz, Class 2, Foot Mount single
Hub UL-Listed with Circuit
Breaker, Mounting Plate Included

024-024-040-TF

40VA, 24V Pri., 24V Sec., 50/60


Hz, 24VAC Transformer

01-2100-323

40 VA, 120 VAC Pri.,


24 V Sec., 60 Hz

xP-S Expansion I/O Modules


The Continuum xP-S Expansion I/O modules communicate with the
bCX1-S. The modules control small pieces of equipment, such as
isolation dampers and stairwell fans.
The xP modules together with the bCX1-S can be used in dedicated or
non-dedicated smoke control applications.
Table 5 xP-S Expansion I/O Module Options
Name

Description

xPDI8-S

Digital Input Module

xPUI4-S

Universal Input Module

xPDO2-S
xPDO4-S

Digital Output Module

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Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

Table 5 xP-S Expansion I/O Module Options


xPbA4-S

Universal Input Module


Analog Output Module

xPbD4-S

Universal Input Module


Digital Output Module

Note: All inputs and outputs for all modules are power-limited, and all
circuits are Non-Supervised.
For additional information regarding these modules, see Chapter 8
Expansion Modules.

Equipment Enclosures
The following Continuum UL 864 Listed enclosures house various
modules in a smoke control system:
z

UL-ENCL

MNA-FLO-1

VAV-ENCL-S

For further information about the enclosures, refer to Andover


Continuum UL 294, UL 1076, and UL 864 Enclosure Reference.

UL-ENCL Enclosure
The UL-ENCL enclosure houses the bCX1-S. The enclosure provides
the following features:
z

5 deep box

Tamper switch

Keyed door lock

The UL-ENCL enclosure does not feature DIN rail mounting.


Controllers and xP Expansion I/O modules are mounted using screws
fastened through the pre-drilled backplate.

36 Schneider Electric

Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

MNA-FLO-1
The MNA-FLO-1 enclosure is a UL 864 Listed assembly and houses
866-V, 865-V, and 885-V BACnet b3 controllers.

VAV-ENCL-S
The VAV-ENCL-S enclosure houses b3 VAV controllers and their
associated transformers. It provides a mounting method and access for
the damper shaft.

MS/TP BACnet b3 Controllers


MS/TP BACnet Controllers, along with local and remote xP Expansion
I/O modules, actuate the dampers and control the fans for the system.
The MS/TP BACnet b3 controllers for the smoke control system are
listed below.
For additional information regarding MS/TP BACnet b3 controllers,
see Chapter 6 BACnet b3 Series Controllers.

b3920-S Controller
The b3920-S controller controls large pieces of equipment, such as an
AHU (Air Handling Unit), or several smaller pieces of equipment, such
as smoke dampers. The b3920-S communicates with the bCX1-S, as
well as other MS/TP controllers, using the MS/TP network. The b3920S can be used in dedicated or non-dedicated smoke control applications.

b3850-S Series Controllers


The b3850-S series includes the b3850-S, b3851-S, and the b3853-S
controllers. The b3850-S series controllers control small pieces of
equipment that require fewer I/O points than a b3920-S. Examples of
the equipment controlled by the b3850-S series controllers include VAV
boxes, fan coil units, and stairwell fans.
The b3850-S series communicates with the bCX1-S, as well as other
MS/TP controllers, using the MS/TP network. The b3850-S series can
be used in dedicated or non-dedicated smoke control applications.
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Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

b3867-S Controller
The b3867-S controller controls VAV boxes. The b3867-S communicates
with the bCX1-S, as well as other b3 controllers, using the BACnet MS/
TP network. The b3867-S can be used in dedicated or non-dedicated
smoke control applications.
The b3867-S controllers have a built-in tri-state output for connection
to an external actuator for direct control of a damper.

b3865-S and b3866-S Controllers


The b3865-S and b3866-S controllers control VAV boxes. The b3865/
866-S communicates with the bCX1-S, as well as other b3 controllers,
using the BACnet MS/TP network. The b3865/866-S series can be used
in dedicated or non-dedicated smoke control applications.
Theb3865/866-S controllers have a built-in tri-state output for
connection to an external actuator for direct control of a damper.

b3866-V-S Controller
The b3866-V-S controller controls VAV boxes. The b3866-V-S
communicates with the bCX1-S, as well as other b3 controllers and a
Smart Sensor, using the BACnet MS/TP network. The b3866-V-S can
be used in dedicated or non-dedicated smoke control applications.
The b3866-V-S has a built-in tri-state output for connection to an
external actuator for direct control of a damper.

b3800-S Series Controllers


The b3800 series includes the b3800-S and b3804-S controllers. The
b3800-S series controllers control small pieces of equipment that
require fewer I/O points than a b3920-S. Examples of the equipment
controlled by the b3800-S series controllers include VAV boxes,
stairwell fans, fan coil units, and exhaust systems.
The b3800-S series communicates with the bCX1-S, as well as other
BACnet b3 controllers, using the BACnet MS/TP network. The b3800-S
series can be used in dedicated or non-dedicated smoke control
applications.
38 Schneider Electric

Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

b3600-S Series Controllers


The b3600-S series includes the b3608-S and b3624-S controllers. The
b3600-S series controllers control small pieces of equipment that
require fewer I/O points than an b3920-S. Examples of the equipment
controlled by b3600-S controllers include VAV boxes, fan coil units,
exhaust systems, and stairwell fans.
The b3600-S series communicates with the bCX1-S, as well as other
BACnet b3 controllers, using the BACnet MS/TP network. The b3800-S
series can be used in dedicated or non-dedicated smoke control
applications.

Firefighters Smoke Control System


The Firefighters Smoke Control System (FSCS) is a custom panel that
provides full monitoring and manual control capability over all smoke
control equipment at a facility. In the event of an emergency, it is used
by the fire department to override the smoke control system.
The FSCS used in this UL 864 system is manufactured by Automation
Displays, Inc.

Features
The FSCS should contain a building diagram that clearly indicates the
type and location of all smoke control equipment, and the areas served
by the equipment (smoke control zones). Since the FSCS uses a
graphical depiction of the building, each one will be unique and must be
custom made.
The graphic must show all fans in excess of 2000 CFM, all dampers or
groups of VAV boxes, and all major ducts and how the ducts are
connected together. It must also provide a clear indication of the
direction of airflow in the ducts.
If the graphic is too large to fit on a single panel, multiple panels may
be used.

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Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

Fire Panel
The Simplex Grinnell 4100U Fire Panel connects to all of the smoke
detectors, fire detectors, manual pull boxes, fire alarms, etc. within the
building. When one of the Fire Panel sensors detects a problem, the
Fire Panel informs the smoke control system about the sensor that is in
an alarm condition and what the alarm condition is.
The two methods for connecting a Fire Panel to the smoke control
system include the following:
z

BACnet/IP

Zoned Wiring

CyberStation
CyberStation is a workstation that runs the Continuum application.
CyberStation in conjunction with the Continuum application, performs
the following tasks:
z

Provides graphical views of your system and configuration

Monitors all operations during the programming phase

Provides the tools for programing and configuring the Continuum


controllers

CyberStation is used for programming and configuring your smoke


control system only. It is not necessary for the operation of the smoke
control system.

