Reseacrh method of time management towards academic achievement

© All Rights Reserved

189 tayangan

Reseacrh method of time management towards academic achievement

© All Rights Reserved

- Optimization_of_process_variables.doc
- 2014 Statistical Officer Paper
- R Stats Ucal
- 15103903 Multiple Regression (1)
- w 32158165
- Khang Minh Nguyen - BRM Individual Assignment - Jan 24, 2016
- ppt final
- Regression analyssis
- Impregnation and Osmotic Dehydration of Some Fruits Effect of the Vacuum Pressure and Syrup Concentration
- MTB14MQC 6 Sigma Presentation
- Regression and Correlation Analysis
- 212 Final Exam Topics
- Bendrix Regression and Partial Slope
- 14.pdf
- Project
- DOE Regression Instructions for SPC for Excel 4
- Analysis of Variance - Cell Means Model
- 2456
- Simple LR Lecture.ppt
- 06test

Anda di halaman 1dari 18

Time management is a crucial thing that needed by individual especially for students. It can

affect their academic achievement. Therefore, the objective of the study is to investigate impact

of time management towards student achievement. One hundred questions have been distributed

to UUM students. Based on the survey there is a significant impact of time management towards

academic achievement. While, there is no significant impact of academic achievement between

genders. The last, there is no significant impact of academic achievement among ethnicity. The

results show that the time management very crucial in determining the academic achievement of

UUM students. Therefore, UUM should makes workshop about time management to realize

students that time management is important for them.

CHAPTER 1

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Introduction

Time management is the thing that sometimes ignored by students, including the students in

Universiti Utara Malaysia. The student assumes that time management has no effect on their

academic achievement. This makes students become not optimal in order to maximize their

academic process and it will have a negative impact on their academic value.

Based on this situation, we need the technique development to analyze the impact of time

management towards UUM students for their academic achievement. This technique allows us to

know what the impact of time management, whether is it good or bad. The study is expected to

helps students in managing time wisely so that affects their academic performance and

productivity. Poor time management will be able to hamper productivity and its not good for

students' academic achievement. Thing that they can do and finish earlier will be undermined

because of the bad time management and much or few it will have an impact towards their

academic achievement and productivity.

All students need a good time management to be productive students. Thats why a good time

management will help students to improve productivity. So that they will skilled to divide

between their studying times, join the organization, and play or do some sports activities. In the

end the skill of managing time can be used by students in order to enter the real work life.

One of the main problems is most of the students cannot manage their time wisely, so that they

dont know what is their priority. Thus, time management affects to their academic achievement.

Based on our research problem, then the specific factors in time management (IV) is formulated

as bellows:

1. Does time management influence the students academic achievement?

2

3. Can students in UUM manage their time by joined the activities that offered by the

campus?

1.3 Research Objectives

The general objective of the study is to examine the impact of time management toward

academic achievement among students in UUM. The specific objectives are:

1. To investigate the influence of time management towards academic achievement of

students.

2. To determine the difference of academic achievement between genders.

3. To determine the difference of academic achievement among ethnicity.

The study focus on examining the time management level towards students academic

achievement in three aspects which is includes the tangibility, reliability, and responsiveness. The

population under study will be selected among UUM students. Therefore, the study findings will

be generalized among UUM students only.

It is hope that the study findings will contribute in managing time towards improving the student

academic achievement. By understanding the time management level among students, it may

develop and further improve their academic achievement in the future.

CHAPTER 2

LITERATURE REVIEW

2.1 Definition of Investigated Variables

3

Time management refers to the development of processes and tools that increase efficiency and

productivity (Hassanzabeh & Ebadi, 2007). Busari (2000) asserted that academic achievement is

generally regarded as the display of knowledge attained or skills developed in the school subject

(as cited in Ogundokun, 2010). As Ireoegbu (1992) explains, it is the level of performance in

school subjects as exhibited by an individual (as cited in Ogundokun, 2010).

Without a clear understanding about time management theory, it is difficult to formulate a

strategy and come up with an action plan that will manage your time effectively. It doesn't matter

if you're trying to enhance your professional or work related life, or your personal routines. The

tools and techniques that you will choose, adopt and follow will depend upon which type of time

management theory appeals most to you.

