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ENGINE OPERATIONAL

COMPETENCE # 4
OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED
CONTROL SYSTEMS
Question
Choice A
1. Cylinder oil is used for _________. 2-stroke engine

Choice C
4-stroke engine

Choice D
gasoline engine

Answer
A

2.

increase
compressor
efficiency
Ejector

inject water vapor


into the
compressed air
Condenser

impeller

piston

a stoppage of
condenser cooling
water flow
oil will be lost
through the water
discharge ports

lack of refrigerant

oil has a tendency


to emulsify in the
bowl

3.

4.
5.

6.

Choice B
4-stroke and 2
stroke engine
An air compressor is equipped
prevent
reduce the
with an intercooler and an
overheating of first compressed air
aftercooler to___________ .
stage valves
charge density
What component of the freshwater Shell
Evaporator
evaporator on board use to boil
seawater, using the main engine
jacket cooling water?
One of the major components of
gear
screw
centrifugal pump is___________.
The high pressure cut-out switch
accumulation of
restricted suction
will stop the refrigeration
refrigerant in the
filter
compressor when there is______. crankcase oil
If the bowl of a disk type
purifier will act as oil solids will be
centrifugal purifier when operated a clarifier at the
deposited only at
as a separator is not primed,
discharge ring
the intermediate
the______.
top disk

7. The storage tank for liquid


refrigerant in a refrigeration
system is called __________.
8. Part of centrifugal disc purifier use
to hold discs in place and directs
the flow of dirty liquid to the
bottom then to the discs as the oil
flows upward is called
____________.
9. The high pressure side of the
refrigeration systems starts from
the _______.
10. The dehydrator of a refrigeration
system is located____________.
11. A suitable location for the
installation of an impulse type
steam trap would be in
the__________ -

purging tank

receiver

dehumidifier

charging tank

top disc

bowl

main cylinder

distributor

compressor to the
condenser

compressor to the
expansion valve

evaporator to the
compressor

expansion valve to B
the compressor

before expansion
valve
steam supply line
to a feedwater
heater

after evaporator

after oil separator

horizontal run of
drain line from the
lowest point at the
outlet of the heat
exchanger
Impulse

Bimetallic

before liquid
receiver
vacuum drag line
from the
atmospheric drain
tank to the main
condenser
Ball float

Air cleaner

Unloader

Paper cartridge

12. Which of the listed types of steam Thermostatic


traps operates on the principle
that hot water flashes to steam
when its vapor pressure is
reached?
13. A material use to protect the
Intake filter
internal parts of air compressor
from solid particles which can be
sucked along with fresh air is
called____.
1

drain line from a


high point in the
main steam line
expansion loop

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

14. Air leaking into a flash type


distilling plant could occur
through_______.
15. Unloader in air compressor is use
to________.
16. Which of the listed operations will
cause an automatically controlled
refrigeration compressor to
restart?
17. A high reading at a salinity cell
located in the loop seal between
two stages of a flash type
evaporator indicates_____.
18. Component of an engine used to
increase scavenging air is called
___________.
19. The operation of a thermostatic
steam trap depends upon
the__________.

20. The low pressure side of a


refrigeration system is considered
to exist from the ______.

gasketed joints,
cooling tubes, and
valve stem

gasketed joints,
valve stem, and
gage glass
packing
equalize first stage prevent excessive
and second stage load on the motor
pressure
during starting
An increase in the Closing of the
suction pressure
solenoid valve

gasketed joints,
cooling tubes, and
gage glass
packing
drain water from
cylinder

salinometer, valve
steam, and gage
glass packing

Closing of the
expansion valve

release excess oil


from the
compressor
A decrease in the
suction pressure

carryover in the
first- stage

chill shocking is
necessary to
remove scale

leakage at the
second- stage
condenser

faulty operation of
the brine
overboard pump

scavenging flaps

turbocharger

engine blower

scavenging valve

difference in
movement of two
dissimilar
bimetallic strips
not fastened
together
expansion valve to
the evaporator

fact that hot water


under pressure
tends to flash into
steam when its
vapor pressure is
rapidly reduced
evaporator to the
condenser

change in the
action of a float
amount of vapor
within a chamber
produced within an
enclosed chamber

expansion valve to condenser to the


the compressor
expansion valve

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

21. A protective device use to prevent


over torque during starting of an
Air Compressor is called_____.
22. Condensers located in the various
stages of the flash evaporator are
cooled by_________.
23. The separation chamber of the
purifier is called ________.
24. Type of pump which is dependent
of the head is______________.
25. It refers to an internal combustion
engine practice, where there is a
necessity of heating the oil, to
ensure easy flow and good
atomization.
26. Main component of the engine to
regulate speed is the
___________.
27. A badly leaking refrigeration
compressor discharge valves will
cause __________.
28. The by-products of oxidation, as a
result of water contamination of
hydraulic oil, are generally______.
29. The purpose of wear ring in the
centrifugal pump is to
___________.
3

reliever

air release device

solenoid

unloader

seawater

air

distillate

brine

pilot valve
assembly
reciprocating
pump
Re-circulating

bowl

light liquid
chamber
centrifugal pump

piston pump

heavy liquid
chamber
screw pump

Tracing steam

Pre-heating

Pilot injection

telegraph

fuel rack

valve gear

governor

damage to the
condenser

flooding of the
receiver

constant running
of the compressor

overfeeding of the
expansion valve

gums, varnishes,
and acids

removed by
cellulose type
filters

always neutralized harmless and have


by oil additives
no effect on
system
components
maintain alignment prevent leakage
minimize wear of
of shaft
impeller and
casing

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

prevent damage to C
shaft

30. Short cycling of a refrigeration


compressor refers
to_____________.
31. The heat gained per pound of
refrigerant in the evaporator is
known as the_______________.
32. Diesel engine jacket water is used
in the fresh water distillation
process as the __________.
33. Parts of the pump used to
maintain the alignment of the
pump are_____.
34. Which characteristic of the
theoretical Otto cycle does not
occur in the theoretical Diesel
cycle.
35. Stern tube is used to__________.

36. If the temperature of the fuel oil


entering in atomizer is too low,
the burner will __________.
37. Salinity cell is installed in the
distilling unit to indicate the
____________.
38. Main engine lube oil sump tank is
located __________.
4

running too slow

frequently starting
and stopping

frequently
grounding out

running too fast

sensible heat

specific heat of
vaporization

refrigerating effect

latent heat of
vaporization

primary means of
producing a
vacuum within the
distiller
wear rings

means of heating
the feedwater

coolant for the


distillate

coolant for the


brine cooler

bearings

impeller

lantern ring

Rapid pressure
decrease during
compression.

Rapid volume
increase during
combustion.

The entire fuel


charge is present
for ignition.

