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PHYSICS

CHAPTER # 11
Heat and Thermodynamics

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The degree of hotness or coldness of an object is expressed in terms of:


a) Heat capacity
b) Heat
c) Temperature
d) Heat energy
Which of the following properties of matter is used in the construction of a thermometer:
a) Expansion of matter on heating
b) Change of color with temperature
c) Increase of resistance with rise of temperature
d) All of these
Mercury is used in mercury-in-glass thermometer as a thermometric substance because:
a) It does not wet the capillary tube walls
b) It is opaque
c) Its expansion is uniform over a wide range of temperature
d) All of above
Two fixed points used for the temperature scales are:
a) The temperature of freezing and boiling mercury
b) The temperature of melting ice and boiling water
c) The temperature of water at 0oC and 100oC
d) None of these
In liquid-in-glass thermometer, the thermometric property used is:
a) Thermal expansion
b) Color change on heating
c) Resistance change on heating
d) None of these
The lower and upper fixed points on Celsius (centigrade) scale are taken to be:
a) 0o and 212o
b) 32o and 273o
o
o
c) 0 and 100
d) None of these
A Celsius (centigrade) degree is greater than a Fahrenheit degree by:
a) 5/9
b) 9/5
c) 18/5
d) 9/10
The Centigrade and Fahrenheit scales have the same reading at:
a) 40o
b) 140o
o
c) -140
d) -40o
The relationship between Celsius and Fahrenheit scales temperature is:
a) Fo = 9/5 Co - 32
b) Fo = 9/5 Co + 32
o
o
c) C = 9/5 F + 32
d) None of these
The temperature of a normal human body is 98.6 Fo. This temperature corresponds to:
a) 20 Co
b) 30 Co
c) 37 Co
d) 66.6 Co
o
The temperature of normal human body is 37 C . On Kelvin scale, it is equal to:
a) 373 Ko
b) 273 Ko
o
c) 310 K
d) 236 Ko
One degree of centigrade scale is equal to:
a) 1o of Fahrenheit
b) 1.8o of Fahrenheit
o
c) 32 of Fahrenheit
d) 3o of Fahrenheit
o
10 C corresponds to:
a) 273o K
b) 283o K
o
c) 263 K
d) 100o K
The temperature of absolute zero corresponds to:
a) -273 Co
b) 273 Co
o
c) 0 C
d) 20 Co
What temperature on Fahrenheit scale corresponds to absolute zero?
a) 212o F
b) 32o F
o
c) -32 F
d) -460o F
One Calorie is equal to:
a) 41.8 J
b) 4.18 J
c) 18.4 J
d) 4.35 J
SI unit of heat energy is:
a) Calorie
b) B.T.U.
c) Joule
d) Kilo-Calorie
Absolute zero is considered to be the temperature at which:
a) All gases become liquids
b) All liquids become gases
c) Water freezes
d) Molecular motion in gases would cease
The Kelvin and Fahrenheit scales show the same reading at:
a) 57.42o
b) 5.74o
o
c) 574.25
d) -574.25o
Which of the following does not have the same units:
a) Mechanical energy
b) Kinetic energy
c) Heat energy
d) Power
Melting point of ice and boiling point of water in Fahrenheit scale are taken as:
a) 0o and 100o
b) 32o and 272o
o
o
c) 100 and 373
d) 32o and 212o
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PHYSICS

CHAPTER # 11
Heat and Thermodynamics

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Which of the following represents the total energy of the molecules of the substance:
a) Translational K.E. and rotational K.E.
b) Rotational K.E. and Vibrational K.E.
c) Vibrational K.E., Translational K.E. and Potential energy
d) Translational K.E, Vibrational K.E, rotational K.E. and Potential energy
The average K.E of all the molecules in a substance is a measure of:
a) Heat energy
b) Temperature
c) Boiling point
d) Specific heat
The total sum of all the energies of the molecules in a substance is called:
a) Heat energy
b) Kinetic energy
c) Temperature
d) Potential energy
Keeping temperature of gas constant, the Boyls law can be expressed as:
a) V P
b) V 1/P
c) V 1/T
d) P V
When pressure of gas remains constant, the Charles law can be expressed as:
a) V T
b) V 1/T

