Anda di halaman 1dari 3

Metallurgy

1. Name:
i.
Two metals which are liquids
ii.
Two metals which can be cut with a knife
iii.
A metal which lacks malleability
iv.
A metal which lacks ductility
v.
A non-metal which is lustrous
vi.
A non-metal which conducts electricity
vii.
A metal which is brittle
viii.
A non-metal which forms alloys
ix.
Two non-metals which are mono-atomic
x.
Two metallic oxides which are acidic
xi.
Two metallic oxides which are amphoteric
2. State the term used for:
An oxide, which forms salts when it reacts with both acids and alkalies
3. A to F below related to the source and extraction of either Zinc or
Aluminium.
A: Bauxite. B: Coke; C: Cryolite; D: Froth floatation; E: Sodium hydroxide
solution; F: Zinc blende.
i.
Write down the three letters each from the above list which are
relevant to:
a) Zinc
b) Aluminium
ii.
Fill in the blanks using the most appropriate words from A to F:
a) The ore from which aluminium is extracted must first be
treated with _______ so that pure aluminium oxide can be
obtained.
b) Pure aluminium oxide is dissolved in ______ to make a
conducting solution.
4.
i.
Zincite is an ore of zinc. Name two other ores of zinc used in its
extraction.
ii.
Give balanced equations of the reactions which take place during
the extraction of zinc from the ores you have mentioned.
5. Name the following:
i.
A metal other than zinc which displaces copper from copper (II)
sulphate solution.
ii.
A metal other than manganese present in duralumin but not in
magnalium.
iii.
The form of iron which has 0.1 to 0.5% carbon impurity and is used
in making nuts and bolts.
iv.
The metal rendered passive or unreactive by concentrated or
fuming nitric acid.
v.
A metal other than mercury in a liquid amalgam.
6. Complete the following:
i.
The metal which does not react with water or dilute H 2SO4 but
reacts with concentrated H2SO4 is _______ (Al/Cu/Zn/Fe).
ii.
The metal whose hydroxide does not decompose on heating but its
nitrate decomposes is _________ (Cu/Al/Na/Fe).
iii.
The metal whose carbonate and nitrate on thermal decomposition
give a residue which is metal _______ (Fe/Cu/Ag/Ca).
iv.
The divalent metal whose oxide is reduced to metal by electrolysis
of its fused salt is ________ (Al/Na/Mg/K).

v.

The metal whose oxide which is amphoteric is reduced to metal by


carbon reduction is _________ (Fe/Cu/Zn/Al).
7. What are galvanised iron sheets?
8. Name an alloy of zinc used in simple voltaic cells.
9. Name an alloy of:
i.
Aluminium used in aircraft construction
ii.
Lead used in electrical wearing or electrical work in joining metals
iii.
Copper used in electrical appliances or household vessels
10.Complete the following if N is a non-metal:
i.
It will form N- by electron ______ (gain/loss).
ii.
Its oxide is a/an _______ (acidic/basic/amphoteric) oxide.
iii.
Its ion N- will form a neutral atom at the _________ (cathode/anode).
iv.
Its valence shell will have _______ (1/7/2) electron/s.
v.
It is highly electronegative and a ________ (bad/good) conductor of
heat.
11.Complete the statements if M is a metal:
i.
It will form M2+ by electron ______ (gain/loss).
ii.
Its compound MY2 is _______.(electrovalent/covalent)
iii.
Its oxide MO is a/an ______ (acidic/basic/neutral) oxide.
iv.
M is _____ (less/more) electropositive than hydrogen and can replace
the _____ (hydrogen/chloride) ion in hydrochloric acid to form salt.
12.Name:
i.
Non-metal which is a good conductor of electricity.
ii.
A metallic oxide which cant be reduced with hydrogen.
iii.
A metal which is lighter than water.
iv.
A metal which is liquid at room temperature.
13.
a. Give the chemical name and formula of Cryolite.
b. Complete and balance the following equation:
Al + NaOH + ______
14.Write two balanced equations for the extraction of zinc from zinc blende.
15.Name a metal which occurs free in nature.
16.Name an acid with which iron is rendered passive.
17.Write the equation for the action of heat on aluminium hydroxide.
18.
a. Name an oxide which forms salts when it reacts both with acids and
alkalis.
b. Calcium, copper, lead, aluminium, zinc, chromium, magnesium,
iron.
Choose the major metals that make the following alloys:
i.
Stainless steel
ii.
Brass
19.Write balanced equation for Al powder when warmed with hot and
concentrated caustic soda solution.
20.
a. To protect iron from rusting it is coated with a thin layer of zinc.
Name this process.
b. Name a non-metal that has a metallic lustre and sublimes on
heating.
c. Aluminium is extracted from its chief ore, bauxite.
i.
Write three balanced equations for the purification of bauxite
by Baeyers process.
ii.
Name a chemical used for dissolving Al 2O3. In which state of
sub-division is the chemical used?

iii.

Write an equation for the reaction which takes place at the


anode during the extraction of aluminium by the electrolytic
process.
iv.
Mention one reason for the use of aluminium in thermite
welding.
d. Which particular property of cast iron makes it unsuitable for the
construction of bridges?