No pressure
increase during
combustion.

transmit the power


from main engine
to propeller
produce smoke
white

reduce vibration of protect the engine support and seal


engine
from its axial thrust the propeller shaft

require more fuel


for atomization

quantity of
freshwater
produced
above the engine

leaking tube

produce heavy
black smoke at
any load condition
quality of water
produced
next to the engine

at the same level


as the main
bearing

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

require more
excess air for
combustion
amount of
chemical to be
added
at the bottom of
the engine

39. It is a form of energy which


crosses the boundary of a system
during a change of state produced
by a difference of temperature
between the system and its
surroundings.
40. Burned gas from each cylinder is
directed to the exhaust manifold
which is part of___________.
41. The purpose of expansion valve is
to__________.

Potential energy

first law of
thermodynamics

Heat

Kinetic energy

2-stroke engine

both 4-stroke
engine and 2
stroke engine
change the gas to
a liquid

4-stroke engine

internal
A
combustion engine

provide an orifice
between the high
pressure and low
pressure side of
the system
top of the bowl
cover

42. The inlet pipe connection of dirty


oil in disc type centrifugal purifier
is located at the __________.
43. The purpose of the low pressure
maintain a preset
cutout switch is to ____________. suction pressure to
the compressor
44. Refrigerant is circulated through a
refrigeration system by the
___________.
45. The liquid indicator sight glass is
generally located in the
____________.

provide a chamber to speed-up the


for the preflow of refrigerant
expansion of the
liquid

bottom of the bowl top and bottom of


cover
bowl cover

side of the bowl


cover

operate at
minimum
efficiency

condenser

maintain liquid
refrigerant at the
suction of the
compressor
compressor

evaporator

high pressure
vapor line

low pressure vapor high pressure


line
liquid line

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

start and stop the


compressor at
preset operating
pressures
expansion valve

low pressure liquid C


line

46. If an air compressor intercooler


pressure rises above normal, it
usually indicates __________.
47. Breaking the fuel into fine spray to
provide good combustion is
called__________.
48. A squeaking sound occurring from
within an operating reciprocating
air compressor is an indication
of_______.
49. A salinity indicating system
functions on the basic principle of
measuring the____.
50. Boiler fire side must be kept free
of soot accumulations because
____.
51. A dehydrator installed in a
refrigeration system is used to
remove _____.
52. Fluctuations in the pressure and
temperature of the steam supplied
to the first-effect of a low pressure
submerged tube distilling plant will
cause _____.
53. In a refrigeration system, the
amount of superheat absorbed by
the refrigerant is adjusted at the
_________.
6

dirty lube oil

dirty intercooler

hot environment

leaking valves

refining

purifying

honing

atomizing

tight compressor
bearings

compressor
overload

motor overload

badly leaking
unloaders

hydrogen ion
concentration of
water
soot interferes with
the flow of
feedwater
oil from the
refrigerant

electrical
conductivity of
water
the steam drum
internals will
become clogged
refrigerant from
the oil

electrical
inductance of
water
the fuel oil heaters
will become
overloaded
moisture from the
system

specific gravity of
water

soot insulates the


boiler heating
surfaces
noncondensable
gases and vapors

first effect scale


formation to be
loosened

pressure and
temperature
fluctuations in the
entire unit

increased heat
levels throughout
the entire unit

decreased priming B
and lower salinity
distillate

condenser

expansion valve

evaporator

compressor

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

54. Salinity cell is installed in the


distilling unit to indicate
the______.
55. In the refrigeration system, the
refrigerant absorbs the latent heat
of vaporization in the______.
56. In a low pressure air compressor,
the loss of volumetric efficiency
normally results from________.

quantity of
freshwater
produced
evaporator

leaking tube

heating of the air


leaving the
cylinders

adiabatic
inaccurate valve
compression in the timing
intercooler

57. Air compressor cylinder unloader


enable the compressor
to_______.

vary their speed


according to
temperature and
load
plunger and barrel

change speed
reduce
according to
compressed air
overload demands charge density

maintain constant
head in a system

allow easy release prevent water


of air
leakage

reduce air
contamination

Sea water is
heated to boiling
temperature while
under a vacuum.
50% over the
working tension of
the mooring line

Sea water is
passed over
heated plates in a
thin film.
the full breaking
strength of the
mooring line

Sea water is
forced through a
heated eductor

Heated sea water


is injected into a
vacuum chamber

half the breaking


strength of the
mooring line

the maximum
B
expected tension
of the mooring line

58. Fuel oil enters the main engine


cylinder through
______________.
59. The expansion tank for the jacket
cooling water which is a closed
cooling type is used to
___________.
60. Which of the following descriptions
best identifies the operating
principle of a flash-type
evaporator?
61. A mooring winch should be
equipped with mechanical brakes
capable of holding_____.
7

compressor

starting valve

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

amount of
chemical to be
added
condenser

fuel oil injector

quality of water
produced

liquid receiver

constant
A
enlargement of the
clearance
expansion volume
start and come up D
to speed before air
compression
begins
oil spill valve
C

62. The degree of fuel atomization in a


diesel engine cylinder depends
primarily on _______.
63. The thermostatic expansion valve
of a refrigeration system is opened
____________.

the size of the


holes in the fuel
nozzle
and close by
refrigerant
pressure

64.

None of the stated A


options

65.

66.

67.

68.

timing of the pump supply pressure to shape of the


the pump
combustion
chamber
by refrigerant
by spring pressure and close by
pressure and close and close by
spring pressure
by spring pressure refrigerant
pressure
Boyle's law can best be defined as the volume of an
if the pressure is
a body at rest
_________.
enclosed gas
constant, the
tends to remain at
varies inversely
volume of an
rest.
with the applied
enclosed gas
pressure, provided varies indirectly
the temperature
with absolute
remains constant
temperature
Kinetic energy is associated with
heat
movement and
degree of atomic
_________.
relative velocity
and molecular
motion
The "general energy equation"
thermal
potential
kinetic
expresses energy in which of the
following forms?
The Brayton Cycle is one where
constant
increasing
constant pressure
the combustion event occurs at
temperature
pressure
__________.
Heat is defined as _________.
stored potential
thermal energy in stored kinetic
energy
transition
energy

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

relative position in
respect to datum
reference level
All of the options

All of the options

All of the options

69. Which of the following statements


is NOT one of Newton's laws?

A body at rest
tends to remain
rest and a body in
motion tends to
remain in motion.

70. A theoretical engine cycle is a


process that _________.

takes place in the


combustor of the
engine

71. Rotating flyweights acting against


a spring force makes up a simple
type of __________.
72. It is the state of a system wherein
no heat flow takes place between
its components.

governor

Thermal unsteady
state

For every action


there is an equal
and opposite
reaction.

If the pressure is
constant, the
volume of an
enclosed dry gas
varies directly with
the absolute
temperature.

