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Diagnostic Evalution

Mathematical Studies. (5th)


March 2013
120 min
134 marks
1.

Let = {x : 1 x < 17, x

}.

P , Q and R are the subsets of such that


P = {multiples of four};
Q = (factors of 36};
R = {square numbers}.
(a)

List the elements of


(i)

(ii)

P Q R.
(2)

(b)

Describe in words the set P Q.


(1)

(c)

(i)

Draw a Venn diagram to show the relationship between sets P, Q and R.


(2)

(ii)

Write the elements of in the appropriate places on the Venn diagram.


(Total 5 marks)

2.

(a)

A girl's height is 1.623 m. Write her height to the nearest cm.

(b)

The time taken to fill a tank was 2 hours 43 minutes. Write this time to the nearest 5
minutes.
The attendance at a show was 2591 people. How many people, to the nearest 100, were
at the show?

(c)
(d)

The mean distance of the Moon from the Earth is approximately 384 403 km. Write this
k
distance in the form a 10 where 1 a < 10 and k .

(Total 4 marks)

3.

The perimeter of this rectangular field is 220 m. One side is x m as shown.

W m
x m
(a)

Express the width (W) in terms of x.

(b)

Write an expression, in terms of x only, for the area of the field.

(c)

If the length (x) is 70 m, find the area.


(Total 4 marks)

4.

Vanessa wants to rent a place for her wedding reception. She obtains two quotations.
(a)

The local council will charge her 30 for the use of the community hall plus 10 per
guest.
(i)

Copy and complete this table for charges made by the local council.
Number of guests (N)

10

30

50

70

90

Charges (C) in
(2)

(ii)

On graph paper, using suitable scales, draw and label a graph showing the charges.
Take the horizontal axis as the number of guests and the vertical axis as the charges.
(3)

(iii)

Write a formula for C, in terms N, that can be used by the local council to calculate
their charges.
(1)

(b)

The local hotel calculates charges for their conference room using the formula:
C=

5N
+ 500
2

where C is the charge in and N is the number of guests.


(i)

Describe, in words only, what this formula means.


(2)

(ii)

Copy and complete this table for the charges made by the hotel.
Number of guests (N)

20

40

80

Charges (C) in
(2)

(iii)

On the same axes used in part (a)(ii), draw this graph of C. Label your graph
clearly.
(2)

(c)

Explain, briefly, what the two graphs tell you about the charges made.
(2)

(d)

Using your graphs or otherwise, find


(i)

the cost of renting the community hall if there are 87 guests;


(2)

(ii)

the number of guests if the hotel charges 650;


(2)

(iii)

the difference in charges between the council and the hotel if there are 82 guests at
the reception.
(2)
(Total 20 marks)

5.

The diagram shows the graph of y = x 2x 8. The graph crosses the x-axis at the point A, and
has a vertex at B.
y

B
2

(a)

Factorise x 2x 8.

(b)

Write down the coordinates of each of these points


(i)

A;

(ii)

B.
(Total 4 marks)

6.

Let A = 4.5 10 and B = 6.2 10 . Find


(a)

AB;

(b)

2(A + B).
k

Give your answers in the form a 10 , where 1 a < 10 and k Z.


(Total 4 marks)

7.

The following diagram shows a straight line l.


y

10
8
6
4
2
0

x
0

(a)

Find the equation of the line l.

(b)

The line n is parallel to l and passes through the point (0, 8). Write down the equation of
the line n.
The line n crosses the horizontal axis at the point P. Find the coordinates of P.

(c)

(Total 4 marks)

8.

If x = 3.1 10 and y = 2.4 10 , calculate the values of the following, expressing your
k
answers in the form a 10 , where 1 a < 10 and k .
(a)
(b)

x
y
(Total 4 marks)

9.

(a)
(b)

Solve the equation x 5x + 6 = 0


2
Find the coordinates of the points where the graph of y = x 5x + 6 intersects the x-axis.
(Total 4 marks)

10.

