This will help you in mastering your maths skills by challenging your mind to think outside the box to find the answer to your puzzle.

© All Rights Reserved

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This will help you in mastering your maths skills by challenging your mind to think outside the box to find the answer to your puzzle.

© All Rights Reserved

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SPM 1993

SPM 1995

function g : x x2 1, find

(a) f -1

(b) f -1g(3)

[5 marks]

inverse function f -1(x) = mx +

(a) the value of m and c

(b) (i) f(3)

(ii) f -1f(3)

f : x 2x

g : x (x + 1)2 4 and

fg : x 2(x + 1)2 5. Find

(i)

g2(1)

(ii)

the values of m and n

(iii)

gf -1

[5 marks]

h : x 6x2 2

find the value of g -1(-2)

[7 marks]

If p is a another function and mp given

that mp : x -1 3x2, find function p.

[3 marks]

SPM 1996

hx k

, x2

x2

2x 5

and inverse function f -1 : x

, x3

x 3

SPM 1994

1. Given the functions f(x) = 2 x and

function g(x) = kx2 + n. If the composite

function gf(x) = 3x2 12x + 8, find

(a) the values of k and n

[3 marks]

(b) the value of g2(0)

[2 marks]

Find

(a) the values of h and k

[3 marks]

(b) the values of x where f(x) = 2x [3 marks]

2. Given the function f : x 2x + 5 and

fg : x 13 2x, Find

(i)

function gf

(ii)

the values of c if gf(c2 + 1) = 5c - 6

[5 marks]

f:x

[3 marks]

[3 marks]

3

g:x

,x2

x2

(i)

(ii)

4

. Find

3

px

, for all value of x except

3 2x

x = h and p is a constant.

(i) determine the value of h

(ii) the value of 2 maps by itself under

function f. Find

(a) the value of p

(b) the value of another x which is

mapped onto itself

(c) f -1(-1)

[7 marks]

SPM 1997

1. Given the functions g: x px + q and

g2 : x 25x + 48

(a) Find the value of p and q

(b) Assume that p>0, find the

value of x so that 2g(x) = g(3x + 1)

b\

SPM 1998

SPM 2001

v(t) = 2 + 9t

Find

(a)

the value of h(t) when v(t) = 110

(b)

the values of t so that h(t) = v-1(2)

(c)

function hv

and f 2 : x 9x 8

Find

(a) the values of a and b [3 marks]

(b) (f -1)2(x)

[3 marks]

1

and g(x) = 3 + x. Find

(a) f(x)

[2 marks]

-1 2

(b) the value of p if ff (p 1) = g[(2-p)2]

( c) range of value of p so that fg-1(x) = x

no real roots

[5 marks]

g(x) = 2x + 3 , find

(a) f g-1(x)

(b) the value of x so that gf(-x) = 25

SPM 1999

1. Given the function f : x k mx. Find

(a) f -1(x) in terms of k and m [2 marks]

(b) the values of k and m, if f -1(14) = - 4

and f(5) = -13

[4 marks]

SPM 2002

1. Given the function f(x) = 4x -2 and

g(x) = 5x +3. Find

(i)

fg -1(x)

g : x x + 3. Given the function

fg : x x2 +6x + 7. Find

(i)

function f(x)

(ii)

the value of k if f(2k) = 5k

[7 marks]

(ii)

(a) g(x)

x

2

)=

2

5

[5 marks]

2. (a) Given the function f : x 3x + 1, find

f -1(5)

[2 marks]

(b) Given the function f(x) = 5-3x and

g(x) = 2ax + b, where a and b is a

constants. If fg(x) = 8 3x, find the

values of a and b

[3 marks]

SPM 2000

1. Given the function g -1(x) =

5 kx

and

3

[2 marks]

[3 marks]

2. Given the function f : x 4 3x.

(a) Find

(i) f2(x)

(ii) (f2)-1(x)

(iii) (f -1)2

[6 marks]

SPM 2003

P = {1, 2, 3}

Q = {2, 4, 6, 8, 10}

6

, x 0 and

x

(a) g(x)

(b) the value of x so that gh(x) = 5

[4 marks]

relation between P and Q is defined by set

of ordered pairs {(1,2), (1,4), (2,6), (2,8)}.

State

(a) the image of 1

(b) the object of 2

[2 marks]

SPM 2005

1. In Diagram 1, the function h maps x to y

and the function g maps y to z

h : x x2 2x +3, find

(a) g-1(3)

(b) hg(x)

[4 marks]

SPM 2004

1. Diagram 1 shows the relation between set

P and set Q

e

f

Set P

Determine

(a) h-1(5)

(b) gh(2)

w

x

y

z

[2 marks]

w(x) =

5

, x 2. Find

2x

(a) w-1(x)

(b) w-1(4)

Set Q

Diagram 1

[3 marks]

functions h and g.

State

(a) the range of the relation

(b) the type of the relation

[2 marks]

h : x 2x 3

g : x 4x - 1

h-1 : x 2hk +

5

, where m and k are

8

Find gh-1

[3 marks]

[3 marks]

SPM 2006

Paper 1

1. In diagram 1, set B shows the image of

certain elements of set A

Paper 2

1. Given that f : x 3x 2 and

x

1 , find

5

(a) f 1 ( x)

[1 m]

1

(b) f g ( x )

[2 m]

h

(

x

)

hg

(

x

)

2

x6

( c)

such that

g:x

[3 m]

SPM 2007

Paper 1

1. Diagram 1 shows the linear

function h.

DIAGRAM 1

(a) State the type of relation between set

A and set B

(b) Using the function notation, write a

relation between set A and set B

[2 marks]

2. Diagram shows the function h : x

, x 0 , where m is a constant

mx

x

(b) Using the function

notation, express h in

terms of x

[2 m]

2.

1

2

, find the value of x

such that f ( x) 5

[2m]

f : x x 3

DIAGRAM 2

Find the value of m

[2 marks]

function h and the composite function

given domain

[3 m]

h2

h : x x 2 4 x 3 , find

a) g 1 (6)

b) hg (x )

[4m]

and g ( x) kx 2 , find

[3m]

a) f(5)

b) the value of k such that

gf(5)=14

[3m]

SPM 2008

Paper 1

1. Diagram 1 shows the graph of the

function f ( x) 2 x 1 , for the

domain 0 x 5 .

State

(a) the value of t

the value of k

[5 marks]

2. Find the values of so that

(3 )x2 2( + 1)x + + 1 = 0 has two

equal real roots.

[2 marks]

CHAPTER 2: QUADRATIC EQUATIONS

SPM 1994

SPM 1997

1. Given that m + 2 and n - 1 are the roots

of the equation x2 + 5x = -4. Find the

possible value of m and n.

equation 2x2 3x 6 = 0, form another

and

3

SPM 1998

[4 marks]

1

SPM 1995

(a) Find the value of p and q

(b) Next, by using the value of p and q in (a)

form the quadratic equation with roots p

and -2q

x2 + px + 12 = 0 is one third of the other

root. Find the possible values of p.

[5 marks]

2. Given that

SPM 1999

1

and -5 are the roots of the

2

2x2 + 6x = 2k - 1 is double of the other

root, where k is a constant. Find the roots

and the possible values of k.

[4 marks]

equation in a form ax2 + bx + c = 0

[2 marks]

3. Find the range of value of k if the

equation x 2 kx 2k 3 0 has no

real roots

[3 marks]

have two equal real roots. Find the values

of h.

[4 marks]

(1 p)x2 + x + p = 0 has a real and

negative roots if 0 < p < 1

[5 marks]

equation x2 2x + k = 0, while 2 and 2

are the roots of the equation x2 +mx +9=0.

Find the possible values of k and m.

[6 marks]

SPM 1996

1. Given that a and b are the roots of the

equation x2 (a + b)x + ab = 0.

If m and n are the roots of the equation

SPM 2000

roots -6 and 3. Find

(a) the values of p and q [3 marks]

(b) the range of values of k if the

Equation 2x2 + px + q = k has no real

roots

[2 marks]

values of p

[3 marks]

SPM 2004

1. Form the quadratic equation which has

the roots -3 and

c are constants

[2 marks]

SPM 2005

SPM 2001

1. Given that 2 and m are the roots of the

equation (2x -1)(x + 3) = k(x 1), where k

is a constant.

Find the values of m and k

[4 marks]

x(2x 5) = 2x 1.

Give your answer correct to three decimal

places.

[3 marks]

equation 2 x 2 3 x 1 0 , form another

quadratic equation with roots

3 + 2 and 3 + 2.

[5 marks]

SPM 2006

1. A quadratic equation

x 2 px 9 2 x has two equal roots.

Find the possibles values of p.

[3 marks]

SPM 2002

1. Given the equation x2 + 3 = k(x + 1) has

the roots p and q, where k is a constant,

find the range of value of k if the equation

has two different real roots.

[5 marks]

2. Given that

1

. Give your answer in

2

SPM 2007

1. (a) Solve the following quadratic

equation:

3x 2 5x 2 0

and

are the roots of the

2

2

hx 2 kx 3 0, where h and k are

constants, has two equal roots

Express h in terms of k

[4 marks]

equation kx(x 1) = 2m x.

If + = 6 and = 3, find the values

of k and m.

[5 marks]

SPM 2008

1. It is given that -1 is one of the

roots of the quadratic equation

SPM 2003

1. Solve the quadratic equation

2x(x 4) = (1 x)(x + 2).

Give your answer correct to four

significant figures.