An imbalance of
C
force on a body
tends to produce
an acceleration in
the direction of
that force which is
directly
proportional to the
applied force and
inversely
proportional to the
mass of the body.
begins with certain begins with certain None of the stated B
conditions,
conditions,
options
progresses
progresses to a
through a series of steady state and
additional
stays there
conditions and
returns to the
original conditions
reducing valve
safety valve
feedwater
A
regulator
Thermionic state

Thermal
equilibrium

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

Thermal
temperature

73. Which of the following represents


the definition of energy?

74.

75.
76.
77.

energy is the
capacity for
producing and
effect
Which of the following statement is the magnitude of
the force is
friction acts so as
true about the laws of friction?
the force decrease independent of the to attract the
up to a limiting
area of contact
motion of one
value
body relative to
another
Kinetic energy is the energy of the position
temperature
motion
body has due to its
Work is conveniently expressed in: pounds per minute kilograms per
kilogram meter
minute
Power is the work done as
33,000 ft. pounds 2450 kilogram
per unit of time

78. Vacuum refers to pressures


79. Specific heaat of a substance is
defined as the heat required to
raise the temperature of
80. Too high alkalinity of boiler waer
may cause
81. The number of cubic feet of fresh
water that wil weigh one ton is
82. The pressure due to a column of
H2O one foot high is
83. Specific heat of water is:

10

energy is work that energy is the


has been
capacity of work
completed
being done

energy is
produced power

the frictional force


is greater than if
motion is just to
take place

horsepower

foot-pounds per
minute
work times
distance
below atmospheric zero gauge

1 lb. of it to 1oF

10 lbs. of it to 1oF

acidity

30.4 cu. Ft.

34 inches of
mercury
1 lb. of it to 1oC

31 inches of
mercury
1 kg. of it to 1oF

scale

corrosion

62 cu. Ft.

35.84 cu. Ft.

caustic
embrittlement
24.5 cu. Ft.

.491 lbs/sq. in

.434 lbs/sq. in

.5 lbs/sq. in

.625 lbs/sq. in

10oF

100oC

212oF

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

84. Latent heat of evaporation of


water is
85. 23oC reads in absolute degrees
centigrade as
86. A pressure reading of 00.0 psig is
theoritically equal to
87. Vacuum refers to pressures as
88. A motor ship cruising at average
speed of 14.55 knots/hr. How far
could it travel in one and one half
day?
89. In a Roots-type rotary blower, the
volume of air delivered is directly
proportional to __________.
90. Enthalpy is the number of heat
energy a sustance contains above
91. A mechanical and or hydraulic
actin that prevents over correction
of the energy medium supply in a
governor which produces transient
speed droop during a speed
correction is known as
92. What pressure is usually carried
on a gland sealing system
93. The temperature at which a vapor
liquifies is called
94. A`reversable adiabatic process is
also called:
11

100 BTU per lb

212 BTU per lb

100 calories per

970 BTU per lb.

123o AC

146o AC

276o AC

296o AC

14.7 psia

30.0 inches of
vacuum
zero gauge

00.0 psia

34 inches of
mercury
480.15 miles

30.0 inches of
water
32 inches of
mercury
356.47 miles

below
atmoshpheric
494.70 miles

engine speed

engine load

brake horsepower

brake specific fuel


consumption

0 degree farenheit

212 degree
farenheit
sensitivity

100 degree celsius 32 degree


farenheit
Stability
compensation

523.80 miles

dead brand

6 to 8 LBS gauge
pressure
dew point

4 to 5 LBS gauge 8 to 10 LBS


pressure
gauge pressure
condensation point vaporation point

2 to 3 LBS gauge
pressure
moisture point

isobaric

isometric

isothermal

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

isentropic

95. A 200 PSI new boiler should be


400 PSI
subjected to a hydrostatic
pressure of
96. Steam which is in physical contact unsaturated team
with the boiling water from which it
has been generated is termed:
97. Saturated steam is a steam that
has temperature at
boiling point
98. Torque is a force which tend to
compressive
produce
power
99. Boiler horsepower is equivalent to 33,000 ft. lb.

300PSI

500 PSI

250 PSI

pure steam

wet steam

saturated steam

contains moisture

work

has temperature
contains no
above boiling point moisture
rotation
stress

33,475 BTUper
hour
mechanical gauge

30,000 BTU per


hour
manometer

30,000 ft. lbs. per


minute
barometer

evaporation

fusion

condensation

give th victim
warm liquid
fusion

keep the boy cool

raise the feet

evaporation

vaporization

Archimedes
principle

Parallelogram

Principle pf
transmissilibility

Advance
coefficient

potential energy
into thermal
energy

kinetic energy into


thermal energy

thermal energy
into kinetic energy

thermal energy
into potential
energy

100. Absolute pressure is accurately


bourdon gauge
indicated by
101. The process of changing a solid to vaporization
a liquid is called the latent heat of
102. The proper treatment for shock is: raise the head
103. Heat extracted in the process of
changing a liquid to a solid is
called the latent heat of
104. What is the principle which states
that buoyant force acting on a
body partially or completely
immersed in a fluid is equal to the
weight of fliud displaced?
105. A turbine is mecanical device,
which produces work by
converting__________.
12

solidifcation

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

106. According to the fuel used this


type of engine uses hih grade of
fuel which is highly flammable
__________________.
107. An engine which run with petrol (or
paffin) as the fuel are sometimes
called as ____.
108. At pressure of 1.013 bar, or
atmspheric pressure at sea level,
water boils at _______.
109. Find the area of a single cylinder
engine whose piston diameter is
8.89 centimeters ___.
110. Heat exchanger used to heat the
boiler feed water by means of
waste gas as it passes thru series
of tubes to the stack.
111. It is a series of events repeated in
the same regular
events________________.
112. It is defined as a product of the
force and the distance travelled by
the force measured along the line
of action of the force .
113. It is part of the engine that lowers
the revolution of the main engine
in relation to the driven shaft
speed ____.
13

Internal
External
Diesel engine
combustion engine combustion engine

Gasoline engine

Internal
Light oil engines
combustion engine

Gasoline engine

Petrol engine

373 K

100 F

66 C

87 C

79.12 cm2

19.60 cm2

62.14 cm2

54.78 cm2

close condenser

economizer

oil heaters

fresh water heat

cycle

revolution

stroke

ratio

energy

work transfer

acceleration

heat transfer

Engine flywheel

Thrust bearing

Reduction gear

Vibration damper

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

114. It is scavenge system in a four


stroke diesel engine where the
intake and exhaust systems are
controlled by intake and exhaust
valve attached at the cylinder
head ___.
115. It is study of the relationships
between heat energy, work and
the properties of matter, also of
the conversions of heat energy
and work by means of heat
engines.
116. It is the hotness or coldness of the
body.
117. __________ is the ratio of the
volume of fuel charge at the
beginning of the compression to
the voulme at the end of
compression .
118. It is the tranfer of heat energy from
one molecule to molecule

