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Advanced Physics Sample Necta Questions


Prepared By Bahanza Amali H.
Intended Classes: Form V and Form VI

Date: 01 April 2015

SET-1
1. The unit of electrical potential, the Volt (V), is defined as the difference in potential
between two points in a conductor which, when carrying a current of one Amp (A),
dissipates a power of one Watt (W). Express the Volt (V) in terms of Joules (J) and
Coulombs (C).
2. Find the total charge in a cylindrical conductor (solid wire) and compute the current
flowing in the wire. Take conductor diameter: 2r = 2 103 m., Charge density: n =
1029 carriers/m3., Charge of one electron: qe = 1.602 1019.
3. The unit of flux density (the Tesla) is defined as the magnetic flux per unit area.
Express this in terms of the fundamental units.
4. Express a quarter of a cycle revolution in terms of:
(a) degrees; (b) radians. Give sketches to justify your answers
5. Express an angle of 2.5 radians in degrees.
6. States the fundamental laws of electrostatics
A coil is wound uniformly on a former having a width of 18 mm and a length of 25
mm. The former is pivoted about an axis passing through the middle of the two
shorter sides and is placed in a uniform magnetic field of flux density 0.75 T, the
axis being perpendicular to the field. If the coil carries a current of 120 mA,
determine the force exerted on each coil side, (a) for a single-turn coil, (b) for a coil
wound with 400 turns.
7. Calculate the distance of separation between two electrons (in vacuum) for which an
electric force between them is equal to the gravitational force on one of them on
earth surface . Take mass of electron =9.1x10-31 kg. Charge of electron =9.1x10-19 C
8. Two parallel plates capacitors have plates of equal area, with different dielectric
strengths and plates distances. Find the ratio of their capacitance given that e r1/
r2=2 and d1/ d2=0.75
9. A conductor material has a free-electron density of 1023 electrons per meter3. When a
voltage is applied, a constant drift velocity of 1.5x10-2 meter/second is attained by
the electrons. If the cross section area of the material is 1cm2, calculate the
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magnitude of the current. An electronic charge is 1.6X10-19 coulomb.

10. A coil consists of 2000 turns of copper wire having cross-sectional area of 0.7 mm2
.The mean length per turn is 70 cm2 and the resistivity of copper is 0.02 Ohm-m.
Find the resistance of the coil and power absorbed by the coil when connected across
110V d.c supply.
11. The resistivity of a ferric -Nickel aluminum alloy is 52x10-8 Ohm. A sheet of the
material is 17 cm long, 6 cm wide and 0.0014 cm thick. Determine resistance
between (a) opposite ends (b) Opposite sides
12. a copper conductor has a its specific resistance of 1.6X10^ -6 ohm-cm at 0 oC and a
resistance temperature coefficient of 1/254 per deg C at 20 de C. Find specific
resistance and temperature coefficient of resistance at 60 oC
13. It is required to construct to construct a resistance of 100 Ohm having a temperature
coefficient of 0.001 per deg C. Wires of two materials of suitable cross-section area
are available. For material A, the resistance is 97 ohm/100 meter, and for B 40
ohm/100 meter, A=0.003 and B=0.0005. Determine the suitable length for wires
A and B.
14. Three resistors are connected in series across a 24 -V battery. The first resistor has a
value of 1 ohm, second has a voltage of 4V and third has power dissipation of 12 W.
Calculate the value of the circuit current.
15. Calculate the force exerted on a charge of 2 x10-18 C travelling at 2 x106 m/s
perpendicular to a field of density 2 x 10-7 T.
16. A direct current of one ampere is passed through a coil of 5000 turns and produces a
flux of 0.1 mWb. Assume that whole of this flux threads all the turns (a)what is the
inductance of the coil (b) what would be the voltage developed across the coil if the
current were interrupted in 10-3 second?
17. A bakelite capacitor is to be constructed to have a capacitance of 0.05 F and to
have a steady working potential of 2 kV maximum. Allowing a safe value of field
stress of 25 MV/m find (a) the thickness of bakelite required, (b) the area of plate
required if the relative permittivity of bakelite is 5, (c) the maximum energy stored
by the capacitor and (d) the average power developed if this energy is dissipated in a
time of 20 s.
18. What would be the maximum voltage developed across the coil if the capacitor of 15
F were connected across the switch breaking the d.c supply?
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19. The unit of flux density (the Tesla) is defined as the magnetic flux per unit area.
Express this in terms of the fundamental units.
20. A coil of 600 turns is wound uniformly on a ring of non-magnetic material. The ring
has a uniform cross-sectional area of 200mm2 and a mean circumference of 500 mm.
If the current in the coil is 4A, determine (a) the magnetic field strength, (b) the flux
density, and (c) the total magnetic flux in the ring.