[3 marks]

x 2 4x p 0

[2 marks]

x2 (p + 1)x + 1 p2 = 0 has no real

roots.

[3 marks]

SPM 1993

SPM 1995

f(x) = 6x 1 3x2.

(a) Express quadratic equation f(x) in the

form k + m(x + n)2, where k, m and n

are constants. Determine whether the

function f(x) has the minimum or

maximum value and state the value of

the minimum or maximum value.

drawing graph, find the minimum or

maximum value of the function

y = 2(3x 1)(x + 1) 12x 1. Then

sketch the graph for the function y.

[5 marks]

2. Given that 3x + 2y 1 = 0, find the range

of values of x if y < 5.

[5 marks]

(c ) Find the range of value of p so that

the equation 6x 4 - 3x2 = p has two

different real roots.

[10 marks]

SPM 1994

2n2 + n 1

[2 marks]

SPM 1996

1. f(x) = 0 is a quadratic equation which has

the roots -3 and p.

(a) write f(x) in the form ax2 + bx + c

[2 marks]

(b) Curve y = kf(x) cut y-axis at the point

(0,60). Given that p = 5, Find

(i)

the value of k

(ii)

the minimum point

[4 marks]

(2, 3) of the function y = p(x + h)2 + k.

Find

(a) the values of p, h and k

(b) the equation of the curve when the

graph is reflected on the x-axis

[2 marks]

(a) x(x + 1) < 2

[2 marks]

(b)

5x x2

[2 marks]

3

x

1 2x

SPM 1997

[3 marks]

satisfy inequality (x 2)2 < (x 2)

with m and n are constants, have a

minimum point p(6t,3t2).

(a) state the value of m and n in terms of t

(b) if t = 1, find the range of value of k so

that the equation f(x) = k has a distinct

roots

SPM 1999

1. (a) Find the range of value of x so that

9 + 2x > 3 and 19 > 3x + 4

(b) Given that 2x + 3y = 6, find the range

of value of x when y < 5

2. Find the range of value of x if

(x 2)(2x + 3) > (x 2)(x + 2)

(a) 2(3x2 x) 1 x

(b) 4y 1 = 5x and 2y > 3 + x

SPM 2000

1. Without using differentiation method or

drawing graph, determine the minimum or

maximum point of the function

y = 1 + 2x 3x2. Hence, state the

equation of the axis of symmetry for the

graph.

[4 marks]

minimum value 2.

(a) Without using differentiation method,

find two possible value of k.

(b) By using the value of k, sketch the

graph y = x2 + 2kx + 3k in the same

axis

(c) State the coordinate of minimum point

for the graph y = x2 + 2kx + 3k

intersect the curve x2 + y2 6 =0

.

Find the range of values of k

[5 marks]

SPM 1998

1.

SPM 2001

1.(a) State the range of value of x for

5x > 2x2 3

(b) Given that the straight line 3y = 4 2x

and curve 4x2 + 3y2 k = 0.

Show that the straight line and the

curve does not intersect if k < 4

The graph show two curve y = 3(x-2)2 + 2p

and y = x2 + 2x qx + 3 that intersect in the

two point at x-axis.

Find

(a) the value of p and q

(b) the minimum value for the both

curve

g(x) = 3 + x. Find the range of value of p

so that f-1g(x) = x has no real roots

SPM 2002

1. Given the quadratic equation

x2 + 3 = k(x + 1), where k is a constant,

which has the roots p and q.

find the range of values of k if p and q

Find the range of value of x so that

f(x) is a positive

SPM 2005 (paper 1)

2. Given that y = p + qx x2 = k (x + h)2

for all values of x

(a)

Find

(i)

h

(ii)

k

in terms of p and/or q

(b)

the straight line y = 3 touches the

curve y = p + qx x2

(i)

state p in terms of q

(ii)

if q = 2, state the equation

of the axis of symmetry for

the curve.

Next, sketch the graph for

the curve

intersect the curve y = 2x2 + x + p.

Find the range of values of p

[3 marks]

2. Diagram 2 shows the graph of a

quadratic functions

f(x) = 3(x + p)2 + 2, where p is a

constant.

1. The function f(x) = x2 4kx + 5k2 + 1

has a minimum value of r2 + 2k, where r

and k are constants.

(a) By using the method of completing

square, show that r = k -1

[4 marks]

(b) Hence, or otherwise, find the values

of k and r if the graph of the function

is symmetrical about x = r2 - 1

[4 marks]

The

y = f(x) has the minimum point

(1, q), where q is a constant. State

curve

(b) the value of q

(c ) the equation of the axis of symmetry

SPM 2005 (paper 1)

1. Diagram 2 shows the graph of a quadratic

function f(x)=3(x + p)2 + 2, where p is a

constant

1. Find the range of values of x for which

x(x 4) 12

[3 marks]

2. Diagram 2 shows the graph of the

function y = -(x k)2 2, where k is a

constant.

Diagram 2

The curve y = f(x) has the minimum point

(1,q), where q is a constant. State

a) the value of p

b)

the value of q

Find

Diagram

2

(a) the value of

k

(b) the equation of the axis of symmetry

(c) the coordinates of the maximum point

[3 marks]

10

c)

symmetry

[3 m]

SPM 2006

f ( x) p ( x q ) 2 r , where p, q and r

are constants, has a minimum value of

-4. The equation of the axis of symmetry

is x = 3

State

a) the range of values of p

b) the value of q

c) the value of r

[3 m]

function y f (x ) . The straight line

y 4 is a tangent to the curve y f (x )

a)

write the

equation

of the

axis of

( x 3) 2 5 x .

[3 m]

SPM 2008 (paper 2)

1. Diagram 2 shows the curve of a

quadratic function f ( x) x 2 kx 5 .

The curve has a maximum point at B(2,p)

and intersects the f(x)-axis at point A

b) express f (x ) in the form

( x b) 2 c , where b and c are

constants.

[3 marks]

3. Find the range of the values of x for

( 2 x 1)( x 4) 4 x

[2 marks]

SPM 2007(paper 1)

1. Find the range of values of x for

which 2 x 2 1 x

[3 marks]

Diagram 2

a) State the coordinates of A

f ( x) x 2 2 x 4 can be expressed

in the form f ( x) ( x m) 2 n ,

where m and n are constants.

Find the value of m and of n

[3 marks]

Answer m=..

n=..

[1m]

b) By using the method of completing

square, find the value of k and of p.

[4m]

c) determine the range of values of x, if

f ( x ) 5

[2m]

11

SPM 1993

1. Solve the simultaneous equation

x2 y + y2 = 2x + 2y = 10

SPM 1997

1. Given that (3k, -2p) is a solution for the

simultaneous equation x 2y = 4 and

3

2

+ 2 y =1. Find the values of k and p

x

SPM 1994

1. Solve the following simultaneous

equation and give your answer correct to

two decimal places

2x + 3y + 1 = 0, x2 + 6xy + 6 = 0

JKMN and a quarter part of a circle KLM

with centre M. If the area of the pond is

10 m2 and the length JK is longer than

the length of the curve KL by m, Find

the value of x.

shaded region is covered by perimeter of

a rectangular carpet which is placed 1 m

away from the walls of the room. If the

area and the perimeter of the carpet are

8

3 2

m and 12 m, find the measurements

4

of the room.

1m

1m

1m

SPM 1998

1. Solve the simultaneous equation:

1m

x 2

+ = 4 , x + 6y = 3

3 y

Diagram 2

SPM 1995

1. Solve the simultaneous equation

4x + y + 8 = x2 + x y = 2

box with cuboids shape. If perimeter of

the net box is 48 cm and the total surface

area is 135 cm3, Calculate the possible

values of v and w.

cm u cm has a rectangular base. The top

part of it is uncovered whilst other parts

are made of glass. Given the total length of

the aquarium is 440 cm and the total area

of the glass used to make the aquarium is

6300 cm2. Find the value of u and w

SPM 1996

1. Given that (-1, 2k) is a solution for the

equation x2 + py 29 = 4 = px xy ,

where k and p are constants. Determine

the value of k and p

SPM 1999

12

straight line

cut the curve x2 + y2 xy = 21 at two

different point.

Find the coordinates of the point

y

= 4. Without drawing the

x

intersection for the curve and the straight

line.

2. Solve the simultaneous equation

2.

x

6y

2x + 3y = 9 and

y = 1

x

yam

SPM 2000

1. Solve the simultaneous equation

3x 5 = 2y , y(x + y) = x(x + y) 5

2. Solve the simultaneous equation

y

y

x

3

1

+ 3 = 0 and

+

=0

3

2

x

2

2

land. He planted padi and yam on the

areas as shown in the above diagram. The

yam is planted on a rectangular shape

area. Given the area of the land planted

with padi is 115 m2 and the perimeter of

land planted with yam is 24 m. Find the

area of land planted with yam.

SPM 2001

1. Given the following equation:

M = 2x y

N = 3x + 1

R = xy 8

Find the values of x and y so that

2M = N = R

4. Diagram 2 shows, ABCD is a piece

of paper in a rectangular shape. Its

area is 28 cm2. ABE is a semi-circle

shape cut off from the paper. the

perimeter left is 26 cm. Find the

integer values of x and y

SPM 2003

1. Solve the simultaneous equation

4x + y = 8 and x2 + x y = 2

SPM 2004

1. Solve the simultaneous equations

p m = 2 and p2 + 2m = 8.

Give your answers correct to three

decimal places.