Uniflow

Cross flow

Forced flow

Loop flow

energy

system

applied heat

boundary

intensity

quantity

energy

potential energy

compression
stroke

Volume ratio

Compression ratio

Power stroke

radiation

conduction

convection

119. It is the transfer of heat energy


through air,space, or vacuum.
120. Superheated steam is used in
main turbine propulsion plants
because superheated steam has
______.

evaporation

radiation

covection

combination of
conduction and
convection
conduction

Less specific
volume per pound
than saturated
steam

Less specific
energy than
saturated steam

Greater pressure
than saturated
steam

Greater heat
energy per pound
than saturated
steam

14

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

121. The gas law represented by


formula PV/T= constant is _____.
122. The kind of heat involves a
transformation of matter from one
physical state to anoter without
changing its temperature.
123. The main engine RPM must be
lowered so that it will conform wit
te RPM design of the propeller.
This can be done by the
installation of a _______.
124. The quantity of heat is affected by
the amount of _____ that is
present in the substance heated.
125. The speed of the ship's propeller
through the water is 12.5 knots,
however due to slip, the sip covers
a distance of only 287 nautical
miles in 24 hours. Calculate what
percentage of the propeller speed
does the slip represent?
126. The volume swept by the piston
from top dead center to bottom
dead center is called__________.
127. This is the distance travelled by
the piston from top to bottom or
bottom to top ____.
128. This is the temperature of a liquid
in which boiling occurs?
15

Charles' Law

Boyles' Law

Standard Gas Law C

applied heat

Combination Gas
Law
heat energy

latent heat

latent heat of
condensation

Thrust bearing

Vibration damper

Turning gear

Reduction gear

mass

molecules

atoms

weight

10%

7.00%

6.80%

4.80%

compression ratio

piston
displacement

length of stroke

swept volume

Top dead center

Revolution

Bottom dead
center

Stroke

saturation
temperature

superheated
temperature

vaporization

latent heat

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

129. This kind of heat involves a


transformation of matter form one
physical state to another without
changing its temperature.
130. This type of heat when added to a
substance, it will result to a
change in physical state without
changing its temperature.
131. Turbulence is created in the
cylinder in the cylinders of a diesel
engine to ____________.
132. Two governors on diesel engines
driving the same load require
which of the following
characteristics?
133. What are the product of kinetic
viscosity and the density of the oil
at the temperature
134. What is the equivalent of zero (0)
Kelvin to degrees centrigade?
135. What kind of heat must be added
to convert and ice (solid heat) to
water (liquid state)?
136. When you are starting a diesel
engine at temperature below 70
deg. F the functional resistance to
turning will be ______.

16

latent heat of
fusion

applied heat

sensible heat

latent heat of
vaporization

sensible heat

latent heat

latent heat of
fusion

laten heat of
vaporization

obtained injection
lag

help mix fuel and


air
Speed droop and
high sensitivity

decreases
combustion
pressures
Speed droop,
isochronous and
high sensitivity

Speed droop and


isochronous

increases
combustion
pressures
Isochronous and
high sensitivity

Absolute density

Absolute viscosity

Kinematics
viscosity

Viscosity index

-273 C

-460 C

-32 C

-180 C

latent heat of
fusion

sensible heat

latent heat of
vaporization

applied heat

Reduce by
increasing lube oil
pressure

Controlled by
Directly
reducing the
proportional to
compensation ratio lube oil viscosity

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

Eliminated by eatin C
gthe intake air

137. With a decreasing scavenging air


pressure and increasing
scavenging air temperature, the
specific fuel consumption of the
engine will:
138. With referrence to anti-corrosive
zincs when you do replace it with
new one in case of sea water
cooling engine?
139. With temperature held constant of
a perfect gas , then the volume of
a given mass is inversely
proportional to the pressure of the
gas is inversely proportional to the
pressure of the gas
140. During a change in temperature,
the heat involved is known as
___________
141. If the pressure indicates 30 PSI
what will be the equivalent in
kgs/cm2?
142. It is the equivalent reading in
Fahrenheit if the temperature
reading is -40 degrees Celsius.
143. The pressure gauge indicates 2.5
kgs. Per cm2. What will be the
pressure equivalent in pounds per
square inch ( PSI )?
17

remains constant

not affect the


engine
performance

be reduced

increased

If the zinc became


less than 40% of
its original size

If the zinc became


brittle at the time
of inspection

If the zinc became


less than 15% of
its original size

If the zinc have


A
been in use for the
last six months

combination gas
law

Charle's Law

Boyle's Law

Standard Gas Law C

sensible

latent

total

residual

1.8

2.1

2.8

3.1

-32

-40

+32

+40

35.5

38.6

42.8

45.5

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

144. The relationship between viscosity Liquids with


Liquids with
and specific gravity is
different viscosities different viscosities
___________
will always have
will never have the
the same specific same specific
gravity
gravity

Viscosity and
specific gravity are
directly
proportional

145. The removing of moisture from air


is a process known as _____
146. Power is defined as the
__________.

humidification

dehumidification

vaporization

rate of doing work

amount of work
accomplished

Specific viscosity

distance through
which an object is
moved
Kinematic viscosity Average viscosity

147. What is a measure of the internal


resistance of the fluid to the
movement of the plate?
148. The push or pull excerted on a
body is called ___________.
149. What element would thickened the
lubricating oil when added?
150. What law staes that if the pressure
of a confined gas is constant, the
volume is directly proportional to
the absolute temperature?
151. In chemical notation a small suffix
is used with the (symbol) letter to
indicate the number of_________.
152. What is the distance from the
centroidal axis of an area at which
the entire area could be
concentrated?

amount of force
needed to
overcome friction
Absolute viscosity

Inertia

Moment

Force

Motion

Bentonite

Potassium

Zinc

Lead

Dalton's law

Kirchoff's law

Law of Heat flow

Charle's law

Atoms

Molecules

Weight

Mass

Moment of inertia

Moments of
gyration

Mass moment of
inertia

Mass of moment
of composite
bodies

18

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

Viscosity and
D
specific gravity are
not related in that
one does not
define or limit the
other
evaporation
B

153. The property of the body which


resist changes in its state of rest
or uniform motion in a straight
called__________.
154. Which of the following describes
the purpose of a striker of double
plate?
155. What is the approximate
composition of air by mass?
156. A tonnage tax is levied according
to the (NOT ENGINEERING
QUESTION) INVALID
157. What is the chemical symbols for
fuel butane?
158. What is a measure of the rate on
motion or speed of a body at any
instant?
159. What is a measure of the
tendency of a force acting in
oppose along separate parallel
lines of action?
160. What is the usual unit for moment
of inertia of an area?
161. An object that is subject to a force
for a very short time is said to
have received a/an _________.