The speed of sound in air is given as 300 ms .


(a)

How many metres does sound travel in air in one hour?

(b)

Express your answer to part (a)


(i)

correct to two significant figures;

(ii)

in the form a 10 , where 1 a < 10 and k

(Total 4 marks)

11.

(a)
(b)

Factorise the expression 2x 3x 5.


2
Hence, or otherwise, solve the equation 2x 3x = 5.
(Total 4 marks)

12.

(a)

Find the solution of the equation x 5x 24 = 0.

(b)

The equation ax 9x 30 = 0 has solution x = 5 and x = 2. Find the value of a.

(Total 8 marks)

13.

Consider the numbers 5, 0.5, 5 and 5. Complete the table below, showing which of the
number sets, , and these numbers belong to.

A n sw e rs:
5
0 .5

5
5

(Total 8 marks)

14.

The figure below shows part of the graph of a quadratic function y = ax + 4x + c.


y
8

(a)

Write down the value of c.

(b)

Find the value of a.

(c)
15.

Write the quadratic function in its factorised form.

(Total 8 marks)

Using the formula V = r (H h), and your calculator value of , calculate the value of V when
r = 4.26, H = 21.58 and h = 14.35.
(a)

Give the full calculator display.

(b)

Give your answer to two decimal places.

(c)

Give your answer to two significant figures.

(d)

Write your answer to part (c) in the form a 10 where 1 a < 10 and k

.
(Total 8 marks)

16.

The diagram below shows a field ABCD with a fence BD crossing it. AB = 15m, AD = 20 m and
angle BAD = 110. BC = 22 m and angle BDC = 30.
A
15

110

d ia g ra m n o t to s c a le

20
30

22

C
(a)

Calculate the length of BD.


(3)

(b)

D.
Calculate the size of angle B C
(3)

One student gave the answer to (a) correct to 1 significant figure and used this answer to
D.
calculate the size of angle B C
(c)

Write down the length of BD correct to 1 significant figure.


(1)

(d)

Find the size of angle BCD that the student calculated, giving your answer correct to 1
decimal place.
(2)

(e)

D.
Hence find the percentage error in his answer for angle B C
(3)
(Total 12 marks)

17.

At Jumbo's Burger Bar, Jumbo burgers cost J each and regular cokes cost C each. Two Jumbo
burgers and three regular cokes cost 5.95.
(a)

Write an equation to show this.

(b)

If one Jumbo Burger costs 2.15, what is the cost, in pence, of one regular coke?
(Total 4 marks)
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18.

In the diagram, the lines L1 and L2 are parallel.


y
6
4
2
6

2
4

6
L

(a)

What is the gradient of L1?

(b)

Write down the equation of L1.

(c)

Write down the equation of L2 in the form ax + by + c = 0.


(Total 4 marks)

19.

In the diagram, triangle ABC is isosceles. AB = AC, CB = 15 cm and angle ACB is 23.
Diagram not to scale
A

23
15 cm

Find
(a)
(b)

the size of angle CAB;


the length of AB.
(Total 4 marks)

20.

The diagram shows the plan of a playground with dimensions as shown.

48 m

117
A

B
57 m

Calculate
(a)

the length BC;

(b)

the area of triangle ABC.


(Total 4 marks)

21.

The diagram shows a water tower standing on horizontal ground. The height of the tower is
26.5 m.

x m

From a point A on the ground the angle of elevation to the top of the tower is 28.
(a)

On the diagram, show and label the angle of elevation, 28.

(b)

Calculate, correct to the neatest metre, the distance x m.


(Total 4 marks)

22.

The diagram below shows an equilateral triangle ABC, with each side 3 cm long. The side [BC]
is extended to D so that CD = 4 cm.
A

4 cm

Diagram not to scale


Calculate, correct to two decimal places, the length of [AD].
(Total 4 marks)
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