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Afrilyani Nur Azizah ( 01 )

Alifianna ( 03 )
Ita Redyaningsih ( 14 )
Niken Rumani ( 20 )
Class : XII IPA 6
ENGLISH EXERCISES
REVIEW UNIT 1

Put the verbs in the bracket into the correct form (past tense, past continuous or past perfect)
Example :
Example
: Budi .(fly) to Pontianak this morning
Budi flew to Pontianak this morning
1. When the security officers arrived at the office, the robber was stealing (steal) all the money.
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2. Shinta was riding (ride) to school by her bicycle this morning ?.
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3. Susi jumped (jump) so high at this athletic competition last week.
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4. After Budi hadnt met (not, meet) his parents, he went to the school yard. They usually picked him up there
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5. You were going out (go out) when I called you last night?
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6. Aprillia wasnt finishing (not, finish) watering the flowers in the garden when I came home.
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7. Artika had written had written (write) his application before he sent to the office.
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8. Alia was driving was driving (drive) his new car to school this morning.
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9. Kareen and I practised practised (practise ) sport in the school yard while Andi was jogging.
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10. After Budi had got had got (get) his Diploma degree, he would apply for the army
Change these sentences and questions into Reported Speech.
1. Ari said, Marry is picking some flowers now
Ari said that marry was picking some flowers then
2. Budi said to me, I drove my car very fast last night
Budi said to me that I had driven my car very fast the night before
3. Aci told them, It will be a wonderful trip
Aci told them that it would be a wonderful trip
4. Ari asked me, Did Ida go to the party last night?
Ari asked me if Ida went to the party the night before
5. John asked me, Why do they go abroad so often?
John asked me why me do they go abroad so often
6. My teacher told me, Dont put your book on my table
My teacher told me not to put my book on his table
7. Father ordered me, Switch off the television
Father ordered me to switch off the television
8. Joko asked me, Can you tell me what the time is?
Joko asked me if I could tell him what the time is
Choose the best answer to the following questions!

THE LION AND THE MOUSE


Mr Lion was lying asleep when he was suddenly
awaked by a mouse running over his face. The little
mouse was being chased by a wild cat. How dare you!
he roared, and raised his paw to kill the mouse. please,
Sir, begged Miss Mouse, let me go, and one day I may
do something for you in return. You help me? Ha
ha, laugh Mr Lion, but he let her go.
One day, Mr Lion was caught in a net spread by
hunters. I cant get out! he roared angrily. But I cant
help you, said a tiny voice. Then Miss Mouse nibbled
and gnawed the ropes until the Lion was free. There,
she said proudly if you had not let me go, I would not
have found a way to help you. Yes, you should thank
her, Mr Lion. She has saved your life said a monkey
who was sitting on a branch of a tree.
1. Who was caught in a net?
A. A cat.
B. A lion
C. A mouse
D. A hunter.
E. A monkey.
2. According to the text, which of following is true?
A. Mr Lion was not lying asleep.
B. The mouse cannot help Mr Lion.
C. Miss Mouse was awaked by Mr Lion.
D. Miss Mouse was caught in a net spread by
hunters.
E. Mr Lion was awaked because a mouse running
over his face.
3. Why did the mouse run over the lions face?
Because.
A. she was chased by a wild cat.
B. she was not afraid of the lion.
C. she wanted to wake up the lion.
D. she hoped the lion would help her.
E. she expected the lion would kill the cat.
4 The main idea of paragraph two is.
A. A monkey helped Mr Lion.
B. Mr Lion caught Miss Mouse.
C. Miss Mouse helped release Mr Lion.
D. Mr Lion was trapped by the hunters.
E. The hunters were caught in a net.
The Tyrant Who Became a Just Ruler
In the olden times there was a king who was so
cruel and unjust toward his subject that he was always
called The Tyrant. So heartless
was he that his people used to pray night and day that
they might have a new king.
One day, much to their surprise, he called his
people together and said to them, My dear subjects, the
days of my tyranny are over. Henceforth, you shall live
in peace and happiness, for I have decided to try my
rule henceforth justly and well.
The king kept his words so well that soon he
was known throughout the land as The Just King. By
and by one of his favourites came to him said, Your
majesty, I beg you to tell me how it was that you had this
change of heart towards your people.
And the King replied, As I was galloping
through my forest one afternoon, I caught sight of a
hound chasing a fox. The fox escaped into his hole, but
not until he had been bitten by the dog so badly that he
would be lame for life. The hound, returning home, met

a man who threw a stone at him, which broke his leg.


