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SUMMARY OF JOURNAL

Name

: Nurul Nadia Binti Mohd Zawawi

ID No

: KMM14006

Date

: 23rd March 2015

TITLE

Experimental and Numerical Study of Cutting Force in End-Milling Operation


Using Statistical Method.

AUTHORS

WHAT

K.Kadirgama, M.M.Noor, M.M.Rahman, Rosli A.Bakar, B.Mohammad

A study to predict the cutting force produced in end-miling operation for modified
AISI P20 tool steel using statistical method.

HOW

By utilizing the response surface methodology (RSM), the first order cutting
force equations were developed to study the effect of input cutting parameters
including the cutting speed, feed rate, radial depth and axial depth of cut. The
explicit code was also used to estimate the cutting and thrust force. Modified
AISI P20 tool steel with coated carbide inserts was used. The cutting tool used
is a 0o lead positive end miling cutter of 31.75 mm.

RESULT

The axial depth of cut, radial depth of cut and feed rate are related with the
cutting force. From the experiment, it can be seen that increases of cutting force
with increases of axial and radial depth of cut and feed rate however the cutting
speed is decreased.

SUMMARY OF JOURNAL

Name

: Nurul Nadia Binti Mohd Zawawi

ID No

: KMM14006

Date

: 23rd March 2015

TITLE

Prediction of Chatter in CNC Machining based on Dynamic Cutting Force for


Ball End Miling.

AUTHORS

R.Daud,

N.K.Hasfa,

S.H.Tomadi,

M.A.Hassan,

K.Kadirgama,

M.M.Noor,

M.R.M.Rejab
WHAT

A study to determine the suitable depth of cut, spindle speed and feed rate
during machining and to predict the chatter occurance of end miling using ball

HOW

end mill cutter.


The parameters used were spindle speed, depth of cut and feed rate. CNC
machine was used with ball end miling. Cool work tool steel (AISI-D2) with
parameter of 100x100x25 mm was chosen. The high speed steel 2 flute ball
nose was used as the cutting. To measure the force, a force dynamometer was
used.

RESULT

The chatter in ball end miling can be detected from calculating the cutting forces
and their frequency spectra. A comparison between predicted and measured
cutting force are done. The significant factor for occurance of chatter are depth
of cut and spindle speed. By selecting low spindle speed and small depth of cut,
chatter vibrations in machining can be avoided. Thus, this will prevent chatter to
occur.

SUMMARY OF JOURNAL

Name

: Nurul Nadia Binti Mohd Zawawi

ID No

: KMM14006

Date

: 23rd March 2015

TITLE

Experimental Study on Surface Integrity In End Miling of Hastelloy C-2000


Superalloy

AUTHORS

WHAT

N.H.Razak, M.M. Rahman and K.Kadirgama

To determine the surface integrity in end miling of Hastelloy C-2000 using two
different cutting inserts.

HOW

Two different cutting inserts under wet condition (physical vapor deposition
coated carbide with TiA1N and uncoated carbide) were used in the experiment.
Box-Behnken Design was implemented in the experimental design. Through
scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and an energy dispersive X-ray (EDX)
test, the surface integrity of the workpiece and chemical element charges were
analyzed and inspected respectively.

RESULT

The surface integrity of Hastelloy C-2000 is better when machining with coated
carbide compared to uncoated carbide cutting inserts. This is because the
coating layer of coated carbide acted as the protecting layer to the cutting tool
inserts. Surface defects (feed marks, surface tearing, plucking, cracking and
adhered

chips)

are

found

during

machining. Adhesion

mechanisms cause the chemical element changes to happen.

and

diffusion