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Forging Steel EN 9 | Saaj Steel

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Forging Steel EN 9

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Alloy Steel
En Series Steel
Carbon Steel
Forging Steel
Forging Steel C 15
Forging Steel C 20
Forging Steel C 25
Forging Steel C 35
Forging Steel C 40
Forging Steel C 45
Forging Steel C 50
Forging Steel C 55
Forging Steel C 60
Forging Steel EN 8
Forging Steel EN 8D
Forging Steel EN 9
Forging Steel EN 16

Equivalents:

Forging Steel EN 19
Forging Steel EN 24
Forging Steel EN 31

BS970 Part 1 1983, 070M55

Forging Steel EN 32B

BS970 of 1955 EN9

Forging Steel EN 36
Forging Steel EN 36C

German W. Stoff No. 1.1203 | American AISI 1055

Forging Steel EN 41B


Forging Steel EN 47
Forging Steel EN 353

EN9,also known as 070m55, available in diameters, flats, squares and plates

Forging Steel CK 15

with a carbon content 0.50/0.60 this is a medium carbon steel which can develop

Forging Steel CK 20

a tensile strength of 700N/mm 45tsi. In the normalized condition EN9 can be


used for gears, sprockets and cams.

Forging Steel CK 30
Forging Steel CK 35
Forging Steel CK 40
Forging Steel CK 45

EN9 is a medium carbon steel grade commonly supplied in the as rolled

Forging Steel CK 50

condition. It can be flame or induction hardened to produce a high surface

Forging Steel CK 55

hardness with excellent wear resistance for a carbon steel grade.

Forging Steel CK 60
Forging Steel 42CRMO4
Case Hardening Steel

Chemical Composition

Die Steel
Tool Steel

Element

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Min

Max

HIgh Speed Steel


Hot Die Steel

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Forging Steel EN 9 | Saaj Steel

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Carbon, C

0.50

0.60%

Manganese, Mn

0.50

0.80%

Silicon, Si

0.05

0.35%

High Carbon High Chromium Steel JOIN US


Plastic Mould Steel
Die Block Steel
Spring Steel

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Steel
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US

Sulfur, S

-.--

0.06%

Free Cutting Steel

Phosphorous, P

-.--

0.06%

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MS

Mechanical Properties

EN 43B

Heat

Condition

Treatment Tons/SQ.inch

Tensile
Stress
RE MPA

RP0.2
MPA

Limited

A min
on

Impact

5.65so

Hardness Ruling

20C8

HB

40C8

Section
mm

42CrMo4

IZODFT.L.b KCV
Joules
Normalise

45

700

12

201-255

63

39

600

13

170/223

250

45/55

700/850

385

14

201/277

100

50/60

775/925

450

14

223/277

63

55/65

850/1000 555

12

248/302

19

Application

EN9 is used commonly for many general engineering applications. Typical


applications include, shafts, axes, knives, bushes, crankshafts, screws, sickles,
wood working drills and hammers.
Characteristics

A 6% allowance should always be made for removal of surface defects during


machining
EN9 is weldable (but not recommended
Machinability good Ideal for 45 ton tensile applications
Not recommended for carburizing
Heat treatment only to limited ruling sections

Typical Applications

Sprockets
Cylinders
Cams
Crankshafts
Keys
Small Gears
Machine Tools
Grinding Balls for Ball Mills
Ball Race Rings
Bolts, Nuts

Pulleys

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Forging Steel EN 9 | Saaj Steel

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Heat Treatment

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Heat treatment temperatures, including rate of heating, cooling and soaking


times will vary due to factors such as the shape and size of each EN9 steel
component. Other
considerations
during
the heat treatment
process
include the
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type of furnace, quenching medium and work piece transfer facilities. Please
consult your heat treatment provider for full guidance on heat treatment of EN9
carbon steel.
Forging

Heat slowly and uniformly to 1100C. After forging cool slowly .


Annealing

Heat uniformly to 700C. Soak well and cool slowly in the furnace.
Hardening

Heat uniformly to 820/840C until heated through. Quench in oil, or water.


Tempering
Heat uniformly and thoroughly at the selected tempering temperature,
between 550/660C and hold at heat for one hour per inch of total
thickness.
Tempering

Heat uniformly and thoroughly at the selected tempering temperature, between


550/660C and hold at heat for one hour per inch of total thickness.
Hard Chromium Plating

After hard chromium plating, the steel should be tempered for approximately 4
hours at 180C, in order to avoid hydrogen embrittlement.
Welding

Firstly heat to approximately 100-350C. Use an unalloyed basic electrode, for


welding unalloyed structural steels.
Normalising

Normalise at 840-870C, and cool in air.


Stress Relieving
After rough machining tools should be stress relieved. Soaking time 2
hours after the whole piece has attained a temperature of approximately
675C. Cool in furnace to approximately 500C, and then freely in air.
Density

Coefficient of Thermal Expansion

Modulus of Elasticity

kg/m

per c from 20 c

N/mm

7800

11.6x10-6

206000

QUICK VIEW SYSTEM

MACHINEABILITY 55
WELDABILITY Seek advice
HARDENABILITY Small sizes suitable
for induction hardening SELECTION

GUIDE AND USAGE EXAMPLES Higher


medium tensile strength with good

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Forging Steel EN 9 | Saaj Steel

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wear resisting properties. cams, gears

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and sprockets

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