19

Kinetic energy

Potential energy

Inertia

It provides landing
surface for the
sounding bob of a
tank sounding tape
23% oxygen and
77% nitrogen
Gross tonnage of
vessel

It provides to
absorb machinery
vibration

It provides a
It provides to
surface for the
prevents valve
application of force stem over travel

23% oxygen 77%


hydrogen
Displacement
tonnage of the
vessel
C2H6

27% oxygen and


73% hydrogen
Net tonnage of
vessel

C4H10

27% oxygen and


73% nitrogen
Maximum
deadweight cargo
tonnage on board
C3H8

C7H16

Inertia

Velocity

Kinetic energy

Energy

Moment of force

Couple

Torque

Twisting moment

Millimeter square

Millimeter cube
Force

Millimeter to the
power
Inertia

Momentum

Millimeter to the
fourth power
Impulse

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

Radius of gyration

162. What is the property of a body


which causes it to (tend ) remain
in its existing state of rest or
motion until acted by some force
tending to change its existing
state?
163. What is considered in mechanics
as the factor which tends to
produce, modify or retard motion?
164. What is the relationship between
viscosity and specific gravity?

Velocity

Kinetic energy

Gravity

Inertia

Force

Power

Work

Weight

Viscosity and
specific gravity are
directly
proportional

Liquids with
different viscosities
will never have the
same specific
gravity

Different
viscosities will
always have the
same specific
gravity

Nitrogen

Hydrogen

Viscosity and
D
specific gravity are
not related in that
one does not
define or limit the
other
Carbon
B

8.01 m2

10.8 m2

10.9 m2

Friction

Torsion

Twisting moment

165. What element contain in the fuel


Oxygen
that takes no active parts during
combustion in an Internal
Combustion Engine?
166. Calcualte the area of ships steel
8.10 m2
plate measuring 1.8 meter wide
and 6 meter long.
167. The turning moment which is the
Torque
product of a tangential force and
the distance it acts from the axis of
the rotation is called
___________.

20

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

168. What is the measure of the


amount of solids classified as
asphalts on carbon residue
contained in an oil?
169. What could result in fuel oil having
a low octane rating?
170. As we heat a gas at constant
pressure, what happen to its
volume?
171. The ratio of the absolute viscosity
of oil to the specific gravity of oil is
called ______.
172. The viscosity of the lube oil is
rated in which of the following?
173. Determine the weight of a
rectangular piece of 25.5 lbs. steel
measuring 4.5 feet by 6.7 feet.
174. What is chemical symbol for fuel
propane?
175. What is the ratio of fuel oil density
to the density of water?
176. In diesel engines, which of the
following is an equivalent of one
horsepower?
177. The horsepower and speed
capability utilized by the engine
without interruption is the ___
rating:
21

Neutralization
number

Precipitation
number

Total base number Carbonized


number

Improved cold
weather starting
Increases

Excessive fuel
consumption
Decreases

Reduced ignition
lag
Stays the same

Smoother engine
B
operation
Comparable to the A
initial volume

absolute viscosity

specific viscosity

kinetic viscosity

average viscosity

Second millimeter
universal
591.2 lbs.

Saybolt minutes
universal
329.9 lbs.

Saybolt second
universal
768.8 lbs.

Saybolt millimeter
universal
285.6 lbs.

C3H8

C7H16

C3h8

C7H16

Viscosity index

Specific gravity

Latent heat

Base number

0.5457kw

0.6457kw

0.7457kw

0.8457kw

Maximum rating

Intermittent rating

Continuous rating

Overall rating

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

178. A perfect vacuum is represented


by gauge reading of ___________
179. Solve the following equation: 2x +
5y= 20; Given y=5. Find the value
of x?
180. If a continuous and steady flow of
lube oil is provided, which of the
listed pressures represents the
lowest supply pressure at which a
small high-speed bearing can be
safely lubricated?
181. Which of the significant
combustible elements of fuel oil is
a major source of air pollution?
182. The power developed within the
engine cylinder and can be
measured by an engine indicator
called ______________.
183. What is the ratio between the
energy developed at the brake of
the engine and the energy
supplied?
184. Isentropic compression is
sometimes known as

22

30 in. Hg

24 in. Hg

15 in. Hg

10 in. Hg

-2.5

3.5

-4.5

5.5

1 psig

5 psig

10 psig

15 psig

Hydrogen

Nitrogen

Vanadium

Sulphur

indicated power

shaft power

brake horse power torsion power

Brake thermal
efficiency

Mechanical
efficiency

Scavenge
efficiency

Volumetric
efficiency

constant volume
compression

constant
temperature
compression

constant universal
pressure
compression

constant entropy
compression

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

185. What is similar to volumetric


volumetric
scavenge
efficiency but used to described 2- efficiency
efficiency
stroke engine where some gas
maybe included with the air at the
start of compression?
186. The completely insulated system
isothermal process the junction
is operated in ______________.
polytrophic
process
187. It is defined as the capacity for
Energy
Resistance
doing work?
188. In actual gasses, the molecular
only dependent on inelastic
collisions are_____________.
the momentum
189. Demulsibility is defined as
the ability of an oil the measure of the
_________________.
separated from
water in the lube
water
oil
190. A measure of resistance to
moment of inertia mass moment of
rotational acceleration called
inertia
_____________.
191. Any liquid with a flash point above flammable liquid
combustible liquid
80 is a ______________.
192. What is more nearly practical
Polytrophic
Isothermal
process?
operation
operation
193. The acceleration of the body is
the law of inertia
Newton's second
directly proportional to the force
law
applied to it inversely is known as
______________.
194. What is the other name of inertia
Third moment of
Dimensional
of an area?
area
moment of area
23

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

mechanical
efficiency

thermal efficiency

adiabatic process

the isentropic
process

Velocity

Inertia

plastic

not visible nor


B
known
the temperature at an emulsion of
A
which oil flows
different oil grades
rapidly
radius of gyration mass moment of
B
inertia to
composite bodies
coal base oil
synthetic base oil B
Adiabatic
operation
mutual inductance
law

Poly-is operation

Second moment
area

Sectional moment
of area

Newton's law of
B
action and reaction

195. In the conservation of energy the


heat rejected must be equal to
_______.
196. It is the usual unit for moment of
inertia of an area millimeter?
197. What is a compression ratio?

198. The transfer of heat through


electromagnetic flue wave an
always travel with the gas is called
the _________________
199. Which of the following modes of
heat transfer does NOT require
any physical contact between a
warmer and a cooler substance?
200. Which of the following statements
is correct concerning heat
transfer?

24

heat added

heat output

heat partially
added

heat not in thermal A


conductor

Square

Cube

To the fifth power

Ratio of the piston


displacement plus
clearance
radiation heat
transfer

Volume clearance

To the fourth
power
Piston clearance

Ratio of the piston


and liner

volt-amp transfer

thermal
convection

universal
conduction

Radiation

Conduction

Natural convection Any of the options

Heat is given off


from a high
temperature region
known as a heat
sink

Heat transfer rate


is affected most by
the size of the heat
sink involved

Heat transfer rate


is affected most by
the temperature
difference between
the heat source
and the heat sink

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

Heat transfer by
radiation will only
by mass motion of
a fluid substance

201. Which of the following statements


is correct regarding Archimedes
principles stating that the
resultant pressure acting on a
body when immersed in a fluid?