c) V P
d) None of these
At constant pressure, the graph between volume (V) and temperature (T) is:
a) A curve
b) A parabola
c) A hyperbola
d) A straight line
Real gases strictly obey gas laws at:
a) Low pressure & low temperature
b) High pressure & low temperature
c) Low pressure & high temperature
d) High pressure & high temperature
Volume of a gas is directly proportional to its temperature (absolute) while keeping pressure
constant, this is called:
a) Boyls law
b) Charles law
c) Ideal gas law
d) None of these
Volume of a gas is inversely proportional to its pressure while keeping temperature constant, this
is called:
a) Boyls law
b) Charles law
c) Ideal gas law
d) None of these
For a gas obeying Boyls law if the pressure is doubled, the volume becomes:
a) Three fold
b) Double
c) One-half
d) Remains the same
The K.E. of the molecules of an ideal gas at absolute zero will be:
a) Zero
b) Infinite
c) Very high
d) Below zero
At absolute zero of temperature, the molecules have:
a) Rotational K.E
b) Translational K.E
c) Maximum energy
d) Zero energy
In an ideal gas, the molecules have:
a) Kinetic energy only
b) Potential energy only
c) Both Kinetic and Potential energies
d) None of these
The molecules of the gas exert pressure on the walls of the container due to:
a) Their velocity
b) Their continuous collision
c) Their free motion
d) Their energy
The relation between Boltzman constant K, gas constant R and Avogadros number NA is:
a) K = NA/R
b) K= RNA
c) K = R/NA
d) K = R - NA
The pressure exerted by the gas molecules is:
a) Inversely proportional to average translational K.E. of molecules
b) Directly proportional to average translational K.E. of molecules
c) Inversely proportional to number of molecules per unit volume of the gas
d) None of the above
The absolute temperature of an ideal gas is:
a) Directly proportional to average translational K.E. of the molecules
b) Inversely proportional to average translational K.E. of the molecules
c) Directly proportional to the universal gas constant
d) None of the above
Heat is form of energy associated with:
a) Molecular mass
b) Molecular motion
c) Molecular weight
d) None of these
The pressure of gas, at constant temperature, varies with density as:
2
a) P 1/
b) P 1/
c) P

2
d) P

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PHYSICS

CHAPTER # 11
Heat and Thermodynamics

43.

When the pressure is increased, the boiling point of liquid:


a) Increases
b) Decreases
c) Remains unchanged
d) All of these
The pressure is measured in units of:
a) Pascal
b) Atmosphere
c) N/m2
d) All of these
The change in length per unit length per Kelvin rise temperature is called:
a) Coefficient of superficial expansion
b) Coefficient of volume expansion
c) Coefficient of linear expansion
d) None of these
The linear thermal expansion is related to:
a) Liquids only
b) Gases only
c) Both liquids and gases
d) Solids only
When most substances are heated:
a) They expand
b) Their volume increases
c) Their density decreases
d) All of these
The change in volume per unit volume per Kelvin rise in temperature is called:
a) Coefficient of linear expansion
b) Coefficient of thermal conductivity
c) Temperature coefficient
d) Coefficient of volume expansion
The relation between coefficient of linear expansion ( ) and coefficient of volume expansion ( )
is:
a) = /2
b) =
c) = 2
d) = 3

An inflated tyre suddenly bursts, due to which the temperature of air:


a) Decreases
b) Increases
c) Remains the same
d) None of these
51.
SI unit of coefficient of linear expansion (or volume expansion) is:
a) C
b) K
c) C-1
d) K-1
52.
The energy of molecular motion appears in the form of:
a) Temperature
b) Friction
c) Potential energy
d) Heat
53.
Ice becomes slippery when man walks on it because:
a) There is no friction
b) Increase of pressure causes it to melt
c) Ice surface is smooth
d) It is very cold
54.
A thermometer made by bonding together two dissimilar metals having different thermal expansivity
is called:
a) A liquid thermometer
b) A resistance thermometer
c) A maximum & minimum thermometer
d) A bimetallic thermometer
55.
Bimetallic thermometer is used:
a) In automobiles for the automatic choke
b) In thermostats for refrigerator
c) As an oven thermometer
d) All of these
56.
The amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of body through 1 Ko is called:
a) Heat capacity
b) Specific heat
c) Calorie
d) Heat of fusion
57.
The amount of heat energy required to raise temperature of 1 Kg of substance through 1 K is called:
a) Heat capacity
b) Specific heat
c) Molar heat capacity
d) Heat of vaporization
58.
The relation between heat capacity and specific heat is:
a) Heat capacity = specific heat/mss
b) Heat capacity = specific heat mass
c) Heat capacity = specific heat mass
d) None of these
59.
Heat gained (or lost) by a body of mass m and specific heat c when its temperature is raised through
t , is gained by:
a) Q = m T / c
b) Q = m c/ T
c) Q = m c T
d) Q = m c T / m