Repeaters
b-Link network repeaters available through Schneider Electric that are
UL 864 Listed include the following:
z

MS/TP-to-MS/TP Repeaters

MS/TP-to-Fiber Optic Repeater

MS/TP-to-MS/TP Repeaters
40 Schneider Electric

Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

There are two types of MS/TP-to-MS/TP Repeaters:


z

b-Link AC-S MS/TP-to-MS/TP Repeater

b-Link DC-S MS/TP-to-MS/TP Repeater

The b-Link Series MS/TP RS-485 repeaters extend the Continuum MS/
TP field bus.
With two RS-485 ports, the b-Link repeaters allow point-to-point
chaining or stacking for use in hub applications. Data transmission
speeds for the b-Link are switch-selectable from 300 to 57.6K baud.
The fiber optic output circuit is supervised.
b-Link AC-S is powered by 120/240VAC, 3VA, 50/60Hz
b-Link DC-S is powered by 24VDC, 1 Watt
For additional information regarding b-Link Repeaters, see b-Link
Repeaters Requirements.

MS/TP-to-Fiber Optic Repeater/Converter


The b-Link-F-S MS/TP-to-Fiber Optic Repeater/Converter extends the
Continuum MS/TP field bus with the noise immune media of fiber
optics.
With one RS-485 port and two duplex fiber ports, the b-Link-F allows
point-to-point chaining or stacking for use in hub applications. Using
two b-Link-Fs with fiber optic, it is possible to connect the MS/TP
directly between two buildings without electrical noise interference.
Data transmission speeds for the b-Link-F are switch-selectable from
300 to 57.6K baud.
The fiber optic output circuit is supervised.
b-Link-F-AC is powered by 120/240VAC, 6VA
b-Link-F-DC is powered by 24VDC, 1.8W
For additional information regarding b-Link Repeaters, see b-Link
Repeaters Requirements.

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Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

Ethernet Hub or Switch


An Ethernet hub or switch creates a larger network by providing a
connection between the numerous data links. This function expands
the network to a greater extent than repeating hubs. Currently, the
only available units are the EIS8-100T and EIS6-100T/FT switching
hubs from Contemporary Controls.
Ethernet hubs are required to have switched 24VAC power for manual
reset. For additional information, see Approved Ethernet/IP
Infrastructure Devices.

42 Schneider Electric

Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

Requirements for Smoke Control Installation


This section includes the following topics:
z

bCX1-S Controller Requirements

b3 Controllers Requirements

b-Link Repeaters Requirements

I/O Module Wiring Requirements

bCX1-S Controller Requirements


The following requirements apply when using the bCX1-S in a smoke
control system.
Note: For information about how to mount and connect the bCX1-S,
see the list of available documents in Chapter 9 Applicable
Documentation.

Cable Limitations
The BACnet/IP cable that connects from the ethernet port on the bCX1S to the ethernet hub must be in conduit and no greater than 20 feet in
length. The connection from the ethernet hub to the Fire Panel must
also be in conduit and no greater than 20 feet in length.

Communication Port Assignments


bCX1-S controllers have two communication ports which must be
configured for use with the smoke control system. In a smoke control
system, it is recommended that you assign the communication ports as
follows:
Table 6 Communication Port Assignments
Port

Description

COMM1

Non-Supervised RS-232. Used to


connect to the FSCS.

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Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

Table 6 Communication Port Assignments


COMM2

Supervised RS-485. Used to


connect to field bus for b3
controllers.

The cable that connects from the RS-232 to the FSCS must be in
conduit and no greater than 20 feet in length.
The cable that connects from the RS-485 to the field bus for the b3
controllers has a maximum line impedance of 4000 feet.

Isolating the bCX1-S


In a system that performs smoke control, the bCX1-S has to be
electrically isolated from other Ethernet devices that are not UL 864
Listed.This isolation ensures that a fault on one of these devices will
not interfere with the smoke control system operation. This isolation is
accomplished by the EIS hub.

b3 Controllers Requirements
The following requirements apply when using the b3 controllers in a
smoke control system.
Note: For detailed information on how to mount and connect the
various b3 controllers and repeaters, see Chapter 9 Applicable
Documentation.
DC voltage b3 controllers are to be powered by the 24VDC output from
the Continuum PS 120/240 AC65, or the PS 120/240 AC65U power
supply.
AC voltage b3 controllers are to be powered by a Schneider Electric
Listed transformer. These transformers must be placed in a Listed
enclosure and must be wired according to the National Electric Code,
as well as any state or local regulations.
Note: These restrictions do not apply to the b3920-S.

44 Schneider Electric

Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

b3920-S
The following requirements apply to the b3920-S.
When using the b3920-S in a dedicated smoke control application, the
manual overrides must be disabled.
When using the b3920-S in a non-dedicated smoke control application,
perform one of the following:
z

Disable the manual overrides or

Locate the b3920-S in an area accessible by authorized personnel


only. In addition, provide an OVERRIDE status indicator on the
FSCS that turns on when the outputs are overridden. The FSCS
audible indicator must also turn on.

b-Link Repeaters Requirements


The following requirements apply to b-Link repeaters when used in a
smoke control system.

b-Link MS/TP Repeater


The b-Link AC and b-Link DC can extend the MS/TP network beyond
4000 feet, but not between buildings. The b-Link is not required
between every BACnet controller. It is only required when distances
between the controllers exceed the maximum MS/TP limitation.
Note: The b-Link enclosure must be surface mounted only.

b-Link-F MS/TP Fiber Optic Repeater


The b-Link-F must be used to electrically isolate the BACnet
controllers that are performing smoke control from the non-smoke
control BACnet controllers. This is done in order to ensure that a fault
on one of these devices will not interfere with the operation of the
smoke control system.

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Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

The b-Link-F is not required between every BACnet controller. It is


only required between groups of controllers that are performing smoke
control, and groups of controllers not performing smoke control.

b-Link & b-Link-F DC Power Sources


The b-Link DC and the b-Link-F DC are powered by 24VDC that is
supplied by the Continuum PS 120/240 AC65, or the PS 120/240
AC65U power supply.

I/O Module Wiring Requirements


General Wiring Concerns for all Modules
Do not remotely ground any part of the input sensor wiring. Remote
grounds connected to the return terminal could make the system
operate incorrectly or damage the equipment. The signal return is not
true Earth ground. It is an electric reference point necessary to
interpret the sensor properly.
It is recommended that you run input wiring in a conduit separate from
AC power or output wiring and avoid long wiring runs.
For further information regarding wiring layouts, see Suggested
Wiring Layouts.
For reliable input operation, follow these input wiring guidelines:

46 Schneider Electric

Never lay wires across the surface of a printed circuit board.

Wires should never be within 1 in. (approximately 25mm) of any


component on a printed circuit board.

Use shielded input wire.

Terminate the shield of the input wires at one end of the run only preferably at the end where your I/O module is located.

Be careful when stripping wire not to drop small pieces of wire


inside the cabinet.

Do not run the input wiring in the same conduit with AC power.

Do not run the input wiring in the same conduit with the output
wiring.

Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

Do not run high and low voltage wiring in the same conduit.

Important Grounding Information


Note: All I/O modules MUST BE GROUNDED. Modules include a
metal clip that is built into the locking mechanism on the back of
the case. Mounting the module on a metal surface or DIN rail
automatically provides a connection to an Earth grounded
surface. If the module is to be mounted on a non-conductive
surface, an Earth ground pin is provided on the main I/O
connector.

CAUTION
Do not externally ground any input signal connected to the module.
This may damage the unit. Signal return terminals are not connected
to Earth ground.

