Anda di halaman 1dari 4

10

ABSTRAK
Kajian Kapasitas Tampung Air dan Debit Banjir Maksimum pada Sub DAS Karang
Mumus dan Sub DAS Karang Asam di Wilayah Kota Samarinda
Banjir yang seringkali terjadi di wilayah Kota Samarinda karena intensitas curah hujan
yang cukup tinggi dan kapasitas alur Sungai yang tidak mampu mengalirkan debit air
sehingga pada musim penghujan air tidak dapat tertampung dan mengakibatkan banjir,
yang arah alirannya melalui kawasan perkotaan sehingga kejadian banjir mengganggu
dan merugikan daerah-daerah rawan banjir, hal ini sering menimbulkan terganggunya
arus lalu lintas dan kemacetan. Penyebab banjir adanya curah hujan dan sistem Daerah
Aliran Sungai meliputi faktor topografi, jenis tanah, geologi, penggunaan lahan. Penelitian
dilakukan pada Sungai Utama Karang Mumus, Sungai Utama Karang Asam Besar dan
Sungai Utama Karang Asam Kecil dengan menganalisis kapasitas saluran yang ada
sehingga diperoleh dimensi saluran yang baru. Metode perhitungan analisis curah hujan
rencana menggunakan distribusi Gumbel dan Distribusi Log Pearson Tipe III, analisis
debit banjir rencana dengan menggunakan hidrofraf satuan sintetik Nakayasu, dengan
periode ulang Q25 tahun. Debit banjir rencana Sungai Utama Karang Mumus sebesar
Q25= 705,4578 m3/dt, Sungai Utama Karang Asam Besar sebesar Q 25=192,4607 m3/dt
dan Sungai Utama Karang Asam Kecil sebesar Q 25=257,6593 m3/dt. Analisis angkutan
sedimen dengan menggunakan metode Einstein pada Sungai Utama Karang Mumus
sebesar QB=0,1680 m3/dt, Sungai Utama Karang Asam Besar sebesar Q B=0,0258 m3/dt
dan Sungai Utama Karang Asam Kecil sebesar Q B=0,0317 m3/dt. Hasil analisis debit
banjir maksimum Sungai Utama Karang Mumus sebesar Q 25=706,2898 m3/dt, Sungai
Utama Karang Asam Besar sebesar Q B=192,4349 m3/dt dan Sungai Utama Karang Asam
Kecil sebesar Q25=257,6276 m3/dt. Analisis penelusuran banjir lewat Sungai dengan
menggunakan metode Muskingum, debit puncak outflow menjadi lebih kecil dari debit
inflow karena adanya tampungan disepanjang Sungai, penelusuran banjir lewat Waduk,
volume Waduk eksisting v=3,24x106 m3< volume Waduk yang dibutuhkan v=27,1554x10 6
m3, sehingga Waduk Benanga untuk periode ulang 25 tahun tidak mampu lagi
menampung curah hujan, Kondisi eksisting kapasitas Sungai Utama Karang Mumus,
Sungai Utama Karang Asam Besar dan Sungai Utama karang Asam Kecil tidak mampu
lagi menampung air pada musim penghujan, sehingga mengakibatkan banjir, untuk
menampung debit air, maka dibuat suatu dimensi baru yang sesuai dengan kondisi yang
ada, hasil analisis debit Sungai rencana pada Sungai Utama Karang Mumus
Q25=709,2050 m3/dt>Q25maksimum=706,2898 m3/dt, Sungai Utama Karang Asam Besar
Q25=192,6931 m3/dt>Q25maksimum=192,4349 m3/dt dan Sungai Utama Karang Asam Kecil
Q25=264,1329 m3/dt>Q25maksimum=257,6276 m3/dt, kapasitas tampung air Sungai
memenuhi, aman. Dari hasil analisis angkutan sedimen berkurangnya kapasitas tampung
air Sungai akibat pendangkalan atau penimbunan didasar saluran oleh sedimen.
Kata kunci: debit banjir rencana, debit banjir maksimum, angkutan sedimen, debit Sungai
rencana

11

ABSTRACT

The study of flood speed and the capacity of the river water at the sub river area
flow of Karang Mumus and Karang Asam in Samarinda city