And the horse, starting to run, fell into a hole and broke
his leg. Here I came to my senses, and resolved to
change my rule. for surely, I said to myself, he who
does evil will sooner or later be overtaken by evil.
5. Which of the statement is TRUE?
A. The king was chased by a fox
B. The kings behaviour never changed
C. The man was thrown with a stone by a hound
D. The kings subjects hated him when he was a
tyrant
E. In the olden times the King was loved by his
subjects.
6. Paragraph two tells us that the King..
A. never ended the day of his tyranny
B. showed his surprise to his subjects
C. decided to rule his subjects unjustly
D. warned his subjects to obey his rules
E. changed his behaviour and became a just ruler
7. The communicative purpose of this text is ..
A. to criticize a work of art
B. to describe particular person
C. to describe how something is accomplished
D. to entertain and deal with actual or vicarious
experience
E. to share an account of unusual or amusing
incidents with others
8. The organization of the text above is ..
A. Goal, material, Steps
B. Identification, Description
C. Newsworthy event, Background Event, Sources
D. Orientation, Crisis, Reaction, Coda, Reflection
E. Orientation, Evaluation, Complication,
Resolution, Reorientation
9. To show the real words of the speakers, the writer
uses..
A. passive voice
B. direct speech
C. reported speech
D. simple past tense
E. simple present tense
The Shepherd's Boy
There was once a young shepherd boy who tended
his sheep at the foot of a mountain near a dark forest. It
was rather lonely for him all day, so he thought upon a
plan by which he could get a little company and some
excitement.
He rushed down towards the village calling out
"Wolf, Wolf," and the villagers came out to meet him,
and some of them stopped with him for a considerable
time.
This pleased the boy so much that a few days
afterwards he tried the same trick, and again the
villagers came to his help.
But shortly after this a wolf actually did come out
from the forest, and began to worry the sheep, and the
boy of course cried out "Wolf, Wolf," still louder than
before. But this time the villagers, who had been fooled
twice before, thought the boy was again deceiving them,
and nobody stirred to come to his help.
So the wolf made a good meal off the boy's flock,
and when the boy complained, the wise man of the
village said: A liar will not be believed, even when he

speaks the truth."


10. The following which is not true about the shepherds
boy characters is .
A. Liar
B. Proper
C. Lonely
D. Pretender
E. Hypocrite
11.
The false statement based on the text above is

A. The shepherds boy lied to the villagers for three


times
B. The shepherds boy shouted that there was a
wolf
C. The villagers didnt want to help the boy at last
D. The boy was eaten by the wolf
E. The boy disappointed the villagers
12. Where did the story take place?
A. In the park.
B. At the zoo.
C. In the village.
D. In the dark forest.
E. At foot of mountain.
13.
A.
B.
C.
D.
E.

What lesson can we learn from the story ?


When we feel lonely we can do whatever
we like to entertain ourselves
Cheating for good purpose is not forbidden
Often telling a lie causes others difficult to
trust us.
When we need a friend to talk to what we
can do is shouting loudly to invite.
We should get along with other people
wisely

14. The word company in the above passage has


similar meaning to ______
A. factory
B. attention
C. firm
D. friend
E. entertainment
15. The writers main purpose in writing the text is __
A.
to persuade the readers to do wise
things
B.
to describe the character of the young
shepherd boy.
C.
to retell past event for the purpose of
informing or entertaining
D.
to entertain and to teach moral values
to the reader
E.
to inform the readers about
newsworthy event
The lamb and the wolf
One day the wolf was slaking his thirst at a
stream when he chanced to see a lamb, so drinking at
some distanced own the stream.
Outraged, he glowed, You are muddying my
drinking water, now I shall eat you.
The lamb protested, But, sir, how can I be
muddying your drinking water? I am farther downstream
than you are. The water is flowing from your part of the
stream to where I am.
Upstream or downstream, your drinking is
muddying my water, and I shall eat you.