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Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

Suggested Wiring Layouts


Keep all High-Energy modules and wiring together and away from
Low-Energy modules and wiring as shown:

Figure 1 bCX1-S Enclosure

48 Schneider Electric

Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

Figure 2 b3600-S Series Suggested Wiring

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Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

Figure 3 b3800-S Series Suggested Wiring

50 Schneider Electric

Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

Figure 4 b3850-S Series Suggested Wiring

Andover Continuum UL 864 BACnet Smoke Control System Design Guide

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Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

Figure 5 b3866-V-S Suggested Wiring

52 Schneider Electric

Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

Figure 6 b3920-S Suggested Wiring

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Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

Figure 7 b-Link-F Enclosure

54 Schneider Electric

Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

Figure 8 b-Link Enclosure

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Chapter 2: BACnet Smoke Control System Components and Requirements

56 Schneider Electric

Chapter 3: Smoke Control System Operation

Chapter 3
Smoke Control System
Operation

Introduction
This chapter describes the operation and specific functions of the
Firefighters Smoke Control Station.
The chapter includes the following sections:
z

Firefighters Smoke Control Station

Weekly Self Tests

Controller Status Indicators

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Chapter 3: Smoke Control System Operation

Firefighters Smoke Control Station


The illustration below indicates what a typical FSCS might look like.
Since the FSCS is custom made for each application, the internal
layout will vary from panel to panel.

While your FSCS will not look identical to this one, it will still be
capable of performing the same functions.
The requirements of the FSCS are described below. For additional
information regarding the FSCS requirements, see the NFPA 92A
standard.

Location and Access


The FSCS should be located in proximity to other firefighters systems
that are provided within the building. Means should be provided to
ensure only authorized access to the FSCS.

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Chapter 3: Smoke Control System Operation

Physical Arrangement
The FSCS should be designed to depict graphically the physical
building arrangement, smoke-control systems and equipment, and the
areas served by the equipment.

Firefighters Smoke Control Station Operation


The MASTER KEY
The MASTER KEY is an electrical keyswitch on the FSCS panel.
z

When the MASTER KEY is turned OFF, the audible alarm is


enabled and the FSCS manual overrides are disabled.

When the MASTER KEY is turned ON, the audible alarm is


silenced and the FSCS manual overrides are functional.

The MASTER KEY can only be removed when it is in the OFF position.
This ensures that the system is left in the normal operating mode.
Consult the local authority having jurisdiction to determine who should
receive one of the MASTER KEYs.

Status Indicator Requirements


Visual status indicators should be provided for all smoke-control
equipment.
For dampers, a green LED is used to indicate Open and a yellow LED is
used to indicate Closed. For fans, a green LED is used to indicate the
ON state and a yellow LED is used to indicate the OFF state. All
trouble indicators use red LEDs.
The visual indication requirements are:
z

The Open and Closed positions of the central AHU supply, return,
and exhaust air dampers (non-dedicated equipment).

The ON and OFF status of the central AHU supply and return fans
(non-dedicated equipment).

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Chapter 3: Smoke Control System Operation

The Open and Closed positions of the exhaust air dampers


(dedicated equipment) for each floor.

A trouble indicator reflecting the ON (trouble) and OFF (normal)


status of the exhaust air dampers for each floor. This is required
since the exhaust dampers are considered dedicated equipment.

The Open and Closed positions of the supply air dampers


(combination dedicated and non-dedicated equipment) for each
floor. The Closed position is determined solely by the dedicated
supply air damper. The Open position is determined by the
combination of the supply air damper being fully Open and all of
the i2866-V controllers modulating their dampers (non-dedicated
equipment) Open.

A trouble indicator reflecting the ON (trouble) and OFF (normal)


status of the supply air dampers for each floor. This is required
since the supply dampers are considered dedicated equipment.

A trouble indicator reflecting the ON (alarm) and OFF (normal)


status of the smoke alarm for each smoke-control zone.

The ON and OFF status of the pressurization fans (dedicated


equipment) for stairwells.

A trouble indicator reflecting the ON (trouble) and OFF (normal)


status of the pressurization fans for stairwells. This is required
since the pressurization fans are considered dedicated equipment.

A trouble indicator reflecting the ON (alarm) and OFF (normal)


status of the smoke detector in the supply duct of each stairwell
pressurization fan.

A system trouble indicator reflecting the ON (trouble) and OFF


(normal) status of the smoke-control system. This indicator is
illuminated if any trouble exists in the system.

Control Capability
The FSCS shall have the highest priority control over all smokecontrol systems and equipment within the building. In this
application, 3-position (ON-OFF-ON) toggle or rotary switches are used
to provide control as follows:

60 Schneider Electric

OPEN-AUTO-CLOSE control of the central AHU supply, return,


and exhaust air dampers.

ON-AUTO-OFF control of the central AHU supply and return fans.

Chapter 3: Smoke Control System Operation

OPEN-AUTO-CLOSE control of the exhaust air dampers for each


floor.

OPEN-AUTO-CLOSE control of the supply air dampers for each


floor.

ON-AUTO-OFF control of the pressurization fans for stairwells.

Fan Overrides and Indicators


Each fan that has a capacity in excess of 2000 cfm will be provided with
Override capabilities, a STATUS indicator, and a FAIL indicator on the
FSCS.
The diagram below shows an example of the FSCS controls for a fan.

The descriptions of the FSCS controls for a fan are in the following
table:
Table 7 FSCS Controls: Fan
FSCS Control

Description

Green STATUS LED

Indicates the current status of the fan as


determined by the fans differential
pressure sensor

If the Status LED is ON, then the fan is


ON

Indicates a problem with the equipment

Either the equipment did not respond on


time during a smoke control situation, or
it failed the weekly self test

Amber FAIL LED

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Table 7 FSCS Controls: Fan


Override Switch

Provides manual control of the


equipment

Firefighters can override the automatic


smoke control (AUTO) and either force
the fan ON or OFF

The switch is functional only after the


Master Key has been turned ON

Override switch has the highest control


priority in the system

Damper Overrides and Indicators


Each damper will be provided with Override capabilities, an OPEN
indicator, a CLOSED indicator, and a FAIL indicator on the FSCS.
VAV terminals that serve a particular area or zone may be grouped
together and all use the same set of indicators and the same override
switch.
The diagram below shows an example of the FSCS controls for a
damper.

The descriptions of the FSCS controls for a damper are in the following
table:
Table 8 FSCS Controls: Damper

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FSCS Control

Description

Green OPEN LED

Indicates if the damper is open, as


determined by one of the end-limit
switches on the damper

Chapter 3: Smoke Control System Operation

Table 8 FSCS Controls: Damper


Yellow CLOSED LED

Indicates if the damper is closed, as


determined by the other end-limit
switch on the damper

Fail LED

Indicates a problem with the equipment

Either the equipment did not respond in


time during a smoke control situation or
it failed the weekly self-test

Provides manual control of the


equipment

Allows firefighters to override the


automatic smoke control (AUTO) and
either force the damper OPEN or
CLOSED

The switch is functional only after the


Master Key has been turned ON

Override switch has the highest control


priority in the system

Override Switch

Zone Alarm Indicators


Each smoke control zone will have an ALARM indicator associated
with it. You may also want to have an override switch for each zone.
The diagram below shows an example of the FSCS controls for each
zone.

The descriptions of the FSCS controls for zone alarm are in the
following table:
Table 9 FSCS Controls: Zone Alarm
FSCS Control

Description

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Chapter 3: Smoke Control System Operation

Table 9 FSCS Controls: Zone Alarm


Red ALARM LED

Indicates that an alarm has been


reported by the Fire Panel

Override Switch

Provides a manual override for the


entire zone

Allows firefighters to override the


automatic smoke control (AUTO) and
either force the zone to be PRESSurized
or EXHAUSTed

The switch is functional only after the


Master Key has been turned ON

This Override switch will not override


any of the individual equipment
overrides

Controller Status Indicators


Each controller will have a FAULT indicator. Controllers that have onboard HOA switches, will also have an OVERRIDE indicator.
The diagram below shoes an example of the controller status
indicators.