The flood which has aften happened in Samarinda city because of the intensity of high
enough rain fall and the capacity of the river channel which is not able to flow the water
speed it is therefore in the rainy season the water is not able to be captured and it causes
flood the emsegueactly the flood is going through the traffic flow and the rush. The cuses
of flood there is the rain fall codering topography, geology, land use. This research is held
in the special Karang Mumus river, the big Karang Mumus and the little Karang Asam
river by analyzing the flow the given capacity therefor it can get the new one. The method
of rain flow analysis to plain by using Gumbel and Log Pearson Tipe III distribution. The
result of the water speed plan using hidrograf sintetik unit of Nakayasu, the speed flood
speed using Q25 year. Flood speed plan of Karang Mumus is Q 25=705,4578 m3/dt, the big
river Karang Asam Q25=192,4607 m3/dt and the small Karang Asam Q 25=257,6593 m3/dt.
The result of the sidementation motion by using Einstein at Karang Mumus Q B=0,1680
m3/dt, the big Karang Asam Q B=0,0258 m3/dt and the small Karang Asam Q B=0,0317
m3/dt. The result of the maximum flood speed of Karang Mumus Q 25=257,6276. The
result of the observation flood thanegh the river concerned byMuskingum the peak speed
out flow is smaller place to catch, through damp, the existing volume v=3,24x10 5 m3<the
given volume v=3,24x105 m3<the given volume damp v=27,1554x10 6 m3 it is theirfore the
Benanga damp for the period 25 year is not able to capture the rain fall, The eksisting
capacity of the three rivers are not able to capture the water cluting the rain season so it
makes a new dimension adapting the given condition. The analysis report of river plan at
the special river Karang Mumus Q 25=709,2050 m3/dt, the big Karang Asam Q25=192,0931
m3/dt>Q25=192,4334
m3/dt,
the
small
Karang
Asam
Q25=264,1329
3
m /dt>Q25maximum=257,6276 m3/dt, the capacity of water capture is secure and fulfillet
from the analysis sidementation motion the minimiring of the water capture water is
causes by the sedimentation and the other causes on the bottom of the river like the
going of material and the domestic waste.
Keywords: flood speed volume plan, maximum flood speed volume plan,
sidemention flow, river speed volume plan.

12

ABSTRACT
Debit Flood Assessment and Water Retention Capacity in Sub River watershed and
sub-watershed Mumus Coral Reefs Acid in Samarinda City region
Flooding often occurs in the city of Samarinda because rainfall intensity is high enough
and the flow capacity of the river is not able to drain the water flow so that the water in
the rainy season can not be accommodated , and result in flooding , the direction of flow
through urban areas so that flood events disturbing and detrimental to the area flood prone areas , this often creates disruption of traffic flow and congestion . The cause
flooding rainfall and Watershed system factors include topography , soil type , geology ,
land use . The study was conducted at the Main River Reef Mumus , Main river and river
Great Acid Coral Key Coral Small Acid by analyzing the capacity of existing channels in
order to obtain a new channel dimensions . The method of calculating rainfall analysis
plan using Gumbel distribution and Log Pearson Type III distribution , flood discharge
plan analysis results using synthetic Nakayasu hidrofraf unit , use the Q25 flood
discharge plan year .Main river flood discharge plan for the Coral Mumus Q25 =
705.4578 m3/sec , the Main River Reef Big Acid for Q25 = 192.4607 m3/sec and the
Main River Coral Small Acid for Q25 = 257.6593 m3/sec . The results of the analysis
using the method of transport sediman Einstein on the Main River Reef Mumus at QB =
0.1680 m3/sec , Sungai Karang Asam Big Top at QB = 0.0258 m3/sec and the Main River
Coral Small Acid by QB = 0.0317 m3 / dt . The results of the analysis of the maximum
flood discharge of the river Main Reef Mumus Q25 = 706.2898 m3/sec , the Main River
Reef Big Acid by QB = 192.4349 m3/sec and the Main River Coral Small Acid for Q25 =
257.6276 m3/sec . The results of the analysis of past flooding search using the
Muskingum River peak discharge becomes smaller outflow than inflow discharge
because of the bin along the river , flooding search through the reservoir , the existing
reservoir volume v = 3.24 x106 m3 < Reservoir volume needed v = 27.1554 x106 m3 , so
the reservoir Benanga for a return period of 25 years no longer able to accommodate
rainfall , river capacity existing condition Mumus Main reef , Main reef Acid Big River and
the Main River reef Small Acid no longer able to hold water in the rainy season , causing
flooding , to accommodate water discharge , then created a new dimension in
accordance with existing conditions , river discharge plan analysis results on the Main
River Reef Mumus Q25 = 709.2050 m3/sec > Q25maksimum = 706.2898 m3/sec , Main
River Reef Big Acid Q25 = 192.6931 m3/sec > Q25maksimum = 192.4349 m3/sec and
the Main River Coral Small Acid Q25 = 264.1329 m3/sec > Q25maksimum = 257.6276
m3/sec , capacities of river water meets safe . From the analysis of the reduced capacity
of sediment transport capacity due to silting of river water or sediment accumulation by
the bottom line .
Keywords : flood discharge plan , the maximum flood discharge , sediment transport ,
river discharge plan

13

ABSTRACT
Debit Flood Assessment and Water Retention Capacity in Sub River watershed and sub-watershed
Mumus Coral Reefs Acid in Samarinda City region