Acts vertically
upward through
the center of
gravity of the
displaced fluid and
is equal to the
weight of the fluid
displaced

202. The heat required to raise the


temperature of 1 pound of any
particular substance 1 F is called
______________.
203. Demulsibility of lube oil is defined
as ______________.
204. Which of the following conditions
must exist for heat to flow from
one object to another?

Is proportional in
magnitude and
direction,
regardless of the
direction originally
developed when
the object was
submerged

Is applied equal
and in all
directions
throughout the
vessel in which it
is Contained

its specific heat

Will cause the


body to have a
reduction in mass
equal in magnitude
to the effective
mass of the
structure located
above the line
floatation
its latent heat

a British thermal
unit

its adiabatic heat

the ability of oil to


separate from
water
the two objects
must be in
physical contact

the temperature at
which oil flows
rapidly
the two objects
must be the same
size

a measure of the
water in a lube oil
system
there must be an
existing
temperature
differential
specific humidity

an emulsion of
different grades of
oil
there must be an
existing weight
differential

total humidity

205. The ratio of the weight of moisture absolute humidity


contained in a given volume of air,
to the weight of moisture that the
same sample would hold if
saturated, and expressed in grains
called the _______________.

25

relative humidity

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

206. In the production of freshwater


from seawater through a process
of heating and cooling, the cooling
phase of production is usually
called ______.
207. Which of the following listed
methods may be heat transferred
from one body to another?
208. Which of the following statements
represents the function the nozzle
assembly performs in an impulse
turbine?

evaporation

distillation

dehydration

condensation

Radiation

Convection

Conduction

all of the options

Converts the
steam's thermal
energy into kinetic
energy by
increasing its
velocity, and
directing if against
the rotor blades

Provides an area
where the steam is
prevented from
expanding prior to
being directed
against the rotor
blades

Increase the
velocity of the
steam without a
pressure drop
across the impulse
blading

209. When air contains some moisture,


but is not saturated; the dew point
temperature is
210. Which of the listed statements
best describes specific heat?

between the wet


and dry bulb
temperature
The amount of
heat required to
change the
temperature of one
pound of a
material, one
degree

equal to the total


heat of air

Converts the
A
potential energy of
steam thermal
energy by
increasing its
velocity and
directing it against
the turbine
bladders
lower than the dry D
bulb temperature

26

higher than the


wet bulb
temperature
The amount of
The amount of
All of the options
heat required to
heat required to
change the
change the
temperature of one temperature of one
pound of ice, one pound butter, one
degree F.
degree F material,
one degree

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

211. Which of the following statements


best describes the phrase "the
heat of respiration"?

The total amount


of heat the body is
absorbing when
undergoing CPR

212. What is the potential energy of an


object weighing 10 pounds at a
height of 10 feet?
213. Which of the effects listed
describes the changers in the
velocity and pressure of the steam
as it passes through a nozzle?
214. How much work would be
accomplished if a 15 pound box
were raised to the top of a 25 foot
platform?
215. Thermal energy in transition is
also referred to as
______________.
216. The equation "energy out" is a
simple way stating the principle of
the ____.
217. Which of the following statements
represents the definition of
energy?

27

The heat
developed by air
as it flows through
inlet air filters in a
operating diesel
engine

10 ft-lb

The heat produced


through the
formation of
carbon dioxide
when harvested
plant life absorbs
oxygen
20 ft-lb

Velocity increases
and pressure
increases

Velocity increases
and pressure
decreases

Velocity decreases Velocity decreases B


and pressure
and pressure
increases
decreases

15 ft-lb

25 ft-lb

40 ft-lb

375 ft-lb

heat

power

horsepower

foot-pound

conservation of
energy

conservation of
matter

conversion of
matter to energy

conversion of
energy to mater

Energy is work
that has been
accomplished

Energy is the
capacity for
producing an
effect

Energy is work
being done

Energy in power

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

100 ft-lb

The heat
developed by air
as it flows through
the air filters of an
operating
reciprocating
compressor
1000 ft-lb

218. A measurement of .625 is equal to


_____________.
219. An additive used to improve the
ability of a lube oil to reduce
friction is known as a/an
__________.
220. Which of the following best
describes the effect on the
pressure and volume relationship
with regards to saturation gases?
221. Which of the processes listed
consumers the greatest amount of
power and produces the greatest
amount heat?
222. The tendency of a liquid to
vaporize is indicated by its
_____________.
223. The theoretical minimum
compression ratio necessary to
ensure compression ignition in a
direct injection diesel engine is
_______________.
224. The quality of heat required to
raise the temperature of a unit
mass of a substance is known as
________________.

28

1/2 inch

9/16 inch

suppressant
additive

3/4 inch

dispersant additive extremely


pressure additive

viscosity improper
additive

As pressure
As volume
As volume
decreases, volume increases,
decreases,
increases
pressure increases pressure
decreases
Overcoming
Overcoming rolling Overcoming fluid
sliding friction
friction
friction

As pressure
increases, volume
increases

Overcoming oil
wedge friction

fire point

pour point

flash point

boiling point

0.334027778

0.418055556

0.500694444

0.584027778

latent heat

sensible heat of
condensation

specific heat

variable heat

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

5/8 inch

225. How many fathoms is the


equivalent of one shot when
measuring the ship's anchor
chain?
226. For safety reasons, the most
important chemical or physical
property of fuel and lubricating oils
to consider when heating them
before use is their. _________.
227. It is considered the smallest tank
constructed on board world wide
vessels that is being used for
heavy fuel oils.
228. At pressure of 1.013 bar, or
atmospheric pressure at sea level,
water boils at ____________.
229. What is the main purpose of
lubrication?
230. The maintenance of the oil film of
a lubricant is affected by
the____________.
231. Which of the following statements
is true regarding mechanical
seals?

29

15

12

density

calorific value

viscosity

flash point

Collecting

Storage

Settling

Service

373 K

100 F

66C

87C

To create free
passage of oil

To increase
A
efficiency of
engine
thicker grade of oil B

To reduce wear
and tear

To carry heat
away from moving
parts
thinner grade of oil working
temperature of the
engine
Mechanical seals Mechanical seals
maybe used in lieu are not suitable for
of conventional
use on fuel oil
packing for any
transfer pumps
service other than
saltwater

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

excessive "drag"
of the moving
parts of the engine
By adjusting spring
compression
leakage may be
reduced

Mechanical seals
are normally
lubricated and
cooled by the fluid
being pumped

232. Under the type of lubrication what


do you call the condition where
some lubricant is present but the
two bearing surfaces in relative
motion are not completely by the
film of lubricant?
233. What grade of oil may cause a
breakdown of the oil film, resulting
in rapid wear and possible seizure
of the working parts?
234. The property of oil that concerns
the ease with which an oil flows
through the oil pipe lines and
spreads over the bearing surfaces
is called_______________.
235. What is the equivalent of zero(0)
degree Kelvin to degree
centigrade?
236. In general if heat is added to a
substance, the temperature of the
substance will increase and if heat
is taken away the temperature
will______________.
237. It is known as the series of events
repeated in the same regular
events.