The descriptions of the FSCS controls for controller status are in the
following table:
Table 10 FSCS Controls: Controller Status

64 Schneider Electric

FSCS Control

Description

Amber FAULT LED

Indicates that the controller has lost


communications with the BACnet
Controller

Chapter 3: Smoke Control System Operation

Table 10 FSCS Controls: Controller Status


Amber OVERRIDE LED Indicates that one of the BACnet
controllers on-board HOA override
switches is not in the AUTO position

Other FSCS Controls


The descriptions of the other FSCS controls are in the following table:
Table 11 FSCS Controls: Other
FSCS Control

Description

CLEAR FAULTS
momentary pushbutton

The pushbutton will clear all of the FAIL


or FAULT indicators on the FSCS when
the Master Key is ON

Clear Faults is primarily used to clear


any weekly self-test failures

The pushbutton is used to test all of the


status indicators on the FSCS

The pushbutton turns the indicators on


for approximately 3 seconds. The
indicators will then return to their
previous state

LAMP TEST
momentary pushbutton

Audible Annunciation
All dedicated trouble and general trouble indicators at the FSCS should
also cause an audible annunciation of the condition to be generated.

Additional Control Requirements


Provisions should be made at the FSCS for testing the visual
indicators, providing audible device silencing and enabling/disabling
the manual control capability of the FSCS. This would be done as
follows:
z

A manual override enable key switch that can enable and disable
the functionality of the control switches mentioned previously. This
will also enable and disable the audible device silence switch. A
status indicator (i.e. green LED) is provided that will light when the

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Chapter 3: Smoke Control System Operation

FSCS override capability is enabled. The key associated with the


switch should be non-removable when the FSCS is enabled.
z

An audible device silence switch (momentary push-button) that is


functional only when the FSCS is in the enable state.

A lamp test switch (momentary push-button) for testing all LEDs


on the FSCS. This switch will be enabled at all times.

All status indicators remain operational regardless of the enabled/


disabled state of the FSCS or the state of the control switches
mentioned previously.

The FSCS Operating Instructions Sheet


The FSCS Operating Instructions Sheet on the following page, is a
summary of the indicators and controls on the FSCS.

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Chapter 3: Smoke Control System Operation

Firefighters Smoke Control Station Operating Instructions


For Use by Authorized Personnel Only

LED INDICATORS:
RED: ALARM has been received for the ZONE
AMBER:
z

Equipment FAILURE

Controller Communications FAULT or OVERRIDE

GREEN:
z

FAN is ON

DAMPER is OPEN

YELLOW: DAMPER is CLOSED


Press the LAMP TEST button to test all Indicators. Replace faulty
Indicators.
Press the CLEAR FAULTS button to clear Equipment or Controller
faults. The MASTER KEY must be ON in order to clear the faults.

The MASTER KEY:


OFF: DISABLE Override Switches, ENABLE Audible Alarm
ON: ENABLE Override Switches, DISABLE Audible Alarm
All Override Switches should be in the AUTO position before turning
the MASTER KEY ON.

OVERRIDE SWITCHES:
AUTO. Equipment or Zone is under Automatic control.
ON: Force the Fan to turn ON
OFF: Force the Fan to turn OFF

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Chapter 3: Smoke Control System Operation

OPEN: Force the Damper to OPEN


CLOSE: Force the Damper to CLOSE
PRESS: Pressurize the entire Zone
EXHAUST: Exhaust the entire Zone

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Chapter 3: Smoke Control System Operation

Weekly Self Tests


To maintain system integrity, dedicated system equipment must
incorporate an automatic weekly self-test of each smoke-control
function.
The self-test consists of the smoke-control system automatically
commanding the associated function to operate, and expecting that the
associated proof sensor operates within a specified period of time. The
response time is 60 seconds for a fan and 75 seconds for a damper.
Valid proof sensor operations are not required to be annunciated.
However, the lack of an expected proof sensor operation must produce,
at the FSCS, an audible trouble signal and an indication (with an LED)
of the specific device that did not operate.
Whenever an automatic test of the dedicated system equipment fails,
annunciation of the failed state must be maintained at the FSCS until
acknowledged by an operator. This acknowledgement is from the
FSCS. It is acceptable for the failure state to require manual clearing
from the system to return it to normal operation, once the
acknowledgement has been made.

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Chapter 3: Smoke Control System Operation

Controller Status Indicators


The Continuum smoke-control system has a number of status
indicators. The following is a brief summary of some of the more
commonly used indicators.

bCX1 Module
A brief description of bCX1 status indicators are found in the following
table:
Table 12 bCX1 Status Indicators
Indicator

Description

SCAN

Flashes once for every scan of the


controller

ERROR

Turns on when a system error


occurs

CPU

Flashes every 0.2 seconds to show


that the CPU is operating
properly

Ethernet
LEDs

There are two LEDs that indicate


the status of the Ethernet: RD
and TD

Comm Port LEDs


Each of the four Comm Ports has three indicators to show the status of
the port. These indicators are useful when troubleshooting a
communications problem. The Comm Port LEDs are as follows:
Table 13 Comm Port LED indicators

70 Schneider Electric

Indicator

Description

TD

Turns on when the port is


transmitting data

Chapter 3: Smoke Control System Operation

Table 13 Comm Port LED indicators


RD

Turns on when the port is


receiving data

Online

Turns on when the RS-232 RTS


line is true, or when the RS-485
driver is enabled

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Chapter 3: Smoke Control System Operation

72 Schneider Electric

Chapter 4: Restrictions and General Comments

Chapter 4
Restrictions and General
Comments

Introduction
This chapter lists restrictions associated with the application of
Continuum controllers to UL 864 smoke control systems. These
restrictions take precedence of existing Continuum literature and are
required to meet the UL 864 Listing. This chapter also includes general
comments that may provide additional insight or flexibility during the
engineering process.
The following sections are included in this chapter:
z

Restrictions

General Comments

Restrictions
This section describes the restrictions for the Smoke Control System
and includes the following topics:
z

System Overrides

Approved Fire Alarm Panels


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Chapter 4: Restrictions and General Comments

Approved FSCS

Approved Ethernet/IP Infrastructure Devices

Dedicated Supply Air Dampers

Transformers

Wiring

System Overrides
Overrides that Require Removal
If a person with manager-level (programmer-level) access overrides any
values or functions in the Continuum BACnet controllers, in a manner
that impedes the automatic smoke control functions or interferes with
the FSCSs absolutely highest priority control over the system, then the
overrides must be removed before the system is returned to normal
operation. This rule always applies, whether the purpose of the
override is for troubleshooting, service, programming, or temporary
control.

Overrides that Do Not Require Removal


Overrides do not need to be removed before the system is returned to
normal operation if they are initiated in a manner that does not impact
the automatic smoke control functions or the ability of the FSCS to
have absolutely highest priority control over the system. Such
overrides can be considered exceptions to the restriction described
above, in Overrides that Require Removal.

Approved Fire Alarm Panels


Any UOJZ listed fire alarm panel with programmable N.O. relay
contacts can be used with Continuum BACnet Controllers. The Listed
Fire Alarm Control Unit (fire alarm panel) is the primary indicator for
smoke and fire alarm conditions. These panels are listed for the UOJZ
category of the UL 864 standard. The dry contact outputs from the
UOJZ listed fire alarm panel can be wired directly to the appropriate
inputs of the Continuum BACnet controllers, or to inputs provided on
the Listed Firefighters Smoke Control Station (FSCS).
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Chapter 4: Restrictions and General Comments

Approved FSCS
Only the ADI FSCS can be used with the BACnet smoke control
system.

Approved Ethernet/IP Infrastructure Devices


Any UL 864 Listed IP infrastructure device can be used to create the
network topology. The path through the Ethernet/IP network from any
one device to another must use only UL 864 Listed infrastructure
devices. The Ethernet/IP Smoke Control System can coexist with the
non-UL 864 networks as long as they are isolated from those networks
through the use of UL 864 Listed IP infrastructure devices.
Note: At no time can any smoke control signals be passed over the
public Internet.