SPM 2005

1. Solve the simultaneous equation

[use

x+

22

]

7

1

y = 1 and y2 10 = 2x

2

SPM 2006

SPM 2002

13

2 x 2 y 1 and 2 x 2 y 2 xy 5

Give your answer correct to three decimal

places

[5 m]

SPM 2007

1. Solve the following simultaneous

equations:

2 x y 3 0 , 2 x 2 10 x y 9 0

[5 m]

SPM 2008

1. Solve the following simultaneous

equations :

x 3y 4 0

x 2 xy 40 0

[5m]

SPM 1993

1. If 3 log 10 x = 2log 10 y, state x in terms

of y

14

heated for x seconds.

Calculate

(i) the temperature of the metal when

heated for 10.4 seconds

(ii) time, in second, to increase the

temperature of the metal from 30 0 C

to 1500 0 C

terms of h and /or k

(i) log m 9

(ii) log 6 24

(b)Solve the following equations:

(i)

4 2x =

(ii)

log

1

32

16 log

SPM 1996

1. (a) Express 2 n 2 2 n + 10(2 n 1 ) in a

simplify terms

(c)

Solve the equation 3 x 2 5 = 0

2=3

SPM 1994

1. Solve the following equations:

(a) log 3 x + log 9 3x = 1

1

(b) 8 x 4 = x x 3

4 2

2. (a) Given that log 8 n =

(i) 4 log 2 x =5

(ii) 2 x . 3 x = 5 x 1

(b) Given that log 5 3 = 0.683 and

log 5 7 = 1.209. without using a

calculator scientific or four-figure

table ,

calculate

(i) log 5 1.4

(ii) log 7 75

1

, find the

3

value

of n

(b) Given that 2 r = 3 s = 6 t . Express t

in

terms of r and s

( c) Given that y = kx m where k and m

are constants. y = 4 when x = 2 and

y = 8 when x = 5. Find the values of k

and m

SPM 1997

1. Show that log 3 xy = 2 log 9 x + 2 log 9

y.

Hence or otherwise, find the value of x

and y which satisfies the equation

log 9 xy

3

log 3 xy = 10 and

=

log 9 y

2

SPM 1995

1. Solve the following equations:

(a) 81(27 2 x ) = 1

(b) 5 t = 26.3

scientific calculator or four figure table.

in

terms of r and/or t

(i)

(ii)

5 log x 3 + 2 log x 2 - log x 324 = 4

and

give your answer correct to four

significant figures.

mn 3

,

log 2

32

log 8 m log 4 n

from 30 0 C to T 0 C according to the

15

(i)

prove that log a 27a = 3.3772

(ii)

solve the equation

3 a n 1 = 3

show that x 2 + y 2 = 7xy

(b) Without using scientific calculator or

four-figure mathematical tables, solve

the equation

log 9 [log 3 (4x 5)] = log 4 2

SPM 2000

1. (a) Solve 3 log 2 x = 81

(b) If 3 2 x = 8(2 3 x ), prove that

7

9

= log a 8

8

x log a

the car cost less than RM 20 000 for

the first time

2. (a)Simplify

log12 49 log 64 12

log16 7

or four-figure mathematical tables

SPM 1998

1. Given that log x 4 = u and log y 5 = y

State log 4 x 3 y in terms of u and/or w

45

Express log a 3 in terms of x and

a

y

(b) Find the value of log 4 8 + log r r

(c ) Two experiments have been

conducted to get relationship between

two variables x and y. The equation

x

3(9 ) = 27 y and log 2 y = 2 + log 2 (x

2)

were obtain from the first and second

experiment respectively

positive integer. Show that xy = 10

(c) The total savings of a cooperation

after n years is given as

2000(1 + 0.07) n .

Calculate the minimum number

of years required for the

savings to exceed RM 4 000.

SPM 2001

1. Given that log 2 k = p and log 3 k =

r

Find log k 18 in terms of p and r

SPM 1999

1. Given that log 2 3 = 1.585 and log 2 5 =

2.322. Without using scientific calculator

or four-figure mathematical tables, Find

(a) log 2 45

log 10 y = -1, show that

xy 100y 2 = 9

(b) log 4

(i) 3 x 2 = 24 + 3 x

(ii) log 3 x =log 9 5 x 6

4 x . Hence find the value of 4 y if

y=1+x

(b) Given that log a 3 = 0.7924. Without

SPM 2002

16

Find in terms of k

2 x 3

2. Given that

State x in terms of y

express y in terms of x

[3 marks]

3. Solve the equation

2 m 1 32 k 2 16 and

5

125

3 k

4 x2

[3 marks]

log 2 7t 2 log 2 2t 1

3 m

2 log 3 ( x 1) log 3 x

[3 marks]

SPM 2007

SPM 2003,P1

1. Given that log 2 T log 4 v 3 , express T

in terms of V

[4 marks]

2. Solve the equation 4 2 x 1 7 x

[4 marks]

8b

in terms of x and

c

express log 4

y

[4 marks]

SPM 2004,P1

1. Solve the equation 32 4 x 4 8 x 6

[3 marks]

[3 marks]

SPM 2008(paper 1)

1. Solve the equation

express log 5 4.9 in terms of m and p

16 2 x 3 8 4 x

[3 m]

SPM 2005,P1

1. Solve the equation 2 x 4 2 x 3 1

[3 marks]

value of x.

[3 m]

log 3 4 x log 3 2 x 1 1

[3 marks]

3.Given that log m 2 p and log m 3 r ,

27 m

in terms of p and r

4

express log m

SPM 2006

17

SPM 1993

1. Solutions to this question by scale

drawing will not be accepted

Point P and point Q have a coordinate of

(4,1) and (2, 4). The straight line QR is

perpendicular to PQ cutting x-axis at point

R. Find

(a) the gradient of PQ

(b) the equation of straight line QR

( c) the coordinates of R

SPM 1993

SPM 1993

2. The above diagram show, a

parallelogram KLMN.

(a) Find the value of T. Hence

write down the equation of

KL in the form of

intercepts

(b) ML is extended to point P

so that L divides the line

MP in the ratio 2 : 3. Find

the coordinates of P

SPM 1994

1. From the above diagram, point K(1, 0)

and point L(-2, 0) are the two fixed points.

Point P moves such that PK:PL = 1:2

(a) Show that the equation of locus P is

x 2 y 2 4x 0

locus P. Find the equation of the straight

line KM

(c ) If the straight line KM intersects again

locus P at N, Find the coordinates of N

(d) Calculate the area of triangle OMN

are three points are on a line

2 y x 4 where PQ : QR = 1:4

Find

(i)

the coordinates of point P

(ii)

the equation of straight

line passing through the

point Q and perpendicular

with PR

(iii)

the coordinates of point R

SPM 1994

1. Solutions to this question by scale

drawing will not be accepted.

Points A, B, C and D have a

coordinates (2, 2), (5, 3), (4, -1) and (p, q)

respectively. Given that ABCD is a

parallelogram, find

(a) the value of p and q

(b) area of ABCD

18

in the ratio 2SE = SF

Find

(i)

the equation of the locus of S

(ii)

the coordinates of point when

locus S intersect y-axis

SPM 1995

1. Solutions to this question by scale

drawing will not be accepted.

1. In the diagram, the straight line

y 2 x 3 is the perpendicular bisector

of

straight line which relates point

P(5, 7) and point Q(n, t)

(a) Find the midpoint of PQ

in terms of n and t

(b) Write two equations which relates

t and n

( c) Hence, find the distance of PQ

line LMN

Find

(a) the value of r

(b) the equation of the straight line

passing through point L and

perpendicular with straight line LMN

2. The straight line y 4 x 6 cutting the

curve y x 2 x 2 at point P and point Q

(a) calculate

(i)

the coordinates of point P and

point Q

(ii)

the coordinates of midpoint of

PQ

(iii)

area of triangle OPQ where Q is

a origin

rectangle TUVW on the Cartesian

plane

(a) Find the equation that relates p and

q by using the gradient of VW

(b) show that the area of TVW can

straight line PQ

(i)

the ratio PR : RQ

(ii)

the value of k

5

2

be expressed as p q 10

( c) Hence, calculate the coordinates of

point V, given that the area of

rectangular TUVW is 58 units2

(d) Fine the equation of the straight

line TU in the intercept form

SPM 1996

19

SPM 1997

from point S is

point T.

(i)

(ii)

1

of its distance from

2

locus of the point

Hence, determine whether

the locus intersects the

x-axis or not

SPM 1998

1. In the diagram, AB and BC are two

straight lines that perpendicular to each

other at point B. Point A and point B lie on

x-axis and y-axis respectively. Given the

equation of the straight line AB is

3y 2x 9 0

[3m]

(b) If CB is produced, it will intersect the xaxis at point R where RB = BC. Find the

coordinates of point C

[3m]

1. In the diagram, ACD and BCE are straight

lines. Given C is the midpoint of AD, and

BC : CE = 1:4

Find

(a) the coordinates of point C

(b) the coordinates of point E

(c ) the coordinates of the point of

intersection between lines AB and ED

produced

[3m]

2. Point P move such that distance from

point Q(0, 1) is the same as its distance

from point R(3, 0). Point S move so that

its distance from point T(3, 2) is 3 units.

Locus of the point P and S intersects at

two points.