According to the case that we raise for our research, here we are using Abraham Harold

Maslows Theory about time management. In his theory, Maslow explained that as long as the

efficient use of time helps us meet higher goals of fulfillment, spirituality and well being, we

perceive it as helpful. But in the interests of greater efficiency, if we sacrifice bigger things like

purpose, meaning and satisfaction with our lives, then it is a moot victory.

Maslow's theory focuses on understanding and differentiating needs, and also setting time limits

on getting each done so that you do not encroach on other essential areas of your life. Based on

this reason, we are implementing Maslows Theory to our research.

The framework of the study is illustrated in figure 2.1

IV

DV

TIME

MANAGEME

NT

ACADEMIC

ACHIEVEME

NT

4

Figure 2.1

This framework is formulated based on the students academic achievement to define impact

among variables.

The develop of the hypothesis are as follows:

H1

H2

H3

CHAPTER 3

METHODOLOGY

In our research, we already define about two variables that we will measure and also divide it

into two types of variable. The independent variable used in this study is time management.

Dependent variable is academic achievement. To help us in collecting data as research survey we

were collected data using questionnaire. Which is this tool is the common tool to evaluate our

research survey in getting our particular purposes.

The population consists of UUM students who have used the time management in their daily

activities. In order to complete this study, we took 100 students as a sample among 36,000

students in UUM. Individual student is the unit of analysis for the study.

The study is using non-probability sampling because in this study we did not refer to a list

number of students which is enrolled by Students Affairs & Alumni UUM but we are taking a

random sample.

The study involves the use of both sources are primary and secondary data. The primary data is

spreading the questionnaires through students in UUM meanwhile secondary data is taking some

of online journals as references in order to make this report.

We are using data collection method; doing a survey by using questionnaire. We spreads the

questionnaire randomly to the students and collected it directly as they finished filling the

questionnaire.

The main purpose of this study is to measure how the impact of time management towards

academic achievement. We use questionnaire as our evaluate tool to get any result of our

research purpose. After all data from questionnaire already collected, we use SPSS as our second

tool to process our data with any procedure of several analysis stage. Actually SPSS itself we use

to data input and analysis whether our data valid or not. The research objectives which include

the following analysis:

1. Descriptive Analysis, to describe demographic background of respondent profile.

2. Reliability Analysis, to provide a unique estimate of the internal consistency and

reliability.

3. Regression Analysis, to assess the impact of time management towards academic

achievement of student in UUM.

4. Independent T-Test, to investigate the mean difference of Academic Achievement

between genders.

5. ANOVA test, to investigate the mean difference of Academic Achievement among

ethnicity.

CHAPTER 4

DATA ANALYSIS AND FINDINGS

Descriptive analysis was used to describe the purpose of the study. Based on table 1, it shows

that there are 100 respondents, 46% respondents are male and the rest 54% respondents are

female. It shows that mostly 99 (99%) respondents are single, while the rest 1 (1%) respondents

have been married. Table also shows that from 100 respondents, majority of respondents aged

within 18-22 among 80%, followed by 19% aged within 22-26, and the last 1% respondents aged

above 26. Based on the table, majority respondents among 35 person or 35% are foreigner,

followed by Malay 53 person or 53%, Chinese among 9 person or 9% and the India 3 person or

3%. It is show that from 100 respondents, most of them studying in COB 70%, followed CAS

13% and COLGIS 17%.

Table 1. Demographic Background

Variables

Gender

Male

Female

Marital Status

Single

Married

Age

18 22

22 26

>26

Ethnicity

Malay

Chinese

India

Foreigner

College

COB

CAS

COLGIS

Frequency (N=100)

Percentage (%)

46

54

46%

54%

99

1

99%

1%

80

19

1

80%

19%

1%

53

9

3

35

53%

9%

3%

35%

70

13

17

70%

13%

17%

Reliability analysis was used to check the consistency and stability of the instrument. Based on

Table 2, the result indicates that the alpha value for IV variable ranged is 0.732 and alpha value

for DV variable ranged is 0.771.

