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CHAPTER 1: FUNCTIONS

SPM 1993

SPM 1995

1. Given the function f : x 3 4x and

function g : x x2 1, find
(a) f -1
(b) f -1g(3)
[5 marks]

1. Given the function f(x) = 3x + c and

inverse function f -1(x) = mx +
(a) the value of m and c
(b) (i) f(3)
(ii) f -1f(3)

f : x 2x

2. Given the function f : x mx + n,

g : x (x + 1)2 4 and
fg : x 2(x + 1)2 5. Find
(i)
g2(1)
(ii)
the values of m and n
(iii)
gf -1
[5 marks]

h : x 6x2 2

determine function f h(x)

find the value of g -1(-2)
[7 marks]

3. Function m given that m : x 5 3x2 .

If p is a another function and mp given
that mp : x -1 3x2, find function p.
[3 marks]

SPM 1996
hx k
, x2
x2
2x 5
and inverse function f -1 : x
, x3
x 3

1. Given the function f : x

SPM 1994
1. Given the functions f(x) = 2 x and
function g(x) = kx2 + n. If the composite
function gf(x) = 3x2 12x + 8, find
(a) the values of k and n
[3 marks]
(b) the value of g2(0)
[2 marks]

Find
(a) the values of h and k
[3 marks]
(b) the values of x where f(x) = 2x [3 marks]
2. Given the function f : x 2x + 5 and
fg : x 13 2x, Find
(i)
function gf
(ii)
the values of c if gf(c2 + 1) = 5c - 6
[5 marks]

2. The function f is defined as

f:x

[3 marks]
[3 marks]

3
g:x
,x2
x2

(i)
(ii)

4
. Find
3

px
, for all value of x except
3 2x

x = h and p is a constant.
(i) determine the value of h
(ii) the value of 2 maps by itself under
function f. Find
(a) the value of p
(b) the value of another x which is
mapped onto itself
(c) f -1(-1)
[7 marks]

SPM 1997
1. Given the functions g: x px + q and
g2 : x 25x + 48
(a) Find the value of p and q
(b) Assume that p>0, find the
value of x so that 2g(x) = g(3x + 1)
b\

SPM 1998

SPM 2001

1. Given the functions h(t) = 2t + 5t2 and

v(t) = 2 + 9t
Find
(a)
the value of h(t) when v(t) = 110
(b)
the values of t so that h(t) = v-1(2)
(c)
function hv

1. Given the function f : x ax + b, a > 0

and f 2 : x 9x 8
Find
(a) the values of a and b [3 marks]
(b) (f -1)2(x)
[3 marks]
1

2. Given the function f -1(x) = p x , x p

and g(x) = 3 + x. Find
(a) f(x)
[2 marks]
-1 2
(b) the value of p if ff (p 1) = g[(2-p)2]
( c) range of value of p so that fg-1(x) = x
no real roots
[5 marks]

1. Given the functions f(x) = 6x + 5 and

g(x) = 2x + 3 , find
(a) f g-1(x)
(b) the value of x so that gf(-x) = 25
SPM 1999
1. Given the function f : x k mx. Find
(a) f -1(x) in terms of k and m [2 marks]
(b) the values of k and m, if f -1(14) = - 4
and f(5) = -13
[4 marks]

SPM 2002
1. Given the function f(x) = 4x -2 and
g(x) = 5x +3. Find
(i)
fg -1(x)

2. (a) The function g is defined as

g : x x + 3. Given the function
fg : x x2 +6x + 7. Find
(i)
function f(x)
(ii)
the value of k if f(2k) = 5k
[7 marks]

(ii)

f(x) = 3x2 5. Find

(a) g(x)

x
2
)=
2
5

[5 marks]
2. (a) Given the function f : x 3x + 1, find
f -1(5)
[2 marks]
(b) Given the function f(x) = 5-3x and
g(x) = 2ax + b, where a and b is a
constants. If fg(x) = 8 3x, find the
values of a and b
[3 marks]

SPM 2000
1. Given the function g -1(x) =

5 kx
and
3

[2 marks]

(b) the value of k when g(x2) = 2f(-x)

[3 marks]
2. Given the function f : x 4 3x.
(a) Find
(i) f2(x)
(ii) (f2)-1(x)
(iii) (f -1)2
[6 marks]

SPM 2003

3. Given the function h(x) =

P = {1, 2, 3}
Q = {2, 4, 6, 8, 10}

6
, x 0 and
x

the composite function hg(x) = 3x, find

(a) g(x)
(b) the value of x so that gh(x) = 5
[4 marks]

1. Based on the above information, the

relation between P and Q is defined by set
of ordered pairs {(1,2), (1,4), (2,6), (2,8)}.
State
(a) the image of 1
(b) the object of 2
[2 marks]

SPM 2005
1. In Diagram 1, the function h maps x to y
and the function g maps y to z

2. Given that g : x 5x + 1 and

h : x x2 2x +3, find
(a) g-1(3)
(b) hg(x)
[4 marks]
SPM 2004
1. Diagram 1 shows the relation between set
P and set Q

e
f
Set P

Determine
(a) h-1(5)
(b) gh(2)

w
x
y
z

[2 marks]

w(x) =

5
, x 2. Find
2x

(a) w-1(x)
(b) w-1(4)

Set Q
Diagram 1

[3 marks]

3. The following information refers to the

functions h and g.

State
(a) the range of the relation
(b) the type of the relation
[2 marks]

h : x 2x 3
g : x 4x - 1

2. Given the function h : x 4x + m and

h-1 : x 2hk +

5
, where m and k are
8

Find gh-1
[3 marks]

constants, find the value of m and of k.

[3 marks]

SPM 2006
Paper 1
1. In diagram 1, set B shows the image of
certain elements of set A

Paper 2
1. Given that f : x 3x 2 and
x
1 , find
5
(a) f 1 ( x)
[1 m]
1
(b) f g ( x )
[2 m]
h
(
x
)
hg
(
x
)

2
x6
( c)
such that

g:x

[3 m]
SPM 2007
Paper 1
1. Diagram 1 shows the linear
function h.
DIAGRAM 1
(a) State the type of relation between set
A and set B
(b) Using the function notation, write a
relation between set A and set B
[2 marks]
2. Diagram shows the function h : x
, x 0 , where m is a constant

mx
x

(a) State the value of m

(b) Using the function
notation, express h in
terms of x
[2 m]

2.

1
2

Given the function

, find the value of x
such that f ( x) 5
[2m]
f : x x 3

DIAGRAM 2
Find the value of m
[2 marks]

3. The following information is about the

function h and the composite function

given domain
[3 m]

h2

2. Given the function g : x 5 x 2 and

h : x x 2 4 x 3 , find

a) g 1 (6)
b) hg (x )
[4m]

3. Given the functions f ( x) x 1

and g ( x) kx 2 , find

Find the value of a and b

[3m]

a) f(5)
b) the value of k such that
gf(5)=14
[3m]

SPM 2008
Paper 1
1. Diagram 1 shows the graph of the
function f ( x) 2 x 1 , for the
domain 0 x 5 .

State
(a) the value of t

(2x 3)(x + 4) + k = 0 and m = 4n, find

the value of k
[5 marks]
2. Find the values of so that
(3 )x2 2( + 1)x + + 1 = 0 has two
equal real roots.
[2 marks]
CHAPTER 2: QUADRATIC EQUATIONS
SPM 1994

SPM 1997
1. Given that m + 2 and n - 1 are the roots
of the equation x2 + 5x = -4. Find the
possible value of m and n.

1. If and are the roots of the quadratic

equation 2x2 3x 6 = 0, form another

and
3

SPM 1998

[4 marks]

1

SPM 1995

have the roots p and q

(a) Find the value of p and q
(b) Next, by using the value of p and q in (a)
form the quadratic equation with roots p
and -2q

1. One of the roots of the equation

x2 + px + 12 = 0 is one third of the other
root. Find the possible values of p.
[5 marks]
2. Given that

SPM 1999

1
and -5 are the roots of the
2

1. One of the roots of the equation

2x2 + 6x = 2k - 1 is double of the other
root, where k is a constant. Find the roots
and the possible values of k.
[4 marks]

equation in a form ax2 + bx + c = 0
[2 marks]
3. Find the range of value of k if the
equation x 2 kx 2k 3 0 has no
real roots
[3 marks]

2. Given the equation x2 6x + 7 = h(2x 3)

have two equal real roots. Find the values
of h.
[4 marks]

4. Prove that the roots of the equation

(1 p)x2 + x + p = 0 has a real and
negative roots if 0 < p < 1
[5 marks]

3. Given that and are the roots of the

equation x2 2x + k = 0, while 2 and 2
are the roots of the equation x2 +mx +9=0.
Find the possible values of k and m.
[6 marks]

SPM 1996
1. Given that a and b are the roots of the
equation x2 (a + b)x + ab = 0.
If m and n are the roots of the equation

SPM 2000

1. The equation 2x2 + px + q = 0 has the

roots -6 and 3. Find
(a) the values of p and q [3 marks]
(b) the range of values of k if the
Equation 2x2 + px + q = k has no real
roots
[2 marks]

has two distinct roots. Find the range of

values of p
[3 marks]
SPM 2004
1. Form the quadratic equation which has
the roots -3 and

the form ax2 + bx + c =0, where a, b and

c are constants
[2 marks]
SPM 2005

SPM 2001
1. Given that 2 and m are the roots of the
equation (2x -1)(x + 3) = k(x 1), where k
is a constant.
Find the values of m and k
[4 marks]

1. Solve the quadratic equation

x(2x 5) = 2x 1.
Give your answer correct to three decimal
places.
[3 marks]

2. If and are the roots of the quadratic

equation 2 x 2 3 x 1 0 , form another
quadratic equation with roots
3 + 2 and 3 + 2.
[5 marks]

SPM 2006
1. A quadratic equation
x 2 px 9 2 x has two equal roots.
Find the possibles values of p.
[3 marks]

SPM 2002
1. Given the equation x2 + 3 = k(x + 1) has
the roots p and q, where k is a constant,
find the range of value of k if the equation
has two different real roots.
[5 marks]
2. Given that

1
2

SPM 2007
1. (a) Solve the following quadratic
equation:
3x 2 5x 2 0

and
are the roots of the
2
2

(c) The quadratic equation

hx 2 kx 3 0, where h and k are
constants, has two equal roots
Express h in terms of k
[4 marks]

equation kx(x 1) = 2m x.
If + = 6 and = 3, find the values
of k and m.
[5 marks]

SPM 2008
1. It is given that -1 is one of the
roots of the quadratic equation

SPM 2003
1. Solve the quadratic equation
2x(x 4) = (1 x)(x + 2).
significant figures.
[3 marks]

x 2 4x p 0

[2 marks]

(b) Find the range of value of p if

x2 (p + 1)x + 1 p2 = 0 has no real
roots.
[3 marks]

SPM 1993

SPM 1995

1. Given the quadratic equation

f(x) = 6x 1 3x2.
(a) Express quadratic equation f(x) in the
form k + m(x + n)2, where k, m and n
are constants. Determine whether the
function f(x) has the minimum or
maximum value and state the value of
the minimum or maximum value.

