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SCHEME OF ANSWERS

CHEMISTRY TERM 3 TRIAL 2013


SMK COCHRANE, KUALA LUMPUR
QSTN
Sect A

RUBRIK
1. A
2. A
3. D
4. B
5. D

Sect B
16. (a)

MARKS

6. A
7. D
8. D
9. C
10. A

CH2
COO-

11. B
12. A
13. A
14. D
15. C

Total : 15

CH
1

NH3+
H2N

(b)

CH

CH2

N
H

CH

COOH

CH2

Phenylalanylalanine

H2N

CH

CH3

N
H

CH

COOH

CH2

Structures 2
Names

Alanylphenylalanine
2
(c)(i)

HOOC(CH2)2CHCOOH

NH3+
(ii)
-

OOC(CH2)2CHCOO NH2

17.(a)
(i)

CH3CH2COO- + CHI3

(ii)
1

CH3COO-

1
3

(iii)
(i)
(b)

(ii)

18. (a)

(b) (i)

To identify the presence of carbonyl with the structure


CCH3

O
Yellow precipitate of iodoform is formed
To differentiate an aldehyde from ketone.
Aldehydes give either brick red precipitate
Or silver mirror

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Cis-trans isomerism occurs in compounds having C=C, free


rotation around C=C is restricted / not allowed.
Each carbon atom in C=C attach to two different groups.
Optical isomerism occurs in molecule with a chiral carbon atom.

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1

Optical isomerism, due to the presence of chiral carbon

CHCH2
*

* chiral carbon
Br
1 H
1

(ii) Geometrical isomerism on C=C


H3C

CH2CH(OH) CH3

1
Also shows optical isomerism, due to the presence of chiral carbon

* chiral carbon

CH3
1

(iii) Molecule does not contain a chiral carbon and each carbon atom in
C=C is attached to two identical methyl groups,
Hence does not show stereoisomerism.

(c)

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8
KMnO4,H+
heat

Reagent & condition 1m


Product 1m
CH3Cl
AlCl3
Reagent 1m
Catalyst 1m
19.(a)
(i)

In phenol molecule, 2 lone pair of electrons on the O atom have a


positive inductive effect on the benzene ring.
This increases the charge density on the benzene ring, thus
activates the benzene ring.
As a result, phenol is very susceptible towards electrophilic attack.
Phenol reacts with aqueous bromine at room temperature
whereas benzene reacts with bromine gas in the presence of a
Lewis acid catalyst.

Phenol is an acid because it donates proton in aqueous solution to

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(ii) produce H+ and phenoxide ions.


Delocalization of the negative charge on the O atom into the
benzene ring produces more stable resonance structures of
phenoxide ion.
Furthermore, the delocalization of electron density between O and
H into the benzene ring weakens the O H bond
Thus, easing the dissociation of H+ from the hydroxyl / -OH in
phenol.
The presence of -NO2 substituent group in phenol with negative
inductive effect further weakens the O H bond, hence 4nitrophenol is stronger acid than phenol.

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1

SN1
(b)
Mechanism :
1m

1m

1m

1m

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20. (a)

(b)

Propene is oxidized by KMnO4


The purple colour decolourises
Propan-1,2-diol is formed
CH3CH=CH2 + [O] + H2O CH3CHOHCH2OH

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Phenylamine is basic in nature


Neutralization occur

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Phenylammonium chloride salt is formed as a white


solid/powder/precipitate

1
NH3Cl
+ HCl

(c)

Bromine molecule absorbs uv light and undergoes homolytic


fission.
Free radical substitution reaction occurs.
Brown/yellowish colour of bromine decolourises.
C6H14 + Br2 C6H13Br + HBr

(d)

Alkaline hydrolysis occurs and ammonia gas is evolved.


Sodium ethanoate is formed
CH3CONH2 + NaOH CH3COONa + NH3

END OF SCHEME OF ANSWERS

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