21. Calculate the distance of separation between two electrons (in vacuum) foe which an
electric force between them is equal to the gravitational force on one of them on
earth surface. Take mass of electron =9.1x10-31 kg. charge of o electron =9.1x10-19
C

22. An electron in a television tube has a charge of 1.6 x1019 coulombs and travels at 3 x
107 m/s perpendicular to a field of flux density 18.5 mT. Determine the force exerted
on the electron in the field.
23. Why Gases are in general, poor conductors of electricity?
A ring forming a magnetic circuit is made from two materials; one part is mild steel of
mean length 27 cm and cross-sectional area 4 cm2, and the remainder is cast iron of mean
length 21 cm and cross-sectional area 7.5 cm2. Use a tabular approach to determine the
total mmf required to cause a flux of 0.2.5 mWb in the magnetic circuit. Find also the
total reluctance of the circuit. Use the magnetization curves shown at the end of this
tutorial sheet

HOME LIBRARY
Advanced Physics Sample Necta Questions
Prepared By Bahanza Amali H.
Intended Classes: Form V and Form VI

Date: 01 April 2015

SET2
1. If a 45-Vdc battery is connected in series with the 117-V utility mains as shown in
Fig1 , what will be the peak voltages?

2. Suppose there are three inductors, each with a value of 40 mH, connected in
parallel with no mutual inductance, what is the net inductance of the set?
3. Imagine that there are four inductors in parallel, with no mutual inductance. Their
values are L1 = 75 mH, L2 =40 mH, L3 =333 mH, and L4 =7.0 H. What is the
total net inductance?
4. Two capacitors with values of 0.0010 pF and 100 pF are connected in series.
What is the total capacitance?
5. Three capacitors are in parallel, having values of C1 = 0.100 pF, C2, =0.0100 nF,
and C3 =0.00100 F. What is the total capacitance?
6. The resistance of a coil of nickel wire at 20 0C is 100 . The temperature of the
wire is increased and the resistance rises to 130 . If the temperature coefficient of
resistance of nickel is 0.006/0C at 200C. Determine the temperature to which the
coil has risen.
7. Four cells, each with an internal resistance of 0.45 Ohm and an e.m.f. of 2.5V are
connected in series to a load of 38.40 (a) Determine the current flowing in the
circuit and the p.d. at the battery terminals. (b) If the cells are connected in
parallel instead of in series, determine the current flowing and the p.d. at the
battery terminals.
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8. Find the equivalent resistance between terminals C and D of the circuit shown in
Figure below

9. A waxed paper capacitor has two parallel plates, each of effective area 800 cm2.
If the capacitance of the capacitor is 4425 pF determine the effective thickness of
the paper if its relative permittivity is 2.5
10. A charge of 1.5 C is carried on two parallel rectangular plates each measuring 70
mm by 80 mm. Calculate the electric flux density. If the plates are spaced 10 mm
apart and the voltage between them is 0.75 kV determine the electric field
strength. For how long must a charging current of 3 A be fed to a 5 F capacitor
to raise the pd between its plates by 500 V.
11. A capacitor is to be constructed so that its capacitance is 4250 pF and to operate at
a pd of 100 V across its terminals. The dielectric is to be polythene (r =2.3)
which, after allowing a safety factor, has a dielectric strength of 20 MV/m. Find
(a) the thickness of the polythene needed, and (b) the area of a plate.
12. For the arrangement shown in Figure below find (a) the equivalent circuit
capacitance and (b) the voltage across a 6.5 F capacitor (c) the energy stored in
the 3microF capacitor.