1. Without using differentiation method or

drawing graph, find the minimum or
maximum value of the function
y = 2(3x 1)(x + 1) 12x 1. Then
sketch the graph for the function y.
[5 marks]
2. Given that 3x + 2y 1 = 0, find the range
of values of x if y < 5.
[5 marks]

(b) Sketch the graph of function f(x)

(c ) Find the range of value of p so that
the equation 6x 4 - 3x2 = p has two
different real roots.
[10 marks]
SPM 1994

3. Find the range of values of n if

2n2 + n 1
[2 marks]
SPM 1996
1. f(x) = 0 is a quadratic equation which has
the roots -3 and p.
(a) write f(x) in the form ax2 + bx + c
[2 marks]
(b) Curve y = kf(x) cut y-axis at the point
(0,60). Given that p = 5, Find
(i)
the value of k
(ii)
the minimum point
[4 marks]

1. In the diagram 1, the minimum point is

(2, 3) of the function y = p(x + h)2 + k.
Find
(a) the values of p, h and k
(b) the equation of the curve when the
graph is reflected on the x-axis
[2 marks]

(a) x(x + 1) < 2
[2 marks]
(b)

5x x2
[2 marks]

3
x
1 2x

SPM 1997

[3 marks]

(b) Find the range of value of x that

satisfy inequality (x 2)2 < (x 2)

1. Quadratic function f(x) = 2[(x m) + n],

with m and n are constants, have a
minimum point p(6t,3t2).
(a) state the value of m and n in terms of t
(b) if t = 1, find the range of value of k so
that the equation f(x) = k has a distinct
roots

SPM 1999
1. (a) Find the range of value of x so that
9 + 2x > 3 and 19 > 3x + 4
(b) Given that 2x + 3y = 6, find the range
of value of x when y < 5
2. Find the range of value of x if
(x 2)(2x + 3) > (x 2)(x + 2)

2. Find the range of values of x if

(a) 2(3x2 x) 1 x
(b) 4y 1 = 5x and 2y > 3 + x

SPM 2000
1. Without using differentiation method or
drawing graph, determine the minimum or
maximum point of the function
y = 1 + 2x 3x2. Hence, state the
equation of the axis of symmetry for the
graph.
[4 marks]

3. Given that y = x2 + 2kx + 3k has a

minimum value 2.
(a) Without using differentiation method,
find two possible value of k.
(b) By using the value of k, sketch the
graph y = x2 + 2kx + 3k in the same
axis
(c) State the coordinate of minimum point
for the graph y = x2 + 2kx + 3k

2. The straight line y = 2x + k does not

intersect the curve x2 + y2 6 =0
.
Find the range of values of k
[5 marks]

SPM 1998
1.

SPM 2001
1.(a) State the range of value of x for
5x > 2x2 3
(b) Given that the straight line 3y = 4 2x
and curve 4x2 + 3y2 k = 0.
Show that the straight line and the
curve does not intersect if k < 4
The graph show two curve y = 3(x-2)2 + 2p
and y = x2 + 2x qx + 3 that intersect in the
two point at x-axis.
Find
(a) the value of p and q
(b) the minimum value for the both
curve

2. Given that f-1 (x) = p x , x p and

g(x) = 3 + x. Find the range of value of p
so that f-1g(x) = x has no real roots
SPM 2002
1. Given the quadratic equation
x2 + 3 = k(x + 1), where k is a constant,
which has the roots p and q.
find the range of values of k if p and q

2. (a) Given that f(x) = 4x 1

Find the range of value of x so that
f(x) is a positive

has two distinct roots.

SPM 2005 (paper 1)
2. Given that y = p + qx x2 = k (x + h)2
for all values of x
(a)
Find
(i)
h
(ii)
k
in terms of p and/or q
(b)
the straight line y = 3 touches the
curve y = p + qx x2
(i)
state p in terms of q
(ii)
if q = 2, state the equation
of the axis of symmetry for
the curve.
Next, sketch the graph for
the curve

1. The straight line y = 5x 1 does not

intersect the curve y = 2x2 + x + p.
Find the range of values of p
[3 marks]
2. Diagram 2 shows the graph of a
f(x) = 3(x + p)2 + 2, where p is a
constant.

SPM 2003 (paper 2)

1. The function f(x) = x2 4kx + 5k2 + 1
has a minimum value of r2 + 2k, where r
and k are constants.
(a) By using the method of completing
square, show that r = k -1
[4 marks]
(b) Hence, or otherwise, find the values
of k and r if the graph of the function
is symmetrical about x = r2 - 1
[4 marks]

The
y = f(x) has the minimum point
(1, q), where q is a constant. State

curve

(a) the value of p

(b) the value of q
(c ) the equation of the axis of symmetry
SPM 2005 (paper 1)
1. Diagram 2 shows the graph of a quadratic
function f(x)=3(x + p)2 + 2, where p is a
constant

SPM 2004 (paper 1)

1. Find the range of values of x for which
x(x 4) 12
[3 marks]
2. Diagram 2 shows the graph of the
function y = -(x k)2 2, where k is a
constant.

Diagram 2
The curve y = f(x) has the minimum point
(1,q), where q is a constant. State
a) the value of p
b)
the value of q

Find
Diagram
2
(a) the value of
k
(b) the equation of the axis of symmetry
(c) the coordinates of the maximum point
[3 marks]

10

c)

symmetry
[3 m]

SPM 2006

1. The quadratic function

f ( x) p ( x q ) 2 r , where p, q and r
are constants, has a minimum value of
-4. The equation of the axis of symmetry
is x = 3
State
a) the range of values of p
b) the value of q
c) the value of r
[3 m]

1. Diagram 3 shows the graph of quadratic

function y f (x ) . The straight line
y 4 is a tangent to the curve y f (x )
a)

write the
equation
of the
axis of

2. Find the range of the value of x for

( x 3) 2 5 x .
[3 m]
SPM 2008 (paper 2)
1. Diagram 2 shows the curve of a
quadratic function f ( x) x 2 kx 5 .
The curve has a maximum point at B(2,p)
and intersects the f(x)-axis at point A

symmetry of the curve

b) express f (x ) in the form
( x b) 2 c , where b and c are
constants.
[3 marks]
3. Find the range of the values of x for
( 2 x 1)( x 4) 4 x

[2 marks]
SPM 2007(paper 1)
1. Find the range of values of x for
which 2 x 2 1 x
[3 marks]

Diagram 2
a) State the coordinates of A

2. The quadratic function

f ( x) x 2 2 x 4 can be expressed
in the form f ( x) ( x m) 2 n ,
where m and n are constants.
Find the value of m and of n
[3 marks]
n=..

[1m]
b) By using the method of completing
square, find the value of k and of p.
[4m]
c) determine the range of values of x, if
f ( x ) 5

[2m]

CHAPTER 4: SIMULTENOUS EQUATIONS

11

SPM 1993
1. Solve the simultaneous equation
x2 y + y2 = 2x + 2y = 10

SPM 1997
1. Given that (3k, -2p) is a solution for the
simultaneous equation x 2y = 4 and
3
2
+ 2 y =1. Find the values of k and p
x

SPM 1994
1. Solve the following simultaneous
equation and give your answer correct to
two decimal places
2x + 3y + 1 = 0, x2 + 6xy + 6 = 0

2. Diagram 2 shows a rectangular pond

JKMN and a quarter part of a circle KLM
with centre M. If the area of the pond is
10 m2 and the length JK is longer than
the length of the curve KL by m, Find
the value of x.

2. Diagram 2 shows a rectangular room.

shaded region is covered by perimeter of
a rectangular carpet which is placed 1 m
away from the walls of the room. If the
area and the perimeter of the carpet are
8

3 2
m and 12 m, find the measurements
4

of the room.
1m
1m

1m
SPM 1998
1. Solve the simultaneous equation:

1m

x 2
+ = 4 , x + 6y = 3
3 y

Diagram 2
SPM 1995
1. Solve the simultaneous equation
4x + y + 8 = x2 + x y = 2

2. Diagram 2 shows the net of an opened

box with cuboids shape. If perimeter of
the net box is 48 cm and the total surface
area is 135 cm3, Calculate the possible
values of v and w.

2. A cuboids aquarium measured u cm w

cm u cm has a rectangular base. The top
part of it is uncovered whilst other parts
are made of glass. Given the total length of
the aquarium is 440 cm and the total area
of the glass used to make the aquarium is
6300 cm2. Find the value of u and w
SPM 1996
1. Given that (-1, 2k) is a solution for the
equation x2 + py 29 = 4 = px xy ,
where k and p are constants. Determine
the value of k and p

SPM 1999
12

straight line

1. Given that x + y 3 = 0 is a straight line

cut the curve x2 + y2 xy = 21 at two
different point.
Find the coordinates of the point

y
= 4. Without drawing the
x

graph, calculate the coordinates of the

intersection for the curve and the straight
line.
2. Solve the simultaneous equation

2.

x
6y
2x + 3y = 9 and
y = 1
x

yam

SPM 2000
1. Solve the simultaneous equation
3x 5 = 2y , y(x + y) = x(x + y) 5
2. Solve the simultaneous equation
y
y
x
3
1

+ 3 = 0 and
+

=0
3
2
x
2
2

Pak Amin has a rectangular shapes of

land. He planted padi and yam on the
areas as shown in the above diagram. The
yam is planted on a rectangular shape
area. Given the area of the land planted
with padi is 115 m2 and the perimeter of
land planted with yam is 24 m. Find the
area of land planted with yam.