So saying, the wolf leaped upon the lamb and devoured


him.
16. What is the main idea of the first paragraph?
A. A thirsty wolf
B. A thirsty lamb
C. The wolf was slaking
D. The lamb was drinking
E. The wolf and the lamb were slaking
17. When he chanced to see a lamb, so drinking .
( par.1)
What does the underlined word mean?
A. changed
B. converted
C. opportunity
D. approached
E. came toward
18. The following facts made the wolf get angry with the
lamb, except .
A. The lamb protested
B. The lamb muddied the water
C. The wolf wanted to eat the lamb
D. The lamb drank at the same stream
E. The lamb is farther downstream the wolf
19. We can learn from the story that.
A. Never clean our body on the stream
B. The strong will always rule the weak
C. The bad will always beat the good
D. Dirty water is bad for our health
E. Never drink the river water
Please All and You Will Please None
A man and his son were once going with their
donkey to a market. As they were walking along, a
countryman passed them and said: "You fools, what is a
donkey for but to ride upon?"
So the man put the boy on the donkey and they
went on their way. But soon they passed a group of
men, one of whom said: "See that lazy youngster, he
lets his father walk while he rides."
So the man had his boy get off, and got on
himself. But they hadn't gone far when they passed two
women, one off whom said to the other: "Shame on that
lazy lout to make his poor little son trudge along."
The man didn't know what to do,-but at last he
took his boy up before him on the donkey. By this time
they had come to the town and the passers-by began to
jeer and point at them. The man stopped and asked
what they were scoffing at. The men said : "Aren't you
ashamed of yourself for overloading that poor donkey of
yours-you and your hulking son?"
The man and boy got off and tried to think what
to do. They thought and they thought, till at last they cut
down a pole, tied the donkey's feet to it, and raised the
pole and the donkey to their shoulders. They went along
amid the laughter of all who met them till they came to
market bridge, when the donkey, getting one of his feet
loose, kicked out and caused the boy to drop his end of
the pole, in the struggle the donkey fell over the bridge,
and so did the man and the boy.
Finally an old man who had followed them said.
"That will teach you: Please a/I, and you will please
none."
(Adapted from: www.narrative.com)

20. What does the writer want by writing the story?

A. He wants to persuade the readers that talking


care of animals is a good job
B. He wants to explain us how to take care of
animals
C. He wants to entertain the readers
D. He wants to tell about past activities
E. He wants to tell us about his experience

25.

Beowulf was able to kill Grendels mother


A. on the other hand it made the king happy
B. because his sword was useless
C. and the other knights helped him
D. by using a special weapon
E. in the castle

26.

By writing this text, the writer wants to .


A. retell events for the purpose of entertain
B. share with others an account of amusing
incident
C. inform readers that there was a monster in
Denmark
D. describe a monster living in Denmark
E. to amuse, entertain and to deal with a folklore
from Denmark

27.

The knights when the monster came and killed


one of them.
A. slept
B. had slept
C. have slept
D. were sleeping
E. had been sleeping

21. What did the countryman say to the man? He told


him ....
A. to keep walking along with his donkey
B. to let his son walk with his donkey
C. to hold his donkey on his shoulders
D. to ride on his donkey
E. to let his son hold the donkey on his shoulders
22. Which, of the five statements below, is true?
A. The man and his son were on their way from the
house to the market.
B. The man and his son were on their way from the
market ,to their house
C. There were four characters in the text.
D. As the man and his son got off the donkey fell
over the bridge.
E. Somebody cut a pole and gave it to the man to
tie the donkey's feet.
23. Finally an old man who had followed them said,
"That will teach you: Please all, and you will please
none" (last paragraph).
From the sentence above we know that....
A. The man tried to please the others and he got
what he wanted
B. The man didn't follow what the others told him
C. The man and the boy were pleased by the
others
D. The old man wanted the man not to please all
E. The man tried to please the others but he
couldn't
24. What is the main idea of paragraph 5?
A. Both the man and boy got off and tried to think
what to do
B. They thought and thought, till at last they cut
down a pole
C. In the struggle the donkey fell over the bridge
and so did the man and the boy
D. The man tied the donkey's feet to the pole
E. They, went along amid a laughter of all who met
them till they came to the market bridge
The Legend of Beowulf
Once upon a time, there was a horrible monster
called Grendel. He was half-man and half monster. He
lived in Denmark. One day he went to the kings castle.
The king and his men tried to kill the monster but their
swords were useless. A knight called Beowulf heard
about the problem and went to Denmark to help the
king.
That night, Beowulf and his men took off their
armour and put away their swords and went to sleep.
The monster came into the castle and killed a knight.
Beowulf woke up and fought the monster- he pulled off
an arm! Grendel went back to his home in a lake and
died. Grendels mother was very angry and the next
night she went to the castle and killed a knight.
In the morning, Beowulf went to the lake. He
killed Grendels mother with a special sword. When he
came back, the king was very happy and gave Beowulf
presents and money