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The amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water through 1 Co is called:
a) Joule
b) Calorie
c) Kilo Calorie
d) B.T.U.
The amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 kg of water through 1Ko is called:
a) Calorie
b) Kilo Calorie
c) Joule
d) None of these
The heat capacity per unit mass of a body is called:
a) Heat of fusion
b) Latent heat
c) Specific heat
d) Calorie
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PHYSICS

CHAPTER # 11
Heat and Thermodynamics

63.

Heat needed to melt 1kg of ice at its melting point without change of temperature is called:
a) Heat capacity
b) Heat of vaporization
c) Specific heat
d) Latent heat of fusion of ice
64.
The quantity of heat needed to raise the temperature of 1 mole of a substance through 1Ko is called:
a) Specific heat
b) Molar heat capacity
c) Heat capacity
d) Joule
65.
For a monoatomic gas, if Cp and Cv represent specific heats at constant pressure and at constant volume
respectively, then:
a) Cp < Cv
b) Cp = Cv
c) Cp > Cv
d) None of these
66.
SI units of specific heat are:
a) J Kg/K
b) J/Kg K
c) Cal/Kg K
d) K Cal/Kg C
67.
The product of specific heat of a calorimeter and its mass is called:
a) Latent heat
b) Coefficient of heat exchange
c) Water equivalent
d) None of these
68.
Which one of the expressions can be used to calculate molar specific heat Cm of a substance:
a) Cm = mass molecular weight
b) Cm = specific heat molecular weight
c) Cm = heat capacity molecular weight
d) Cm = mass specific heat
69.
The difference between Cp and Cv is equal to:
a) One Calorie
b) Boltzman constant
c) Universal gas constant
d) Zero
70.
The ratio Cp/Cv for a diatomic gas like air is:
a) 1.40
b) 1.30
c) 1.50
d) 1.67
71.
The ratio Cp/Cv for a monoatomic gas like air is:
a) 1.30
b) 1.40
c) 1.52
d) 1.67
72.
Suppose heat is added to a mixture of ice and water at 0 C until all the ice is melted. During the melting
process the temperature of the mixture:
a) Increases
b) Decreases
c) Remains the same
d) Decreases first and then increases
73.
A system in which there is no transfer of mass and energy across the boundary is called:
a) A closed system
b) An isolated system
c) An open system
d) None of these
74.
The rate of cooling of a body depends on:
a) The nature of the body
b) The size of the body
c) The difference in temperature between the body and its surroundings
d) None of the above
75.
The first law of thermodynamics is merely a statement of:
a) Law of conservation of momentum
b) Law of conservation of mass
c) Law of conservation of energy
d) Charles law
76.
Which of the following relations express first law of thermodynamics:
a) Q = U + W
b) Q = U - W
c) W = Q + U
d) U = Q + W

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In SI units, Joule is the unit of:


a) Heat energy
b) Change in internal energy
c) Work done
d) All of these
The process in which the temperature of the system remains constant is called:
a) Adiabatic process
b) Isothermal process
c) Isochoric process
d) Isobaric process
In which of the following processes no heat enters or leaves the system:
a) Isothermal process
b) Isobaric process
c) Isochoric process
d) Adiabatic process
The process in which the Pressure of the system remains constant is called:
a) Isobaric process
b) Adiabatic process
c) Isochoric process
d) Isothermal process
In an adiabatic process
a) Work done is positive
b) Work is done at the cost of internal energy
c) No work is done
d) Neither of these
On a hot day or in hot climates white clothes are worn because they are good:
a) Emitters
b) Absorbers
c) Reflectors
d) Radiators
The equation PV = constant holds good in:
a) Adiabatic process
b) Isothermal process
c) Isobaric process
d) Isochoric process
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PHYSICS