SPM 2001
1. Given the following equation:
M = 2x y
N = 3x + 1
R = xy 8
Find the values of x and y so that
2M = N = R
4. Diagram 2 shows, ABCD is a piece
of paper in a rectangular shape. Its
area is 28 cm2. ABE is a semi-circle
shape cut off from the paper. the
perimeter left is 26 cm. Find the
integer values of x and y

SPM 2003
1. Solve the simultaneous equation
4x + y = 8 and x2 + x y = 2
SPM 2004
1. Solve the simultaneous equations
p m = 2 and p2 + 2m = 8.
decimal places.
SPM 2005
1. Solve the simultaneous equation

[use

x+

22
]
7

1
y = 1 and y2 10 = 2x
2

SPM 2006

SPM 2002

13

1. Solve the simultaneous equations

2 x 2 y 1 and 2 x 2 y 2 xy 5
Give your answer correct to three decimal
places
[5 m]
SPM 2007
1. Solve the following simultaneous
equations:
2 x y 3 0 , 2 x 2 10 x y 9 0
[5 m]
SPM 2008
1. Solve the following simultaneous
equations :
x 3y 4 0
x 2 xy 40 0

[5m]

CHAPTER 5: INDICES AND LOGARITHMS

SPM 1993
1. If 3 log 10 x = 2log 10 y, state x in terms
of y

14

equation T = 30(1.2) x when the metal is

heated for x seconds.
Calculate
(i) the temperature of the metal when
heated for 10.4 seconds
(ii) time, in second, to increase the
temperature of the metal from 30 0 C
to 1500 0 C

2. (a) If h = log m 2 and k = log m 3, state in

terms of h and /or k
(i) log m 9
(ii) log 6 24
(b)Solve the following equations:
(i)

4 2x =

(ii)

log

1
32

16 log

SPM 1996
1. (a) Express 2 n 2 2 n + 10(2 n 1 ) in a
simplify terms
(c)
Solve the equation 3 x 2 5 = 0

2=3

SPM 1994
1. Solve the following equations:
(a) log 3 x + log 9 3x = 1
1
(b) 8 x 4 = x x 3
4 2
2. (a) Given that log 8 n =

2. (a)Solve the following equations:

(i) 4 log 2 x =5
(ii) 2 x . 3 x = 5 x 1
(b) Given that log 5 3 = 0.683 and
log 5 7 = 1.209. without using a
calculator scientific or four-figure
table ,
calculate
(i) log 5 1.4
(ii) log 7 75

1
, find the
3

value
of n
(b) Given that 2 r = 3 s = 6 t . Express t
in
terms of r and s
( c) Given that y = kx m where k and m
are constants. y = 4 when x = 2 and
y = 8 when x = 5. Find the values of k
and m

SPM 1997
1. Show that log 3 xy = 2 log 9 x + 2 log 9
y.
Hence or otherwise, find the value of x
and y which satisfies the equation
log 9 xy
3
log 3 xy = 10 and
=
log 9 y
2

SPM 1995
1. Solve the following equations:
(a) 81(27 2 x ) = 1
(b) 5 t = 26.3

2.(a) Find the value of 3 log 3 7 without using a

scientific calculator or four figure table.

2. (a) Given that m = 2 r and n = 2 t , state

in
terms of r and/or t
(i)
(ii)

(b) Solve the equation

5 log x 3 + 2 log x 2 - log x 324 = 4
and
significant figures.

mn 3

,
log 2
32
log 8 m log 4 n

b) The temperature of a metal increased

from 30 0 C to T 0 C according to the

15

using scientific calculator or fourfigure mathematical tables

(i)
prove that log a 27a = 3.3772
(ii)
solve the equation
3 a n 1 = 3

2 log 3 (x + y) = 2 + log 3 x + log 3 y,

show that x 2 + y 2 = 7xy
(b) Without using scientific calculator or
four-figure mathematical tables, solve
the equation
log 9 [log 3 (4x 5)] = log 4 2

SPM 2000
1. (a) Solve 3 log 2 x = 81
(b) If 3 2 x = 8(2 3 x ), prove that

7

9
= log a 8
8

x log a

Calculate after how many years will

the car cost less than RM 20 000 for
the first time

2. (a)Simplify

log12 49 log 64 12

log16 7

Without using scientific calculator

or four-figure mathematical tables

SPM 1998
1. Given that log x 4 = u and log y 5 = y
State log 4 x 3 y in terms of u and/or w

2. (a) Given that log a 3 = x and log a 5 = y.

45
Express log a 3 in terms of x and
a
y
(b) Find the value of log 4 8 + log r r
(c ) Two experiments have been
conducted to get relationship between
two variables x and y. The equation
x
3(9 ) = 27 y and log 2 y = 2 + log 2 (x
2)
were obtain from the first and second
experiment respectively

with the condition x and y is a

positive integer. Show that xy = 10
(c) The total savings of a cooperation
after n years is given as
2000(1 + 0.07) n .
Calculate the minimum number
of years required for the
savings to exceed RM 4 000.
SPM 2001
1. Given that log 2 k = p and log 3 k =
r
Find log k 18 in terms of p and r

SPM 1999
1. Given that log 2 3 = 1.585 and log 2 5 =
2.322. Without using scientific calculator
or four-figure mathematical tables, Find
(a) log 2 45

2. (a) Given that log 10 x = 2 and

log 10 y = -1, show that
xy 100y 2 = 9

(b) log 4

(b) Solve the equation

(i) 3 x 2 = 24 + 3 x
(ii) log 3 x =log 9 5 x 6

2. (a) Given that x = log 2 3, find the value of

4 x . Hence find the value of 4 y if
y=1+x
(b) Given that log a 3 = 0.7924. Without

SPM 2002
16

1. (a) Given that log 5 3 = k. If 5 2 1 = 15,

Find in terms of k

2 x 3

2. Given that

2. (a) Given that 2 log 4 x 4 log 16 y 3

State x in terms of y

express y in terms of x
[3 marks]
3. Solve the equation

(b) Solve the simultaneous equation

2 m 1 32 k 2 16 and
5

125

3 k

4 x2

[3 marks]

(b) Solve the equation

log 2 7t 2 log 2 2t 1

3 m

2 log 3 ( x 1) log 3 x

[3 marks]

where m and k are constants

SPM 2007

SPM 2003,P1
1. Given that log 2 T log 4 v 3 , express T
in terms of V
[4 marks]
2. Solve the equation 4 2 x 1 7 x
[4 marks]

1. Given that log 2 x and log 2 c y ,

8b
in terms of x and
c

express log 4
y

[4 marks]

SPM 2004,P1
1. Solve the equation 32 4 x 4 8 x 6
[3 marks]

2. Given that 9(3 n 1) 27 n

[3 marks]
SPM 2008(paper 1)
1. Solve the equation

2. Given that log 5 2 m and log 5 7 p ,

express log 5 4.9 in terms of m and p

16 2 x 3 8 4 x

[3 m]

2. Given that log 4 x log 2 3 , find the

SPM 2005,P1
1. Solve the equation 2 x 4 2 x 3 1
[3 marks]

value of x.
[3 m]

2. Solve the equation

log 3 4 x log 3 2 x 1 1

[3 marks]
3.Given that log m 2 p and log m 3 r ,
27 m
in terms of p and r
4

express log m

SPM 2006

17

CHAPTER 6: COORDINATE GEOMETRY

SPM 1993
1. Solutions to this question by scale
drawing will not be accepted
Point P and point Q have a coordinate of
(4,1) and (2, 4). The straight line QR is
perpendicular to PQ cutting x-axis at point
R. Find
(a) the gradient of PQ
(b) the equation of straight line QR
( c) the coordinates of R

SPM 1993

SPM 1993
2. The above diagram show, a
parallelogram KLMN.
(a) Find the value of T. Hence
write down the equation of
KL in the form of
intercepts
(b) ML is extended to point P
so that L divides the line
MP in the ratio 2 : 3. Find
the coordinates of P
SPM 1994
1. From the above diagram, point K(1, 0)
and point L(-2, 0) are the two fixed points.
Point P moves such that PK:PL = 1:2
(a) Show that the equation of locus P is
x 2 y 2 4x 0

(b) Show that the point M(2, 2) is on the

locus P. Find the equation of the straight
line KM
(c ) If the straight line KM intersects again
locus P at N, Find the coordinates of N
(d) Calculate the area of triangle OMN

2. (a)The above diagram, P, Q and R

are three points are on a line
2 y x 4 where PQ : QR = 1:4
Find
(i)
the coordinates of point P
(ii)
the equation of straight
line passing through the
point Q and perpendicular
with PR
(iii)
the coordinates of point R

SPM 1994
1. Solutions to this question by scale
drawing will not be accepted.
Points A, B, C and D have a
coordinates (2, 2), (5, 3), (4, -1) and (p, q)
respectively. Given that ABCD is a
parallelogram, find
(a) the value of p and q
(b) area of ABCD

18

from two fixed points E(-1, 0) and F(2, 6)

in the ratio 2SE = SF
Find
(i)
the equation of the locus of S
(ii)
the coordinates of point when
locus S intersect y-axis
SPM 1995
1. Solutions to this question by scale
drawing will not be accepted.
1. In the diagram, the straight line
y 2 x 3 is the perpendicular bisector
of
straight line which relates point
P(5, 7) and point Q(n, t)
(a) Find the midpoint of PQ
in terms of n and t
(b) Write two equations which relates
t and n
( c) Hence, find the distance of PQ

Graph on the above show that the straight

line LMN
Find
(a) the value of r
(b) the equation of the straight line
passing through point L and
perpendicular with straight line LMN
2. The straight line y 4 x 6 cutting the
curve y x 2 x 2 at point P and point Q
(a) calculate
(i)
the coordinates of point P and
point Q
(ii)
the coordinates of midpoint of
PQ
(iii)
area of triangle OPQ where Q is
a origin

2. The diagram shows the vertices of a

rectangle TUVW on the Cartesian
plane
(a) Find the equation that relates p and
q by using the gradient of VW
(b) show that the area of TVW can

(b) Given that the point R(3, k) lies on

straight line PQ
(i)
the ratio PR : RQ
(ii)
the value of k

5
2

be expressed as p q 10
( c) Hence, calculate the coordinates of
point V, given that the area of
rectangular TUVW is 58 units2
(d) Fine the equation of the straight
line TU in the intercept form

SPM 1996

19

SPM 1997

(c) A point move such that its distance

from point S is
point T.
(i)
(ii)

1
of its distance from
2

Find the equation of the

locus of the point
Hence, determine whether
the locus intersects the
x-axis or not

SPM 1998
1. In the diagram, AB and BC are two
straight lines that perpendicular to each
other at point B. Point A and point B lie on
x-axis and y-axis respectively. Given the
equation of the straight line AB is
3y 2x 9 0

(a) Find the equation of BC

[3m]
(b) If CB is produced, it will intersect the xaxis at point R where RB = BC. Find the
coordinates of point C
[3m]
1. In the diagram, ACD and BCE are straight
lines. Given C is the midpoint of AD, and
BC : CE = 1:4
Find
(a) the coordinates of point C
(b) the coordinates of point E
(c ) the coordinates of the point of
intersection between lines AB and ED
produced
[3m]
2. Point P move such that distance from
point Q(0, 1) is the same as its distance
from point R(3, 0). Point S move so that
its distance from point T(3, 2) is 3 units.
Locus of the point P and S intersects at
two points.
(a) Find the equation of the locus of P
(b) Show that the equation of the locus of
point S is x 2 y 2 6 x 4 y 4 0
( c) Calculate the coordinates of the point
of intersection of the two locus
(d) Prove that the midpoint of the straight
line QT is not lie at locus of point S