The old witch locked Hansel in a cage and set


Gretel to clean the house. She planned to eat them
both. Each night the children cried and begged the witch
to let them go.
Meanwhile, at home, their stepmother was
beginning to wish she had never tried to get rid of the
children. I must find them she said and set off the
forest.
Many hours later, when her feet were tired from
walking and her lips were dry from thirst, she came to
the cottage belonging to the witch. The stepmother
peeped through the window. Her heart cried out when
she saw the two children.

She picked up the broom leaning against the


door and crept inside. The witch was putting some
stew in the oven when the stepmother gave her an
almighty push. The witch fell into the oven and the
stepmother shut the door.
Children I have come to save you hugging them
tightly. I have done a dreadful thing. I hope in time you
will forgive me. Let me take you home and become
family again. They returned to their home and the
stepmother became the best mother anyone could wish
to have. And of course, they lived happily ever after.
28. After reading the story we know that
A. Most stepmother is cruel to children
B. Stepmother usually treats her own children
badly
C. The goodness is sometimes defeated by the
badness
D. Basically, woman has a kind-hearted sense
E. Not only woman could defeat the evil but also
the children
29. The following statements are true except

A. The mother was actually a cruel stepmother.


B. The mother always cared kindly to children
C. The mother realized she has done wrong to the
children.
D. The mother was really a kind heartedstepmother indeed.
E. The mother never treated the children poorly in
the end.
30. to wish she had never tried to get rid of the
children (line six)
The underlined words have the same in meaning
with
A.
ask them to go out
B.
turn them back home
C.
drive them away
D.
let them stay out
E.
drive them in
31. The underlined sentence from the text above can
be inferred that
A. The mother was really sorry for having treated
the children badly.
B. The mother has done the bad things to get them
back home.
C. The children were really sorry to hear their
mother words.
D. The children have done the bad things toward
their mother.
E. The mother had come to save the children from
danger.
Why Do The Sun and The Moon Live in the Sky?
Long time ago, there was no day. It was always
dark and always summer. This was because the
Kachina, a very powerful person had stolen The Sun
and The Moon and locked them away in a box. In the
light, Coyote and Eagle, two friends wandered the
desert. Coyote and Eagle had always hunted together,
but Coyote could not hunt anymore because he could
not see at night. Coyote suggested that they went to find
The Sun and The Moon and made them light up the
world. Eagle was worried. He reminded Coyote that the
Sun and The Moon were very strong and it was
dangerous to trick them. In the end, Eagle agreed to
help Coyote. While the Kachina was sleeping Coyote
and Eagle crept into their village, stole the Sun and the
Moon, and headed into the hills. Coyote told Eagle that
he wanted to open the box containing the Sun and the
Moon but Eagle said no. They must wait until their
travels and open it with their eyes closed. Coyote
grumbled. He couldnt wait to see what was in the box.
Finally, he grew so curious that he threw it open. The
light of the Sun was so bright that it blinded Coyotes
eyes. The Sun and the Moon laughed and flew far away,
up into the sky where they are today.
32. How was the Coyote characteristic?
A. He was stubborn
B. He was clever
C. He was cunning
D. He was blind
E. He was stupid
33. and make them light up What does them
refer to?
A. The Kachina and its power
B. The Eagle and the Kachina
C. The Kachina and the Coyote
D. The Eagle and the Coyote