Dedicated Supply Air Dampers


In many cases, a dedicated motor-driven damper may need to be
installed in the common supply air duct feeding each smoke control
zone. This damper is required to provide smoke zones that are
negatively pressurized with respect to all contiguous smoke control
zones, within the response time specified by NFPA 92A and UL 864.
Dedicated supply air dampers are not required if the damper response
time is acceptable, under the following conditions:
z

Negative pressurization of the smoke zone is considered


accomplished when the total flow rate (CFM) supplied to the zone
drops below 50% of its maximum while its associated dedicated
exhaust damper is fully open.

Positive pressurization of a smoke control zone is considered


accomplished when the total flow rate (CFM) supplied to the zone
reaches 50% of its maximum while its associated dedicated exhaust
damper is fully closed.

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Chapter 4: Restrictions and General Comments

Additionally, if the local Authority Having Jurisdiction (AHJ)


determines that the longer damper travel times specified are
acceptable, the dedicated supply air dampers can be omitted.

Transformers
Only transformers listed in Chapter 7 Transformerscan be used with
NetController II (CX9680-S) controllers that directly take part in
smoke control operation. Certain transformers must be mounted in
enclosures to meet UL 864 requirements.

Wiring
The ADI FSCS interface wiring and I/O wiring that connects the
BACnet controllers to either the FSCS or the UOJZ listed fire alarm
panel, are considered unsupervised. When this wiring is external to the
FSCS or the UOJZ listed fire alarm panel, the BACnet controllers must
be mounted within 20 feet of the panel to which they are connected,
and the RS-232 wiring must be run in conduit. The table below lists the
general requirements for wiring associated with the BACnet smoke
control applications.
Table 14 Wiring Requirements
Wiring

76 Schneider Electric

Status

IP LAN

Not supervised by object


programming

Ethernet LAN

Not supervised by object


programming

ADI Interface

Supervised by object programming

I/O to Fire Alarm


Panel

Unsupervised. Wiring must be run


in conduit and controllers must be
located within 20 feet of the panel.

Remaining I/O

Unsupervised

Chapter 4: Restrictions and General Comments

General Comments
This section describes general comments regarding a Smoke Control
System and includes the following topics:
z

FSCS Requirement

Pressure Guidelines

FSCS Requirement
In some cases, the FSCS may be considered optional. The Authority
Having Jurisdiction (AHJ) determines whether an FSCS is required.

Pressure Guidelines
Pressure Differential Guidelines
Since air pressure keeps smoke from spreading, the primary design
factors for a smoke control system are the amount of pressure needed to
confine the smoke and the size of the system used to create this
pressure.
For the smoke control system to create a barrier of air pressure
between the smoke zone and surrounding zones, the amount of
pressure required varies with the height of the ceiling and whether or
not the building has a sprinkler system. The following table indicates
the minimum pressure differential needed to keep smoke out of
surrounding rooms.
Table 15 Minimum Pressure Differential to Pressurize Fire Zone
Sprinkler System

Ceiling Height (ft) Minimum


Pressure
Differential (wg)

Yes

Any

0.05

No

0.10

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Table 15 Minimum Pressure Differential to Pressurize Fire Zone


No

15

0.14

No

21

0.18

For buildings without sprinklers and with ceiling heights not shown in
the table, use the following formula to determine the minimum amount
of pressure needed to keep smoke out:
MinimumPressure = 7.64 x H x [(1/To) - (1/Tf)] + SafetyFactor
H is the distance between the fire space and a surrounding space where
the pressure differential is zero. A figure of the floor to ceiling height is
a conservative estimate.
To is the absolute room temperature of the surrounding zones
measured in R (degrees Rankine). Typically, To = 530R (70F). The
conversion from R to F is: R = F + 460.
Tf is the absolute temperature of hot gases in the fire zone. It is also
measured in R. Typically, Tf is 2160R (1700F).
SafetyFactor is a constant added to the results to make sure they are
sufficient. A value of 0.03 wg (inches water gauge) is recommended.
Pressure buildup in an area depends on how much leakage there is.
Leakage occurs through joints, cracks, openings for pipes and wires,
gaps between doors and their door jams, and so forth. The better the
zone is sealed off from its neighbors, the easier it is to maintain the
required pressure. Since larger openings, like doorways that are
normally open, require large amounts of air to maintain pressurization,
you should avoid this type of situation.

78 Schneider Electric

Chapter 5: Main Controller

Chapter 5
Main Controller

Introduction
This chapter describes the operation and specific functions of the bCX1S.
The chapter includes the following sections:
z

Overview

Feature List

Embedded Web Server Pages for Commissioning

Communication Ports

Ethernet Port

xP Modules

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Chapter 5: Main Controller

bCX1-S
Overview
The bCX1-S is a high-powered Central Processing Unit (CPU) module
and network manager for the Continuum intelligent building system.

Feature List
The following list summarizes the features of the bCX1-S:

80 Schneider Electric

Real Time Clock

24VAC or 12-28 VDC input power

Memory - 32MB SDRAM, 16MB Flash

Chapter 5: Main Controller

Internal Battery Backup -backs up RAM data for up to 30 days

Database objects saved into Flash memory during backup

xP expansion bus for 2 I/O modules

MS/TP port and RS-232 port

Network connectivity/configuration via Ethernet port

Embedded Web server with custom Web Pages using Plain English
Programming

BBMD Support

Dial-In support to browse Web Configuration and PE Web pages


only

Dial-Out support for connecting to a remote SMTP (Email) Server


for delivering Email via PE SendEmail Keyword

RS-232 supports modem, printer, PE Driver

BACnet/IP, BACnet/Ethernet

XDriver support

Embedded Web Server Pages for Commissioning


The bCX1-S uses embedded Web Server pages to allow the controller to
communicate with CyberStation software. This operation is called
commissioning.
Commissioning a bCX1-S requires the following:
z

A laptop, other computer, or a pocket PC

An Ethernet adapter for the above Pocket PC or computer

Web browser software

Cable (CAT-5, twisted pair)

Communication Ports
The bCX1-S provides connections to four communications ports
(COMM ports) that provide the following connection protocols:
z

RS-232
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Chapter 5: Main Controller

RS-485

Service Port

Wireless Adapter

In order for a Comm Port to support a device to which it is connected, it


must be configured for that device in CyberStation software using a
Comm Port Mode.
The following Comm Port Modes are available:
z

Autoset (default)

MS/TP

Printer

Wireless

Raw Port

X-Driver

Refer to Communication Port Assignments in Chapter 2 for the


recommended COMM Port Assignments for a Smoke-Control System.

Ethernet Port
The bCX1-S can be connected to workstations via a 10/100 MB
Ethernet interface. These connections are accomplished via a 10/100
BASE-T (RJ-45) connector, as shown below.

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Chapter 5: Main Controller

The Ethernet is a high-speed Carrier Sense Multiple Access/Collision


Detection (CSMA/CD) local area network (LAN) that includes all
network-level controllers and workstations and the network software
that allows them to communicate.
Note: The bCX1-S does not support Fiber Optic or Token Ring
Ethernet Connections.

xP Modules
The bCX1-S contains an I/O expansion port for the addition of up to two
xP expansion modules directly on the bottom of the controller. The xP
family of modules includes both digital and analog inputs and outputs
as well as a combination of the two.