30

Boundary or "thin
film" lubricant

Fluid or "thick film" Lubrication and


lubrication
viscosity

Reducing friction
and wear

Thin

Heavy

Thick

Viscous

flow quality

viscosity

pour point

flash point

-273

-460

-32

-180

remain the same

gradually remain

decrease

be transferred

Revolution

Stroke

Cycle

Ratio

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

238. What will be the probable caused


of lube oil from main propulsion
machinery having an increases
neutralization number?
239. The detergent are used in
lubricating oils MAINLY to
________________.
240. What is the best way of checking
heat cracks?
241. A high reading of 100 or more
viscosity index given to an oil
indicates a ______________.
242. An oil additive used or added to
keep oil fluid at low temperature
is_________________.
243. One of the factors that affect the
air-conditioning load
is______________.
244. The lube oil temperature leaving
the lube oil coolers is regulated by
throttling the__________.
245. What is the equivalent of
zero(0)degree Kelvin to degrees
centigrade?
246. It is the type of heat when added
to a substance, will cause an
increase in temperature without
changing it physical state.
31

acidity has
increased

viscosity has
decreased

demulsibility has
improved

tendency to foam
is guaranteed to
occur

reduce the
viscosity number

prevent oxidation
of the oil

reduce foaming

prevent sludge
deposits

By using magnetic By using x-ray


particle test
contamination of
large variation in
oil being use
viscosity with
temperature
change
pour point
anti-foaming
despersant
additive

By applying
pressure test
small variation in
viscosity with
temperature
change
dispersants

By using dye
penetrants
high quality of oil

viscosity index
improver

corrosion

solar radiation

magnetic field

heat transmission

cooling water
outlet valve

cooling water inlet


valve

lube oil outlet


valve

lube oil return flow


valve

_273C

_460C

_32C

_180C

Sensible heat

Latent heat

latent heat of
fusion

Latent heat of
vaporization

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

247. In a compression type automatic


grease cup, the lubricant is forced
into the bearing by __________.
248. With reference to a vessel's
structural integrity, the most
significant characteristic of a
cryogenic liquid is its __________.
249. The heat required to change a
substance from a solid to a liquid
while at its freezing temperature,
is known as the latent heat of
__________.
250. The heat required to change a
substance from a liquid to a gas
without experiencing a
temperature change, is defined as
the latent heat of __________.
251. The portion of a hydraulic hose
that determines its overall
strength, is the __________.
252. A weight of 1,000 kips is
equivalent to __________.
253. The size of flexible hose used in a
hydraulic system is indicated by
__________.

32

gravity flow

spring force

a pressure gun

a zerk fitting

capability of
causing brittle
fractures

highly corrosive
action on mild
steel

vapor cloud which


reacts violently
with saltwater

toxicity at
atmospheric
pressure

fusion

vaporization

condensation

sublimation

fusion

vaporization

sublimation

condensation

inner tube

braided inner
layers)

outer cover

outer armor

1,000 pounds

2,000 short tons

2,240 pounds

500 short tons

a color code on
the armor

the thickness of
the tube wall

the inside diameter the numerical


of the tube
designation found
on the 'skin' of the
hose

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

254. Latent heat can be defined as the


heat which must be added to a
substance in order to change it
from a __________.
255. A pressure reading of 00.0 psig is
theoretically equal to __________.
256. Which of the listed chemicals can
be routinely used to maintain the
hygienic quality of potable water?
257. An organic solid lubricant, such as
graphite, is suitable as an oil
additive when used in
__________.
258. For the various sizes of tubing and
wall thickness used in a hydraulic
system, the inside diameter can
be determined if it is remembered
that the inside diameter equals the
outside diameter less
__________.
259. The greatest difference between
absorbent and adsorbent filters is
that absorbent filters __________.

solid to liquid

liquid to vapor

solid to vapor

All of the options

30.0 inches of
vacuum
Hydrochloric acid

300 millimeters of
water
Chlorine

14.7 psia

00.0 psia

Sulfuric acid

Zinc chromate

machinery
bearings subjected
to high
temperatures
the wall thickness

antifriction
bearings on
general service
pumps
1.5 times the wall
thickness

bearings subject to line shaft bearings


fluctuating loads

2 times the wall


thickness

will remove
additives from the
lube oil

soak up liquid
contaminants
directly into the
filter media

do not create
attract or have
B
pressure drops in liquid
the lube oil system contaminants stick
to the surface of
the filter media
filler to smooth
coolant to carry
C
surface
away heat
irregularities

260. The graphite in a bearing lubricant low temperature


compound of graphite grease, acts sealer
as a __________.
33

moisture barrier

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

2.5 times the wall


thickness

261. What would you do after adding


grease to a ball bearing with a
handheld grease gun?

You should run the


machine with the
bearing housing
drain plug open for
a short while

262. In addition to a pressure gauge


and a relief valve, an air receiver
should be fitted with a
__________.
263. The difference between the
pressure at a point being
measured and that of a perfect
vacuum is known as __________.
264. An additive used to improve the
ability of a lube oil to reduce
friction is known as a/an
__________.
265. Which of the units of
measurement listed below are
used to express positive and
negative suction heads when
calculating pump head or
hydraulic horsepower?

34

You should
remove the grease
fitting and leave
open to allow
excess grease to
escape

You should save


the used grease
for chemical
analysis

sight glass and


manhole

You should close


the bearing
housing drain and
add a little extra
grease to
compensate for air
pockets in the
bearing
thermometer and
sight glass

thermometer and
manhole

drain connection

internal pressure

gauge pressure

absolute pressure

external pressure

suppressant
additive

dispersant additive extreme pressure


additive

PH alkaline
additive

Inches of mercury
for positive head
and feet of water
for negative head

Feet of water for


positive head and
inches of mercury
for negative head

Feet of water for


both positive and
negative heads

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

Inches of mercury
for both positive
and negative
heads

266. The ability of lubricating oils to


resist viscosity changes during
temperature changes is indicated
by the __________.
267. Which of the additives listed is
used to reduce the foaming
tendency of lube oil?
268. Which of the following statements
is correct concerning the viscosity
of lubricating oil?

American
viscosity index
Petroleum Institute number
number

Seconds Staybolt
Furol number

Seconds Saybolt
Universal number

Emulsifiers

Suppressants

Depressants

Extreme pressure

Viscosity is a
measure of a
fluid's internal
resistance to flow.
Wax content

Viscosity will
decrease as
temperature
decreases.
Water content

Viscosity is not
dependent on
temperature.