E. The Sun and the Moon


34. The word from the text which means took away
thing secretly for ones own use without right is
A. crept
B. stole
C. locked
D. headed
E. grumbled
35. What is the moral value of this story?
A. Be a brave man
B. Never trust what other said
C. Always open the box with eyes closed
D. Think before doing something
E. Be careful with the Sun and the Moon
Once upon a time there was a poor widow who
had an only son named Jack. They were so poor that
they didnt have anything except a cow. When the cow
had grown too old, his mother sent Jack to the market to
sell it. On the way to the market, Jack met a butcher
who had some beautiful beans in his hand. The butcher
told the boy that the beans were of great value and
persuaded the silly lad to sell the cow for the beans.
Jack brought them happily. When he told his
mother about this, his mother became so angry that she
threw the beans out of the window.
When Jack woke up in the morning, he felt the
sun shining into a part of his room, but all the rest was
quite dark and shady.
So he jumped to the window. What did he see?
The beanstalk grew up quite close past Jacks window.
He opened the window and jumped to the beanstalk
which ran up just like a big ladder.
He climbed and climbed till at last he
reached the sky. While looking around, he saw a very
huge castle. He was very amazed.
Then Jack walked along the path leading to the
castle. There was a big tall woman on the doorstep.
Jack greeted her and asked for the giantess mercy to
give him breakfast because he felt very hungry.
Although the giantess grumbled at first, finally she gave
Jack a hunk of bread and cheese and a jug of milk.
Jack hadnt finished when the whole house
began to tremble with the noise of someones coming.
Oh! Its my husband! cried the giantess. What on
earth shall I do? Hastily the giantess opened a very big
cupboard and hid Jack there.
36.

37.

38.

Where did Jack sell his cow?


A. At a castle
B. At the market
C. At the giants castle
D. At the butchers house
E. On the way to the market
What is the story about?
A. Jack and the butcher
B. Jack and the beanstalk
C. Jack and the giantess
D. A poor widow and his son
E. The giantess and her husband
Oh! Thats my husband! cried the giantess.
What on earth shall I do? (paragraph 7). From
the sentence we know that the giantess is her
husband.
A. Afraid of
B. Angry with
C. Fed up
D. Annoyed with
E. Displeased with

39.

What do we learn from the text above?


A. Jack was an innocent boy
B. Poverty makes people hopeless
C. Jacks mother was a furious mother
D. The giantess took a pity on Jack
E. Sincerity makes Jack get something precious
40. When the cow had grown too old, his mother
sent Jack to the market to sell it.
The underlined word has the similar meaning to