13. Why pure water is a good electrical insulator. How the size of a magnetic
field is measured? How is this unit relates to volt and second?
14. Describe what happens If a permanent magnet, or a dc electromagnet, is
brought near either pole of an ac electromagnet
15. Figure below shows the magnetic circuit of a relay. When each of the air gaps
are 1.5 mm wide find the mmf required to produce a flux density of 0.65 T in
the air gaps. Use the BH curves shown at the end of this tutorial sheet

a.
16. Suppose two coils, having values of 30 H and 50 H, are connected in
series so that their fields reinforce, as shown in Fig. below, and that the
coefficient of coupling is 0.5. What is the total inductance of the combination?

17. For an ac electromagnet to work, the core material must satisfy two
requirements. Name them

HOME LIBRARY
Advanced Physics Sample Necta Questions
Prepared By Bahanza Amali H.
Intended Classes: Form V and Form VI
Date: 01 April 2015
SET3
3
1. In a magnetization tests on a sample of iron, the following values were obtained:
H(AT/m) 1900

2000

3000

4000

4500

3000

1000

-1000

-1900

B(Wb/m2 0

0.2

0.58

0.7

0.75

0.72

0.63

0.54

0.38

1. Required: Draw the hysteresis loop and find the loss in watts if the volume is 10.1 m3 and
frequency is 50Hz.

2. Giving at least three example for each describe the differences between ferromagnetic,
diamagnetic, paramagnetic materials
3. There are two coils with values L1=835 mH and L2= 2.44 mH. They are connected in
series so that their coefficient of coupling is 0.922, acting so that the coils oppose each
other, as shown in Fig.below. What is the net inductance of the pair?

a.
4.

Describe the following term: (a) Hysteresis (b) Hysteresis loss (c) Fringing (d) absolute
permeability of the material

5. Determine the periodic time for the following frequencies:


(a) 2.5 Hz (b) 100 Hz (c) 40 kHz

A.c. values of non-sinusoidal waveforms

A.c. circuits containing pure inductance and pure capacitance


1. Calculate the reactance of a coil of inductance 0.2 H when it is connected to (a) a 50 Hz,
(b) a 600 Hz and (c) a 40 kHz supply.
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2. Calculate the capacitive reactance of a capacitor of 20 F when connected to an a.c.


circuit of frequency (a) 20 Hz, (b) 500 Hz,
3. Determine the impedance of a coil which has a resistance of 12 _and a reactance of 16 _
4. An alternating voltage given by v D 100 sin 240t volts is applied across a coil of
resistance 32 _ and inductance 100 mH. Determine
(a) the circuit impedance,
(b) the current flowing,
(c) the p.d. across the resistance, and
(d) the p.d. across the inductance.
5. An alternating voltage v D 250 sin 800 t volts is applied across a series circuit containing
a 30resistor and 50 F capacitor. Calculate
(a) the circuit impedance,
(b) the current flowing,
(c) the p.d. across the resistor,
(d) the p.d. across the capacitor, and
(e) the phase angle between voltage and current
5. A coil of resistance 60 and inductance 318.4 mH is connected in parallel with a 15 F
capacitor across a 200 V, 50 Hz supply.
Calculate
(a) the current in the coil
(b) the current in the capacitor
(c) the supply current and its phase angle
(d) the circuit impedance,
(e) the power consumed
(f) the apparent power and
(g) the reactive power. Draw the phasor diagram.

6.
A 30_ resistor is connected in parallel with a pure inductance of 3 mH across a 110 V, 2
kHz supply. Calculate
(a) the current in each branch,
(b) the circuit current,
(c) the circuit phase angle,
(d) the circuit impedance,
(e) the power consumed, and
(f) the circuit power factor.

7.
A 30 F capacitor is connected in parallel with a coil of inductance 50 mH and unknown
resistance R across a 120 V, 50 Hz supply. If the circuit has an overall power factor of 1 find
(a) the value of R,
(b) the current in the coil, and
(c) the supply current.