(a) Find the equation of the locus of P

(b) Show that the equation of the locus of

point S is x 2 y 2 6 x 4 y 4 0

( c) Calculate the coordinates of the point

of intersection of the two locus

(d) Prove that the midpoint of the straight

line QT is not lie at locus of point S

graphs of PQS and QRT on the Cartesian

plane. Point P and point S lie on the x-axis

and y-axis respectively. Q is the midpoint of

PS

(a) Find

(i) the coordinates of point Q

(ii) the area of quadrilateral OPQR

[4m]

(b)Given QR:RT = 1:3, calculate the

coordinates of point T

20

2. The

diagram shows the curve

y 2 16 8 x that intersects the xaxis at point B and the y-axis at

point A and D. Straight line BC,

which is perpendicular to the

straight line AB, intersects the curve

at point C.

Find

(a) the equation of the straight

line AB

[3m]

(b) the equation of the straight

line BC

[3m]

(c) the coordinates of point C

[4m]

3. In the

1

2

respectively, where JPQR forms a

parallelogram.

(a) Find

(i) the equation of the straight line JK

(ii) the equation of the perpendicular

bisector of straight line LJ

[5m]

(b) Straight line KJ is produced until it

intersects with the perpendicular bisector

of straight line LJ at point S. Find the

coordinates of point S

[2m]

(c ) Calculate the area of PQR and hence,

find the area of JKL

[3m]

SPM 2000

SPM 1999

1. Given point A( 2,4) and point

B ( 4,8) . Point P divides the line segment

AB in the ratio 2 : 3.

Find

(a) the coordinates of point P

(b) the equation of straight line that is

perpendicular to AB and passes through P.

where A is on the y-axis. The

equations of the straight line ADC

and BD are y 3x 1 0 and

3 y x 7 0 respectively.

Find

(a) the coordinates of point D

(b) the ratio AD : DC

produced=diperpanjangkan

21

gradient

of line

BC is 1

and

straight

line AC

is

Find

(a) the coordinates of points A and B

[1m]

(b) the equation of the straight lines AC

and BC

[5m]

(c) the coordinates of point C

[2m]

(d) the area of triangle ABC

[2m]

Given the equation of AB is 3 y 2 x 1 0

Find

(a) the value of k

[3m]

(b) the equation of AD and hence, find

the coordinates of point A

[5m]

(c) the locus of point P such that triangle

BPD is always perpendicular at P

[2m]

SPM 2001

1. Given the points P(8, 0) and Q(0, -6). The

perpendicular bisector of PQ intersects the

axes at A and B.

Find

(a) the equation of AB

[3m]

(b) the area of AOB , where O is the

origin.

[2m]

y 6 . A point P moves such that its

distance from A is always

1

the

2

Find

(a) the equation of the locus of P

(b) the x-coordinates of the point of

intersection of the locus and the

x-axis

[5m]

drawing will not be accepted.

Straight line x 2 y 6 intersects the x-axis

and y-axis at point A and point B

respectively. Fixed point C is such that the

22

SPM 2002

[4m]

(c) the equation of the straight line that

passes through point B and is

perpendicular to the straight lineAC

[3m]

3. Given A(-1, -2) and B(2, 1) are two fixed

points. Point P moves such that the ratio

of AP and PB is 1 : 2.

(a) Show that the equation of the locus of

point P is x 2 y 2 4 x 6 y 5 0

[2m]

(b) Show that point C(0, -5) lies on the

locus of point P

[2m]

(c) Find the equation of the straight line

AC

[3m]

(d) Given the straight line AC intersects

the locus of point P at point D. Find

the coordinates of point D

[3m]

an area 18 units2 . the equation of the

straight line CB is y x 1 0. Point D

lies on the x-axis and divides the straight

line CB in the ratio m : n. Find

(a) the coordinates of point B

(b) m : n

SPM 2003(P1)

1. The points A( 2h, h) , B ( p, t ) and

C ( 2 p,3t ) are on a straight line. B

divides

AC internally in the ratio 2 : 3

Express p in terms of t

[3m]

2. The equations of two straight lines are

y x

1 and 5 y 3 x 24 .

5 3

perpendicular to each other

straight line y 2 x 1 . This straight line

is tangent to curve x 2 5 y 2 p 0 at

point B. Given B divides the straight lines

AC in the ratio 1 : 2.

Find

(a) the value of p

[3m]

(b) the coordinates of points B and C

[3m]

3. x and y are related by the equation

y px 2 qx , where p and q are

constants. A straight line is obtained

by plotting

Diagram 1.

y

x

23

y

against x, as shown in

x

of k and of h

[3m]

Diagram 1

Calculate the values of p and q

[4m]

P2(section B)

1. solutions to this question by scale

drawing will not accepted.

A point P moves along the arc of a

circle with centre A(2, 3). The arc

passes through Q(-2, 0) and R(5, k).

(a) Find

(i) the equation of the locus of the

point P

(ii) the values of k

[6m]

the equation

x y

1 . The point P lies

2 3

Q intersects the y-axis at point T.

Find the area of triangle OQT

[4m]

Find

the equation

of the straight line perpendicular to PQ and

passing through the point Q

[3m]

3. The point A is (-1, 3) and the point B is

(4, 6). The point P moves such that

PA : PB = 2 : 3.

Find the equation of the locus of P

[3m]

P2(section A)

4. Digram 1 shows a straight line CD

which meets a straight line AB at the

point D . The point C lies on the y-axis

SPM 2004(P1)

1. Diagram 3 shows a straight line graph of

y

against x

x

y

x

24

P2(section B)

2. Solutions to this question by scale

drawing will not accepted.

form of intercepts

[1m]

(b) Given that 2AD = DB, find the

coordinates of D

[2m]

(c) Given that CD is perpendicular to

AB, find the y-intercepts of CD

[3m]

SPM 2005(P1)

1. The following information refers to the

equations of two straight lines, JK and

RT, which are perpendicular to each

other.

JK

RT

:

:

(a) Find

(i)

straight line AB

(ii)

the coordinates of B

[5m]

(b) The straight line AB is extended to a

point D such that AB : BD = 2 : 3

Find the coordinates of D

[2m]

(c) A point P moves such that its

distance from point A is always 5

units.

Find the equation of the locus of P

[3m]

SPM 2006(P1)

1. Diagram 5 shows the straight line AB

which is perpendicular to the straight line

CB at the point B

y px k

y (k 2) x p

Express p in terms of k

[2m]

y 2x 1

[3 marks]

25

P2(section B)

1. Solutions to this question by scale

drawing will not be accepted

SPM 2007

Section A (paper 2)

1. solutions by scale drawing will not be

accepted

is the origin. Point C lies on the straight line

AB

(a)

(b)

(c)

equation y 2 x 8 0 .

AB intersects the x-axis at point A and

intersects the y-axis at point B

triangle AOB

Given that AC:CB = 3:2, find the

coordinates of C

A point P moves such that its

distance from point A is always

twice its distance from point B

(i) Find the equation of the locus

of P

(ii) Hence, determine whether or

not this locus intercepts the

y-axis

y 2x 8 0

Diagram 1

Point P lies on AB such that AP:PB = 1:3

Find

(a) the coordinates of P

[3 m]

(b) the equations of the straight

line that passes through P and

perpendicular to AB

[3 m]

SPM 2007 (paper 1)

1. The straight line

x y

1 has a

6 h

straight line y kx 0 .Determine the value

of h and of k

[3 marks]

2. The vertices of a triangle are A(5,2),

B(4,6) and C(p,-2). Given that the area of

the triangle is 30 unit 2 , find the values

of p.

[3 marks]

SPM 2008(paper 1)

26

through S(3,0) and T(0,4)

1. Diagram shows a triangle OPQ. Point S

lies on the line PQ.

(a)

Diagram 13

Write down the equation of the

straight line ST in the form

x y

1

a b

(b)

PS = PT. Find the equation of the

locus of P

[4 m]

1

2

of W

[3m]

(b) It is given that point P and point Q

lie on the locus of W. Calculate

(i) the value of k,

(ii) the coordinates of Q

[5m]

(c) Hence, find the area, in unit2, of

triangle OPQ

[2m]

vertices of a triangle. Given that the area

of the triangle is 4 unit2, find the values

of t.

[3 m]

27

CHAPTER 7: STATISTICS

SPM 1993

1. The mean for the numbers 6, 2, 6, 2, 2,

10, x, y is 5

(a) show that x y 12

(b) hence, find the mode for the numbers

when

(i) x y

(ii) x y

(c) if standard deviation is

1

37 , find

2

the values of x

2. The below table shows the marks

obtained by a group of students in a monthly

test .

Marks

Number

1-20

21-40

41-60

61-80

12

11

81-100

4

students

and use it to estimate the modal mark

(b) By calculating the cumulative

frequency, find the median mark,

without drawing an ogive

(c) Calculate the mean mark

SPM 1994

1. The below table shows the marks

obtained by a group of students in a monthly

test .

28

Marks

Number

of

students

Find

(a) the maximum value of x if modal

mark is 2

(b) the minimum value of x if mean

mark more than 3

(c) the range of value of x if median

mark is 2

2. Set A is a set that consist of 10 numbers.

The sum of these numbers is 150 whereas

the sum of the squares of these numbers is

2890.

200 villagers. Without drawing a graph,

calculate

(i)

the median

(ii)

the third quartile

of their ages

Length (mm)

Numbers of fish

20-29

2

30-39

3

40-49

7

50-59

12

60-69

14

70-79

9

80-89

3

(a) Find the mean and variance of the

numbers in set A

(b) If another number is added to the 10

numbers in set A, the mean does not

change. Find the standard deviation

of these numbers.

[6m]

SPM 1995

1. (a) Given a list of numbers 3, 6, 3, 8.