Table 2. Reliability Analysis

Variables

IV

DV

Number of Items

7

4

Alpha Value

0.732

0.771

The testing of hypothesis will be tested on the following:

4.3.1

H1 :

Simple Linear Regression has been performed to determine the best set of predictor variable in

predicting DV. The R-squared of 0.356 implies that the one predictor variable explain about

35.6% of the variance/variation in the Academic Achievement. This is not quite a good and

respectable result. The ANOVA table revealed that the F-statistics (54.211) is large and the

corresponding p-value is highly significant (0.0001) or lower than the alpha value of 0.05.

Based on Coefficient table, one variable which is Time Management (IV) (p=0.000< alpha) was

found to be of significance in explaining DV. The beta coefficient is 0.597. This means that this

variable makes the strongest unique contribution to explaining the dependent variable (AA),

when the variance explained by predictor variable in the model is controlled for. It suggests that

one standard deviation increase in IV is followed by 0.597 standard deviation increase in AA.

Table 3

R

.597a

Square

.356

.350

a. Predictors: (Constant), IV

Sum of Squares

28.203

ANOVAa

df

1

Mean Square

28.203

Residual

50.984

98

.520

Total

79.188

99

Model

Regression

1

Model Summary

R Square

Adjusted R

Model

Estimate

.721

F

54.211

Sig.

.000b

a. Dependent Variable: DV

b. Predictors: (Constant), IV

Coefficientsa

Unstandardized Coefficients

Model

Std. Error

(Constant)

1.287

.247

IV

.581

Standardized

Sig.

5.215

.000

7.363

.000

Coefficients

Beta

.079

.597

a. Dependent Variable: DV

10

4.3.2

H2 :

Independent Sample t-Test was performed to investigate the mean difference of Academic

Achievement between genders. Based on Table 4, the result shows no significant difference of

Academic Achievement between genders (p=0.169> ). The result indicates that no significant

different of Academic Achievement between male and female students.

Table 4

Group Statistics

Gender

Mean

Std. Deviation

ACADEMIC

Male

46

2,89

,966

,142

ACHIEVEMENT

Female

54

3,14

,821

,112

Levene's Test

for Equality of

Variances

F

Sig.

df

Sig. (2tailed)

Mean

Std. Error

Difference Difference

95%

Confidence

Interval of

the

Difference

Lower

Up

per

Equal

1,113

,294

-1,386

98

,169

-,248

,179

-,602

variances

ACADEMIC

ACHIEVEMENT

,

107

assumed

Equal

-1,368 88,863

variances

,175

-,248

,181

-,607

,

112

not

assumed

11

4.3.3

H3 :

A one-way ANOVA between-groups analysis of variance was performed to investigate the mean

difference of Academic Achievement among Ethnicity. Based on Table 5, the result shows no

significant difference of Academic Achievement among Ethnicity and DV (p=0.715 > ). The

result indicates that there is no significant different of Academic Achievement among ethnicity of

students.

Table 5

ANOVA

ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT

Sum of Squares

df

Mean Square

Sig.

Between Groups

1,108

,369

,454

,715

Within Groups

78,080

96

,813

Total

79,188

99

12

CHAPTER 5

CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Conclusion

We are taking this research to see how significant the influence of time management towards

academic achievement among students in UUM. After we input the data from the questionnaire

that we gave to the respondents finally we got the output of the research. The result asserts that

there is a significant influence between time management and academic achievement among

student in UUM. Then, we examines that did the academic achievement give significant

influence between genders. We got that there is no significant influence towards both of

variables. Whereas the impact of academic achievement to ethnicity, there is no significant

impact towards that variables after we examined it. In conclusion, the findings of this study

indicate that the time management have significant impact toward academic achievement among

student in UUM.

5.2 Recommendations

After completed our study, we come out with few recommendations. Each students have to

manage their time not only to get the highest GPA but also to manage their own life to preface

and considerate the priority one. Especially for student in UUM, they should have to equalize the

time between lectures activities with the activities outside lectures time such as joining the club

and organization. If the students cannot manage their time wisely, then one of both activities

would give them the bad impact, like get the bad GPA because of concerning organization more

than studying. As we know, time management is important to everyone. Controlling how much

time you spend on various activities, and choosing which activities take priority, is at the heart of

effective time management. Studying time management theory helps you plan, organize and

schedule your tasks in the correct way so that they align with what really matters in your life.So,

manage your time efficiently.