2. The diagram shows the straight line

graphs of PQS and QRT on the Cartesian
plane. Point P and point S lie on the x-axis
and y-axis respectively. Q is the midpoint of
PS
(a) Find
(i) the coordinates of point Q
(ii) the area of quadrilateral OPQR
[4m]
(b)Given QR:RT = 1:3, calculate the
coordinates of point T

20

2. The
diagram shows the curve
y 2 16 8 x that intersects the xaxis at point B and the y-axis at
point A and D. Straight line BC,
which is perpendicular to the
straight line AB, intersects the curve
at point C.
Find
(a) the equation of the straight
line AB
[3m]
(b) the equation of the straight
line BC
[3m]
(c) the coordinates of point C
[4m]

3. In the

1
2

midpoints of straight lines JK, KL and LJ

respectively, where JPQR forms a
parallelogram.
(a) Find
(i) the equation of the straight line JK
(ii) the equation of the perpendicular
bisector of straight line LJ
[5m]
(b) Straight line KJ is produced until it
intersects with the perpendicular bisector
of straight line LJ at point S. Find the
coordinates of point S
[2m]
(c ) Calculate the area of PQR and hence,
find the area of JKL
[3m]

SPM 2000

SPM 1999
1. Given point A( 2,4) and point
B ( 4,8) . Point P divides the line segment
AB in the ratio 2 : 3.
Find
(a) the coordinates of point P
(b) the equation of straight line that is
perpendicular to AB and passes through P.

1. The diagram shows a triangle ABC

where A is on the y-axis. The
equations of the straight line ADC
and BD are y 3x 1 0 and
3 y x 7 0 respectively.
Find
(a) the coordinates of point D
(b) the ratio AD : DC

produced=diperpanjangkan

21

of line
BC is 1
and
straight
line AC
is

perpendicular to the straight line AB.

Find
(a) the coordinates of points A and B
[1m]
(b) the equation of the straight lines AC
and BC
[5m]
(c) the coordinates of point C
[2m]
(d) the area of triangle ABC
[2m]

2. The diagram shows a trapezium ABCD.

Given the equation of AB is 3 y 2 x 1 0
Find
(a) the value of k
[3m]
(b) the equation of AD and hence, find
the coordinates of point A
[5m]
(c) the locus of point P such that triangle
BPD is always perpendicular at P
[2m]
SPM 2001
1. Given the points P(8, 0) and Q(0, -6). The
perpendicular bisector of PQ intersects the
axes at A and B.
Find
(a) the equation of AB
[3m]
(b) the area of AOB , where O is the
origin.
[2m]

3. In the diagram, the equation of BDC is

y 6 . A point P moves such that its
distance from A is always

1
the
2

distance of A from the straight line BC.

Find
(a) the equation of the locus of P
(b) the x-coordinates of the point of
intersection of the locus and the
x-axis
[5m]

2. Solutions to this question by scale

drawing will not be accepted.
Straight line x 2 y 6 intersects the x-axis
and y-axis at point A and point B
respectively. Fixed point C is such that the

22

SPM 2002

[4m]
(c) the equation of the straight line that
passes through point B and is
perpendicular to the straight lineAC
[3m]
3. Given A(-1, -2) and B(2, 1) are two fixed
points. Point P moves such that the ratio
of AP and PB is 1 : 2.
(a) Show that the equation of the locus of
point P is x 2 y 2 4 x 6 y 5 0
[2m]
(b) Show that point C(0, -5) lies on the
locus of point P
[2m]
(c) Find the equation of the straight line
AC
[3m]
(d) Given the straight line AC intersects
the locus of point P at point D. Find
the coordinates of point D
[3m]

1. The diagram shows a triangle ABC with

an area 18 units2 . the equation of the
straight line CB is y x 1 0. Point D
lies on the x-axis and divides the straight
line CB in the ratio m : n. Find
(a) the coordinates of point B
(b) m : n

SPM 2003(P1)
1. The points A( 2h, h) , B ( p, t ) and
C ( 2 p,3t ) are on a straight line. B
divides
AC internally in the ratio 2 : 3
Express p in terms of t
[3m]
2. The equations of two straight lines are
y x
1 and 5 y 3 x 24 .
5 3

Determine whether the lines are

perpendicular to each other

2. A(1, 3), B and C are three points on the

straight line y 2 x 1 . This straight line
is tangent to curve x 2 5 y 2 p 0 at
point B. Given B divides the straight lines
AC in the ratio 1 : 2.
Find
(a) the value of p
[3m]
(b) the coordinates of points B and C

[3m]
3. x and y are related by the equation
y px 2 qx , where p and q are
constants. A straight line is obtained
by plotting
Diagram 1.
y
x

23

y
against x, as shown in
x

Given that y 6 x x 2 , calculate the value

of k and of h
[3m]

Diagram 1
Calculate the values of p and q
[4m]
P2(section B)
1. solutions to this question by scale
drawing will not accepted.
A point P moves along the arc of a
circle with centre A(2, 3). The arc
passes through Q(-2, 0) and R(5, k).
(a) Find
(i) the equation of the locus of the
point P
(ii) the values of k
[6m]

2. Diagram 4 shows a straight line PQ with

the equation

x y
1 . The point P lies
2 3

(b) The tangent to the circle at point

Q intersects the y-axis at point T.
Find the area of triangle OQT
[4m]

Find
the equation
of the straight line perpendicular to PQ and
passing through the point Q
[3m]
3. The point A is (-1, 3) and the point B is
(4, 6). The point P moves such that
PA : PB = 2 : 3.
Find the equation of the locus of P
[3m]
P2(section A)
4. Digram 1 shows a straight line CD
which meets a straight line AB at the
point D . The point C lies on the y-axis

SPM 2004(P1)
1. Diagram 3 shows a straight line graph of
y
against x
x
y
x

24

P2(section B)
2. Solutions to this question by scale
drawing will not accepted.

(a) write down the equation of AB in the

form of intercepts
[1m]
(b) Given that 2AD = DB, find the
coordinates of D
[2m]
(c) Given that CD is perpendicular to
AB, find the y-intercepts of CD
[3m]
SPM 2005(P1)
1. The following information refers to the
equations of two straight lines, JK and
RT, which are perpendicular to each
other.
JK
RT

:
:

(a) Find
(i)

the equation of the

straight line AB
(ii)
the coordinates of B
[5m]
(b) The straight line AB is extended to a
point D such that AB : BD = 2 : 3
Find the coordinates of D
[2m]
(c) A point P moves such that its
distance from point A is always 5
units.
Find the equation of the locus of P
[3m]
SPM 2006(P1)
1. Diagram 5 shows the straight line AB
which is perpendicular to the straight line
CB at the point B

y px k

y (k 2) x p

where p and k are constant

Express p in terms of k

[2m]

y 2x 1

Find the coordinates of B

[3 marks]

25

P2(section B)
1. Solutions to this question by scale
drawing will not be accepted

SPM 2007
Section A (paper 2)
1. solutions by scale drawing will not be
accepted

Diagram 3 shows the triangle AOB where O

is the origin. Point C lies on the straight line
AB

(a)
(b)
(c)

In diagram 1, the straight line AB has an

equation y 2 x 8 0 .
AB intersects the x-axis at point A and
intersects the y-axis at point B

Calculate the area, in unit2, of

triangle AOB
Given that AC:CB = 3:2, find the
coordinates of C
A point P moves such that its
distance from point A is always
twice its distance from point B
(i) Find the equation of the locus
of P
(ii) Hence, determine whether or
not this locus intercepts the
y-axis

y 2x 8 0

Diagram 1
Point P lies on AB such that AP:PB = 1:3
Find
(a) the coordinates of P
[3 m]
(b) the equations of the straight
line that passes through P and
perpendicular to AB
[3 m]
SPM 2007 (paper 1)
1. The straight line

x y
1 has a
6 h

y- intercept of 2 and is parallel to the

straight line y kx 0 .Determine the value
of h and of k
[3 marks]
2. The vertices of a triangle are A(5,2),
B(4,6) and C(p,-2). Given that the area of
the triangle is 30 unit 2 , find the values
of p.
[3 marks]
SPM 2008(paper 1)

26

1. Diagram 13 shows a straight line passing

through S(3,0) and T(0,4)

SPM 2008 Section B (paper 2)

1. Diagram shows a triangle OPQ. Point S
lies on the line PQ.

(a)

Diagram 13
Write down the equation of the
straight line ST in the form

x y
1
a b

(b)

A point P(x,y) moves such that

PS = PT. Find the equation of the
locus of P
[4 m]

1
2

units. Find the equation of the locus

of W
[3m]
(b) It is given that point P and point Q
lie on the locus of W. Calculate
(i) the value of k,
(ii) the coordinates of Q
[5m]
(c) Hence, find the area, in unit2, of
triangle OPQ
[2m]

2. The points (0,3), (2,t) and (-2,-1) are the

vertices of a triangle. Given that the area
of the triangle is 4 unit2, find the values
of t.
[3 m]

27

CHAPTER 7: STATISTICS
SPM 1993
1. The mean for the numbers 6, 2, 6, 2, 2,
10, x, y is 5
(a) show that x y 12
(b) hence, find the mode for the numbers
when
(i) x y
(ii) x y
(c) if standard deviation is

1
37 , find
2

the values of x
2. The below table shows the marks
obtained by a group of students in a monthly
test .
Marks
Number

1-20

21-40

41-60

61-80

12

11

81-100
4

students

(a) On a graph paper, draw a histogram

and use it to estimate the modal mark
(b) By calculating the cumulative
frequency, find the median mark,
without drawing an ogive
(c) Calculate the mean mark
SPM 1994
1. The below table shows the marks
obtained by a group of students in a monthly
test .

28

Marks

Number
of
students

Find
(a) the maximum value of x if modal
mark is 2
(b) the minimum value of x if mean
mark more than 3
(c) the range of value of x if median
mark is 2
2. Set A is a set that consist of 10 numbers.
The sum of these numbers is 150 whereas
the sum of the squares of these numbers is
2890.

The table shows the age distribution of

200 villagers. Without drawing a graph,
calculate
(i)
the median
(ii)
the third quartile
of their ages

Length (mm)
Numbers of fish
20-29
2
30-39
3
40-49
7
50-59
12
60-69
14
70-79
9
80-89
3
(a) Find the mean and variance of the
numbers in set A
(b) If another number is added to the 10
numbers in set A, the mean does not
change. Find the standard deviation
of these numbers.
[6m]
SPM 1995
1. (a) Given a list of numbers 3, 6, 3, 8.
Find the standard deviation of these
number
(b) Find a possible set of five integers
where its mode is 3, median is 4 and
mean is 5.