8.
A motor has an output of 6 kW, an efficiency of 75% and a power factor of 0.64 lagging
when operated from a 250 V, 60 Hz supply. It is required to raise the power factor to 0.925
lagging by connecting a
capacitor in parallel with the motor. Determine
(a) the current taken by the motor
(b) the supply current after power factor correction,
(c) the current taken by the capacitor
(d) the capacitance of the capacitor and
(e) the kvar rating of the capacitor.

9.
A coil of resistance 25 _ and inductance 100 mH is connected in series with a capacitance
of 0.12 F across a 200 V, variable frequency supply. Calculate
(a) the resonant frequency,
(b) the current at resonance and
(c) the factor by which the voltage across the reactance is greater than the supply voltage.

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HOME LIBRARY
Advanced Physics Sample Necta Questions
Prepared By Bahanza Amali H.
Intended Classes: Form V and Form VI

Date: 01 April 2015

SET4
1. The unit of electrical potential, the Volt (V), is defined as the difference in
potential between two points in a conductor which, when carrying a current of
one Amp (A), dissipates a power of one Watt (W). Express the Volt (V) in terms
of Joules (J) and Coulombs (C).
2. Find the total charge in a cylindrical conductor (solid wire) and compute the
current flowing in the wire. Take conductor diameter: 2r = 2 103 m., Charge
density: n = 1029 carriers/m3., Charge of one electron: qe = 1.602 1019.
3. The unit of flux density (the Tesla) is defined as the magnetic flux per unit area.
Express this in terms of the fundamental units.
4. Express a quarter of a cycle revolution in terms of:
(a) degrees; (b) radians. Give sketches to justify your answers
5. Express an angle of 2.5 radians in degrees.
6. States the fundamental laws of electrostatics
A coil is wound uniformly on a former having a width of 18 mm and a length of
25 mm. The former is pivoted about an axis passing through the middle of the two
shorter sides and is placed in a uniform magnetic field of flux density 0.75 T, the
axis being perpendicular to the field. If the coil carries a current of 120 mA,
determine the force exerted on each coil side, (a) for a single-turn coil, (b) for a
coil wound with 400 turns.
7. Calculate the distance of separation between two electrons (in vacuum) for which
an electric force between them is equal to the gravitational force on one of them
on earth surface . Take mass of electron =9.1x10-31 kg. Charge of electron
=9.1x10-19 C
8. Two parallel plates capacitors have plates of equal area, with different dielectric
strengths and plates distances. Find the ratio of their capacitance given that e r1/
r2=2 and d1/ d2=0.75
11

9. A conductor material has a free-electron density of 1023 electrons per meter3.


When a voltage is applied, a constant drift velocity of 1.5x10-2 meter/second is
attained by the electrons. If the cross section area of the material is 1cm2,
calculate the magnitude of the current. An electronic charge is 1.6X10-19
coulomb.
10. A coil consists of 2000 turns of copper wire having cross-sectional area of 0.7
mm2 .The mean length per turn is 70 cm2 and the resistivity of copper is 0.02
Ohm-m. Find the resistance of the coil and power absorbed by the coil when
connected across 110V d.c supply.
11. The resistivity of a ferric -Nickel aluminum alloy is 52x10-8 Ohm. A sheet of the
material is 17 cm long, 6 cm wide and 0.0014 cm thick. Determine resistance
between (a) opposite ends (b) Opposite sides
12. a copper conductor has a its specific resistance of 1.6X10^ -6 ohm-cm at 0 oC
and a resistance temperature coefficient of 1/254 per deg C at 20 de C. Find
specific resistance and temperature coefficient of resistance at 60 oC
13. It is required to construct to construct a resistance of 100 Ohm having a
temperature coefficient of 0.001 per deg C. Wires of two materials of suitable
cross-section area are available. For material A, the resistance is 97 ohm/100
meter, and for B 40 ohm/100 meter, A=0.003 and B=0.0005. Determine the
suitable length for wires A and B.
14. Three resistors are connected in series across a 24 -V battery. The first resistor
has a value of 1 ohm, second has a voltage of 4V and third has power dissipation
of 12 W. Calculate the value of the circuit current.
15. Calculate the force exerted on a charge of 2 x10-18 C travelling at 2 x106 m/s
perpendicular to a field of density 2 x 10-7 T.
16. A direct current of one ampere is passed through a coil of 5000 turns and
produces a flux of 0.1 mWb. Assume that whole of this flux threads all the turns
(a)what is the inductance of the coil (b) what would be the voltage developed
across the coil if the current were interrupted in 10-3 second?
17. A bakelite capacitor is to be constructed to have a capacitance of 0.05 F and to
have a steady working potential of 2 kV maximum. Allowing a safe value of
field stress of 25 MV/m find (a) the thickness of bakelite required, (b) the area of
plate required if the relative permittivity of bakelite is 5, (c) the maximum energy
stored by the capacitor and (d) the average power developed if this energy is
dissipated in a time of 20 s.
12