A. buy
B. purchase
C. obtain
D. get
E. trade

REVIEW UNIT 2
Put the verbs in brackets into the correct forms
1. They told ( tell ) me when they was getting ( get ) home every afternoon. They had ( have ) some food and then
Changed ( change ) their clothes, they never ate ( eat ) or drank ( drink ) anything while they were ( be ) at the office,
unless the hot weather made ( make ) them thirsty.
2. The boy said ( say ) that he always listened ( listen ) carefully, but didnt ( do not ) always understand his teacher
because they spoke ( speak ) too quickly and chose ( choose ) very difficult words.
3. The children walk ( walk ) to school every morning and look ( look ) for their friends on the way, when they see (see)
them, they run ( run ) to them and laugh ( laugh ) and play ( play ) and will enjoy ( enjoy ) themselves until the school
bell ring ( ring )
4. The man goes ( go ) to work by train everyday. He stay ( stay ) in the train for half an hour and sit (sit ) or stand
(stand) there and read ( read ) his newspaper. He try ( try ) to read all the news during the journey and in that way,
he know (know ) a lot about the topics of the day.
5. Peter always comes ( come ) to school early. He is ( be ) very diligent, so he is ( be ) clever, but he is not ( not be )
selfish. His friends likes ( like ) him because he is ( be ) helpful, as well
Answer the following questions. Put the adjectives in the correct order !
1.
A : He bought a book. The book is red. It is interesting. It is small. What did he buy ?
B : He bought a small interesting red book
2.
A : she has three children. They are tall. They are fat. Which children are hers ?
B : three fat tall children are hers.
3.
A : Sutomo has a house. It is made of wood. It is beautiful. It is new. What does Sutomo have ?
B : Sutomo has a beautiful new wood house
4.
A : Siti is carrying an umbrella. It is beautiful. It is red. It is made of cloth. What is Siti carrying ?
B : Siti is carrying a beautiful red cloth umbrella
5.
A : My parents bought a car. It is an apple green. It is new. It is small. What did my parents buy ?
B : My parents bought an apple green small new car
6.
A : Mr. and Mrs. Kandow have two sons. They are naughty. They are short. What do Mr. and Mrs. Kandow have ?
B : Mr. and Mrs. Kandow have two naughty short sons
7.
A : He cant drive the car. It is old. It is broken. It is grey. What cant he drive ?
B : he cant drive the old grey brake car
8.
A : The child is playing with a doll. It is made of rubber. It is small it is nice. What is the child playing with ?
B : The child is playing with a nice small rubber doll
9.
A : He wrote many novels. They are new. They are interesting. What did he write ?
B : He wrote many interesting new novels
10. A : The girl won the beauty contest. She is beautiful. She is tall. Who won the beauty contest ?
B : The beautiful tall girls won the beauty contest
11. A : Tommy is playing with a ball. It is red. It is round. It is big. What is Tommy playing with?
B : tommy is playing with a big round red ball
12. A : The girl comes from Australia. She is pretty. She is young. She is slim. Which girl comes from Australia?
B : The pretty slim young girl comes from Australia
13. A : The man is a writer. He is productive. He is young. What is the man?
B : The Man is a productive young writer
14. A : Martin is a film star. He is handsome. He is tall. He is well-built. (= tegap).
B : Martin is a handsome tall well-built film star
15. A :He threw away the shoes. They are worn-out ( = rusak ). They are old. They are brown. What did he throw away
?
B : he threw away the old brown worn-out shoes
Cross a, b, c, d, or e for the right answer.
Text 1
Have you ever wondered how people get chocolate for? In this article well enter the amazing world for chocolate so
you can understand exactly what youre eating.
Chocolate starts with a tree called the cacao tree. This tree grows in equatorial regions, especially in place such as
South America, Africa, and Indonesia. The cacao tree produces a fruit about the size of small pine apple. Inside the fruit are
the trees seeds, also known as cacao beans.
The beans are fermented for about a week, dried in the sun and then shipped to the chocolate maker. The chocolate
maker starts by roasting the beans to bring out the flavor. Different beans from different place have different qualities and
flavor, so the are often sorted and blended to produce a distinctive mix. Next, the roasted beans are winnowed. Winnowing
removes the meat nib of the cacao beans bean from its shell. Then, the nibs are blended. The blended nibs are ground to
make it a liquid. The liquid is called chocolate liquor. It tastes bitter. All seeds contain some amount of fat, and cacao beans
are not different. However, cacao beans are half fat, which is why the ground nibs from liquid. Its pure bitter chocolate.

1.

The text is about .


a.the cacao tree
b.the cacao beans
c. the raw chocolate
d.the making of chocolate
e.the flavor of chocolate

2.

The third paragraph focuses on .


a.the process of producing chocolate
b.how to produce the cacao flavor
c. where chocolate comes from
d.the chocolate liquor
e.the cacao fruit

3.

., so the are often sorted and blended to produce . ( Paragraph 3 )


The underline word is close in meaning to .
a.arranged
b.combined
c. separated
d.distributed
e.organized

4.

How does the chocolate maker start to make chocolate?


a.By fermenting the beans.
b.By roasting the beans.
c. By blending the beans.
d.By sorting the beans.
e.By drying the beans.

Text 2
Wood chipping is a process used to obtain pulp and paper product from the forest. The wood chipping process
begins when the trees are cut down is in selected area of the forest called a couple.
Next, the top and branches of the trees are cut out and the logs are taken to the mill. At the mill, the bark of the
logs is removed and the logs are taken to a chipper, which cut them into small pieces called woodchip. The woodchips are
the screened to remove dirt and other impurities. At this stage, the are either exported in this from or made into pulp by
chemicals and heat. The pulp is then bleached and the water content is removed.
Finally, the pulp is rolled out to make paper.
5.