SPM 1996
1. The list of numbers x 2, x 4,
2 x 5, 2 x 1, x 7 and x 3 has a
mean of 7.Find
(a) the value of x
(b) the variance
[6m]
2.

2. (a)
The table shows the results of a survey
of the number of pupils in several
classes in a school.
Find
(i) the mean
(ii) the standard deviation,
of the number of pupils in each class
(b)

SPM
1997
1.
The
table

The table shows the length of numbers of 50

fish (in mm)
(a) calculate the mean length (in mm) of
the fish
(b) draw an ogive to show the
distribution of the length of the fish
Numbers of classes Numbers of pupils
6
35
5
36
4
30
(c) from your graph, find the percentage
of the numbers of fish which has a
length more than 55 mm
Age
Numbers of villagers
1-20
50
21-40
79
41-60
47
61-80
14
81-100
10
shows a set of numbers which
has been arranged in an ascending order
where m is a positive integer
Set

29

m-1

m+3

10

SPM 1998
1. The mean of the data 2, k, 3k, 8, 12 and
18 which has been arranged in an
ascending order, is m. If each element of
the data is reduced by 2, the new median

numbers
Frequency

(a) express median for the set number in

terms of m
(b) Find the possible values f m
(c) By using the values of m from (b),
find the possible values of mode

is

Find
(a) the values of m and k
(b) the variance of the new data

(ii)

[4m]
[2m]

2. Set X consist of 50 scores, x, for a certain

game with a mean of 8 and standard
deviation of 3
(a) calculate x and x 2
(b) A number of scores totaling 180 with
a mean of 6 and the sum of the

2. (a) The following data shows the number

of pins knocked down by two players
in a preliminary round of bowling
competition.
Player A: 8, 9, 8, 9, 8, 6
Player B: 7, 8, 8, 9, 7, 9
Using the mean and the standard
deviation, determine the better player
to represent the state based on their
consistency
[3m]
(b) use a graph paper to answer this
question
The data in the table shows the
monthly salary of 100 workers in a
company.

(i)

5m
.
8

Monthly Salary
Numbers of
(RM)
workers
500-1 000
10
1 001-1 500
12
1 501-2 000
16
2 001-2 500
22
2 501-3 000
20
3 001-3 500
12
3 501-4 000
6
4 001-4 500
2
squares of these scores of 1 200, is
taken out from set X. Calculate the
mean and variance of the remaining
scores in set X.
[7m]
SPM 1999
1. The set of numbers integer positive 2, 3,
6, 7, 9, x, y has a mean of 5 and a
standard deviation of 6.
Find the possible values of x and y

Based on the data, draw

an ogive to show
distribution of the
workers monthly salary
estimate the number of
workers who earn more
than RM 3 200

2. The frequency distribution of marks for

30 pupils who took a additional
mathematics test is shown in the table
Marks
20-39
49-59

30

Frequency
6
5

60-79
80-99

[3m]

14
5

2. The table shows the frequency

distribution of the marks obtained by 100
pupils

(a) By using a graph paper, draw a

histogram and estimate the modal
mark
[4m]
(b) Without drawing an ogive, calculate
the median mark
[3m]
(c) Find the mean mark
[3m]

Marks
Number
of
students

<20

<30

<40

<50

<60

<70

<80

21

42

68

87

98

100

Marks
Number of pupils
6-10
12
11-15
20
16-20
27
21-25
16
26-30
13
31-35
10
36-40
2
(i) Calculate the variance
[3m]

SPM 2000
1. The table shows the results 100 students
in a test
(a) Based on the table above, copy
complete the table below
[2m]

Marks
Frequency

(b) Without drawing an ogive, estimate

the interquartile range of this
distribution.
[4m]

0-9

(ii) Construct a cumulative frequency table

and draw an ogive to show the
Marks
Number
of pupils

2. The table shows the distribution of marks

in a physics test taken by 120 pupils.
Calculate
(a)
(b)
(c)

<10

20-29
2

30-39

40-49

50-59

60-69

70-79

14

35

50

17

distribution of their marks. From the

ogive, find the percentage of pupils who
scored between 6 to 24.
[7m]
SPM 2002
1. The table shows the distribution of scores
obtained by 9 pupils in a competition. The
scores are arranged in an ascending order.
Given the mean score is 8 and the third
quartile is 11.

the mean
[4m]
the median
[3m]
the standard deviation [3m]
of the distribution

SPM 2001
1.
(a) Given that four positive integers
have a mean of 9.When a number
y is added to these four integers,
the mean becomes 10. Find the
value of y
[2m]
(b) Find the standard deviation of the
set of numbers below:
5, 6, 6, 4, 7

Scores

14

Number
of
pupils

[5m]

31

number of pupils in a quiz. The number of

pupils is 40. By drawing an ogive, find
Scores

Number
of
pupils

By drawing an ogive, find

(a) The median
(b) The percentage of excellent pupils if
the score for the excellent category is
31.5
SPM 2003,p2 section A

SPM 2005,
paper 1
1. The mean of four numbers is m . The
sum of the squares of the numbers is 100
and the standard deviation is 3k
Express m in terms of k

paper 2,section A

1. A set of examination marks

x1 , x 2 , x3 , x 4 , x5 , x 6 has a mean of 5 and a
standard deviation of 1.5
(a) Find
(i)
the sum of the marks,

(ii)

the sum of the squares

of the marks, x 2
[3m]
(b) Each mark is multiplied by 2 and
then is added to it.
Find, for the new set of marks,
(i)
the mean
(ii)
the variance
[4m]

1. Diagram 2 is a histogram which

represents the distribution of the marks
obtained by 40 pupils in a test.

SPM 2004,p2 section A

1. A set of data consist of 10 numbers. the
sum of the number is 150 and the sum of the
squares of the data is 2 472.
(a) Find the mean and variance of the 10
numbers

(b) Another number is added to the set
of data and the mean is increased by
1
Find
(i) the value of this number
(ii) the standard deviation of the set
11 numbers
[4 marks]

(a) Without using an ogive, calculate the

median mark
[3m]
(b) Calculate the standard deviation of the
distribution
[4m]

32

SPM 2006
paper 1
1. A set of positive integers consists of 2, 5
and m. The variance for this set of
integers is 14. Find the value of m
[3 marks]
Score
Number
of
students

<10

<20

<30

<40

<50

21

42

68

Score
10-19
20-29
30-39
40-49
50-59
60-69
Marks
10-19
20-29
30-39
40-49
50-59

paper 2,section A
1. Table 1 shows the frequency
distribution of the scores of a group of
pupils in a game.
(a) It is given that the median score of
the distribution is 42.
Calculate the value of k
[3 marks]
(b) Use the graph paper to answer this
question
Using a scale of 2 cm to 10 scores
on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to
2 pupils on the vertical axis, draw a
histogram to represent the
frequency distribution of the
scores.
Find the mode score
[4 marks]
(c) What is the mode score if the score
of each pupil is increased by 5?
[1 mark]
Marks
Freque
ncy

0-9

10-19

20-29

30-39

Number of pupils
1
2
8
12
k
1
Number of candidates
4
x
y
10
8

SPM 2007
Paper 2
1. Table 1 shows the cumulative frequency
distribution for the scores of 32 students in a
competition

Table 1
(a) Based on table 1, copy and complete
Table 2

40-49

Table 2
[1 m]
(b) Without drawing an ogive, find the
interquatile range of the distribution
[5 m]
SPM 2007
33

Paper 1
1. A set of data consists of five numbers.
The sum of the numbers is 60 and the sum
of the squares of the numbers is 800
Find for the five numbers
(a) the mean
(b) the standard deviation
[3 m]
CHAPTER 8: CIRCULAR MEASURE
SPM 1993

SPM 2008(Paper 1)
1. A set of seven numbers has a mean of 9
(a) Find x
(b) When a number k is added to this
set, the new mean is 8.5
[3m]
SPM 2008(Paper 2)
1. Table 5 shows the marks obtained by 40
candidates in a test.

1. The diagram shows two arcs, PS and QR,

of two circles with centre O and with radii
OS and OR respectively. Given the ratio
OS:SR = 3:1, Find
(a) the angle in radian
(b) the area of the shaded region PQRS
[6m]

Given that the median mark is 35.5, find the

value of x and of y. Hence, state the modal
class
[6m]

SPM 1994
1.

The diagram shows a semicircle with

centre O and diameter AOC. Find the
value of the angle (in degrees and
minutes) so that the length of arc of the
circle AB same with the total of diameter
AOC and length of arc of the circle BC

34

BAPC in terms of
(ii) Hence, show that the area of
the shaded region is
25( 1) unit 2

2. In the diagram, M and N are the centers

of two congruent circles with radius r cm
respectively.
a.Show that PMQ 120 0
b.
Find, in terms of and r, the
area of the shaded region
[6m]
SPM 1995

2. The diagram shows a piece of

wire in the shape of a sector
OPQ of a circle with centre O .
The length of the wire is 100 cm. Given
the length of arc PQ is 20 cm, find
(a)
The angle in radians
(b)
the area of sector OPQ
[5m]
SPM 1996
1.

1.

The diagram shows a piece of cake with a

uniform cross-section in the shape of a
sector OPQ of a circle with centre O and
radius 20 cm. The length of arc PQ is 15 cm
and the thickness of the cake is 8 cm.
Find
(a) the angle of this sector in radians
(b) the total surface area of the cake

The diagram shows a semicircle

ABCD with centre D. Point P move
such that PB = BC = BA. Locus for the
point P is a circle with centre B.
(a) Find the distance of BC
(b) Show that the equation of locus P
is x 2 y 2 4 x 6 y 37
(c) (i) Find the area of major sector

35

[5m]
2.
The diagram show semicircle PQR
with centre O and sector QST of a
circle with centre S. Given ST = 5,
OR = 4 cm, and the length of arc
QT = 4.5 cm.
Find
(a)
(b)
the area of the shaded
region
[4m]

The diagram shows, AOB is a semicircle

with centre D and AEB is a length of arc of
the sector with centre C. The equation of AB
is

x
y
1
12 6

Calculate
(a) the area of ABC
(b) ACB in radians
(c) the area of the shaded region

SPM 1998
1.

