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UNIT 3: THE STATES OF MATTER

Natural Science: 1st Secondary Education

1. Match each word with their definition.


1

Solid

Become hard and solid because the


temperature is very cold.

1 ____

Liquid

A substance that has an indefinite shape and


a definite volume.

2 ____

Gas

When a gas becomes liquid.

3 ____

Molecules

A substance that has an indefinite shape and


an indefinite volume.

4 ____

Condense

Make something become hot or warm.

5 ____

Heat

the smallest unit into which any substance


can be divided.

6 ____

Cool

When a solid becomes liquid.

7 ____

Melt

If a liquid evaporates, it changes to a gas.

8 ____

Evaporate

A substance that has a definite shape and a


definite volume.

9 ____

10

Freeze

Make something slightly colder, or to


become slightly colder.

10 ___

2. Tell whether each is a solid, liquid, or gas.

UNIT 3: THE STATES OF MATTER


Natural Science: 1st Secondary Education

3. Complete each sentence with the word solid, liquid, or gas.

A ____________________________ has a definite shape. It does not take the shape of


its container. It also has a definite volume because it can be measured.

A ____________________________ does not have a definite shape. It takes the shape


of its container. It does have a definite volume because it can be measured.

A ____________________________ does not have a definite shape. It sometimes takes


the shape of its container and sometimes flies freely around you. These particles are
not connected to each other and takes up whatever space is available.

4. Can you name a solid? a liquid? a gas? Read each clue. Write the name of each
solid, liquid, or gas in the puzzle.

5. Choose words from the word bank below to fill in the gaps in the sentences that
describe how water changes from one form to another.

UNIT 3: THE STATES OF MATTER


Natural Science: 1st Secondary Education

6. Look at this table of melting points of common materials. Using the information,
try to answer the questions below.

UNIT 3: THE STATES OF MATTER


Natural Science: 1st Secondary Education
1. Which material has the highest melting point?
2. Which material has the lowest melting point?
3. Room temperature is around 22C. Name three materials that are solids at room temperature.
4. Which materials are liquids at room temperature?
5. Which materials have a lower melting point than ice?
6. Which material requires the most heat to melt?

5. Complete the following chart with the basic vocabulary from the unit.
ENGLISH

SPANISH

ENGLISH

Solid

Boil

Liquid

Water

Gas

Ice

Heat

Shape

Cool

Volume

Melt

Expand

Freeze

Pressure

Condense

Dilate

Evaporate

Contract

Melting point

Random

Temperature

Container

Steam

Collide

SPANISH

Sources:
http://www.superteacherworksheets.com
http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/scienceclips
http://www.ldoceonline.com/