CHAPTER # 11
Heat and Thermodynamics

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In an isothermal process, the internal energy of the system:


a) Increases
b) Decreases
c) Remains constant
d) None of these
Which one of the following is the example of irreversible process:
a) Peltier effect
b) Work done against friction
c) Melting of ice
d) Isothermal process
Which one of the following is the example of reversible process:
a) Heat produced by current
b) Melting of ice
c) Work done against friction
d) None of these
If the temperature of the source increase, the efficiency of the carnot engine:
a) Increases
b) Decreases
c) Remains constant
d) None of thse
If the temperature of the sink is decreased, the efficiency of a carnot engine:
a) Decreases
b) Increases
c) Remains constant
d) Becomes zero
Which property of a system remains constant during adiabatic change:
a) Pressure
b) Temperature
c) Internal energy
d) Entropy
The efficiency of a carnot engine depends on:
a) The temperature of the source only
b) The temperature of the sink only
c) Both temperature of source and sink
d) The working substance
Entropy is the measure of:
a) Order of the system
b) Disorder of the system
c) Internal energy of the system
d) Kinetic energy of the system
Net change in entropy of a system in a carnots cycle is:
a) Negative
b) Positive
c) Entropy remains the same
d) None of these
When the temperature of source and sink of a heat engine becomes equal, the entropy change will be
a) Maximum
b) Minimum
c) Zero
d) Negative
No entropy change is associated with:
a) Isobaric process
b) Adiabatic process
c) Isothermal process
d) Isochoric process
Entropy is called as Time Arrow because the entropy of the universe:
a) Always increases
b) Always decreases
c) Remains constant
d) Sometimes increases & sometimes
decreases
Work done by an expanding gas under adiabatic condition results in:
a) Temperature increases
b) Temperature decreases
c) No change in temperature
d) Temperature increases first then decreases
The natural direction of heat flow between two reservoirs depend upon:
a) Their heat contents
b) Their pressures
c) Their temperature
d) None of these
A perfect gas is that which:
a) Obeys Charles law only
b) Obeys Boyles law only
c) Does not obey gas laws
d) Strictly obeys all gas laws
The pressure of a gas is defined as:
a) Force per unit length
b) Force per unit area
c) Force per unit volume
d) Force per unit density
The energy possessed by the molecules in a substance consists of:
a) Vibrational energy
b) Rotational energy
c) Translational energy
d) All of these
Alcohol is used as a thermometric liquid because of its:
a) Cohesive properties
b) High heat capacity
c) Low freezing point
d) Ability to conduct
Work done by an expanding gas under adiabatic condition results in:
a) Temperature decrease
b) Temperature increase
c) No change in temperature
d) Temperature increase first then decrease
Solids possess definite shape due to large:
a) Force of adhesion
b) Force of cohesion
c) Force of gravitation
d) Force of friction
Given the basic units of Joule as Kg m2s-2, what are the basic units of specific heat capacity?
a) m s-1 k-1
b) m s-2 k-1
-1
2 -1
c) Kg m k
d) m2 s-2 k-1

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PHYSICS

CHAPTER # 11
Heat and Thermodynamics

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The temperature of 1 Kg of hydrogen gas is the same as that of 1 kg of helium gas if:
a) The gases have the same internal energy
b) The gases radiate energy at the same rate
c) The gas molecules have same average translational kinetic energy
d) The gas molecules occupy equal volumes
The molar heat capacity of an ideal gas at constant pressure is greater than that at constant volume because:
a) Work has to be done against intermolecular forces as the gas expands
b) Work has to be done against external pressure as the gas expands
c) The molecules gain rotational kinetic energy as the gas expands
d) None of these
When a monatomic ideal gas undergoes an isothermal change:
a) The number of degrees of freedom of the molecules changes
b) The temperature changes
c) There is no change of internal energy
d) No external work is done
The internal energy of a fixed mass of an ideal gas depends on:
a) Pressure
b) Temperature
c) Volume
d) None of these

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