SPM 1997
1.
(a) Convert
(i)
(ii)

degrees
[2m]

(b)

The diagram shows two sectors OPQR and

OST of two concentric circle with centre
O having the same area. Given OPS and
OQT are straight lines, POQ 0.6 rad,
OR 8 cm, and the length of arc PQ
same as that arc QR
Find
(a) the length of PS
(b) the length of arc ST

The diagram shows two sectors

OPQ and ORS of two concentric
circle with centre O. Given
OPQ rad, the length of arc PQ
is twice the length of radius OQ, and
the length of radius OS =6
Find
(i)
the value of
(ii)
the perimeter of the shaded
region
[4m]

2.

2.

36

The diagram shows a traditional Malay kite,

wau bulan, that has an axis of symmetry OR.
Given that APB is an arc of a circle with
centre O and radius 25 cm. ANBQ is a
semicircle with centre N and diameter 30
cm. TQS is an arc of circle with centre R and
radius 10 cm. Given that the length of arc
DCF is 18.75 cm.
Calculate
(a) AOB
(b) the area of segment AGBH
( c) the area of the shaded region
(Use 3.142 )

The diagram shows a sector MJKL with

centre M and two sectors PJM and QML, of
two circles with centre P and Q respectively.
Given the angle of major JML is 3.6 radians.
Find
(a) the radius of sector MJKL
[2m]
(b) the perimeter of the shaded
region
[2m]
(c) the area of sector PJM
[2m]
(d) the area of the shaded region
[4m]
SPM 1999
1.

SPM 2000
1.

The diagram shows the position of a simple

pendulum that swings from P to Q. If the
angle POQ is 80 and the length of arc PQ is
14.4 cm, find
(a)
the length of OQ
[3m]
(b) the area of region swept by the
pendulum
[2m]

The diagram shows two sectors OAP and

OBQ, of two concentric circle with centre O.
Given AOP 0.5 rad, OB 3 AO , and
the ratio of the length of arc AP to the length
of arc BQ is 2:3
Calculate BOQ in degrees
[5m]
2.

2.

The diagram shows semicircle DAECF with

centre Q and rhombus QAPC. Calculate
(a) the radius of semicircle DAECF
[1m]

37

(b) the angle in radians

(c) the area of sector QAEC
(d) the area of the shaded region

[3m]
[2m]

circle with centre T. Given AB is parallel to

KL, AB = 6 cm and KOL = 1200
(a) Find AOB
[1m]
(b) Calculate the area of segment ABT
[4m]
(c) Show that the perimeter of the
shaded region is 6 3 6 2
[5m]

[4m]

SPM 2001
1.

SPM 2002
1.

The diagram shows a sector, OPQR of a

circle with centre O and radius 5 cm. Given
the length of arc PQR is 7.68 cm, find
(a) POR in radians
[2m]
(b) the area of the shaded region
[4m]

The diagram shows two sectors OAB and

OCD of two concentric circles with centre
O
, where AOD and BOC are straight lines.
Given OB = (k + 2) cm, OD = k cm and
perimeter of the figure is 35 cm.
Find
(a) the value of k
[3m]
(b) the difference between the areas of
sector OAB and OCD
[2m]
2.

2.

The diagram shows a circle, KATBL, with

centre O and radius 6 cm. KOL is an arc of a

38

In the diagram, ABCD is a rectangle and

OAED is a sector of a circle with centre O
and radius 6 cm. Given O is the midpoint of
AC.Calculate
(a) AOD in radians
[2m]
(b) the perimeter of the shaded
region
[4m]
( c) the area of the shaded region
[4m]

Diagram 1
Calculate
(a) the value of , in rad,
[3m]
(b) the area of the shaded region , in
cm2.
[4m]

SPM 2004 paper 1

1. Diagram 1 shows a circle with centre O

SPM 2003
paper 1
1. Diagram 1 shows a sector ROS
with centre O

Diagram 1
Given that the length of the major arc AB is
45.51 cm, find the length, in cm, of the
(use = 3.142)
[3m]

The length of
the arc RS is 7.24 cm and the perimeter of
the sector ROS is 25 cm. Find the value of
[3m]
paper 2(section A)
1. Diagram 1 shows the sector POQ, centre
O with radius 10 cm
The point R on OP is such that
OR : OP = 3 : 5

paper 2(section B)
1. Diagram 4 shows a circle PQRT, centre O
and radius 5 cm. JQK is a tangent to the
circle at Q. The straight lines, JO and KO,
intersect the circle at P and R
respectively. OPQR is a rhombus. JLK is

39

an
arc
a

The length of OA = 8 cm and

POQ

of

circle, centre O
Calculate
(a) the angle , in terms of

[2m]
(b) the length, in cm, of the arc JKL
[4m]
2
(c) the area, in cm , of the shaded region

It is given that OA : OP = 4 : 7
(Use 3.142 )
Calculate
(a) the length, in cm, of AP
(b) the perimeter, in cm, of the shaded
region,
(c) the area, in cm2, of the shaded region
SPM 2006
paper 1
1. Diagram 7 shows sector OAB with
centre O and sector AXY with centre a

[4m]
SPM 2005
paper 1
1. Diagram 1 shows a circle with centre O

The length of the minor arc AB is 16 cm and

the angle of the major sector AOB is 2900 .
Using = 3.142, find
(a) the value of , in radians,
significant figures)
(b) the length, in cm, of the radius of the
circle
[3m]

Diagram 7
Given that OB = 10 cm, AY = 4 cm,
XAY 1.1 radians and the lengths
of

paper2 (section B)
1. Diagram 1 shows a sector POQ of a
circle, centre O. The point A lies on OP,
the point B lies on OQ and AB is
perpendicular to OQ.

arc AB = 7 cm, calculate

(c) the value of in radian
(d) the area in cm2, of the shaded
region

40

(a) the area, in m2 of the lawn

[2m]
(b) the length, in m, of the fence
required for fencing the flower bed
[4m]
(c) the area, in m2, of the flower bed
[4m]

paper 2
1. Diagram 4 shows the plan of a
garden. PCQ is a semicircle with
centre O and has a radius of 8 m.
RAQ is sector of a circle with centre
A and has a radius of 14 m.

SPM 2007

Paper 1

1. Diagram 4 shows a sector BOC of a

circle with centre O

It is given that AD = 8 cm and

BA =AO = OD = DC = 5 cm
Find
(a) the length, in cm, of the arc BC
(b) the area, in cm 2 , of the shaded
region
[4 m]

Sector COQ is a lawn. The shaded region is

a flower bed and has to be fenced. It is given
that AC = 8 cm and COQ 1.956
[use 3.142]
Calculate
41

[Use 3.142]
Find
(a) QOR, in radians
(b) the area, in cm2 of the coloured
Region
[4m]

SPM 2007 paper 2

1. Diagram 4 shows a circle, centre O and
radius 10 cm inscribed in a sector APB
of a circle, centre P. The straight lines,
AP and PB, are tangents to the circle at
point Q and point R, respectively.

[use 3.142]
SPM 2008 paper 2
1. Diagram shows two circles. The
larger circle has centre X and radius 12
cm. The smaller circle has centre Y and
radius 8 cm. The circle touch at point R.
The straight line PQ is a common
tangent to the circle at point P and point
Q.

Calculate
(a) the length, in cm, of the arc AB
[5 m]
2
(b) the area in cm , of shaded region
[5 m]
SPM 2008 paper 1
1. Diagram 18 shows a circle with centre O
and radius 10 cm.

Given that P, Q and R are points

such that OP = PQ and OPR = 900,

42

[use 3.142]
Given that PXR radian,
(a) show that 1.37 (to two
decimal places)
[2m]
(b) calculate the length, in cm of the
minor arc QR
[3m]
(c) calculate the area, in cm2, of the
colored region.
[5m]

CHAPTER 9: DIFFERENTATION
SPM 1993
1. Given that f ( x)

1 2x 2
, find f '(x)
4x 3

SPM 1994
1. (a) Given that y 3x 2 5 , find

dy
dx

using
the first principle
(c) Find
2. Given y

d
1

dx 2 x 1

16
dy
if x 2 . Hence,
4 , find
dx
x

estimate the value of

16

1.98 4

SPM 1995
1. Given f ( x)

1 2x 3
find f ' (x)
x 1

2. Given y x (3 x) , express

43

d2y
dy
y 2 x
12 in terms of x.
dx
dx
Hence, find the value of x that satisfy the
d2y
dy
equation y 2 x 12
dx
dx

3. Find the coordinates at the curve

y ( 2 x 5) 2 where the gradient of the
normal for the curve is

1
4

The

SPM 1996
1. Differentiate x 4 (1 3 x) 7 with respect to
x.
2. The gradient of the curve y hx

diagram shows a container in the shape of a

pyramid. The square base of the pyramid has
an area of 36 cm2 and the height of the
pyramid is 4 cm. Water is poured into the
container so that its surface area is 4p2 cm2
and its height from the vertex of the pyramid
is h cm.
(i) Show that the volume of the container
that is filled with water is

k
at
x2

7
2

the point 1, is 2. Find the values of

h and k

3
3. Given p 2 x 3 and y p 2 . Find

(ii) If the rate of change in the height of

water is 0.2 cm s-1, calculate the rate of
change in the volume of the space that is
not filled with water if h = 2 cm.
[5m]

(a) the approximate change in x if thE

rate of change in p is 3 units per
second
(b)

3
(64 h 3 )
4

dy
in terms of x
dx

(c) the small change in y, when x

decreases from 2 to 1.98

(b)

SPM 1997
1. (a) Find the value of

lim n 2 4

n 2 n 2

(b) Given f ( x) ( 2 x 3) 5 find f (x)

2. Differentiate y

The
diagram
shows a rectangle JKLM inscribed in a
circle. Given JK = x cm and KL = 6 cm
(a) show that the area of the shaded
region, A cm2, is given by

4
3 using the first
x

principle
3. (a)

44

x 2
6 x 9
4

(b) Calculate the value of x so that

the area of the shaded region is a
minimum

c) Given the surface area of the block

changes at a rate of 42 cm 2 s 1 . Find
the
of change of its radius when its radius is
4 cm.
[2m]

[5m]

d) Given the radius of the cylinder increases

from 4 cm to 4.003 cm. find the
approximate increase in the surface area
of the block
[2m]

SPM 1998
1. Given that f ( x ) 4 x (2 x 1) 5 , find
f ' ( x)

SPM 1999
1. Given f ( x)

f ' (0)

2
, find
1 3x
2

[4m]

2. Given y t 2t 2 and x 4t 1
(a)Find

dy
, in terms of x
dx

(b) If x increases from 3 to 3.01,

find the corresponding small
increase in t.
[2m]
3 (a)

2.