Find the standard deviation of these

number

(b) Find a possible set of five integers

where its mode is 3, median is 4 and

mean is 5.

SPM 1996

1. The list of numbers x 2, x 4,

2 x 5, 2 x 1, x 7 and x 3 has a

mean of 7.Find

(a) the value of x

(b) the variance

[6m]

2.

2. (a)

The table shows the results of a survey

of the number of pupils in several

classes in a school.

Find

(i) the mean

(ii) the standard deviation,

of the number of pupils in each class

(b)

SPM

1997

1.

The

table

fish (in mm)

(a) calculate the mean length (in mm) of

the fish

(b) draw an ogive to show the

distribution of the length of the fish

Numbers of classes Numbers of pupils

6

35

5

36

4

30

(c) from your graph, find the percentage

of the numbers of fish which has a

length more than 55 mm

Age

Numbers of villagers

1-20

50

21-40

79

41-60

47

61-80

14

81-100

10

shows a set of numbers which

has been arranged in an ascending order

where m is a positive integer

Set

29

m-1

m+3

10

SPM 1998

1. The mean of the data 2, k, 3k, 8, 12 and

18 which has been arranged in an

ascending order, is m. If each element of

the data is reduced by 2, the new median

numbers

Frequency

terms of m

(b) Find the possible values f m

(c) By using the values of m from (b),

find the possible values of mode

is

Find

(a) the values of m and k

(b) the variance of the new data

(ii)

[4m]

[2m]

game with a mean of 8 and standard

deviation of 3

(a) calculate x and x 2

(b) A number of scores totaling 180 with

a mean of 6 and the sum of the

of pins knocked down by two players

in a preliminary round of bowling

competition.

Player A: 8, 9, 8, 9, 8, 6

Player B: 7, 8, 8, 9, 7, 9

Using the mean and the standard

deviation, determine the better player

to represent the state based on their

consistency

[3m]

(b) use a graph paper to answer this

question

The data in the table shows the

monthly salary of 100 workers in a

company.

(i)

5m

.

8

Monthly Salary

Numbers of

(RM)

workers

500-1 000

10

1 001-1 500

12

1 501-2 000

16

2 001-2 500

22

2 501-3 000

20

3 001-3 500

12

3 501-4 000

6

4 001-4 500

2

squares of these scores of 1 200, is

taken out from set X. Calculate the

mean and variance of the remaining

scores in set X.

[7m]

SPM 1999

1. The set of numbers integer positive 2, 3,

6, 7, 9, x, y has a mean of 5 and a

standard deviation of 6.

Find the possible values of x and y

an ogive to show

distribution of the

workers monthly salary

From your graph,

estimate the number of

workers who earn more

than RM 3 200

30 pupils who took a additional

mathematics test is shown in the table

Marks

20-39

49-59

30

Frequency

6

5

60-79

80-99

[3m]

14

5

distribution of the marks obtained by 100

pupils

histogram and estimate the modal

mark

[4m]

(b) Without drawing an ogive, calculate

the median mark

[3m]

(c) Find the mean mark

[3m]

Marks

Number

of

students

<20

<30

<40

<50

<60

<70

<80

21

42

68

87

98

100

Marks

Number of pupils

6-10

12

11-15

20

16-20

27

21-25

16

26-30

13

31-35

10

36-40

2

(i) Calculate the variance

[3m]

SPM 2000

1. The table shows the results 100 students

in a test

(a) Based on the table above, copy

complete the table below

[2m]

Marks

Frequency

the interquartile range of this

distribution.

[4m]

0-9

and draw an ogive to show the

Marks

Number

of pupils

in a physics test taken by 120 pupils.

Calculate

(a)

(b)

(c)

<10

20-29

2

30-39

40-49

50-59

60-69

70-79

14

35

50

17

ogive, find the percentage of pupils who

scored between 6 to 24.

[7m]

SPM 2002

1. The table shows the distribution of scores

obtained by 9 pupils in a competition. The

scores are arranged in an ascending order.

Given the mean score is 8 and the third

quartile is 11.

the mean

[4m]

the median

[3m]

the standard deviation [3m]

of the distribution

SPM 2001

1.

(a) Given that four positive integers

have a mean of 9.When a number

y is added to these four integers,

the mean becomes 10. Find the

value of y

[2m]

(b) Find the standard deviation of the

set of numbers below:

5, 6, 6, 4, 7

Scores

14

Number

of

pupils

[5m]

31

pupils is 40. By drawing an ogive, find

Scores

Number

of

pupils

(a) The median

(b) The percentage of excellent pupils if

the score for the excellent category is

31.5

SPM 2003,p2 section A

SPM 2005,

paper 1

1. The mean of four numbers is m . The

sum of the squares of the numbers is 100

and the standard deviation is 3k

Express m in terms of k

[3]

paper 2,section A

x1 , x 2 , x3 , x 4 , x5 , x 6 has a mean of 5 and a

standard deviation of 1.5

(a) Find

(i)

the sum of the marks,

(ii)

of the marks, x 2

[3m]

(b) Each mark is multiplied by 2 and

then is added to it.

Find, for the new set of marks,

(i)

the mean

(ii)

the variance

[4m]

represents the distribution of the marks

obtained by 40 pupils in a test.

1. A set of data consist of 10 numbers. the

sum of the number is 150 and the sum of the

squares of the data is 2 472.

(a) Find the mean and variance of the 10

numbers

[3]

(b) Another number is added to the set

of data and the mean is increased by

1

Find

(i) the value of this number

(ii) the standard deviation of the set

11 numbers

[4 marks]

median mark

[3m]

(b) Calculate the standard deviation of the

distribution

[4m]

32

SPM 2006

paper 1

1. A set of positive integers consists of 2, 5

and m. The variance for this set of

integers is 14. Find the value of m

[3 marks]

Score

Number

of

students

<10

<20

<30

<40

<50

21

42

68

Score

10-19

20-29

30-39

40-49

50-59

60-69

Marks

10-19

20-29

30-39

40-49

50-59

paper 2,section A

1. Table 1 shows the frequency

distribution of the scores of a group of

pupils in a game.

(a) It is given that the median score of

the distribution is 42.

Calculate the value of k

[3 marks]

(b) Use the graph paper to answer this

question

Using a scale of 2 cm to 10 scores

on the horizontal axis and 2 cm to

2 pupils on the vertical axis, draw a

histogram to represent the

frequency distribution of the

scores.

Find the mode score

[4 marks]

(c) What is the mode score if the score

of each pupil is increased by 5?

[1 mark]

Marks

Freque

ncy

0-9

10-19

20-29

30-39

Number of pupils

1

2

8

12

k

1

Number of candidates

4

x

y

10

8

SPM 2007

Paper 2

1. Table 1 shows the cumulative frequency

distribution for the scores of 32 students in a

competition

Table 1

(a) Based on table 1, copy and complete

Table 2

40-49

Table 2

[1 m]

(b) Without drawing an ogive, find the

interquatile range of the distribution

[5 m]

SPM 2007

33

Paper 1

1. A set of data consists of five numbers.

The sum of the numbers is 60 and the sum

of the squares of the numbers is 800

Find for the five numbers

(a) the mean

(b) the standard deviation

[3 m]

CHAPTER 8: CIRCULAR MEASURE

SPM 1993

SPM 2008(Paper 1)

1. A set of seven numbers has a mean of 9

(a) Find x

(b) When a number k is added to this

set, the new mean is 8.5

[3m]

SPM 2008(Paper 2)

1. Table 5 shows the marks obtained by 40

candidates in a test.

of two circles with centre O and with radii

OS and OR respectively. Given the ratio

OS:SR = 3:1, Find

(a) the angle in radian

(b) the area of the shaded region PQRS

[6m]

value of x and of y. Hence, state the modal

class

[6m]

SPM 1994

1.

centre O and diameter AOC. Find the

value of the angle (in degrees and

minutes) so that the length of arc of the

circle AB same with the total of diameter

AOC and length of arc of the circle BC

34

BAPC in terms of

(ii) Hence, show that the area of

the shaded region is

25( 1) unit 2

of two congruent circles with radius r cm

respectively.

a.Show that PMQ 120 0

b.

Find, in terms of and r, the

area of the shaded region

[6m]

SPM 1995

wire in the shape of a sector

OPQ of a circle with centre O .

The length of the wire is 100 cm. Given

the length of arc PQ is 20 cm, find

(a)

The angle in radians

(b)

the area of sector OPQ

[5m]

SPM 1996

1.

1.

uniform cross-section in the shape of a

sector OPQ of a circle with centre O and

radius 20 cm. The length of arc PQ is 15 cm

and the thickness of the cake is 8 cm.

Find

(a) the angle of this sector in radians

(b) the total surface area of the cake

ABCD with centre D. Point P move

such that PB = BC = BA. Locus for the

point P is a circle with centre B.

(a) Find the distance of BC

(b) Show that the equation of locus P

is x 2 y 2 4 x 6 y 37

(c) (i) Find the area of major sector

35

[5m]

2.

The diagram show semicircle PQR

with centre O and sector QST of a

circle with centre S. Given ST = 5,

OR = 4 cm, and the length of arc

QT = 4.5 cm.

Find

QST in rad

(a)

(b)

the area of the shaded

region

[4m]

with centre D and AEB is a length of arc of

the sector with centre C. The equation of AB

is

x

y

1

12 6

Calculate

(a) the area of ABC

(b) ACB in radians

(c) the area of the shaded region

SPM 1998

1.

SPM 1997

1.