18. What would be the maximum voltage developed across the coil if the capacitor
of 15 F were connected across the switch breaking the d.c supply?
19. The unit of flux density (the Tesla) is defined as the magnetic flux per unit area.
Express this in terms of the fundamental units.
20. A coil of 600 turns is wound uniformly on a ring of non-magnetic material. The
ring has a uniform cross-sectional area of 200mm2 and a mean circumference of
500 mm. If the current in the coil is 4A, determine (a) the magnetic field
strength, (b) the flux density, and (c) the total magnetic flux in the ring.
21. Calculate the distance of separation between two electrons (in vacuum) foe
which an electric force between them is equal to the gravitational force on one of
them on earth surface. Take mass of electron =9.1x10-31 kg. charge of o electron
=9.1x10-19 C

22. An electron in a television tube has a charge of 1.6 x1019 coulombs and travels at
3 x 107 m/s perpendicular to a field of flux density 18.5 mT. Determine the force
exerted on the electron in the field.
23. Why Gases are in general, poor conductors of electricity?
24. Give a general expression of non linear resistor.
Name and define the SI unit of conductance.
A magnetic flux of 800 Wb passing through a coil of 1200 turns is reversed in 0.2s.
Calculate the average value of the e.m.f induced in the coil.
25. Name any three elements that are known as ferromagnetic materials.
26. By means of a diagram, states Flemings Right hand rule
27. Consider a ferromagnetic ring having a cross-sectional area of A square meters
and a mean circumference of l meters, wound with N turns carrying a current of I
amperes. Show that reluctance S of the corresponding magnetic circuit is given
by =l/ r oA, where r=relative permeability, and o=relative permeability of
the material
28. For two coils A and B, in proximity to each other, the flux linkages with B per
unit current in A are equal to the linkages with A produced by unit current
flowing in B. Show that the mutual inductance between the coils is given by:
M=k(La Lb)0.5 HenryS, where k is greater or equal to one and La and Lb are
respective self inductances
29. When two identical coupled coils are connected in series and their effective
inductance of the combination is found to be 15 mH. When the connection to one
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coil is reversed, the effective inductance is found to be 10 mH. If the coefficient


of coupling is 0.7, determine (a)) the mutual inductance. and (b) the self
inductance of each coil
30. Name the one major benefit of AC power over DC power.
31. Sates second law of magnetism.
32. A capacitor is charged to 200 V and then discharged through a 50 k _resistor.
If the time constant of the circuit is 0.8 s, determine: (a) the value of the
capacitor, (b) the time for the capacitor voltage to fall to 20 V, (c) the current
flowing when the capacitor has been discharging for 0.5 s, and (d) the voltage
drop across the resistor when the capacitor has been discharging for one second.

33. Transform the delta connected networks shown in Figure to their equivalent starconnected networks.
[(a) Z1=0.4 , Z2 = 2 _, Z3= 0.5

34. Derive the star-connected network of three impedances equivalent to the


network shown in Figure 34.33.
35. Obtain the delta-connected equivalent network for Figure 34.33

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36. For the network shown in Figure 34.35 transform the delta-connected
network ABC to an equivalent star-connected network, convert the 35 A, 2
Norton circuit to an equivalent Thevenin circuit and hence determine the
p.d. across the 12.5 resistor

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