The text describes the process of .


a.cutting down the forest
b.producing woodchip
c. paper making
d.wood chipping
e.reforestation

6.

What do the mill workers first do with the logs?


a.They export the woodchip.
b.The cut them into pieces.
c. They roll out the paper.
d.The remove the bark.
e.The screen the logs.

7.

At this stage, they are either exported in this from or . ( Paragraph 2 )


The underlined word refer to .
a.logs
b.pulp
c. process pulp
d.raw woodchips
e.clean woodchip

8.

The woodchips are then screened to remove dirt and other impurities.
( Paragraph 2 )
In other word, they are .
a.repaired

b.cleaned
c. moved
d.removed
e.processed
Text 3
Nearly all energy is derived from the sun, either indirectly or directly, in the form of the form of heat rays and light
rays. Electrical energy is derived from the sun indirectly. It can be derived from the power of the earths surface, by mean of
the suns heat. This water vapour rises, condenses on cooling, and falls as rain.
The light and heat energy from coal is also derived indirectly from the sun. Coal was formed by the pressure of the
rocks on vegetation which died million of years ago. That vegetation grew with the aid of sunlight, from which carbohydrates
were formed, thus converting solar energy into chemical energy. When coal is burn some of this energy is released.
Energy used to drive car engines is derived from petrol, which is also formed with the indirect aid of the sun. Plants
and animal were pressed under the rocks in the earth. These dead animals and vegetables remains formed petroleum, from
which petrol and oil are now obtained.
Thus the sun can be said to be source of nearly all energy, and in the absence of the suns heat and light, no life
could exist on earth.
9.

The most suitable title for the text is .


a.solar energy
b.electrical energy
c. fossil fuel energy
d.light and heat energy
e.sources of energy

10.

Where does energy come from originally?


It comes from .
a.the sun
b.the electricity
c. the coal
d.the petrol
e.head and light rays

11.

The following is an example of the use of solar energy in a straight way. That is .
a.the evaporation of the water on the earths surface
b.the producing of electrical energy using waterfall
c. the forming the petrol and coal
d.the pressure of diet plants and animals
e.the burning of petrol and coal

12.

Which statement is true according to the text?


a.Rain directly produces electrical energy.
b.The water on the earths surface evaporate due to the suns heat.
c. One result of electrical energy is the power of water falling down a mountain side.
d.The water vapour condenses because of the sunlight.
e.The sun energy is indirectly derived from the power of the waterfall.

13.

What was coal derived from? Coal was derived from .


a.the sun
b.the rocks
c. vegetation
d.animals
e.plants and animals

14.

Which the statement is not true according to the text?


a.Coal can produce light and heat energy.
b.To from carbohydrates, vegetation needs sunlight.
c. Rock put pressure on plants and animals that died millions of years ago. Now the plants and the animals have
become coal.
d.The sun helped to from coal indirectly.
e.When we burn coal, some of the energy is set free.

15.

Coal was formed by the pressure of the rocks on vegetation which .


Vegetation means .
a.plants and animals

b.vegetables and animals


c. fruit and vegetables
d.plant and trees
e.grass and vegetables
16.

What formed petroleum?


a.petrol and oil
b.rocks
c. the pressure of rocks
d.dead plant and animal remains
e.vegetation remains

17.

The water on the earths surface evaporates because of .


a.sun energy
b.electrical energy
c. coal heat energy
d.petroleum energy
e.waterfall energy

18.

. Thus converting solar energy into chemical energy. ( Paragraph 2 )


converting means .
a.producing
b.changing
c. consuming
d.conversing
e.converging

19.

The following statements are true, except .


a.rain is formed by two processes: evaporation and condensation.
b.the sun helps form petrol directly.
c. coal was derived from vegetation.
d.the suns heat evaporates the water on the earths surface.
e.coal can produce light and heat energy.

20.

In the absence of the sun heat and light, no life could exist on the earth.
The sentence has the same meaning as .
a.there could not be sun heat and light, without the life on the earth.
b.the life could exist on the earth if the sun heat and light were absent.
c. if the sun heat and light exist, there would be no life.
d.there could not be any life on earth without the sun heat and light.
e.if not life could exist on earth, the sun heat and light would absent.