(a) Convert

(i)

(ii)

4.36 radians into

degrees

[2m]

(b)

OST of two concentric circle with centre

O having the same area. Given OPS and

OQT are straight lines, POQ 0.6 rad,

OR 8 cm, and the length of arc PQ

same as that arc QR

Find

(a) the length of PS

(b) the length of arc ST

OPQ and ORS of two concentric

circle with centre O. Given

OPQ rad, the length of arc PQ

is twice the length of radius OQ, and

the length of radius OS =6

Find

(i)

the value of

(ii)

the perimeter of the shaded

region

[4m]

2.

2.

36

wau bulan, that has an axis of symmetry OR.

Given that APB is an arc of a circle with

centre O and radius 25 cm. ANBQ is a

semicircle with centre N and diameter 30

cm. TQS is an arc of circle with centre R and

radius 10 cm. Given that the length of arc

DCF is 18.75 cm.

Calculate

(a) AOB

(b) the area of segment AGBH

( c) the area of the shaded region

(Use 3.142 )

centre M and two sectors PJM and QML, of

two circles with centre P and Q respectively.

Given the angle of major JML is 3.6 radians.

Find

(a) the radius of sector MJKL

[2m]

(b) the perimeter of the shaded

region

[2m]

(c) the area of sector PJM

[2m]

(d) the area of the shaded region

[4m]

SPM 1999

1.

SPM 2000

1.

pendulum that swings from P to Q. If the

angle POQ is 80 and the length of arc PQ is

14.4 cm, find

(a)

the length of OQ

[3m]

(b) the area of region swept by the

pendulum

[2m]

OBQ, of two concentric circle with centre O.

Given AOP 0.5 rad, OB 3 AO , and

the ratio of the length of arc AP to the length

of arc BQ is 2:3

Calculate BOQ in degrees

[5m]

2.

2.

centre Q and rhombus QAPC. Calculate

(a) the radius of semicircle DAECF

[1m]

37

(c) the area of sector QAEC

(d) the area of the shaded region

[3m]

[2m]

KL, AB = 6 cm and KOL = 1200

(a) Find AOB

[1m]

(b) Calculate the area of segment ABT

[4m]

(c) Show that the perimeter of the

shaded region is 6 3 6 2

[5m]

[4m]

SPM 2001

1.

SPM 2002

1.

circle with centre O and radius 5 cm. Given

the length of arc PQR is 7.68 cm, find

(a) POR in radians

[2m]

(b) the area of the shaded region

[4m]

OCD of two concentric circles with centre

O

, where AOD and BOC are straight lines.

Given OB = (k + 2) cm, OD = k cm and

perimeter of the figure is 35 cm.

Find

(a) the value of k

[3m]

(b) the difference between the areas of

sector OAB and OCD

[2m]

2.

2.

centre O and radius 6 cm. KOL is an arc of a

38

OAED is a sector of a circle with centre O

and radius 6 cm. Given O is the midpoint of

AC.Calculate

(a) AOD in radians

[2m]

(b) the perimeter of the shaded

region

[4m]

( c) the area of the shaded region

[4m]

Diagram 1

Calculate

(a) the value of , in rad,

[3m]

(b) the area of the shaded region , in

cm2.

[4m]

1. Diagram 1 shows a circle with centre O

SPM 2003

paper 1

1. Diagram 1 shows a sector ROS

with centre O

Diagram 1

Given that the length of the major arc AB is

45.51 cm, find the length, in cm, of the

radius.

(use = 3.142)

[3m]

The length of

the arc RS is 7.24 cm and the perimeter of

the sector ROS is 25 cm. Find the value of

in rad

[3m]

paper 2(section A)

1. Diagram 1 shows the sector POQ, centre

O with radius 10 cm

The point R on OP is such that

OR : OP = 3 : 5

paper 2(section B)

1. Diagram 4 shows a circle PQRT, centre O

and radius 5 cm. JQK is a tangent to the

circle at Q. The straight lines, JO and KO,

intersect the circle at P and R

respectively. OPQR is a rhombus. JLK is

39

an

arc

a

POQ

radian

of

circle, centre O

Calculate

(a) the angle , in terms of

[2m]

(b) the length, in cm, of the arc JKL

[4m]

2

(c) the area, in cm , of the shaded region

It is given that OA : OP = 4 : 7

(Use 3.142 )

Calculate

(a) the length, in cm, of AP

(b) the perimeter, in cm, of the shaded

region,

(c) the area, in cm2, of the shaded region

SPM 2006

paper 1

1. Diagram 7 shows sector OAB with

centre O and sector AXY with centre a

[4m]

SPM 2005

paper 1

1. Diagram 1 shows a circle with centre O

the angle of the major sector AOB is 2900 .

Using = 3.142, find

(a) the value of , in radians,

(Give your answer correct to four

significant figures)

(b) the length, in cm, of the radius of the

circle

[3m]

Diagram 7

Given that OB = 10 cm, AY = 4 cm,

XAY 1.1 radians and the lengths

of

paper2 (section B)

1. Diagram 1 shows a sector POQ of a

circle, centre O. The point A lies on OP,

the point B lies on OQ and AB is

perpendicular to OQ.

(c) the value of in radian

(d) the area in cm2, of the shaded

region

40

[2m]

(b) the length, in m, of the fence

required for fencing the flower bed

[4m]

(c) the area, in m2, of the flower bed

[4m]

paper 2

1. Diagram 4 shows the plan of a

garden. PCQ is a semicircle with

centre O and has a radius of 8 m.

RAQ is sector of a circle with centre

A and has a radius of 14 m.

SPM 2007

Paper 1

circle with centre O

BA =AO = OD = DC = 5 cm

Find

(a) the length, in cm, of the arc BC

(b) the area, in cm 2 , of the shaded

region

[4 m]

a flower bed and has to be fenced. It is given

that AC = 8 cm and COQ 1.956

radians

[use 3.142]

Calculate

41

[Use 3.142]

Find

(a) QOR, in radians

(b) the area, in cm2 of the coloured

Region

[4m]

1. Diagram 4 shows a circle, centre O and

radius 10 cm inscribed in a sector APB

of a circle, centre P. The straight lines,

AP and PB, are tangents to the circle at

point Q and point R, respectively.

[use 3.142]

SPM 2008 paper 2

1. Diagram shows two circles. The

larger circle has centre X and radius 12

cm. The smaller circle has centre Y and

radius 8 cm. The circle touch at point R.

The straight line PQ is a common

tangent to the circle at point P and point

Q.

Calculate

(a) the length, in cm, of the arc AB

[5 m]

2

(b) the area in cm , of shaded region

[5 m]

SPM 2008 paper 1

1. Diagram 18 shows a circle with centre O

and radius 10 cm.

such that OP = PQ and OPR = 900,

42

[use 3.142]

Given that PXR radian,

(a) show that 1.37 (to two

decimal places)

[2m]

(b) calculate the length, in cm of the

minor arc QR

[3m]

(c) calculate the area, in cm2, of the

colored region.

[5m]

CHAPTER 9: DIFFERENTATION

SPM 1993

1. Given that f ( x)

1 2x 2

, find f '(x)

4x 3

SPM 1994

1. (a) Given that y 3x 2 5 , find

dy

dx

using

the first principle

(c) Find

2. Given y

d

1

dx 2 x 1

16

dy

if x 2 . Hence,

4 , find

dx

x

16

1.98 4

SPM 1995

1. Given f ( x)

1 2x 3

find f ' (x)

x 1

2. Given y x (3 x) , express

43

d2y

dy

y 2 x

12 in terms of x.

dx

dx

Hence, find the value of x that satisfy the

d2y

dy

equation y 2 x 12

dx

dx

y ( 2 x 5) 2 where the gradient of the

normal for the curve is

1

4

The

SPM 1996

1. Differentiate x 4 (1 3 x) 7 with respect to

x.

2. The gradient of the curve y hx

pyramid. The square base of the pyramid has

an area of 36 cm2 and the height of the

pyramid is 4 cm. Water is poured into the

container so that its surface area is 4p2 cm2

and its height from the vertex of the pyramid

is h cm.

(i) Show that the volume of the container

that is filled with water is

k

at

x2

7

2

h and k

3

3. Given p 2 x 3 and y p 2 . Find

water is 0.2 cm s-1, calculate the rate of

change in the volume of the space that is

not filled with water if h = 2 cm.

[5m]

rate of change in p is 3 units per

second

(b)

3

(64 h 3 )

4

dy

in terms of x

dx

decreases from 2 to 1.98

(b)

SPM 1997

1. (a) Find the value of

lim n 2 4

n 2 n 2

2. Differentiate y

The

diagram

shows a rectangle JKLM inscribed in a

circle. Given JK = x cm and KL = 6 cm

(a) show that the area of the shaded

region, A cm2, is given by

4

3 using the first

x

principle

3. (a)

44

x 2

6 x 9

4

the area of the shaded region is a

minimum

changes at a rate of 42 cm 2 s 1 . Find

the

of change of its radius when its radius is

4 cm.

[2m]

[5m]

from 4 cm to 4.003 cm. find the

approximate increase in the surface area

of the block

[2m]

SPM 1998

1. Given that f ( x ) 4 x (2 x 1) 5 , find

f ' ( x)

SPM 1999

1. Given f ( x)

f ' (0)

2

, find

1 3x

2

[4m]

2. Given y t 2t 2 and x 4t 1

(a)Find

dy

, in terms of x

dx

find the corresponding small

increase in t.