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Chapter 5: Main Controller

84 Schneider Electric

Chapter 6: BACnet b3 Series Controllers

Chapter 6
BACnet b3 Series
Controllers

Introduction
This chapter describes the specifications of BACnet b3 Series
Controllers.
This chapter includes the following sections:
z

b3920-S

b3850-S Series

b3867-S Series

b3866-V-S Controller

b3800-S Series

b3600-S Series

b3920-S
The b3920-S controller controls large pieces of equipment, such as an
AHU (Air Handling Unit), or several smaller pieces of equipment, such
as smoke dampers.
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Chapter 6: BACnet b3 Series Controllers

The following specifications are found in this section:


z

Electrical

Communications

Inputs

Digital Outputs

Analog Outputs

User LEDs/Switches

Electrical
Power: 120/240 VAC, +10% -15%, 50/60 Hz
Power Consumption: 45 VA
Overload Protection: 3 amp fuse, MOV protected

Communications
Communications Interface: RS-485 BACnet, MS-TP
Communications Speed: 9600, 19.2K, 38.4K, 76.8K baud

Inputs
Number of Inputs: 16 Universal Inputs
Input Types: Temperature, Digital, Counter, Supervised Alarm, Smart
Sensor Temperature Input
Input Voltage Range: 0-10 volts DC
Input Impedance: 30.1K ohm to 10V or 5M ohm with pull-up resistor
disabled
Input Protection: 24 VAC or 24 VDC temporarily on any single channel,
1000V transients

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Chapter 6: BACnet b3 Series Controllers

Input Resolution: 2.5 mV


Input Accuracy: 7.5mV

Digital Outputs
Number of Digital Outputs: 8 single pole single throw Form C relays
Output Rating: Maximum 3A, 24VAC/30VDC, 1500V transients
Output Accuracy 0.1 sec. for pulse width modulation

Analog Outputs
Number of Outputs: 8 analog outputs
Output Rating: 0-10V or 4-20mA per channel
Output Resolution: 0.1V for 0-10V; 0.1mA for 4-20mA

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Chapter 6: BACnet b3 Series Controllers

User LEDs/Switches
Status Indicator LEDs
Table 16 Status Indicator LEDs
CPU

CPU Active

TD

Transmit Data

RD

Receive Data

Output

Output Status (per output)

Expansion
Port PWR

Power Status

Override

Override Status

Switches
RESET
Input Pull-up Resistor Switch (per input)
Individual Output Override Switches

b3850-S Series
The b3850-S series includes the b3850-S, b3851-S, and the b3853-S
controllers. The b3850-S series controllers control small pieces of
equipment that require fewer I/O points than a b3920-S, such as VAV
boxes, fan coil units, and stairwell fans.
The following specifications are found in this section:

88 Schneider Electric

Electrical

Communications

Inputs

Airflow Input

Chapter 6: BACnet b3 Series Controllers

Outputs

User LEDs/Switches

Electrical
Power: 24VAC, 50/60 Hz
Power Consumption: 20 VA
Overload Protection 2 amp fuse, MOV protected

Communications
Communications Interface: RS-485 BACnet, MS/TP
Communications Speed: 9600, 19.2K, 38.4K, 76.8K baud

Inputs
Number of Inputs: 4 Universal Inputs
Input Types: Temperature, Digital, Counter, Supervised Alarm, Smart
Sensor Temperature Input, Airflow Sensor
Input Voltage Range: 0-5.115 volts DC
Input Impedance: 10K ohm to 5.120V or 5M ohm with pull-up resistor
disabled
Input Protection: 24 VAC or 24 VDC temporarily on any single channel,
1000V transients
Input Resolution: 5.0 mV
Input Accuracy: 15mV

Airflow Input
Range: 0 to 2 W.C. (0-500 Pa)
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Chapter 6: BACnet b3 Series Controllers

Electrical Range: 0-2 VDC


Resolution: 0.005 W.C. (1.25 Pa) @ 73F (23C)
Accuracy: 0.025 W.C. (6.25 Pa) @ 73F (23C)

Outputs
Number of Outputs: 3 single pole single throw Form A relays, 1 Form K
Tri-state relay output
Output Rating: Maximum 3A, 24VAC/30VDC, 1500V transients
Output Accuracy: 0.1 sec. for pulse width modulation

User LEDs/Switches
Status Indicator LEDs
Table 17 Status Indicator LEDs
CPU

CPU Active

TD

Transmit Data

RD

Receive Data

Output

Output Status (per output)


(Digital only)

Expansion
Port PWR

Power Status

Switches
RESET
Input Pull-up Resistor Switch (per input)

90 Schneider Electric

Chapter 6: BACnet b3 Series Controllers

b3867-S Series
The b3867-S controller controls VAV boxes. The following specifications
are found in this section:
z

Electrical

Communications

Inputs

Outputs

User LEDs/ Switches

Electrical
Power: 24 VAC, 50/60 Hz
Power Consumption: 6.75 VA
Overload Protection: 2 amp fuse, MOV protected

Communications
Communications Interface: RS-485, BACnet MS/TP
Communications Speed: 9600, 19.2K, 38.4K, 76.8K baud

Inputs
Number of Inputs: 4 Universal Inputs
Input Types: Temperature, Digital, Counter, Smart Sensor
Temperature Input
Input Voltage Range: 0-5.115 volts DC
Input Impedance: 10K ohm to 5.120V or 5M ohm with pull-up resistor
disabled

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Chapter 6: BACnet b3 Series Controllers

Input Protection: 24 VAC or 24 VDC temporary on any single channel,


1000V transients
Input Resolution: 5.0 mV
Input Accuracy: 15mV

Outputs
Number of Outputs: 5 single pole single throw (SPST) Form A Triacs, 2
analog outputs (0-10V)

Output Rating
For SPST:
Maximum 0.5A, 24VAC, 2000V transients
Minimum: 20 mA AC
Each Triac is ground referenced, DC loads not permitted
For 0-10V: 5mA maximum, 2K ohm minimum impedance, 1000V
transients

Output Accuracy
For SPST: 0.1 sec. for pulse width modulation
For 0-10V: 50 mV resolution/100mV accuracy

92 Schneider Electric

Chapter 6: BACnet b3 Series Controllers

User LEDs/ Switches


Status Indicator LEDs
Table 18 Status Indicator LEDs
CPU

CPU Active

TD

Transmit Data

RD

Receive Data

Switches
RESET
Input Pull-up Resistor Switch (per input)

b3865-S and b3866-S Controllers


The b3865-S and b3866-S controllers control VAV boxes. The following
specifications are found in this section:
z

Electrical

Communications

Inputs

Outputs

User LEDs/Switches

Electrical
Power: 24 VAC, 50/60 Hz
Power Consumption: 10 VA
Overload Protection: 2 amp fuse, MOV protected

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Chapter 6: BACnet b3 Series Controllers

Communications
Communications Interface: RS-485 BACnet, MS/TP
Communications Speed: 9600, 19.2K, 38.4K, 76.8K baud

Inputs
Number of Inputs: 4 Universal Inputs
Input Types: Temperature, Digital, Counter, Airflow Sensor, Smart
Sensor Temperature Input
Input Voltage Range: 0-5.115 volts DC
Input Impedance: 10K ohm to 5.120V or 5M ohm with pull-up resistor
disabled
Input Protection: 24 VAC or 24 VDC temporarily on any single channel,
1000V transients
Input Resolution: 5.0 mV
Input Accuracy: 15mV

Airflow Input
Range: 0 to 2 W.C. (0-500 Pa)
Electrical Range: 0-2 VDC
Resolution: 0.005 W.C. (1.25 Pa) @ 73F (23C)
Accuracy: 0.05 W.C. (12.50 Pa) @ 73F (23C)

Outputs
Number of Outputs: 3 single pole single throw (SPST) Form A Triacs, 1
integrated damper actuator,
b3866-S only: 2 analog outputs (0-10V)