13

REFERENCES

Retrieved

30

March

2014,

from

http://firstyearcomposition.weebly.com/uploads/8/7/2/6/8726689/denlin

ger_eng_104_time_management_study.pdf

Hassanzabeh, R., & Ebadi, A. G. (2007). Measure the Share of the Effective Factors and Time

Management. World Applied Sciences Journal 2, 3. Retrieved 30 March 2014,

from http://idosi.org/wasj/wasj2(3)/4

Ogundokun, M.O. & Adeyemo, D.A. (2010, December). Emotional intelligence and academic

achievement: The moderating influence of age, intrinsic and extrinsic motivation.

(Vol.

10,

no.

2).

Retrieved

26

May

2014,

from

http://www.ncsu.edu/aern/TAS10.2/TAS10.2Ogundokun.pdf

Poser, B. (2003). Time management for students. Retrieved 30 March 2014, from

http://www.yorku.ca/cdc/lsp

Sekaran, U. & Bougie, R. (2013). Research methods for business (6th ed.). West Sussex: John

Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Tao & Mani. (2013). Time management theory: 3 concepts to transform your efficiency.

Retrieved 3 June 2014, from http://timemanagementtao.com/time-managementtheory.html

14

APPENDICES

APPENDIX I :

Questionnaire

ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF STUDENTS IN UUM

Dear Respondent,

We are five students of Research Methodology Class Group J are under taking a research project

about The Impact of Time Management towards Academic Achievement of Student in UUM.

This research is conducted by:

1.

2.

3.

4.

5.

Anisa Nataya

Herayati Aries

Rifdathul Melyani

Randy Karnefa

Teguh Hardi

(228843)

(228844)

(228845)

(228855)

(228863)

We are glad to inform you that you have been chosen to participate in this study. Your responses

and views are highly important in achieving the objectives of this study. The information

provided will be treated as private and confidential and will be used only for the purpose of this

study.

Thank you for your valuable time, attention and cooperation.

Yours faithfully,

Researchers

PART A DEMOGRAPHIC DATA: respondents profile. Please provide

answer to the following by crossing15

(X) one box only.

1. Gender

4. Ethnicity

Malay

Chinese

India

Foreigner

2. Age

18-22

22-26

>26

3. Marital Status

5. College

COB

CAS

COLGIS

Single

Married

PART B for this part, you are required to use the following scale to

respond to the statements:

STRONGLY DISAGREE

STRONGLY

AGREE

Section B1: these questions related to TIME MANAGEMENT. For this section you are

required to take your own choice.

Section

B2: these statementsQuestion

related to ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT.

No.

1

2 For

3 this4section

5

you

to takecoming

your own

choice.

1. are

I required

always on-time

to the

class

No.

Question

1

2

3

4

5

1. II never

alwayslate

gettocertificate

2.

come intoby

thedean

class

2.

3.

always access

get above

3.00 GPA

II always

learning

zone every semester

3.

4.

never fail

in subjects

thatnetwork

I took

II seldom

accessing

social

4.

5.

always often

get good

grades

every semesteractivities

II always

attend

the non-academic

6.

7.

16

17

APPENDIX II :

SPSS Result

Reliability Statistics

Cronbach's Alpha

N of Items

.732

a) The value is positive due to a positive average covariance among items. This not violates

reliability model assumptions. You may want to check item coding.