[2m]

3 (a)

2.

consisting of a cone on top of a cylinder

with radius of x cm. Given the slant height

of the cone is 2x cm. and the volume of the

cylinder is 24 cm 3

cross section ABCDE .

Given AB = ED = (30-6x)

cm,

BC = 3x cm, CD

= 4x and AF = 2 cm

(i)

Show that

the volume

of the box

V cm 3 , is given by equation

block, A cm 2 , is given by

2

A = 3 x

16

[3m]

block

[3m]

(ii)

45

V 300 x 48 x 2

Calculate

V a maximum

(c) the maximum value of V

O. Diameter AB can be adjusted so that

point C which lies on the

circumference can move such that

AC + CB = 40 cm. Given that AC = x

cm and the area of triangle ABC is A

form a circle. when the wire is heated,

its length increases at a rate of 0.1 cm s

1

(use 3.142 )

(i)

Calculate the rate of change

in the radius of the circle

(ii)

Hence, calculate the radius of

the circle after 4 second

maximum area of triangle ABC

SPM 2001

1. Given f (r )

SPM 2000

1. Differentiate the following expressions

with respect to x

(a) 1 3 x 4

[2m]

(b)

2x 5

x4 3

dL

in

dx

of f (r ) when

4 3r

find limited value

5 2r

[2m]

2. Given y 3 x 2 4 x 6 . When x 5 , x

increases by 2%. Find the

corresponding rate of change of y.

3.

Find the equation of the tangent to

the curve y 2 x 2 r at the point

x k . If the tangent passes through

the point (1,0), find r in terms of k

k

f ( x) hx 3 2 has gradient function

x

96

f ' ( x) 3x 2 3 where h and k are

x

constants,

Find

a. the values of h and k

b. x-coordinate of the

turning point of the graph

of the function

3. (a)

normal to the curve y 2 x 1 2 3 at

point A.

Find

(i)

the coordinates of point A and the

value of k

(ii)

the equation of the tangent at

point A

rectangle ABCD such that the circle

is constantly touching the two sides

4.(b) The diagram shows a toy in

46

of ABCD is 40 cm

a. Show that the area of the

shaded region A =

4 2

20 y

perpendicular to each other. Find the

coordinates of point R

[4m]

and forms an expanding ink blot in the

shape of a circle.

(i) If the radius of the ink blot

increases at a constant rate of

18 mm for every 6 second, find

the rate of change in the area of

ink blot at the instant when its

radius is 5 mm

(ii) Using differentiation, find the

approximate value of the area

ink blot at the instant when its

radius is 5.02 mm

4

b. Using 3.142 , find

the rectangle that make

the area of the shaded

region a maximum

(b) Given y 2 x 3 5 x 2 7 , find the

value of

dy

at the point

dx

(2,

(i)

the small change in x,

when y decreases

from 3 to 2.98

(ii) the rate of change in y, at the

instant when x = 2 and the rate of

change in x is 0.6 unit per second

[5m]

SPM 2002

1. Given that y 14 x(5 x) , calculate

(a) the value of x when y is a

maximum

(c) the maximum value of y

[3m]

5

2

3

2

1. Given p (1 t ) t

dp

and hence find the values of t

dt

dp

7

where

dt

Find

differentiation to find the small change

in y when x increases from 3 to 3.01

[3m]

2.

dy

2 x 2 and

dx

y 6 when x 1 , find y in terms of

y = 2x x2

x

[3m]

(b) Hence, find the value of x if

x2

y 3 x x 2 that passes through the

origin. Given straight lines AB and PQ

touch the curve at point O and point R

d2y

dy

( x 1) y 8

2

dx

dx

[4m]

paper2(sectionB)

4. (a) Diagram 2 shows a conical container

47

0.5m.Water is poured into the

container at a constant rate of 0.2 m3 s-1

1. Given that h( x)

3x 5 2 , evaluate

h" (1)

[4m]

container is given by V

the container. Water is poured into the

container at the rate of 10 cm3 s-1. Find

the rate of change of the height of water,

in cm s-1, at the instant when its height

is 2 cm

[3m]

the water level at the instant when the height

of the water level is 0.4 m

(use = 3.142; Volume of a

cone =

1 2

r h )

3

1 3

h 8h ,

3

paper2(sectionA)

3. A curve has a gradient function px 2 4 x

, where p is a constant. The tangent to the

curve at the point (1,3) is parallel to the

straight line y x 5 0 . Find

(a) the value of p

(b) the equation of the curve

SPM 2006

Paper 1

1. The point P lies on the curve

y ( x 5) 2 . It is given that the

[4m]

SPM 2004

1. Differentiate 3 x 2 (2 x 5) 4 with

respect to x

[3m]

2. Two variables x and y are related by the

2

equation y 3x .

x

1

4

4 units per second, find the rate of change

of x when x = 2

[3m]

[3m]

2 7

u , where

3

dy

u 3 x 5 . Find

in terms of x

dx

2. It is given that y

paper 2(section B)

3. The gradient function of a curve which

passes through A(1, -12) is 3x 2 6 x .

Find

(a) the equation of the curve

[3m]

(b) the coordinates of the turning points of

the curve and determine whether each

of the turning points is a maximum or

a minimum

[5m]

[4m]

3. Given that y 3x 2 x 4

(a) find the value of

dy

when x =1

dx

in terms of p, when x changes from 1

to 1 + p, where p is small value

SPM 2005

SPM 2007

Paper 2

48

2

x2

(a) Find the value of k

[3 m]

(b) determine whether the turning point is a

maximum or minimum point

[2 m]

( c) find the equation of the curve

[3 m]

SPM 2007

Paper 1

1. The curve y f (x ) is such that

dy

= 3kx 5 , where k is a constant.

dx

The gradient of the curve at x 2 is 9

SPM 1993

1.

[2 m]

2. The curve y x 32 x 64 has a

minimum point at x p , where p is a

constant.

Find the value of p

[3 m]

2

SPM 2008

Paper 1

1. Two variables x and y are related by the

16

equation y 2 .

x

Express, in terms of h, the approximate

change in y when x changes from 4 to 4 +

h, where h is a small value

[3m]

(a) Calculate obtuse angle PQR

[2m]

is different from triangle PQR in the

diagram, where the lengths of PQ and QR

as well as angle PQR are maintained.

[1m]

point P is parallel to the straight line

y x 12 . Find the equation of the

normal to the curve at point P.

[4m]

while the length of PQ and angle

PQR are maintained, calculate

the length of PR so that only one

PQR can be form

[2m]

49

2.

as the horizontal base. Given that AB = 3

cm, BC = 4 cm and ABC 90 0 and

vertex D is 4 cm vertically above B,

calculate the area of the slanting face.

[5m]

ABC, divide by three parts. ADB, BFC, and

AEGC is a straight line

Given that sin BAC

12

13

boundary BC, calculate the total length is

needed

SPM 1995

1.

(c ) Given that the area of FCG

same

with the area ADE . Calculate

the length of GC

SPM 1994

1.

4

where

5

places

[3m]

(b) ABC

[2m]

In the diagram, BCD is a straight line,

calculate the length of CD

SPM 1996

1.

2.

50

(a) JQL

[4m]

(b) the area of JQL

[2m]

1. In the diagram, BD = 5 cm, BC = 7cm,

CD = 8 cm and AE = 12 cm, BDE and

ADC are a straight lines. Find

(a) BDC

(b) the length of AD

2.

on a flat horizontal surface. Given BCD is a

straight line, ACB is an obtuse angle and

the area of ADE = 20

cm2, calculate

(a) the length of AD

(b) DAE

2.

SPM 1997

a square base ABCD. VD is vertical and base

ABCD is horizontal. Calculate

(a) VTU

(b) the area of

plane VTU

Calculate

(a) the length of AB

(b) the new area of triangle ABC

if AC is lengthened while the

lengths of AB, BC and BAC

are maintained

[3m]

SPM 1999

SPM 1998

51

1.

Calculate the length of PS

Calculate

(a) CBD

(b) the length of straight line AC

SPM 2001

1.

Given that sin KJL 0.456 and

sin JKL 0.36 ,

Calculate

(a) JLK

(b) the area of JKL

SPM 2000

The diagram shows a pyramid with a

triangular base PQR whish is on a horizontal

plane. Vertex V is vertically above P. Given

PQ = 4 cm, PV = 10 cm, VR = 15 cm and

VQR 80 0

Calculate

(a) the length of QR

(b) the area of the slanting face

1. The diagram shows a cyclic quadrilateral

ABCD. The lengths of straight lines DC

and CB are 3 cm and 6 cm respectively.

Express the length of BD in terms of

(a)

(b)

Hence, show that cos

SPM 2002

1.

11

29

2.

The diagram shows a quadrilateral ABCD.