The diagram shows a wooden block

consisting of a cone on top of a cylinder
with radius of x cm. Given the slant height
of the cone is 2x cm. and the volume of the
cylinder is 24 cm 3

The diagram shows a box with a uniform

cross section ABCDE .
Given AB = ED = (30-6x)
cm,
BC = 3x cm, CD
= 4x and AF = 2 cm
(i)
Show that
the volume
of the box
V cm 3 , is given by equation

a) Prove that the total surface area of the

block, A cm 2 , is given by

2
A = 3 x

16

[3m]

block
[3m]

(ii)
45

V 300 x 48 x 2

Calculate

(b) the value of x that makes

V a maximum
(c) the maximum value of V

the shape of a semicircle with centre

O. Diameter AB can be adjusted so that
point C which lies on the
circumference can move such that
AC + CB = 40 cm. Given that AC = x
cm and the area of triangle ABC is A

3 (b) A piece of wire 60 cm long is bent to

form a circle. when the wire is heated,
its length increases at a rate of 0.1 cm s
1
(use 3.142 )
(i)
Calculate the rate of change
in the radius of the circle
(ii)
Hence, calculate the radius of
the circle after 4 second

terms of x and hence, find the

maximum area of triangle ABC
SPM 2001
1. Given f (r )

SPM 2000
1. Differentiate the following expressions
with respect to x
(a) 1 3 x 4
[2m]
(b)

2x 5
x4 3

dL
in
dx

of f (r ) when

4 3r
find limited value
5 2r

[2m]

2. Given y 3 x 2 4 x 6 . When x 5 , x
increases by 2%. Find the
corresponding rate of change of y.
3.
Find the equation of the tangent to
the curve y 2 x 2 r at the point
x k . If the tangent passes through
the point (1,0), find r in terms of k

2. Given that graph of function

k
f ( x) hx 3 2 has gradient function
x
96
f ' ( x) 3x 2 3 where h and k are
x
constants,
Find
a. the values of h and k
b. x-coordinate of the
turning point of the graph
of the function
3. (a)

4.(a) The straight line 4 y x k is the

normal to the curve y 2 x 1 2 3 at
point A.
Find
(i)
the coordinates of point A and the
value of k
(ii)
the equation of the tangent at
point A

The diagram shows a circle inside

rectangle ABCD such that the circle
is constantly touching the two sides
4.(b) The diagram shows a toy in
46

of the rectangle. Given the perimeter

of ABCD is 40 cm
a. Show that the area of the
shaded region A =
4 2
20 y

respectively, where AB and PQ are

perpendicular to each other. Find the
coordinates of point R
[4m]

(b) A drop of ink falls on a piece of paper

and forms an expanding ink blot in the
shape of a circle.
(i) If the radius of the ink blot
increases at a constant rate of
18 mm for every 6 second, find
the rate of change in the area of
ink blot at the instant when its
radius is 5 mm
(ii) Using differentiation, find the
approximate value of the area
ink blot at the instant when its
radius is 5.02 mm

4
b. Using 3.142 , find

the length and width of

the rectangle that make
the area of the shaded
region a maximum
(b) Given y 2 x 3 5 x 2 7 , find the
value of

dy
at the point
dx

(2,

3). Hence, find

(i)
the small change in x,
when y decreases
from 3 to 2.98
(ii) the rate of change in y, at the
instant when x = 2 and the rate of
change in x is 0.6 unit per second
[5m]
SPM 2002

SPM 2003 paper2(section A)

1. Given that y 14 x(5 x) , calculate
(a) the value of x when y is a
maximum
(c) the maximum value of y
[3m]

5
2

3
2
1. Given p (1 t ) t

dp
and hence find the values of t
dt
dp
7
where
dt

Find

2. Given that y x 2 5 x , use

differentiation to find the small change
in y when x increases from 3 to 3.01
[3m]

2.

dy
2 x 2 and
dx
y 6 when x 1 , find y in terms of

3. (a) Given that

y = 2x x2

x
[3m]
(b) Hence, find the value of x if
x2

(a) The diagram shows the curve

y 3 x x 2 that passes through the
origin. Given straight lines AB and PQ
touch the curve at point O and point R

d2y
dy
( x 1) y 8
2
dx
dx

[4m]
paper2(sectionB)
4. (a) Diagram 2 shows a conical container
47

of diameter 0.6 m and height

0.5m.Water is poured into the
container at a constant rate of 0.2 m3 s-1

1. Given that h( x)

3x 5 2 , evaluate

h" (1)

[4m]

2. The volume of water, V cm3, in a

container is given by V

where h cm is the height of the water in

the container. Water is poured into the
container at the rate of 10 cm3 s-1. Find
the rate of change of the height of water,
in cm s-1, at the instant when its height
is 2 cm
[3m]

Calculate the rate of change of the height of

the water level at the instant when the height
of the water level is 0.4 m
(use = 3.142; Volume of a
cone =

1 2
r h )
3

1 3
h 8h ,
3

paper2(sectionA)
3. A curve has a gradient function px 2 4 x
, where p is a constant. The tangent to the
curve at the point (1,3) is parallel to the
straight line y x 5 0 . Find
(a) the value of p
(b) the equation of the curve
SPM 2006
Paper 1
1. The point P lies on the curve
y ( x 5) 2 . It is given that the

[4m]

SPM 2004
1. Differentiate 3 x 2 (2 x 5) 4 with
respect to x
[3m]
2. Two variables x and y are related by the

2
equation y 3x .
x

1
4

Given that y increases at a constant rate of

4 units per second, find the rate of change
of x when x = 2
[3m]

[3m]
2 7
u , where
3
dy
u 3 x 5 . Find
in terms of x
dx

2. It is given that y

paper 2(section B)
3. The gradient function of a curve which
passes through A(1, -12) is 3x 2 6 x .
Find
(a) the equation of the curve
[3m]
(b) the coordinates of the turning points of
the curve and determine whether each
of the turning points is a maximum or
a minimum
[5m]

[4m]
3. Given that y 3x 2 x 4
(a) find the value of

dy
when x =1
dx

(b) express the approximate change in y,

in terms of p, when x changes from 1
to 1 + p, where p is small value

SPM 2005

SPM 2007
Paper 2
48

2
x2

has a turning point at (k, 8)

(a) Find the value of k
[3 m]
(b) determine whether the turning point is a
maximum or minimum point
[2 m]
( c) find the equation of the curve
[3 m]
SPM 2007
Paper 1
1. The curve y f (x ) is such that
dy
= 3kx 5 , where k is a constant.
dx
The gradient of the curve at x 2 is 9

Find the value of k

SPM 1993
1.

[2 m]
2. The curve y x 32 x 64 has a
minimum point at x p , where p is a
constant.
Find the value of p
[3 m]
2

SPM 2008
Paper 1
1. Two variables x and y are related by the
16
equation y 2 .
x
Express, in terms of h, the approximate
change in y when x changes from 4 to 4 +
h, where h is a small value
[3m]

The diagram shows a PQR

(a) Calculate obtuse angle PQR

[2m]

(b) Sketch and label another triangle which

is different from triangle PQR in the
diagram, where the lengths of PQ and QR
as well as angle PQR are maintained.
[1m]

2. The normal to the curve y x 2 5 x at

point P is parallel to the straight line
y x 12 . Find the equation of the
normal to the curve at point P.
[4m]

(c ) If the length of PR is reduced

while the length of PQ and angle
PQR are maintained, calculate
the length of PR so that only one
PQR can be form
[2m]

49

2.

The diagram shows a pyramid with ABC

as the horizontal base. Given that AB = 3
cm, BC = 4 cm and ABC 90 0 and
vertex D is 4 cm vertically above B,
calculate the area of the slanting face.
[5m]

The diagram shows a land form triangle,

ABC, divide by three parts. ADB, BFC, and
AEGC is a straight line
Given that sin BAC

12
13

(a) if the fence want to build along the

boundary BC, calculate the total length is
needed
SPM 1995
1.

(b) Calculate BCA

(c ) Given that the area of FCG
same
with the area ADE . Calculate
the length of GC
SPM 1994
1.

4
where
5

(a) the length of AC correct to two decimal

places
[3m]
(b) ABC
[2m]
In the diagram, BCD is a straight line,
calculate the length of CD

SPM 1996
1.

2.

50

The diagram shows a cuboid. Calculate

(a) JQL
[4m]
(b) the area of JQL
[2m]
1. In the diagram, BD = 5 cm, BC = 7cm,
CD = 8 cm and AE = 12 cm, BDE and
ADC are a straight lines. Find
(a) BDC
(b) the length of AD

2.

In the diagram, points A, B, C, D and E lie

on a flat horizontal surface. Given BCD is a
straight line, ACB is an obtuse angle and
the area of ADE = 20
cm2, calculate
(a) the length of AD
(b) DAE

2.

SPM 1997

The diagram shows a pyramid VABCD with

a square base ABCD. VD is vertical and base
ABCD is horizontal. Calculate
(a) VTU
(b) the area of
plane VTU

1. The diagram shows a triangle ABC

Calculate
(a) the length of AB
(b) the new area of triangle ABC
if AC is lengthened while the
lengths of AB, BC and BAC
are maintained
[3m]

SPM 1999

SPM 1998

51

1.

In the diagram, PQR is a straight line.

Calculate the length of PS

The diagram shows a trapezium ABCD

Calculate
(a) CBD
(b) the length of straight line AC

SPM 2001
1.

2. JKL is a triangle with side JK = 10 cm.

Given that sin KJL 0.456 and
sin JKL 0.36 ,
Calculate
(a) JLK
(b) the area of JKL
SPM 2000
The diagram shows a pyramid with a
triangular base PQR whish is on a horizontal
plane. Vertex V is vertically above P. Given
PQ = 4 cm, PV = 10 cm, VR = 15 cm and
VQR 80 0

Calculate
(a) the length of QR
(b) the area of the slanting face
1. The diagram shows a cyclic quadrilateral
ABCD. The lengths of straight lines DC
and CB are 3 cm and 6 cm respectively.
Express the length of BD in terms of
(a)
(b)
Hence, show that cos

SPM 2002
1.

11
29

2.
The diagram shows a quadrilateral ABCD.
Given AD is the longest side of triangle
ABD and the area of triangle ABD is 10 cm2
Calculate
52

(b) the length of BD
( c) the length of BC

Given that VB = VC = 2.2 m and AB = AC =

2.6 m, calculate
(a) the length of BC if the area of the
base is 3 m2
(b) the length of AV and the base is
250
(c ) the area of triangle VAB

2.

