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AL REEYADA INTERNATIONAL SCHOOL

MAHASEN ARAMCO, AL HASSA, SAUDI ARABIA

LESSON PLAN
SY 2014 2015
SCIENCE 7
SUBJECT MATTER: Acids and Alkalis
DURATION: 50minutes x 10 days
OBJECTIVES:
The students should be able to learn the following at the end of the lesson:
a. examples of Acids and Alkalis
b. difference between acids and alkalis
c. general Properties of Acids and Alkalis
d. pH level and pH indicators
e. mixing different solutions with different pH level
MOTIVATION:
The students must visualised and analysed the difference between acids and
alkalis. These are substances that react with other substances that produce a
new substance that may help in different ways. Students may give examples
of the different chemicals that they used at home or some foods that taste
sour, because these indicates that these substances maybe acids or alkalis.
SCHEDULE OF ACTIVITIES:
DATE
01/02/15 05/02/15

ACTIVITIES
Explanation of the Lesson

01/02/15 02/02/15
02/02/15
03/02/15 04/02/15
04/02/15
04/02/15

Acids and its Properties


Alkalis and its Properties
pH indicators and pH scales
Mixing Solutions of Different pH
Salts

05/02/15

Classwork: Understanding
Checkpoint
Summary of the Lesson
Worksheet Acids and Alkalis
Practical Procedure
Activity

08/02/15
09/02/15
10/02/15
12/02/15

PROCEDURE:
1. Introduce the lesson by explaining that there are different types of
substances. These classifications may determine either the substance is acid
or alkali. Give some example of acids that are written in the book on pages 30
31. Tabulate each of the substance to what acid they contain and their uses.
After tabulating, enumerate the properties of acids and discuss precautions
about these properties. Discuss and explain the Science Tidbits at the
sidebars. Answer the mini exercise on page 32.

Some common acids and their uses

Substances
Slice of Pineapple
Car battery
Bee sting
Apples
Lemons
Grapes
Fizzy drinks
Digestive juices

Acids
Citric Acid
Sulphuric Acid
Formic or Methanoic Acid
Malic Acid
Citric Acid
Tartaric Acid
Carbonic Acid
Hydrochloric Acid

Acids and their uses


Acids
Hydrochloric Acid
Sulphuric Acid
Nitric Acid
Ethanoic Acid or Acetic
Acid
Citric Acid
Phosphoric Acid

Uses
Clearing metallic surfaces
before they are coated
Functioning as electrolyte
in batteries, making
plastics and fertilisers
Making fertilisers and
explosives
Preserving food and for
cooking
Making healthy food
Making fertilisers and
inhibiting the rusting of
iron

General Properties of Acids


a. Most acids are corrosive.
1. What is corrosive? Corrosive are substances which can burn our skin
and react with many materials including metals.
2. What are the precautions in handling corrosive substances?
a. If acid get into the mouth, spit it out and then rinse your
mouth with plenty of water.
b. If acid contact with other parts of your body or clothing, wash
thoroughly with plenty of water.
b. All acids have a sour taste.
WARNING: You should not detect acids by tasting them.
c. Acids turn blue litmus paper red.
d. Aqueous solutions of acids are good electrical conductors.
e. Dilute acids reacts with active metals to produce hydrogen gas.
f. Dilute acids react with carbonates to produce carbon dioxide gas.
g. Acids react with alkalis to form salts and water.
2. Make a simple revision about the discussion in acids. Introduce the concept of
alkali. Let the students describe what was the taste of the soap, if ever they
taste one. Explain the different examples of alkalis that they used at home and
in the laboratory (pages 32 33), tabulate them with the substances and their
uses. After tabulating, discuss the general properties of the alkalis. Discuss
and explain the Science Tidbits at the sidebars.
3. After discussing and make difference between alkalis and acids, discuss and
explain about how they are going to be tested. Introduce the concept of pH
indicators and pH scale. Enumerate the pH indicators that can be used in
testing the substances such as litmus paper, ph meter, universal indicator,
solutions or plant extracts. Give the procedure how each of these indicators
may use to determine the alkalinity and acidity of the substance. For the plant
extract, tabulate the data in page 38.

4. Discuss the mixing solutions of different pH. Explain and describe the diagram
on page 39.
5. Explain and discuss the topic about salts and neutralization reaction. Give the
different types of salts when acids and alkalis react, in table form (page 40).
6. As a summary, discuss briefly the key points.

MATERIAL/S:
Visual Aids
Book: New Lower Secondary Science 2
Notebook
Multimedia References
HOMEWORK/CLASSWORK:
Classworks:
o Questions every Thursday
o Mini exercise page 32
Homeworks:
o Review Questions page 41 42 (Q#1 Q#8)
Research Work:
o Do you know? (page 39)

REFERENCES:
New Lower Secondary Science 2, Tho Lai Hoong and Ho Peck Leng, pages 29 40.
Internet
CONCLUSION:

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MANAGEMENT NOTE/S:
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PREPARED BY:

CHECKED BY:

MS. KIM GABAYNO


SCIENCE 7 Teacher

MS. SILVIA XAVIER


SCIENCE SUPERVISOR