Given AD is the longest side of triangle

ABD and the area of triangle ABD is 10 cm2

Calculate

52

(a) BAD

(b) the length of BD

( c) the length of BC

2.6 m, calculate

(a) the length of BC if the area of the

base is 3 m2

(b) the length of AV and the base is

250

(c ) the area of triangle VAB

2.

triangular cross-section PTS. Given the

volume of the prism is 315 cm3. Find the

total surface area of the rectangular faces

SPM 2004

1. The diagram shows a quadrilateral ABCD

such that ABC is acute

[5m]

SPM 2003

1. The diagram shows a tent VABC in the

shape of a pyramid with triangle ABC as the

horizontal base. V is the vertex of the tent

and the angle between the inclined plane

VBC and the base is 500

53

(a) Calculate

(i) ABC

(ii) ADC

(iii) the area, in cm2, of quadrilateral

ABCD

[8m]

AC

[2m]

(b) A quadrilateral ABCD is now

formed so that AC is a diagonal,

ACD 40 0 and AD = 16 cm

Calculate the two possible values

of ADC

[2m]

measurements as those given for triangle

ABC, that is, A'C' = 12.3 cm, C'B' = 9.5

cm and B 'A'C' = 40.50, but which is

different in shape to triangle ABC

from (b), calculate

(i)

the length, in cm, of CD

(ii)

the area, in cm2, of the

quadrilateral ABCD

(ii) State the size of A'B'C'

[2m]

kitaran

vertical = mencancang

horizontal = mengufuk

obtuse angle = sudut cakah

slanting face = permukaan condong

acute = tirus

formed = dibentuk

diagonal = pepenjuru

SPM 2006

SPM 2005

1. The diagram shows triangle ABC

54

Diagram 5

The area of triangle BCD is 13 cm2 and

BCD is acute

Calculate

(a) BCD

[2 m]

(b) the length, in cm, of BD [2 m]

(c) ABD

[3 m]

(d) the area, in cm2, quadrilateral ABCD

[3 m]

i.

Calculate

(a) the length, in cm, of AC

(b) ACB

[4 M]

ii. Point A lies on AC such that

A B = AB

(i)

sketch A BC

(ii)

calculate the area, in

cm 2 , of A BC

[6 M]

SPM 2006

SPM 1993

1. The table below shows the monthly

expenses of Alis family

55

Year

Expenses

Food

Transportation

Rental

Electricity & water

1998

1992

RM 320

RM 80

RM 280

RM 40

RM 384

RM 38

RM 322

RM 40

household

(b) the total monthly expenses in the

year 1993, correct to the nearest

ringgit, if the total monthly

expenses of the Yusris household

in the year 1990 is RM 850

SPM 1995

1. The table below shows the price indices

and weightages of four items in the year

1994 based on the year 1990. Given the

composite price index in the year 1994 is

RM 114

by using the year 1998 as the base year.

Hence, if Alis monthly income in the year

1998 is RM 800, find the monthly income

required in the year 1992 so that the

increases in his income is in line with the

increases in his expenses

[5m]

Calculate

(a) the value of n

(b) the price of a shirt in 1994 if its

price in 1990 is RM 40

SPM 1994

1. The pie chart below shows the

distribution of the monthly expenses in the

Yusnis household in the year 1990. The

table that follows shows the price indices in

the year 1993 based on the year 1990

Item

Shirt

Trousers

Bag

Shoes

Price Index

100

110

140

100

Weightage

N

6

2

4

SPM 1996

1. (a) In the year 1995, the price and price

index of a kilogram of a certain grade

of rice are RM 2.40 and 160. Using the

year 1990 as the base year, calculate

the price of a kilogram of rice in the

year 1990.

[2m]

Monthly

expenses

Food

House rental

Entertainment

Clothing

Others

Price Index

130

115

110

115

130

(b) The above table shows the price indices

in the year 1994 using 1992 as the base

year, changes to price indices from the

year 1994 to 1996 and their weightages

Calculate

(a) the composite price index, correct

to the nearest integer, of the

56

respectively.

Find the value of x

Item

Price

Index

1994

Changes to

Price index

from 1994 to

1996

Weightages

180

116

140

124

Increases 10%

Decreases 5%

No change

No change

5

4

2

1

Wood

Cement

Iron

Steel

SPM 2000

Index number, Ii

105

94 120

Weightages, Wi

5-x

x

4

1. The table below shows the price indices

and weightages of 5 types of food items in

the year 1998 using the year 1996 as the

base year. Given the composite price index

in the 1998, using the year 1996 as the base

year, is 127.

year 1996

[3m]

Food

item

Fish

Prawn

Chicken

Beef

Cuttlefish

SPM 1997

1. The below table shows the price indices

and weightages of three items in the year

1995 based on the year 1990.Given the

price of item R in the year 1990 and 1995

are RM 30 and RM 33 respectively, and

the composite price index in the year

1995 is 130.

Item

P

Q

R

Price index

120

150

m

Calculate

(a) the value of m

(b) the value n

[4m]

Price index

Weightages

140

120

125

115

130

4

2

4

3

X

Calculate

(a) the value of x

[4m]

(b) the price of a kilogram of chicken

in the year 1998 if the price of a

kilogram of chicken in the year

1996 is RM 4.20

[6m]

Weightage

2

n

3

[2m]

[2m]

SPM 1998

1. The price index of a certain item in the

year 1997 is 120 when 1995 is used as the

base year and 150 when 1993 is used as

the base year. Given the price of the item

in the year 1995 is RM 360, calculate its

price in the year 1993

SPM 1999

SPM 2001

in the below table is 108

of items A, B, and C with their respective

57

year 1996 is RM 12.00 and increases to

RM 13.80 in the year 1999. By using

1998 as the base year, calculate the value

of x. Hence, find the value of y if the

composite price index is 113

Item

A

B

C

Price index

x

98

123

calculate the price indices of items A,

B and C

Type of

item

Weightage

5

y

14 - y

A

B

C

indices and the number of three items

Price

(RM)

A

B

C

Year

1999

55

40

80

Year

2000

66

x

100

Price

Index

(Base

year

1999)

120

150

125

Price

(RM) in

1998

105

100

67.50

Weightage

%

Y

X

2x

these items in the year 1998 based on

the year 1996 is 140, find the values

of x and y

[5m]

SPM 2002

Item

Price

(RM) in

1996

70

80

60

Number

of items

200

500

y

(b) If the composite price index of the three

items in the year 2000 using year 2000 as

the base year is 136.5, find the value of y

SPM 2003

2. The table below shows the prices of three

items A, B and C in the year 1996 and

1998, as well as their weightages

indicating the weekly cost of the items P,

58

shows the prices and the price indices for

the items.

the production of a type of biscuits

(a) Calculate

(i) the price of S in the year 1993 if its

price in the year 1995 is RM 37.70

(ii) the price index of P in the year 1995

based on the year 1991 if its price

index in the year 1993 based on the

year 1991 is 120

[5m]

35

30

25

20

15

10

5

0

P

ITEMS

Items

P

Q

R

S

T

Price in

1990

Price in

1995

x

RM 2.00

RM 4.00

RM 6.00

RM 2.50

RM 0.70

RM 2.50

RM 5.50

RM 9.00

z

of biscuits production for the year 1995

based on the year 1993 is 128. Calculate

(i) the value of x

(ii) the price of a box of biscuits in the

year 1993 if the corresponding

price in the year 1995 is RM 32

[5m]

Price Index

in 1995

based on

1990

175

125

y

150

120

(i) x

(ii) y

(iii) z

Item

items in the year 1995 based on the year

1990

P

Q

R

S

year 1995 based on

the year 1993

135

x

105

130

Percentage of

usage (%)

40

30

10

20

the year 1990 is RM 456

(d) The cost of the items increases by 20%

from the year 1995 to the year 2000.

Find the composite index for the year

2000 based on the year 1990

SPM 2005

1. The table below shows the prices and the

price indices for the four ingredients P, Q,

R and S used in making biscuits of a

SPM 2004

1. The table below shows the price indices

and percentage of usage of four items, P, Q,

59

pie chart which represents the relative

amount of the ingredients P, Q, R, and S

used in making these biscuits

Ingredients

P

Q

R

S

Price per kg

Year Year

2001 2004

0.80 1.00

2.00

y

0.40 0.60

z

0.40

the year 2005 based on the year 2004

is 120. Calculate the value of w

[2m]

year 2004 based on

the year 2001

x

140

150

80

the year 2005 based on the year

2004 is 125. The price per kilogram

of ingredient R in the year 2005 is

RM 2.00 more than its corresponding

price in the year 2004.

Calculate the value of x and of y

[3m]

Ingredient

P

Q

R

S

[3m]

(b) (i) calculate the composite index for the

cost of making these biscuits in the

year 2004 based on the year 2001

(ii) Hence, calculate the corresponding

cost of making these biscuits in the

year 2001 if the cost in the year 2004

was RM 2985

[5m]

Year 2004

Year 2005

5.00

W

2.50

4.00

x

Y

4.00

4.40

expected to increase by 50% from the

year 2004 to the year 2007

Find the expected composite index for

the year 2007 based on the year 2001

[2m]

of making the cake in the year

2005 based on the year 2004 is

127.5

Calculate

(i) The price of a cake in the year

2004 if its corresponding price

in the year 2005 is RM30.60

(ii) the value of m if the

quantities of ingredients P, Q,

R and S used are in the ratio

of 7 : 3 : m : 2

[3m]

SPM 2006

1. A particular kind of cake is made by

using four ingredients P, Q, R and S.

Table shows the prices of the ingredients

SPM 2007

1. Table 4 shows the prices and the price

indices of five components, P, Q, R, S and

T, used to produce a kind of toy

60

represents the relative quantity of

components used

Diagram 6

(a) Find the value of x and of y

Component

P

Q

R

S

T

year

1.20

x

4.00

3.00

2.00

1.50

2.20

6.00

2.70

2.80

year 2006 based on

the year 2004

125

110

150

y

140

[3m]

(b) Calculate the composite index for the

production cost of the toys in the

year 2006 based on the year 2004

[3m]

(c) The price of each component

increases by 20% from the year

2006 to the year 2008

Given that the production cost of one toy

in the year 2004 is RM 55, calculate the

corresponding cost in the year 2008

[4m]

61

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