The diagram shows a prism with a uniform

triangular cross-section PTS. Given the
volume of the prism is 315 cm3. Find the
total surface area of the rectangular faces

SPM 2004
1. The diagram shows a quadrilateral ABCD
such that ABC is acute

[5m]
SPM 2003
1. The diagram shows a tent VABC in the
shape of a pyramid with triangle ABC as the
horizontal base. V is the vertex of the tent
and the angle between the inclined plane
VBC and the base is 500

53

(a) Calculate
(i) ABC
(iii) the area, in cm2, of quadrilateral
ABCD
[8m]

(a) Calculate the length, in cm, of

AC
[2m]
(b) A quadrilateral ABCD is now
formed so that AC is a diagonal,
ACD 40 0 and AD = 16 cm
Calculate the two possible values
[2m]

(b) A triangle A'B'C' has the same

measurements as those given for triangle
ABC, that is, A'C' = 12.3 cm, C'B' = 9.5
cm and B 'A'C' = 40.50, but which is
different in shape to triangle ABC

(c ) By using the acute ADC

from (b), calculate
(i)
the length, in cm, of CD
(ii)
the area, in cm2, of the

(i) Sketch the triangle A'B'C'

(ii) State the size of A'B'C'
[2m]

kitaran
vertical = mencancang
horizontal = mengufuk
obtuse angle = sudut cakah
slanting face = permukaan condong
acute = tirus
formed = dibentuk
diagonal = pepenjuru
SPM 2006

SPM 2005
1. The diagram shows triangle ABC

1. Diagram 5 shows a quadrilateral ABCD

54

Diagram 5
The area of triangle BCD is 13 cm2 and
BCD is acute
Calculate
(a) BCD
[2 m]
(b) the length, in cm, of BD [2 m]
(c) ABD
[3 m]
(d) the area, in cm2, quadrilateral ABCD
[3 m]

i.

Calculate
(a) the length, in cm, of AC
(b) ACB
[4 M]
ii. Point A lies on AC such that
A B = AB
(i)
sketch A BC
(ii)
calculate the area, in
cm 2 , of A BC
[6 M]

CHAPTER 11: INDEX NUMBER

SPM 2006

SPM 1993
1. The table below shows the monthly
expenses of Alis family

1. Diagram 7 shows quadrilateral ABCD

55

Year
Expenses
Food
Transportation
Rental
Electricity & water

1998

1992

RM 320
RM 80
RM 280
RM 40

RM 384
RM 38
RM 322
RM 40

monthly expenses in the Yusnis

household
(b) the total monthly expenses in the
year 1993, correct to the nearest
ringgit, if the total monthly
expenses of the Yusris household
in the year 1990 is RM 850
SPM 1995
1. The table below shows the price indices
and weightages of four items in the year
1994 based on the year 1990. Given the
composite price index in the year 1994 is
RM 114

Find the composite index in the year 1992

by using the year 1998 as the base year.
Hence, if Alis monthly income in the year
1998 is RM 800, find the monthly income
required in the year 1992 so that the
increases in his income is in line with the
increases in his expenses
[5m]

Calculate
(a) the value of n
(b) the price of a shirt in 1994 if its
price in 1990 is RM 40

SPM 1994
1. The pie chart below shows the
distribution of the monthly expenses in the
Yusnis household in the year 1990. The
table that follows shows the price indices in
the year 1993 based on the year 1990

Item
Shirt
Trousers
Bag
Shoes

Price Index
100
110
140
100

Weightage
N
6
2
4

SPM 1996
1. (a) In the year 1995, the price and price
index of a kilogram of a certain grade
of rice are RM 2.40 and 160. Using the
year 1990 as the base year, calculate
the price of a kilogram of rice in the
year 1990.
[2m]
Monthly
expenses
Food
House rental
Entertainment
Clothing
Others

Price Index
130
115
110
115
130
(b) The above table shows the price indices
in the year 1994 using 1992 as the base
year, changes to price indices from the
year 1994 to 1996 and their weightages

Calculate
(a) the composite price index, correct
to the nearest integer, of the
56

respectively.
Find the value of x
Item

Price
Index
1994

Changes to
Price index
from 1994 to
1996

Weightages

180
116
140
124

Increases 10%
Decreases 5%
No change
No change

5
4
2
1

Wood
Cement
Iron
Steel

SPM 2000
Index number, Ii
105
94 120
Weightages, Wi
5-x
x
4
1. The table below shows the price indices
and weightages of 5 types of food items in
the year 1998 using the year 1996 as the
base year. Given the composite price index
in the 1998, using the year 1996 as the base
year, is 127.

Calculate the composite price index in the

year 1996
[3m]

Food
item
Fish
Prawn
Chicken
Beef
Cuttlefish

SPM 1997
1. The below table shows the price indices
and weightages of three items in the year
1995 based on the year 1990.Given the
price of item R in the year 1990 and 1995
are RM 30 and RM 33 respectively, and
the composite price index in the year
1995 is 130.
Item
P
Q
R

Price index
120
150
m

Calculate
(a) the value of m
(b) the value n

[4m]

Price index

Weightages

140
120
125
115
130

4
2
4
3
X

Calculate
(a) the value of x
[4m]
(b) the price of a kilogram of chicken
in the year 1998 if the price of a
kilogram of chicken in the year
1996 is RM 4.20
[6m]

Weightage
2
n
3
[2m]
[2m]

SPM 1998
1. The price index of a certain item in the
year 1997 is 120 when 1995 is used as the
base year and 150 when 1993 is used as
the base year. Given the price of the item
in the year 1995 is RM 360, calculate its
price in the year 1993
SPM 1999

SPM 2001

1. The composite index number of the data

in the below table is 108

1. The table below shows the prices indices

of items A, B, and C with their respective
57

weightages. Given the price of P in the

year 1996 is RM 12.00 and increases to
RM 13.80 in the year 1999. By using
1998 as the base year, calculate the value
of x. Hence, find the value of y if the
composite price index is 113
Item
A
B
C

Price index
x
98
123

(a) Using the year 1996 as the base year,

calculate the price indices of items A,
B and C
Type of
item

Weightage
5
y
14 - y

A
B
C

1. The table below shows the prices, price

indices and the number of three items

Price

(RM)

A
B
C

Year
1999
55
40
80

Year
2000
66
x
100

Price
Index
(Base
year
1999)
120
150
125

Price
(RM) in
1998
105
100
67.50

Weightage
%
Y
X
2x

(b) Given the composite price index of

these items in the year 1998 based on
the year 1996 is 140, find the values
of x and y
[5m]

SPM 2002

Item

Price
(RM) in
1996
70
80
60

Number
of items
200
500
y

(a) Find the value x

(b) If the composite price index of the three
items in the year 2000 using year 2000 as
the base year is 136.5, find the value of y

SPM 2003
2. The table below shows the prices of three
items A, B and C in the year 1996 and
1998, as well as their weightages

1. The diagram below show is a bar chart

indicating the weekly cost of the items P,

58

Q, R, S and T for the year 1990. Table 1

shows the prices and the price indices for
the items.

R and S which are the main ingredients in

the production of a type of biscuits
(a) Calculate
(i) the price of S in the year 1993 if its
price in the year 1995 is RM 37.70
(ii) the price index of P in the year 1995
based on the year 1991 if its price
index in the year 1993 based on the
year 1991 is 120
[5m]

35
30
25
20
15
10
5
0
P

ITEMS

Items

P
Q
R
S
T

Price in
1990

Price in
1995

x
RM 2.00
RM 4.00
RM 6.00
RM 2.50

RM 0.70
RM 2.50
RM 5.50
RM 9.00
z

(b) The composite index number of the lost

of biscuits production for the year 1995
based on the year 1993 is 128. Calculate
(i) the value of x
(ii) the price of a box of biscuits in the
year 1993 if the corresponding
price in the year 1995 is RM 32
[5m]

Price Index
in 1995
based on
1990
175
125
y
150
120

(i) x
(ii) y
(iii) z

Item

(b) Calculate the composite index for the

items in the year 1995 based on the year
1990

P
Q
R
S

Price index for the

year 1995 based on
the year 1993
135
x
105
130

Percentage of
usage (%)
40
30
10
20

( c) The total monthly cost of the items in

the year 1990 is RM 456
(d) The cost of the items increases by 20%
from the year 1995 to the year 2000.
Find the composite index for the year
2000 based on the year 1990

SPM 2005
1. The table below shows the prices and the
price indices for the four ingredients P, Q,
R and S used in making biscuits of a

SPM 2004
1. The table below shows the price indices
and percentage of usage of four items, P, Q,

59

particular kind. Diagram below shows a

pie chart which represents the relative
amount of the ingredients P, Q, R, and S
used in making these biscuits
Ingredients
P
Q
R
S

Price per kg
Year Year
2001 2004
0.80 1.00
2.00
y
0.40 0.60
z
0.40

(a) The index number of ingredient P in

the year 2005 based on the year 2004
is 120. Calculate the value of w
[2m]

Price index for the

year 2004 based on
the year 2001
x
140
150
80

(b) The index number of ingredient R in

the year 2005 based on the year
2004 is 125. The price per kilogram
of ingredient R in the year 2005 is
RM 2.00 more than its corresponding
price in the year 2004.
Calculate the value of x and of y
[3m]

Ingredient
P
Q
R
S

(a) Find the value of x, y and z

[3m]
(b) (i) calculate the composite index for the
cost of making these biscuits in the
year 2004 based on the year 2001
(ii) Hence, calculate the corresponding
cost of making these biscuits in the
year 2001 if the cost in the year 2004
was RM 2985
[5m]

Year 2004
Year 2005
5.00
W
2.50
4.00
x
Y
4.00
4.40

(c) The cost of making these biscuits is

expected to increase by 50% from the
year 2004 to the year 2007
Find the expected composite index for
the year 2007 based on the year 2001
[2m]

(c) The composite index for the cost

of making the cake in the year
2005 based on the year 2004 is
127.5
Calculate
(i) The price of a cake in the year
2004 if its corresponding price
in the year 2005 is RM30.60
(ii) the value of m if the
quantities of ingredients P, Q,
R and S used are in the ratio
of 7 : 3 : m : 2
[3m]

SPM 2006
1. A particular kind of cake is made by
using four ingredients P, Q, R and S.
Table shows the prices of the ingredients

SPM 2007
1. Table 4 shows the prices and the price
indices of five components, P, Q, R, S and
T, used to produce a kind of toy
60

Diagram 6 shows a pie chart which

represents the relative quantity of
components used
Diagram 6
(a) Find the value of x and of y
Component
P
Q
R
S
T

year
1.20
x
4.00
3.00
2.00

1.50
2.20
6.00
2.70
2.80

Price index for the

year 2006 based on
the year 2004
125
110
150
y
140

[3m]
(b) Calculate the composite index for the
production cost of the toys in the
year 2006 based on the year 2004
[3m]
(c) The price of each component
increases by 20% from the year
2006 to the year 2008
Given that the production cost of one toy
in the year 2004 is RM 55, calculate the
corresponding cost in the year 2008
[4m]

61