Reliability Statistics

Cronbach's Alpha

N of Items

.771

b) The value is positive due to a positive average covariance among items. This not violates

18

- Optimization_of_process_variables.docDiunggah olehKunal Garg
- 2014 Statistical Officer PaperDiunggah olehRameez Abbasi
- R Stats UcalDiunggah olehivanwielki
- 15103903 Multiple Regression (1)Diunggah olehMuhammad Haris
- w 32158165Diunggah olehAnonymous 7VPPkWS8O
- Khang Minh Nguyen - BRM Individual Assignment - Jan 24, 2016Diunggah olehKevin Nguyen
- ppt finalDiunggah olehssrao88
- Regression analyssisDiunggah olehCookie Brown Brown
- Impregnation and Osmotic Dehydration of Some Fruits Effect of the Vacuum Pressure and Syrup ConcentrationDiunggah olehDaniel David Aranguren
- MTB14MQC 6 Sigma PresentationDiunggah olehMosafa Api
- Regression and Correlation AnalysisDiunggah oleholpot
- 212 Final Exam TopicsDiunggah olehshahidahmed1492
- Bendrix Regression and Partial SlopeDiunggah olehVarun Gupta
- 14.pdfDiunggah olehRiyas Kalpetta
- ProjectDiunggah olehPhani Nuthaky
- DOE Regression Instructions for SPC for Excel 4Diunggah olehFamília Carvalho
- Analysis of Variance - Cell Means ModelDiunggah olehBryan Gaspar
- 2456Diunggah olehsharpdreams
- Simple LR Lecture.pptDiunggah olehEarl Kristof Li Liao
- 06testDiunggah olehPETER
- Anova Itenas 2017Diunggah olehLukman Muhammad Al Ghani
- 02112015IARJBM258Diunggah olehsanjeet chhikara
- 478RMStrengthPrediction.pdfDiunggah olehredcoat
- Taguchi Analysis on Surface Roughness in Turning OHNS High Carbon Steel with DNMG Carbide InsertDiunggah olehIJIRST
- 6_ANOVADiunggah olehAnirban Baral
- WorldDiunggah olehAgus
- Manuscript 2 TablesDiunggah olehMasrat Ahmed
- CHAPTER TWO MANAGERIAL ACCOUNTINGDiunggah olehRose Pineda
- The Role of Green Recruitment and Selection on Performance of Processing Industries in TanzaniaDiunggah olehSergey
- Iis Titip SpssDiunggah olehElyibe

- board assurance statement and self-audit checklists january 2014Diunggah olehapi-212444545
- PUP Enrollment Payment VoucherDiunggah olehPoy Guinto
- lesson planDiunggah olehapi-318896907
- Appendix Lesson Plan IsDiunggah olehMirela Claudia Ilies
- Universal Audiencie Epistem Aspiration of Argument AikinDiunggah olehGabriel Reis
- camerons resumeDiunggah olehapi-310436512
- Analyzing High School Students’ Reasoning About Electromagnetic InductionDiunggah olehMizwar Al Idrus
- 5 Item Likert Scale. JDI..Diunggah olehAbmg Libya
- ecp711 assignment 1Diunggah olehapi-169564846
- 3 year upper elementary curriculum resources--montessori inspired homeschoolDiunggah olehStaci Kaylor Motherwell
- Marketing Management in Practice (Advanced Marketing Simulation) PGDM 2013-14Diunggah olehMahip Singh Pathania
- Ged Sample Practice Test Pt2Diunggah olehBarry Head
- 226912228Diunggah olehapi-5200468
- NHS Mandate.pdfDiunggah olehPhrogstar
- Horwitz Foreign Language Anxiety ScaleDiunggah olehRo Mi Na
- resume of jessica diazDiunggah olehapi-288983001
- Pakistan MovementDiunggah olehUmmahUnity
- Literature DiscussionDiunggah olehZaini Akmal
- Curriculum VitaeDiunggah olehArshad Masood Hashmi
- JGFH Concussion PolicyDiunggah olehJack Burton
- True Colors Lesson PlanDiunggah olehCristina Vasquez
- grade 6 parent letter holy trinity transity day 2015 finalDiunggah olehapi-291012275
- Ombudsman vs DionisioDiunggah olehMaria Recheille Banac Kinazo
- token economyDiunggah olehapi-290385020
- In Phase News June 5 Issue 3Diunggah olehIn Phase News
- Chap001.pptDiunggah olehRamana Reddy Narapureddy
- Fowler 2008 Book Review AnfaraDiunggah olehsusilojhj2641
- sci- weatherDiunggah olehapi-355087052
- Ann TicknerDiunggah olehMaffer Velasco
- sps 13 14 portfolio final entire documentDiunggah olehapi-226069785