Text 4
Why do Volcanoes Erupt?
A volcanic eruption occurs when hot, liquid rock from far beneath the earths surface bursts outward through an
opening in the earths crust. A volcano that is eruption is said to be active. An extinct volcano is one which will not erupt
again.
There are active volcanoes in many parts of the world, both on land and under the ocean. As gases in the liquid rock
or magma build up pressure, they force the magma upward through the vent of the volcano.
The magma bursts through an opening in the surface of the earth called a crater, together with ash, smoke, and
steam. The magma is now called lava. The lava oozes down the outside of the volcano, where it cools and hardens in layers
to from the volcanos cone.
21.

What is the purpose of the text above?


a.To describe volcanoes.
b.To give readers information about volcanoes.
c. To explain why volcanoes erupt.
d.To convince that volcanic eruption had happed.
e.To share information about volcanoes.

22.

What is the name given to volcanoes that not longer erupt?


a.active volcanoes
b.dead volcanoes
c. extinct volcanoes
d.dangerous volcanoes

e.old volcanoes
23.

What happens after the gases in the magma build up pressure?


a.The volcanoes become an active volcano.
b.The magma burst through a crater.
c. Ash, smoke and steam burst through a crater.
d.The gases force the magma upward through the vent of volcanoes.
e.The magma was force by the pressure upward through the vent of the volcanoes.

24.

The following items are included of the text above, except .


a.focus on generic, human participants
b.simple present tense
c. general nouns
d.abstract nouns
e.conjunction of time and close

25.

The lava oozes down the outside of the volcano . (The last sentence).
The word oozes has the similar meaning with .
a.spreads out
b.runs
c. climbs
d.increases
e.passes slowly

26.

., they force the magma upward through the vent of the volcano.
The word they refers to .
a.active volcanoes
b.liquid rocks
c. smoke
d.gases
e.layers

Text 5
Rain always comes from clouds. But where do clouds come from? How does all the water get into the sky?
Think about your bathroom. There is hot water in your bath. Steam goes up from the hot water. The steam makes
small clouds in the bathroom. These warm clouds meet the cold walls and windows, and then we see small drops of water on
the walls and windows.
The word is like your bathroom. The water in the oceans is warm when the sun shines on it. Some of this water goes
up into the sky and makes clouds. The wind carries the clouds for hundreds of kilometers. The clouds meet the cold air in the
sky, then well see drop of water. The drops of water are rain.
The rain falls and runs into rivers. Rivers run into oceans. And the water from oceans changes into clouds and
become rain. So water is always moving from oceans to clouds to rain to river to oceans.
27.

The text describes .


a.how rain falls
b.what steam is
c. the formation of rain
d.the changing of clouds to rain
e.how the steam changes into clouds

28.

Which of the following is the right sequence in the formation of rain?


a.cloud rain water steam
b.steam cloud rain water
c. water steam cloud rain
d.rain steam cloud water
e.water cloud steam rain

29.

In what way is the world like your bathroom?


a.In their function.
b.In how to make the water hot.
c. In changing the water into rain.
d.In the sequence of their formation.
e.In the formation of small drops of water.

30.

What will happen if the cloud was carried by the wind meet the cold air in the sky?

It will become .
a.drops of water
b.heavy rain
c. cold water
d.floods
e.clouds
31. Beni
: You must lift this bag.
Budi
: Yes, Sir.
The underlined sentence expresses.
a. Eagerness
c. possibility
b. asking information
d. capability

e. giving order

32. Budi
: What is it?
Beni
: It is tape. A traditional Javanese snack. It .of cassava
a. Made
c. is made
e. has been made
b. Makes
d. was made
33. Budi
: How these rocks are formed?
Beni
: The rocks ..by the pressure of natural forces for thousand years.
a. is formed
c. was formed
e. will be formed
b. are formed
d. were formed
34. Beni
: I to school every day.
Budi
: dont you have any motorbike?
a. am riding my bike
c. rides my bike
b. ride my bike
d. rode my bike
35. Beni
: ..Andi..milk every day?
Budi
: Yes. He does.
a. does, drinks
c. does, drunk
b. does, drank
d. does, drinking

e. ridden my bike

e. does, drink