94 Schneider Electric

Chapter 6: BACnet b3 Series Controllers

Output Rating
For SPST:
Maximum 0.5 A, 24VAC, 2000V transients
Minimum: 20 mA AC
Each Triac is ground referenced, DC loads not permitted.
For 0-10V: 5mA maximum, 2K ohm minimum impedance, 1000V
transients

Output Accuracy
For SPST: 0.1 sec. for pulse width modulation
For 0-10V: 50mV resolution/100mV accuracy

User LEDs/Switches
Status Indicator LEDs
Table 19 Status Indicator LEDs
CPU

CPU Active

TD

Transmit Data

RD

Receive Data

Switches
DAMPER LEARN
RESET
Input Pull-up Resistor Switch (per input)
Motor Direction Switch

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95

Chapter 6: BACnet b3 Series Controllers

b3866-V-S Controller
The b3866-V-S controller controls VAV boxes. The following
specifications are found in this section:
z

Electrical

Communications

Inputs

Digital Outputs

Analog Outputs

User LEDs

Electrical
Power: 24 VAC, 50/60 Hz, Class 2 Limited Power
Power Consumption: 10 VA
Overload Protection: Fused, MOV protected

Communications
Communications Interface: RS-485 port for implementing BACnet MS/
TP connection

Inputs
Number of Inputs: 4 Universal Inputs and 2 returns
Input Voltage Range: 0-5.115 VDC
Input Impedance: 10K ohm to 5.120V
Input Voltage Resolution: 5.0 mV
Input Voltage Accuracy: 15mV

96 Schneider Electric

Chapter 6: BACnet b3 Series Controllers

Input Protection: 1000 V transients


Input Filter: 16 Hz with one pole RC filter

Airflow Input
Range: 0 to 1 W.C. (0-250 Pa)
Electrical Range: 0-1 VDC
Resolution: 0.0013 W.C. (0.33 Pa) @ 73F (23C)
Accuracy: 0.05 W.C. (12.50 Pa) @ 73F (23C)

Digital Outputs
Number of Outputs: 3 Triac outputs and one reference
SPST Accuracy: 0.1 second for pulse width modulation
Contact Ratings: 0.5A maximum, 24 VAC

Analog Outputs
Number of Outputs: 2 analog outputs, one return
Voltage Output Range: 0-10V
Output Source Current: 5 mV maximum
Voltage Output Load: 2K ohm minimum impedance
Voltage Output Resolution: 50 mV
Output Voltage Accuracy: 100 mV

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Chapter 6: BACnet b3 Series Controllers

User LEDs
Status Indicator LEDs:
Table 20 Status Indicator LEDs
CPU

CPU Active
Green = Active

b3800-S Series
The b3800-S series includes the b3800-S and b3804-S controllers. The
b3800-S series controllers control small pieces of equipment that
require fewer I/O points than a b3920-S, such as VAV boxes, stairwell
fans, fan coil units, and exhaust systems.
The following specifications are found in this section:
z

Electrical

Communications

Inputs

Digital Outputs

Analog Outputs

User LEDs/Switches

Electrical
Power: 24VAC, 12-28VDC - auto sensing, 50/60 Hz
Power Consumption: 25 VA, 15W
Overload Protection: 3 amp fuse, MOV protected

Communications
Communications Interface: RS-485 BACnet, MS/TP
98 Schneider Electric

Chapter 6: BACnet b3 Series Controllers

Communications Speed: 9600, 19.2K, 38.4K, 76.8K baud

Inputs
Number of Inputs: 8 Universal Inputs
Input Types: Temperature, Digital, Counter, Supervised Alarm, Smart
Sensor Temperature Input
Input Voltage Range: 0-5.115 volts DC
Input Impedance: 10K ohm to 5.120V or 5M ohm with pull-up resistor
disabled
Input Resolution: 5.0 mV
Input Accuracy: 15mV

Digital Outputs
Number of Outputs: 8 single pole single throw Form C relays
Output Rating: Maximum 3A, 24VAC/30VDC, 1500V transients
Output Accuracy: 0.1 sec. for pulse width modulation

Analog Outputs
Number of Outputs: 4 analog outputs
Output Rating: For 0-10V: 5mA maximum, 2K ohm minimum
impedance, 1000V transients
Output Resolutions: 0.1V for 0-10V

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99

Chapter 6: BACnet b3 Series Controllers

User LEDs/Switches
Status Indicator LEDs:
Table 21 Status Indicator LEDs
CPU

CPU Active

TD

Transmit Data

RD

Receive Data

Output

Output Status (per output)


(Digital only)

Switches
RESET
Input Pull-up Resistor Switch (per input)

b3600-S Series
The b3600-S series includes the b3608-S and b3624-S controllers. The
b3600-S series controllers control small pieces of equipment that
require fewer I/O points than a b3920-S, such as VAV boxes, fan coil
units, exhaust systems, and stairwell fans.
The following specifications are found in this section:
z

Electrical

Communications

Inputs

User LEDs/Switches

Electrical
Power: 24VAC, 12-28VDC - auto sensing, 50/60 Hz
100 Schneider Electric

Chapter 6: BACnet b3 Series Controllers

Power Consumption: 11W, 19 VA


Overload Protection: 3 amp fuse, MOV protected

Communications
Communications Interface: RS-485 BACnet, MS/TP
Communications Speed: 9600, 19.2K, 38.4K, 76.8K baud

Inputs
Number of Inputs:
b3608: 8 Universal Inputs
b3624: 24 Universal Inputs
Input Types: Temperature, Digital, Counter, Supervised Alarm
Input Voltage Range: 0-5.115 volts DC
Input Impedance: 10K ohm to 5.120V or 5M ohm with pull-up resistor
disabled
Input Resolution: 5.0 mV
Input Accuracy: 15mV

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Chapter 6: BACnet b3 Series Controllers

User LEDs/Switches
Status Indicator LEDs
Table 22 Status Indicator LEDs
CPU

CPU Active

TD

Transmit Data

RD

Receive Data

Switches
RESET
Input Pull-up Resistor Switch (per input)

102 Schneider Electric

Chapter 7: Transformers

Chapter 7
Transformers

Introduction
This chapter describes the transformers used in the BACnet Smoke
Control System.
The chapter includes the following section:
z

Transformers

Transformers
This section describes the transformers used in this Smoke Control
System and includes the following topics:
z

EMSC-541

EMSC-542

EMSC-543

EMSC-583

EMSC-616

EMSC-618

024-024-040-TF

01-2100-323
Andover Continuum UL 864 BACnet Smoke Control System Design Guide 103

Chapter 7: Transformers

EMSC-541
Input: 120 V
Output:
z

24 V

50 VA

Frequency: 50/60 Hz
Circuit Protection: Fused (non-replaceable) Primary
Has a self-contained enclosure.

EMSC-542
Input: 120 V
Output:
z

24 V

100 VA

Frequency: 50/60 Hz
Circuit Protection: Fused (non-replaceable) Primary
Has a self-contained enclosure.

EMSC-543
Input: 120 V
Output:
z

24 V

240 VA

Frequency: 60 Hz
Circuit Protection: Fused (non-replaceable) Primary
104 Schneider Electric

Chapter 7: Transformers

Must be installed in a UL Listed Enclosure.

EMSC-583
Input: 120 V
Output:
z

24 V

75 VA

Frequency: 50/60 Hz
Class 2
Must be installed in a UL Listed Enclosure.

EMSC-616
Input: 120 V
Output:
z

24 V

75 VA

Frequency: 50/60 Hz
Circuit Protection: Foot Mount Single Hub UL-Listed with Circuit
Breaker
Class 2
Must be installed in a UL Listed Enclosure.