Acid content

internal friction

demulsibility

S.A.E. number

One-half of a turn

Three-fourths of a
turn

One turn

140F to 160F

250F to 300F

350F to 450F

Viscosity, acidity,
and demulsibility

Pour point, flash


point, and
precipitation
number

Autoignition point,
viscosity index,
and film strength

Viscosity will
increase as
temperature
increases.
269. The pour point of lubricating oils is Extensive
affected the most by which of the centrifuging
following?
270. The viscosity of an oil is a
weight
measure of its __________.
271. On vessels using reach rods to
One-fourth of a
manually control the tank valves,
turn
one turn of the hand wheel on
deck will produce how many turns
of the valve stem at the valve?
272. The flash point of most lube oils
80F to 100F
used in a main lubricating system
should be approximately
__________.
273. Which of the listed characteristics Ash content,
of lube oil are the most important
carbon residue,
to the engineer from an
and gravity
operational standpoint?
35

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

274. A salinity indicating system


functions on the basic principle of
measuring the __________.
275. Where should an S-type trap and
drain properly used?

electrical
inductance of
water
Used for for all
lavatory sink
installations, as no
other drain type is
useable

electrical
conductivity of
water
Used whenever
the 'gray' water
drain system
connection is
located in the deck

276. The component which is used to


thoroughly separate small, fine,
dust-like particulate contamination
from hydraulic fluid is a/an
__________.
277. The sensible heat of air is
dependent upon the __________.
278. Which of the following statements
describes the relationship between
flash point and ignition
temperature?
279. When the pressure on a
compound gage is released, the
gage pointer is returned to zero
psig by action of the __________?
280. A lube oil filter can be used to
remove most contaminants from
lube oil. What is the contaminant
which will remain in the lube oil
after filtering?

accumulator

filter

dry bulb
temperature
Both are higher
than normal
burning
temperatures.
Bourdon tube

wet bulb
temperature
The flash point is
always higher.

acid

36

hydrogen ion
concentration of
water
Used as a
condensate drain
for superheaters

strainer

saturation
temperature
The ignition
temperature is
always higher.

water vapor
superheat
They are not
necessarily
related.

spring return arm

compound
diaphragm

compensating
spring

fuel oil

sediment

water

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

specific gravity of
water
Used whenever
the 'gray' water
drain system
connection is
located in a
bulkhead
separator

281. How can the percentage of


impurities in a specific fuel oil
sample be determined?
282. Which of the following statements
describes the actions of an axial
piston motor with a full deflection
variable position tilting box?

settling in a fuel
tank

testing in a
laboratory
centrifuge
Control over
Maximum speed
speed, direction,
when rotated in
and stopping
the 'hauling in'
would be better
direction would be
than having the
obtained with the
pump equipped
tilting box just prior
with the tilting box. to neutral stroke,
while 'pay out'
would be the
opposite.
0.1795
0.2046

283. A ship travels 234.02 nautical


miles in 24 hours at an average
propeller speed of 60 RPM. If the
propeller pitch is 20.07 feet, what
is the propeller slip during this
passage?
284. What is the equivalent in inches
15/32 inches
having a reading of .625 inches?
285. The disc of a relief valve has an
208 psi
area of 0.85 square inches when
seated, lifts at a set point pressure
of 250 psi. When the valve lifts,
the area of the disc exposed to
pressure increases by 20%. At
what pressure does the valve
reseat?
37

burning in a
calorimeter

testing in a closed
cup

Maximum torque,
when rotated in
the 'pay out'
direction would be
obtained with the
tilting box just prior
to neutral stroke,
while 'hauling in'
would be the
opposite.
0.221

Maximum speed in D
either direction of
rotation would be
achieved just
beyond of neutral
stroke, making
reversal of
direction difficult.

0.262

9/16 inches

5/8 inches

35/64 inches

227 psi

231 psi

250 psi

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

286. When stopper is inserted into the


spout of a closed container in
which water has been heated to a
temperature of 212F. If additional
thermal energy is imparted, what
changes will occur to the pressure
and temperature inside the
container?
287. Which of the listed values
represents the temperature of
saturated vapor for water at a
pressure of 14.7 psia?
288. The boiling point of water in an
open container at sea level is
212F. What will happen to the
boiling point when the pressure on
the open container is decreased?
289. Which of the following terms would
best describe the temperature at
which a liquid boils at a given
pressure?
290. A vapor under pressure stays in
contact with, and at the same
temperature as the liquid from
which it was generated. What do
you call the vapor and liquid in this
situation?

38

both pressure and


temperature will
rise

pressure alone will temperature alone


rise
will rise

only a change of
state will occur

198F (92C)

212F (100C)

335F (168C)

414F (212C)

increase

decrease

increase and then


decrease

decrease and then B


increase

Degree of
saturation

Saturation
temperature

Superheated
temperature

Degree of
superheat

critical state

superheated state

equilibrium contact latent contact

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

291. Which of the following conditions


must exist for heat to flow from
one object to another?

The two objects


must be in
physical contact.

The two objects


must be the same
size.

292. Machinery operating features are


designed to help conserve energy.
Which of the following results will
not contribute to energy
conservation?
293. If 1 Horsepower equals 42.45
BTU's per minute, then the energy
required to lift a 1 pound (.454 kg)
weight, 778 feet (.24 km), against
the force of gravity, What would be
the number of BTU's required to
raise the temperature ?
294. Which of the following statements
concerning the operation of a
single-acting hydraulic ram is
correct?

Reduction of
friction.

Insulation of hot
surfaces.

295. Which of the following statements


concerning energy is correct?

39

There must be an
existing
temperature
differential.
Lubrication of
moving parts.

There must be an
existing weight
differential.

Elevation of heat
exchanger
overboard outlet
temperatures.

1 ounce (28.3 g) of 1 quart (.95 l) of


water 1F (.55C) water 1F (.55C)

1 gallon (3.78 l) of
water 1F (.55C)

1 pound (.454 kg)


of water 1F
(.55C)

Hydraulic force is
applied
simultaneously in
two directions
against the ram by
directional ports.
Energy can be
created or
destroyed.

The single-acting
ram is not
retracted by
means of hydraulic
force.

Hydraulic force
C
applied to a singleacting ram results
in a pulling motion.

The total quantity


of energy in the
universe is always
the same.

None of the stated C


options

The single-acting
ram is both
extended and
retracted by
means of hydraulic
force.
Energy may not be
transformed.

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS

296. What is the quantity of heat


required to raise the temperature
of a unit mass
of a subtance?
297. Which of the following terms is
used to indicate that the addition
of heat will result in a temperature
change?
298. A machine capable of producing
1650 foot-pounds of work per
second is considered to produce
how much horsepower?

40

latent heat

sensible heat

specific heat
capacity

variable heat

Latent heat

Sensible heat

Sublimation heat

Critical point heat

1 hp

2 hp

3 hp

4 hp

COMPETENCE # 4 OPERATE MAIN AUXILIARY MACHINERY AND ASSOCIATED CONTROL SYSTEMS