EMSC-618
Input: 120 V
Output:

Andover Continuum UL 864 BACnet Smoke Control System Design Guide 105

Chapter 7: Transformers

24 V

96 VA

Frequency: 50/60 Hz
Circuit Protection: Foot Mount Single Hub UL-Listed with Circuit
Breaker
Class 2
Must be installed in a UL Listed Enclosure.

024-024-040-TF
Input: 24 VAC
Output:
z

24 VAC

40 VA

Frequency: 50/60 Hz
Circuit Protection: Internally Protected
Class 2
Has a self-contained enclosure.

01-2100-323
z

120 VAC (Primary)

24 Volts (Secondary)

40 VA

Frequency: 60 Hz
Must be installed in the UL-ENCL enclosure.

106 Schneider Electric

Chapter 8: Expansion Modules

Chapter 8
Expansion Modules

Introduction
This chapter describes the operation and specific functions of the xP-S
and xPb-S Expansion Modules.
The chapter includes the following sections:
z

Expansion Modules

Expansion Modules

Module Specifications

Expansion Modules
The bCX1-S controllers include an expansion connector that allows you
to add inputs or outputs using an external expansion module.
Expansion modules are connected to the controller using the expansion

Andover Continuum UL 864 BACnet Smoke Control System Design Guide 107

Chapter 8: Expansion Modules

connector located on the bottom of the unit. The expansion connector is


located on the bottom of the controller, as shown in the following
illustration.

Expansion Connector

108 Schneider Electric

Chapter 8: Expansion Modules

CAUTION
Damage to the controller
To avoid damaging the unit, turn the controller OFF before installing an expansion
module.

Failure to observe this precaution can result in personal injury or


equipment damage.

Expansion Limitation
The expansion interface is designed to support a maximum of 400 mA
@ 24VDC of power for external modules. This allows for a maximum of
two expansion I/O modules.

Module Expansion
Basic Expansion
Adding expansion modules to a supported controller can be
accomplished by plugging the two together. The following illustration
shows the supported configurations for simple local expansion..

Andover Continuum UL 864 BACnet Smoke Control System Design Guide 109

Chapter 8: Expansion Modules

DIGITAL OUTPUTS
CONTACT RATING:
24VAC
, 3A
30VDC
, 3A

OFF AUTO ON

OFF AUTO ON

OFF AUTO ON
3

OFF AUTO ON

110 Schneider Electric

Chapter 8: Expansion Modules

Module Specifications
This section contains information regarding the xP-S and xPb-S
modules that can be used in the smoke control system.
The section includes the following modules:
z

xPDI8-S

xPUI4-S/xPbD4-S

xPDO2-S/xPDO4-S

xPbA4-S

Note: All inputs and outputs for all modules are power-limited, and all
circuits are Non-Supervised.

xPDI8-S
Points: 8 Digital Inputs
Input Power Consumption: 24VDC/25 mA
Voltage: 0-5 VDC, or contact closure
Input Impedance: 10K ohm ref to +5VDC
Maximum Line Impedance: 660ft. 22 AWG
Input Frequency: 150Hz, 50% duty cycling, 3.57 ms pulse width min.
Input Configuration:
Table 23 Input Configuration
Connection

Description

Connection

Description

IN 1

RETURN

IN 2

IN 5

RETURN

IN 6

Andover Continuum UL 864 BACnet Smoke Control System Design Guide 111

Chapter 8: Expansion Modules

Table 23 Input Configuration


4

IN 3

10

RETURN

IN 4

11

IN 7

RETURN

12

IN 8

xPUI4-S/xPbD4-S
Points: 4 Universal Inputs (both) and 4 Digital Outputs (xPbD4-S)
Power Consumption: 24VDC/50 mA (xPUI4-S) and 24VDC/125 mA
(xPbD4-S)
Voltage: 0-5.115 VDC, or contact closure
Input Impedance: 10K ohm ref to +5VDC
Maximum Line Impedance: 660ft 22AWG
Frequency: 4Hz, 50% duty cycling, 1.25 ms pulse width min. (Inputs 13) and 140Hz, 50% duty cycling, 3.57 ms pulse width min. (Input 4)
Output Rating (xPbD4-S): Maximum 3 A, 24 VAC/30 VDC
Output Type (xPbD4-S): 4 single pole single throw (SPST) Form C
relays
Output Accuracy (xPbD4-S): 0.1 sec for pulse width modulation
Output Overrides (xPbD4-S): Each Output is equipped with a manual
override switch. Software feedback of the switch is provided, for display
and alarming.
Input Configuration:
Table 24 Input Configuration

112 Schneider Electric

Connection

Description

RETURN

IN 1

Chapter 8: Expansion Modules

Table 24 Input Configuration


3

IN 2

RETURN

IN 3

IN 4

Output Configuration (xPbD4-S only):


Table 25 xPbD4-S Output Configuration
Connection

Output

Description

18

NC

17

16

NO

15

NC

14

13

NO

12

NC

11

10

NO

NC

NO

xPDO2-S/xPDO4-S
Points: 2 Digital Outputs (xPDO2-S) and 4 Digital Outputs (xPDO4-S)
Type: 2 or 4 single pole, single throw (SPST) Form C relays 24VAC/
30VDC 3A
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Chapter 8: Expansion Modules

Power Consumption: 24VDC/60 mA (xPDO2-S) and 24VDC/100 mA


(xPDO4-S)
Maximum Line Impedance: 660ft 22AWG
Output Configuration (xPDO2-S):
Table 26 xPDO2-S Output Configuration
Connection

Description

RETURN

IN 1

IN 2

RETURN

IN 3

IN 4

Output Configuration (xPDO4-S):


Table 27 xPDO4-S Output Configuration

114 Schneider Electric

Connection

Output

Description

12

NC

11

10

NO

NC

NO

NC

NO

NC

Chapter 8: Expansion Modules

Table 27 xPDO4-S Output Configuration


2

NO

xPbA4-S
Points: 4 Analog Outputs and 4 Universal Inputs
Power Consumption: 24VDC/60 mA
Voltage: 0-5.115 VDC
Input Impedance: 10K ohm ref to +5VDC
Maximum Line Impedance: 660ft 22AWG
Frequency: 4Hz, 50% duty cycling, 125 ms pulse width min. (Inputs 13) 140Hz, 50% duty cycling, 3.57 ms pulse width min. (Input 4)
Overvoltage Protection: 24 VAC/DC +/- 1500 V transients
Output Rating: 0-10 VDC
Output Resolution: 0.1V for 0-10V
Overrides: Yes - per output point. Software feedback of the switch
position is provided, for display and alarming.
Potentiometer: Yes - per output point.
Input Configuration
Table 28 Input Configuration
Connection

Description

RETURN

IN 1

IN 2

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Chapter 8: Expansion Modules

Table 28 Input Configuration


4

RETURN

IN 3

IN 4

Output Configuration:
Table 29

116 Schneider Electric

Connection

Output

Description

14

13

GND

12

11

GND

10

GND

GND

Chapter 9: Applicable Documentation

Chapter 9
Applicable Documentation

Introduction
This chapter describes the applicable documentation that is required to
install Continuum BACnet UL 864 system equipment.
The following section is included in the chapter:
z

Installation Documents

Andover Continuum UL 864 BACnet Smoke Control System Design Guide 117

Chapter 9: Applicable Documentation

Installation Documents
Table 30
Document Number

Document Title

30-3001-1009

b3 865/866/885-V Controller
Installation Instructions

30-3001-1002

Andover Continuum UL 294, UL


1076, UL 864 Enclosure
Reference

30-3001-1011

xPb Expansion Module


Installation Sheet

30-3001-1010

xP Expansion Module
Installation Sheet

118 Schneider Electric

UL 864 BACnet Smoke Control System Design Guide


Document Number 30-3001-1007
Revision A.1